The Pittsburgh gazette. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1866-1877, August 24, 1868, Image 1

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Land Survey—Bounty Land War
.rants Located—Land for Dela
ware—Summary Punishment
to Indians Directed—Appoint-
ments of Gaugers.
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazettg.l
WASHINGTON,. August =, 1868
The General Land Office has received
from the Surveyor General at iDenver, Col
orado, two contracts, submitted for ap
proval, one for surveys in the vicinity of
the headwaters of Bear and BOulder creeks
and in the vicinity of Central and Idaho
cities, including valuable mineral and tim
ber lands, and the other for la survey in
San Luis Talley, including a large number
of-settlers on Sawatch creek; the Mexican
tOirn o f Conejos and - Mexican' settlements
nearthe.same. These contracts have been
approved by the Commissioner.
Secretary Schofield , received a dispatch
today from Gen. Sherman, dated Omaha,
August 20, in which he announces that he
had just received a dispatch from Gen.
Sheridan, in which he confirms previous
dispatches about Indian outrages. General
Sheridan says the outrages are too horrible
to detail. Gen. Sherman orders Gen. Sher
ridan to continue the pursuivand drive the
'savages from that section of the country,
and when captured to - give them summary
punishment. The . Secretary of War com
municated the intelligence to the Presi
dent who acquiesdid in the stringent meas
ures with which the Secretary of War and
Gen. Sherman weretalii* in the matter.
The Steal:dahlias' Minnesota and Aleppo,
from Liverpool, August 11th, and City of
Antwerp, August 12th; also the U. S. steam
ship, Desota, Commodore - C. S. Boggs, from
Port-au•Prince, Hayti, August 16th, have
arrived. When the Desota left the U. S.
Gunboat Gettysburg, English - men-of-war
Favorite and Mullet, and .a small Spanish
gunboat were at anchor off Port-au-Prince.
Al well on bard the Gettysburg. The po
litical airairs at Port-au-Prince is reported
- unchanged, and Solnave gaining strength
dally by deserters from therobely.
The Commissioner of general land office,
i• in making up his annual statistics, for
the fiscal year ending June 30th 1868, has
ascertained that 3776 bounty land warrants
for military services have been - satisfied
by locations• embaacing, an aggre to of
over 512,000 acres ofland. ' The lan s thus
taken' were generally by actual set lers in
Missouri, Michigan, lowa, Wisconsin, Cal
ifornia, Minnesota, Oregon, , Kansas, Ne
bra.ska and the Territories of. Washington,
Dakota and Colorado.
The following is a list of gaugers under the
new Revenue law were appointed to-day:
John Sexton, First District'of Missouri, at
St. Louis; John. C. Nayles, J. Mathias
Combs and Wm. J. Newkirk, Second Dis
trict of Indiana; B. Brown Brashears,
Twenty-first District of Pennsylvania, and
John T. MpGingle, Ninth District of Perin
The Commissioner of the General Land
Office has, transmitted to the Governor of
-Delaware. 663 pieces of Agricultural Col
leue scrip issued under act of Congress
approved July 2d. 1861 and its Supple
ments. The said scrip ,embraces 90,000
acres, being the full quota to which that
State is entitled under the law.
The fractional currency received from
the Printing Bureau for the week was 80169,-
500; U. S. notes shipped, $1,000,000; national
bank notes issued, $83,300; amount in cir
culation,s299,9l7,B7o; fractional currency
-destroyd during the week, $537,000.
William P. Murry. Esq., of St. Paul, has
reached here from Venezuela. It is said
-that Gen. McMahon,, the new Minister to
Paraguay, will be instructed to use his best
efforts to restore peace between that Re
public and the allies now waging war
against her.
. Prohibition in Massachusetts.
-(l3r Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette. I
?' 1342d3T0N, August 22.—The State Prohibi
tory Committee have issued an address to
the Republicans of Massachusetts, urging
a return to the-prohibitory liquor law, clos
ing as follows : "Impressed with these
views we urge you to select delegates to
~! the approaching Republican State Conven
fl ton who; on this question, truly represent
the Republican party, men who in its bebalf
• will demand with no ambiguotis phrase
the repeal of the present liquor law and a
'l 4 return to the former policy of the common-
Wealth. In the hands of such men every
interest of the State and the future of the
Republican party may be safely trusted."
