The agitator. (Wellsborough, Tioga County, Pa.) 1854-1865, July 13, 1854, Image 1

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ao.tatur is published every Thursday Mmu
:Xz"'t z“,,i “^"4V'r£S'
£ str/etly adWFo. AWr mil **•«"*"*
,j un/it ooid /or, unless at the opium of tA« Jffitor.
Ryflen Copies, 8161
ADT«T. BB Hmi« be intend at 81 per »««orf.
«/foIr le « lines or loss,) for lA«>r« or lAree can
ekLe Jnscrtibns, and 25 cents] for every subse-
Z„ilie. Yearly advertisemenU inserted at a rea
ionaile discount on the foregoing iatet. ■
IT Transient advertising payable m tucance.
O' All letters must be past.paiq. __
(Late Graves* Hotel.)
3 nno 8,1854. P. jP. CLEAVER,. Proprietor.
IT Removed to James Lowrof a Office,
■tx. r LA\V, will »Uortd tbe Courts of Potter
and McKean counties
Wellsborough, Feb. 1,1853.
JOHN ivTbSbe, j
A LAW—Office, north Pt)blis Squarfe,
\Vcllsborough, Tl. j sr
Refers to Messrs. Phelps,Dodge fit
nityj HonvA. July 13,
xx LAW.—MI business entrusted toirif care
Will ecelvc prompt attention. Oflice the same as
occupied by K. G. White, Esq. July 13 t *54.
DEALERS in Watches, Clucks, Sil
ver Ware, jewelry and Fancy otKxl- u ,
Books, glalionery, &x BiWa
•tT Particular attention paid to repairing Clocks,
Watches and Jewelry. All work warranted. it
Wellsborough, July 13,1854,
Italian and American Mai’blc,
ICr' Entifb satisfaction will always be given
July 13. 1854-1 y.
(Successor to Roy (y Sotitld, )
DEALER in Stoves, Tin, Copper and
Sheet-Iron Ware. Sale Room, one door essl
of J. R, Bowen's Store. WcHstioro\ Jaly 1.4, '54.
JTMIL subscriber would inforni llie publiic
A Uiai he has purchased tiro large and comroom
ous house lately occupied by E. M. Bodine, on the
corner of Main street and lire Stale Road, and will
be able to accommodate all who may favor him
with a call. The house is newly fitted up in a style
Ibal is unsurpassed by any other in the county. It
U kept strictly as a Temperance house.
Wellsboro 1 , July 13. 1854. DAVID HART.
Carriage 4c- Wagon Manufac
npuncc to hi& friends and
.public generally, that liq is
the above business on Orafym immediately
in the rear of J. R. Bowen's store, whore ne
pared to manufacture on short notice,
Carriages, Buggies, Sulkies,
of anv stvle or description to suit the purchaser,
and of the very best materials. All kinds pf re
pairing done forthwith and on the moat reasonable
iv execuled in the host manner and most- fash
lonable style.
v Any jobs oi repairs, making or repairing Elliptic
Springs, Horse Shoeing, in short, all kinds of Work
done in llie best manner and warrantee
Wellsborn, 1 July 13, ’54 HENRY PETRIE.
A GROWL would announce to the cit'i
• zens or Tioga county, that he has associated
with him a partner, and the business will be con
ducted under the firm of A. Growl &. Co. They
will continue at the old stand, in Wcllsborough,
to manufacture to order and keep on hanc,
Buggy* Lumber Wagons,
which for style, durability and elegance of finish,
cannot be surpassed by any other similar establish*
Cienl in llie courrtrv
Workmen of celebrity are engaged, and the best
materials used expressly in all the manufacturing
departments of this establishment Persons send
me orders may rest assured of having them cxecu*
edl to their entire satisfaction, and finished in every
particular the same as though thev* attended m per*
REPAIRING done as usual, with neatness and
/M/.Y77.VG of all kinds done on the shortest
notice, and most reasonable lernu
O’All kinds of merchantable produce (deliver*
cd. rccivcd in exchange for work, at the market
pnci A. GROWL & CO.
