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it. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
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gt jFamfls JUtospapfr-Brtotrti to fldUt.w, - flftcratitrr, ioralB, jrowftw ani nomestfc iirtos, scteit'cc an ih? arts, Storteulturr, jKarluts, amusements, c.
NW SERIES VOL. 1, NO. 3.
- taunts of the American.
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S. B. MASSES,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Business alleiulcj lo in the Counties of Nor
bun-lcrland, Union, Lycoming and Columbia,
P. & A. Rovoi'nT,
Lowrn & Baiiho,
bOMIIHS & SjeoDORASS,
RlTKOLDS, McFaIILAXI) &. Co.
Bpsniso, Ooou &. Co.,
THE CHEAP 110 UK STORE.
DAITIELS & SMITH'S
Cheap New & Second ua.nd Book Siohe,
Forth Weit corner of Fourth and Arch Slreetr
Law Books. Theological ami Classical Books,
BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORICAL BOOKS,
Scientific and Mathematical Books.
Juvenile Books, in great variety.
Hymn Books and Prayer Books, Bibles, all sizes
Blank Booh, Writing PaperjundStatiunary,
llViohtnle and ItttaH
tV Ot!R prices arc much lower tluin the nwiULAtt prices.
TV I.ibiariraninl mM parcels of hooks purchased.
IV Books imported to onlirr from London.
Philadelphia, April 1, lfflSy
GROCERS COMMISSION M IXl'lIANTS
and Dealers in Sent.
No. 3. Arch St. PHILADELPHIA.
Constantly on hand a general assortment of
GROCERIES, TEAS, WINES, SEEDS,
To which they respectfully invite the attention
of the public.
All kinds of country produce taken in exchange
for Groceries or'sold on Commission.
Philad. April 1, 1818
iiu. 15 South Secnnd tired East fide, duivn stairs,
RESPECTFULLY informs his friends and
tli public, that he constantly keeps on
band a large assortment of chi drens wil'ow
Coaches, Chairs, Cradles, market and travel
ling baskets, and every variety of basket work
Ceuntry Merchants and others who wish to
purchase such articles, good and cheap, would
do well to call on him, as they are ali manufac
tured by him inthe best manner.
Philadelphia, June 3, 1848. ly
CARD & SEAL. EXGUAVIXG.
WM. G. MASON.
48 Chesnut t. 3 doort above 2nd it., Philadelphia
Engraver ol BCSIXESS fc VISITING C ARDS,
Watch papers, Labels, Door plates, Seals and
Ftamps (or Odd Fellows, Sons of Temperance,
lie, fcc. Always on hand a general assortment
f Fine Fancy Goods, Gold pens of every quality.
Dog Collars in great variety. Engravers tools
Agency for the Manufacturer of Glaziers Dia
monds. Orders per mail (post paid) will be punctually
Philadelphia, April 1, 1848 y
riRST PKEMITJM PIANO FORTES.
'f IpHE SUBSCRIBER has been appointed agent
, A for the sale of CONRAD MEYER'S CELE
.B5.ATED PREMIUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS,
.at ;hjs place. These Pianos have a plain, mas
.tive and beautiful exterior finish, and, for depth
of tone, and elegance of workmanship, are not
surpassed by any in the United States.
Theae instruments are highly approved of by
,he most eminent Professors and Composers of
JZdusic in this and other cities.
I For qualities of tone, touch and keeping in
tone upon Concert pitch, they cannot be sucpas
d by either American or Kuiopean Pianos.
Suffice it to say that Madame Castellan, VV. V
Wallace.,Vieux Temps, and his sister, the cele
I tinted Pitnist, and many others of the most dis
tinguished performers, have given these instru
ments preference over all others.
They have also riceived the fiist notice of the
t three l;tt Exhibitions, and the last Silver Medal
by the. Frankliu Institute in 1843, was awarded
to thena, which, with other premiums from the
same source, may be seen at the Ware-room No.
.33 south Fourth st.
(JAnother Silver Medal was awarded to C.
'Meyer, by the Franklin Institute, Oct. 1613 for
(the best Piano in the exhibition.
Again at the exhibition of the Franklin Insti-
tute, Oct. Ib46, the first premium and medal was
warded to C. Meyer for his Pianos, although it
had been awarded at the exhibition of the year
before, on the around that he bad made still great
r improvements in his Instruments within the
(past il months.
