The agitator. (Wellsborough, Tioga County, Pa.) 1854-1865, November 09, 1854, Image 1

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    For the Agitator.
*T uw.-K.-jp.jpH'vUls,-
Ouse then, Cease-than flry tonij'Wring mfgfc'tf#
suMmeFaftUenrjirttfe, ‘
Chapgbot lhß,reqitem of onh hud?,. nor with thy
. sr volce, deride 1,., . 1 ‘ ;>'4
We Ichow out flowers, lift not their cups, hnraiping
' withfenra of • ,■
W«'Wow tbeirfWfffe fords n 6 bend for IB*
-Ut. igun’s lastkiss. ■ • T’' 1
Then hush thy'grieving, hollow voice, earth begs
Uie boon of pc*oe» - •.. - .... : •
than hash thy'wtfiem wild and itrebg, and let Ihy
" anger cease ! .
The forest groans In direst'wo, when thy spirit
•rashes past, . . ’ * 1
The mountain's pride Us proud head ooWt, Snomiss.
Ive to the blast■ ,a -l
The squirrel haunts thy ahado no ihoro,«torißgi(g
winter food, . , . _ ,
The mourner’s heart hugs close its woe, and o’er Us
sorrow broods,'
Then cesse thy moaning, hollow cry, then will not
let me rest, ■ •
Earth baa enough of thee aud thine—thy spirit is
not blest!
Through mountain glens where human ear bears
not thy clarion ring —
Through deserts lone, where man is not, there let
thy frensy sing!
Up tolha cloud-capt-eyrie climb, where the eagle
builds her nest,
Her car defies the storm’s loud voice, her, eye the
the lightnings lest ’
Then hush thy grieving, hollow moan, earth begs
the boon of peace.
Stay, stay tby anthem wild and strong and let,thy
fury cease.
The sad and weary ones of earth heed not thy voice
The memories of other days, sadden, 0, autumn
The leaves of life lie withered round, but memory
is just—
A monitor amid lift’s storms, one who betrays no
0. cease thou then thy hollow moan, 0 grieving au-
tumn wind
We have enough of saddened thought, of memories
unkind !
From the New York Tribune,
Rights above Alma, Sep’.. 21, ’54
The order in whicn our army advanced
was in columns of brigades in deploying dis
lances, our left prolecied by a line of skir
mishers of cavalry and of horse artilery.—
Tne advantage of ihe formalion was, ihatonr
arms, m case of a slrong allack from caval
n and infuniry on ihe left or rear, could as
sume Ihe form of a hollow square, with ihe
baggage in ihe center. Our great object was
to gain the right of tne position, so lhat our
attacking parlies could De sheltered by the
vertical fire of ihe fleet.
We had, in fact, altered our base of opera
lions.. As we marched forward 10 Boulj.mak,
we allowed me enemv to deprive us of our
old basis of operations, in order that wo
might gel a new one. For this purpose ihe
baggage was brought up and covered by the
•lih Division and the Cossacks were allowed
to syeep the country in our rear far behind
us Our new principle, in fact, was lo open
communication wilh our fleets, and, as far as
possible, obtain their material and moral aid.
In advancing toward t,he sea obliquely, on
the morning of ihe I9lh, we wore met by 17
souadrnns of cavalry, deplored lo meet our
tiandful of horse, and it was necessary to
make a demonstration of artillery and infant
rv to extricate oir men from the difficulty
into which they had been plunged by advan
cing 100 far in front of their supports. How
ever, the enemy were driven back by our
puns, which made beautiful practice, and the
cavalry maintained their ground, having reti
red in splendid order belore a force which
refused lo meet them when they might have
none so, bv a charge down from the elevated
position ibev occupied, wilh a fair chance of
an encoumer ere our artillery could come up.
Uu- line of march on the 20th, as I havd
saic was toward Ihe right of our former
base, and brought us in contact wilh Ihe
i rcnch left under Prince Napoleon, it being
understood lhat Sir DeLacy Evans f s divi
sior., on our extreme right, should act in
concert with lhat of his Imperial Highness the
Prince, which was of course furlherest from
ine see As soon ns we had ascertained the
nosmon ol our allies accurately, the whole
line, exlending itself across the champaign
country for some five or six miles, advanced.
