Newspaper Page Text
IS PUBLISEEED EVERY DAY,
By GEORGE BERGNER.
TEZMB , —_scars SMICMI4IOIf.
The DAILY TM:GRAPH is served to subscribers in tht.
Verough at 63g cents per week. Yearly subscribers
A ill be charged $4.00.
WIZIOLY IND 8011-WIEICLY TELEGRAPH.
The T/LIGIRAPB is also published twice a week during
ins session of the Letislatarei and weekly during the re-.
minder of the year, and furnished to subscribers at thy
rolloWing AVM, "
dingle Subscribers per year
TEI LAW OP NAWSPAPIRS.
the discontinuance of their news
paperstpte publisher inky centilitre to sent them witi/
all &mirages are paid.
If subscribers neglect or refuse to take their newspa
pers from the °Mee to which they are directed, they are
responsible until they her^ settled the bills and ordered
SOMETHING MORE VALUABLE
THAN SILVER OR GOLD,
IT WILL RESTORE THE WEAK,
REINSTATE THE BLOOD IN ALL ITS ORIGINAL
VIGOR AND PURITY
PROF. 0. J. WOOD'S
Precisely what ite name indicates; for, while plessan
to the taste,.it is revivityiug, escilarating and strength
ening to the vital powers. It also revoriflas, reinstates,
and renews the blood in all its original purity, and thus
restores and renders the system invulnerable to attacks
Or amuse. It is the o .ly preparation ever offered to the
world In a popular form so as Is be within the reach of
Bo chemically and skillfully combined es, to be the
most pTverful tonic, and yet so perfectly adapted as to
act In perfect accordance with the laws of nature, and
hence soothe the weakest stomach, and tone up the dl'
gestive organs, and allay all nervous and other Irritation.
It Is also perfectly exhllarwtog In its effectal and yet tt is
never followed by lassitude or depression of spirits. It
is composed entirely of vegetables, end those thoroughly
combining powerful mule and soothing properties, and
consequently can never injure. As a sure preventide
and cure of
CONSUIdFITON, BRONCHTITS, INDIGESTION, DYE
PEPSIA, LOSS OF APPETITE, FAINTNAW,
"NERVOUS IRRITABILITY, NEURALGIA, PAL
PITATION OF THE HEART, AMMAN
MELODY, EIYPOCI3ONDRIA, NIGHT
SWEATS, LANGUOR,. GIDDINESS,
AND ALL THAT CLASS OF CA
• SES SO FEARFULLY FATAL
THERE IS NOTHING ITS EQUAL
Also,, Liver Derangements or Torpidity, and Liver
Complaint, Mena% of the Kidneys, or any genera Ide.
rangoment of the Urinary organs.
Ii will not only cure the debility following anus and
FEVER, but prevents all attacks arising from Miasmatic
influences, and cure the dismiss at once, if already at
TRAVELERS should have a bottle with theca ' as it in
fallibly prevents any deleterious conaeguences following
upon change of climate and water.
As it prevents costiveness strengthens the digestive
organs, it should be in the hands of all persons of seden
LADIES not accustomed to outdoor exercise, should
always use It.
MOTHERS should use it, for It Is a periect relief. Taken
a mettat or two before the final trial, she will pass the
dreadful period with perfect ease and safety.
There is no mistake about it.
THE CORDIAL 1341 L WE CLAIM FOR
MOTHERS, TRY IT!
And to you we appeal, to detect the illness or decline
not only of your daughters before it be too hta, be t also
your eons and heel:lands, for while the former tram folic
delicacy, often , go down to. a premature grave, rather
than let their condition be knownin time, tho latter ire So
°Deomixed up with the excitement of business, thit•lf it
were not for you, they'tco, would travel in the same
downward path until it IS too late to arrest their fatal
fall. But the mother Is always vigilant, and to you we
confidently appeal; for we are sure your never-falling
affection will unerringly point you to Professor WOOD'S
RBS'fORATIVE CORDIAL AND BLOOD RENOVATOBISS
the remedy which should be always on . hand in time of
Read what the Press say after thoroughly testing the
matter, and no one can have a doubt.
PROF. WOOD'S RESTORATIVE CORDIAL.—It is ree
corded In classics that Payche was once sent to a climate
warmer than the West Indies to procure a sample of the
beauty of Proserpina in a box. Alter Come delay the
messenger returned, and as soon , as the lid of the boa
was removed: out flew all the ills-that flesh is heir to:—
Fortunately hope was foundtin the bottom of the box.
Prof. Weed's Restorative Cordial revives the recollection
of the story, for it invigorates the bleed, aids the organs
of dram, imparts strength to the nervous system, and
ford es the citadel of health, so as to bid defiance to the
assaults of disease. It is a healthy tout°, composed en
tirely of vegetable productions and while it is exallara
ting as pure wine, no injurious results can possibly follow
its use It is a desideratum in the medical world, and
those who are afflicted with lose of Appetite, Dtspepsla,
Consumption, Faintness, giddiness, Neuralgia, Palpita.
Bon of the Heart, Sic., will here find au infallible panacea.
'St. Louis Daily Express." • - '
PROF. WOOD'S RESTORATIVE CORDIAL end BLOOD
RENOVATOR is,•Without doubt, the best Tonicrordial in
the world. To those who are suffering from general de
bility we would recommend its use; for, while ills pleas
ant to the taste, it is strengthening to the system, and
will at once tend to remove ell.luipurities of the blood,
and eradicate all traces of disease. It can be liken by
the weakest stomach, while those In 'geed boil h will at
once feel its exhilarating power. We are confident that
after using one bottle of this cordial none will be for a.
day without it.—" New York Leader."
