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ARftlTAt OF THB CAESENT. CITT.
Vint JPayi Late i from CkagrttSichuu and
Dtttk tmmg tht Ceiifotnm Emigrants.
The steamship Crescent City; Capt. Slod.
Aard, arrived at New York on Saturday after
noon from Chagres, with advices to the 9th j
Kingston, Jamaica, wilh intelligence to the
16ih ; and Havana, wilh account to the S2d
inst., bill nothing at all from California." It
appears that the emigrants to California suffer
very much on the route from Chagres to Pa
nama, and at both of those places, before they
get to the gold region- A correspondent of
the New York Herald, writing from Panama
on the 7th inst., says:
No urgency short of life mid death should
bring a man on this route ; for a female it is
utterly out of the question. It has taken most
of our passengers eight days to get from Cha
gres to this city, and many of those by the
John Benson and the Falcon are still on the
road. ' The canoes from Chagres to Cruces
cost $25 for each person and $12 for a mule
bringing a single trunk from the latter place,
have been paid by many. In fact, there are
not half mules enough in the whole istmus to
supply the demand.
But the saddest part of our story remains
to be told. At Cruces, several cases of viru
Jent cholera morbus, some think it cholera,
appeared among us.
Mr. Luckett, from New Orleans, was the
first victim ; then Capt. Elliott, of the quar
termastor's department, and afterwards Mr.
Bitch, of New Orleans, and Mr. George W.
Taylor, of Providence. The disease was of
great violence and terminate in less than
twenty hours. It is believed that all these
gentlemen had been imprudent. Poor Elli
ott, who was beloved and admired, had cer
tainly been so. He had pitched his tent in
a low and wet place ; he had eaten fruit,
had taken violent exercise and then removed
his flannel. He lies in consecrated ground at
At Panama wo think ourselves safe, since
the climate, the provisions and accommoda
tions are all very well.
The California has not arrived, and we are
waiting for her with great impatience.
One word to our friends in the United State
who are feverish to go to California.
1st. Stay at home.
2d. If you go there, take any mute but
3d. If you insist on crossing the Isthmus,
. bring but one trunk, weighing not more than
125 lbs.; you should also bring tea and sugar,
hard bread, and ham enough to last you from
Chagres to Panama ; brandy, to be used in
4th. Ten cent pieces, as many as you can
get transportatian for eight of them make a
(From the Phil. Ledger.)
THE EMIGRATION TO CALIFORNIA.
The New York Herald publishes a list of
the vessels which have left the different ci.
ties in the United States for California, which
includes ninety-nine vessels and 5,7 19 passen
gers. One hundred and fifty vessels more
are advertised to go, which, it is estimated,
will take eight thousand more persons. Ac
cording to the last accounts from California,
the gold diggers had increased toBix thousand
persons, which, with those from the United
States alone would swell the number to near
ly twenty thousand. A correspondent of the
New York Courier writes from Platte City,
Mo., that from the best sources of informa
tion he can gather, that next summer there
will be an emigration from that Slate alone
of 20,000 persons, which will go near to de
populate the State.
As all the islands and ports on the Pacific
are adding to the number,s it is glain that
California will not lack for hands to gather
the precious metal, no matter how abundant
it may bo. Twenty thousand persons, each
gathering only five dollars worth of gold dai
ly, wilt yield $100,000, or thirty millions in a
- single year, allowing three hundred working
days in the year. It is easy to estimated what
40,000 persons will produce, some of them
gathering their ten ounces or one hundred and
aixty dollar worth a day, and working only
150 days in the jear, deducting the rainy
season, and time when the ground is covered
with snow. The figures will probably set
some individuals to thinking.
The same correspondent of the Courier, to
which we allude, lets down this enthusiastic
coloring a little by giving the following ac
"A man, now in Weston, in this county,
who came in from California in sixty days,
and arrived in the middle of December, gives
arr account of operations in the gold region
which bear less semblance of exaggeration
than the newspaper accounts generally. He
collected $1000 worth of gold, and while he
admits that in several cases individuals were
very fortunate, in a great many others the
miners merely got an equivalent for their
daily labor, and, as in all other gold diggings
in a number of cases they work for days in
succession without finding as much as will de
tray their expeses."
Virginia Gold Miss Great Success.
The Washington Union, in noticing the ar
rival of one of Fulton's patent steam pumps
at Richmond, from Baltimore, on its way to
the gold mines of Major Heise and Com.
