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FIST ENTIR T.
wwF-TAFIP P' 0c1431
(Bq Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.l
NY'Alorprupoxi Jannury , 9; 1889: , -
'The statement telegraphed to some news
pagers,-,that "Chain:qv 'H. StiOsv, of the
~National Intelligenter, had been appointed
_CoMmissioner to examine the Union Pacific
Railroad, in place of 'Cornelius Wendell,
,resigned, is not true- He has been appoint
ed. Director of that road, vice J. S,. Rollins,
:of Missouri, resigned. -
The fractkinai crartencr‘printed during
the week amounted to 5 716 , 5 00; shiPpcients,
,5442,315. National Bank currency issued,
1121,010; amount in circulation, $29,982,679;
_fractional currency destroyed, 5624,400.
Receipts from December 21st to 31st, inclu
sive, 53,111,407. -
Want:o4l*W, January.l o l),—. r. The ;state;
ment that abbut 050;000 stands to the credit
of Judge Busteed, in the Bank of Mobile,
as untrue: Judge Busteed expresses his
conviction that the Committee on Judici
ary will dismiss all charges against him as
unfounded and frivolous. ,
DR. MUDD, THE CONSPIRATOR.
The petition for, the pardon of.Dr.-Samuel
Mudd, aadreased to — the 'President and
signed by Democratic Senators and Repre
sentatives, has been placed in the proper
;channel for conSideration.
-The,ROeht litemPtils-01 to
Mississippi River Railroad—The Legis
, lature--'lhe Franchise Law.
-Ley Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.)
MEMPHIS, January 9.—The Grand Jury
,to-clay found a true bill against S. A. Doran
`for murder in the first degree for killing
Whitheld yesterday, ~,-Doran was
,removed from the station house to the ftail;
'and 'a heaVy guardiftsced sirtnind `it last
night. But for thirt, doubtless he would
have been lynched.
k The Board of County Commissioners yes
'terday subscribed $300,000 to aid in the con
struction of the Mississippi River Railroad
hence to Paducah. Active measures are
being to fen the'friendef.bf. the Rirtuito
• -secure its completion, with good prospects
°f t sii c ' 3B 4 l3 ;- , •-•- •
• vrtti,--saituity` charm%
.;Speaker of. the House of; Representatives,
and delegate ' the • Chicago, Convention.
. for the State at large Introduced a bill in
the House, to be submitted to b;vote or the
:people, authorizing the - 'Convention to be
;composed of members of the present Leg
, 4slature, to convene on the 22d of February,
to enfranchise the disfranchised' people of
.;the State.r - - , The bill:Caine the" Muse,
,ta-day.portit: made kteabledebate, speech'
in sup of The b, after
• 'lves indefinitely postponed. Mr. Richards
is a thorough, National_itepublican, advo
cated in Imo Ilur bill allowing-colored pea
. ple to testifyin Court, and
maj voted for their
enfranchise but the orit in
with him on thelluffrag y e
;tion. Admitting his ability and trustwor
thiness, they do not think the time forgen
,eral enfranchisement has- arrived. The
• subject will hereafter come up in another
;shape. The - 111FICItur have much to do
=.• !with the state of, feeling On r the franchise
• PeddlitigMtitiout_ State: Idcense:—ltoper.
taut Decision of the Maryland Supreme
L IBT Telegraph to the Plttsburgh.Gazette./
BALTlMOitit,:_diirmary 9.—Cider Justice
Scott of the Supreme bench of this city,
assigned to the Baltimore City Court, to
day delivered an opinion in the habea. cor
pus caseof Henry , Dresettet, non-iesident
Artdiei." Drescher is a resident of Newaik.
2.7;1.,1iiid was arrested and committed tq.
jail Decnmbei' lith, eharged with violiting
.the act. 'of General Assembly of Marv
:land Which forbids any person, not a resi
dent of the State, offering or exposing for
sale goods,Wires,,,tc., without first obtain-
inga license to do so.
The petition .aljeges . teat he is a citizen
;qf the State Of Now JerseY, and clain2s that
the is not liable under said act,
First,-Because the actin questicor is • in .
violation qt.the Bth and 10th sections ef the
dint article of the Conatitution, and
; Second, Because said act is in of
:the 2d section Of aziacin '4 of the' violation
• - 'lion of the United States.
• , Judge Scott decides that the Constitution
:of the United States does not give-any cop
:trot fo Congress over the domestic trade of
4. the State* add concitidei an - follows: "I am
,of the opinion that our State act in. ques
;- tion is not in violation - of the Constitution
;of the United States, and thatthe petitioner
:has no cause of complaint. It is therefore
adjudged and ordered that the petition be
dismissed and that the petitioner be re
rindqd to the , custody of, the Warden until
ifichargain due•tiotrrsetilf litisCi* The prix-
:obey 'can be admitted to bail any time."
