Pennsylvania daily telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1857-1862, April 29, 1861, Image 2
P4 j;; 0.4 Pal Etlegrapil, I ••■ •• •••• 0 0. i f ° . 0 0 ' •"'" • r 00' t^ Forever float that standard sheet t Where breathes tho foe but falls before WI WitsbanlateedOnVs toll beneath our feet, An„ee~om's banner streaming o'er us - OUR PLATFORM THE, ANION-THE CONSITIATTION-AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW. B.AMISRIIRG, PA. Monday Afternoon, *April 29, 1861. THRJEDERAL ADMIMISTRATION.— ..JoAVOTH.ER PROCLAMARION. Alitintrts are developed, the people of this coutilit die delighted to learn that the Presi dent' aild his Cabinet are doing their duty— trobWiterisly, zealously performing their whole dutt.% 'The` message of thiv. Hicks to the Maryland legislature, proves how firmly Mr. Litvlp has been acting, and refutes the accu sati&l4t thegovernment has been lacking in eitilsei , :vigor or activity. In another column we publish the proclamation of the President, extending the blockade of the portis lire 'weeded state!, to those of Vir glniikAnd North Carolina—an order which the country will hear with satisfaction and ap proval,The people (or a part of them) of both these,,states, with the permission of the Gov an:onto( the same states, have been acting in the moskontrageous manner, and we rejoice to hear, that: the burden and punishment which their Awn acts have invoked, are about to be visited upon:them. The Administration is unfaltering In its de termlnation:to punish treason and preserve the Union, PENNS YL V.4117A AND .HER DEFENCES OF THE UNION. The alacrity with which Pennsylvania has responded to the call of the President for troops to defend the Union, has elicited the highest commendation of the Federal authorities. It has also inspired the confidence of the people In the strength and stability of the Govern ment, and infused new energy and fresh cour age among those who had almost despaired for the safety of the Republic. In response to the enthusiasm of the people of this Common wealth, Gen. Patterson has been instructed by the President to make another requisition on Gov. Curtin for twenty-five more regiments. These regiments are to be organized and ac coutred as speedily as possible. It is the de sign of the Governor to fill this requisition from the companies that had offered but were ton late to be enumerated in the first call," and also to distribute the acceptances as equally as possible among all the counties of the State. In this manner an opportunity will be afforded to all those 'who are so zealous in the cause of the Union to take up arms for its defence. NON. EENRYC. LONGNEOKER Thhgentleman, the late member of Con gress from the Luanne district, is the Colonel of the Ninth Regiment, attached to Camp Cur tin; and in charge of the encampment. While In the bet Rouse he was looked upon by "the chivalry" as the ;most indigestible (if we dare use the 'expression) man on the door, and the fire-eaters therefore never attempted to devour him. He was the equal of the fiercest of them in debate—was courteous when "the chivalry" dealt In courtesy, and when they became bluff and brawling, tiol. Longnecker carried a medi ator on his hip, which set the heart of more than one Southern'bully; (fired at the time with the glorious memories of the South,) to beat ing fez conciliation and compromise. In a war of invasion, the name of Col. Longnecker would carry peculiar sensations to the bosoms of some of his Southern acquaintances, and be a tower of strength among those under his command. He -is as ~ generous, too, es ,he is breve, and as frdipdly devoted to the Union as i he luto,dhe honer and glory of the old Key stone State. TEE BRIDGES DESTROYED ON THE NORTH aENTRAL RAILROAD. Gen. Thos. A. Power, formerly Adjutant Gen eral of Pehh#lvania, has been detailed by the War Depiniment to superintend the erection of the bridges destroyed by the Baltimore mob on that portion of the North Central road running through the State of Maryland. Gen. Power has been for some time in Washington city, where he was in command of a regiment of the District volunteers. He was detached for this service by the Secret", of War, and assigned the superintendence of erecting the bridges named. Gen. Power left Washington on Satur day last, and arrived in Harrisburg early this morning., He reports Washington as entirely safe, aryla . isO informed us that the first train of cars north since the attack on the Massachu setts troop. In Baltimore, left Washington on BaturdaY, and there was little doubt that a direct railroad communication from the federal capital to the north would be opened in a few days. Prom the same source we also learn that the conveyance of troops by Annapolis to Washington, now amounts to about 2,000 men per day, Ran Wens writes to Columbus, Ohio, with reference