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Porever Mot that standard sheet i- 7
Wieretireatiiiithiifoo but tads before ai
W.tb Freedom's mil beneath our feet,
And Freedontss banner streaming o'er us
OV # T F fCil.l
THE UNION-THE, coxvirmON—A.Nr`
.TP*. FAKTAc*.g.* 1010 1 ,14. LAW.
tits astostOridatirtittui tit talwayi the best
thought, when expressed in free and drank len::
..finage. in thist contest r Ahia„is particularly
true...4rue •In nur•relations to the government
that is In danger—true in our position before
fib ttoild, - and Shod Mkt 'HI our - attitude 'to
wards the rebels. We believe that the rebel-
Aim ban unholy and-a-sinful conceit of action
ost the part of , st , fewolesperaternen to subvert
the prerogatives of government, that they. may
;Ititir better 'prostitute its powers to their ag
gtionlisement.' Wtobelieve that the rebels have
been enpgectin this conspiracy even while de
' - xtring l titit greatest 'benefits froin'thir most per
fect form of government. We believe that the
I, ltteitiipintey has tes ityMpathiiiteJ in the north,
who are daily-engaged in ministering to the Vio.
' Undo of inclbs, inciting the passions of the
norent, and ' contributhig td the' differeedes of
the prejudiced. - They do this, that they may
winbarrass the action of the . govennnent. hike '
their leader,' John' Breckinridge; they are
'ready With' epithet and slander twassail and as
sault the govetnment howostruggling to_main- '
Min itself, but refuse' to utter a lingle_word of
' ''condemnation against the very menwho are in
arms for its destruction:- • And 'yet these men
ate permitted to' escape with their crimes dis
'playel in' their actions and their sentiments.
'Like Breckinridge they are• licensed in their
idatmeful bushiest to any excess of treason they
MAY 'efloose' to adopt; and will only-be arrested
ill their treason when wantonness is punished as
'the' law provi'des, - with 'the hangman's halter
from the gibbet's platform.
NW= Somrsas.—The Legislature of Tennes
see has plaited an aot "fin the relief of volun
teers," which authorizes the' Govenior s to bn
initeSiniO Ate army all the'free negroes that
state' between the ages of fifteen and'fifty y \ e's,rs,
befog 661 a in mind and' body.
iantieris" are io'lierfonn M -
the camp . may be re. •- 'and to receive
' with eight dollars per.
A. as wages This is all' right," of course,
se long as ft is done in the South, Dui if a free
bit& man in - the'noith 'edit° 'shOulder and
face death to aisist 'in Maintaining the supre
macy of the Union, the cry is at once raised
by the journals of the Pcialioi and tfdpn
thit'llie gOvernMent is encouraging the servile
iebelllon of the negro." It Is lime that such
pherire Polley Was abolished, arid edery human
Bain g who love's this country; perrnitted to fight
for its defenee and perpetuity.
Bit4oasaant this.eontest must.be regarded as
a war on an extensive scale.• -It. must not be
tiondneted only at this political centre, but at
• ollpoints of the rebellious country. The armies
of. the. Union •must , earry their operations into
Virginia, Tennessee, Missouri ; • Texas, and the
-Indian countries. Our • liotillas• will•cover the
•:Missbaippitrom.Caira to the _Balks; while in
the Gulf Mexico the centre .of-- our operations
will be -Fort Pickens and , Key. West. • What an
immense-field for•the.. display -of the' greatest
qualities of a soldier and statesman!
A Conatuaosnsarr of the Charleston Courier,
9?r, 003 " Such
are the facilities of communication between
Wealkiiigteli and: Fairfax, that Baltimore pa
-1 pars arrivain our camp on..the.very.day of their
publication." In another letter the same
writer eaya that every movement of the -Onion
army is known, even to details, and thatl3evi
riigaid hag se distributed his troops thatin case
'Le dedires tO" advante upon Washington, or
fairely back'apon positions already select
ed; he ban 'tiring the 'whole array into action
Wlt the'greatest possible deSpatch.
