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The War Cloud in Turkey and
Greece -- Hostilities NV Yet
Commenced—Humors of Nego
tiatiOns for a Settlement of Dif
ficulties--Cortez Elections in
' - Spain Proaessing Quietly
Minister Johnson -and the Ala
(By Telegraph to.the Pittsbnigti. Gazitte. r •
' Lorrnort, December 19.—Dispatchesfrom
COnstantinople resort that the Turkish
Vonimander, Onaer . Pasha, has been forb id., den by his GU vernmentto invade Grecian
ierritory, unless armed bands of 'Greeks
pass the Theasalian frontier.
. , •
• PArtis,-Deeember 19.-The .3foniteur has
" the following details of the Erosis affair:
The Eros's answered Hobert Pasha's signal
- with a shot, and sought immediate refuge
fn the port of 'Syria,?.where she was block
atied by vessels of the Turkish fleet.' Ho
- bert Pasha announced his willingness to
abandon the blockade on condition that the
Erosis should be to Athens , by a
Giecian frigate, and there await the result
of judicial proceedings for the outrage corn
The following dispatch has just been re-;
calved,. bearing date of Constantinople,
• .Dec. 19th: The. Greek Anibassador in this
.city to-day demanded of the guaranteeing
powers the protection of Greek subjects in
Constantinople.. The French Ambasador, on
the part of his government, declined ' to
move in the matter. -The Porte- demands
'the banishment of all 'Greeks from Bulga
ria and Belgrade:
It, is said the Russian Governrrient has
sent a note to the . French Government in
• 'relation to the questions at issue between
'Greece and Turkey. Telegrams from St.
Petersburg sa y and reat
Powers. agree thatßussia
both the othe Por r
te G and
' - Greece should delay action for five- days in
order that negotiations for a settlement'
,of the question may be attempted.
,newspaper says the ^ En
-vOys of Turkey and Greece have not left
their respective posts at Athens and Con
The Pattie says the naval commanders
'have been instructed, if they can help it, to
avoid a struggle With' the Turkish vessels,
which would at present only weaken the:
Grecian cause. , The same journal says the
Athenians are exultant 'over-, the prospee-,
tive war with Turkey- deputations
froni Patras, Cor f uf and Corinth
,protest, against the. action of the gov,ern
anent as ruinous to Greece". The Athenians
•expect a revolt oy the Greeks in the Turk
ish pravincesof Thessaly and Macedonia.
The latest advioes from Atheiis'State that'
the government of Greece has not Yet taken
steps of a defensive character. -
The Monitesr says the Powers who sign
•oad the treaty of 1856 continue to urge con
' ciliation on both the Greek and Turkish
The Pcifrie asserts that the Porte will sub
mit to the Great .Powers documentary
proofs that Greece intended to incite Lunn
-rection in the 'Turkish Islands and then
take possession of them.
CONSTANTIROPLE, December 18.—The
-Greeks in this city ask the peivilege of re
maining herein case of hostilities between
the two countries, agreeing to preserve a
strict neutrality. A corps has been organ
ized and is ready to proceed to Greece at
-short notice. Turkey continues tranquil.
• Losiiox, 'December Ip. - The Times in
•commenting on the speech recently de
livered by Reverdy Johnson at the Bir
beck institution, says: “The num of Mr.
Johnson's - policy 18; that trifles, 'must not
prevent the-preservation of peaceful rela
tions between&figiand and America." The
Times hints thit the American obstacles to
the treaty should, therefore, be withdrawn.
LoNnOrt, < Deoember 19.—Mr. Laird pub
lishes his cOrreepondence with "Reverdy
Johntski today-''Mr. Laird made the first
friendly advances in acts before the Liver
pool banquet. Mr. Laird invited Johnson
to visit him to hear the former's wishes for
a lasting peace. Mr. Johnson could snot
'accept the invitation for lack of time, °los
'Mg his note as follows: “Notwithstanding
you, sympathized with my Southern breth
.during. the war, I shall have much
pleasure in making your acquaintance,
and hear your sincere wishes for peace."
LONDON, Dec. 20.—The-latest news from
the east is more pacific. The Government
at Athens,which has hitherto been swept
. along by the popular eagerness for war with
the Turks, is now disposed to listen to the
protests of EurOpean powers. This dispp
• sition, strengthened by the rapidly grow
ing sentiment in favor of peace, may avert
war, if_the Sublime Porte will grant time
for further negotiatimr. It is understood
0 the western powers 'sustainthe Sultan's ul
titnatum to Greece, while the Russian in
. terest of the _Greeks will seek to modify the
terms. • .
