Newspaper Page Text
From th New York Adv.
Arrival sf D.n Jt D'AWnr, the first Dlsesr.
r at ths M MluefeATntereatlM , sJsrshsv
SSSBts. I ( if" f
Von Jose D'Alvear, tho celebrated Spanish
Geologist, whose famous treatise on the "Age
of the Earth" must be known to many of our
readers, ha just krrivetl at New York, from
the Gold Regions of California, by way of
Panama, Chagres and New Orleans, bringing
with him a, large amount of Gold oi, estima
ted to be Wrth'ni6re than a tnifllort of dol
Jars, the nsurt ef- his labor, by the akl of a
large body of Indians, long before the exis
tence of the Gold mines became known to
the residents of California generally. Signor
D'Alvear Went out to California nearly two
years ago, in consequence of certain informa
tion which ho had received of the geological
charactor of that country, with tho firm be
lief that vast mint's of precious metals would
be revealed there, upon enreful investigation.
He was encouraged to this enterprise, also,
by his confidence in the powers of a certain
Magnetic instrument which ho bad invented,
culled the "Goldomoter," by whose aid he
he expected to be directed at once to the
'Gold Placer," if any such existed. , Nor
were his expectations disappointed. His sci
eutific calculations proved to be founded in
truth and profound wisdom, and his new in
strument, the "Goidomcter," fulfilled his
highest hopes. In less than two monthsaflcr
reaching California, he struck upon one of the
richest gold mines ill that country, upon on
obscure branch of the Sacramento river, iu a
gorge of hills extremely rocky and difficult
ofaoces5, and seldom visited by the native
Californians. Disguising his object under tho
pretence of purely scientific research, he ob
tained the aid of some fifteen or twenty sim
ple and faithful Indians, and steadily pursu
ed his task, collecting often more than St. 000
worth of gold in a single day, which he con
cealed in a deep ravine, without exciting any
suspicion whatever, until after the discovery
of gold at Cnpt. Sutter's Mill, when the moun
tains were ransacked by gold seekers, nnd
Signor D'Alvear's "gold placer," the richest
in all California, wis beset with greedy ad
venturers. ' It is now found that the real
mines or sources of the gold, lie in the gorges
of the mountains, and not in the beds or sands
of the rivers.
Don Jose D'Alvear was, beyond all ques
tion, the first and real discoverer of the gold
mines of California ; and he deserves the
more credit for this, as his discovery was ba
aed upon profound scientific calculation, and
was rot the result of accident. The evidence
of these facts, w hich he possesses," in the
shape of 'well attested documents, from per
sons high in authority in California, place the
matter beyond all doubt.
' Signor D'Alvear now visits the United
Ftates, where he was for several years a resi
dent, for tho purpose of disposing of his gold,
r.ud investing it in safe and improving pro
perty, and also fur the purpose of obtaining
tho necesMiry apparatus and material for con
structing his new instrument, the l:Guldnme
ter," which is now in great demand in Cali
fornia, but tho means of constructing them
was not to be obtained, rrevmus to leaving
California he sold his own instrument, a very
imperfect one, for 83,000, while thpy can, in
reality, be made for less than S20. The per
on who purchased it confidently expected to
make a handsome fortune, by simply finding
"gold placers," and sellinij out the right of
digging to the gold workcis. As to the prin
ciplo upon which the new "Goidomcter," or
gold finder, is constructed, wo have no know
ledge Signor D'Alvear, it is understood,
will, for the present, keep it a. secret; as it
would be impossible to protect a patent if one
were taken out. It is very simple in con
struction ; and is worked somewhat like tho
old-fashioned witcb-hazle rod, formerly used
in seeking for water.
Signor D'Alvear is of opinion that vast de
posites of gold will yet be found in the Uni
ted States, of a quality vastly superior to that
rocenlly discovered in Virginia and North
Carolina, and that the other mineral lichesof
this country are inconceivably great The
Signor is profoundly skilled in the mysteries
of Chemistry, Geology, Electro and Vital
Magnetism, and other curious branches cf
philosophical study, which, it must bo grant
ed, he has turned to good account in the pre
sent instance. We believe it is his intention
to publish some account of his invention of
the ;Goldometer, " befuro returning to Cali
fornia. We shall look for this work wjiU
. much interest.