Mummy.Bowan willbe established at an
early -day,. before which all. the officers sus
• • pected-of incompetency will he summoned, and
those who. are not formd to.be in every way re
sponrible fon the discharge of their. important
Oaths will becashieredat once. This board also
- Wench faithfully to the examination of any'
Ltresh officers that may be_called to the army,
...Lead unless thoroughly competent for the posi
. .lOa they. claim, their .services..wii not..
brag Ilislsrr, formerly a Brevet [Major in
thitilift'Dragtkins, has been appointed a-Briga-
Aar General: - Gen. Kearney was well knowii
• battles Iffeitkent war, wherein lost hie left arm
*it lotg ono bi..the gates at the city of
Maxim.. He also paid a visit to Italy during
Prlopmn, 1 :14,42if trettitiat,, at some of
the decisive battles in the Sardinia. .For sev•- 1
pal previously he was on the staff of the
,41.48 Oen. Macomb, and subsequently aid to Gen.
ors os xsa CommiquegcconaTruTzoN,
leach is .being.tateu in the. rebelstates, is re
ported to be vary 5ma11. ... xn (*wee, a very
istided-OPPolation wade to its Adoption, but
shanwilccare .opposed to are subjected, Of
,Asoubs4 to.the; arrogance, of. the mob and the
insolence of the o ffi cers who Are holding the
alai= lioealithe OADViALamit htid
IthifillteiVie*WitirGenerla Soar ckxi Satur
day morning. The result of the poklerence
'llinfaciniteirknoitn; oikeepii i ii4the war is. to
TEE SPIRIT OF THE TIMES.
There is not a nation in all Christendom but
which is moved by some mighty pulsation—
moved now by some strange and mysterious in
fluence for good or - evil.. The nations of the
Old World are all stirred to the deepest recesses
of the society of which they are composed, and
lirrirope the - 1i feeling a - longing 'existing
among the people, that perplexes politicians
and startles the mightiest rulers on their
thrones. In lands where heretofore freedom of
speech was esteemed one of the worst extrava
gancies of the mob, it is now exercised as freely by
the-peesentry-as-by-the peer, - -In- the- frozen
north, where but a few years ago the people
tallfndlifliberti; its our children discourse of and
repeat their fairy tales t .they now rehearse new
and wild afitheiris to the %dole of freedom, and '
liegin.to stand eyed, shorn of their serfdom,
scarcely realizing that they are free, yet anima
ted and buoyant with the mighty imbuings of
freedom. In thtti t tuZ ;; of / Europe, where the
'old- tlambs - 61 freedom have long since been
quenched by .a deluge of superstitition and ig
norance,rolling its waves over lands once ded
icated to music and song,to eloquence and poetry,
or engulphing in its billows the trophies of valor
and renown won in centuries of contests, until a
moral desolation had weedlike a pall over the
countries of the . Adriatic; and the Mediterranean,
in these lands the old darkness is giving way to
rt - rieWlight; and a fresh feeling,
revived pulsation of nations. From the north
toithe koitheitiPEUrotie f aiatelebtric sentiment
Of Xreedom.bas arottse.dcitl3eanaSlel3::. They are '
invited to new .ellrin9a„by strange apostles.,
They listen as it were to new doctrines and they
cannot or dare not resist their influences. The
reformations in Europe, hurried thus impetuous
ly forward, have in view, the elevation of the
triasisea. Mere 'exClusiventse„ofif caste .oz class
gives way to a healthy Democratic sentiment,
in which is involved, and insisted upon, the
principle of self-government, an equality of soci
ety and-an opposition to that aristocracy which
has produced the moral and political prostitu
tion of the governments in which they have
succeeded in maintaining their power. '
'While all, this change ,and effort after eleva ;
tion mark the developments and progress of
society:int nrope, singular drains or rather
tragedy is being enacted in this country. While
the people of Europe, under the light arid influ ,
ence of the most limited knowledge, are digging
down their old altars of superstition, and cre
ating in their stead new shrines to be consecra
ted to pure religion and an'exalted principle of
equality, the people, or a portion of the people
of the United States, are struggling in the full
light of intelligence and religious freedom, to
destroy the equality in which they have prospered
as a nation, and establishon its ruins distinetions
and orders that have held whole races in bondage
in Europe, and prostituted to Afteir-t e
energies and .......e' dh ilrolliations Of men. This is
gest spectacle certai, that ever was
presented to thli - EOntemplairon of the philan
thropist or friend Of,mankind. leeither proves
that the 'tide - 0f ; hitelligenee receding` file
- our shiirts; again to Cast its' jewels on the
banks that have been so long unwashed by US
waters, Or that we as a free people are com
pelled to fight over again the battles we fought
with that aristocracy which sought our first
subjugation and oppression. If this is not so,
then the influence of the declining aristocracy
in Europe has been transferred to that meaner
aristocracy in this land, that has subsisted so
long, neither upon its own intellect or accumu
lated wealth, blit upon its barter and sale of
the bodies and souls of men, women and chil
dren, If this is not so, then we are struggling
with madness against a chimera. But unfortn
nately for Christianity and mankind, the strug
gle in which the.people of America are engaged
is distinctly against that which the people of
Europe have almost crushed out in countries
where it ruled longest and strongest. It is ,
against the elevation of an aristocratic class. It
is against the plain principle of slavery-,,a
principle which has sought and achieved the
destruction of freedom wherever it has not been
boldly encountered and opposed.
