The Pittsburgh gazette. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1866-1877, March 05, 1869, Image 4

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nt..1 ; 10%1*0 ili.,'4,iott.
PENNIMAN, REIM & CO., Proprietors.
Editors and-Proprietors.
Of Pittsburgh. AiNghensf and Ails-
Vainly County,
reyww—Bathy. \Sense- Weekly. Weekly,
One yeey...38,00 . yesr. C. 50 Single copy ..$1.50
One month 75 Six mos.. 1.60 scoples s eath 1.25
Brthe week - 15IThree mos 75,10 1.115
(Rom earder.) laud one to Agent.
FRIDAY, MARCH 5, 1869.
WE rsuaiT on the inside pages of this
morning's. GAZETTE &Santa fags
Butte .Retrat, Clippingsand Miacellaszeous.
Third and. Sixth-pages: Commercial,
.Mercantile, .tfinantiat and River News,
Markets, imports. Seventh. page: Local
and Miscellaneous Matters.
U. S. BONDS at FmlkifiiTt..
PETROLEUM at Antwerp, '5,3(58-1-f.
(low closed in New York festerds.y .
I st 131„• ,
COLFAX, on being inducted into office,
was curt, but in excellent taste:
.P. WOODWARD pertomt.
led a graceful act in moving a resolation
of thanks to the outgoing speaker of the
House of Representatives.
Or TEE 68,974 registered voters of Ar
kansas, 44,332 axe white and only 19,142
colored. Df these White citizens 13,365,
or thirty per cent., cannot read or write.
Four counties are named in which one
half of the white voters are thus entirely
'uneducated. Decidedly, Arkansas wold
oppose an edueationaliqUaliftcation.
A DECREASE of newly eleven millions
last month, hi the net public debt, brings
- the total down nearly to that reported at
pening of the year. _The country
100 now to see the bulk of its obliga
to s ?
steeply and
. regularly dwindling, thef4eturn of honesty and capacity
to the administration of affairs—and the
country will not look in vain.
and Jefferson College consolidates all its
•departnients in one locatien, within the
State, as soon as the needful buildings
shall have been provided: That location,
if not made by the Trustees by the 27th
of April, will be entrusted to a Commie-
SionNow let us hear from Washington,
Canonsburg, Uniontown and other bor
oughs, which yearn for collegiate distinc
cited our admiration. When it was first
proposed it struck us as a lanie excuse
for not doing something else, of which
there was urgent need. But we fail to
see how fts retention can hamper the new
President in initiating such changes in
the employes of the different departments
as 'limey judge best. The Senate is in
session, and until it shall adjourn he can
make changes as freely as though the
Act did not exist.
IT WAS WELL for President Jontisdsr to
illuminate his last days of power by
granting pardons to all persons under
sentence for participation In the Rebellion.
It would have been equally well for any
other person; who might have beenrefir
ing from the Presidential office., to have
exercised the same clemency. But for
-the .ontgoing President to pardon men
convicted of assassination, and other
crimes not warranted by the Articles Of
War, was an abuse of authority which
revealed how far he had become estranged
from the party by which he was eleVated
to the highest position in the nation, and
to what extent his sympathies had become
enlisted on the rebel side.
States—LKansas, Nevada, Louisiana, Mis
souri, West Virginia and Wisconsin 7 -had
ratified the Fifteenth Amendment to the
federal Constitution.. It is reasonable to
expect that within a week Maine, Massa
chusetts, Rhode Island, Nair York, Penn
sylvania, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,
Minnesota, North Carolina, Tennessee
and Arkansas will also ratify it. This
will leave ten more States Ur concur, if
all the States are counted, whether re.
stored or not. The Legislatures of Ohio,
New Hampshire, 'Vermont and Nebraska
do not meet this year; but no doubt exists
as to
. their consent. South Carolina,
Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Virginia,
Mississippi and Texas will ratify in due
season. This will make the required
number, without 'Ohio,, which may , be
right a year hence.,
DRESS, given elsewhere in these columns,
will prove satisfactory to the ,RepOlipan
masses in all parts of the country. MB
positions on_the finances, on economy
and retrenchment, on intercourse with
foreign nations, on internal improvetnents
through governmental aid, convey as
aurances of suchen administration as the
nation has pressing need for. Nor
less - significant are his 'declarations as to
what his course will be in regarto Con
gress and its rights as the law-mating de•.
partment. Restricting his action within
the limits clearly assigned to him by the
Condi embodiedft:og- 1
ment of the notion, no conflict can arise
betwien the r•resident and the l represen
tative bodieF ; but the two will co
operate in•all measures calculated to pro
mote the dignity of the Republic and the
welfare •o 1 the people.