The most extraordinary invention of the
age ia the chemical telegraph of Mr. Bain,
. now in New York. Wonderful as are the
. present systems for transmitting intelligence,
this upon an entirely tew plan, appear, ac
. cording to the New York Eiprcss, to excell
: them all. The rapidity of communication
, from one to au nlinost infinite number of sta
tions, is among the wonders of this instrument
. This intelligence may be prepared in England)
or on board of a steamer, ready (or tho elec
trical machine, and the machine once started,
the news Hies, if possible, wilh jnore than
the lapidily of thought. By this rapidity,
one wire is made to tuke the place of many,
and thus the expense will be greatly dimin
ished. : ,
The Cnpjing Telegraph transmits a ac
timile of the hand writing of tho party send
ing the communication, tho advantage of
which must be obvious to every one. -
' Another curiosity here it that all those ad
vantages likewise apply to clocks, which will
run three years and upwards without clean
ing, and without any attention to the course
of electricity, and the time is regularly indi
cated th" yar through without winding, or
any attention to lha instrument, ;
Wiiat is It IThe Boston Post says that
two joung Pennsylvunians, now in Boston,
have invented a locomotive by which a ve
hicle is propelled at the rate of 300 or 300
miles per hour. Ice ana snow are no im
pediments to its operation. The Post says it
is precluded from revealing the method, aud
leclares the inventors are not visionaries but
the authors of at Wast one useful invention
The Irish population of Boluii ami vicinity
t it'xt'jt j to 34,000. -
ATVHDA, DECEMBER Sq, 1S4H.
H . V. MASSER. K41tr sVBjrteWr. J
the Phllailulphia Unhang, u refill rlv authorized to recsira
Ivertiaciimila and aubacriptiotia fur thia paper, ami receipt
fur the same. .. .
ViT Persons indebted to the office of tits Ameri
can up to April 1848, are notified to make final
settlement witli H. II. Manser, in whose hands the
books of the lota firm are left for collection.
K7" An active boy about 14 or 15 years
old, would be taken as an apprentice, at thia
office. . ..-.....
Letters and Communications to the
editor, not on business, must be . post paid,
and accompanied with the name of the au
thor, to receive attention. ; ,
TP Our Carrier requests us to say, that
he will wait upon the patrons of the Ame
rican, with his address, on New Years day.
Winter has fairly set in at last. On
Friday of last week we had quite an inter
esting snow storm.' The foundation was
rather soft, but a snow of about six inches
aflbrded tolerably good sleighin?. On
Wednesday we had another edition of about
six inches of snow, which makes the sleigh
ing from "fair to midling," and quite an
improvement on the slushy ways of a few
K7 The Legislature will meet on Tues
day next. The Message will not be read
until Wednesday and will reach this place
on Thursday morning. We hope the Gov
ernor will have mercy on the printers, as
well as their readers. We wish we were
Governor a short time. We would write
a model message that would meet tho ap
probation of every editor in the Common
wealth, for its brevity.
Some of our grave and knowing citizens
were most prodigously hoaxed a few days
since, by a few of our young California as
pirants, who were awfully afflicted with the
gold fever. A rumor had beed spread some
days previous that application had been
made for Commissions in California. One
morning last week, when the Post Office
was crowded, a young gentleman whisper
ed to the P. M., w ho was in the secret,
aad who in a whisper more audible, replied
that "a large package under the frank of
Senator Cameron had arrived and that all
no doubt, was right." In a moment the
package was opened, which contained
commissions for three young gentlemen
anxious to distinguish themselves in Cali
fornia. One was a Judgeship, the others
appointments as Marslialls for the Eastern
and Western districts. A gentleman pre
sent read the commissions with a gravity
peculiar to himself. All was right and no
mistake. The Post Office was cleared in
short metre. The information was rapidly
communicated. One portly gentleman was
seen to make a bee line across the street, to
communicate the intelligence. His friend
doubted. "Didn't I," said he, "see the
commissions with my own eyes, and heard
them read, the President's name, and all.
Learned and eloquent comments were made
by the . learned and unlearned, upon the
advantages and disadvantages, the means of
getting to 1 Dorado, and the future pros
pects of the lucky individuals, now on the
high road to fame
Wh w lii-aws with increase of agra grew,
A streams r ''11 down, enlarging as lhy go.
Judge B. used every exertion to assume a
character, which seemed wholly alien to
his naturally comic disposition. Marshall
P., looked as grave as Chief Justice Taney
himself, while Marshall M. was in a state of
betweenity graciously smiling upon all who
congratulated him for this well deserved
reward for his gallantry in Mexico. But
there must bean end to all things humau.
The joke was too good to keep long, and in
a day or two it was ascertained that the
commissions were some twenty or thirty
years old. The gentleman who had read
them did so without his spectacles. Thus
Iwe faine ambition avsrice 'lis Uie mme,
For all are luetenra with a different name.
ll i iik vvakkr city, is me tine ot a
new weekly paper published at Philadel
phia, and edited by Geo. Lippard. The
first number contains the commencement of
uic iiii-muirs in a preacner, 10 oe compie-
ted in eight numbers, and is addressed with
... . .. -
a prolouge, to Bishop Potter, in which the
Bishop's- views in regard to French Novels,
arc tartly criticised. Mr. Lippard has the
ability to make an interesting paper, which
wo can better judge of hereafter, should he
not neglect sending it on as some publishers
are in the habit of doing, after receiving i
notice. . .' ....