Ayumor which prevailed in Paris yester
dayibat the Rt"safari government had sent
an aufalrorable note to France on the east
ern question, proves to hare been a canard,
'invented to depreea'the market.
The forebiding allusion to the eastern
:Question.' made by Lord Stanley on •the
13th of November, In his speech to his con
stituents at Lynn, - is regarded'as one of the
secondary causes of the crisis in tha`East.
SPAI PI .
MADRID, "December 19.- 7 .1 t has been de
•cided that the Cadiz insurgents are to be
tried by a Council of War but that in no
case will the extreme penalty, death, be
The elections for members of the Cortez
are proceeding In Incorporated cities. There
has treed no disorder. A large majority of
those elected are favorable tothe formation
• of monarchial "form of government. ,The
Government authorizes the statement that
the treaty of peace with Chill may be con
aidered an accompliehed fact.
Manarn, December 20.—A riot broke out
at Toros, In the Province of Zamora, caused
by the hostility - of some of the people to
•the organization of the'National: Guard in
the town. It was quickly ! suppressed by
- the authorities. •
The Cerrespendincia asserts that fhb Car
lists have formed•a deep and widespread
conspiracy for the possession of the;Govern
ment and that they only await the breaking
out of the strife between the ,Liberd par
ties of the country to develope their designs.,,
• • FHA NCE.
Pants; December 20.—E -Queen Isabella
.of Spain has made a visit to the 'Emperor
.at the Turneries. • I
By Teiegraoh to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
WASIIINGTON, December 19, 1868,
Mr. POMEROY introduced a bill to pro
vide for the re - assembling of the Constitu
tional Convention. of Georgia, and instruct
ing it to amend the Constitution so as to
place beyond all possible doubt the right
of every citizen of the State, black or
white, to hold office. 1
The bill requires the re‘assembling of the'
Constitutional Convention within thirty
days after its passage, and provides that
the amendment shall become part of the
Constitution upon its approyal by Congress. .
The bill was referred to the Judiciary Com
Mr. HARLAN offered a resolution re
questing the Judiciary Committee to report
a bill for the re-apportionment of Represen
tatives in Congress, in accordance with
section second of the Fourteenth Amend
Mr. HOWE offered a resolution, which
was adopted, requesting the President to
inform the Senate whether any rent had
;been paid for Libby prison at Richfriond,
and to whom and•by what authority.
Mr. SPRAGIJE offered a resolution,
which was adopted, directing the Commit.
tee on Finance to inquire into the expedi
ency of allowing !the importation free of
duty of fire arms to be again exported after
receiving American improvement.
Mr. CHANDLER moved to take up the .
House bill fixing the duty - on copper, dice.
After discussion the motion to take up the
bill was lost-22 yeas to 24 nays.
Mr. NYE presented the credentials of
Mr. Gilbert, • Senator elect from Florida.
Laid on the table.
Mr. MORRILL, Me., offered a resolution
requesting the President to inform_the Sen
ate whether any instructions had been
given to proceedings instituted to prevent
payment to Laird & Co., builders of the
Alabama, of the proceeds of the steamer
Wren, built by them for the 'Confederate
Government, and now in the hands of the
Assistant Trealiurer at New York, and to
secure the payment of the proceeds of said
steamer to owners of vessels destroyed by
the Alabama. Adopted.
-THE INDIAN WAR.
The Recent Battle With Black Kettle's
Balid—lnforniation from General'. Sher
:Bp Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Uaaette.t
ST. Louis, December 19.—A letter from
General Sheridan, dated Depot on the Ca
nadian River December 3d, was receit ed at
General •Sherman's headquarters to-day.
It gives information 'derived from Black
Kettle's sister by General Sheridan, in sub
stance as follows: The Indians were en
camped, first, Black Kettle and other Chiefs
of Cheyennes and a small party of Sioux,
linen thirty-seven lodges; eight miles down
the Washita were all the Arapahoes and
seventy addliioniff lodges of Cheyennes,
also Klowai; then Apaches and Camanches.
While thus encamped war parties were
sent out composed of Cheyennes, Kiowas
and Arabahnes. They went north in the
direction of Fort Lamed, and there was
still out another party comFosed of Obey
ennes and Arapahoes, the returned
trail of which led General Custer
into Black. , Kettle's village. This
party brought - back three scalps
one of which was that of an expressman
killed and horribly mutilated between
Forts Dodge and Larned, just before Sheri
dan left the former fort. The mail he was
carrying was found in Black Kettle's camp.
