Evening telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1863-1864, February 22, 1864, Image 1

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$0'..':..-tr0i : ,e13f01),,4-
The Rebel Ferguson and His
,tif Command Captured.
Reported R e-capture of 1600 .Union Prisoners,
A speciardialiatch to the Commerbial, from
Louisa, Ky., says that on the -14th inst Col.
Gallui3SttrprisedCol. Ferguson's cothinand, in
Wayne county, Va., capturing sixty prisoners,
including Ferguson, his surgeon and twolieu
tenants.' , „
Eighty, stsnds of arms, a large number of
stolen horses and all the rebel supplies of Tor,
age, ammunition and subsistence were t takeilk.
Itlyel,OOlonelFeon's command that klp r
tared Gen. gcammon a short time -461.
The despatch adds that 1,600 'Union psis
toners were released. • •
n ßeptesibrisr;: 1863, the steamer R. Campbell,
on its way down the Mississippi, when-oppo
site Milliken's Bend, Lonisiana, was fOtpadto
be on fire. It was at once headed toward-the
eastern bank of the riven But the flames
AP/ 43 E4 so rapidly that before it reached the
shore, all on board were obliged to spring
into 'the stream. About thirty of them per
ished. On board was a lady whose husband,
as she stated, had been killed in the army.
Stie had - with het a flaxen-headed- daughter,
Pregably'four Airs old. - She may have rhitl
other children.. She was - sick and unable to
leave herbed; the chili% amid the confusion,
got upon the deck, and,. seeing others jump
into the:water, asked a soldier if she must ad
so too. The ••soldier lost sight of her,,litit
When he reached- the shore found her lying
apparently' dead, upon the beach, He took
her to -'a fire near by, and warmed and chakd
her until she came to.
After a while a boa coming up they 'river
landed and.took the survivors across. to•the
camp of the. Second 'Mississippi regiment,
stationed at MilliVen's Bend. Major John. P.
Robinson, of that regiment, saw the SOldier
„leading the child, dripping wet, and :invited
Itim 4 nato his tent, gave him his breakfaSt and
Itecerved the child from'him. The child thus
providentially cast, upon his care,,the Major,
though a young man, resolved to adopt;'it if
its relatives could not be found, and rear it as
his own. Being unable to keep it'properly in
camp,_ he sent it to his parents *Ashland,
Ohio. The child's - name, as she gives it, is
Makytrane Hanson, or Blinpsted. , •
••.:-Some time after the burning of thelibonis, a
gentleman, searching forthe body of abrother
- Tait at the same time, foUnd tlist of a WOrtil.7l
which he supposed • to ):02,` the body, of 'this
child's mother. •He:hsd..it • buried; and took
sOecimen• of the dress'and cloak and sparse
with a copper advertisement of •a' business
firm in New Castle, Indiana. The child is
well`and with the parents of 'Major Robinson.
' 'Should this, meet the eye of •any one, con
, nected with the.family thus cut oft; they can
obtain information of the child - by address.iug
either Major 4.• F. Robinson, 3d Mississippi
regiment, A.. o.,•Milliken's Bend, Ltinisiana,
Jolor Robinson, Ashland; Ohio. If
ansfiteiir#L'Wh9.niay see - this can gite aliy"in
ixsiti nation in regard tO the family ofAis child
fe,#4 l lhe thankfully received by either of the
NEN , S .4
Notice 11!....1ie-Witlisted Soldiers.
LOCIAL Borevt collected for soldiers who
luxe credited themselves to Einyliart of the State of
Pennsylvania or el: , teliettere, at professional-rates. Sol
diers us_to sunny in -stances, save half and even, snore of
the local 'bounty to which, they may be entitled, by liming
themselves credited to the locality they may prefer, and
iippitYing - for die collect:Ion of the bounty, at the reliable
c 41,„ m agency of . EUGENE SNYDER,
—Attorney-al-law . Third streQt, Harrisburg, Pa.
.4 . 0 1 P -112 1T- -
rOM/ PECTORALS are . useful to , soothe a
' coo; allay; Tickling in the Throat,' , to- , relieve
Catavrrh, Sore Throat, &A.' They contain
Cohstoot; Horehound,' Ipectionanha, Senega and Squill,
(UM inot):r,ellabki'enteatoranta knowri,) are the chief ric
,liye constituents; so blOnded with Gum-Arthicmid Sugar,
`fat, each lozenge' contains a•naild-and' very ppleasant dose.
m ia clftetured,solely by " S. A-- S.
.A•pothbeanes; 11.8 Market streat;:Harribburg.
COLIFI.BI4 of the eels-
OOL,btated SL" Geoigg brand, just voceived
kid - for sale by frebil , DOCK, 4 , Co.
4ticie for tableuse, just received
' - PICKLES, a rare WM. DOCK, rig, & CO.
and for sale by ffebl,
dET;PRRATED. tendon Bl ac ki ng, )1111'„,,
coved and I
c, 411.,
eu,a4 end " 0 - v ig urLin's Lna] WA...
rig said, by [
PPLES! itipLEsil=ito ,:10.7, of York
State Apples Of every' Tartat,_ : _y, Alsoi
1 Eitate
;Batter, for sale at ja29 BOY tart & "O.I:IPER.