Again t the last exhibition of the Franklin
Institute, 1847, another Premium was awarded
to Ci Meyer, for tbe best Piano in the exhibition
At )toston, at their last exhibition, Sept. 1817,
.C-Meyer received the ficst silver Medal and III
pfojroa, for the best square Piano in the exhibition
Tho.a Pianos will be sold at the rr.annlar lo
Ver's lowest Philadelphia prices, if not something
lower. Persons are requester, to can and exam,
ioe for themselves, at tbe residence of the sub'
scriber. H- B. MASSER.
Sunbury, April 8, 1813
Urusli, Comb nml Variety
BOCKIUS AND BROTHER,
. v pRt aJH MAM J' At Ti ll EKS,
AND DEALERS IN COMBS & VARIETIES
So 98 North Third, below Hate St. and North
jst Conner of Third and Market ttreet,
TUTHERBtfaev offer (or sale a general assort
ment of all kinds of brushes, Combs and
varieties which tbey art determined lo tell
Lower than can be purchased a'sewhere.
Country Merchants ani others Purchasing
the above tine will find it to their advantage to
rail before purchasing elsewhere as tbe quality
and prices will be fully guaranteed against all
.PJiilajWpbia, Juot 3, ISlS-ly.
THE MISSION OF THE ANGEL OF DEATH.
st jibs, s. w. jiwett.
"Go forth," said the heavenly father,
To one of his seraph train
"Go forth on an errand of mercy
To the world of trouble and pain.
"Loosing the galling fetters,
That bind the weary and worn ;
And bear to their glorious mansions,
The souls that for bliss are born.
"And away from earth's noxious vatiors,
Some buds of beauty bring,
To bloom in the heavenly gardens,
'Neath the smilo of perpetual spring."
And the angel with wings resplendent,
Went out from the heavenly band,
Midst a chorus of joyful voices,
Resounding at God's right hand.
In the street of a crowded city,
An old man, beggar'd and poor,
Hungary and sick, and sorrowing,
Sank down by a rich man's door.
Sleep weighed down his heavy eyelids,
And feebly he drew his breath,
As beside him, with look of compassion,
Alighted the Angel of death.
Then he thought of the years long vanished,
The lovely the lost, and the dear,
Till borne on the wings of sweet visions,
He woke in a happier sphere.
There wero none on earth to sorrow,
That the old man's days were o'er,
II ut myriads bade him welcome,
As he ncarcd the heavenly shore.
iSlowly night's gathering shadows,
Closed round a mother mild,
Who, tearful and heavy-hearted,
Watched by her dying child.
Fevered and restless und moaning,
On his little bed he lay,
When the bringht-winged angel drc near
And kissed his last breath away.
So softly the chain was severed
So gently was stayed the breath
It soothed the heart of mourner,
And she blessed the Angel of Death.
For she knew that the soul of her darling
Had gone to his Father above
Clasped in the arms moro tender
Than even her fondest love.
And still on his holy mis ton,
Did the heaven-sent messenger roam,
Gathering God's wandering children
To their eternal home.
Those only, whose souls were blighted,
And withered by sin and shame,
.Saw no light in the path of the angel,
And knew not from whence he came.
And those, only, who close their spirits
In wilful blindness here,
From the light of God's nearer presence
Need shrink with distrust and fear.
DASEE LEWELLVN S WISH.
"Oh, father! how delightful.it would be
if you were an outlaw, or a rebel, or some
thing of that sort ; then, I might be like El
len in the Lady of the Lake ; there would
be danger and excitement, and daily sacri
fices to make for you ! IN ay, if you were
but an old blind harper, papa, I would be
content! Leading you over the hills, as in
the olden days of chivalry t in lighted hulls
and Beauty's bowers to be welcomed every
Such was the observation made one day
by young Dasee Lewellyn, the daughter of
a Welsh squire, and my very intimate
though eccentric friend a compound, as I
sometimes thought her, of Die Vernon and
Anna of Gierstein. I was at the time on
a visit to Swan Pool, the picturesque resi
dence of Squre Lewellyn, and though Da-
see had often amused me wun ner nasnes
of sentiment, I felt that her present wish to
see her father either a rebel or a beggar
was rather too romantic.
"Thank vou, my darling : 1 am much
obliged to you," said the squire; "but as
1 1.. ...lnmaH 1. if mil" n o wr h
we ure already welcomed by our neigh'
bors most heartily, whenever we go
amongst them, I murh prefer the conveni
ences of a comfortable carriage, with the
inestimable blessing of eyesight, to toiling
on foot afflicted and wayworn."
