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THE UNION-271E CONSTITUTION-AND
THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW.
Wednesday Afternoon, July 3, 1861.
WHO IS TO BLAME?
All sorts of questions are asked these days, in
all sorts of insinuating tones in regard to the
treatment of soldiers, the award of contracts,.
and the furnishing of supplies. If any thing is
wrong, blame the Governor. If a soldier bursts
the neat of his breeches, howl at the Commis
sary General, whose business it is to feed and
not clothe the recruit. If beef and pork are
not palatable, blame the Quarter Master, whose
duty it is to erect tents, locate encampments,
and not cook meats, wash potatoes, or furnish
"tea and toast" for the soldiers. This is about
the style of doing business. Such is the manner
and mode of fixing the blame on those in au
thority by a large mass of people in every com
munity, and while they are thus engaged in
measuring the actions of men by standards of
their own erection, they pass over the most
stupendous evils, from which the soldier is •suf
fering a thousand fold more than from any of the
inconveniences and injustice so loudly com
plained of as being inflicted in the camp and
during the bivouac. We hear that as the sol
diers are paid off, they start to rum•shops to
engage in drunken revels, and that the streets
of Washington city, for a week past, have been
one scene of debauched revelry, obscenity and
degradation such as never before was presented
for the contemplation and disgust of sober
men and women. Who is to blame for these
scenes of excess and instances of injustice to the
soldier, and through him to the country and
the cause of civil and religious liberty? Whois
to blame that the war-won wages of the soldier
are thus devoted to his damnation instead of
the comfort of the family he left behind him,
dependent on the cold charities of society for
subsistence and support? Soldier, you must
answer 1 You can find no protection from such
an interrogation beneath the flag of our coun
try ! You are not safe from questioning behind
frowning batteries or bristling bayonets. You
must answer the question, Who is to blame for
your debauchery, your drunkenness, your lechery,
your profanity, and your degradation? If you do
not answer, Heaven will reply through the si
lent though potential voice of conscience,
yourself, soldier! yourself! A drunkard is a dis
grace to any position. He is incapable of dis
charging and unworthy of having a trust
reposed in him. A drunken soldier is worse
than a sober coward, traitor or knave. He casts
away the reason and the valor with which God
has imbued him, to drown his senses in beastly
libations, and unnerve his strength by inhuman
intoxication. Such men are unworthy to
stand beneath the banner of liberty, and
be proclaimed its chosen defenders. They and
those who furnish the poisoned drink, are allied
to treason by their utter disregard of the moral
responsibility which rests upon every man in
the hour of his country's peril. The truth
must be pressed home, and the solemn warning
may as well come now, that there is too much
intoxication in the army—too much drinking
to satisfy the appetite for rum among the oth
erwise gallant and chivalric regiments of young
men who are about to devote themselves to the
defence of the honor and the glory of the
In the name of humanity, for the sake of our
bleeding country, we implore the soldier to be
sober, to spurn rum as they do a rebel, and
while they are decking the banners of their
country with the sentiments of Union, let them
inscribe on their sacred folds ono sentiment—
one noble resolve for Temperance, and the victory
will be doubly grand that hails a nation's rescue
from rebellion, and a people's redemption from
intemperance, licentiousness and profanity.
Tau Faxtrans or THE Taarross.—Gen Beau
regard sent his wife to New York, to stay there
until peace is declared, before he wrote that in
famous proclamation. Jeff. Davis' wife and
her sister have taken a cottage at North Hamp
ton, Massachusetts, for the summer. Col. Ma
gruder, of the Virginia army, has sent his wife
and daughter to the north for protection. This
looks considerably as though the arch-traitors
of the rebellion had not much confidence in the
conspiracy they have engendered throughout
the land. In addition to this, Yancey is in
England, Toombs is disgusted, Slidell and Judge
Meek are not to be heard of, and the where
abouts of a score of others of the southern con
federacy is unknown.
Goan Leas.--This noted individual did not
meet with a very flattering reception on his re
turn to Oregon, after affiliating with the South
ern rebels. A •Portland (Oregon) correspond
ent of the New York Commercial gives the an
nexed account :
" Gen. Joseph Lane met with a very cool re
ception in Oregon. The drayman refused to
haul his luggage to the hotel. At Dayton, as
the General crossed the river, he said to the
ferrynAn that he supposed he was the worst
abused man in Oregon.' I don't believe that,;
said the ferryman, who did not know Mr.