O Some oi the papers recommend Hen.
ry S. Evans, of West Chester and editor of
the Village Record, for speaker of the
House of Representatives. We do not know
how the matter will be, but if we cant have
a democrat, we should be pleased to see
frienk kvans on the "woo sack," He ia
a worthy and competent Jtvtn, ... ,
SUNBURY AMERICAN AND SHAMOKIN
THE NEW YEAR.
Another year has almost completed Ita an
Dual round. To some, it has no doubt been
year of joy, of hope, and success, but alas !
to hew j many has it been only a link in the
chain of 'flife'e dull varied round.",. How
many resolutiona, for the better, have been
made itt the beginning of the year that hare
nor been executed. But try it again, much
ean be accomplished by perseverance,, which,
at first Sight, aeems almost impossible. New
Year, aftej; NewJTaar. .ao.jnpid.ly succeed each
other, and old time so stealthily creeps upon
us,' that we' almost forget 'that wc ore passing
from youth to old age, until our grey hairs,
wrinkled skin, and , the infirmities of onr na
ture admonish us of the fact. Let our readers
therefore determine to Improve the coming
year by wise and virtuous resolves, and among
the first, we advise I hem to subscribe, nnd con
scientiously pay for a good newspaper pub
lished in their county. No money can be so
well expended and none will so richly repay
Torn to the Press ita teeming sheets survey.
. Big with the wonders of each passing day ;
Birth, deaths, and weddings, forgeries, fires and wrecks,
Hurricanes and baiUtornu, brawls and broken necks.
This gentle reader is otir address short if
not sweet. We might soy more if we had
room, but our hands want a holiday and ad
monish us to cut matters short.
The Lancaster Intelligencer, speaking of
the Canal Commissioner to be elected in
place of Mr. Power, thinks that the candi
date should be taken from the Northj and
that while selecting even a good man,' we
should not forget the principle of availabili
ty. These are just our views. We have
always contended that we should take, not
only the best, but also the most available
candidates, especially where there is any
danger of a close contest. ' No man ' has
claims superior or equal to his party, that
he should put in jeopardy the success of
that party, in order to gratify his own sel
LEWIS CASS, JR.
The New York Evening Post, the lead
ng Democratic paper in New York, han
dles President Polk, pretty severely, for the
nomination of Lewis Cass, jr., as charge to
Rome. The Post advises the Senate to re
ject the nomination, and says that the only
merit, if merit it can be, which recom
mended him to 'the office, is that he is the
son of an eminent man. The Post has no
idea that men of superior abilities and long
standing in the party, should be thrust a
side, to make room for personal favorites.
ET The Lancaster Intelligencer no
tices the arrival of P. M. Deshong, in that
city, with a complimentary notice from a
New Orleans paper. We look upon Air.
Deshong, as something of a humbug;. He
is himself a wonderful mathematical genius,
but he has never yet communicated this
faculty to any one else, that wc have seen
or heard of. When here, he gave instruc
tions to several, and informed them he
would send them on a small work, revealing
the secret, which we then judged he would
not do, because he could not, and which,
we presume he never has done, in any in
stance. 07" There have been a number of very
large hogs slaughtered in this place, this sea
son. Uur old friend, Charles Weaver, is
we believe, entitled to the Presidency of
the association, having about a week since,
slaughtered a porker that weighed 423 lbs.
the largest killed this season.
We think we express the voice of near.
ly the whole newspaper Press of the Union,
when we say we shall not regret the loss
of Mr. Cave Johnson's services, as Post
Master General. His obstinacy in taxing
newspapers with postage, circulating in
the county in which they are published, is
only equalled by his absurd suggestion thai
editors should dry their papers before they
are put into the mails, by which time the
newg would be as far behind time, as the
Post Master General is behind the age in
which he lives. We copy the following
from the Carlisle Volunteer:
"The press and the people have, in a voice
approaching unanimity, asked that newspa
pers be permitted lo be carried free of post
ago to any part of the country in which they
are published ; and yet in tho face of this
the Post Master General recommends that
newspapers pay a postage of "one cent the
ounce '." tie recommends a reduction in
letter postage. This will suit the wishes of
weulthy men men of business but will be
of very little advantage to the poor man
Thus it is too often, that the prayer of the
nabob is listened lo with respect, and grant
ed, when at tho samo time the prayers of the
masses are entirely disregarded. We do
hope that the good sense of the members of
Congress will induce them to pass a bill abol
ishing that part of the present law, requiring
postage for newspapers. By doing so they
will but grant the prayer of the veoyle. If
the Post Master General issinoere in desiring
a cheap rate of Postage, he cannot and will
not oppose the passage of such a law. But
whether he opposes it or not, the member of
Congress who desires the respect and confi
dence of his constituents will not dare op
Zy Mblavciioly Bvicidk. The Rev.
Mr. White, a very; distinguished divine of
Wellsburg Vs., committed suicide on tho
21st inst. No cause ia assigned for the rash
act. : .: .... :; , ; . : !