ADerscher was accordingly recommitted.
Earthquake.: at Collma--Bills Leveled.'
and Trees Uprooted—Loss of Lite by Fall; •
• ing Buildings.
:By ..'elearstalt to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
Jan.. 9• —A letter from
Colima, Mexico, gives an account of a terri
hie earthquake experienced in that city on
he molting of December 20th. For sev Arai ;•
days previous the volcano of Colima,
atilt, miles from the city, exhibited symp.
' thins of internal commotion, sending forth
smoke And steam, accompanied by rumb.
,ingsAnd shakings of the earth, and on the
" !Doming of the 20th by a gentle rocking of
the i earth, which gradually , increased in
lolepce until the walls cracked and every
' ;fling! brAakable in the houses was dernol,
.I;abed. The - vibration, from the northeast'
lo the: sonthwestr 'mod' - nearly forty sec
-,nide. The cathedral, Warehouses and
prick buildings cracked from top to bot
mn. people started from their sleep and
:Ind rushed frantically for the Plaza.
It is reported that several persons were
' , tilled by the falling of the National Hotel.
The Amok was felt for a long distance in
he interior. In several places the ground
4etted, trees were uprooted, hills leveled.
Rater courses changed, and a general up
iteaving of the earth took place. At the
aity of Manzanillo, the,Cathedral building,
!rich had stood the shookanf earthquakes
;pd itorms for over a century, was riven
'rim top to bottom. Evert the tiles can the
roof were broken. Some eighteen or
?, - wenty persons were crushed by the fall=
,At the American - Hotel three
Ethers were buried In the ruins,
NEW YORK CITY.
The United States Senatorship—Naturali
zation Frauds Investigation --An Alleged
Up of the Ice In the Hudson Anticipated.
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh 4aiette.l
NEW YORK, January 9, 1869.
The Tri une to-day supports Marshall 0.
'Roberts for United States Senator. The
Sun understands there is a movement on
foot to bring forward }Jr,.n Ransom-Balcom,
Judge of the . Supreme Court in the Sixth
district, as a, fourth i or fifth competitor.
Henry R. Pierson, President of the
Brooklyn City Railroad; has accepted the
office of Financial M'aiitiger of the Chicago
and Northwestern Ballot:lad, and will Miaku
the'city of Chicago his future home.
Dr. Howe, on behalf of the Cretan Relief
Committee, appeals to the public not to be
misled by - iyitnr , Turkish reports, but to
give the Cretans sympathy and abundant
The Evenfitg Teigram asserts that three
or four of the witnesses "takenn - befdie the
Congressional. Committee of Investigation
in this city are notorious English thieves,
counterfeiters and burglars; that they were
the parties arrested by the Sheriff at the
order of the DistrietAttorneY, and that they
were subsequently recognized by the police.
One of them, rumor has it,: says the Tele
gram, volunteered inforinatien that they
received fay dollars apiecelortheir infor
mation concerning eletitionfraidS,':.
Hon. A, J. Rogers has 17en appointed
public administrator of the city of New
York, and has taken the oath of office.
Eight Missionaties,hound to Chins, and:
Japan,- sailed--in - the 'California steamier
The dry goods firm which failed in Bos
ton yesterday is stated to be:Lowrie, Blood
Jas. Logan, who is'charged with having
murdered , Chas.-M. Rogers, in 12th street,
on Thursday, Decetnbei 31st, this morning
walked into the 20th police precinct, and
surrendered himself.to the officer in charge.
The police claim the•evidence in their pos
session is sufficient to insure the conviction
of the prisoner.
An extensive thaw has revailed at all
points along the Hudson for the last week
and all the streams-leading into the river
are, greatly swollen. All along the river
crossing - is very dangerous. • Frbm Rhine
beck to - this city there are Many large
cracks, extending ,froni' shore to - ahore.
Boatmen and other experienced river men
fear. a sudden movement of the ice, unless :
the,weather Should soon change. To-night
-the' weather is growing colder and there
are - indicatiops that thelhaw Itt'abont over.
x Arrived, steamers Etna and - China, from:
- Among the witnesses to have been
examined before the Congressional Com
mittee to investigate the alleged 'election
frauds-in this city were Gov. Holftrm,
Judge McCann, Hon. Will. M. Tweed; Hon.
