The Jeffersonian. (Stroudsburg, Pa.) 1853-1911, May 19, 1853, Image 2

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I)c 3cffcvsoniau.
... Thursday, Jlay 19, 1S53.
'MOSES POWUfALL, Lancaster County
tfALEX. K. NrCLUUfi, Franklin Co.
.CHRISTIAN Clarion Co.
i:Vi-p State Central Committee.
ChaR.Thompsou Jones, Phila, Chairman
John Price Wetherell,
Charles Gilpin,
John II. Dichl,
George T. Thorn,
Hon. Henry D. Moore,
Jacob S. Roberts,
John Ksslcr,
Robert L. Martin,
John Bishop,
Henry S. Evans,
David E. Stout,
Caleb X. Taylor,
Maris Iloopes,
Daniel Kerr,
Hon. Thos. M. Bibighaus, Labanon.
Hon. James Pollock, Northumberland.
'Win. K Mohaffey,
Wells Coverly,
Henry D. Maxwell,
Junes W. Fuller
O. H. Wheeler,
Hon. John Torrcy,
A. K. Cornyn.
Robert G. Harper,
Joseph Garretsou,
A. B. Sharp,
Wm. T. Wilson,
Edmund Blanchard,
Tho's. W. Llyod,
S. K. Glasgow,
George Raymond,
C. IL Frick,
John R. Edie,
Franklin Stewart,
Wm. P. Miner,
John Sturdevant,
John C. Adams,
H. II. Frazier,
John Miles,
Hon. A. Robertson,
Josiah King,
John Major,
James Campbell,
Dvid Leoch,
T. J. Coffee,
Lloyd Jones,
Hon. Jos. H. Kuhns,
John Fenlon,
James M. Sellers,
A. Washabaugh,
John Fulton,
Wm. F. Wagonseller,
j. Y. Lawrence,
Benjamin Bannan, Schuylkill.
Iu accordance with tne Resolution a
dopted by the late Whig State Canven
lion, the above named gentlemen have
bten appointed the State Central Commit
tee. HENRY 31. FULLER,
JWilkcs-Barrc, May 9, 1S53.
The Popular Educator
Is the title of a new monthly Magazine,
published by Alexander Montgomery, No.
17 Spruce street, N. Y. and sold nt 12i cents
ler number, or 1,50 a year. Through the
politeness of the publisher, we have been fa
vored rt'ith a copy of the first number. This
ipublication is excellent in design, and exceed
ingly able in execution. It proposes to be
.the general instructor of all, and especially
of those who wish to become self-made men.
.Here will be found a monthly digest of stu
died in language, natural history, mathemat
ics, the fine arts, the useful arts, mechanics,
.professions, philosophy, and history, each to
,pic being treated with clearness and made
.comparatively easy to the apprehension ol
.every one who really desires to enlarge his
htock of knowledge. We know of no publi
ailioii now issued, which is calculated to ef
fect a greater amount of good than " The
Popular Educator," and we have no hesita
tion iu pronouncing it a most excellent pub
lication and eminently deserving of patronage.
Fire .vvaE kindled in the woods on the north
side of the Blue Mountain, near Tatt's Gap,
-on Saturday evening last, and burned very
rapidly till Monday morning, when the citi
zens in the neighborhood succeeded in put-
tine it out. What amount of damage hat
been done wc are unable to btate, but pre
sume that considerable timber has been de
stroyed. Caution to School Teachers
The following report of a case tried at Al
lentown on the 2d inst., may be of some ben
efit to School Teachers. We copy from the
Commonwealth vx. Aaron Reich. Assault
and battery on oath of Charles Forest. The
defendant was teacher of a school, and the
complaint was of an excessive corporul pun
ishment of the prosecutor, who was a lad in
the school. The jury found that the punish
had been too severe, and found the defendant
gutlty. Sentence, SI fine and ttvocents costs.
Judge of the Supreme.
The Daily News of the 14th inst. announ
ces that Gov. Jiigler has commissioned the
Hon. John C. Knox to fill the vacancy on the
Supreme Bench, occasioned by the death of
Judge Gibson.
