The Jeffersonian. (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1853-1911, February 15, 1877, Image 1
X MMHM i i u 1- ' ': " " : T " II Will I I in. I, Bcuotco to politico, Citcrature, gricnlturc, Science, ilToralitn, nub (general 3ntclitgcuce. VOL. 34. iiau 'inn iiTA . U..WW1 m Published by Theodore Schoch. f.::tMs Two ilolhirs a year in advance and if not pail 'o -fire th en 1 of the year, two dollars and fifty eeuti will be charged. Nj tvioer diseontinn-d until all arrearage are pai l. "Tcwt at the option of the Editor. ci At" rtis in Mils of one square of (eieht lines') or jes, on a or three insertions St 50. Each additional in f ertion. .";l cents. Lousier ones in proportion. F A T.L KIN OS, EtacutcJ in tho hi;hesi style of the Art, and on the in ).-,t reasonable terms. , D 11. NATHANIEL C. MILLER, Physician and Surgeon. O Eeo and residence: Corner Main and Pocono Street, Stkoudsburg, Pa., Office hours from 7 to S a. in., 1 to 2 and 7 to S p. in Oct. 2,, lS7t)-tf. J, El. S2IITLL., 31. It. S"'il door lcl."iw R'irneJt House. Residence Cm 1 1t r we-t of Ili.'ksile Quaker Church. Office b iir j to . a. m., I to " p. ni., 0 to p. in. jl.iv" -'", 1 7u-tf. D I'ii) si ciua ami Surgeon, STR01TD3BURG, Pa. OTi rT"iir'y o.vnpie 1 ly Dr. Scip. Ursiden" with .1. !?. Mii!r, mm (1 r V-lv th j fVrionian et!ice. i ) ii . lion rs. 7 to 'J, 1'2 to S and 0 to i). J.i if ! i, is; j. if. D '.i. t,. ::cik, Narcuii Dentist. f:"i in .Tas. ""Min ; -r's new hnilding.nearly opposite l h i lU-i Kan . Gas adiiini.stercd fjr ex t acting v i ! 1 -sir d. Hir.M i-I. in. !. Jan.G,'7S-tf. D nvsici.ix, surisnax and aiwcheir. tTi.- in S v.ni d U d"s n-v building, nearly op-pj-i:j t'l-i i) -l ti.iic;. Jle-si deuce on Sarah street, :,'iiu Fran';i:;i. Aurust .V72-tf D VVC3) S. LEK, Attorney at Iatv, Oae door above the "Stroudnbarg House,' Stroiids'.turjr, Pa. Collections promptly made. October 'J2, 1374. IT A'otury l"ti!Jie, Real Estate and Insnrancs Aprsnt and COJVEYAMUER. Tiila s'. iri? I and Coneey'incing in all its branche.s c ireally and prompily attended to. A z!::ioivlc lrmcn!f taken for other Stales. OS:-, Killer's Crick Huilding, near theK.H. Depot, E VST STIiOUDSBURG, PA. P. O. Rox '). Septe.u'jjr 2 1S7G tf. WILLIAM S. REES, Surveyor, Conveyancer and Baal S3tau3 Agent. Parms. Timber Lands and Town Lots FOR SALE. 0:75e marlr opposite American Houet an 1 2 1 do'r o-ilow the Corner Store. March 2), 1 7.J-tf. DR. J. LANTZ, SUR jSON & MECHANICAL DENTIST. Still has his oiSee on Main rtreet, in the second story f l)r. S. Walton' briek building, nearlv opposite th-r Strau Wh ir,' IIojsc. and he flalers himself that hy eigli tesii yenr eonstiiit practice and the most oarl"st and ar fal attnti n to all matters pertaiutiiii to his pro fssion. that h is f;i!ly able to pr1'.rm all operations in the dental line in the most careful and skillful man ner. Pperial attention sivtn to savintr the Natural Tcoth ; a!. to the iiic.Ttion of Artificial Teeth on Knblx-r. Go! 1, Yilvr, or Co.jtiuuous (iums, and perfect fits iu all ce; i nsu red. M .t !-ri !is know ths jrrwit fol'y and danger of en fi.Tiii jMi-ir work to the inexperienced, or to those liv n at a JistHnee. April 13, If. Opposition toHumbuggery! The un l -rsined hereby announces that he lias re ru 'j b-.rsine.si at t lie old'stand, next door to Ituster'n "i ehi iij; St. ire, .Main street, Si roudsburg, I'a., and is fully prepared to aecoimiioJatu all in waut of BOOTS and SHOES, made in the latent styls and of Rood material. Itepair- i'lS promotlv attentiAl to. Give me a ryll. J'.'C.?, i73iy.j C. LEWIS WATERS. PL m fl P r' PAPER DANGER, GLAZIER AND PAINTER, MONROE STREET, Nearly opposite Kautz's Blacksmith Shop, Stroudsburo, Pa. The undersigned would respectfully in form the citizens of ' Strondtbrg h nd vicinity thut he is now fully prepired 10 do all kinds ofIJaper Haninfr, Glazing and Paintinr. promptly and at short notice, and that he will keep constantly on hand a fine t-tock o Paper Hanginsfd of all descripi ions and at low priefs. The palronage of the puldie is earnestly solicled. May 16, 1872. TOB PRINTING, of all kinds neatly ex ' ecuted at this office "blank mortgage For snlr at tlii Office, i am. u im yuAJiua DAILY LIFE OF AN INDIAN. BY JAMES PAUTOX. During a westward journey the first in dication which I met of my approach to an Indian country was a mercantile house in a Kansas town devoted to the sale of arti cles used in trading with Indians, such as blankets, beads, paint