to the tardiness of the Reserve, ex praising his mortification that his section should appear to have fallen behind, saying that it was owing to the utter want of military °ripe/6ff* but now they were all right, and concluding : "Assure our brethren in other parte of the State that we will .8040 u. be alongside, • equal to the &Week - 4 have just enlisted myself in the ranks, and IwIS tievote all MY time to Pottmad lug °thins to'do the tame. Reg. F. Wii7); High Private." THE MERCHANTS OF BALTIMORE With a splendid harbor, and with other natu ral resources and advantages, Baltimore never was of any importance until Northern and Western energy and capital infused into its dull and sluggish veins activity and strength. Ly ing nearer to the great West and the markets of the South than the three great commercial emporiums of the North, Boston, New and Philadelphia, Baltimore never at any time attempted a competition in trade, but . was con tent to indulge in a natural jealousy and spirit of revenge, the result of which was to leave it still further in the rear of trade and commerce, and it was notmatil—recently that-the business of the mob, instead of the:monumental city, reached beyond a retail trade or assumed any importance above the fixing of the price of oysters or the distribUtion of the first invoices of green peas, dandelions, asparagus and fresh fruit. Northern capital, Westein trade, with the few hundred thousand dollars which Mr. Winans brought from Russia, have made Balti more a business which, with industry and care, might have eventually elevated that city' to the position such as is occupied by any of the many respectable boroughs or towns of the mighty North. But the old adage of placing a beggar on horseback and his journey to regions more intensified than the parching heat of the torrid zone, seems to be-verified in the case and ac tion of the merchants of Baltimore. It is now candidly declared that the reward of Baltimore for her act of treason and assistance to the cause of secession was a commercial expansion and importance unprecedented in the history of the world. Venice and Holland, once the mistresses of the commerce of the world, never rose to an importance such as Baltimore . was destined to occupy as the great commercial emporium of the far greater and most magnificent Southern Confederacy. Marble palaces, lofty domes, stately ware houses, extensive docks, trade, commerce and all the pomp and circumstance of brilliant suc cess began to loom up before the bewildered gaze of the Baltimore merchants. They could re strain their ardor no longer; the golden apple was in their path; they stooped to pick It up, and lo! they find their hands filled with the gore and blood of - their fellow citizens. Thus Baltimore, instead of reaping a business salvation for her own act of treason, has hast ened her own damnation. Fired and led on by the merchants who were to be benefitted by the destruction of the Federal Government, the mobs of Baltimore have fixed its doom and covered it with such an eternal disgrace as will forever deprive it of the confidence and patron age of the people of the country. The merchants of Baltimore have sacrificed the prospects and interests of the people of that city to mammon. The chivalry, the gallantry and patriotism of that onceproud city, who de lighted to talk of Yankee love of money, have themselves been led astray by the root of all evil; and amid the desolation and ruin which they have invoked on themselves, repentance may do something for their desperation, and a little suffering temper the zeal of those hearts which have so often been fired by a southern ann. Foxes and ravens will have a good and undisturbed time of it in Baltimore in a few years. SUPPOSE WE CONQUER P WRAT TREE ? Thew are questions often asked by the care ful business men of the times, but the moat of them mistakethe merits of thequestion and the effect of the warlike attitude of the Govern ment. The idea is not to conquer the South. That which of right belongs to the Union can not be severed from it by a fitful burst of pas sion, or the precipitate action of a band of trai tors. They may concoct conspiracies and or ganize new forms of government, but when the Federal Government takes up arms to dis pel and disperse them, it does hot enter on a crusade of conquest. It ,merely invokes the power within itself to prevent the influences that have grown up around it from affecting its own stability, from injuring its own power, or from destroying its securities and laws. The suggestion of forcing the South into she Union is based on the idea that unless a people are perfectly satisfied with - their form of govern ment, political connection with them becomes useless to the country at large. But the dis unionists are not the people of the South. Those who head troops, and lead them