(tThe "Gaston Sentinel" eays the small
pox is raging inUie NorVhomptqn county
Poor Ilouee.i
Qr A few days since we Eteped into the
Candy-shop of Mr. Mark Miller, of this
plnce, and must confess that we were very
agreeably disappointed in noticing some of
the finest Candies we ever saw, and have no
hesitancy in saying that Mr. Price, the gen
tlemanly foreman, can turn out as fine spe
cimens as can he produced at any establish
ment, either in Philadelphia or New-York.
In connection with the candy business Mr.
M. has on hand and is now manufacturing a
superior article of Lemon Syrup.
Call and examine the articles.
jrj The Editor of the Miltonian had
a rapping communication, the other day,
with a man who had died in arrears for
the paper, four years ago. The spirit
told the Editor to call on a certain per
son who..w:iindpbtedfctoJum.whcu .living;
the Editor did as directed and received
his pay.
Mexican News.
Dates from Mexico to the 4th have
reached us by New Orleans. Santa An
na has been inaugratcd as President, aud
governs that ill-fated and, it is to be fear
ed, doomed country. He has bridled the
Press, established a censorship, and de
manded securities. We see from this
that if there is to be a government of des
potism, it is not to be one of anarchy; and
that hence Mexico is more formidable un
der one Tyrant than she was under some
five hundred Tyrants.
The movement in California upon So
nora, when heard of in Mexico, will no
doubt excite a good deal of feeling against
the United States.
(Jen. Almonte, who is coming to the
United States as Santa Anna's Minister,
is well known here. He "speaks English
well, aud is a man of talents and address.
Santa Anna, in confirming Sloo's con
tract, shows good faith to the United States
so far.
Run Away. The -wife of an English
man ran away from her husband atPotts
ville with another Englishman. They
were overtaken at Northumberland by
the injured and indignant husband. The
woman was taken back, and the abductor
lodged in jail at Sunbury.
The Texas Gold Discoveries Fully
Confirmed. New Orleans, May 12.
Galveston dates to the 10th of May have
been received here by the steamship Mex
ico. The accounts of the discovery of
gold mines are fully confirmed. The
Galveston News has been informed by a
gentleman from nockhurt, that a party
of citizens, just returned from an explo
ring expedition, found gold in a mountain
70 miles north-west of that town, both on
the surface and by digging. They brought
back some lumps valued at S5G50. The
Austin Gazette, hitherto incredulous, ful
ly endorses the most favorable reports,
and says that it can no longer entertain
the least doubts of their correctness, and
expects soon to hear of discoveries equal
ling the California mines. It is said that
the deeper the diggins, the more abun
dant and richer the gold. The principal
region is bounded on the east by the San
Saba river, and on the south by the Lla
no river.
BT We learn that the citizens of New
burgh, N. Y., recently held a public meet
ing! to ta':e nto consideration tho subject
of extending their Branch Railroad from
Chester, where it intersects the New York
and Erie Railroad, to the Water Gap,
there to connect with our Delaware, Lack-
J awana and Western Road ; by which
means they would have direct communi
cation with and access to this valley.
There is a great deal of wealth in Ncw
burgh, and no lack of public spirit, and
we doubt not but they will succeed in
their enterprise. Lackawana Herald.
New Moile of Electioneering.
We clip the following piece of intelli
gence from the Fredericksburg, Ya. JSlws:
A Xeiv Feature. We arc informed on
reliable authority that on yesteday, at
the White Oak Church, in Stafford Coun
ty, after the religious services were over
Gov. Smith, the Democratic candidate
for Congress, being called on, addressed
the congregation which was there assem
bled. As this is a new feature in politi
cal electioneering and something never
before heard of in Yirginia, we publish it
for the benefit of their candidates at large.
We had made up our minds not to be
startled at anything in this Democratic
age of progress, but must confess our un
feigned astonishment at this new use to
which the Church of God and the Sab
bath day are appropriated in a chrietian
West Branch Lumber Trade.
The lumber trade on the Susquehanna,
this season, has been unusually successful.
