Newspaper Page Text
ttt IlittslpttLt. Gattts:
PUBLUMEDI 'DAILY, BY
T. P. HOUSTON, W. REED.
Editors and iioprietors.
GAZETTE BUILDING, NOS. 84 AND 86 FIFTH ST.
iOf Pittaltntlati Allegheny and All.gheny
' " • County.
Ternut•Daihi.. Semi- weedy . Weekly.
'One year • , ne year...Z.so Single co py — 4 11.50
One month . . ' 7581 x mos.. 1.50 5 copies, each. 1.2.5
By the week., 15 Three mos 75 10 ••• ` • 1.0
(from earrler.) —and one to Agtnt.
THURSDAY, JULY 30, 1889.
National. Union Republican Ticket.
ULYSSES S. GRANT.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
. 1 AT LARGE.
G. 31ORRISON COATES. of Philadelphli.; ..
TIIOS! DIA:RSIIALL, of I'lttaburgh.
1. W. H. BARNES, IS: SAmirra, SNOW,
W. J. POLLoCK, li. R. F. WHGONSELLE.
3. RICHARD IirILDKT. 15. CHAS. H. 51ILLEn.„
4. G. W. Wm.. • 15. GEORGE W. ELMEO;
5. WATSON P. IIICGILL, il7. JWIN STEWART,
0, J. H. REINGIIURST, 111. A. U. OLMSTEAD, •
7. FRANK C. HEATON, 119. ' JAMES SILL,
& ISAAC ECKERT, la/. H. C. JOHNSON, •
9. ARnaus 11001.50, - ,21. J..S. EwHaa, •
10. DAVID BI.RAND, Wm. FREW,
ELWM. DAVIS, - 123. A. W. CRAWFORD,
W. W. KETCHUM, 24. J. S. RUTAN.
sTA,r - v.
FOR AUDITOR GENERAL OF FENNIA
JOHN F. HAWFBANIT.
FOR SURVEYOR GENERAL OF PENN I 'A.
JACOB M. CAMPBELL.
; - CO NTF 24XC 7 -17.T.
O. HESS, 22D pISTRICT. - •
• AMES B. NEGLEY.
'l, CONGRESS, 23D DISTRICT. ,
usubiece to the decision, or the Conferees of the
' • 'DISTRICT ATTORNYY. ' •
• A. L. PEARSON.
ASSISTANT DISTRICT ATTORNEY.
JAMES L. GRAHAM. •
GF.O. F. MORGAN,
VINCENT .tdILLER, ' - ' ' •
HENRYz LAMBERT. ,
. - cosisGssronan.
: • corm - Tr-dos:cr. *macron.
J. G.-MURRAY. •
Headquartera Republican County Com
mittee, City Hall, Market Street. Open
every day. County Committee meets every
Wednesday, at 2 P. M.
WE PRINT On, the inside pa , ges of this
morning's - G AZETTE
_—Se,cond page : Origi
nal Poetry, entitled "The Aged Styanger;"
Letter, from Sveisshelm Concerning
Chief ) Justice- Chase; The Lehigh Freshet;
Horses, in Battle; Ozone, 5-e. Third and
BiztTr pagei:l ( inance and Trade; Home
and %Foreign Icarkets; River News, 6'c. Sev
enth page: The Edit.rial Excursion—Letter'
from Our SPecial.Correspondent.
GOLD elo l ed yeaterdtty in New York a
A PUBLIC MEETING, in furtherance - of the
Monongahela Valley Railroad, will be held
at Monongahela City on the 15th of, August
Tnz lirasat'S STnran,,in the anthracite
counties, is pretty much ended, the men
being paidby the hour instead of the day:
TEE PitE,SIDENT has discovered another .
reason fornotapproving the Funding Bill
'which is, that it' does not harmonize with
the Tammany Hall platform , Upon the
same ground, if he had occasion to act offi
cially in the premises,he would doubtless
set aside the Ten Commandments. '
THE CHOLEMA having made its appear
ancciiri New:York, the Board of Health of
that city are taking ;vigorous measures' to
prevent the disease from spreading, by
abating the predisposing causes. It ie
hardly prbtable, in view of the precautions
used that the malady will become epidemic..
A. few mild cases of cholera would be a de
cided benefii- to Piltsburgh, prodded thq
authorities should be induced thereby to' put
the city ihas fair a col9tiou of cleanliness
akthe case reasonably admits of. .-
TKO. DEMgcRATB ara doings famous bus
Imes in bragging of the success their nomi.
nees will have, at the October, lection: r As
this is the only chance they will have to get
their bragging in, we are not inclined to
deal harshly with them for their' weakness.:
- Yesterdiir the . Post ,intinUited that Mr.