: .A LL perso.uslaiiiik arape.:Viiibs 'Ol choice
varietim, which .they wish to have : pruned, can have
it Bone In the best. manner and- free of charge, by oddres
wing a aote.through the Post Mho to : .JACOB MISIL
N. B —The present season and. weater am, most favors
ble for the purpose. , • febl6
J 1.4 the most popular and the purest over offered to the
.p,ublic, Mel received and for sale by ' •
tab& • -• • wia - .
7 •
VIRENCR BEANS—A-rare article, 'just re
calved at itabai - W. DOOR, .11t.,,,&
- • GES t. ORANGES 11-20 boxes •in
e order. Just receiyed wholesale and retail.
Wilt DOCK, JR., & CO
• .
B• Virait BuTrEu 1-1,000 p ounds New
York State Butter Just received, and for.eale by the
FirYßt Pond, at taio new g rocery of
44.64. 'BOYER tt KOERPER
"OereZtoyerak&at,wen. exposition of the Constitution,
&c., forilosifiler:tuie. By X WEgikre'r:. Price $l. For
wile at del4.: BERG/MVP ROCiRSWRE.
_ , ,
. t
.2-1 lot but imilertor quality of Buok*beAndkreet from
Towsztda, P. for sae by the sack or qugy-At •
k2("A BOXES ORANGES,-4 . 19d6d . f0m lat e
N../ •importations , and the most superior - eiii brought
to this market at this Season; Jun,. receivek a njA. for sale
.; gebil •
r XF-4 °RANGES,' iiil emd order;
Tifiro;loo Barrels of atom AMES for sale at
4 . l kr, i-•; '-i! :, • . JOIDT WV. PTV:P(lre
_ .
ROMANO SURR4r, 1 1xiiikacted.,_ #1
Wwittitedlll,o Finest: tkeiliiLlflue in , thts
~iii„ignA. Vcir iiiiey. ;' - • ' Mc 11013.K.VitlA o, :k
. ' ''
. ‘-- •:- ' "'-'" k). ` ? .k,:til . : _ 7, -
CrNe . ,-waTI, Feb. 20
gia4 Ceityaft
Resolutions offered by 111 r, Kelley, Preventing
Paylient of Danutgas to Disloyal Citizens,
Mr. KFLLEY. I:desire to state, sir; on my
own account, why I urged the • bringing up of
this resolution a second-time before the House;
and I regret exceedingly thatifeetirerrunable
this evening to enter upon a lengthy discussion
of the subject,..and-go • over the whole ground.
When I off. , red 'this resolution I had not the
slightest, the, remotest, anticipation-of the ex
traordinark course. which has
- been purined in
regard to It bygentlemen upontheotherside of
the House, nor of, the extraordinary discussion
to which it has . given:rke. I made no manner
of preparation to support it upon this floor by
e speech, for I regarded the justice of such a.
provision in the law for the adjudicatkn and
settlement of:these claims tole, so self-evident
as to require no support from me nor from any;
one else. The simple question with which we
have to deal is, shall the loyal' people of Penn
sylvania be taxed .te.riixy the. claims for dam
ages of those who, by their encouragement and
invitation to-the rebels to invade 'our State;
have brought. those' kisses upon • us; shall the
people who,bave contributed so freely of their
blood and treasure to carry on the war for the
Union against i .treason and rebellion be now
compelled make good the losses of traitors
and rebels occasioned by their alders and
In offering this resolution, air, I had not the
slightest intention of charging the:Democratic
party as a Mass with' disloyalty. There is no
such charge contained in the resolution either
expressed or implied; and why is it; air, I ask,
that gentlemen upon he other side put suclra
construction non it 17why is it. that tbey make
such an application of language which had no
reference to them? . I can only account for it
one way, and that, is that they 'have' not acted
their parts as loyal and true patriots in
this war for the: preservation of the Govern
ment. The man who has a conscience void of
guilt winces not arhei4 guilt is spoken of in his
presence; but,'On the other hand,.it is a; rue
saying that a--guilty conscience is its own tie
ewer. If the gentlemen upon the other side
and the party which they represent feel In
their hearts that they are loyal, and true to
their Government and its history, if they:feel
and know that they - have honestly and faith
fully stood by the Gpvernmen t in this great strug
gle against treason, why should they depre
cate investigation ,'• 'why should they fear
to have ` their' ' conduct and notions reviewed,
why should they, when the word."dia
layalty" is uttered in this hall ? haven made
no charges against the Democratic party, in
this House, but, they have made, charges
against themselves by their application• of the
language of , this resolution. s It has ‘been so, •
sir, since the berninencement 'of the 'session.
Whenever • a remark, has been dropped,upon
this aide of the.fleor in condemnation of rebels
and rebel sympathirsers, the gentlemen upon
the other side haye:always sprung up:and prol.
tested againstemalt attacks upon the DithoratiP
party. lidn-Speaker, I should be sorry indeed_
to believe that_the masses of the. Democratic
party of the,Present day are disloyal at . heart
I have never made inch a charge either, upon
the hustings.or mpon the floor of this House,
notwithstanding the, insinuation of the gentle
man from.NorthuMberland that I owe'uty suc
cess in the electicnilast fall to my, ,denuncia
dons of the Democratic party. But
the gentleman from,Ncrthuniberland to what,
in a great 'mnappre,:i owed that steels. ,It was
to the fact thatmearly every Demooraticmeet
ing, so eilled, held in that county was - a.dis
graceful scene dr drunkenness and roikdyitim,
of men waving, their bats and cheering-.for
Vallandigham: It was, sir, because. Demo
cratic orators - traversed that county frqm'celitre
to oircumferenee,,sPouting such cold' Voids of
treason-.that theMetter portion of their party
left them and voted the Union ticket. Ido
not alone mean the lower order - of Deuttkintia
stamp orators:.. Imay refer to'a partiqular ex-.