A PURE, HEALTHY TONIC, and one free from th
deleterious and injurious effect; sere to fellow those hi
ordinary use, has long been felt to be a desideratum in
the medical world. Such a tonic, and one Ito 'skillfully
combined from the vegetable kingdom as to set in per
fect accordance with the laws of nature, and thus soothe
the weakest stomach and at the same time allay ner
vous and other irritations, and , tone up all thoorgans of
which the human bedjela composed, is offered in Prof.
Wood's Restorative Cordial and Blood Renovater. Hence,
it is perfectly wittpted to old and young. Reader; try It.
Theatiands havenlready done so, and, the testimony Is
universal in its favor.—" New York Atlas."
PROMBSOR WOOD'S RESTORATIVE CORDIAL AND
BLOOD RENOVATOR, for the cure of General Debility, or
Weakness arising from any capse, also Dyspepsia, Nerv
ousness Night Sweats, Inciptent Consumption, Liver
Complaints, Biliousness, Loss of Appetite, Female Weak
ness, in all its stages, also, to prevent 'the contraction of.
disease, is certainly the beet and most agreeable cordial
tonic and Renovator ever offered to the afflicted, and so
chemically combined as to be the most powerful tonic
ever known to medical science. Reader, try it. Ir wilt
no Ton Goon. We have no hesita boa in recommending ,
since we know It to be a sale, pleasant, MI Buie re .
mel for the diseases enumerated.—“ New York Dia-
FAO • •
Before noticing a patent medicine, we have to be cer
lain that tt will prove itself to be ail that it to mom.'
tq@ndq 1, And, Wa.woulasay that the Restorative Cor
dial and Blood Renovator of-Prof. ; Wood will stand the
test Dilly, 'and, in feat, it Is Without any doubt the first
article in market for purifying the Blood and strengthen.
ing theayetem. .We have no br • 'talkie in recommending
its use to all.—Mhe New-Yorker."
LOOK. TO YOURSELF IN TIMIL—How many In cense
quence of a fate delicacy suffer fkom suppressed, pain.
mill, or obstructed mensuration, and think because they
are young that by-and.by nature will work itself clear
from obstructions,„. and all come In right in the end, little
dreaming,that.the seeds of death are already germina
ting in.the eystans, because', the vital energies are Im
paired, and the Cathy animal eceitioinylfiriliked; debili
tated; and yet, careless of llienVelyea as_they are, if a
remedy were set before them which would restore all She
functions-or the system, and reinvigorate the'body, they
would lakeit; and thus pm in time 'to save their lives.—
Parents, - think of this, and at once give them a bottle of
Prof. Weed's Restorative Cordial and Blood Renovator.—
"TheVew York Courier."
0. J WOOD, Proprietor,' 444 Broadway,
and 114 Market street, Bt. Louis, Mo.
agret No. 444 Broadway, -all the Faintly and Patent
Medicines constantly on hand, illwaystresh and genuine.
Ford & Macomber, Washington &venue, Bole .agent
for Albany; Dr 11. Snell, agent for Schetiootedy.
Sold also by A. B. Sands &Co , corner of Fulton and,
William streets. janaeo num
REDUCTION IN - PRICES
MBRINOES, Plain sal4 Vivre&
OAFIBILERLE, Plain and Figured.
ALL WOOL DWAINE% Extra Styles and Quality.
EHOOA LONG SHAWLB,:dliferent pikes.
PINE STOCK 'OF • ELOOKET SHAWLS.
The prices in all the above GOodii, on examination, Will :
be foanif .. inwer.thanever,"nt, . )
Next door to the Harrisburg lkuik.
F IMAGINABLE KOS, PR10E13,4
Rau AIM QUAIMES:on Laid and auaidaattell
eider at the obaapaat r ate., at - - -
, 810RG1242111'13 - MAP 1100.1 Matt.
ei , •
THE ORIGINAL AND GtSIIINR
COMPOUND EXTRACT OF
Tle Great Renovator of
THE. sa3 i ti °op:
THE SOTEECEEktTEMEDY FOR
ERUPTIONS `OF THE SKIN,
AND ALL EIDENISOF CUTANEOUS
These complaints can'lniiialieedlly and effeqetually cured
by the Dee of this
Thousands have experienced its salutary effects, and
tens of thousands have witnessed it, until it has ceased to
be a question among theititelligent portion of the cote
When the Blood 13ecorii0s,Efelem and stagnant, either
from the effects of 'Sprier Weather, ckange, of climate •
want of exercise, the use of a uniform saline diet or any
other cause ; this compound Extract of Sarsaparilla', Will
RICNEW the BLOOD, carry off the putrid humors, CLRANSII
REGULATE : 1714 1 BOWELS,
And impart a Tone of Vigor to the
TO THE PUBLIC.
The public are heral4nOtiled that the preparation Ex
tensively known as Dr. S. E. Townsend's Compound . ex
tract of Sarsaparilla; is tio*Mitinufactured under my ..'di
section and supervision; Prom the original recipe obtained
from Dr. S. P. Townsend; and I certify that it is compost
ed of ingredients PURELY VEGETABLE, and WITHOUT
HE , CURT; and also thatitheingredlonts are judiciously
co'n's minded, so as to, obtain from them their greatest
JAMEtiII'isMITON. M. D., Chemist.
Dr. S. P. TOWNSEND'S* ContouND EXTRACT OF SeasA•
rearms, has a reputattin among all civilized nations "as
the best preparation for
Renovating and ratifying the BLOOD
which science has ever offered to man. In this resides
Its PECULIAR EXCELLENCE, and to this is due its world
It contains all lbw - Vegetable: principles which expert-
once has proved useful in: clearing the SYSTEM fro)n
. DISEASE, extracted and , conibined with the highest skill
which the refinements of modern chemistry enable Onto
Whatever may be said. by-mortified competitors or
splenetic physicians3be fact th.St this medicine is EVERY.
