Newspaper Page Text
'SWW01 I II llllll II 1 ""IT'n "
HIcuottb to Jpolitus, literature, Agriculture, Science, ittoralitij, anh eneral intelligence.
STROUDSBUEG, MONROE COUNTY, PA. JANUARY 28, 1854.
JPttbliKtiucl by Theodore Sclioclr.
TERMS Two dollars per annum in advance Two
dollars and a quarter, half yearly .ind if not paid bc
lore the end of the year, Two dollars and a half.
. No papers discontinued. until all arrearages are paid,
except at the option of the Editor.
IO" Advertisements not exceeding one square (ten
lines) will be inserted three weeks lor one dollar, and
twenty-fire cents for every subsequent insertion. The
charge for one and three insertions the same. A libcr
ul discount made to ycarlv advertisers.
ID" All letters addressed to the Editor must be postpaid.
Having a general assortment of large, elegant, plain
and ornamental Type, we are prepared
to cxccntcevcry description of
Cards, Circulars, Dill Heads, Notes, Blank Receipts
Justices, Legal and other Iln.nks. Pamphlets, &c.
printed with nealnes3 and despatch, on reasonable
AT THE OFFICE OF
From the St. Louis Intelligencer.
A Lay of Love.
BY KATE HARKIXGTOX.
'Tis evening around nic,
'Tis morn in the skies,
For the elars, waked from sleep, r.
Are just opening1 their eyes, , ., $ .
Soil zephyrs are floating1
O'er valley and lea,
While memory is dreaming
Beloved one of thee.
If I were a song-bird,
I'd fly lo thy side,
And hover around thee
Mistaking thy lips, love,
For ripe cherries twain,
I'd taste of their sweetness
Again and Again.
If I were a floweret,
Beside thee I'd bloom,
And fill thy heart's chambers
With sweetest perfume,
Thy beautiful smile, love,
My sunlight should be;
And thy tear drops of grief
Should bedew drops tome.
.If I were a sunbeam
I'd steal to thee now,
And with thy light tresses
Would rest on thy brow;
There, nestling among them,
In silence I'd lie,
And read all my thoughts
Through thy soul-speaking eye.
If I were a zephyr
I'd flit from above,
And in thine ear murmur
Low whispers of love;
I'd weave round thy spirit
A mystical spell,
That Oblivion's lingers
Might never dispell:
If I were a dew drop,
. At twilight's soft hour,
"When Blumber the blossoms,
I'd glide to thy bower.
To me would thy cheek seem
A bright blushing rose,
And resting upon it
I'd sweetly repose.
If I were a vine, love
A frail, clinging vine
Around thy affections
My tendrills should twine.
A beautiful dream, then,
Existence would be,
Foi-e'en grief would be welcome
If shared, love, with thee!
What ispleasanter than social singing?
When friends meet, and the lively word
and jest are intermingled with the voice
of song, the spirit throws off care and
thought, and recreates itself, that it may
be better fitted for the hour of trial.
Those who are able to meet at stated
times, and spend an hour in the practice
of music, lose much in neglecting to do so.
There is not a hamlet or village, hardly
a country place, where a singing circle
may not be formed and music practiced;
and this too, not as a task, but as a
source of deep-felt pleasure. The desid
eratum for such circles is simple home
music, such as stirs the heart and causos
its depths to swell forth in gladness and
joy, .or to sympathize in pensive sadness.
A Vouclicr. A man once went to pur
chase a horse of a Quaker.
"Will he draw well!" asked the buyer.
"Thee will be pleased to see him draw."
The bargain was cloaed, and the farmer
.tried the horse, blithe would not stir a
step.- He returned and said
' Thai horae will not draw an inch."
"I did not tell thee that he would draw,
friend, I only remarked that it ,would
please thee to see him draw; n.d so it
would me, but be would never gratify me
in that respect."
"How do you like the President?" asked
an "in" of an "out." ''Hot particularly;
he dorit'turn out as well-as I expected,
was the reply.
The man -wjio" got intoxicated pn cotton
gin, has joined the temperance society.
Or the Bankrupt Merchant.
BY C. M. KENDALL.