Pr= ate, of Armstrong county, would
be the Democratic candidate-for Congresit in
the.TwentyAblrdDistrict," and boasted
he would easy Armstrong 'county: That
was compamgyply, pxodest. , ._ -Why not Ur
'agsin,,and make certain , to:carry the
district ? just - ail, easy, and
quite as probable , • , - , ;
-WE runtzsuEn, yesterday, 9 order
the President, relieving the Teconstractdd
States from, military supervision. This is
in conformity with laws"enacted b 3, Con
gress'for the regulation 'of this Matter.
Gen. anent I ssue d simi r lar orders, touch
ing the States respectively tte fast as the
new State Governments were established.
TheTresidcnt's ordei does not , recall the
military from `the rpconstructed J3tates, ai
reported by yinshington..coriespondenta.
There is no.rocre reason why .all-ftoops:
be : withdrawn from: Britith Caro
lina than from Pennsy l vania. ,
Tills order 4iffectually disposes of , the out
cry, hitherto set up bttlie Democrats, that
the Southern, States are controlled' by 'a mil-
itary despotisp.. .All-but three. or four of: ,
them 14e entirely delivered from military
anpervildon, and those three or four will be
as soon ! as .tikey• comply / with the reconatruc.
The Republitans of Pittsburgh, Alle
ghenymand adjacent muricinallties will be
pleased with'• the announcement that the
Hon. J. A. Brtiorram, of Ohio, will address
a public meeting TO-NIGHT, at the City Hall,
'upon the issues presented to the American
people for solution at the Presideniial elec-
tion. No abler, or more eloquent, or more-
honored champion of Republican principles
exists than he is. Of rare sagacity, of ripe
perlenc.e, of infallible instincts, of unshrink
mg cotrage, of unqueStioned fidelity, he is
one of\ the few public men : who always
grasp the essential points on-whieb a great
-Controversy necess9rily turns, and analyze
with a certainty leaving nothing
futither to be desired.
%et,' there be a spontaneous' and grand
co'n.vocation to welcome him
THE SCIENTIFIC ELEVATION OF
LABOR—HOW IT CONCERNS PITTS
Had we not all sinnedy ADAM'S fall,
would man be more happy in hia ignor
ance of,that vast fund' of knowledge which
the race has accumulated in its silty cen
turies of submission to the first sentence i
of Divine Wrath? Philosophers may spec- '
ulate upon his condition as he - would now
have been, without the original or any sub
sequent transgression, and may institute'
curious comparisons, between the Para
disaical simplicity of the myriad 'descend
ants of a sinless ADA.M, swarming over the
ylimet in that : state of unsophisticated, art
less and lovely Nature which our first par
ents forfeited, and the present
; state of the
face, socially and , intellectually, resulting
from the great obligation ,of Labor for
Bread. Let us leave such speculationato
the i philosophers, not even disputing their
unanimous deduction that the curse was
really a blessing 'in disguise. It is enough
for us to know that, Labor is made the first
duty of man, as it ;is of the first necessity
to individual or social existence.' With the
need forlabor, came the instinct for its guid
ance in the method most effective .of results.
ADAM'S first efforts in that direction, even
under an eight-hour system, would natur
ally have led him to some advance beyond
mere main strength and ignorance. As an
intelligent being, he probably ; made some
sort of use of his, inventive faculties, before
the first sun-set, and thereby illustrated the
dignity and intellectual phases 'of Labor,
even while the personal memories of Eden
were still fresh, 4d from that day on-
Ward, through all these thousands of years,
theinultiPlying children of the earth have
studied the intellectual problem Which
should give to , LaliOr its largest results at
the smallest cost.
• The rights of Labor depend upon an intel
ligent understanding of its objects and its
proper results.• The dignity of Labor is,
quiy comprehended in the remembrance
that it is a necessity incumbent upon all the
race. And the elevation of, Labor can only
be accomplished by the clear perception of
the equal need for - its intelligent guidance.
The hands avail as the brain directs them;
and Labor is effective exactly in proportion
as Science shall lead it to a maximum of re
sults with a minimum of expenditure. The
world has made vast progress in that direc
tion—progress ao great that it begins fairly
f-p Coinprehend, the illimitable magnitude of
'the field oractical discovery upon which
.it has but post entered. Science draws
each day nearer to Art; and Labor rises,
by 'slow but sure degrees; ' as it responds to
the, instruCtion 'of the hrain, towards its
Ifeaveu-ordained rank as the duty, the safe
ty and the hope of mankind. In the pro
gress of the world, the co-relations of scien
tific knowledge and.the !power of the mere
animal man become more. intimate, and
more essentially an element in national as
wellss individual developmgit. We hold
it therefore to be the highest 'obligation of
a wise and well-ordered goveritment that it
should provide its people with Scientific and
technical instruction, exhausting therefor
the entire field of practical knoWledge. To
'Americana this obligation should address it
self with peculiar. power. We li - ave entered
into the /rivalry of nations, with ad
vantages 'and disadvantages' specially re
sulting from our political and social
'characteristics, i as' well as from our
location ; on this iluarter • of the planet.