"But." vehemently urzed his daughter,
"then we should be welcomed for the sake
of genius and the love of art ; now it is be
cause you are the Squire of Swan Pool, and
I your heiress, and that we give good din
ners in return, and a ball at cnrisunas."
"Don't talk any more nonsense, Dasee,"
answered her father impatiently. "I like
sentiment well enough, but not sentiment
run mad, as yours seems to be. Why don't
you take a lesson in common sense from
your mend Bliss -mere; pointing to
me as he said so. "However, we need not
say any more about that just now. So come
and kiss me, like a good, sensible girl, and
tell me what you think of Mr. Smith, our
"Why," said the good, sensible girl, "he
is a great deal too fat and ruddy for a cler
gyman, and too young and happy-looking.
What with his commonplace name, and
and commonplace appearance, I can't bear
""But my dear," added Dame Winney,
the squire'i sister and housekeeper, 'a good
young pastor, well and conscientiously per
forming his manifold duties, ought to look
happy, if a quiet conscience) and peace of
I ' . . U .. ! .. . 1 . L .. T
nnnu can give iiuiiimii-w ; uiiu us iu ucni
ruddy and robust, what fault ii that of his !
I am sure he is a most excellent young
SUNBUltY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 184S.
: y r-
maD an(1 we are veT fortunate in having .
such a successor to our lamented Mr. Mor
"I should think we are much more for
tunate," saucily rejoined the foolish, heed
less, Dasee, "if Mr. Smith bad been a Mr.
anything else, and a palo interesting, mis
erable looking person whom it would have
made me weep to listen to, thinking of the
sad tale that doubtless formed his history!"
"Right glad should I be, if he had a tale
to tell thee, thou foolish Dasee !" said the
fond father. "But if thou art so full of
folly, depend upon it that Mr. Smith will
never think of thee."
"Mr. Smith think of me indeed !" indig
nantly exclaimed the heiress : "I would
not have him, even if he prew pale and
thin, and elegant to-morrow !"
On my second visit to Swdn Pool, Dasee
herself reminded me of these words, and
also of the following incident, which took
place in the churchyard :
The burial ground was situated on a hill
side facing the lake ; ancient trees spread
their branches above the grassey mounds,
many of which were ornamented with
beautiful flowering plants, placed there by
the hand of affection, and carefully tended,
for the Welsh peasant attaches peculiar in
terest to these sweet mojnorials of the de
parted. It was evening time, and all was
hushed around as Dasee Lewellyn and my
self sat down to rest on a projecting stone.
A woman, clad in mourning garb, entered
the churchyard, and, not seeing us, pre
sently knelt down by the side of a newly
made grave, on which the flowers, but
lately planted, were struggling to regain
electricity and strength. We saw her tie
them up, and pluck off the faded leaves ;
we heard her deep sobs, and her fervent
ejaculations reached our ears. Dasee was
very pain, silent, and thoughtful, lookii.g
on the mourner with deep interest and ab
sorbing attention ; and when at length the
poor woman left the burial place, she arose
and sought the new made grave, with clasp
ed hands and an earnest manner softly ex
claiming, "Oh I wish that I too had a
grave to tend !"
Admonition, warning, or reproof was
alike useless. We silently left the spot,
nor exchanged a word till within the warm
cheerful rooms of the old house once more.
We found the squire and Dame Winny
busily engaged with a disputation at crib
bage; and 1 fancied I guessed Dasee's feel
ings as she sprang into the arms of these
dear ones, embracing them again and again
with unwonted demonstrations of affection
even for her, warm and affectionate as she
was. Her heart perhaps smote her, but
the idle words could not be recalled.
Our sojourn in the pleasant Welsh valley
at length terminated ; and many years pas
sed away bringing changes to us all, while
still at intervals of time we continued to
receive tidings of our valued friends at
Dasee's letters were piquant and artless
productions, but affording subjects for seri
ous contemplation, as making the gradual
change of circumstances, and the develop
ment of feelings which had hitherto lain
With heartfelt sorrow, we heard from
Dame Winny of the worthy squires afflic
tion namely, that he had become a palsi
ed, sightless old man ; but then Dame Win
ny spoke of 'Niece Dasee's beautiful de
meanor and dutiful love towards her fath
er;' and we shrewedly opined also that the
reverend gentleman of the 'ruddy counten
ance and odious name' was beginning to
find favor with the heiress. She herself
wrote to us of his many amiable qualities,
of his assiduous attentions towards her poor
father, who, from his past habits and pur
suits, most bitterly felt his present deplora
ble condition, so that, when the final news
reached us of her princely patrionoymic
being lost forever in the commonplace one
of 'Smith,' we were not much astonished.