Raymond "Wclford was considered, al- j of the lovers, who in their earnestness al
though a very young man, one of our j most forgot my presence, we at length
most flourishing merchants. He was a ! left the house.
welcome guest in our so called highest! 'Now,' said Raymond, 'one more visit,
circle of fashion, while many a calculat- one more illustration, and then we will
ing mamma regarded him as a very de- return home.'
sirable son-in-law in prospective. Sud- l$o, my friend,' I said, 'we will make
denly he was o'erwhelmcd by pecuniary no more visits this afternoon. This last
losses and embarrassments, while the terminated too pleasantly to be married
news spread so far as gossip tongues by a fresh picture of selfishness.'
could report. Strange to say, although j Raymond did not urge the matter,and
his elegant mansion had to be sacrificed, we therefore returned to his house,
there was not a debt that remained un- j When Mr. Richards came home that
paid whilo some money was yet left evening to tea, his. wife and daughter
with him. Wise men, in the reviewal of ' found him in a most excellent humor;
his conduct, were heard to ay that he ! something had occurred which pleased
was exceedingly honest or an immoderate hi in. Occasionally he indulged in a si
foo, 1 lent fit of Jaughter, which for him was
'What, think vou of human nature, mv very unusual; and onoo an unconscious
friend?' said he to mo
'It is a philosophical enigma,' I replied.
.'So it was with me, until I solved it,'
said he; 'I found it a strange companion,
the larrer nortion of which ws selfish-
ness. hTc instance, when the gliding ot
wnn1t.li covered mv name I was sourht
.5 ' F . . . . ,. .
after bv the very men who now turn their
J J , -
backs upon me. 1 was flattered by wo
men who, if my name was now mentioned
in their presence, would affect a forget
ful ness of having heard it. After dinner
we will make some calls, during which
you -will perceive some ample illustrations
of what I have said.'
Accordingly after dinner we set out
We first entered the counting room of
a merchant, to whom he introduced me
as a friend. I soon learned that my
friend was not held in the highest estima
tion from the formality with which he
was received. We did not even have the
courtesy of chairs offered us. With a
meaning smile, Raymond bade the mer
chant a good afternoon, and we found
ourselves in the street.
'This is illustration number one,' Ray
mond said, laughingly.
Is it possible that you could ever have
been intimately acquainted with this man!'
'That man has been reduced to the ex
tremity of being obliged to beg his din
ners. Time after time have I thus ac
commodated him. I even loaned him
money to commence business, and you
Eee how graciously he has entertained
me and ray friend.'
We next paused at the door of an ele
gant mansion wherein Raymond had been
a frequent and honored guest. It was the
residence of a professional gentleman of
large fortune whostill did Raymond the
justice to regard him on all occasions as
his friend and to treat him as such. His
lady bad professed even greater friend
ship for him than her husband, if not for
her own, at least for ber daughter's sake
to whom rumor once reported be was
engaged. Since Raymond's misfortunes
had been whispered she no longer spoke
of him as a dear friend, but endeavored
to purEuadc her husband to 'rid the house
of him,' which provoked the calm reply
'He i3 a gentleman, and as such it is
my will that you should entertain, him
whenever he may honor your house with
On this account, I suppose, we were
tolerated in the present instance, for the
gentleman was not at home. The lady
treated us rather coolly, which I was pre
pared to see. After we were seated,Ray-
mond enquired for Miss lticuarus, her
daughter, to which the lady replied with
an apparent shrug of her shoulders, that
she was well, but at present engaged.
I 'No, mamma, I am not,' said the beau
! tiful cirl, as she lightly entered the room
! I am happy to meet an old lnena, who, iD JJarborcrcck, the company took pos
, I am sure, is not the less welcome by be- session of at least eighty rods of the pub-
ing unfortunate.' lie highway, in a thickly settled neighbor-
! The lovers for they rea were had hood, and built their road upon it against
1 not met since Raymond's misfortune.,and the protest and remonstrance of the Road
their meeting was now so heartfelt that I Commissioners of that township. This
! could not for a moment doubt the affec- j bas been a grievous nuisance, and was
Ition of either. I saw also the cloud getting vvorse daily. Often and often, the
which rested upon the brow of Mrs. Rich- , people along this eighty rods have been
' ards, nor was I surprised to hear her called un in the nicht lo help teams a-
Rrir lpff. Mir rnnm.
