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TUESDAY, ',TUNE 23, 1868
nig WEEK ,G
LT AzETTE, Issued on Wed
nesdays and Saturdays, is the best and cheap
est family newspaper in Pennsylvania. It
presents each - week forty - eight columns of
solid reading matter.- It goes the fullest as
we 11.41 the most reliable market reports of any
paper in the s . Its files are used exclu
sively by the C ' Courts of Allegheny county
for reference Y important issues to determine
the ruling •s in the markets at the time of
the business Cr nsaction in diroutes. Terms:
Single egg, one year, $1.50 ; in clubs office,
$1,25,; in clubs of ten, $1,15, and one free
tirthe getter up of the club. Specimen copies
sent free to any addreis:
• WE PROM on Me inside pages of this
morning's GAZETTE : Second page: Ephem
eris rand Selectiont Third page: Markets,
Home and Foreign, River .yews.. Beeenth
page: 'Farm, Garden and Household.
Sixth page : Finance and Trade, Alteghe
lay -Caine Market, Pillebtirgh Petroleuni
GoLD closed hiNZ , As York yesterdayl:d .
Tits Mississippi election commenced pes
ter:l4y. • ,•
Tte report of the Conference Committee
on the. ill releasing a large number of late
rebels froM political disabilities, has at last
- beer(concurred in by both Houses, and the
bill becemes a law subject to the President's
TOm Nashville Preis says, of Gen. LoNo-
SIREF e a that "he was one of the ablest of all'
the fighting Generals of the'rebel confedera-
ey ; 'but he sustains the !reconstruaioi poll
cy,.of Congress, and is, therefore;denonnced
by the : ay at home cowards, as a traitor.
SinUiLTT has been disch arged from the
former indictment against him, but another
bill has been found against him, uponwhich
he is charged upon a conspiracy to murder
the late President LrAcomi. Upon this
new indictment, he has beeni-adiatted to
baiLin the sum of $20,000, and is, at large.
rs,a matter of congratulation that the
Arkansas bill has passed over \the 'veto of
the President in the Senate yesterday, and
the entire loyal nation will thank that body
for its prompt and decisive action. We
wereome Arkansas back•to the Union, being
the first of the reconstructed States restored
to position after having purged herself of
the sin of rebellion. May the good work go
-en Until all of the late rebel States shall be
puritied and permitted to enj4 represesen
tation and place in the councils of the na
"Tits dingercto - our institnticms consists less In
the fact that negroes have been admitted to the suf• .
trage than in • the faet that so large a part of our
hridte population have become imbued with senti
ments hostile to free government.•!—b: Y. 'World,
That is to say, Democratic leaders find
the most serious objection to 'Universal Suf
frage to be, not that it confers the right upon
the colored man, but that 'too many: white
men enjoy it. .Tbis is certainly frank, but
it is entirely in. keeping,with that Democra
ey :which already hoots at the idea of "a
white man's government." :• Ho* and
when do they propose to disfranchise the
obnoxious white man?
Ix is stated that the'President will issue a
proclamation of geneial, amnesty the morn
ing of the Fourth of July. This will be Mr.
Jon:meanie fintd bid to the New-York Con
-vention, in his own behalf first, and.for his
friend, the Chief Justiee, afterwards; The
proclamation\ will-embrace , all the excep
tions made by the proclamation-of August,
including all army and navy , officer above
the rack of Brigadier General in the army,
and Captain in the navy; but , will 'not; of
course, affect officers of the cilnfedemcy
now under indictment. General tee will,
therefore, be included In the proclamation
now =der contemplation.
Our. ambitions. Chief Justice is conform
ing his political opinions to the require
ments of the situation With feverish alacrity.
His latest bid for Southern support reports
him to be in favor of withdrawing all troops,
frOra their present proximity to Kujiltik-
Klaus and unreconstructed rebels!, in those
States, "in order to give the people an op
portunity to' express their opinions thrbugh
the todlotrim nnawed by the. presence of
the military." ,He also declares his disap
proval of the pion-Clad oath, as "too strictly
partizan in its character." lir. CEASE
means to secure the Southern
York, if it can be done: He evidently con
shiers it the essential and only condition to
his success. In this, he is not far oat of the
way, for the vote of those States is likely
to be decislie of the nomination.', ,
Tnn New York World has begun to com
mend principles in the Republican plat
form of 1856. In Western Pennsylvania,
the Democracy are getting on , still faster,
-one - of their journals only a-day or two
since coming up very kandsoMely to the
'financial rwolution adopted by the Republi=
calls last month fit Chicano. Declaring that
"the letter and the ipfra Of the bond must
be.preserved inviatte" it is evident that the
- true significance of these words has at last
been, discovered by nurious DeMocrate.