Another party was mixed, and went in
the direction of Fort Lyon,'and are still
out. About the.time the first of "these par
th3s,started, Black Kettle and onesub.Chief
from each band went to Fort Cobb' end
brought back provisions given them at that
Fort, and while they were gone, or about
the time of their return, the last war party
referred to was sent out. The women are
of the opinion that they will all sue for
peace at. Fort Cobb, as the result of the bat
tle with Custer. They would have
to Sheridan's camp had not the opening at
Cobb been held out to them., -
Oen. Sheridan then says: I shall start for
Fort Scott as Soon as the trains from Dodge
arrive. Had it not been for the misfortune
~of.the Kansas regiment getting lost and the
heavy snow which rendered their horses
unfit for' duty, we would have closed up
this fob before this time. As it IS I think
the light is pretty, well knocked . out of
them. Thirteen Cheyenne, two Sioux and
one Arapahoe chief were killed. The
Government makes a great mistake in giv
ing these Indians any considerable amount
of food, under the supposition of necessity.
The whole coikntry Is literally covered with
game, and tbere are more buffalo than will
last the Indians for twenty years, and the
turkeys are so numerous that flocks of
from one to two thousand have been seen.
The country is also full of grouse, quails
and rabbits; herds of antelope and deer 1 1
are everywhere and even ran through Gen.
Custar's train while on his march. The
reservation laid off for the Cheyennes and
Arapahoes is full of game and the most
luxurious grouse.. Blabk Kettle's sister
reports three white women In the lodges
below Black Kettle's camp.
!Another letter from Gen. Sheridan says
the mules belonging to Clarlea r train, pho
tographs and 'other articles taken from
the houses robbed on the Saline and Sol
omon rivers, In Kansas, last fall, were
found In the Indian camp. The Indian
women prisoners say most. of the depreda
tions along the line of the Arkansas were
committed by . the Cheyennes and Arapa
Victims of Recent Steamboat Disasters Dis.
[tly Telegragoli to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
- CuretNrrarr, December 20:—The wreck of
the steamer United States is at the dock in
this city. Two bodies were discovered‘in
it this afternoon. both scarcely recogniza
ble. One was that of a man with an eagle
tattooed in bine On the left arm. "Tho sex
of the , other body could not be ascertained.
Twelve victims of the,same disaster were
buried here yesterday.
On the wreck of the J. N. McCulloch,
near. Madison; Ind., the body of a colored
deck-hand, named. Jackson, was found on
Wednesday. On Friday, the body of Chas.
Gibson, of Pittsburgh, sweep, fifteen year
old, was found on the same steamer.
,1 [THIRD SESMON.I
SENATE: Georgia Ileconstrue•
ti on — Reapportionment of Con
grerional Representation --
Renit of Libb3- Prison—Buty on
Fire Arms—Motion to Take Up
Copper Tariff Bill Lost lira
ceeds of Sale of. Confederate
Steamers. ROUSE Not in Ses
ITTSBURGIT, MOT , . DA
_ THE _CAPITU
Character of the Indians Eft
couoterid by Custar's Troops--
ApPrapriations by Coligress-:
Itettirit of - Gen. grant and See.
rotary 'Schofield. •
1.14 Telegraph to the Pit i taburgh Gazette.)
' WASHiNGTONDecember 19, Belk . , 2 '
• • - N t OltitiratT/ONIB. -
The President nominated to Om *mates
Et: for Of;j4er*
nal Revenue for Second District
Robert D. Andreivei;-COMlotrar
Branch Mint at "Denser ortyri-anvo;geas
W. Stillwell, of Ihdiana
in Venezuela. ' • •
The following appointments' h vftb een
made: -Gouger—Hnbert McClevroti, \Third
Ohio District. b r iorekeepers—Henri3r. At
trict; Levi. Templeton, Seventh O hl; •Dis
trict; Joseph C. Kelly; Second lowa District.
WASECIN-GTON, December 20,1868:
' RECENT FIGHT wrria , =RAM..
Governor Evan; of Colorado ; is herB and
says the large number of , horses , found bt,
General _Chstar in the - Indian camp at the
recent battle Is evidence that guilty and
not innocent Indians were attacked, and .
that the hostile bands of Cheyenne; ArIK .
pahoes, Kiowas, Camanche and Apacha
tribes have run off in that direction thous._
andsof horses and mules taken froin , the
frontier settlers of Colorado 'and Kansa;
emigranttralus and the government
the last four years they have been warring
on the 'white; Gov. Evans is confident ,
Gen. Sheridan will have propositions'.for,
peace from those Indians themselves, and
that after their punishment the peace will
The following are the appropriations.
made during the second session: of the For
tieth Congress, as recently compiled: De.
ficiencies for execution of reconstrucion
laws and quartermasters' department t for
the year endingkjune 30th, 1868, $12,839,196.
