Pennsylvania daily telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1857-1862, August 12, 1861, Image 2

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    ilniln elegrap
14`orerer float that standard sh
sy here breathes the fee hat tat
W•i h Freedom's soil beneath al
And Freedom's banner stream
Monday Afternoon, August 12, 1861.
It has been declared that John C. Breckin
ridge - Mil resign his seat in the United States
Senate. This declaration does not astonish us,
because we predicted that such a course would
end his career of treason before he finally joined
and openly attached himself to rebels in arms,
and the announcement can have no other ef
fect upon our readers than that of warning
them against other traitors in our midst who,
like the Kentucky Senator, only wait the pro
pitious hour to proclaim their own treason.
The case of John C. Breckinridge is that of
almost all the southern statesmen who have
risen to position and power within the last thirty
years. They came before the country on the
same platform, and entered the government
with the same policy to control their legislative
and executive action. Southern interests and
southern rights, as they were termed, were ar
rogantly made to absorb the rights and inter
ests of all other sections. The sectionalism of
which these men now complain, was carried
out to its fullest extent by themselves in their
relation to the other states of this Union. On
all questions, the south was a unit. On the
subject of protection, they waged a bitter war
fare against the labor and the enterprise of the
north, making the policy to protect that labor
the subterfuge to attempt the dissolution of
this Union as early as 1832-'33, and ever since
keeping up a united effort to abolish every
tariff passed by Congress either as a matter of
revenue or protection. Protection encouraged
free labor equally with laws only to create rev
enue, because they aigned and knew that the
north would be compelled to sustain the gov
ernment, and therefore a tariff of revenue would
act the same in protecting the labor of the
north, because of its relief from the support of the
government. Southern statesmen have foryears
acted on this principle of sectionalism, while
they were denying the efforts of free labor to
protect itself, as the signs c f a sectionalism
which in their estimation was extremely fanati
cal. The statesmen of the Breckinridge school
have sternly acted on this principle, while
Breckinridge himself has been one of the bit
terest enemies of protection with whtma the labor
of the country has been compelled to contend
for many years. It is not only on this subject,
but on all others, that such as he have been
bitter and malignant in their opposition to the
north—and when they found that their opposi
tion was abortive against the mighty progress
and development of the labor of the country,
they changed their opposition to protection to a
tact on the territorial question, which was to
preserve for the south a controlling influence
in the legislature of the country. The enterprise
and the people of the free states were to settle
and improve the territory of the country, solely
for the uses of slavery—eternally for the in
fluence of the same institution that had beg
gared and destroyed other commonwealths—and
when this was refused, when the labor that was
free and independent, refused to yield to the min
ions of the slave power, that labor was deemed
incompetent of self-government, and the slave
aristocracy with John C. Breckinridge at their
head, started this - rebellion against the Union,
so that in the destruction of this Union, the free
masses of the north could be brought to a level
with the slave population of the south.
The resignation of John C. Breckinridge
should startle no lover of his country, but rather
gratify the friends of freedom as a sign of the
times which opens to them a new view of this
treason. It will leave us no longer in doubt,
when it takes place, as to our duty to our coun
try and ourselves. Hereafter it will teach us
how to treat the traitors who still linger in our
midst, and who preach peace, as Breckinfidge
has clone, while ho was practicing acts of trea
son. And with all the high reputation of John
C. Brediduridgc—his reputed learning and ac
knowledged statesmanship, there is no man
whdm the Union and government can better af
ford to loose than himself. Let him go,
double damned and disgraced as an apostate and
that is glorious in the history of the past—all
that promises stability and prosperity in the fu
ture—cluster around the federal government,
and excite the true patriot to its maintonance .
In its life and perpetuity, the hopes of civ'•i. and
religious freedom throughout the world are cen
tered. When it is overthrown by the machi
nations or the arms of traitors, these hopes will
expire in the blackness of unending right.
Hence the cause of the Union will survive de
feat repeated over and over again. The pr :e
for which the Union party contends in this
struggle, is nothing less than the Pre of the
only free republican govcrnmcnt in the world ;
while patriots would rejoice to have the forces
of such a government always vwtcrious, yet such
uninterrupted success can hardly be expected,
when . the foes they have to conquer were but a
short time since their peers, and are now in
debted to the fostering care and ennobling in
fluence of the very government they would
overthrow, for all they possess of manliness and
skill in war.
The people and the press of the great north
and west, with a few insignificant and dastardly
exceptions, are loyal to a man and a journal to
the cause of the country. They adhere with faith
to the Union, and prove the sincerity of this
faith by an enthusiastic adhesion to the, govern
ment in its efforts to crush rebellion. In this
particular, the people of the north-west are
perhaps the most steadfast, because they know
the security of a strong government, and have
learned to appreciate the benefits of the Union
by the protection it has afforded them in their
isolated position and condition, but it is also
the honesty and love they have for liberty that
induce them to regard this Union as being worthy
the sacrifice of all other interests rather than it
should suffer from internal treason, throes,
or external envy and attack.