A: the distance of two miles we halted (o ob
tain a lillle lime to gather up our rear, and
liter the iroops steadily advanced in grand
lines like the waves of the ocean, with our
left frittered away as it were into a foam of
skirmishers under Colonel Lawrence and
Motor Norcott of Ihe Rifle Brigade, 2d Bat
talion. covered by squadrons of the lllh and
btr hussars, and'portions of The 4th, 13th
Light. Dragoons, and 17lh Lancers. This
'lnis was,a sight of inexpressible grandeur,
and for Ihe first ttmeone was struck wilh the
splendid appeatance of our infantry in lino
in me distance. Red is the color after all,
and tne white slashings of the breast of the
coat and the cross-belts, though rendering
a man conspicuous enough, give him an ap
pearance of size which other uniforms do
not produce. The dark French columns on
our right looked very small compared to our
battalions, though we knew they were quite
as sirong; bat the marching of our allies,
hdon as they'were with all their packs, ita.,
was wonderful—the pace at which they Went,
was really f‘ biHiog,” It was observable,
too, mat our jUaff was more conspicuous and
more numerous than the staff of our brave
friends. Nothing strikes Ihe eye at such a
distance as a cocked hat and bunch of while
cock's feathers, and several of our best offi
cers very wisely doffed the latter adornment,
thinking that they were quite conspicuous
enough by their advanced position on horse
back nod by the number of their staff around
them. , , ,
The scheme of operations concerted bo*
'ween the generals, and chiefly'suggested to
Wd Raglan r st was said, by MM..Marshal (
S*. Arnaud and Gen. Canrobert, was, -that
the French and Turks on our right were ta
rce lhe passage of the river, a rivulet of the
Alma, and establish themselves on the hights
over the stream at the opposite side, so that
that they could enfilade the position to their
right and opposite t 0 QUr ) 0 (i centre . The;
Al > ia\ tortuous little stream, which has
workeo 1 its-way down through a red clay
soil, deepening its course as it proceeds sea*
wares, ond which drains thd steppe like lands:
on us right bank, making at times
eddies to deep to be forded, though It can
' j~ »i Jiiyat , aaiae^gj^
t• ■ 1
r:l - t
'' ! ■ :■> bsm tWiimsWl nit , . j.ii n.- ... - ...,....
Hi''§oßßj Uam fw* »!«•) tw*b «JW»t*Mf*nHW ‘ "'
aitnifi !■: ?».•.) . ; . L, '. L'l_l n
-t-rn-r ■ (i-*uoa* fcohot^
YiOJL.uUw . fl „ft
sdrrteliriieS at
accbraihft la .
At'the t'ladS'wftefe’tlte tuYt’of ihe'feriilsK’
right-side, iWp’Siw Three' lb
six and. tight
where the' FfeltcH- 'ifia Viriits are,
generally' mrufe*fabva neii' 1 dtfrvla of
The river on
right oV n’dVjh 'ba’hlt hf the'Atnia J aVe a num
ber of Tarfbt; at.'limes’ nbmerqua arid.'
close o'fifiablialfina.
Karatel. 1 al c times'
scattered wtdeUpb'rl mlillld'vibeyaria“ suW :
rounded hy mud or ih'rcd'
feet ill’ bigfi(.'. , '*i*h§’ > bridgj ’over wiilch’ lhV
post read palsies io‘ Islvasib- 11
pol runs tidse' lb, 6be of .’hamlets—a
village, in fdctj dr Some ,'l'fiis
village is' bpp?oae}?ed J from - tiie north’
road winding rtitougli " a plain nearlylevel
till it comes near 1 to, 'the' village,where the’
ground dips, db’tljkt'at the disiancepf three
hundred yards k rfiaWpA hdrsebaclk'can hard'.
ly see the lopS of" the and more eleVa,
led houses, and'canfably ascertain ihV’pbsj 1 .
lion of the slfeatqhy the willows "and vbf
dure’alnng its'Batiks. At ‘the left or south
side of the Alma) the ground assumes it very'
different character-—smooth where lh’e bank
is deep, and greatly elevated' where the
shelve of the Bank occur?, it recedes for a
few yards at a rhoderbte bight nbove’lhe
stream, pierte'd here pnd there by I he course
of the winter's (bVrehls, ’so as to for m'Small
ravines, commanded,‘however, by the (lights
above. It was on ihse upper’hights that the
strength of the Russian.posiiion consisted.
A remarkable ridge ctf mountain, varying 1 in
bight from 500 jp 700 feel, runs along the'
course of the Alina dn’ the letl of'sbuth side'
with the course bf the stream, and aSs'iimlpg
the form of cliffs when close to the sen’,' This
ridge is marked all along its course by deep
gullies which run toward tho river (it various
angles, and serve no doubt to carry off the
floods produced by the fains and the melting
of the winter snows on the hills and table*
1 lands above. At the top of the ridges) be
i tween the gullies, the Russians had erected
earth-work batteries, mounted with 32 lb.