After this event our corresjwndence be
came irregular. Our wanderings, vicissi
tudes, and sorrows, and her increasing fam
ily, accounted for this; while dear Dame
Winney had so much upon her hands, so
many calls upon her time and attention,
that writing, which had always been a la
borious task to her, now became an almost
"Destiny, however, conducted us once
more to Lewellyn's home ; and at the pe
. d th u f ,he hm d
. t5 . ... . r
riod of our second visit to awan Tool, when
zed down on the valley beneath, it might
have seemed as if the summer-time of our
first visit had come again, only that the
summer ol the heart had departed, and ma
ny wintry blasts impressed reality too viv
idly lor lancy to hold its sway. All was
unchanged without: there reposed the
sparkling lake, over which Dasee used to
skim in her fairly shallop, the ancient trees,
the mountains, the old house, and the
church spire rising amidst the dark foliage ;
all were there as in the days ol voro : A
we passed the burial-ground on the hill
side, an impulse which I could not resist
impelled me to alight and to cuter the sac
red precincts alone. How many new
graves there were; how many brilliant
flowers clustering around them, as the last
rays of the setting sun illuminated the rain
bow tints ; thus telling of glory for the de
parted, and whispering hope to the survi
vors, seeming to say. I shall rise again to
morrow ; the flowers will bloom another
and another summer; and the inmates of
these quiet graves are not dead, but sleep
I was aroused from a deep reverie into
which I had fallen, by the soft sound of
infancy's sweet engaging prattle : and on
looking up, I saw a portly lady with two
fair children standing beside two little grassy
mounds, and answering their questions in
an earnest, impressive and tender manner.
The voice I knew it at once ! But how
could I recognise and Identify . the sedate
and rortly matron, the anxious nursing
mother, and the wild, giddy, serial sylph of
the mountain side. But it was Dasee her-
self, and she smiled when I called her
"JIrg. Smith," and tears came into her eyes
as we spoke of her numerous offspring : then
I knew her again ; for the smile was the
saucy smile of yore, and the eyes wore the
same touching and gentle expression which
so often in girlhood had given promise of
The little children watched our move
ments; their prattle ceased; and they
looked awed, holding by their mother's
hands with trustful love as she pointed to
the graves beside her, turning towards me
a glance which I well underwood, for the
same remembrance flushed simmultaneously
on our minds. "You do not forget ; ah !
I see you do not, she whispered, "those
thoughtless words once spoken here ; when
I heedlessly exclaimed, "I wish that I too
had a grave to tend !' Am I not answered:
For here sleeps my first born, and by his
side a golden haired cherub babe a second
Dasee!" She meekly bowed her head ; and
silence was the only and the best sympathy
I could ofler as we slowly approached the
old gabled house the beloved home of her
early years, the scene of so many wild ex
ploits. I have already said that without all re
mained unchanged ; within, the same, but
oh, how altered !
The white-headed squire was gently lead
about, not by his daughter she had other
pressing duties to attend to but by his
grand daughter, Winny Smith ; and if
Winny Smith's papa had been fat and rud
dy on our former visit to Swan Pool, what
washe7iow.' while of his hilarity and
happiness there could be no doubt ; it was
perfectly heartfelt and decided. Dame
Winn', too, was as active, as kind, as fidg
ety, and talkative as ever; but withered,
and shrunken, and slmhtlvdeaf (only slii'ht-
tij, she said ; going about with a tail silver-
headed stick, stuinpinn loudly up and down
the stairs and passages; ever giving warn
ing ol the dear old lady's approach un
known to herself.
There were so many tiny Smiths run
ning about that it seemed unlikely there
was any real danger of there being indi
vidually spoiled by grandpapa or Aunt
V inny. e observed that they all wore
black sashes, and that Dasee also was attir
ed in mourning, thus giving notice of a re
cent loss; we found on inquiry, that she
had not Ions: buried the second child she
had lost ; her eldest born, a promising boy
of seven years old, had been taken from
her a few years previously, and she had
mourned his loss nearly to the death : but
this last bereavement found the mother
calm and resigned, prepared to render back
the priceless treasure unto Him who save
Many visits in company' together, Dasee
and myself paid to the burial-ground on the
hillside, with her pretty children frolicking
around us, and I believe, were the usual
tenor of our conversation analysed, and the
pith of the matter extracted, the condensa
tion would be comprised in a small space,
the following quotation of lew words am
ply expressing our voluminous reminiscen
ces "Experience is the best of school-masters,
only the school-fees are heavy."
