The Jeffersonian. (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1853-1911, June 09, 1853, Image 1

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    JDcuotcft to Jtolitics, literature, Igriailtuit, Science, iitoralitij, ciriiS eneral intelligence.
VOL. 13.
NO. 33,
Published by Theodore Schoch
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Touch those thrilling Chords
Oh ! touch those thrilling chorda again,
And sing that song once more,
'Tis one I loved in other days,
And used to sing of yore.
"When this heart was sunlight all and blcotn,
And free as wild bird's wing ;
'Twas then I loved to hear the song
That now I bid thee sing.
Thou say'st it is a simple thing,
And has no charms for thee ;
'Oh ! thou can'st never, never know
How dqar it is to me.
Thou cant not know the memories
That wake in every strain ;
Then smile not at my earnestness,
But sing it o'er again.
It was the first, the first sweet song
Of one who cared for me ;
I learned it from the lips of lore,
When stars were on the sea.
But the minstrel's hand is cold and mute,
And silent is that lute,
And thehallowed lips whence flowed that song
Are now forever mute.
Oh ! many fond remembrances
Are blended in that lay,
And each soft tone wafts my full heart
. To scenes in life's young day.
Then touch the silver chorded lule,
And sing that song once more,
'Twas sang to me by my beloved,
In happy days of yore.
You Can not Tell.
No; you cannot tell what shall come of
seemingly trifling matters which exist, or
circumstances that happen around you.
Don't be in a hurry to snap your fingers
in derision at every new thing that soli-
cits your attention. There are indeed
some bugs that only hum ; but there are
some that give the splendid scarlet to the
robes of princes. Here is a fellow with
some mechanical invention. He would
like to have you look at it. It is to do
something, perhaps a very simple thing, j
catch a mouse or kill a fly better than it ;
was done before. Don't be off with a
ecoff. Bend a little, and listen to him.
There may be the germ of greatness there.
When the air balloon was first discovered,
some one flippantly asked Dr. Franklin
what he thought of it. The Doctor an
swered the question by asking another:
"What is the use of a new-born infant ?"
Trifles may have great relations. The Eim
ple tea-kettle and the mighty steam-engine
seem far asunder; but the bubbling of the
one was tho progenitor of the other. A
lad at school got the birch well laid on,
for his experiments on a cat; but the young
operator was on the track of one of the
noblest of discoveries. The lad was Har
vey, who first made known the circulation
of the blood. Newton was attracted by
tho falling of an apple. It set him to
thinking. You could not have told what
would come of so simple a fact. But you
can now. That apple and the disclo
sure to us of the sublime machinery of
the starry heavens, how related! No, you
cannot tell what will come of the little
matters about you. Better not despise
tho day of small things. Our noses were
made for a better purpose than to be
turned up so often and so scornfully.
v.(.Peace t0 ms Ashes." An editor
closed a eulogy on a deceased soap-boil-ct
with what he considered under all the
circumstances, the peculiarly appropriate
quotation, "Peace to his aslies." The
printer made it 'grease to his ashes,' which
greatly offended tho friends as too sug
gestive of soap.
- A Gbeat Loss. "You have met with
a 'great loss, neighbor Williams," said the
deacon, condolingly, to Mr. W', the day
after the latter had hurried his wife.
"Yes, a terrible loss," replied the mourn
ing husband :''she mor'n earned her liv
id', and I never had to lick her half-a-dozen
times in my life." Williams was
a man of delicate sensibilities.
JScw England Farmer,
Ruins ill New Mexico.
At a recent meeting of the Maryland
Historical Society, a letter, dated Fort
Fillmore, New Mexico, January 15, 1S53,
from Colonel D . S. Mile, of the United
States Army, was read and excited a very
deep and lively interest among the mem-
Virj nrnspnt Who irnriil nnrrinn nf
present, IPC material portion 01
tlifi 1 offer is ns fnllnws
Lieutenant Abert, of the Topographi
cal Engineers, is the only officer of the
army that ever had the opportunity of
visiting Gran Quivira. He went to a do
' sorted villa
ge called Abo, in lat. 34 deg.
