Sunbury American. (Sunbury, Pa.) 1848-1879, July 08, 1848, Image 1
1 f r f r v ; mmi , -ic mm , f'tefe A. ; ! . -- M M 1 NO II. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND .PllOPlUKTOR. OFFICE, COHNER OF CENTRE ALLEY, & MARKET STREET. gTJFamflS iictospiTpcr-Dcbotrli to JJoUtfcs, (ttriitur'jWoralltj?, JTovttaix an ComrsUc Uttosartcnw mm the arts, SlflrfcuUurr, tfTarftets, amusements, ct. .V : ''-. mv x.- rr -w't Hrtnv .TW .-X & V! K M A A LfJL Ji-J JL vl; JUL y i.JL NEW SERIKS VOL. 1, NO. 15. TERMS P THE ASlERICAX. TIIR AMKKICAN i published every Sriturdny at TWO DOLL.AH3 per annum to b. paid hnlf vciirlr u advance. No mpar diacinilnmeu until i an-ramar. are pnnl. All eonirnunicr.tioiis ..r letter, on "Ja""8 to ffiee, to iiiiurc attention, must be POST TA1U. TO CI.LUS. 'Hire copies to cue address. Seven lo lo - li, Ihl 8500 mm jo on Five dollar, in .ilvanc. w ill pay lor tin t year's nulurcrip tion to the American. tin. Square of 10 linen. 3 liinw, Every .ulMcqnciit Insertion, fine Square, 3 mouths, Ifti months, t)ne year, Buaincw Card, of l'lve line., fer milium, M. reliant, ami other.. adverliMnt by Ilia year, with the privilege uf inwrlieg !- terent advertiK-menl. weekly. if larger Advert ineuients, pt-r agrecnnnil. .' .:mi :7j wo UlXI luuo ATTOKN E Y A T LA W , SUITBURY, PA. Bulnei iileiiupJ to in the Cnuiilie uf Nor thuipt erl.nJ, Union, LjcomiiiR and Colombia, liefer to I P. St. A. Kovoi'liT, 1 I,own A. Unno, Honma & Shdiioh8, RiTiroLnt, McKauianii & Co. 8r irirs, 3ooti & Co., PORTEP. it. EITGLISH. :ro Ens f 0M11SS10N i i:uc II AM S mill Drulera III SceiN, No. 3, Arch St. VtilLA UliLI'lUA. Conttantly on hand a general assortment f GROCERIES. TEAS, WINES, SE E U S, L'lUUOUS, &c. T which tbey respectful ly invite the attention of th- public. All kind, of country produce taken in exrliaiijje for Groceriei or sold on Commission. Pliilad. April 1, 1816 " THE CHEAP CiHIiv STUM. BA1TXELS & SIIT:-:'3 Cheap Nkw & Secomi iusu Hook Skike, Iforth Weal corner cf fourth and Arch Slrccls' Vhilitilcl)ikiit. Law Booka, Theological and Clnirul l imks, MEDICAL BOOKS, niOGRAFHICAf.Se HKTOKICAL 1HHIKS, bCUDOL, liOOKS. SCIKNTIFIO AND M ATU KM ATI fA t. I'.O l.S Juvenile Books, in rcnl i-nrHij. Hymn Book and Prayer liookt, Bibles, M mzi' and prices. Blank Booh, Writing P'T''-nl!l1 s'-';'"-"'0,r UViohBtle ami Illicit, tr Orm pricca arc inui li lower tlum the -!' Prl-' yr I.iliiariea and sinull unreel, "l 1 ' purciin.d. iy Book, imported to ord. r I'r.nll l3lid ui. I'lilladclphiu, April 1, lMny CARD & SEAL, EXU4VIX. WM. G MASON". 46 Chttnut . 3 doorr iibnvc 2nd ft . Vhitmh .phia Engraver o( BLlE!Sj tc YIMTI.NO tAltl'S. Watch papers. Lahels, Door plat.'s. S. nl and Ftampi for Odd Fellows. S.n.s of Tm.ir.wf. Ir.. AVe Alwava on hand a general asoi tin.-i.t of Fine Fancy Goods, Gold pen. of every n,...,liiyM Doe Collars in grot variety. j-,ngim ."u.' and materials. Arency for the Manufacturer of Glazu r Uia monds. Orders per mail (post paid) will bo punctually attended to. Philadelphia, April 1, 118 y BASKET MANUFACTORY, l'n 15 Suuth Second ttreit Ens' "dc, down :n rx. PHILAHEU'WA. HENRY COTLTER, "W F.SPECTFUI.LY informs his friends end 1, the public, that he constantly keeps on hanTa large assortment of chi drens wilnw (loaches, Chairs, Crad es, market and tiave'. ling baskets, and every variety of basket woik manufactured. Country Merchants and others who with to purchase such articles, pond and chap. would do well to call on him, as they are al manuli c tured by him inthe best manner. Philadelphia, June 3, 1818. ly COUXTICY Jli:itCHl.T Can save from 1.1 to ii per lent. BY purchasing their OILCLOTHS direct from the Manufacturers. POTTER & CARVICHAF.L Have opened a Warehouse, No. 133 North Third Street above Race, second door South of the '. tie Hotel, PHILADELPHIA, where they will always keey on hand arnmple! assortttient of Patent Elastic Curriute "I Cloths, 28, 36, 40, 48 and 5t inches wide. Fi gured, Painted, and Plain, on the inside, on Mus lin Drilling ant: Linen. 7'ie Oil Cloths of the most desirable patterns, 3d, 40, 46 and 04 inch' s wide. Floor Oil Claiht. from inches to 21 feet wide, well seasoned, and th newest style of patterns, all of their o so inanu'acture. Trans parent Window Shades, Carpets, &c. All goods warranted. Phil. May 27, 1848 3m IOJaC3E3"5Sr3Era B CL 9 jsj FISST PREMIUM PIANO FOH.TE3. WiiE 8UBSCUIUF.R has been appointeri agent I Jor the sale of CONRAD MEYER'S CELE BRATED PREMIUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS, at this lce. These Pianos have a p'.mu, mas sive and beautiful exterior finish, and, for depth of tone, and elegance of workmar.hip, are not surpassed by any in the United States. These instruments are highly approved of by the most emihent Professois and Lomposers ol Music in this and other