With institutions essentially antagonistic to
any others t in Christendom, our statesmen
perceive that the - material and the political
indePendence of the Republic depend upon
the same conditions, and are not independent
of each other. Our climate, soil andminer
al resources supply us with every natural
element of superiority. Our people rAand
in the first rank' of Christian - enlighten.'
ment and Scientific knowledge. We have
nearly forty milliops of human beings,
whose' material needs are to be, supplied
with the yroducts of labor in every depart
ment-of manufacture. Agricultdre and
manufactures meat feed and clothe them.
Art, in all its varigty of form; must supply
the 'Wants; the superflUities as well as, the
necesities, of an enlightened, wealthy and
luxury-loving,people. Why should we not
create all that we ourselves are to consume?
Why should we be dependent upon other,
'nations for these ifroducts which are regard;
less of the zones, and which 4therican Labor
hasi all the natural ability to yield ? Why
shonlihwe need to look-to Europe for cloths
'or metala; or', chemicals; or Machinery, or
ought else, better, or cheaper than our own
artizans can produce in our midst ? - ;Why
shoUld we need tariffs, for the.protection of
our own dearer or less skilled labor against
the destructive competition•of cheaper Or
better -workmen abioad ? Why is that
foreign :labor cheaper or 'better, that it
should thus threateathe existence of Ameri
can Labor upon American soil ?
It is not enough to reply that the , denser.
populations of taeold world. have cheapened
the wages of eich pair of hands. , There is
soinetbing in that, but by no means all. It
IS Dotage to deny, that
; the products Of En
glish forges or French and Swiss lame are
THE TURN-OUT TO-NIGHT
PITTSBURGH GAZETTE : THURSDAY, TULY 30, 1868.
superior to til l ttT °wit: For it mast he a::ml
te!1 to bt'l Itrue that, in nearly , erl•
line of the,higher walks of Productiie Ar#,
the foreign and especially the Continental
manufacturer either attains an absolutely
higher grade of production, or, for the same
price, he can deliver a bitter article upon
our shores. There are exceptions, which
might be specified, but the general, truth is
as stated. -
Our workmen are, in Some respects, far
more intellirrent than-those of Europe. In
general education, in comprehension of po
litical truths, in every department of knowl
edge, except some of the specialties Of La
bor, the American artizan is frilly ur to the'
lieSt standard of an enlightened citizenship.
Our inventions fill the workshops, the armo
ries, the palaces and the cottages of Christen
dom, but it is too often true that the Amer
ican brain has profited the foreign hand
more than , our own, and the English or the
French manufacturer undersells our markets
with goods upon which an American patent
was first stamped. And since this is so,
there exist abundant' reasons, in a sound
pu lie policy, why our 'Home Industry,
co peting at any disadvantage, should be
fo:tered and protected by such discriminat
in. imposts as shall equalize the respective
I , he triumphs of American production,
, he sposition pf last year at Paris, were
y fekv. Such as-were there were very,
idedi. Not all the world could present
the equals of our locomotives, sewing ma
chines and pianos. But the triumphs of
American genius, wrought out by the AV
plied Science of European nations, were
found in every department which displayed
the productions of a civilized people. With
an inventive capacity which rivaled that of
the English,. and with a perfection of detail
which in a few instances far exceeded the
cunning of English handiwork, we as well
as they were completely eclipsed in the
field of Technical Knowledga and Practical
Science, by the'superior adroitness,
and instructed skill of the French and Ger
man workmen. The inferiority; as:_an en
tire class, of the American as well as the
English contributions to that display was
painfully recognized by all who spoke the
Anglo-Saxon tongue, while the Amer
ican visitors were but "partially recon
ciled in perceiving that more than one
triumph of our rivals had been won
by their more successful practical applica
tion of our own discoveries in mechanism.