ample. A distinguished leader of the Demo;
erotic party, a' vet:lid-be candidate for Governor
of this CoMmonMealth, came into thet Ounty•
in the course of•the campaign, , ansf in,•_ono of
his speeches trithe Democracy there • said that
Yallandiglaani Vas . to be elected in Ohio and
Woodward; hi:. Parinsylvania; that they' *paid
act in conjunction- ith Parker, of New Jersey,
and Seymour, of'Nhw York, and , that this mis
erable abolition administration would lie eons=
pelled to makepeace. , , •
I say this, air , - Pbave made no sweeping al
legations of clisioyalty against the Democratic
party; but I. do say, and I say it, ,boialt, and
fearlessly,. that the now recogniied iesiders of
that party are disloyal men. Ido say that the
honest ; yeoirtan* 'of the Democratic, arty have
been led.into,,opposition to,the' Governraent
and tacit encouragement of the rebellion
through that effort® of these designing dema4!
gognes, hair . ° constituted themeeletis the
I leadats of that party, and who care for nothing
loaven but' the advancement •of their'
lotertailti,.,3thave as much. love riow for
"t - • demo ' Oa'
44,1100010 Y, tjx3 CraCy . 0 erson,
pare a ` . ..td Jackson, es ever had, and From
boyhood 'rvio.„7 educated ill:that-faith.; and
that my
d emocracy' 4 4•- ou nm
e y t
w i a t dav my , par
he ,
government My.c `ms i d e "4l6b t when
mount to orery,other _
that government_was thrL'ste tse d lvith destruc
tion by traitors, I:Should no. etop consider
, eirLns t fn h e
i t.
whether:,'Or not, as a Democrat,
ently support :a :_Republican Preet.:'ed_r'
, the
efforts tcrsubdue the rebellion enema
Nation; but that my duty as a loyal-citizeri and
as a trite.DaMarat was to render all the aid'
could to:the_euppression of the rehellion: t And
I say, sir, that man who withholda' • 1;.IX Osifttr -,
ante government when it la engaged
in a death - .ettuggle with armed treason; from
paltry party considerations, -is - neither a true
Democrat:nor'-a. 'loyal man. dropped triy
parq'prektdiciii*hen I shouldered my-musket
and went 'tinting. the service of my country ;
and while armed rebellion standa*eadY to de
stroy the. government, I shall• reciognize ne ,
party affinity and stand shoulder; to-shoulder
with no matiaiiho is not unconditionally for the
Union and for carrying on the war this
rebellion'is crushed never to rise again. •
The gentleman from Philadelphia asks me if
lam for the Union as it was. I want know
what the gentleman means by "the TlMlonfgrs.
it ayes': mean that weehallallow the
rebels temorikilittek without stlin)ation or Ye-.
quirementf .;_ ,Doss be mean thikt:Ve. stiail `go back nciii;after all that has takertplieciantime
asouna .tho i relationships. whichfre occupied
beforeititS•Ontlireo4:tt4o wart :Does-he:
•SoOmbs Dreckinriiige, all aimo „
ft-7 1414 -1,1
arch traitors who plotted this hellish rebellion,
shall again resume
• their seats In the hills of
Conems? Does he mean that . every slave
which this war has set free, and who bas helped
us to fight our battles, shall be returned to his
rebelinaster? Does he mean that we shall crush
'daiiiihe great grief welling up in our heat
for our desolate hearthstones and deserted!
homesteads? Does he mean that ; we shall
smooth our brows and humble ourselves as of
old beforeithe arrogant aristoernoy, of the South,
and submit to be ridden over in the future as
we have been in the past? If that is meant by
"the Union as it was," • then I tell tlie &Alt
man from. Philadelphia and his coadititers on,
the .other, side of the *use, I,am not for the:
Union as it, was. lam for crushing . the re
hellion, and with it.that which gave it MA;
so that, until the end of time - there never can
again occur in this land a war of slavery and
slave' power -against the Government..
In the' progress of this dtscussion..me are
again Met by-the old cry of thelaincenstitution--
ality cf the acts of this administration. That
same cry from the same seurcelhasiihen,dinned
in our ears since the commencement of the
rebellion. It has been made the acreen be..
hind.which Northern treason -has continually
veiled itself. At •the outset, when-an a:my of
traitors, ready drilled and equipped,precipitateti.
themselves upon us, when their guns were trained
upon the very capitol of the nation,.tbe call of
the Prisident for seventyfive• thousand velun
teers was met I y this cry of Unconstitutionality.