.WHERE iTSED, anditfuti iff‘rfrie creates an increased- de
.inand, shows conch/03 , 4 IMAL i 6 possesses medicinal
-merits of the first order
To avoid Imposition it will be necessary to see that
DR. JABiES4t.. CHILTON'S
CERTIFICATE as well as the SIGNATURE of Dr. S. P
Tail/Bend, is on the outside wrapper of each bottle.
BE VERY CAREFULI TO USE NO OTHER. - •
Proprietor's office, No. 41 Fulton street, N. Y.
And fir vale by every Druggist in this city.
j_LEa . 2 .I. UA . II* • • •;. • -
IT is comporMOUentirely from Gums,
and has becoloae an established fact a Render(' Medi,
. cinr, rox w an r d es ag e rre t ! a
,bytiailleothaid:otaceveinu ail sedllti
diseases for whioh it is re- a - ended.
It has cured thousands Se *thin the last two years
who had given up ants,* Ix of relief, as the nnmerone
nneolicited certificatettlit 74 1 , - my possession show.
The dose must-beads - ed-to the - temperament 'of
the individual taking -ilyand resed . in sneh quantities at
to act gently on the bowels. '
Let the dictates of your
nee of the LIVER MEW-
Iznik Comiumisii, Brum
KIINALIBBONA i SWOOKILOOIIt
IV Soon STOIACEN, 2 tr.Al3/Z.
OBOLnA . Moms, Moms
JAI:INDIC; FINIALS WlLK
succpssfally as an Omsk
IN Mimi iitinvis,":/i tete
wear at conimeneement o
ALL WHO 17101tT ABS art
,fig -Mix Water In the month with the In.;
vtgorotor, and swallow both together.
PRIM 0111 P9lLArbi Pl 2 emria.
7, FAMILY , • •
oompollarDED FROM .
PURE VEGETABLE Exmiers, AND PIT
DP IN GLASS cAsEs. ADI;I74IHT, AND
WILL male,Aii , ANY ',drIMATE.
The FAMILY VATHAR• _..,'-" TIC Pill. is gentle ' - ' ,. ln
waive Cathartic 'which the WU proPrletor , halt toast ;in hi
practice more MaiftwOMy 0 4- yearn.' . - -
The constantly lamas- . log denitindfrom Woo who
havelong !sad the' PELTS NI and the luittafitchoOm, Web
all =Press tit , regard .. to 114 thew use, has induced me
to place ' heni main - the ' - mart all. . ';:)- %o n -
Tha'TrigisaleVyelYstlN: r. a tbit difibiiiii! ' COW
ihidiftereitiatratonit idthe .. bowels. : • ~ ..-4 , --,---
The FAldlLY_.oaTitall , ale TIC PILL hag, with iloeye•
ferance to thlsy . e).l eatah•
.Irl' lathed l'ackle, cient-
dad from a variety of the Et
whichsot alike-on ovary , 44
nal, and me good and isto
thartic is needed,
Pain and Bores= over SU ill
or meighl in the head, aft
Worint in Madras; or Ad= CI
Purifier - of as p p aid;
flesh is heir; hainumertins r'n
tenement, 'Dane i 6 .8. 0:
MACE 80• CENTS. "
,Tem Livia INvicioawroa eati'll'aina ammo,
zo Pitre are retailed by Druggists gerienilly,and
sold wholesale by the .rade in tite large
S. T. W.' SANFORD, M. D.,
Manufacturer and Proprietor,
je2o4kwyl] 836 Broadway, New York.
EDUCATIONAL. - •
AcoXTßoLtawd - ELEMENT OF NA-
TioNmgy le the-system of education in a coun
try: filly proportion Ratite ; strut:tare tif a goverhment
gives force to : public opinion, that:pnblid.tnielon shOuld
be enlightened."—Washfregtores Farman Aaron. - To
this end the people_lll geperal.shoold be eibicAted!into a
, 00riect and -fandliar acquaintance' with' the nature and
principles of our-government and civil instittitiOna.
' , OUR GOVERNMENT: An explanatory statement of
the system of Government erthe_Country, &c., A MANU
is a work Witlabi3Vitil PrOPer historical notices, gives
the,oonstruction of the provisions. of the Constitution of
the .Ungsil Piateitand of those of the iteveragtans, as
determined hy judicial authority, or derived fieid`staod7
and writers, locinding some references to admhdatrative
we and practice, so as to show the actual workingof ono
general system of Government. It Is free fromapeettlaw
dye opinions, ocnseivative in Its tendency,AMipaipplated
to ',cultivate the love of Country. Peelknsed
te - aconsidereble extent, in the MiI9GAZIMi.IOI9OMS
Inat * t, 040, an fe** 6 o4edXf„
and Presidents, and,ProfetisOrt 0 11 erito-t1
" by M. W
"INDEPENDENT 'IN ALL THINGS-NEUTRAL IN NONE."
1 Judgment guide you in lb .
RA.TOR;- and ,Wwill ' cure
Arreaue, - Dniduceeni,Chnede,
PUMA KTUNTIRY, DR0P
mANIIM,IFL ATV teNCII,.