Stockton, says :
"We met a friend a day or two since who
told us ha had seen a certificate from the
mint, of nine thousand dollars' worth of gold
deposited as the result of five or six day's
work, with about as many hands, at the
Whitehall mine in Virginia, of Messrs. Heiss
Stockton, kr- Sis negroes, we learn from
another entirely reliable source, had obtained
thirty-five pounds of gold from the 1st to the
6th or 7th of this month. The last day's
working of thru negroes was worth $1,594.
IT this result be the product of regular vein
as we learn it is, who ean foresee what a few
weeks may not bring forthi"
Piece cm or thb Fare. Some eighty
vessels are up for California in New York a.
lone. That lost report of the twenty-five
pound lumps ha done the business. The elaas
f citizens now enrolling themselves are well
educate!, industrious men J tht first who
wvnl being broken vow adventurers.
MATl'RDAY, FEBRUARY t, IMS.
H. P. MAUSER, Edller serf rreprittor.
. E. W. CARR, Enn Building, Third afreet, opposite
the Philadelphia Exchange, u regularly authorized to reeeiv
edvertieementa and subscriptions for thie paper, and receipt
fur the aame.
lesr Persons indebted to the office of die Ameri
can up to April 1848, are notified to make final
settlement with H. B. Manner, In whose bands the
books of the late firm are left for collection.
KF" The Auditors Report of the Receipts
and Expenditures of the county will be
published next week.
E? We refer our readers to a communi
cation in another column, on the subject of
the Sunbury and Erie Rail Road.
KF" It commenced snowing on Friday
morning, and there is now a fair prospect
of more good sleighing.
7"Columbian Calculator. -We refer
our readers to the advertisement of this work
in another column. It is one of the best
arithmetics of the day, and should be gene
rally used in all our schools.
EF Canal Commissioner. We copied
an article from the Lancaster Intelligencer
last week, recommending Alexander Jor
dan, Esq., of this place for Canal Commis
sioner. A correspondent, who signs him
self "Old Berks," in the Reading Gazette of
last week, is also out in a strong article in
favor of Mr. Jordan. Mr. Jordan, is no
office seeker, and should he be put in nomi
nation, it will be without any eflort on his
fCT North Branch Canal. Vigorous
efforts are now making for the completion,
of this Canal to the New York line, by the
State. About one million would finish it
and make the whole line profitable, on
which the state has already spent over two
millions. We have always advocated the
policy of the State completing this impor
KF" We observe in the Miltionian, and
other papers a letter from that Mathema
tical genius and charlatan P. M. Deshong,
offering, for $3 sent to him, to communicate
the secret of his mode of calculation. We
have before stated, for the benefit of our
readers, that we did not believe him capa
ble of imparting this wonderful faculty,
which he himself undoubtedly possesses, to
another person. In a number of instances,
to our knowledge, he has failed to do so.
This is a most wonderful age for humbugs
of all kinds. From all directions we see
advertisements and notices by which per
sons, who are too idle to work, are offering
to humbug the credulous and superstitious,
in order to raise the wind.
E7'Postage.-A number of petitions are in
circulation, asking a reduction- of postage.
These petitions are generally from the cities
and nothing is aid about the free circula
tion of country papers for 30 miles. This
is what the country feels more interested in
than letter postage. This clause should be
nserted in all, or petitions with this simple
request should be sent on without delay.
A bill has been reported in Congress,
authorising the coinage of Gold dollars by
the U. S. Mint. As the measure meets no
opposition, it will, no doubt, become a law.
The Gold dollars, will be about the size of
a half dime, and the only objection urged
is, that they are liable to be mistaken for
half dimes, A writer in the Washington
Union suggests a remedy for this by coin,
ing the pieces with a square hole in the
centre. We would prefer the hole being
round, as better adapted for stringing up the
pieces. By this means we can dispense
with purses, and take one off the string, as
we may want, provided always if we have
any to string. It would also be convenient
for Banks. A string of one hundred would
make a handsome little coil. We are tru
ly in a Golden Age. If the California
mines should not run out, in a few years
we may expect to find gold dollars rattling
in every man's pocket.
KF Blur Hill Road. The Union
Times says, a meeting was held at that place
on Tuesday evening last to petition to the
Legislature, for an appropriation to make a
road around the Blue Hill, near Northunv
berland to New Berlin. This a much wan
ted and important road. A few miles a-
round the hill once made, the whole diffi
culty will be surmounted. But we doubt
whether an appropriation can bo obtained
from the Legislature, however deserving
the object. The best means to construct
the road would be to incorporate a com
pany to turnpike it The stock, we have
no doubt, would soon pay six per cent.
tt Thb Scientific Examiner is tha ti
tle oi a neat monthly publication, at 50 eta.
per annum, by Samuel B. Smith, 293 Broad
way, New York. It contains much useful
and interesting matter on Electro Magna-
t'tsm, medicine and other subjects.