Lane, nrdess you are Jo Lane himself.' At
Dallas, farther up the valley, he was hung in
effigy right before his hotel door."
Hurry M. Hkamszi has been promoted to
a first lientenautcy, in the United States army,
as a reward for valuable services rendered to
the government. Furnished with an organ
and a monkey, he visited the prominent points
of.Viiiide, and took notes, which he reported
to the-War DePartment , -
John Adams declared that the memories and
glories of Independence Day would descend to
our latest posterity, by which the patriot sage
and statesman implied, that the spirit of liberty
would survive while time lasted to animate a
human heart with love for its purity. Those
who constructed and deemed they were perpet
uating the Declaration of Independence, done
so in a spirit of loyal zeal for a great future,
which they regarded with more devotion than
they did the present with which they were sur
rounded. The most sanguine among those who
entered on the Revolutionary struggle never
hoped to live for the enjoyment of the fruits,
which it was believed would grow out of its
success, while very few others expected to sur
vive the shock of battle, to behold the light of
that triumph which they knew would eventual
ly shine upon their banners. Theirs was a
struggle for generations yet unborn—for the
adornment of centuries which the future would
roll from the bosom of time, and in which the
citizens of a grand Republic that arose upon the
vision amid the frosts of Valley Forge and the
blood of Paoli, would command the respect of
their neighbors, the fear of their enemies, and
the confidence of the world. If evil ever did
come to the Republic of the West, it would ori
ginate beyond its borders, and not within its
limits. If danger threatened, it would be from
foreign foes, and not from domestic feuds—for
such was the faith, the holy fellowship and un
animity of those who erected our free altars,
that they laid their all upon those shrines, con
secrating their lives, their fortunes and their
sacred honors in the work of inaugurating a
home for the free and a land for the brave.
Eighty-five years ago to-morrow, our fathers
met in the city of Philadelphia, and signed a
Declaration of Independence. It was not a
common resolve to attempt to erect a new form
of government. It was not the venture of des
perate and ambitious men to cut loose from one
power, that they might create positions to satis
fy their personal aspirations. Such motives
had no place in the bosoms of the men who
signed the Declaration of Independence, nor
was a single arm, that rose and fell with sturdy
blows as that eventful struggle progressed,
nerved for a purpose other than that of main
taining a cause which was to result in the
benefit of those who were to come after them.
—We need not rehearse the story of the Revo
lutionary war. Its history has been written
and printed until the record is as familiar as
the stories of our homes, or the tales of our
early love and affections. What concerns us
now is to know how we have prized, cherished
and maintained the liberty that was bequeathed
to us through the blood of our fathers and the
suffering tears of our mothers. Have we as a
nation been true to the holy incentives with
which we were imbued by birth and education?
Have we been faithful to the trust reposed in
us, and true to the high destiny which both
God and man seemed to have marked out for
us in the path of the progress of nations?
Those are the questions that recur to us at this
time, and they cannot be answered alone in the
empty language of sentiment, boast or profes
sion. They point to a reply in our deeds—in
our actions—in our achievements—and by all
these we will be judged by that tribunal before
which nations and individuals will be summon
ed by He who has created all things, and who
marks as well the sparrows fall as He does the
dissolution of an Empire.
The incidents and the struggles with which
we are now surrounded, were not anticipated
one year ago—and much less by those who
made the Fourth day of July immortal as the
birthday of liberty on the western hemisphere.
Eighty-five years ago, John Adams declared
that the Fourth of July would be celebrated by
the ringing of bells, the firing of guns, 'bon
fires, illuminations, shouts, prayers and con
gratulations all over the land. Will such be
the case to-morrow ? Alas, no ! There may be
shouts, yet who knows that they will not be
the shouts of battle in one portion of these
states, while in another the loud acclaim goes
forth in favor of liberty's birthday. There
may be bonfires lighted in one commonwealth
to signal the return of another anniversary of
Independence, while in another a funeral pyrt
is kindled over the bodies of those who fell
struggling in the defence of the unity of their
country, the sanctity of its laws, and the in
vincibility of its authority. Alas, again, that
such is our condition ! but we must not shut
our eyes to the dangers with which we are
surrounded, because rebellion has arrested us
in the proudest steps of our forward march of
glory, greatness and improvement.