This is decidedly progress >is the right di.'
Teeth:ll4,NA we are „happy to_ knoW that the.
people, are qa,Tiliflg.atill fil4or on that line,
and aferattyliiii; 44,0*e*M former par:
ties, to ' , the support of Gitiii" and COi.v.tx,
with avielbutirresistible • !Wiwi* never
before knoiin in a Presidential canvass.
_ , _ I
'IRE FUNulloledir 11111 E
Under all systems of, government con
'forming to modentideas: no matter in what
manner the supreme - authority mar , bedis.;
tributed and exercised, 'the Majority and
Minority sustain definite relations to each
other, and Mutually ;modify the -course oft
political action. .Bven. in what are called-'•
absolute Monarchies, ibis' inle holds good. i
In feudal times, the fewtontrived to-govern-
the many; in the name of God and for their'
own benefit . Bid the 'French Revolution,
whatever else it did; net rut , r ends most
Enropean countries, to that kind of Asurpa
lion.. Jinpariallbrenes no - W get set ttp in
virtue of universal suffrage', and are main':
tabled, by standing armies , •of so vast pro
portions as fitly to' represent the sentiments ,
of the whole people. When a voter stands
behind each musket,lt - fs'safe to canc‘inie
- that the monarch who rates lees so in'obe- .
dience to the, popular will. In such gov
ernments, however, - the. emperor Or king,
though conscious of the co-operation of the
Majority, does not dare press , the Mifiority
to the last extreme, or anything like it; for' '
he cannot tell ho* soan,through the fickle
ness of public opinion, the Minority may be
converted into the Majority, barricades go
up in the streets of
r theAapital and 949 army. fraternise with the populace. , ; •
In strictly representative goverimente
the co-relations ofthe Majority end Minority',
are more clearly recognized and , their action, •
upon each other provided for. Tim rights
and responsibilities of governing belong:l6'
the Mkerity, while the 'ilutY of criticising
and holding in check pertains to the Minori- :
to. .It is• sometimes difficult to tell whether
the Majority or; the Minority renders the
most - valuable service to a nation. .
It isin ponsequence of , this action: and re-;
action of Majorities and Minorities upon.
each other that the true balance of govern
ment is maintained. Of course, such ac
tion iand, rety:tion prevent the, Mejority
front fully carrfing Out Any. Peliey to which
It may stand pledged' and actually have at
heart, This principle_was, admirably inns
trated 'ffiirink the' longperiod, before the:,
Rebellion, in which the Del:Comets had al
most undisputed sway in every department
of the govertnnent..
~Dnring that protracted
term they failed fidly to carry out every
yolicy by espousing which they won the
popular confidence. This was •not owing,
as was sometimes testily charged, to inhe
rent duplicity, but to the natural and health
ful influence of a numerous and intelligent
Minority. In strikingA balance, it would
be fair,to,decide that the Minority rendered
quit; as important services to the republic as
Whoever will turnhack to, the official re
cords of the debates in , Congress during
that period, and particularly Or latter part
of it, will be strangely impressed` by the
Arrogance of the Majority; by the assump
tion of its members that they alone had a
right to be heard; and the brutal threats of
personal violence with which they constant
ly interlarded their objurgationa of the Mi
nority. In the'whole hiatory of representa
tive bodies there is nothing approaching
this exhibition of fiendish' malignity except
the course of the Jacobins in the French
Constituent Assembly: Even in the excite
ment of those stormy. debates, the scenes
enacted were sufficiently revolting; but the
considerate man---respectful - of his own
rights and of the rights of ethers—who shall
now Peruse those American controversies
cannot help feeling the motions of , intolera
ble loathing and disgust.
It happens, unfortunately for the country
that the • party which was then in, the,
Majority have carried the same habit of
coarse abuse with them into the Minority,
where they have been during the last eight
y : ears.