'My daughter is so pleasantly engaged, Way, and 'smash-ups,' have been ot al
gentlemen, that I trust my presence is no most daily occurance. The people quiet
longer recmired' and without ceremony lv submitted to this state of Ihiuirs until
1 i -i ' tj
w - j w.v -f- 1 i, , r 'l
'Clara,' are all my fondest hopes to be the Koad Commissioners forbid thorn tojDG Uie loricit.
realized! Can the daughter of a worthy rclay it The company paid no heed toj His hands were loosened, he arose from
gentleman condescend to acknowledge ' the order, but relaid it, and the Road bis huniiliating posture. He glared
her affection for a poor bankrupt incr- j Commissioners took it up. The last time jfierC(J arouna? The captain was stand
chant.' the railroad company appeared upon the,. , i : r
The eirl blushed and looked doubtful- 1 ground armed with revolvers. Now what inS with a demoniac grin upon his fca
lyat me. j says the Supreme Court in regard to tures, as if he enjoyed to the bottom of
'Do not fear to speak in his presence ! Railroad. corporations to construct their his soul tho disgrace and torture inflicted
said he, 'for Fennvillc next to yoursclt is
perhaps my oest menu.
'Then listen,' said she, sm
In fi itt rnntrc sitiPP Viv tho fnn5nnt.
Ot il.ll ) "J v J
nlc nlialifetl mv love to
one who has long siuce possessed my a nuisance, every citizen has a right to a- strength of the tiger, the mutilated Amer
heart's best affections. I did not ask the bate it." There is no escaping this lan-1 jcan pprang upon the tyrant, and grasped
weight of his money bags, nor the depth guage; it is emphatic and to the point. him wh(jro h(J st00a surroundid by hisof
nf his coffers for those were matters It covers the ground of the controversy . . . ,
which did I not form onc item of consider- , at Erie and Harbor Creek entirely, and "ers, ho seemed paralyzed with aston-
ation with me.
I found him a aentle-
n nid i5 such I f?ave him mv band,
til I am convinced that I am mistaken,
why should I desire to retract my words!'
'Clara you are an angel,' said Ray.-
umu uui nuimv
mond, covering her hands with KisseSj
'and this treasure I value more th'an my
existence; for in adversity as well as pros
perity it is still true to me.'
lATIr. 7? Jli o yA a ' Cflirl T 'unil llOWA TlOr.
wi. ' f tu i.rt'c t
lilt.'. llUU X UUIUU lUlO j -
j thought I had solved the problem of hu-
man nature, and was about to write the
pum total selfishness; but I must recant.
Human nature is not so bad after all.'
.After a happy conversation on the part
i rW . ., . . 5i
exclamation of 'capital!' escaped his lips.
:I am clad, Mr. Richards, to find you
so happy,' said his lady, 'for I never was
in a worse humor. That Wclford has a
gain called upon us, and Clara has honord
i !... fji. i ; j.- c
mm vfiui a long private cuuieiuuui:.
'I have received a note from him,' said
, Mr. Richards, 'and therein he desires me
' . . i :.i. ..... .1..
to sanction his marriage with our daught
'How presuming! I do declare; I quite
'Aud I admire him,' coolly replied her
husband. 'Several days since I offered
him the means to recommence business,
which he declined; to-day, I have learned
the reason, as he also miormea me ruai
his fortune was not impaired.
sion house has not been sold, but he al
lowed a friend to retain the same as the
apparent owner. The fact was that he were mustered, and protections examined,
was envious of his wealth, and played the,an(j onc cw Hampshire boy, a noble
bankrupt simply to attest the friendship and fearegs iri ftnd -n of
of bis acquaintances, who have generally . . , , i
acted according to the world. Those a vigorous frame, was ordered into the
who have slighted him will suffer a just, boat. The officer collared the youthful
mortification, or which, my lady, you
must bear your part.'
'I have never disliked him as a man,'
paid Mrs. Richards, coloring with shame.