A gentleman from Lock Haven, who has
paid some attention to the subject, esti
mates that 4000 rafts and arks, valued at
2,000,000, have gone past that place on
their way to market. In addition to this,
an immense quantity of lumber enters the
West Branch below Lock Haven, and is
manufactured at that place and Williams
port, and sent to market by the Pennsyl
vania Canal. The lumber trade of the
Susquehanna is rapidly increasing, and
the price of the article constantly rising.
LSar J ue 4th ot Jlarch rm
a Sunday for at least 'wK
Bigler and ITJcCreary.
The people of Pennsylvania will learn
with regret that Gov. Bigler has with-
drawn his requisition for McCitEARY, the
notorious kidnapper. He was guilty of
one of the most brutal crimes that of
stealing human souls from the freedom
they were entitled to and selling them
into perpetual Slavery; and yet the Ex
ecutive of the Sj,ate, who is sworn to exe
cute the laws faithfulh, has quietly a
bandoned the requisition, and thus per
mits the inhuman monster to run at large,
without even a trial.
If this were Gov. Bigler's first neg
lect of dut-, there might be some excuse
to offer; but it has been his settled policy
that all offences committed against our
laws on the side of Slavery should go un
punished. Thus Alberti, professional
kidnapper, was pardoned out of the
Penitentiary; Ridgely, who murdered a
negro in Columbia, was never brought to
trial; Mayo, who Attempted to abduct
Neal, is still at large, uncalled-for by
the Governor; and now McCueary and
his associate, who kidnapped the Parker
girls, and connected with which was the
murder of Miller, have been finally
permitted to go unwhipt of justice!
Wc are glad to sec the press speak out
boldly on the humiliating subserviency
of Gov. Bigler. The Philadelphia Daily
Register, a neutral paper, says:
The Maryland papers state that Gov.
Bigler has withdrawn his requisition for
McCreary and Merritt, the kidnappers
ot the Parker girls. Ibis was one of the
most infamous cases on record, the victims
being natives of this State, and the crime
of kidnapping being aggravated with that
ot the murder of Miller. Counsel were
sent by Pennsylvania to Baltimore, the
facts established, and the girls brought
back. We can hardly believe that Gov.
Bigler would permit two wretches to es
cape whose criminality was indirectly
pronounced by a Baltimore jury. Yet
we cannot forget, that only a short time
ago, a Maryland constable, who killed an
unfortunate negro, shooting him dead,
and then escaping, was not prosecuted
for the murder; and we still have a fresh
recollection of the manner in which Gov.
Bigler permitted the escape from justice
of the notorious Mayo, who had beaten
and attempted to abduct Daniel Neal.
No requisition was made for him, so far
as we can learn. Is our State Executive
aware that his official duty is to see that
the criminals who escape over the line
are brought to trial. In this important
matter, we must say, that Gov. Bigler
has shown himself entirely incompetent.
We have heard it suggested that he is
afraid of offending Maryland. This, if
true, would be a burning insult to our sis
ter State. We have a better opinion of the
men who direct the affairs of Marylnd,
than to suppose they would volunteer the
advocacy of any ruffian, kidnapper and
murderer who escapes from our State.
If the Baltimore jury that sent the Par
ker girls back to their home, had been
able to punish the scoundrels who abduc
ted them, we should not now have to de
plore the wretched inefficiency of Gov.
Bigler. He is a willow switch that can't
stand up right.
Philadelphia. Easfon aud
Gap Rail lioado
The Board of Directors of this compa
ny held a meeting on the 24th inst., at
which the route of the road was perma
nently located, from the mouth of Sandy
Run, on the Wissahickon, near White
marsh, to Ilcllertown, near the Lehigh
River, a distance of 36 miles. The line
leaves the Lehigh by the Saucon Valley,
which is followed to the summit at Siracs,
Gap, thence through the "flatlands" east
to Quakcrtown, to Rock Ridge, at Cofiie's
Gap : thence through Lands' Ridge, by a
tunnel about 1800 feet long, and across
the East Branch of the Perkiomcn near
Sellersville. It then ascends Derstein's
Run, to the summit, between Perkiomcn,
Skiopack and Neshainony, and crosses
Hatfield plains to the Wissahickon at
Sandy Run, about 14 miles from the city
was not finally determined upon. Under
its charter the company is authorized to
approach the city at any point, either by
way of the Wissahicon to the Schuylkill,
and thence along the river to West Phil
delphia, or by any intermediate street be
tween the Delaware aud Schuylkill lines.