kettles and knives. It was an extensive establishment, the busi ness of which amounted, perhaps, to a quar ter a million dollars a year. A member of this firm, knowing that I was a stranger, showed me a curiosity which was usually kept in the iron s:ifeas a thing too precious to be left around loose. It was a teaman s sca?j, the hair being long, soft, silky, and of a beautiful light browu color, parted in the middle as when worn by its original proprietor. The noble Indian who had rob bed a lady of this her '-crown of glory," had lined it with a piece of soft deer-skin, which he had stitched with various colored silks, and adorned with red and white beads. The most sentimental lover of the red man would have been somewhat shaken in his faith, or disturbed in his feelings, by the sight of this trophy. For my own part, not being fond of our brethren, I re garded it with unspeakable horror, and could not but long for the day when a race capable of capturing and clieriJiing such a prize would no longer exist upon earth. I tried to get it to add to the precious collec tion cf our New York Historical Society. lut the owner was insensible to my bland ishments. It had been presented to him by a young officer of cavalry, who had taken it from an Indian lodge, and he could not think of parting with it. Resides," said he, "we want to keep it here cn the frontier to fchow the sentimen tal philanthropists." This introduction to our red brother was nt't calculated to give a favorable impres sion of him. A day or two after, having gone in the meantime some hundreds of miles further west, I stopped at a town near wl.ich a large Indian tribe were gath ered to receive their annuity, and I discov ered tlu.t most of the merchants and store keepers were gone off to the Iinlian camp to colh tt the debts owed to them by the Indiar.s. I was astonished to learn that the cred't of the Indians was good with the wei-t rn storekeepers, who were iu the halt of giving them credit for a w hole year. "liut co the Indians pay?" I asked. ''Alu est always," was the reply. "They always ii tend to p:ty, but occasionally a gambler will make one of them drunk, and win til I s money away before the Indian knows w! at he is about. Rut as the mer chants n ake a point of being on hand when the India s receive their money, they com nirnlv g t their share of it." Tins.: were the two facts which I learned about Ii dians on the frontier. They do not aj p ar to harmonize. It is difficult for us to understand how a people who have a nse of honor, who pay their debts and wl.o mean always to keep their work, can also le capable of a crime so dastardly as trarii g a scalp from a woman's head. Rut to it is. The Indian, like the white man, is : n inexplicable blending of weak ness at d strength, of kindness and cruelty, of nobili: v and meanness. The late Gen eral Hois-ton, of Texas, was so fond of the Indlsns tl at he joined a tribe, and I have had the i easure of hearing him testify to their an i:bb qualities and dignified char acter. Cf late years the Indian has found a d(f?t der in the famous poet of the far west, Joa juiu .Mille, who expatiates elo quently upon their s-imple habits, their gen eral hospi'ality, and their lofty demeanor. Recently, too, one of the Quaker gentle men employed by the present administra tion as a teacher of Indian children, has written an account of his life and adven tures among them. If any one wishes to know what Indians are now, and how they now live, he could not do better than read the ''Quaker among the Indians," by Thomas JJattey. It is a work of real value. An Jndicn is a good deal of au aristo crat in his ways. For one thing, he is not an early riser, as he is very apt to prolong his pleasures far into the night. Like his brother aristocrats in Europe, he is a great turner of night into day, and is seldom in a hurry. When an Indian and a white force are marching together, the Indians are never ready to start at the appointed time. When they are on the march alone, they will sometimes dawdle away the time till eleven o'clock : and if they do make an early start, they will take a "nooning" of several hours. In the winter the camp win rarely be astir before nine. hile the men lounge about dressed in an airy morning cost ume of a single blanket, chatting from lodge to lodge, the women are busy preparing breakfast ; which is a lively aud social meal. Each wigwam con tains on an average about six