Julr 13. 1855
THE sutxcriber takes pleasure in announ
cing to his old patrons “and the rest of man
kind," that he is still carrying on tht -
In all ns branches, at his old Stand, near the Wells
borouph Academy.
His work is manufactured from the best
of materials, and all those who favor him with a
cal. may rely upon obtaining articles which for
TY, aro second to none in the market.
He will endeavor to keep on hand all articles of
Pier, Centre, paid, Breakfast Sf Dining Tables,
Frcncb, Collage & Common Bedsteads,
Mahogany. Maple and Common Bureaus,
Dress, Light, Work, df Wash Stands.
Person* wishing any articles nol on hand will be
eupalied lo order.
COFFINS of every variety on short notice.
Chairs! Chairs 5
in connection with the above he would elate that
ne has just received from the best factories in the
counij’ a large and well selected assortment of
Rockers of various patterns , which will
be sold on reasonable terms. D. STDRROCK.
Wcllsborough, July 14, 1854.
Worth Seeing:!
THE splendid assortment of Goods that
llie subscribers are now daily receiving is
worth a call to exarhinc. They have jusl
“reed from New York with the largest aisoft
,, ™ ® r y Goods, including Ladies’ Dress Goods,
S* ever offered in this country,and an. are
requested u, caU and examine then), whether'they
to Ltess &V“ L T ° enUmcrate srlicJca would
be useless to wumipt. A person inspection dan
July 13.1854, , JQNE3 ROB.
X 4 for (ftle by (June 33.] V. CASE, *
M’. H. C(
, Y»n<
faring frier
. Acting frit
Seeking lo f
Xliey mi
Hating no
But forbeai
Tims 11
Ha>lh coni
' Is of Viltli
One soft wo
Is worth'
If thmi' v.
Eel thy
. I have fell am
Human col,
Ev’ry bosom n
Not on oyc '
Still my heart
Glad when oi
And my eyes a
'At the eight ol iV Ji-
Ajh; bo kind—no secret
For our happinesS like this;
Kindly hearts are 1 ye Mom sad ones,
Blessing ever litmgetli bliss !
Lend a helping hand to others,
Smile though allMe world should frown,
Man is man, we alrare*brotbers,
Black or white, <£>ed or brown,
Man is man, thj-origjitll gradations,
little recks it Whflfe it stands,
God’s image is impßUed npon him, a
Scattered over mviy lands;
Man is man by form and feature,
Man by vice and virtue too,
Man is all one oanikgbu nature,
Speaks and bindsjjJS brothers true.
We happened, not Cotig ago, lb sit at a win
dow and see a parcel-of workmen begin io
lay ihe foundation for Crow of bouses; Ina
short lime we were l&le to distinguish the
relative position of thi parties at Work.
They were all Irish. IThe contractor was
always busy moving from place to plaC©, -1
with a plumel in his hind, and occasionally
referring to afriraft whii R he, held in his hand.
It was' easy to see lha; ig.ll the worH. he did ;
ina day would not hi n a child. Next .to
him came the mason. He had sometimes a
heavy stone to lift, bul his job was It nice
one, and had no work .10 do to hurt, him'. - ’
oome the man vvl ityas
king mortar. not hard nof
very dlstrgreeacte' - Sdr s ftiet ti“wa's‘uiie ifiair, -
apparently older that all the others, who had
no skill, andhpon him fell the gainful task of
wheeling the heavy stone, down an inclined
plain, into the cellar. We know that when
night came, his body must have been com
pletely exhausted.
Of these workmen the contractor, no doubt
received the highest compensation, the mason
next, the mortar maker next, and the laborer
the least of all. So much fur having a little
It is common tiling for a person in straigh
tened circumstances to make every member
,of the family earn something. The fat her
I works at his trade, the mother takes in sew
! mg, and the boys are taken away from school
i to stand in stores, or something of the kind,
I for (wo dojlors per week. This is all very
i well, except in the cause of the boys. To
i ihera a woful injury is dene. They up
i to manhood without having any regular em
| ployment, and being without education, must
* be compelled to be underlings all their lives.
