Evening telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1863-1864, November 29, 1862, Image 1

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The DAILY TELIGILAPH is served to subscri
bers in the City at 6 cents per week. Yearly
subscribers will lie charged $4 00 in advance.
The Tama RAP!! is also published twice a week
(luring the session of the Legislature, and week
ly during the remainder of the year, and fur
nished to subscribers at the following cash,
rates, Viz:
Single subscribers per year Send-Weekly $1 50
Ten 4 .
Twenty "
4 I II
" Weekly
ADVERTISING RATEEL—The following are the
rates for advertising in the TELEGRAPH. Those
having advertising to do will find it convenient
Four lines or less constitute one-half
ire. Eight lines or more than four consti
s a square.
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A‘lnilniatrw lon Notice=, 1 lime a week, six ti
/dun - loge Notices ....
Aud %tor Noi lees .
Funeral N( tleee each In-ertion.... .
or Bnuiness notices inserted in
Column, or before Marriages and Deat
CENTS PER LINE for each insertion.
Business Cabs.
~ L ~ ~} ~ ~
Th's is a First Class Hotel, and located in the contrail
part of the city. It is kept in tho best manner, sod Its
[rearm* w.ll find every accommodation tuba met with In
the best house's in the country. Fe3o-dtt
Allol,l'll P. TEt PS R.
ArouLD roopootlully ititoito hie old
poirowN gun OW ',optic generally, that dt. will
nnalineW In ei vr i net rnetione Alin PIANO lei KU., 11F,
LI If . VII/ LIN :tad Alen in the et,ieere
b • will w plowmen: welt UpOU ,pupal at their
ho:iw al any limit .AelinT,te will lie giver'.
t•Kiiintier, a VoLtril er th
B. 3. El.A.Ritil3,
Tin and Sheet. Iron Ware Manufacturer
always on hand a tall ansorttnon
• •
of rin And .lopuuneo Ware, Clooldrig soil Parlor
Stoves dit the heat anuaulaniurius, UMW- Spinning., Soul
log and GalThlliZeti Irou inettufaiqure I Ltis.l pa t
up at resent:ltalie rates
Repairing promptly attended to.'
HAS removed his Boot and Shoe Store
hum the corner of Second any Walnut streets to,
. .
Next door t Hai nes Agriculture Rtore, where he intends
to keepall kind. 01 Boats a^d Shoes, 14alt,ra, Sze., and al
large Moak or Trento, and everything in hie line of bit-'
sines. and will be thankful to receive the patronage of
hie old cualninora and the public an general at hie new'
plare of bushy"; All kinds of work made to °Nur hi the.
bent style and by superior workmen. Repairing d. he at
abort notice. lapr2rltfl JOHN' It.
At Litiz, Lancaster Co., Pa.
Affords superior advantages for thorough and
accomplished female education. For circulars
and information, apply to
oot18•d3m Principal.
Leek Haven, jersey Shore, Williamsport, Mmt4
ey, Uniontown, Watsontown, Milton,
LeWisburg, Northumberland, 'Sun
bury, 'freverton, Georgetown,
ilykenstown, Millersburg,
Halifax, Dauphin
The Philadelphia Depot b.. n centrally located, the
Drayage VIII be at the Lowest it itou. T e Conductor
gees through with each train to &teen I lo the safe de.
livery Map gouda intrueied to the du!. Goode deliver
ed at the Depot' of
Freed, Ward k Freed, 811 Market str,ot, Philadelphia,
by 6 o'clock, P. E., wii. b., delivered in H arr i s b u rg the
next morning.
Freight Always as Low . as by Any other
Philadelphia au . ' Reading Depot,
oet2l-41tf Foe of Market Street, Harrisburg.
)F the Old Wallower Line respectfully
informs the public that this Old Daily Transporta
tion Line, eke only Wallow-Tr Line now in exist-nod in
tide Cleydle is In ananestal operation and prepared to
carry (might 18 lOW as any other individual line uetwo on
Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Sunbury, Lewisburg, . Wil
liamsport, Jersey Shore, Look Haven and all other points
on the Northern Central, Philadelphia and Erie and • Wil
lbtmaport and Elmira Railroads.
DANL, A. MULINOH, Agent. ,,
Harrisburg, Pa.'
