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SP, EECH OP HON. JOHN COVODE,
On the litinsar•Peettie Hallway HIM
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
January 20, 1869.
Mr. Speaker, I purpose to occupy the
floor with a few practical remarks, not to
make any set speech, and then to yield to
my colleague, (Mr. Kelley.) I discover
by the remarks of the Chairman of the
Committee on the Pacific Railroads which
he made yesterday, that he appeared to
cast a reflection upon the Board of Direc
tors' for changing their plan, and running'
to the southwest instead of making. a
connection with the Union Pacific Rail
road at thaone hundreth parallel. I think,
it is only necessary for the House to un-'
derstand the reason why this change was,
madeiatisfy them that the Board was.
wise i so doing. This Union Pa.o
cific Railroad i traverses the valley of
the Platte and the valley Of the Salt
Lake, and it was to be expeeled that at'
some tittle the trade and travel of the
country would be interrupted• by snow.
The Board, knowing that 'they were
building a railroad not only for our own
purposes, but one which would be a high
way of nations, found it was impossible
to, have the line so run that at all seasons
of theirear it- would be free from inter
ruption. on account of the snow. They'
diverged therefore to the southwest.
They, did this in view of extending the
_ • line' to, the Pacific Ocean. They did it.
in .View of affording to, the Southern
States now returning to the Union an op
portunity to make connection with that
road. They did it in order to allow the-
Northern cotton States to makes connec
tion with their road at Memphis, while
' the Southern cotton States could make
their connection from Shreveport or else
: where. This road, taking the purse the
. eastern division has done, will give a
great thoroughfare from the Middle and
Southern States across the Continent, and
secure to the commerce and travel of the
world a road upon which they may pass
at all seasons of the year: This is why
they did it.
It is to be a great thoroughfare between
the eight hundred million people in Asia
and the two himdred million in Europe
1 In their harmonious intercourse across
this continent. And in making this di.
'vergence to the south they afford an op
portunity for a road to start from the
southwest, near Albuquerque,' into Mexi
' co, which some day will be of the • great
est importance to the - American people;
for such a road will enableus te.carry our
institutions, our schools, our churches,
religion, and all our Othermeans of civili
zation down into the interior of Mexico;
and to return with trains laden with sil
ver from mines therb which are not work
ed 'because of the want of facilities for
reaching the markets-A:lithe world.
Mr. Speaker, it will be recollected that
during the last generation the civilization
of Great Britain has been carried into the
interior of Africa, and into the interior of
India at the point of the - bayonet. The
missionaries which they sent out had to
follow the bayonet h those days; but
they have a different plan now, and that
is the plan indicated by the gentleman
from Illinois [Mr. Loosx] in the amend
ment whichhe has proposed. They now
guarantee the bonds df railroad compa
nies, and under the plan of guarantee-.
ing the bonds of railroad companies they
have secured the construction of four
thousand miles of rail way; and these
railways, while they carry civilization
into every region of that extensive coun
try, fit the same time efforil facilities for
the transportation of their spices, Cotfon,
and other products to market. This
policyof England had been adopted be
cause she admits that railroads axe the
great civilizers of the world. -
- I wish to say a few word in regard to
the Union Pacific • Railroad. I am a
friend of that road. I give the greatest
credit to the men who invested their
money in that great enterprise. They
deserve it at our hands, and they should
receive oar applause instead of being de
nounced, as they have been, as thieves
and scoundrels. I say this as one who
helped to organize the first movement to
ward building the Platte Valley Rail
road. I took a party out, partly at my
own expense, from . Pennsylvania, New
York, Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin.
Eleven years ago I. procured legislation
at Omaha, and went to the mouth of the
Platte to organize the Platte Valley Paci
fic Railroad. I was one of the projectors
of that line. lam in favor of all these
lines,. for one single railroad track across
this continent is nothing. but a mockery.
It will_not accommodate the great traffic
of the world to which I have referred.
