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T . A ~,,
Meeting of the Freedmen's
-.- Aldlociety. '.-
AN. OVERFLOWMG ATTENI)LNCE:
What the Society hasatecomplished.
Addresses 4briMajor General O. 0..
.Hcrerfkrd9J•../•• i ang a tan i „
gighlai!d- 4 4 1 :SsfAt”:
Last evelaktiVtir i!*EPPOIi;
meeting, in behalf of the lreedmen's Aid!
'Comm:dud= of Western Pennsylvania, *as
held in the Third PresbYterian Church t.
(,Rev,, F.,„A Noble, prior) f Slith aye-
4C - ieetink -
instance of the Amrie Missionary Soci
ety of the !few q3cltool Presbyterian
church, into the Commisslon had
beit iudi tt en zutti oe,v 4 t el a_ll im d iti sttrac to t o e v d er 7 owin ismn g ense the
cpmmodlnuseditice which it assembled.
The r **mPn4 l 4; 4 ogecaba.
with% r ItS.la e eboittaftei ,
Bev. J B Clark lurked the Divine Bless
ing nport the enterprise:and the ministers,
officers ana:-TAssAirtii#44o chunk which
had aasuniet theremcaldhititir . of'oiirilhg
out thwObject.. -fOr_widoli.Wwes organized:”
Rev. p.; A. Noble ' read the ndred
and ildit.)4troond hyntil; In AI 'Stoking of
tr,.gtotPc 2 810.1 01 4: forced.
At the oone 4 *of thhi iiiirAck t 4l44. Mr.
Noble, ?n.a few pertinelit7retuarim, intro
Ho ~ the
menla Bureausitird c°PireF av W e d hil l follo wi ng
• address : i,... ~- ~ - --eS A- -- .,, :- , %-:
nemoinictokr„lvesteiurs; --.:.,, e.4.,03
Cochhi, in his resume of the results
enrurticipstlen l iinksti %%How sit raised
to the riMiii:of e a- freeman,. By three, de
itress—rOlkl- Ors . fillittiY, - . Property - . - ' Him
does the freemeritledead to the leiverof a
' nblvgi'';:TP7t I. l3 nixtg - .loPnr i y%, - fIFOPY;7,et
ligion." - .
Now, these three "essential geode," mho
calls -theil44iiipit , education. It is. Dot
' 4 lrnitta:toOlet!qtdk:%thek...ll4 l l44 :-of -men,
toe exercise aerciat of these important ' , late:
'silent .-..stf„ civil ly-I%4nm t'There must, . be.
mottee-poice#- , brought , 'to ..; bear ` ` to .! se.'
core,tks-propex ; sanctity of tke family;
secure the-;establisninenti of pure re
new, free-from the debasing influence &
superstition, and , to render prop9rty in any
degree permanent or_ valuable. 11 Eels*.
session. The Motive power, this awaken
ing, living preserving /ince, is education,
nthvomo cm want= Trott. z ...•••
~ • -
After emancipation in the several West
India Islands,. a coloniit wrote thus : "Great
indulgence is.' nesided'3owardirthose who
„ have experienced in their lives both the
weight.f the chains of slavery and OS'
boundless joys of freedom.:, Their memo
ries are not sufficiently effaced them to
continue to seek the ergovieent ef idleness
after a long day of labortz . ttitle*lll be the
fault of the colonists ifjbe, children of those
men are sufrenidstelpiest-to become a re.
'mach and *wimp the country." So it
will' be 'one Inuit -if the children of the
late slaves,: are _pot ,educated. Educa
tion, has aoooMPUObjea liti;ithe.',West s ll%-
dia islands, and has ' brought it to
pass ..0571731,Witerg•ri4P' PrOollskt.eff time,
succeeding , emancipation, the greatest
results. - 'The.-FaineselpideiC . T.taN% there
salvos been beneflted,b y it, but their next
succeedingfinf*VOn'bnvd 1 ainifoldlY .0 1 -,
lablISC the.=ffitiri/of r 434te4iOnst work.
Wherever this work has been neglected, or
in any war,.'hlnders43 , 4 l wvoyerning
classes the.desirees- of OpstreSiChave been
smallVen" , t , .. ,-:,/,'-,. -.. , ~. •:,,, ,-: ,
,:-, - -
-• Tnelifstoribff-A.ftreaktill 'with sixty of
seventy years, presents a gloomy picture,
Historians settled dowftrupon the convic.
don that the diffietdty_Was organic, and the
peat mass of,Wrilees: , okbitseAt - that rea
aonhtgs solely uppnlthe material wants
men, constantly_ enunciated : the doctrine
of the aettltd laferiorityof thcr black man,
and the ! utter 11W - of attemptitigle - rsise
him to positions that 'God never fitted him
to odeupy. Asetkaftet.lace,-pOople.efter
f people, have ' lad thii.%chainir - of -slivery
strickentrim their Embs, and have had
the: appliance, At. civgizgies Jrrejight to
bear upon 'thein;linA ,ft'',-theY-littie been
raised „trent, supentitteli t 4noranee , and,
With marmot% tii'arno.. . could, _mi7tne
_, , _
' time be , maid YoDarknsair mrerth the d.: .