A new administration entered yester
day upon its four years' ' career. And
ytsterday's sun went down upon trßepub
ll,e in which a ,million'of intelligent men
were, each for himself, casting its politi
cal horoscope, with feelings mingled of
curiosity and pride- When, before, in
the National history has It ' , rapidly re
volving cycle of the Constitu 'on dawned
upon the nation's eyes with such auspi
cious omens of coming'pr Ority and
glory? Were ever our political s
ers so entirely in accord, as 1 0the future
of the Republic, as when they and we—
the people of a great State so -lately rent
by bloody strife which menaced the over
throw of all established institutions—be
held the emblems 'of our authority, loftier
and prouder than despots ever wielded,
transferred, with an orderly and peaceful
quiet and atter the simplest of ceremoni
als, from a ruler' found unworthy, to
other bands appointed' by the people's
choice .as fitter for the trust? But
once, in the history of our Gov
ernment,-has this movement Of transition
been marked by any• shock to the puhlic
peace. Once only—the last, let us hope,
as it was the .lirst, time!—misguided fac
tion appealed-from the nation's will to the
arbitrament of battle--,andthe result has
received the approving judgment of a
1 Christian 'werld. In all the coming time.
while God rules this land and its people's
_hearts, granting to usthe grace to remelht,
[ ber and the wisdoia to understand the
teachings of an experience which His
Providence has ordered, the lesson shall
be for the highest National good.
The simple but imposing formalities of
yesterday marked a change of dynasty
under our Republican Constitution. 'No
hostile drum-beat, not one musket-shot,'
not even one seditions cry, mingled with
the acclamations of forty millions of peo
ple who beheld the inauguration of their
new Chief Magistrate. It may not have
been because he was unanimously, their
choice; indeed, another would have been
selected by millions of his countrymen.
But all, of whatever party, in politics sr
creed, whatever their personal or politi
cal preferences had been, welcomed their
new President yesterday as the expres
sion of a wise and salutary constitutional
order of things, in which the peace and
glory of the Republic are enshrined. An
intelligent patriotism, whatenr its indi
vidual preferences, must ever regard each
peaceful Presidential change as t'he no
blest proof, because it is at the same time
the most critical experiment and the
most successful vindication, of the states
manship of the fathers of the Constitu
The new President enters upon vast
responsibilities. He is sustained by the
respect of all, and by the especial confi
dence of most of his countrymen. He
finds nothing anomalous in the situation,
no antagonisms on the threshold. Sur
rounded by a harmony, in each of the
other great departments of the Govern
ment, which - consistently reflects from
each a faithful and ,hearty recognition of
a common source Of power and a com
mon direction of the National will, Pres
ident GRANT needs only to be true to the -
voices which have honored him with the
Republican crown, truo to thete f aebings
of the National experience, true to him
self, to the character which has been de
veloped and ripeneolin the last eight his
toric years, and true, in fine, to that trust
in the unerring :wisdinxi of n Heiivenl
guidance which the last words of his In
augural:infoke, to achieve for himself a
civic crown brighter with perennial glory
than any martial laurels, and to win for
a long-suffermg land., the repose which it
needs, and the prosperity at home with
the honor among the nationi of the earth,
which should attend its not far-distant
• Misled by President .10E11002i and the
body of Northern men who acted in con
cert with him, a large portion of the in
habitants of the Southern States, for two
or three years, cherished vague hopes
that it was possible for them to obtain
inside the Union many of the objects for
which they went into the Rebellion.