'My daughter's welfare has only govern
ed my conduct. She, who has so exper
ienced affluence, would make an ill com
panion to poverty. I have acted as a
Reader, all comedies end with mar
riage; so do the majority of tales; and in
this instance I shall not be out of fashion.
I have lived to see many cloudless years
of happiness pass over the union. Ray
mond is very cautious in tho selection of
his friends, although their numbers arc
legion, while he and myself still retain
the same opinion that
human nature is
7iot so bad after all:
The Eric Difficulty.
The Erie Observer explains some of
the causes, which induced the people of
that city to their violent out breaks a
gainst the Buffalo line of railroad:
In Erie, the company located their de
pot at a point where the two streets lead
ing out of the city south and west, come
together like the letter Y. At this point
there is a constant stream of wagons go
ing in and out; consequently there is great
danger from accidents, both by night and
day; thus constituting, in the opinion of
every intelligent man, a most grievous
and intolerable nuisance. They also con
structed bridges over two important
streets, in such a way, that under onc a
nnvp.rnd wacon could not nass. and under
j tbc other a load of hay wa3 in the same
situation. These, our city councils de-
clared a nuisance, and ordered the com
pany to abate them. The company did
' not do it. consequently the councils did.
cross the track, while horses running a-
1 tho nniiinniiutnnlf nr thnir track, and theili
io youiauu ia roaus so as to ue pupnc nuisances! ; upon the poor x ankee. The hapless sut
j the case of the Franklin Canal Company fcm, gaw a smile of exultation, and that
liling sweetly, vs. the City of Erie, Judge Black em- . . .. . nnnpoan,.
e i li rr :i-,, i i , moment deciced the fate ot his oppreasoi.
jonscut of my phatically says : " If. a railroad be laid f r j
'With the activity, tho ferocity, and
roa(Js 0 as to be puplic nuisances.'
I' J J - . I
down under circumstances which make it:
shows that while the citizens of Erie
county have been abused as rioters, out-
; laws, and mobocrats, such thai
w ... , .1 i ii
j ana ought to resc upon lue suoumers oi
KxrniA n mnn who s alwavs usincr four
i,;i..i.;ii lnnminfro Thoro.'s nn
w . - . . . -1.1
mil lii-itit lun.uwwt "
more likelihood ot his getting- a sensible
iMea out of his head, than of melting a
;ooo nfirnn in n snowbank. : Folks wasn
1 - 1,1 I -Z '
sr v, . . . - .
born on ttilts, and cannot live on them,
Parodies arc seldom soclosejto their origi-
la nc tlir. f.,11
bummer," by Moonc:
'Tis the last golden dollar,
Loft shining alone;
All its brilliant companions
Are squandered and gone.
No coin of its mintage
Kefiects back its hue
They went in mint juleps, "
And this will go, loo !
I, II not keep thee, thou lone one
Too long in suspense;
Thy brothers were melted
And melt thou to pence !
I ask far no quarter,
I'll spend and not spare,
Till my old tattered pocket
Ilanirs centlcss and bare !
So soon may I "foller"
When friendships decay,
And from beggary's last dollar
The dimes drop away!
When the Maine Law has passed;.
And the groggeries sink,
What use would be dollars
With nothing to drink !
Previous to the last war with England,
when British officers were in full tide of
their odious impressments, an American
sliip belonging to Boston, was at Dema
,. i ,. r. i.nn d,n
was boarded by a boat from a gun brig
lying at no great distance. The crew
seaman, but was instantly laid sprawling
by a well directed blow of bis fist.
The boat's crew rushed to to the spir
ited American who was finally overpow
ered, pinioned, thrown into the boat, and
conveyed on board the English brig.
The'lieutenant complained to the com
manding officer, of the insult he had re
ceived from the stalwart Yankee, and his
battered face corroborated his statement.