on to riot, robbery and murder, are not those who have an interest in any goverment where order is supreme, where law is respected and where the decrees of justice are never questioned. Free speech or a free pulpit have not been tole rated in the South for many years. Since 1833 a certain class of arrogant aristocrats, bequeath ing their treason from father to son, have been concocting the rebellion which is now control ing the mob, and when the Government raises its arm to strike them down, it does not offer to conquer the South, to make it a dependent, or to force It into acknowledgments or humili ation. Let the disunionists be riunged into the sea,or strung up amid the branches of their pal mettotrees,and neither their plunging nor their stringing could be construed into a conquest of the South. It would rather be recognized as , the redemption of a misguided people from the base influences of traitor leaders. Their places would be taken by a useful class of people, who would encourage the true energies instead Of the false enmities of the South. They Would develope Southern resources as theyhave never been developed, and banish the shallow idea that only servile labor can enable the South to prosper. If this is to conquer. the South, their are all the achievements of free and intelligent labor, worthy to be crowned as conquests. THE BALMOR REPUBLICAN, a rabid secession journal proposes to settle the position of Mary land as follows : Our history tradition and blood, belong to the South, and never can the true heart of old Maryland be wrenched from the instincts and affections thus derived, until that heart shall be torn and lacerated, and her soil drenched with its best blood. There is no time lett the Legislature to indulge in discussion or argn uumt. The issue is made up, the sword drawn and strokes must arbitrate it. Doubtless the cut throats and cowards of Baltimore will be accommodated with the "strokes" this secession organ now pants for, and more of them, too, than it anticipates. pennevlrianio. Malty etlegrap4, itionbav 'Afternoon, 'April 2 The interests of Virginia are as distinctly marked, so far as the question of slavery is concerned, as are those of the North and the South on the same subject. North Western Virginia, while acknowledging all her obliga tions to the entire state, and while in fact con stituting its main strength and wealth in every respect, except - in " niggers," refuses peremptorily to join the people of the other portion of the state in a war on the Federal Government, or in an open renunciation of the Constitution and laws of the Union. The people in that region are determined to give the secessionists a. practical lesson in secession, by separating entirely from the advocates of treason, and erecting for themselves a new Commonwealth, in which the franchises of all men will be better secured than they are in the Old Dominion. • Just this day one week ago, on Monday, April 22, 1861, a very large meeting of the citizens of Harrison county, Virginia, ass em bled, for the purpose of considering the subject of secession and rebellion. Twelve hundred men were present, and without a dissenting voice, adopted a preamble and resolutions, of which we append a portion, as being the best statement of the merits and demerits of this rebellion in Virginia, that we have yet ex• amined : WHEREAS, The Convention now in session in this State, called by the Legislature, the mem bers of which had been elected twenty months before said call, at a time when no such action as the assemblage of a convention by legisla tive enactment was contemplated by the peo ple, or expected by the members they etected in May, 1869, at which time no one anticipated the troubles recently brought upon our com mon counrty by the extraordinary action of the State authorities of South Carolina, Geor gia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana and Texas, has, contrary to the expectation of a large majority of the people of this State, adopted au ordinance withdrawing Virginia from the Federal Union: and whereas, By the law calling said Convention, it is expressly de clared that no such ordinance shall have force or effect, or be of binding obligation upon the people of this State, until tke same shall be ratified by the voters at the polls: and whereas, We have seen with regret that demonstrations of hostility, unauthorized by law, and incon sistent with the duty of law-abiding citizens, still owing allegiance to the Federal Govern ment: and whereas, The Governor of this Com monwealth has, by proclamation, undertaken to decide for the people of Virginia, that which they have reserved to themselves, the right to decide by their votes at the polls, and has call ed upon the volunteer soldiery of this State to report to him and hold themselves in readi ness to make war upon the Federal