We ask the careful observer of events in this
rebellion to note their similarity with those,
events which marked the triumphant elevation
of the aristocracies of Europe—and we ask WM,
too, to ponder well the mighty issue involved
in this struggle with the rebellion of 1861. It
is a plain, an open fight for the right of self
government. It is the struggle of a free gov
,er,nment with conspirators who Ileek the subver
sion of its rights, that they may exercise the
prerogatives of government and thedictation of
laws to the majority of men. -
TEE ssormor practiced by tin; rebel conspira
tors commends itself to imitation. It is the
right war policy under all circumstances, but is
peculiarly essential to each army at the'present'
time, however faintly we have hitherto attempt
ed its observance. A flag of truce from' the
commander .of the federal forces, with a mes
sage, relating to the wounded prisoners' they
hold, cannot enter their lines : a member of our
Congress, qualified 'llidon sentiments, may
visit theirleadquestets on "private business,"
tarry many days there, and return to our capi
tal, with impunity ; and three gentle Men, for
whom it is presumed the rebels have more re
spect than for our flag of truce; are - permitted to
visit them, in like manner... We do not wisli to,
quibble nor to cavil ; but it does appear to ns
that there is more of confidence than of wisdom
in this system of proceedings, or in these pro
ceedings without system.
Tun assounaintsrrs of the death of Col. James
_Sunbury, the place of his former
residence, was received by the tolling of bells,
the half-masting of flags i , the sus_ pension of all
business, and every token of respect .that a
stricken - and sorrowful people could bestow to
the memory of the gallant dead. The Sunbury
Gal& thus alludes to his glorious death :
"When he accepted the command of the dis
tinguished regiment at whose head he fell,some
doubted the ,propriety of the selection, while
others caviled and sneered. His death has no
bly antkatiradi4heni.- - . Whatever might have
been his deficiencies in a military point of,vier,
we never doubted his courage, for we knew that
one in whose veins - ma the bliiod of thatiace.
whose swords had-tkished bravery. Scottish war
from HimioclibtikiPliklulloden would i meet the
rOW df his country in battle withoutfair irrid
pennspluattia iDatin teltgrapb, Itionbag liternoon, lull 29, 1861.
THE DETECTION OF A FALSEHOOD AND
A WORD OF EXPLANATION.
When the time of the three months' volun
teers was about expiring, in the column under
command of Gen. Patterson, the plan of the
government was to pay those men before they
returned to their homes in Pennsylvania. Prior
of Gen. Patterson, added to the suspicion which
attached to his loyalty before he entered the
army, compelled the government to snpercede
him in command. His command was to end
almost `simultaneously , rith the expinition of
the first—term-of -Prilligtmorntyslld-h.
and chagrined by his proposed removal, Gen.
Patterisiii d'eter'mined to damage
_both the ad
rnirdstration at Washington and at HarristoPril-
In the first place, a Ander and devOted com
mander would have left no appeal or induce
ment untried, to rally these three months' men
'to his service for a few weeks longer. This Gen.
Patterson neglected or refused to do, when at
the same time he knew that a foe was lying
on his flanks, or secretly eluding the pursuit
which the foe himself;_ with his military know
ledge, had aright to expect from the column
under Pattertsm. Harper's Ferry was indanger,
and there the government expected-010;114oz
son would concentrate his force, after he had
succeeded in holding the army taidei Johnan
from marching to reinforce that under Beauret
, • , - By, such operation and vigor Ons effect,
the disaster at Bull Run would haverbeen hair
pily avoided, and the confusion and, distrwak
among' the' reidin volunteers in Harrisburg
completely prevented. But such tin Obedience
of order did not snit the passionof the deposed
General, or increase his-prospect of gratifying
his revenge for the imaginary neglects and hu
miliation heaped upon him by the government
He not only flagrantly omitted his duty in fail
ing to hold the, rebel force under Gen. Johnson
in check, but after he-did reach Harper's Ferry,
again neglected the performance of that,
duty, by urging the return of the volun
teers, when he was well aware that the arrange
ment ancl i plan , of th!Payal.atitFf t Genera,i, under
ibV . diieatinn 'the itar bepaAmeuti was to
PitY=t ll o4eArc4B,at liarPer's FairFe w4ose terms
of service were limited to three months.
tohaste and anxiety of the Patriot and Anon
t throw the blame of this disgraceful - business
CUrtin exhibiks both its
first upon v. ,igno
rance and brutish:purposes. By this means It
evidently intended to excite the worn out pa
tience and , passionate disappointments of the
volunteers against the person of the Godernor.