Every effort which the National/ Government
has put forth. since that time his been greeted
in like manner. I look in vain, Mr. Speaker,
in that Constitution for any rights guaranteed
to rebels. The people of the South wilfully
and deliberately renounced their allegiance to
this Government, made war upon this •very
Constitution and fired upon the very flag of the
nation. What rIghTS havethey then under this
Conetitption? _ the right' 'which in all
time, in all countries and under all govern
ments; has been granted to traitors—the right
to hang between heaven and earth , [4-
plause.] • = •
But, sir, the gentleman from •Northumber
lava tells us that freedom of Speech and of the
press le denied, that we are living 'under a
despotism because treasonable newspapers
been suppressed, and such traitors as Vall'an
digham and Mahoney and so on, arrested and
banished, or sent to.a military prison; because
men here fn the NOrth are not allowed to de
nounce their Government and uphold the rebel
lion, to, convey information and encouragement
to rebels, to discourage enlistmente, and throw
every obstacle in the way of ,carrying on'the
War, Sir, the great. difficulty all along. has
been that, too few arrestrilaaye born Made. If
more of these Seine traitors had been caught
and hung, the war would have been over long
Freedom of speech denied! Why, -sir, 'the
very fact that memare allowed to,stand ups on
this floor and deneunce the Government, is
proof positive that there is too much ,free
speech, The very feet that papers ovef the
country are permittedfrom% week to, week
pour out their vituperation and slander against
the constituted authorithei GoyeinnientOf
the United States, to..sssert that ' the war' is un
holy, unjust, is gut:rick:lA evidence that thereis
too much freed= of the press.
AO while ,r am referring to the gentleman
from Northumberland; let me notice another
particular. He says my remarks the other day
in reference to the mobbing of his peeks were
more in commendation than in condemnation
of the act. He goes on to say that•the :Demo
cratic party have always been opposed to 'mob
law, thereby Insinuating that the 'opposite
party have been encouraging -it. Mr. Speaker,'
I'have never, nor do Lnow, attempt to 'justify
mob livr; and I must Say his insinuation'frill-,
timed` in, view of lhe•riots•which took Place in
tha city of New York last Summer; and when
he says that mob has-been supizeisia TO
der Democratic adidnistrations; - I pdint the
•gentleman to the history of the South•for•yiars
and years before the outbreak of this rebellion,
when a Northeraman bolding -extreme views
in regard.to 'sravety, dare notput hiSfoot upon
Southern soil for fear of being robbed and mur
dered. • • • •
But, sir, to come back to the point upon,
which I was spooking; and I shall be-very brief;
for I am-not able - to speak long.upon this ques
tion. I ask, sir, if 'any loyal manicotti:his lib
erty to be any the less •on account of these ar
bitilory arrests. Iftive:any of us Suffered by it?
Do we not walk atilsitfely r throrighthe.day and
rest as securelrin:thetight as-we ever did? If
then, sir, the ''rights of loyal Min 'are-not af
fected by this ex'ettisir of military power, I care
not how maiirtitiitorgl are affected by it. I
want to .see their, power shortened at every
turn.. Thejnan who in.a crisis like the present,.
when, the Goyprnment is strugglihg. for its, very
existence, can ; turn against it - anir • gitishiti Sym
pathy and encouragement to such a wiaked re
bellion, Is a monster.not fit to breathe the free
air of heaven. That,there are /inch men among
ns cannot be denietl„' them, in a great Meat
sure, we , orte„the protraction of this war; to
them particularly. g we owe the invasions of our ,
State and fhe blood shed on the immortal hills
of Gettysburg; toll:aim:we ore the-vacant seats
in our family chorea and the agony of 'bereave
merit Still fresh, •irt in'arly :•heart. • The whole
State 'of 'PennsylirifiniaV Mid • not Pennsylvania.
alone, but the whole , and is In mourning through
their„onifiiiMeittillitl." -- Clifi - We, I ask, sit here
in our piker, and legislate to tax the,
,peOfile of our State, who have given not only
the treasure of their , lauds but , -the treasure of
their.Xeartsjo the UnionCamln
toake re
stltution thiiiitraiterilli whartrepeople
loft by their` treason' ? Cu we doltfiV: I appeal
to you, gentlemen. on the other side of the
IROUSS. There are some of yon-who, hale 'suf
fered by thia war; there areeems'O - Cyaulwhoke
hearts are still bleeding - from the wounds re
ceived through the loas of
_loved ones`-who fell
at Gettyshrirg losk : yon•ing.view of thaw facts;
which are patent,,te us ill; in view of the re
cent devolopinente whioli have been made of
dizloyal organizilltins•ekistiog is siveralsof the
enmities of this State, can you vote to paY these.
claims as indisciloilnatelypresen'ted? Can you
tefusetorequire latest La loyally; ? Can you agree
to - place . the Union. citigens and, the, traitor upon
a common level? For my own p li ff,lcannot
do-it; and so help me God I never.:oll.•
SMITH (Philadelphia') " Speaker,
the resolution of the gentleman from ,Oash
-ingtort, is designed to prevent disloyal men
from,rectiiving' pay for lows and :damages .by
the'common enemy. Exception is taken to this
resolatjoh by the •gentlemen on the. , other side
of thellonse; and one „gentleman asks, what
113 , 0 by ; the standard of loyalty. I answer that
gentlemen irt the language of - one Whoi might
beV•corteidered ot his own party—Governor
Bisunlette,- of Kentucky:. may differ in
,opirtOttas to some of the measures of : the Ad
ministration; Wit that difference hitt `not Aer
generated into hostility ~to the Oiliernmelit..
the robjec,t to* promoted, I differ
as to t theitseans. The. object :which Iro hold in.
common, the preservation of the Vinton and the
perpetuation of our nationallty,beingAnmeasti
r Ably bigiiiiitharii mearis,which caoi mak,
be employed for its_ accomplishment, secures
our patriotism from being swayed or. jostled
..from itweetitre atutiOridificate'4 - botisidera.