On the other hand, if the parents, duly
impressed wjlb importance of education,
i are willing to forego a temporary gain,'and
| give their boys a sound common education,
| the final reward is almost invariably a source
of great pride and gratification. The boy,
after leaving school, goes for a short time to
a teacher of Book-keeping and Accounts, and
he is then fully prepared to be. a merchant
pn his own small capital, if he can raise any,
lor he can keep the accounts of others. We
will contrast cases of a very common occur
rence : Two women are left widows in such
poverty that they arc obliged to work for
their living. Each Ims a son twelve or thir
teen years old. One wadis a petty situation
for her boy, and obtains (a small assistance
therefrom. The other works the harder,
keeps her boy .n't school, fallowing the course
marked out above. One boy grows to man
hood, still the receiver of petty wages, and
often out of a situation. The other having
education and skill, obtains a situation, and
having the confidence of his employer, bolds
it, and is gradually promoted. It soon be
comes unnecessary for his mother to labor,
und finally she has the v gratificnlion of finding
her son, with the manners and habits of a
gentleman, in a dorydition to support her in her
old' ago, in a style of comparative ease and
affluence. It is from the class of men raised
in this way, tl at many of our most solid
merchants have been taken.
It- is to be re greiled that these truths ore
not more widelj diffused, for it- is really piti-
able t<S ! -seo the number of hangers-on upon
society, as revested whenever an .advertise
ment is pat inja paper that somebody 1 tS won
ted to perform some service. A-mdst rep re
hensible confenpt for manual labor is one
cause of this." A set of fellows are content
Jo the world in the boost misers
ble the hope of living on places
where they cat always be dressed 'up like
gentlemen. I’l ey turn with horror front the
idea of wearing' the check shirt of the me-
ohatiic. Therf is surely something vOry
morbid in : publi: sentiment whte aljch Opin
ions prevail tosach an extent atfHhey do now.
Send your c lildren to school I Let them
all be skilled- m something or other. Divhbt
be afraid that if ypu all. lake this advicethete'
will be nobody eft to fill the officespf/pelty
salesmen and' srland ‘this cites of
poof slaves will always-be Iprgoen'ough, if
idly, •
made uplperely.'pf 'those wfid cannot help
themselves. 'lJ3nn- mah of action;
dem poweijjjap|oHh|a thousand
on and- | Strain every nervJ*
iryfltv -reaHyMove your. eons, to,
make ;s\lre thtit tbel{Sfe?itheir:faak iiiihei
„ ’..Sb*',’’. "* 1 ''' .J|
io man v •
6f deed; :
rvisjr, ■' 1 ■
creed.- •
peace *
Vusc.-, ' . .
men bad,/
,by. brother, ,
j4ight •
'w, biller.,. •
tsChe jrorld,
len, . •
.•nrle'd; /
less teeming,'
pte glad,
indetn ‘ ’i
w -;
*ls bben riecojnntended pnthe
■ground ih&tojie mayperhapscuierjtainapgds
say be courteous to
'lhroUgh .forgetfulness ■ ! pr
neglem, you miy jomjt. so mo persons I who
have Ireafpi yburklhdly. 1 ; Whbiji we
never' saw may have perfdrriied.'gqod oifices
to, us. through strangers. We may jhave
reaped .benefits in utter ignorance oCihetif.
•author. If ,we ore nor habitually rogardfijT;
and polite,-it may happen, that in word $
act, by private speech, or in the .popular print,
we may,inflict-a- wound upon one who has
done us signal good, ;, for it is not those) with
whom we are most intimate,.who are syre to
ser veils best. «
■ A poQporphap boy. named ,Theodore
was years' otfwhen he attracted
the police bf tf gentleman of fortune and dis-
was fond of indulging a fancy
:one it was-rof doing good 'fay
stealth, and' s rnaking people happy tvithoul
diaclgsiat&the authof pfthe bepefactiop; Ho
causecdfn^young lad dft be well clothed, sent
* ''erywfo educated at a col
' 'me p distinguished scho
!e at tbis. time to pane
ls generous friend.; .His
.paid, and .he himself
irfomically, supplied with
I j but he could only see
3 work. It may be well
til to. thank him from the
. thousand times, for he
i|ratftude was not among
Trade.- j
most, that he did after
;t, was (o pen a virulent
mtlemon, who happened
a cause against which
xW 'i, .leodore frequented j was
Theodore was
id be to hold% sharp pen ; he
was piicned upon to deal
ihxi a. v -Hb to"b meant
time hot'acquainted with the merits>of th%
was to assault, he knew*nothing
except shat he was a celebrated man and most
persons spoke well of him. That was of no
consequence, however; his wit .npd satire
were agifl intended doubtless not to be neglec
ted, as their possessors generally think; so
he lent himself tq the infliction of foul slander
on one he did not know.