Its effort, also, to bring the federal authorities
into disrepute, was another exhibition of its
political spleen at the sacrifice of every manly
principle of truth and candor. So
, fir as the
administration: at Washington' were concerned,
they had prepared to pay these men, but were
d in their plena by_the haste and Pas
sions of a nraft-whoidlows his pond* preju
dices to warp his perairtal Intimate of duty in a
period of great public and Private einbpoga
meat. And on the samnprineiple, the Pcirriot ,
b r Ag . titfitidifitie wrongiee t ia to blind
and' destroy the right,'M -order to aCcomplish
its mean purpose of 'opposition' , to '"a party in
power.' 'lt would bb' better employed, ;did - if de
vote' itself V) iepeidaae' for the amanita in
which it indulged against the cause of the coun
try and Ihose who were engaged inJits defence,
while absent struggling with' traitors. Let the
Patriot take warning of the past. Let it renieni
ber its own grievons misrepresentation of the
volunteers of Pennsylvania, before it now seeks
to turn the current of Indignation from - the
men who have earned it, to those who are not
responsible for the neglects, or who have been
thwarted in their efforts to deal justly with the
soldiers, by men who hate the administration on'
JEFF. DAVIS AND TEE STAJFE . AND
Am:PS the lies and exaggerations contained'
in the bulletin of the -chief traitor to' the Con
gress of, traitors at Richmond, giving what pur
ported •to be an account of the battle of Bull
Run, he stated that the rebel troopelliadcapl .
tured the fitanua,nd Stripes. This is the first
time that ever any mortal man had this satisfac
tion of declaxing to - the world thaf l he had as
sisted in capturing the banner of the; free, and
it has well _been 'reserved for it traitor and
pudiator of honest obligations to make' that
declaration. . The stars and itripes have been
lowered in defeat, brit they have never been left
on a field of battle to fall into the hands of the
victors. Through the AMericati revolution,.
British hands never stained that ensign., -through
the war of 1812 it was preserved as pixie as when
transmitted by the heroes of the revolution,
and in the struggle with Mexico, it waded MAU
the Castle of Vera Cruz until it was !triumph
rnitliralliad to coat above thapalacea rind domes
Of 'the city of Mezioo. ii
But Jeff: Da And. his rat* folkniers have
.caPtured -that flag, and much good may it do
them. Doubtless they have itatiplad the 60
sign underwhich they derived their resources to
carry on rebellion, into thidnst, and David hint
self sp i t upon a flag on the pptection of which
he presumed, when he induced the litata , of
Mississippi to repudiate itailebts, or denumled
that the Christian people of this nation would
approve of the barbarities and . oppression of
the very institution for which he is now strug
gling. We congratulate the rebels on the cap
ture of fhe'stars,and stripm May:its watery*
in their mi4st fainind them of what they hays
done an doing to invoke on tneji heads
the"' teirible retribitinn of carted law and
Tag Lexington_ (my.) Staksman edited by
.Thomas B. Menrosi, jr.,' Who is Secretary of Siete
under Gov. Magoffin, boldly. avows that hd is w
disunionist, and rejoices in the opportunity, to
make the avowal:- 'ie is the sceof Judge M.,
of the federal court and were he to be indict
ed for his treasonable utterances, the father
Would be." fixedp and the-judge " softened ';
to intetTotl4 3 all tehnicalities "to )its co nv i c ti on.
Secession cannot be killed in Kentucky =Slits
offxriataiderg Arid %bottom are sootched.
has nou►fQripe ton
of-the employment • of w an, an d •rteir!*k
fedeitioy, and has so advised tie Ho ,
sponse to their resolution upon that 'abject.
HALF-PAST FOUR O'CLOCK.
BUILDINGS BURNED AT HAMPTON
WITHDRAWAL OF OUR TROOPS
TRIOKB OF TIDE -ENEMY
Threatened Attack on Newport News
Oar Troops Ready to Give the Rebels a
• Foam MONROE, July 28.
via BALTMORE, July 29.