SMlg.opl;rmay lee' use d
HY - FAMLY, ildvimpung.: Ii
(efi L 'ityteniendis den testily)
oR THU* ThideoodnasAlllß
•k;.; i..., .. :
IDIG their testimony in its'
part of - the alimentary es
ti ;it,llTeeepe where a ea-
'Bads andLoint, . f
Ramanatina; a . great
manritpteatem, to utile
WAWA itakiiiinia *War-
HARRISBURG, PA., FRIDAY AFTERNOON, .MARCH 22; 1861
Hut. A. K. McCLURE.
OWITEIE:ACTIPOBITHS *-r COMMUTATION OW TONNAGE'
DUTIES ll** AliLt Tgla ;INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS
:OF-THE STATE ; purrs4ED ISTDNESDAY, FEBEW
The Senator from Berke, (Mr. CLIXER,) has
certainly achieved a brilliant success in greatly
astounding-himself ; and I risk little in saying
that he should be prepared for another sensa
tion he shall discover how seriously alld
strangely he has erred. Ido not mean that he
has erred in any matters of theory, or of judg
ment, or of State policy—for such errors' I was
fully prepared, and meant .to excuse them ; but
when so learned a Senator as the gentleman
from Berks defies facts and the simplest rules of
arithmetic, I scarcely know how, even in cha
rity, to reconcile his remarks with his claiths `to
frankness and Intelligence. I believe that he
meant to fight this bill fairly. Ido not ques
tion the sincerity of his convictions in resisting
this measure ; but he has manifestly studied
the.question—his array OUtahle's aid Calcula
tions, so often appealed to in support of his po
.sition, gives evidence that hethas exhausted his
Mathematics to swell the tide'of ruin that is to
overwhelm us when the bill shall , hemline alai.
It is but fair, therefore,:on a question so Mo
mentous hilts results, to hold him to a strict
accountability for his startling declarations
and I shall leave to him. the task of explaining
how he has reared for himself such'a friglitful
monument of blunders.
He seems to have resolved • upon the sensa
tion style of oratory—a style perhaps well
adapted to his clarion voice and" his admiring
constituents when .clustered around the hurt-
ings—but the Pennsylvania Senate owes higher
and holier duties to a Commonwealth than
tickling antiquated fancies or resisting true and
enlightened progress by perverting facts and
figures. He was most unfortunate in his very
starting point. I was 'amazed at his positive
declaration that we had sacrificed millions of
revenue by the construction of the Pennsylva
nia Railroad, and was lost in wonder as to
where he meant to rest a pretext_for - the as
sumption. At last the explanation came, iind
the: right of way of the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad through a portion of our State west
ward was the canvass on which the thrilling pic
ture of wrong to Pennsylvania was painted.—
And what is it when reduced to simple, unvar
nished truth? As the :first legislation was had
before I was born, theßenatof from Berko will
excuse any want of details ; 'but, the main facts
are , few and easily :understood. 141827 the
Legislature of this State.granted - theßaltimore
and Ohio Railroad the right ; i*Vraflipatet our
SOT': and, as it was the :611 . 4 . iXatitliii-c.of - ,•a;
meroial stato:opai ßg . to bout .i4l.4_*vid;ls6-ra
citY, a tit's. trthe
terms of the charter, upon . its tonnage, , and
perhaps upon its passengers. This would doubt
less have been a fruitful source of revenue to
our treasury, but for the simple' fact that the
corporators or stockholders declined to accept
it. ' But how the Pennsylvania • Railroad -Com
pany,then nearly a quarter4aL2aentUrY.inthe
future and untlicraght,Ofthy: any one, is now to'
be held reepOnSible fei'tliat certainly
be difficult of satisfactory explanation. It is - true
that in later paint the : charter was renewed
the Baltimore and Ohio, and it is.alsotrue that
when the Central road was incorporated it was
enacted that if a certain portion Of the Central
route should be completedWiti:kin.a given time,
the right of way for the Maryland road would
ten cease. But the Senator from -Berks. , can
not be ignorant of the fact that since the' con
struction of, - the Pennsylvania Railroad; the
Legislature has chartered 'a - company to occupy
precisely'the same route as that asked for' by
the Baltimore and Ohio, leading .directly thro'
portion of our State: into Baltimere, without
imposing a farthing of tax either upon tonnage
or passengers, and the corporation istankrapt;
and the road has ".Bever been. made. .is
the brilliant revenue scheme that . has . been
-blasted, according to the theory of the Senator.
from Berkift-L-a road 'that no one' build,
whose Stock , is valueless, and whose bends are
worthless. • I need hardly say that Lrefer to the
Mr, CLYMER. Do I understand the Senator
to say that M.:the Act, in rating the Balti
more and Ohioltailioadi'or'griing - it the right
of way, there . was•no tonnage , taxi impoted,?tr- ,
Do I understand:him to say further that. there ,
man° tax upon paasengera?“ " •," -•
Mr. M'CLI7ItE. I certainly said no such
thing. I 'stated, I think '.dillthretiy,, that .a.
charter was given, and a taxi imposed-upon,
tonnage, and it may be upon paSskngers but
the people, of Baltimore never accepted: it.—
They were too wise L--they too carnally
to the interests of :their Commercial city—thfo
to trammel the trade that entered their Sea ,
port; 'and, in after years; When our own Legis
lature re-chartered the same route to a Penn!
Sylvania company, to carry the favdtice of our
own: people to a foreign city, no tax 'of any kind
vraaimposed. I trust the gentle Man 'under
stands me now. Xis grand revenue bubble, has
been pierced, and it wastes into nothingness.-- ,- -
The untold millions of revenue which he in
sisted we had bargained awayln :order to con
struct the Pennsylvania Railroad, proves to be
theefferings of a road that Baltlinore twice re
fused to make, and,, Pennsylvania stilk refuses
to 'make, and thaChasgiveh bankruptcy to all
who attempted to bring it into life, although it
is free from all restrictions upon tonnage and
Let me here suggest to the Senator from
Becks how his eloquence might have appealed
to this Senate, With: all `the :poWer of justice.