The effect of this truculent attack was
considerable ; for poison w*|l have its opera
tion, by whatever hand and on whatever per
son it shall be administered.' An anonymous
libel, like a musket ball is equally destructive,
whether the trigger be pulled by n child or a
man; by hired assassin, or a mistaken man
of honor. The charges in this case had a
certain effect at first, but afterwards exposed,
and proved entirely false.
Two years after this, as Theodore was
sitting one morning in his office, he received
a letter inviting him to call at No. —, in
street, at 12 o’clock the next day. He did
so and was then informed by the executor of
, the excellent man whom he had igno
rantly traduced, that he had left him a lega
cy oT five thousand dollars, accompanied
with words of encouragement to persevere in
his honorable coarse of honest industry-and
generous hopes. He was further cut to the
heart to learn from the papers of the departed,
that it Ws he also that took the orphan from
the gutter, and befriended him as long as he
lived, and whose affectionate kindness death
itself had been unable to extinguish.
These disclosures suqk down into his heart
and rankled there forever. His guilty secret
was fell at times during all his days, aching
like an unhealed wound. He went from the
executor of his second father an altered man,
and made a resolution, wihch'he always reli
giously kept, never to speak ill again of a
man lie did not know. This was the self l
covenant of Theodore. It: should be ours ;
otherwise be may be found as ha was, spitting
venom on our best earthly friend and bene
factor. And we would add to this the advice
not to speak harshly of one we know, unless
we-are certain he deserves the censure, and
that it will not produce more harm than good.
Thank heaven! the orphans’ father of the
present narrative never suspected iVho his se
cret accuser was, and was therefore saved
that severest of all wounds—the sling of in
’■ ■‘**~ l ’ ’T^**! '* •*1 •*?•?■ .~.’3 ~ J>3 ! 1 *>'>■. /i''''.-'!.' |> •■■’> ■ '■" V*?:■ ’ • L '*-'! "'!
, 4 1
A li .1
/•* o‘i' •»
:-i V' \'
»«a tprapmit at awitfs »tfaww.
■ ov
“Turn Over and Oblige.” —We find a
capital anecdote going the rounds without
credit, of a merchant entering his store in the
morning and finding hie boy Bobby attempt
ing-to'throw all sorts of somersets, and kick
ing up as great a rumpus as the clown in a
traveling circus. “ What tire you abouti?”
asks the merchant, looking astonished at the
wjld evolutions of the boy. “Obligin’ my
g W), sir,” replied the almost exhausted youth.
“ She’s writ me a luscious letter, and- at the
bottom of the page says : 'Turn :over and
oblige,’ and I’ve been goin’ it for mor’n half
an hour.” • ' - - "
Mr. Pickles wants to. know jf.the “ blush
of Morn,” told of by the-poets in gilt, edged:
hooka, is anything like the blush'pfa girl.
We are quite upa|ble to ariswfer Mri Piokles. '
A countrit individual who waft caught in
the water wheel of a saw mill,- says he in
lends Wlipply for a pension as ho is a surkK
vof of the Rovdlutioh; . ■ ■ - 1 n
Tttß nHOtNKINO br wispdMi”'
AY MORSISG, JULY 13, 1884.
wiry tile- liegislatare Should! En.