Washington, Alexandria and Georgeto ;.4 n
• Railroad.
By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.;
ALEXANDRTA. Va., August 22.—1 n the
case, of the Washington,
- Alexandria and
, Georgetown Railroad, Judge Underwood
had not delivered an opinion to-day, but
stated he would, upon the giving of the
si* requisite bonds, direct the delivery of the
road to the old - lessees until the Coninils
-• stoners' report was made. The Commis
stoners were appointed and trains will re
: sume running hiondw.
Two lien Killed—T he I Express Robbers.
CRY Telegraph to the Pit? shurgh Gazette.]
' TORONTO, August 22.—William Smith
- and James Richardson, ' employes of the
Great Western Railway; were run over and
killed by a locomotive, at Esplanade to
r, day. ThiAr heads were mashed in and
their legs severed at the knee.
! The express robbers' case was continued
to-day, and the prisoners were remanded
• until the 29th in order to enable the prose
ution to procure further evidence from
• • the United States.
Base flail Match. •
tlly Telegraph to 'he i'lltehn Igh Gazette.)
CINCINNATI, Aug. 22.—Over three thous
and persons were in attendance this after
, noon to witness a, game of base ball between
• the Union, Club,iof Morrissiana, and Buck
eyes, of this city. The excitement was in
tense. The score was 12 to 7in factor of
the Unions, ,
Regatta at Toronto.
By le elegraph W tn^ Pin4bUrgb Oazette.l
OrrowA August 22. At the regatta to
day Mr. ' Llaveoek, of Ottowa won the
ehampiora nice of two miles in fifteen min
utes and three seednds, beating Frank
;.1 Johnson, fro.n Aonfrghl, and Turanery add
Berry, eolored Men, from Toronto. "
LBy Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
, • NEW YORK,.August42, 1868
One of the most serio-comical affairs ever
perpetrated in this city was the arrest to
day of the whole Board of Common Coun
cilmen for contempt of Judge Barnard of
the Supreme Court in not obeying' an in
junction of said Court. Writs for their ar
rest had been in the hands of the Sheriff
for several days, but they could not be
found. By preconcerted arrangement. 'the
Councilmen met quietly at their rooms in
the City Hall to-day, and proceeded to\
transact business. They had- just passed a
resolution'ailmitting to seats the five mem
bers to whom they have heretofore denied
that right, and by that denial bringing
theniseives into contempt of the Order of
Judge Bernard, when the Deputies of the
Sheriff appeared in their midst and de
clared them all under arrest. A motion to
adjourn was carried. They formed in line
and, headed 'by the Sheriff and his Depu
ties, marched to the Supreme Court. The
Court had, however, adjourned, when the
Sheriff put them each under parole oath to
appear next Tuesday, and they dispersed.
The who!e affair is regarded here as a farce.
By report of one of the Health Officers
it appears several cattle have been sold to
butchers, who have sold them for meat to
our citizens. One man who kept a dairy in
Duchess county continued to send milk for
several days in this city, knowing his cows
were sick, and even sent it from some seven
of them on the day they died. He has
now been prohibited from sending any
milk to the city.
The deaths this week were seven hun
dred and thirty, an increase of nearly a
hundred over last week, owing msinly to
diseases brought about by eating diseased
11,1 i
Several persons who tended Methodist
camp-meetings are said o have died since
arriving home, from tng the meat of
diseased cattle,- sold them at Sing Sing.
The new Register, Mr. Jones, in a pub
lished letter intimates he will bestow some
if not all the Mikes at his disposal upon
members of the Republican party. It had
been stated that he intended to make no
A man named Nicholson assaulted John
Jordan and wife, in a tenement house, in
Navy street, Brooklyn, last night. In de
fending themselves Jordan and wife killed
Nicholson. They have been arrested.
Michael Condy and Charles Burke, who
were sentences to be hung on the 2.Bth
inst., have been respited until October 9th.
They assisted at the murder of Miss Hicks
near Fort Schuyler.
The gnnbbat Tallapoosa, with Secretary
Welles on board, arrived here to-day. He
will sail for Washington on Monday.
Ertglish Bill, a notorious counterfeiter,'
was to-day released on bail in 43,500, after
laying in jail several niontbs.