The Wampum Weekly Item, a leading Repub
lican journal in the state of Wisconsin, thus
alludes to the efforts of the Cabinet of President
Lincoln, and the condition of the army and
navy. The article is so just and truthful, that
we transfer it in full to our columns, believing
that our readers Will be gratified for its reprint,
when they have digested its truths and senti
ments :
Mt before w 4
or feet,
log o'er um
' It is with extreme regret that we find some of
the ablest journals of the country railing against
the Cabinet and the policy of the administra
tion, in relation to the war in which our coun
try is now engaged : surely this is no time for
the exercise of editorial generalship, or the rail
ing of a sensorious press. We have ever read
with great interest the able and commandin g
leaders of the New York Tril um, and have held,
and cannot still resist the powerful sentiment
of years, that its editor is a pure patriot, and
worthy of the confidence and trust the great
party he has so largely helped to form, has be
stowed uponThim ; but we cannot read his stric
ture upon the Cabinet and the generalship of
the army, without a feeling of just indignation
at the want of common prudence which seems
to dictate the articles that now appear in that
paper. Mr. Greeley must surely lose sight of
many facts of significant importance, in desir
ing our army to push on, "pell mall," to Rich
mond—among which we may just hint the true
condition, notswith the expectation of reaching
the veteran editor—but we may be the means
of preventing him from making proselite3 to a
dangerous, weak and what has already proven,
a disastrous policy.
The country from Washington to Richmond,
is almost a magazine, and an army intervenes,
as brave and firm as that which can be brought
against it, besides having the advantage of po
sitions of almost impregnable security. We
should remember, in this war, that Greek is
meeting Greek, and that every pass and battle
field will be a Thermordre and Marathon.
There will be no Buena Visfa in this war ; but
our success will be accomplished with blood and
victory. We, for one, have the most unbound
ed confidence in the wisdom, prudence, and
statesmanlike ability of our Cabinet, and the
administration of our national affairs, in this
terrible crisis of the country. _
We regard Secretary Cameron as the most
able and powerful head of the war department
the United States has ever had. We have al
ready spoken of the rapidity with which a pow
erful army has been brought into the field and
marshalled into the stern conflict of war ; with
which raw material from every department of
social life has been drawn, disciplined and in
! nured to the toils of war and the service of the
country upon the field of battle ; and we refer
with pride, to the power and energy of the de
partment in thus astounding; the world by the
majesty of its movements, against a tide of cir
cumstances, which, to a mind of less power
and force, would have been perfectly over
Officers of the highest standing in its service,
coldly resigning in. this, the hour of their coun
try's trial, and that too, to such an extent as
to almost paralyze the action of the depart
ment—treason and a dastardly spirit of sec
tionalism so sweeping from our ranks and rolls
of service the bravest and most skilful officers,
as to demoralize the army and render doubtful
every man born south of Mason and Dixon's
line, was a condition of the department which
required the sternest field of duty, the most ex
alted abilities and the purest patriotism. Nearly
one-half of the officers of the army resigned or
withdrew from the service. We need not men
tion such men as Twiggs, who stood so high in
the confidence of the country, second only to
the Commander-in-Chief Lieut. Gen. Scott,
whose great heart and lofty patriotism sternly
forbade the approach of the dark avalanche of
treason that was sweeping the army list so fear
fully ; or Gen. Johnson, one of the most skilful
and powerful Gemrals ,of the army. When
suck men could abandon the country to the
dark war of rebellion, and the madness that
seemed to rule the hour, confidence may well
have been shaken in the faith of all. The
withdrawal of this vast array of military skill
and ability had to be supplied by officers from
the citizen's army ; of course, vastly inferior in
all that renders an officer competent upon the
field of battle.
These are matters which a patriot will recog
nize as forming the basis of true reasoning in
regard to the onward march of our army.
These dastardly croakers could not say more if
we had a well-disciplined and veteran army in
the field, and even then, in the financial condi
tion of the country, a forward movement must
depend upon circumstances which may still be
beyond the immediate reach of War Depart
These things can only known to the Secreta
ry of War and the Commander-in-Chief ; and
they, if they have any regard for the lives of
those entrusted to their charge, must be "gov
erned accordingly."