Perhaps at no period in .this country and
rarely in any other, have the Minority in
the national council been so powerless as
since the Rebellion broke out._ This has
resulted frommeciALeauses. Prior to 1860
the Democrats had held possession of the
Government for so long a `time that they
imagined it to belong to themin fee simple,
and that the most unconstitutional thing
their opponenta - could' do - was to carry> a
presidential. election. They felt that they
alone were "the people;" that to them ex
"elusively pertained the right Ito - construe
and interpret the constittition, to detrisePoli:
cies, and to consolidate them into, laws; that
the Republicans were good enough to bear
the burdens of tie government, but not to
participate. hi its honors: much less to im
part to , it direction and momentum.
That was a comfortable_ delusion for the
Democrats to cherish. It gave them a
wonderful conceit of themselves, and in
spired them with a corresponding contempt
for the Republicans. Being a delusion,
however, it was destined to be dissipated;
and coming down from such self-exaltation
is not pleasant. Theresult was that when the
Republicans elected Mr. Lmcour to the
Presidency, half the: Democrats broke out
into %yeti, flagrant Rebellion. They
I felt and acted precisely as ; royal Princes do
when their assumed prerogatives are denied
,and obedience refused. While the other
half remained behind. they constantly gave
tokens that their feelings and principles
were. with the - insurgents and that they
would join them but forthe fact that they
were living in -States whose local govern
ments were strongly against them. , These
pare the leading filets which have made , the
Minority in the United Statei less poirerfal,
during the last two presidential terms, than
ever any Minority was before at Wash
- Some 'yearsUgo the Democ r at s introduced
a new rule; beating upon Minorities in their
Natiomd,Conventions. This rule provides,
that two-thirds of thh, m em b ers of the body
mot Vote - for any =Alai°. in order to
make his nomination regular and. valid.
This gives the Minority a negative control.;
that ie, the power to declare :who shall - not
be nomlaated. Nothing can be plainerthan
that this rule is in *laden of' the elementa
rf- principle 'ittemOcricy;. ; which is that
the: Major] trehall lts adoption was
a step towards government by prescriptioil;
audiraiiiklientlfridhisiteettie 'Actual de,
parture of the party from genuine Democ
r - TtrESTYAM - ::nM3::=•18M.
..:,7:;. T "yl';' 7,4!
yacy - ; . , ...f.:lffas lt ., all the more significant Ws:
cause it happened at the precise 'date when
the Democraticliaity; th f .rOugh the'netion of
Its leader!, had..entered into the . conspirac.y
against government br.the.people,..which
soon' after flamed - out into a tremendous war
Whether, under the altered condition . of
- affairs, 'the Democrats will repeal the two
thirds rule, admits of speculation. The
- friends \ both of CHASE and PEI DLETOH
would favor the repeal if they were alike I
confident of commanding a, bare Majority.
oftheJuly Convention; but neither seems to
be confidentcf having the ascendency; The
radical Democrats, so long as :they remain
uncertain of the possession ofpower, will
not consent - to the repeal, because, whilethe
rule exists . they can- prevent,-If they will,
the nomination of Mr: Citas. • The friends
Of Mr. CHASE are probably in the same
.• dilemitia.: 'Renee; it is reasonable to, con
clude that, lbe rule will stand for the Pres
, .... , •
ent a s .a monument to .
mark ho w far the
, , ,
Democracy hasdeparted in favoi,of govern
*cut .bp Minorities. ,
Thf iwea"k`liriE illifakf:Olilibilfibifliiireit- -
ern Pennsylvania hereby advertise for a
limited stitiek-br ideati( 'Thei lareznialia
ged thrii far to lose-several important polit
ical battles, while carrying opinions of a
positive character, but can afford 'to do so
no longer. The managers of their recent
County Convention, who were charged with
the manufacture of principles, adjourned
without accomplishing their work, inasmuch
as they comprehended the situation, and,
with their limited stock of ' fresh ideas,
- shrank from the task of creating the neces
sary political food for the consumption' of
their constituents , during the present cam
paign. /It is not known what character or
shade of opinion.will be accepted, but no
proposals will be considered unless bearing
for or azainst greenbacks and the negro. It
was on these themes that the ingenuity . of
the party leaders failed, but,
they must enter largely Into the canvass.
Sealed proposals should bi? addressed to the
Chairman of the Democratic National Con
vention. Pending the awards all faithful
Democrats are urgently requested to keep
their mouths shut until they may be informed
as to which way they must shout.