, ; Kv" There is but little doing in Congress
or in the SttU Legislature, worthy oi note.
tt present. -
SUNBURY AMERICAN AND SHAMOKIN
k A UxfYSBitt HtSToav of the moat remarka
ble events of all nations from the earliest period to
the present time, forming a complete history of the
world by O. C. Hebbe, L. L. D., Dewitt and Da
venport, Tribune building, NeW York.
We have received the seven numbers of
tha above valuable work. We have not had
time to peruse them, but the work comes
to us highly recommended by the Press. It
is got ' up in in elegant style in numbers of
112 pages each at 25 eta. per number. The
work will be completed in about twenty
numbers at Intervals of about a month. The
New York Tribune, speaking of the work,
says : "it seems one eicellently adapted to
the wants of that large clan who deserve a
general knowledge of history, but have no
time to read a great many volumes for it.
The style is forcible and the facts Well cho
sen and arranged.
nj The appearance of the Cholera in
the South, has given rise to considerable
discussion in regard to its treatment. A
writer in the Port Gibson (Miss.) Herald,
who is a Homcepathic Physician, in reply
to an article from Allopathic Physician, in
regard to the treatment of this terrible di
sease, furnishes the following statistics :
I propose to show the relative efficacy of
the two methods of treatment as tested in
Europe, as at the time of the first invasion of
the cholera, Homcepalhy had not been intra,
duced into this country. The following sta
tistics, are from authentic documeuts which
never have and never can be disputed.
Results of Allopathic treatment of cholora
in various hospitals ?n the Continent.
Hospitals. No. oPaticntt Dtti.
Hotel Dieu, Paris, 100 64
Venice, 100 57
Padua, 100 " 65
Genoa, 100 62
Turin, 100 71
Naples, - 100 63
Palermo Carmine, 100 72
11 SestaCaea, 100 65
St. Francises, 100 71
making the average over 63 per cent.
Places. No. of Patients. Died.
Lemburgh, 100 4
Vienna, 100 6
Berlin, 100 20
Russia, 100 22
Hungary, 100 4
Average of deaths 11 per cent.
In Vienna the cholera appeared in its most
frightful form, all the hospitals were ordered
to be fitted up for the reception of patients
attacked with this plague, and the Homce
pathic among the rest. A Government com
mission was appointed to examine into the
treatment of the different hospitals, and to re
port daily the exact state of matters. When
the reports were laid before Government, and
the reports published) the superior efficacy of
the treatment in the Homcepathic hospital
was so manifest, that it gave a great impulse
to the system. The Homcepathic hospital is
now largely attended by students, and the
Government have established a professorship,
to instruct in its principles and practice.
In fact the surprising results wherever tried,
as the above tables show, was to spread the
new system over the entire civillized globe.
In face of such developements in treat
ment of such a disease as the cholera, as well
as the remarkable results of the treatment ol
the yellow fever by Dr. Davis, of Natchez,
by Homcepatbio medicines, to denounce
Hahneman as a charlatan, to assail his disci
ples as visionaries or knaves, and to scoff at
Homcepathy as a humbug, is it not puerile,
undignified and presumptuous 1
I leave the above facts to speak for them
selves, feeling that this community have a
right to know what can be done for the cure
of this dreaded malady should we be so un
fortunate as to experience its violence.
E. W. ADAMS.
Habbisburg, Jan. 29, 1849.
Senate. The bill supplementary to the
act in relation to counties and townships, and
county and township officers, was passed.
The bill to incorporate the Danville and
Pottsville Telegraph Company, was passed.
House. A letter was presented to the
House from Lemuel Paynter, Esq., a citizen
of South ark, relative to oppening Sheets
street, in said district.
The Governor sent in a message stating
that he had signed the bill to authorize the
State Treasury to borrow money on tempo
rary loan to pay the interest falling due on
the 1st of February on the publio debt.
Mr. Diehl offered a resolution, instructing
the Committee on Inland Navjgatiion to in
quire into the expediency of the State resu
ming the exclusive right to carry passengers
on the Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad,
which was agreed to.
Mobb Gold. The St. Louis Organ of the
18th says, that information had reached that
city of a new discovery of gold regions in the
vicinity of the Rooky Mountains, about half
way between the eity of St. Louis and Sutter's
It is said gold is found in the sands of the
streams and upon the mountains. An expe
dition is already on foot for this new found
The St. Lawbbmce Camsls have already
cost 1 12,000,000 and 600,000 is required to
complete them $240,000 of which has been
veted for that purpose by the provincial Let.
gislatnre, leaving 1 360,000 to be granted.