O The Board of Canal Commissioners
appointed on the 24th inst., John Mitchel,
a former Canal Commissioner, as Supervisor
of ilia Western Division of the . Pennsylvania
Canal, ; yico Alexander Power, t . ,
From the jhila. Ledger.)
VVaihikqtok, Dee. 81.
A memorial was presented by Mr. Evans,
of Maryland, from several of the messengers
who brought on to Washington the eleotoral
rote of States. ' j -
The memorialists state that the mileage of
messengers baa been cat down from twenty
five eents a mile to twelve and a half oents a
mild. " That inasmuch as ibey have found the"
reduced allowance amply sufficient to cover
all the expenses incurred in the journey to
Washington, they therefore pray that the
honorable members of the Senate and House
of Representatives also : rednce their own
mileage to the same economical standard,
which while it would protect them from loss,
would be a Vast saving to the government.
' The memorial did not appear to moot with
much favor or1 encouragement, and, on mo
tion, was laid on the table. :
A resolution was offered by Mr. Golt, in
structing the committee to whom was refer
red that portion of the President's annua
message which relates to the District of Co
lumbia, to report a bill prohibiting all traffic
in slaves in the said District,
The resolution was warmly opposed. Mr.
Ilarralson moved to lay it on the table. The
question was taken by yeas and nays, and
decided in the negat jve yeas, 82 ; nays, 85.
The question then returning on Mr. Gott's
resolution of instruction, it was taken by yeas
and nays, and decided in the affirmative
yeas, nintly-t ighl ; uayseighty-stven.
On the announcement of the passage of the
resolution, the greatest confusion imaginable
prevailed in the hall the Speaker with diffi
culty managing to make himself heard. At
least one dozen of the members were on their
feet at the same time, all striving to make
motions,' or to offer resolutions, of the most
conflicting clmtacter possible.
Mr. Holmes, of South Carolina, at length
succeeded in making himself heard, amid the
general din. He rose, he said, not for the
purpose of making a speech not for the pur
pose or appealing to the members of this or
that section of the Union for he verily be
lieved that the time for talking had passed.
What was required to arrest the blighting
footsteps of the Northern fanatics was action
immediate, determined, concerted action.
He would, therefore, suggest to his colleag
ues of South Carolina to vacate their seats,
and at once withdraw from the hall.
The proposition was received with ill-sup
pressed bursts of laughter. It did not seem
to bo well relished even by tho Southern
As soon ns something like order was re
stored, Mr. Flournoy introduced a resolution
instructing the Committee on the District of
Columbia to report a bill retroceding the Dis
trict of Columbia to the State of Maryland,
except that portion of the District which was
covered by the public buildings.
After a few remarks of an animated but
rambling character, the resolution was adopt
Mr. Jones of Tennessee, moved to re-con
sider According to the rules, his motion
lies over one day.
Mr. King, of Georgia, introduced a resolu
tion providing for the appointment of a Ge
ologist for the new territory of California.
Mr. McClelland introduced a resolution
affirming that the public lands should be dis
posed of to settlers at the actual cost of sur
veying and selling.
Mr. Thompson, of Indiana, moved to lay
the resolution on the table.
The question was taken by yeas and nays,
and decided in the affirmative. Yeas, 104
nays, 61. '
On motion, the House adjourned.
Washington, Dec. 26.
Hoi'se. The House is not in session to
day, having adjourned over until to-morrow.
Senate Mr. Underwood offered a resolu
tion inquiring into llm expediency of estab
lishing a Board or a Bureau, for the purpose
of ascertaining something approximating to
wards the exact amount of public lands own
ed by the United States. Also, to ascertain
the value and extent of the gold lands in
These resolutions gave rise to a sort of
rambling debate, in which allusions were
made to the movements now going on in this
country by the "gold hunters." It seemed
to be conceded that, if these lands in Cali
fornia contained, as represented, an inex
haustible supply of gold, some means should
be adopted by the Government to secure a
revenue from them. The resolutions were
finally laid on the table.
(Correspondence of the Baltimore American.
Washington, Dee. 23, 1848.
Agreeably to notices served yesterday, a
meeting of Southern members of the two
House, I learn, took place last evening, in the
Senate Chamber, in reference to Southern
interests, as connected with the question of
Slavery. It was intended to be confined en
tirely to members from the slave-holding
States, and reporters and the public were ex.
eluded ; thcugh a resolution, I understand,
was adopted, to publish the proceedings, ojfl
' Ex-Govemor Metcalfe, Senator from Ken
tucky, presided, assisted by Senator Atchinson
and Ex-Governor Gayle, a Representative
from Alabama, as Vice Presidents, and Mr.