21; Military Academy for tbe year ending
June 30th, 1869, $278,512; Postoilice Depart
went, $21,069,000; consular and diplomatic
expenses, $1,212,434; army expenses, V3,-
082,993; naval expenses, $17,356,350; legisla
tive, executive and judicial, $17,906,317.09;
sundry civil expenses, 38174,379.66 pen
sions, $ 30,350,000; deficiencies for the year
ending June 30th, 1868,' 61,163,026.64: In
dian Department for the year ending June
30th, 1869, $3,847,528.45; miscellaneous, 610,-
274,418.08; t0ta1,1160,551,885,85. •
Gen. Grant and staff, Seeretary Schofield
and other military gentlemen returned to
Washington this morning from Chicag• .
Violent Wind :Storm-,0, rein Dizaage
(By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh pazatte.)
Citnitoo, December 20.—The windcom
menced bloWing last evening about ten
o'clock with great violence and has contin
ued without any seeming abatement up to
this hour, seven o'clock P. it. Considera
ble damage has resulted therefrom, the
more serious of which, is the destruction of
a new brick building in course of erection,
covering lots Nos. 71 and 73 Adams street,
just west of State: The building was fifty
feet front and twolundred feet deep. The
walls, which were of brick, hadreached the
fourth story, and each story was a single
room. It was to 'be occupied by Coon t
Tweedwell as a carriage factory, and when
completed would have been one Qf the
largest and finest in the country. - The own
era of the building are Ogden & Tweedwell.
With the exception of the rear section thir
ty to forty feet long, the 'building ificom
pletely demolished. What remains stand
ing is so cracked and otherwAle damaged as
to render it necessary to complete the work
of destruction by the builders, unless the
heavy wind that still prevails should anti
cipate them, A small frame building on
the east and a small brick structure on the
west were completely unshod to the ground,
by the falling walls, ana in the latter an old
lady and a child were severely though not
dangerously injured. The loss on Ogden
& Fleetwood's blinding will probablyreach
ten thousand dollars, which will fall on the '
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
HAVANA, December • 19.—Generals Espi
nar and Latorre, with three hundred and
fifty soldiers, arrived to-day In the steamer
from Spain. General Espenar will relieve
Valmazda, and General Latorre will com
, mend the Eastern department.
A Spaniard, who had been taken prisoner
by she insurrectionists, made his escape
from Bayanio. He reports thata Spanish
Major and Captain, belonging to the gar
rison who had refuSed to capitulate, had
been executed. Other officers had -been
put in irons, and the soldiers had been set
to work cleaning the streets of the town,
which was destitute of provisions.
Bayern° was defended by but few men,
nearly all the 'revolutionists being in the
field. The insurrectionists continue in the
neighborhood of Manzanillo;
Rumors have reached here of an engage.
went. between the troops and insurgents in
thevicinities of Halquin, Santiago de
Cuba and Bayamo.
Building Improvements in St. Louis.
My Telegraph to the Pittsburgh assette.l
ST. Louts, December 28.—The Democrat
and Times publish statistics of the build
ing in St. Louis during the present year.
The Democrat says two thousand and eleven
buildings have been erected, of which 1,514
are dwellings, 908 stores, 54 manufactories,
20 school houses and 11 churches; of these
133 are stone fronts, 1,642 brick and 236
wood. The estimated cost of these build
ings is $15,080,000. The Tidies devotes over
thirteen columns to the statement and de
scription of the .varions improvements, and
says the number of buildings erected will
exceed 2,500, and that their value is from
$28,000,000, to $30,000,000.
(By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
RICHMOND, December 19.—Xunuleutt's
paper, the New Nation, which stopped -its
daily issue some weeks since, wholly sus
pended.to-llay. Tlie editor reproaches the
Republican managers here with having
presribed him, and announces himself as a
candidate for Congsess from this District
in opposition to the regular taorninee.
CEMBER 21. 18e8
NEW YORK CITY.
CE7 ye egruph to the rlttsbargh Gazette.)
• NEW YORK, December 19, 1818.
Cbi f Justice Robertson, of the Superior
Court f New York, died last evening.
The teamer St. Laurent, from Brest on
the St , arrived to-day.
Gove nor elect Hoffman has declined the
escort y the 7th regiment to. Albany on
- the occasion of his inauguration, on account
of the fact that the trip will put the regi
ment to great expense add cause the intro
duction in CorrinaonCouncil of an appro
priation to meet such expense.