Government, which Government is Virginia's Government, and must in law and of right continue so to be, until the people of Virginia shall, by their votes, and through the ballot-box, that great conservator of a free people's liberties, decide otherwise ; and whereas, the peculiar situation of North-western Virginia, separated as it is by natural barriers from the rest of the State, pre cludes all hope of timely succor in the hour of danger from other portions of the State, and demands that we should look to and provide for our own safety in the fearful emergency in which we now find ourselves placed by the ac tion of our_State authorities, who have disre garded the great fundamental principle upon which our beautiful system of Government is based, to wit : "That all governmental power is derived from the consent of the governed," and have without consulting the people placed this State in hostility to the Government by seizing upon its ships and obstructing the chan nel at the mouth of Elizabeth river, by wrest leg from the Federal officers at Norfolk and Richmond the custom houses, by tearing from the Nation's property the Nation's flag, and putting in its place a bunting, the emblem of rebellion, and by marching upon the National Armory at Harper's Ferry; thus inaugurating a war without consulting those in whose name they profess to act ; and whereas, The exposed condition of Northwestern Virginia requires that her people should be united in action, and unanimous in purpose—there being a perfect identity of interests In times of war as well as in peace. A resolution was adopted calling on the peo ple of North-western 'Virginia toOlect delegates to a Convention, which will assemble at Wheel ing on the 13th day of May next, to consult and determine upon such action as it would be expedient for the people of that region to take in this emergency. We also learn, through the medium of a correspondentin that part of Virginia, that there is little doubt of the deter mination of the people to act firmly and promptly in this matter. They have resolved not to be drawn into that vortex of ruin which must be the condition of the States seceding. The people of the country will await the ac tion of the Wheeling Convention with consid erable interest. WHEN MEN TARE UP ARMS they mean some thing more than a mere exhibition of their strength. They will not be satisfied with the beating of drums, the blowing of trumpets, the word of command to march and countermarch. The thousands and tens of thousands who have left their homes—who have cast their hammers down by the forge and the anvil—who have turned their backs on ripening fields and smiling faces—these men will not be satisfied withidle pomp and glory. They have left home and business to settle the question of the perma nency of this government. They have taken up arms to defend the Union. Until both these objects are clearly and positively accomplished, there must be no talk of peace, no offer of con ciliation, no terms of compromise. The recog nition of the Government, as represented by Abraham Lincoln, or Battle, is the only alter native that can or dare be offered to the rebels by those who represent the people. This ques tion of supremacy must _be decided now. It must be decided whether rebellion reigns, or whether law and order are supreme. The power is at the bidding of the Federal Gov ernment. Let them use it for the noble pur poses for which it has so spontaneously sprang into existence. ARKANSAS herself made a decision, sometime ago, that she would not seoede before Fall; the revolutionary traitors have now decided for Arkansas that she must commit herself at once. Solon Borland, of Tennessee, ex-editor .and ex-United States San ator, at the head of a force of 300, has seized Fort Smith. The com mander of the post, Captain. Stargis, with two companies of cavalry, retired at the approach of the rebels to Fort Washita. The Memphis and Ohio Railroad offers to transport men and mmzition for the Southern Confederacy free. NORTH WESTERN VIRGINIA. THE CHURCH AND THE UNIOA The unanimity with uhich the pastors of all denominations hare responded to the call of the President for aid, by encouraging the peo ple to support the government, is not the least satisfactory of the results which have flowed from the efforts of the administration to main tain the Union. The following article from the Pittsburg Christian Chronicle is un - ilh t htion of the fact, which deserves our highest admira tion and applause:— In its purpose and -efforts to suppress the armed rebellion existing so extensively in the South, the. national Government commands tha sympathies and is followed by the prayers of the Church. Religions bodies occupy no doubt fel attitude; and the clergy of all denomina tion of the righteousness of war. And while the soldiers of the nation are doing battle for liberty, and free speech, and constitutional rights, and for the suppression of mob violence and rebellion, the whole country will be sanc tified by prayers for the success of our arms.