.;'f t act the ITluino Law* '
owes protection to a 1 coun-
IryVindustry, and is bound to guard the
rights of the people. These hftfse-
MflHp infringed upon and damaged jby the
IgjSplfaffic! Neal Dow paid'at the Chinese
i®*m, a short time, singe,’'that, the:'entire
host to Penhsyivanlafof the Rum
direct and indirect; Was Wi' less than
every year. But suppose it is
but nalf -this sum, it is reason enough why
ouf legislature should interpose and | relieve
us attlhis'Oppressive burden. ■ .'
is bound ip. guard (lie pub, by all necessary sanitary tegula,
Qur groggeries are pest-houses, ecat-
and death through the comma
?njtyi£ They are the fruitful source of dropsy,
diseased livers, quick consumption, apoplexy,
gftUtyfovers, and other diseases too numerous
to mention.
. 3.ia the duly of Government toipcovide
for the personal safety of its subjects!. Rum*
shops spread a snare into which :man!y fall,to
(heiranjury and ruin. The youbgmfe temp
ted omd taken ; fathers are enticed from (heir
fam||||k, and become, by' the ■ intoxicating
and a curse to them {"and crimes
ofemy sort and degree aro committed under
the maddening influence of strong drink.
Said’the late Chief-Justice Parsons, “ I.have
long in the habit of hearing crimi-
ail grades refer all their- miseries to
intethperance, that I have ceased to ask then/
the qnuse of their ruin." Hugh Maxwell,
Esq.l’tif New York'city, has stated, “ theft of
the twenty cases of murder tried by him,
whild'Troseculing Attorney, every one was
caused by intemperance.” Government ought
to protect the personal safety of the people.
VYe have a right also to urge upon our
Legislature the enactment of fne Maine Law
for life following reasons: /
1. Tjie license system hf
der eyery modification, Ipi
fifty years, and the evils
increasing upon us, /
2. Our grog-shops are impoverishing, de
moralizing, and have not a single redeeming
feature about them.
3. They cost sober people vast sums'in
the way of charily to miserable inebriates
and their families. ' '*• 7
4. Their suppression is ardently desired
bv many drinking men. They want tempta-.
uui ur merr way. .
5. They destroy the peace and happiness
of lens of thousands of families.
6. They burden the country with enor
mous taxes.
7. They destroy physical energies and in
lellectual strength.
8. They are cancers upon the body politic
plague spots which ought to be suppressed.
Public Ledger.
The Irish Soldier.
Frederick of Prussia, bad a mania for
enlisting gigantic soldiers into the “ Royal
Guards,’’ and paid an enormouk bounty to his
recruiting officers for gelling them. One day
a recruiting sergeant chanced to spy a Hiber
nian who was at least seven feel high, he ac
costed him in English, and proposed that he
should enlist. The idea of a military life,
and a large bounty, so delighted Patricjt, that
he at once consented.
“ But,”said the sergeant, “ unless you can
speak German, the king will not give you so
“Och, and bb jabers,” said the Irishman,
it’s I that don’t know a word of German.”
“ But said the sergeant, “ three words will
be sufficient, and these you can learn in a short
time. The king knows every man in the
Guards, and as quick as he sees you ho will
ride up (6 you and ask you three questions;
first, his majesty will ask you how old- you
are. You will say twenty-seven —next, how
long have you been in service; you must
reply three weeks—finally, if you are pro
vided with clothes and rations ; answer both.”
Patrick soon learned to pronounce his an
swers but never dreamed of learning the
questions; ‘ In three weeks he appeared before
the king in review. His majesty rode up to
him ; Paddy stepped forward “ present arms.”
“\Bow old are you !" said the king.
“Three weeks,” said the Irishman.
“ How long have you been in service ?”
askejl his majesty.”
“ t’wenty-seven years.”
“ Am I or you a fool ?” roared (he king.