and 24 lb. brass guns, supported by nume
rous field pieces and howitzers. These guns
enfiladed the .tops of the ravines parallel to
them, or. swept (hem to the base, while the
whole of the sides up which an enemy, ,una ;
ble to stand the direct fire of the batteries
would be forced, to' ascend, were filled wiijh
masses of skirmishers armed with ariexccl
lenl two-groove rifle, throwing a large solid
• conical ball, with force, at 700 and 800 yd's
as the French learnt to their cost. The
principal battery consisted of an earthwork
of the form of two sides of a triangle, with
the apex pointed toward the bridge, and the
sides covering both sides of the stream, cor
responding with the the river below
it, at the distance of 1,000 yards, while, with
a fair elevation, tho 32 pounders threw, as
we saw very often, beyond Jhp houses of the
village to the distance of 1,400 and 1,500
yards. This was constructed on the brow of
a hill about 600 feel above the river, bufthe
hill rose behind it for another 50 feet before it
dipped away toward the road. The accent
of the hill was enfiladed by the fire of three
batteries of earthwork on the right, and,by
another on the left, and these batteries wpre
equally capable of covering the village, the
stream, and the slopes, which, led up the Ijill
to (heir position. In the first battery were
13 32 pounder brass guns of exquisite work
manship,’which only (did, 100 welli In tbit,
other batteries some $5 guns fa all., It
was said the Russians had 10D guns on ..the
hills and 40,000 man (40 battalions of infant
ry, 1,000 strong each of the 16ib, 31st,'32d
and 52d regiments.) Wo were opposed
principally to the 13th and 32d regimepls,
judging by the number of dead in front of us.
I have been able to ascertain by whom they
were commanded, but there is a general re
port that -Menchikoff commanded the army
In chief, and that the loft was under Gortcha
koff, a relative of the diplomatist, and ’that
the right was under *Bodahofr,-the military
Governor-of Sevastopol.!* -Ifis-alsaaffirmed
that Ihe carriage of MonohikofT was taken,-
iand in itiwas found n copymf*the'-
addressed to the Emperor,‘in which’'the:
Prince staled lhal'4o,ooo men-might take Se
vastopol, but that 80,000 men could be held
in check for weeks by-the position al Alma;
Largo masses of cavalry,-principaliy.lonocVs'
and heavy dragoons, maneuvered on the-hills
on tho right of the Russians, and at last de
scended the hills, crossed the stream,and
threatened our lef and rear'. As we came
neor the river our left wing was thrown'back
in order to support our small force of caval
ry, and a portion of our artillery was push*
ed forwnrd in the same direction. Oof dan
ger in this respect Was detected -by the quick'
eye of Sir George Brown,-and I hehrd -him
give the order jbr the movement of llje nrlil*
lery almost*as soon as ho caught sight'bfthe
enemy’s cavalry, and justaawe were coming'' l
to the village. , As J have) already
1 plan of operations wasjbailfif iffeqdJi abtyild
[ establish themselves under lifefire.o'f the guns
■on the bights on the extreme pi .‘the enemy’s
left. When, that aUack was eje*
vefoped, and had met wiiji success, thq flrtl.
ish army was to force, (he, fight, apd part of.
the center, of, the Russian (positloq, niidthe,
day was gained. When wq were about three
mites front the village, the preneh efeamers
ran as close as they could to the bluff of the
shore at the south.side of the Alma, pndpres.
eotly we saw them shelling the heiglijs in
splendid style, the'shells'
enemy’s squares and batteries, and'filially
**"'■ ———■* *» »lifx.’C' h.«ffiM»-yn t_> _jlm
JTdi'Wd %*!s
j tye 1 S!/attf J 8efi tflfe eVCrthe 1 batf
jlefiefc Sr ih^ 1 eiieAy ) °Snd K bi/raYing>>right’<info
I lHeW*J”dfe&^lhWtt s ¥h^ i, Wack I 'WSsdeTS inside thei
I tiibfts'Rrofttnhtfl* 1 which'' flew'
iabotft'|6 £(f Idirfectionsj4hl 1 dirfectionsj4hl! i, whetl the: smoke’
j dte : art*s 'a'wa'y 1 there’’weft t: teme to" he 1 been
!slrbwefl'fivef‘tfie : grcWhtli-' Russians So
ls weredthß'sbtp!l bUt : WithoOt:
j effect . " Vuird)ril •wbtf l btdwfl'up' , By
;a‘Pi l etfi!l) ijielTJ Wofßer'irhelllfell hyncclddtft
I ibid’ oil' nirnbirecafle Which’ hos
t pr3pared* J Tor' ihe‘¥d VincingkFremillf, •anthWC
|la4i they ilftwiofi t JVam''ih‘6 l SttrJsitle
jffn3dHHeiV^fioVW ; ib'ihb : dbfeftfe«f'iWgilHi«»
apd highls, bevorfdMHS'firo l '6rWe l lttßW-gUWJ
jof 'ib'd' At' I 1 o*clhck we saW-Ify;
idliitnnS'siVbggllng •UpMh’C’ hiJls,co\<-
e?ed by if' ’cloutP’dP skirmishers-’whose' fii4
jseiiWecf'tndkt ’(fetidly? (We,'at the"slghl of
a e fhf#m</brag > Was» r '6f' Russian 'infantry, to a
[ cdjViVßandjng fired
rail'd 9bl't’eys ; among IheW.'He -French’-pa it's*
ed, but’ir'wtia'oAly (b collettfheir ! skf nYiishers
for nsiooriW (Hey ‘VaVi ifji
thei h|!I hi'lhe'pai‘deWbr‘ffe, and broke I ho
Russmfrs'at once, who fled- in disorder with
loss'; up the hill. We could see men drop
ying ob‘Both sides, and (he wounded rolling
down thesteep. At 1:50, our lino of skir
mishers got within range of (he battery on
the hi li,’an'dith mediately iho 1 Russians open*
ed' i- firent 1,200' yards with effect, the shot
(dotting through ! lhe open Hites of the Rifle
hjen ,“6 HH-fijH in g'into the’ advancing columns
beHitW ere this lime dense Volumes
ofeSiHdke^rSSe'frotii-’the ■'rive'r, and drifted'
along foifiW-’east ward,’’rather-interfering with'
the View of thd Cnefny on the left of otirposi-’
|ion: 1 The’Russians'had set the village on
fire. ;, lt »'aS a fair exerCiseof militaryskiil
.—wits well executed—'rbOk'placekarifte right
lime.-bnd’ shccecded in occasioning a good
deal oTannoyance,- Our troops halted when
they neared this-village,'their-left-extending
beyond it by the verge'of the stream; our
right behind the burning cottages, and within
(■ange of the batteries. It is said the Rus
sians had taken the range of all the pricipal
point in (heir front, and placed twigs and
sticks to mark them. In this they were as
sisted by the post sign-boards on the road.