25 m., Ion. 106 west, and says he was
within fourteen miles of it, and its direc
tion was east. This may be correct ; but
my information would lead me to infer
that it lies further south and east from
Abo. Since I wrote the article in tho Ar
kansas paper, I have accidently become
acquainted with an old man, named Camp
bell, who is represented as a respectable
and truthful man, who has visited Quivira
on two occasions the first time in 1839,
when he was run off by the Indians 5 the
next visit in 1842, with a larger party,
and staid there a week, exploring or dig
ging here and there for treasure. I will,
as far as my memory permits, givo you
his description in his own words :
He found tho site of the Gran Quivira
on a mesa or table land, situated on the
northwest point of the Sacramento moun
tains, having the appearance of a large
and populous city, regularly laid out in
wide streets at right angles. He supposes
the city in length to be at least three miles,
running northeast to southwest, and half
a mile or more in breadth ; some of the
houses, in part, still standing, and built of
hcion stone. There are clear indications
of the size of the houses, and many of
them are of very large size; or at least
cover much ground. One he thought he
recognised as the palace another as the
temple or place of worship ; and, here he
thought it most probable he would find
the treasure.
He sounded about and discovered a
hollow place ; cleaned away the dirt, and
reached a floor; dug through it, thinking
he was getting into a cellar, but found a
room entirely empty, about sixteen to eigh
teen feet square, with polished walls, and
mth pai?itings or colored figures all over
jit, and ascertained, for tho first time, iliat
lie was then on ilie level with the street,
which is now ten or fifteen feet below the
present surface. He and party used this
room as a dwelling while at the place.
He dug at another place, which he sup
posed to be at the alter, and came to
a flat Tock ; on clearing away tho rub-
bish, he discovered where it had been
excavated, and nicely covered by a close
fitting, hewn, flat rock. He was sure of
a :prize, raised the rock, and found in a
carved out hole in the solid rock the skel
eton of a human body, Indian in appear
ance, the whole perfect, but which, in a
few moments, by exposure to the air dis-
j solved; not leaving a particle of evidence
of a human corpse but fine dust. On dig
ging further at that place, he found four
such vaults and human skeletons.
He abandoned the town and went back
to the hills, and found a cave, but on 0
pening the mouth discovered it to be the
shaft of a mine. This he followed for
nearly a quarter of a mile, seeing through
out evidences of a shining mineral on all
6ides At the end of the shaft was a
small chamber, where he found a crow
bar of some metal, but not of iron, quite 1
black; a chisel and a hammer, or kind of
axe also black ; and a curious kind of
earthen vessel. He left these things where
he found them, and returned to the town.
In rambling round to the western part,
he found what was the reservoir, in the
form of an ellipse; its axis must be 150
yards in length ; its breadth at least 80y
and its depth about 50 feet, paved bottom
and sides with hewn stone. At the south
ernmost end of the reservoir was a very
large house, of cut stone, several stories
high, which seems to have been a place of
arms and intended as a guard house, to
defend this pond of water, as, at regular
intervals, there were long slits,- and a
ind of port hole left in the wall.
The walls are four feet thick ; one cor
ner, perhaps half, of this house is still
standing. There is no water or wood
near Gran Quivira. The whole country
around for many miles is a desolate plain
of sand. At the northern end of the res
ervoir the aqueduct comes in ; this he fol
lowed to the White Mountains, forty miles
in a northwest direction. It is throughout
its length faced with small cut stone, (not
brick) both on the sides and bottom, and
cemented. In width it is about twelve
feet, and about ten in'depth sufficient to
carry a mountain stream, which no Jon
ger runs in it, owing to the obstruction of
rubbish at its mouth, but which now pur
sues its course to the Pecos river. There
is also a broad paved avenue leading di
rectly east from Gran Quivira,near one
hundred feet in width, which Mr. Camp
bell followeed for forty miles, and he left
it supposing it to be a load which led to
Nacogdoches, in Texas. About twenty
miles from Gran Quivira, on the northern
side of this road, he found quite a large
village in nuns. At Gran Quivira there
is an abundance of painted pottery and
earthen vessels, but he found no mctalic
She had the "Tin."
Not a bad joke is told df a young bach
elor, who being something of a fortune
hunter, was after making tho acquain
tance of all the young ladies in his reach.
Going up tho river the other day on one
of our Ohio boats, he was anxious td get
an introduction to the ladies in the cabin,
and he was told by Captain that one of them
was young, beautiful; and accomplished;
but only a little -nervous while traveling
was just the one to suit him for a wife.