-- Roark's planing mill, at Albany, with U .
large amount of luntber, was burned yes
terday. Loss P:1,000.
Three men, claiming to be detectives,
were arrested to-day, and held for trial, on
a charge of following citizens for several
days past.
A coffin, with a cross standing upon , it,
was passed at sea, off ldontault Point, yes
terday, by a pilot boat.
Mr. George Scott, a highly respectable
merchant of Steubenville, Ohio; died this
morning while attending divine service at
St. Albans church. His body is at the St.
Nicholas Hotel.
—Miss Clara Louise Kellogg returns from
Europe neat month. ,
—The first bale of new cotton was receiv
ed at Charleston, S. C., on Saturday.
-Palneck Hastingen died in Brighton,
Massachusetts, on Friday, of cholera.
—lt is generally believed in Washington
that the present Congressional recess will
be extended to December.
—One thousand dollars have been raised
in Montreal, Canada, for the entertainment
of All England Eleven cricketers.
—A new route has been formally opened
between New York, Boston and Montreal,
via Rutland, Burlington and Plattsburg.
The, Gas Works at Southbridge, Mass.,
was blown up on Saturday night and seven
men , reported killed and four seriously in
—George H. Pendleton had an enthusias
tic reception at Portland, Maine, on Satur
day. There was a torchlight procession
and a large assemblage of people.
—Rudolph Stake, who attempted to as
sassinate Justice Jecko, in St. Louis, a few
days since, has been committed jo jail on a
charge of assault with intent to slit.
—Secretary Seward has concluded a
treaty for the purchase of an island in the
Mediterranean, for half a m illion of dollars
which is to betsed as a naval station.
—The Chicago .and Northwestero Rail
road badge at Sterling, 'Wools, three
hundred foot in length, w,us destroyed by
Tire last 14'r/day night. It will be replaced
at once.
—The Boston Commonwea/th states that
Bon. Wm. Claflin has finally yielded to a
request of his willingness to have his, name
used a .9 candidate tor Governor at the en
suing Republican State Convention. .
-9.dvices from the South show that the
Democrats are making considerable head
way in securing the negro votes, and the
Republicans are urged te renewed activity
in several of the reconstructed States.
—A dispatch from London says the inter
national race between the American yacht
Hapho and the English yachts Candor,
Ouarra, Cambria and Alice Is postponed to
next Tuesday. The race is round the Isle
of Wight.
....Friday evening last Miss Isabella Smith,
aged seventeen daughter of Gen. Kilby
Smith, United States Vonsul at Parra,
was accidentally drowned at Forres dale
on the Delaware river. The body h ,not
been recovered.
—The Schutezen Festival will commence
at BaltimOre to-day. Arrangements have
been perfected to make It the most enter
taining ever held there. A grand prixes
sktri this (Monday) morning will inaugu
ipite the festival.
—The petition of R F. Lester claiming the
seat in the Senate of Georgia, made vacant
by the resignation of Mr. Bradley, of the
First district, was granted by a We of 18
Yeas to 11 nays. -Mr. Lester was sworn la '
and took his seat.
SECOID £lllllOl
The Attempted Assassination of
Victoria--Newspaper Edition
in Paris Confiscateth-The
bama Claims--Admiral Parra..
gut--The English Parliamenta
ry Elections.
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
LONDON, August 22.—The dispatch an
nouncing the attempted assassination of
Queen Victoria in Switzerland was received ,
through the regular news channel. The*
foreign office here has received no advice
of the affair.
PARIS, August 22.—The
,proprietors of
,the Lantcrne, the editors of which were re
cently sentenced to pay a fine of ten thou
sand francs for a violation of the press
law, yesterday attempted to resume the
publication of that paper. The police, how
ever, were notified and the entire edition
seized and 'confiscated before it left the of
fice of the printer.
PARIS, Aug. 22.—The Patric, in an edito
rial on American affairs. advises that the
dispute between the United States and
Great Britain concerning the Alabama
claims be referred to the arbitration of one,
of the great powers, as the only means of
arriving at a definite and final settlement.
LONDON, August 23.—Dispatches from
Constantinople report that Admiral Farra
go: still remained in that city. Last week
he had an interview - with the Ignatife, the
Russian Finbassador to the Sublime Porte,
and subsequently the Admiral, in compa
ny with Gen: Ignatife, visited the Turkish
Ministers Fued Pashi and Aall Kish!.