The Russians opened a furious fire on the
whole of our line, but the French had not yet
made progress enough to justify us in advan
cing: Tli4 round Shot Whizzed in every di
rection, 'dashing up the din and sand into the
faces of the staff of Lord Raglan, who were
also’*shelled severely, and 'attracted much of
the'enemy’S’ fire." Sltll Lord Raglan waited
patiently' for the development of the French
attack.’ At length' an "Aiddo-Gamp entne to
him and Reported that the'Freneh had cros
sed llid 'Alma,* hut they bad net established
them sufficiently to justify us in an attack.
The infantry werd, therefore, ordered to lie
down, and" the army-for a short lime was
quite passive, only that our artillery poured
forth an unceasing fire of shell, rockets and
round shot, which plowed through the Rus
sians and caused them great Ibss. -They did
not Waver, however; and replied to our artil
lery manftiily, I Heir shot falling among' our
mdn as they lay, and carrying off legs and
arms at eVe'ry round. Lord Raglan-at lust
became weary of 1 this inactivity—his Spirit
was op—he looked around and saw men on
whom he knew he might stake the honorand
fute'df Great'Britain by his' Side, and antici
pating'a Hide in the military point J of view
the crisis of aelion, he gaveorders for our
whole line’to advance. Up rose these -scried
massfes, and passing through ft fearful shower
oF round, case shot and shell, they dashed
into the Alma"; and “'floundered”-through its
wafers, which were literally, lorn into foam
by th 6 deadly hail. Ai the'olher side of the
HvCr were' a' ndrnber of vineyards, and to
our surprise they were occupied by Russian
riflemen. Three of the staff were hero shot
down, but led by Lord 'Ragtun in person,
they advanced, cheering on (he men.' And
now came 1 he turning point of Iho bqllle, in
which Lord RnglarV, by his sagacity and
military skill, probably secured the'victory
at a smaller Sacrifice than'would havebeen
mlhetkvise'lhe CaSe'.' '■ He dashed-' over the
bridge; ’by' ,! his®staff-"'Prom' Iho
rbadTotierU,’’ ifoddf IheßusSianguns, he saw
ib# -: SfafH > dnhe' a'cfloii:''-Thd ‘British— line,"
-which Was'strum
"gling fhfSu'gh The river n'hd uprthe highls in'
masses, Rrm-todeed, h(i( mowed 'down' bythe
.-murderous fire of the batteries, and by grape;
round shot, shell, canister, case shot, anti
musketry j-from SornCbf the guns'of the cert*
itral battery, and from'an imtWcnse-aTtdmorrt-'
pact mass of.Rilssiarf infantry- Then
mdhcetf otic of tile most bloody and deter
mined struggles in the annals of war. The
2d Division, led by Sir D. Evans in the most
dashing manner, crossed ihe stream on the
right. The 7th FusSjlcers, led by Col. Yea,
Were swept'd6'fert;Kymflies. -‘'The'ssth; 80th‘
-atitf9&li, !! led by lfrigJ PennefalhCr, who was
•in the' thfikest oft he' fighf; Cheering'dn'hls
Lined; Stgaln 'and again Were'checked indeed,
■buf 'nevbrdrcw back' irrfbeir onward 'progress
whfch r wa%‘rtiarScd by'ti flbrcb'rqjl of Minnie
■pruakefryf, and ‘ Brigadier ‘Adtims,'wilh the
41st; 47th and 4dih, Bravely charged up'the
hillitorfd aided theth in r the bafilo. ,T ' Sir Geo.
