Newspaper Page Text
.yIinTRWFT) DAILY, BY
pEnThuN, , RFPD & C 0.,. Proprietors.
P. B. PENNIM AN, " JOSIAH
T. P•_I:IOUSTONi- N. - P. ItEED. •
GAZETTE BUILDING, NOS. 84 AND 88 . FIFTH ST,
Of Plttiburgh, Allegheay andlawny
7einte--Dolly. Weekty.j • sekly.
One year-. one year. te...olSin g le c0py.._..51.5C
One''swath. mos... 1.501 5 copies, each. 1.25
- By the week," 15 ; :rhree m05,45;10 " 1.15
Wens - cattier. ) I] , f I and one to Agent.
- WEDNESDAY; -.JULY 29, 1868
?'utional'sbvnion Republican Ticket.
- ICA."I76.tiAT., ICIelK1:71'.
Fait PRESIDENT: •
' ULYSSES S. GRANT.
FOR 'FIRE PRESFDENT:.
• . AT LAItGE.
G.:MORRISON COATES, of Philadelphia.
T 11115. iI.IIARSHALL, of Plttiiburgh•
11. • BARNES,II3. SAMUEL SNOW.
2: W. .1. PottocK, 114. 11. WitGONSELEE.
J 3. RaciLtoo WILDE:Y. .15. Cu.AS 11. MILII-Eit,
4. U. W. HILL, (IEOIIEII W. ELDER,
5. WATSON P. MCGILL, 17. JoILN STEWART,
6.• J. 11. IitUNGIIGRST, I Is. N. 6. OLMSTEAD,
7. Funs& C. 11 1.:.4,Tyx, .1.(31t.1 SILL,
8.15. x..“: , 11. C. JOHNSON,
9. MORRIS Doo/.1.14.; 121. J. K. Ewlso„
10. DAVID 31; RAND,,, , W3l. FliEw.
ii. WM. DAVIS, '- 23. A. W. CitAwFonio;
ilk. W. W. liVrellUal, 21. J. S. .111YrivN.
• STATE rrtcnr.r.
VOR AUDITOR GENERAL OF PENN'A
FOR - SURVEYOR citi.:K.l2ll, OF PEIS'N'A
JACOB M. CAMPBELL.
cor_, - Nl-vpici T.
CONGRESS, tn:k Di :STRICT. ,
JAMES S. - NEGEBY.
; . CONGRESS, Ar.,3D DISTRICT.
Valthieet to the declilon of the Coafiieea of the
•- t A. L. PEARSON.
ASSIST/CT DISTRICT ATTORNEY.
J. B. FLACK.
- •ISTATE SENATE. .
JAMES. L. GRAHAM.
• ' .ASSESCRLT.
GEO. F.• MORGAN,
‘. . JAMES TATEOR.I •
M. S. HUMPHREYS,
SAMUEL KERR. '
JONATHAN NEELY. • •
I. L. MpCUILY. •
, • , CorNiv ruollt DIRECTOR.
J. G. M'URRA.Y.
Headquarters Republican County Cora
mittee, -City- Hall, Market Street. Open
every.day. County Committee meets every
WedneSday, at 2P. M. I •
WE ,PI r? on the inside pages, of this
morning's GAZETTE : Second page : Postrit , ,
.Things," Ephemeris, The Sea,lon . at
Sarae o o, Third and Sixth pages: 4fdrketi c s.
and:l?iver News: Seventh page: - "Wasts
Not, Want Not,(" Clippings, 3c. . • •
Gann closed yesterday in New York at
Tim wheat-harvest is in progess in Min=
nesota; being nearly a month in advance of
ordinary seasons. 'The crop is very large,
and there is an extraordinary demand for
labor_to secdre it.
TUE . death of M. E. CCII,WEW Esq 4 of,
Cincinnati, a prominent lawyer of Chichi
,and widely known as the author Of'sk
'aluable Digest, is announced as having oc
curred in London on the 11th inst.;
TllE , price paid for the farm at Danville,
_on whiCh it has been decided to erect the
ne7 Lunatic Hospital for this Common-
Wealth, was $42,000. Of this sum $16,000
and alittle more was paid by the citizens Of
, Danville, and the residue, or about $26,000,
py the State. - 4
APT ATLANTIC CABLE is to be. laid
within a twelve month, between New York
and,Rrest. The preliminaries of organiza
tion, of legal authority, and , for securing
the necessary capital, which is estimated
at $5,000,000, have just been 'completed and
the work is to he at once taken in hand.