inmates. While they are at breakfast they sit on the matting, tailorfushion, around the fire, which is made iu a hole dug near the mid dle of the lodge. A piece of board about a foot long, or else a thick piece of hide, is placed before each person to serve as a plate. A steauiii-g kettle of boiled meat hangs over the fire, from which the woman of the house takes with her fingers a piece for each member of the family, and places it up on his board. She gives bread to each, and commonly, in these degenerate times, a mug of coffee. Knives aud forks are not in use among them, and they tear their meat to pieces with their teeth and fingers. They are iu no hurry to get the meal over. On the contrary, they prolong it and en liven it by a conversation, and particularly by funny stories, of which they are extreme ly foud, and which some of them tell very well. Having no newspapers and no books, STROUDSBURG, MONROE COUNTY, PA., FEBRUARY 15, 1877. conversation plays a great part in their lives, and this is one reason why they are so liberal in entertaining strangers. They dote upon hearing things strange and new. But when a visitor arrives, no matter how eager they may be to put him through a course of questions, they never even ask his business until he has rested and taken food. They arc not very particular about their diet, and have scarcely any notion of clean liness. They prefer buffalo, antelope, or deer, but if they cannot get these they will cat dog, wolf, pony, or mule. They are vast numbers of small tortoises on the wes tern plains, which the Indians eat with a relish. They throw the tootoisc into red hot ashes on his back. He dies without a struggle, and is fit to cat in a few minutes. After breakfast, if there is auy tobacco pro curable, the pipe is introduced and passed from mouth to mouth ; and during this ceremony the women withdraw, aud the men discuss some important matter. Breakfast over, aud the smoking con cluded, the Indians proceed to the business of the da-, which has been talked over and settled upon the evening before by the chiefs, and announced to the whole camp in the morning. "An old man," says our Quaker author, "walks out in front of his lodge, and, in deep, stentorian tones, announces the plans for the day, as agreed upon the evening be fore." Perhaps the business of the day is to re move the camp higher up or lower the stream, to a place where there is better grass or nearer fuel. Their wigwams are so simple that iu an hour they can be taken down put upon the backs of yonies and mules, with all their contents, and th i win L village carried olF. After a short march, another hour su dices to erect the village in a new place. The place only is changed. There are the same people, the same lodges, placed in the same order, all opening to ward the East, and each chief is aain sur rounded by his own people. While the women are arranging the wigwams, the men go about the routine of business as though nothing unusual hael happen, d. The business of the day may be a bufLl:t hunt, which employs the whole camp, and which is conducted under strict regulations. They do not intend to waste butfalo, nor do they ever indulge in mere lust of slaughter. First, the active men of the tribe gj out upon the plain and quietly form a ring round a herd, and no one may chase a buf falo past this ring on pain of having his horse slu t down by the ring-keepers. To this day ti e Indians chiefly rely upon the bog and arrow to bring down the burly monarch t f the prairie. The huutcr on his pony gets as close as he can to the animal, and usually succeeds in piercing his heart with an arrow. When the master of a wigman has killed as many buffaloes as the women of his family can take care of, his day's work in done and theirs begins. The women skin the buffaloes, cut them up, pack the meat upon ponies, convey it to camp and cure it. The curing is done by cutting it into thin sheets, aud drying it in the sun upon poles ; it is then packed in buffalo hides, in parcels of about a hun dred pounds each. Commonly, the day's work is over by three or four in the after noon, when the young men and warriors indulge in games of chance, accompanied by singing and drumming, often continued till daybreak the next morning. "In large camps," says Mr. Battcy, "of one hundred to two hundred lodges, seldom a night passes without the sound of the drum being continued until long after sunrise." Indians, indeed, in nothing so much