JJrown.’ cciSsplctious oh a gitfy httrte; tode in
ftpifl ofhia Light Diviiion. urging them With
.voi'eb, atrd’ gdstnre." Gallant fellows!"they
! were wollHy pfsach n ! gallant chief. The
j by one-half, fell, btfelf to
reform thefr columns lost for the lime’; the
28d, wilh eight officer* dead and four Woun J
ded. weto still rushing to the aided hy
,lha Meemlj,. Tlbirty-third, Setienly-seVehlh
1 IS *• ip»to»
, ‘-MY, aA^|'nj^W"J?i
■ (airs jfeiVsyjfr
alysed for a njo.o^nU,
; ° n J ha right pf.,itia, i | J igf)i,
Brigade of Highl»nders,»Qrft- storming-, thei
hitoftigi on' the left. j. : Their ! 'lmo' MwriirtJsil
I®, regulaV i 'ns' ; wbt'fe'Tn •’BVfW’
grope rushedjhrougoMrom-tMJeriibT&.bi)Me4
ry and
ned their fnont jfelflJ*
the Russia ns ,'Va v 6 rtfl asith?? t ’wb‘f6HiiJr
' positTbri'. '
mass or Russia l ti' , fh%ffl(y*^#? l^o^ii, fiTBi i jfffif : '
down toward th& btSftVy. ’’TfVefhWeir'T
wqs the ’crisis of t>o~d|jl.*'
and solidjjhey 1 1 90k^d^as' * P IhW fe'irtPcU
out of the solid reck’." It was’ Geytinti’dobtjP
that if.ou; in(untrVj nafrassed'andl tinned'?)£'
■ L ' .• • . •'? *T iy . ; i ■’'l!'(* I.V.rili.v.
they were go[ into lne - Wj|t e wpuJd bays,
to encounter again
they were, ill ,ca|cu(aied e lo,
lan saw the difficulties slliialion..' ’H?
asked if it would be possibly to get a,couple,
of. guns to bear on thgsa piqssys, Ijhe reply
was “ Yes,” and an Aftillepy jomcer, Vybose
name I do not know,bfnugh|-up two.gups ; to
lire oa the Russian squares. 1 The,firgl.shot
missed, but the nest;..and. ihenext.andlho
next cm through the ranks, tojcleqnly and so
keenly, that a clear lane could. be seen for .a
mbment through thp square.;’ After a few
rounds the columns of .the square became
broken, wavered to and'fro,brake,aed.fled
over the brow of Ihe hill; loaviqg-bebiudthem;
six distinct lines of‘dead, lying, as close as
possible 10 each other,’-making the passaga of
the fatal messengers; - ' ‘This act relieved our
infantry of a deadly incubus, and theycon
tinned thejc,mngnifice^ jv^g£P S3
up (he hill. The tlukajencqiifaged ms men
by voice and exdmple; arid proved, himself
worthy of his proud commands, aod-.-of the
royal race from which he icomesi'--**. High
landers,” said Sir C. Campbell, ere they camb
to the charge, “I am going to ask'a favor of
you; it is, that you’will act so as to justify
me in asking iho permission of the Queen for
you to wear a bonnet! 'Don’t pull a trigger
till you’re within a yard of the Russians!”
They charged, and well they obeyed their
chieftain’s wish ; Sir Colin Campbell had his
horse shot under him, but his mOntdok the
battery at a bound. The Russians rushed
-out. and lefumutiliuddS 6f‘ dead ■’behind' themr ■
The’Guards' had stopmed’ right 'of the
battery ere ihV Highlanders ijot inlo'the left 1 , '
and it is said fhVScofjfT’iiS'ileef’Gunrds were
the first’to enter. The Second nnd'Liigbr
Dragoons crowned "the (rights. The French
turned the guns on the hil(_against Iho (tying
masses, which .the qavalry in vain tried to
cover. A few faint struggles from the scat
tered infantry, n few rounds 01 cannon and
musketry, and the enemy fled to the south
east, leaving three generals, drums, three
guns, 700 prisoners, and 4,000 wounded be
hind them. The battle of Alma was won.
It is won with;? loss of nearlyS.OOO killed
and wounded on our side. The list will ap
pear in a few days. The. Russians’ retreat
was covered by their cavplry, but if we had
had an adequate force- we could have captur
ed many guns arid multitudes of prisoners.
The Will of a I*«tt Passenger.
Mr. Gale? of Worcester, Mass.; who, with
his wife and only child;- waslost'by the sink'-
ing of the Artie, left a will'with a friend be
fore starting for Europe. Afler'certain leg
acies to friends and relative, he bequeathed
the residue of his'property ioAvife and child,
or children ; if his wife "should surVive’ him,'
but no child or children,'then all his properly
goes to her. The VVorceslet 1 Transcript
says: * .
It will be remembered that they were in the
boat which, capsizing while being lowered,
all in the boat were precipitated into the sen
and perished, except Mrs. Gale, who clung
shrieking to the thwarts, ana was drawn into
the steamer again. - hfr.' Gale was seen, as
lie was swept.'nway by the waves, with the
child in his'arms.