UtiiriFiLLr EirnEssto. No uiuii, how
ever UrgrailcJ, u utterly twyoml reformation.
Beautifully 1ms Whittier in one of his poems ex
pressed tins trutli.
As on the White Sea's charmed shore,
The l'ursce sees his holy hill
With tlumicst smoke clouds curtained o'er,
Yet knows bcncutli them evermore,
The low, pale tire is quixcring still ;
So underneath its clouds of sin,
The heart of man rctaiuetli yet
Uleains of its holy origin ;
And half tjuciicht d ttars that never s't,
Dim colors of its faded bow,
And early lieauly linger there,
And o'er its wasted desert blow
Faint breathings of its morning air.
Oh ! nover yet upon the scroll
Of the ain-Ntained, but priceless soul,
Hath Heaven insrrilwd "Despair !"
Cast not the clouded gem away,
ineiiclt not the dim but living ray
My brother man, bewaro !
Villi that deep voice which from the skies
Forbade the Patriarch's sacrifice,
God's angel cries, Fuubear !
Mili.kt The American Journal of Agri
cultural Science, for September, contains an
article by Professor Emmons, on (he cultiva
tion of millet. Tho larger millet is much
cultivated in some, parts of Europe. Germa
ny, for example, where it is seen in tho mar
kets, prepared by seperatiou from tho hui-k,
in the form of beautiful Trains, perfectly
round, of a golden color. It is used in jumps,
and boiled by itself with water, it forms an
eeellent and voiy wholesome, kind of homi
ny. Professor Emmons has subjected millet
lo nn analysis, in order to determine tho pro
portion of nutritive matter it contain. Ho
finds that "compared with wheat or Indian
corn, except in oil, it exceeds both in its pow
er of sustaining life." The groin l "rich in
tho elements which produce bone and inus
cle, and its atraw is not deficient in the ele
intuits" common to the culvated grasses." Ho
it might be cultivated in tliis country thinks
with profit, as food for animals, as it yields
from sixty-five to seventy bushels to the acre
The Sloop of War Yohktown sailed from
Boston on Wedneaduy, for the coast of Africa
She take out Commodore Cooper, who is ap
pointed to the command of the African Squa
BtuvTirvi. Afabtmekts in Paris, which
formerly rented for six hundred fiaucs a
month, may now be had (or sixty.
HOMES OF THE REVOLUTION.
Tho wife of Benedict Arnold was Marga
ret ShippenJ of Philadelphia. One of her
ancestors, Edward Shippen, who was mayor
of the city in the beginning of the eighteenth
century, suflered severe persecutions from
the zealots in authority at Boston, for his
Quakerism ; but successful in his business,
he amassed a large fortune, and according to
tradition, was distinguished for "having the
biggest house and the biggest carriage in
Philadelphia." Jlis mansion, called "tho
governor's house," "Shippen's great house,"
and "famous house and orchard outside the
town," was built on an eminence, the orchard
overlooking the city, yellow pines shaded the
rear, a green lawn extended in front, and the
view was unobstructed to tho Delaware and
Jersey shores. A priticely place, indeed, for
that day with its summer-houso and gar
dens abounding with tulips, roses, and lilies
It is said to have been tho residence for a
few weeks of William Penn and his family.
An account of the distinguished persons who
were guests there at different times would
be curious and interesting.
Edward Shippen, afterwards Chief Justice
of Pennsylvania, was the father of Margaiet.
His family, distinguished among the aristoc
racy of the day, was prominent after the
commencement of the contest among those
known to cherish loyalist principles; his
daughters were educated in these, and had
their constant associations with those who
wero opposed to American Independence.
