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ESTABLISHED IN 1813.
THE WAYNESBURG MESSENGER,
B. W. JONES & JAMES S. JENNINGS,
WAYNESBURG, GREENE CO., PA
ID'OFFICE NEARLY OPPOSITE THE
1111.1118CR1PTION.—$1 50 in advance; $1 75 at the ex
piration °fair months; $2 00 within the year; $2 50
after the expiration of the year.
ADVERTIagmENTs inserted at $1 00 per square for
three insertions, and 25 cents a square for each addition
al insertion; (ten lines or less mimed a square.)
11.. r A liberal deductrhn made to yearly advertisers.
li_r• JOB PAINTING, of all kinds, executed in the best
style, and on reasonable terms, at the "Messenger" Joh
A. A. PURMAN. J. G. RITCHIE.
PURMAN & RITCHIE,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Exml. business in Greene, Washington, and Fay
ette Counties, entrusted to them, will receive prompt
attention. Sept. 11, ceiv
JAS. LINDSEY. 3. A. J. BUCHANAN.
LINDSEY & BUCHANAN,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Office on the North side of Main street, two doors
West of the "Republican" Office.
Sept. 11, 1861.
H. W. DOWNEY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Office in Led
with's Building, opposite the Court House.
Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Office in Sayers'
Building, adjoining the Post Office.
Sept. 11, Is6l-Iy.
C. A. BLACK. JOHN PIiELAN.
BLACK & PHELAN,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS Ai LAW
Office in the Court House, Way net burg.
DR. D. W. BRADEN,
Physician and Surgeon. Office in the Old Bank
Building, Main street. Sept. I I, 1861—Iv.
DR. W. L. CREIGH,
Physician and Surged",
And dealer in Drugs, Medicines. Oils. Paints, &c.,
&c., Main street, a few doors east of the Hank.
Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
M. A. HARVEY,
Druggist and Apothecary, and dealer in Paints and
Oils, the most celebrated Patent Medicines, and Pure
Liquors for medicinal purposes. •
PL'.43)z.X4:l. l oltifif.=
WM. A. PORTER,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Foreign and Domes
tic Dry Goods, Groceries, Notions, &c., Main street.
Opposite the Court house, keeps always on hand a
large stock of Seasonable Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots
as Shoes, and Notions generally.
Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Drugs, Notions,
Hardware, Queensware, Stoneware, Looking Glasses,
Iron anti Nails, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps,
Main street, one door east of the Old Bank.
Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
A. WILSON, Jr.,
Dealer in Dry Goods, Queensware, Notions, Hats,
owl, Bonnets, tic., Wilson's New Building, Main
street. Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Queens
ware and notions, one door west of the Adams House,
Main street. Sept. 11, 18131—Iy.
MINOR & CO.,
Dealers in Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods, Gro
series, Queensware, Hardware and Notions, opposite
am Green House. Main street.
Sept. 11, 1861-Iy,
Dealer in Met4•aud Boy's Clothing, Cloths, Cassi
meres, Satinets,'Hats and Caps, &c., Main strtet, op.
posits the Court House. Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
A. J. SOWERS,
Healer in Men and Boy's Clothing, Gentlemen's Fur
nishing Goods, Beots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Old
Bank Building, Main street. Sept. 11, 1861-4 m
BOOT AND SHOE DEALERS
J r P. COSGRAY,
Boot and Shoe maker, Main street, nearly opposite
the "Farmer's and Drover's Bank." Every style of
Boots and Shoes constantly on hand or made to order.
Sept. 11, Is6l-Iy.
J. B. RICKEY,
Boot and Shoe maker, Sayers Corner, Main street.
Boots and Shoes *f every variety always on hand or
made to order on short nonce.
Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
it :ll. ii:.!lO'f=l:lL'irjOzb 044**
Dealer in Groceries and Confectioneries, Nations,
Medicines, Perfumeries, Liverpool Ware, &c., Glass of
*liaises, and Gilt Moulding and Looking Glass Plates.
Cash paid for good eating Armies.
apt. 11, 1861-Iy.
Dealer in Groceries and Confectionaries, and Variety
Goode Generally, Wilson's New Building, Main stre e t.
Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
Dealer in School and Miscellaneous Books, Station
/KT, Ink, Magazines and Papers, Wilson's Old Build
ing, Main street. Sept. 11, 1861-Iy.
JAMERS' & DROVERS' BANK,
4101PORI HOOK, Pre?t: J. LAZEAR, Cashier
'opt. 11, 1861-Iy.
SADDLES AND 31.1LENESS
geddle, Barnum and Trunk Maker, Main street, three
41,,, gym of the Adams House.
9P ER H4GER,
4 1 ; b 4;"„ *- rs and ..
and tail dealers in
al's, dadt'mallff. nalgar 'Cares, Pipes, Ars,
inson's Wan Wrest.
Sept. 11, ••"'
THE VOLUNTEER'S WIFE.
I knew by the light in his deep dark eye,
When he heard the beat of the mustering
That he never would fold his arms, and sigh
Over the evils that were to come ;
I knew that the blood of u patriot sire
Coursed through his veins like a stream of fire;
So I took his hand,
And bade him go,
But he never dreamed
That it grieved me so.
Two fair-haired children he left with me,
Who lisp his name at eventide—
The very hour when on his knee
He used to fondle his pet and pride ;
Alas ! they may never again be blessed
By a lather's care in his old home-nest ;
And he never again
May hear the tones,
Or kiss the lips
Of his little ones.
I know he has answered his country's call,
That his breast is bared at a thigh command
But my heart will break, I know, it he fall
In the battle's front, by a traitor's hand ;
Yet I murmur not, though my tear•wet eyes
Attest the worth of the sacrifice. •
'Tis a wife's free gift,
Two lives in one,
In the name of God,
And of Washington.
Perhaps when the maple leaves are red,
And the golden glories of harvest come,
I shall wake some morning to hear his tread,
And give hint a warm heart's welcome home;
To kneel with hint in fervent prayer,
Thanking our God for his watchful care,
In shielding tits heart
From the rebel's brand,
Who honored the flag
Of his cherished land.
The Sentinel and the Spy.
A sentinel having been placed one slay
to guard a certain fort, and see that no
improper intruders gained an entrance
was accosted by a spy, sent by an enemy
to find out, if possible, where the fortress
might be assailed with success; and as he
appeared in the garb, and with the counte
nance of a simple countryman, the sen
tinel had no suspicion of the cheat. He
however was determined to be very vigi
lant, and say nothing that could compro
mise the safety of his charge.
"You have a very important place to
take care of here," said the spy.
"Very," replied the sentinel.
"And you have a very brave and watch
ful set of comrades?"
"Very," replied the sentinel again.
"And I think you must be very thirsty
this hot weather," continued the spy.
"Very," answered the sentinel once
more. So far the sentinel thought he had
said nothing that could, by any possibili
ty, be turned to his disadvantage, and de
termined not to utter another word. But,
the spy thought difThrently, and felt satis
fied from the last answer that he must ac
complish his scheme.
"Poor man," said the spy, "I feel fur,
you very much ; I have got some drink for
you here in a bottle, to which .you are
welcome, and which I aM sure will very
much refresh you."
The sentinel answered not a word ; but
as he thought a draught of liquor to a
thirsty man could not possibly endanger
the safety of the fort, he accepted the offer,
and put the bottle to his mouth. Upon
tasting it, he found it to be very pleasant,
and so drank off the whole of the contents.
The spy departed, and the sentinel, shoul
dering his musket, marched backward and
forward before the gate of the fortress, as
usual. But after a little time he began to feel
giddy and drowsey, and every now and then
nodded, until at last he fairly laid down,
and fell fast asleep. The liquor was of a n
intoxicating nature, and the poor sentinel
could not resist its effects. Thespy, know
ing what would happen, called together
his comrades, and marched hastily to
ward the fortress, where they found the
sentinel asleep upon the ground; him
they immediately stabbed to the heart;
and as the garrison had no notice of the
enemy's approach, they were taken by
surprise, and all of them slain or taken
THE MORAL.—We cannot he too vigi
lant in guarding against the first ap
proaches of the temper; for a single word
may express our weak point, and show the
enemy where he may be able to subdue us;
and a single action that seems very harm
less, may lead to our ruin. Many a young
man has begun life with the determination
be very discreet and watchful in his own
conduct, but who has been thrown off hie
guard by some wily companion, and then
betrayed into sin.
