Newspaper Page Text
THE DAILY GAZETTE
PENNIMAN, REED & CO.,
Office, 84 and 86 INTIe doent‘e•
P. B. PEINIXiII,
T. P. HOUSTON,
ZOrrose iTO PtO]ttt}Ott.
TIMED OF TUC DAILY.
I 011.11, per 7,,w
D livered by banger., P.r...0k
FOUR O'CLOCK, 4..111
[By rkitrlipb to tho Pittsburgh Gizettel
WeoriNaporr, December 6. 1E419
To the Senate Rod Rouse of }kyr:milts-
In coming before you' for the first time
ati Chief Magistrate of this great nation.
it is with gratitude to the (liver of all
good for the many benefits we enjoy.
We are blessed with peace at home and
are without, entangling! *Mattee• abroad
to forebode trouble. With a territory
tinsurps‘sed In fertility; of an area equal
to the abundant support of fifty millions
of people, and abounding in every vari
ety of useful material, In quantity fit
dent to supply the world for genera
tions with abundant crops; with variety
of climate adapted to the production of
every species of earth's riches, and snit.
ed to the habits, tastes and require
ments of every living thing; With
• population of forty millloeus of
free people, all speaking one language;
with facilities for every mortal to ac.
quire an education; with institutions
cloning to none the avenues to faro* or
any blessing of fortune that may be cov
eted; with freedom of the pulpit, the
press and the school; with a revenue
&wing into the National Treasury be
yond the requirements of the Govern
ment supply; harmony hi being rapidly
restored within our own border; mann
factures, hitherto unknown in our
country, are springing up in all direct
dons, producing a degree of National
Independence, unequaled by that at any
other Power; these blessings and count.
lose others are entrusted to your care
and mine for safe keeping for the brief
period of our tenureopollice. Ins short
time we mast each of na return to the
people who have conferred upon us our
honors, and account to them for our
stewardship. I earnestly desire that
neither you or I may be condemned by
a free and enlightened constituency, nor
by our own coned emcee.
THE PAST S.TO ATION
Emerging from a rebellion of gigantic
magnitude, aided, as it was, by the
sympathy and assistance of Nations with
which we are at peace, eleven State■
of the Union were, four years ago, left
without I,egal State governments, a debt
had been contracted. American com
merce wax almost driven from the seas,
the industry of one-half of the country
had been taken from the control of the
capitahat and placed It where all labor
rightfully belongs, In the keeping of the
WHAT HAS BEEF A.CCOIS PLIS3 RD.
The work of resitonng the State Gov
ernments loyal to the Union, of pro.
Meting and Metering free labor, and pro
viding means for payibg the interest on
the public debt has received ample at
tention from Congress. Although your
efforts have not met with the success in
all particular. that might have base de
aired, vet on the whole, they have been
more successful than could have been
reasonably anticipated. Seven States
which passed ordinances of secession
have been fully restored to their places
in toe Union.
'THE CASS OP GEOTIO:A.
The etahth—Georgia—beld an election
publthim forth, elected • Governor,
member. of Congress, State Legislature
and all other officers. required.. ,ma
-Governor was Installed End i.,the
-legislature and 'and padtemed all' the
iota then required of them by the re
construction acts of Congress. &lbw
quently, however, In violation of the
Conatltutlen wblohthey tad lust =Wird,
as sthee decided by the Supreme Mort
of the Sate, they noseated the colored
members of the Legislature, and ad
mitted to seats some members who are
disqualified by the third clause of the
Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitu
tion, an article which they themselves
bed contributed to ratify. Under these
circumstances, - 1 would submit to you
whether is would not be wise, without
delay, to enact a law authorising the
Governor of Georgia to convene the mem•
bent witch:tally elected to the .Legida•
tore, requiring each member to take the
oath presented by the Reconstruction
Act, and none to be admitted who are In
eligible. . .
tinder the third clause bf the Pour
tgenth Amendment the freedmen under
the protection which they have received
are noting rapid program in learning.
a nd complaints am heard Of lack of
Industry on their part when they reedve
fairramtmaration for thek..l4x)r.
AZLE TO PAY 01711 DEVI%
The means pretddedfor ming the fn.
Veen on the public debt, with all the
other expenses of the tkrvernment, are
more than ample.
DECLINE 91? NEFITPINI/111MatINMI.
The loss of our tartotoaree lithe Only
resell of the lite Apelike: which has
not received sufficient &iterates. from
you. To Ohl =Wet I call your earnest
ansothae. ' , 4WD. not bow ao ocst plane
by which this °bleat may be but
will, If necessary, suilta It the subjeot of
• spociafmassaps duriet the oetWon of
At the Mara term, Comtism, by Joint
resolution, authorised the Executive to
order elections Id the Matador Tirgbols,
- hodusippt and Te xan to submit to th em
the cmstitutions which each had pre-
vioualy, in convention, framed, and sub
urb the oonetluittou, either maim. or in
separate pats, to be voted upon at the
discretion otthe Executive. Under lbw
authority elections were celled. In 'Vir
ginia the election took pees on the 6th
of JelY. 3809. The Governor and Lieu.
tenant Governor elect have ,been
ed. TIM Letdslatursoust, and did slim
quiredby the resolutkut and by ali , the
reconstruction iota of. Congress, and ith
stained (ruin WI doubtful authority. I
risommondtbst lie: fingers Itlld Rep•
regrostathros..to remind, and that the
StaUf be fully reddrtid lOW Place In the
dithxs - Add ddralsat' arg-
EfectionlOitrni Cellar lir etleatiligpi
and Tezwt, to ounettetwon the 30th of
N o vember. deCl9, and .11:8 Wit two dart In
mwsimoppi and four days ht Timm .The
eliLetibow - hisee jilted :the re- ,
malt le natio:lmm.. Ms to bob: Te d t u t
the seta of the Lestetatures In theme
Butes. wiffal MAY hUmfelitill. be ewe es
to receive your approwayeed pus elOre
the work of reeonakkddlte. •
TIM %MN 0rT810171,11111011%._
Among eTlikeno ng of e .
be:NMI and nottret ailiterrento Wand or
an IrpadeOMlllble CIIMISOY. II la an evil
w hich hope will update. your most eae.
mat at t e o:lon. It la a duty and one;rof
uothhtteet antler of the GoTerciumene to
wa t tl e to the pittromi a medium of ex
change of fixed ausatiloll value. mts
impu.•ratnru to!itidtanle buts sad ?tio
antatitute 'for tt can ha devised— It
atenno be commented noar t iold leached
at the earliest practitsbla nlofnate DOD-
Mama with slide tagerd to giti:4lleregs
or the debtor cleat.
ORADUALL Arrawain To nustatTT:olr-
Immediate resumption, if practicable.
would not be desirable. It would am-
P et the de htee' elleortoTaTbeeelhiehetr
osntractettur".ittebitutit (mod the
date of their/ futollimiyandirdial; "Wing
ruin and haukreptcy to thoueutda.
Fluctuations. however in the paper
Value of thealeasure valuee-wold
—is detrimental to the hatmeets of trade.
It makes the man of hindmost .0n lowa
tottery gambler. for :in all idea where`
t im L , ..e payment is la be made. both e ar
ea , s p,sulate .3 to what will be th e us
:of the cat: envy to be paid and me w e d.
I earnestly . - Peommeed to yon, then
:much lefdaladoet.lS, Mourns %ad=
WA11111111401004 MlSQl.ente Ais Joilt an
X immediate atop to illirtißegiontrlO
— value of currency. The Metkods us se.
cur , t h e se }maim are ea various pm,
speculations on political
secure the latter IMO but one arscr,
rhat ton To authorise the trhispry. s e.
-redeems its own Per,'
fish enever Itreetuiteur eue t'Y weielewe
... -. .;. ti.~ ~,,..
MI WILY G.
) I, .
1 ~, i ; A,tt A .
x a n'‘. \ ." ij ,
7- br .
t L. the boa aal. eneausil anammaki
...myna mmium4 m wesurn
Me Winch strebeate ar usenlians
1 1111 . Z l e tr. Without IL
StArt• Polmerlbers7 L";
414 , I
Onto of Ivo
Maio of - too
A copy a Inralpbed gruntio to I
Wof a Ow, of ten. POO 7
to set ap apron,
VOL. :41: : PITTSBURGH. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1869. , idareo.
_NO. 283. PEXIIIIIIAN, a
I , currency re-'
1 • gold.
do • . 1
• , ea
O .' '
/MAN 131 a,
I. P. REED.
from circulation all suc,
deemed, until sold again
OPR DDNDED DI
The vast resources of I Nation, both
developed and undevelo , ought to
Make our credit the beat earth. With
aloes burden of taxation ban the get •
ten has endured for six ast, the
entire public debt could d In ten
years: but it is not desirable t hat the peo
ple should be taxed to payit In tkattinta.:
Year by year the ability to pay Increases
In a rapid ratio, hut the burden of inter
est ought to be reduced.. rapidly as can
be done without the •Mobilion Ma cote.
tract. The public debt is represented In
a great part by bonds hawing from five
to twenty and from tan to forty years to
run, beating lutenist at the rate of six
per cent. and five per cent. respectively.