" Ah, Captain," responded the roman
tic youth " those aro nice and even desi
rable appendages to a young lady, but
there is one at least so far as my affections
are to be interested, which is of vital ne
cessity, has she the "tin?" "Pon my
word, my dear Sir," said-the captain,
" she hasn't nothing else !"
That was sufficient, and away the im
patient went, arm in arm with the polite
commander. The door of tho ladies'
cabin slid open, tho party approached
and sighing swain was presented. He
was not the victim of falsehood, for there
the young lady sat, timid, and trembling,
with two large life preservers swung over
her pretty neck, ani made oitin.
A man from tho country, with a very
decidedly nervous temperment, and who
had a constant dread of pick-pockets,
lately put up at a hotel in St. Louis. He
kept a guard upon his pocket book, con
taining about 81,000 and looked out
sharply for rogues. On going to bed he
thought he would place his wallet under
his pillow fdr safety. Awaking in the
morning the treasure was not there. Has
tening to the clerk, he communicated his
loss, and on being laughed at as an over
careful man. threatened to make the
house responsible, and got into a fever.
He was cooled down after a while by the
production of his money which the clerk
had safely deposited in his cash box. -It
appears that the man had placed his
wallet in his boot, instead of under
his pillow, thinking tho former the safest
depository. He then set his boots
out of the door to be blackened and thus
the money found its way to the office
through the hands of honest boots. It
will never do for nervous men to travel a
lone. 'E Pluribus Uum,' said John Bull
to Jonathan as he stood gapping at the
flag floating from tho Custom House, a
few days since, 1 what on earth does that
mean?' 'Why,' said Jonathan, 'that's
our country's motto, and means, that we
are floating to glory.' John was satis
fied. The Kiflo.
Many persons who are very expert in
the use of tho rifle, know nothing of the
principle on which it operates, and would
be at a loss if asked why" a groved barrel
throws a ball truer than a smooth bore.
The reasons are these :
In the first place, no bullet is or can
be cast perfectly spherical; One side is
always heavier than the other, and the
ball, therefore, swerves from the right line
of projection. However hard it may be
to prove this,' theoretically, practice dem
onstrates it. The same smooth bore, im
moveably fixed, twice loaded with the
same charge, of the same powder,- and
with balls cast in the same mould,- will
not plant them both in the same spot, at
the same distance.
Tho rifle barrel is a female screw,
which gifes the tightly driven ball a ro
tary motion, so that if the bullet, or rath
er the slug, sweryes with one twist of the.
screw, another revolution corrects the er
ror. There are but three motions in a
rifle ball the straightforward, the spiral,
and downward, caused by be power of
gravity. A rifle of thirty to the pound
drops its ball about a foot in a hundred
yards, llifles are sighted therefore to
meet this deviation; On leaving the bar
rel, the ball moves above the line of sight,
continually falling in a parabolical curve,
till it intersects it.
Who invented tho rifle is not known.
Its principle was known to the North A
merican Indians before the discovery of
the continent. Their arrows are feath
ered spirally, and move precisely in the
manor of a rifle ball.
From the Pennsylvanian.
Employment of Women.
In speaking of the employmont of wo
men, we have no intention of dwelling at
any considerable length upon the taste
less and useless occupations to which fe
males, in what is called genteel and fash
ionable life, are devoted, whose time, at
least that portidn of which can be spared
from scenes of dissipation, is spent in pre
paring some insignificant and useless or
nament for the "person or the chimney
piece devoted to such manual labor as
administer only to personal vanity; femin
ine gewgaws which call forth no real tal
ent, no thought, no reflection, no judge
ment; wasting the time in emptiness and
frivolity which ought to be devoted td tho
cultivation of thd mind, arid in the free
exercise bf the bddy. It is it vice as well
as a folly to spend valuable time in such
useless employments. If the female sex
could only know with what contempt all
men of good sense look upon such painted
emptiness, such perishable gewgaws, they
would seek occupations more in accor
dance with the dignity of human nature.