At the order of Judge Nelson the motion
to quash proceedings in' the Fullerton case
was indefinitely postponed by Judge Bene
dict in the United States Circuit Court to
•• •da y. ,
• The SIAM Army Corps Union wilt bold
a Eggdalmihunion at Del monico's Wednesday
emeriti:4, - General Sickles will preside and
Geriatils ileintzleman and Hooker are ex
;protest to be present: • ,
NEvr Your, December 20.—The -Con
gressional Committee to investigate the
election frauds in this city have arrived
andwill commence sessionsto-morrow.
Commercial , travelers are hblding meet
tre with ,the object of framing a pe
tion o Cangr tO take relative
license laws of am
and States. the
' The skeletons of az - lumber of the martyrs
of the Wallabout prison ships were die.-
covered in excavating a drain at the Navy,
i lcard•yestosably and arrangement, made for
A memorial in opposition to the bill
which passed the United States House of
Representatives increasing • the . duty on
eoplier has received the signatures of lead
ing mercantile firms. .
The bank of Candor, Tioga county; was
broken open and robbed on Thursday night
of i 131,000.
' The Herald's Havana letter of the 12th
says: It is a fact that a gigantic insurree
tion-ailitii in that Island; that.it is support
ed or countenanced by the great mass of
the native population, tbe exceptions being
insignificant in point of numbers; that it
has had nuinyeneountera with the Spanish
troops, hi which its supporters indicted,
quite as much if not more damage than
they suffered; and that the best informed(
-among the disinterested and unprejudiced
are'already beginning to calculate on the
ultimate success which shall leave Cubans
free and independent.
Peruvian Fleet Difficulty at New Orleans.
Mt Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazet.e.:
:NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 19.—The steamer
Havana or Maranon is again in trouble, the
Collector - haring threatened her seizure on
the ground of violation of the law in not
exhibiting pi oper papers when they were
Called for, and that the changing of her flag
was irregular.— The facts are as follows:
The vessel was purchased in New York by
the Peruvian government, her owners con
tracting to deliver her at Southwest Pass,
or wherever the Peruvian monitors might
be. On her arrival at Southwest Pass the
transfer_ was_ made. the Peruvian flag hoist
ed and her former Captain retained as sail
ing master, when the' American register
was sent to New York • for cancella
tion. Senor Garcia has been notified by
her former owner - that the register
cancelled was not intended to bring the
vessel to this city; but while' lying at South
West Pass repairs to her machinery be
came necessary and she came here under
the Peruidan flag, and has since been the
victim of continued misfortunes. Having
:=lloen thacause of Aitniattfiderststnding bet
tween Minister Gitreitiand'Collector Fuller,
yesterday officers boarded her and de
manded to see her papers.. The Captain
replied that • the vessel belonged to the
had no papers to
exhibit, and referred the officers to Minis
ter Garcia.. The latter has received'no'ofti
°lel communication in reference to the
matter, though he notified the Cu.-tom an
thoritiett that the Havana 'belonged to his
Government; and expressed his readiness
to answer any charge against her.
The whole trouble originated in her com
ing here for repairs. Had she remained at
South West Pass no notice would have been
taken of her. Collector Fuller states
charges have been made against the vessel
of violation of law, among others that pow
der had been landed from her in the night,
and that the law compelled him to seize
her unless her pipers were regular. He,
however, has referred the matter• to the
at Washington and Will take
'no further steps unless en' advice from'
there. The vessel's manifest states she'
cleared for-South West Pass.
To-night Secretary. McCullough tele
graphed. to Colleetor Fuller to be govern
ed by section sixty of the act of 1799, and
informed him that Secretary Seward had
charge of the question of nontcompliance
stated the law by the. Peruvians. It
Collector Faller has ordered the
revenue cutter Wilderness to intercept the
Maranon should she attempt 'to go to sea
withoutamthority from the Custom House.
Twenteiht of ih officers crew for
the Peruv y- ian g fleet arr e
ive'd last and
monitors are still lying at the mouth of the
river. • • • -
—There,were thirty-thiee deaths in Mem
phis during last week.
—The Tennessee Legislature adjourns to
day until after the holidays.
—Jasper 0. Griffin, a well known banker
and cotton merchant of Memphis, died sud
denly; Sunday morning.
—At Lewiston; Me. on Saturday, Garri
son's block of stores and offices were
burned. Loss $15,000; insured.
—The steamer Era No.l was sunk in Red
river on the 17th inst., with eighty-eight
bales of cotton on board. No lives were
—A Havana letter says it is rumored and
generally believed that the Havana lottery
is to be suppressed by the home govern•;
—The Oridge 'at Elmore, Ohio, on the
Cleveland and Toledo Railroad was burned
yesterday. Connections will be broken
—The State Senate of South Carolina has
revoked the sentence of suspension against
Senator Leslie, of Barnwell county, and
re-admitted him to his'seat.