— We have numercial strength, and national re sources, and capabilities for war, such as do not exist in the South ; and with the blessing of God on our volunteers, the issue can be neith er protracted nor doubtful. War exists because the South is unwilling to be ruled by a constitutionally elected President. Every step of rebellion so far has been against reason, and equity, and righteousness. The rebel States, it is said, were aggrieved, and their rights imperilled ; but it is history that they never sought by constitutional measures a redressof grievances. Their interests, it is urged, would be best promoted out of the Union ; but it is true that they never asked the sister States to grant them permission to retire. The United States property within their limits they needed, it is asserted, for their safety ; but it is known that without permission they seized it by force, and at the risk of blood. From the outbreak in South Carolina to this hour their course has been imperious - and overbearing, and in palpa ble violation of Constitutional rights. Had they hi The beginning stated their grievances and requested a national convention to be called and grant them a peaceable dismission from the Union, their wishes, perhaps, might have been gratified. Hed they even, after the overt act of secession, refrained from seizing public property, and requested permission to retire from the confederacy, they would either have obtained their request or kept the free States distracted with divisions. But their actions from the first, in defiance of law and justice, and humanity, have sufficiently demonstrated the unrighteousness of their cause. The Government at Washington has pursued a conciliatory policy. It has dealt mildly with the rebellion. Humanity and forbarance have characterized its movements. It has long and patiently borne insults, and indigni ties, and losses. It winked at treason. It -was influenced by the dictation of the border States. And it tried by all honorable means to avoid collision with its rebel subjects. All was unavailing. It has been forced into an unprovoked war. No other choice was left. And now it is the righteous duty of every man to rally under the Stars and Stripes in defense of the Government. It is a contest between order and anarchy—liberty and despotism— freedom and slavery. No good man eau hesi tate long in choosing sides. Throughout the entire contest, whether brief or protracted, the Church will unquestiona bly prove loyal to the State. Its loyalty is already manifested in the eagerness of its min istry and membership to respond to the call for volunteers. And it has not forgotten to sanctify by its prayers the arms of the republic. We deprecate war. It is a fearful scourge—a blight—a pestilence. It demoralizes, devastates, destroys. But there may be and are in the world worse things than war. The suc cess of the Southern rebellion would be the triumph of brutality, and -barbarism, and des potism. Righteousness itsfelf requires it to be checked at every expense of blood and trea sure. Let the Government be made strong, then, by the sympathies, and prayers, and sup port of the Christian Church. ' MISCELLANEOUS WHAT IS MARTIAL LAW f-At the present crisis the significance of a term so much used, and with so little accurate.sense of its meaning, becomes unusually important. Bouvier defines martial law as "a code esta blished for the government of the army and navy of the United States," whose principle rules are to be found in the articles of war, prescribed by act of Congress. But Chancellor Kent says this distinction applies only to mili tary law, while martial law is quite a distinct thing, and is founded on paramount necessity, and proclaimed by a military chief. Martial law is generally and vaguely held to be a suspension of all ordinary civil rights and process,—and, as such, approximates very closely to a military despotism. It Is an arbitrary law originating in emergen cies. In times of extreme peril to the State, either from without or from within, the public welfare demands extraordinary measures. And martial law being proclaimed, signifies that the operation of the ordinary legal delays of jus tice is suspended by the military power, which has for the time become supreme. It suspends the operation of the writ of habeas carpus; enables %mons charged with trea son to be summarily tried by Court Martial in stead of Grand Jury ; justifies searches and seiz ures of private property, and the taking pos session of public highways, and other means of communication. Involving the highest ex ercise of sovereignty, it is, of course, capable of great abuse, and is only to be justified on em ergencies of the most imperative and perilous nature, such as now appear to exist in Balti more. Tim Sotrrnuas Mrsrartn.