Singular Accident at Paris.
A horrible calamity has just occurcd
in Paris, and it may be well to make it
known, as such accidents ought to serve
as examples. A gentleman, feeling a
slight itching in his ear, took up a friction
match in order to dispel it. In the ardor
of a conversion he was sustaining, he in
troduced the sulphurous end; the contact
soon produced ignition, and the downy
lining of the ear caught fire; a portion of
the sulphur adhered to the flesh, and
burutthere persistently. The unfortunate
man never spoke again. His sufferings
were so agonizing that his tongue became
powerless, and after two days torment
and unavailing efforts of the surgeons, he
An Oyster Catching a Mouse. In
Allentown, Pa., one evening last week,
the proprietor of a restaurant left a few
oysters standing in the basin on the floor;
from the heat of the room they partially
opened; during the night it appeared a
mouse undertook to creep in between the
shell, when the oyster fastened on the
mouse and made a victim. In the morn
ing tho. oyster was picked up with the
mouse tightly pressed between its shell.
The French governmentmaintains forty
thousand four hundred and twenty-eight
priests, at an annual expense of about
nine millions of dollars.
Another Dreadful CalamityFall
of a Building- aud great Loss
of Life.
Buffalo. May 14. A terrible calami
ty occurred in this city yesterday. The
building on Main street, occupied as a
banking house by Messrs. Robinson & Co.,
and Robert Codd, while undergoing re-
lit i , 1 1
pairs, suddenly caved in, tne roor and
every story being carried through to the
It is feared that 15 or 20 workman,
and some persons occupying the upper
stories are beneath the ruins.
The utmost excitement prevails, and
the Fire Department and a large number
of citizens are clearing the ruins.
The front of the shops had been taken
out for repairs, and the building was left
without proper support.
The building was five stories high, and
the entire inside and back wall fell into
the cellar, carrying the men who were
at work on each story down with it.
An immense pile of lumber has been
get out, and five men have been rescued
alive one with his leg badly crushed and
the others seriously injured.
- Three dead bodies have been recovered
one that of John llufford. master car
penter, whose head was completely crush
While digging in the rear, a man felt
his baud tightly grasped by one beneath
the ruins, and clearing away, a boy was
discovered who had been jambed in be
tween the timbers for upwards of an hour
The men worked hard to rescue him, the
little fellow bearing up bravely, though
much crushed and exhausted, lie was
at length restored to the arms of his fath
er, who stood by in speechless agony
watching the efforts of the men. The
boy's name is George Kinskey; he is much
injured internally, but hopes are enter
tained for his recovery. The fire depart
ment is now organized to work during the
It is supposed that fifteen persons are
still beneath the ruins, all of whom are
doubtless dead as the ruins are piled up
in a thick solid mass from the cellar to
the second story.
Much excitement prevails throughou
the city.
No more bodies yet in sight.
The Accident at Buffalo.
Buffalo, May 14. The accident in this
city last evening occurred between five
and six o clock, lhe building was situ
ated at No. 162 Maine street, and was
formerly occupied by Robinson & Co
as an exchange office, and Robert Codd
for banking purposes. The property had
recently been purchased by Wm. H. Grlen
roy, and was being refitted and repaired
b' him for the purpose of opening an ex
tensive crockery and glass warehouse.
The lower part of the brick wall had
been removed for the purpose of putting
in a glass wall, but owing to some defee
in staying up the wall above, the whole
fell in, and buried beneath the rubbish
nearly all who were engaged in the re
TIM.- 1 r- ii. - f ,1 1
iuu iufcu to me owner oi me Dlllldln" is
between 810,000 and SI 5,000.
The search at the fallen building was
continued all night by torch-light.
About 5 o'clock this morning, three
more dead bodies were discovered. Qne
was grasping a plane tightly, as though
struck down while in the act of usin it.