—At Nashville Sarah'Boyd, an old Irish
woman, whose husband left her a abort
time since ' was found dead yesterday in
her bed. She died of starvation.
—L. F. Goena committed suicideat Louis
ville, on Friday night last, by shooting
himself through the head. His irife's jeal
ousy is supposed to be the cause.
--Judge Nelson, of the United States Su
preme Gaud has issued a temporary in-
,unction to the Shore Railroad, restraining
the bridging of the Conneaieut river.
—An unsuccessful attempt was made on
the night of the 18th, at Thompsonvllle,
Mass., to throw the New York and Itoston
midnight express train from the track.
—ln Charlotte, N. C., on Friday last , a
dispute arose In the Mayor's office between
a negro 'and Josiah Gleason, tunrominent
merchant, when the former drew a pistol
and killed Gleason. Tba affair created in
For the Pittsburgh (hurtle.
MESSRS. EDITORS: Another term or lec
tures is now just passing away, and we are
as far from scientific discourses as we were
last year. It seems incredibje that a city
like )'ittsburgh, with its vast population,
cannot boast of such necessary aids tohnow
ledge. A manufacturing town should cer
tainly be the very one to encourage, by
every means, the spread of science, for is
not sctence the cause of, all manufacturing
improvements, and by its aids are we not
taught to invent or to simplify mechanical
adaptations? The new processes of making
steel, iron, and the very 'manufactures
Pittsburgh boasts of, are due to its discov
eries. Why should we here be dependant
upon the work of other countries for our
newest and best applied modes of making
the articles by which we live. Why - should
not Pittsburgh boast of such thetas Farady,
Lyndall or Blackwell? Surely where the
need is the greater the means should be
found. It seems strange that science should
be scouted where it is very neee. -Nary. This
locality is noted for its wealthy citizens,
many of whom have nobly risen film the
ranks of the artizan to occupy places -in
the lap of wealth and luxury. Is
science a stepping stone to- wealth—for -by
its teachings we can more easily accomplish
our manufactures, and if labor be saved will
not wealth accrue. Ideas are very progres
sive,and although a few- years ago science
met with a great ,many enemies, especially
among ministers of religion, who, when the
great science of geology-was first promalga z
led to astonish the world with its merle - 0:1mi
truths, and give a real explanation of na- ,
ture, condemned all who believed in less
infidels, or even worse. Now geology le
tauglir in most of our theological colleges,.
and can voted', and prove if necessary,
that a full, clear and true knoWledge of the
ology cannot be obtained without an under:
standing of geology. Space forbids enter
ing on this subject. This assertion maw
astonish. some of our antiquated divlneeir
but the man of theory and true Praeti all
ideas can easily discern its truth and cause.
It is only of late years that the people of the
west have turned their attention to science,
and have before that , time depended upon
the dkoveries of the learned .of
Great Britain and Europe, tbr . even I
shier scholastic requirements. The
time is however changing, and will eventu
ally change. Of what with few exceptions)
great diseov6.ies can the United States boast
of in comparison with the grand and noble
truths of Famdy or any other great men of
science of the Bast; diseovenes from which
we reap benefits?... Is it right, or is it hon
est to rely upon other men's knowledge
without endeavoring to add to it ? We can
not• expect a scientific man to spring from
nothing. The knowledge of science is not
a natural gift s like oratory; it requires study
and close attention before even a smatter
ing of. it can be obtained, and how carefal
and with what eagerness does a scientific
man _still farther search. for secrets. The I
first application to science is like a draught I
ranOf enchanting water,.making
University, more thirsty
The Western niversity, with -its noble'
rray of learned professors, offers good andi
extraordinary inducemenis in the study of
sclences.bat are its classes well attended,
ate ( ita Indtmementr/y Boughs - .after'?"
Something shaulebe done; surely parents
are not the same.' as the ignorant laborer,
who, being requested- to send his son to
'school, astonished themissionary by stating
that he had lived fifty years without being
able to read and write and had done well,
and guessed his eon. could do the same. It
should be made the duty of the father to
give his children the highest education his
means will allow, for education, if rightly
used, is equally of as much value as wealth.
Twenty years from now the world will be
considerably changed, and men will have to
possess more knowledge than at piesent is
thought requisite, otherwise they will be
unable - to keep up. with an enlightened age.
How proud., and yet how humble, the I
man of science feels.- -Education. is they
true basis-of superiority, and if aristocracy '
is to exist in this republican country (and '
it already absurdly exists,) let it consist of
the learned, for then true aristocracy will
exist. Science teaches, independent - of its
own blessed treasures, a great many points.