his not remarkable therefore that the Eng
lish and American jurors and visitors - drew
the one and only inference that the case ad
mitted of; they accepted the indubitable
proof before them, that in the familiar adapta
tion of scientific knowledge to the, various
processes ot-operative industry, the nations
of the European continent were far in
vance of any profitable competition:
The enquirruaturally suggested was as
easily answered. France, Belgium, Germa
ny and Switzerland abound with Scientific
Schools :for technical instruction, which i
yearly send out their thousands of worn- 1
plished workmen, of whom a very large
proportion bennmn enrolled at once in the
great body of the operative etazq. In due
time, the ranks of the overseers, foremen,
managers and proprietors are recruited
from these workmen, who, in whatever
grade of employment; know precisely how
effectually Science is an aid to Productive
Art. The apprentice of a twelve-month
does not aspire to the skilled workman's,
place, nor doea the artizan, familiar with
one specialty; for that reason hold himself
acquainted with all others. As a Glaris, the
foreign workmen are faithfully, patiently
and thoroughly instructed, and, to a very
great extent, scientifically as well as practi
Herein is'seen the deficiency of American
Labor. We need the better, the thorough
instruction of our operative classes. We
shotild enable them to enlarge their scientific
knowledge of principles. We need Scien- ,
title. Schools, which at a small cost,shall give
practical instruction in the higher walks of , `
Art ; 'Schoela which shall acquaint the
1 pupil with material properties, asswell as
uses; which shall teach him why the given
result, is, obtained, is well as .to secure that
result most certainly and profitably. We
need to educate Labor into the mastery of
practical science, and to the com and of the
favorable conditiOns which knowledge can
impart. And American Labor so instructed
will find itself qualified for successful com
petition with any foreign skill, and may ulti
mately come to dispute the home-markets
of those nations which now supply our con
These suggestions seem to us to apply
with peculiar force to the interests of Labor
in our city of Pittsburgh. Over all this
brosui continent, there appears no spot where
Opeiative Industry and Productive Art are
so actively concentrated. Here ,Manufac
ture floats its, broadsombre flag over almost
every•known department of iandicmft, and
the rights, .the dignity and 'the duty of La
bor are questions which come home to every
class of our citizens. Here, with. peculiar
fitness • and success, might he illustrated the
~of Technical and Scientific Educa
tion. A School of Alta and Mines, estab
lished in this city, and instructing its pupils
thorougidy, and. at a cost no greater than is
involved in the other common or public
ichools, seems to tis not - only of special
necessity, but as promising to be of. re
markable adiantage to our material in:
tercets. The' work and the workmen
of Pittsburgh would• then take a• still
higher rank,; and would continue, ' e
future generations, to maintain, against all
rivalries,' the manufacturing repute of our
-people. With such 'peculiar facilities ' for
the application.of Science to Production, a
systematic scheme, of instruetio might
easily be inaugurated, and, In due time, its
results would be reaped in profit an hundred
Tell Why should, not our Western Uni
versity, already equipped as It IT, be sup
-plied with the neediul additions to , its staff,
ferthis 'end ? Aud how easy it would be
for the intelligence and, wealth .of a city like
Pittsburgh to supply the means requisite to
ensure the perpetuall_on, through this chart
nel, of a still more decided pre-eminence In
matitifadttring skill 1 • .
The ratification of the Fourteenth A.Mend
ment of the Constitution by the Legislature
of Georgia completes the incorporation
thereof into the fundamental law, even ac
counting as valid the withdrawal - of assent
by Ohio and NeW Jersey. Consequently the
Secretary of State has issued another and
unconditional notification of the acceptance
of the amendment.
Unless, therefore, the Democrats are pre
pared to resort to revolutionary violence, as
suggested by BLAIR, Emma, Too Mas, and
. their le ding newspapers, the es
tablishment of bl k suffrage in the seced
ing States must e regarded as . final; as,
ilso; the deducti n of the black population
from the whole number 'of the inhabitants
of all the other States in hereafter determin
ing representation in Congress and the Elec
toral Colleges.' Under this latter provision,
Maryland and Tennessee will each lose one
member of Congress and one elector after
1870, , unless they shall enfranchise their
colored people. If the blacks are not -al
lowed to vote f r themselves, it is clear that
nobody ought to be permitted to vote in
their stead and against their consent.
pennsylvan* . has shout sixty thousand
black inhabits ts; not ), enough to diminish
her represent ion unless a large fraction
shall become a mriterial element in the com
putation- Nearly one-half of this:; black
population is in Philadelphia. Chester
county has 6,100, LancaSter 4,000, Alle
gheny-3,000, 2,000, and York
.The r_esidue are scattered thinly
throughout the State. If these- blacks
ilibuld be admitted to the right of suffrage
'the aggregate vote of the Commonwealth
would be increased about twelve thousand.
In the present condition of popular opinion
this increase will not be4ermitted.
~ T he Bloated Bondholders:,
The Hon. Am6sa Walker, in an article
upon the of the Bondholders," in
Lippincott's Magazine for August, after
enumerating the various classes which
would suffer by repudiation, says:
"The Savings - Banks have, from the first
to the present time, invested largely in the
National bonds. All the interest they have
received upon loans made .before the war,
which, according to the terms of payment,
should have been paid in gold, or in paper
on a par with gold, have been paid in green
backs, which they were compelled by law
to take; and, to a large extent, they hays in
vested these in the public stocky, as also the
deposits made with them from time to time,
amounting to many millions, and belonging
In a great degreeto the poorer classes, who,
as we have seen, were certainly not 'bloat
red,' if indeed they were not horribly de
pleted by, the issue of legal tenders. Are
they not, then, entitled to full payment?