Wm. A. Attbbb, well known in New York
as a reporter for the press, is now an inmate
of the Lunatio Asylum.
on, aa we learn by the Stat Gazette, will
suspend operations in a few weeks, for an in
Major Bliss la said to be engaged on a
history of General Taylor's campaign in Me
(Frota Uie Phila. Ledger )
THIRTIETH CO ItORESB RECORD EBBIOIV.
' Washington, Jan. 29, 1849.
Senate. After the usual preliminary busi
ness, a number of petitions on varioua subjects
were presented and referred.
The Vice President presented a memorial
in favor of a telegraph from the Mississippi
to the Paoifio Ocean. On motion, it was rax
ferred to the Committee on Commerce.
Mr. Nilea moved to take op Whitney'a bill
for a railroad to the Pacific.
The merits of the bill were discussed some
what at length by Messrs. Nilea, Foot and
Borland, in which the importance of early
action in the matter was dwelt upon. A mo
tion finally prevailed to postpone further con
sideration of the aubjeet until Monday next.
The Senate adjourned.
House. Mr. Embree moved to suspend
the rules, in order that he might offer a reso
lution making the bill for reducing postages
to a uniform rate, and correcting abuses in
the franking privilege, the order of the day
at one o'clock to-day.
The question was taken by yeas and nays,
and decided in the affirmative yeas 121,
Mr. Cobb then offered an amendment to
Embree'a resolution, changing the time from
one o'clock te-day to one o'clock to-morrow.
The question was taken by yeas and nays
and decided in the negative yeas, 70; nays,
The resolution was then put on its final pas
sage and decided in the negative yeas,
130 ; nays, 61. Two-thirds not voting for it,
the resolution was lost.
From the New York Herald.
THE VERY LATE8T NEWS FROM THE GOLD
REGION OF CALIFORNIA.
Important Despatches for the Governor of that
Territory- Tremendous Snow Storm on tht
Mazatlan, Dec. 20, 1&4S.
J. G. Bennett, Esq: Sir The last dates
from California, arrived here by the schoon
er Buro, are equally flattering in relation to
the gold region. The washings had ceased,
owing to the cold weather, and the whole re
gion was covered a foot deep with snow.
Some parties had built log cabins, and in
tended to pass the winter on the spot.
The richness of the placer, aa well as the
extent, far surpasses any account yet pub
lished of it gold being found nearly a hun
dred miles south of the oiiginal discovery.
It is supposed that about $4,000,000 will have
been extracted since the discovery. This
appears to be too large ; but judging from the
number of persons working say five thou
sand and their average gains per day, it
will pass 92,000,000.
Immense numbers from this coast are lea
ving, and preparing to leave ; more would
go were there any conveyances. Those most
anxious and impatient, pass over to Lower
California, and thence proceed by land.
This port is entirely deserted, or nearly so, of
the working classes. Several expeditions
have been fitted out, both here and at San
Bias, with money and provisions; and this
country goods are very much in demand here
more so than our own goods a singular
Mr. Parrott, United States Consul and Na
vy Agent, arrived overland on the 13th inst.
It is said that he is bearer of important des
patches to the Governor of California, in rela
tion to the gold region. The despatches are
still here there being ont of so many, not
one of our ships of war on this coast.
A Gold Digger's Expebience. A corres
pondent of the Honolulu (Sandwich Islands)
Friend, who was out surveying in the gold
region, and went, like the rest of them, to
gathering the "root of all evil," gives his ex
perience as follows :
I found digging gold by no means the en
chanting employment many might dream it
to be, but a matter-of-fact, back-aching,
wearisome work roost nearly resembling,
for all the world, the heavy toil of a multi
tude of Paddies excavating a canal or mill
race. The climate of the gold region, from
April to October, is dry, with a cloudless at
mosphere and oooi nlghts-the middle of the
day being warm, especially at the diggings
nearest the pla'm. While at the mines, I was,
of course, obliged to turn mountaineer sleep
under the blue canopy, or part of the time in
a tent, and take care of my domestio con
cerns as best I could. Life in the mountains,
with plenty to eat and a good appetite, pro
duced by hard work for sauce, is not so re
pulsive a thing aa one only accustomed to in
door existence might suppose. For variety's
sake, it will do for a time ; but for my part,
gold digging is a business I do not fancy, al
though it pays pretty well, and you are sure
of getting your pay in hand the moment the
work is done. Still, 1 would rather be at my
old business with one-third the profits of this.