The Presidential election, held in NO
vember Jag/ effectually disenchanted
them, and to/their own advantage. Since
then, the orderly and intelligent membeis
of the Southern communities have been
allowed larger degrees of influence, and
have /received considerable and encour
aging accessions to their numbers. 's
Under the new inipulse outrages upon
Unionists, and particularly upon North
ern men, are of less frequent occurrence;
and are perpetrated without the con
nivance or consent of the leaders of so.
ciety. This is a promising symptom in
itself ; but there are others of still; greater
significance. -The system of Slavery hav
ing disappeared, the thoughts of many in
-dividuals, and of some representative
bodies, are turned to• 'discover how best
Southern society may be adapted to the
new institutions, and so as soonest to re
pair the wastes caused by the war. Nor
are they who are thus engaged left to
grope their way without pertinent 'hints
and suggestions derived from experience
during the last four years. Much has
been done to show that Slayery was not
• ,
essential to the sucCeisTiil proseention of
the inthistries peculiar to the Southern
section of the Republic, and to demon
strate that with free labor a higher and
nobler career Is open before it.
In consequence, a strong desire is
growing up for the immigration into that
section of Northern men and Europeans,
possessing money capital, anti having all
the other preiequisites for the develop
ment of latent resources in nature. Lou
isiana has gone so far as to organize a
Bureau of Immigration, one duty of
which f ill to invite settlers by the disseml
nationl of information. Many of the
itailway Companies, whose lines extend
throng six of i more of the Southern
States ave agreed upon a plan for excur
sion ti -eta, at low rates, to be sold to all
persons who desire to make explorations,
and proffers are farther made of aid from
the eployes ofd these corporations in ac
quiing information relative to all mat
ters of interest. ~.
These are but the beginnings of this
movement, which must assume, larger
proportions in a few months,. when the
new administration at Washington - shall
make its power felt in repressing linger
ing disorders and giving assurances of
future repose. Then the South will take
a fresh start, and such a transfusion of
, will be the result as shall
assimulate ,'the prosperity of the two
geographical divisions of the country,
and bind them in harmonious relations
-The measures presented in a number
of our State Legislatures, for the estab
lishment of a higher or a lower rate of
legal interest, as the particular case may
be, gives this question of interest an un
usual degree of importance, and there is,
perhaps, no better time to examine into
the principles involved in the right to
establish a'standard of interest, and the
expediency of applying this standard to
any. but a very limited number of cases.
Money is the measure of capital. The
paper or coin which g man receives on
effecting a loan, is in reality not the sub-
ject of the loan, but the means of trans
fer, entitling him to a certain amount of
the aggregate capital of the community—
so many barrels of flour, or pork, or so
much real estate, or a certain measure of
whatever he desires to use it in, and he
would be as well satisfied to, at once, re
ceive from the bank or the lender, the
flour, or pork, or real estate, without the
intervention of money.
Capital is a positive value vested in a
material object, whether it be real es
tate, merchandize, ;apparel or furniture.
When capital is loaned' for a limited time
the owner of the capital is entitle& to an
equitable compensation or rent for the
same, and where the capital is a specifi cob
ject, the rent is made a spcific one by means
of a contract, If we rent a house, or a piece
of machinery, or a horse, or furniture, we
pay a sum previously agreed upon that
has been adjusted on the scale of mutu
al convenience. Now, when the capital
transferred is a portion of the aggregate
capital of the community, that is, the
loan of so many barrels of flour or pork,
given in the form of money, which is but
the key to a store containing the desired
quantity of goods, why should not this
rent be'also adjusted by the mutual con
venience of the borrower and lender? It
is f not argued that it would be reasonable
to fix by law the rent of merchandize, of
furniture, or of a house, but these aro
equally capital, or vested values parted
with for a limited time. put as money is
merely the measure of these values, we
can no more reasonably have an interest
of money than we may have an Interest
of a lied stick. Money is not value lt
self—it measures value just as the yard
stick measures quantity.