`'The' Odd' Allows 'Hall, 'the jail, and a few
other buildings in Hampton, were burned yes
terday by our troops, in apprehension - of an
atunbdiatel tittioktbr thanieliskionists. Our
troops wereAntirely withdrawn from HamptOn
list night. Weber now occupies Colonel
Duryea's-limner- qtarters. k part of the
,Hampton br.dge has been destroyed in order to
trevniit ctinixtfunitation''With:tlifi' Side of the
creek.. The , place is not yet occupied by the
Capt. Tirypa, bf . Georgik Maims, and -
four others, came in yesterday with a flag of
truce; relative to the -baggage of Capt. Jenkins
and the artist Shurtliff who Were wbunded and
made prisoners by them some time ago. It
turns out that they were met by a party of ama
teur soldiers on the other side.. The flag was
red.eiVed by Capt. Btitler autrLieht. Wiegel
outside the entrunchments“ A propoial to ex
change *IR for hvo Confederate soldiers was
rejected, but arrangements were made to for-.
ward the- banaglt , of , the. wounded men. The
flag, of trace .was evidently , e, feint , for reconnoi
tering Hampton and vicinity.
A flag of truce came into Newport News this
morning' with a proposition jfiv,ing our troops
twenty-four hours to leave, with the threat that
in calie the place was not evacuated they would
force us - out. - • -- - • -
The gun boat Dale, twenty-four guns, at once
went up from. Old Point. The Albatross and
Penguin are also stationed there, while the
Minnesota and seven gun boats at Old2Point are
ready to iiaiaSt should Newport News be attack
.001. Phelps says that he cane hold the place
against' twice the number of his force, which
now consists of four effective, regiments. The
entrenchments are of a formidable character
and the - rebels will meet with a warm reception.
Both • flags . ; of trace of bourse represent that
there is a very large rebel force between York
town and Old Point.
' ' The rebels have to-day been practising from
a battery at Willoughby's Point, some five
milesbelow Sewell's Point. Heavy firing is now
going on at Pig Point.
THB SEARCH , 101 i THIC BODY OF COL
His Two Friends Taken-Prisoners
The li!tbnense' Loss of the Rebehi
GEN. i'CLELLAN'S COMMAND, ETC
DESIGNS OP THEREBELS
WASHINGTON, July 28
Information Was received this evening rela
tive to Messrs. Arnold, Harris and Magraw,
who several days ago went in quest of the body
of Col: Cameron. .The former was sent by the
rebels to Richmond and the latter to Manassas
Jnnction: They did not, accomplish the object
of .their mission.
Ittr..Brick, who drove theni to Bull's Run,
bag *turned, and reports that all the dead are
not-yet b.uried r anittliat - Jhe- slaughter on the
side of the enemy is , greater by far than they
It is believed that Gen. M'Clellan has been
.assignesi to,the command otthe troops on both
sides of the Potomac. He visited Arlington on
Sunday, hi Cianpany with SecretarY Cameron.
Hndfficial information' hai been received here
that the rebels contemplate, at an early day,
the planting of a battery on the Potomac, at
points t i o corm:tumid the, channel. As part of
their general programme, they have, at Acquia
Creek, five guns upon one. battery and three
upon another '
and while an excurtion party of
distinguished gentlemen from Washington was
in that vicinity, on Saturday, a train of cars full
of *is came up to the station there. By way
of amusement, or experiment,ta few ineffectual
simile were fired at a distance, three miles from
the steamer containing the pleasure party, which
comprised several'members and ex-members of
Congress. ' •
OPERATIONS IN MISSOURI
,F,CIRWTHE ,„ OCCVETED.
Seizure of Military Stores, etch, etc
'FIVE REBELS KILLED.
Feasrrms, Mo., July 28.
GAL' Bweenrstesnmarld . ,'Which left Spring
field on Satunley last, arrived here to•day and die
•Plßed band.of eAe.,tkiPAU(sl.,a44. A* - re
that was stationed at this point, and took pos-,
Sekkin'tif %V' ttisen:' r '
.Five of the rebels • were. killed and several
wounded.. • -
Three of ourmen were slightly wounded, kit
none killed. - ,
The..firat. and second ,stories of the court
house here were filled with blankets; pratia;
ions, camp equipage, &c., which, together with
tiro-tons of lead, found in a well; and; ther ar
tides searetediAnAdifferent parts of the , Ltown, in
all valued at between $1 . 8,000 and . $20,000,
fellizitocaii hands: - I .
Mr: Wilkey, ixtriepondent of tbikew Yak
Tinges, was slightly wounded. , _
LATER FOREIGN 'bf.EWS:
ARRIVAL OF TWO STEAMERS
Rim Yosx, July 29.