It is supposed that five or six are still
beneath the ruins not yet cleared out.
The labor goes on unceasingly.
The boy rescued last night is doing
well. ' A coroner's inquest will be held
this P. M., when a thorough investigation
into the cause of the accident will take
place. Rumor, at present, attaches all
blame to the builder. The bodies recov
ered arc terribly mangled.
Gypsum at the Far West. The
Fort Smith Herald publishes a letter from
the pen of Dr. Shuraard, of that place,
who acted as Geologist in the expedition
under Capt. Marc', in his reconnoissance
of the headwaters of Red River. We
give the material portions of the commu
nication: This field is probably the largest in the
world, and extends from the Wichita
Mountains to within a short distance of
the nearest Mexican Province. Through
out its entire exUntthe Gypsum presents
itself to the surface iu such a manner as
to be very easily worked, and is of the
purest quality. Not unfrequently wc
traveled for miles over continuous beds,
which, from their snowy whiteness, and
the great abundance of glittering Sdcnitc
(transparent Gyjmtm) they contained, ad
ded greatly to the interest of tho scenery;
while here and there immense bluffs often
severel miles in extent, and thickly cap
ped with the same material, projected to
the bight of two or three hundred feet
above the level of the surrounding coun
try. In many places it was observed to
be twenty feet in thickness.
Gypsum which, when burnt, produces
the Plaster of Paris, is one of the most
important substances in nature. Resides
being one of the very best fertilizers of the
soil, it is largely used for building and
ornamental purposes, and is every year
becoming more and more important, in a
commercial point of view. Hence its
discovery in incxhaustable quantities.can-
noi out dc loolcea upon with the utmost
degree of interest.
Another Murder. A man named Cas
per Landparter, for whom a bench war
rant was issued at Pittsburgh, was over
taken a few miles from Butler by the offi
cers, and arrested. Under' pretence of
changing his linen the officers went with
him to his room in the tavern, where he
di-ew a pistol and knife, and killed one
of the officers instantly, and wounded the
other so severely that he has since died.
The murderer escaped. He is of French
extraction five feet ten inches high,
about forty five years of age one eye very
black, high oheek, hopes, and very dark
Spiritual Manifestations.
Ike National Intelligencer recently pub-
isbed an article recommending the call
ing in the aid of legal authority to sup
press spiritual rappmgs, as they are call
ed, and similar absurdities. The Intelli
gencer of last week contains a letter from
the Hon. N. P. Tallmadge, formerly U.
S. Senator from New York, Governor of
Iowa, etc., remonstrating against the ar-
lcle referred to. This letter is accompa
nied by another, dated January 10th ad
dressed to the Hon. James F. Simmons,
ateii. S. Senator from Rhode Island,
referring to the fact that Mr. Simmons
believed in those manifestations as he had
stated in conversation with Mr. T., and
in an article in Putnam's Magazine, giv
ing his experience on the subject. This
expedience confirmed Mr. T. in his own
impressions received from researches he
had Jinade. He says that his attention
was first seriously called to the subject
lastspringby a newspaper attack on Judge
Ldmbnus lor bis bclier in it, and as he
had known the Judge for thirty years as
a man of acute mind, talent for investiga
tion, land unimpeachable integrity, he was
induded to scrutinise the "spiritual mani
festations." lie avers that the result, of his
experiments were of the most astouuding
character, satisfying him that the medium
i , ! i. i i . i it
did not Know wuence eitner tne raps or
the communications proceeded. All the
questions Mr. T. put were propounded
mentally, and the medium could not know
whatjtlicy were nor how to answer them.
He declares he has frequently received
communications far above the capacity of
of the persons from whom they purported
to come, as for instance, John C. Calhoun,
Henry Clay, and Daniel Webster. He
has received communications through wri
ting, speaking and rapping mediums.
Mr. Talmadge undoubtedly believes all
this, and has no doubt of holding converse
with the spirits ot Calhoun, Clay and
Webster ; but will find it hard to inspire
others with that belief or with faith to
believe in any such absurdities.