But my friend from Illinois, whom I
have followed for ten years, like the
shadow follows the substance, in every
movement he has made to economize,
yesterday took open ground against this
railroad project, while. he knows that the
bill before the House makes no new
.grant of lands, but only transfers from
one corporation to another a grant made
by a previous Congress, and that to ae
ccomplish important results and great sav
ing to the GoYernment in transportation,
and a saving of hupdreds of miles of
travel to reach Deriver from St: Louis, or
pdints south and east of it.
Why, it is known to this House that I
have acted with the gentleman on 'all
questions of - economy; Z --followed him
through the teller& I voted 'with him on
all matters in which the credit of the
country was concerned, and in which the
question of economy was involved. But
he is pushing the matter a little too far
now, and I will show you why. The
company has constructed a railroad end
ing nowhere, and now it wants fifty-four
mlles of subsidy to enable it to finish the
road up to Cheyenne Wells. This is the
proper point to diverge from to go to
Denver;' for with all the embarrassment
thegentleman- can throw around this bill,
the only subsidy asked for in the bill is
$lO,OOO a mile for fifty-four miles. The
route from there to Aenver, and from
Denver-to Cheyenne, amounting in all to
over three hundred miles, beano subsidy.
so that it will be seen that in constructing
this road to .Cheyenne Wells you will
secure le the Government three hundred
miles more of road without subsidy, 'and
reach the coal that is so much needed, not
only to supply the road, but also the
country . to the Missouri river.
That is not all. The most important
matter connected with the question at the
pysent time is the Indian question. I
desire to call the attention of he House to
the.fact that we have no •difilculties --with
the Indians near the Missouri river. -The
trouble Is away back on`..the frontier at
the basa of the Rocky Mountains. Now,
in what situation does the Government
• ii 7; • , i 4 0 4syfraiM-lrinitii4agi •
troops from one line , of road to - the othei,
they.have got to be sent five or Aix bun
dred miles down' to' the - Mrssouri river,
and then'no Or down , that rifer to the
other road,and ont on it five or six hundred
miles; whereas, when tins road is com-
Veted the troops can be moved from the
north or south in a few hours, or days at
furthest, by this line of road three hun
dred miles, saving much travel and time.
It'will enable us to keep down the depre
dations of the Indians with one-half the
number of troops by the great facility it
will give them in moving from point to
point. It is therefore the interest 'of the
Government to grant this subsidy, and in
advocating it I am but following the lead
of military men who have indicated that
it is important that the road should be
Another thing. lam familiar with the
geology of that country, and I know
there is no coal on the Union Pacific Rail
road from the valley of the Des Moines
river, lowa, to the Black Hills, a distance
of seven hundred miles. There is no coal
on the Kansas Pacific road until you.
reach Cheyenne Wells and make this con.
nection at the base of the Rocky Moun
tains, where both coal and timber are
Again, this connection will enable us
•to take •our machinery and supplies into
the gold mining country, - and thus in
crease thc product of our mines enor
mously. Look, sir at - our financial affairs
to-day. a are talking about coming to
specie pa ents. In my judgment it is
idle talk; and I am tired of reading the
views of the people on this subject that
are pouring in upon us every day. I as
sert--,rind let gentlemen mark it and see
if I am not right—that we cannot resume
specie payment-inside of five years with.'
out bringing on a crisis in this country.
We have got to prepare for it. The pro
ductions of the South must be increased.
We must have more exports; we must
import less. I say we cannotresume spe
cie payments in less than, five years with
safety; but as a.means of coming to it by
helping to make . the balance of trade in
our favor,.the best thing we can do is to
extend the Pacific Railroad rapidly into
the mining country, so that our 'people
can go in there and increase the produc
tion of the • precions metals; go into the
plains and gather up the golden sands
that have been-washed from the moan
tains; go with heavy machinery into the
regions where millions of tons of gold
bearing quartz rock are ready to be mined
and crushed. With the additional facili
ties of railroads the production of, those
mines can be increased fr0m.575,000,000
to ,two, three, or four hundred million
dollar's a year. So, then, instead of this
being a burden upon the Treasury, it is
the safest way of reaching specie pay
• The distinguished Senator from Indiana,
- (Mr. Morton,) in his recent great speech,
attempted to show "that we . had in this
country four or five hundred dol
lars of gold. I tell you, sir, it is a mis
take. We have not much more than half
that amount. We have it, it is true, in
the wines, but not in circulation. 'or in
the banks of the Treasury. But it 'lie to
enable us to have four or five hundred
million dollars in the country that I am
in favor of opening the Pacific railroad.