' 111 . 3 'British wire **earner Gladiator, arrived
here, reports speaking the Unitedßtates ships
Roanoke, St. Lawrence, Savannah, and Alba'
Sr. Jowls, July 29.—The Royal Mail steamer
Africa passed Cape Race on Sunday afternoon,
with Liverpool advices to the 21st inst.
_ The steamer Kangaroo arrived out on? the 18th.
The not WPOrtant, TheiPiesident's
'miaow _had leen received, and 'if* variously
elated ton. by. the. press. An obstinate
* :16180*lictes_ J. • Telioi he lippdonlbles Walls
, .4119tlafeird : i resgri:
v.—Consols 8 V Neltd W 7 for money,
and 194, for y
WHEELING, V.k., July 29
The Legislature adjourned on Friday, after
transacting a good deal of business looking, to
the,gomplete, working establishment of the new
State government. A stay law was enacted.
The Patrol bill passed, authorizing the Gover
nor to organize a patrul in such counties as may
need them.---About two huunred thousand dol
lars were appropriated for carrying on the gov
ernment, and a similar sum for military pur
poses. Resolutions were adopted ou the last.
day of the session, pledging the members of
the Legislature, in an individual capacity, to
use all their efforts in etlecting a thorough
military organization in Western Virginia.
The last...week of the session was occupied
chiefly in discussing a bill reported from the
Special Committee, on the division of the State.
The bill proposes to give the assent of the Le
gislature to division, recommending the Con
vention to re-assemble to take immediate action.
The discuision deve.oped a pretty strong die
,. ent oppated,to diyisjon,_ .
A good many favored immediate action, on
the ground that when the State should be fully
representWassent could., not he obtained, and
they wanted to make use of the advantage cir
cumstances had thrown in their way. They
were for division first, last, and all the time.
Another, andAthe majority class, favorild ,di
vision, but thought it impolitic, as it would in
terfere with the plans of the government, which
would not at this time countenance such a move.
The result was'that no action at all was taken,
and the Legislature left the subject just where
they found it. The convention reitaserablea;
on the 6th, proximo.
XXXVIIth Oongrms—Extra Session.
WAEELLNOTON, July 29.
SZNATE.—Na. FESSUDEN, (lie.) from the
Commit4e on Finance, reported back the act
supplementary to the act authorizing thgt,na
tional loan with amendments. One amend
ment • authorizes the issuing of five dollar
treasury notes. Agreed to and tho bill Wig
Mr. Wilms, (Mass.,) introduced a bill td pro=
vide_ for the purchase of arms, ordnauge aqd
ordnance stores. Referred to the committee on
military atrairs.• • •
The •report of the Committee of Conference
on the bill for the better organization of the
army was taken up.
Hews.—Mr —Mr Hoaropr, (0.,) from th,ettotat
mitten on Ways and Means, reported back the
direct tax bill as amended, in accordance with
the instructions of the House. He explained
the modifications which had been made, name
ly, the sum to be received from direct taxation
is reduced from $30,000,000; as originally de
signated; to $20,000;000; this amount to be
apportioned among the States according to
their population. The States are authorized to
collect the money, each to be allowed 15 per
centum on its quota for so doing. If a
State shall decline to undertake the collection
of such tax, the federal government is to put into
operation the machinery for the purpose.
The Committee also add a tax on carriages
of - from one to fifty dollars ; on gold watches
of one dollar; on silver ditto fifty cents; and
on spirituous liquors, of fifty cents per gaUqn,;
and fermented liquors sixty cents per barrel; of
two cents per gallon ; on all incomes over six
hundred dollars, a tax,of three per centum,
including money at interest. The scope of the
internal duties has als t been enlarged, and the
tax on larided estates reduced. Every interest
in the country is taxed in fair proportion, in
cluding a tax on the nett income of banks, but
not on their currency or bank- circulation.—
Even the salaries'of members of Congress;, are,
included in the items of taxation.
The House, by a vote of 65 yeas against' 67
nays, refused to order the previous question on
the passage of the tax bill.
Mr. Cotrax, (Ind.,) moved to recommit the
bill to the Committee of Ways and Means,
with instructions to provide for the return of
the surplus revenue heretofore distributed
among the States, which would, be said, obvi
ate the necessity for direct taxation and be much
less objectionable ; also to modify the present
tariff so as to impose duties on the free list, and
increase those on such other schedules as will
augment the revenue. Thirdly, the reduction
of duties which now amount to prohibition so
that additional revenue may thus be derivable.