cities. For qualities of tone, touch and keeping in tone upon Concert pitch, they cannot be aui-pas-ed by either American or Kuiopeau Pianos. Suffice it to say that Madame Castellan, W. Wallace. Vieui Temps, and his sister, tho cele brated Pianist, and many others of the most di tinauisbed performers, have given these in.tru ments preference over all others Tbey have also reeived the Inst notice or tha three last Elbihitions, and the last Silver Medal by the Franklin Institute in 1843, was award, d to them, which, with other premiums Imm the ame source, may be seen at the Ware room No 02 south Fourth st. CT-Atiotber S.Wer Medal was awarded to C Meyer, by the) Franklin Institute, Oct. 1843 for the best Piano in the exhibition. Aeain-at the exhibition or the Franklin iisli tut.. Oct. 1846, the first premium and medal was .warded t. C Meyer for bis Pianos, all hough it Srbeen .w.rded .t th. exh.bmon of the year b.foon th. ground that he had made... I .real ,, irr.prov.tn.nt. in hi. Instrument, within the Aau"l th. last exhibition of th. Franklin tn.tita.te. 1847. another Premium was . w.rded toO. M.y.r.for the best Piano in lb. ';'nn At Bo.toi.at their laat exhibition. Sept. 1SI7. C. Mf V.r we.iv.d th. Bist .liver Medal and Di. blansa. for lb. best square Pu in th. exhibition P The. Pi.no. will b. .old at lb. ir.anul.ctu. r.r's Io.t Pbil.d.lpbia priee., if not something luw. I P.rwns sr. requested ta nil 1211 .i ..i... .t i ha residence of th" sub- " .. u.tcrn scribr ii. ... . - From Neul'a Saturday Cinzmte.) FIRST FARTV. BV J. tl. POUTKIt. -l wi.a n t ahrtyHN for Sf'rllve tri-'k, N ir m:ide t court an amorous lo ni.icr.l-iK-s.M Tlierc is no pt'riotl hi a person's lifiMinirc awkward or iMiiharrasfiin, tlinn' wficu lin divest hiuvspf of t!it tr.immelsand rortfinr mnit of a nclioo '.-boy's lif'', and tukfs his station in th? world bis own bird and master. Neither my education, habits, nor lasle, fitted me for fashionable life. "Nature bad doim stilJ less for nip; forwliile at sl'liool, I enjoyed t lit; reputation of bejni; called tho ugliest looking boy in tho village. My mother has often told ine that when a babe, I was frightful to look upon, but she then comfortotl herself with, tho o!;l adae, that "an npcly child-changed to a h.indsome man." Hut as I grow in years, the con- racie,. leaiuresoi my u-imessexpanoec. into nu eousness, so thai wlien llelt n.v pater- nal roof, I was con.udere.l the eih h won- der of the world. . ! At eighteen I obtained a luiUon in a retail ory gootls store aim wan ifT.ui iif.iin ; ami willing nanus, 1 engageu with niucn assiduity in my new avocation. I had been in T! about a month, win n one night a I came to my boarding house, a note was handed me by the servant. The pink piper, the green sealing wax, and the penentl appearance of the note, quite start led me, and it was several moments ere I was sufficiently composed to open it however, I regained my self possession, broke the peal, and read 'Mrs. Kemp requests the pleasure of Mr. Michael S:iid.T"i company, on Wed nesday evening, twi nti. th instant." Tie1 Kemp family was one of the most fashionable in the city. My father became acquainted with Mr. K. the winter he was sent a representative to theGener.il Court, and is said to have p.-sisfed him wry mate rially in passing a favorite mea air through the house, The next morning I held a cons illation wilh my fri 'iids, as lo the propri ty of ac ceding or refusing the invitation. I g,ie the note to the oldest clerk and requested bis advice, lie read the billet very i arc fully, then measured me with eyes from hcml to (1 ot, he burst out into an intolera ble fit of Jnughter. 'How like the detite von will look in a party, Snider; why you will frighten every lady out of the room. However, go by all means you will make an assortment : but t;d;e care of yourself and I will give vou a few lessons before you make your de but." Such was the kind advice of my friend : and I was soon persuaded to accept the in vitation, and retired to the desk to write an answi r. But here was trouble. I ha.l never written a note in my life; for iu our village, when a parly was, to be given, one of the house walked round and ga ve a ver bal invilalion to the guests and made them say whether they would come or not : as mother said, people wanted to know how much cake to make, and how nianv walnuts to crack. However, an answer must be written. In the first place I took a sheet of foolscap paper, and with my penknife cut an exact pattern of the note I had re ceived ; then, ruling four lines with my thumb-nail, 1 requested one of the clerks to mend a pen for me, and 1 went to work. J will not describe the agony J suffered during one weary hour in attempting to re ply to this note. A dozen sheets of paper 1 defaced ere I was able to