HotShOballt tkthe Ware House of Messrs. Peacock,
Zell f,tilnehman, Nos NM and 810 Market street b 01')
Eightb, by 4 o'clock, P. M., Will falri
HAITI/11MM, reisicV for delivery next morning.
1n the Irtret English Lutheran Church, liarrishurg,
AHD OAST INTO THE rißi."-AttaLt. 3 : 10.
12 00
22 00
There is a seething incongruity in the sum-
Monsl to assemble for, ksgiving in the midst
of civil 1
.. '
war:: ~ -,' I. ~ i 2 ,i'
We lift t
ri Oar Otis kb I lhole abriiad Ili tile
land ; alas 1 what scenes of sorrow and of ruin
meet our view. These are unwonted scenes.
Heretofore we have beheld only peace and pros
perity. Smiling plenty , everywhere greeted
our gaze, and language failed us to describe
the boundless beneficence of the Paternal Hand
that was crowning our life with loving kind
ness and causing our cup to overflow with joy.
We could noLbut exclaim : "Behold the goodness
of God!"
1 00
Now, the first object that strikes our sight,
is the silent sentry, pacing his weary round,
and perpetually reminding us that there is war
in the land. 'Hard by are the hospitals, crowd-.
ed with sick and wounded sufferers, whose lin
gering diseases,. shattered limbs and marred
visages tell a sad tale of wearisome marches,
dreary watchings, ruinous exposure and fear
ful scenes of carnage. Shocking to behold is
the heartless indifference with which the sight .
is now witnessed by the busy throng, when;
corpse upon corpse, rudely boxed near some far
off battle field, is piled up, like merchandise,
right in the pathway of the traveler. A glance,
perhaps, reveals to the passer by, the destina
tion of the precious remains, and the sickening
sight, grown so familiar, is at once forgotten !
Around us, stretched out in Long drawn lines,
we behold the camps of those who have volun
teered "tor the war, "and of thoie who have
been hurried from home by the relentless draft.
In the distance lie the devastated fields and
forsaken firesides of the Old Dominion, once
fair and fruitful and happy, now in ruins.•
0 ! how the heart sickens, as those. fields of
deadly strife rise up before us I Bull's Bun,
Ball's Bluff, Williamsburg, Guyandotte, Shiloh,
Fair Oaks, Cedar Mountain, Perrysville, An
024 c
eR...52 26
1 50
he Local
Is it not enough to make an angel weep?
Those noble men, whose rude graves mark the
theatre of their martyrdom in their beloved
country's cause, u cro lansthrantlii. Atthers,
brothers, eons. For every one that has taloa,.
the sable cloud bee. _voided upou eome &Aunt
home. The support of the aged, the protector
of the young, the heart's treasure of the be
loved, all, all, are smitten down together.
And the fearful havoc still goes on ! We in
voluntarily exclaim, "Rehold the severity of God!'
"0, God, how losigl"
We need,. my dear hearers, under circum
stances like these, to be deeply imbued with the
feeling of profound and reverent submission to
our Heavenly Father's will, and can ne truly
comforted and sustained only Whisi Vre heartily
confide in Him as the supremely wise and bene
volent Arbiter of the destiny of nations. Nay,
when thus cordially resting in the conviction
of the absolute excellence bf:his administration
of the affairs of , the whole world, we can even.
rejoice in the midst of suffering, and truthfully
exclaim, with the Psalmist, "The Lord reigneth,i
leg the people rejoice, and let tha multitude of isles
be glad thereof r
Do you heartily believe in the sovereignty of
God? Do you heartily believe that "he maketh.
the wrath of• man to praise him and restrainethl
the remainder cf wrath?" Are you prepared to:
say, with a patient sufferer of old, "Shall we'
receive good at the hand of God, and shall we,
not receive evil?"
Are we not still receiving good at the hands
of the Lord ? Has he forgotten to be bountiful ?
The ready reply is furnished to our hand in the
proclamation .of the Chief Magistrate of our
Commonwealth, in response to which we are now
here assembled together. He exhorts us to give
unto' God "bumble thanks.that He has been
graciously pleased.to protect our Free Institu
tions and Government, and to keep us froni
Sickness and. Pestilence, and to cause the earth
to bring forth her increase, so that our garners
are choked with the harvest, and to look sq
favorably on the toil of His children, that
Industry has thriven among us, sand Labor had
its reward,and also that He has delivered us front
the hand of our enemies, and filled our officers
and men in the field with &loyal and intrepid
spirit, and given them victory, and that He has
poured out upon us (albeit unworthy) other
great and manifold blessings."