Venable, representative from North Carolina,
as Secretary. Between sixty and seventy
members of the two Houses, .! am inform,
Mr. Bavley, of Virginia offered a series of
resolution, I am informed, embracing essen
tially, in regurd to the rights of the States and
the powers of the General Government, the
principles of the resolution of 1798. They
do not recommend resistance, but insist upon
a firm maintenance ' of the Constitutional
rights of the South, and assert the right of
the people of the Slides to resist, in such man
ner as they may deem proper, any unconsti
tutional act of the General Government in re
gurd to the institution of Slavery. The reso
lutions further propose the appointment of a
committee to draft au address to the people
of the Slave holding Slates, merely showing,
as I am informed, the progress orabolilioninn
and hot suggesting any mode of remedy, leav
ing that to be devised br the people of the
Btates and the State legislatures, t 'r"
These resolutions, Mr. Stephens, of Geor
gia, after some remarks, moved to refer ts
committee of one member from each of the
slave-holding States, to report open the whole
subject involved, at an adjourned meeting to
be held IStn January ensuing.
" An animated debate ensued, in which
Messrs. Bayley, Stephens, Toombs, Foote,
Pendleton, ' Woodward,- Satiety Tompkins,
Morse, Holmes, Rusk, Calhoun, and Westcott,
and one 'or two others, whose names 1 have
not ascertained, participated.
? Mr. Calhorin, I understand, approved of Mr.
Bayley's resolutions, but coincided generally
in the proporiety of the reference proposed by
Mr. Stephens. He made, I am assured, one
of his ablest and most eloquent ' speeches,
moderate for him it its tone, containing no
thing intended to excite the South, but little
perhaps calculated to produce such a result,
and much no doubt intended to unite them
in a firm and unwavering maintenance of
their constitutional rights. '
I From the i'hiht. Ledger. ,
' telegraphic news. , ,
Ramar thai Col. Hays al his Mrs hay prrn
Cat ts Firm, kg 6ra. Vrrra.
' ' Charleston, Dec. 26th.
The steamer Fanny at New Orleans, from
Corpus Christi, brings a rumor that Col. Hays
and his men had been attacked by General
Urrea, on the Rio Grande, and cut to pieces.
It is said Gen. Urrea mistook them for a band
of robbers. The rumor is generally discred
ited in New Orleans.
The Falcon has sailed from New Orleans,
for Chagres. She took out two hundred pas
sengers. . ,
' , The Cholera la Kw Orlraaa. '
. " New OnLEANs, Dec. 23.
Seventy-nine new cases of cholera have
occurred at the Charity Hospital, since the
20th inst., and new cases are hourly brought
in Three merchants have died of it in the
city. The community has been greatly ex
cited in consequence of the Board of Health
having emphatically proclaimed that the
disease is epidemical in its character. The
weather is much cooler.
Thr Cholera at Mobile.
Richmond, PtX 26.
Information has been received here that
there had been one case of Cholera and one
death at Mobile.
Great Freabrton IheW'abaab Rl.ver.
Vincenmes, Indiana, Dec 26.
There has been a great freshet in the Wa
bash river. The damage dono throughout
the Valley is immense. Fences, barns, hay
stacks, and out-houses have been swept away.
The banks of the Wabash Canal have also
been destioyed in a number of places. Tho
loss is estimated at $70,000.
The Ohio Legislature.
Coli'Mbts, Dec. 25.'
Nothing further of importance has been
dune in the Ohio Legislature. Both Houses
have adjourned over until Thuisday.
The Cholera is dying out in New York.
In New Orleans, however it is spreading, and
is not conlined to the passengers of the ships
which brought it.
North Carolina. Mr. Calvin Edney,
Whig, has been elected in Yancy .county, to
fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation
of Mr. Fleming, Dem. This give the Whigs
a majority of two on joint ballot.
The Legislature of New Hampshire has
passed a plurality law for the election of mem
bers of Congress and Presidential electors.
Appointment by the President. 0. C.
Pral, of Illinois, to be an Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court of the United Stales for
Ihe Territory of Oregon, in the place of Wil
liam A. Hall, declined.
Cl RE FOR THE CHOLERA.
Dr. Thomas Miller, president of the Wash
ington board of health, has furnished, from a
Constantinople journal, for the National Intel
ligencer, whut John Barker, former consul
general of England, in Egypt, claims as an
infallible remedy for the cholera. It is as
' "As soon as the vomiting and diarrhrecoin-
mence, place the legs of the patient, up to
the knee, ia water not too hot to the touch ',
throw iu six or seven handfuls of course salt )
cause the legs to be rubbed violently by two
persons, with both hands, open the large
the large vein in both feet and allow Ihe
blood to flow in warm water for 12 or 20
minutes, according to the age or sex of the
patient, or stage of Ihe disease.
During this time keep the water of the
same temperature that it was when the
limbs were first inserted, by adding more
warm water. The natural animal heat of the
body will be immediately restored and felt ;
the patient will commence at once speaking,
and asking for nourishment. He will be per
fectly prepared to resume his duties in a day
Of sixty laborers attacked' with cholera,
whom I have attended, several had beed sud
denly seized while at work in the field,
others, after having retired in perfect health,
about day-break have been aroused from
sound sleep with the usual symptoms at the
greatest height. Aid could rarely be obtain
ed under half an hour, or an hour and a half,
(sometimes six or seven houis, and in one in
stance ten hours had elapsed,) still after giv
ing this remedy a fafr trial, was the cure so
perfect, that they were enabled to return to
their labor in five or six days after the attack.