write a decent answer. I either began too near the top of the paper or I left out a word or in re- , ,i .. t i- it,, , . , . "vven, ;mi. rMiiui-r, " imi is ine news in ferriif to the dictionary I found J had mis- ' .. ' . ii i T c iii i . ,!,., i l ..n Salem! when did vou hear from your pa pelled; in fine, 1 had nearly exhausted all ()) ' mv paper and patience, when a version i ron !.... struck me which I thought proper- I "Oh, there is nothing new, ma'am. I I bean asain, and wrote the following : j had a letter from father a few days since; "Dear Madam I "-ot your nou last j he cays that Deacon Ilervy's barn is burnt, evening, asking me to your nouse nei n eu ivsday ; and as father told me to r-t into good company if I could, I guess Til come. i our mend, JMiciiabi. hxiniut." I saw no impropriety in this dirti n so 1 folded the note, seale'd it with a v al'erand having no one to obey my summons, I was obliged to leave it myself on my way home at night. In dressing for the party, when the night came, my knees began shaking, and my whole hotly stiflering under such excite ment, that one would have supposed that I was under the operation of a galvanic bat tery. In the act of shaving, I lacerated my face in several places ; in brushing my teeth I used the shaving brush instead of the pro per implement. I washed my hands with the tooth-powder brushed inv hair wilh the shoe brush ; in fine, my wits were so dNordere-d, that I was unconscious of the office I was performing. " After various reverses, I snccocilt d in ar ranging mv dress to my satisfaction ; and, us I viewed myself in the glass, 1 became more composed feeling convinced I never before appeared to so much advantage. My tailor had indeed exercised to perfection his talent in making, what he called a good fit. My coat was of blue broad-cloth, orna mented with brass buttons of enormous cir cumference. The waist of the coat evin ced a strong inclination to take us seat tie tween my shoulders, while the top of the collar formed nearly a dead level with the crown of my head. The sleeve, fitted tight to the arm, but whether from mistake or fashion, they barely concealed tho wrist, and loft. Ihe w hole hand exposed. My vest was of woolen, and had a dark ground, but stripe, of red and yellow re lieved its otherwise null appearance. My trousers were af red mixed color, cut after the Turkish fashion; a nice pair of white woollen stockings covered tha immense length of my teet made still longer by the prevailing fashion of having the pump an inch longer than the foot; so that my body rpeared ai though set upon runners. A SUNIItMY, NOHTHUAIIIKUIjAM) COUNTY. H.TUM)AY, JULY V, 18lS. snow white cravat surrounded my neck, I while the stiiF starched collar ' stood firmly up tinder my cars, as though my head de- peiuled upon that lor support. , Thus equipped, I paced my chamber till seven o'clock ; and supposing this" the pro per hour for making my obeisaace to Airs.' Kemp, I started for her house. The niirht j was rainy and boisterous in the. extreme; I and not wishing to. incur the expense of coach hire, I pulled a pair of . woollen stocking over my pumps, took an umbrella and commenced my walk. The barber bad dr.'si.'d my hair s) much to mvouiml, that fearing to disarraiVTi it, I carried my hat iu my hand, made the un.brella perform a double office. During my walk, I medita ted on the proper form of address on being presented to the , lady of the house, and af ter various trials, I bit upon one I thought appropriate. '-I have thy honor of wish ing Mrs. Kemp rrorv.l evening." This will do, thought I, so T continued repeating it j arrim1 al thp (loorof ,. house. avo yon pvpr rnl,0(, f)n (l,nlKt , ,aw yoi;r ,oo(h 0J;l.nctp(1;. if s0 ot V0ur heart heat almost to bursting, vou i,Mirhl.:1 t!lp filtal M1 ,hilt unnMnc,,(i v0Ur r()mjn,r iitit vou know- not half the ajo- n v 1 stifl. red, as I gave a knock at the house I where T was to puss the evening. The j door flew open as if by magic, I was wilh i in the house, mid my fate was sealed, lint nil was confused: my fortitude forsook me; I and 1 stood just like a statue. "Walk into tho kitchen," said the. ser vant. This aroused me. "The kitchen, sir! T was invited to ! come and see Mrs. Kemp : is this not her ! hot:- ?" "Oli ves, sir, I bej pardon, sir-: I really I mistook. Flense walk into this room, sir," I showing me into a basement parler, I "NV I replied. I want to take oil my , stockings before I see the ladies." "Oh, this is tie' only dressing room: i please walk in sir." j Jul walked, freed my feet from tin ir i covering, and prepared to as::end into the I parlor. j I -peedilv arrived at the top of ihe stairs ! T opened the door walked in "T have I the honor of wUhin;'" not a being w.rs in the room! Had I mistaken the lions - ? hud the servant tricked me? was I too early ? each thourht flashed through rny mind, when a female made her appearance from the closet.