A writer, whose name we do not re
member, has remarked that the scarcity
of employments for females in England,
and as a consequence in America, where
we so blindly and subserviently imitate
everything English; has ever been a sub
ject of grief to the philanthropist and
christian. On tho continent it is other
wise. There the females perfdrm the du
ty of shdpkeepers, booksellers, 'and in
nearly all the thriving merchantile estab
lishments the daughters are nearly as use
ful and as fully engaged as the sons.1-
Hence, though there are idle and good-for-nothing
men enough in France and
the Low Countries, there are few idle wo
men. The English and American custom in
this country is a constant theme of remark
and astonishment with the foreigners who
visit us. It is inquired, what becomes of
our women: and it excites no surprise that
the degraded portion of the sex is ten
times more numerous in proportion than
in those countries where females find em
ployment suited to their strength, and for
which they receive an adequate compen
sation. Surely this subject is too deeply, vital
ly important to be overlooked. Amidst
so many institutions, this matter seems
to be one in regard to which much good
might be done, and much happiness sub
stituted for extensive and indescribable
misery. Do those who declaim so loudily
and so zealouslv upon the wrongs of the
well-fed blacks at the south ever dream
that there are worse evils in the world
than those of negro slavery?
That the female sex should be rendered
more independent in the means df dbtain
ing a livelihood will not be denied; by
having suitable employment, virtue and
happiness would be generally increased.
The first plan that suggests itself to
our consideration grows out of the pecu
liar circumstances of the case and the
constitution df society.- They might be
come to a very considersble extent their
own physicians; Delicacy does forbid
them from communicating at all times
with a male physician; It is a well known
fact that huridrcds tif lives are lost annu
ally from commendable reverse in this
respect. If women would make them
selves acquainted with diseases and their
remedies, if institutions for imparting a
knowledge of physiology, anatomy, &c,
could be established fdr femalesj ten
thousand of the sex might derive inde
pendence from advising and prescribing
in disorders of females, and particularly
in diseases of children, where such woful
failures aro so frequently made at pres
ent. This good work has commenced in
this city, and we hope td see it carried
on elsewhere.
Fifty thousand retail stores in our cit
ies and towns ought to afford employment
and good wages for one hundred thousand
women. The employment of fifty thou
sand men, now engaged as tailors, and
dther similar light work, might be advan
tageously filled by women. Bookbind
ing, in nearly all its branche's, might be
given up to females. Watch and clock
making are also admirably adapted to
the female sex,- and might employ some
thousands more. Engraving and similar
callings might be surrendered entirely to
female artists, which would siill swell the
number of those proGtahle and dgreeably
employed. As accountants and book
keepers females would stand unrivalled,
and this would give employment to some
thousands more. We would drive iren
from most of the easy employrtfents with
in doors :thoso erapldyments especially
which rightfully belong to the other sex.
Thus,- with a little energy of invention,
we have easily pointed out the means of
saving thousands from a life of wretched
ness, if not of vice. If attention could
be drawn to this matter by a society ort
ganized for the purpose, and the object
would be zealously promoted by the phi
lanthropic and judicious, a multitude
wduld be raised in social utility,- impor
tance and independence.
We are aware that it is usual to treat
this subect sneeringly and jeeringly; hence
nothing is done; But in calling public
attention to this matter we are serious
and iri earnest. At present great evils
exist,- heart-breaking unhappiness pre-j
vails in at multitude df miserable andi
wretched homes. Is it not our duty to
strive to save the better portion 01 our
race from the torribl doom of poverty
and misferltne, with all its horrible train
of ills? Can this ever be done if it is not
considered with a soleraniuy and earnest
ness befitting a question of such para
mount importance?
Wool from Wood.
Not far from Breslau, in Silesia, in a
demesne called Humbold's Meadow; there
are two establishments, in one of which
the leaves of the nine tree are converted
into a species of wool or cotton, and in
tho other the waters left from the manu-jother
facture of this substance serve to supply
medicated baths for the use of sick
sons. These establishments were
both set on foot under the superintendence of
a forest inspector, M. de Pannewitz, the
inventor of a chemical process for extrac
ting from long and slender pine leaves a
very fine fibrous substance, which he calls
"wood wool," on account bf its possessing
the same felting and spinning properties
as ordinary wool.