—The public journals at the South are deluding their readers with stuff like this below, which we cut from the Memphis Avalanche, a paper that ought to know better : Tam Pane AT xna NORTH.—The heart of the philanthropist bleeds and sickens in contem plating the distress that exists among the peo ple of the North. Every day brings additional accounts of the tremendous panic that is sweeping the Northern cities. Stocks are going down, operatives are turned out to starve, con fidence is destroyed and business is paralyzed. On every side may be seen the wide-spread ruin which an infatuated people have brought upon their own heads. Meantime there is some dis tress in the South, but the people of the Con federate States are generally comfortable. They breathe freer, and their proud necks are more erect since they have parted company with their traducers. We are sorry for the true men in the North who are involved in disasters they could not avert. But let them come South, find new fields for their enterprise, and mend their broken fortunes. We pity while we despise the poor dupes who pinned their faith to the traitors who now mock at the cal; amity that robs them of their daily bread.— Let them turn upon their betrayers. In such a fight our sympathies will be with the hungry. The culture of cotton requires a peculiar combination of heat and moisture, an even and uniform temperature. Sicily, Naples and Malta produce about 30,000 pounds annually; a small quantity is raised in Sardinia and Spain ; Asiatic Turkey produces about 300,000 pounds. Syria might produce a considerable quantity. China does so, but consumes it all. India 3,000,000, if we may believe reports, most of which is consumed at home. There are &limn lion of alluvial soil in the. British West Indies where it can be raised. The French receive from theirs about 8,000,000 pounds, and a small quantity is raised in Surinam. In Africa, Egypt, Brazil, the culture is increasing. , 1861. BY THEMPL Latest from Washington. BT THE OVERrAND ROUTE Arrival of More Troops. An Engagement Expected DASTARDLY COMM OF TRAITORS. More Yennsylvanians at the Capital. Great Britain Ready to Suppress the Slave Trade. THE CONDITION OF WASHINGTON. V Health of Secretary Cameron and Gen• era! Scott. THE SECESSIONISTS PEAR OEN. LANE AND CAPTAIN MONTGOMERY. PROCLAMATION OF TUP. PRESIDENT WASHINGTON, April 27, 1861 The Seventy-first Regiment of New York ar rived this morning, in good condition, atter a hard passage. They went on board the train at Annapolis Junction on Friday afternoon at 4 o'clock. A report of approaching attack brought them out into battle array. The noise of pistol shots and shouts around caused the alarm. For three hours they stood there. At 7 o'clock they took the cars again, but did not move for many hours; the probability of an attack continued for 24 hours. Each man had only two crackers for food. Last evening the Seventh Regiment took the oath in a body, at the War Department, not a man flinched, and the scene was most impres sive. A dress parade was also given in front of the White House. They are on Monday to be stationed at Georgetown Heights. The volunteers generally are in excellent health and spirits. Moses Herrick of the Beverly Company, Bth Massachusetts Regiment, met with au accident by the accidental discharge of a gun. His foot is to be amputated. The 6th, 12th, and 69th Regiments are on the road between here and Annapolis. The latter his 1,800 men. • . The mail train leaving here yesterday found a rail of which the spiko had been drawn, and the engine went down an embankment. No body was hurt. since this accident, the malt of rascally tampering by rebels, the guar.' along the road has been doubled. Among the reports of the day is this, that 20,000 troops are at Richmond on the way to this city. An effort is making to have Gen. Lane ap pointed Major-General of the Western Dis trict. Everything is quiet to-day. Showers of rain this morning cleared the air, and the weather has grown cool. Many of the troops attended church, and divine services were also held at their quarters; those of the 7th (N. Y.) Regi ment, at the Capitol, being moat impressive. The steamers Bienville and Daylight arrived this morning. The former had the residue of the Rhode Island troops, and the latter had some recruits for the 7thi(N. Y.) Regiment, and a quantity of supplies. The soldiers are all doing well, excepting slight indispositions resulting from exposure, scanty food, and their irregular life during the march hither. None are ill. Some few trifling abcidental woutide from the discharge of mus kets and revolvers are reported, but nothing serious except an amputation, of which I sent word yesterday. The