I want my friend from Illinois to say
whether his hostility to protectioh and
to the tariff has not something to de with
his opposition to the bill? Is it because
the iron to lay these roads is made' in
Pennsylvania! Is it because the chairs
and spikes are made in Pennsylvania? Is
it because the locomotives and cars to run
upon the roads are built in Pennsylvania
that we have encountered the hostility of
my friend upon this measure? Mr.
Speaker, I am for economy, but I want
to get on the right track. Ido not want
five hundred miles of 'railroad built, and,
for the sake of the tsoo,poo needed to
complete it and make this connection, to
throw it all away and render it useless;
but after this short and important link is
made . I then desire to pat a stop to in- .
creasing our indebtedru"ms by adopting
some other policy theta issuing bonds.
Before I close I wish to ask my friend
from Illinois [Mr. Washburne] where his
great State whould have been to-day with
out the land grants and aid to railroads to
open and develop it? Where would have
been his great city of Chicago had it not
been for the jland . grants: given to make
their great canal? I will also ask my
friend, [Mr. 'Priced the Chairman of the
Committee, what would , have been the
condition of his State, lowa, without the
aid furnished by the Government to
check er her" territory with railroads? Had
I time, I would try to show my friend
from Illinois that his figures yesterday
with regard to the value of lands granted
to railroads were wild in the extreme.
Theidea of estimating the lands at five
dollars per acre, while many of us , have
seen lands on the Pacific railroad that no
man would give one cent per acre for
hundreds of square miles and if others
have great value, was it not the construc
tion of the road that gave it to them and
doubled the value of the alternate section
for the Government? I will now yield
to my colleague, [Mr. Kelley.]
THE OREMA. Comm:Tarry ' Walling
ford (Connecticut) branch, has published
a report of its financial operations in 1808,
giving the amount of receipts at $llO,-
881, of which $107,752 was derived
from the profits of manufacturing. The
expenditures were $55,249, of which
$42,533 were for cost of maintaining
the' fandlies. The account for food was
$15,877, larger of 1808 than in 1867. The
balance of profit on the general account
was $55,532. The cost of living per
week for each member,
in 1867, was—
Food, 41,80; clothing, 84c; total $2,72.
in 1868—Food, 2,44; clothing, 82; total,
$3,26. The increased cost of food in 1868,
it is stated, is duito the larger use of fruit,
the Price being estimated at the high mar
ket rates of that section. But the total
average expenses of each individual in
the community, covering every incident
tal; was $4,85 a week, which is-reported
to be an astonishingly low price when, as
is asserted, so far as table and domestic
comforts iro, probably no people in the
world live better than these communists
TRE conductors of the consolidated
companies of the New Jersey and Cam
-den and Amboy 'Railroads, and, Also of
the Morris and. Eisex Company, made
theiruppeamice on Monday in neat uni
form suits of blue castor beaver, consist
lag of English .walking coat, vest", pants
and cap,lvitti gilt buttons bearing the
initials of their respective companies.
Upon the cap is the word "Conductor,"
in bullion letters. The uniforms were
introduced upon the Central Road some
weeks since. The conductors of the latter
company were each the recipient of a $lOO
greenback as a New Year's present from
the company, in addition to the uniform.
PITTSBURGH , GAZETTE : MONDAY, JANUARY 25, 1869.