ST. PETERSBURG, AllEnTht 22.—The Gov-
eminent is in receipt of .later dispatches
from Bukhara. The Emir had signified
his willingness to accept the terms of petice
offered by the Cza,, with the exception,
however, of the duty of building fortitiCa
QuEusszowN, Aug. 221, The steamer
City of New York, from New York arrived
this e. u.
PARIS, Aug. `22.--Boursb closed firmer;
Rentes, 70 francs and 52c.. 1 .
FRANKFORT. Aug. 22.—..5 1 20s closed a
shade tirtner and higher at 75,;;'.
liosuos, Aug. 22—Rvesiv.—Much fluc
tuation in sugar to arrive and it is impossi
ble to give the exact prloovmajor part of
business transacted at 25s for No. Y. D. D.
Foreign News by Mall.
lquw , YORIr, Angusk istesuite,
City of Antwerp brings mail nth - ices from
Queenstown to the .13th.
Preparations for the forthcotning Par-,
liamentarY elections were In progress
throughout Great Britain. The test ques
tion is 'the Disestahlishment of the
Irish Church, and th 4 Liberals and
Tories are obliged to declare for or against
that measure before their constituents. W.
E. Forster, M. -P. for Bradford, made a
speech in which he condemned D'lsraeli
and his policy; but praised. Lord Stanley's
course with regard to the Alabaina claims
and the naturalization Question.
Dou4las Cooke, editor of. the — Saturday
Review Is dead.
A telegraph cable is to be laid between
Denmark and Russia.
Semi-official correspondence from Berlin
praises Baron Von Buest's recent speech at
the Rifle meeting in Vienna' on account
of its admission that Austria is no
longer a German State nor considers her
self called to exercise a guiding influence
Overthe destinies of Germany, and adds :
"Prussia will not quarrel with -Austria as
long as she adheres faithfully to the prin
ciples of peace and reconciliation thus laid
National Camp Meeting of the Secoud
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.' ; .
tional Camp Meeting of tho Second Adven
tists will begin in this city tomorrow and
hold one week., An immense gathering,
including persons from nearly every State
in the Union, •ls anticipated. The grove
where the meeting is to be hold wits dedi
cated to-day with religious ceremonies
which were witnessed by thousands of peo
—At a meeting ot the New York brick
layers, on Friday night, reports were read
Showing that about twenty rive ,thousand
dollars have been . expended In the strike.
A resolution to appoint a committee to
travel through the coui.try, to collect such
sums as the different Trades' Unions may
be disposed to contribute to the strike, and
to prevent men from coining to the city,
was adopted.
—Attorney Genoial Evarta having deci
ded that the term of office of District At
torney Charles Gilpin, of the Eastern Dis
trict of Pennsylvania, his expired, the .
President has appointed John P. O'Neill to
Mt the position. Hiram yKetchatn, Sr:, of
New York, has boon appointed Collector of
Sake, and will leave for that port in a few
—At Toronto, Canada, the receipts of
now crop of barley amounted to forty
thousand bushels. The price averaged on
the street 11,06, being the highest ever ob
tained this season. Two cargoes have al
ready been ehlppeq, and it is expected
Canada will export about three-quarters of
a million more bushels than last year:
_Under tho recent act of Congress regu
lating the Internal Revenue Bureau, there
are seven thousand and forty offices created;
of those there aro over lour thousand yet
to till, among which, are twonty-five Super
visors. This law gives to the Cetutoissioner
of Internal Revenue more patronage than
any other °Meer of the Goverreinent.
—Taylor, who commenced walking ono
hundred miles in twenty-four consecutive
hours yesterday at four o'clock at Fitch
burg, Massachusetts. for 000, gave it np at
3:43 p. m. Saturday; having; alked eighty
eight and a half miles In eighteen hours
and thirty-one minutes, resting two hours
and twelve minutes.
—The Executive Committee of Soldiers
and Bailors - ore making arrangements for
holding three or more National Mass Con
ventions, at brief intervals. The first will
probably be at Philadelphia on or before
Ilie . tirst of October, and the others at Cin
cinnati and Chicago. •
Purr, PIII4, Aug. 19, 1868.