We have no better offering than this for the
eighty-fifth anniversary of American Indepen
dence. We appreciate the danger by which
we are menaced, but we do not shrink from the
responsibility it involves. However dark and
uncertain may be the future that is prescribed
for our contemplation, there is a gleam of hope
amid all its gloom, and an incentive to struggle
in the very embarrassments which it has creat
ed. And in that struggle we all have a part
to perform, a part in which the humblest can
achieve a great good and win as great a re
nown. And to-morrow, as we pledge to the
memories of Independence Day, let us also re
new our vows to
GOD AND OUR NATIVE LAND !
Exposm Tom.—Some of the New York sym
pathisers with the southern rebellion have got
up petitions, which they are circulating for sig
natures, addressed to the President of the United
States, praying that the war may cease and the
difficulty be settled—in what way they do not
undertake to describe. Their plan is, however,
easily understood—it is secession, concession
and compromise. It is by the dismemberment
of the Union and the destruction of the gov
ernment. Now, if these sympathisers possess
ed a grain of loyalty, and a solitary claim to
eutitle them to live under such a government
as ours, they would perceive that the President:
is pursuing the only course to cause the war to
cease, and to settle the difficulty at the earliest
practicable moment. The names upon all such
petitions or memorials should be given to the
public, in order that all may know who are the
black aheep among us. Such publications also
will be handy for future reference.
Pennsylvania Daily telegraph, illetittestray Ilierntoon, July 3, 1861.
ROOKV/TLE, MONTGOICERT CO., MD., 1 .
Sunday, June 30, 1861.
Correspondence of the Telegraph.]
After a suspense of a week's duration, we at
last got orders to "march forthwith" from our
lovely quarters on the Arsenal grounds in Wash
ington, D. C. To-day one week ago we were
ordered to be in readiness to march, as the tele
graph notified you of at the time. Wagons,
tents, provisions, and all the necessary articles
for a moving army, were furnished US. All re
joiced over the news to march. The " Greys,"
so anxious to signalize themselves before re
turning home, manifested their joy by cheers,
cap tossing, &c. But soon the orders were coun -
termanded, and thus we lay until Tuesday,
when we resolved to pitch our tents upon the
green award before our house, where we en
until yesterday afternoon, after we had
given up all hope of seeing active service.
When our orders to march were received,
such a yell of enthusiasm I never witnessed.
Immediately our tents were levelled with the
ground, and all hands were at work packing
such things as they deemed needful into their
knapsacks, and such as could be dispensed with
were carefully placed in boxes " until our re
turn," as the hopeful ones would say. All
things ready, the companies of our regiment
were in line, headed by the Ringgold band, in
marching order. It may be well to add that
but half of the 25th were ordered off. The two
Ringgold companies remain at the U. S. Arsenal
and three companies at Fort Washington. The
regiment on march was made up in the follow
ing order, under the command of Lieut. Col.
Selheimer and Major Campbell, the popular M.
C. from the Schuylkill district : First, the "Lo
chiel Greys ;" then the Carbondale City Guards,
under Captain Darte ; third, the Doylestown
Guards, (bearing the regimental colors,) Capt.
Deans; fourth, the Allen Rifles, Capt. Yeager ;
and fifth, the National Light Infantry, Captain
McDonald, of Pottsville.
We took up our line of march at 3 o'clock,
p. m. from the United States Arsenal grounds,
up Four and one-half street, up Pennsylvania
avenue to the Treasury Department (where we
were not paid off,) and then halted for a few
minutes. The weather was intensely hot and
the men stood it like veterans, not a man giv
ing way to the scorching heat. From the
Treasury we marched to the reservoir on
Georgetown, all the time in blissful ignorance as
to the exact place where we were to encamp.
After refilling our canteens we again moved on
a few miles on the road to Rockville until we
came to a Rev. Mr. Nourse's,
well known to
some of the members of the Greys, where we
again halted, filled canteens and took up our
march until sun down, at which we had then
marched some ten miles from our quarters.
This our officers considered good enough for an
evening's march, and hence ordered us to
bivouac on a new mown hay-field for the night.