THE NEW CONSOLS AND TAXATION.
It is understood that a bill, the result of
careful preparation by leading financial
members of the two 'louses, may be intro
duced in Congress this week, which au
thorizes the issue of two thousand millions
of dollars in "bonds of the consolidated
debt of the United States," to bear five per
pent. interest, payable principte and interest
In gold, redeemable after twenty years at
the public option and inaturing in fifty
years, and to be exempt from taxation.
One half of one cent' to be semb ; oruinally
deducted \ from the interest, to form a sink
.ing-fund . . tor the payment of, the national
debt. Existing securities may be converted
into these \ bonds, which pay also be used
for banking purposes. It is believed that
these 10, bonds, at the lower rate of inter
est, but with all cavil as to the mode of their
redemption obviated, and meeting th& ques
tion of taxatioa by the old and familiar
method Of taking money out of one pocket
and putting it into the other, will be isatio:
factory to the treasury, to the public credit
ors and to the oon-bondrholding tax-ftayers.
A strong effort will be made to enact this
measure into a law, before, the close ef,the
Ix speaking , of the contest in the 20th
District for the Republican Congressional
Convention, the Meadville - Bepublieon slays
We learn that Mr. Geo. W. Lathy is the
successful, candidate for the nomination in
Clarion bounty. ' The candidates In the field
now ere : S. Newton Pettis,"Crawford; Geo.
W. Lathy, Clarionf W. T. McAdam; Mer
cer; G. W. Gilfallan, Venango. The con
test, in clarion, according to the Banner,
was really between Mr. — Pettis and McAd
am, although ostensibly between Captain
Fox 'and Mr. Lathy. Fox being beaten
leaves the contest practically between Mc-
Adam, Gllfillan and Lathy, one of whom is
pretty certain to he nominated. Personally
we know nothing of Mr. Lathy, but we
hear that he is a very worthy and..capable ,
Republican, and his nomination would be
creditable to the party, Mr. Gilt:Ulan is an
earnest and active young Republican, and
would be very acceptable to the oil interest.
Mr. McAdam lea gentleman of higlicharac
ter, and would he the strongest candidate in
the field with the voters.of Mercer county.
As. Mr. Trout will most likely be theDem
emetic candidate, McAdam would be his
most formidable opponent.
Tun New York Sun has the following in
regard to the Chief Justice : -
"No Demobrat need hesitate to give his
support to JUdge.Chase on the score of
principle. 'These suspenders,' said an auc
tioneer, 'are elastic—long . enough for any
man, short enough for any boy, and war
ranted to 8t: Ia short, Judge' Chase is
willing to go as far mile can' in every direc
tion, for everything, and against everything,
if he can only be elected President. He
,does it, too, with such dignity and such
perfect cOnsisteney that no one can find any
fault. The Democracy cannot have a more
7'ANTp:jl , -)111E. OPINIONS.
. --. . . . . .
'Ulm. Democratic inky, as a national party; can
neither oust the negroes from the suffrage nor con
trol their votes. If either Is ever done, it will be by,
the white citizens of the Kates In which they live,
each State acting for Itself, and judging for Itself or.
the most opportune occasion for making the effort.
The mission of the national Democratic party Is
different, It is to render white voting less mis
chievous than It has been for the last 'tight years.'
N. Y. World, June , 79th. . •
.. . • ,
High Democratic authority thus' disposes
of th e
.w fo a o r i f l a s r h e ciamor . of, the underlings of
. . .
the party, for "a white man's government."
is hereafter to, be directed
against the blinoilous white •Voters• '
is worth remembering. .-. • - • '
• Sztvron HENDERSON, of Missouri, mar
ries Kiss FOOTE; of Vermont, this week. It
is also announced that Mr. Emus FOOTS,
father of thejianese, is to receive the appoint
ment'of Commissioner of Patents'. •
TEE first count of the new indictment
againbt John H. Surratt charges him with
conspiring with 'Booth, Pane, Harold,
O'Laughlin Arnold, Atzerodt and Mrs.
Surratt, to" inurder Abraham Lincoln.: Thg
second..count_charges him with conspiracy
to capture iiir.lAneoln "Slot-deliver him as
a pitmen into the ,possepso n ,custoz„lo.l4
control of certain persons who se names are
unknown to the Grand Jury.
- The Kansas PACAIe Railway.