Did they not pay what to them was the
equivalent ? Will they be unduly 'enriched
at the expense of the nation,' if they receive
gold for what to them had stand for gold,
and which; perhaps, they received, under
legal compulsion, for actual gold? These
institutions must hold over one hnndred
millions of dollars in United States bonds.
"The collegestuad other literary and sci
entific institutions of the country, too, have
funds consisting largely of Government
bonds. Upon the income from. those they
- rely to eke out the small "Salaries- of their
professors or teachers. So, also, of the
hospitals and other public charities, 4ecular
and sacred, of every name and description
—all are alike dependent on the faith of the
"31Any persons engaged iu the trade an
manufactures of the country made largi
profits by. the advance of commodities in
their possession, and by the enhanced profits'
they were able to obtain in consequence of
the pressing demand occasioned by the war.
They took great risks; they threw them
selves into the turbulent and perilous Cur
rent, and were successful. Such has always
been th 6 case, at all times and in all coun
tries, wheneyer the general industry became
disturbed .by military operations. This
class of. persons doubtless hold a share of
the Federal bonds, but upon what principle
of justice can their claims be regarded as
TEIE New York correspondent of the
Chicago Jotifta/ writes :
On Thursday night, after the Democratic
nominations were made, Frank P. Weir
met the repreeentatives of the great un
washed at a "blow oat" at a private resi
dence up town, where they reveled and held
high carnival until nearly morning. What
the character of those present were you can
infer from a few of the names that I give
you : Clement L. Vallandigham; the Ohio
martyr; Hon. Ben. Wood, the New York
lottery policy dealer, and editor and proi
priror of that infamous dirty sheet, the Even
ing News, and Senator Bradley. These are
the syle of men with whom this apostate
Blair now makes his political bedl
The Democrats account for their ratifica
tion fizzles by saying "it is all .'owing to
Frank Blair ; he has, taken the stiffenin' out
of them." •
Cob, ISRAEL PAINTER, a well known an
prominent Democrat of Westmorelarid coun
ty, Pa., (John Covode's district) and a-for
mer personal friend of Mr, Stanton, relates
the following incident in the career of Gen.
I was sitting in Stanton's office one day
just after the news earhe of the battle of
t3biloh, no one then being - present, when
Stanton turned to me, holding in his hand
Grant's very modest dispatch. "Read that
said he. After I had, read it ,he said: "I
have a great mind to send -in his name for
Major General, what doyen think?" "Be-
eider," he added, "I knowthe liftle man—l
knew him when he was a boyin Ohio and/
know he can be relied upon . " I assented,
and the name was sent in, and, before I
closed my business with Stantok -the,com
mission came back duly signed. ;
All old gentleman in Michigan; who
served in the war of 1815, and also in the
Mexican war, called a day or two since to
receive the payment of bounty for,two ions
he had given to the country in the late war,
and voluntarily in the presence of two or,
three persons made the statement that he
was, nearly eighty years old, had never yet
voted any ticket but the Democratic; fhat
he had served in twowars; had;given two
ions to the late war, but God forbid,"
said the old man, as the tears,` came into his
eyes; "that what will' In all probability be
my last vote - should be cast for men who
have always opposed , the interests that I
ve fought for, and for which my two only
"..nsweregiven." •• •
MET , had -a Democratie pow-waW lfl
Kansas City the other night, during which
an honest lrishnian mOnnted a counter. and
rolling up his sleeves, remarked : " D—n
Frank Blair.," They tried to' pull him
down,' hat he continued : U Whin' I first
came to the town, me'n the CassidYs ,was
the only Dimmecrats, but now every spiul
peen that's kicked - out•ur the presence uv
decent people comes to us for ettppott.
Blair's played out." Here the speaker was
. 6 ,btudtWbstaker,
"Altadical Speee4 by a GeorjOigh
tgtlati* Coitesiandencs or the Cincinnati Com
The Hon. James L. S eward, resides at
Thomasville, in southern. Georgia,. but a
few miles from the Florida line. He is
known in all that country called In Georgia
the Wire Grass Region, and possesses great
influence. He has been in the Congress of
the United States, and in 1858 beat General
Bartow (killed on the rebel side at. first Bull
Run) for that office. He is a thorough
Georgian, a man of great popularity 'and
superior social position.
Mr. Seward addressed the people at At
lanta yesterday evening, and had the Hall
of Representatives crowded to heat him.