The Co mittee have thought proper to
lay before heir constituents a brief but full
statement of the reasons which should in
duce all loyal American citizens, at the corn
lag Presidential election, to vote for Grant
and 'Colfax: and, in doing so, they will pro
ceeoT at once to a discussion of the grave
questions to be settled by the decision of
the American people. in November next.
It is no less a question .than whether a
rebellion, successfully ended, shall be fol
lowed by a permanent peace or by a new
rebellion, to be' headed by- the Democratic
nominee, with the advice and assistance of
his co.:nominee. General Blair.
These reasons will be published from day
to day by the Committee, in a series of ad
Mr. Rhett, of South•-Carolina, a leading.
rebel, said after the ordinance of secession
was passed by the convention of that State
"The secession of South Carolina is not an
event of a day. It is not anything produced
by Mr. Lincoln's election, or by the non-exe
cution of the fugitive law. it has been a mat
ter which has been gathering head for thirty
General Andrew Jackson, our patriotic
President, in 1833, said of the Nullifiers and
Secessionists cif his day : The tariff was
only the pretext and disunion and A
REAL OBJECT. The next pretext wili be
the negro or slareiy question.
A prophecy fulfilled by Mr. Calhoun and
his followers to the very letter.
By resolve of the Cincinnati Convention
in 1856 the Democratic National Convention
of 1860 assembled at Chaileston on the 23d
of April, and atter a stormy session, and the
secession of eleven slave States ( adjourned
to meet at Baltimore on the 18th of June.
The seceders adjourned to meet •at Rich-
moodon the 11th of June. From the Con
vention at Baltimore, other took
place, and. Stephen A: Douglas was nomi
nateO by the adhering members, and John
C. Breckinridge by the seceders, as their re
spective candidates for President of the Uni
ted States, in which last nomination the
Richmond seceders acquiesced.
Mr. Bell was nominated by a body styled
the Union Constitutional COnvention,which
met at Baltimore on the 9th of May; and
Mr. Lincoln was nominated by the Repub
lican. National Convention, which met at
Chicago on the 16th of May, 1860.
There were, therefore, four Presidential
candidates in the field. two of them belong
ing to the Democratic party, the pro-slavery
wing of which would never coalesce with
the supporters of Judge Douglas.
To the Democrats
.of the slave States It
therefore became clear that Mr. , lAncoln
mast be elected ia Noverabraveadlir.
speaking for South Carolina, said: "In my
judgment, if the Black Republican party
succeed in the coming election the Governor
should. immediately assemble
.the Legisla
ture,and that body should provida -for a
State Convention, which should protect the
State from the dishonor of submission to
Black Republican rule."
The same sentiment was openly avowed
by the leading Democrats in every slave
State, and the Democratic party was sedu
lously prepared for sec( i ;ssion, and a forcible
dissolution of the Union.
On Tuesday, the 6th of November, the
returns showed that Mr. Lincoln was the
next President of the United States, Gov.
Gist having expressed in his message to the
Legislature of South Carolina, on that day,
the opinion that in that event the only al
ternative Jett is the "secession of South Car
olina from the Federal Union."
. On the 7th (the next Gay) the United
States officials resigned at Charleston, and
on the 10th the U. S. Senators, Hammond
and Chestnut, resigned their seats in the
Senate. On the 17th December the ordi
nance of secession was unanimously adop
ted, and on the 31st commissioners were ap
pointed to proceed to Washington to treat
for the possession of Government property
within the limits of South Carolina. On
the 24th their representatives in. Congress
withdrew, and on - the 3d January, 1801; the
South Carolina commissioners left Wash
ington. On the Ist February seven States
had passed ordinances of secession, and
withdrawn from the Union.
On the 4th of February the Democratic
Congress met at Montgomery, and its presi
dent, HoWell Cobb, announced that seces
sion "is now a fixed and irrevocable fact,
and the separation is perfect, cotuplete, arid
perpetual." On the Bth the constitution of
the provisional government was adopted,
and on the 18th Jefferson Davis was inau
gurated as President.