To the Editors of the Pittsi , Nryk Gazette:—
Gratrimitsr—Thismost important of any
national work ever undertaken by the Gov
ernment and people of the United States
gains rapidly in popular favor as it becomes
better understood. Very quietly, but with
peat 'energy, it has been pushed forward
until upwards of four hundred miles have
been finished, which is as far as the acts of
'Congress of 1866 extended the authority
and aid of the Government. This portion 1
of the road extends from the Missouri river
up the Valley of the Kansas and 'Smoky'
Rill, (ane river), almost directly from.east
to west, through the midst of the State of
- Kansas, one of the most • fertile, beautiful
• . .
„and healthy regions in our country. •
. From the point to which it has cat-,
ried, (near the Western herder of Katisas,)
it is the intention of the Company to con
tinue it in a southwest direction, through
New Mexico to the Rio Grande; thence
'westwardly, on or near the 85th parallel,
through the centre of •A.rlzon% to , the Great
Colorado, which is the' eastern' ' , border; of
California in that latitude. ' Froth the Colo=
rado to Sari Francisco the Brie. • runs. in a.'
i c in
northwest direction thr ugh the eat valley
of Southern California the marvelous pro 4,
ductiveness of which sknewn to theyvhole,
_;,- , .
The length , of this - line—which ;h all
been carefully surveye - 4.-iri 190 miles from
the Missouri, - at Kansa Oity,4o San Fran-
Cisco, which is just abo t the same as the'
Union Pacific Railroad, which begins on the
west bank of the Miss° *, at Omaha, 'and
terminates at Sacramen , 120,miles north-
west. of San Franciscw That 120 miles
must, be made by Steamers on the Bay of
San \Francisco and the Sacramento river.
The bay, which stretches far inland, lies be
tween those cities; • and to unite them by
rail would require aline of between two and
three hundred miles in length,- for it would
have to ran almost entirely round the bay.
In this the Kansas Pacific liner hes a great
advantage over the other, for it runs direct
li to Ban Prahcisco—which lies on the south
ern shore of the bay near, its entrance froth
the ocean—without any deviation from its ,
proper course. The Omaha and Sacramen
to line is being prosecuted by two separate
and independent companies, the Union Pa
cific in the east, and the Central Pacific in
the west." These two companies' eipect to
meet in their operations somewhere in the
neighborhood of Salt Lake, and, uniting,
form one line of road frorii the Missouri to
There are many reasons why the Kansas
Pacific Raitway ought to be pushed forward
steadily and vigorously, some of whichn ay
very properly be set forth in brief terms in
this connection. This ought to be done—
Because so large a section of it is already
completed and is in very successful opera
tion, paying well, and causing the fine re
gion through which it passes to fill up rapid
ly with an intelligent and thriving popula
tion, who already enjoy in their new ,
homes all the " blessings and benefits of an
Because the business it has already done
for the Government, at rates greatly below
those paid for wagon transportation, has
more than reimbursed to the national treas
ury the amount of interest on the bonds
loaned by the Government to the Company;
so that thus far, instead of being an ex
pense and burden, it has been a pecuniary
advantage to the Government of many
thousands of dollars. See \ Report of the
Committee on Military Affairs of the House
of Representatives, of March 4th, 1868,
which, upon a careful estimate, puts this
saving at 1346,382 for 1867.
Because, in the opinion of the highest
military officers of the nation, it Is the only
way in which the murders and depreda
tions of the savages who still roam almost
unchecked over the vast and valuable region
across which it is proposed to carry this
road—extending from Kansas to California
—can be successfully prevented—a method
more effectual, more humane and More
'economical than any other that can be de
vised. Bee letters of Generals Sherman and
Sherridan, addressed to General Gnint, and
by him endorsed and transmitted through
the Secretary of War to Congress.
• Because the • country through which 'the
surveyed line runs is well adapted to rail-,
road purposes • and is, with trifling excep
tions, abundantly supplied with timber for
ties, fuel and other purposes, with water,
and, in New Mexico' especially, it runs
through or near to 'an extensive and inex
haustible field of mineral coal of good quali
ty. See Report of the Survey of 1867, made
by the engineers of the comptuy.
Because the line of the road traverses
throughout its entire length a region of great
and varied reiources, agricultural, pastoral
and mineral, which will ensure to it a way
trade of great and ever increasing magni
tude, putting its success as a road beyond a
peradventure, and rendering it reasonably
certain that it will cost the government
nothing more than a loan of its credit.