°'The question as to a successor to the
Presidential chair, occupied by Jefferson
Davis is being agitated throughout the
South, and the general belief is that Alex
ander H. Stephens will be agreed upon.—
The feeble state of Mr. Davis' health is
used as an argument against him. In
the event, however, of a permanent resto
ration it is the intention of the rebel gov
ernment to make him a Lieutenant Gen
WAYNESBURG, GREENE COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1861.
Some years ago a German chemist, ex
perimenting on coal tar, discovered a beau
tiful purple color, but took no particular
notice of it ; he merely jotted down the
fact, and gave to the color the name of
Aniline. Recently, a young chemist, Mr.
Perkins of Greenford Green, near London,
a pupil of Dr. Hofmann, of the Museum of
Practical Geology, Jermyn street, was
trying to produce the well-known quinine
bitter from Benzole, another substance said
by Professor Faraday to exist in coal pro
ducts. The composition of quinine and of
beuzole was well-known, and theory indi
cated that the former could be produced
from the latter ; and so the experiments
Every one knows how, on going for a
country walk, we are often led by some
stray flower or trivial incident to go out of
the path we originally intended to take.—
So with young Perkins ; he started off in
search of quinine, but was arrested by the
beauty of aniline. Under his fostering
care, aniline has now become the parent
of a family of dyes known by the names of
Magenta, Mauve, Solferino ; two of the
names of which have been given to the
new tints from the towns where the recoil
battles were fought in Italy—about the
time of their discovery.
Several branches of commerce will, by
the use of these new dyes, be so materially
altered that the names of the Magenta
and Solferino will live in commercial no
less than in political history. The only
fine dye (cochineal) that could be produced
of analogous tints to Solferino and Magen
ta was made from a little -lady-bird" in
sect, the Codas Gtcti, and in consequence
of scarlet being the national color worn by
the British army, the consumption of
cochineal for dyeing cloth has been ex
ceedingly great, and the importation of
cochineal annually has, on an average,
amounted to about 800 tons, of the value
,*:350,000, Thousands of acres of land
have been set apart tor the cultivation of
the cactus, the plant on which the insect
feeds; and almost numberless hands have
been employed to trap it when fit to kill.
Whole ships have been laden with this
curious freight, and vast warehouses in
our docks have been appropriated to its
housing. All this must soon lass away,
and that, too, at a rate proportionate to
the advancement of the chemical knowl
edge of the age. Cochineal is already at a
discount price in the market, for aniline
is rapidly taking its place. As to the
mode of preparing aniline, we must refer
special readers to the usual authorities,
such as URE'S Dictionary of Arts. There
are a few substances that admit of being
prepared in a greater variety of ways—
starting off, however, from the same ma
terial, namely, coal tar.
It is an astonishing fact these beautiful
colors, produced in our day, are eliminated
from coal—from the plants and flowers of
former ages ! The thct that the glorious
sun ilumined these flowers, which }doomed
anti pzi.,:e.tl away before the Deluge, clear
ly :shows us how indestructible is matter,
and how, perhaps, the beautiful dyes of
flowers of former ages again appear in the
form of Aniline!—X. 01s.
Daring to Do. 1
Small minds spend a good deal of
time in deciding, as to a particular
course of conduct, whether •they
can afford to do it." "What will Mrs.
Grundy say?" is a question of momen
tous interest. To do anything which
Mrs. Upstart or the "Smith's would
consider "mean, " is no more to be
thought of, than committing a petty
larceny, and being found out. It is
known that any of the Want-to-be's
would almost as lief be found coining
out of a hen-roost at midnight, as to
live in any street having "East"
attached to it; while there are those
who feel forty feet higher, by reason
of their being able to say, " 1 live in
Fifth Avenue;" and for such to be
seen with a bundle or package in the
hand on Broadway! they would fairly
tremble in their shoes, lest they might
be recognised by some one into whose
"set" they were aiming to obtain an
A Baltimore Buonaparte surprised
a friend one day, by carrying a broom
honieward. "Why, it belongs to me!"
was the reply to a question and look
of incredulity. Says a Washington
letter writer, "Yesterday, I saw Sam
Houston carrying, like Lord Napier,
his own small bundle, with its clean
shirt and towel, its piece of soap and
hairbrush." Let the young and all
remember, that it is the motive
which constitutes the meanness, or
otherwise, of an act which is not in
itself dishonorable. Better is it for a
man to do a thing for himself, than to
have another do it for him, when he
cannot afford to pay for the service.