We repeat what we have already said : let
us have faith in the wisdom, patriotism and
ability of the administration of our National
Government, andnot by strained strictures force
its action faster than a proper prudence would
suggest, or disastrous defeats will still crowd
our columns, which might be filled with shouts
of victory and a return of peace.
er permitted by the American government, and
it is only just that the barbarous practice has
been abolished. The sailor who will not do
duty unleSs constantly followed by the cat, is
not fit for service before the malt, below or
aloft, and the soldier who must be taught disci
pline and obedience with blows, is unworthy to
stand beneath -the stars and s tripes, or raise a rifle
in defence of our national honor. Our army and
navy should and must be composed of men.
If they are not, and the soldier and sailor are
used as mere machines, and kicked around as
blocks of wood or a coil of rope, who knows
how long these fc.ces will be used for our own
defence? 'Who can foretell the hour when they
will cease b be such a defence, and turn to
usurp and .destroy the power and principles
they were organized to vindicate and maintain.
In this contest, particularly, it should be the
aim of those in authority to devise means for
the moral elevation instead of the moral de
gradation of the army and navy. It should be
our aim and object to teach every man, to feel
alike—to feel that the struggle involves his
Pelmovltattia IDally telegrapl), ltiottban "ifitinoon, anguot 12, 1861.
personal interests, and that upon his personal
efforts depend success. This can only be done
by treating men as nun. If one fails to do his
duty don't scourge him like a dog,-but remind
him like a man, and if he again fail, and thus
persists in his dereliction, drive him out of the
ranks, or when a vessel arrives in port, land
himas he enlisted, friendless and money less, and
the punishment will do more good than if you
open every vein in his body with the lash.
Official Report of Col. Heintzelman
WASHINGTON, July 31, 1861.
To Capt. Jas. B. Fry, Assis:ont ..4djuten: Gen..ce,
Sur—ln obedience to instruction's received on
the 20th inst., the division under my command
was under arms, in light marching order, with
two days' cooked rations in their haversacks,
and commenced the march at half-past two A
M. on the 21st, the brigade of Colonel Franklin
leading, followed by those of Colonels Wilcox
and Howard. At Centreville we found the road
filled with troops, and were dettined three hours
to allow the divisions of General Tyler and
Colonel Hunter to pass I followed with my
division immediately in the rear of the latter.
Between two and three miles beyond Ceatre
vile we left the Warrenton turnpike, turning
into a country road on the right. Capt. Wright
accompanied the head of Colonel Hunter's col
umn; with directions to stop at a road Which
turned in to the left to a ford across B&l Run,
about half way between the point where we
trued off from the turnpike and Sudley's Springs,
at which latter point Colonel Hunter's division
was to cross. No such road was found to ex'st,
and about eleven A. M. we found ourselves at
Sudley's Springs, about ten miles n'oni Centre
ville, with • one brigade of Colonel Hunter's
division still on our side of the gun. Before
reaching this point the battle had commenced.
We could see the smoke rising on our left from
two points, a mile or more apart. Two clouds
of dust were seen, showing the advance of
troops from the direction of Manassas.
At Sudley's Springs, whilst walti Log the pas
sage of the troops of the cl't:sion in our, front ;
I ordered f divard the First bi;gacle to fill ' 'lei r
canteens. Before this was accomplished the
leading regiments of Colonel Hunter's ditjsion
became engaged. General McDowell, who, ac
companied by his staff; hpd passed us a short
time before, sent back Capt. Weight of the en
gineers and Major McDowell, one of his aids,
with orders to send,fin ward two regiments to
prevent the enemy from outfloult'ng them.—
Captain Weight led for ward the Minnesota regi
ment to the left of the roa 1, which crossed the
Run at this point. Major McDowell led the
Eleventh Ala ssrthusetts up the road. I accom
panied this regiment, leaving orders for the
remainder to follow with the eLception of Ar
nold's battery, which, supportcd by the First
Michigan, was posted a little below the cros
sing of the run as a reserve.
At a little more than a mile from the ford we
came upon the battle field. Rickett's battery
was posted on a hill to the right of Hunter's
division and to the right of the road. After
firing some, twenty minutes at a battery of the
enemy; placed just beyond the crest of the hill,
on their entrance left, the distance being con
sidered too gceat, it was moved forward to
within about 1.000 feet of the enemy's battery.
Here the battery was exposed to a heavy fire of
musketry, which .ion disabled it. Franklin's
brigade was posted on the right of a woods,
near the centre of our line and on ground rising
towards the enemy's position.
In the meantime I sent orders for the Zou
aves to move forward to support .Rickett's bat
tery on the right. As soon as they.came np. I
led them forward against an Alabama regiment,
partly concealed in a clump of small pines in an
old field. At the first fire they broke and the
greater portion of them fled to the rear, keep
ing up a desultory firing over the heads of their
comrades in front ; at the same time they were
charged by a company of secession cavalry or:
their rear, who came by a road through two strips
of wood on our extreme right. The fire of the
Zouaves killed four and wounded one, dispers
ing them. The discomfiture of this cavalry
was completed by a fire from Capt. Collum's
company of United States cavalry, which killed
and wounded several men. Col. Farnham, with
some of his officers and men, behaved gallantly;
but the regiment of Zouaves, as a regiment,
did not appear again on the field. Many of
the men joined other regiments and did good
service as skirmishers.