And fourthly, the retention of the internal
duties as provided for in the bill and the addi
tion thereto of stocks.
Mr. HorroN opposed the proposition made by
HARPER'S FERRY EVACUATED BY THE
Passengers who let Harper's Ferry yesterday,
brought information last evening that Gen:
Banks sent over to the Maryland side on Batur
day all his camp equipage and military storei,
and yesterday his army evacuated the place,
and crossing over to the Maryland side, occu
pied the heights.
Confederate pickets were reported to be close
upon Harper's Ferry, and it'wes even rumored
that a strong confederate army was approaching
from the vicinity of Leesburg. r s,
Gen. Banks had over 20,000 men under his
command on Thursday last, and since then sev- ,
eral regiments have passed through Baltimore ! ,
en route for Harper's Ferry, and have, of course,
ere this arrived there, swelling his entire force
to 85,000 or 40,000 men.
AFFAIRS IN THE SOUTH.
RIOTS AMONG CITIZENS AND SOLDIERS.
OUTRAGES BY REBEL TROOPS.
The Montgomery Confederation of the 23d saye,
the Norfolk Day Book reports nightly riots be:
tween soldiers and citizens, and that soldiers
. • - - eirtered-houses of -citirms and- comniitted
horrible depredations. ,The Confederation; requests
the 'beyßoolvto'partictilatize hereafter, so that
Alabamians need not be implicated. • '
THE DEFENCES OF WASHINGTON.
‘Artwonatr/131/41. of ''this morning
says : "Some of — the newspaper writers fire-d
-signating_points in the neighborhood of Wash
ington which they_ think need special and
*stronger defelicea. we= can say is to repeat
khe.remark of, ono in. authority,, namely, that
military zinnia Chitrie have an eye to all these
thbags,•andth3 arrival of regiment after regi :
ment gives us 'assurance that no proper egie
guard is omitted2'
THE INDIANA REGIMENTS
lannAsepons, july, p. 9.,
The Tenth Indiana regiment returned, home
last evenings This regiment= did the hardest
fighting at Rich Mountain. The regiment will
be re-orgaidied' and ito"foi 'the War. The
Nineteenth, Twentieth and Twenty-first regi
ments 'Will leave for Washington this week.—
Ten new regiments will be ready for the field in
ESCAPE OF ; Ml= PRISONERS.
BT., lams, JOll2B
101 10 444iseenirii.
e from — the county
beei tZ t e e T red. only two of wh;: d tlhave yet
Two or three wit charged
The larzo norni-er • 6 .; ,
hteg.v.o rye to appr• lo L a
it teuornes my tle.ty to • .17 • , •
With wit ch t torn invest 'l, I h
poselhlo the retlitatt •11 et tue r v., •
all per,on- swage t lo the 4
' • SI t
SPII2IIUOITS I 1t,12 . 0‘ , S T C
BCa iiSS FHIMI oN:F. (IV h ‘:
OTl,Orlt eIXr MOLtNINq T - •
G. ree wail It shall be r ‘vokeo •
to soh km this proalamei leo ia . t ,,.
ehou oot be °be. et,orl,
aay mire r or geraoaL'i Ifr t:o•
they Etml he pro terde az i t 4 , , •
atties of the he eofur,-.1 illl-t ,
chill I o whoa to revoke. the ,
lu order to carry out h., pro
receivrd po•titvo otrecttons to 2 - 4
of Its provistous
MBSS BEEF AND I'UI;K
of twenty-Ave, barrels for
llAunts: o i r,-„ ;
. A Medical Board for the ex.::
Gidates for the post of Surg, , :.
vania volunteer regiments will t
burg on Tuesday, Angus) tith, t 4 A
and where candiaates will pre?
By order of the Governo r .
- HENRY II
.., QUABSERIU4STER GF.N F.lt I
Sealed Proposals will be reeck
, on Fruity,
August, 1861, fur the following A. .
dell ferable , at the State Military
burg, in quantities as required.
to be.pubLicly oprned at the time
named, and the successful bid er
nounced as soon thereafter as c.
right being reserved by the St,te
diminish the number and quan 11:y
Ten Hospital Tents, with tiles,
complece c ‘„
ti4ed Sirrndieit arid Fifty C,rti:, •
poles, pine, etc., complete.
Two Hundred and Fifty Wall T,';',
poles, „pins,, etc., complete.
One Hundred Drums, with •
rlages, vases, etc., complete.
Two Hundred (200) Drum kienci)—'
Two Hundred (200) Drum Head:
One Hundred Cocoa Fifes.