Zfew York .n0tag. 8 1131,A , ML0,,,f0. ,
cent and remarkable* Invention •Vi
Ellershausen, which Is now regularly fd
use In Pittsburgh. and is being rapidly
introduced all over the country, has
greatly advanced the solution of this im
portant problem. So many new steel and
iron processes are brought to notice every
day, that the unprofessional reader cannot
keep track of names and aimi. The value
of this process may be inferred' from the'
fact that ano less respectable Board of
Trustees than Messrs. Asaml L. Hewett,
E. B. Ward, James Harrison, Jr., and
several Pittsburgh iron masters are now
granting licenses under the Ellershausen
The process consists in the conversion
of crude cast iron, as it runs from the
smelting furnace, into wrought iron. It
is carried out at the works of Messrs.
Shoenberger,:at Pittsburgh, in the fol
lowing manner: On the casting-floor
of the smelting furnace, a cast-iron turn
table, !about 18 feet in diameter, is revol*-
ed on rollers by a small steam engine.
Upon: the outside edge of the table stand a
row, of cast-iron partitions, f i rming boxes,
say 20 inches wide and 1 inches high,
open fat the top. Just ahoy" theclicle of
.boxes stands a stationary, wide-mouthed
spout; terminating in the to P hole of the
furnace. , When the furnace is tapped, the
liquid iron runs down this spout, and falls
out of it in a thin Stream into the boxes
as y they slowly revolve under it, deposit
ing in each a film of iron, say one-eighth
of an inch thick. But before the fall of
melted iron reaches the boxeslt is inter
cepted, or rather crossed, at right angles,
by a thin fall of pulverized iron ore, which
also runs out of a wide snout from a res
ervoir above. These two streams or falls
are about of equal volume, say onequar
ter of. an inch deep and twenty inches
wide. A workman, with a bar in the
tap hole, regulates the stream of iron, 'end
the iron spout from which the liquid falls
into the boxes is removable; other spouts,
previously coated with loam and dried, be
ing attached to a common revolving
frame, so as to be ready for use when the
loam covering of the first becomes cracked
or removed. -
The thin layers of iron , and ore soon
chill and solidify, so that by taking out
the outer partition of the boxes (which
form the rim of the turn-table) they may
be removed in cakes of the size of the
boxes, and weighing about 100 lbs. each.
Four of these cakes or blooms are put
into a reverberatou puddling or heating
furnace, and raised to a bright yellow
heat. They will - not melt at this heat, but
become softened so as to be easily broken
up with a bar. The four blooms are
formed, in the furnace, by the "rabble"
of the workman, as in ordinary puddling,
operations, into eight balls. The balls
are brought out, one after another, squeez
ed in the ordinary "squeezers" to expel
the cinder and superfluous ore, and then
rolled into wrought-irori bars, which are
now ready for market, or for further re
duction into smaller finished forms.
The chemistry of the operation Is as
follows: The crude cast-iron contains
say five per cent, of carbon and two per
cent. of silicon; and more or less sulphur.
phosphorusend_other impurities. -In the
Bessemer process, the oxygen of the air,
blown into the liquid iron, combines with
this carbon and these other impurities,
and not only removes them, but leaves
the pure iron in a liquid state, from which
it can be cast into homogeneous masses
of any size. In the puddling process,
the oxygen of the air and of the ore or
other "fettling" put into the furnace with
'the iron, combines with and eliminates
the impurities, . which are afterward
squeezed out of the pasty mass by the
squeeiers and rolls. This process is long
and comparatively eXpensive, because the
mixture of oxygen or oxygeri-bearing
substances is not made intimate with the
iron except by long stirring, which is not
only skillful, but exhausting work.