a t n o l c irosedirknoteitsrpOPle": 'The sap
' causes of this 'perpetual - night are ,
assab/04 1 4110 neglect „ of the Awards(' of
the same appceeilletliinidiud4lnVisiat
• ARP ,:-/Wninntriut to vili
I mean the usual apidiances of, Christian
clidlisation, as miirsions, colonisation, com
merce, With - - .thelr, Schoola, char es and
per. -prinifig tlielf 'lrdipiences *dm the
i almost eMlleas night of Africa, men deciare
to tneftluentlY-that-if Abe MeltrOeeln-thik
country - anoi-lwiseParate4- completely
from all contact - with -- thehiirhit4 l they
woad ptiffinilly - ileadeild 'ln - the 'scsle of
eivilliationLp e birth to new superstitions ;
and idols -d, in: process of tithe, be
come wlutip smeestore_were,Y itc• most
unlumpyiktid , ” ditid peoplif:lf-thie be
true, it proves unless it can be de
, nunistrate4 that 'meth will not the result
witli - othee - recia-iiiid Veople: :,'• How '• Is It
. with all those nations'that 'have risen to
plinicles orgraildeneand then declined in
•vel7 idi entgl ofehhltration.and now are
only , mini oast tdattot ~! . '•• _: •,, • s• . •
HOW IS it leith.chureh caganisms that
once bid - the . piti e ,: a i n i - l e gmiplef , but now
ezhibiChut faint traces, it, merelya mare
•of IniPoWnltliiiik'indll ' ir-:littee?;.Tric
e v h
be tine thilVtli*`„wiird f - Brawl -• down
ward-by them:slits:WAG u n teh -g reaterts the
necessity of never 'cutting -thanikidesnfrank
~the civilizin g . influences : that have now be=
come tnetrtiortion 7 Fortunately they are
so thQiiat - teMitigliid truth men Oatli;
every pan of the world, they are so thor
oughly in posseosioe of the , :English len
-Wage, so well moulded add 'developed by
, our Christian systems, -so deeply im'bued
with: the -gran& spirit' of :,- our liberty= :
making institutions,, that i a separation,
1 an isolation•like that spokennf is an abso
,, lute impossibility, a mere hypettaisis.
They are among us, they are of as, and
they wilLtto doakt continue with lie to .the
- 2.;,.:1.1 . 7-,5:4. -? , ];:.:::;7.-.'1''.';
end,,a that the .sooner we trample : upon
mere prejudice and folly the better.
ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE—MISSION
URT EFFORTS AND OTHER MEANS OF EN-
Within seventy YearitheUlavee trade has
been abolished. Civilized nations have .
' taken active measures to reclaim captives
froni mid-ocean, missionary efforts have
been unremitting, frOMHarepe end-Amer
na; z t h e ' Republic of" Liberia has been
established, and emancipation
fired in • the British, , (1833) Frftch,
1NO) (1848) Danish. - (1848) Elm,.
h, (11346). , AbUD1U - dir(lBC)`z.cOltinies,
and lately in the 'United States. In Liberia
and at the English and . American stations
along the coast, the People have the advan-
I tag° of the English language, and the An
thill • literature with theigood ;influences
which must always flostfrOnithein.'• These
places . are now becoming :not only -the
nuclei of every kind of posititre Christian •
work, bat also the centers of trade, so that'
commerce, too, is brio out and, exercis
ing its wonderful el zing _forces..
PROGRESS OF EDUCATION IR *MICA.
11 ^F.MOSt remarkable :diets are brought: us
from Africa: the estiblishinent:of schools
and colleges, the inflowhig of, people from
the interior`brought under the influence of
civillzed imple, and the outfiowing of
thousaide of strewn* of civilization more
or le%pute. t•We lupin - that the eagerness
for govedinstructlari Is so great in interior
towns that the people restrain the mission
aries from leaving them to visit other places,
'fearing they will not return, and give them
4 / greatest attaitlon,
• e have seen: that , till the -beginning of
this century, there was a deep, impene
trable gloom hanging over the African
have,taten- toni tlieir ; native. shores ii
and (tarried away to different quarters of
t,ho globe, and sold to American - and Euro
peen Masters, are, through-thskir children,
blessing those Wholume minted them; and
these children are retiftningitfthe land of
- 110 Ir Whets laden with knowledge, with
language and With the flible v te carry, good
tidings of Veld . joyto their friends in the
How, what further part are weAtuericans
to act in this great work that „is - .beilltt_ s o-,'
leomplished? We brought the negates here
as alavesi'yet, In the providenotinf God;' in
Spite of laws to the 'OO nt r a trtll 1 4 Vita Or
projudicekend hatredlgrowing outuf *false
eystem, in* spite of We evil, passions and,
appetites that shivery/bus engentleted,great•
benefits have been center r ed • upon the.
olaveS, se - that it is int a *punt which lib- -
arty ~wiliZprobe, which 'good
management and good government :will'
STArS PROM AN EPI7CAIONAX:VOTIPP Or
In an educational polnkt,of view Plitt
the present statnaut n fin this coon+
try? -To jeivkeny tatigitd* idea upon this
'subject, it:Nvoild be neotasiarYio *Marfa
tenadvely Into detailsving the: number of
schools, scholars, tea chers, etc.. -
Even this would glee no complete'view
of the edlicational work, .for, in:freedom.
Men and women learn what they Could not
know in 'slavery. More l methandes lare
learning trades. They are-lighting against
tradenunlims composedof > all taws but
'theirs.. The aohool•of ,povertY-14-
theusands-andltionsfta to nelitrelianoci;
to;frugidity," to the wring of their small,
earnings.: They are learning totniffic, they,
nre purchasing laud, and providing for
their cultivation, and they:are learning how ,
to govern-as well as to be governed. 'Ver . ,"
~ many churches,; every Southern Legisla=
lute, every owtendon, every': political '.
•Cluli, must he regarded - as n positive source
Of knowledge. Newspapers nein the NOttl44
that a few years ;ago could not; penetrate
,into the SoathernStatm,
_ere now read night
- after night' ixt. ?bon's colored
men: No &obi t prejudiced• me n. even in
Washingtonentettain" Yoe by the '
day with stories of the-hatless, careless
habits of . tionr„ negro, and of his general
tvorthlesentkag yek . U.'e 'faCtlhat itt popu
lation of upwards 0f„, 3 30,90(1.• ..lotedpeople,.
less thenowtho indigent brie;
marhable. -thaw hopeful
poll le estimate of
the number of pupils brought within 2 the'
Influence of inatinction)stililluo fact stares,
win the face that only abent,'onetenth (if
the *doted popUlationlas yetteen reached
by the schools fWe know from experience
that three yaork of training cannot.prOduce
scholdia. Few are able yet to pass the
dinau primary college examinations. Two
millions, at least, of ,people cannot-to-day
read the word of God.. While we claim
for them every " . right. that,; to men,'
...stilt we cannot 'help', pondering upon .. the
fdingera to libe , to- ClirisdaMty, to civil
izationn y:Avrapped up In such a
mass of ignorance.