I then led up the Minnesota regiment, which
was also repulsed, but retired in tolerably good
order. It did good service in the woods on our
right flank, and vi as among the last to retire,
moving off the field with the Third United
States infantry. Next was led forward the first
Michigan, which was was also repulsed, and re
tired in considerable confusion. They were 'al
lied and helped to hold the woods on ourright.
The Brooklyn fourteenth then appeared on the
ground, coming forward in gallant style; I led
them forward to the left, where the Alabama
regiment had been posted in the early part of
the action, but had now diSappeared, but soon
came in sight of the line of the enemy drawn
up beyond the clump of trees. Soon after the
firing commenced the regiment broke and ran.
I consider it useless to attempt to rally them.
The want of discipline in these regiments was
so great that the most of the men Would run
from fifty to seven hundred yards to the rear,
and continue to fire—fortunately for the brave
ones—very high in the air, and compelling
those in the front to retreat.
During this time Rickett's battery had been
taken and retaken three times by us, but was
finally lost, most of the horses having been kit
led, Captain Rickett being wounded, and First
Lieut. D. Ramsay Lieutenant Kirby
behaved very gallantly, and succeeded in car
rying off one caisson. Before this time, heavy
reinforcements of the enemy were distinctly
seen approaching by two roads, extending and
outflanking us on the right. Colonel Stewart's
brigade came on the field at this time, having
been detatched by the general as a reserve at
the point when we left the turnpike. It
took post on a hill on our right and rear, and
for some time gallantly held the enemy in
I had one company of cavalry attached to my
division, which was joined during the engage
ment by the cavalry of Col. Stanton's division.
Major Palmer, who cannonaded them, was anx
ious to engage the enemy. The ground being
unfavorable, I ordered them back out of range
of fire. Finding it impossible to rally any of
the regiments, we commenced our retreat about
half-past 4 P. M. There was a fine position a
short distance in the rear, where I hoped to
make a stand with a section of Arnold's battery
and the United States cavalry, if I could rally
a few regiments of intently. In this I utterly
failed, and we continued our retreat on the
road we had advanced on in the morning.
I sent forward my staff officers to rally some
troops beyond the Run, but not a company
would form. I stopped back a few moments at
the hospital to see what arrangements could be
made to save the wounded. The few ambu
lances that were there, were filled and started
to the rear. The church which was used as a
hospital, with the wounded and some of the
surgeons, soon after fell into the heads of the
secession cavalry, that followed us closely. A
company of cavalry crossed the rear and seized
an ambulance full' of wounded. Capt. Arnold
gave them a couple rounds of canister from his
section of artillery, which sent them scamper
ing away, and kept them at a respectful dis
tance during the remainder of our retreat.
At this point most of the stragglers were in
advance of us. Having every reason to fear a
vigorous pursuit from the enemy's fresh troops,
I was desirous of forming a strong rear guard,
but neither the officers of the regular army,
nor the coolness of the regular troops with me,
could induce them to form a single company.—
We relied entirely for our protection on one
section of artillery and a few companies of cav
alry. Most of the road was favorable for in
fantry, but unfavorable for cavalry and ar
About dusk, as we approached the Warren
town turnpike, we heard a firing of rifted can
non on our right, and learned that the enemy
had established a battery enfiladinr , b the road.
Captain Arnold, with his section of artillery,
attempted to run the giumilet and reached the
bridge over the Cub run, about two miles from
Centreville, but found it obstructed with broken
vehicles, and was compelled to abandon hie:
pieces as they were under the fire of those rifled
cannon. The cavalry turned to the left, and
after passing through a strip of woods and some
fields, struck a road which led them to some
camps occupied by our troops in the morning,
through which we regained the turnpike. At
about eight, P. M., we reached the camps we
had occupied in the morning. Had a brigade
from the reserve advanced a short distance be
yond Centreville, near one-this dof the artillery
lost might have been saved, as it was abandon
ed at or near this crossing. Such a rout Inver
witnessed before No efforts could induce a
single regiment to form after the retreat had
Our artillery was served admirably and did
much execution. Some of the volunteer regi
ments behaved very well, and much excuse can
be made for those who fled, as few of the enemy
ceuld at any time be seen. Raw troops canthal,"
be expected to stand long against an unseen
enemy. I have been unable to obtain any re
port from the Zouaves, as Col. Farnham is still
at the hospital. Since the retreat more than
three-fourths of the Zouaves have disappeared.