Some who recently went up the Sacramento
river, came back a week afterwards, well
stored with fever and ague, it not with gold.
Many who came will make money doubt
less; but some will make themselves sick,
and perhaps make themselvea poorer than
ever if they do not make a shipwreck of
good morals and die, like some already, as
the fool dieth, in revelling and drunkenness.
If any man is doing a tolerable business at
the Islands, let him stick to it. He will, ten
chances to one, bo better off in the end.
Aa Imfobtamt DiriEBcE.-An exchange
Give a man the secure possession of a
bleak rock, and he will turn it into s garden ;
but give him only a nine years' lease of a
garden, and he will soon convert into a desert.
Schuylkill Canal Boats The Trustees
of the Boat Fund have abandoned the idea of
running their own boats and are now dispo
sing of them to boat captains on very accom
House or BEruoB.f By the report of the
Superintendent of the House of Refuge, it ap
pears that the number admitted into the In
stitution during the past year was, boys, 129;
girls, 19. Total, 188. Of these, 94 boys,
and U girls, were committed by magistrates
in this county, and seven boys by our courts
making 127 from the city and eounty of
Philadelphia, or nearly one half of the whole
number. Phil: htdrtr.
KUROPEAIV INTELLIGENCE BY THE
STEAMSHIP CANADA. .
The intelligence brought by the Canada,
at New York, is not very important political
ly. The California fever raged in England
qoite as violently as it has done here. Great
numbers of vessels were up for the gold re
gion some carrying passengers to Chagres,
others to Galveston, ko ; rates ranging from
i5 upwards. All sorts of schemes for rais
ing companies and capital are advertised.
One of the companies alone proposes to raise
a capital of 600,000, reserving half to be
taken in the United States. The Timca cau
tions the publio against these schemes, many
of which were mere swindles. It says :
That the country will be a pandemonium
long before any one can reach it from this
side is hardly to be doubted, unless, indeed,
the United States Government shall have
been able to establish a blockade and cordon
in which case the new arrivals will have to
get back as well as they can. But there is
no question that the first comers stand the
chance of large gain if they are able to fight
for it, and there is little danger of starvation,
since the district abounds with deer and rab
bits, and grain will flow there in quantities
from the Southern republics, while as tegards
articles of manufacture, the Sandwich Islands,
long overstocked, will be able to send sup
plies. Those who go out have, therefore, at
all events, some compensating prospect for
their risk, but for those at home who may be
deluded into parting with their money, not a
shadow of its return can exist.
In France the new President seems to en
counter serious difficulties. He had demand
ed of the Minister of the Interior, M. de Mai
leville, certain documents, and made the de
mand in a tone which was deemed tm peu
vif whereupon the whole Ministry resigned.
The President then made explanations which
tarjsfied all but the Minister of the Interior,
who withdrew, S2d was replaced by M. Leon
Foucher. M. Bixio withdrew with him from
the Department of Commerce, and is repla
ced by M. Buffet.
The President also attempted to supersede
a large number of prefects in the provinces
and to appoint the sons of Ney and M. Boissy
to high diplomatic posts, but was forced to
give way. His popularity has been seriously
injured. The Assembly is petitioned con
stantly to dissolve, and a committee has sub
mitted a proposition for a new election on the
4th of March.
OUR FLAG ABROAD.
The fine frigate St. Lawrence, commanded
by Capt. Pauldino, haa been displaying the
American flag in the North sea, the Buhic,
and iti the British. Channel. Everywhere it
has been greeted with distinguished atten
tion. A letter from one of the officers who ac
companied Capt. Pauldino, states that
throughout the excursion the uniform was a
passport to hospitalities of the most flattering
and liberal character. The King of Prussia,
in his reception of them, left nothing undone
that could render their visit gratifying. Be
sides being conveyed to the palace and back
to the depot in the royal carriages, they were
driven through his grounds, attended by an
officer of high rank, for three or four hours,
and were then received by the patriarch of
travel and science, Baron Humboldt, the
King's principal and confidential counsellor,
and entertained with a royal breakfast. The
following is the conclusion of the officer's let
ter: "A committee of the Frankfort Assembly
(they represent all the states of Germany) en
tertained us in magnificent style; our navy
and country were toasted in rvery way that
could be thought of by the assembled wis
dom, and speeches were made and every
thing doue to gratify us. About fifty were
present as many as the room would hold
and we were pressed to remain longer and
dine with others of the Assembly on the fol
lowing day. The Arch Duke John, a very
important personage now in Germany, also
invited us to dine, and the most splendid pri
vate hospitalities were provided for us, if we
would only remain. We were even impor
tuned to do so, but Captain P. was apprehen
sive that our noble frigate would be frozen
up in the Weser, if he remained as long as
the good people of Germany would have us
"You cannot conceive, and it is really in
credible, the sensation produced by the arri
val of this frigate on the shores of Germany.