Interest is simply the rent - of capital
and the price of insurance against the
hazard of losing it. And as the rent of
capital fluctuates constantly In conformity
with the supply and demand of Its mate
rial objects, and the price of insurance
varies acctn . ding to the personal character
of the borrower or the use to be made of
the capital, is it possible to fix by law an
equitable standard of interest? Would
It not be as reasonable to have a Legisla
ture fix the rent of your house and furni.
ture, the premium of Insurance, or the
wages of labor, as it now is to have it fix
the rent of Elating capital or the pre.
mium of insurance against a bad debt or
a doubtful loan ? •
The great error which:our law makers
and many of the people fall into, in view
ing this question of interest, #s in consid
eringmoney as capital, instead of regard
ing it in its true light as only the measure
of capital. The loan of money and the
use of merchandise rest an the same prin
ciple and should be subject to the same
rules. -
In forbearing to attend the ceremony of
the inauguration of his successor, Ex-
President Jommox exhibited a remarka
ble appreciation of the real proprieties of
the situation. It is but a little more than
a' year ago that ANDREW JOUNBON,. Pres
ident, made statements grossly ;imPeach"
ing the personal veracity of 11. B. GRANT,
General of the Armies. Investigation
speedily established the falsity of the
charge. But, to this hour, Mr. Jommorr
has neglected, indeed has persistently re
fused, to withdraw his unfounded accusa
tion. In the meantime, the public judg
ment has pronounced upon it, acquitting
the accused and transferring the brand of
shame to the ascuser. The lie which he
gave came home—and sticks to him.
Hence, yesteiday's seclusion of a man,
not even whose official station could
make a liar fit company for General
Galati. It was, some days since, made
known to him that his successor would
not ride with higown personal defamer—
and he knew, too, that a separate place
in the procession, the reason for which
would be patent to all observeis, would
be simply an humiliating acknowledg
ment of a historic falsehood. There
fore, he was the first of Es-Presidents to
absent himself on such an occasion—and
simply because he was the first American
President to go out of office self-branded
with falsehood j upon his record. He
sinks into obscurity, realizing that not
even a great office can save a slanderer
and falsifier from his own personal re
sponsibility to the man whom he would
have wronged. That is all of it.
The Congressional investigation into
the merits of our ordnance system closes
with a detailed repOrt, establishing the
facts that all our heavy gung are unreli
able for service, and that the adoption of
two essentially different patterns has intro
duced confusion and the risk of serious
mischief in both the military and naval
arms of the national defence. - We have
not space for the full text. of the report,
but the extracts below embody the most
important conclusions of the Committee.
They say:
The Committee are of, theopinkin that,
for the reasons shown, tho interests of
the public service demand a change) in
the system of procuring ordnance and
ordance stores, and the manner of con
ducttng experiments with a view to de
termining the value of the same. The.
present system has failed to answer the
purpose for which it was designed.lnd
the United States is in theposition t 0.4 ay
of a nation having a vast coastline to :le
fend, and a large navy, without a sin le
rifled gun of large caliber, and a corp of,
ordnance officers who have thus far
failed to discover a remedy for the failure
of the guns, or to master the rudiments
of the science in which they have been
trained at the public expense. The im
portance of an immediate change is
shown by the fact that the Chief of Ord
nance of the army asks for appropria
tions to purchase over 1,900 guns to arm
the forts,not of a new and better system,
•o be decided upon after more thorough
and careful experiment, but of a kind
that experience has shown to be inferior
in range and penetration to the guns of
foreign powers, and unreliable as to en
durance. ,
The Investigations of the Committee
lead them to the following conclusions:
1. That no more heavy guns should be
purchased for mounting in the fortifica
tions or use on shipboard until such im
provements are made in the methods of
fabrications as will insure more reliable
endurance than has heretofore been ex
- Rodman system of,!
2. Thet theg.n._
making, -- while partially ' successfitl in
smooth-bores slid small callibers, has so
far failed in rifles of large caliber as to
show it to be unworthy of further confi
dence. Recent imgrovements in defen
sive works and armor-plating render
heavy rifled guns the most efficient
means sf attack, and no system of fabri
cation which does not furnish such *tins
should be adopted or continued:, The
principle of initial tension, which is the
basis of the Rodman system, appears to
he of doubtful utility, as applied by Gen.