On the 11th of Marsh, 1861, the perma
nent slave constitution of the Confederate
_,States was signed, and Jefferson Davis and
Alexander 11. Stephens became the rebel
President and Vice President of the South
ern Confederacy whose corner-stone was
negro slavery.
i 3
During this whole period up to theAth of
March, 1861, Mr. Buchan , a Democrat,
was, President, with a Cal inet of whom,
originally, only two were nion men.
The Democratic Secretor a the Treas•
ury having injured, to the utmost of his
power, the finances and credit of the nation,
stole away on the tenth of December and
became the President of the provisional
rebel Congress. On the 20th the Democratic
Secretary of War, who, at the instance of
Jefferson Davis, tilled the Southern arsenal;
with United States arms for rebel use, re
signed and was followed on the Bth of Jan
uary, 1801, by the Democratic Secretary of
the Interior, whose department had been
robbed by a subordinate. while the Detini
erotic Secretary attic liavy,who must haVe
known the intention. of his colleagues,
had distributed our uaval force on distant
stations, from which it would take months
to bring them borne. -
The Democratic Attorney General advised
the President that he had no power to coerco
a State, in which opinion the Democratic
Executive coincided, and of course took uo
measures to prevent the robbery of arsenals
and mints, the seizure of public vessels, and
the capture of forts, with the firing on ships
of the United States conveying provisions
to United States troops in United States
The President was an aged man, traitor
ously deserted by those Men whom ho had
rewarded by the highest offices in his gift,
and witltcut,a single honest adviser of his
original Cabinet, General Cass , having re
signed as Secretary of State.
Southern emissaries swarmed at Wash
ington, postponing, by every device, all
measures of the Government, tending to
counteract the active and constant prepara
tions for war by the rebel slave States. Mr.
Keitt, in November, 1860, said: "John
Hickman said defiantly, that if we went out
of the Union, eighteen millions of Union
men would bring us back. Let me - tell you
there are a million Democrats in the North,'
and when the Black Republicans attempt to
march upon the South, they will be found a
wall of fire to the front." [Cries of "that's
so," and applause.] And Mr. Durgan said:
"It is not true in point of fact, that all the
Northern people are hostile to the rights of
the South. We have a Spartan band in
every Northern State;" and when we find an
ex-President in a private confidential letter
to the man who the next year was the rebel
President, using the following language, it
is not to be wondered at, that the Southern
rebels relied on the active and efficient aid
of Northern Democrats:
"I do not believe," writes ex-President
Pierce from New York to Jefferson Davis
at Washington, "that our friends in the
South have any just- idea of the state of
feeling, hurrying at _this moment to the
pitch of intense exasperation, between those
who respect their political obligations and
those who have apparently no propelling
power but that which fanatical passion, on
the subject of domestic slavery imparts.
Without discussing the question of right,
of abstract power to secede, I have never
believed that actual disruption of the Union
can occur -without blood; and if, through
the madness of abolitionism, that dire calam
ity must come; it will not be along Mason
and Dixon's line merely— it will be within
our own borders, in our own streets, between
the two classes of citizens to whom I have
On the Bth of January; 1861, the Mayor
of the city of New York, a sound Demo
crat, said:"lt would seem that a dissolu
tion of the Union is inevitable." He then
propounds the question whether the city of
New York. throwing off its allegiance to the
General Government, may not become a
free city. "If the Confederacy is broken up
the Government is dissolved, and it behooves
every distinct community, as well as every
individual, to take care of themselves."
But, as these doctrines savored strongly of
treason, the prudent municipal Executive
added: "But lam not prepared to recom
mend the violence implied in these views."
On the 31st of January, 1861, a great
Democratic convention was held at Albany,
composed - of the most influential men of the
party. On that day and on the next day,
seven slave States had seceded, and four
days afterwards the Confederate Congress
met, and announced their separation from
the Union to be "perfect, complete, and
perpetual," and fourteen days afterwards
Jefferson Davis inaugurated as Presi
dent, under the constitution of the provision
al government, adopted on the Bth.
The President and both Houses of Con
gress were Democratic, and so was the Su
preme Court. The seceders, who had actu
ally levied war, were Democrats, buttrat;
tors, while the meet'ng at Albany was court-
`po sett - of . .. Democrats, - who,- -in._ _Novena b
had voted the Dimocratie ticket.