Because its construction will add im
mensely to the available area:of our national
domain and to the durable basis of taxable
values, and thus, by diffusion, relatively
lighten our already existing national bur
Because it will bring within easy reach o
our people thousands and tens of thousands
of mines of precious metals,. which, with
railroad facilities, can be worked profitably,
but not without. Our present inconvertible
paper currency is a standing , attestation of
how greatly these are needed.—See J. Ross
Browne's Reports, and many others. , •
Because there are even uow one hundred
thousand people in New Mexico, (whose
entire trade will be over this road,) await
ing its coming; while Arizona Is rapidly,
filling up, and probably half the population
Of California are found south df the Bay of
San Francisco, through whose midst this
load will In addition to these, the
people of Chihuahua, Sonora' and Durango
will trade with the outside world Mainly,
over this road., ' -
Because the line of this road Is so liapPi
ly located' that it can be reached at its east
ern end with almost equal' facility by, :the
great lines of trade end travel running
westward from Boston and Portland,, and
from Baltimore and Washington, the basin
of the Lakes or the valley of the.hlo, And
then, in its great southwestern deflextion it 1
Is exactly in the right location to receive on
this aide of the mountains and of the Rio
Gnmde other lines from important points
on the Lower Mississippi and the . % Gulf of
Mexico. It was this truly national featture
of this enterprise which drew forth that;re
cent strong and eloquent petition to . Con
gress from sixty presidents and executive
officersbfleading railroads of the country,
from Maine4to Alabama, praying, that the
;work may 'be continued and ' vigorouslT
prosecuted. See maps:
Becauie this toad,. in 'its entire course
frppl the Missouri; to the ' Bay of San
Francisco, will cross no formidable 'mom;
Win range. In New -.Mexico the RoOky
Mountains sink into a broad elevatedplateau
a little north of the line, and the great Sierra
Nevada . range 'breaks • down in . the. same ,
manner, on about the'saute parallel in south
eastern California. The line, of the. roadfi
therefore, runs roam th gna t, f o s ountaitt
raves instead of over Mein,. giving to it •at
once a better and more habitable conixtrii
tbrimet wptcit to run, und,enider gradl enla "
BeCittne —latch - the Meet,
71 1 APOr tiltt
consideration' of till.thie road can never be
Interrupted by snow nor endangered bY av
alanches,The eßmato on the most eleva-
ted table lands over vitt the line is carried,
6,000 to 7,000 feet above tide, is much like
that of Eastern Tennessee, but is drier:
Some snow falls, but it soon melts. The
climate, both in summer and winter, is de-
lightfid andremarkably salubrious, so that
gentlemen who have traveled over that ,
great plateau, which reaches nearly ,across
both New Mexico and Ariiona in the di
rectlon of this line, exPress"the opinion that
when made accessible. it will become • the ,
,great sanitarium of the country. tnderthese
conditions the traffic on this road 'can be
carried on with equal facility and safety at'
all seasons; and it need hardly, be said to
•those who are well informed as to the char
acter of the region fUrther north, that on no
other route from the eastern States to the
Pacific can:immunity from protracted inter.
ruptions and . appalling dangers be hoped
Because this road in all its course r from
-the Missouri to the Pacific, passes through a
Very valuable region, but so. remote from the
line of- the Omaha road that. it coan never , •
be of any benefit to it.On the meridian of
'the Rio Grande the two lines diverge to the
distance or. seven degrees of latitude L.-one
being . on the 35th parallel, the other on the
42d-sruf this distance' is maintained until
both' enter California.. The-vast 'and vari
ous resources of•Soutbein Colorado; and of
1. New Mexico, and Arizona, can never be
l i , utilized until this road is made..