I beg leave to express my obligations to the
office's of my staff, viz :—Captain 13. S Wright,
Lieut. E. S. W. Snyder, Lieut. F. N. Farquhar,
of the Engineers ; Captain Chauncey McKeever,
Assistant Adjutant General ; Lieut J. J. Sweet,
of the Second cavalry, and Lieut. J. D. Fair
banks, of the First Michigan, for the able and
fearless performance of their uties, and to re
commend them to your favorable consideration.
Very respectfully,
COL of the 17th infantry, commanding the Ist
General Tyler's Official Report.
WASHINGTON, July 27, 1861.
GENERAL-1n obedience to order No. 22, dated
Centreville, July 20, Sherman's, Schenck's and
Keyes' brigades, of this division—Richardson's
brigade having been left in front of Blackburn's
Ford—moved at half past two A. M., on the
21st inst., to threaten the passage of the War
renton turnpike bridge, on Bull Run.
I arrived in front of the bridge with Schneck's
and Sherman's brigades, and Ayers' and Car
lisle's batteries, about six A. M., Keyes's bri
gade having been halted by your order to watch
the road coming up from Manassas, and about
two miles from therun. After examining the
position, and posting Sherman's and Schenck's
brigades and artillery, I fired the first gun at
half - past six, A. DI. as agreed upon, to show
that we were in position.
As my orders were to threaten the passage of
the bridge, I caused Schenck's brigade to be
formed into line, its left resting in the direction
of the bridge, and the battery which the enemy
had established to sweep the bridge and its
approach, so as to threaten both. Sherman's
brigade was posted to the right of the War
renton turnpike, so as to be in position to sus
tain Schenck, or to move across Bull Run in
I the direction of Hunter's column.
The thirty-pounder gun attached to the Car
lisle battery was posted on the Warrenton turn
pike, with Ayer's battery considerably in its
rear. Carlisle's battery was posted on the left
lof Sherman's brigade. In this position we
awaited the appearance of Hunter's and Heint
zelman's columns, as ordered, until such time
I as the approach to the bridge should be carried,
and the bridge rebuilt by Captain Alexander, of
the Engineers, who had on the spot the neces
sary structure for that purpose.
Soon after getting into position, we discover
ed that the enemy had a heavy battery, with
infantry in support, commanding both the road
and bridge approaches, on which both Ayers
and Carlisle at different times tried the effects
of their guns without success;
and a careful
examination of the banks of Bull Run satisfying
me they were impracticable for the purpose of
artillery, the, , ,e batteries had to remain compa
ratively useless until such time as Hunter's
column might clear the approach by a move
ment on the opposite b nk.
During this period of waiting the thirty
pounder was occasionally used with consider.
able effect against bodies of infantry and caval
ry, which could be seen from time to time
moving in the direction of Hunter's column,
and out - of the range of ordinary guns. Using
a high tree as an observatory, we could con
stantly see the operations of Hunter's and
Heintzelman's column the time they crossed
Bull Run, and through one of my staff, Lieut.
O'Rourke, of the engineers, I was promptly no
tified as to any change in _te progress of their
columns up to the time when it appeared that
the heads of both were arrested, and the enemy
seemed to be moving heavy reinforcements to
support their troops.
At this time I ordered Col. Sherman, with his
brigade, to cross Bull Run, and to support the
two columns already in action. CA. Sherman,
as appears by his reports, crossed the Run with
out opposition, and after encountering a party
of the enemy flying before Hunter's forces,
found Gen. McDowell and received his orders to
join in the pursuit. The subsequent operations
of this brigade and its able commander having
been under your own eye and directions, I shall
not follow its movements any further, but refer
you to Col. Sherman's report, which you will
find herewith.
So soon as it was discovered that Hunter's
division had been arrested, I ordered up Keyes's
brigade, which arrived just as the left of Sher
man's was crossing the run, and having satisfied
myself that the enemy had not the force nor
the purpose to cross Bull Run, I ordered Keyes's
I brigade to follow Sherman, accompanying the
I move in person, as I saw it must necessarily
place me on the left of our line, and to the best
possible position, when we should have driven
the enemy off, to join Schenck's brigade and the
two batteries left on the opposite side. I order
ed Col. Keyes to incline the head of his col
umn a little to the right of the line of march
taken by Sherman's brigade, to avoid the fire
of a battery which the enemy had opened.
This movement sheltered the men to a con
siderable degree, and resulted in closing on the
rear of Sherman's brigade ; and, on reaching
the high ground, I ordered Colonel Keyes to
form into line on the left of Sherman's brigade,
which was done with great steadiness and reg
ularity. After waiting a few moments the line
was ordered to advance, and came into conflict
on its right with the enemy's cavalry and in
fantry, which, after some severe struggles, it
drove back, until the further march of the bri
gade was arrested by a severe fire of - artillery
and infantry, sheltered by some buildings stand
ing on the heights above the road leading to
Bull Run.