Rodtnan, especially for rifled guns. This
tension, it is admitted, gradually isap.
pears from the gun with age, and in time
is entirely lost. 11
3. That guns cast solid, in the manner
practiced in the navy under the direction
of Rear-Admiral Danlgren, while exhib
iting satisfactory endurance as smooth
bores with small charges and hollow pro-
Jectlles, have not the requisite strength
for riffles of large caliber. This mbde Of
casting seems to be defective in principle.
as the tensions inaugurated in cooling
have* tendency to aid the powder to
rupture the gun. . -
i Washington Items
The President elect says he will not
continue in,office after he gets into the
Executive chair, any officer, nominated
by Johnson and confirmed by the Senate
within the past five or six weeks.
A broom was received at army head
quarters this morning by express, which
the donor said was presented to the Pres
ident electio cleanse 'the Augean stable.
It has peen the custom with the Presi
dents elect to Send the names of the gen
tle Men to compose thetir 'Cabinets to the
Department of State; to be sent from
there to the. Senate, but Gen, Grant has
decided not to follow these precedents.
He will transmit the nominations for his
Cabinet to the Senate direct by one of his
staff officers.
The mystery of the Cabinet was re
garded on all hands as the best kept State
secret in the country's history.
The last vote in the Senate on the Ten-
ure-of Office bill showed that the feeling
in favor of the- total, repeal has gained
strength within the last few days, so that
it will, in all probability, be swept from
the statute book during the early days of
next Congress.
The bill of the Senate repealing the
sixth section of the Army Appropriation
act puts the militia in thelately rebellious
States on the same footing as in all other
States. Mr. Johnson signed it, without
doubt, because he must do so to be con
sistent, but he will deplore the result it
THE French chemist Tardieu has made
some interesting experiments with red
stockings imported from England. After
extracting the coloring matter, ho intro
duced a certain quantity of it beneath the
skin of a dog, which died in twelve hours.
A rabbit similarly treated expired in eight
hours, and a frog in four. Opening the
animals, M. Tardieu re-extracted the red
coloring matter from their bodice, and
with it dyed a skein of silk. In his re
port, communicated to the Academie des
Sciences lit Tardieu condemns the use
of "corllinett 'qthe mineral poison to
which the fatal stockings owe their hue)
as an article of general commerce; and
recommends that the importation of red
stockings from England be absolutely
—At the meeting of the New York
Chamber of Commerce. yeeterday, espe
cial committee reported adversely to the
government giving any subsidies to
steamships or railroads, or for improv
ing the Mississippi river, or reclamation
of lands adjacent thereto, until the coun
try is in better condition to liquidate its
indebtedness in coin. The portion in re
lation to the MlsNissippl river was struck
out, and the reportadopted. 4.;
AssassinUon by Air-Guns.
The numerous instances of .finding
men prone upon the most public streets
of the Eastern cities, injured as by a bul
let, although neither the victim nor any
other person had heard the discharge of
any firearm, so far as could be ascertained,
has caused the suggestion to be made that
air-guns have been brought into requisii
tion. According to the authorities, this
is a weapon "resemblingi a musket, for
the purpose of discharging missiles by
meansof compressed xis. It consists of
lock, stock, bariel and ramrod. The
stock is made hollow, and provided with
proper cocks for filling it with compress
ed air by means of a three pump. Each
lock is nothing but a valve which lets in
the barrel a portion of the air compressed
in the stock, when the trigger is pulled.
The gun is loaded with wadding and
ball, in the ordinary way, and the . air
suddenly introduced from the stock pro
pels it with a velocity proportional to the
square root of the degree of the compres
sion of the air."
By ttpis weapon a person may be killed
at a distance of sixty or eighty yards.