One of the speakers at Albany presented
and approved the view of the election of
Mr. Lincoln taken_ by the South Carolina
rebels. "The Democratic and Union party
at the North," said he, "made the issues at
the last election, with the Republican party,
that in the event of their success ,
and the
establishment of their policy, the South.irn
States not only go out of the Union, BUT
FOR DOING SO." [Applause.] An ac
knowledgement which a true patriot and not
a mere partisan would have been ashamed
to have made. To think that a great party
which had governed the country for eight
years should consider its defeat, in the elec
tion of President, a sufficient cause for the
secession of all the slave States and a ner
manent dissolution of the Union. The
temper of this meeting may be safely esti
mated by this single miserable partisan
avowal, • -
Governor Seymour said, "Revolution has
already begun," We are advised by the
conservative States of Virginia and Ken
tucky that if force is to be used it must be,
exerted againft the united South." "Let
us also see if sucessful coercion by the North
is less revolutionary than successful secess
ion by the. South." After praising the
valor and sagacity of the men of the South,
he urged the necessity of compromise in
language which be repeated even in the last
month of the expiring rebellion.
"The question is simply, this—shall we
have compromise after war, or compromise
without war." Rejeaing all idea of coer
cing the Southern traitors, and assuming
that their treason must be successful.
The milk and water resolutions of this
and of similar Democratic meetings in other
States, served only to inspirit the Southern
rebels, one of whom said to a member of
Congress from New York: "If your Presi
dent should attempt comion, he will have
more opposition .at the ?fora than he can
No Deinocrat, certainly not Governor
Seymour. ever urged President Buchanan
to maintain the Constitution by force, If
necessary, and in the words of the hero of
New Orleans, "solemnly proclaim that the
Constitution and the laws are supreme and
The London .Times sent its correspondent
Mr. Russell, in March 1861 to the United
States, and in 1863 he published what he
styled, '"My Diary North and South,"
being, for the most part, "extracts from the
diaries and note books which he assiduous
ly kept while he was in the United States, as
records of the events and impressions of the
Referring to a dinner party in New Ynrk
a few days atter his arrival, he saYs': "The
Hon. Horatio Seymour,' a foimer Governor
of the State, was one of the gueAs - ;" and
adds,"l do not think that any of the guests
sought to turn the channel of talk upon
politics, but the occasion offered itself to
Mr. Horatio Seymour to:give me his views of
the Constitution of the United States, and
by degrees the theme spread over, the table.
There was not a man who maintained - the
Government had any power to coerce the
people of a State, or to force a State to re
main in the Union; or under the action of
the Federal Government ; in other words,
the symbol of power at Washington is nut
at all analagous to that which represents an
established government in other countries.
Although they admitted the Southern lenders
had meditated the treason against the Union
years ago, they could not bring themselves to
allow their old opponents, the Republicans,
now in power, TO DISPOSE OF THE
"Mr. Seymour is a man of compromise,
but his views go farther than those Which
were entertained by his party ten 3 , ears ago.
Although secession would produce revolu
tion, it was nevertheless 'a right' founded
on.abstract principles, which could scarcely
be abrogated consistently with , due regard to
the original compact."
"The Democrats behold with silent satis
action the troubles into which the Republi—
Can triumph has plunged the country, and
are not at all disposed to extricate them. The
most , notable way of impeding their efforts
is to knock them down with the 'Constitu-
Lion' every time they, rise to the surface and
begin to swim out."
Treason was rife among the officers of the
army and navy, who had been edueated and
supported by, the United States, given high
rank and large pay in both arms of the ser
vice,and a General in Texas disgracefully be
trayed his trust, and turned over his army
with all the posts and fortifications, arms,
munitions, horses, and equipments to the
rebel authorities, by which most base and
treacherous acts the Union lost half its mili
tary. force, With the State of Texas and the
control di the Mexican frontier.
_ .
In all this tumult of treason, the rank and
file of both services—the soldiers and sailors
-stood firm, resisting all the persuasions of
their treatherous commanders to desert the
time-honored flag of the Union, under
which they hail fought and bled, and were
readyto meet the traitors whether on the
land or the ocean.
Having failed to get Fort Sumter by ne
gotiation, and Alabama being partly repent
.ant, in a discussion at Montgomery?, Mr.