The commander at once decided that such
insolence demmanded exemplary punish -
ment, and that the young Yankee requir
ed, on his first entrance into the service, a
. lesson which might be of use to him here
Accordingly the offender was lashed to
a gun by the inhuman satellites of tyran
ny, and his back bared to the lash. Be-
fore a blow was struck-, he repeated his
declaration that he was an American cit- work-tables,are seen, with whom the sev
izen, and the sworn foe to tyrants. He eral pieces required in the construction
demanded his release, and assured the of a cIcl; (twelve to. twcnfcj) are passing
. . . i , j through from a rudimentary to a com-
captain in the most solemn aad impress-; Afc one end of the series may
ive manner, that if he persisted in pun- bc seen an immense quantity cf detached
ishing him like the vilest malefactor, for ( parts; at the other a huge heap of sever-
vindicating his rights as an American cit- , al thousand 'movement,' readyor casing
inn. iho. o would never bo formven ' and which miSbt apparently be sold as
, ... o
but that his revenge would be certain and
The captain laughed aloud, at what ho
considered to be a menace, and gave the
,:i i.n Untmo;'0 ,nfn Ti, wi,!f
,. ... . . ,
skin of the young American was soon lac-
crated; blows fell thick and heavy on the 'consumed, is speedily cut into the de
nuivcring flesh. He bore it without a sired lengths, split, beveled, and veneered.
a murmur or a groan; and when the sig-
, . e ., i-
nal was eivcn for the executioner to cease,
uainoa (jUku i '
although the skin was hanging in stripes
on his back, which was covered with clot-
ted blood, he showed no disposition to
faint or falter. His faco was somewhat
.t . , i. ,,. i-
niiK Minn if Tiroo Ttnir. tn no mir. Ins lin
puid ........ - , r
was compressed, as if he were summoning
termination to his aid. and his dark
eyes shot forth brilliant gleams, showing
his spirit to be unsubdued, and that he
i was bent on revenge,even if his life should
In'upou the poor Yankee. The hapless suf
T-TT.,1 , 1 , - , ,1 f " . .
With the activity, the lerocuy,
ishment, and before they couiu recover
their senses and haste to the asssistanco
nffilfi;r commander, tho American had
c ; '
orne him by the throat with oue hand,
i nn,u,;n l.im with fi.o ntU'ir1 J "v.'VJ jr
uuiv.i-.jr u.uu.v.b uv.Au.j
&puu mo auugs.o, "-"i- "
.lntA titn l-tiiiinlAO lnnYsirl f Vi Itl m lt
to t ho turbid waters ot the uomarara.
nil . i . 1 l . 11- t - L -. 1 I Z
They parted to receive the tyrant and his
nicy parieu io receive urn t-yjai n ai u u s
victim, and then closed over tliem, and;
-L a-rt v m -M Clt n f r r l
t ncitheir wcro ever .afterwards seen; both
, J il 1 .
had passed lo their long account.
A New Haven correspondent of the ,
Journal of Commerce gives the following)
interesting notes of the manufacture or
clocks in that city:
"New Haven, as a city, has undergone
great changes within a few years. 1 hough m0re than a plantation. The tree most
still retaining her primitive character- frequently taken to shade the coffee 13
istics ber genteel residences and shaded the dadnop, a beautiful looking tree with
retreats she ha3 been engrafted with an large red blossoms, which are set off ex
enormous manufacturing interest, which traordinarily well by the far darker foli
is closely identified with her prosperity, aQ 0f tue coffee. The coffee bushe3
and yet is of such recent growth that few , which grow, if left alone, to trees of .at
comprehend its extent and importance. Jeast a height of forty feet, and sometimes
Almost the entire eastern part of the city more, are cut down to from fifteen to
which, a comparatively short time since, eighteen feet; less, is possible, and this is
was in 'commons,7 is now thickly studded .high enough, where the ripe fruit has to
with the small chimneys of establishments he taken down by human bands. The
for the manufacture of 'Yankee notions,' ; coffee tree must be sufficiently known to
in all their variety, and with the dwel-'the English readers to render unncccssa
lings of the mechanics employed by them. Ty a more minute description; but it is
One of the most "conspicious of these is not generally known that these gardens,
Jerome's immense clock factory, in which as jn faot; nearly all plantations in Java,
upwards of four hundred and fifty per- jare not kept by land proprietor.?, but by
sons are employed, and more than six gevcrnracnt, who give them in charge of
hundred clocks are daily manufactured, certain men to overlook, get the fruiia
Last September the unusually large num- brought in prepared for the market,, and
ber of seventeen thousand was turned out. (grant them for this a certain and ver
"These measures of time, multiplied igood percentage. The planting of the
like tho leaves of the forest, regulate the1 trees, a3 with nearly all the other cu?ti
movements of individuals in all parts of vations, government or the directory of
the world. A recent traveler encountered -the cultures sees done; eovcrnmant aWo
them in the mountoins of Asia; and, but
a lew uays ago, purcei vas uiuppuu tu
c j i j i
'Jerusalem via Joppa.' lhe universal j money. These coffee gardens are divi -Yankee
clock may now be considered the ed into larger regular squares, and thv.