THE article inthe last number of the Al
lantle Monthly; in.revievi of a previous pa
pefentitled "4 Modern . Lettre de Cachet,"
which we attributed to . Dr.:KHOO:MIDGE,
was not 'Written by him, but by Dr. IseAc
RAY, who was forMerly Superintendent of
the Rhode Island Insane Asylum ; but is now
retired and residing at Philadelphia.
i'nE president's consessions as to the
finality- and validity of the reconstruction
acts in the restored States, becomes daily
more evident. He ',now' freely announces
his intention`to recOgnize the newly chosen
governments and to execute the laws to the
• extent of his ability. His adhesion-to this
' position Will have te favorable•effect upon.
IF .wio May credit the rebel Democrry,.
t. iuth, is now ruled.by carpetbage', or
f .y men who carry carpet-bags. cry like-
ly. There ! are few things that more eta
) phatieally mark lively go 7 aheaclinen of hal-
, . ,
mess:than carpet - bags. . The carpet; hag is
an-immense improvement over, tbe slaye
whip. The South is ruakink progress like
all the rest of the world. - ' (
Dun neighbors of the Pittsburgh Dispatch
gratified their readers and surprised the
town bi issuing their lively and wide-awake
journal on Moliday morning. in an entire
new dress, of decidik typographical beauty,.
and their columns bearing the Most satisfac-!
tory internal* evidence of the appreciative
esteem ., orbur citizens. • We congratulate'
our neighbors upon their marked pronxirity
which thus madefipparent, and which
they have fairly -won by their industrious
diligence, adding thereto our sineere hoPe
that they may continue, in the future Relit
the past, to win golden t;pinions from
sort of rail:
BONDS AND BONDHOLDERS
It is knovrn to all the world :that
the United States is heavily in y debt,
and, that this :condition of affairs was
brought about in consequence of the efforts
needful for the suppression of the rebellion.
This indebtedness rests mainly in the form
of bonds given for moneys borrowed. The
5-30 s, now all cancelled except some
thirteen'rnillionsiif dollars, were made pay
able,-principal and interest, in coin. What
remains of them will be paid in currency,
sinless they shall be exchanged for 5-ns
before the Ist of August. The 'interest on
the -5;-20S is specifiCally payable in' gold;
IA what file principal shall be paid is not
Rated in the bonds.. ; " Hence the current
' controversy as to whether they shall be paid
in money or currency. •
' Members of Congress — differ -as to the - I
understanding on this point wen the bill
authorizing this issue of bonds was under
discussion. Of course, if suits could be
brought to recover payment of these bonds,
no court would listen to evidenCe as to the
intention of different Senators or .Represen
tatives in voting for the bill. The Whole
matter wouldbe determined by the construc
tion the tribunal should put on the words
used -in the bonds. Such adjudication
being impossible, the decision as to what
pavment shall be made inwill ultimately be
made by Congress, guided solely by the
ikas pf equity f prevailing among its
All men whose' sympathies still cling to
the rebellion, .or to the doctrines in which it
originated,:are 'eager. to adopt the construc
tiort of these contracts which will give the
public creditors' the least real money, im
pose on themselves the lightest burdens, and
dishonor the =GOvernruent to the largest ex
tent. Men naturally disli i ke to pay for their ,
own defeat. They Will resort to the .moft
shameful equiv6cations and deceits rather
than dodt. This explains much, but not all,
the ppposition to the 5-20 s in coin
For onr part, we have au invincible re-
pug,nance to a currency not convertible into
real nmey . at the pleasure of the holder.. A
commercial' revulsion may create a neces
sity' for a temporary suspension of specie
payments, but nothing short of the direst
straits of a gigantic war can justify an irre
deemable currency for a long period.' Even
then it is the imperative. duty of the Gov.
ernment and people to get rid of it, and re
turn to gold and silver at the earliest .possii
ble day. How "hard money Democrats"'
can go about clamoring for a perpetual and
incteasing( deluge or "paper promises to
Pay" is one of the mysteries of politics we
confess our inability to unravel.
Aniong the remedies devised to extricate
the. nation from this bond dilemma is the
authorization of new loans, for longer peri
ods; at reduced rates of interests, and with
both principal and interest payable in coin
beyond all : dispute. A bill to this end
•was passed on the last day of the'ession,
and is waiting Presidential • action upon it.
Opinion seems to be dividdd as to-the dispo
sition he will make of it. We'cannot - help
thinking that if this bill shall become a law
it will - nbt produce the,effect intended by the
originators of it.