Gilchrist said to the rebel . Secretary of War,
in the presence of Jefferson Davis, "Sir,
unless you sprinkle blood in the face of the
people of Alabama, they will be back in the
old Union in less than ten days." The next
day Beauregard opened his batteries on
Sumter and Alabama was saved to the rebel
.Major Anderson had moved his whole
force of 80 men from Fort Moultrie to Fort
,Sumter, and after sustaining a bombard
ment of 34 hours capitulated and surren
dered the fort on Sunday, April 14, 1861.
In the South the news was received with
rapturous joy, and the rebel Secretary of
War predicted - that the rebel secession flag
would before the first of May-float over the
dome pf the Capital at Washington, and
eventually over Faneuil Hall in Boston.
At the North the effect of this attack and
surrender was electric. No sooner had the _
telegraph communicated the news to the ex
cited citizens in Wall street than there was
but one sentiment, that the insult to our na
tional flat could only be washed out with
the rebel blood. On Monday journals that
were half rebel became loyal, and in Phila=
delphia the sturdy median:es and artisans
forced the rebel sympathizers to protect
themselves by the flag of the Union.
This loyal flag spread like wildfire through
the whole country. The Spartan bands
prognosticated by. Keitt, Durgan, and the
ex President disappeared for the time, whilst
armed aid was proffered from every quarter
to - President Lincoln.
Ten States went-out of the ,Union, some
therg.bsinuid.and against; the express
will of the people, and three wero kept in
the Union, although large bodies of their
citizens joined the -rebel armies. •
Mr. Russell - went to South Carolina, and
there in intercourse with theirlead
ino- men, he remarks, "Again' cropping out
of deed level of hate to the Yankee,
grows its .climax in the profession from
nearly every one of the guests that he would
prefer a return to British rule to any reunion
with. New England. They affect the agri
cultural faith and the belief of a landed
gentry. It is not only over the wine glass
—why call it cup—that they ask for a prince
to reign over them. I have heard the wish
repeatedly expressed within the last two
days that - we could spare them one of your
young princes ---but never in jest or in any
frivolous manner." "Not a man, no, not
one, will ever join the Union again ! Thank
God," they say, _"we are freed from that
tyranny at last.'
"After dinner the conversation again
turned on the resources and power of the
South, and on the determination of the peo
ple never to go back into the Union. Then
cropped out again the expression of regret
for the rebellion of 1776, and the desire that,
if- it came to the worst, England would re
ceive back her erring children, or give them
a prince under whom tney could secure a
monarchical form of government. There is
no doubt of the earnestness with which these
things are said."
These 'were the Southern Democratic
friends whom Governor Seymour so lauded
but a few weeks before, and whom he would
not see coerced into`diseliarging their duties
as citizens of the United States ; theoretical
democrats, but praetical monarchists ; and
these are the men who would have you be
lieve they were not responsib e for the
blood of your gallant comrades.
By order of the Committee.
Ca/imam H. T. Comas, Chairman.
A. L. Rossini., Secretary.
THE letter in which Hon. J. M. Bnoom-
ALL announced to the Conferees of the Sev
enth District his withdrawal as a candidate,
in behalf of Mr: TowNEIEND,. his "apparent
though not actual competitor," reflects the
highest honor upon his unselfish patriotism.
We quote one paragraph, which will inter
est Repuhliean leaders everywhere. He
"The questions which claimed the atten
tion of Congress since I became a member of
that body were new, as well as momentous.
The creation of four_ millions of American
citizens out of mere chattels by the aboli
tion of slavery; the conferring of civil and
political rights upon these citizens; the re
constructing of States destroyed by rebel
lion and war; the proper treatment of a sub
jugated foe; avoiding the extremes of. too
harsh : punshment and too hasty forgive
ness; the judicious management of a victory
is often more difficult than achieving it.
These and kindred subjects, for which there
was no American precedent, have constitu
ted the great legislative business of the past
six years. The future will decide whether
the work has been faithfully and successful
ly done."
VALLANDIGIIAIS says the New York Con
vention was "imbued with the spirit which
went forth on the natal morn when
was born." The operations of that spirit are
described on unquestionable authority in
these words : "Then Herod was exceeding
wroth, and , sent forth end slew all the
children that were in Bethlehem, and in all
the coasts thereof, from two years old and