The enemies of education, the enemies of
;.freedom, the andirdeffOf man, never cease
to hatp upon this string: "The ignorance
of the masses of the colored people." I
know. they are respowible for it,.
and they strivetuate this ignorineo
by burningchotol ,, houses, by ostracising
teachere, o PerOtual ants 'establish
their theoryOf the absolute inferiority Of
the negro; by thti•Veryt,cinetVot voice.. that ,
deny him the' right of *mitlihbed," by every:
species, of intimidation 'and - opposition,
int= malicious lying to open blows, often`
culminating irr riot and murder. ' Stillr the
herd fact remains. -'How plain; then, is the
dtity of the, friends of humanity to acquaint
themselves with the situation as it is, -that.
they may , bring every possible influence to
best to multiply the means 'of knowledge.
.•;• , • • ,
, In ordertofeel forcibly the necessity of
educating the masses of: the negroes, one
shoitld travel considerably through the
fikitithi s 'atid vittit dlifeitentassemblages. The,
lismtrikettietween thbse schools w hich have'
been in`operation for the past three years
mider good teachers, and thcorregentlyes
tablishedtAit ant*. to - attract attention.
Schools like the one tn ;Atlanta, 6a., ex! ,
.hibit . remarkable fruits. The modest,
quiet aid orderly d e po rtment of the pupils,:
their culture in sin reading, or re
citing, indicate the fac not'only that they
are rising, but that they have already risen
far enough to - exhibit fair acquirements and
- good prothise for , the future.. Theaftbot of
such a school is*Vemarkable upon the pen-
Pled The families from whick,thesoholars
e have gathined'in it little Of: the "line
ttOorrlitte• and “precept,,. upon preopt,"
which ]rave pint , edao beneficial to then bil
dren. -Wherescheols • have never been es
tablished,'where neither parents ncor chil
dren have eye r been gathered lido - eV'
kind of SOW/04' these poor people exhibit
far leis intelligence.
Their religions. moth* 111 :6101 1 lances
we apt to afford'nolity exhibitions of Ines-,
Mario excitement instead of sound and joy
tful Christian demonstratiomi. - Many min
isters assume to'Preculh who impart little or
AO information ' but - merely. by their , man
-.13,er, - work t,henisalies and their people into
a io sof , frenzy, difficult to dual and
very objectiOnWe. - - •
- When visiting three of the Witham Leg
islatures I listened to speecheehom colored
man Fthatsubjected, themto ridicule, not,
from' a wank ofgood sense trip speeches
but from their inability to the Eng
//eh age oOrreetly....E ry too Man
slonpathi7istwillt them, and.-makes all due
allowance for the errors exhibited.'
I cungladtaintAble testate that many.
colored members of . the legislature exhibi
PITTSBURGH. , Mo.hl D :Y, NOVEMBER 28.,
tea not oulyilue . nat.ive talent but pa aine,ll
aegreti ditnittire da'tilaplttyikit !the peer
language which they, need. -
„At Bastrop,' Teiaa, a r colored 'Mak cantle'
into the office of the Bureau - Agent,
begged the agent to go with him.; and help
him sell bia-gotton.,- He could,not. read go
figures on thescalabeam odd that drth , '
less tlze 0 1 ) 1 1cer,Wp with him teetradetittas
!Pre to 7 deceive"' hiin A. - niodictimicir
knowledge would:hive afforded him pro
tectiork, _ .
Bad men.- not including - the teiiindoil.
carpet-bagger and scallatiag, have gone into
Southern States for the purpose of robbing
rieople of their, honest "earnlags.'
*very species of fraud is resorted tb,:and
too o ft en with - celdsiderablesnbcess. , '
! One may studylkciety in the schools;
the churches, at the places of trade, on the;
plantations, in the houses, in politidal
sgatherings, on the steamers, or ,elsewhere,
and froin every posSible point •,of view the
necessity of education is•constantly exhib
ited. Mentally,' Morally' and~ apirituallY_
this need makes itself seen arid felt.
Northern men vtto are generonein their
contributions,Wish to know why the South,
ern people, white and colored, cannot pro
vide for the education of their children.
The answer is simple. On the part of those
willing to - educate.them, there Ilan inabil
ity; and on the part of those able, there ill
an unwillingness.' Mat is the hindrance in
the way of the loyal Legislatures so taxing
the property as to carry into execution a'
thorough system of cominon echools in
each State? Why should northern people
be called upon for voluntary contributions,
to cartr,forward the 'work. of educlition;,
when this is the case? The answer to this
is, that it is the people that make np the
State. If they are Impoverished, the State
is impoverished. - .
The political traiditien of these several
States has heen 'such as to preventcapital
and capitalists ♦ from moving. in that &reo.
tion. Therefore r nny „SysteM o f schools is
at present but a skeleton sinews
or muscles. Under a quiet.and orderlyadd.
ministratien, , which ~vre now „expect, ..yra.
shall Ree-a.markod , entuagein itangleyettr. :
The land, the climate : and the boundless
resources - of the , 8 0 ,14 wilt roxuAttriott
tide, of inlinlitiation from Its accustomed
highways: , Men and means will-give anew
life and energy te that and edit.=
allied school . 1 01 41 70f* WW•grittitYlXtfet
in active operation. ' Then
h ot` wait
midi this state of things: shall:,. beirought
'to pass,. without endeavoring to do for the
people what they ought to do for them.
selves. The answer is, if we wait we will
be likely to wait forever. - . - '
--,.. To bring -property , holders ; Jo • top - Any
lan& in the e ducation of negro children, it
mares aeractical demonstration, first of
itoefigba ilMillexk of Pi urgiV,lo.the
,tecaplents t h emselves . This hasbeen done
y the actual establishment of school& that
are at present' -16CoMpllatilnir-What We
claimed for those children. • , 1 .
!'Such schools have teetc,estohlished in
nearly all the cities lady.l4.lliteref-the
South,' and nreindice and op . . Bon are
lietrptev* vaY, . Yet; mY.ftlet4ti - are
still ninediat rot; , e.To , stop now , tiiii
happy surrender. 1 I,' ':
' DettPitate.e t ts rat2kiFbert l ii,i. .4..
Staunch old s P. 'I es,, Who - limier ceased
:to 'Support • the _twiny and. the ..!oeuttry:
.4 , Now, air, I guess you have got enough of
it," Such is the'cryef the weak an d
wicked'in the midst of every, battle. This
N,ttle for education is a great struggle for
human rights; -it is a war of-great cost and
of great sacrifice; but as my parlotio i step.
father answered the lady just referred to,
"though the ' cost and acrificeinay be treat,,
Still the work must.be , done.":. - .