In some cases the very next day, or the day
after, saw them restored.
It has occurred in some rare cases, that the
blood not flowing sufficiently at the time, the
patient was bled a second time. In such
cases, the second bleeding must take place in
the arm, and not iu the feet. In no case has
this treatment failed.
A remarkable feature iu this remedy, is the
immediate and perfect re-establishmeut of
the health of the patient, who, instead of lo
sing his strength, seems, on the contrary, to
actmire it." - .. ...
From the Cleveland Herald.
A drover by the name of Johnson, of Cleve
land, stopped at a hotel in Marion, Ohio, when
by soma means the Landlord learned that he
carried $2000 with him. Johnson proceeded
from thence aboot 1 2 miles to buy cattle.
The landlord followed him and shot him!
The drover fei6ned death while he was drag
ged into the woods, forced between two logs
and covered jwith brush.,' Aper the landlord
left he made himself heard to a passer by.
"Pot merlnto yonr wagon arid 'drive to the
tavern as fast aa possible," said the- drover.
I4n arriving there the landlord came out to
take the horses, when the drover raised his
head and exclaimed "That is the man that
shot me, he has (2000 of my money" and
ten minutes after he expired- j
The landlord came gave himself 'up, con
fessed the deed, and is now in jail.
The Revolutionary Movements in Eurone
have alarmed the "brother of the Sun and
Moon," and the emperor has called one of
his chief ministers to his assistance to con
sider what is necessary to preserve the peace
nu repose ot the Celestial Kmpire.
tt!F" The legislature of Ohio is at last or
ganised, and will proceed to settle there
difficulties in an orderly manner.
MJt It R IB D,
On the 2 liit inst.. hv tha D A r":i
Mr. PcTEa Coble of this place, to Miss Mart
Meyers of Upper Augusta.
in wiiuon, on ine zi inst., by Kev. F.
RuthrauiT, Mr. Nathan Fehr, of Schuylkill
bUUIItjr, IU WISS DARAH IlOY, Ol 1 UtDUl tsp.
At Port Carbon on Monday last, Mrs
ELIZABETH, consort of Solomon Shindel,
aged about 34 years.
In Delaware lowhship, on the 19th inst.,
Mrs. CATHARINE, wife of Andrew Mackay,
aged 74 years, 8 mo. and 7 dnys.
In Cliilisnnanne, on Ihe 18th inst. very sud
denly, Mrs. MAUY McCLEERY, consort of
Mr. John McCleery, aged 74 years.
In Chilisquaqne, on the 9th inst., MARY,
wife of George Hause, aged about 32 years.
Tckroat, Dec 87, 1848.
Wheat Red is worth 104 a 106 cents;
whitu is held at 112 a 115c.
Rye Pennsylvania is worth 621c.
Corn New Prima, yellow is held at 51c,
white 50c, weight.
Oats Southern is held at about 27 a 29c.
Whiskey. Salc3 in hhds at 23c and in
bbls at 25 cents.
AJV IViVCnSAL, III3TOHY.
FROM THE INFANCY OF MANKIND TO
THE PRESENT TIME. By G. C. Heebie
L. L. D. Now ready, 1st volume, hound in cloth.
Price $1 75 and lo bo continued in monthly
pnrtx, until finished, lire numbers forming a vol
ume, 25 cts. per number.
The author of this work seems to have had in
constant view the celebrated treatise of I.ucian
"How a History ought to be written." Truth in
its acvarity, and reason in ita manly state, are the
chief Muses and Graces to which he has done obe
dience. What a dilfereni view has been opened to
tia of the state of nations of by-gone ages, from that
which haa been presented to'usby other historians.
No wonder that the numbers already issued, have
met with a large sale, and been hailed by frequent
laudatory notices of Ihe press, of which a few a-
bridged extracts here are subjoined.
I From the Democratic Review.
This beautiful octavo the firat volume of Dr.
Hcblie's Universal History forum the initial vol
ume of a uew snd greatly improved work, devoted
to the history of the Universe, based not merely
upon the usually received data of former historians
but derived from the best authorities, attested by
revelations of modern discovery. The recent re
searches in arclurology by Chevalier Bunsen, and
oilier learned investigators, among ancient monu
mental records, have so entirely change the aspect
of primitive times and revealed so ninny important
new dsta, that the wonder has been not that such
a work aa the present should make its appearance
but rather that the task should not have been be
fore attempted in Europe. From a somewhat
careful examination of this volume, however we
find no cause to regret that the theme should have
been reserved for Ihe judicious and laborious press
of Dr. Hebbc. To such as cannot command the
leisure for a more systematic eourso of study, this
work proves eminently important and valuable,
since, when completed ! it will form a compendous
liberary of universal history, the most accurate
and complete extent, and written up to the spirit
of the age.