The first step towards implanting in
the mind of a child, a feeling of self
reliance and a manly independence
is to teach that child to help himself
whenever it is practicable.—Hall's
Journal of Health.
aso_Gen. Pierce, late commanding
at Big Bethel, Va., is now serving as
a private soldier in Colonel Fletcher
Webster's regiment, thus giving the
.strongest evidettce of his devotion to
Peace vs. War.
The New York Obsereer speaks as
We are among the most earnest
friends of peace. We would suffer
wrong for the sake of peace. But
we see no possible solution of the
present complication of our national
troubles, except in the re-adjustment
of the Union on the basis of the Con
stitution. We deprecate the war
spirit and desire to cultivate that
feeling which will the most easily
restore friendly relations with those
who have cast off the bonds of alle
giance to their lawful Government.
But we cannot forget that the men
who are now in arms against the
Government initiated a causeless, un
justifiable and unlawful war; that the
war is chiefly on their heads, and
that we are solely seeking to uphold
the Union which our fathers limited,
and on which the future prosperity
of the country depends. As religious
men, the duty of allegiance to lawful
Government and to suppress rebellion
is as clear to us as the duty of obe
dience to the laws of God. 11 we
ask, as the condition of that alle
giance, is the fidelity of our rulers to
the laws that they are bound to obey
as well as we. When they disregard
law the people may justly call them
to account. And if we go through
the war without counter revolutions,
and our country comes out of this
life and death struggle re-established
and immortal, we must stand firmly
and united by the*Constitution as it
is until it can be constitutionally mod
ified. Our liberties are allgone when
this instrument is trampled on, by
rulers and people.
"We want peace. We pray fur
peace. But we must have order, law,
government, first. There is no peace
to the wicked. To agree for a mo
ment to any terms that shall recog
nize the right of any part of the
country to retire at will from the
burdens and obligations that devolve
on all, is to consent to suicide, to fill
the future of our history with war,
and to leave to our children a legacy
of confusion. Anarchy and shame.''
Vit.lt has been fully ascertained
that during the engagement at Cheat
Mountain on Thursday. the rebel
loss, in killed and wounded is over
five hundred. Most of the enemy's
batteries were masked, and situated
on the side of the mountain. Tl:,
position occupied by us was so close
to the trot of the mountain that the
enemy's guns could not all be brought
to bear on us, thus accounting, in
part, for our small loss.
gamut aiAt kaustifaiff.
HOW TO CHOOSE A FARM HORSE.
The farmer requires a horse that
can take him to market and around
his farm, on which he can occasion
ally ride for pleasure. and which he
must sometimes use for the plough
First to notice is the eyes, which
should be well examined. Clearness
of the eye is a sure indication of good
ness; but this is not all—the eyelids,
eyebrows, and all other appendages
must be considered—for many hors
es, whose eyes appear clear and bril
liant, go blind at an early age; there
fore be careful to observe whether
the part between the eyelids and eye
brows are swollen, for this indicates
that the eye will not last.
When the eyes are remarkably flat,
sunk within their orbits, it is a bad
sign. The iris or circle that surrounds
the sight of the eye should be distinct,
and of a pale, variegated, cinnamon
color, for this is a sure sign of a good
eye. The eyes of a horse are never
The head should be of good size,
broad between tit° eyes, large nostrils,
red within, for large nostrils betoken
The feet and legs should be regard
ed, for a horse with bad feet is like a
house with a weak foundation, and
will do little service. The feet should
be of middle size and smooth; the heels
should be firm, and not spongy and
The limbs should be free from blem
ishes of all kinds, the knees straight,
the back sinews strong and well bra- ,
ced, the pastern joints should be clean
and clear of swellings of all kinds,
and come near the ground, for such
never have the ring-bone. Fleshy
legged horses are generally subject to
the grease and other infirmities of
that kind, and therefore should not
The body should be of good size,
the back straight or nearly so, and
have only a small sinking below the
withers ; the barrel round and, the
ribs coming close to the hip joints.—
Shoulders should run back, but not
too heavy, for a horse with heavy
shoulders seldom moves well; chest
and arms large.