- "I have the honor of wishing Airs. Kemp good evenincr," I said, stalk ing up to her wilh prodigious stride '. "La! sir. I am not Mrs. Kemp; lam her servant. Hut what do you want of her, and now (hire yon come up into tl lor." jnr- "Ma'am, 1 am invited here. Ts not Mrs. Kemp going to give a parly this eve nino !" ' "Oh, then you are invited. Hut sir, the company won't be here for these two hours : but sit down sir, and I will speak to my lady." "Oh, no, I thank you: T will call a-'ain : don't allow me to disturb Mrs. Kemp." If I ever get out of this scrape, thought I, I will never be caught aeain. At this moment a lady, most superbly dressed, entered the room. She looked very inquiringly at me, when I informed her "that I was Michael Snider, hut I was very sorry Iliad como too early, and would call again." "Hy no means," said Mrs. Kemp. "Sit down Mr. Snider, I want to talk with you." I took a seat. The perspiration rolled down my face as though I was under a va por bath. .ir..ii nr.. c: l..- ...i.. :.. with three voke of cattht iu it, and that widow Nisbet is dead." "Indeed!" said Mrs. Kemp. Hut I will not mention Ihe variety of subjects touched upon by Mrs. Kemp, in order to amuse me, but I will pass to the time when the guests began to assemble. I took my stand behind the sofa in the corner of the room, and with mv merer eves watched the entrance of each indi vidual. Ladies after ladies continued to flock in until the room was nearly crowded; but, with the exception of some elderly gentle men, there was not a beau in the drawing room. Presently I observed several young entleman standing by the door, and, after ranninsr their fingers through their hair, ad justing their cravats, and screwing up their faces into a good evening' sort of a look, tbey entered, bowed to the lady, then dis tributed themselves among the company. All was now noise and confusion; and feeling a little confidence I ventured to ask young Kemp to introduce ino to some of the lathes. Kemp.was evidently startled at my request, but was too much of a gentle man to refuse. Whether he intended to quiz me or not I cannot say, but he said he would introduce me to Miss Scott, directing my eyes to the lady in question. I took his arm and we made our way through the crowd; but, unfortunately, one of my huge buttons came in contact with the lace cap worn by one of the elderly la dies, and from some cause we were bound together. I endeavored to pass on, and the lady attempted to free herself from such an unpleasant union, but in vain. I saw the difficulty. Ileing holy engrossed by the thought of my introduction to Miss Scott, I had recourse to uiy penknife, and the affair was soon settled. The lady screamed called me an impudent lellow. but 1 heard nothing till I found myself before Miss Scost, . . .. . . i "Miss Scottj permit me to 'introduce to yon Mr. Snider, on of my old country friends." twuirii I Throe times did I incline iny l,jjy tjthu ground, and three, times dt.l I atteiiipt t, speak, but my. tonjfiie cjaye t. the roof of inv mouth and refuted utterance; I chan ged my position from the front of the lady to her side, and 1 -a-ied my head against the wall. The lady during this movement retained the rame composure and . expression as when I' first bowt-d. "Mirst I speak first," thought I. I mudtf a desperate push, and taking bold of her, sleeve, I asked "what she gave for this calico she bad on ?" Misj Scott s'artid. "La! sir, I don't know ! you must ask ma." "I hope you won't think me impudent, ma'am," I replied. "Oh, by no means,-but pray, Mr. Snider, how long have you been in town !" said Miss Scott, thinking she would quiz me a little. ' "I have only been iu town about a month, ma'am, so I am not quite .so gentle as some of of the chap here." "Ah, you want me to flatter you," an swered the lady; "but I won't"; but tell me, have you seen Rob Roy," referring to Scott's last novel.. "No, ina'aiu, is he here "Oh, I do not mean the person himself, but you know the work. It has come to town." Yes, ma'am, I recollect now, we held a case from New York. Capital article for cloaks. We shall sell them at dollars a vard: perhaps you would like a pat tern ! "You do not .understand me," said Miss Seotl, endeavoring to command her risibles. "I had reference to Scott's last novel." "A novel! Oh, I never real such tbings, for thi-y tell me there is not a word of truth in them." Our edifying conversation was interrupt ed by the arrival of some refreshments, i which (lie servant proffered to Miss Scott. Here win a chance for my gallantly. The waiter was covered wilh ice ciranis, Ro- J iikju punch, blanc manage, etc., etc., art i tieles never before seen by me; however, 