Every body, until our departure, smiled upon
us, and I may say received us with open
arms. There has been nothing too good for
Scene at Mabbast's Soiree. A French
paper gives an account of a aristocrat io young
dandy, one of the most exclusive of the pre
sent fashionable lions, in Paris, who, as he
declares, was lately present, merely out of
curiosty, at one of President Marrast's recep
tions, when he was invited by the mistress of
the house to take his place at an eearte table
where waa already seated a gentleman wait
ing for a partner. The (ton obeyed with
scornful compliance, and took the chair op
posite to the stranger, who was already be
ginning to shuffle and soit the cards with an
agreeable anticipation of amusement, after
long expectation. No sooner, however, was
the dandy seated than he started with amaze
ment on beholding in his partner the visage
which will sometimes strike into the bosom
of the bravest of mankind the tailor to whom
a long bill is owning. The latter, however,
aa willing as the dandy to avoid recognition,
merely bowed in answer to the stare of aur.
prise of which he was the object, and said
quietly, as he drew his purse from his pocket
"What are our stakes 1" "The coat on my
back," replied the impudent dandy without
moving a muscle. The tailor waa a roan of
honor, and rather enjoyed the joke than other
wise. He played for the eoat and lost, and
the dandy walked away rather embarrased at
the novel position in which he stood as wearer
of a eoat which waa really paid for.
By the late census, the population of the
Canadas are amid to be, Upper Canada, 719,
000, and Lower Canada, 70,000. ! ,
Tht Canada , legislature . assembles next
week, for the flrtt time for several years..
TEAM ENGINES IN BCHUYLRILL COUNTY.
The Miners' Journal says the whole num.
ber of Steam Engine used in pumping, hois
ting, and breaking Coal in Schuylkill county,
is aa follows:
Pottsville and Mount Carbon District, 32
West Branch do do - 43
Schujlkill Yalley do do S3
Mill Creek do do 19
Tamaqua ; ' do . do , ' ! I ' 10
Donaldson and Tcemont 7
. Total, 143
With an aggregate power of about 4,500
horses, which, at the the eatimate of 10 men
to a horse power, (a large portion of these en
gines run day and night,) they perform the
labor of forty-ftv thousand men.
Twenty engines for breakers and slopes
were added -luring the last year, all of which
were built in Schuylkill county. One of these
waa of 90, and four of 50 horse power. Thir
ty engines for various purposes were built
by the machinists of Schuylkill county during
the year 1848, and their facilities for turning
out engines are perhaps greater than in any
other section of the State. The engines and
machinery turned out in Schuylkill eounty,
for several extensive Rolling Mills, surpass
anything of the kind manufactured either in
this country or in Europe.
THE ROUTE TO THE PACIFIC.
The most intelligent journals of the country
are taking ground in favor of a route to the
Pacific lying entirely within our own territo
ry, instead of government connecting itself
with a private enterprise in a country, for
such is the character of the application for
the establishment of the Panama route, now
The government is asked to give 8250,000
for twenty years, or $5,000,000 to the Compa
ny, and guaranty the neutrality of the terri
tory through which the road passes. Besides
the objectionable feature of giving such a
guatantee, which at some time may involve
us in a quarrel with other nations, a policy
that our government has always avoided,
there does not appear to be any particularad
vantnge to accrue for the outlay, beyond
what is extended to every other nation, none
of whom contribute a cent towards the enter
prise. No preference is to be given to citi
zens or merchandize of any country. The
Company agree to transport either passengers
or freight without distinction of national
character. The rates of toll and freight are
left to the Company's option. All money and
merchandize to be free of internal duties. A
gain, the grant is for less than fifty years, at
which time it is provided that the Grenadian
government may take possession of the works
without paying any thing for them. They
may even take possession of them in twenty
years, on the payment of $5,000,000 to the
Company ; but in cas? it does so, what js to
pay the United States government for its out
lay of $5,000,000 ? It seems more desirable
that our government should establish a route
through its own territories, which it will have
in perpetuity, instead of expending its money
to build up one that may endure but fur
twenty years, in a foreign soil, over which it
can have no control, and which, from the na
ture of its government and people, may be
subjected to internal discord and convulsions
that would render nugatory the terms of the
treaty, without the presence of troops, a very
dangerous and expensive piece of business.