In view of these unmerited tokens of the
Divine goodness, it becomes..us to look up to
our Heavenly Father with humble and thankful
' hearts, and cherish toward him, with unfeigned
reverence,the most sincere and ardent gratitude.
And when, along with all the manifest and
manifold blessings that are poured into our cup
of rejoicing, there are mingled drops of bitter
ness, shall we at once cities our thanksgiving
and take up the language of repining and com
plaint ? " Shall we receive good at the hand of
God, and shall we not receive evil ?" Job
recognized the hand of God as well in the ruin
brought upon him by the meurading bands
and in the simoom of the desert, as in the suc
cess with which the previous labors of his life',
had been crowned. His faith in God sustained '
him in the hour of adversity. So let us also,'
my dear hearers, in further conformity to the'
exhortation of our worthy Governor,"beseech
God to help and govern us in His st eadfast fear
and love, and to.put into our minds good de
sires, so that by His continual help we may
have a right judgment in all things—that, in
these days of national distress and perplexity,
we may not fail to recognize , his hand in the
progress of affairs, and to trust Implicitly that
His ; wisdom and love and power will overrule
all our present troubles, both for our good as a
people, and for the promotion of His own glory.
as the Supreme Ruler of the universe.
Nor was it rithont good reason that our
Chief Magistrate felt himself constrained to
add the exhortation, filet we should "espe
cially pray him to give to Christian churches
grace to hate the thing that is evil, and to
utter the teachings of Truth and Righteous
ness, declaring openly the whole counsel of
God." His meaning here cannot easily be mis
Penns., November 27th, 1862
Whi --- lst in many, instances, the churches o
Christ in our land have delivered themselves
nobly and truthfully.and rightudOsly Avon the
great principles that underlie al l proim human
intero3urae 3 .and,imgnlite a il Worthy human
cOaditol, vltalitY to air amid and
wholesome government ; showing forth the
genius and power of that truth which God has
given to man to be his guide in all the rela
tions of life ;it must be confessed that there
has Keen"a &Wet 'in the land that hat; availed
to seal many lips, and mhke , many, who claimed
to be the servants of God really the servants of
It is sad, indeed, that there should be occa
sion for such an appeal as this ; that despite
the solemn charge and fearful warning, given
to faithful pastors in the divine word, there
should have been found so many who, behold
ing the sword coming upon the land, blew not
the trumpet nor warned the people. Had the
pulpits of the land everywhere fearlessly ut
tered "the teaehing of Truth and Righteous•
ness, declaring openly the whole counsel of
God," there is good reason to believe that the
great cause of our present troubles would long
ere this have dwindled into impotency or been
entirely taken out of the way.
For, can there be any difference of opinion
among intelligent people as to the cause of this
fratricidal war ? There stands the deadly Upas
tree, whose shade blights the soil, whose leaves
are poison, and whose fruit is death. To spread
that shade over all the laud was the manifest
object of those who have brought this war upon
us. To resist this attempt, by the use of only
proper means, was the determination of the
people, as expressed in the choice of our present
beloved President. Beholding, in this majestic
utterance of the national will, which forever
Consigned the institution of slavery to its pre
sent bounds, that it was thereby doomed to
extinction, those who had long been secretly
plotting the dismemberment of our beloved
Country, at once threw off the mask, and at
tempted to plunge the traitorous dagger at the
nation's heart.
Let us heartily thank God that thus far their
efforts have been unsuccessful ! The benignant
Mother, slow .to believe that any of her chtldren
Could act with such base ingratitude, was
- Utterly unprepared to defend herself against
Such an audacious and dastardly attack. .She
seemed, at one time, indeed, to be at their
mercy. But God holds her life too precious to
luffer such an attempt to succeed. She still
ives, and shall live in peace and prosperity
When these, her degenerate and • ungrateful
children, have mouldered in their diehonered
And now, when it has become so perfectly
patent to the observation of every intelligent
.beholder that there is but one great cause of all
our national troubles, and that, with this once
'removed, the way would be opened for peace, harmony
'and untold prosperity, how can we tail to recog
'nize, with devout gratitude to our Heavenly
'Father, the cheering fact, that "the *Laois laid
unto the root of the tree ; and every tree that
bringeth not forth good fruit shall be :hewn
down and cast into the fire." . • •
When these words were first uttered by John
the Baptist, the Jewish people were passing,
tbveouh a groat-.crisis in their history. ! The
long predicted day had .301111 W ow. to.setetiger
had now appeared who was to prepare the way
of the Lord, and these were some of the trumpet
tones wherewith the great forerunner heralded
the approach of. Him who was to come with the
baptism of fire, who would "thoroughly purge
his fluor, and gather his wheat into the garner,
but burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire!.