The charge was hero ordered, and the Second
Maine and Third Connecticut regiments, which
were opposed to this part of the enemy's line,
pressed forward to the top of the hill until they
reached the buildings which were held by the
enemy, drove them out, and, for a moment had
them in possession. At this point, finding the
brigade under the fire of a strong force behind
breastworks, the order was given to march by
the left flank across an open field until the
whole line was sheltered by the right bank of
Bull Run, along which the march was conduct
ed, with a view to turn the battery which the
enemy had placed on the hill below the point
at which the Warrenton turnpike crosses Bull
The march was conducted for a considerable
distance below the stone bridge, causing the
enemy to retire, and giving Capt. Alexander
an opportunity to pass the bridge, cut out the
abattis which had been placed there, and pre
pared the way for Schenck's brigade and the
two batteries to pass over: Before the contem
plated movement could be made on the enemy's
battery it was rtmoved and placed in a position
to threaten cur line ; but before the correct
range could be obtained Colonel Keye'S carried
his brigade, by a flank movement, around the
base of the hill, and was on the point of as
cending it in time to get at the battery, when
I discovered that our troops were on the retreat,
and that, unless a rapid movement to the rear
was made, we should be cut off, and through
my aid, Lieutenant Upton, Colonel Keyes was
ordered to file to the right and join the retreat
ing column. The order was executed without
the least confusion, and the brigade joined the
retreating column in good order.
When this junction was made I left Keyes'
brigade and rode forward to ascertain the con
dition of Schenck's brigade and theartillery left
this side of Bull Run, and on arriving there
.found Ayers' battery and Lieutenant Haines'
thirty-pounder waiting orders. I immediately
ordered Lieutenant Haines b limber up and
move forward as soon as possible. This was
promptly done and the piece moved on towards
Centreville. I then went into the wood where
the ammunition wagon of this piece had been
placed, out of the reach of the fire, and found
that the driver ha•l deserted and taken away
part of the horses, which made it impossible to
move it.
I then retail - Jr:A to Aye'. - s' battery, which I
found limbered up, and ordered it to move for
ward and cover the retry - A, which was prompt
ly done by its gallant offices, and when the
cavalry charge wes made, shortly afl":.rivard,
they repulsed it promptly and effectually. I
then collected a guard, mainly from the Second
Maine regiment, and put it under the command
of Colonel Jameson, with orders to sustain Cap
tain Ayres during the retreat, which was done
gallantly and successfully, until the battery
reached Centreville.
Before ordering Colonel Jameson to cover
Ayer's battery, I passed to the rear to find Gen
eral Schenck-'s brigade, intending, as it was
fresh, to have it cover the retreat. I did not
find it in the position in which I had left it,
and supposed it had moved forward and joined
the retreating column. I did not see General
Schenck again until near Cub run, where he
appeared active in rallying his own or some
other regiments. General Schenck reports that
the two Ohio regiments left Bull Run after the
cavalry charge, and arrived at Centreville in
good order.
In closing this report, it gives me great plea
sure to express my admiration of the manner in
which Colonel Keyes handled his brigade, com
pletely covering it by every possible accident of
the ground, while changing his positions, and
leading it bravely and skillfully to the attack
at the right moment, to which the brigade re
sponded in every instance iu a manner highly
creditable to itss-if, and satisfactory to its com
manding offices. At no time during the con
flict was this brigade disorganized, and it was
the last off the field, and in good order.
Colonel Keyes says gallantry with
which the second Maine and third Connecticut
regiments charged up the hill upon the enemy's
artillery and infantry was never, in my opinion,
surpassed, and the conduct of Colonels Jameson
and Chatfed in this instance and throughout
the day merits the highert commendation.
Colonel Terry rendered great assistance by his
gallantry and excellent conduct. Lieutenant
Hascall, Acting Assistant Adjutant Generals
Lieutenants Waiter and Ely, rendered gallant
and effective assistance."
It gives me pleasure to be able to confirm the
above from personal observation, and to express
my personal satisfaction with the conduct of
this brigade. For further particulars as to gal
lant conduct of individuals, I beg leave to refer
you to the rec.rts of commanders of brigades,
hereunto attached. Colonel Sherman speaks
highly of Colonel klcCoon, of Wisconsin, and
Lieutenants Piper and IdeQuester—all. of his
personal staff.
From my own personal staff, I received, in
every instance, prompt and gallant assistance,
and my thanks are due to Captains Baird and
Merrill, Lieutenants Houston, Abbott, Upton,
O'Rourke and Audenride, for gallant conduct
and the prompt and valuable assistance they
rendered me. Lieutenants Abbott and Upton
were both wounded and each had a horse killed
under him, as also had Lieutenant O'Rourke.