The President is reported as taking ex
captions to some features of the Funding'
Bill ; and particularly to the omissioa of
a clause making income derivable from these
.bonds liable to taxation. -
It may be remarked that there are two
ways of practically reaching income from
bonds. - One, and the direct method, is by
making, such income anbject to taxation in
like manner as other income is. The other,
and indirect method, is to put the rate of
interest so much lower than is paid in
ordinary business transactions, as to be
in effect equivalent to taxation. This latter
method lias this advantage that it simplifies
the process, dispenses with accounts and
ac - conntints, and applies as well to for ( eign
as to domestic bond-holders. The former,
or direct method., is•more satisfactory to the
masses of the people, because they see •that
the bOnd-holders pay •precisely as other
folks, and lo the same degree. unless;
however, pro Vision is made to have the in-
come tax._deducted from the coupons upon
presentation to' the Treasury agents, the
fcreign holders necessarily escape entirely ;
which, perhaps they fought to ilo; for plau-
_reasons, at least, can be presented
against the right of the government of one
country to tax' citizens of another
Congress, it is - fair to presume, thought
the rate of interest' was so low%s to stand
instead of a tax ; while the President, ac
cording. to rumor, prefers to attribute to
the two Houses the fault of letting the
hond-holders oil' without contributing to the
support of goveroment. •
Most of the 'present owners -of 5-20 s
bought them at premiums ranging frOnt five
to -ten per cent. They will .not be likely to
exchange them except upon compulsion,'
for other bonds of leis market valoe, and
drawing a • reduced amount of interest.
What they will do, if left to pursue their
own inclinations, will depend upon, a clos'e
calculation :cat loss• and gain. Confidence
:may he so shaken in the honor or ability of
the government that the. bond-holders will
submit to immense sacrifices, lust as men do
in trying to 'save their .hOusebold goods
from conflagration; but that is a 'matter with •
which we are net now dealing.
.Thehond,liolders failing to 'exchange se
curities promptly, could. the, Treasury De:
partinent, if authorized, tell enough of the
new bonus to take up the' old ones before
the expiNion of the Ave years option ?
Is there 'currency enoughiaflpat and in bank
rest do this without seriously ineoni..
moding - pri rate' business 11
This method failing,, it is not presumable
that public opirkin - Would now endure, or
Congressional wisdom . sanction, a fresh
issue of greenbacks sufficient to
. this end.
The lnflation inseparable froth that measure
would unsettle all business calculations, and
might Ving on a total, eollapsetof that im
-awns° fabric of credit . which covers' the
whole country. '
If in . neither of these. ways the Govern•
meat could get the requisite currency, topay,
off the 5.20 s within five yeara of their date
PITTSBURGH GAZETTE : WEDNESDAY XtTLY, 29, 868
the holders would retain them until the ex
piration of Me full term of twenty yearS.
Long enough before that :time specie pay
ments will be resumed, in which eient the
bond-holders will get money instead of cur
rency in extinguishment of their demands.
But, who;—'air the bond-holders —the
"bloated bond-holders," and the "bond
-barons," whom it is fashinable • among the
Democrats,to decry? Under the main as
pect of th i e case, it dos not matter who
they arel , and it ikan insult to every right
'minded man's sense of justice to a,sk who
they tire. Bquity does not let her scales
turn this way or that, according to the
financial or social standing of contestants
before her. She dem l ands to know only the
right or wrong of the made; and makes her
balances vibrate only as justice inclines.
Whether a man is poor or ich is immaterial
before a just tribuntil. Rich_ .and
there stand on equal ground; the poor 'con
fident he will not suffer Wrong because of
his poverty;, the rich sure he will not be
defrauded because he is opulent; No one°
but an ingrained scoundrel allows the wen h
or poverty of a claimant to influence his e
termination of a cause, no matter whet r
he acts as judge, juror or voter.
ManY•Government bonds are held by Na
'Coital Banks and - by individual caPitabsts.
Many, too, are held by Savings Banks and
by Life and The Insurance Companies. •
Hundreds of ihelisands of dollars are so held I
in this city, arid in all other cities. These
bonds are held
. in bust fer poor men and
women who'•have deposited the scant.sav
ings of hard toil as a provision against sick- .
ness and old -age ; or its security that when
husbands and - fathers die the policies upon
their lives will be paid to the otherwise des
titute widowt and orphans; or, as the guar
anty that if poor men's houses burn.down •
they ;will recover insurances, which will
help putrother 'roofs over the heads of their
Millions of bonds are held in trust *by ex
ecutors and administrators for widows and
orphans who would be without friend or
helper if this support should be swept away.
Clergymen, physicians, clerks, mechanics,
laborers, and other classes of small means,,
all over the country, have invested their
little_ trains in Oovernment bonds. To these.
individuals it is .a very .serious matter how
the question of paying these securities shall
Irrespective of the question, Who are the
bond-holders ? this issue ought to be deter
mined without clamor, without passion, and
without prejudice, according to the demands
of impartial justice, and actuated by a nice
sense of honor.