Ten Thousand Three-pint Canteen J
•Ten Thousand Haversacks, army .
Ten Thousand Haversacks, enaluel.:d .
Ten thousand Knapsacks, straps, et,.
Ten thousand Knapsacks, straps, e:‘
Six hundred Shovels.
iSix.hundred Spades.. . •
Six hundred Hatchets—handled.
Six hundred Axes—handled.
I Six hundred Picks—handisd
Ten Thousand "tin Plates.
Ten thousand paint Kuivi.s and Forks.
Ten thousand 'fin Cups.
Three thousand Mess Pans.
cone : thousand Camp Kettles.
Ten thousand Great Coats—lntc.it-y
'fen thousand Blouses.
INke thpusand,yards sky blue tape
Ten thousand pair Trowsers, footmen.
Tvienty thousand white Domet Flaunt.
Twenty thousand pairs pf Drawers.
Twenty thousand pairs Stockings.
One thousasdpairs Cavalry Bouts.
Ten thousand pairs
Ten thciusitnd Forage Caps.
Ten thousand sets of Accoutrements.
Twelve thousand Double Numbers 33 t:
Twelve thousand Letters A to K • •
One hundred and thirty Seargeuts'
Ten Thousand Blankets, seven feet by ::
six. inches, wool-gray, letters P.
four inches long, weighing tire pouf,
Forty Ambulance Wagons, of the
the U. S. army, of 4 wheels 2 1, t.-
Forty Hospital or Medical Tran,i,.it
S. army pattern.
Also, Sets of Harness for horses of
The Ambujarice•Wagons, Carts and
to be subject to the inspection au,' 11. j.
quality and ffnisb, of the Surgeon
rennsylvania, whose decision Ault.
It is desirable that all the ab we sr .
, ot . doinettle manufacture, and whe..
them are furnished by the United at.o
I garne mustconform in all respects to t
standard pattern in the United Scuts .
intog's office and. military store, i'111...
Ten per cent of the amount of
to be retained as a forfeiture until 11.-
lls Completed. Contractors to -r ii.l
posals the time when the good, _All be
ed;;lind•tireqmekerly delivery of
are needed will be considered in liwal iir
contract: Successful bidders to gi‘,
BALTIMORE, July 29
Every proposal to be endcust..l.
All supplies Contracted fur
pout% to he delivered at the
house in he city of HarrWinrg, tinh,
wise directed, free of all charge
boiing or drayage, unless freight t:
delivery is greater than to Harrizher t :.
case the difference will be allowed.
ages so delivered to be marked 0 , 1
with number and description ut arti.',
and name of party furnishing
with an invoice of contents, en • se :
cing, in addition to above, notice
Supply it is a part. • B. C.
jy27-dtaug2. Q. M. -
Lotruvruz, Jilly 28
A PARTNER WANTED
A NY person' who Would b,:l
ing.lte La prat Lqo ousiue,
tab Alt $lOOO, plea*, addres. J. Li. )1
0. 23- 4 6 t ,
THE LATEST N EWS.
THE Harrisburg TELEGRAPH
Philadelphia PliEell are fur s 1 d, I -
lotbstrg insatediatetly atter the arrival or tit . .
orst's block, Emtlithda street, opposge
.•- - •
PRINTER.—one-liair of t:,.. ti
LEIt sre.R cox, ,ay Newri ie,
eile. The proprietor desiring to er.2ago :u U.;
where. We it one of the hart
E [ 1,14 ULP Li UR SPRINU 6
C....113a, Cumberland ,outlty. P...—T-
PlleterS take pleasure in announcing lust
Pretrired 16 roalve visitors. Persons de-vi:.:
location far the summer will find thli ono 01 tn. u.
itglitful'hbices to tho country. The wat ,r of
cannot be surpassed for drin:lug, Limb ng d
Purposes. For information and c rgol 3,l L i r!
D. C. BiliiblET
: E 'UNDERSIGNED has, of
corner of Third eat
berry a lief'. near Heres Hotel.
/Amber of all kinds gad qualities. t:r c.l• :
PRO CL - A II AIIH_P 2 ,
M A Y 0 p,
ro (he Cif.fe:nt of Ilarroil.r
Harrisburg. Jaly 26, 166 IA t
HO9,PITAL UFPIRI - )1
btate of Pew:,
ibg deillgiied will - sell Roma, Carriages s
49111 /OW for cash,
ALSO—Honda and Carriages to:tre at tbe elan
Maril rearm A. muilr
4 @ k ,, , .. itr.