I enclose herewith a table of casualities show
ing our losses at Bull Run.
I have the honor to be, with great respect,
your most obedient servant, •
Brig. Gen. Commanding Division
Brig. Gen. McDowell, Commanding Depart
ment Northeastern Virginia.
First Brigade, Killed. W'd. Wd
Col. E. D. Keyes, 19 50 118 18
Second Brigade,
Gen. Schenck, 21 21 16 ---
Third Brigade,
Col. Sherman, 110 258 253 --
First Brigade had four officers wounded, none
killed and five missing.
Second Brigade had three officers killed, none
wounded, and one missing.
Third Brigade had three officers killed, fif
teen wounded and three missing, which are in
cluded in above average.
Grand total—Killed, 160 ; wounded 279 ;
missing, 423.
Fourth Brigade was not at Bull Run, being
left at Blackburn's ford.
Col. Tompkins reports 140 others missing,
without giving names. As this regiment did
not cross Bull Run, they must have been ac
curately informed as to their killed and wound
ed. This taken in connection with the fact that
three of their officers are reported as deserters,
known to be in New York city, leads to the be
lief that, their officers having set the example,
the men were not slow to follow.
rfallible n correcting, regulating, and remOVing a
one:tractions, from whatever cause, and
ways successful as a proven.
the doctors for many years, both in France and
America, with m.parallcdmi succeW in every ease ; and
he is urge:, by many thousand ladies who used them, to
make the Villa oebfe for the alleviation etho-e suffering
from any irregularities whatever, as well as to prevent
an increase o; throily where health will not permit it particularly shuated, or those suppesmg them
selves so, cautioned against these while in that
condition, as they are Sur. to prOdt/C0 miscarriage, and
the proprietor assumes no rez..onsibility after this ridmo•
ninon, although .heir mildness wank, prevent any mis.
chel to bealth—otberwice the Pills are recommended.
Full and explieii bisections aceompady each box. Price
Si 00 per box. Sold wholesale and retail by
No. 2 Jones Bow, aarrisburg, Pa.
Po "-
LadleS," by sending inim 00 to the Harrisburg
t Office eD".I rvo the Pills sent free of observation to
any Part it the emmtry (confidentially) and "free of pos
tage" Jy mail, SOll n , so oy B. 6tsvgxs, leading,
JOHNSOIi. lionorrecs & COWDZN, Philadelphia, J.:L. Lim
asinine, ilebanon. DANIEL H. laneaslin;:; J. A.
WOLF, Wrightsville E. T. Ilmatti, Yorke and by one
druggist iu eveL y city end villaie tit the soli by
S. D. Tows, ole proorietor, New York
N. 3.—Look en, ;or counterfeits. Buy no Golden fdl
of any kind ruleas every box is signed Howe. A ,
others are haze imposition and unslie; therefore, as
you value your , ives nail health, (to say nothing of be
ing humbugged out of your money,) buy only o: these
who show the signature of 0. D. Howe on every be.;
which has recently been added on account or the Pills
being counterfeited . deb-dwoowly.
- -
On Sunday the 11th inst. , Jour TLOMAS, son of e!,,,
A. and kiary V. ViriThema. Aged 7 monihi and
jihe relatives and friends of the family are risper,.
roily invited to attend the funeral, from the rtsidenr, or
his father, Front street above dread on Tue;slay ucrs.
Mg the 13th lost., a 9 o'clock.]
I anca=ier E:irrers please copy.
HARRISBURG, August 10, P.m.
The new style of Government Stamp e d En
velopes, is now ready and for sale at this office.
Exchanges will be made of the new styl e f oe
an equivalent amount of the old issue, (lulu_
a period of SIX days from the date of this no
tice, after which. no letters under cover of tile
old issue will be sent from this office.
Small Post Offices in the vicinity can e x. _
change their envelopes at this office_
Harrisburg, Aug 12, 1861.
WCI ZENS : I offer mfseL
. 12 , for County Trea-urar at t:l2
e eetioti, ,übject t, ;._ cZiOl of he People C unt3
venuon. 0 •orzuta!2 to be olotnta •,,
tn;yr'Seti to .1 , -elitege tile du its of said with fit.
LuST.--On Tnnrsday everting
gorg from the 3Letbo-Ih t church ear. r :
or Nfarket strew. between 1- if It a PSI; 0= oth D'i:';C,
tAC:IY -, The finder wi Ibe suitably rettee t 1 , ,
in r.; them at this t Lt,P2,l;
. t
;.. , ENsrowN, I ,
. .1. 111 b;..
Weir full powered
KANOAAtijii, Slatilthty .tug.ust 17 ;
August 24 ;130INt,LitiG, .Saturday Augu.t :;" and tao
Saturday, to Noon, fr,au Pier 44, North
4ATE2 U F.u?saag.