Relying upon his premises as harmonizing, with
a ;correct State policy, he should have gone far
ther than merely to demand that the transport
ers on the Pennsylvania Railroad shall pay a
tax to the State. I can appreciate his flattering
encomiums, lavished-upon his own immediate
constituents. ". I concede &Veit . ..that they might
raise their liandiand - thaideEiodtfial they are
not as other men—that they are not radical,
reckless innovatera. But when we come to the
question of taxation, looking to 'that equality
that is due from the government to every class
and section of our people, I cannot understand
why a ton of goods must pay a tax when it
passes through Lancaster to Philadelphia, and
why it must go free if it passes through the
county of Berks. Upon this point the Senator
was strangely remiss. In his almost frantic en
ergy in advocating a tax upon tonnage, he
should not have-forgotten that equal-and exact
justice so all, InaMpriiiiik Ifiejadbas of the
State,is one of the first duties •of the, Leik'iskic;
ture. ' When, he, leaves his 'beautiful Atir,
Reading i for the: coinmerciai einpoilum of this.
Cominonwealth,:hevasses over a road, 7+
through the fruitful farms' of his'
thathas - a capital Considerabli greattika„..-tho..
that - of the molter corperatien that lug throin
him into suelorielent parorianui on this floor
to-night; that ptyalin than one-third the ordi
nary taxes to the treasury paid by the Central
road ; and'yet it has never paid a farthing of
tax upon its tonnage. Can he inform this Sen
ate why the farmer, factor, or miner, who lives
in the interior or western part of the State,along
the - Pennsylvania Ballroad;must pay a-tribute to
the tremny,for ,the right to reach a. home mar
ket, while thirfarmer, factor, or miner, of Le •
barron, Barks, Schuylkill; &c., are untaxed ?- 7 -
Buppose that we should, to-day, impose a tax
upon the tonnage of the Reading road, upon
the more than two millions of tons of coal it
annually merles to market, as well as the rich
harveita of the farm; and' the fruits of the fur
nides 'and •factories, which have no other chan
nel for transportation? In the present depress
ed condition of our industry it. would beggar a
thousand homes, and paralyze countless energy
and capital. If we should adept the policy of
the Senator from Berks, he surely could not re
sist its generalapplication; and if we wereto hn
pose this tax upon the industry of his own people,
he could not return to his constituents. Yet, what
answer could he make to their lamentations ? He
'could only say that he advocated the doctrine
of taxing the energies of the people of the
State, and that the State had accepted his theo
ry—that it had not wronged his people, but had
been just to them. Do I err in this? If I had
digged a'pit, and fallen into it on this question,
by appealing to the passions or prejudices of
my own people, I should, I think, at least be
silent ,whenone portion' of the State asks mere
ly to be placed upon terms of equality with
those I represent ; or if silence would:riot an
swer, I would say boldly—taxmy own constitu
ents, tax all, for all should pay alike. Is the
Senator from Barks prepared.or this ? If so, he
is coirsiatent, and he should to-morrow bring in
a bill toter the.thrift and sinews of his admired
and admiring constituents. If he is not pre
such a law, how in the name of just
ice- can he demandthat this unequal restrict
ion shall be imposed upon others? Nor does
the force of: his argument _end here. We not
only tax the;tonnage of our farms and minea
transported: to or. from any point between Har r
risburg and Pittsburg, while all our other 'ilea
leading to _ Philadelphia are free; but we
have.opened a direct route to New York from
this place, over which ourproduce can be car
ried free to.a rival city, while itis taxed if it goes
through_ Lancaster to our own great emporiuni
of 'trade. Is: this just to Philadelphia? Is it
just toL our own producers? Is it just to the
State? :The tax upon tonnage Is either right
and- should be universal or:it is not right and
should be abandoned. Especially should we
not discriminate against Rees. leading to our
own'city, °rift ;other words make our trade to
a 'foreign city.free, while it is taxed when it
comes to enrich our own State and people. Can
the Senatorfromllerlm, representing as he does
a constituency that , has free transportation, re
coancile his opposition: to this bill with that
golden rule that bids him4lo unto others as he
kmust here. refer;iir plain; practical- terms
ton-it:lane - WO his elicited the bitterest' deninsi,
elation: from the +Senator fromßerks. He in;
sista that we.wild- dbuinish. the revenue* of -the
State by commuting the tonnage tax.- Our
reirenues would :certainly be greater with such
a tax ithanwithout it, and if imposed.. equally
upon Berks and :Dauphin, Franklin and West;
•moreland, .would be much greater still But it
minit be remembered -that we have-had no revs;
IMO from this source forthree years, and the
State was never more prosPerons. It is, there
fore, not now a necessity; and we provide in
this bill' that if it shallever become a necessity;
it must be reinstatedon the Pennsylvania Rail
and.be ebb levied upon the Reading and
other roads. Then be just, however un-a
wise may be-the-policy. But the great issue is
above the questionof revenue. , Shall Pennsylj
vanis be paralyzed in her energies in a great
struggle for the wealth of. a continent, by une-,
grad:taxes: imposed upon her own capital, -her
-own .energy,_:her own indnstry? Shall she
stand still while all. :the world moves- on?—
Shall she be as as a &art, bound hand and foot;
While 0 . 11 every - side : of _us the liberal teachings'
of experieepe havegiv_en new impuleee to every
tide of wealth, and enlightened legislation has
_gathered to rival cormuercial martsaround us
that Which - beneficent God, marked on this'
great map of nature as the tribute of On West
ern Empires to ; Pennsylvania?.: It may, in time,
effect a million of l direet revenue, or -ten. mil
lions if you please, while, in the same period,'
its removal will enrich oar commerce, and our
,producers of every kind, , and raid. scores of mil-'
liguele the taxable wealih.of the State. The
geirstrectien z of,the Pennsylvania Railroad has,.
rn ten years, added atimillions to our taxable
Property along its line; and,in, addition, it pays
in legitimate, taxes, independent of tonnage'
.:duties, whet is the rawest of _nearly two xxxil- ;
lions of our:debt. FCtr, iS _boated: as a!