The youngest of them only eighteen years
of age beautiful, brilliant, and fascinating,
full of spirit and gayoty the toast of the
British officers while their army occupied
Philadelphia became the object of Arnold's
admiration. She had been "one of tho brigh
test of the belles of tho Mischianza ;" and
it is somewhat curious that tho knight who
appeared in her honor on that occasion chose
for his motto a bay leaf with the motto, "un
changeable." This gay and volatile young
creature, accustomed to tho display connec
ted with "the pride of life," and the homage
paid to beauty in high station, was not one to
resist the lure of ambition, and was captiva
ted, it is probable, through her girlish fancy,
by the splcudor.of Arnold's equipments, and
his military ostentation. These appear
to have had their effect upon her relatives,
one of whom, in a manuscript letter, still ex
tant, says: "We understand that Gen. Ar
nold, a fine gentleman, lays closo siego to
Peggy" thus noticing his brilliant and im
posing exterior, without a word of informa
tion or inipiiry us to his character and princi
ples A letter from Arnold to Miss Shippem
which has been published written from the
camp at Karitau February 8th, 1779, not loug
beforo their marriage, shows the discontent
and rancor of his heart, in the allusions to the
President and Council of Pennsylvania. These
feelings were probably to her, as it was his
pleasure to complain of injury and persecution
while the darker designs, of which no one
suspected him till the whole community
were startled by tho news of treason, were
loubtless buried in his own bosom.
Some writer have takeu delight in repre
senting Mrs. Arnold us another Lady Mac
beth an unscrupulous and artful seductress,
whoso inordinate vanity and ambition were
the cause of her husband's crime, but there
seems no foundation even for a supposition
that she was acquainted with his purpose of
betraying his trust. She was not tho being
he would chouse as the sharer of a secret so
perilous, nor was the dissimulation attribu
ted to her consistent with her character. Ar
nold's marriage, it is true, brought him more
continually into familiar association with the
enemiesof American liberty, aud strengthen.
d distrust of him in the minds of those who
had seen enuugli to condemn iu his previous
conduct ; and it is likely that his propensity
for extravagance was encouraged by his
wife's taste for luxury and display, whilo she
exerted over him no saving iullueiice.
In the words of one of his best biographers
"he had no domestic security for doing right
no fireside guardianship to protect him
from tho tempter. Kejecting, as we du ut
terly, the theory that the wife was the insti
gator of his crime all euumion principles of
human action beinir opposed lo it we still
believe that there was nothing in her inilU'
enee or associations to countervail tho persU'
usions to which ho untimely yielded. She
was young, gav, and frivolous; fond of dis.
play und admiration, and used to luxury; bite
was utterly unfitted for the duties aud priva
tions of a poor man s wife. A loyalist's daugtt
ter, she had been taught lo mourn over the pa
geantry of colonial tank and authority, and to
recollect with pleasure the pomp ol those bnel
days of enjoyment, when military men of the
uoblo station wero her admirers. Arnold hud
no counsellor on his pillow to urge him to
tho imitation of homely republican virtue, to
stimulate him to follow the rugged path of a
revolutionary patriot, Ho fell ; and thou
his wife did not tempt or counsel him to ruin
there is no reason lo think she ever uttered a
word or niado a sign to deter him."
I lor instrumentality in the intercourse car
ried on while the iniquitous plan was ruatu
ring, according lo all probability, was au un
conscious one. Major Andre, who had been
intimate in her father's family while Gen
Howe was in possession of Philadelphia
wrote to her from New York in August, 1779,
to solicit her remembrance, and offering his
services to procure supplies, should she re
quire any, iu tho inilliuery department,
which' he says, playfully, the Meschianza had
given hiin skill and experience. The period
at which this missive was sent more than
a year after Andre had parted with the "fair
circle" for which he professes such lively re
gardand the singularity of the letter itself
justified the suspicion which became general
after its seizure by the Council of Pennsylva
nia that its offer of service in tho detail of
capwire, needles and gauze, covered a mean
ing deep and dangerous. This view was ta
ken by many writers of the day; but, admit
ting that the letter was intented to convey a
mysterous meaning, still it is not conclusive
evidence of Mrs. Arnold's participation in tho
design or knowledge of the treason, the con
summation of which was yet distant more
than a year. The suggestion of Mr. Reed
seems moro than probable that tho guilty
correspondence between the two officers un
der feigned names havihg been commenced
in March or April, the letter to Mrs. Arnold
may have been intended by Andre to inform
her husband of the name and rank of his
New York correspondent, and thus encourage
a fuller measure ef confidence and regard.
Tho judgment of Mr. Reed, Mr. Sparks, and
others who have closely investigated the sub
ject, is in favor of Mrs. Arnold's innocence in
It was after the plot was far advanced to
wards its denouement, and only two days
before Gun. Washington commenced his tour
to Hartford, in tho course of which ho made
a visit to West Point, that Mrs. Arnold came
thither with her infant to join her husband,
travelling by short stages, in herown carriage.