After spaces had been assigned to each com
pany, arms stacked, knapsacks unslung and
accoutrements, &c. off, we foraged for wood,
built camp fires, made coffee, supped and laid
down upon the ground to sleep. This was the
first bivouac, long to be remembered by us all,
and a social bivouac it was. The evening sky
was clear—the air was balmy, and every breeze
came laden with the scent of the new mown
hay. At about 9p. m. the sentinels were sta
tioned, tatoo was beat, and soon we were en
wrapped in soothing slumbers. There we lay
for the first time in an enemy's country with
the weary sentinels around and God above us
watching and protecting us while nature's sweet
restorer strengthened us for the morning's
march. So far nothing has happened the regi
ment. The march and the camp were admir
ably arranged, which gave us more confidence
in the skill and ability of our superiors. Our
surgeon-in-chief, Dr. Owens, and his assistant
Dr. Renald, are constantly administering to the
wants of those who had intimations of sickness.
The parents and relations of the Greys may rest
assured that the sanitary condition of the com
pany is in safe hands. Our line of march from
our first bivouac to this place will be described
to you at another time. The day is quite out,
and we shall in all probability spend the rest of
it and the coming night in our present camp,
which is on the Fair grounds—a beautiful grove
with excellent water and large and comfortable
buildings in which our men are now seen
"snoozing," others singing and some wondering
what the folks at home are thinking of them,
whether so and so is at church and who's with
them, &c., &c.
Our destination is Poolesville to join Col.
Stone's command. This place is on the front
line just where the most important move of the
Federal forces is to take place. It is to be
hoped that the Twenty-fifth, and particularly
the Lochiel Greys, will give a good account of
Letters to the Greys should be directed as
usual to Washington, from whence they will be
promptly forwarded to us wherever we may be.
Yours, &c., E. S.
Hof. WILLIAM L. DAYTON, our Minister to
France, was known to Louis Napoleon when he
was in this country. Mr. Dayton lived at Tren
ton, New Jersey, which is only ten miles from
Bordentown, where Joseph Bonaparte, the uncle
of the present Emperor, long resided after the
overthrow of Napoleon at Waterloo, in 1816.
In 1837, when Louis Napoleon was in this
country, he was a visitor at his uncle Joseph's,
and made many excursions in company with
him to Trenton and its vicinity. In that way
he became known to Mr. Dayton, who could
have little anticipated thet he would ever be
the ambassador to the French Courtover which
the exile would preside as Emperor.
A TRIBUTE TO THE ARMSTRONG GUN.—At a
dinner lately given by the United Service Club
of London to Sir Hope Grant, the distinguished
hero of the Chinese war, tee chairman pro
posed his health, making laudatory reference
to his military achievements, to which Sir
Hope replied, attributing no small share of his
success to the Armstrong guns. These wea
pons were, he said, exceedingly effective. In
one case a gun which caused some annoyance
was disabled, and thirteen men were found
tying dead near it. Another piece belonging
to the enemy was struck five times in a very
short period. The Armstrong gun, he said,
was in fact the finest weapon ever invented.
ENGLMI Darrow' frequently make curious
mistakes when writing on American affairs, and
no paper in England contains more ludicrous
blunders than the London Times, The last geo
graphical error that we noticed in that sheet is
where it speaks of Fortress Monroe being lo
cated on Governor's Island, in liew York har
TIIE ADVERTISER, having been restored to
health to a few weeks by a very simple remedy, after
having suffered several years with a severe lung affect.
ion, and that dread disease, Consamptien—is anxious to
make known to his fellow-sufferers the means of cure.
To all who desire It, he will send a copy of the pre
scription need (free of charge), with tile directions for
preparing and using the same, which they will find a
lure for Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis, &c. The
o li n u ! r y' e c ohiect a the advertiser In sending the Prescription
nyaluable, and he hopes every stai
r to briefit the afflicted, and spread information which
ee°B w " ill iv tr ;:a y 11::: remedy, es it will cost them nothing,
and may prove a bIeEZ. 4II4
Parties wishing the pre:Scrip... 44 win Pieltdeltddren.
002/194 Hinge county, New
FROM THE LOCRIEL GREYS
FROM THE SEAT OF WAR.
A Battle Fought Yesterday.