1 stepped forward and ar.ked the lady what I should have the pleas -.re of giving her. "I will thank you for a little Roman punch, Mr. Snider." I Roman punch at this time was held in high esteem in IS . It was sometimes of froen champagne: souii tiiu -s of water, spiced and iiw. n : but of this I was igno j rant. I "Punch !" thought I. "rather queer for a I lady to drink punch !.'' endeavoring at the same iiiiie to find the article on the waiter. I 1 looked in vain : nothing resembling what 1 called punch visible: si I whispered in I the servant's ear "Mring me a glass of p'mcll, j waiter, quick ."' then turning to MisiSeott, j"'.Yi!i you not have some of this! white slnff I liiit :" referring to some delicate blanc mange. j "As you ple.is , Mr. S:;kle,' s n,J the !a I dv, smiling. I covered the plat- whh thi te.-lHons morceati, asked the WuiLcr if If had not got a knife and fork: he sei-.l a rpoon was generally used, so I handed it to the lady, and returned to my place at her side. Pre sently 1 saw the servant approaching bear ing on the waitera glass of punch. "Now," 1 thought, "Mis Scott shall have a drink." Taking the glass from tho waiter, 1 hand ed it to the lady, informing her, that it looked as though it might be good. "Hut what is this, Mr. Snider .'" observed Miss Scott. ''Why ma'am, this is the1 punch you or dered, pray take it, no one shall see you drink it, for I will stand before you." Miss Scott was somewhat eni!iarrassd, but seeing my honest, grave and anxious 1 face, she bursted into an intolerable fit ofi laughter, and begged me to drink it for her. j Now, I had never drank a glass of punch in j my life, but, fearing the lady would laugh at me, without hesitation I swallowed the contents of the glass. i Shortly after this I observed an unusual degree of commotion throughout the draw ing rooms: music, struck up,- and a dance was called. I thought of my proficiency in the "pigeon wing" and "double shullle," and was anxious for an opportunity of dis playing my agility, but resolved to await the second dance. "Why they are playing psalm tunes," thought-1, observing none moving faster than a walk. "I should think they were all frightened to death; but 1 will show them how the thing is done." I watched every movement, and when the first dance was completed, I requested the honor of dancing wilh Miss Scott, she being the only lady with whom I was ac quainted. Ihelaily very politely consented; 1 led her into the centre of the room, made two slides and bows, placed myself in the third position and awaited the call of the musi cian. I began now to feel the effect of tho punch dnd it wa with some dillicult v that I was able to remain in my awkward ntti tude. Hut the dance will make me all right," 1 thought when the musician called out, "rigid and left." 1 started at once, eager for the dance, but was detained by my part ner, who informed me that my turn had not yet come. At the call of "side couples right and left" I jumped three feet into the air, strain, ed every nerve, and went to work, and muchf to my satisfaction, lound myself in my flaco again. Elated with my succss ariifc excited with the punch, I turned to Mis Scott and asked if there was not any "down in the middle of this dance." -"No," she replied. '' - "Oh, I am great in that. I wish you eould sea me.'?. . v . .. .. . .' . .... j . . . .i "How well you dance, Mr. Snider"." 'D6 you think so 1 ou shall see me cut a 'pigeon wing' presently," I replied. '"Forward mid back,1 and croiu over," called Ihe niusioian. ; ' " ' ' '. Away I started, and ai 1 got opposite my partner 'now is tho time,' thought I, 'to take the pigeon wing." Springing from the floor with all my strength I made a flourish with my feet as I came down, but the carpet proved a slippery foundation my heels flew up I lost iny equilibrium and fell prostrate on the floor. My feet came in contact with those of a servant's who was handing about ice-creams; the force of my fall was so powerful that I upsi t the servant, and the contents of the water came tumbling iu my face and' eyes. Mistaking the frigidity of the ice-creams for boiling punch, I hollowed most lustily that I was scalded, hut recovering my feet and obser ving the whole assembly laughing at my misfortune, I made a desperate push for the door. A waiter was coming up stairs with wines arid lemonades. Over him 1 tumbled, and we both fell together lo the bottom. 1 remembered nothing more. When t woke in the morning it was with a terrific, head ache , and I wan told that a servant in li ve ry had brought me home the proceeding evening. "Such shameful doings, Mr. Snider," said my landlady,' "only think of getting tipsy at your age." Thus innocence sullers sometimes equally with cuilt. I have never drank punch, or gone to a party since. JOHN VAN llt llliN S LAST Sl'V.V.I II. Th;.' New York II raid, contains a full re nurl of the speei-b of .hihn Van Uiiien. deliv ered al (ii'ijese. N. Y. sereisai and of bilter We iiiiike room fur Tt is full i.f wit of I jnliv Ihe 'follow ing. which I ' contains useful and inteie.