It Is opttkmat with the Government to
pay their bonds at any period after the
expiration of the last time mentioned
.tipori their face. The time has already
expired when a great part of them may
be taken up. The time Is rapidly ap
proaching when all may be.
91321131.110 AT A LOWS/1 BATA.
It is believed that all whith are now
due may be replaoed by bonds bearing ■
rate of interest not exceeding four and
one half per centum, and as rapidly as
the, remainder becomes due that they
may Do replaced In the lame way. To
accomplish this It may be neeetzary to
authorize the interest to be paid at either
three or four of the money centres of
Europe, or by any assistant treasurer, at
the option of the holder of the bond. I
suggest this subject for the conaideration
of Uongress; also, almultanoonely with
this, the propnety of redeernintt our
currency, as before suggested, at its
market value, at the time the law goes
into effect increasing the rate at which
currency will De Wright and sold, from
day to day, or week to week, at the same
rate of Interest as the Government pays
upon its bonds.
NO TINKERING WITS TRIS TARTER
The subject or the tariff and Internal
taxation will necessarily receive your
attention. The revenues of the country
are greater than the requirements, and
may with eerily be reduced. But as the
funding of the bebt 14 a lour, or four and
a half per neat. bond, would reduce the
annual current expenses largely, thus
after funding, justify • greater reduction
of taxation than would be now expedi
ent. I suggest a postponement of this
subject until the next meeting of Con
gress. It may be advisable to modify
taxation and the tariff in instances where
unjust or burdensome discriminations
are made by the present laws, but a
general revision of the laws regulating
this subject I recommend • postpone
ment for the present.
I suggest the renewal of the tax on in
comes, but at a reduced rate, say of
three per cent., and this tax to expire in
three years with the funding of the Na
tional debt as here suggested.
RMDUCTIOIC IN IMPORTS.
I feel safe In saving that the tixes and
revenue for Imports my be reduced
sahib from sixty to eighty millions per
annum at once. and still further reduced
from year to year, as the resources of
the country are developed.
The report of the Secretary of the
Treunry shows the receipts of the Gov
ernment for the fiscal year ending June
180th. 1869, to be 1370,90,747, and the ex
penditures, including Interest, bounties,
se., to be 9321,490,597. The estimates
for the ensuing year are more fevorable
to the Government and will no doubt
show a large decrease ofthe public debt.
The receipts In the Treasury, beyond
expenditure., have exceeded the amount
necessary to place to the credit of the
sinking fund as provided by law. To
bock up the emrplus In the Treasury and
withhold from circulation would lead to
such oontraction of currency tot to crip
ple trade and seriously affect the pros
perity of the /*entry.
PORCIIASE or partna.
Under these circumstances, the Sec
retary of the Treasury and myeelf heart.
tlycancurzed.in the propriety of
aUI theca mph:is current. - y listheilestaiiry
In the purchase of Government Benda,
thus reducing the interest-bearing debt
of the country, and of submitting to
Congress the question of the disposition
to be made of bonds •o purchased. The
bonds now held by the Treasury amount
to snout V 5000,000, Including those be.
longing to the sinking fund. I rerom.
mead that the "thole be placed to the
credit of the sinking fund.
new ornate--nuts mitotic/mos, Res.
Your attention to respectfully invited
to the recommendations of the Secretary
of the Treasury fur the creation of the
offices of Commlnioner of Customs and
Revenue, for an Increase of salary toter.
min classes of °Olden; and the entritita-
Son oilmen's:sad national bank circubi
lion to replace the outstanding three per
cent. certificates, and aunt especially to
Ma recommendation for the repeal of
laws allowing shares of fines, penalties,
forfeitures, ac., to officers of the Govan,
meat or to Informers. The office of
Commissioner of Internal Revenue Is
one of the mat arduous and responsible
under the Government. It fails but
little, If any, short of a cabinet poeltion,
sad In italmeortance and responalbilltli
1 would ask for It, therefore, such legis
lation we in your Judgment will piece
the office on a footing : of dignity oom
mensurste with its imPorta nee sod with
the chant-ler and quallnestione of the
claw of men required to All A. properly.
Al the United States is the freest of all
shakoes. so too its peOple syntgatithe
with all peoples struggling for liberty
sudsier-government: but while so sym
patblziog, It is due to our honor that we
shmald abgaln from enforcing our views
upon unwilling =lona and from taking
oh Interested part without invitation in
the quarrels between difftrent =lobs,
Or between governments and their sub
jects. Our mutes should always beln
conformity with /met Justice and law,
international and load. Such has been
the volley of the Administration in deal
ing with these questions.
twi.rx ld opto Jo I
For more than a year a valuable pro.
vines pt Spain. and a near neighbor of
our., in whom all our people cannot but
feel • deep interest, Ilse been straggling
for Independence and fvedom. The
people of the Government of the United
Staten tmtarteln the same warm feeling.
and sympathies for the people of Cuba
In their pending struggle that they
mantfmned throughout the prervlone
waggles between Spain and former
colonies In behalf of the latter; but the
COMM. at notice has assumed the eon
ditions which amount to a war, to the
sense of international law, or which,
would show Abe existence, at ladelocie
political tug William of the insurgents,
mdllelent Mime* • rweignitlotr Of bal.
ligerancy. The principle le maintained.
however, that this ration is Its own
kidge who to accord the right of be
elbow id hagPeo 47131,1,11 hit
to tree theamelrea om government
they baileys to be opprenlVO. or La bids
pendant nations at war with each other.
The United States haves tto
interfere with the existing reissions of
Spain tabor colonial possassdons on this
continent. They bakery that In doe
tome Spiln and the other European pow- '
imam and tbelrlatereat In terminating
those relations Sod • establishing their
meant dependonclu as 1 odepend.at
cir e ers, mambo,. of the family of CISLIOWL
dependencies rue no -longer re
Earded as subject to transfer from one
NeroPeati power to another . When the
present relations of colonies cease, they
are to become Independent powers, 04 , _
erasing the right of Mole° and of sell
control to the determination of their N
ur° condition at 4 nip/lons with Mbar
The United Mates In order to put s
stop to bloodebed In Cobs, end top tpe
(Merest otauelphhortng people, p
tileirghod ea* ethut the
egnuligt-tomeetalliellon. The r not
-being steterded by lill•dePen • heals which
we bellowed could to ntotdwed by CAA.
was withdrawn. It .111 hoped that the
pea offices of the United fttai rosy got
thisprov ffi e advantageous fe. for the settlement
id esziw wl3 3 number et Inept expedl. ,
gone axalost Gh e tto :0 bees waken cp.
the au'Rr Ati the Adtatxt•
oroehate thelettaittir Isja
epleattior. uaigamp l u k k
the tuk, made so by the eufftni Dg
have endured from leek of good Web
toward' as by other nations.
OXIZITEJO OP VZOSELEI.
latel:ed Mater oehooner for to
Major pan arrested pa the high kiss by
I tipalitith 1, 1 0 0 !F° pomp=
1;: _.•.i* i,t; - ,41... P.
taken from It and carried as prisoners to
Cuba. Representations of these facts
were made to the Spanish Government
55 soon as official information of them
reached Washington. The two passen
ger. were set at liberty and the Spanish
Government assured the United States
that the Captain of the frigate in making
the capture had acted without law; that
be had been reprimanded for the
Irregularity of his conduct, and that the
Spanish authorities In Cuba would not
sanction any act that could violate the
rights or treat with dierespect the goy
reign:, of this nation.
The question of the seizure of the
brig Mary Lowell, at one of the Baha
ma Islands, by the Spanish authorities,
le more the subject of correspondence
between [Ms Government and those of
Spain and Great Britain. The Captain
General of Cuba, about May hut, issued
• proclamation authorizing search to be
made of veseele on the high was. Im
mediate remonstrance was made against
this, whereupon the Captain General la•
sued a now proclamation, limiting the
right of search of vessels of the United
States an far as authorized ender the
treaty of 1795. This proclamation,
however, was Immediately withdrawn.
I have always felt that the moat Intl
mate relations should be cultivated be.
tween the %poohlie of the United Mates
and all Independent callous on this
Cbritinent. It may be well worth coil•
alcionng whether new treaties between
us and them may not be profitably
entered Into to secure intimate relations,
commercial and otherwise.