The manner and bearing of the audience
was, in striking contrast with that addressed
by Toombs. All present . were struck with
the difference. Mr. Seward speaks with
great energy and vehemence, and, from the
manner in which all hung upon his words,
it s was evident that his opinions are sought
fiir with eagerness. He opened somewhat
FELLOW CITIZENS,: I appear before you
as a Georgian to speak to Georgians; to ad
dress you-on the ureatquestions before the
country. I desire to wound the feeling of
no one. = I wish to address your 'reason,
and not- your passions. Do you know
that you are upon the eve of a revo
lution? I tell you it is so. I was the
Charleston Convention when the late revo
lution was inaugurated. I opposed seces
sion then, and was denounced for it. What
is the result? To-day we are 1 the poorest
people in the world. If Generals Toombs
and Cobb made so sad a mistake then, I.
warn you not to follow them now. You
followed them through four years of bloody
war, which has left the country filled with
widows and-orphans, deprived of - means of
support, and our people a conquered and
oppressed race. But I forgive them, and
will not say that they were not patriotic;
but they made a mistake. While at WaSh
ington, in 1861, they were continually'send
ing telegraphic despatches advising Georgia
to secede. I don't charge them with crime,
but I do say they made a sad mistake then,
and are unsafe leaders now. Public liberty
is lost, and how shall, we regain it?, We are
a conquered people, a`nd must accept such
terms as the conquerpr dictates. assert
that Andrew Johnson put worse tettusupon
us than the Radical party him ever imposed.
He appointed a Provisional Gowernor; a
convention was called; the ordinance of se
cession twinned; a Legislature and State
government provided for; and what follow
ed? Why, Andrew Johnson actually re
quired, at the point of the bayonet, that we
should abolish slaiery, after it had been
abolished by military power and the proc
lamation of the President.
The reconstruction acts of Congress were
not the first terms submitted to the people of
the South. We rejected the first and more
liberal terms submitted to us, thus showing
a spirit of opposition to the government.
The reason why these reconstruction laws
were imposed upon us was that the North
ern people belioyed that the. Southern lead
ers were opposed to reconstruction. All of
this has been the result of the teachings of
such men as Toombs, Cobb and Ben. Hill.
If you accept the constitutional amend
ment, known as Article 14 you will, by that
means, put the suffrage question in the hands
of the' people of the State.
I do not look upon the enfranchisement
of the negroes in the same light as Toombs,
Cobb, and other leaders of the Democratic
party do. They take the position that the
enfranchisement of the negro degrades the
The elevation of the_ negro does not de
grade the white man. And I tell you, col
ored people, if the people North says you
have the right to vpte in the South, and
admit you to the right of citizens, you have
the right to demand that they admit you to
the same rights and privileges in the North.
I don't admit that the Southern peonle are
inferior to any nice on the earth, We are
conquered, and the North has put harsh
measures upon us, but let us accept them,
and get the State under the control of the
people of the State. The fourteenth article
will become a part of the constitution,
whether Georgia adopts it or. not, North
and South Carolina and Florida'will soon
adopt it, and . whether Georgia adopts it or '
not, if she returns to- the Union they will
have to - accept it. • ,
But the Democracy think if Seymour is
be set aside. Well, let as see. Suppose they
elect Seymour,_ together with a majority in
the Rouse of Representatives; they cannot
change the Senate for four years to come.
Then what will they do? •Will they inau
gurate a revolution with Seymour 'at the
head and take possession of the Government
and turn the Senate out? If so, why has
I not Andrew Johnson, as Commander-in-
Chief of the, army and navy, 'done this
heretofore? I tell you the people of the
North will stand by the Governniblt;and
no matter what they tell you about figlitifig
for your rights, in opposition to 'the -03v
ernmput, they will not do it when the test,
comes. We were deceived by that cry in!
1801. I tell you if they can't get any one
else. to fight you, they will fight You with
the paupers of Europe and the regroes.
'The negro is a dangerous political efe,nrent
in thiei country, because they iare abused,
driven to it. All of this is therresult of the
teachirmr of such men' ai Bill, Toombs and
Cobb. 7Let theirtratop their abusive Wean'gues, and my word for it; the militaty, will
he removed from Georgia in'nsixty — days,'
The press, also, has been a great power in
engendering strife in Georgia, It. has ed
deavored to arouse all' the bad passions Of
the people in, these trying times. Let us
cease this strife, accept the condition inipos
ed upon us with the best grace possible, and
restore , the 'peeple arid the State again to
peace and 7prosperity, -Our , people want
-peace,land I feel confident that a majority
of them are satisfied• - that if-the' acceptance
of the . ' reconstruction measures would re
store peace, they would say, accept,them.