She passed tho lust night at Smith's house,
where she was met by the. General, and pro
ceeded up the river in his barge to head
quarters. When Washington mid his officers
arrived ut West Point, having sent from
Fishkill to announce their coming, Lafayette
reminded the Chief, who was turning his
horse into a road leading to the river, that
Mts. Arnold would be waiting breakfast; to
which Washington sportively answered. "Ah
you men aro all in love with Sirs. Arnold,
and wish to get where sho is ns soon as pos
sible. Go, breakfast with her and do not
wait for me."
Mrs. Arnold was at breakfast with her hus
band and the aids-de-camp Washington
and the other officers having not yet come
when tho letter arrived which bore to the
traitor the first intelligence of Andre's capture.
Ho left the room immediately, went to his
wife's chamber, sent for her, and briefly in
formed her of tho necessity of his instant
flight to the enemy, This was piobably the
fiist intelligence she received of what had
been going on. The news overwhelmed her,
nd when Arnold quitted tho apartment he
eft her lying in a swoon on the floor.
Her almost frantic condition plunged into
the depths of distress is described withsym-
athy by Col. Hamilton, in a letter written
ho next day: "The General," ho sas.
went to sco her ; sho upbraided him with
being in a plot to murder her child ; raved
and shed tears, and lamented tho fate of the
infant. All the sweetness of beau
ty all the loveliness of innocence all the
tenderness of a wife, and all the fondness of
of a mother, showed themselves iu her ap
pearance and conduct." He, to, expresses
his convictiou that she had no knowledge of
Arnold's plan till his announcement to her
that he must banish himself from his country
forever. The opinions of other persons, quul
ifiedto judge without prejudice, acquitted her
of the charge of having participated iu the
treason. John Jay, writing from Madrid to
Catharine Livingston, says, "All tho world
nt-n mil-t,,fT A rlf ill 1 IlMll nitvilKf 1,14 It I f "
U.u ...... ......
And Robert Morris writes ' Pour Mrs. Ar
nold '.was there ever such au infernal vil
lain!" Mrs. Arnold went from West Point to her
father's house ; but was not long permitted to
remain in Philadelphia. Tho traitor's papers
having been seized by direction of tho Exe.
cutive authorities, the correspondence with
Andre was brought lo light ; suspicion rested
on her, and by an order of tho Council, dated
October 27th, she was required to leave tho
State, to return no more during the continu
ance of the war. Sho accordingly departed
to join her husband iu New York. Tho res
pect and forbearance shown towards her on
her journey through tho country, notwith
standing her banishment, testified tho popu
lar belief in her innocence. M. do Marbois
lates that when she stopped at a village where
tho people were ubout to burn Arnold in effi
gy they put il off till tho next night. And
when she entered the carriage, on her way
to join her husband, all exhibition of popu
lar indignation was su:-poiidud, as if respect
ful pity for the grief and shame sho suffered,
for tho time overcame every other feeling.
Mrs. Arnold resided with her husband for
a snort lime mo ciy 01 ai. jouu, -ew runs-
wick, and was long remembered by persons
who knew her there, and who spoke much
of her beauty and fascination. Sheuftcrwards
lived in England. Mr. Sabine says that she
and Arnold wero seen by an Aiuericau loy
alist iu Westminister Abbey, standing before
the cenotaph, erected by the command of tho
king, iu tho memory of the unfortunate Andre
With what feeling tho traitor viewed the
monument of the man his crimo had sacri
ficed is not known ; but ho who saw him
standing there turned away with horror.
Mrs. Arnold survived her husband throe
years, and died in London iu 1801, at the
age of forty-threo. Little is known of her
after the blasting of the bright promises of
her youth by her husband's crimo, and a
dreary obscurity hangs over the close of her
career; but her relative in Philadelphia che
rish her memory with respect and affection.
Haunah, the sister of Arnold, whose affec
tion followed him through his guilty eaieer,
OLD SERIES VOL. O, NO. lO.
possessed great excellence of character j but
no particulars have been obtained by which
full justico could be done her. Mr. Sabine
says: "That sho una a tmo woman inthe
highest possible sense, I do not entertain a
doubt;" and tho same opinion of her is ex
pressed by Mr. Sparks. Mrs. Ellct.