JUDGE THURMAN, of Ohio,.was one of the
speakers at the ratification meeting of the
West Virginia rebel Democracy, at Grafton,
last week. Indulging in his. characteristic
brag, as to the result of the 4residential
election; be -predicted that the Republicans
w i onld then desire to surrender. The
Judge proceeded :
"Anil that will be a matter for you to ronelder—
Whether you 1.111 require anoneonr.itioual aurretirler
-or a flow them- to march out . with-; he tilinore or war.
(Cries or •• U itcontlit tonal[" ••:ibont every last one
of them:" — Let tbeni bankil — * "Jiang them every
This is a very fair illustration of the K. K.
K. spirit which now fires the reassured
,rebel heart. They find in the ,New., York
, platform and nominations the license to
shoot and hang the friends of the Union
with the same impunity asin the first rebel
lion which the Democracy. visited' upon the
country. The same old rebel jell of mur
derous hate welcomes the new summons to
-rapine and murder, and the same old rebel
policy, of the extermination. of the friends
.of the Union, is to be inaugurated with the
success of the BLAIR ticket throughout the
TUE iNCENDIARY violence of the BLAIR
programme of anarehy and armed revolu
tion, endbrsed' as it is by the Democratic
:party, ha' driVen gold up to 144, with a cor
responding depreciation of the paper cur
rency, The value of which depends entirely
on the popular confidence that it will ulti
mately be redeeined in specie Here is al
ready a positive losi of nearly three per
cent., shout twenty inilliona of, dollars, to
the people holding this currency. The
dimunition in . the purchasing value of a
paper dollar will soon be seen in'the ad
vanced prices asked for all articles of prime
necessity)for the consumption of the people.
And the BLAIR party have the cheek to
charge this dep7:.ciation of our paper money,
which is solely due to their incendiary
threats, as the consequence of the salutary
precautions which their menaces hrive re
quired Congress to take for the preservation
of the public peace.
ON Tim 16th of August, the Republicans
of this city will select a candidate for
Mayor. They will not do, this through the
intervention of the ordinary delegate-Con
vention, but by a direct vote of the mem
bers'of the party. Under this plan no fault
can be found with those who are designated
as managers, if the nomination Made shall
prove to be 'either bad or unacceptable..
The blame 'will attach to those ;Republicans
who shalt,he so indiffertint to their, welfare
as not to take the,trouble of attending the
primary eteciions, or, attending them, fail (
to make a wise choice. We earnestly press
this. ntatter upon the consideration of all
who are interested in it. • .
Im rs probable that South Carolina will
this year follow her invariable practice in
former:Presidential elections, and choose
her Electors by a vote of the legislature.
It is also possible that others of ( the re
stored States may adopt the same method.
Wewere lever partial to this mode of
creating the Electoral Colleges, notwith
standing the long line of Demodratic pre
cedent in its favor in South Carolina.
TEN new act amending the Bankrupt
Law, extends the operation Of the fifty per
cent. clause to Jan. 1,1869. The extension
wuellemanded by the new Southern States,
fn which the inacblue'ry of the law has but
little more than fairly begun its operations,
Mond thq Om been very justly and
properly admitted. , •
TEE ESSENTIAL RELATION OF ISO
ENCE TO LABOR! r .
In some observations. yesterday upon the
comparative decline of English manufac
tures, in the great industrial competitions
of the world, we made an incidental allu
sion to 'the most , influential cause of the
greater proSperity Of i l roductive Art upon
the European continent. Applied Science
affords the true explanation of French and
German superiority, and the results which
to-day humble the national pride of English
manufacturers are but the natural, legiti
mate Sequence of their reliance - upon the
potencies of mere capital t and labor, unaided
by the direction of an instructed and dis
,- Knowledge is power, but only in a limi
i ted 9e‘ se. To clothe it with tke largest
, practical value, in the material development
of the productive resources of a people, it
must! be utilized, by the precision of its re
searche ,-by a clear comprehension of the
materia needs of humanity, and by the dis
erimina ing application of such scientific de
doctions as may be established in the pro
gresa of invention mad practical analysis.
31e * re,,, knowledge, if not popularized, may
fill mit,ms and cabinets, swell encyclope
dias, al win thefrofound homage of the
learne i ut, unless it be faithfully dissemi
nated_ nd commingled with the great mass
of nal onal information, becoming a part of
the utilized, intellectual wealth of an indus
trious people, and constituting an active ele
ment fur the constant and universal service
of its material necessities, such knowledge
avails nothing in the p_romotion of national
prospeilty, or in the world-wide. rivalry of
productive art. Knowledge is only power
in these latter days of practical humanity,
in the proportion that it shall be creative,
productive and exhibiting tangible fruit.