In the Ellershausen Process the oxygen
of the ore or oxide of iron (magnetic ox
ide is preferred) combines with the car
bon and inspuritlea, eluminating them as
in the puddling process, and the iron of
the iron increases the product. The
chemical combination of the ore and the
liquid crude iron appears to take place
partly at the time of their contact when
falling and lying 'upon the turn-table,
and partly - where the reheating occurs in
the flirnace. It seems impossible that a
reaction which is so violent In the Besse
mer process, and so prolonged in pud
dling, should take place so quickly and
quietly in the new process. but the fact
that the cakes of iron and ore do not melt
by subsequenf heating, as cast-iron would,
proves that its nature is changed by the
first contact of the ore. The removal of
sulphur and of phosphorus also seems
more thorough than in the other process
es. Analyses at different stages of the
operation will throw more light on this
question. . •
The temaskable feature of the Eller
shausen process is,that absolutely no skill
is required to carry it out. The propor
tion of ore mixed is intended to be about
thirty per cent., but if too much is added
it is readily squeezed out with the slag,
and seems to do no harm. The subse
quent heating occupies about half an hour. -
"Puddle bar," the product obtained from
the &strolling of the product of the . pud
dling furnace, is never marketable 'or fin
ished iron. It is usuallEvery ragged and
unsound, and requires subsequent piling.
.reheating and rerolling to expel the im
purities and to give it soundness and so
lidity. The new.proceStappears• to pro
duce merchantableironnt the &strolling,
and at Pittsburgh;from ft? very inferior
pig iron, made of one-half, sulphurous
Canada ores, and one-quarter Lake Supe
rior and one-quarter Iron Mountain ores.
The thoroughness and rapidity of the
purification by this process, evidently de
pend on the intimacy, of the mixture of
iron and ore. This intimate mixture is
also the essence of the Bessemer process.
In feet, to Mr. 13essemer's original appro.
hension of this idea of intimate mechan
ical mixture, the greatest modern im
provemeuts in the iron manufacture are
The Ellershausen process is said to de
crease the cost of wrought iron from $lO
t o $2O, or $BO per ton, according to the
materials used and the form of the pro
duct' required. That it is a success is
amply proved by regular working at Pitts
burgh and many experiments elsewhere;
and if anything like this economy can be
realized, its valneJo the public' will only
be exceeded by that of the Bessemer pro
cess. The, latter process, however, pro
duces steel, which is , so absolutely homo
geneous, and of regulated hardness,' ac
cording to the wear and service required,
and hence indispensable for rails, tires
and various machinery purposes.. Any
'iron product that is noteast from a liquid
state, is subject to all the structural de
fects of ordinary wrought-hoz,
0 0 AND , TOE I;toe or—rOrm Elldtertid . In..foat
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ESSENCE OF LIFE restores manly powers, from
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give way at once to this wonderful medicine, if
taken regularly according to the directions.
(which are very simple, and require no restraint
from business or pleasure.) Failure Is imposst
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one for $9. To be had only of the sole appointed
agent In America. IL GERITZEN, 20 8 Second
Avenue. New York. Imam-pre
lar - PuriLogoliny or MAR ,
STAGE, a new Course of Lectures, as
delivered at the New York Museum of Anatomy,
embracing the subjects: Ho
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generally reviewed; the cause of indiges
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for; Marriage philosophically considered, ac.
Pocket volumes containing these lectures will be
forwarded to parties unable to attend, on receipt
of four stamps, by addressing sEChEPARY,
New York Museum of Anatomy and Science. 618
Broadway. New York. 1e13:165-TTS
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arMARRIAGE AND CELIBA.
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LI.I4 HOUGHTON, Howard Association, Phila
delphia. , • •
BY 11, B. 8111 . 1118011*, 00:
BOOTS, SHOES AND CARPETS
FOR THE MILLION.
55 ,AND 57'. FIFTH AVENUE. '
Messrs. H. B. SMITHSON & CO., proprietors
of the well known Mammoth Auction House are
creating an excitement consequent upon the ar
rival of new goods which are being sold at re
markable low prices. Goods ofevery variety; the
finest sewed boots,the most fashionable bal.
moral gaiters and anklet shoes.•allppers,
blankets, flannels, cloths. cassimeres, cutlerg
and carpets. Call and examine. No trouble to
show goods. Ladles'. misses' and children's
furs at almost your.own prices. All goods war
ranted as reoresented. noz.4
BY A. WILWAINB.