It has a tendency to remove that false pride '
we almost naturally possess, the self-imagt
nation that we have no peer; for researches.
in science,. or a true study of nature, show
us how small we are, and the deeper we dig
into its mysteries the more humble we be--
come, and: illustrates wonderfully how
meagre and insignificant are man's ideas in
comparison with his Creator's.
Let ua trust that if it be too late this sea
son for a course of scientific lectures, some
hied friend will take the initiative before
next term, and endeavor to remove the in
cubus. It only requires energy and a little
capital, and I feel assured that with a little
perseverance and patience a scientific lee.
tare will be sought gladly by all classes of
society. PERCIVAL BECKETT, M.. E.
eauctioti of the state Debt.
Govdrnor Geary has issued a proclama
tion communicating the welcome intelli
gence of the extinction of two millions,
four hundred and fourteen thousand, eight
hundred and sixteen dollars and sixty-four
cents of the State debt. , This reduction has
been effected in the space of fourteea
months, ending November 80, 1808, and is
a triumphant vindication* of our State finan
cial system under Republican administva
lion. As affairs are now managedy the peo
ple of the State may look forward confi
dently to the extinction of the whole State
debt before many years. In view of the
fact that this favorable condition of ;he
State finances has been
.brought about with
out any increase of the burdens of taxation,,
it is highly creditable to the State adminis
tration and, will meet with the emphatic:
sanction of the people.
ThE New York TrOuno, speaking of the
proposed abolition of the franking privilege,
says: "A poor man who wants to write to
his son in the far west must pay postage on
his letter; but any scamp who can make a
fac simile of-a Congressman's stamp can
mail a car load of useless rubbish every day
in the week without paying a cent. Some
thing might be gained by abolishing the use
of frank stamps, but the only true way is to
• A RESIGNATION.-Mr. H. Notinghamhas
resigned his position as. Superintendent of
the Lake Shore Railroad. Mr. N. has-been
Connected with the road for the past •fifteen
or sixteen years, and+his resignation is uni
versally regretted. It is stated that, he will
accept a prominent position on the Union
"Chrbtnia.3eomes but once a year."
This is a glorious hearty old proverb, fall
of generosity and permission to go to ran
lengths enjoyment. If the children scream
more loudly than usual with delight —if the--
boys and girls dance and frolic more wildly
—if Jack takes an extra glass, or paterfa
milias purchases a present which is a little
too extravagantnever mind it for once—
"Cbristmtrs comes but once a year!" - For
get and forgive good folks, and we willfor
get and forgive in tarn
tap,the wine and draw the beer.
Christmas comes but once a year."
"Christmas is talked of so long, that it
Comes at last." .
Thisis an old Norm= French proverb':
On a font crie ; 4 ,reer que .enfin it eat venta.
It is another cheerfnl proverb . ..4dß of 'the ,
spirit of the season, meaning.that,whatever
trouble or darknesa May intervene, light
and joy will come at last. .rt lathe same as
"It's a long lane tliat has iffo• Minh:4," or
"a fast day is the evn of aleasCday.": : Per
haps it may have the suspicion of an eM su
perstition, that, if we only _haulm; =and
weary away at anythrng long enottigir, wee.
bring it to pass. So, then,
"Talk alt. ere snismersim.- •
CilZiStMaA 61:11TV/0 Collie arlast:
•,`Aftar Christmas comes
This is Grman; -Vlach' Iqiiidai,liba
kommtFasteiy. This is a warningt and sol
emn, proverb, something like "it ia.dirlenn- -
der the lamp," However,. as the Panes
say,. Amboldt eaßcke rad for en god‘l'orritam
mer, the anvil does not icar a good sledge--
hammer, and he who has had a glorious ,
feast-Ide finds so much rational pleasure Ire
a season of sobriety and quieter joy.:
• 'The bow cannot always bent;
Pass Christm.s comes the sobor Lent."
"A green Chrlstmnemakes a, fat eburchyard," •
A...Darrish provexh: En grtra ,rung fxen:
en fed IfFnegaarn.. This is merely the old:
sanitary and Weather theory, that,unseason
able weather is urrbealtlijr. When it is,
• warm in winter, imprudent people expose
themselves to the damp, unhealthy air, or
become impatient of too much Warm - cov
=ering and are caught in "a cold snap to
their sorrow." In theold times, when most
people dwelt in .badly warmed badly con
structed houses, such changes in the weath
er- were of much greater significance than at.
"An old bit of a trotlifhl rule—
Cilristrrie gre,u a ano , rchyard fell."