The nineteenth century hag brought in the
era of works. Science was ever admira
ble, but it has come now to be valued, only
as it arms a people for resistless war, or ele
vates its own relativiii subserviency to the ma
terial necessities of tke peaceful world. As
the brain and the hand shall labor together
in the service of society; as the Operative
and the Savant shall march side by side
in the creation f of national wealth—and that
wealth can only be created by human 1 in
dustry more or less intelligently guided—
the real, permanent and decisive criterion
is presented for estimating the relative power
e.lntluence or nations.
In their clear perception of these truths- 7
so simple and obvious that even their state
ment seemi needless—and in their acceptance
for practical ends, is disclosed the true se
cret Of Continental success in the rivalry of
national industries. England has invented;
France and Belgium, Germany and Switzer- .
land have developed, improved and utilized.
English science eliminates principles; the
Continentalrivalry applies them directly to
the service 'of productive • art. The broad.
field of scientific knowledge is completely
I familiar, to Etiglish„philoaophera, but re
mains an unknown land to the millions of
I' British workmen. Abounding in capital,
and her entire island a hive swarming with
docile,. eager and 'inexpensive - labor, With
tnineral resources unniatchaditi'any
nental dqmain, and with a commerce which
-bears the English flag tirSt and farthest on
i all the waters of the glqbe, Great Britain
entered, Circe-fourtha of a century since,
upon a career of mannfticturink industry
i which was unchecked by competition,
and which rapidly advanced that empireto
the undisputed control
.of every Market:at
home and abroad. For a half century, she
held this pbsition without a' rival, but we
[wee that she has lost it to-day and that the 1
seat of intelligent industry has been 'trans;
ferred beyond the Channel. She has lost it, .l
because the continental rations have come I
to surpasS her in the application of scientific I
knoivledge to the multiform departments of
production. The English' citizen sas ever
industrious and faithful, but the French or '
German operatives stand far in advance of
him in their knowledge of scientific princi
ples, and in the fidelity and constancy with
which these are applied to the processes of
their daily employment. The English me
chanic accepts so much of science as may
be requisite to qualify him to 1111 the I
measure of - .the daily labor which
yields his daily Wages. Beyond
that, he has no ambition, nor haS
he yet been offered the opPortunities for ad- .
vancement. He has not let been tatight
'the inestimable value, of that connection
between the science of the cultivated brain
and 'the cunning of the practised hand,
which arq . now giving to the continental
artizan conspicinitiSly,the lead in the mand
lacturing, indiistry":[- - Ot nations. Go to a
French workshop,likC-that of Synxmosi,
at Crekizot, and of all the army of work
men edrployed in every department of the
manufacture of marine engines, there is not
one who cannot make •coniplete drawings
for,every part of the work. The iEnglish
Islands can present no such instance of
educated and scientific skill. If Ikrough
out France, ' Prussia, Belginm, 'Ger
many and Switierland, the ..visitor at all
the great centres of manufacture; whether
in the metals, in chemistry, in* , the textile:
fabrics br in mining, is astonished to dig—.
cover that a large per ceidage; of the com
tnon workmen whom he sees, have been •
thoroughly instructed by a two, three or
five years' course of study in the public
Aciehtific Schools,i . and that their daily labor
becomes' not only ,skillful but successful,
because it comprehends and can explain
results by 'principles', and is alwaya intelli
gently. guided, toward the largest and highest
product, by the applied science which the •
education .of the workman has made his
highest qualification for. productive labor, ;
and which bears its legitimate fruit in the
superior value of the product itself.
It la needless, in this connection, to re
capitulate the statistics of Scientific Popular
InstructiOn among tife Continental nations,
as comparcd with the operative classes , of,
England. ' It is enough to say that this in-•
stntlction has been systematically recognized.
as of national duty or policy on one(side of'
the Channel, and as generally neglected on
the other. The'natural..•Consequence is that
the superior repute. of 'English mantifac-
tures has given place .in the woild's mar- I,
kets to, thejtreater merit of the foreign pro
ductions, and the decline, not only compara
tiie, but in( some respects real, of BritA
industry, has awakened among her states
men and thinkers a feeling of profound
alarm. They see clearly, not only the dan
ger, bit its causeand its cure, and the most
direct, speediest and Most effective method
of engrafting Science upOn Labor, and
thereby eleiatin,g the English , eperative
classes into the higher plane of their COn
tinental rivals, is a question which engages,
at this moment, the closest attention of
leading English minds. •
The facts to which we have alluded, and
the inferences which they warrant; touch
ing the vital importance of Applied Science
to the successful competitions of Labor,
have a powerful bearing.upon thesolid, per
manent interests and dlte future welfare 'of
Americans as a' manufacturing pcople. In
that relation, we Wall recur to this topic
THE Permsylvania MilitarY Academy, at
Chester, under the accomplished superin
tendence of Col. THEODORE HYATT, with a
large and varied staff of instruction, has,
we are gratified to learn, become a fixed
and prosperous institution of the State. Its
marked success during , thei past year afferds
a flattering augury for the' future, and most
deservedly. A military, scientific and
classical education is here given to our own
youth, and within ou t r own borders, at a
moderate cost, and we therefore commend
this Academy to the kindly regards of all
. our readers within the Commo,nwealth.