Chas. E. Loew and - others. - Mr. Loew teas,
tided that naturaltiatlon papers were is.'
sued by him only to such pars - ions as had
appeared before a Judge authorized to con-'
far naturalization Upon them..-,The action'
of_Sheilff O'Brien has created some feeling •
arneing members of the Committee, and it is, •
said they will' Dreiritit l o 'Cohgress next
week. fr;The Comullt a short time ark
held a Session in time C ty. Clerk's office,4
where they examined the. naturalization'
Nsw YORK, Jan. 10.—The _World publish
es a statement of Sheriff O'Brien relative
to his arrest' 'of *finesses in attendance
vestigate the alleied election frauds in this
State. The Sheriff states that the Commit
tee sent for him on Friday afternoon to
come over, that a man was swearing to
things reflecting upon his 'charaeter. He
told the Committee some of the - men out
side waiting tostestify were' thieves, and
that Col. Wood sent them over to testify
against him. He asked the Committee for
permission to take them to the Sixth ward
station house, before . Capt.. who''
wonldidentifyliiiim. After some hesita
tion they consented. He took three men
down to the station house and Capt. Jour
dan told him privately that they hung
about with thieves, but,(i) not, like to say,
anything 'about it. ' `accuses 'Marshal
Murray of hiring thieves to swear away re
spectable men's - character.
Jam Logan rharged with the murder
of Mr: Chas, ,Rogers, and who last even.
ing surrendered himself to the police, con
tinues to manifest apparent unconcern and
professes the utmost confidence of being.
able to' prove his innocence. - Prom
statements made by the detectiVes
today it would seem that they
b egin.euterttiindoubts ; '
the gain -of Logan, and think the
cumstances pointing to him as the guilty
party_ , are, susceptible of an eSplanakion
compatible with his innocence. It is said
that Logan's sister and other reputable
witnesses will prove - that he was at the '
house of his brother-ioslaw when the crime
was coniMitted. A:notber, potion. ettirgqd;i
with the murder was'arrested to-day, but
_after an examination, ,was
The steamship Allemania, from Ham
burg via Southampton, hat-arrived.
-Excitement Among the siVancr Concern
ing the Forthcoming Prize Eight—Snit
tEy Telegraph to the Pittsburgh easette.l °
ST. LOUIS,' January 1 0.—There'is a good:
deal of excitement iniong the fancy here
in relation to the prize. fight_ _to come off
next Tuesday between Wm. M. Davis and
Tom Allen. The battle field hes not been
deterinine&upon, but it is understood that
it will 61E6 place on an island In the Missis
sippi river, above Alton, Illinois, the place
where Davis fought IcieCoole. A steamer
for the conveyance of the priiiciPais and
spectators will leave the levee at seven
o'cloek Tuesday, morning. tis reported
that a fight between Charley'Gallagher and
Jim Elliott will be foughtin
_the same ring,
and a light • weight contest "will also take
place between George Looney and Jimmy
Adams; but nothing seems to be definitely
known in regard to the matter. Quite a
large number of_ sports are here from
abroad, among them several renowned
James A. Boyd has brought suit against
the city for ten thousand -dollars for in
juries received from falling in a hole in one
of the street pavements:
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh eazette.l
TALLARABSE, January 10.—In the Senate
yesterday Lieutenant Governor Gleason, in
vacating the - Presidential chair called on
Mr. Meacham, colored member, to-fill
Mr. Gleason then retired , and sent in his
resignation as President of the Senate,
which was accepted. The Lieutenant Gov._
ernor being aState °Meer, and by, a previa-,
ion of the Constitution the President of the
Senate, the proceeding is deemed irregular
and of no value, as the resignation should
have gone through the Executive Depart
ment to the Sinate, and the , question arises
whether he can resign the functions of the,
PITTSBIT RGIJ, IM ONDA
FOIIR O"CTL.COC:Tr. A. NC.
NEWS BY CABLE.
The Conference Paris On the East.
ern Que stion—Peaceful Result
• - •
Looked For—The ChiniEse Em
bassy-in FranCe7Preference for
Espartero as the Head of the
Papas, Jannary'lB.- - -The n e nee for
the. settlement of the disiante between
Greece and Turkey met in this city yester
day. Their first session • was a 'low, one,
commencing at fenr o'dlock in 'the after
noon anctterudnating at eleven o'clock at
night. The-Greek encl./Turkish representa
tives both manifested a very conciliatory
disposition and a peaceful result to the de.
liberations of the Conferente is looked for
ward to with confidence. The next session
will take place on Tuesday, January 12th.