Those of my hearers who may be tunio.
quainted with the present prospect of our
educational,. WOE *BY i l l q uire 4 °7 g " 1
the -ball& - •
We answer therein every prospect of a
successful faun % -,When I soy we , I mean
. those of - us areengiged in thestrug
gle. who are of:a ;sianguine,temperament,
'Who see in obstacles only. hal gplaces,
.and in oppesition only new opportunities
for activity, for vigor, for,laierificel and
itiho hive faith in the black man, faith in
_the , s'white, man, faith" in ilie - famity, , lhe
'school ' , the church, .faith , in the, past, the
present, the future. faith in God.
Mason- and;Dixon's• entrenched line, ,
breasted closely on the north with schools,. '
and bristling with oppteition °tithe south,
.. bad to , he broken up: The VrarJ , Clid--1t.3
Schoolefollowed closely onlhe beelseftbs '
army.,•Tlie.ein' iiV,liitikethrinigVand 441(4
the land t the schools have been left to m
entor IP, ". '' , ''' -.-% 1 7. ; (),!/ 4- ---' 4 - ~ '
, [Here the Onlieidiatie,itinnitiPiltiliinl
exam ofpractim.l tittooess in the educe
,tion work , • referring, to the American
ovary"; Association, with its forty'
thousand pupils; the 'Union OimMission
with about as many, the Methodist, Epia.
„copal. Presbyterian and Friends Commis
, sione and theirlahor. ,"' Then he demispare"
ted theeagerneW 'of t ile;colOrtkpeople Ng'
knowledge; they Contributedlast year some
Next he speknet.the opposition en • the
part of some ignorant and depraved adored
pepple. Also of the ridicule and hindran.
ces on the part of certain whites. He re
ferred to the'alAni6::Of the :i I S - 6 11 6 , 04.470 83
and preferred the grateful plaudits of those
• who thought he , had helped them. Notwith,
standing all oppositien. the" prospect it most
Schools of all kinds 4;026; Pll
- 241,819; amounts contributed fbr the
year by beneveledt tecieties MO*. 'For
a few moments Gen. H. demonstrated the
neseasityof educatiOn in 'view of the wel
fare of the riliole.ixnultry, piemoting order
=in the families, the church, thecommunity.
. Now is Oren ,some interesting anecdotes
41 tincouth, and strperatitious - -customs, on
joyous and 'solemn occasions. Than, the
speedy effects of the school` work is illns
tratedey. ,strikitfg examples—at, Norfolic r .
Raleigh; 'Atlanta - and' other f)laces;; Its
compares the body politic with ignorant
inasseS' tertlialititnan body full Of "sorenr
The cleanaing-Power is instruction, strearas.
of knowledge. , • . . . ~. • '
Gen. H.'s next point is. "This work of edtv
cation ehmild• be Chriatian. " The neccea=.
ties of the field demand thehighest Christian
sharacter ,of theleacher,.the.okuiest:-walk
with rod. ,The Christian teacher has the
key to tbetneatt; others to'the mina. The
word is timeelcmer, but for eternity.
- "We dare not,na Christian believers, ben
writing upon the tablets of tender - hear ted
'children leasons that do not tend to preeppaarree
them _for that endless life of which ; Shia le"
but the beginning." •The (lenerathensayst
wo w , my , tongs, in view of the.remark:
able history of this race, left for "hundreds'
of years la) pagan- darkness, ;treated ' by
their fellow men as ehattke, captured and
shipped to.different parts of the globe and
Watt Into keratosis - Slave:7. worked like the
`mules and oxen to save tne white man's la-.
bor and to seetimulate his wealth, used for
his luxury and Sts' eenvenience, -Without •
the *Pe of utenkttel. and. Wlthont, eY,_Ol l -
4 1 1 8 .,taltiklite I •bt ; llastruction-iiii *lee , - of
their present efforts, their strnggleil may
.Say r forknowledge; shall we not extend So
than's - helping htrt''' " -.. • '.. ,4 .„
. In spite of ever y di sability= Sia - dOgra ol6;;
tion, they have gridually, beeoine ,from ob- ,
Pxst of strifelind hatred in the ' world, ob."
joat of .ohrliltteizt- interest' end sympathy.
Asthe effects Of.divine truth:-may - becollie
wore and raguicobssmablY felt among civil.:
Ized -nations, these. nati on- began=to see •
Jeteed no bigger than a 131111e5band l epreads ,
. until it envelopes theteholeliestoeinvEstin'
sersecution i erninal indulgence,insatiable
avarice, murder, ' riot and - tebellidn'
haying, _been, made Instrumenta in:- GIRO
liandadti - ,:tifitible,them
ity, and t u d r yttivel energies from -the4lo.-
tions where hey were captives. 'Their
children " to, the-Aand of: , _ their
tathersiladen with theseprecious spoils..
In full-view of, the ScheoN.bolleges and
4 dniversities that • have sprung into exist
ence in thiS' . .PoAntrY; Whet* net are acltic
itriy.drinklng from the fountains of knowl
mige,Os avaconteMplate Mir . on 4°49 as
we . cent - Obviate :In° -part .
formedin m1'001 , 006 too do far the;
inind- to compass - an - enter rise where
evidently the Ilueld 0f..-tho-$ p ity bas
!Shaped its„ beginning has fashioned 'its
proportiontatal tunignided itscompletion
whet can we savf.Shall we say "step” and.
'soutane 'coat r Shall- we sigh over the
tax ? Stuillmre-'.xeckona what we have
donef for , shnrches- arid schools .at home,
and= enunciatethe - anti-chriatia4tanti?
bible dtatitrine; that- -cWty and
;ends aVlioilset . --Shall -sayfoi t-thent:
take care of their own children," forget-
Ong that sire' hive hid I . hand in`creating'
weaknosainstsad4st; tart in - the past?