re semble the aristocrat as iu their devotion to sport ; so that in reading of their daily life we are continually reminded of the Prince of Wales, and the sporting squires and lords of whom we read in English novels. The girls and young women hive their regular ball play in the afternoon, when they put on ther best attire and play games of ball in sight of the young wor l iors, who are often captivated by the grace and agility of the players. Night, however, is the Indian's time for pleasure. The children have their even ing dancing fires, round which they dance and play, drum and sing until very late. The young men gamble aud the old men gather in the wigwams, telling stories, talk ing over the affairs of the tribe, and arrang ing plans for the next day. They have no notion for a regular time of going to led, and the young children do exactly as they like in this respect. One of the greatest difficulties the white teacher experience is to keep the children quiet at night. The Indians are foolishly fond of their children and rarely attempt to control them. If the youngsters go to bed early, each wrap ped in his blanket, they lie and talk awhile, then eing, laugh, get up, go out of doors, prowl about the camp, Stirling up ether children, come back, poke the fire wrap themselves up in their blanket again, lie down once more, talk and sing, and so keep it up until they are all tired out and drop asleep. Our . poor Quaker schoolmaster found the nights more trying than the days. If one of the boys becomes unbear ably troublesome, the usual way of bring ing him to reason is this : On some occa sion wl cn the principal men are together, and the offending lad is. present, each chief assails him iu turn with sarcastic remarks to which he is obliged, by Indian etiquette, to listen in silence and not to , go out of hearing. This treatment is continued un til the lad mends his ways. They are a strange, wild people ; as wild as the buffalo upon which . they subsist. Unhappily , the men are not capable of sus tained iudustry, and while they are acquir ing this art, they will probably perish. A BABY ELEPHANT. A MONO rOREPAUGfl's FOURPAWS THE COMFORTABLE WINTER QUARTERS OF A GREAT COLLECTION OF WILD ANIMALS HALF AX HOUR WITH A LION TAMER. The Philadelphia Times of the 7th inst. contains the following: Forepaugh, the menagerie man, winters his animals in a big barn on the township line, by the side of a street for which I could learn and can suggest no name but mud alley. Here he keeps all the wild beasts that excite the countrymen to wide-mouthed wonder in the summer months. He has elephants and camels,-tiger, leopards, bears, monkeys, lions and all the rest of those four-footed villains that challenge the admiration of Young America. He has clephauts that are more than a hundred years old, bears that sit on their hind legs, a tiger that stands on his head and winks, and lions that would cat a man without waiting to say grace. He has a sea lion that eats a peck of fish and then swims around his tank looking for more ; a hyena that gnaws hi way out of everything that ho can be put iu and has to be chained ; a whitc wooled scoundrel, whose name I have for gotten, who will look lovingly at you and liek your hand and suddenly run his big horn out of the cage and try to unfasten your ribs ; a cageful of commonplace birds that, being of no account whatever, make more noise than all the'others put together; a beautiful z---bra that will bite your fingers if he gets a chance, and, failing in that, will bite the iron bars of his cage ; a drove of camals standing behind the elephants, that look like their maids-in-waiting ; and (a great curiosity) one of those foolish fellows who go into the lions' cage and perform with them. A LION TAMER. This man performed with the animals this afternoon. He whipped the lions with a horsewhip, pounded them with poles and punched them with iron rods. He called them hard names and sneered at them, and got them terribly excited. They plunged about the cage and over each other's backs, till the box shook and itckcd and the bars trembled. As soon as I liad a plan for rapid retreat mapped out I began to inquire about the man's history, with a view to writing a little obitutary for him ; but singularly enough he succeeded in dodging the lions and escaped without a scratch. You sit on a circus seat (may be you do) and see this man go into the lions' cage. He is dressed in spangles, and