Where relatives thus perish, "by Thcf sama.
casually, ajtd interesting, ques}io j g t ,ijl)vtjy
ises, its to the one who rnayjje qgnstderedijiq
survivor of the other, t’he Roman- la\v *ah
wa^”enieHalfte(f(l)is ;
s’overarV^soli^nW iT i'
child, perished first; if an adult, that hbau’r-*'
vived (he old and feebler Tire.’' presumption
of our own law is.rather that, where no spe
cial circumstanees-ate-proved, all are sup,
posed to have perished together. But in the
present case, iho infant, from its Comparative
weakness, must clearly be supposed to have
perished before the father who bore it in his
arms in the last death struggle, and, from,
what facts have been related; Mrs. Gale would
seem to have been, for a brief and terrible
'period; the survivor and heiress of her hus
band and Son, from whom her relatives would
inherit/ m • ' !•-> • -',i i-w c '.t, '
‘ . -r - - ..
How TO-OET RlO OF..MopfitqiXOES.Trt'lih
oil or essence of. Pennyroyal, (tha oil- is, the
best,) sprinkled around -the rpom, T pnd. over
the bed clothes, 4o,.,bed,..ha
ybeen found ip answer, admirably in correct;,
ing these rowdy insects of their., calithutnp-_.
ian and bill sticking propensities.. It is a
'Volatile anicle„and - therefore can do uo inju
ry to tho .clothes, wl}ile tbe aromatic flavor
is by no means disagreeable.
Tom and Joe were talking over their trav--
els together, when Tom asked—
“ Were you ever in Greece I”
‘•No, but I fell into ft thundering big tub
pf soap once.”
* Ttt’b' Printer's Money
I- 1 Hhi Wsf rtfo.’YA
mmS W waf ftiebiUri'
wai bylih^ilefeHd
. .os rerv -fr. I.:.
v> oppenr m Disown
Jcfe^ence*^: y ' :U *
'• Jfh wqfmufwm 4/tet-S.HR w s '
I VJf * JBftiefMiMLSPßi repiervd,
| felWPk.lnS.-defSpdqnl
# , a dvaO!.
1 IfgeL/rS'Pfntly^
His “ summing up” pTwljiph i wp,pt§>bj6-:tp,
giyq qqo;)y-,a verbaivn., rppod.'Vijjfc- ike qx
ceplioq of, lhef‘ Q&tijlg r ”. wqg deej<M!y-,jicb,i
njudvaosussmant,fomihe .legal
geoiiemefti The ieft., wjio Js
smalb redifaaired, thlnspecimea of.a.,Yankee,.
waaindiciei/oc nn assault-and,-battery .on
one.' MrVu Qpdder. / .Tho<,facia, aa jdivulged
upon triah are-briefly Is-foliowS de.
fendant- is in Iheeroploy of iho Mongaup Val
lby ; Forreslburg and Jervis Plank Road Com
pany as A (otl-gaihfefervaod-resides oil the
road-, soilnre mtleSubovß Port Jervis.- Heatfd
the tbrnpldlnantj-M.
bors. ; '
On a Sflrtday in- February last, the defend
ant saw complainant, iri tfre act of beating,
his (deft’s) cows along thb highway, & as an
inducement for him' to- kprit,'burled a 'few
stones at him, one bfwhich.hs the complain
ant testified, sfruck him oh the' back of the
neck. :i ■ 1 •.
Tbe ; testimony bdi rig Concluded, the defend
ant addressed Ihe jury “rts'follows : ' ‘
" of ■Alfe Unity;—f dbii’t ftpoW
much 1 a bout taW, an'Tkince tho'lnal lias been
going on I'Rave co'ricTiided ‘thaij! ought frf
know a little more. I lcAipologise per
haps for,oppearing In’my owa defence., and
will do so by telling you i)ial I feed one law
yer, and hired another in this case r but.they
both come up missing when I need them most.
I suppose 1 might have secured the services
of some of these other “ limbs of the law,”
that 1 see oround me, but having been chea<
led by two of-’em, 1 concluded to go it ’on
my own hook,” and here I am 1 1 want to
tell you; gentlemen, before I go farther, lhal
it is not my fault that this case is here taking
up the lime of this honorable court. I think
you will give me credit for telling the truth,
when Isay that it'ought to have been tried
before a Justice of the Peace, if being better
adapted to tho capacities of such a court,
ihnri of this one. After this difficulty Dodder
did'gel a'wnfrsnt for'me from Squifo Cud
deback, over in De'erpark. He then charged
1 hat I had instilled him, but five or six rhombs
has freshened his recolleclion, and ha now
says that I assaulted and battered him, 1 be
lieve there is some diffidence between the two
Dodder says he swore loathe complaint be
fore Squire Cuddeback, and 1 leave it for you
to say whether he tells the truth now in say
ing that 1 battered him. 1 was taken by a
constable before the Squire, and either be
cause (he Justice was ashamed of what he
had already done, or hadn’t time to attend to
it, 1 don’t know which, it went down. Two
or three weeks after that I was arrested again,
and my wife having been confined, 1 thought
it best as a dutiful husband, to be around hum,
so 1 got rid of it by giving security for my
.appearance tp (Jourt.