VENN STREET DWELLING,
'No. 330. ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE.—
x IJESDAY EVENING, January $111331, 731;
o'clock, will be sold by order of administrator,
on second floor of Commercial Sales Rooms. 108
Smithfield street, that very deetral le three story
brick dwelling, No. 330 Penn street, near Wayne,
containing wide hall, double parlor,dlning room,
kitchen and wash house on first floor, four rooms
and bath room on second floor, and our rooms on
third floor. The house Is well finished and In ex
cellent condition; range In kitchen; hot and cold
water in kitchen and bath room, and gas through
The lot is 29 feetltont on Penn street and 110
feet In depth to a 20 foot alley.
TERMS—One-third cash, balance !none and two
years, with Luterest.
A. IWILWAINE, Auctioneer
GLASS. CHINA. CUTLERY
100 WOOD STREET.
r A •
IP HOLIDAY GIFTS.
' BOHEMIAN AND CHINA.
11 NER SETS,
A large stock of
1 SILVER PLATED GOODS
of all descriptions.
feS el s l at Ti l lenTON t c :e i t!d i gil d t s c:be i glt:d e .
R. E. BREED Br,_ CO.
100 WOOD STREET.
COAL! COALS! COALM
DICKSON, STEWART & CO.,
Having removed their Once to
NO. 567 LIBERTY STREET ,
(Lately City Ylour Nall SECOND ELOOB.
O k rz a .:7 - 1. I reput. ttfi.) CURL ollx 4 T en u tt?;,
lowtst irorket price.
All orders tem at mall,a or Ildlettrard to
tpem Through the will be attended to
SHEETINGS AND BATTING.
HOLMES, BELL & CO.,'
ANCHOR COTTON MILLS.
Man tac =ran of HEAVE MEDIUM and DIEM'
Amami .AND ausirous
gmALETINGS AND BATTING.
PEARL MILL FAMILY FLOUR..
NUB'. MILL Three Star Green Brand, equal to
FRENCH FAMILY FLOUR.
• ThiTour will only oe sent out when, 'eat:4,-
6141 y ordered. •
P la MILL BLUE BRAND.
E l i
Equal to beat ht. Louie.
. P • • • L JOLL RIM BRAM%
- :' E CORN FLottaiwrirog.l o l lour.
R. T. LIMED! & 88%
All hem', Sept. 9.155 K. PZ*RL MILL.
Moat' NOM ENGINEER,
And ecaloitor of Patents.
Mate of P. F. W:A C. Railway.)
Ofilce, No. 79 FEDERAL STRICE7',
2, op stairs. P. O. Eon SO, AL LEGHENY
MACHINERY, of all .descriptions, designed.
BLAST_ FIIRNAcE and ROLLING MILL
DRAW INGO furnisned. Pattlealiir attention
Paid to Seagoing COLLIERY LOCOMOTIVES.
Patent@ confidentially solicited. Akir An EVEN.
iNG DRAW 1/40 CLAM for mechanics every
' , WEDNESDAY NIGHT.
111.11JA30211 8110111111,41,.... •...IPITILIP .0111
Cl INGERLY & CLElS,Elnecesso
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The only Steam Litho/mato /Utah'!Magni
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Diplomas. Portraits, VIVO% Curt Scates of De.
Enatu, Inrstailou car o4 . M.Mus. IM anti TM
rd'rni street. Pittsburgh.
HAIR AND PERPMSIMIT.
ijaOHN_ PECK; 'ORNAMENTAL
HAIR WORKER ANI/PERPUMER. No.
Third'street. near 'Smithfield, Pittsburgb.
Alwaks i zn hand, mineral usortment or La
dies. 10d.L...kAN , CURLS: Gentlemen's
win& Pass. RC at, HUARD CHAINS.