“Both,” replied Pat, who was instantly
taken to the guard-house.
i - JnsC got Married. ,
So, young lady, you’ve just got married,
and you want to make a show I You desire
to convince your early companions and your
present-, associates that you made a good
match, and'in order to do ihis you will di
recllh ip your dally policy, and indirectly in
your customary talk, make them believe that
he it a-' great deal “ better off” than he is.
you must have marble mantles and’aapestry
carpets, and then you want a piarlo, upon
which ypu don’t know how fo piay, simply
because your old friend Sophia has got one,,
and a thousand other costly articles must be
obtained, all to gratify your ,vanity. Your
poor husband gratifies your desires to the ex
lent of his abilities, says he cpnnprdp'more - ,
and then you become sulky, pout, leave the
buttons off his shirts, and, let him shirk for
himself “ around, the. house.”’ Young lady,
you have made.p yinistake. , Be content with,
a lit lie,, If it au£fici(Bblu. to
ble. Save, w,hal superfiuiliea .cpst, and buy,
subsiqntiafuiea,, Never Mary
Jane ppspsses../ Look ;tp. whaKyqmwlf and
dhildrea may be ; pwBes?ed pf ,!two nrclhrpe
years-lheOca-f-ip! -you-pro- prudoni !**-3ftr-
Ledger. , ■ -V : - ’ t -
If there are ntjpiring naturep that wistfully
ask, with empty hands; what We may do with
our poverty,tor embellish the earth; to them I
sky, when all the works of man are ended, he
has not approached the inexpressible beauty
of God’s architecture; - Those stalely elms,
that teach us every winter how meekly to lay
our glories by, and receive the reverses of
inevitable misfortune, and that soon will teach
us to look out of all misfortunes, and cloth
ourselves, anew after every winter, what have
ye that may compare with them ? The ca
thedrala of the world, are not traded as these,
nor so adorned, nor so full of communion, nor
pliant houghs on which, with hufnble might,
they swing the peaceful singing bird, and from
whoso swaying, night or day, there is music'
in the air for them that knpw'the sound. Of
all man’s works of art a cathedra! is greatest.
A tree is far greater than that. Of all man’s,
instruments of sound an organ, uttering its
mazy harmonies through the somber arches
of the reverend pile is the grandest; but the
sound in the forest is grandet- than that. And
if we wander out from the arid city till we
come to these crowned'monarchs'of the fields,
we need pot be ashamed to stand with lifted
hands and bless our God fora gift of beauty
greater than any man may build. It is then
herplhat every one may yield to life some
embellishment. To the home of your youth
may return, with .gathered wealth, to re
plant it with flowers. Your native village you
may embosom in well selected forests. The
traveler may, in another generation, journey
along your roads, overarched with elms or
shaded with stately oaks. Your villages may
grow lovely in a thousand features now un
known. Every yard and garden may be a
paradis e.—Henry TYard Beecher.
A Cure for Hydrophobia—lnfali
ble Remedy.
,ias been' tried un
jj one hundred and
ofjnlemperance are
The effects resulting from the bite of a
rabid dog are so inconceivable heart-rending
that the writer deems it but an act of justice
to make the subjoined remedy fublic, for the
benefit of the unfortunate hereafter. Within
the past two weeks there have-been two cases
of hydrophobia of the most distressing cha
rade/—one in this city aq,d one in New Jer
jeii—amt “ro made In the news
papers of mad dogs being seen in and about
the city. Every individual in the community,
therefore, should procure and preserve a copy
of the following; cure, so that itr'case of
emergency he might avail himself of its bene
ficial tendency.. Wm. Heffner, Esq., of Pass
yunk, the-geptlempn from, whom the writer
obtained this invaluable receipt, slates that he
has known several instances of men and ani
mals who have been bitten in the severest
manner by mad dogs, but who, having taken
this remedy, never experienced any effect
whatever of the disease:
Take of tho root ounce
and a half; cut it fine then boil it in one half
pint of new milk down to a half pint; lake
this three mornings, fasting, and dat no food
till 4 o’clock in the afternoon. It should be
alien every morning, the two last doses must
weigh two ounces each. This remedy will
have the desired effect if taken at any time
within twenty four hours after the accident.
The press general)’, by giving the above re
ceipt a conspicuous insertion, will advance
tho cause of humanity.— Pennsylvanian,
Few ladies remember that they carry
around poison in their card cases, But it is so,
and sometimes to the danger of children or
thoughtless people of large growth. The ele
gant and highly polished enamel on visiting
cards is composed, in part, of poisonous mine
ral substances, and if eaten would produce
serious sickness. The manufacture of this
card paper is said to be exceedingly unhealthy,
and we may well believe it. It would be
therefore, a kind thing to the workmen en
gaged in the manufacture of cards and a safe
.thing for themselves and their children, if tjie
[laches, who set tlm fashion to these things,
would give up the use of enamelled cards,! and
(confine themselves to tjiose of plain surface.