THE BOLTING GERMAN DEMOCRACY.
Another Broadside Against Seymour, Blair
and Revolution—Plain Talk from a "free.;
born Dutchman"—Soniething fur every
German to Read.
We printed, a feW days since, the signifi
cant and 'powerful article with which the
Zanesville Germania, always Iteretofore
Democratic journal, repudiated the SRI%
.10tiR and BLAIR. ticket and platform, as an
infamous fraud upon the free-born German
Democrats of the North. For this exercise
of his freedom of.opinion, the editor of that
journal was so grossly assailed by a K. K.
K. print at Zanesyilleahat he retorts with the
following card in the Courier. • It affords
good evidence that .neither "the Dutchmen
of Mtnikingum" or elsewhere are to be
"hitched tO the chariots" of SEvstounland
BLAtR. Read :
The Muskingum' County Democracy
blames our brother editor, Mr. Irvine, of the
Signal, very much, for hot having given us
better leisons in the K. K. K. Democriacy,
and kept us under better control in .political
.views, in order that the Germania ,alight
hitchthe Dutcfunen of Muskingum tO the
chariot of Seymour, and the old and new
Democratic genius Mr. F. P. Blair. We beg
the Democrats to excuse Mr. Irvine very
much, because he was absent when we cut.
.loos from the New York Company, not
from the principles of real Union Democra
cy, and to
the -editor and candidate,
because we are a free born' putchman and
have imbibed these sacred- principles oephil
osophy, that a man as a being divinely gift
ed with reason,/ intellC s t irnd free
should make use of tliC same in all quers
lions, arisin , b either in, politics, religion or
science, and that he 9.houltl search into all,
judge . iinnartially, ainl hold the best, that'if
-his action should be a reasonable and human
one, (artist humanns rationabais) he IS
bound to judge for himself, and that he not
blindly follow others, or the great xrowd. •
Reason teaches us that' partles, as human:
. societies, are liable to err,' and experience,
and history teaches us that' these, especially
at an age of much dishonesty and corruption,
are to be taken ,Tery careinlly, and their
candidates closely, scrutinized (?) after their
• To the objection
,ot inconsistency which
the Democrats throw up against us, w.e beg
- leave to say: •
,If the Demoorats wish.a man always to.
stick to the party he hitherto belonged to,
they might have the coroisteney to ) sweep
_their own door, anil kick out,
their repeatedly fence lumping candidate for
Vice President, F.Blair, and many other
leading Democrats, refugees front the Re
'publican party. The Democrats will hold .
us, therefore,.excused of inconsistency.
. We are considered faithless, 'a traitor to
party and principles. In this regard we ask
the Democracy: - !-
.„I.st. Whether they iieffnit us the exercise
of an independent judgment, or whether
-theywant party slavt , ii?:
f2d. Whether a Man is not bound to
leave a company which he sees is, getting
Corrupt or leading into bad ways, and we
3d. Whether the Democratic party proved '
itself at the New York Convention t onv,er
tell or eradicated from the: secesh
or whether this element Was not thereAn
full three and glory. as Gov. Wise announc
ed at Richmond:. "The . Fotirth of July in
New York is the day which would gain the
friends that the rebellion could not gain ?" :
and we • •
4th. Whether it is not the right kind of
traitorship, to leave the flag hpiated by For- •
mat, the guerrilla General, by •Vallandig-
htuu and Mr. Wash 3FLean, and to join the •
army of Grant, who i la proclaimed by histo
ry the Sayiour of the American lii public.? 1
- Whether it.is treacherous or meanto eon- i
fide in that Patriotie,upright, straighttbrward '
and horiest•minded General who:Se hands to
kiss every child thought itself happy, at the
close of the war—or to trust the t uture of I
the country tO those In connection or co- 1
operation with our enemies?" To trust to
the candidates - that desire --• "peace," or to
: who thirsts for ",war?"
To the commonly usetl r Deinneratic Charge
of bribery wit simply request the Deinoc
racy, not to judge us by themselves, he-
cause their delegates got their pockets filled
at New York and sold themselves; (See
La 'Crosse-Democrat, anti Cincinnati En- I
gairer of tith-and 6th of July.)
We belieiT• it requires no bribery for a
war Demberat as we always Cousidered
ourselves, to repudiate that conveuthin.