In looking over our exchanges we observe'
a greater enthusiasm, for the Demecratic
ticket in the South than in the' north and
The ex-rebels take kindly to it. 'Ai
the Chicago Post says: "The last act of the
rebels before the war was to vote'the Demo . =
critic ticket. • The 'first , act of the rbbels
af,er the: war was to vote' the TernOcrat=
in ticket.; As • there was but ono" step
from Deinotraoy into rebellion, , „ there was:
but one step 'frau rebeilTOn back into
tu ocracy.' The inference iß* plain. one,
and loyal and Union-lovinli, - people iV ii not
'vote fora party " that stands . in such close
relations to traitors that thelatter flyto lies
to a city of refuge." , The ' lines :will be
drawn more closely. every' day, andtitwill
be evident to every thinking Menthe Grant
alone le On the aide'llnioritc_ and peace,
and that the' succiiii of Seymeiar ,is„ direct
encouragement, to,disunion, and to a retie*.
' al of civil cciatniptioi.
'Ens Chicago PUrp hays One 81 01—
&ant fact in Connection With the recent p er a.
obratie National, Convention! has ; mot yet
been 'mentioned In public, : namelyt.,.that.
every delegate in that cenveetion limn the .
Southern Eitates was nsfletesionlit;-fit
one of 'tbe entire Itambet , 'had been.n loyal,
Union man daringithe war. , Wept esume it
is also true that there is not: wrnan in the=
s out h, w hite or blaelrorholvilis lbyal to the r
UniOn daring the wa,T; who . dipport`
Beytnimr,and At all events; there is,
not a solitary Botithern rebel, ;or:Northern
tCPatiliz e r the,rooloi is nut e 0
,t i, ticket:" ' • ,
-BRIER ATEWS iTEMS.
=Hon. J. M. Mason and darightera are at
, —Two fatal cases of Asiatic cholera are
reported in Hamilton, Canada, `
—John L. Tate; one of the oldest citizens
of Richmond, Va., died yesterday.
—Abram, Bell .sc. Co,. New York hankers,:
have failed, with liabiliaties of a half,
lion. - . ,
—Nova Scotia papers Continue publishing
editorials favoring annexation to the:l:lnf.
—Ground was broken for the Boston,
Ilartford and Erie Road near Waterbury,
—Peter Wesley was killed in Philadel
phia yesterday in a qnarrer with George
Gunn e - an acquaintance.
—A three days' Saengerfest is progress
ing at Poughkeepsie.. Large delegations
from New York are present.
—A little girl named Willis choked to
depth in Camden, N. J., yesterday, by get
ting her head under the headboard of her
—The steamers St. Laurent, Australasian
and Wm. Penn, from Europe, arrived at
New York last night. Mail dates are to
—At a Conservative flag raising in Rich
mond, Va., yesterday afternoon, the speak
ers' platform fell, seriously injuring several
persons. , •
—The warpfactory of Thomas Lewis do
Co., at Cotton Hollow, near Naugatuck,
Conn., was burned on Friday last. Loss
$25,000; insurance $12,000.
—Tltp first torchlight procession of the
campaign took place last night'in Buffalo,
N. Y. About two hundred and fifty of the
Grant and Colfax clubs paraded the streets
with torchlights, transparencies and music.
—There was a great Democratic torch
light demonstration in Columbia, S. C.,
last- night. The "town was illuminated.
Speeches were made by Generals Wade
Hampton, Kershaw, Chesnut, McGowan
—The railroad bridge on the T. W. & W
railway, at Danville, 111.,rwas partially de
stroyed by fire on Monday evening, but ar
rangements are made se that there will be
no detention to passengers or freight.
—A man named Cunningham having
been murdered in a house of ill repute itt
Oroma, Maine, the citizens on Saturday
night last gave five minutes warning to the
mistress of the house to leave, and burned
the place to the grolind.. The murderer had
escaped to Canada.
Wilkesbarre, Pa.,dispatch states the
coal miners' strike is at end, all the col
lieries recently stopped having resumed. In
Schuylkill county the miners are still idle,
but would .undoubtedly go to work in a
few days on the ,Lehigh Valley Railroad
system of paying men by the hour. • ,
—A mortgage on the Missouri Pacific;
Railroad for seven million dollars has
been filed in the County Recorders office
at St. Loris,-to secure the bonds issued by
the Company to pay the State of Missouri
five million.; of purchase money for the
road -under the legislative act of last win
ter. One million _ and a half of bonds,
known as the Dresden Bonds, were given
some time ago for work on the part of the
road west of Dresden, and the remainder
to change the gnage of the road so as to
conforin with the Kansas Pacific Railway,
and place the road in complete and effective
working order. The amount of purchase
money will probably be paid in_ Missouri
State bonds, which will reduce - the State
debt to that amount. The mortgage is in
favor of Uriel A. Murdock, James Pannett
and Luther C. Clark, and the bonds are to
run for twenty years and_are payable in
gold at New York, and bear six per cent.
interest. The, stamps' on the , mortgage
amount to seven thousand dollars,
IS YOUR DISIE;IRE
Many persons, supposing they are suffering from
this dise , ase, have applied Linaments, Plasters and
other Rheumatic Remedies without ribtahaing any
relief, when in fact the cease of pain is a derange
ment of the Kidneys. These are small organs. but
very important, and any obstruction or interference
with its functions are indicated by pain In the back
and loins, languor snd weakness, difficulty in avoid
ing and unnatural color of the urine. A. Diuretic
should t once_bc'resorted to.