Whit:wpm kieridazitia. thtLOShot , „side of the
Hortieipi•ointtlgiste theofentiohositkol i thatkiwb
we may take.theitraegaraticea PtiOPISY--63
Thht thippomomittioparkiAkeViliii
be , thin..skinkteci s when, anY 4 ilteation taiKtiiik&
loyalty is menticingdi _is to .bO,:expectst, feir-;
their deadenfinaireiflrence„the relraliion her!,
been the allies of Jefferson,iDavis and tilft'xiSilt.
wing bfiLee's.aruty.L. Look to ;rot own_illettfot,
anelynniztkid.thetßeeds,:tbe Diddles ;sled : the.
Ingersolls - invaympatily.Svith:.tbe rehelit-
Davis can look with pride upon. thescr chap: :
pions and a-hest. ,of,lesser....lights,—mbn whose
every 4 acttlyt'beent in sympathy with , the re
bellion sinceits - commencement. dis
trict timp,.mp are . theMaers of the Demo- ,
'critic'. party. , -Look again- Id other sectlifiaef:
the State, and what bas been- the evidence in
regardlmittbel-sympathining- secret sock**
Where have they been ,formed? In Republi
_districts ? No, but in such Democratic ,
counties ,att Berks. Schnylkill and. Oarbon.-,--
W4o. l 4aWlheen developed ? 'Whyi.sir, it has,
been cleglfebown that these MO2l arehanded to-'
gethert draft„ ifixsassiblO,'and that
if drafted, their (Naffs tOihittifiXo:the
upon die first opperfitititi. Vico are these men
thus associated together for dils.nnlavital pur
pose ?,, Are; they iloptiblicans; Or 'are' thetthe
foiloiviireig Wm . : 8., Reed an 'Frank Blights,
whose voices have ben re-echoed from. the
Inge. of those counties; Where they have:de2
dared that "this' is an unjust war—a war
created by,the Abolitionists and negto-worship
pers Of, the Heirth;" 'and hpve at:tempted that it
is no offence' to 'deride the:GoVernment, _that it
is an inherent yight guartinteed .bY'the Candi
d:Rion. Acting under the suggestions of :Birch
leaders e those associations' have . gone on until
they haie adridnatedin the deith . of our citi
zens. These roodiSrn leaders of the Democratic
ptiity.kre - teciaynoiTforwead sof the) putron
saints; while such ~lifoloog Democrats as
aniel 044:Dick inson -anti . John* Ikis t of New
Mirk`, ;Lid ge Holt,'of'Kentucky,%Bellarbin F.
Butler, of Massachusetts, Edwin M. Stanton,
Oudge Knox: land iTtidgePhotoprieys, of .Petritityl
yards, Wright of Indiana, Brough and ,
Tod, of
Ohio, Andy Johnson, of Tennessee, and a host
of others, are excommonalcated from the Demo
cratic party; becaosit they stand on the side of
their 'cOrtatry;' and Wm. , B. Reed, Oeo. M.
Wharton, Geo: W. Biddle and other Whig fos
sils are set up in their places. ;
Wiiiiit hundreds 'and thousands 'of Demo
crate of 1860 have come to the support of the'
Government; there are those who - have as
suinedth he its supporters fOr the purpose of
'getting: into honorable vations—men who
were Suppiged to be, honest In their,profEssions
of loralty and.support of the Government,lnt
who have turned traitors. We haVe. Mr.
Spoaker, just' such' a case in my own ward. 'ln
,1862, one Frederick C.
_,,.. l3 ;ightlY, professing to
it it.
,b wviaemci oWit.:*as nOininated'and elected,
by the Bipublidlnis, tiYlMirliii `bundreditM
jority, to a scat in the select council.' I hive
1 4
no.doßbt Xs, ithTs ,iirlasial, In connection
, Witbpthpf* DA) ineniderdts:in,the.Wpii,d,
deceived t e pioplsrbfilly dilltriet; thus den&on
strating the fact chat'-the rebel sympathizers,
like tilAir pritaclpelieff ;Liqtyleiwilt ;resort to
the grossest`, deception to carry out Weil. dia
bolical designei:.Tet -this' than Brightly, the
better to cover his duplicity, issued a circular
in whichk he Administered the following truth'
ttllilVDemlidritic friends, to`whose' bosom 'lle
has Lbws retuned:- - .
l'lfeannet ablsmy esype tp the; Owing fact,
plain as the noon day sun, that the so-called
leaders of the renweratic party (in this city),
are disloyal in theli• sentiments, false 'to' their
country and their -Government, and ready to
tald the Songterir -trediN6 in --brflaktng•-uP a
Dnion under which we have all "Prospeted.'