These we understand, are now decidedly the
most fashionable, from what cause we know
not, but the plAin, brownish cards are consid
ered the most Stylish. It is gratifying to see
fashion turndd in the channels of common
sense, of health and humanity even though in
a small matter. We hope that the knowledge
of the dangerous character of these cards will
not lead to their restoration to feminine favor
and to fashion, which is a very fickle thing—
wo mean of course, the fashion is, not the
fair. —Providence Journal.
VastkessoftheUniverse,—Prof. Hitch
cock, In one of his popular scientific works
has aptly illustrated the vaslness of the uni
verse. Light, although apparently visible
instantaneously, really an appreciable
time to travel. A flash of lightning occur
ring on earth would not he visible on the moon
till p second and a quarter afterwards; on (he
sun.till eight minutes; and the planet Jupi
ter, when at its greatest distance from us, ,(UL
fifty-two minutes ; op Uranus till two hours.;
on the Neptune ull four hours .and a quarter ;
on ( of Vega, of the first magnitu 10,
till forty-five years; pn a star of the eighth
magnitude, till ope hundred and eighty years;
and stars of the twelfth magnitude, tilf four
thousand years—and starf-pf (his magnitude
are visible through'telescope's; nor canine
.doubt that,- with .tetter, instruments, storel of
: far might-be seen 5 so-fhatlwp
may corifidenllysny that this flbeh' of light
niog would pot reach 'the rerttotest heavenly
.bodyf till -more than six thousand yeart—a-pe
-rjod equal to that'Which has blajpaed since
rnah’s -creation. "Here'a VasineM 1 Beyond (he
'capacity of'the rhind ib contpmpfafe^'
Poisonous Visiting Cards,
Process of Colalng Oold,
A United States mint has been completed
in Satt FrandiacOj'abd'is -proKabiy ere ibis .
time in active bperatiw coioirtg'dowtt daife
vast.treasures of golden :ore. It was inten,
deo that it should bSpreptitedlb Coin thirty
Millions bf.‘dollars yeajfly. Thefollbwimj
description of the system which « shpul t?'
be established there, will afford s good gene*
ral idea of the ordinary process of coirihut
' The metal, after being received in the,de>
posit jroom;’is carefully weighed. and a re*
ceipt', given. Each deposit is then) melted
separately in thh melting room, had moulded. ■
into bars. These bars next pass through the
hands of the assayer, who with a chisel chips ‘'
a small fragment from each one, ' Each chip
is then rolled into a thin ribbon, and fil'eid
down until it -weighs exactly ten grains. It
is then melted in a little cup made of calcincd
bone ashes, and all ' the base metals, copper,
tin, &c.,ore absorbed by the potgus'material
of the cup, or carried off by oxydatioihi
The gold is then boiled in nitric acid, which)
dissolves the silver which it contains, and;
leaves the gold pure. It is then weighed,,
and the amount which it has' lost gives 'the
e.xact proportion of impurity in the original
bar, and a certificate of the coin
due the depositor is mftde out accordingly. '
: After being assayed, the bars dreTnelted
with a certain proportion ‘of silver, and be*
ing poured into a dilution of nitric acid, and
water, assume a granulated form. In this ;
state the gold is thoroughly boiled in nitric
acid, and rendered perfectly free from silver,
or any other baser metals which may happen
to cling to it. _Il is melted with one
ninth its .weight of copper, and thds alloyed;
is run into bars and delivered loathe coiner
for coinage. The bars are rolled out ip. a
rolling mill, until nearly as thin as the coin
which is to be made from them. By a pro
cess of annealing, they are rendered stfffi-;
eiemly ductile to be drawn through a Ibngi*'
tudinoi orifice in a piece of steel, thus ra
cing the whole to a. regular width and thick
ness. A cutting machine next-punches small
round pieces from the bar, about the size of
the coin. These pieces are weighed sepa
rately by the “ adjusters,” and if too heavy '
are, filed down —if too light they are re
melted. The pieces which have been ad
justed are run through a' milling machine,
which compresses them to .their proper dia
meter and raises the edge. Two hundred
and fifty are milled in a minute by the ma
chine. They are then again -softened by p
process of annealing, and after a thorough
cleaning are placed in a tube connecting with
the stamping instrument and are taken thence
one at a time by the machinery, and stamped*-
between the dies. They are now finished,
and being thrown into a box, ore delivered to
the treasurer for circulation.