The Enemy Routed.
McMullin's Rangers Engaged.
HEAVY LOSS OF THE REBELS
HAGKRSTOWN, July 2
At four o'clock this afternoon a special con
veyance arrived at this town, bringing Corporal
John H. McGinley, of the Independent Ran
gers. He being the first soldier brought here
wounded in action, considerable excitement
was occasioned on his arrival, and from state
ments made by him, and from those of a high
er authority, the Government operators glean
Between three and four o'clock this morning
the troops which have been concentrating at
Hagerstown and Williamsport for several days
past crossed the ford at Williamsport. Ghn.
Patterson reviewed them as they filed past him.
The morning was bright and beautiful, and the
soldiers were in excellent spirits.
Scouting parties of Capt. Mclllullin's Ran
gers and others selected from the first Wisconsin
regiment, were out at midnight, and frequent
ly during the night brisk firing was heard be
tween the Federal pickets and those of the
enemy on the Virginia side.
The proper fords having been ascertained,
the advance took place before daylight, the
post of honor being assigned to Capt. McMul
lin's Rangers, the first Wisconsin and the
eleventh Pennsylvania. The advancing col
umns consisted of the brigades of Abercrom
bie, Thomas and Negley. The Independent
Rangers behaved remarkably well, getting up
close to the enemy at a distance of only sev
Abercrombie's brigade led the advance, and
the casualities of the conflict were almost ex
clusively in the First Wisconsin and the Elev
enth Pennsylvania regiments. Col. Jarrett and
Lieut. Colonel Coulter led the skirmishers,
opening upon them at 400 yards.
The whole of the rebel forces at Martinsburg,
consisting of four regiments of infantry and
one regiment of cavalry, were engaged in the
action. They had with them four pieces of ar
tillery, part of them rifled cannon, and were
commanded by General Jackson.
The First City Troop of Philadelphia were
assigned a position near the United States cav
alry, under Captain Perkins, and behaved re
As far as known, the casualties on our side
are only two killed and several wounded.
Several of the dead and wounded of the Se
cession troops were left on the field in their
hasty retreat ; , one or two or whom were buried
by our men.
The loss of life on their side is stated to be
In anticipation of the retreat by our forces,
the rebels had levelled the fences on both sides
of the turnpike even with the ground, so as to
cut them off in the event of their retiring to
The first stand was made at Porterfield's
farm, on the turnpike, near Haynesyille, where
it was necessary to destroy a barn and carriage
house, to make a charge upon the enemy.
Here the conflict was fierce, the rebels standing
well up to their work, and finally slowly re
Knapsacks and canteens were hastily thrown
aside as encumbrances to a hasty march. They
left behind them a number of blankets and
other articles of value, indicating a heavy loss
on their side.
FROM FORTRESS MONROE
The Occupation of Hampton.
ERECTION OF BATTERIES, deo,
Celebration of Independence Day
at the Fortress
idrance of the Rebels from Yorktown.
FORTRESS MONROE, July 3
The. Third Massachusetts regiment and the
Naval Brigade occupy the deserted dwelling at
Hampton. Perhaps thirty inhabitants remain.
Col. Wardrop's head quarters are at the house of
Hon. Joseph Segar. The old church is occupied
as a slaughter house; two companies are station
ed in the yard, which is surrounded by a high
brick wall. Tombstones date from the 'l7th
century. Four companies of Col. Packard's
regiment, just from No wport News, are posted
in the cemetery. Col. Wardrop's pickets ex
tend a mile and a half beyond Hampton. The
4th Massachusetts regiment will encamp just
beyond the village. The bridge will be rebuilt
within a week. Max. Webber's regiment is
erecting a strong battery this side.
Ladies begin to make their appearance at Old
Point. The families of Gen. Butler, Colonel
Duryea and Max Webber, are here.
Great preparations are being made to cele
brate the anniversary of American Indepen
dence. Grand parades will be held at camps.
The Fortress guns, the new battery and ships
of war in the harbor, including the Minnesota,
Cumberland, Santee, Roanoke and several gun
boats will appropriately salute the day.
The Twentieth New York regiment have or
dered fifty barrels of lager from Baltimore.