A horse weighing from 1,300 to 1,-
400 is large enough for a cart horse;_
from 1,000 to 1,200 is large enough.
for a farmer's. horse, from 1,000 to
1,100 is heavy enough for a - carriage
I should advise every one to get
some experimental knowledge of' a
horse before purchasing. -- JatEN
BRANSON, ht Ohio Cultzvator,
KINDNESS TO MILCII COIVS.—We
find the following in Wilkes' Spirit of
the Times :
One of the greatest errors in over
coining cows that are unquiet while
being milked is to whip, beat, kick
and bawl at them. This is generally
done, and the cows become afraid or
angry, and instead of becoming bet
' ter grow worse. Mulch cows cannot
be whipped or terrified into standing
quietly, gently and patiently during
milking. They dislike to be milked,
fur they know that loud words and
hard blows always attend the opera
tion. They dread to see the milker
as the little urchin dreads to see the
birchen rod in the hands of an angry
pedagogue, when he expects to have
it applied to his back. A cow kindly
treated is pleased to see the milker,
awaits his or her approach, and sub
mits with pleasure to the operation
of being milked. Every one having
experiance with cows knows this to
be true. But the cow is opposed to
change of milkers; she soon becomes
attached to one person who performs
the operation, and does not willingly
and freely give down her milk to an
other person; therefbre, have one
regular milker to certain cows, and
bear in mind, if you change milkers
it is at the expense of a loss of milk .
and of injury to the cow, All animals
appreciate kind treatment. See that
those w'he milk them can control
themselves. govern their passions,
speak low and kindly under almost
any provocation, and soon the cows
will learn that they arc not going to
lie abused, and will submit to the
operation. Milking should be per
b wined at regular hours. not varying
fifteen minutes one day from the oth
er. No talking or laughing should be
Storing Butter in a Cellar.
During several years of our first farming
in lowa, we found it extremely difficult to
preserve sweet, for winter use, the butter
that we made during the months of June,
July and August.
We finally adopted the following plan
by which we were successful : We, with
a tew minutes' work, settled large stone
jars into the cellar bottom—it being san
dv and dry. By putting nearly the whole
jars into the ground, and packing the
sand close outside, and the butter inside,
taking especial care to keep it well cover
ed, first with a thin cloth, then a thin
layer of salt, and a board with a weight on
it to prevent its being uncovered by acci
dent. Last season we took an oak butter
firkin that would hold one hundred pounds,
and painted it well outside, and inserted it in
the ground beside the jars, and filled it with
butter, which kept as sweet as wecoul de
sh•e. Persons who have a dry cellar, and
can avail themselves of the abovv. plan, I
think will be amply compensated for their
No Front Teeth.
A musician recently undertook to trade
cows with a certain neighbor H--, but
after some bantering, ll told the man
that his 'old cow wasn,t worth a song;
she was so old she had no front teeth in
her upper jaw, and couldn't therefore eat
young grass. Singing friend laughed,
and went off whistling. But the remark of
H— had preyed on his mind, and he ac
cordingly went and examined old Brindle's
mouth, and to his horror and surprise he
found that she was entirely destitute of
upper front teeth ! Infuriated he drove
old Brindle two miles to the house of the
man he had bought her of, through a dri
ving rain-storm, with the mud up to his
knees, and after berating the surprised
farmer for selling him such a cow, de
manded his money back at once. As soon
as he could get a word in edgewise, the
farmer told the angry man that cows never
wore such teeth on the upper jaw, and to
convince him, took him out to the barn
yard, when, after opening the mouths of a
dozen or so of cattle, young and old, the
singing man drove old Brindle into the
mud, and trudged home behind her a sad
der and wiser man.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN?—The most
wonderful activity prevails in the
Quartermaster's Department at
Washington. Wagons, horses and
mules are constantly arriving, and
an enormous quantity of oats and
hay has been accumulated. There
are nearly eleven thousand horses at
the Government depot three thous
and wagons. Five hundred team
sters have been advertised for, in ad
dition to those already employed.—
All this, with the unusual activity
manifested in every direction may
mean that there is something afloat
that may take the country by sur
*a-Religion is not a thing which
spends itself. It is like a river which
widens continually, and is never so
broad or so deep as at its mouth,
where it rolls into the ocean of
A foot soldier travels in one min
ute, in common time, 90 steps, 70
yards, 2* miles an hour; quick time,
110 steps, 86 yards, 8 znilei an hour;
doable quick ,Alne jt - steps, 151
yards; 5 miles an hour.