Later improvements give it a propelling
force almost equal to the old-fashioned
musket. Its chief advantage to criminals
is its noiseless discharge. The victim
may be singled out in a crowd by a ;per
son standing concealed in an upper win
dow, and if the aim is accurate, perforated
by a bullet, without any chances of detec
tion, excepting those indicated by angles
and direction. Indeed, the body might
fall in such a manner as to indicate C.,oil
ditions entirely different from thosewhich
are real. Whether or not this theory is
correct, itis evident that the ingenuity of
crime keeps pace with the moat appi•oved.
detective methods.
The Sun's Atmosphere
The Academy of gciences, of Paris,
has lately received additional detaili from
Mr. Janssen . regarding his discovery,
nearly simultaneously with Mr. Lockyer,
of an incandescent atmosphere--consist
ing principally, if not entirely, of hydro
gen—surrounding the luminous portion
of the sun. This astronomer was! sent,
as may
. be remembered by our readers, to
Simla, in the Himmalaya mountains, to
observe the total eclipse of the sun, in
August last ; and, while there, made the
discovery referred to. He states, in his
last communication, that this atmosphere
is low down, and with a very irregular
level, sometimes not passing beyond the
projections of the luminous atmosphere,
and forming a kind of vault or canopy,
continuous with the protuberances, the
general composition of which appears to
be the same as that of the atmosphere,
and to be simply 'raised and sometimes
detached or isolated portions of it.l The
presence of the atmosphere is said by Mr.
Janssen to explain the phenomenon of
refraction of the solar surface, revealed
by the study of the spots, and to play an
important part in all the luminous phe
nomena of the visible 'envelope of the
sun, and particularly of the feculte or
bright streaks. It is said to be certain
that it is to this atmosphere that is prin
cipally due that diminution of luminous,
heating and photographing intensity pre
sented in so remarkable a manner along
the border of the solar disk.
A Sad Calamity.
A few days ago Mrs. Herman Gentch,
of Jamestown, Indiana, after lifting a
kettle of hot water from the stove, had
her attention called to an infant in another
part of the 'room, and, going to it, she
took it in her arms to soothe and quiet,
She had scarcely held the babe a moment
when she heard a scream, and, turning,
saw that another of her children,, about
four years old, had fallen into the kettle
of hot water.
The agonized and shocked mother,
quickly nutting her babe in the cradle,
rushed to the poor little one that had
fallen in the kettle. - She was too late ; it
had almost instantly ceased to breathe,
having been burned severely inwardly. •
Now comes the strange part ; who will
account for it ? Turning to her babe
again, she found it dead also. Was it
the electrical sympathy of the little one's
heart, along whose delicate nerves passed
the subtle thrill that rent the mother's
bosom the cause that produced its death ?
We know not ' • but this seems to open a
nice question to those fond of , metaphys
ical speculations.
ARCHBISHOP Wawa:Ll' says: "He
that assails •error because it ss ' error,•
without respect of persons, must be pre
pared for a storm from the party who
were fanning him with the gentle breath
of applause, so long as he had been deal
ing with the errors of the party who op
posed them."
A Riontorm paper has discovered that
it Is only an unfortunate affair when a
white man stabs a negro in the heart, but
a diabolical murder when the position of
the parties is reversed.
THE Registrar General of London has
adopted a new American word. In his
weekly returns he says "two persons
have died from alcoholism."
-TEE proceeds of General Kilpatrick's
lectures this winter are, he says, $30,000,
of which he received one-third and the
G. A. R the remainder.
—An officer named Whittaker, of the
Fifty-third Regiment, was shot in the
Quebec (Canada) Skating Rink , Wed
nesday night by a young lad named
Chalmer, for an alleged insult to the lad's
sister. Re cannot recover. Chalmer
was arrested.
—A prayerqueeting, under the ans
picsa of the Y. M. C. A., was held at Ma
sonic Hall, Indianapolis, Ind., yesterday,
from 12 to 1 o'clock, invoking DiVine
blessings on the incoming administra
tion, all Christian denominations uniting.
—Ounces C. Baker, charged with am•
bezzling funds ofthe Tradesmems'Bank.
at New York, received the pardon of
President Johnson yesterday, On the rec
ommendation of a large number of mer
chants. •
—The -
bill abolishing transit duties in
New Jersey became a law yesterday,
having received the Governor's signa
ture. No tax on passengers or freight is
to be paid to the State after March 4th.