That was a test period and Christ himself, as the
incarnation of the principle of holiness and
truth, was to be the great touchstone. " Be
hold," said the aged Simeon, "this child is set
for the fall and rising again of many in Israel,
and For a sign which shall be spoken. against ;
(yea, a sword shall pierce through thine own
soul also ;) that the thoughts of many heart a , may
be revealed." "And he took him up is his arms
and blessed God, and said, L ,rd, now lettest
thou thy servant depart in peace, according to
thy word, for mine eyes• have seen thy salva
tion, which thou haat prepared before the face
of all people, a light to lighten the Gentiles,
and the glory of the peopleof Israel."
Thus has it ever been considered a privilege,
by those whose whoselearts were deeply inter
ested in the welfare of our race, to live in tile
midst of the great epochs of history, when
great principles were being tested and the state
ly steppings of the Diety were peculiarly man
ifest amid the movements of human affairs.
Our natioa has already passed one great crisis,
when th e axe was laid at the root of the deadly
Upas tree that then overshadowed this fair
land, and embittered the life of its inhabitants.
That national curse was a foreign despotism ;
" taxation without representation.' Tue blow was
struck am( the tree fell. But great evils die:
hard. Long was the struggle, and fearful ; but
the result was glorious ; and we have ever been
accustomed to regard the triumphant issue of ,
the Revolution as none too dearly bought,:
though the precious blood of our fathers flowed'
like water.
And now we are in the midst of the second
great crisis in our history. No foreign foe,'
indeed, has ventured to assail us. Other naj
dons beheld our unexampled progress in the
career of national greatneesandprosperity with
mingled admiration, and 'fear. More than a
match for the most powerful -in our infancy;
and again in our youth, we have long ceased tu
dread an assault from that quarter. Alas, the ,
blow has now come from within our own bor
ders ; "he that Oath eaten of our bread hatli
lifted up the heel against us." The dreadful
issue has been forced upon us ; there is no evad4
ing it ; the nation mtkt put forth its hand in
self defence. Itis ' for the nation, & questionof life or death, and it must won be decided:
Shall this tree of Szczasion be cut down? Shall
the axe be laid at its root, Stamm ?
This, the great question of the age, is already
partly answered. The axe is already laid at the
root of the tree, add Sturdy blows are already fall
ing thick and fast upon it.
The first effective blow at the root of this
great evil was the abolition of slavery in the Distrid
of Columbia. Too long, alas, were we disgraced
before the civilized world by the toleration of the
sale of human beings under the very shadow of
the National Capitol, Constitutionally prohib
ited from interfering with the domestic institu
tions of the separate States, Congress was com
pelled to look on in silence when men, women
and children were sold like cattle in Maryland
or Virginia. But no such prohibition stood in
the way of the removal of this moral stench
from the precincts of the great temple of liberty.
It was only the fear of those haughty lords, of
the lash, who fur fifty years have been superch
ionsly domineering in our national councils,
that so long postponed this tardy justice. The
reign of chivalrous ruffians, is ended.. The gov
ernment will henceforth be administered after
the manner of a' higher civilization.
This is surely cause for devout thanksgiving
to Almighty God. Let us then thank God this
day and take courage !