ShalLantoty.l , Boi .0 rother's keep.,
-er ?f',- ShaThwEitrtist tint .I‘to' the - Liar.'
rtow-minded,*: the prejudiced; , _the-tviolons
andiunbelleabig, or to the careless and the
indifferent; to-those-wh.,olAinking in the.
bitterness of their owiesim axe so fall of
gall that it neutralises`- all , their gratitude
for past:favors 47:Shall - we - , even , commit
this worklethode vtlfo`! are to edu
cate, fittarhe.•With„eier, iDtte 'Dit*Pt
perNtially: , din : 'the ears'. of .:their
pupils Idea of ~inferlority_apd incapacity ?
Shall re not bather ptiventiolienda td , the
plow „ amt. ,lool i c forvrardt Shall we, not,-
press Sri With energy and *ittilerebideeey,
`till we shall have , won the battle for hn
inanity beStbid , ' Y4 . * •bp: ,
ward. and, Mkttard. In the -light - of, ,past .
achieventepts,AUi the ;Ina blaze of pteoeta:
Success, under the triumphal arch , cov
/ered with •Ititiehli'-thimighlythb';‘: nditig
pathways;:tistdde the gmves of 1300,00 q cow,
' panionSiald upon tho - Oer stiartificki*,
holding - 4U-the distiatate . ; the torches and
banners of that irrunaiktirthlii,4pi6Oeielatti
which encountered ..and,nsfercame the"or
eanized host of rebellio n` end Opened the
way of tantalise' lihertig and odtmatlotanit.:
jilt now been tramping . pnand on to secure
, T itk Civil :6intSW - fel:
lowing still the old leader, him tipenwtitate
'banner is 2 *titan mho , insvhave - peaces;"
what will-yes do,„Yotimlwit,fed
the,<Boldiere.;lou wha“ ,- flowaw - Tine=
With constoury lOW law , : _withz. ; praV
er 7 -.you 'called - loudly and'-'lUntr
':for , the • emetic/Whim of the %alma:
'and wba::kave: serer- ceased to " 'Sava
OW the cause of humanity without regard
to conditio n. race. totery.!-, Let %mak
W4Vic": ll lWerl'llr
peeitwii get of the Ciftteeilby
theprecious memories tof- the - .pitrpdsai
glorle&.llght" of the t, by flak - bright
T::u: ,..w.,„,,,,r:„..,.,.....„,...„,.... : :, iax fp :: mb r.ve : . spaxi peye n 77 ' tkq' °tlk rtesf 'fl dTerw i j::::: e 4
we have t 6the t o
the work g a u4tveng chrlOw eddea
dress the Soegregationsang,the 1277 hymni-
Pe.n.linencing" :' •
' , My days ate' roi ftty
After which Nor. - Mr. , Noble intrOduced
- 174 v. • •
Ddr Bittenger said': I imagine that theie
may possibly .bey one PeFfien here, - who Is
asking: himself. this question.:..Ale we,
never to be done with, the, negro business P ,
I answer that when '.7ive•Jearn to' atturooll'
the Principle taught by the Scripture, thatpe
one blood'God madenifilkticniit, and we deal,
w ith the negro as with'o l3 ooll9*Alete
will be done with it, and not until then.
risk that E if for two
been imported into this government an ele
ment which shook the country -to•its form
:dation, and that element - hitting notirLbe
come a „part , off. tha, government,, if, we.
*should not•consider , ", the' ipropriety _edul
.eating it and making it a strength in the
nbtlon. ' "
' In this country :the- oneeigbtjs of the
dopulatidn are mimes: It the Colored peo
ple were-equally -distributed throughout:
the land, every-eighth man would-be a me
,flrOs or hale tesrie bloodinhblvelthk What,
are we to, do with' five irdniona. and five
hundred thousand men in , this :country if
we keep them - in ignorance? • The nnetion
is risked, both North and &MTh, canove
*eke anything iof the negro? We should
at least give hiMiitrial; ',-;We'stait_t nothing
for any of God's creatures, but • that they
may have a ctumee ex er c ise
_ the faculties
God gar) them'. " " • L
- 'Thenekroes were brought - to t his coml
trv.heathens, and haYe been dealt with as
Alaves. '` They had no rights, owned no
-sorope.,lV. We sold.their libeity and sold
"their lievelbeen :here two
hundred years:as slaves, and they have
nowsuddenly, and. unexpectedly ;, found
themselves 'freedmen. 'Not 'lteemets :yet,
but freedmen. The sword came down and
cut the manacles, land 'Abraham Lincoln
put upon paper that which freed four snits
liens, of people.- Net. have m_ the with us.
and . what . site' we AO - do - vilth -
Their - advancement-, within the. last five
years is teeny remarkable: t•ln three
years I flroM" - the" -- tifne: of ' *the
lish m ent.. f ...ou,: the ' AM* Collin& :ached
for contrabands we hate placed a crescent
of light clear round the Southern -States. ,
In 1865 theFreedmen's Bureau was .eatala••
lished. In the first report there 'was seVen
hundred and , fifty -schools; . -and -mow .it
reaches four thousand schools and four
'hundred and thousand pupils, and" in
addition to, this we have twenty-five nor..
mat schools,_three. nr,fo . nr
,university. And ff you were to cover the:
'faces of the teachers andpupils, you would
. not , know whetherithey were, biselt,or.
',white." "VIVe thciimindottilese scholars are
'in high schools, studyingthe same branches
tangpt in,the Pittsburgh high schools..
The.Africai Mind hail =been so tong kept" "
in ignolince That it has "Tolded itself :up
and only awaits the efiltiVation• which God
intended it should have tomakeit open out
and read fOrtb its -branches •in all
strength and power.' The speaker. referred
to the manner in, which , the, negrces
been treated bythe Whites,• and attributed
the want of Intelligence to 'that , treatment:,
-' He only asked for thf3 negtoes a chance
to obtain'un education,. he did ' not'ask for
any extraordinary aid._ He held that
was to the interest of thebusiness men and
...manufacturers cif the North to educate the ,
freedmen in'a business. point of view and,
,A , Reg w itea as vp.pear t .gr h eo eir ;7,tott eh e.o_.b ris tihiartee tia :e n henerr d imanu u reinali ty l - x t 4 o oresodi d 7a 6 se ..
m 40 . 11 4.
iliv : ll: j aiohe,.