LITTLE SHOES AND STOCKINGS.
LITTLE Shoes and Stockings !
What a tale ye speak
Of the swollen eyelid
And the tear-wet cheek !
Of the nightly virgil,
And the daily prayer ;
Of the buried darling,
Brightly plaided Stockings,
Of the finest wool ;
Rounded feet and dainty,
Each a stocking lull;
Tiny shoes of crimson,
Shoes that nevermore
Will awaken echoes
From the toy-strewn floor
Not the wealth of Indies
Could your worth eclipse,
Priceless little treasures.
Pressed to whitened lips,
As the mother muses,
From the world apart,
Leaning on the arrow
That has pierced her heart
Head of flaxen ringlets,
Eyes of Heaven's blue,
Parted mouth—a rose bud—
Pearls just peeping through,
Soft arms fondly twining
Round her neck at eve ;
Little Shoes and Stockings,
These the dreams ye weave!
Weave her yet another
Of the world of bliss ;
Let the stricken mother
Turn away from this:
Bid her dream believing
Little feet await,
Watching for her passing
Through the pearly gate. •
4Eta,s ti! gag.
The Greatest Well Yet,
The editor of the Mercer Dispatch gives
a description of an extraordinary vein of
oil tapped.the other day on the AfcElhany
farm, at a depth of 486 feet. He says: A
watch was held while it ran into a tank,
holding, by some measure, one hundred
and eight barrels, and it filled the same in
fifty-fee minutes ! At a fair estimate,
taking this as a data, those who were
working and watching about it are confi
dent that in the first twenty-four hours, it
flowed two thousand four hundred barrels
of oil ! And when we left on Friday
morning there appeared to be but little
diminution. What is also remarkable, is
the fact, that this well is located not more
than twenty rods from the Funk well,
which has been flowing some four months,
and has yielded an incredible quantity of
the greasy fluid. It would be supposed that
the latter had drained all the wells for a
considerable distance around, but here is
one still prolific within twenty rods. These
oil wells are certainly among the wonders
of the world.
PROBABLE DEATII OF' COL. J. KNOX
WALKER.—The Memphis Appeal of
the 20th says:
It is with great regret that we an
nounce that the family of Colonel J.
Knox Walker, in this city, received
yesterday telegraphic intelligence
that he was dying. He had been
complaining for some days, and his
disease had assumed the form of con
gestion of the brain. Mr. Walker is
Colonel of the Second regiment of
Tennessee, and was private Secretary
to President Polk.
$e The War Department's information
from the command of Gen. Roseerans jus
tifies the belief that he will be able to sus
tain himself fully, it matters not What re
inforcements the olligarchy send to Lee
and Floyd. He (Rosecrans) has not been
forgotten by the authorities here in their
arrangements to strengthen the different
Union columns, the public may rely on't.
Mir Every regiment in the rebel
army claims to have captured Sher
man's famous battery, every piece of
which was brought from the field
just as it was taken there ! Capt.
Degaltior, just escaped from Rich
mond, says two duels have already
been fought on account of disputes as
to the " capture."
its. Gen. McKinstry delivered him
self of the following soldier-like
speech at a meeting in St. Louis a
few days ago:—Fellow-citizens, I
come here to listen and not to speak.
I am about to take the field against
the secessionists—to meet them in
mortal combat. If I survive, I will
gladly address you on my return.