'Because thisroad will open up avenues of
trade with ':'at least three of :.,the northern '
States of Mexico, which are now: destitute
of any,access to the world. outside, worthy
,of the sinme., - They are rich in mines of
gold, silver and copper, in ,rare woods of.
great commercial value, and in tropical and,
semi-troPicalffrults, &c. The commerce
which will spring up between our country.'
and those States will at once be, large and
Because this road, by means , of ,branches
of moderate length, will put us into connec
tion with the Pacific ocean at several points
far south of San Francisco-Guaymas,on.
the Gulf, of California, San Diego, os:
Angelos, &c., and also, directly on the Main
line, with the steamboat navigation of the
Colorado river, about 800 miles this side of
.San Francisco. ,
Because, as a careful inspection of the
map' Will show, this, road is destined to be
agreat trunk line from which branch lines
will- diverge in all directions, reaching to
wards the long coast lines of both oceans,
and to all parts of the great interior. -
I might add much more, but let these few
saggestions suffice.. .The thoughtful reader'
can easily follow them out mere fully into
their details; and, although I have not par
ticularly spoken of It among the reasons
why this work ought to be pushed forward,
the Philantropist and the Christian. cannot,
fail to perceive that such a channel of inter
course would .powerfully' aid in the spread
of a better civilization and , a purer faith
than many of the regions it will penetrate
have hitherto enjoyed. .1. C.
Are Secure Beyond any Contingency.
The 1 Union Pacific Bends run thirty
years, for $l,OOO each, and have coupons
attached. They bear annual interest, paya
ble on the first days of January and Jmy at
the. Company's Office in the City of New
York, at the rate of six, per cent. in gold at
maturity. The price is 102, and at the pres
ent rate of gold, they : pay a liberal income
on their cost.
The Company believe that these bonds, at
the present date, are the cheapest security in ,
the market, and reserve the right to advance
the price at anytime. - Subscriptions will
be received in New York
31INI:EAPOLIN Minn.,uus produced
sheet-iron chimney which is Maile of three
sheet-iron cylinders, the\ space between the
other and second one being filled with ashes,
thus securing safety from fire. It is lighter
and saferthan brick. -
DO NOT DE DECEIVED.
Whin the arstem is once atieeted' it i►ill not rally
of its oirn ; it needs belii -it =nit be
strengibened and invigorated; this is especially the
ease when the
KIDNEYS, pLADDza. OB DEIN4EY otomiti
Axe affected., For ttamedlate relief and permanent
Diuretic or BackOFhe Pit&
Are & perfectly safe and reUablespeelde. This well
known remedy hu effected a large mtmber of speedy
and remarkable Mires, and have never failed to give
relict When taken 'according - to direction&
Dr. Sargent's Backache Pi/is
Are purely vegetable, and contain 'no mercnrT Or
calomel. They do not exhaust - the system, but on
the contrary they act as a tante, imparting now tone
and vigor to the organs and strengthening the whole
body., These Pills have stood the test of thirty-five
years, and are still gaining hi,,pOpulaiity. ,
SR" FOR SALE BY DRubstrAts AND DEAL
ERS IN MEDICINE ENERTiVRERE:
Price 50 Ceiite Per-Box.,
LET LIS PROTECT:CoUItsELVES.
.The physical structure t.f the strongest human be
ing le vulnerable _eVerywhere. Our bottles aro en
dewed by nature with a certain negative Dower,
which protects them, to some , extent, from unwhole
some influences; but this protection is imperfect,
and cannot be'safely relied on in unhealthy regionti,
or under circumstances of more than ordinary dan
ger. Therefore, it is wisdom; it is predence• Iris
commOn sense to provide against such contingencies
by taking an antidote in advance; in 'other words.
,by fortifying the system with 110aTETTEIVS
STOMACH 'BITTERS—the Moat- complfite prOtee
tire against all the epidemic and endemic Maladlee
that his ever been administered in any country. As
a remedy for Dyspepsia, there'll% no medicine that
will compare with It. lit , hoover suffers the pangs of
indigestion, sny where bn the face of the earth
where 110STETTEIVS isTODIAOtt BITTER,u can
be procured, does so voluntarily; ,for: as surely as
truth exists, this invaluable TONIC and ALTERATIVE
would restore • his disardered etomaeh to a healthy
condition: To the nervous it is also especially roa
m:amended, and in cases of confirmed constip a tion
it also affords speedy and permanent relief. In all
cases of feverand ague the BITTERS is. ore potent
than any amount of
.. quintnei - while the most dan
gerune eases of bilious Iliter yield to Its wonderful
properties. .'lbosewhohaVe tried the medicine will
never use another; for any of the ailments which the
1108TIC1 TEE BITTERS professes to subdue..
those who have not made the experiment W 6 cord!-
ally. recommend an esx.yarmlization to: the Blr
'MRS whenever they are stricken ' by disease of the
CURE OF FISTULA•'
Du. KgTenn i I write to thank you for your kind- ,
nces and . scientific management of my disease, for
which I called to consult you some time In January
last. You will remember that 1 had a cOmplicatlon
of dhows which finally ended In a terrible fistula,
which I had been 'drilled to "1.3 t alone," ou go t .