The subject of an inter•oceanic canal
to connect the Atlantic and Peedla
Oceans through the Isthmus of Darien
is one in which commerce I. greatly in•
wrested. Instruction have been glven
to our Minister to the Republic of the
United States of Colombia to endeavor to
obtain authority for a survey by this
Government, In order to determine the
practicability of such an undertaking,
and a charter for the right of way to
build by privateenterprise such work, If
the survey proves it to be practicable.
In order to comply with the agree
ment of the United States as to a mixed
Commission at Lima for the adjustment
McMinn, it became necessary to send •
Ootomlaremer to Lima In Angina last
do appropritation having been made by
Outgrew for this purpose. it le now ask
ed that one be made covering the past
and future expenses of the Commis.
The good offices of the United States
to bring about a peace between Spain and
South American republics, with which
ahe is at war, having been accepted by
Spain, Peru and Chili, a Congress hu
been Invited to be held In Washington
during the present winter.
A grant has been given to Europeans
of an exclusive right a transit over the
Territory of Nicaragua, to which Costs
Rica bee given tie assent, which it is said
maniocs with the veiled rights of citi
zens of the United Slates. The Depart
ment of State bias now the subject under
TUE SPA/FISK OUNISOA.TII.
The Minister of Peru having made
representation that there was a elate of
war between Peru and Spain, and that
Spain wa9 constructing, in and near
New York, thirty gunboats which might
be need. by Spain in wish • way as to re
neve the naval form at Cut& so ea to
operate against Peru, orders were given
to prevent their departure. No further
steps having been taken by the repro
aentative of the Peruvian Government
to prevent the departure of these veamis.
and I not feeling authorized to detain the
property of a nation with which we are
at peace, on a mere Executive order, the
matter has been referred to the arta
tIOITIZ Ale 6U4CA2i IX,R.
The conduct of the war between the
allies awl Ramatlie- of Paraguay has
hes made the lateroonne with that coon •
try to difficult that it has been deemed
advisable to withdraw oar represents.
the from there.
Toward. the close of the last adminis
tration a convention was signed at Inn
don for the settlement of all outstanding
claims between Great Britain and the
United Staten,_ which failed to receive
the advice and consent of the Senate toile
ratification. The time and the circum
stanowl attending the negotiation of the
treaty were favorable to-Its acceptance
by theLpeople of the United Staters, but
Bs provisions were wholly Inadequate
for the settlement of the grave wrongs
that had been =stained by this Govern.
matt. as well is by its citizens. Toe
injuries 'reuniting to the United States
by reason of the course adopted by
Great Britain dining our Ist* civil war,
tnereszed rates of Insurance, in the dim
inution of exports, and Imports and other
obstructions to domestic industry and
productions, in its effect upon the foreign
commerce of the country, In the .I*-
eresse and transfer to Great Britain of
our commeictal marine,in the prolongs
don of the war and Increased end both in
treasure and In lives in its supprewion,
could not be adjusted and satisfied as
ordinary commercial claims, which con.
timidly arise Lotman commend al na,
dons. And yet the convention treated
them simply as Inch ordinary claims,
from which they differ more widely to
the gravity of their dunes'. than In the
magnitude of their amount. Great even
as le that d Morgans, mt.* weeders& found
la the treaty, and not an inference could
be drawn from It to remove the sense of
unfttendllnces ef the course of Greet
Britain in our struggle for extetenee,
',Web had ha deeply and universally im
pressed Itself upon the people of this
Believing that a convention thus rills
conceived In Its scope and in Ha movie.
tons would not Dave noxlnced the hearty.
cordial settlement of pending questlons
which alone is consistent with the rate-
hone which I desire to haus establathed
between the United States and Greet
Britain, I regarded the action. of the
&sate to the rejection of to. treaty to
have teen wisely taken In the Interest of
peace, and as a necessary step In the
rectlen of Cpsefeet and medial friend
ship between the two minium.
A seredtive people, conscious of their
power, ere more at ewe under a great
wo rm, shady =stoned, than under
the restraint of • settlement which setts
dee neither the Ideas of justice nor the
grave sews of the griefs they have sus
tained. The redaction of the treaty was
followed by • state of public feeling on
both fades which I thought not favor
title to in attempt at renewed begone.
tions I ineordfnitly so Instructed the
Paraders of the United States to Great
SMOIN Fad tetrad that my vhrws In Ude
regard were shared by Her hteleetY's
ha:withal:the time may on arrive
when the two can approach the solution
0,1420 momentous question with an sr
auranceof the dignity and honor of each,
and with the determination not only to
remove the capes of complaint In the
pass, Init , to lay the faabdatlon of •
broad principle of
_pnblio law which will
prevent Wire differenoie and tend to
dun and continued peace and friend.
.hip, Thig hi now the only wave
gneatfori which the United Massa hate
with soy Coatis Pages.
The question of a treaty for redrawn" ,
between the United State, and the Brio
lab Provinces on this continent has not
been favorably considered by the Ad
rolnietreripa. The advantage of such a
treaty would he wholly in favor of
the Writi.h produeer, except pnedbly a
few engaged in the trade between Om two
melon& tie °Won of theOnl_teaßigge
world be beneatted by reciprodiy. Oar
internal taxation would prove a protec
tion to the British producer almastequal
o the protection which. our utanntacto.
rera 001 W receive from . t Witt WWI
erninetenCe" hOwever. fh r the-regula
tion Of coalzaeratig IttpeCotse - between
the Oohed ipirmiksqd , igotplaion of
Canada' duly be aealrable:
, Fippsog 3114 T ocermustudit.
Tbe Clonotrebidleg Au dufngebg
claims oi , ebea find= 4 Paget%
aounitagggsOrat Onspend , upon tbe
United thaw bu terminated. ta /More.
The award ofdeso,ooo heehaw made and
all the rights and titles of the Company.
on the genitor) -o1 the Milted Settee
Albeen extbnettabildr- , Doede, for the
de? 4 tynt the Cbmpany bim • Wen ro•
pav Apa *war by Magna to,
meet. I.big agal •
The Commissioners for diterroloing
gishiorthsrestern Ilia boundary bet Warm
the Ballad Burin and the British vorew.
sic= rinds? the treaty or Mil BM dom.
plated their Labor% and the Commit's:lo n
has been dissolved.
In conformity with the recommend*
lion of Congress, a proposition was early
made to the British Government to
abolish the Mixed Courts created under
the treaty of April 7, 1802, for the sup
premien of the slave trade. The subject
le still under negotiation.
FRENCH TELEGRAPHIC CARLE.
It having come to my knowledge that
• corporate company, organized under
British laws, proposed to land upon the
shores of the United States to operate
there a submarine esble,mnder conces
sion from His Majesty the Empe ro r of the
French of an exclusive right for twenty
of telegraphic communkstkm
the shorts of France and the
United States, with the very objectiona
ble feature of subjecting all messages
conveyed thereby to the sovereignty and
the control of the French Government,
I caused the French sod Delilah
Moue at Washington to be made stee=
tad with the probable policy of Congres
on the subject, as foreshadowed bbyy the
bill which passed the Senate in
feat. This drew from the representative
of the Company an egreernent to accept,
as the bads of their operations, the pro
visions of the bill, or of such other
enedmenta on the subject as might be
mused during the approaching session of
bowies; also, to use their influence to
secure from the French Government a
modification of their concession was to
permit the landing upon French soil of
any cable belonging to any company
Incorporated by the authority of the
United States, or of any State in the
Union, and on their part not to oppose
the establishment or any such
cable. In oonelderstion of thin agree
ment, I directed the withdrawal
of all opposition by' the United Staten
authorities to the landing of thee flab*
and to the working of it, until the meet
ing of Congress
I regret to say that there has been no
modification made In the Company'.
concession, nor, so far as I can learn, have
they attempted to mecum one. Their
concession excludes the capital and the
ialtizensof the United States from com
petition upon the shores of France. I
recommend legislation to protect the
rights of citizens of the Coned swat
as well as the dignity and eccrereffenty
of the nation, against such an assumption
I shall also endeavor to secure by nego-
Ustion an abandonment of the principle
of monopolies in ocean telegraph cables.
Copies of this aorreepondecoe are here
NATO ILLIZATION-P ROTECTION OW
LMMICICA.IfII A 11110 A D.
The unsettled political condition of
other conntrles less fortunate that our
own, eometimesinduatet their citizens to
mom to the United Stabs for the sole
purpose of boos:Mug naturallsed. Hav
ng acquired it, they return to their
naive country and reside there without
diacioaing their change ct alletrianes.
they scoop' official posmoos of trust or
honor which can only be bind by chianti
of then native land; they Journey wider
passports describing them a. loch citi
zens, and it Is only when civil discord,
after perhaps years of quiet, thmatens
them, or threatens their persons or their
property, Or when their native Buttes
drat! them Into their military servise,
that the fact of their change of allegiance
is made known. They rand* perma
nently from the Malted States, they con
tribute nothing to Its revenues,
they avoid Its duties of its citi.
moship, and then only make
thernaelves known by • claim of poise
Lion. I have directed diplomatic and
consular officers of the United States to
scrutinize carefully all such claims of
protection. The citizen of the United
State, whether native or adopted, who
discharges his duty to hi. traintry is en
titled to Its complete protection. While
have • voice in the direction of affairs
I erten not consent to impair the
mimed right by conferring It upon fin
(igloos or fraudulent claimants.