Oleneter and 144PlitFice. Itipays more.direet taxes'
for Statepurppeee initen y_eara ttum the whole!
eennty ef Berke .has paid in the last century.—:
Still it ILO be _regardoi.aa a mere beast of bur.
den to the State, addle .every other railroad is
*corpointeden the, principles now recognized!
byallo,ther atm., a4d all other enlightened!
nations. - -
it he for revenue, remember it is'
piyownlijetly upon the Strong, arms,of your
of rons,,who make your , forests wave with
golden hervestayour mountains yield up their
maks. ustlel3l3 .-71-WhO atext.the hum .of your
spindles, rude. mtude,of your forges-- :
who rear YAW achoola and churches, and scat
.wlld profusion, the beautyand..bounty
of .progressive. civilisation. And it alts upon
them, unnqually,:oud therein, at least, unjustly.
It fallinpon them,:too, not for-their own: Irene
fit,'hutlfor tile competing energy of rival cities
of-rival States—of rival thoroughfares. .
The Senator from Befits is also mistaken in
the assumptioh that the' Pennsylvania Railrowd
gains, million 'and .a half- by this bill over the
bill - of 1857 for the sale Of the Main Line. Just
the reverse is the , truth. Byi=tl eAd of 1857,
the Railroad was.tO be released from all taxes
upon tonnage, and also from State taxes on all
its property perpetually, in consideration of the
payment' of one ands half-millions'additional
for the Mehl Line. Under. this bill it pays, as
the Senator from Berks admits by his oink
tiplicklion table, More than it owes -for'-the
Main Line with intermit; valid pays it; looehi a
much shorter tune: than its- contract with The
State demands; end-he overlooks the very hn
portant fact that in addition te that, they pai s '
=Mildly, for alltime tocome, the regtdar rates,
of taxupon'-all -their , property, which = now
amount,to thedntiniest of near two millions
their bonds. We have thus a certain and steadies .
ly increasing revenue from the taxes •of this:
corporation, in tuldition to its payments to the
State for thirty:years under the provisiont of
this bill. •
Another fatal blunder -of the Senator front'
Betkowo•iand.Perhaps - -ttie leait iticusabled
that the,‘Connitiuction of , theo
ttimid destroYed. the -Vete- of 'our Main Line
o improvements. He -bated- a considerable'
portion, of 'his wand OA this point, and
pressed it upon the Senate with almost start
ling earnestness. I cannot think that he. is
utterly indifferent to the truth of, his assump
tions ; but when the facts upon this: imPortant
feature of his comedy of errors are of stuch easy
access—when the figureil are on the shelves of
this Hall—how are such mistakes, going to the
very heart'of hie argument, to be explained?
So far-from the Railroad destroying the Main
Line of our public works, their revenue steadily
increased from year to year after the' Railroad
was built. The Railroad brought to our State
millions of produce-that otherwise would have
sought rival channels of trade, new sources of
trade were created 'along•the line, and all of it
had toyass over the Columbia Roadi as it hur
ried onward to build np " our own 'cominerce.
Look at the records, arid • the 'eloquence of the
Senator is forgotten in his want of- intelli
• But when all argument is answered, we are
met with the allegation that it is a solemn
contract. They tell us that it is so denominated
in the bond, and although it takes our life
blood, it must be paid. Pnty,, who made the
contract and what is its history ? The bill in
corporating the Pennsylvania railroad company
WM thrown upon our Legislature as a measure
of protection to our State, in the midst of the
Movements of rival cities to tap our commerce.
It was not the child of favor even with many
of our commercial people, and had the State
imposed twenty mills. it would have occasioned
little or no concern. In. accordance with the
illiberal spirit that has so long and so fatally
characterized our legislative policy, atax of five
mills per ton was levied upon its tannage.--
When the road was built, and its, great sources
of wealth to Pennsylvania were foreshadowed,
the tax was found to be destructive of its use
fulness and prosperity. The Legislature wa r s
compelled to recede a step, and the tax was re
duced from five to three mills. ' But even that
amount was a positive, prohibition upon certain
articles ; and it was not until our coal dealers
found Philadelphia and Harrisburg lighted by .
gas made from foreign coal, that the suicidal
policy of the LegislatUre was clearly manifested.