the speaker made an eloquent and touch
abluadihme, • } 1••
, , elo
quent appeal to the phrses of the atidlein*
an d wWe_she cards forreceffjak7ftic sob:
narintione ware being dietdiltedisthe choir
Rev. Air ‘ . e Noble;sr4 ithieenpd'salthdthlt*.bllo':44llfOLlO'id'
to introduce - fettle istidiebbh• •
PROF. HERBY- Bii.ADiDGARNET,
who sa id • --. 7 0 ( 1$:•,•.!' ,*.r71,4e
When _l. -was, invited, ~m y. Christian
frlendsito come h ere this evenin and take'
. , t
-,..1,-i • coi ' c:i. .!,il.' 4: t:: ri.•-.=
a Part, in tile . exerelsea 8 t ttt / 01 4 =41/ '
must confess that I felt no,iiin , _of
hfieltation, forl remembeted that / 110 8 81 P
tlemew'who were.advertised to oddreisfidal
audience hod distinguished .themaely.elk- 1 4
, all times - during their 'public - serrates,
Whether`lighting beneath the banner.. of
the creel ()milder th flag of -the emintry,, ;
I remembered the; o ne beloved andp.llant
friend-;-the friend of a long itnred race
was to ` ' °kWh' I your attention,' I
meanrp.bfejor . General Howard, and that
aliso you were _ tebe add ressed by
Dr. Bittenger = and ' by' Dr. ' 'Clark, , and
then, . too, .4.'reineinbered that I was.
to stand , On; this grand and,magnificent
temple. I,thought that these., xfintlemen
could' debetter serviin , our good dame
than I cotddilo. I remembered also, how
ever, when I became emboldened, that if
~,the audience could. Stand what Gen. How;
and could say to titling if they could with-.
stand the argument of the advoeSe of my
• this church would throw open its
doors ` for our cause, ` the •• probably
. they mighv be -- willing to hear . a . sim
•ple plea . from one as humble as
myself in behalf of mvself and my pro
scribed race. The Rev: tin Bittenger -said
in his address he appealed to this. assem
bly and asked if you are willing my friends
to visit upon us the fate that has fallen
upon the man; that is; are. you willing
that we should be swept awayby the heel of
the conquering and the ruling ram], would
say Wray worthy and excellent friend that
be need not fear on that point. The colored
people can not be treated so; , Any other race
oppressed as we have been for two and a
half centuries, would' to-day have beim
blotted out of eilatence.f -It-is Nelda a cer
tain pot domestic animal , that .it has nine
lives. We black people have more 'than
that; we do -not intend to: be crushed • ent;
we do not intend to Ale s beneath the op
pressors' heel; we feel that, we have, God,
,andall good men on our side- we'have in us
the Phoinix; iipirit, l Whiehi though , it May .
be burned to ,ashes. iit , crleti; frem- those
aehes. "I will arise," and , springs, up to
new end vigorous life: • • -
.. There are some people whoa Lave - always
been.npding fault with the, greatest, and
Edest act of the Illneteenth Century,
e abolition of 'shiverj , in the United
' ant &Oro that great evenStila taken
p place.. they .. have . been .grallabc.*d . ,l
complainhig, mid"' pose they =-
Irmo to com p lain all threfugh their: vea;
theY.will .grumble.when - Aher.are..Blool l lB
over .. ,. the.,lftt'earlaWhhill diVidelegmte.Ao l l l
; but ' the work " haintlen• abcom- -
Pl w hM ', and - slavery - can (framer, •Jigtdri
be refeerildia the -- 1
Ito not eve . that: the. A.inertetui peotie
desire i aril ay liba t irtde'iltits it , akmf:
Withlthr-Americhn; peep's, aitgo - whether
alavETqdp: g lrwittetetluis-tv
mem e g mto d ecide
the meted d 'r t he' - ; -thetretnfillfated
people - ::,t1110111101v409 1 . 38017: , 110 1 110liag
Jive millions, have ray serious Obiell/188a
b/the re•establishinent of Vevey; - having'
'tasted the7.sweete itettld lira
vervlarge du "E;4(f tables/04 tili
bind Osaka thi oludisoloiltp
their litillat.l. Rut aboqii,l,ll 1 0 6110Ve fillit
o -;eternal . ' God, ,* kfik ,';
Attritiotes, is ular',gliti 1. Welltej of Munn?
as itiromme,Viii k v 0344 ,*4 -k4 1 0 32 )
iortiakk,; l 44o,-1# otAl 8 '. '
bki A. (
There er some t il e e.ivh. Vreteliot'a
actly In favor of s ;_belleied it always
to bcritinime and 11 and Yet they were
not prebasstlbrinitne eminielpatiOn.
They liken,' a held that the thing .ehould go
40=111:m01nd= &Math wawa. sin, but
:it shooed emo Bone away .witgrid--
hally in tonerr. tWirtitY•Yeafel or d the
preskmi geueratleil; Viet 4 01 8 8 1 1 ,11, 1 4 h ave
= t ow
&lice - nee to cominkalnihr s iniegeneration,
on' condition that the next shell work right
coldness and fear ! Godandifinclatth liberty.
throughout the land." They hold that there
should have Uteriripper time ibr pie
tion; that these: people were' not -q qualified
to enjoy freedom '
t came upon them:: too
suddenly: Their _ ews Aire the same as
those which ere said to have' been - enter.
tained.'by a number :of commissinnersin a
.dertain country oii the other side ,of the
deem, to, superintend the., building_ of a
new jail.,. The commissioners went togeth
er and visaed throe. resolutions. The Brat
RerOlvo, What we have i,:nevi jail, ink
that It be built upon the site fir the present
,resolution wee passed Mini:
The second wasn , Resolved; That we take
as much of the ms Eirial as; posSible of the
old jail to build the .new i ltilL - This.wse
passed Ainanimouely. ~ . - , - .