*Secretary Cameron being overrun
with applications from ladies for the places
of nurses in the army hospitals, thought
to get rid of their importunities by using a
decree that all who accepted the post
shoukd not wear hoops. Finding this readily
agreed to by his tormentors, his next dodge
was to issue an order that no one should
be accepted under thirty years of age.—
This did the business. There are no wo
men of that age in the country. •
The whole amount of private
subscriptions to the seven and three
tenths per cent. loan, from the 19th
of August to the 21st of September, is;
At ew York, $10,640,000, Beaton,
$5,000,000;, Philadelphia, $2,294,000;
other, .agencies i , say $1,000,000. Total
NEW SERIES.-VOL, 3, NO. 19.
gw„Gen. W. F. Sherman has en
. pers , (led Gen. Anderson as the head
of - Ow department of Cumberland,
the 1: ,, r0 of Sumpter retiring on ac
count of ill health, which renders him
uuable to attend to the laborious du
Is o: :There are twenty-nine forts
and three batteries in the vicinity of
Washington, all of recent construc
tion. Our soldiers have not been
idle. Others are now in course of
lair The Seventh, Tenth and Four
teenth regiments of Massachusetts
have sent to their families and friends
from sixteen to twenty thousand dol
For the Messenger
The record has been made. History is
repeating itself. Our government which
for eighty years has withstood the deep plan
ned schemes of plotting princes of the Old
World is now the scene of a civil war which
threatens to shake it to the very founda
tion. Civil war has justly been termed
"the worst of all evils which a nation is
called to meet," yet we may reasonably
hope the issue will in our case be different
from what it has been in many other in
We are in the midst of a rebellion and a
very natural inquiry arises how can we
best terminate the difficulty by means hon
orable and just to all? Some advise com
promise measures while others advocate
coercion as the only possible way of ad
justing the matter and effectually silencing
the voice of rebellion.
Among the many ideas presented as a
means of advancing the cause ofthe Union
we can find none more treasonable than the
obliteration of party lines. How will that
better the cause ? The Northern people
are all united on the great issue—the pres
ervation of the Union—and that they should
be, is a fact not disputed, but why throw
away party lines of any kind? That party
excitement should rage and inflame the
minds of the people, we do not believe nor
do we think that party politics or princi
ples should be connected with the plans of
preserving the government; but why dis
miss them in our official contests? There
is not such a radical difference in the plat
forms of the two great parties of the day
that they cannot stand united upon any
movement to prevent a disruption of the
government and at the same time entertain
their own peculiar party views.
During last fall's campaign politicians
of all parties asserted and maintained that
the particular principles which they avow
ed were the only, or at least were the best
calculated to preserve inviolate our nation
and its institutions, and why concede those
principles now? If they would then disarm
disunion and hurl it powerless at the shrine
of pure and devoted patriotism,why not bring
them forward now, when everything availa
ble is needed to give the death-stroke to the
monster—treason? Have they in thishort
space of one year lost their saving efficacy
insomuch as to render them totally repug
nant? This Republic will not be broken up,
but by the efforts of its loyal citizens, but
will still occupy the highest seat among the
nations of the earth, and Democrats and
Republicans and men of all parties will as
sist. in its preservation. But in the strife
for political power let every one stand true
to the test. Were the platform of either
party carried out, it of itself would not dis
member the nation, and if glories are tobe
won by either in the election contest let
them win them alone , and when the diffi
culties have subsided they may have the
gratifying consolation of knowing that
theirs is the power, and if Democratic
speakers on the Union question see proper
to court Republican votes by advocating a
composition of parties let them find their
only support in those whom they would
thus flatter. Since the present Adminis
tration have been constitutionally elected,
let it be supported as long as right is pur
sued, but when the supreme law—the Con
stitution—is violated wantonly, set a seal to
action until the wrong is righted, for if this
government cannot be preserved with the
Constitution violated, it cannot be with
every principle of justice and equity disre
On every one then we would urge,
stand firm to the Union and its integrity,
and at the same time be true to your party.
It may have sustained you while our na
tion was free from civil strife and for that
at least stand true as steel. The war can
not last always, and what good can grow
out of party composition? None whatever.
Excitement need not rise and rage, and
while standing at the post of civil duty, for
get not those glorious old principles which
have led us on through many contests to
victory and power. Discard the invitation
of any one who would poison the party or
blot it tut forever. And when the clouds
of civil war have rolled away, and peke
and quiet reign again, the banner of that
glorious Union loving old patty will b e
borne in the hands of many loyal citi
zens onward to triumph again.