Yesterday afternoon Lieut. Yelverton and
eighteen men of the Ninth New York Regi
ment, made a reconnoisance from Newport
News up the James river road to within a mile
and a half of Great Bethel. At that point they
came upon five of the rebel pickets, who pre
cipitately fled, leaving behind, with other tro
phies, their hats and coats, which showed that
theowners were officers.
In the pockets letters were found, just fin
ished, giving a complete account of the late
advance of 2800 men from Yorktown to attack
Newport News. They describe the wretched
fare of the troops and the manner in which
they were obliged to beg or steal.
LATER FROM HA.OERSTOWN.
HAGERSTOWN, July 3.
The following is theofficial list of wounded
at the hospital here: James Morgan, severely;
M. F. Hamaker, both of company B, 11th
Pennsylvania volunteers. Wounded Fred.
Hychting, of company E; color Sergeant, of
Capt. Bryant, Fred. Bonnor, of company G, not
severely. Killed—George Drajteof Milwaukie,
company A, Capt. Bingham, and one name not
learned, from company B, Capt. Blitchell.
THE STRENGTH OF THE REBEL FORCES,
WASHINGTON, July 3.
It is believed, on the authority of the best
SOMAS in General Scott's service, that the whole
number of armed " f t 4.
federate troops Virgin
ia is not more than seventy-five thous,a. " 4 .7 -
and that twenty-five thousand of these are in
And around Ma/asses Junction.
IMPORTANT FOREIGN NEWS.
ARRIVAL OF THE PERSIA,
NO SLAVERY IN ST. DOMINGO,
Ald to Anderson, the Fugitive Slave
Remonstrance of the American Min
_ later at Paris,
The Southern Commissioners not
Recognized by France
RECOGNITION OF ITALY BY FRANCE.
THE POPE OTILL SICK,
THE SULTAN NOT DEAD.
AGITATION IN HUNGARY
LARGE ARMY CONCENTRATING
DISAFFECTION INCREASING IT WARSAW
LARGE FIRE IN LONDON.
A MAIL STEAMER WRECKED AND THE
The steamer Persia arrived this morning with
Liverpool advices to the 23d ult. Spain has
given a pledge that slavery shall not be intro
duced into St. Domingo.
A meeting had been held in aid of Anderson
the fugitive slave. He explained the necessity
for killing the man so as to escape, and the
meeting fuly endorsed the act.
The American minister at Paris has remons
trated against the southern States being assimi
lated to Italy on the article recently published
in the Patric and Moniteur.
The Southern commissioners are in Paris, but
the government will hold no communication
except with the Washington government.
The Paris Bourse was steady; rentes 67f. 85c.
There has been no official announcement of
the recognition of Italy by France, but there
is no doubt of the fact. It is asserted that the
Italian government replied to the French note
in the affirmative, and agreed to the view of
France. It is also asserted that France sent an
announcement of the recognition to all its re
presentatives at foreign courts.
The Pope is again ill.
It is stated that Portugal refuses to acknowl
edge the new kingdom of Italy. The Upper
House of the Hungarian Diet has unanimously
agreed to the address to the Emperor.
LATEST.—By telegraph from Liverpool, Sun
day, 25th.—The rumored death of the Sultan
The steamer New York has arrived at Cowes
The agitation in Hungary is increasing. An
army of 80,000 men is concentrating near Perth.
blaond Effendi has been appointed governor
The disaffection is increasing at Warsaw.
LONDON, June 23.—An immense fire com
menced here last night and raged all night.
The cotton wart was destroyed, and the ranges
of adjoining warehouses on Tooley street in
borough. About 4uoo bales of American
hops were destroyed. The loss of property is
so serious that the prices of many articles will
be effected. Six lives were lost including Mr.
Braidwood chief of the fire brigade.
Marmourer, April 11.—The mail steamer
Quasmama has been wrecked and part of her
crew murdered by the natives.
FROM BALTIMORE CITY-.
CELEBRATION OF THE FOURTH.
Flag to be Presented to a Massachu
setts Regiment. -•
THE MILITARY STILL ON GUARD
Great preparations for a celebration of the
Fourth here by the Union men. A splendid
silk national flag, of the regimental size, has
been prepared by the citizens of Baltimore to
present to the sixth Massachusetts regiment,
as an amende for the assault made on the regi
ment by the mob.