, His casedsArk* par with t that somp,of the
Setitliern deserters lirhe- seek our lines, tike
oath of allegiance-th.Nbetter to deceive our
peopleand,after getting all the information
that will he Of service, to the enemy, again de
,sert. So didhe.z4
Mr.'Speaket, "tim Conatitution as -it 45," is
the "harp of a thousand ,strings" which' the
leaders of thaDenwicratio 4 party• have played
'neon ; rind the "peace •Deriaocracy,'-' led by
Fernando Wood; are continually prating about
the accomplishment of peace—a peace that
disniembei this glorious Union; augment
ing the'illieedy largelliabilities of-our GoVern
meat, tax our people for the indebtedness of
the rebel's; (for •ItThsi-"pitpoSed'• do lessuitie the
Confederate, 'debt,/ and. perpetuate slavery-upon
our continent"- Stiehlethepeacethai hislead
ership would bring. Do you.•desire:Andubita-,
bi& proof that the Democratic leaders are giving
aid and borrifort:td the robeld?"- Look ;to. -Eng
land, where: Mum:the rebel agent; in -Lon
.madbwlormal statement te , this effect in
- nietter 'get Septelbei* Mur)LohdoWlimea ;
His Watrthitt 4 ,the'peacei party were`grovir
lug so strong that they' Wefettieltali) to •elect •
Vallandig,hatar in OW abeteroarry NeW YOrk
and. Perinsylvaialall of-which-would Weaken
the cause`of• one Government; andgive streh gth •
to the cause otthSorebelsr•- The isimeAtrgu
rnenfe Were held out to -Mid Sontliernpaople to;
quiettheir clamors about highfpiicevatid etas
• vation f•tdid• 'general . distrust' , • 'brought on
through this accursed rebellion. Mau
i,' 'urged %his friends ttoor. • have: -patience
a little longer, statingrthat the fall elections : la
the NoitfietwStates would; ovettlitowi,the Ha
tional Government. • Dii , yOu? tell me that men
would make'and pnblithy these'statenients, if
there was not an 1-tmtieraiiiiiding between the
rebels•aed•theieNortherri anises the leaders of
, the Deniciditfc party ?Fofyoutnint recollect
that VallaiiElighera Wis'lnl Canada, when.ne
could •Conibilitticate Withotitf restraint to his
friend Maury the' of hin-party.
Talk about passe ! Go , bloc to= the time:.in
-May, 1861, when at Chicago, IllinolsrStepheni
kl - DOuglas, 'too 111 to write hiniself, wrote
thrbugh- his amanuensis to Virgil -Hickok,
: chibinare.of • the Democratic 'State Committee,
the folloWing language: • •
• •
• Pit seems that some_of my islands are unable
to comprehend the cliff4jance between argu
ments ustd. in, favor of.,equitable 'borripromiso
with the hope of averting the horrors of war,
and flame urged in the support of .tho..iabviin
ment and the flag of our countai,:when warli
,being•wage4,_aga . fpat the . United Stites,,viith
the : . avowed, purpose of prndecint, the perma.
neat disruption of thp Union and the . total
etruetion of the Government All .hopes of
comprombiumi,t,h:thecAton Statei were aban
donekwhon they awn:Red the position that the
separation Of thet,lfotpOiaScompletiand final,
and:4d they,never,would.consynkt to 'a tenon struetion,*any conthige4or 7 !-not even if we
Would furnish them with Is:blank .eh*of pa
. .
per nn — di perniit diem toi insetilw their :own
With ; imee ,declarations. before the world,
What have.the leaders of the-Democratic party
done? "Rive thiTCOmo pp to the fall mea
sure bf supptittinitithetientiral Government in
patting: down: thiB,mbelliont,l3. anew**, no..
And so ilre4reematiut Pennsylvania-spoke on
the second "Pieridif eif . oetiller' kit; and bad
Willfani' 11l Reed been The 'edrididirtirof the
fDiailiciiittc party citrennsy!vaniis, as Yellen
rdigbiumwas thetrue mrperrent Jefferson Da
atutirls-hordes Art (ado ; he would hive been
as bad as Wait' Tallandigharn. Nest
alirigaiiiiriet, the' people fir. their" - niajesty will
Armin speak; and at that thin it willbe intones
oft:tkender i cieblartng that this rebellion shall
be put diismAttiliat has nufalrerigy,lieen"doriej
and that Eini itattiot'of 1861,
shill-have the u&V-of - lila -
Xv.,_Spealtni, as I have referred to the late
Stephen A. 'Douglas, let =said What he said
lri,referened to 014 i -duty of patriotic citizens:
"lii vieWof gifts state of facto, there was but
one patb,of dutyleft t 6 patriotic men. It was
not a,partrqueetion Involving partisan policy.
It Was a 9nestion of government-on no govern
ment., CoMitry Or no . corintry; and 'hence it be
came thelcaperative duty of every - Union man
and every Mend of constitutional liberty
to rally to the support gouts common country,
its government and and'its flitg, as the only means
of checking the progress of the revolution and
preserving the Union of the States. •I know of
no mode by .which: a, loyal citizen may so well
dernonatrate his loyalty to his country as by
sustaining the flag, the Conetitutiodend the
Union raider all circumstances and under every
Administintlon; (regardless of party politics,)
against all assaults at home and abroad "
Mr. Speaker, the muse of Clay and Webster
during the administration of General 'Jackson,
in `the dayi of nullification,
presents a noble
and a worthy example to all true patrickte,; and
in our own day, Daniel S. Dickinson and a host
of other patriots have, in the day of our na
tion's trial, given their support to the Govern
alihough they took no part in the elec
tiorf of thoss who now administer it. What a
contrast:with such men ,as .'ernando Wood,
Vallandigham, Reed and other followers, whose
every act has' had for Its object to embarrass .
the Government
My colleague (Mr. &nova) has spoken of this
resolution as extraordinary in its requirement
that persixts . applyilw tir Indemnity shall plOve
their loyalty. srr, if I understand anything
about theleneral laws geverning such cases,
It is the law of every. hind and country-that a
subject claiming• compensation for damages
done by the common enemy must prove his
loyalty and faithfulness to his country or
The same gentleman has also referred in
glowing terms to the opponent of my colleague
(Mr. Wanes.) I would say that be was not
the only one who had worn the uniform of the
Government; whcee loyalty was questioned.