The Obiaelal,jetuital lays` the Extibasaa
dors of,China, now in this city, are receiv
ing every honor and attention, and declares
that Mr. Burlingame's position on the Em
bassy is entirely satiefactbry to the Em
peror._ • Tho., Embassadorshave, a
formal audience with The Emperor at an
• . SPAIN.
MADRID, January 9.-A grand banq u et
was given at Seville last evening. . All the
municipal . officers of, that' city and many
other notables were present. One of the
features of the banquet was a complimen
tary telegram, which was sent to Espartero,
wherein the guests expressed their prefer
ence for him, arthe head of State, whatever.
the decision of the Cortes may be relatiVe'
to the future form, of goVernment: .
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 9.—Tlie Greek
'Bice Book, copies of which have been re.
calved here, contains a statement that
Gen. Ignatez. the Russian ••Embass.tdor to
the Sultan's Court. had assured Mr. De Ly
annis, the Greek Minister here, that the
Sublime Porte would not repress any action
of Greece in reference to Vreta. 11.
MARINE NEWS. • "
Qtrasasrowri, Jan. 9.—The steamer Aus
tralasian, froua New York, arrived'thhs
morning. • _
FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL.
Art.rwunT,, JerMary,9.:.=—Petrolenm firmer.
at .5055 franca. • ' -
FAANKFORT, J anuary 9.—Flve-twetdies
PARlS,January 9,—Botuse quiet. Rentes
70fr. 40c • -
Loanoar, January 9.--.Consols money
92%a92%; account, 92%; flve-twenties 75;
Erie,2o%; IlHub's. 96. Stocks stead y .' Lnpoor., T ,January active;
Middling uplands, 11%,11;;; • Orleans, 11Xa
11%; sales 2,000 bales. Breadstuffe quiet,
California white wheat lls. 12da125.; Red
West, 10s.alOs. 2d.; Flour ,295. Corn 275.
for old, and 355. for new. Pork, 925. 6d.
Beef, 105 s.
,Lard, 735. Cheese, 71s. Bacon,
565. 6d. Petroleum unchanged. Tallow,
FRANKFORT, January 10.—u. S. bonds
quoted today at 7914,
HAVRE, January 9--Evening.—Cotton
closed buoyant at Vat 50c. for tree ordinaire
on the spot, and 129 f. for low middling to.
--Coy. Chan, of Massachusetts, was'in
augurated on Saturday. !:
—Mail advices confirm previous. reports
of the submission of the Cretans to Turkish
--Sweeney's grain elevator; at Blooming
ton,lllinois, was burned on Friday' -night
of ist weekt ' '`•
Carswell, who murdered Abby
Sanders, a little girl, was executed at Rome,
N. Y.y on the Bth inst.
jail a P t a O tr t i tcakw D o C o a dy a d la a t e o ly n co pi ne on
mlapism, died on Satritaiar. 1 • ;;
--Charles Westmoreland, bearer of the
electoral vote of California, ,died of small
pox at. Panama, December 31st.
phis -- -r-sers'4l; Wens' foundry, In Philad&
waS damaged by fire on the evening
of the 7th, to the amount of 18,000.
—Adviees from. Sandwich Islands 'state
that the alsva trade Is openly carried on:be
tween the Islands and the coast of South
• r r re • • ,
'meeting:of the erchants of „ Mon
' treal, Canada,respecting the so-called silver
nuisance, Mr. Wer's plan to. export two
millionis ofailver was unanimously adopted.
ileekt, proprietor, of, the barber
shop tyad bath rooms in the Sherman
House block, Chicago, died so suddenly on
.Sfiridat morning, that foul' play is fillip'
pected: 4 • -
publishes a leer
DrSamuel G. e, saying the latttestfirom
liable news from the interior of Crete indi
eatia that the insurrection was in full blast,
_no talk or thought of , submission.
— Munitetrick,,the• Magistrate who was
arrests gn - .Canada charged 'with cOnspi.
rimy to release Bogart. who was arrested
' under the Extradition act„ has been liber
ated!on hail. ,A large portion of the money
stolerr by Dogart'has been recovered.
to t—McDivit, of Chicago, declines Dion's
challenge play three push shot American
billiard games of 1,500 or 2,000 points, for
two thousand dollars a side each game—the
first !in Chicago, second an Montreal, and
the third in New York. He will only play
the push shot game, for five thousand dol
lars side, In Chicago.