A tax of three mills per ton per mile on coal
and lumber-was absolutely prohibitory ; and
Virginia and Europe took possession of our coal
markets, while untold millions slumbered in
our mines, and our ,own
for the privilege to, develope them. Again the
Legislature had to recede, and the tax upon
coal and lumber was repealed,; andmillions of
tons have found a market since, to the exclu
sion.of foreign-competitors. *The same inexor
able laws of trade which demanded the aban
donment of the policy of taxing tonnage on
certain: artklea, :applied-with equal force to
every ton of : produce of every kind ; ;' and in
1857 the' Legislature again receded aid repealed
the tax abiolutely. • Bet for the -unfortunate
mistake of the Legislature; in proposing to re= ceive'a bonns'of a Million and a half for the
release of all taxes of every kind: Pennsylvania
would now be surpassing both New York and
marylanitin every PlemPntsif commercial pro' ; -
gress and advancing industry. NOW York has
set the - example • by•uticenditionally repealing
taxes tannAgeieksooii as Pennsylvania
arousedtrom her shunters and stretched her
ironbandiiiver thiAllegbinies to compete for
the, wealth of the;west,, anclPerinsylvauia could
hesitate to follow only
,at her peril. She has
hesitated' long, and has suffered' immeasurably
therefor: We bowed to imperative State.,nei
cessity in reducing this tax, again in repealing
it on certain of otirkiwn producti, and again in
.repealing it. absolutely; and now, in.obedience
- to the same imperious rule,. we must. recede
from it again; or the wealth- of a liberal age
will, recede from us. The time has come when,
in justice to our State *indite energies, we must
declare that here, as in'all .the world beside,
internal commerce must be free. ,
, Sir, I had hot intended, and did rise to de
bate thin question in detail. ' It seemed to be
necessary that the misstatements made with
such apparent—earnestness and positiveness
should be corrected, lest ,men here and else
where might be misled into condemning ~a
measure the wisdom of Which will be Undis
puted in legs ' than a Senatorial term, .13y
bill we make positive 'provision for the payment
of our State debt,- and raider our amended Con
stitution; no future, Legislature can divert the
means we are now shout to provide. The pay-,
ments, with the ordinary resources of Ithe
ing Fund, • will entirely cancel ; the debt in a
quarter of a century ; and in five years our.
State taxes can be reduced;fiearly if not quite"
one-half., We propose also to, afford protection
to the people, of Pennsyliania by .requiring the
Railroad company to' reduce itstaxiff for local
freights, so as to destroy the present unfair, but,
perhaps until now unavoidable; discrimination
against home trade. - We-require that this tax
be:released to the people—not to the :Corpora
tion—.by compelling a reduction of freights to
the exact amount of the tail and the right to
- reimpose. it` is• reserved,--with the obviously
just condition that, if ever re-instated, it shall
visit its blessings upon the people of Berks as
well as upon the people of the interior and
And when this strugglesball have been
ended, and thislast relic of fataihnuto our va
,ried interests be blotted from our stetntes; pray
who will not rejoice ? Turn .to Philadelphia,
the second commercial and the first - Menefee
turing city of the Union. Eleven. :millions ,of
her capital are embraced in'the thirty millions
required to build the Peruasylvarua Railroad:
They constructed this great artery of trade,
scattering wealth profusely on every side as it
progreasedreasing towns as if by magic, and
adding to the i value of every acre of soil to
which, it opens an avenue of, - transporta
tion. They have reduced the cost` of transit
nearly one half; and we now , mean to reduce it
still more; and Itlthough millions of taxable
property have been added to the COmmon
wealth to enrichlta treasury, we .-inter Pose an
arbitrary, unjust statute; andrepel the .wealth
Of other States. It can go to 15 . ei' York, it
can. go to Baltimore; it- can _Tpats through the
British possessions to a fonagrprLarket, without
any restrictions whatever,, but ivlien it enters
Pennsylvania it has - passed the bounds'of libe
ral ideas. The next generation ; ill.be amazed
when reminded Of the, earnest atinggle in the
highest legislative the State , to
night on this - -questkmn. .They: may be
told that while none—ne ; not one—ven
tured to defend the policy Of *taxing ton
nage, Yet a large. Minority , voted stead 4
ily in favor of it because, they .feared they
should not be sustained.' They - have em
atel and Cherished: prejudice; amongst their
ematitnents, in their petty contests with petty ,
nien;-and they fear to be jusbto a Might! Cent-
monweelth, should : .
for the crime of being rightlether than consist.:
eat Sir, it is. humiliating to - %fitness tiog
cd grave leg'ZilatomMenot L. TO gens
at or freta-Barkt should =remember thatAie.4
't ate: iderektfor to-dap',- that; hal -
callediiupdnto act oil qiiestiont which-tt*tiff
, upon the proeperity of eitilitatelWheit Lhe
/ *WO have pawed my. He way byre to
Csam thintig fate.
Having procured Steam Power Presses, we are
Prepared to execute 108 and BOOK PRINTING of every
• description, cheaper that it can be done at any other ea
tabliehmentin the country.
RATES OF .65VERTD3L3o.
ifirPour lines or less constitute one.hall square. Eie
lin it es alf or
i m u o a r re e than .
othonnere. f daw our eemy
koncons.uone month :.;. ti . tute square.
one yea 00
One Square one dayr ..... 6
one week. ............. • 200
' " one month . " .3 00
three months 6 00
" six months.... ... 8 00
. one year 10 00
/fir.l3tudness notices inserted in the Lea coiwww, or
before Marriages and Deaths, FIVE CBNI3 PER LEND
or each Inseetion.
sirldsreages and Deaths to be charged as resifts'
combat the prejudices of the ignorant and the
schemes of the reckless ; but the true test of a
public. measure by which a sworn legislator
'should be guided, is its inherent justioe—its
proffered blessings to the people who have con
fided their interests in our hands. The sculp
tor of old who was employed to prepare a stat
ue for the pinnacle of a temple, brought it be
fore the people and. tbey jeered and derided him
as they stood face to face to the ungainly, ill
shaped form. But he had not chiseled it to
stand before them ; and as he raised it to its
place, and distance gave it beauty and symme
try, it extorted the nsmingled applause of the
multitude. Sir, it is only too true that this
guestion • confessedly right, braves prejudices in
setae` !section's which time alone can. dispel.