Was General Sherman suddenly. bribed be
cause he, a Democrat, declared for Grapt .
against thq New York ticket, or-is Chase
bribed because lie like-we declares, there was
no hope tbr the victory .of the Democrat
ticket. It is no miracle nor does require
lnibery, if an honest thinking: iDrinoorot
prefers Gran't with Union Denloti atic prin t •
ciPles to a man who doesnotenjOy•the con,
fidence ot the land. These are our political
principles which we think areteitta enough,'
Mr. Irvine: of course not sefiied ha the
wooi;died -Democrats used . toi ei*: • "My
father orpranillather was a Democrat. I am' .
a Democrat, have: born one and with the
hope of the Lord shall be one all my tile
time." Our principle is: Leave the -party
It you think -it is wrong and go:to tite party
which aims cut right; never pledge yourself
to atty party, because it may tctt.••
Stich aro the. principles of a tree an and
not of a blind partizan or of one who iron.
der obligation or , pledged to a partY.
The interest we earned from the free ex
pression of our upright view on the New-
York ticket is: Persecution from 'rustics,
prospects of a Seymour mob and the losrof
snbscribers, of those who not relying upon
their own mind were afraid of learnin g
different views, and Of being lifted above
their."Westbotc or Volkstriend." -
Here it is proper to remark that Repub
cans are more patriotic and penetrated'bi
their principles so as to give -a generous slip.;
port to the newspapers, these - great instru..
ments for the cultivation olthe.intelligenee"
of the people, than the Democrats.
We Contess ourselves the Gertnavia never.
;:tte:mpted to work for a party; never put up
party4icket and neverspae in apassiona.:l
hle - toneof the parties - .It seems the Denes-1
crate : think that only such papers have ef-:
feet which make it their profession to sitoef,
with the poisonous arrows of misrepreseit-:'
tations, slanders and personal attacks. We
alSo conteas and ,believe, that the names or
Seymour and Blair on the Democratic - ticket .
will work far more powerfully to the defeat,
of the Democrats than our humhle
the Germania. Sc4entitr sat..
Taxable. in the..:. , 'Cityitepresentation ht :
Returns from all but two 3, varOs, the
1 Thirteenth andyourteenth, of the number
of taxahle inhabitants were received at the
Controller's inlice last evening.. All wilt °;
be received in time . for.the Committee haw;
ingthe.' matter in hand to determine the
number of representatives in 'Common
Council_ to which each ward is entitled,
and report to the adjourned meetingof
Councils on Ficiday. Following are the?.
returns so far received :
Third-. late 'Tenth
Sixth. late Eighth
Seventh, late first precinct Sixtbi..
F:lghtb, late second precinct
Ninth. late tirst prechigt
Tenth, late second precinct
f Eleventh, late seventh
Twelfth, late Ninth
Thirteenth, late Pitt
Fourtc•„nth. late Oakland
Fifteenth, late first precinct Lawrenceville.....
Sixteenth, late Blooindeld 410
Seventeen, h, late second precinct Lawrenceville 781
Eighteenth, late,lower part of Cohins 209
Nineteenth, center of Collins 433
frwentletb, center of Liberty 407
Twenty-first. )ate part of Collin•
Twents--secaid. part of Liberty and Peebles.--
Twenty-third, late Peeples 264
—From . the above figures, and estimating
the two diihrictsnoi yet heard from-to each
have three hundred taxables, we have a
total of 16,735 taxables in the city, which,
according to a rough calculation we havh
made, will give ;the following representa
tion in Common',Council
, 1 Wards
'.•• 4 ,
.;.. 3, Fifteenth, ...... .
... 31F ighteentb
... 2 Twenty-fir.,t ....
... 4 'l'vrenty-second.
... 3 Twenty-third...
' 4 l\ .
.1 The number of Councilmen is fixed; by
! law at sixty; and the ratio from the figures:
received and estimates is one council Man
to tw•o hundred and seventy-nine taxable&
Three of the wards have returned a less
1 number, but the consolidation act provides
that each district shall have at least one rep
t reseutative in CoMmon Council. •
---G. W. Childs, of the Philadelphial
Ledger : has contributed $l,OOO to the relief.,
of the sufferers by the recent flood at Bal
timore and vicinity.
IS .YOUR DISEASE RHEUMATISM
Many persons, enpposlng they are suffering from
this di..exee, have aprlied Linaments. Plasters aud
other Llffieumatieltemedies without obtaining any
relief, a ben . lo fact the cause of palms a derange
ment of the Kidneys. ( These are small organs. but
very Importalt; and any obstruction or interference
with it, function's arc Indicated by path In the back
and loin,. languor and weakness, difficulty in avoid
ing and urnatural color of the urine; A Diuretic
should t once be resorted to. .