• The machinery, of course, for tdi tbps
processes musl be of the nicest kind,- The
weighing scales* alone in the deposit room of
the California Mint, cost $1,000:,
Grateful Young America.—A - da'y or
two since an adventurous boy, numbering
some fen summers, undertook to scull a skiff
across the 0)uo, from Cincinnati to Covington,
When a liltlb moreVhan half his voyage bad
been accomplished, a German, gentleman,
standing on the Kentucky side, saw the frail
bark capsize, and the boy struggling in Ufa
angry tide. In a moment he digested him*
self of coal and hoots and plunged iotothe
stream, and swam to the youth's assistance.,
He reached him just aslie was sinking-for
the last time, and caught the youngster by
the head, on which the latter seized him by ;
the arm, and, for a moment, both were ini
danger of being lost. Happily, the gentle*
man possessed great presence of mind, and
gave the boy a sudden kick,* the effect of
which caused him to release his hold, and
enabled his preserver to bring him safely to
shore. Again, bn dry land, Young America
shook (rue walerdog, arid-turn*
ing to bis. said, in emphatic tones,
“ What the defi| - 'did you kick me for, you
d d old dtitchmaa?” and with thisexflrea*
sion ofthanks the youngster started off, leav
ing his “ Dutchman” staring after him with
mingled feelings of surprise and admiration;
at such a genuine and servant expression of
gratitude from so young a hand.— Cin, Com •_
Dagger of Painted Pails. —The editor
of ihe Scientific American publishes the fol
lowing communication from- James Manleo,
of New York, with the advice for all persona
to avoid painted pails. A coal of varnish on
the outside, is all the embellishment-we ever
desire to see on a water pail:
“ The oxide of lead with which pails are
painted, is a dangerous poison, and I knoty~
that it is productive, of evil in many cases*!
Last week, having occasion to take a drink) 1
of water Irom a painted pail, which had been,
in use for some months',! was convinced, by !
Ihh taste of the water, that it had^ake^up.a)'
portion of the paint, and having analysed {ha
water, I found it to contain a very niipUle
quantity of it, sufficient, however,df a’large)
amount of water wore taken, (o.produce those .
fearful diseases peculiar to lead poisonings.” I'
Advantage of paving por a Newspaper
in Advance.—One of the focts pul in evi
dence at a trial in the supreme coi rt, to sus- •-
lain the will of the late William Russel of
Franklin county, was? that only t few days
before-he made the will, he calleda't the office
of the Franklin Democrat and paid for hisjj’
ptfytgr ayear in advance, thereby-saving fifty
cents. This fact was dwell upon at length; •
by, counsel, and commented upon by the Judge."
in his charge, as one of great importation;.'-•
The verdict of the jury would seem to sustain '
the position, that a man who, bias minijl.apcj
. memory enough to pay for his newspaper-id ,
advance, is competent to make his will; -• /
An exchange says, lhal a New Yorker tfdB* !
just been fined live dollars for kissing a lady
against her will. The .court, that Imposed
the fine; ought to bo booled out.of.lhe hays
»of justice.' It’s all nonsense to'Jalk-of jtire? - ’
ing ir 'woman' “ against ‘ her "will,' 1 It itytj’l '
stand to'reason ; it ain't natural. U'cSn’t be ‘
done? The lady that was kissed against ’
her-will cal ihat wouWnit eat ioreato
f must belong to thov same imaginaty muteuntd
Wthpy j’
who a'Tew Weelis fimce,
'fectjons of ao^i^o^n^dyY