Respect fob Abt. A nobleman having
called on Holbein while he was engaged in
drawing a figure from life, was told that he
could not see him, but must call another day.
Foolishly taking this answer as an affront, he
very rudely rushed up stairs to the painter's
studio. Hearing a noise, Holbein opened his
door ; feeling enraged at his lordship's as
sumption and intrusion, he pushed him back
wards from the top of the stairs to the bottom.
However, reflecting immediately on what he
had done, he repaired to the king. The no
bleman, who pretended to be ery much hurt
was there soon after him, and having stated
his complaint would be satisfied wilh nothing
less than the artist's life ; upon which the
king firmly replied, "My lord, you have not
now to do with Holbein, but with me ; what
ever punishment you may contrive by way
of revenge against him shall assuredly be in
flicted upon yourself- Remember, pray, my
lord, that I can when I please make seven
lords of seven ploughmen, but I cannot make
one Holbein of even seven lords."
The wat to tend a Bast. A Chippewa
Indian has been lecturing in Hartford, where,
in a lecture on Tuesday evening, according
to the Times, he advised the ladies of Hart
ford to tie their babies, as soon as they were
born, 'to a board, bind them down tight, and
keep them there most of the time till they
are ten months old. "Put a hoop around the
head," he says, "and then when the board
gets knocked over, it won't break the child's
nose." He sums up other advantages aa fol
lows: "you see, ladies, (holding up a speci
men,) the child's hands are tied down, so it
can't scratch its own eyes out, and can't
scratch its mother's breast, too; it can't
twiggle about and get very tired; it can't
bend over, and must grow straight when the
mother goes out after herbs, she can hang it
on a tree, and snakes can't bite it ; when it
cries, the mothercan swingil across her back
and rock it so (swaying its body to ana
fro ;) and ean carry it great distances id this
manner, too ; ean ait it up aide of the wig
wam, very handy; and when canoe turns
over, the child awims off on the board, not
drown ; and its back don't break across his
mother's arm, because the board supports it ;
the child can't crawl into the fire and burn
up, too can leave it long time, all safe so
I think this much best way, ladies much
The ladies gave their assent by a general
A revival of religion haa for some time
been going on at Lawrensburg, la , and 180
persons have joined the Methodist church.
The corner stone of the Jackson monument
to bo erected in Washington, will bo laid on
the 4th of July next. . .
' ' . '. T , I -a-'''
The members of the Iowa legislature have
voted themselvea each a gold pen. They
have thus beobme State pervioneni. '
ms nnim n
In this place, on the 28th ult., by C. Bower,
Esa.. Mr. Jonm Mutt to Mm U . . . 1
Savidoe, both of Augusta township;
In Danviile. on the 5th of December, 1848.
by Rev. Dr. Yeomans, H. S. Philips, (Prin
ter,) of Danville, to Miss Maby A. Bar an.
fnrmArlw f f lJ-- , '
j , u,uon incoming county, r.
a r" !.'"n,i.,e' on lh" ,4,h " r Re.
to M, ude"' MV A "MtE, Merchant,
cen? EATiAJE' -g' o John Yin-'
cent, tsq., both of that place.
Shaeffer, dee'd., aged about M
nilV"10' onJne9?air; ,hTf.23d n1, HAHU"
RIETC, daughter of Mr. Moses Chamber-"
lin, aged 5 years, 4 months and 20 days.
In Cnttawissa, Columbia county, Pa., or.'
the 14th ult., the Hon. CHRISTIAN BROBST. ?
aged 81 years and 4 months.
At Owings Mills, Baltimore ccmnfy, Mary-'
land, on the S4th ult., of Billioua PIp,U.
MT.TOHN BUDD, late of Sunbury, .Jed A
Jhe shafts of death are flying around ua
thick and fast. We have scarcely time to
recover from the shock occasioned by the
death of a friend or relative, until another
victim is added to the list. Frail indeed
is the tenure of this life, and yet with what
pertinacity do we all cling to its last thread
its vain drsires and its evanescent hopes.