PROTIC , TION OF 6)11.111,NT5.
On the socesslon of the prevent admin
istration, It was found Ibis the Idirdster
for North Oarntanv had toads prom.-
dons for the negotiation of a convention
for the protection of emigrant
gess, to which no response h bean
given. It was concluded that to he
effectual all the maritime power.
engaged In the trade should join
In such a measure- luritaUons
have been extended to the Cabinets of
London,(Sark, Florence. Berlin, Brus
sels, Teo tines, CVipenhagon and Stock
holm, to etnpower their representatives
at Washington to simultaneously enter
I nto negothstion and to conclude with the
United States oonventiom Indenticil In
MM, making uniform negotiations as
to the construction of the parts of vessels
to he deviled to the nee of emigrant pa►
'lenge as to the quality of food, as to
the medl i treatment of the slot, sad
as to the rules to be observed during the
voyage, Warded to secure ventilation, to
promote health, to prevent Miatraion,
sad to protect the females, and providing
for thet agebliabmem of t n fennel. In the
several countries for enforcing each re
gulation, in ■ mammary process.
TOUT attention t reapers-fully called to
the law regniatimg the tariff on framdan
hemp and to the question whether to Os
the charges on Russian hemp higher
than they are dyed upon Manilla 111 sot
a violation of our treaty with Wools,
placing her products Open the acme
footing with those of tho most favored
11•711FACTIJAzir.9 AYL intirmy mans
Our maoulacturors ore with
wonderful rapidity, und,,r tho
agellient whim+ ths.v tow Witt
the hop In mach nor; elmad.7
in 4 st.llllncronatnw, rna:Minrt: y
la to take ths. pl.nv of akil4,:t 2a , er o
large extent. Oar tatiante of tuaof
articles must fall off iernety %lim a a
very few years. Fortunately to.) -.: • •
manufactures are not confined to a c,w
kmalttlia,.ni formerly, and It faro be
hoped will NOMe more end more dlf
trued, making the Interest in them eons'
In all sections. Thal phi employment
and support to hun dreds of thormandeof
peoples' home iustretaln with us the
means Which otherwise would be shipped
The extension of railroads In Europe
and the East. IS bringing into camped.
Bon with our agricultural products like
proqcdta of other countrl®. self into.
rest, If not self preservation. thendbre,
dictates amnion against disturbing any
indadrial Interim of the country. It
teaches tie also the necessity of looking
to other' markets for the rude our sur
plus. Our neighbors sooth of the United
States. and °bins sod Japan, should
receive our 'petal attention. It will De
the endeavor, of th e adednidnitiOn to
cultivate such relations with all that
natklpa, as tp. , entitle us. totheir coed.
deem, and make it their tutored ma well
SAOUr Fowq tomiteblish beam apconwir.
dal relation& Through the theory of a
more enthrbtenedpollay then that hers
tofore punned tciwardiC China. largely
due to the sagacity and efforts of one of
our dist luzabet eitlions, the instill la
about to commence largely leafage:l
osiaticros with that populous and hitherto
exclude. Batton. As the United States
have taken the initiatory In the new
path, so they 'Would be the moat OorUOlr
In showing their good faith In making It
• succors. jn Ude connection I advise
such leghdation as will forever preclude
the emisthutent of the Chimes upon
our sollnxider the name of coolies, and
admi prevent American valuta from
engaging in the irtutsportatiOn of WOWS
to any country tohiratkig the system. I
auto recommend that the mission to
Chide be Mead to one of the BIM dam.
On massuming the resporndbillty of
Chief of thell abed States, it
was with thew:unction that throe things
were essential to its rum. prosperity
and foltost devglopout first, among
theserleatript ty in hading n our
obligations. Boon to secure moMmion
to the parson and propanyor thealtisen
of our common 'country wherever be
may chose tomato. without reference to
original adlonaUty, color or
dee, deihanding of him only obedl
la the claims and proper respect for
the tightsorathers, Tdird, union of all
of the States, with tiqn2l rights; Indio'
troettbis by any fincantaltmlual means
Wien tw m o
cbp e uo fs t h em e O M ung ua
elating by joint, reoolutton that the
lie tigh t Magid top paid. princilpst'itod
interns.. to ardor second. by prowtheig
the awanstar putt:twit. Tvvvvesme the
tad - et desired, with a propor admirals
!trat on of the laws for the collection of
Ota resume, and the emumnical
ntrumnt of them to this object, the
tdmialstratkra has Most earnestly an
rftia%dwill; good reaaltil;add I
believe. aathirsalary to the conottr.
Thalia been no hesitation Meteor
tog ogidell 'IS order to mount lades,
szeestion of Wm, and wesethate%
'`i Lei Tj'A . •' ; ;i •:...
too, where, 10 a mere party view, unde
sirable political results were likely to
follow ibr any hesitation In smatalning
efficiencoinclais against remonstrances'
wholly political. It may be well to men
tion here the embarrassment possible to
arise from leaving on the statute book
the ao-oalled tenure-of-office act, and to
eszneatly recommend its total repseL
It could not have been the Intention of
the framers of the Oonsidtutlon when
providing that sppotntmimts made by
the President should receive the consent
of the Senate, that the bgteraboold have
the power to retain In office pent=
placed there by Federal appointment
against the will of the President. The law
Ia inemestent with a faltidhland efficient
administration of the government. What
faith can the lesecutive .ptit In
forced upon him, and thee, too, whom
be bad suspended for nettgat How will
such officials be likely-1p serve an ad
ministratton which they khow doe. not
trust them? For the sehffild requlalte
to growth cad prosperity. - time and a
drat but humane ednitniagration of ea.
lating taws, amended frout time to time
as they may prove ineiTectire, or prove
harab and cuutscossary see probably
all that are required. The third can
not be attained by apecfellegislation,
but must be regarded as by the
Oonatitution Itself, and grAdaally ac
quieeed In by the forte of __pnblio opin
oos rarnuar astAisoits.
Front the foundation of the Govern
ment to the present, the management of
the original Inhabitants of thia coon
nent, the Indians, has been.. aubject of
embarrassment and expense, and hmi
been attended with continuous rob
beries, murders, and wars.. PRIM my
Own experience upon the *millers and
Indian countries, I do not bold either
thei-legislatimi or the conduct of the
whites who came most In contact with
the Indium blameless for theme hostili
ties. The mud, however, cannot be un
done, and the question tonal be met as
we now find It. I have attempted • new
policy towards these wards of the na
tion—they cannot be regarded in any
other light than wards—whit fair results
so far ss tried, and which, 1 hope, wall
be attended saitlinately with great
sucesim. The Society of Friends
la well known ea having succeeded
In living In peace with the Indiana In the
early settlement of Puituryllianht, while
their neighbors of other septa, In other
section; were eonsunitly embroiled.
They are ai known for their opposition
to all strife, violence and war, and are
generally noted for their atria Integrity
and Lair dealing. These conekterauone
induced me to give the management of a
law re...mations of Indiana to them, and
to throw the burden of the Iniesullon of
agents upon the Society itself. The re
suit has proven mostsatialindor. It
will found more Sally set tbrch In the
report of the Oommlaaioder of Indian
Affairs. For mtherintendents and Indian
anemia, not on mervsticins, callipers of
the army were selected. The rename for
this are n u mero on When Indian agents
are cent there, or near, there troops
mud be sent also. The again and the
commander of troops are Independent of
each other, and are subject to orders
from different department; of the
Government. The army officer holds •
pond= for if.—the agent, one at the
will of the Presiding. The former la
personally interested In living In bar
trimay with the lndlana, and in the ca
tanllahment of a part pesos, to
the end thatainne portion of Mall& may
be ■pmt within the limits of a civilised
section. The latter has no such personal
Interest. Another mason lean economic
one, and stall another bold which the
Government has upoa a life craw to se
cure • faithful ducnarga of his duties In
carrying mai • gives poligy. The
of railroad., and the scheme thereby
given to all the agoleulttual sad mineral
reglooll of their country, la rapidly bring
ing the civilised ethtlamenui into contact
with all the tribes of Ludlum No mat
ter what ought to be the robotisns be
mean such aettiement■ and the aborig•
ellen toe fact Is they do not harmonize
well, and one or. the other hes to give
way In the end.