..- L _ :
And,Ohir third was: i Besolved, That all
the prieoners be kept in ,the old Jail until
the new 81184 8 bal/1. 1 14 111gbter.1
And thus theseemancipationists
would have these menkept by the million
in slavery crushed beneath. Its Iron` heel,
until theywould beeomco pried Air eman•
cipation. Andwhen would t t oday come? I
think itwonid be just a Iltd Vier Gabriel%
trumpet would sound: There Is another
club that believes in God's mode, of deal
ing With sin,rand God has but one mode of
:dealing with sin: Behalf given but one or
,der to convey.- , it, and. that is that, it ';is is ff
man's duty to ceasasinning at once, to do
so . this very instant. • In, it he- therefore
says, ,"oesse to tiO evilly:4lM the oft Pressed.
undo, theheavy. burthened, and. Jet the
I oppiesed. go.' free." And rthanic'itiod the
nation was at last forcedto adopt -- God's
.mode in abOlishing% slavery. It was 'first
coOderefity military men as a military
measure, so said Mr. Lincoln, that Slavery
should be abolished, = politicianii began to
gee by and 'twos a political neces
sity, that this mime should be swept, f from
the land, and the church-saw at lad that it
was a moral ,iindu religious:: necesitit; that
It should. e destreyed, and .the ford system ,
WAS . smitten/ma Iby the e hand of . God,
' And is fell /like ,-lightning .to rise no
more. L., Little ; did the friends, of freedom
know what they were doi. Theydid not
k llB B , how -fat ibel r benev olence was reach ;
Jog when theYweke extending the hand of
kindness and sympathy' to the c panting.
• slave. 7_ I *ell reMeinber when the fugitive
slave law was 'passed, 'whick 1 madeaf a 1
crime fora mane be governed : by the die. i
taw of his , own:icepacience, and- to. be.
moved onby his own humanity; made it a
crime even td give a cup of cold water, w a
night's lodging, or a;hit' of clothing to a ,
1 02 41 1 4 fugitive who wakflaiiing before the
hlobd hdrmds Which '*,ere pluming him.
I thank God that 'there Were • many, thou
aands ' ppon thousands 'who disregarded,
'that kiw i and who to FAthe language of one
of daristateiunen, who,was .onco great, and
stillEs_ great in his : past history. tint there
waltz iditlitulaw that wan binding upon us
=dj./tat /aW was obeyed.. <limy . coul d not.
in.the race Prthat `,as represented 1 0 1111 10
1 i ',.... t h e4 / 4 11 1 1 t 1 1 1 '01 shall, ielSelliaee;; lll •ibe blotday, maYi when the Wavier shall say, I was bun-
VI, and' le fed me ; I vois :ttii:ti and,Ye
gave thellthlk ;I i was naked and fitothed
met I was in prison' and Ye; tad inn*"
and 4f the' inquiry . .enOuld .be . • made: .
"When saw we the =Lord?"- ir l i x t;r i i e nr- •
cumstances the answer , would • nu,
asmuch as. yen did itnnto the least of se,
my brethren, ye did it unto " ine"; Andso
it is ,here. ~/ know theWatery' . of thisgrand
city,. 'situated at the baseof Ake mountains.
and an ihebealut *gibes+ rivera that Meet
here, 1 know ;how the love of.liheny al
ways tilled Air; bosoms of -bite people of
of PittsbUrgh, yet the lie , was
dragged away from [your m idst,-loaded
Tfithi_ ileheins ' and . „ : hydro tbito. -
Nt • - li re worse than death s ` ' ; :7 YAM• dis= ..,
:reorded that law, and you took the ,"- N: ".. J
_fugitive 10 your homes Land 'WM inner.
employment, and pourdaughters andour_
sena taught hint, at night to read the Word '
of Ged; ybtf taught - theta to revere the :,,---
name of God in years past, and some of.
those very _ men -and women have
batik fothelßouth, carrying good4fainge Of -' ' •
great joy to their brethren. Some or theuirirlf,;4.t .
have gone back mildst@ra, PfP the.- Goepel o.
educated In - your Northern schools*ito'
back as school teachers, although it wasatibt , 'iL: o - 11
when:yort were, agitating these queouc a wf_
just as sure as you abolltdi Slavery,- th e .
streets of yonr„ Northern cities `tie" 'z-
Allied within rlertm. , and • labor negro win ~, --.
be introduced until the• white mechanic
'Will; starve.. They even fixed the . wages_
fhatin that time would be given; ten 'cents
a • day would the wages- be' reduced tae , ra
Well elavery has been abolished. Do you r...
sea your streets thronged with. black men •
- coming up from the South? ' There az, 'el: -; -.
few who can* here when the.- thunder of: , -
the Union artillery Was first „heard. Some
came up with the soldieni and the. Officers
of our army-Lnoble men who advised them !-
to come here and find a:. home.- The high-, - - -.J
ways are crowded.with men leaving, their.
homes eridseekingneatoriesaand Sometimer -- -.
the white man and the black man meet upon:
tbe highway; and, while' the White, man,: v . _
With his bright eye turned to the heavens
says, "Ho, Westward 'the Star of ' Em.. = .- , l
pire takes its way," : the= black allint'Adth..
his beating heart, and suers not less bright, , ~,
says, "Ho, Southward the Star of Empire
takes its way." - And the black'men of the -
North, whove been here for yeartc - 1400.,:: .1
gone back h all the higher experience,
of a higher elviliration to benefit - their - -
brethren. _ I llect—l shall never forget '- -3
it; ,Pardon me if I: refer to it, an do not . _
,wish to be egotistical—when I was a boy
eleven years -of age, the first school
visited .. was : du 'a -.little— town -.called- _____ i •
,New - pope. My father and my mother _ ,
took 'Me - by ' - the ' bond' and ' - led'' '.= ' '
from the Southern shore of Maryland.::, Era
/had never entered • a schoolhouse until
that, age, or seen an open book: Now a few: ..,_
years'have past , l have ' been permitred.4o 4 .- ',, v
visit my native city, and have,visited the, - ri --9 I
scenes Of, ,myzativity, Mood- beneath:,thor,__
tree that used to stretch out` its ttimetier.
me in the dayit env childhoodk I searched < I .T.Ir)
inglie graveyard for , the names of those 4 551.1
,once knew, and, found •- that : all had pimp
away."lbr.ithirty-tilhe - years bad , elapsed. v : ,
Aid nowl am , pertnittedotponYthe :other_ :10i
fatde of the river to have the privilege 0f, 1 ,-,
teephing brlgldboys and girls, and when.