gilt, and silk ; he bows, and kisses his hand, and opei s the door ; the big lions look fright ened ; he goes in ; displays every muscle ; every posture is heroic ; he flourishes his rod, and the lions crouch back in terror. What a brave man ! What a hero ! But come out here and see him in his shirt sleeves. The lions are sitting quiet in their cage ; savage enough, no doubt, but look ing very demure and very wise; The tamer faces the handsomest of them and gives' him a wicked cut acrtss the face with his whip ; then he hits another and another (there are four in the cage) till he gets them all wild, taking care to keep out of reach There's nothing courageous about this. A TRADE SECRET. But about going into the cage. When he gOcs in for exhibition he carries an iron bar. This iron bar he has previously heated as nearly red hot a3 he dares, with out its heat showing to the audience. The lions are afraid of it. It is not bravery, but legerdemain that carries him safely through the lions' cage. This is one of the secrets of the trade, and I tell it to you in confidence. If you have any ambition to try it, take a cage with two lions, heat the iron very, very hot, brace up your nerves, put on your sternest look then go home. From the sublime to the ridiculous. Exit the lion-tamer ; enter the baby ele phant. Last Wednesday night the stable boy (how they do hustle these poor fellows around !) gave the elephants their hay. There were five of them five as contented and happy clephauts as ever killed a keeper. In the dead watches of the night, when all nature was hushednnd the sea-lion made unconscious ripples in his crystal tank, and Germantown lay bathed in moonbeans and yellow mud,' a change came o'er the spirit of the elephantine dream. The biggest ele phant of them all, an old girl with big cars and a long trunk, tossed restlessly in her sleep. She turned, coughed, she awoke. She rubbed her eyes with the end of her trunk, awoke her sleeping sister. She whispered something iu her car. "No !" said the sister. "Fact," said the old girl. "Why, how who well, I never !" The child was born. THE UABY. A jolly, frisky, romping, bright-eyed, gray-backed little elephant, no bigger than a dog, with a wagging tail, a velvety trunk, two big cars and four of the nicest little elephant paws in the world. I had a little talk with the baby, for she can talk as well as anybody ; not with her mouth exactly, but in other ways just as plain. When I weut up to her she greeted me with : "Good afternoon." : . ! She said this by lifting her little trunk and taking hold of my hand as ; geutly as could be. Then she asked : "Have you anything in your pocket to cat?". ' ' This by sticking the end of her trunk in my two overcoat pockets, aud finding noth ing there but a long article on the relation of mind to matter. Then she said : ' "I like potatoes," and went to eating at a little heap of them that lay at her leet. i i ii ii i r in i i ii' 1 1 ii ii i She is as gentle as a lamb and as graceful and playful as a kitten. She has very lit tle to do with her mother, but her violent attachment to one of the gentleman ele phants has given rise to some bold scandals in elephantine eircles. She is about three feet high, very little larger than when she was born, and will be a week old to-morrow. "I wouldn't," said Forepaugli, "take twenty thousand elollars for that elephant. She's the first one that ever was born in America, aud she's as healthy as any of them. Her mother's name is Basil, but I haven't named the baby yet." As elephants live to the respectable age of a hundred and fifty or two hundred years, and the biby is still very young, she has a very good chance of living to see our next President. Nine Unchristian Characteristics. In a little book written a good many years ago by a member of the Society of Friends the writer, in a very forcible man ner, points tut who are and who are not Christians. He says '-the following sorts of men and women would no more pass for Christians in God's account than chipped and counterfeit money, when it came to the. balance, did in men's accounts :" As first All such, who in suits tf law, by preventing justice or other subtV con trivances, possess themselves of houses, lands or goods that they had no right unto. Secondly All such who, by violent rob bing or private stealing, take that which is not their own. Thirdly AH such who detain the wages of the hireling, c:r grind on the necessities of the