S. system which lcoke to tteutztertht.
to adopt without smelling *on Mali
nation of • race le toe horrible for a nation
the wrath of all Chrfataadogp , aldermen.
daring In the citizen for
human life and the rights Mabee% dan
gerous to maisty. Ime Do atibultute for
'oat. a system, except in rdesittriall the
Indians on large remenstione as rapidly
as can be dons, and giving them etiolate
protection there. As mob es they an,
tilted for lt, they stiould be Induced to
take their lands la severalty, and to on
op territorial government, MT their own
ertaron. Fur tall details on this sub.
call your special attention to the
repute, of the Secretary of the Interior
and the Commissioner of Indian Affair..
PXPORT Or TEI WA.N
The report of the Secretary of War
Maws the expenditures of the War Du
penman for the year ending the 90th of
one, 1969, to be 1 9 0.044.069, of which
423,65;310 wee thabased m payment of
the debt onttrected daring the war, and
Is not chargeable to the oDroent arw
apemen TM estimate of 134,531,031
for the enemas of the arum for the nest
Moat your lee lows II is believed an
be relied on. The estimate of bureau
°Moen hen been caretally santtedsed,
end rednoed whamever It has been
deemed practicable. lf, Imwever, the
modttloo of the enuntry ithoold beenob,
ay she beginning of the nazi fiscal year,
as to admit of a creator condonation of
troops,t s be spmepriablon mad for will
cot be p,nl.
latvAl AND NAIADS iii/NrYNAKIDIrs.
Appropriations raticoated for river and
tumor improvernitnia and fortifications
ar , submitted separately. Wbsiever
Ooterrese may deem proper to
ter them purposes will be
.3 rcco, - Itoendalloo of tbo 0 , ,0 , r - s1 of
.44 v.ertr ti Oppt - OprfiklPM.,
Yov., P;;I:atiolph", Nevi, t,temns eLi
Ben Franow.co, !. , vno yaw , . t C!ue,:r•
I mad ash your stioelal attentkin n..;46
recommendation of the taster d vain.
mending the Military Dividos Mahe
Pad& for the sale of the Seal Wanda of
St. Paid end lit. Gleams, Alaska Terri.
tory, wid wigged that' it either bosom.
pied with. or that legislation be had for
the protection Of the seal fisheries, from
which a revenue should be derived.
The ration of the Becretary of War,
oestosse synopsis of the reporteof that
heads of bureaus- of the commanders of
mWtersdivbiono, and of the distrioteof
ithedeel and Taw, and the
reportthe General of the Army to
MW Tbs racommendations therein con.
Mined bevy been well considered end
are enbinlttad for your action. 4, barn
ever. call special attention to the reams.
numdation of the chief of Ordnance"
for the sale of arsenals and lands, no
longer of MO the Ckwarntneah deg to
the reoommendation of the Eleoretarpof
t tha War that the actor the Srd of March
erobibitins proatatiose end appals
manta In ataff corps ol the army b. re.
pealed. Tbribetent of rho country to be
garrhemed, and the limber of military
rocs to be cootteledi, is the Milne With
reduced army, se with a large ons The
Minahaf of MS Moans required b moat
dependent tilataathe. latter thee the foa
The impart of the * Secretary ;of Navy,
socompanylng thts, shows the oandigm
ibeffievy. When tall 1141ZIWINVioti
mums Into offing* and changes made since
Strenuous edbrta bays been made -to
plane se may vessels in coottinselon or
render them fit for service, If required,
es soon as possible, and tosubstituto the
W l for steam while cruising, thus
rially II:good:1g thee:ntas of the Navy
end egging greatly to its efficiency.
Looking to opr WC" j reeommend ■
Mend. though not SUMP'S:34 Policy
toward" this branch of Sin pabilemar.
The report of the Postmaster General
furnishes a char and comprebeasive
titbit of the opmaticms of the postai yea.
yice sad of Onencial eundition of the
Nita!loe napsannant The cattaary
'vevenutal for the year
ending. the Zlf Ame,lB6a. amount to jiaaKeto.
and the expenditures to SWAM
abotting an MOW of tdpentlihnue oiler
mew 0154368.860. The excess of ex
paiddures over the real the pre.
lions year amounted to The
Moms. of renames f or over Thome
.1,1868, Wa s 12,061,909, and Um increase
of expenditurias W MAL In
erased rtnnume in WS unveiled the
Increased revitimeloB6B hympaL im s
tho tmoressed oepteldituree "tegkwav
12,827.570 than thialnaramsed =
MMus In 'nun fbolying by COM
that whale the Increase of expenditures
over the increase of receipts In 1868 •
$4419,636, the Increase of receipts over
the incressa of expenditures to 1869 was
Your atennlon is respectfully called to
the recommendations made by the Post
master Ocoee for authority to change
therate of compensation to the
trunk railroad Unee for their service.
In carrying the malls, for having pout
routes extended, Ibr Islet and
Increment the efficiency of the special
agency service, for lecreame of the mall
'arena on the Pacific and for establiah-
Ins mail mercies under the flag of the
Onion on the Atlantic, and most ta
I call your attention to hie recommen
dation for • total abolition of the frank
mg privilege. Thu la an abuse hem
which no one receives • commensurate
advantage. It re:laces the receipts for
the penal settee from twenty-flre to
thirty per Mat, and largely In
creases the invvice to be performed.
the method by which portage should be
paid upon public =tier, is met forth bil
ly ha the report of the Postmaster Gea
The report of the Secretary of the In
terior shows that the quantity of public
lend dimmed of during ear ending
30th of June, the
1889, was 7,6611, y 16:2 acres,
exceedlog that of the portending
by 1,010,409 acres. Of this amount 9,699,-
644 acres were entered under the home.
atead law. The remainder was granted
to aid In the moat/notion of works of
Internal Improvement, appropriated to
the Mates as swamp land and located
with warrants and script. The cash re
ceipts from all maroon ware 94,479,888,
exceeding those of the preceding year
PENSION ZOLLa--110LDINI12 AND SkILONEL
Daring the decal year 48,198 name,
were added to the ppeennsaton mile, and
4.8:6 dropped therefrom, leaving at Its
aloes 187,941. The amount paid to pen
sioners, Including the compenaation of
disbursing agent; was t 28 , 422 . 111 E14 so
Increase of 1411,192 on that of the pre
The munition°, of Congrese has been
occupleuonaly manifested to tta
the soldiers and sailors who sof
fered In the nicent struggle to maintain
that unity of government which makes
tun one people. The additiana lathe pen
sion rolls of each successive year
since the concinsion of hostilities
remit In • great degree from the
repeated amendments of the act
of the ilth of July, link which ex
tended its provisions to ewe not falling
within its original amps The large out
lay which Is thus occasioned Is further
Inceseaed by the more liberal allowanoe
bestowed enm that date upon three who
in the line of duty ware wholly or per
manently disabled. Public opinion ha.
given emphatic mensal= to theme mea
sures of Congrse, and It will be con
ceded that nopan of oar public burden
la more cheerfully borne than that which
Is imposed by this branch of the service.
It neardtates for next fiscal year In !ad
dition to the amonntJastly chargeable to
to the naval pension fend an appropria,
don of thirty million dollen.
During the year ending the *oth of
Denember, ISO, the Patent Office Issued
WM patanta, and Ca receipt. were
S7a7p9. being 13111,926 more than the
I would weipertfutly call your atten
tion to the rewoinineudations of the Boo
rotary of the Interior, for uniting the
dude! of the eopervbilng the education
of Freedmen with the other duties de
volving on the CornuJaakiner of Educe.
If It Is the desire of Confrere to make
the mitten& which must be taken during
the year WU, more complete and perfect
then heretofore. I would anwest early
action upon any plan that may be agreed
upon.. AA Contuses at Ma Lai sea n,
appointed a Committee to take tato con
sideration mach mesintree as might be
deemed proper to milematoe to the om
ens and to relent • plan, I dab& teem
I resOmmond to your (scarab's eonsid•
welkin the claims of the Agricultural
Bureau, fors liberal appropriation. In
a country so diversified In climate and
moil as ours. and With a malarial& so
largely dependent neon spieulters. the
beneets that CMI3 be otaterrsd
lostartmg the Ronan are Wale=
00X7PCNNATION OF PCDLIO lIIIBTANTIL
I deelrerespectfully to osll the awn.
Lion of Congress to the Inadequate
malaria. of a number of the mom Impor
tant odious of the Government, la this
message I will not enumerate thaw, but
will specify the Jcustioes of the Supreme
Court No change has been made In
char Warts' Ear Moen years. Within
that time the labors of the Court nave
largely inensened, and the expenses of
living have at least doubled. During the
same time, Congress has twice found It
necessary to increase largely the mom.
pa:nation of its own members, and the
duty which II owes to another Depart
ment of the Government deserves and
will undoubtedly receive ifs due consid
There al* many subject, not alluded to
In thin unwesint, which might with pro
priety be Introduced, but abetain, be.
tiering that your pstriotism and stater.
meoship will irtutweit the topics and leg.