_ _
--The•Atnerican Presbyterian Church
of Montreal, Cana hasiven a call to
Henry Ward Bee d c a, her, offering him a
salary equal to that he receives In Brook-
—on Wednesday night a severe snow
storm prevailed about St. Hyacinthe,
Canada, covering the railroad track to
the depth of ten feet.
—The lower house of the Maine legis
lature, by a vote of 90 to 45, refused to
abolish capital punishment. '
The Ingurrection in
[By Telegraph to tne Pittsburgh G , enc.)
NEW YORK, March 4.--Th: Mail has
information from Cubans latly arrived
here that the stories oratrobit es charged
.against the insurgents are fabrications;
that they have sixty thousand men in
the field, of whom twenty thousand are
armed, while others fight with such
weapons as they can °Una; that they
hold two-thirds of the. iland; that its
entire center is impassable to the Spanish
soldiery; that the Government has had
no communication with Nuevitas or
Puerto Principe for four months, and that.
Valmesada lost eight hundred men out.
of five thousand in his march from Nue
vitas to Bayamo, picked off by insurgent
sharpshooters. All we want, say the
Cubans, to finish our work,, are arms.
and munitions—arms for forty thousand
who light with boughs of trees
withforked ends, and with wooden can
non, which are good for only three
rounds, the fourth as a rule barking
them. They say they are ready to. pay
cash for them; that there is no blockade,
and once procured the' Spanish Govern
ment will be driven from the island in a
month. There are reports that priva
teers have left Our ports for Cuba, but'
the Mail is unable to vouch for the truth
of them.
—A. serious accident occurred on'the
Housatonic Railroad, near Lenox, Mass.,
yesterday morning. The passenger train.
going South was thrown , from the track
by a broken rail, precipitating a passen
gsr car down an embankment and se
' nously injuring twelve persons and mere
or less injuring all on board. Five of
the most seriously injured persons be
long in Pittsfield and three in Sheffield.
—The Right-Rev.. Bishop Lefevre died
at Detroit, Mich., last evening, aged
sixty-five. Two weeks ago he was at
tacked with ervsipelas in the head, and
the disease soon after assumed a danger
our form. The deceased was a native of
Belgium and was ordained Bishop in 1841.
—A correspondent says he has never
seen so many persons of the better edu
cated and most enterprising lEnglish
speaking people of his section emigrat
ing as .are now leaving, or preparing to
leave, Canada far all parts of the West
ern States and Pacific coast.
—A resolution has received a first
reading in the South Carolina Legisla
ture for the ratification of the fifteenth
Constitutional amendment.
Markets by Tlegraph.
Nsw.Osrsets , Mardb 4.—Cotton has
better quotations and market is stiffer;
low grades are easy; •Middlings sold at
28 1 4 c; sales amounted to 2,300 bales; re
ceipts, 951 bales. Gold, /32%. Sterling
Exchange,l33; Commercial, 14240143 y,,.
New York sight drafts 3,4 c preni. Sugar
is dull and has declined; common, 1134 c;
prime, 143/ 4 c; yellow clarified, 16 1 4 c.
Molasses is dull; prime, 7234@75c. Whis
ky remains - unchanged. Coffee is un
changed. Flour it firm; superfine, $6,37;
double extra, $6,90@7; treble extra sells
at $7,37. Corn is firm at 78@80c. Oats
are firm at 80c. Brand is quoted at $1,15.
Hay is firm; prime, $30@31. Pork dull ; (
and drooping; $33,50 was asked. Bacon
is dull and lower; jobbing shoulders, 15c;
clear rib, 173..ic; clear sides, 18c. Lard is
dull; tierce, 193ic; keg, 22 4c.
CHICAGO, March 4.—ln the afteruoon
there was a fair demand for wheat, No.
2 spring selling at $1,13;4(4)1,1334 and
closing at 51,13 x. Corn and Oats inac
tive And nominal, and in the evening
there was but little doing in grain;
spring wheat nominal at $1,13 4 . Pro
visions were rather quiet; sales of 1,000
barrels of mess pork at $3l, buyers for
the month; (sales of 20,000 pounds at 12c
cash. Cut meats—Cumberland 15iAc;
sales 200 boxes of short ribs at 25gc cash.