-ling on nn important subject : 1'clliir Ciliicnt: A. I'oiivention of the democrats of tlii county, having invited ine to uddrori yo I here to-day, it (riven me irreat pleasine to euaiply with their request. A pre.-i.leii'iei election is uboiit approaching, ii'c I th .' electors of this Slate will shortly be called lip-in lo disi-bar."1 lite responsible trust so far as devolve upon lit 'in, oT elevating to the chief magistracy of twenty millions of free people, one of Ihe citizens of ibis repub- ! lie. The -reat question which now ngilates the public mind iu connection with ibis duly is whether slavery shall be extended to ter ritories of the United Slates that are now free. Thomas Jeifeison, in drawing tho Declara tion of Independence in '70, and in enumer ating the oppressions practised upon the colo nics by the King of Great Britain, charges him wilh having waged a cruel war egainst hitman nature ilself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty, iu the persons of a distant people who never olfeiided him. "This piratical warfare, (he saib) the opprobrium of iuli del powers, is the waiefareoflhe Chris. linn 1,'i.Hrnf ire.it llrifii.i. flet erm illcil to 1 .1 ... .. I , 1 1. 1 1... 1.,... 1 h; , l il 111,11 ui 1 10 1, r 1,11 ii .-711. m an 1 sold, be has proslitu.led his negative for .imrn&sitiir onv legislative alteim.t to re- .1.:. ..v....l,.i.l.. t.- .tlir. ' Tli l:in.mn.r , , . . ,. ... , , thus employed 111 regard to the slave trade, ., . .1 .,1 , 1 ... iit tttnviiri.r ilnoi wo nsoil tit 1li:it dav 1. ',1... di-t iJ,...l ..swell ushv George Wushiiigiutuu, Patrick Henry, James Madison, James Monroe. George Mason, and the o:her slaveholding patriots of the revolu tion, in speaking of domestic slavery ilself; w ilh Iho single exception that the foreign slave tra.le wns on evil which our forefathers had it in their power promptly lo suppress, and were therefore responsible for the con tinuance of il, whilst domestic slavery was a condition forced upon us by the mother coun try, for which we were 11.1t responsible, nnd which required time, humanity and philan thropy In ameliorate an,' extinguish. Those who declared and established our I independence, like thus ! patriots who recent- i ly overturned the French inonarohy, knew and felt thai the basis of true freedom was the quality of man : and to bring about this happy result consistently with the condition j of Ihe count i v, they adopted the following j r .1 ... v- In t-.itnii-d lii llu Shilou u-liioH slavcrv I I .' " ' existed, it was left to the wisdom and hu manity of the Slatu government to escape from the evil. The unsettled ten ilory north and west of the Ohio, out of w hich it was con- template.! thai future States would be formed belonged to Virginia. This territory was ceded lo the I lilted Nates immediately at Iho elos- of tlf revolution. Jetfersou was one of Iho grantors in the deed of cession ; tho following yjn ho introduced an ordi nance (cheers) by which it was declared, that after 1S01I, slavery, or involuntary servi tude, except as a punishment of crime, should never exist in such territory, or in the States to bo formed out of it. Three years ufler wards an ordinance wa. passed by which slavery was immediately and for ever pro hibited iu said territory. This ordinance passed tho Congress of the cimledonitiou uiiuniuiouslv. and wud sent to Virginia to bo ratified by the Legislature of that Stale ; it was so ralilied almost unani mously. The Cramers of the .constitution, at tho same liuio and place, authorized Congress ufter 1H0R. to prohibit the foreign slave trade. This delay of twenty year iu a work "f hu manity and justice was a concession wrung from tho patriots of Virginia and of the North by the oust iuaiicy of South Carolina and Geor gia, which Stales, by their delegates in the convention, refused to ooma' into the Union unles the concession was made. The that Cbugress under tha new constitution, in 1 78t, to remove all doubt of ihe validity of the or dinance of 1787,. ratified it ly a legislative act. Edward Colesi ' most ettimable arid intallieant citiwrj of Philadelphia-li msimlVr of one of th strongest and moat mrluential familien of Virginia, private secretary to Mr. Madison during his Presidency and formerly Governor of the Slate of Illinois informs nie that the ordinance of 1787 uctlinlly Cnnii. ci liated a large number of slave, who, at tho time of its passage, were found in the territo ry now composing the State of Illinois. So early as HPO, St. George Tucker, one of