Mary, Scotland's frail beauty, met tho
"gloomy king" with a degree of resolution
not to be expected from her misfortunes, so
numerous were they, deserted by every
friend except her little dog
Sir T. More remarked to the executioner,
by whose hands he was to perish, that tho
scaffold was extremely weak; "I pray you,
friends, see me up safe." said he, "aud for
coming down let me shift for myself."
Chaucer breathed his lust while composing
a ballad. His last production is called, "A
ballad niado by Geoffrey Chaucer on his
death bed, laying in great pain."
"1 could wish this tragic scene was over,"
aid Quin, the actor ; "but 1 hope to go
through it with becoming dignity."
Petrarch was found dead in his library,
leanins: over a book.
Rousseau, when dying1, ordered his attend
ants lo remove him before the window, that
iu might look upon his garden, und gladden
his eyes with the sight of nature. How ar
dent an admirer he was of nature, is poeti
cally told in "Zimmerman's Solitude."
Pope tells us ho found Sir Godfrey Kueller
when he visited him a few days prior to his
end) sitting up and forming plans for bis
monument. Ilia vanity was conspicuous
even in death !
Warren has remarked
him with death!
ffood breeding oulv Irft
"Give Drysdale a chair,"
id ho to his valet,
when that person was announced
Rayle, when dying, pointed to the
where his proof sheet was deposited.
Clarendon's pen diopped from his hand
when ho was seized with palsy, which put
an end to his existence.
Rede died while in the act of dictating
Roscommon, when expiring, quoted from
his own translation of Pies Int.
llaller feeling his pulse, said "the artery-
ceases lo bent," und immediately tlied.
When tho priest, who Allien had been
prevailed on to m-i-, rnmc, he reqnestrd him
to call to-morrow, "Death, I trust, will turr)
ronr and twenty hours."
Nelson's last words were, "Tell Colling;
wood to briiij
' tho fleet to anchor." Rcl
From the Home Journal.
l'AXKEC rillLOSOl'UV. s
I.ica there a Yankee, far or near,
Who, when his flails "get out of gear,"
Has never said, "Wall I, dout keer,
l!y Golly !"
Who, if he "stub liU too" and fall,
Dotit't want to swear, but great or small,
Will vent his wrath with "darn it ull,
ll Gully !"
The Yankee boy, wilh startling ejes,
When first thj elci.liant he csjiics,
ith won-lcr auuttts and s:.-oohs, und cries,
By Golly !"
The youth, with jack-knife sharp and stout.
Will try a trade to whittle! out,
And shaving, ijm-ry, "What you bout,
By Golly !"
The man that's "dickered mor'u a few"
Will inmiutly ask you, "How ity'c dew f"
His btory tell, and, "shore 'tis true,
By Golly !"
For the "main chance" he ever tries,
And thiidis that, "take things as they Use,
Twont do to l c more nice than wise,
l'y Golly !"
With brass cnoneh hi:i way to win,
However much he gels of "tin,"
He "swoW he'll have, "as much ugin,
By Golly I'
ll' hick attend him, and he make.-i,
A happy hit, he sweeps the stakes,
With, "Art t all, 'tniut no gnat shakes.
By Golly !"
But if Ii" lose the hick he had,
May be he'll get "most proper mad,"
And guess as how "this ere's to bad,
By Golly !"
Whatc'cr he triis, il ishisiulr,
If once he failed to reach the "gool"
To rate himself "a tavnal fool,
By Golly !"
And to the yi nkee "staves along,"
Full chisel, hitting right or wrong,
And makes the burden of his song,
"By Golly !"
A nuw kind ot Lift: PutsLUVta has been
brought forward iu New York, tho inventor
of w hich claim for it tho follow-in-' advaiita
'A person wearing one of theso life pre
servers can carry from lilty to one hundred
lbs. in addition to their person, anJ lleat four
persons iu thu water, without sinking, andean
lake no other position on tho water, except
with the head and shoulders entirely ubove
Tho entire person, savo tho fat e, is enclo
sed by an India rubber dre.-, parts of which
are ititlated, enabling tho wearer to rlout in uu
erect, or bleep in a reclining posture, or with
paddles which aro attached, at tho rate of
three miles per hour. His persou is kept en
tirely dry, and iho heat of his body o re
tained, that ho 13 warm and comfortable,
when flouting on tho waler in cold weather."
I Mr hi so. me xt roa Di'.bt, were tho uinu u
not above ten pound", has bocu aboiieht'd i'.it