fit representative of the Yankee nation, ' different inhabitants of the neighboring
and an appropriate devico for her escut-ibampong3 have their particular Tliatrict?,
cheon. Mr. Jerome's works consist J where they pluck the ripe coffee cherrie
of twelve buildings, in which all the ; and carry them to the mill, getting paid
processes necessary for the commence-j for the quantity they bring in by th
ment and completion of a clock (o- weight; being obliged, however, to finish
vcr two hundred) are carried on; and the district in a stated time. The coffee
each one is facilitated by the use of ma- planters have to deliver a certain stipa
chinery. The advantages thus afforded ulated quantity to government for tlfeir
defy all competition. The old fashioned j percentage; what more they are able to
Dutch clock has become an obsolete thing raise they receive a higher price for
and the Germans have been completely 'from government, but only from govern
supplanted in the extensive trade in clocks ! ment, for they are not allowed to is
which they transacted with England to any one else; and even tho Assimnt
twelve years ago. Last year Mr. Jerome! Resident iu Bandoug, the firit person it
made not less than onc hundred and fifty the district, had to send down to Batavia
thousand clocks, and the number manu- for the coffee he wanted for hi? own use.
factured this year is expected ,to reach The coffee mills, where the ripe coffee
two hundred thousand, valued at about;
five hundred thousand dollar?. This is a
number greater, probably, than the joint
production of all other similar establish
ments in the United States. And, not-
t withstanding the enormous supply during
. the present year, it has been unequal to
; the demand. This is partly owing to the
! great change which has lately taken place
in the manner or mailing ciocks tne
spring having superseded the weights, and
a more fanciful style the veneered cases.
Dispensing with the weights has particu
larly affected the foreign demand.
"In order to obtain an adequate idea
of the extent of Mr. Jerome's operations,
no display of statistics can be a substitute
for a personal inspection of the works.
, Extended lines of men, ranged beside
' TT?nl1 li T7 ita lmclinl nr lmlf Vmalml fic Viit
j any othcrmcthod. ' More than twenty-five
! thousand, of various styles, are continual-
, ly in process of construction. In the
manufacture of cases the same systematic
1 procedure is observed as is noticed above.
1 Tho rough lumber, of which over two
, fi hundred thousand feet are
or, where cases orejapaned or varnished '
i the several pieces are painted, baked, and
; . , 1 ... r . '
; flnnnrnterl. with the greatest cxncdition.
j In tho uge of pcarl wbich ia inlaid on
j some varieties of cases, a great improve-
ment has been proposed. The pearl be-j
! i"g very expensive material. Professor:
j Shepherd has suggested that it may be
. . '-
produced artificially, by a combination of1 manding a certain number of people to
j j. and various chemical substances, outcome, and by paying them afterwards
vitiating the ncccsity ot exploring the ( whatever wages the employer thinks h,
depths of the ocean iu order to procure , not what the laborers may ask, or solely
this article. Tho erperiraeut will doubt-i by slave labor, cau such produce "bc cul
less soon bc made. itivated profitably. Singular is the way
"Numerous ways have also been de- j that coffee is used in the country where
vised, from time to time, by which the ; it grows wild Sumatra by the natives;
actual cost of the clock is reduced. By for they only takeoff the youug loaves
a newly-invented machine, a section of . from the tree aud make a kind of tea of-
tree may be converted into a continuous
veneer, much after the fashion of romov-
inir the paring of an apple; and eouie of
our commou scrubby and apparently 4
worthless trees, and certain kinds of wood,
III ill lUit u y uu uuuiiuuuv ui uis t.'i tu u
found to polish admirably.