• —ln the Kentucky 'House of Represen
tatives, on Saturday, a joint resolution was'
introluced, ordered printed and referred
to the Comnaittee on Federal Relations,
respectfully requesting Congress to remove
all political - disabilities that may have at
tached to any: citizen of Kentucky by virtue
of the Fourteenth Conetitutional Amend
—.General; Sherman having received in:-
formation - that four hundred ledgea of `Ua=
mamma Indians had arrived at Fort &S
-corn, New Mexico, and desired to surren
der, he notified them that no:surrender
would:be accepted except at Port Cobb, the
object being to have all the tribes on the
plains within watching distance of-General
• —Late Alaska advices state that a portion
of the garrison buildings, at' the mouth of
Stickeen fiver,• were destroyed by fire.
Captain Kent:my, of the United States'
army, committed suicide by shooting him
self through the heart. News from,Queen
Charlotte' coal mine is encouraging. Sitka
is nearly depopulated. Some three ,hun
dred people left for St. Petersburg in De
, JAN i_A.RI/ . 11, 1869.
The Erie combinations are said to include,
bylease or other arrangements with more
than fifteen., hundred miles of affiliated
roads, an aggregate already provided for of
two thousand one hundred
miles of broad-gauge railway, to be ope
rated substantially, if not actually, under
one single management. This combine
tion now connects New York with Chicago,
and if reports be true, is soon to grasp with
a firm hold upon Omaha, the terminus of
the PaCine Railway: The world !Cooks upon
the exPandifig bubble with admiration for
its brilliant hues, and patiently waits for the
A. scrip; ividend of fifteen per cent. in
Cleveland and Pittsburgh Stock, soon to be
'declared,' is'talked of on Wall street. The
new Board is said to stand nine for Erie and
thinelcht the old managenient.
The Ci&innati Commercial states thati.`the
Peimaylvania Railroad Company have ob-_
tairtedpossession of the Cincinnati,Wilming
ton and.Zanesville Railroad, and after the
coMpletiortof some additional work will give
;an - uninterrupted through line." The an
nouncement does not surprise us. We have
long wondered why, that road, ,with its
splendid, alignment, and really immense re
sources, has notheen sooner picked up by
one, or the other of the great, competing
Trunk-Hilo' corporations. The through line
spoken of will be completed by supplying one
link Of sixteen miles between Dresden and
Zanesville, and another, of thirty-five
: from Morrow to the western part of Cin
cinnati. The Port Wayne might have se
cured, in the one hundred and thirty miles
of the Wilmington road already in Opera
tion, a Cincinnati connection of its own, by
completing its. Millersburg branch, fifty-two
miles, to Zanesville—and the Wilmington
bargain'has been at its command for years.
It has now lost that opportunity.
It is reported,, both fats New Ycirk and
Cincinnati, that the Erie managers, failing
to secure the control of the C. H. & D. road,
are about to contract for the construction of
another road, to be an air-line from Cincin
nati to Dayton, thus supplying the last gap
in the broad-gauge 'connection between New
York and Si. Louis, Such, a fact would ex -
plain the decisive - movement of the' Penn
sylvania Company in now grasping the
Wilmington line, which may be column
dated with the Pan-Handle road at any mo
ment, and thus secure the connection of
Cincinnati with Pittsburgh, : far the first
time, in ... _ .
Unbroken line, under one man
agement and one Proprietorship. This
makes the Pennsylvania Coiripany,.*ltii ate
affiliated interests, for the first time entirely
independent of the Baltimore it, Ohio (Cen
tral Ohio division) from Newark to Colum
bus, of the C. C. & C. from Crestline to Co
lumbus, and of the. L- M. and. C..& X. from
Columbus to Cincinnati. The connection
with the latter point has hitherto been en
tirely at The mercy - of the three corporations
named, one of which is notoriously nn
friendly to the Pennsylvania interest,z and
the two others are quite too wealthy, power
ful and seiiConfident to be always profitable
and reliable allies.
As thin& now look, the , Great Central
Trunk line from Pittsburgh south westward
is soon to abandon the Columbus , route.
Folloiving the Pan Handle to Dresden, and
thence to Zinesiille, it will penetrate a rich
mineral district and then pass through Fair
field, PickaWay, Clinton, Fayette and War-
ren counties, the wealthiest agricultural and
stock-raising'counties of Ohio, deriving
large returns from its local traffic, lending a
powerful impetus•to the development of tne
material resources" of a region' which has
suffered from the lack of facilities for its
through business to the sea-board, turning
to account unrivalled_ advantages of align.
met which live'been io long and strangely
neglected, and yindicating, at last, the sa
gacity which; eighteen years since, tined'.
pated the result now about to be accom
Tfitit the new line will defy competition
is evident when we consider that it will
_Pittsburgh and Cincinnati within a
ten hours connection by express trains.