Another, effectual blow at the root of this
deadly Upati tree was the President's o'er, sanc
tioned by Congress, to -emancipate, at the national
expense, all the slaves of the, Mates not in rebellion
against the gotteentnenf• '
A 11 9 ,1 me here to rettdnd you with what
prOfound and grateful joy this magnanimous
offer on the part of a truly chivalrous people,
through their beloved Chief Magistrate and
their Representatives in Congress assembled,
was viewed, was welcomed and endorsed by.
the General Synod of our Church, assembled
in Lancaster in May last
Speaking of the rebellion, its causes, &c.,
they use the following language :
Resolved, That it is the deliberate judgment
of this Synod, that the rebellion against the
Constitutional Government of this land is most
wicked in its inception, unjustifiable in its cause,
oppressive in. its aims, and destructive in its
results to the highest interests of morality and
Resolved, That in the suppression of this re
hellion and in the maintenance of the Constitu
tion and the:Union by the sword, we recognize
an unavoidable necessity and a a Lured duty,
which the Government owes to the nation and
to the world, and that therefore we call upon
all our people to lift up holy hands in prayer to
the God of battles, without personal wrath
against the evil doers on the one hand, and
without doubting the righteousness of our cause
on the other, that He would give wisdom to
the President and his counsellors, and success
to the army and navy, that our beloved land
may speedily be . delivered from treason and
Resolved, That while we .recognize this un-,
,happy war as a righteous judgment of God,
Visited upon no because of the individual and
national - sine of which we have been guilty,
we nevertheless 'regard this rebellion as more
immediately the natural result of the continu
ance and spread of domestic slavery in our land,
and therefore hail with unmingled joy the pro
position of our Chief Magistrate, which has
received the sanction of Congress, to extend
aid from the General Government to any State
in which slavery exists, which shall deem fit'to
initiate a system of Constitutional emancipa
How singular an answer to the fervent prayer
Of the wisest and, best of our great statesmen
in the heroic age of the Republic ! •
But by far the severest blow of all was the
President's proclamation, emancipating, as a military
necessity, all the slaves of rebels , on the first of Jan
uarY next.
! "Oh the first day of January,' in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty
three, all persons held as slaves within any
state, or any designated part of a State, the
people whereof shall be in rebellion against the
lJnited States, shall be then, thenceforward and
forever mins !"
The grandest words uttered on this Conti
inent since the. Declaration of. Independence.
To be sure, they were highly ridiculed by
some as a mere paper threat, and of no practi
cal effect whatever. It is somewhat strange,
however, to find these same persons now, as the
time of jubilee for the oppressed draws near,
'bitterly denouncing 'them and demanding
their retraction. Never By the green of, God,
maven I 1 Abraham Igincedn_wouid rather die
'than thus ruthlessly and cowardly turn back
,the index on the dial of human progress and
national disenthrtihnent
Conscientiously convinced that the hand of
God is in these- grand developments, and that
these Moira at the canoe of all our national
troubles are rapidly preparing the way for the
overthrow of the rebellion and the establish
ment of an honorable and permanent peace, I
cannot refrain froni.entunerating them as among
the chief causes for this our annual thanks
giving. •
And why should we not rejoice that the axe
is now laid at the root of the trees, and that
this tree, which has never brought forth good
fruit, is about to be hewn down and cast into
the fire? ; Is there a single redeeming trait iu
the institution of slavery that can cause any
tritalover of his country to desire its preserve
Did the great fathers of the republic admire
it and desire its continuance? flear the voice
of Washington:
" I can only say, that there is not' a man liv
ing, who wishes more sincerely than I do, to
see a plan adopted for the abolition of it:"
And again, "I never mean, unless some parti
cular circumstance should compel me to it, to
possum another slave by purchase ; it being
among my flat wishes to see some plan adopted
by which slavery in this country may be el Olish
ed by law." And again, in writing to Gl n.
Lafayette, he said:—"The benevolence of your
heart, my dear Marquis, is so CODElpi6olld on
all occasiona ' that I never wonder at fresh
proofs of it ; but your late purchase of an estate
in, the colony of Cayenne, with a view of eman
cipating the slaves, is a generous and noble
proof of your humanity. Would to God, a like
spirit might diffuse itself generally into the
Runde of the people of this country."
And I suppose we can all listen without pre
judice, to the voice of Thomas Jefferson, upon
this subject. Ho says, whilst referring to the
struggle for American independence, and the
palpable inconsistency of those who achieved it;
and yet continued to hold their fellow-men in,
" What an incomprehensible machine is man,
who can endure toil, famine, stripes, imprison
ment, and death itself, hi vindication of hisi
own liberty, and the next moment be deaf to
all tame motives whose power suppertgd
him throUgh his trial, and inflict on his fellow
uteri a bondage, one hour of which is fraught
with more misery than ages of that which he
rose in rebellion to, oppose ! Can the liberties
of a nation, be thought secure when we have
removed their only firm basis, a conviction in
the minds of the people that these liberties are
the gift of God ? That they are not to be vio
lated but with his wrath? Indeed, I tremble
for my country when I reflect that God is just ;
that his justice cannot sleep forever; that, con.
eidering numbers, nature, and natural means
only, a revolution of the, heel of fortune, an
exchange of situation, is among possible events;
that it may become probable by sußetnatural
interference. The Almighty has no attribute
which can take side with us hi such a contest.'!