Sales 335 tierces lard at 18c.
CHICAGO, Mach 4.—Cattle Market.—
Cattle are in fair request and prices are
without material alteration; receipts
were 1,116 head; sales were made of 939
head at $4%5,50. for Cows; $5,75%6,50 for
light Steers; f. 2 6,75€,L7 for fair to medium;
$7,25%7,80 for good to choice; $8%8,25 for
extra shipping steers. Live .Hogs are
steady and moderately active; receipts
were 3,688 head; sales were made of 3,547
head at $8,59%8,75 for stock Hogs; $9,50
@lO for common to fair; $10,10%10,75 for
medium to good lots.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 4.—Flour dull
at $4,75%5,6234. Wheat; sales of choice
in small lots et $1,65. Legal Tenders,
Nesirvitax, March 4.—Cotton market
dull. Low Middling 263. Good to or
dinary 25%25y,.
March, that gives us a new President. is also
the inangdral month of many harrassing disor
ders. Entangled In its fogs are the seeds of
coughs, colds and of that alteration of frigidity
and fire, more widely known than admired. called
fever and ague. The only way to avoid these
"little unpreasantaesses." is to render the sys
tem strong enough to fight off the at mospheric
poison that produces therm and the best way
endow is with this repellant la to tone it
If a wayfarer were credibly infermed that a
ruffian was wetting at the next corner, be would
doubtless turn in his tracks, and -take a safer
route to his destination. With jest ..about the
same amount of trim.' le, the attacks of diseases
prevalent at this season. may oe evaded,. Ha!,
the trouble will be less, for drug stores 11e In
every one's route. and every respectable d. ug
est in the Union keeps on band HOsTETTE u"S
BITTERS. The article is a staple of trade, and
It would be as easy to find a grocery without
sugar, - as the store of an apothecary, without this
popular tonic remedy.
In view of the experience of the nation, with
regard to the article. during the space of twenty
years, is seems almost unnei.ersary to recanitn- ,
Late Its merits to Americans. But as our populs-.
lion is increasing at the rate of a coeple of mil
lions Ina year. In the natural way and by immi
gration,. It may bean well to bint to the rising
generation and new arrivals- (the old settlers
know all about it.) that HOSTETTER'S STOM
ACH BITTERS Is the most wholesome and po
tent vegetable tonic ever manufactnted, that it
is a specific for deuillty. dyspepsia, biliousness,
and miasmatic fevers, the It. pf events, as well
as cures, those complaints and their compiles
tion s: that it is not "bad to, take," and Is abso
lutely harmless.
One of the most accurate ways of determinist,
whether the lungs are in a healthy or diseased con
dition. is hi mean ofllstening to the respiration.
To those experienced in this practice it becomes
as plain an inaex to the state of the lungs, and is
as well known to tee operster as are the yokes or
his moa t, intimate acquaintances. The belief that
long standing coughs, and diseasei of the lunge
upon which they are dependent, are incurable.
are fast becoming obsolete. One great idyantage
• be gained from this Mimic° in medical knowl
edge is ti e earlier application of those who be
come afflicted with those diseases to some one
competent to afford relief. The error which had
taken hold of the public mind in regard to the
curabilityorcoaSiamption, or rather son-curabil
ity, Is fast becoming obliterated, and tt le well
that it should be so. not that persons shbuld
that saltitary fear which would make them anPIY:
for a timely remedy, but that all alight be indu
ced to use remedies srldle there is any hope. It is
the delay in these cues that Alla its with af ,
Prehension 'and alarm, for if every one would
mske timely application of DR. KEYSER'S
LUNG CUBE in the beginning of scold or cough;
few cues would go so far as to become irremedia•
ble.- ' • •
Boldat the Doctor's great NealeMe Store,' No
Odle? Hours from 9a. fit. tutil 4 r H., and fn
• 7 to eat algttt.