However priceless its fruits, there are those who
Will'not understand it ; but I prefer not to be
one who 'shall shape.the statue sothat when
placed above the fatal prejudices of the day, it
will prove unsightly• and ill-proportioned be
cause it was fashioned to make the world stand
still. I submit to Senators whether this issue
is not the inevitable policy of the State ? wheth
er it, will not stand the searching test of time
and experience ? If it be so, let no
man who has sworn to discharge his
duty be faithless to his .„convictiona.—
Brave, true men,,seldom fall,' while the timid,
time-serving pass away with the errors that
flung them into life. „. The constituents of the
Senator from Berlfs . hesitate long' and move
slowly to accept any departuro' from the policy
of their fathers ; but the man who leads them
to liberal progress will deserve well of them
and of the , State. Pennsylvania turns to-day
with pride to the men whb *ere in advance of
their time. Go to our national capital and you
will see a man who has reached the age alloted
to mortals, wending his way to his seat in the
House of Representatives. His eye is undim
med, and his heart still strong in its fidelity to
his convictions. His race is well nigh run, and
he shall soon be gathered to the city of the si
lent, unwept it may be by asingle kinsman
within our borders. He may have erred in his
political policy, but when all his real or imagi
nary errors shall have been forgotten, 'his
memory.will be cherished, as is that of Gov-
Wolf now, by every philantrophiat and patriot,
for giving to Pennsylvania, in advance of her
prejudices, a beneficent system ef universal edu
cation.. Every village, or rum] school, where
the huinble and the • opulent can alike have
trained the immortal minds committed to their
care, is a monument as enduring as the hills to
the wisdom of Thadeus Stephens and his coad
jutors, who braved the prejudices of, their day,
looking to the intelligence •of ' our people for
the safety. and greatnessi.of the governniimt. It
may have cost him succeSil, if you please ; it
may have driven him from power, as Berks and
other counties from year to year reared the
baJaAers of "no free schools," and protested in
these Hills against being compelled to educate
their own sons—the future guardians 'of our
free institutions; but to. truth belong the eter
mtlyears of God, and even, Berke now blesses
the Orley the friendless 11 - eii 'England ad
venturer. He is to-day - the Representative of
the leading county of the" trist,_ chosen by a
unanizitous vote ; standing Confessedly at the
heacl.cf.ldsidelegation, and second. to,but few if
any in 'enduring national fame. Where are
_who fought the battles against him, and
;triumphed pri the tide of prejudice ? Forgotten !
Certainly unknoWni save to be-marked as the
_lingering relics of.popular ignorance. It is so
of those who gavous public improvements.—
They cost the State some good men, and gave
it many very bad i men • and; although their
management maybe blotted with infamy, and
their history . be but an unbroken record of
peeulatio.n and. •ivrong,, yet they have given us
advancement—they have given us hundreds of
millions of wealth, and opened up for our great
State present glory. Is this not the truth
of history ? And has the time not come, in this
noon-tide of the nineteenth century, when a
Pennsylvania. Senate can rise above unfounded
prejudice, and move onward with the liberal
progress of the world around us? If we would
do so, we must make our internal commerce
free ; we must unshackle our own producers ;
we mustinyite, by an. enlightened policy, the
rich' offerings of the industry of every State that
seeks'the sea-board, and' let it build. up our
eitieS—give new Agorp to our commerce, and
new energy and increased prosperity to ourpeo-
SPRING- AND, SIEMER' STYLES
186 1 .
ONE - PRICE GIFT
No. `607 071ESTNC3
A superb stock of fine French, English and American
For. City and Country trade; with an 'unapproachable as
sortment of llsany Wino Morns° at the lowest cash
, afiritut ON4,.PIicT is asked, and a GIFT of intrinsic
worth kid nse presented tell each article 'sold.
.PartioderAtiontioc peki.to.the Cuatomer department,
and garments Made audserit to Ordefto . any address.
blaugUragagAlliS iner.,Systemig or ; knalnebe,
ititANViLLESTOICES 'would irripias on the minds of
thb patronspt;liis establishibent, that •the cost of the gift
is deducted froth, and NOT added to the price of the arti
cle sold immensely_ increasing Sales enabling him
to act thicti liberally, and. atthe Same time to realise a
romulieratiitt•proflt.: ~, .• ,
dllarticles guaranteed to give entire satisfaction.
ONE PRICE CLOTHING EMPORIUM
807 mom= STREN.T.
BERGNER'S CHEAP= BOOKSTORE
51 - -MARKET • STREET,
IS THE CHEAPEST: MACE. IN, THECITY
• SCHOOL BOOKS • - •
Compritiitail the vir44;G: •
BRA DING: 4IVP. S''ELLAUSTO.:4IOOSS,
ASMINEXISSL' AriStEBIL&X .
; • OB,4II.4AS,F„..ATESQLOGISS_,
DICTIONARIES; ILISTORLM, '
• , PHILOSOPHIES, and
all thn iCHOOL EOOK R tmetitin the Yreirt an Panne and
PriiratOltehßOlX of. the aty,.togotber With!
CUP.r'..070 . :659,MP051T1L1,7' 00.8 S,
LE2T,Mig, IP.P. and NOTE PAPER,
' LOOKS SLAMS, • .„
PENS AND 11OLDESS
_• 1 • • ..mucasTANDs. 8771 «nit
the inixectasOete teigemencorSCHOM orknosistr
cboltan . tm Aialurcuid saIe.atI:FICIM4ITIMWMi
OF Ail" FLOC WOO city'. at -
1:! ORRagiliS:Unq ./ 5 11 r 18TC e r 6 • ?!. • r
Aar Liberal diaconnla map to teaohera dud dealers... '
Any artiste not on band promptly furnished without