poor, by beating down the value of their labor, until they cannot live thereby. Fourthly All such who in trade or dealing use1 light weights, short measure, or any other kind of deceivablencss. Fifthly All such who cast their burdens on other men's shoulders and go free them selves. . Sixthly All such as either give or take bribes to effect things that are not right. Seventhly All such who take wages to serve lord or master and are not faihful to their trust. Eighthly- All such as make rontrr?ct.t and perform not the same, or engage them selves by promises and have no regard to their word. Ninthly All such who, by evil reports, whisperings or backbiting?, sow the seeds of strife, create prejudice or quench charity. We commend these homely truths to general consideration. Had the author penned them at this day he could not possibly have defined more correctly some of the pervading sins of this age. Jink's Boy. One night Jinks gave a boy an old pistol and a summer coat to tie a billy goat to the door bell of the residence of his mother-in-ktw. The boy "persuaded" ten feet of rope and that goat up to the front door, tied one end of the rope to the bell-pull, gave it a jerk and them "lit out." The bell rang at a fearful rate, and the goat was wrestling that door bell and rcpe jn a frightful way, trying to get loose. Pres ently the front door opened, form looking like the ghost of Hamlet holding a candle in its hand, stood there. The goat took a running jump, head on, for the figure, and struck it so hard that the form and goat went clear into the hall after a lighted candle and a pair of specs that started about the same time for the back room. The fight between Jink's niotli-er-in law and that goat was terrible, but of short duration. He got his horus fast in her bustle, pulled the old woman out in the front yard, and was backing out of the gate with her, when a policeman cut the goat fo'oro, got stood upon his head, and the old lady crawled into the house. The. steamer Fanny was coining down the upper Mississippi, loaded with pig lead. As she was going over a shoal place the pilot gave the signal to heave the lead. The only man forward was a greenhorn. "Why don't you heave the lead?". "Is it the lead, yer honor ? Where to?" "Over board, vou blockhead." The man snatched up one of the pigs of lead and threw it overboard. The mate, in endeavoring to prevent him, lost his balance and fell into the river. The captain, running to the deck, asked : ".Why don't you heave the lead, and sing out how much water there is?" "The lead is heaved, yer honor, and the mate's gone down to see how much water there is." Kansas has 2,125 miles of railroad ; its cultivated area is 5,0o.7,C07 acres ; its yield of wheat, annually, is 14,G20,220, and corn 80.70,403 bushels ; it3 sc1mm;1 popula tion is 212,077, with :J,'J0() school houses, erected at a cost of 61,000,253, and a per manent interest-bearing school fund of $2'J1,200,G3 ; it has 1,G.")3 church organiza t?ons, with a membership of 11G,o(j8, own ing 40 1 church edifices, whose total value is 'reckoned at 8I.518.9Ui).- A RECENT Amherst graduate, now a settled pastor, was telling a retired mis sionary that he entered college and the theological seminary with the intention of becoming a' missionary, when the old veteran broke out with: "Ah! you turned back after putting your hand to the plow." "No," ho answered, "I just took another plow."- r l ' I ,i .... i i i i - The colored American Jubilee Singers earned 10,01)0 by their concerts in England last year.' , ' . '; .V . - ' ScncscEiBE for tlae Jefiteeoxlak. ' NO. 36. b i i in 1 1 ii" i 1 1 1 i mi pi i 1 1 1 1 in ii 1 1 ii i i in ST. VALENTINE. - Who was St. Valentine? Any one is familiar with the Rev. Alban Bi who utler's Life of the ISainfs knows well enough that he was a clergyman in Rome at a time when clergymen there had not a good tin.? of it namely, in the third cetriury. Tna end of him was, that ho was soundly club bed, and then beheaded, from which it may be inferred that he was a faithful man, anil did his duty too courageously in the eyc-3 of the heathen of the city. Any one who has been , in modern Rome remembers the gate Porta del lpote. Well, it used to be called t lie I'ortu Valentin!, and for a very good reason, namely, that in the church of St. Praxcdes, hard by, the devout. Christian people pre served all that the heathen people lei', of the bones of the good man ; for the times changed soon after