The death of Mr. Budd, came upon us sud
denly and unexpected. Until within a few
w eeks past, the deceased was a resident of
thisplace. He came amongst us about eight
years since, a stranger, and has left behind
him a largo circle of friends who knew and
appreciated his worth as a man, and his
consistent and irreproachable conduct as a
christian. The deceased haslefta wife and
two children, to whom he was most devo
tedly attached, to mourn their sudden be
reavement. Although in the prime of life,
his health, of late, had become infirm, pro
bably by a too close and assiduous attention
to hisduties, which he discharged with the
most scrupulous exactness. The deceased
was a zealous and efficient member of the
Baptist Church, and his death will be re
gretted, not only by his fellow members of
that church, but by all who have a regard
tor moral worth and christian rectitude.
IMPORTANT TO THD PUBLIC.
HORSE A1TD CATTLE
Don't permit your Horeca or cattle to die, when
the means of cure are within the reach of all 1
The undersigned has a pent several years In the
study of Veterinary practice in "London and E
dinboro'," he haa also availed himself of the reaear
chea of Leibig, and other celebrated men, who have
contributed so much towards a judicious treatment
of animals; the principles of our practice consists
in the rejection of general bleeding and the total
rejection of all medicines that experience baa
shown to lie of a dangerous tendency. These re
medica act in harmony with the vital principle, and
when given according to the directiona which ac
company each article they are capable of exciting
and increasing the natural functions, without di
minishing or destroying their power, hence are
safcin the hands of every one.
G. H. DATJD, M. D.
A List el Horse aod Cattle Medicines.
Physic balls, 75c. per box.
Alterative ball, 75c do.
" powders for bad condition, 75c per pack
age. Heave powder for diseases of the lungs, 75c dc
Urine powder for - kidneya, 75e do.
Tonic powder for bad condition glanders, 75c do.
Cordial drink for inflaination of bowels, 75c per
Liquid blister, 75c per bottle.
Ointment for promoting the growth of hair, 50c
Healing balaam for wounda and saddle galls, 75c.
Wash for inflamed eyes, 50c per bottle. "
Ointment for mange scratches, old sores, etc, SOe
Embrocation for sore throat, 75c per bottle.
Hoof ointment for sand crack, brittle hoof, eVc, SOe
Horse Liniment, the moat celebrated article known
in England for lameneaa of every description, 75e
tc $1 per bottle.
Distemper powder for red water, $1 per bottle.
Worm powders for the removal of worms front
the intestinal canal, 75 per package.
For aale by 8TIMPSON A REED, J6 Mer
chants Row, also at DADD'8 HORSE AND
CATTLE MEDICINE DEPOT, Noe. 1 & S
Haymarket Square, Boston.
Pamphlets describing the diseaaea for which
these remedies are used can be had gratis.
Numerous Certificates are in poaaeaaion of the
Proprietors, of cures performed by the above Medi
rinee. AeiKTS. Sunbury, Hekbt Misaia,
GREEN dc FLETCHER, Agents for Penn
sylvania, February 3, 1849. tf
Estate of Solomon Mengsu, dee'd.
NOTICE is hereby given, that letters of ad
ministration have been granted to the sub
scriber, on the estate of Solomon Mengas, lata of
Delaware township, dee'd. AU persons indebted
to said estate, or having claima again et the same,
are requested to call on the subscriber for settle
ment. JOHN MENGA8 Adm'tor.
Delaware tshp, Feb. 3d, 1849 6U
TV OTICE is hereby given that, in pursuance of
an order of the Orphan's Court of Northum
berland eounty, will be exposed to sale, at the
Court House, in Sunbury, on Saturday the 17th '
day of February next, at 10 o'clock in the lot
noon, A uuJividtd half far r mtUtg
Of a certala Lot or Grousid,
situate in Upper August township Northumber
land county, ajoining lands of J no. G. Youngmaa
on the North, Gideon Market on the South and
Gobin on the North West, containing ten acres
more or Iras; ALSO: the undivided half part ar
moiety of another lot, called "the Rush lot, ' attn
ate in the township aforesaid, adjoining Iota as
Frederick and Daniel Haaa, Vhouaas Robins, Law
is Dewart and Charles Gobin, containing ten acres
mora or less. Late the property of Joba Robins,"
late of the Borough of Sunbury dee'd. Tha said
undivided half or meiety being the interest of Ana
Kobina a minor child of Elisabeth Robins dee'd., ,
and one of tha heirs and legal representatives of
John Robins dae'iL, in said premises.
Terms of aale will be asada known an the day
above mentixied by
JOSEPH C ROBINS,
Guardian of Ann Robins.. ..
By order of tha Court,
Martin Irwin a'k, a C.
Sunbury Jan. 7lh, 1849-ts. '.
WINDOW GLASS, t by 10, for sale by
. . . HENRY MASTER..
Sunhurv Jan, S7rh, 1819 tt s . M ,