BRAM/LIMN - M. ,pr A , rude Price. in cash
„ in b• wren NI! RAH. RAM - •
Ladles' and Gentlemen ' s . Mintz, done
' the neatest runner.. natant)
- OF AMMER%
OFFICE IN FRANKLIN SAVINGS BANK
No. 41. Ohio St.. Allegheny.
A HOME COMPANY, Managed by Directors
wei, Known to the community, who trust by fair
dealing to malt a Owe of your patronage.
HENRY IRWIN President.
GEO. D. RIDDLE Secretary.
• - - - • - .
Henry Irwin, 1 Li:L.Tatterson, Win. Cooper,
Ueo. R. Riddle, !Jacob Franz, Elottielb s'aas
Simon rum, J. B. Smith, Jacob Bush
W. M. Stewart, Ch. P. Whiston, Joseph Craig,
Jos. Lautner, H. J. Zinkand, Jere. Nohen
NATIONAL INSURANCE CO.,
OP THE OITY OP-ALLEGEENY.
Office, No. 89 FEDERAL STREET, entrance
on ntocrton Avenue.
FIRE INSURANCE ONLY.
W. W. MARTIN, President
JAS. E. STEVENSON. Secretary.
A. H. English O.H.P.WISLams
Jno. A. Eyler , gas, Lockhart,
Jas. L. Grahani . , I
Jno. Brows , Jr. Geo. Geist,
VITERN INSURANCE COM.
NT OP PITTSBURGH.
• =ANDER 1 , 1 MICK, President.
WM. P. HERBERT. Secretary.
CAPT. GEORGE NEELD, General Agent.
°Mee, 9S Water street, SPialf Co.'s Vi 're
house, up stairs, Pittsburgh.
Will 'azure against all kinds of Fire and Ma
rine Risks. A home Institution, managed by Di
rector. who are well known to the community,
and who are determined by promptness and liber
ality to maintain the character which they have
assumed, as offering the best protection to those
who desire to be insured.
. Alexander Nimick, Jonn B. McCune,
R. Miller, Jr., Chas. J. Clarke,
James McAuley. William B. Evans
Alexander Speer, • Joseph Kirkpatrick.,
Andrew Ackleu, Reymer,
David M. Long, Wm. Morrison,
D. Ihmsen. ' nr47
FIRE INSURANCE CO.,
OF 1.0141301 V.
ESTABLISHED 1803. CASH CAPITAL PAID
DP AND INVESTED S
ING $8,000,000 GOLD.
Insurance strainer Fire erected On Houses and
Buildings, Goods, Wares and Merchandise,
Steamboats, tc. Polleles issued payable in gold
or currency. air United States Branch Office,
40 PINK STREET. New York. .
AU losses of the United bine, Branch will be
adjusted In New York.
J. Y. BIei..AUGI-FrIAN, Agent,
Office, 87 FOURTH STREET.
MR. McLAUGHLIN is also Agent for the Man.
liftman Ltfe Insurance Company. set.:vl2
INSURANCE COMPANY OF PITTTSBUREIN
OFFICE.. No. 16TX WOOD STREET, BANK
OP COMMERCE BUILDING. • -
This is a Home Company, and Jimmies whist
lose by Fire exclusively.
LEONARD WALTER, President.
C. C. BOYLE, Vice President.
ROBERT PATRICK, Treasurer.
HIIG McELHENY. Secretary.
Leonard Walter, DO Ge se romWlison,
C. C. Boyle, Oeo. W. Evans,
Robert Patrick, J. C. L ippe,
Jacob Painter, J. C. Planer,
Josiah King, John Voegtley,
Jas. H. Hopkins, A. Ammon.
Henry Sproul. Jy4:
AGAINST LOSS BY IFIRA.,
FRANKLIN INSURANCE CO.' OF PHILADELPHIA,
OFFICE, 433 it 437 (311168TNITZ ST., near i TII.
• _ •
Charles .T. Ban ker, M ordecai H. Louis
Tobias Wagner, David S. Brown,
Samuel Grant, • Isaac Lea,
Jacob R. Smith Edward C. Dale,
F eorge_W. Ricllard George Pales.