his, day;. and Roman clergymen got leave to do their duty, with out being first clubbed and then beheaded. But how did this severe life, with its tragic end, become linked with lovers and their letters? The fact cf the connexion whatever the history may be suggests two reflections: (a) Any one who is a little famous, and particularly a clergyman, may go dowir to" posterity in connexions he never intended. How could John Gilpin suppose that lit? would be remembered only by that one day's pleasuretrin ? Or the Vicar of Brav bv his skill in keepicg his vir.arage, wh-j;hor' Whig or Tory ruled? How could Mr. Ilobson model fiverystahle keeper, in Cambridge know that "Hobsbn's choice" would be known where Hobson's conduct would be forgotten ? The fact is, fame seems to be sometimes an accident; and on the whole, it seems the best thing to do one's duty faithfully and pay no attention to posterity's opinion. (6) But it accords with the "Ctnoss of things" that a clergyman's name shold bo linked with lovers' day. Any love making that dees not lead up to the parson, minister, dominie, pastor, or whatever name may distinguish the representative of religion, is a waste cf time, or worse. Wheu a spruce young man is attudinizing before you, Miss Lucy, and making glib love-speech'esf, simply for the fun of it to himself, the sooner the exercises are cut short the better ; and if he wishes to gain your confidence, your affection and your self, without the clergyman, he is a scoundrel ; his Words may be honeyed, bat they are poisoned ; you sliott'J no" mora listen to him than to a demon from the pit, if he could become incarnate and make lovo to you. Please to take that as the honset advice of a living clergyman, who wishes you well, whethei1 yol are Lady Clara Do Vere, or whether you earn your honest bread as her maid, and arc simply called Bessie. But how did the Saint and the love let ters come together? Here is the current account of rt. About the month of Febru ary, in old pagan Rome, when they clubbed and then beheaded clergymen, among the rites in honor of Pan aud Juno, one Wa3 the putting of young women's names in boxes, from which they were drawn by chance',' by the men. NoW the Christian pastors, when their daj came, did not like the proceeding, ami they tried to "shunt" the people off that line by giving them at the same time of the years a festival, which, as it came about St. Valentine's anniversary, they cullcd by his name ;ar.d for" the names of women they ' substituted the names of saints. But the people arc not readily turned from any edd custom that has once gained hold among them, and so the jolly lottery continued, only under a Christian name, and in time came to include both sexes, the person' chosen being called by the drawer "My Valentine," very much as we say "3Iy Christmas box." Whatever was done of old, in modern times the eve of St. Valentine's day was wont to be rn'af ked in England by groups of youths and maidens drawing slips with names on them, the youths taking tho maidens' and the maidens the youths' slips, each calling that one drawn his or her Valentine. . Treats and gifts were given by the men te their Valentines; hence tho origin, as one can see, of the letters. The caricatures and squibs are a later inven tion and not an improvement. Children1 in Baltimore. A census of the children in Baltimore between G and IS years of age, recently taken by the policemen, has been compiled. The number is 09,303 boys, 3 1,235 ; girls, 35O0I. Of there are 30,8G7 attending public schools', 14,551) at private schools, and 23,S27 who do not attend any schoi-1. As to the latter, it is stated that a large percentage of them have attended schools several years before being old enough to learn trades. So that there are probably not more than 7,000 children between G and 13 years old who have not been at school. Danville Insans Asylum. From the Report of the Trustees of tha above institution, we glean the' following statistics for 1875 187G : There were 2G0 patients on hand at the beginnig of the yaar, 153 t.f whom were males and 107 females SI males and 52 females wero admitted during the year. There were discharged during the year 14 females and 7 females, recovered ; 7 males and 0 females, improved ; 10 males and 13 females, stationary ; 10 males and 3 females died;- leaving 181 males and 127 females in tho Asylum at the close of the year. The AlleMitown relief association haa expesdsd $l,0iS.52.