Hear a few words from Patrick Henry : "It
is not. . a little surprising,. that the professors of
Christianity, whose chief excellence 'consists iri
softening, the human heart, in chinishing and
improving its finer feelings, should encourage
a practice., So totally repugnant to the first im
pressions of right and wrong.. 0 * • *
X, believe a time will come when an opportu
nity will be offered to abolish this lamentable
evil., Everything we can do is to improve it,
,it happens in our day; if not, let us trans
mit to our descendants, together with our
slaveo, a pity for their unhappy lot, and an ab
horrence for slavery. It is a debt we owe to
the purity of our religion, to show that' it is at
variance.with that law which warrants slavery:
ss; to? :li,•would, rejoice my very soul, that
every one of my fellevr beinfigmaa etmaaciPabia.
We smilt to lament:and deplore the necessity
of holding our fellow i men j in bondfiga. l!dieve
bonor the;Qoalhers i for their noble
ettorte.to,abolish sIaVORA"..
From Joint BandolPb, ta t Cgngress . "gir t I
envy neither the heart nor the head of " that
man from the north who rites here to defend,
slivery on principle." ,
From Henry Clay: "I am extremely sorry to
hear the Senator from Mississippi say that' he
requires, first the 'extension of the Missouri
Compromise line to the Paciflo, and also that he
is not satisfied with that, but.requires,.if I un
derstawl him correctly, a positive provision for
the admission of slavery south of that line.
And now, sir,Toming from a slave state, as 1
do, I owe, it to myself, I owe it to truth, I owe
itto the subject, to say that no earthly power
could induce me to vote for the Introduction of
slavery where it had not &Aare. existed, either
south or ncirth of that line.. a 0, a So long
art God allows the vital currentto flow through
my veins, I will never l never, never, by word
or thought,, by minder will, aid in admitting
one rood of free territory to everlasting curse
of human bondage 1"
Now whence this abhorrence of slavery, this
spurning of the thought of perpetuating and
propagating it, on the. part of our early and
truly great statesmen? They knew it well and
therefore they despised it. To remove : it, was
hi their heart but beyond their power. It has
unfortunately outlived them ; and, owing to
causes unfOrseen at that day, has acquired a
vitality then little suspected. Ithas 'since been
wielded,• for the basest purposes of demegoguisat
4sd political. chicanery, (by men who have suc
ceeded to their Places, without inheriting either
their talents, their learning, theft.' patriotism
Or their integrity.) . '
In the words of a calm and philosophic ob
server,. who has attentively and impartially l i
F;crainized, from across the sea, the progress of
events in our country, with special reference to
the influence of slavery upon them : 0 "From
the year 1819 down to, the present time,: the
history of the United States has been one re
cord of aggressions by the Slave Power, feebly,
4nd almost allays unsuccessfully, resisted by
the Northern States, and culminating in the
Present war. At the time of the Revolution,
its is well known, slavery was regarded by all
the great founders of the Republic, whether
northern or southern men as essentially an
immoral system ; it was, indeed; recognized by
the Constitution, but only as an exceptional
practice, a local and temporary fact. In the
`unsettled territory then belonging to the Union
fit was by a special ordinance prohibited."
Speaking of its career after the adoption of the
Missouri Compromise, he further says : "It is
Ito be traced through every questionable trans-
Action in foreign and domestic politics in which
;the United States has since taken part—through
'the S..minole war—through the annexation of
lexasthrough the Mexican war—through fil-.
lihustering expeditious under Walker—through
attempts upon Cubk--through the Fugitive
;Slave Law of 1850—through Mr. Clay's Com
promises—through the repudiation of the Mis
souri Compromise so soon as the full results of
that bargain had been reaped—through the
passingof theNe .L brr o lt i a ru bill tr o and the
'squatterlegisl gaativve
establiarmu _iccotli
erifigtity'—through the invasion of Kansas—
through the repudiation of 'squattersovereign
ty' when that principle,had been found unequal
to its purposes; , and lastly, through the Dred
Scott decision and the demand for protec
tion in the territories, pretentious which, if ad
mitted, would have converted the, whole
Union, the Free States no lees than the Terri
tories, into one great domain for slavery."