From this fact, also, the merits of-the new
line, for freight traffic,. may, be inferred.
Zanesville, Lancaster and Circleville • will
find themselves in the railway world once
more, and we congratulate their citizens
upon the' flattering prospect before them,
if this programme be realized.
The Reconstruction Committee still have
under consideration the question whether
the election held in Mississippi for the rati
fiaittion of the new Constitution was a fair
one. Governor Sharkey was before the
committee this morning. It is believed the
committee will makera report to. the Hotise
recommending that the election be set aside.
Advice from Alabama represent that af
fairs in that State continue 'bin deplorable
condition; and that murders of Union men
voting for Grant continue to be of almost
daily occurrence. Several leading Repub:
licans at Huntsville have been warned to
leave the. State by members of the Su 7 Rlux
organization, or be summarily dealt with at
an early day.
General Grant's attention has been called
to this condition of affairs, and it is ex.
peeled he will give the. necessary orders to
the military to arrest all the violators of the
peace. It is represented that the civil au
thorities are unable to afford 'protection to
A powerful lobby is organizing here to
defeat Senator Sherman's Railroad bill,
which provides for chartering three new
roads out )31- Washington. Nearly all the
officers ot the' roads between Washington
and New York are here, • endeavering,
through personal efforts - and the use of
money with the lobby, to defeat the bill,.
which _ takes out of their hands the great
monopoly' controling the entrance to the na
tional capital. The feeling Is very strong,
and from present indications Sherman's bill
will be passed by a large majority.
DEATH OF HON. 3. MINOR BOTTS.
The death of the eminent gentleman whose
name heads this article was announced in
these columns on Saturday. His passing
away has caused much sorrow to the loyal
people of the entire country, who looked
upon him as one of the few monuments left
standing to tell that all the Southern people
did not prove false to the Union in its herd,
of trial and theirs of temptation. A man of
much force, decided ability, and tenacity to
principle, he ever held the golden opinions
of his fellow-citizens throughout the coun
try, but never more so than when he Stood
conspicuous for loyalty in the face of trea
son and rebellion. His life affords ample
study. Had he been less true to that which
he believed right, less daring in denouncing
what he held to be'wrong, less loyal to his
country and less courageous in espousing its
cause, he might have been spared much trout
bit, and vexatious persecution during the
later years of his sojourn in this world. But
after all, his unyielding stand on the side of
his government, brought comfort in his
dying hours, knowing that he had remained
faithful among the faithless, and never by
thought, word or act, had stained his record
us citizen or statesman, even though breath
ing the atmosphere of treason, and`deserted
by dearest friends, and by them persecuted
and hated, because, forsooth, he could not
lose sight of his allegiance to the Union
and its flag and join the enemy in the at
tempt to divide the one and disgrace the
other in the eyes of the whole world.
He was born at Dumfi les, Prince William
county, Virginia, on the 16th of September,
.1802. Soon after his birth his parents re
moved first to Fredericksburg and after
ward to Richmend, where they perished In
the great conflagration of -the theater in.
1811. After the death of his parents Mr.
Botts was bent to school, and at the early
age of 18 was admitted to fib! bar. After
devoting six years' to the practice 'of his
profession he retired to his farm, at Hen
rico, Virginia, and employed hi time in
agricultural pursuits and study. In 1833 he
was elected to the Legislature, and in 1834,
when the Whig party assumed definite form,
he became one of its most ardent and prom
inent supporters. In 1839 he was returned
to the XXVIIth Congress, and became an
earnest advocate of most of Henry Clay's
measures, among which may be mentioned
a national bank, a' protective tariff, and a
distribution-of the public lands to the sev
eral States. In addition to the political
support which he afforded Mr. Clay, he was
also his warm personal friend, and to the
day of the death of the Great Commoner
tus friendship continued. In 1839 he was
a delegate to the Convention at Harrisburg,
Pa., which nominated General Harrison.
Soon after the accession or Mr. 'Tyler to
office, Mr. Botts took the occasion to sound
him as to his politicaLophdona..andfinding
that he had seceded from the Whig party he,
abandoned him, feeling that to adhere to a
man who had forfeited his word in one in
stance would be rendering himself to further
treachery. Previous to the interview in
which the discovery was made, Mr. Botts
had numbered Mr. Tyler among his most
intimate friends. After the interview he
wrote a letter to a friend in which he inti
mated that it would be necessary , to "look
after. C'apt.Tyler.", In fhe Presidential
elimpaign he used his influence in favor of
Mr. Clay. In the Ce . ngress 0f,1843 Mr.