the ablest men iu Virginia, published a plan for the abolition of slavery in that Slntei and in enforcing the propriety of such aboli tion, he described shivery on an evil a thou sand limes greater than all the others which Great Britain had subjected us to, and ouo from which Virginia must bo saved, or her physical and moral prostration would be inevitable. This glance at the early history of our country, and at the action of the patri ots of the revolution, satisfied me that the l'ra meis of the constitution regarded slavery as a moral, social, nnd political curst) that one great object of ibe revolution was lo escape from it and that ibey intended to inake.and did make a government, in v. h'eb Congress should have abolished slavery in nil the terri tories of the Tinted Slates; that they intend ed to form and did for.n n Union, into which no more slave Slates should ever come, and the members of which should, iu good faith proceed us rapidly as possible to rid them selves of this withering blight, and rescue their associates from the reproach and dis grace which its e'-tencj br at ;ht np i: i the as-so nation and its name. The policy of the C'Miitry, from ihe revo lution till rreeiilJy, wilh the exceplioa of the admission ot I exas, Louisiana ami Morula, in nil of which in mv judgment, slavery ""V'ht to have been prohibited, (cheers) con- .. - . 1.. l:..r ,... ..." .1... - .l. iuilormation nnni sine in mis oenei. nn m int. .-,01111-j western territory, ceded bv Virginia, have been formed the Males ot (Hue, Indiana Wisconsin, Illinois and .Michigan. These j live States contain a population of between 1 four ami live millions, and almost exhatistless ! physical resources. They were fonned out : of a pari of the Slate of Vi.ginia. and how re 1 maikable d.tes the condition uf Virginia; i when contrasted w ith theirs illustrate the cf i feet of I ho Jell'ersoiiian policy. She stands s"".- 01' retrogrades, whilst any one 01 lliem. with its boundless energv, rcsislle, piogivss rapidly increasing popuiatm 1. eitu er now ex ceods or obviously soon will outgrow the State from which it sprun.', Who cm look at those five lusty children, and can even be lieve that they have ever spaing from such an exhumated mother ? exhausted too, not iu musing; her children, but exhausted in lying (till and looking at them grow up after Ih -y were born and weaned. It is as diilienll to believe that such 11 mother should have si eh cbildtfn, as that the great apostle of libeily Thoma Jefl'ersan th iiild have such n re fugee for a-disciple as Thomas Ritchie. (Laughter and cheers.) ' Tiik You sr. Idka. The following rich scene occurred in one of the private schools i in this city I 'Ah, Pa !! Pat ' said the schoolmistress to ,.,,,,',. . , ,, a thick-headed urchin, into whose muddy 7 J ' hnin wai attempting to beat the alpha bet 'I'm afraid you'll never learn anything. Now what's that letter, eh ? 'Sure, don't know, ma'am.' replied Pat. ' thought you recollect that.' 'Why, ma'am.' 'Because it has a dot over the lop of it.' 'Och ma'am ! mind it well, but sure 1 tho't it was a fij specie !" ;Well, now remember Pat it's I.' 'Yun, ma'am !! 'No! no! not 17, but .' 'Not , but yon, ma'am how's that !' 'Not 7, but V blockhead .' 'Och, vis! faith, now have it ma'am. You mean to say that nut 1. but yon, are a block head !' 'Foot. ! Ko'oi, !' exclaimed the pedagogues almost bursting with rage. 'Jist as ve plaza,' quietly replied Put ; 'fool or blockhead it's no matter vhich, so loi g as veer free to own if! Facts About Dickstion. Wheat is tho most nutritious of all substances except oil j plaining ninety-live parts of nutriment to j ( ( WKSto Im,tlt.r. Dtv pens, nuts and j Kir,.y aro nmrly ,ls nutritious as wheat ,;all;u v..tables sUllu lowest oil the list ' i,,.,,,....!. as,i1,.v contain, when fresh, alarm noitiou of water. The , mutiny ot waste - j 1 ' matter eigbt-tetiths of Ihe w hole. Veal is tin most nutritious, then fowls, thou beef, last pork. The most uulririous fruit aro plums, grapes, apricots, pi aches, gooseberries ami melons. Of all the niticles of food, boiled rice is digested in the shortest time, an hour. As it also contains eight-tenths of nutritions matter, it is a valuable bubstanco of diet Tripu and pigs' feet are digested almost a rapidly. Apples, if sweet and ripe, are next iu order. Venison is digested almost as soon lis apples. Roasted potatoes are digested in iu half tho lime required by the same ve table boiled, which occupy three hours aud a half more than beef or mutton. Turkey and goose aro converted in two hours mid a lialf an hour and a half sooner than chicken Roasted veul aiu' P"1' alu suUt''1 I occ" py five hour, and a half the longest of all articles of food. American Journal pj iign cuffto-e oiid Science 'I Wondkb," said a woman of