From the Sew York Tribune, Sept. 23
In rpgKrd to the literary execution of this work,
we have spoken as the numbers ap)ieared, but not
as fully as its merits deserve. Now, on re-cxami-nation,
we hesitate not to pronounce that this vol
ume, as a history of the earliest period of mankind
has no rival in any single work of universal .histo
ry in the English language.
From Graham"1 Magazine.
The author of the Universal History now in
publication, judging from the portion of it already
published, is equal to his task. He comes to it
prepared by twenty years of study, and a familiar
acquaintance with all the necessary authorities,
not only those to whom we look for solid records
of facts, but those who have gone beneath the sur
face of events, and tracked the source of political
convulsions by a thousand pulse back to the hidden
heart of some great principle.
From the Boston TVaiiseripf.
Dr. Hcbbe, by availing himself of the light
which the Egyptian hieorologists and other inves
tigators of antiquity, have shed on the earliest his
tory of man, by means of his vast erudition ena
bling him to avoid the errors of compilers, and to
draw from the original and moat undoubted sour
ces of authority, and by his acute judgenment, his
liberal philosophy, his deep sympathy with huma
nity, and his enthusiastic love for his favorite stu
dy, has produced what may be termed in many
respects an original history of the infant nations of
the world. The work is written in the most en
Isrgcd and liberal spirit, while the author rejects
the superstition of the ancient priesthood, he is a
stout defender of the immortal snd sublime truths
From the New York True Sim.
The style of Dr. Hebbe, though writing in a
tongue foreign to him, is always flowing and ani
mated, sometimes picturesque, and sometimes even
eloquent and sublime.
This work appears in monthly numbers seven
numbers now ready.
A liberal discount lo the trade, rlent by mail to
any part of Uie country.
DEWITT ot DAVENPORT,
Nassau street,-New York.
15 Pspers inserting the above three times, in
cluding this notice, and noticing the numbers as
they appear, will hare the back numbers sent to
them by forwarding a copy of thsir paper to the
publisher marked. Also receivs the numbers as
litst as published.
December SO, 164831
P'otton Yarn, Cotton Carpet Chain, Cotton Lsps
and Wadding, Cotton Outlines, Readv made
Pantaloons, Ready made Vests, Con grew Knives,
Porreluia lined preserving keUles, just received
for sale by ; . 11. MASSER.
uiihurv, Ptc. 2,. IHS.
i CortHtti weekly by Henry Masser,
' WatAT.f ,. ) "
Ita. V?-" ...
Cos. .'; V'4 (
Oats. . ' f
Eaos. " "i . .
FtAXsisa, ' '
, Tailow. f)
Hlfllli M."- j-Kjtrwcrwsn-sw
Daita ArrLia. .
Do. PlACIBS. .
LIST OP CAUSED-
EOR trial in the Court Common Pleaa of Nor
thumberland County a Immmarj Tarn 19,
Wm. Seiraonton , , . s 8hipman Groetwughi
Benj. RoMns ' ' " rs Valentine Klata
Henry Mosr . , ,,, vs H. B. Masser c Josy
Danvillo & Pottsville
Rail Road Co.
Win & K. Fegcly
rs David N. Lake et al
vs Haywood & Snyder
vs George Heckert
vs Baltzar Gam hart
vs John Porter
vs D. Man 4. I. Brows
vs William Depuey .
rs M. A Philip Billmysi
Seth I Comlr
rs jonn mcuinnis ,
Brautigam & Wapplcs rs C. H. & W. Friek
Bank of Northumberland rs Philip Stambaeh
rs John J. Watford
Geo Hilriiinn & wife
rs Martin &. W. Randeli
vs P. Lazarus et al
rs Wm. Ayres
John Dichl et al
Forsyth, Wilson & Co
rs I. C. Brysnt et al
W. Patterson's assignees rs Wm. McCay's admra
Mahan for 8ctmonton
John Garner's heirs
Andrew Garner et al
J. H. Rhoads Sc. wife
Robert M. Clark
rs Harkenberg- & Riehe
rs James & Wm. Ros
rs Leah Stroecker
rs James cV Wm. Ros
rs Isaac Brown
Andrew Emmons adin'rs vs David Btahlnccker
Henry H. Burr
vs Wm. McCay'sadm'i
rs Baltxar Gamhart
rs James Cummings
ts Samuel Caldwell
rs Charles Russet
rs Samuel Henderson
rs Wm. 8tarks v:
J. G. Montgomery et al
rs Thomas Lloyd
School Director of Rush tshp. rs William H. Kai
Daniel r. Uaul
vs Dentlcr & Montagt
vs Samuel Furmsn
Lewis Crcssman et al vs
Som'l Herr Ex'rs
Jacob Rhule, dec
Lewis Hulicrt's adm'ra
Jacob House! & wife
John IS. Murtz
Jonathan Purwl c wife
Eleanor Reed's adm'ra
T. Paulding & Co.
1). Hosts for J. Bound
Same for Mathews
J. P. Shult
Peter Ki.-litcr's ex'rs
Jonathan P. Shidtz
Jacob W. Scitzinger
vs Hugh Bellas et si
vs Jacob Hoffman
vs A. C. Barret
vs Philip Hounel adm'
vs Jos. 11. & J. Klino
vs A. G. Bradford
vs James Covert
vs Jacob Wcik
vs Jas. De Normanr
vs Win. McCay's sdn
vs Herrington &Gilti
vs Conrad Giltner
vs Jacob Weike
vs Dodge & Barret
vs Jos. Wclker & w
vs Sol. Dunkelberger
vs John Jacob Weike
vs Blythe & Ayres
vs DewartA Jordan
vs Elizabeth Weitzele
vs Sarah Reed -vs
I.cah Stroecker -rs
J, Grier Boctg & wife
vs Mary Jarrett
W m. & It. Fegcly & Co. vs John Sliisslcr
illiam De Haven
Nosh S. Mnckey
Jacob W. Seilzinger
A.l). cV It. Patterson
Geo. & Miller Border
vs Ira T. Clement
vs Baltzer Gsrnhart
vs Jas. De Normal
vs Samuel Finney
vs Leah Stroecker
vs Samuel Blain
vs Thomas S. Msr
vs Charlas W. Richf
vs Robert S. Grant
vs Andrew Nve
D. Hoiits for W. H. Fiyrore vs Isaac Brown
Samuel IJotmmtin vs Jaeob Hower
Mnrv Quinn et al rs Elias Brosious
D. Sr. DndKe for Moor & Biddle vs W. & R.Fe
Sarah Reed vs Eleanor Reed's ad
John Meek rs Edmund L. Prip.
JOHN FARNSWORT1I, Pmh'r .
Prothonotarv s ofliec i
Sunhury Dec. 2, 1818.
LIST OF JURORS
F Northumberland County for Janv
Term, A. D. 1849.
Crniid Jurors. V
Situtury. Christiun Bower, Peter Hilen
Edward Oyster, Thomas Robins.
Vjtfier Aniriijla. Lot Bcrgstresser.
Ltwtr AiixHita. John Krigbaum, Jno.
mcr, sr., Jas. Lytel.
AChristophcr Campbell, Wm. H. K
fhnmolbi. John Can-man, Chas. Koch.
Coal. John Hcin.
JartaoH. Marks Leader.
ioswr Mnhonoy Michael Lahr.
1'uiut. Francis Gibson, Jacob Snyder, ChtN
Ckilitj'iaj"' Wm. HufC
MHioh. John Murray, Jacob Houls.
T.i i but. Daniel 8. McFalls.
Zovr. J. Kciser.
Ijewit. Jacob Karcbner.
ScsnvBt. Jacob Rohrbach, Geo, Hilems
North I'm ami. as u. Wm. Wilson.
Lower Aubc ita,-Chas. Garinger, Job.
McPherson, Jacob Rhoads, Peter Yocum, '.
Ri.h. Wm. Hufr, rhilip Oberdorf, K
Weaver, Lewis Vastine.
Shamozis. John King, Felix Lerch,
Jackso. Isaac Reits, Jei.-miah Adorns,
Iowsa Mahosot, John Seller, Peter B.
Michael Wert, Hugh Seasholts, Isaac Drit
John Brosious, Philip Heckert.
Urrxa Mahoxot. Peter Geist, Geo. I
John Kcsfer, Gid. Adams.
Co i Geo. Long, David Billman, J
Little Maookot. Jacob 8. Ryan.
CaiLisavAacE. Jas. Gearhart, F.Cami
Miltox. John Houts.
Trss it. Peter Dunkel, N. McKray,
Lewis Jonas Koch, Samuel Mengas,
Delaware. Jacob Brown, Daniel Dieflei
Anthony Folliner, John Roush.
Poist. John Elston.
Petit Jurors. ;
SrsBUBT. Martin Harrison, Wm. Krig
Lower Auststa. Geo. Kciifer, Philip
ser. Ah. Bartholomew.
Urrsa Auoi'ATA. John A. fehisaler, I.
Armstrong, John Bowen Peter Culp.
Rrsii. John Kline, jr., Michael Moore,
Coal. Daniel Evert.
Jack sox. Jno. Leader, Benj. Hcin.
SiiAMoaia. Jno. Rothermcl.jr., Henry '
Jaeob Reed, John Teats,
Urns Mahosot. Philip Roils, Teter I
NoBTHvasiRLAXB. John Dunham,
Poist. Chss. Gulirk, J. W. Statu,
Miltob. John Kohr, John DiveL Isra '
Tt'BsrT. John Hssg.
' Deiawabb. Robert McKes, Moaea
Jaa, F. Beard.
Law is. Pater Noevker, Juo. Linebaol ;
Molasses for sals by HENRY MAP
Kuiihury, Due. 1, I". ,i