You know gentleman that I am in the em
ploy -of the Wongaltp -Valley,-Forrestburg
and Port Jervis Plank - Road Company as a
gate keeper. This company it seems had
sufficient-confidence in my integrity and hon
esty as to place me in that important station,
and- ever! if I should receive 83,000 and
steal 81,5(f0 of it, that’s between me and the
compariy, and it's none of Dodder’s business.
Now when the company sent me up along
'litis road'to co|Tecf tolls, this'Dodder was one
of thb inhabitants that I found there, in the
woods, and I will snv for him that he is a ve
ry fair specimen of the rest of the popula
tion, but there isn't any of them that seem to
appreciate all the benefits of this Plank
,Rpn4.’ , ’ , , •
It lot out to civilization, a class of people
wfio nfever before realized the idea lhal there
was such a thing, as civilised life, and this
TJoddar. is-ona-of them.. It is a-facl that,sport,
Wiar..l.[qpved there,.ayouog woman, 17 years
oldycum-dpwaoufof ihQ) mountains^on the
'Plahk- Roach one day, and said she had never
-been oufbefore. - She fnirly seemed surprised
to see a whilo mon, and after- asking 0 few
questions, wenf back info, the- woods, .This
Dodder was my nearest neighbor, and a good
deal nearer than I wanted'him, and I hadn’t
been-lhera long- before 4 -.heard' ha'had been
lying about me to one of the Directors, and -I
sooh fourtd out that he wanted to gel his son;
who was sworn here ngainst'mo, in my plafce.
' But he hjsn’l done it yct,Shd if you don’t
convict mo, I reckon he woVt vefy soon.
tt won’t take long to dispose of Dodder No.
.2, ‘ He testifies that he saw "fne throw three
stones,at his’ fatherland- saw jhe bid man
dodge,”' X)n.)tis, l cirpgB-wqjpFqajipn''Ji9' says.
I own hopse,, jjj the wqofis,
and had to, look ovot aJtfil.lwenly .feel high,
>n4nlso^yeA4htepBrah-feqepft^o4 4 tivo.*lpqe
. Walls, ltl , ~ . »; r-. r-'. -f.y ivviv.-.. -
Well, if he tells, Iho Itgil), all I lhat I
had young Dodder’seyes. Ho is certainly a
remarkable, boy,,and can't consistently deny
bis “ father." ~
I am willing to admit that I done wrong to
throw stones at-Doddcr; and I apologize to all
the wdrld and this county, particularly, for it.
Tbs Doctors tell usthkt'ihorearo twp nausea
,for all diseases, predisposition snd ekcitabili
ty; 1-think it was the latter cause that moved
ma to stone Dodder. 1-therefore confess my
self guilty of -tha assault, btrt tha battery, 1
dsny; ,: arid if yocpflhd me gtilhy of tha bat*.
lery, I will appeal from the decision to the
Court of High Heaven itself before 1 wiltsub
i saw JTr/Dodder and
' I ]>iiH «wea t ifi^hBt'mS. : 'T'kkked him a
grrafhnlnytiueitionij’kfad Ifcasidiry to heav
!h!^M?4'r a d >cl-' Tinfflirhave asked
. htm^ift Iti 11Cmy^cat, "and if’he
| thick WatTifd *bftlcdV ca nV’flhfl theit 1 stay
| lfi’ciih'; s 6tirih'l knew'ho would
r (tehy «, And ft : Wbuld r jrieVft me to hear him.
■ He Wottis theft he wan driving my three cows
up the Wad,. and.ihftt heVkrntk hi one of’em,
but says'it wds’WiihttSmall switch. 1 have
provfedh'Wattfiii switch 'Wash pole' about 10
reetfoßg J /and aboUt '3 inche»ecfoBB the bun
end, and J( hayfc also proved that when ho'
boW ftlh -11 ji' frne
; couldn’t’ the' atieVliit’her.iia *a*
' | so Tdr afTfhiit take the together,'
and we f can‘gufeVa (! tKe rest, 'Tfyqii, geqtjef*
hfhn, r should aeb nfitf*pdihfa gon at a'rrionißjnd
pull thotflgger', Sep thoflish andfiear thefei
port, add at ihe"same'time see the man drop,
I ihifili you woiird ’say that I shot • him, al*
though you rrtight tibt See the ball strike him.