Whitton most ootelualve to the Interests
of the whole people. On soy tart I
promise • rigid edberence to the laws
and their strict enthralment.
V. 8. Ones.
Vj e.hei D....ember ace, 1m69.
raten h. - rior a. e‘,.! herewith
Eby Otnnualset=ari n r tat nom
aucw r the Trt,sltr Department. ts
thr r , r.,Frt t”...t :Iv,
Matters s: stholatetralir.A: gild 'hoc
ctulasuree tN ptilaile .
Tile odious In duns of Me Vallaka,
bureaus end divisions of the Treasury
Department nave fidettfully performed
' duties. aoa I commend ttudr r. raver.
oil reports to lb, coulderation of Coo
The Treasurer of the Mated States
Mee prepared an elaborate report, magus
ffuth the primp* condition of the
Tram, ' and fungshing a resume of
the bushiest of the Trearamea office
gout Mil to the prawn! term. Malang
Ind faithful eersloes of the present
entlged to thc gratitude of
16/43NT or TEI colienan cote or or-
The report of the tkimmialloner of In
ternal Revenue Is respectfully corn
:waded to the eStentlOn of Congress.
dace the appointment of the present
Ooonn!salons+ the adsolthazation of the
once bee been au:latently Improving.
The 'nonage of receipts It the brat aye
months of the present decalyear, In the
sum of 1141,C11,114ne over the amount
eollected In the htst Are months of the
last dscel year, Is satisfactory testimony
to the abLUty and Inteptty of the per
ilous employed In that branch of the
toer or misname TEI moms.
The amount paid by
lecting the revenue bm ring
the fiscal raar ending Jim SOth.
was 1141,11715,550 43, for the year end
ing June 80th, ISOS, 56,376.738 IS, show-
Ing a duress, ot 114001.617 SO. The de
crease to the cost of collecting remittal
has not been attended by say low or et
in the service. On the other
rterl rt, la believed that the means for
the detectibin or smuggling are better
Um tear before , and that _the cantata
hones Myles la elect constantly haw,.
lag .It ought tobe understood that the
duet mew orbelle3thet revenue and
antoroing the revenue laws omit be
Sound In the atingtdatration Of thcA,,
BoW MODS Am mom comm.
Tile , triads and lease Ambles from
wa d imurgUngsre unbuwetant whoa
compared with the switethed
through ineeethetexit . =Waft ex
amlnots, sad epthileers.',deauthog
boaterteeeee• maw! see , these
kaptatiki%' et the =r u t
elee. It le P 4 thavvg
• . 14 r ali f ir Olf, i ti, r0 .57 41 41 41 01"
where try are not needed. The hospital
of New riearus la represented as onauita.
able from its bad it cation, and other
rIfrOENZRs—AIroUXTII PAID THEM. circumstertom The War Department la
Under existing lawn certain reiterate In =Sidon of suitable hoapitalaat New
officers, and other persona, •Fit 4,r!ott in Or and NOW York, which, 1 am
Informers, are entitled to share - ore. Informed, are no hanger needed for the
gen na l lt y. ieu sod Ifeit nn or dl u so res. the r ron ir poc om.. t r ir n il .d y
Department distributed the • •
1bte37,1181 to such officers and tr
In various cues wining undo , • -
toms and revenue law. A large
Conti sum was also paid through the
Internal Revenue office.
the Government to lanes far exceeding
the emoant of At. ealery.
The reason on which the law. granting
such allowances Is based, Is that officers
of the Government are ationalaurd to
greater activity In the discovery of
frauds, and In bringing offenders to pun.
lahment. There can be no doubt that
seen ts the effect of this policy: but the
experience I have had In the Treasury
Department has convinced me that the
evils attending the system are greater
than the benefits derived from it. It of
ten ocoura that Revenue officers are lead
to avert claims in behalf of the Govern
ment which have no just foundation in
law or in the facts of the respective
oases, and where real claims exist it Is
often the object of the inform
er and officer who chars In the
ilea to mimepresest the mae to the
ant, DO as to aware the greater
advantage to themselves. Rut a more
meow, evil is found In the practice,
quite general, of a blowing pertain toper
sae a fraudulent course until a result. Is
reached which will Inure to the benefit
of the officers and informers Instead o f
checking the criminal practice* at the
outset. It Is Impossible to eel forth In
exact language the coaracter of the evils
that grow out of the present ityffem. I
am, however, clearly of the opinion that
the Government ought to rely on the
public officer. for the proper performance
of their duties without st im ulating them
by any contingent advantages.
I have recommended an increase of
the salutes of custom officers, and the
abolition of the system of giving to them
a share of the fine., penalties and for
feitures will be an additional reason for
the Increase of eateries In this depart
ment of the public service.
It has become a practice for clerks and
other persona who have bald office In the
Treasury Department to accept employ
ment an agents or attorneys for pantes
having claim, against the Department,
and there is reason to believe that In
Nome Instances the Information obtained
while In the public service has been used
In aid of claimants. IV ithont detailing
all of the objection to this practice,
suggest that a law be paused barring
pennons from practicing before the Treas
ury Department ea agents or attorneys
In behalf of claims that were pending
when such person. were officer, of the
In March lost there were employed In
the Treasury Department at Wsablngton
2,848 clerks, messengers and laborers,
at a monthly coat of 5280,821.51. At
present the whole number of such em•
ploys, la 2,441, and their monthly pay
amounts to $238,280.88, showing a de
cream at the rate of 157,168.04 per an
num. It was found necessary, however,
during the pare:ids mentioned, to to.
crease the force In the Internal Revenue
office and In the °Moe of the First Comp
troller, This increase In the aggregate
at the rate of 180,440 per annum. Thls
siltement does not relate to the force
employed In the Bureau of Engraving
In March lent there were eirty-two
special agent. In the eervice of the
Treociry Department, reoet•ing to the
santregate for their marries. the mm of
laS7 10 per day. Each of these agent.
made his reports to the Department and
acted tinder Its dim% ortlima The nom
her at present employed in fifty-four,
and their daily pay amounts to issa 83.
The pay of the spots has been Increased
generally, to Menem that more effitlent
services might be obtained.
The sea coast and frontiers of the
country have bean divided into eistean
special agency districts, and • superin
tendent appointed for each. Ada-wets
have been appointed and detailed to act
under the several district agents. The
orders of the Department are In all mum
sent to the agent In charge of the dis
trial, and the reports of his samsiants are
made to him. The agent in required to
make a monthly report of his own do-
Logs and of the doings of his sutiencli
nate& The results thus far obtained ap
pear to Justify the arganisatkin Intro
Arrangements have been made lbr the
manufacture of perm for the currency
and other obligations of the United
States and for the printing of the same,
which Increases the security of the Gov
ernment gland unlawful lame from
genuine plates. Mader the It :h section
of an act approved June ISO, 1E64, entitled
"ea aet to provide ways and MOM for
the support of the Government and
other eyrposaa." a peculiar paper hag
been designated se the Government
paper, and by that mei it In made afelony
for any person to have or retain In file
poseession any similar paper adapted to
the making of any obligations or aeon
rue. of the United States, except under
authority of the Becretaty of the Treas.
urr or some other proper officer of the
Culled Mates. A ants have been
made for the many tare of this pa
per by Menus. Wilcox & Co., near Poll
adelphls, and the mlii. owned by them,
which are exelvldvely devoted to this
perness, have been placed under super
'talon of odious of the Government,
and such precautions have been taken
for the custody of portions of them and
of the machinery as to render It hopes
Stile that the paper manufactured can
be obtained by dishonest means. It is
received by an agent of the Government
stationed at the mills, and upon requisi
tion of the Department It la shipped to
rn* National Bank Note Company, the
ft e-11 Bank Note comppaanny, and to
too ivean of the TreauryDc.
partition, as. , -1• 3 mey mans dr
rerigeinonts have alio been made
I with - tack , of Mt Lom - rAtnios r 000•
rt.:rued for - ' of sun
;gator, 'for every of carton . ," OT
caller obllgut!orts. t•ii,rrnetns; and
printlnx barect rt Wallt.ogron
a third set, and web Itr..
print upon every obllt ‘ - ^fott of tbel. Goy.
ernment. Notice of the transmiedon
paper from the 'gent at the mills, and Its
receipt by each of the several cakes of
tbedellveriesthereffecti totheseallng bn•
roan in the Treasury Department, and
able of deliveries to Ltd treasurer of the
United States, U given each de,_ by tel.
gyms or by letter, and on the folowing
day scoonntants in the Treasury Depart•
meat prepare a statement showing the
disposition of every sheet of paper. In
the month of November the paper at the
mill and In each of the enteral printing
establishments, was carefully counted,
and the result compared with the 'so
want In the Tremor, Department, In
an aggregate of 7,000,000 of attests re
calved by the vent' at the mills, dl..