The stars are encircled with the following in
scription : "The loyal citizens of Baltimore to
the Sixth Regiment of Maßsaehusetts." In
side of this inscription is another circle, with
the words : "Pratt street, Baltimore, April 19th,
1861." It is designed to present this flag to
morrow, if arrangements can be made.
The soldiers are still on guard at various
points in the city. They receive many courtesies
from the loyal citizens.
ADVANCE OF FEDERAL TROOPS.
PROXIMITY OF THE TWO ARMIES
MORN TROOPS SENT TO VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON', July , 3„,
A messenger who passed last night and the.
early part of to-day with the advance guards
within three miles of Fairfax Court House, re
ports all quiet along the lines; but reports that
the indications are now more positive than they
have at any time hitherto been, that a move
ment is about to be made in the direction of
Manassas Junction. Large numbers of heavy
wagons, ambulances, munitions, &c., are going
forward, and though the officers themselves are
not informed, they coincide in the opinion of
an early advance. It is probable that every
thing just now is contingent upon the action
Our pickets and scouts are within three miles
of Fairfax Court House village, and hear the
rebel commanders giving their orders. Two
regiments, whose names I could not learn, went
over to Virginia last night.
SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.
PHILADELPHIA, July 3.
The special election, yesterday, h the second
district of this city, for a member of Congress
to succeed the Hon. E. Joy Morris, resulted in
the choice of Col. Charles J. Biddle, by a ma
jority of a little over two hundred. A very
light vote was polled, as both parties professed
thorough loyalty to the Union and the govern
ment, and an earnest support of the war policy.
Col. Biddle, in his letter of acceptance, empha
tically declared that he would make no partisan
PROTEST AGAINST COMPROMISE
WAssaiNuTox, July 3
Dr. Hurley, late editor of the Nashville (Ten
nessee) Democrat, addresses a letter to the .Na
ional Republican to-day, protesting against any
*-- peace wadi the rebels acknowl
e dge the authority of the go,
THE BATTLE AT MARTINSBURG.
Effect of the News at Washington.,
WasiusuroN, July S.
The following dispatch was received at tin
fifteen this morning
"Hoax Rnriza, near Martinsburg, July 2.
"To Col. E. D. Townsend, Asst. Adjt, Gen'l
Left Williamsport at six A. M. to-day for this
place. Drove and routed the rebels, about tea
thousand strong, with four guns, and now oc
cupy their camp, with the loss, I regret to say,
of three killed and ten wounded.
"Major General Commanding.''
It is said that Gen. Scott was so much grati
fied with this news, that the President w as
waked from his sleep to receive it. The Cabi
net met to-day with more than usual ;crud
spirits in consequence.
No troops arrived to-day. None are expect
ed for the next forty-eight hours.
A thirty pounder rifle cannon, just mounted.
here, is at the railroad station, labelled, "It Ei j
Doubleday, Williamsport," soon to be forwa r .
AFFAIRS AT AND AROUND CAIRO,
CAIRO, July 2.
Five men, supposed to be rebels, were Cr
rested yesterday, near Sandy Ridge, Mo., by a
scouting party from Bird's Point, and brought
hither, but they are now supposed to be 10v a l
citizens, who were on their way here with infor
mation in regard to the rebels. They report an
encampment of 200 secessionists, near Wolf',
Island, who are being furnishing with arm:
It is reported here that Gov. Jackson is at
Memphis. The rebels in that city say they wili
attack Bird's Point at an early day.
NEW Youic, July 3
In the city of Plaladelphit, on the 211 lnst
Rev. Mr. Franklin, Mr. ABRAHAM SHMSSAN 7 oR,
GOTHELF, all of Philadelphia.
WANTED.—Two or three good black
smiths and several wagon makers at the Hs - t
burg Car Works.
NOTICE. -Dr. JOHN A. M'GLAUGR.
LIN having been declared by the Court or .7 , ad
phin county a habitual drunkard, all persons are he-a:.
cautioned not to give or sell him liquor, t , a the I,s- wi;
be enforced against them.dt'T L. IMENCEI
jy3-d3t Committee of John A. Wlilaugh
SOMETHING FOR THE TIMES! !!