CHARLES G. BAN President,
EDW. C. DALE, Vice Prealdent.
W. C. STEELE, Secretarnpro tie.
J. GARDNER COlrtul', Minim
North West corn -r Third and Wood Streets.
MICK, N. Z. CO*ltft WOOD & FIFTH STS,
Capt. John L. Rhoads,
Fork]; Ri n t, Ps ' Samuel P. Shrives,
John. E. Par Charles Arbuckle,
Capt. James k Ailles. Jared M. Brush,
Wm. Van Kirk, Wm P. Lang.
James D. Verner Samuel MeCrickart
WM. PHILLIPS,' President.
JOHN WAW A __ lee President.
W. 7. GARDNER, Reece**. y.
Dip?. JAR, GORDON, General Agent.
0414 LL EG MEN Y INSURANCE
COMPANY OP PTITSBIIRGIL
ICE, No. 3T RUTH STREILT,BArrit BLOCT.
insures against all kinds of Fire .and Marine
JOHN IRWIN, Ja., President.
JOHN D. McCORD, Vice President.
GT w k
maA.N S . e c G r e e nal
John Irwin, Jr., Crpt. Wm. Dean,
John D. McCord, B. L..Fahnestock
C. G. Hussey,. W. H. Everson,
Harvey Childs, Robert H. Davis,
T. J. iloskinscm, Francis Sellers.
Charles Hags. Cant. J. T. Stockdale.
W. iitACKEOWN 4, BRO.,
AND M.11:15CTACTIIIIIIIS Of
MOVED TO t% 195 LIBERTY STREET,
White Window Lead, Glass Ind Glassware st
Manufacturers urines. deb
ELECTIG SUMMER CORDIAL,
An Infallible remedy for Summer Complaint.
101iirlieraphigrr. Vorellang, Sour litomaeb
1111. MIS' CRIMP CURB,
A species for Cholera, OraMpa and Pain and
Stomach, fox sale try
h, IQ MUM.
•.• • :
Corner Liberty and Wayne Streets,
L SOEOONMAKVT k SON'S
PURE WHITE LEAD .
McCOY'S - VERDITER GREEN,
The only green pai nt that Win not deteriorate
u. exposure. It will look better, last longer and
trt e g n 2a x :ric r iV e ! tsatialletion than any paint
GREEN OIL CLOTH FOR WIN•
DOW SHADES—We are
superior anufactu ring this Wide of a quality in finish,
anti at prices lower thane can be had of any East
ern manufacturers. , Dealers will Ifnd it to their
interest to examine our goods before purchasing
elsewhere. J. & H. PHILLIPS,
anditS Sixth St., formerly bt. our.
F ;,~ ~,
J. Tbompeor, ,
I Jos. MKaylayers,
C. C. .
Gre4er. riargahas than
Ever will be offered to
close out Special Lines
of Goods ; at
ONE ITUNDEED TONG
4 bilbinbrt e
The highest market ' prices and quick sales
guaranteett, Mark packages distinctly and send
H. l . BALLARD ak CO.
New York. • - noi7•aBl
a+t '::w~v.~4 ' a~. t
._ .Su': 'aw n
TO MEET THE GENERAL DESIRE OP
THOSE who Lave been deferred from purchaatne
until after the drat of the year,we have concluded
to continue oar
GREAT REDUCTION SALE
FOR A FtW WEEKS LONGER. This Is posi
tively the last opportunity to secure bargains In
Oil Cloths, Mattings, &c.
Good Carpets for 25 cents a lard.
No. 23 Fifth Street.
n. - E11:;k1:140TIOPPli ! !
We offer our stock at reduced
prices for a SHORT TINE be
fore commencing to take stock.
Now is the tine to buy.
BOVARD,ROSE & CO.,
21 FIFTH AVENUE.
51 51 53,.
51 Ilfth Avenue,
'VE WOOD STEEKT.
71 AND 73 , FIFTH' AVENUE,
a. 0 •