liuniur why my husbaud and I quarrel so often, for we agree uniformily in one-grand point ; wishes to be master and so do I." A Sur of the foot yoo may soon recover- but a .lip of tha feiir' you can never get over. OLD SEHIKS VOL. 8, NO. 41: GEMS OF POESY. LIBI-RTY HYMN. BY IIEV. J. O. POUMAN. Tine 77ic Morning light is trcoiting. Joy to till lands possessing" Light from the Source above, That share the gracious blessing Of Gospel truili aud love ; Joy that the world is waking From its lethargic sleep, And signs of good are breaking Across the mighty deep.' The rule of iron ages, , Of carnal power and might, Of Kings and worldly sagei! Is yielding to the llmn r; Far o'er the heaving ocean, Across the bounding sea, . We bear the glad comotioil Of Tuctii and LiataiTV. While the good news doth cheer us. O, let us not forget The sighing millions near us, In cruel bondage yet. The power of Truth awaking Hearts that are true and brave, Shall yet succeed iu breaking The fetters of ihe slave.' On blood-stained fields of battle, And 011 the surging main, Where' like dumb, driven cattle The sons of men tire slain, The trumpet of Salvation Shall sound a sweet release, And every Cluistian nation Shall bless ihe Piiucc of Peace. While every heart rejoices, The grateful song we'll raise, Aud glad and cheerful voices Shall hymn our Maker's praise. The prayer of Faiih ascending Shall till our hearts w ith love, And mercies, richly blending, Flow from Ihe Fount above. .V. 1. Tribune. IIOUAt I' t.ltKI LV, OF THE TKIIitM-. The Philadelphia Bulletin relates a good tory of Horace Greek, of the New Yolk ribtine. The Bulletin says: At the late Whig Convention held in this city, ho was not only an interested spectator; but an active, ardent participant, ndvoating the claims of his favoiile Clay without refer ence lo time; place, or circumstance., aud and judging from his gesticulations, recklea of broadcloth that is. if such a; piece ofelc gaul supcrlluit y ever entered into the compo- ition of one of honest Horace's coals. As the labors of the convention drew to a close, it became evident that General Taylor was lo be the nominee. Gieely groaned in spirit but, still, hope had not deserted him. lie would not, for he could not, believe ibat a Whig Convention would nominate any other but Henry Clay. He waited for the fourth balhit. TlieX'liairman announced "for Gen eral Zachary Taylor, 171 votes." He heard no more tho deed was done and Horace', no doubt, mentally exclaimed, but with mote truth than the inhospitable Scotchman, "thou canst not say I did it !' Late the same afternoon, Mr. Greely was en running down Walnut street at 1. conio- tive speedy bis coat tail standing out at an angle of forty-live degrees. The ends of both legs of his panls weiv concealed in his boots the buckle of his stock un leroueof bis ears his bat over bis eyes and bis shirt collar no where, lie carried his carpel bag by one of its handles, aud as il was (of course) un- ocke.l, an opportunity was afforded trt ascer tain the nature and extent ot the waidroue of a man w hose name is almost daily on the lips of every man, woman, and child iu thU reat and growing country. He reached the wlrarf and exclaimed, sad ly broken in wind - "Where -where is ihe the the New York boat?"' Some one informed him that the boat liad staited an hour before. A less determined man would nave returned to his hotel. But when was Mr. Greely ever known to turn his back on -a friend, fie or journey ? He did not care a toss of a copper for steamboats or railway car? not lie. All that he wanted was get out of Philadelphia to lengthen Ihe distance between himself and the Whig Convention and to get back again to New York. He announced his in tention, to cross Jersey o ! The people stared, but Horace walked tin board the ferry boat. When last seen, by any of onr citizens, h was making tracks out of Cam den, the carpet bag still in his hand, and his coat tails perfectly horizontal. Bets wine freely tillered that he would reach Jersey City in advance of the cars. His backers no doubt have won, for tho lead ing article in the Tribune of the following morning was not only written by Horace, but it could only have been written in his "sane linn nt an early hour on tho same evening he started for New York. Sockets ov Comfobt Though sometimes small evils, like invisible insects inflict pain, and a single hair may !op a vast machine, yet the chief secret of comfort lies iu not sud'eiiug trifles to vex one, and in prudently cultivating an undergrowth of small pleasures since very great ones, alas '. .aro let on long least's. A Picktiken'T Qt'ESTtoN Somebody tried to excuse a liar to Dr. Johnson, saying "You must not believe more than half w hat he says." "Ay," replied the dor-tor, ' But which I halt V tunbury, April i, 148.