Such is his estimate of the pernicious' influ
ence of slavery in poisoning the current of our
political life ; and the soundness of these views
is becoming only the, more apparent as the se
cret history of the last forty years is being
more and more fully &aright to light.
Meanwhile this riot of bitterness has been
steadily yielding its loathsome fruit. Good
fruit it never has produced. The most that
can be said in its behalf is that—at the cost of
wasting the soil, corrupting the master, brutal
izing the slave, degrading the poor white popu
lation, obstructing the progreris of education,
of mechanical industry; of arts and sciences,
of religion, of everything, in short, that consti
tutes true national greatness—it may, for a
limited period, upon the same territory, be
made conducive to the pecuniary gain of the
class who keep slaves. And for the sake of
this shall everything else be sacrificed? For
the poor privilege of being lorded over by this
coterie of haughty nabobs, shall this nation
suffer its soil to be wasted, its foreign policy to
be shaped for the ends of injustice and oppres
sion, the development of, its vast resources to
be hindered, a tree press and the free school to
be barred out from vast regions of country so
long protected by its flag, and so large a part
of its population denied the exercise of the
inalienable rights of "life, liberty and the pur
suit of happiness ?" May God forbid it
On this day of Thanksgiving, we do most
devorktly bless his holy name for the prospect
that, through the madness .of those who, for
selfish and sinister purposes, have sought to
rend this nation into fragments, she has been
driven to put forth such violent. efforts to
maintain her integrity as will in all probability
result in ridding her forever from that which
has ever been an approbrium upon her repu
tation among the nations of the earth, and an
incubus upon her development and progress in
the cad eer of national greatneft.
Let us suppose for a moment this war ended,
and slavery, its great cause, taken out of the'
way. What;then ?
A prospect fairly% newildering in its bright
ness rises before us ! We shall be OMB PROPLIC t
And, when a few years shall, have elapsed, and
time has quieted the vehemence of the btorin
now raging, we shall be more truly one, people
than ever before. Then the Constitutional
rights of every citizen will be everywhere re;
spected, and it requires no prophetic eys to be;
hold the era of bounding , prosperity that will
dawn upon us.
' As Pennsylvanians, we can foresee the busy
thousands delving into our mountain sides an 4
swarming about our furnaces and forges, bring
ing forth our iron to construct new railroads
over a vast territory now thrown open to north 4
ern enterprise and industry ; to be manufac,
tared into machinery for tha thousands of fac;
tories that will spring up alongside of the cheer 4
folly and thoroughly cultivated cotton' and
sugar plantations of the disenthralled , south ;
and our coal to be transported thither as the
great Motive power to give life and activity to
those hivea of ingenioirsindustry, and toipropel i
along a thousand streams; an internal com
mace, the like of which , the world has never
witnessed ; and our petroleum, that invaluable,
ever gushing fountain of wealth for our glorious
old Commonwealth, to illuminate the south and
the rent of mankind !
Batiet us Trot feast our eyes, , selfishly, upoti
our own eithilerating prospect, as Pennsylvaf
rihurs. When this war shall have done its sad
work and its salutary fruits begin' to appear
the whole landi will be rejuvenated, and most
of all that very portion of it which heretofore
!,o its own hurt, cherished the blighting =0
&The Slitiki Wirer, by 3. E. Carnes, P. 21
of Slavery. The traveler, as he ., zurses down
the Ohio river, will no longer wltatill the
strange contrast of thrift and plank' , on his
right hand, with negligence and dilapidation
upon his left. The same prosperity will then ,
smile upon Kentucky that has made such a
gaiden of Ohio. Speech and the press will' be
as free in South Carolina as in Massachusetts.
The colporteur as he seeks out the children of
the Sandlaillers andCorncrackers will be as free
frclm molestation, though his speech do betray
his northern nativity, as be is now among the
Scandinavians of the great Northwest.