Closely allied to this, but without, its terri
ble warning, 3ve have the German proverb;
Ist dans:wetter !in Weilinarht getind,
ireut .Icb Alaon, Well) and Kind "
Willett in English means •
".s the weather at Cbri3tmas t.•
It Is joy to man and wite and chltd."
"'Christmas la good tlme to bleed horses tn.'
This was' an oid superstition, arid was -
clasely followed. The horses.were - run• up
and down until in a sweat,. and then bled.
As Tusser ; 4
' Ere Cartsinaa be :aa.se.l let hones•to be let blood,-,
For !tinny.al pUrpo.e I . t doth themmuch good. •
green Chris(lnas, a wbite Easter."
"Gruene.Weinaehl, tartese Oirtern."
German, of course. The same has another
()stern 1w Schnee "
"If Chrhttroas bath &over,
.haster with snow It be heaped over."
AM - the same people say: "let dat Wetter
um Weihnacht gellnd, so wrahrt die Kreite
gewohnlich lange his Frueljahr-ltinein."
..!..tinte4iittkeAcathex4s...utjtd at , Christmas,
cold weather lash - .into;siring." All, or
which• proverlm reneite important modiftha
lions, when appliea , to tins otr North Ampr--
jean climate. -
Arnong.other sa.'w and rtmverbs,:cridch..
may .De cited in brief,.are
"Merry Cbrl,•trae. balmy New Year.
Your pockets fuu of money and your barrels
of bet r."
"A Christmas box with five nails in it. '•
,Herri,ck's • little poems and rhymes on_
Christmas have become proverbial. ' They
may be found in his- "Charms. and Ceremo—
nies." Eib, too, hi Tusser's hearty exitorta--
Clop, with which Lconclutle
'•AI Christmas be merry and thankful withal,
And feast thy pour neignbor,, the great with the
Philadelphia. Press.. •
A Clear Case or Confidence..
A day or two. ago, say.s. the Cleveland,
; Leader, a young tadderdenallon entered one
of our prominent - wholesale houses and ac
costed the kook-keeper with say Mister,,
won't per please lend me a quarter?.l want
as start in, busizieseaS a news. boy, awl I'll.
pay yer back the money, surer, The. be--
, nevolent young man quizzed the, little ur
chin for a few minutes out of curiosity, and'
he toldhiestory with such apparent honesty
that he created a favomble impression upon.
the book-keeper, andhe gave him a quarter
to set him. np in business. With many
thanks and the most extravagant assurances_
that he wou'd repay him the following day,
the lad bouaded oue of the store. In.. less.
than an hour four or five:more little ra,ga- -
muffins came in, each begging for a quarter
to embark_ in the sale of newspapers. The
success of confidence boy number one had;
been doubtless related to them, and .they -
had thought to try the same game. Asmay
be imagined, however; our book-keeper •
mildly but firmly refused to ftiraish,Jhein..
the capital. It ie-needleseto ,ssy that they
enterprising pioneer, lathe scheme lias hot,
been seen since .
A MIST,A.K.E.—CoI. J. J. Lawrence, for-:
merly Superintendent. uti,he Erie and Pitts-.
burgh Railroad, has been. - appointed Super
intendent of the MINIS Division; Theansyl
vania Central--EPtl..Republiboa. •
. A mistake. Mr. Lawrence has boll ap-'
pointed General Superintendent, • of the Al
legheny Valley RailrOadi and Ulla con
nection we may say hiiti. a native. ofHarris
burg, and one of the mese usefulkeen in his
profession. The Middle Division, of the,
Pennsylvania :Railroad will remain tinder
the Superintendency, of Mr. S. A. P.lack,..,
whose services to thiaroad are of a character
to render him invaluable in its operation-4r
So says the Irarrishog 'State Guard;
—A exon6act ' for building - a ratironfi.
brioge across the billeilssippi river a/G
Keokuk has been closed with the Keystone
Bridge Company of Pittsburg, for one mil
lion dollars. Tile bridge ls to be of iron,
like the one at Dubuclue, and is to he comet ' .
meneed in the spring and finished within
the year. _
—Dr. Tither ParsonS, an eminent and:
venerable pbysiclan-of Providence, Rhode.
Island, diction Saturday, aged eighty-eigh.s
years. Re we% snrgeon of the flag-ship..
Lawrence in the battle of Lake Erie, med.
the last surviving commissioned °Meer or
the Perry fleet.'
—An informal meeting of the Buffalo
Board of Trade was held on Saturday to
consider what measures were necessary to .'
seoure the enlargement of the Erie Canal ' . '''
and the reduction of tolls. Impatkm, A p : ,
tion will be taken in a few daye.