Liuretic or Backache Pills
Can be reliCd on for there purposes;.they hare a
direct irilluence on the cells of the kidneys, - masts
nature In relterini 'them co any foreign
and atimulates the to a healthy and vigorous ac
tion - •
Dr. Sargent's Backache POls
Contain nothing. Ininlflons, being composed of en
tirely vegetable remekdles; they oo not ~ , lcken nor
gripe—on the eontrarr 'they set as a gentle tonic and
restores tone to the system', 'Vhey ire recommended
by all who AVb , , liase tried. them....
Price 50 COntet7'Periliox.
FUR SIeLES:I7.I3II.titiGISI'S. Sole progrlettiA
GEOROE A. VELT,Y, Wholeside 'llruggist,
37 wpon STREET, PITTSBURGII.
' SWINGING ROUND . TIILI'CIRCLE.
There arc. fifty WaYs of, alleviating the agonies of
dYsllensla for the moment: hut there is only one
way to CURE it.._ After "swinging round the circle"
of ti inp..ark palliatives the patlent finds that the
diyase, en fir from being shinnied. has,. Actually- I .
gatheied strength, while lie lihs beeh parleS lug with
'file only way to c •t ri , d +the demon 13 to endow
the stomata, sufficient s.rench iv cart it out
• and keep it out. Impart mirmanent energy to the
organs with IIOaTETTEIt'S
111.1. r It-, and 'the object is ace mplistied. This'
I , ov.rernil vegetable ri tardy Is not a mere stimulant:
It does not 11-ace cp the gast"ic mac; niery for-aft ..hour or tW .L ia, .leaying it, when the temporary ex- -
citement has passed off, In a worse state - tit:7ft bey
fore. Suelt fe the effect of the ordinary alcoholiC
nostrians...,lh4 keep the stounteh in a perpetual it
iefe-sawibetween unnatural setivlty and IICItr relax" •
• ation. Not so the li,TTEIIS. !dedicated with the
finest tonic, al erative and anti-bilious extracts,
r they permanently ieint•rce and eantinnonsly rezu-
Intel he asAintioting organs Such Is he ea perienee
of tens ot. tli , u.auds. At this debilitating seasoner
the l ear, when the solvent prineithe ot gasirle i
juice Is weakened by a constant dram 0' the anunal
throu'gla "the pores, 1105 E i sTO2I- ..
ACll lIIT an art icle of prime necessity for -,
the weal,' l'o the ,rse of a tote e 3110 worry
o i ICyt, so won ovriell) • . tlic,ictilitz, and , 1 11 . 1 11 , 11.-11 , 11 - 1II:i
leas Is simply fo-e:o the blessing - 01 nealth and •
vigor. and y °lowa: Ily • accept - feebioness and die
control tin tiiiiir stead.
and cliseltee, for`'.;
w bleb I CALO'.I TO eou.•ult )I,IT z;ooit: l IpT In Januar),
. You A - 1U . relnellibcr that ~l 11;.1 1..“1npue..311012.
of althe:o , es, uvtitCh ituafy rued lo a irrrihir Iktu
"Wet?' I bad taoka.advibtot t4i-, 4 .61 50.,t0," guy
comic' or a he ra+sttig ettuteit,;,..ettltt it , Zai. feared /
,utignt faitra it toll Illy 1 , 111,/..e. /ktievr that tltpeed
lair nitnte.of treating on-ea.,'like n.tiut by'.,
co t t opt. rat to a, w h nth. I r tlUcettlo,l - 111 111, nll, Would
tIZ.t.tINOIT thfouV tht' lige i!St'liOlile
Otrkl'r Vital 00...411.u n 21'PretLij.,1 . i 1 . 1,1‘ .
ihe'otre k diw.:harge,
NV6 l, :h I hottleV,l IV.D I II Hittite, :•:4.
CO Icet rid of .;11111t 111;:Htfl/ the systela. • ••':
I ree k l perfectly titea vitur tuethod Of treat.; "..1
nt, purlryiti,; Ilte. syste:ll, and focal m.pileationi
t th- a I.IM. utuat .;crc, l F gityl Mpg could, (
, `ltboateondnA'. , wndett I . llnn dtd, and I ant happy - t
to rt Wirt tnyself we'l tn only part!.erplar,
u•in.!rc:us.! 0-1.te , 1.- hr iOI, t hac' I . hrtve,i - I,o,tia . r scats:
..."4111 ti 11'4 /11:11:11.3,11‘.1 . 1.1 ttjt
wrtr it 0, /Al 11-s 111*.lis - fp
11.1 thr ,•„Itt rt.A.14,1
& n•i1..., t , liny,_ , t
r EN N ,
„ • .
1 14,4,11 lA.
t . .. IT 9 a.
• CL Ao:NoLx,
Editor Germania. --.T;
... , ... I,lfX
.... i r
.... 1 i