Littretlc or Backache Pills
Can be relied on for these purposes; they have a,
direct influence ; the cells of the kidneys, assists --
nature in relieving them of any foreign ,particles,
and stimulates 'them to a healthy and vigorous ac-
Dr. Sargent's Backache Pals
Contain nothing injurious. being comnosed of en—
tirely veg able remedies; they Co not sicken nor
gripe—on t ntrare they act as a gentle tonia and
restores tone the system, They are recommended
by all who who :aye tried them. •
Price 50 Genie Per Box.
FOR SALE EYDIttIOGISTS.- Sole proprietor,
GNI* A. KELLY, Whdesale Druggist,
37 WOOD STREtT, PITTSBURGH
SWINGING ROUND THE CIRCLE.
There axe fifty ways • of alleviating. the agonies of
dyspepsia for • the moment; but there Is only one
way to Colin Jt. After "swipgiug.round the circle"
of temporary palliatives the patient finds that the
dieease, so far from being subduell, bas actually
gathered strength, while be has been p.irle.ying with
its symptoms. .
The only way to get rid of the demouls to endow
the stomach with sufficient sl rengn io cast it out
and keep it out. Impart permanent energy to the
digertlye organs with 110STETTEIVET0.11ACH.
BITTER}, and the object is acc,mplisbed.f This
powerful vegetal:llc remedy is not a mere stimulant.
It does.not brace up the gastric machinery for an:
hour or two, leaving it, when the temporary ex
citement has passed off, In a worse stale than be
fore. Such is the effect of the ordinary alcoholic
'nontroms. They keep the stomach "in a 'perpetual
aee-saw between unnatural aettylty and uttsr relax
ation. Not so the. IitTTERS. ?dedicated with the.
finest ' tonic, al. lenitive and. anal-blitoos . extracts,
they nermanently,leinforee and ountl nuously :rexn
late the assimilating priding. • .duch IrWl:experience
of tens of thouninds. At this debilitating season of
the year, when-the solvedt - printlyie of are gastric
juice la weakened by. a H
.constantdrain oi the animal:-
dulds 'through the pores, OS • E I'l Kiva
ACEI HIT PEES Is an article of prime necessity for
Ile weak Tolnegteet the ÜBP' of-a ten e and•altira
ve,- 150 wonderfully efileaelons aud 4.ntiruly narm
less Is simply to forego the blessing 01 health and
vigor. and voluntarily accept foobii.:ncoo'iui die
comfort in tlteir stead:. .ss
DR. Karen I write to thank you for your ilad
nem and 'denting matutgetuent of my- disease, for
whirl 1 called to consult you some Cline In January
last: You will remember that 1 had tt. complication
of diseases, which filially elided In a terrible fistula.
which. I had been advised to ••lot stung." On so"
count or a• borassing cough. which Al was feared
might iltste.n It on my lungs. 1 knew that the pets
lair mode cif eroding diseases iikr time was by a
cutting operation, which, if surerbetut at all, would
throw the inseam ratan the lungs 9f some :
other vital Organ, on account of the suddenness of
the core aid the inimediate check...to the discharge.
"kWh believed was;a salutary provision of nattlyet
co get or soPe Flo"id c° ll ditivi; " 1 /i ' e 5 3' 1441 '
I feel perfectly sattaded that tour tot thud of.treat,-
1111 . 11 t. V411(54 1 41 16 system, and lucid' applications
to the 08 . tutoaaiffirt. must eare,'lf Anything emid.
.without cutting, which 1 anti It did, and iym nippy
to report tplulelf well lin every par tlettlai, , with
sounder and better health than 1 burr bad'for years.
I would alio add that the applleation-- yoti• made
were itlatoer. panicle,. and hnvo two! Man i
with lit theenergies and victi,r,.r reit'orOftealth.
Yount, paternity. • -
DR. ICZYL4EII,Ln CONSULTA rt. , a,ptists•roll
talto2llo DISnABICS; IS 0, Inst, •Crliirjr4
1 from 0 UNTIL 3"r.
I into nth.
,?, , t
aZ~n r~ tl