General Tallmadge endeavors to ex
plain the spiritual rappings in tho follow
ing manner, to benator bimmons
" The next question is, from whence do
these manifestations, whether physical or
moral, proceed? Judge Edmonds was,
told that they vere all according to nat
ural laws, whiah would in due time be
fully developed; and he was directed to
read Yon Reichenbach's Dynamics of
Magnetism and Llectncity a book he
had never heard of before as a means
of enabling him to understand these laws.
I have read the book myself. The wri
ter proves conclusively the discovery of a
new element, which he calls od or the
odic force. He proves that this element
prevades not only the human system, but
material world-and the whole universe.
He finds it in the rays of the sun, moon
and stars.
Late English writers of high reputation
consider the existence of the odis force as
well established as that of the magnetism
and electricity. It combines many of the
qualities of the two latter, and is antago
nistic to some of them. It may be pre
sumed, therefore, that this newiy discov
ered element enters, in some sort, into
these manifestations. It is said that this
accounts for the physical manifestations.
Rut no one can show how this force pro
duces them. And even if this were proved,
it still remains to account for the intclli.
gence in the communications which are
received. That intelligence does notcome
from tables, or chairs, or other material
objects. It must come from mind, or
from a spiritual source. This new ele
ment may be the medium of conveying it
to us. To illustrate, let me suppose that
a friend in New York wishes to commu
nicate with me in Washington. He sends
his communication to me through the e
leotric telegraph.
The communication is received and
written down here the same as a commu
nication is received and written down
through the rapping medium. I ask how
is that communication from my friend I
conveyed to me ? The answer is, by the
eiecinc num. jjut does tno electric nuiu
make the communication ? The answer
is no, the mind of my friend does that.
So in the case of the rapping medium,
the communication comes frpm some
source of intelligence. This intelligence,
as every one knows, who has investigated
these matters, does not come from the ta
bic that is mov,ed by some invisible pow
er, nor from the juediura, nor from any
one present. It is therefore to be inferred
that it comes from a spiritual source; and
more espicially when communications are '
receiveu on suojects exclusively Known iu
those communicating."
IHj3 The Lancaster Examiner states
that there is a German family residing in
that city who the past winter were in the
habit of killing aud eating such dogs as
they could get possession of. They were
too lazy to work, and resorted to this
method of obtaining a livelihood.
The large Stock of blood horses,
belonging to the estate of the late Wm.
Gibbons, were sold at auction on Tues
day, at Madison, N. J. Among the num
ber sold, was tho celebrated racer "Fash
ion," now 17 years old, bought by Mr.
Morris of Morrisania, for 81550. Bon
nets o'Blue, mother of Fashion, 26 years
old, brought 100. Patsey Anthony, 13
years old, $280. Mariner, 17 years old,
270; and others of lesser note at pri
ces varying from 70 up to 8020. The
sale attracted a large concourse of people
from Newark, New York, and other pla
ces. The Post-Oflice Department are to
have the new stamped-envclopes ready
by the first of June. But if they com
mence their distribution by the 1st of Ju
ly next, it will be as soon as one can hope
for. They are to be sold at 83,20 per
hundred- 83 for the stamp?, and 20 cents
lor the envelopes.
Carpenters in Oregon are getting S6
per day and boarded, and common labor
ers 83 per day and boarded,
A Cosily Spree.
Our readers have probably all heard
of the recent "jollification" indulged in
by our legislators, to which the legisla
tors of Maryland were invited. I hey
may have heard likewise of the moun
tainous bill for "wine and fixins" that
accumulated in consequence (upwards of
$6000!) and which these honorable hosts
impudently call upon the State to liqui
date. We have watcded the political
press, in order to note how such an ap
propriation would be viewed through
partizan spectacles, ere wo ventured an
opinion in regard to the 'shave;' and con
clude that the " agony" is reserved for
some future campaign. This may do for
politicians, but a more general expression
seems to have been called for under the
We have no serious objection to the
dignified Legislature of Pennsylvania
willing wine and gormandizing upon
costly viands until, like the Maine Law,
they get under the table, providing, tucy
do not put their hands in our pockets for
the means to foot the bills. Let private
purses be ever so plethoric, it is doubtful
whether their owners will approve of tbis
mode of relieving them. Most people are
willing to "treat" occasionally, but to be
turned into "walking change" for the ac
commodation of every man who ohooscs
to make a beast of himself, is neither n
greeable or profitable.