Botts was left out, but in 1844 he '6ms again
elected for the third time. On the expira
tion of this term he retired to private life,
and has since held no official position. When
Mr. Clay died, and the old Whig party be
canie extinct, Mr. Botts became Identified
with the American or Know-nothing party,
by which a futile attempt was made in 1859
to nominate him for the - Presidency.
In 1852 he resumed the practice of his
profession at Richtnond, and as he was
known as a man of great talent and legal
ability, he met with much success. When
the war broke out he was still at Richmond,
but after in vain using his utmost endeavors
to prevent the State of Virginia from taking
the suicidal step of secession, he retired to
his farm and there resided throughout the
war, an object of hatred to the rebels. In
March, 1882, General Windeil whose name
, has become notorious in - connection with
the .Andertionyille brutalities, made a des
cent the residence of Mr. Botts with one
hundred men, and becaiise he was a 'cons's
, tent Union man, arrested him'and conveyed
him to prison, where he was held in solitary
confinement for eight months. The alleged
reason was that Mr: Botta was thought by
the Confederate government to be engaged
on the secret history of the Confederacy;
but Asa strict search failed to disclose any
of the documents pertaining to the said his
tory, and as the release of Mr. Botts was
not ordered whetelt 'was &aid that he had
been engaged in
„, no treasonable work
against - the so-called - Confederacy, it liefair
to presume thet the prosecution was prompt
ed by the motive' above Stated, and not by
any fear of secret histoty. „
After the defeat and amender' Of. Gen.
poll Mr. 'Botts became' deeply: in - -
tereated tical affairs,'laborlng earnest:,
ly and faithfully for the early restoration 'of
the State to the Union. ' But his Unionism
during the war was a bar his suceess, and
his suggestions were either totally disregard;
ed, or, where they chanced to coinelde with
the interest of the "first families" were very.
reluctantly adopted. In 1860, when the
Convention of Southern loyalists was held,
Mr. Botts was one of its most , prominent
members, and a year afterward he became
one of the sureties of Jefferson Davis. Of
late his energies have been constantly giving
way, and although during the late canipaign,
he expressed an ardent' desire to aid in the
canvass in favor of Gen. Grant, his physical
failings prevented him. "
Tux Commissioner of Agriculture reports
that a system of international agricultural
exchanges has been established between his
department and the most celebrated Botanic
Gardens and Mnseums of the world. In this
country over. 20,800 plants have been sent
from the experimental, garden at Washing
ton to all partied' the United States. As to,
the disposition of seeds . 592,398 packages;,
including 32,129 wets of, winter wheat,.
have been distributed.
ksl officer, of the army, who visited Major
General Geo. H. Thomas at his headgear
ters, the other day, hail an interesting con
versation with the General, tinring Which
the old patriot corrected the general im
pression which. prevails, by stating, in the
most emphatic ,language, that he never was
a Democrat in his life.
Emtr e ,ration to the South
A Bremen bark recently landed at
Charleston a company of. 230 able-bodied
German mechanim and farm laborers, who
were on their way to the Western States,
via Baltimore. Effortg, however, have
beßn made in Charleston to induce these in
dustrious foreigners to remain in South
Carolina. The newspapers of Charleston
state that mechanics are greatly needed
throughout the upper part of South Caro
lina, and that permanent employment
would be given to those who would remain.
In reference the farm laborers, the follow
ing plan is suggessed: In the most fertile
and healthy sections of the South thousands
of acres are lying idle, and in these regions
a German family could be employed for a
year for the cost of theirfood and clothing
and ten acres - of land. These ten acres
would be worked by the laborer , during the
second year, and thus a large quantity of
land would be brought into cultivation.
The necessity of retaining these 250 Ger-.
mans by any feasible plan is pressed upon
the citizens of South Carolina. The same
views in reference to the settlement of emi
grants have been expressed in Mississippi,
and resolutions inviting strangers to Mad
ison connty were passed at a large meet
ing of citizens, he'd_ in the county town,
New York Items. . 4
During the past ten days failures to the:,
extent of about ten million dollars, have
occurred in this • city in the dry goods
trade. Other houses are reported in an
unsafe condition, and additional suspen
sions are predicted.
About sixty or seventy brokers, who,
loaned money at exorbitant rates, last week,
returned the illegal interest to-day, fear
ing they would be prosecuted and deprived
of the principal.
'The members of Plyniouth Church are
very indignant at the Herald for comparing
the late sale of pews to stock'operations
in Wall street, and declaring the church a
gospel shop where things are knocked down.
to the highest bidder.