Some who had attained even a higher position
have hem served in the same way;-and if that
candidate was not elected, it was because he
Was NOW iated by the loyalty of a Democratic
district. -
MI? Speaker, the leader's of the Democratic
party bkour city ha's*, ei all occailons, misrep
resented' eat party and attempted to`secure votes
by vietking On the preindices of the foreign vo
ters. I call to the mind of : My colleague on the
other side, of - the House one fact. A newspaper
publishet, in Philadelphia, managed by a Demo
ciat who would have liked to rape
sera tbe:Sixteenth:; Congressional district
of our 'State' s ' (la idriCli„ - however, there were
too many loyal voters' to allow him to do it,)
stated 'a. Vile slander 'against-- me,' and at
tempted: to use ft -tit-defeat me in my desttict.
be rememberatiaat at a pieVious session,
I read in 'plate a bill, %entitled An *act to in--
•cormirate an Emigtation Society; Which em
powered the stockholders, incase of the ab
sconding of a petty before he had paid, all the
advances made by the company, to bring him
back, or if the absconding party gave security
he 'must
.be released. Thil was plecaided
abroad at an application of -the fugitive slave
law to-white men. They`further said .that we
desired "epaulettes for negroes, and . hand
cuffs for Irish and Dutch." WhY, Mr. Speaker,
there was not a section in the bill that'worad
compare in stringency with the powers of mas
ters ender our apprentice system, to bring back
their absconding apprentices, And again, every
man named in the bill as a corporator, with
two exceptions; was an Irishman and a Demo
-mat. And yetthese leaders'of the Democratic
patty, by such vile slandent, would, attempt to
serve their rebel .brethren ,by defeating loyal
. . .
men. .
Mr. Speakerorhat the patriot desires in this
struggle is, not that a party may win, but they
the country may- bereaved; and, if our Demo
cratic, ,leaders ; would_ follow the teachings of
Clay. end 'WOW:el', whom thOY at this time,
profess threvem.E9 much, we might.kust their
;loyalty. But, we hare too many proofs of the
opposite kipd. Who. does pot, remember that
_session, when • Apdrew : Johnson, a ,lOyal
.Democrat of Tennessee, aske4fpr •thlt4se of
this Hall, thathi3g t ig4t k cidaisse-bia fellOw-citi
sans, that Ovilege wear:44MA by tivivetes of
"Democrata÷thank [kid; 'not by all; and when
someone,-IknOw'fibt Who, plaoarded the names
Of thew wlidtbus refined thelikll, some of those
rnaMberagloried is it, jgstifyins., the act, and
claiming.that,. if just such placards is those
were 'Pared in their dif.tricfs, they Would be at
no expoie ' for elebtioneering" purposes Is
there not 'reason Why the - gantlemen• on the
other, sideAwe ♦ so sensitive. - upon the question
of loyalty, 'when We haye. indubitable proof
that their leaders are in Sympathy with the
rebels? • • • • .
MYcolleague (Mr. Basalts) has spoken dis
paragingly of the condition of our commerce
and our manufacturing and 'mechanical opera
tions during this war.. Does not the gentleman
know that at no time in our country's history
have we been so prositerois as now—that 'at no
time have our-mechanics and artisans been bet
tor-remunerated than now? From every work
shop and mill ;we Thearther busy hum of the
spindle. The coned of the hammer and the
anvil ia heard everywhere throughthe country.
And'at no time have workmen in all branches
been better paid: look at our • own - city of
Vhiladeiphia. Heretofore every winter, soup
societies and Charitable essceatiors have been
taxed to their utmost capacity to pro*ide for
the of the indigent. Such is not the
case:now: , -There is not nearly the amount of
destitution that existed in former years.
The gentleman has also spoken of the horrors
of war. Let: rue say, Alr. Speaker, Unit our
people have no taste fir war.
.They.delight iu
the pursuits.of. peace, and deeply pity the de
ludelfpeople of theSonth. They feel the heavy
burdens of taxation:: het they say, " prosecute
this war till the last aimed"rehel expires," '
Sir, I . 116*only: to say that , I Can see no oh
'jectitat whiiiCany loyal..T than . could have to
ooming.forward and preser , ting - hisOlidni latfkir
this resolution; and he who asonokproTe him- .
Self to , be a loyal roan should not reetilve frotir
this Conmonweedth one iota for turf dank* ft
done duriog the raids by the rebels, or by our
own troops. I trust , that when the vote shall .
be taken, there will be a large majority on this.
floor in favor of the adoption of this resolution:
Mr. ORWIG. - Mr. Speaker, I do not pro
pose, on this occasion, to - occupy the time of
the House in anylengthy.: discussion upon this
question. :The resolution simply proposes to
apply the tat of loyalty to a certain class of
clabriants 'egainst the 'CtOvernment. Gentle
men on the other side d =the House:evidently
_domot want that tort applied, and, as a conse
quence, they propose to pay out millions of
public money without discrimination, as well
to disloyal as to loyal claimants. This, Mr.
-Speaker, Is a matter of serious importance to
Ihripeople of this : Commonwealth. In conse
queeme of the several invaslonsof our State by
the re berate:lles, the, people of - the border COllll
- lest much valuable propertf, While, at the
same time,' the people_ of the middle and
northern counties lost much valuable time, es., -
peude.dlarge 81=13 of money and suffered many
hardships, privations and lons to drive these
invaders from our borders.