Pennsylvania Fifth Regiment arrived last evening, after a tediously hard aad hungry march. They bore the fatigue and privation well, and, though deficient in equipment, have the stout heart and right spirit. The Massachusett Fifth Regiment is at the Treasury Department, and the Rhode Island Regiment at the Patent Office. The New York Seventy-first Regiment and part of the Penn sylvania Fifth Regiment are at the building put up for the Inauguration Ball. The Capitol is filled with Pennsylvania and Massachusetts troops, including the Seventh. The latter will go into camp,at Georgetown Heights soon, per haps to-morrow, if their camp equipage arrives. The steamers Baltimore and Powhatan yes terday came back from a cruise down the river, and they report that no hostile preparations were to be seen on either shore. There is a great scarcity of specie here, and it is almost impossible to abtain any. The Treasury Department has hesitated about send ing for the large amounts lying in various cities subject to its order fearing detention or worse. It is stated, by the best authority, that Lord Lyons, the British minister, sent a special mes senger to detain the steamer Persia at New York until full dispatches could be forwarded by him to the home government. Lord Lyons is advised, I understand, to proffer to the Uni ted States Government, for the suppreision of the slave State rebellion, arms and amunition, and troops from England and Canada. By the Persia he sent out orders for three hundred thousand stand of the improved Minnie mus ket, and for a vast number of the celebrated rifled cannon. Orders in future are not to be filled in England for the rebel government for arms, or amunition or ships-of war. It is believed tha t an English and French fleet will be sent to the Southern ports at an early day, to co-operate with the United States fleet in the blockade of the Secession ports. Louis Napoleon has joined with Victoria to suppress the Slave-State rebellion. It is stated that his offers of service to President Lincoln are now on their way to Washington. It is hoped here that Yancey and his confed erate traitors will be seized by France and Eng land and sent to the United States to be tried and hung under the extradition treaties. Orders have been issued, it is reported, to the Governor-General of Canada, to offer to the United States men and arms. ' On Friday morning, with the arrival of the Seventh New York Regiment and the Massa chusetts troops under General Butler, and some other forces, there were 24,000 men in the city, stationed at the Capitol, the Treasury Department, the Soldiers' Home, the Navy Yard, the Arsenal, and at other pointe. The National Rifles, under Captain Smead, of the Regular Army, besides seizing the steamer St. Nicholas, with arms and pro visions, has for weeks held possession for the Government of the telegraph offices at Wash ington and Annapolis. Officers are preparing, nothwithstanding the alleged sale of Arlington Heights, in Virginia, to Governor Letcher, by Colonel Lee, late of the United States Army, for the erection of earthworks and batteries upon the highlands opposite the Capitol for the defence of Washington. The Capitol and the Treasury are most ef fectually barricaded with barrels of cement, flour, and the cast-iron , plates intended for the completion of the Great Dome of the Capitol. Martial law has been proclaimed over the Capi tol. Sixteen thousand barrels of flour are stored in the crypts, together with thousands of barrels of butho, hogsheads of molasses and tiaras of rice. It will rejoice the friends of the Secretary , War to learn that he is in the best of h e c ti ; and acting in concert with Lieut. Gen. Scutt He is cheerful, hopeful and determined to d ; his duty at every risk. Indescribable consternation has sp read through Virginia because of the arrival h et , of the famous General Lane and Captai n li nt ' gotnery, of Kansas. They have with them nero ly two hundred of the desperadoes of the civil wars of that Territory. They are to act as independent corps of scouts for dangerous &Li forlorn service. The President will, to-morrow, promulgate his proclamation, extending the blocka de to the ports of Virginia and North Carolina, t,„ same reasons as heretofore declared by bin f r blockading the other southern ports. Capt. Stringham will direct the general blockade movements. Troops from the north continue to' 'uric bah by river and rail. An order will be issued to-morrow, prol+ib. Ling soldiers from wearing side-arms, unleu when on duty. Parties on the Look-out for Virginia Batteries. GEN'L HARNEY RELEASED, DAVIS EXPECTED AT RICHMOND, PROCLAMATION OF THE PRESIDENT PORTS IN VIRGINIA AND NORTH CARE, LING BLOCKADED WASHINGTON, April Rumor having stated that a battery had beet thrown up by the Virginia troops at the plea called White House, below