The Independent Union, McKeon, Mo
zart and other Democratidfactions, ate form
ing a combination against Tamthany, and
passing resolutions at secret meetings to de- :-
stroy its power. The factions say_Tamma
ny has all the offices and is guilty of all the
corruptions, the odium of which the entire"
party is compelled to bear. The leaders of
these.factions have tried hard, for sometime:
to get into, the ring, and being unsuccessful
they have grown virtuously. ndignantt
A Buffalo company have purchased some
forty acres of ground near Sharpsv_ille,
Mercer county, and intend to erect a rolling'
mill and steel works next suminer,
mencing in'the spring. It is also stated thati
four, furnaces located at Sharpsburg are in ,
in full blast, and have capacity to turn out \
120 tons of metal . each day, consuming about
160 tons of coal every 24 hours.
The ore from which
-this metal is manu
factored is brought from the Lake Superior
mines to Erie; and frourthis point shipped:
by canal to Sharpsburgb, a distance of some, ,
sixty miles. What is not -worked at the
rolling mills of Sharon and. New Castle is
sent to Pittsburgh for that purpose; and t6'
work'up a portion of the metal made in that
section by these other furnaces is the ob
ject of the Buffalo company in erecting ,
their work's at the point designated. With —
Pittsburgh south of them, of course the per->r
pose of this company is to find an outlet for
their manufactured iron by bringing it to
the lakes, and from thence find their
bating point, east and West. Re.:
LATE letters from Egypt say that the
Lord Mayor, the newly appointed Governor
of India and Lord Napier visited the canal
of Suez, recently,-in -the company of Ferdi
nand De Lesseps. They crossed the Isth
mus on the schooner Lenville, of the French
Navy, 'the first war vessel which has yet
gone from the Mediterranean Sea by water.
Seventeen thbusand working men were em-'
ployed on the canal, digging about two mil
lions cubic meters of sand per month. All
that remains to complete the canal is to dig s
twenty millions cubic meters more, which"
can be easily done in ten months.
I'HE forty, or fifty millions of dollars sent
South, from New York, have been or will
be absorbed there. The flow of currency
in that direction i£l still going on, but on a
diminished scale. More will -go in the
spring, in the shape of Northern capital,
which, under the temptation of the high
price of cotton, is.seeking investment in that
region; Schemes for transporting North- .
ern wealth aid labor to the South abound
among our men of enterprise. Emigration
has set in, and will be large next season.
—The sale of stamps and stamped en
velopes at the St., Louts Postoffice last year.
amountpd to 6242,406; amount of money or
ders issued, 8208,504; orders paid, $566,981;
number of letter carriers employed, 44;
mail letters delivered. 4 ,386,114;. ideal let
ters delivered,.; 616,071; :newspapers de
livered, 1,8:1%030; letters collected.
035; newspapers c011e0ted,333,356. ThiaOes
not include letters and papers delivered;
through the postoillee lags, and shows a
large increase over the business of 1887;
The total expenses of this office, including:
salaries of postal route agents and draft*
sent to Postmasters in the interior for bal
ances due them, amounted to 5123,706. -
—A fire in Cairo, on Saturday,'-destroyed
the clothing and furnishing house of Stein
heimer it:lttario, and ,three saloons, be
longing to Andrew Bain, Marshall gam_
brick, and Patrick Fitzgerald. Total loss
about 140,000; insured as follows: North
America $2,000; Ffaxtford, $3,000; Phoenix,
,ktna, $3,000; Enterprise, $2,500; Se
curity, $1,500; Sangamon, $2,000; Albany,
$l,lOO. Steinheimer & Marks saved about
one-third of their stock in a damaged con-•
—A Harvard College student,- named
Alger, while, passing through Boston, Sat
withy, engaged in-an altercation
an old man named Maxwell, and after/
talking to him in an -insulting manner
slapped him in theface. The old man ,re
seated by drawing a large `jack-knife, and
plunging it once or twice in the student's
6 0 wels, causing wounds which are likely to
prove fatal: Maxwell was arrested.
—Three counterfelterft,with a lot ofnicket;
coin, and ,implements to manufacture
were taken 13eibre the United States Cora:
missioaer, at Cincinnati, on Suturday, and ?-
committed to jail in default of bail. =
• UMW% January 10- 4"vening.---No. 2
snring wheat last night was neglected, elos
qg at f 1,15. In Provisions a moderate busi
ness was done; sales of 1,000 bbls mess
pork, sellers for February, at f 29,50, and
5,000 pounds short rib cured /wise at 15Ne
on the spot; also 100 tierces Lard, sellers
for February, at 19;ic.