A Necessity in Every Household I
JOHNS & CHOEILEY'S
American Cement Glue
The Strongest Glue In the World
FOR CEMENTING WOOD. LEATHER, GLAS:;
IVORY, CHINA, MARBLE, FOR
CILAIN, ALABASTER, BONE,
CORAL, &c., &c., &c.
The only article of the kind ever produced
which will withstand Water.
"Every housekeeper hould have a supply or John= a
Crosby's American Cement Gotte."—N. . Tams
t le 813 convenient to have in the house"—N.
•.'t Is ahrave ready ; thfecomuleudi it to every body
"We h.% e ried it, and dud it al useful In our ito
aster.'—WlLSkB SP/RST OF THEC
Price 25 Cents per Bottle.
Very Liberal Reductions to Wholesale
Dealers. TERMS CASH.
I r For sale by all Druggists and Storekeep
era generally throughout the country.
JOHNS & °BOSLEY,
(Sole Man. factures,)
78 Wrrxrats &an;
(Corner..of Liberty Street,) Nsw Your.
1 ..--U A l ( l a n te d .r e a r xes i gicoerlitheC°l; : s c en t o t rs
year, f w e it o h r County
ci y of Harrisburg, hereby Inform the public thin live
er cent abdtem Ist will be allowed on toe state ace
County Tax up to the 17th day of July next. The place.
of residence of he . o lectors atorenti pre as foilor4:
Peter fernheisel, First War.; Second. below Illniberr:r.
Nicholas ZsMager, Sesond Ward, Chemin near Fount
BAmmouz, July 3
Joseph Hoffman, Third Ward, Market between Third
and Fourth streets.
Daniel Strominker, Fourth Ward, Slate near 7111ri
f h ars Tubbs, Fifth Ward, Tbird above North str eat
Beni 8 immel, Sixth Ward, near Remo H use.
Iherefote all per-tons have an opportunity by Ca Milk
on collectors res, ectively and. save aato discount by
prompt payment of s cid la ea.
by order of County Commissioner s, JOHN 8. MUSSER,
GE,IROR GAR VERIOH.
FIVE DOLLARS REWARD.
THE above reward will be paid for the
return of atr sTAT cs swueo, t then or
st•den from the hotel of the und,ralgned, corner of Wel
nut and Fourth streets,
EMPTY FLOUR BARRELS.
lon LARGE NEW BRIGHT EMPTY
ur FLOCK BARBELS in good amdltiin for sale
Ewa by Ueda] - 4% IL DUCK, Jr , 20.
T WILL be issued betweeii all points
v v at
Good for all Passenger Trains from SATUR
DAY JUNE 29th to MONDAY JULY Stil,
elusive. G. A. NICOLLS,
June 27th, 1861-int General nuperintendeLt.
SPICED SALMON ! 1
FRESH AND VERY DELICATE. Put
up neatly in five pound cane.
jab. WM. DOCK, Jr., &Co.
ROYAL QUARTO DICTIONARY!
THE best defining and pronouncing
tionary of the English language ; Also, Worcester'B
School Dictionaries. Webster's Pictorial Quarto acd
School Dictionaries for sale at
apl3-tf Near the Harrisburg Bridge.
HENRY C. 8H A FFE R,
RAPER HANGER, Front street, eecond
door above Walnut street. All orders punctuaily
•Isir Paper hung for 15 oenta per roll or piece. Al
Horse and Carriages for Sale.
THE SUBSCRIBER offers at PRI PATE
SALE am HORSE and TWO CARRIAGES, late et'
Orth, deceased. The horse is a dark bay anent
sev,n years old. Oae carriage is new and well taloa
limed tor a family, as It h is a stand top and a small port ,
bte seat in front for children. The other carriage 55
rockaway, very cony talent for aged persons'
The home and carriages can be seen at the residence or
the subscriber on front street, Harrisburg.
lend MARTHA C. OEM, Executrix.
WAN TED. —A ti ENTB TO SELL, PAC
AGM or STATIONARY and JEWELRY, at Pe
eel; one third less than can be purchased elsewhere. —
Call on or address (stamp enclosed.) J. L. BAILSY,
P324-Bnut No, 104 oouri *srool l ilcital
GENERAL SVOTT ORAT/FIED
THE CABINET IN GOOD SPIRITS
NOTICE TO TAX PAYERS