,they look"' nie in - ' mra face • and '..-Say,i' -
.14tvhirr„, kir .z.haye emnpletail .my. ,• istnd.,::rsl'o
tes, . if God permits I mean,: lo„ go
back to South triruct mybrethren
t,0 4 catry.edlicitkn 'dairy therOellef-"zif- .-
es .mr. heart lea within me._ : -We eity. - . , ra
.totour brethren in the Soutp,,rou must .1
pt thAreaulte of the war,! and! believe
:that they MUM db do, And litraillbe-
_proper. - -
for A infdikatty kr eUrbrethmn in_the.Nortk r - ~, E
gym too must accept the situation and, the
'Molts of the war, and ifthe people' be '-'.,,--
lige "Aber ivabat be . edneeted• , AlLthat We'---
telk W.let o i r W... AO= 5f07 % ._44:4711 4 , 1
A olot. o donot eto It enconreg
' iildliretellloB in matters pertaining, tooht , :1; L/
/' MOT aik:l4,l thaCWltigitlAttr
liti --trdir t a: -
~:mpeets,. - - tut - charts and "-cOraistemit,„_ -..:--.! a
=. mulled% and if by ourindif-
we te reach.the shore,the haven. , ,
.of peace 'and'rest, the ' fault' Will be''' , ',
ours and not anybody eleas; , All we Sairiti:L: fEf
fair play .and half the road., iWe want- eduf. _
cation for bur oldiiirem
,We want the bible;:..
we want' liberty;-we *ant everriight ' , that:: '-kr'C
belongs to the American dtbsen—nothing 1 „Ig
more - norznetideff less., • And I believe thaf
the American people will do .this. ' I - In=
that friends Will not 'bei &Montage:l; - Lat. 1 jaw:
it be remembered that we have mortgaged. . ~,
• our property, our houles -arid our-lands.' , .
Slavery has done this. . Now t we mist par ' •
the debt. - Give them these advantagen;mr
brethren, edUestlen extdthe 9 0 4 1 0 1 .9 1 ' Jam*. -.9.
" Christ, and., we „will take care - of the
rest: - Let „ ' our `ndridie be 'enlightened; ' ,l •--'
thin - is ' all 'we ask. Gitre us 5chci015..u,....1
. houses, give us. churcheai ~and:\if.7 this
,ahall be done,
,if the Ndithern pfiOplisliall
`do tide,' then,' and not till their sluff veer 'z - -- 1 :
light breaklbrtillis thamorning, and ileur t u -_,-,[
darkness be as the noonday; then, and p0t: . . , ,,
till then shall yon be like „springs' whoia •'.`
waters 'fail not, and the blessing otGodrwill----
resturon the:chunk - upon the State, :tik: -.._.,,
-on the family , and upon the indiiidual. . -
.., At the conidusion iif t iti.'Garnett's - re=„ '
marks, qOll. r Howard ,introaticed to ilia --
J. L. LA.NOSTONiES9,„ •
Mr , Langston said i • • - • lei- -- 1-1 ,
•My Prirods: Of course -mould not at -
tempt an3rthinglike a speebb: before? you at_
this late Itour,, although the , General le Al
waye afraid that would make a long - On6; 4 •
• I would not say , a'word to-yon on this:lxvi:ut
casion at all, if - it were not-thati ; howl,
tened,very attenti7ely, to. !those gentlemen, '
_been' profoundly interested !midi - -
- that‘they have sald.'llut they have unlash:l'
one word about the poog,whites. - !happen. -
to hamthree blood& coursing thiongh my
veins; a fair proportiOnof .. •
something:of =;thef negrwand a potation't
the Indian. When I was .in the, ogee of 7 -)
one of the agenbief the,bureaui'in COninth,
MieshisiPpl, respectable looking:White. } - 1;
woman come int= and. asked,'prooh4.- - -;r
ions • for • lauself :and for ,five,, or six:
amines llolntin the neighborhood about
twenty The ~ agent 1%1
filled; a blank and-; sari to Phis:wo.taant 7l*
"eign your name, you ple4ge, to tide -
Paper militia:" • The WOrMirt s• -1
said; -46 1 cannot'writo: sir." • !4Tshe holdat-
the-pe n, "- said the agent, "make your ocesS.
here"..She took hold - and made her. Mesa
Mtn! , she took her seat I••sidd to thficall
"may I ask this, lady a few_questions,
asked "If she had anyohjeMoO to a nswer
, a questions?" She, answer, "lib - -
'air.' -"How . far .'do you live Wm here?"
"About twenty "Where's, your
husband?" ."He is dead, sir. He
taken prisOner during • the war and
died in , a ,Noithitrzyprison.", , ."Where , k
is your eldest son?" "He is,. deed:
He died In the same prison , iri"
which hislathiir'dfed.' many
ran have you at home?" "Five, hir,P, "Can
any of '
- your ; pildren read,_and write?" ,•
"Not sir." Could your husband read . -f r
and write!":' "No, mr.": 4 -isCodid'yonr eld•A=
est son ?" ,"No, sir." "Van „spy member-l
ot your famiLy read or, write? " "No, WO'
"How *Many families dcionierrresent
this applieation forpprovisions She , Darn- pr
ed end,•numbered them. t.- "JIFF, many moult
among the man earned by ve in
your neighborhood - eau read 'add writer" ,l
"Not one,_alr, to my knowledge:lr, " mow
many9f.: the women whomyou represen
'ou r in application can rea d writerr
"Not one,' sii`."'< "flow )11faiir_ c
Obildren?!! I.l'Nei one,-air4 l :"Nseen 4
yon, ikAschool fo r the poorecwhitesin
neighberhOodV /hive you ichtiroh`ln'yomr --
neighborhood?"? "No air. >'
n/e-tmeNe'YienOiitlt, No ,
Ana =ore Into!
tine•" "Pnrielelitetr." l gOert -stinil,
--.1 - 0e life,' ever teardi'in the neig hborhood
'in srhloti-yon - titrey a l mouton=,by.v:annne,;•,:
white p!%blasktchave ";Yenkelreg-stieededtir
Jog in? 'the' presence' - of thaV)Mait; Ina- -
pince:of that fact,. I said7<to - rePtelft
,~ :v. ~'~=;+tom^K.
_ ~ : ~, . v ., .
r..., 7 .. -..'1;',.i. j ---,
• '...i. ' :' r-•..,"1.'i.'.;,..-