Now, sir, the gentleman from Franklin; by
the bill which he has presented, proposed to pay
the ,citizens of the border counties for the
losses which they sustained. When the bill
itself comes to be considered in this House, I
shall endeavor to state my objections to it: At
this time we have undee consideration only the
resolution instructing the committee that
has this bill in charge to add to that bill a sec
tion requiring a -proof of the. loyalty of the.
claimants. Now air, It is an unaccountable
thing to me, and it has been a matter. of
surprise to this side of the House generally,
that our friends on the other side of the Hall'
exhibit so much sensiriveneso, and fly into ouch
a terrible passion at the bare propc,sitian that
disloyal men ehould not be paid out of the
treasury of the Commonwealth for kens Which
theyinitained in consequence of their own
acts. rcennot think, sir, that the gentlemen
fairly and. truly represent the great body of the
Democratic party of Fennaylvania: I belieie, sir,
that this occasion hae been seized upon for the
purpose of building up or upholding a totter
ing and crumbling orginazeticm. Ido not
think, sir, than the, constituents of these gen
tlemen who here declare, or openly beast that
they would be excepted 'from the benefits of
this appropriation by the application of this
rule, fairly reyretent thelreatDemoeratie party
_of, 'ennsylvania.
Why, sir, I had the satisfaction myself of ?mir
ing, full two years or more ago, the speech, or at
least part of the speech which was delivered in
this House a few days ago _by the gentleman
from Northumberland (Air. rEilltrf.) And I re
gret exceedingly that that gentleman is not in
his seat to-night; 1 hope be will havevan op
portunity, before this debate closes,,,to reply
to anything I may eay,concerning himself or
his constituency - .
The gentleman from Northumberland has
charged the Republican party with being the
disloyal party—the cause of this unholy and
unrighteono war, and the cause of all the
bloqdsbed and Bettering and aorta* that bate
ratite& from • it. -He 7 boattd that haland
'thaw who' act:with: hini politically; evipseent
the,enly tom and lapel yarty in this Cemmon
wealth. Now, Ni. Speaker, the gentlemanbas
further informed us that he is the edger-of
a Democratic paper in the district whiciehe
represents. I desire, edr, to refer to his issue of
April 19th, 1861—about the perialof the-com
mencement of this war... In that paper he re
,fers approvingly to the resolutions of what he
styles 'a great and enthusiastic 'Democratic
meeibig," at which they
oßesoked, That the rapid developments of
the last five months have rendered the exist
once of the Southern Confederacy a fixed fact,
and that we pre opposed to every form - of Co
ercion, under whatever pretext, of enforcing
law, collecting revenue or re-taking' property
which may lead Ufa -Conflict with the seceded
'States:" ' e•-•
. • ...
This, sir, is a resolution adopted at "a great
and enthusiastic Damps:wile meeting." This,
sir; was the position, at that time, of the
Democratic party, whichrnow,..prides itself as
being, as it claims always .Icr have been, the
great champion of the Constitution of the
union. f these States. , Tlyere,;sir, by "a great
and enthusiastic meeting," they declared the
establishment of the. Southern Confederacy a
fixed-fact and deprecated all efforts on the part
of the National Government to suppress it.
Now, sir, this fialnO..paper—isoued on the
19th of April, 1861 7 -the-feet issue, ,believe,
after. the proclamation cf President Dincoln
calling for seventy. five thousand men to sup
press the rebellion--dees,not contain one letter t
or one syllable . of that proclamation, while at
the same time . yon will flnd, in alretost every
column of that 'paper, displayed in. glowing
capitals, the name of President Davis and the
whole of his prociamations—e:ve4 Word, every
syllable, every letter. -
Now, sir, 'I would ask the gentleman from
Ndrthnmberland, where did he give the in
fluence of his publication? Where did be give
the aid and encouragement and assistance that
he; as a private indtvidnaltmd the,pritollisher
of a newspaper was - pleased to' render 'upon
that trying and important =mien in the-his
tory of our country ? Why, sir, is not the fact
staring us all in the face that he gave his as
sistance and WM:tenets, whatever theee may
have been, to the Bide of the Southern Confed
eracy ? Did he not recognise that arch-rebel
and traitor, Jsfferson Davis, as the lawful
Preshlent of an established government?
. •
It would perhaps be tedious, and .would oc
cupy the time of this House at too greatlength
to follow up the record thatlithkgentlemas hai
made for himself during 'theory: troublesome
which have followed the 'dote.of his
newspaper to which Ihaverefeirred. Suffice it
to.say, that, if you will examine thecaumns
of that paper, and compare the recouithat this
gentleman has made for himself, and' the re
cord that the Democratic party . hi ,that.part of
the State have formed folthernselVea, you will
find that they have adhiyiedlo these Ideas and
pursued that counoY 4 of.:oonduct frcim that day
to this. While the-loyal hearts of this country
were throbbingwigt.tmaiety.*d looking for
ward to the, speedy return of mune of the South
ern States to the 'ad Government, and while
the effort -was ---progrzuen' g rapidly mid en
couragingly in the city of New Orlew„ this
same editor published the follewisg., in his
issue of the twelfth day of this month! .
"Nolmly now appears at the so called-Union
meetings in New Orleans, eat:slat-the Northern
disunion abolitionists, who haveheenorted
to that Stato by Mr. Lincoln: These wretches
(that Is, the Union men of Neeiiliketts) w
earable to the =mires - Of , a:-fierihimdred, and
c all themselves ther.StAttk. of <Lonisleh elect
a 4 r 33lo #P9 l ,,i;ErlltUtlpt- PAGS, •
~~ .. _.~
. !