Fort Waabingtou, on the Patomac river, an actual exaotioati was made yesterday of the ground there sad for a mile or two all round, and nothing of the kind was anywhere discoverable. The Charleston Ma vu y earnestly prettiu journals whichthe advice of certain southern which urge an immediate assault on Wastnag. ton and its occupation as the Capital of the Confederate States. The Alexandria Gazette says that Qen. Lee has ordered the release of Gen. Ramey, who was stopped at Harper's. Ferry on his way to Washington, and mentions a rumor that Jeffer son Davis is to come to Richmond this week, Mr. Stephens has returned to Montgomery. The President has issued the following pro. demotion : By the President of the United Stabs American. Wasamas, For the reasone assigned in my proclamation of the 19th, a blockade of ports of the States South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi an Texas, was ordered to be' established, acid, Whereas, Since that date public property of the United States has been seised, the collector of the revenue obstructed, and duly commis sioned officers of the United States, while en gaged in executing the orders of their superiors, have been arrested and held, in custody as prisoners, or have been impeded in the dis charge of their official duties without doe legal process, by persons claiming to act under authorities of the Stater] of Virginia and North Carolina, an efficient blockade of the ports of these States will also be established. In witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Anaarraar Luaus. THE CAPTURE OF FORT PICICRNS ABA DONED CtucAao, ILL., April 2t4 A gentleman has just returned to this city from a business tour through Alabama and Mississippi, leaving Mobile on Tuesday last. He reports that huadreds of men, who had gone to Pensacola to take Fort Pickens, ars returning home daily, disgusted, and gadded that it is impossible for the Confederate States to capture the fort,. Large numbers of the troops at Pensacola were sick and dying, and in hospitals, from the effects of latigue, exposure, and hunger. Om informant reports the people of Alabama and Mississippi almost crazy with excitement, and that the mob spirit is rampant every where. and becoming daily more desperate in some localities, by threatened famine and starvation . . In view of events at St. Louis, a regiment was sent from Springfield yesterday to occupy Alton. A bill for a loan of $3,000,000 for war pur poses, and another to send 10,000 men into camp, to answer the next call of the Govern ment, are before the Legislature. Both bilk will probably pass to-morrow. ARREST OF A TRAITOR. PHILADELPHIA, April 29. We learn from undoubted authority that thi Es. Hon. James - lit. Mason, late United State.; Senator from Virginia, has been arrested by thv U. S. authorities. The information comes from an official source. The arrest took place at Perryville, Maryland, to-day. Instrnctioi have been sent by telegraph to have him brought at once to Philadelphia. The arrest was ordered by Major Oen. Pat terson, who has supervision and command of the line between this city and Washington. PREPARING FOR ACTION. BOSTON, May 29 A force of 2,600 men were employed yestet tidy in the Charlestown Navy Yard on the wadi now fitting out. Lieut. Knox has been appointed to the coat mend of the steamer Massachusetts. A STEAMER ON THE SHOALS. Nim Yoax, April 29 The steamer Bremen from Southampton with dates to the 17th, is reported ashore east of the Romer shoals. Two tugs are engaged to pull her off. MARKETS BY TELEGRAPH. PRILAIMPHIA, April 29 Flour quiet and firm without sales for export. Wheat scarce and firm at $133®5185 for red, and $149051503 for white. Corn active 12,000 bushels 63c. afloat. Provisions quiet. Whig key dull at 18@l8f. NEW YORK, April 29. Flour firm ; 7000 bble. at $5 20®5 25 for State, $5 60@5 65 for Ohio, and $6 00_; 6. for Southern. Wheat firm ; 10,000 Ws. sold; White Western $1 45@1 50 ; White Kentucky $1 60®1 65. Corn firm ; sales unimportant Yellow Southern 70c. Sugar steady. Pork heavy. Lard dull at 91.(49tc. Whisky dual. Receipts of Flour 20.000 bbls.; Wheat 31,000 bushels ; Corn 23,000 bushels. Stocks better and active. SYMPTOMS AMONG THU NIOROD3. —From all parts of the rebellious States accounts of negro turbulence meet our eyes. Strong disaffeet.on is said to exist among the slaves in Maryland, Eastern Virginia and South Carolina. We have already published sume statements relative to a negro plot at Samaphobia, Miss. AtMemphis, on Saturday, seven negros were arrested while su-picionsly consulting together in the out skirts of the city. On the day previous• a furl one negro woman was taken into custody while flourishing a pistol, and declaring that she was a "Black Republican." These are but specimens of more than twenty similar facts related lu our Southern exchanges.