PI_RST , ...$75 'r I S
do to London $5O CO, I do 10 e
St; erage Return Tickets, gaol lor ci Mouth= S,lO
P.sseugers forwarded to Paris, 11
men, Rotterdam, Antwerp, &c. at reld. - k.,d tlirnr.
ersons t.)
Liokett, ticre at an , rat, to
Liverimei or ljuee,sioigu; ,
'at era.o frmu 330 00 V , •
$3O 00 '
have t .
i.el-413i.gurs. and carry experici.vTd a ,„
built in ',Valvr-tight • F ll ,
Anuiltilators on board.
8T iiiAAlklltS
Bureau of Construction,
WASIIINGTON, Aug. 8, 1861.
IN CONFORIIITY with the act of Congie
approved the sth August, 1861, the
Department will receive proposals for the con
struction and equipment of Twelve Side-Wheel
The load draft of water not to exceed six feet
nine inches ; t, be armed with two rifled guns.
of 7,00 U lbs. each, one at each end of the ves
sel ; also, with two 12-pounder howitzers ; the
complement to be one hundred persons, with
provisions for sixty days, to have two thousuni
gallons of water in tanks, and to be provided
with a condenser for distilling potable water.—
To be schooner rigged, and have a rudder at
each end, properly protected by a post.
The Department desires to have the highe-;
attainable speed, which must be stated in the
offer, together with the length of time it can
be maintained and the quantity of coal that
can be carried in the bunkers for that speed,
which should not be, less than for eight days.
The proposals must be for the hull, spars, r4;-
gino . , sails, and canvass work, boats, anchors,
and cables, tanks, casks, furniture, cooking ap
paratus and utensils, steam machinery and
spare work, with all the equipments for a vessel
of war complete and ready in all respects fur
sea service, and ready to receive her officers,
men, armament, stoles, provisions, and fuel
for steam machinery.
The armament, stores, provisions, and fuel
will be furnished by the Government.
The specifications must fully describe the
materials to be used, the method and size of
fastening, the detail of the size, material, finish,
kind, and arrangement of machinery, and of
the various equipments included in the propo
The plans must be working drawines, from
which the vessel and machinery can be b built,
showing the allotments of space for accenting
dations, store-rooms, magazine, and shell-rooms,
disposition of the coal, &e.
The boilers and engines to be below the deck
—the main shaft may be above; the boiler
pressure not to be less than thirty pounds peT
square - inch, and a surface condenser to be used:
the paddle-wheel to be overhung.
Upon application to the Commandant of ally
navy yard the bidder can see the list of equip
ments-required for the propeller gun-boats, to
which, as far as practicable, these are to con
form, and for which convenient stowage is to
be provided.
The bidders will state the least tithe withil,
which they will agree to complete the vessel
for sea and deliver her at such navy yard as
they may name, without extra cost to the Gov
ernment. It must likewise be stated in the of
fer the total amount for which thoy will engage
to do all that, is required above and embraced
in their specifications and plans ; and the bid
must be accompanied by name of guarantors
that if awarded they will execute the contract.
The usual conditions of Government contracts
will be - observed. Payments to be made at four
different intervals, as the work progresses, re
taining one-fifth of the whole amount for ninety
days atter the delivery of the vessel, to repair
any defects that may be discoved within that
time in trial at sea. It is understood that in
the contract a guarantee will be inserted of tho
fulfilment of the condition of speed, fuel, satis
factory working of the machinery, &c., with a
forfeiture in case of failure.
The reputation of bidders as succeseful steam
ship builders will have due weight, and the
proposal must state the name of the marine en
gine building establishment at which they in
tend the steam machinery to be made.
The Department reserves the right to accept
propositions made in conformity with the con
ditions prescribed which shall be considered
most to the interest of the Government and
combine the greatest number of advantages,
and to reject any or all of them, at its option.
The specifications and plans of parties not
obtaining the contract can be withdrawn by
The Department will not consider itself un
der obligations to receive proposals after the
sth of September 1361. augl2-law4w
v AGES of SPATIONAR r and JEWELRY, at pri.
.es one third less than can ue purchased elsewhere.—
'ali on or address (stamp enclosed.) J. L. BAILEY,
r023-3Lud - Nu. 154 Court Street, Boston, Mass.
riRAD CIDER ! I—Strictly pure, spark
vt,j ling and sweet—has received a Silver Medal or Di
ploma at every Slate Agricultural Fair since 1856. her
ale by jell-d WM. DOCK Z.. , CO.
1 HOSI One to Five, Hundred. Dollars
worth of:CITY BONDS, Ragtime of
No. 28 BouthSecond NtreEt.
In Sra. o