The circular leaves of pines, firs, and
other coniferous trees, aro composed of
clusters of extremely delicate, adhesive
fibres, surrounding and holding together
a resinous substauce. This resinous sub-!
stance may be dissolved bv boiling, and
, L, J, , e , fc' ,
by the employment of a certain reagents; I
. J , . ... i
lt then becomes easy to separate the fibres
' , . , ,
from each other, to clean them, and re-
extraneous matter B this :
move any x a . y '
treatment the wooly material acquires a 1
, , en nil
greater or less degree of fineness, lhepine
o , P , , . 1
ma UVUU uc oiiiuuuu tiutu uuuu vvsulil:
J . .a .J 0 '
for if the verticlcs or whorls atithe end
of the branches are left, the trcewill con
tinue to grow. The stripping off of the
leaves takes place every two years.
The use to which the wood-wool was
first applied was td substitute it for cot
ton or woolen wadding in quilted blank
ets. In the year 1842, the hospital at
Vienna purchased five hundred of these
blankets, and after making a trial of them
for several years, sent an order for a fur
ther supply. It has been observed that
when the pine-tree wool is employed, the
beds aro quite free from any sort of pa
rasitical insects, and it diffuses a very a
greeable and salutary fragrance. Furni
ture in which this material is employed
is free from moths. Its cost is three times
less than horse-hair, and the most skilful
upholsterer could not distinguish an arti
cle stuffed with this substance from one
stuffed with horse-hair. This wool may
be spun and woven, .'the finest quality
yielding a thread very similar to flax,
and quite as strong. When combed,
spun or woven (?) like cloth, it may be
employed for carpets, saddle-cloths, &c.j
and combined with a weft of linnen or
calico, it may be made up into coverlets.
The liquid residium resulting from the
boiling of the leaves, has most salutary
influence when used as a bath. The rep
utation of the baths has increased since
their establishment nine years ago. The
liquid residium may, moreover, be con
centrated, and sent in close jars for use in
private houses.
The membraneous substance obtained
by Alteration, when the fibre is washed, is
put up in the shape of bricks and dried,
when it may be used as fuel, and produ
ces a very considerable quantity of gas
for lighting purposes. About a thousand
cwt. of wool leaves a quantity of fuel e
qual in value to more than ISO cube feet
of pine wood. London Mechanic's Mag
azine. A Smart Woman. In Lexington last
week an Irish woman named 3IcGrath,
was engaged in baking bread, when, from
a defect in the flue, au out-buildiug con
necting with a pig-stye took fire; and, not
beiug able to lift the pig, with an axe
knocked away a portion of the stye, took
away the pig, and tied it at some distance
from the house. On returning she discov
ered the roof of the house to be in flames,
and there being no person near excepting
her three children, her first movement
was to carry them away from danger.
Then returning, she removed every arti
cle of furniture, excepting dne bedstead,
which, having lost tho key sho could not
take apart. Sho then removed every
door and window safely from their places
almost before any assistance arrived, and
was only prevcuted by force from enter
ing tho flames and saving her bread from
the brick oven
In little more than an
hour from the breaking out of the fire, j
she walked over the smoking ruins and
took out her bread, which was found to
be very nicely baked.' Bunker Hill Au
Playing Truant.AYc ndver kilew d
boy in the habit of playing truant, and
wasting the golden hours of youth, to be
come a great and distinguished man. -
Most often the idler 01 carlv life is the
laggard of tho world's race. Truly hap
py i3 the boy whom parental and friend-
ly care saves from this alluring danger of,
youthful days. The reason why truenoy 1 discover wuy tue uuCs uiu not gee in, tiu
is so serious an evil is not the loss of a last year while in Whaltham, Mass. In
d.av or twrr from nrlirYnl now and then, or ! a garden there where Introduced the box
any other immediate or directconsequence I found that they did not get hr because"
of it, it is because it is the beginning of a . tbey could not.
long course of sin ; it leads to bad com- j I know of several who have used JtHe'
party-, and to deception, and to vicious d'ox fqr a long time with success. , .
habits ; it stops the progress of prepara- A gardener in Massachusetts was pleay
tion for the duties of life, hardcus tho ed with the box, and said 41 We fra've
heart, and opens the door for every temp- j black bug also which crawls on the ground-
tation and sin, which, if not closed, must'
bring the victim to ruin. These, are what
constitute its dangers.
Farming near Washington.'