ndes were found only to the
tentof sixty sheets' of fractional cur
rency paper, and for money value, of
which the companies doing the work
are responsible. Ito believed that these
arrangeme3ts furnish - better security
than bee heretofore existed agalhat
the fraudulent Issue of currency
or other obligations of the go,
by the use of the original
Treasury dies or plates, and the system
of the Croquet eXaMinatiOnit of the sev
eral establishments entrusted *llO the
wor k will disclose at ones any dhittrep
incise In the accounts. It Is not proba
ble that the change made will diminish
the expgnsee Indeed, ibis costa greater
than irwould be if the work In all Its
branches wens done in the Treasury Be.
partment. In my judgment, however,
the additional security is of more eons*
winos to the fkrvernauint than mere
economy ifs the expanses of engraving
The Uarizie timpital sent* :Of the
ixnuary 1R upon the whole; In WI twat-
Lmfaeioll Condition.. Several hospitals
amre been , erected at points where at
present they are not needed, white Met
°Dalmatia tines like New York. 'Phila.
dalphle arid Baltimore:hare no korai
se tommedations tbr •tlett end dims led
POUDIRIL & metal examination taboo
tantalums teas beenaad •sity • Stew-.
artr of the IMyatt:in , Departmetband by
Dr. Billing e; of the O. & Amy. The
revolt 'of then examinations la that
UM* &cask, bare not been
itinatand . Otheal should be an& U rc4 i=
that - hatft mo strld to meted at New
Trak, • end - Tbiladelphby.
Mama hats. already -ltemy tam lir
Uo Woo! 00100 et altrrel: Su"
are thirty-six VOO2lOll _
Department, of which twelve are 5a,..-„
vessel• and twenty-four are steamers.
They vary In size from 40 to 480 tons
One hoedred and seventy-three officers
and twenty-four hundred men are
required to men these vessel•, and their
running expenses amount to about
Pa s.OOO a year. Five of these vessel;
aide wheel steamer@ of 480 tons burden,
are lake steamers, end out of eommis.
aim They are rapidly diminishing to
value, while the care of them luvolvesan
annual expense of about 70,000. The
vessel. now in service have been par.
chased and built at various times, and as
far as I can ascertain without special
reference to the nature of duty to be
performed, and certainly without any
matured plan. From one-half to three
fourths of the whole, number are not
adapted' to the business. Convene
recently appropriated pm= t
Abe construction of four additional
vessels, and proposals ware Issued
■nd bids received, under the au
thority thus watered upon the fiecre.
tasy of the Treasury, but no contracts
have yet been made. An examination
of the subject bas forced the conviction
upon me that it Is inexpieudent to incur
the expenditure until the Department Is
in possession of more accurate and com
plete information. I shall, therefore,
take the opinion of a board of compe
tent officers upon the following points:
First Sizeand character of the veaaela
required by the nature of the service
that they ere to perform. Second—
Whether they should be constructed of
Iron or wood, or of a combination of
these material.. When the report of
the Commiaalon shall have bean re
ceived, proposal, will be Issued for the
construction of four vessels as author
to addition to the parent Mini at
Philadelphia, six branch mints have
been established at various times in dif
ferent parts of the country, one at San
Francisco, one at New Orleans, one at
Charicate, N. C., one at Drainage, Ga.,
one at Denver, (..WL., and onset Portland,
Oregon. Since the commencement of
the war the branches at New Orleans,
Dalionga. and Charlotte, have been
closed. An massy office, it is believed,
will vagary the necessity of the mining
Interests In Oolorado, and for the pres
ent only a limited buainess will be done
at the Portland mint. Indeed, with the
construction of railroads and the anise.
quenily increasing facilltiew for comma.
niraiion, I am of opinion that the Mild
ness of coining will be eblefly at one
mint upon the Pacfflo and at one mint
on the Atlantic coast.
Under an set of Congress Owed July
PS. 1868, preparations are making for the
sale of the mints at Charlotte and Dab
lonega. The mining and mining of the
preemie metals I. now so large a nation
al Interest that It deserve. more attention
than it has hitherto received.
At present (berets no bureau or Offie47
to the Tresenry•Department at Waah-
Ington charged specially with the man
agement of this great Interest. I there
fore recommend that provision bs roads
for the appointment of a
to be entrusted with
branch of the public Nutmeg,
nuder direction of the Secretary of the
Treasury. The coinage of the country
is diminished In amount by the fact that
In England and theme the mint
expenses are much less than with us.
It. would no doubt have a tendency to
prevent the export of preaketa metals in
the form of bulUon, If the mint=
ware to be 'reduced . or al
An agreement was made on the 11th
day of February, 1869, between the ittio•
rotary of the Treasury on behalf of the
Erolted States, and certain partleirin oat.
sharpie. leasing a lot of land In San
Francesco known asenstom Hones Blor-k,
for • period of twenty-live years. This
lease la subject to the Condition that it
shah be void if Coronas, on or before
the tint day of January, 1870, shall take
adverse action In reference thereto. , In
view of the fact that the lease was for a
long period of time, and being of the
opinion that the Government should re
tain control of the property that may
be needed for public porticoes, I think
it expedient all Congress to annul the
POSt 0171C121 AND TIMLIIIIRT
Conalderable has been made
upon the foundation of the postoffkle
building In the city of New York, and of
the ponofElce and Independent Treasury
budding In the city of Boston. The Su
pers/dug architect of the Treentry De
portment la of the opinion that the walls
and roofs of the buildings may be
completed during the next year if entli
eieni appropriations am furnished. The
work having been undertaken, I am of
the opinion that it le economical to make
the n y ecesnary co appropriationsUon. for their
During the month of December the
Department will be prepared to submit
a report upon the condition of our com
mercial marine. That report will show
that the navigation intermitter theconn
try have not recovered from the lame
unstained during the war, and that effi
cient measures are tunsuctarrfor its res.
ENCIIMASS OF PAT
I can't omit to all the attention of
Connws to the leadengoy l
of the ads
dee bald to °Moen in the De
nutmeat, who exereire dLceilon ,. and.
whose acts bind the government, or ef
fect directly its erpenditores az mew
nom Some alba ealeriee ware fisted
whets the Government was aquirdsedr
othemi when new dhows warn=
and hot few of them hometown
recently. It la unqueittonehty true that
avra‘a* k-- , ^r. yeti .01.11!....
r•por.., • • raw,'"
,oto, and sltLongh.raamr ;.1., wlioexa
nnw In stia pabllo 0K...1•7 -4n
vamtVr's ea , t..tect tom-utile :rook
,ASTlrsrr ttalunttlx of busdna33,
as aicti a t lantic* tot hem. and in the
lutenist of • Gareniment. euseitte
recommend An Increase of t elr KT;
e=nr o generelly, th is inerease of my
-extended to reeenon officers
In the custom terrine, gannet collectors,
aumerces. natal lathers, and isspechtlly
eprindientend exemlnert in the it 4.!
praiser's Department. .
imiIONZEIT Olt PlNtllrf.
Should the recommendatiOns Weep's!
the laws granting shares of penalties,
Ones and forfeitures to pubic' odious be
adopted, It win be necessary to increase
the salaries of collectors, naval °facer;
and mcveyors at an the principal plata
of the country. It is a Vain truth that
the Government hes no right to expect
the services of such competent menu
appraisers and examinees at the present
inadequate salaries. fo r
they are inanfacient for the supporter
dually, and under such circumstance*
the government la not without repaint..
bility when it places IC officers In such
a position that they are compelled to
tolooser between dishoneatron the one
hind and penury oa the other. 'The
salaries of the Assistant Treasurer and
, the principal °Mathis should elks be
increased, and for substantially thesame
Catena It has been Mond impossible,
ibr the last few years, to obtain the
leervicesof the most efficient clerkain the
to their lawful snubs Wont
wiener' this'p in. the hands of me
Secretary for purpose. The Marl ,
button of this appropriation Jai ext,rin.•
plena/it duty ler the Secretary;. and
cannot be perfectedthout producing
and dlacontent iums . tte oftS.
ears of the De 8
,11 may Bald th at
G --' ttesC,f
tee us, chief darks and alert*
. charge of divbdona,....are pied
oci - cunpenasted "; for .", the
',grim they . E ar n, The menthe
Mummer Mtn@ meat can be Dee.
clerks reoefetng anmpuwation n6W.nee-
Mdell dr Lew, but we are.. to use ''.,dtscree
lion and judgment, - The - Gormanlant
relies forthe proper . transaction of the
bulimia of the eountri4dul three Whoa*
tae "Isnot limited to the ordinary
bows of duty should be made to /fel
Ulm they areprope rl y aunpensatedi - ,
I mum= op =II Tflituillar,„garrader.