five hundred thousand iectoi veneers are
used per annum. In cutting the teeth of(
brass wheels and other parts, a machine
act on a large number of separate pieces
simultaneously, and tho whole are pre-'
pared with the same facility that one
could bo. As all parts are adjusted with
mathematical accuracy, by the unerring
action of machiuer', it is as easy to make
a good clock as a worthless one; and such
as are very low-priced, selling tor oiie(
uollf r ca?. are guarauc.uu . .
'nnaHtr i-nflntn in lpni!7( Tllt.maiU.ie. VC.r
Trhinji cull from five dollars 10 iweive uoi-
' i a l!.... i nimiitiii tfAunxt
, lars. an mccnuvu vu ..ug juuhS
that Mr. Je-
men. it may uo lunmuuuu
- . , i:..,i
. .nnnnfl 1T1I II T 1 I'Tl 1 1 I I '( t III 1 1 I I 17
' romc commenced with a capital of ; fifty
ron e wnuu r'Tlli' i"
dollars, .ann "lOMgo .uiywcu
' 9 1 rt r fl 42 TI I 1 1. Ill Mil 1.11 1 IX 1 1 I I i I 1 1 nil UUI1.1
j a business as clock-makiug, inasmuch as
II tw ------ j
was already making
five hundred a year
Coffee Culture in Java.
The Coffee must grow iu the shade.and,
therefore, the gardens resemble a forest
.force3 the natives, at certain times of the
a certain amount of
is freed of its husk first, and afterwards
dried are very simple, lhe process ot
drying the coffee berries is rather tedious,
siuce the coffee is enclosed in a kind of
cherry in size and even taste not unlike
our own, only far sweeter which has to
j be removed. Eor this purpose, the whole
coffee cherries are thrown into large stone
vats, where they lie a certain time in
water, to loosen their flesh, or at least to
open or soften it. After this they are
taken out and dried in the sun, large
sheds being provided, which run on little
wheels in a kind of railroad, to cover
those places where the coffee 13 placed to
dry, directly as a shower, frequent in the
latitude, should set in. The coffee the
shells now partly roasted off thrown in
to a mill, which is provided with a large
water-wheel a machine that will be im
proved in a short time. As yet it con
sists of a long circular' trough, in which
a large stoue is coutinually rolled round,
by water power, to crush the dry shells,
while a small rake, following the stone,
loosens those parts that have been pres
sed down too bard. The trough is about
fifteen inches wide, and set up in a circle
! u - ia tn nnnViln fli r ct-nnn TrVi?rTi rrnas niif.
from the main and upright standing shaft
bv an arm from which it is suspended by
a chain, to be pulled over the couee husks.
The cherries are sifted afterward; but the
stone is not able to press upon all of them
with equal force since the coffee cherries
are of unequal size; and the consequence
is the small ones remain untouched, and
require afterwards a very tedious glean
ing. But the most slow and laborious
work is the assorting afterwards the
cleansed berries, which has to be oone ti.
with the tea, bv women and children; bxtt
it id far more disagreeable, as.tbe eoffo
in its dry and crushed husks holds au
immense quantity of dust. Only where
work can be had, as in Java, by com-
eSAn Irishman was brought up Ue-
fore a lato magistrate for the cast riding,
Qn a cbarre of vagrancy, and wastiluV
, llu"l,ul"u ' . . . . ,
l 'What trade are your .
'Sure your honor now, l m a s?n .jail.-,
o' replied Pat. 4, . ,
You in the seafaring life? SL question
hethc jiave ever 'been to sea " in
Joar 1"' , , . .,
'Sure, now, and doc4 your.ho.norihijnit
J came from.ould Ireland in awagon
'Commit him.' :-'
.My boyl my DOyi you do very .wrong
to nsa on aunuay.'
'It can't bo. no
Whv mast vour dog necVsarirv bejn
; , v - . . .
uyi? .. f : .-.-
Because it is
1U V M V V V v V V va
a certain Mr. T-