We learn from the National JhtcUigcn
cer, that Mr. Charles B. Calvert has been
offered 50,000 for 200 acres of his farm,"
and refused to take the money. Two'
hundred and fifty dollars an acre is a. high
price for farming landsj and it is only in
consideration df valuable buildings and
improvements that due would be
justified in paying so much; Biverdale,
as Mr. Calvert's estate is called, contains
nearly three thousand acres; lies north
east of Bladensburg; and extends from
the' village some three dr'four miles up a
beautiful valley watered by a fine mill
stream. Mr. Calvert's father was a large
tobacco grower, and most of this planta
tion has been much worn by this scourg
ing cropj when often repeated on the same
field. At present, the farm is mainly de
voted td dairy purpdses; producing milk
and cream for the largest hotel in Wash
ington, and a surplus for the market.
The cows kept are Short Hdrns, Ayrshires,
Alderneys and their crosses with the best
native milkers. Hay is too valuable in
the Metropolis to feed to cows in winter,
... , m 1
eight cents a quart. Turnips, short cue
i n
straw and cornstalks are more economi-
, r , . , c ,
ca! food, so that most of the hay grown
, p; , . . , , r J b Ti
lllverdale is sold off the farm. It is
little remarkable how few understand the
. e - i c u 1
art of growing large crops of hay and
. ?T .. , v. .r mu -t
grass in the United States. The quite
, -i .j. ,
linPYiiPPtffl rinM nrrirliTirm5 lipnrpnsn in
the number df sheep, cdws, working oxen
and horses in the State of New York from
1845 to 1850j can only be accdunted for,
by conceding the inability of the land to
keep them, without more skill than has
been applied to that purpose.
Mr. Calvert's doe3 not come up to our
ideal of what a grazing farm ought to be.
He however, is soon to introduce exten
sive irrigation by steam power; and should
his life be spared to three score years and
ten, a model farm may be seen in Prince
George's County, Maryland.
A new octagon barn one hundred feet
in diameter has recently been erected by
him, having a skylight in the centre, with
ample storage for turnips and forage over
the first story, which is devoted entirely
to stalls for cows. These stand in two"
rows quite round the building leaving an
open centre space of thirty feet in diam
eter. Mr. C. prefers ground to plank
floors for cattle to stand upon, which is
kept clean and smooth, and generally bed
ded. A horse and cart may be driven
round behind tho cdws in the stable for
"j-- - r a
or 11T1
manure ; and so much of the
urine, as is not absorbed by the straw and
other litter runs into tanks; From thir
ty to forty thousand bushels of turnips
are fed in a year, which are sliced with
turnip cutters. Cows graze in the field
during the summer season : although it is
believed that soiling is mdre ecdnomical
where land is dear and labdr cheap. After
the engine is made to convey all the ma
nure from the stables to the fields in a
liquid state and properly diluted for dis
tribution, sailing will be still more profit
able; for a good crop of grass may be cut
every four weeks during seven or eight
months, in the climate of Washington with
proper irrigatidn and manuring.
Striped Bugs.
Td keep them from young vines, put a
box around the hill; three shingles, fivo
or six inches wide, are wide enough; make
a letter A with thenij and fasten them up
with dirt or sticks. Notice; and you will
sec the bugs fly in stright lines and near
the ground, and besides, they cannot stop
in their flight and let themselves down on
the plant, as a chimney sfralldw lets him
self down the chimney, sd that they will
fly over the tops of the l)oxes and light
upon something on the other , side. If
they start up again, they will fly over tho
boxes and light upon something on tho
opposite side. Occasionally; if the boxes
aro very low, this lighting place will hap
pen to be just in side of the box, but not
very often. I have driven off a great
number from a hill and put up' a box a
round, and only one er two bugs got back
again. There is no need of "killing tho
bugs ; simply drive them off and put on
the boxes, or put them on before they
come. YoU do not put covers over ther
tops ; put small open boxes round, wifh
the sides high enough so that when you?
Stand ton feot from the hill you cunn5t
see the plants, and then the bugs flying
cannot see them, and consequently will
not kuow where the plants are so" as to1
light upon them. Do not make the. box
es too high, for that will shade' the plants;
nor too low, for then the bdgs will see the
plants and light upo'n the'iri they will fly
straight to them.
I have been twelve years in making'
observations upon this insect, and hayo
used tne box lor tnat time, out did not-
and bites oft the plant close to the rooty
and your box will. shut him out."