Now,“the Tact is; gentlemen, thit o'ne Son*
dSy[ I 'Was thy Idiinge id my house,
when rnywifesaitltd me 'that Dodder- wan
chasing my tows. 'I juniped up and pulled
drfmy boofsTrind 1 went out of’doors, and saw
Dodder and the cows'comlng- up the road.' It
is true he says hfc was not driving them but
says he and the cows were both going along
the road in one direction, and this Was ao
near as f could get him to The cows or (he
' truth, but it is proved that the cows were go*
ihg ahead of him, and he was following alter
them, with' this little switch, 10 feof long, 8
inchfes across the butt and I reckon you’ll
think he was “ driving” them. 1 sung out
To him, “ Dodder, stop!” but he didn’t obey
my order, and I just threw a stone in that di
rection, which went about 10 feel over his
head; at the|same time going toward him,
while he wSs going towards me. He paid no
attention, and I pong out again, 11 Doddor,
slop !’’ still he didn’t mind me, and then I just
threw another stone, but on he came, and on
I.went, and I threw the third stone, which ha
says hit him in the back of the neck, but
which I think is rather strange, ap we were
goingtbwtfrds each other as fast as wo could
go,"but he never slacked' up, and by this time
we were within about eight feel of each Other.
I halted ahdJtollered at the top of my voice.
Dodder, why in — l ‘don’t you stop I”
about then he did stop, and raise this 10 foot
switch, as if to strike me, —I sang out —“ Mr.
Dodder, You may wollup my
cows, but if you wollup tne with that switch,
you’ll wollup an animal that’ll hook !” [Hera
the orator -made an appropriate gesture of
the head, as in the act of hooking, which was
followed with tumul luous shouts and Isugh*
ter, that continued several minutes.]
Now, gentlemen, if you convict me this
Court can fine me §250 and jug me for six
months, and if you really think 1 ought to be
convicted of this assault, say so, for I am in
favor of living up to the laws, as long as they
are laws, whether it is the Fugitivei3lave;Laiv,
the Nebraska Bill or the Excise Laws. I
will rend you a little law, however, which I
have just seen in a book I found here—(the
speaker hare picked up a law book and rend
as follows:) “ Every man has a right to de
fend himself from personal violence.’’ Now
I don’t know whether that is law or not, but
1 find it in a law book. [A veteran member of
the bar who was silling near the speaker, re
marked to him that it was good law.] Well,
gentlemen, here is an old man, who looks as
if he might know something, and ha says this
is good law. Now if you will turn to Bar
bour something, page 399, you’ll find that the
same doctrine is applied to cattle—(great
laughter.) Therefore I lake it, I had a right
to defend my cows against Dodder’s 10 foot
switch. ’ Why gentlemen, nearly all my
wealth is invested in them three cows, and
you can’t wonder that I became a little exci
ted when I saw Dodder switching them with
his 10 fqot pole. lam a poor man and havo
a large family, consisting of a wife and six
children, which I reckon is doing pretty well
for as small a man as I am, 1 could not af
ford to lei Dodder kill my cows!
Now, gentlemen, I don’t believe you’ll con
vict me, afar what 1 said. But if you
do, and this Court fines*Tnej $250, “ 1 shall
repudiate,” because “ can’t pay.” And if I’m
jugged for six months, why these Dodder’s
will have it all their owrf way up there. But
notwithstanding all this/1 am willing to risk
myself in your hands, add if you think I ought
to have stood by and npl done anything, when
I saw Dodder hammering my cows, why then
1 am “ gone in,” toll gate and all.
It Is true, I am a poor man, but not a mean
one. Thennme of Allorlon can be traced to
ihe May Flower /■ when.she landed the pil
grims on Plymouth Rock, among the passen
gers was a widow,‘Mary Allerton, with four
fatherless children, and I am descended from
that Puritan stock j and from that day to this,
there has never Jived an Allerlop who hadn’t
Yankee spirit enough 1° sIO P a Doddor for
poling his cows. Ftndonc. (Herelhe laugh
ing and. shouting were exceedingly boister
ous, in which all participated, and it was
several minutes, despite the repealed cries of
order, order,” by the court, before order
could be restored. Our eloquent and usually
unvanquishabe District Altorny, fearing to
cope with so formidable an antagonist mere
ly remarked ; It ia a plain case,” &0., and
left it to the jury, who promptly brought in a
verdict of Not Guilty.” Mr. Allerton cer
tainly deserves judicial promotion, and we
move that he be appointed Crier of the Court.)
Cincinnati HI. E. Conference on
Cincinnati, Oct, 5,1864.
The following report upon (he subject of
slavery was presented to tfie Conference this
afternoon, by the committee which was ap
pointed last week".' This committee which
consisted of J. B. Benlecou, David Reed,
Wesley Row.o,E,tK West D. H. Lawton,
T. D. Crow, M. Dustin, A. Lowrey end Cy,
rus Brooks, ,
In regard to slavery, as practised in the
D. S. we cannot belter express our views than
in the language of the the Confer*
once of, 1785. Thai language is i «|o
hold in fhe deepest abhorrence the pracype op
slavery, and shall not cease to seek its,
slruction by. .all...wise and prudent means. -
And your committee cannot but regard it: w