- • •••• • . . •
'4 "est.: i:•7r
tauten of the Tressury.-Doptrtutent
hich I consider . Important. The And
change to which T referls to the (MP
bon of • Chief comptroller or the Tree.
thry, who •hail he acithodaed to control
the sysnem of accounting by the : MIMI
auditor. end .inpuollets. and to whale
all appeals than he made %Inn
arising to the acme/Ming oi9c of the
• Treasury. The creation of this ail.
clothed with the Dover Ina:
urdt; en - ,altbrinity to the
.•be, It• • Wa,^:
change to wine. elthrthia.
my o ft
pinion, even more impautt , _„...
present there are eight
Seas,. tory'. office, whose donee *Sea.
named ezelmovaly with the andoens
venue system. There la no - paws
except the Secretary 'of " the Tram&
my who • la by law " - Auditoria( t
to paw Madly, or in Iliny.,Way authatt,
tively, now - oftener' arising, In': lb*"
LIMA. Al the present timer the rallatle.•
from =stoma latatlvgeolliatheleagtUag
from the excise aystam, and
of men employed and the
operations are nearly so great..
pendia° for the Seorstary of thelreantry..
to eve the ostietml outdo= that'atlime
In the administration or the system' ea
attention which Ia essential. to the'lleN 4
vice. The diodes of attperhotandina,
the collection Of costomairetrearte stem
varied, delicate and thiporlintaistoime; •
tify and require the esehtairs attention,
Potent the most conipstent nerohlillwhaaseer
vice can iss otttidned. The azommosor -
the present year in the arindatatranottot
the Internal revenue system...B=l..lM.
collection of exiles tas,lustifies , the
= on that the establishment mar
corresponding In powers and position to
that of the Commisahmer of Internal`
Revenue, and -the 'appointment of a
competent Cosumbadausry'srotnd ranter
the execution of the enitom laws much
more efilment and harmactintat, -- trhlle
the revenue would probably ha to.
creamed to the amount of many
of dollars annually: nor . is It probable
that the expanses would to materially .
Ds= or TUB UNITED Mein.
Including the interest earned and nit,
paid, and deducting cash, on band. - UM
debt of the United Staten on the Art of
March last was g2,525,033,260.610u5dattb-
Ject to the same condition it was M63'-
659,7735.25 on the lies of the prawn'
month, showing a decrease of $11404-
524.70. This apparent decrease - ot the
public debt is less than"' the Antlial
decrease. Considerable sums have biers
paid on account at war and other-old .
claims not previonaly satiarinined.
and, therefore, not included
any debt statement. ,Thaaet
firth from the amenity of ; the hum. in. ,
eluded only the Interest accrued and not
then payable; but as t 'matter of WI
there were outatandlnit and overdue
interest, coupons, and the several mil
lions that have since been paid out
of the, ordinary revenue. PreVitta to-
March lest no interest account had wirtir
been kept with the several loan& -sock'
measures were found pruoticia:
mum been taken to asontsto,thil mai*
condition of these amounts. Thet,booda.
leaned by the United Steins add 'or
railways, amounting' tot63A=2o. WAN
in the nature of loans, are got thelnithat
In the foregoing statement.
=cans OP axclurra oysiz pipzem,,
Daring the fiscal year ending Zone 3d
1889, there wawa excels of reeedptaover
expatottoarea, including . the It:4mM.=
the public debt, or 349 , 435 . 141 4 W Of this
emcees 112,992.380.03, as nearly as obar -
can be ascertained, enski- Aga
March Ist , and the se
time . Mak
-789.33, between that me the AM
day of July. Tine exams- applied
from thus to time to.. the .41i
Five-twenty bonds. and, the Amu .of
receipts aim* Ally lit has bemused In
the senne - manner. - . The ' lauttume.
amounted In theraggreeste. aft - 111 0, 30 : 1 A
day of litonithber, to ,f75,476,(03.., f:,
Asp large part ottheascemof stadple
was resift - ad In coin, miles of - gold' have
been made horn time to time, and the
Cri m r. " Witri Pl t i n to ta=47, tati. )reouta 4g
moderste amonints at cola .In Chun"
New Orleans; St. Louisan& Mil limas.
ibr the mammal of (Intim, thoNsalre
Bold sad the purtheam „of bonds 'hang
been made onildrm by and through the
agency of•tba United Matter Trento%
and withant any expense to the Gowen.
Matti exceptthe comparatively mallamount paltqtal advertising the props.
The average premium on_ gohilebil
al March lel, has - been /nil 8•10 per
cent, and the average premium on Wilde
bee been 109 $101) Awe 'oent. .thatble
basis on the ales of gold and youtheret_
or bona", the Image - pray Lpaid leer*:
bonds in ,In
bee been-~8.66300~pt -
cent. The Act of February 1104
provided that the colo, frir data*
upon imported goods abotild recalved
let apart sa a sinking. food. to the eie
tent of ormper wan= of the els
Indebtedness of Um United 'Static
arnformity wittr this' requiretti
have purttowed: lambi to. the amount
of f 20,014.800, and designated them so
belonging to the atnitlog "fund. 'name
purchase are •.auteitaintai compliant*
with the statatioFran : Alta berth ,of
March last I hive Me felt myself author
ized or required to make any provielon
Inc the time that elapsed.fortbagisseggg_
of the act, and ,previotis to -the cone
tosnooment 'of the Adadnismagng.
lAitiebantOhae cceesii velp 'of mune 'ttt tetr a Meet
tion to lbw pawkiest! for the Idolise
land to the ainotuttof e5k,412,0t0. - Tfeeni,-
arm told ass cometal
action of Omgresa,,mm : •"-
fully recommend ..that-they be
to the sicking hind. , aelltafite,
parchasetaist isieneedsom - ,
added. until the grom,annottg: -- vlorli
cdestinitie a food equaL that
would'-have been entabeli If Chas been Do. delq in the9.1.11., - ,'
The itspnicisiicli Of thinorrentylis led
to tiro cau-r.co,*.tirt:., a*: , :3?reta+ - Ai...;
113 o vern 0, 0 - tbx-at , "ltts.".•=e
FIAT' : EMU*
bab - 4:11114141•:, - Icherga .. tv,
it 4 / 1 1.7.1 a. -1:e
ea homer--stek---stiroad:4 *dm, -
holders- of-our bands are dhpool-.1 , ,,
retain them when thMpottlia
excited upon floander tublike WI iamb
beable to ; ledge more -scateatte _y• ion
extent of the Over.iteneefP*Per •
It Is go. true. , that the queany
of.Nitsitney ' cammiary.lbr - :-* Inas ,
edam ,ce the. bownimarfipawtoolk, -.. ;
try cannot at. fixetectiteettliy: ,
the close - of the swat. the Merdieettioll
Stabs of the sonth -bare bummed; ed
consequent s. litge.; , amottet_es
reitcyants beat withdawn „from
sections to supply lhe'demindittellit
craned, • - The anoints hatinamrdw She
Purpl*Ol of 01110 3 W-NaSellidgri* :
COWS for the tetliterto•Plo,
The oonstruetton'ot the Fitellle /Oa.
toed 1611 poo 401in , result to the subset&
"ion of l& Ode hi , -the people on
the Pei- - .lo2l‘.._____'' A rt' - vveheble• _
the demand' , Pwir." ihr-that 'MOW
will not ha kw& then.-430,0CA000.
mmequa° o - 1 / 4 - Tur-balle; ce
coin win hi wawrmra nom
Lod thus Feelingly the oda iel4l• bale
erased' upon iba .Athaelle taw and -
*be Dever etronlatke tbs • lbetewinet"
ori - h; way mountain. will:to mar •
Amy reduced; T hese h -
to +awhile' tbsdinereneebtesnen tom=
TbeablideAd - the ;Ixerotry LOaretretit- 44
Vet)" Pr/meld wiiined. bp duo to soy
eyed legislation ripodlltat 'abject; tat
to the tondtdontdintathrotiowesitise
linarkaltd relatloda , to ..aber coootadoit.
These be MOM
odour-tuts: the - irentirtt o f ma
%es *ark ar,bereesaltbe - ~
oourdry , Its roaterbd weiltbr -
Brides or. - Itor • Etna -Vent • iltertity
tar tba •1
• ' 4 6: - tieoe=ttodtthow -
tits the '•eiro :• - eat of tbeturvirstry " the tuttpe4 , to 1. South - she Nortt“Od
thivectreetproorL= eorroomegrot .ortz: lb
tottmor C lne4 ' t 4141a rtliat
oar z hapcat* ,-,-8 klooft , :Alkir«11:mor
seetry PaY rut
• • ported by tbe Istroderof torrepoottpit,
amtdr ,: cluidbliviriliddoese or lidebtad; - , - ;
( 4 nt l oa~o =fs i9lml►
. la SO