Pennsylvania is encumbered with a
debt of S40,0()0,000 aud upwards, and is
a bye-word at home and abroad by reason
of her liabilities. To meet the current
expenses, and- to aid in the liquidation of
this debt, property is taxed heavily very
heavily. Under any other circumstances
such taxation would be deemed oppressive;
as it is, the people submit cheerfully, in
order that they may be enabled to look
the world in the face through their chil-
drens' child rens' eyes, at the farthest
But when a new demand upon their pur
ses is made, to liquidate such bills as their
representatives may choose to run up for
bacchanal feasts, to the disgrace of their
manhood, the people have just cause for
complaint. If they submit to such an
imposition they are unworthy of the name
and privileges of freemen, and a disgrace
to their ancestry. If they do not uspot'r
the honorable gentlemen who were en
gaged in this affair, they deserve to be
imposed upon, and cut off from redress-.
The originators of that grand "swarry"
are in a dilemma, between the horns of
which there is little choice. If the
Treasury bleeds to satisfy the debt, they
are politically damned. If it is thrown1
back upon them, they must stand in tho
light of sponges," who know how to order
a good dinner, and leave their friends to
pay for it. In either case, their best way
is to pull up stakes and go West, or to
Liberia though the Liberians might no
receive them without certain papers which
their constituents could not conscien
tiously give them. Xew Dawn.
Delawate, Lehigh and Wyomiujjr.
Valley Hail road.
To the Editor of the N. Y. Tribune.
Sir : In The cw York Express a par
agraph appeared referring to a report of
J. W. Allen, Esq., Civil Engineer of the
Morri3 and Essex Railroad, upon the
practicability of connecting the Sunbury
and Erie Railroad with the Morris and
Essex by means of tho "Delaware, Lehigh
and Wyoming Valley Railroad, thereby
opening the Wyoming coal fields to this
City. If Mr. Allen means the latter be a
gravity road with stationary Engine, the
connection would be practicable; if, how
ever, he refers to a locomotive coal carry
ing road, he speaks with an imperfect
knowledge of the facts, or has been de
ceived by the misrepresentations of iutcr
terested parties. I agree with Mr. A.r
that it is highly important to this City
to have tne connection made with the Sun-
bury and Erie Road and New Jersey
Roads. This connection we shall have.
when the road now building through Cobb's
Gap, via. Scranton Pa., known as tho
Delaware, Lackawana and Wester Rail
road shall be finished, and also the Blooms-
burg and Lackawana Road shall be built,
connecting the Jersey and l!ine iioads by
the nearest practicable routes through ths
valley. A New Yorker.
3r The people of Columbia, S. C, are
indulging in ripe cherries, of the May
Duke, Biggarcau and Black Heart varia-
The public debt of Canada is between
823,000,000 and 824,000,000. It com
prises various loans, the longest of which
has 28 years to run.
The New York Herald devotes one of
its pages in a recent number to a histori
cal review of the horse trade of that city.
Tho number of horses in that city is esti
mated at 22,540, and their value at 82,,
495,000. The number of men directly
dependent upon the labor of their horses
for subsistence is stated at 12,710, while
many thousands rely more or less upon,
them in the transaction of their daily
business. In 1825 the proportion of hor
ses was one to every thirty inhabitants
now it is one to every twenty-three, thua
showing that the application of steam to.
machinery, and the different mechanical
inventions which have since been made,
have not had the effect either of dimin
ishing the value of horso labor, or redu
cing the number.
Taking the Cream off a Hoosier. One
of tho Indiana Senators twitted Clark,
of Rhode Island, of ooming from a
state so poor that the Governor was o
bliged to raise calves and pcddlo milk,
because his salary would not support him .
"True," Clark replied, " we sell milk and
raise oalves, but wc don't send them to
Congress, as your State docs." This
Hoosier felt as though he was badly