Full of hope that such will be the glorious
issue of the present struggle, let us in compli
ance with the concluding appeal of the procla
mation that has summoned us together,
Inuit heartily entreat Him [our Heavenly Fa
ther] to bestow upon our civil rulers wisdom
and earnestness in council, and upon our mill
tally leaders zeal and vigor in action, that the
fires of rebellion may be quenched—that we,
being armed with His defence, may be preserv
ed from all perils—and that hereafter our peo
ple, living in peace and quietness, may, from
generation to generation, reap the abundant
fruits of mercy, and, with joy and thankful
ness, praise and magnify his Holy name.—
From our Morning Edition
On Saturday last an expedition left Yorktown
consisting of three gunboats and a force of slx
hundred of the Eleventh Maine regiment.—
They returned yesterday, after having scouted
ten miles beyond Mobjark B iy, where they de
stroyed an extensive and valuable salt works.
Last Tuesday our pickets near Williamsburg
captured eight rebels, which were sent to Fort
ress Monroe.
A flag of truce leaves here early to morrow
morning for City Point to bring down Union
prisoners, in charge of Capt. Jeo. E. Murntord, -
of the Third New York.
From the Army of the Potomac•
Completion of the Acquia Creek
November 28.
The railroad from Aqui& Creek was com
pleted yesterday, and a locomotive came down
this forenoon. Supplies will be received by
rail henceforward.
The enemy are industriously engaged in ex
tending. and strengthening their earth works
in the rear and to the right and telt of Freder
icksburg. Their operations are distinctly visi
ble through glasses from our signal stations.
No movements of importance have taken
place for several days, but a reconnoissance is
said to be in progress, which promises hnpor
tau 1 results.
The Rebels Attempt to take the City.
On Tuesday, some 4,000 rebels under com
mand of Brig. Gen. Martin, attempted to drive
in our pickets and take the city. They ad
vanced on the Trent road from Pollocksville,
and succeeded in driving, after a brisk skir
mish, the pickets a short distance. Some 800
of them them marched through the wood
seven miles to capture two companies of the
24th Massachusetts, stationed at Batcheldore's
creek on the railroad.
The rebels met with a hot reception, and
were defeated in their attempts, falling back in
disorder, an retreating on double quick. The
rebels thought to take us unawares, but Col.
John Kurtz, our efficient Provost Marshal, then
in command of the, port, was prepare d at all
points. Desertions from the rebel army are
quite frequent ; fifteen came iu on the 16th.
Very little demand for flour, prices steady
sales of 26,000 bushels at $6 12 for superfine ;
$6 50 for western extra, and $7 120,7 16 for
extra family. Receipts and stocks light. No
change for rye flour or corn meal. There is
very little demand for wheat, and only 6,000
bushels at $1 41®1 43 for Pennsylvania red,
and $1 47 for amber and souchern. Small
sales of rye at 96c. Corn active and 8,000
bushels of yellow sold at 73c. Oats steady at
0®43. Cotton dull at 47. Clover seed
active and 1,000 bushels sold at $6 25@,6 50.
No change in timothy or flaxseed. Provisions
inactive—sales of mess pork at 13c.; 500 bbls.
whisky sold at 40c.
Cotton steady at 65i®66ets. Flour dull ;
Sales of 10,000 barrels. Wheat steady ; 60-
000 bushels sold at $1 15®1 23 for Chicago
spring, $1 21®8 60 for" Milwaukie Club, • and
$1 36@,1 40 for red. Corn dull ; sales 90,000
bushels at 69®78c. for western, ss®6B for
eastern, and 69®60 for unsound. Pork quiet';
Lard steady. Whisky dull at 30c. Receipts
of flour 63,043 barrels. Wheat 23,349 bushels.
Corn 82,143 bushels.
New York Money Market.
Sterling exchange dull. Stoats lower and
dull. Illinois Central Railroad 78c.; Illinois
Central bonds $1.07 ; Michigan Southern .82-k r ;
New YoF,Ic Central $,l 011 ; Pennsylvania coal
$1 11e ; Missouri Ainerican gOld
291e.- '
Tennessee 6s 64c.; Ohio's $1 06 ; Trea
sury 7 3-109; $1 On demand notes 211 c.;
Unikdititstes Coupon 60,:1881, ,11
NEWBEBS, Nov. 21
Nzw Yong, Nov. 28.
Nzw , Yam, Nov, 28