Mint of a harassing cough, which it was feared
Might fasten It on my lungs: I knew that the pecti7
isjr•mode of treating diseases „lib? mine bY a .
butting operation,,which, If succeasful nt 4 1 ; wnOld,
nouatnie.ralvilytathbrrgoanw t . h o e n di s seali coo
u o i c i i t p o o f n t th l ; i iti l d p en e n r e s u om o e r
the core"and"the lnni4ate cheek to tie discharge,:
which I believed was a salutary provision of nature
to get rid of some morbid Ocinditlon,of the ayatem.
I f e el perteetli. satisfied' 'that iroitr' teethed' of treat
ment, purifying the eyiteni.tand looal applitationif
4 0 tag fistulous part, •ntitat 'eure;:if anything :could.:
with Out cutting, Which I. And iiitid e and I um happy;
to ieport myself well- Iry :every.:yinttleitlinv. with
sounder and better health than I have bad Itoreentle.
would &Am add that .the pilesitlims you made
were almost painleitattiuid tikes lethiniiinew man.
, with all the energhmtand Titer_ of reetared health.':
. ; .Irr," ,
OM:SILTATION BOONS 11011.
IDERONIO DISEASES. No. LSINTMIN 31113;13Yr.
from il A. M. biriTtl. 3 r.
June 11th. VAS.
Agr ziprzinlB- 4 •70 •`FOr Beil4'l ••y,X, , :,= ;
Wants, ”Ibunci, ,, "Bo Ardis', &c.,Ot Ago
feeding i 9 FR LINES eaelekalbe inverted is Mum -
colummi ono* . for TWENTr,FIVE , VENTS;
additicluti Hue FIYB cf ENi . s.. • - -
NIVANTED-SI AUATION+Aw .
BOOK-REEPER,,b! a yonng man who Can
produce the most tatiSfaeto 4 references as tq chat.
actor and capacity. 1 Applat tufs .
LAYETTE OrAcr.. j " -
perieneeNand competent Farmer and Maw.
*gm; with a email . family, wants a pocitio]; on some
6 entleman , c estate. , FaiquiTe or taa
W A WTED 7i s-ECELPN
WANIRIED-Or/UFC 'good. r
for gOnrill 'houveNtrt: tclll - receive tteady,
ciao oyment antl , good wage Ift'aultable, by appty--..
log at No. 50 LIBERTY tiTREET: ,‘:
"yr r T E 1110 0K- B 1.11 D
VV. t Wtocr esti do 'ordinary binding, ittett as Pats. •
pblet work, Sc., and helm . binding . . Roo= far- 7.
Edetted.at the lowest price, anctautrictent Work, pair.
anteed: The 'tools to be furnithed by the litndet:
Address B. 4.• a C0.4 , ' Lock Box 317, Pittakarrst s •
WANTEI)---110AnDEIRS.--A gem. ,
tieman and wife, or Iwo; absgle gehtlenten,,-
can e accommodated with Illrst Maas boarding a.
No: 18 W YLIE sTRIEF.7% Noomris a front one, 91r
second floor, and opens out O balcony. _
v v ANTED - BOARD Desirable
board for a small family WitliOut children; ba.
a pleasant lotation o 1 Penn fatreet, , may be had by
addressing M. W W Postditleeillox. NlO. .
y y ' l, board,
_line fr ont rtionio,' with gas, easebn '
secured at $ .OO per week.DiLi boardbigkgre:'
For single gentleman. At L BEBTT 4
goweirrED-,-B Al l ILDEItS.-41en-1 • :
Llemen boarders clikbe A ccommodat e d idth :
o board and lodging at FE.BBY ST.
.., .., NATIONAL -. 11 D.BOOK or PACTS .
_price 81.50. Alse,,
for the - standard LIVE OP II:h. GRANT, bra. T.
.iIEADLEY the.. popular' .hlinorian. Price „ cloth,
$2.50. Our terms are nowhere excelled . : Send for
circular: A. L. TALcolvr C0., 1t• BO Wake:lBt.*
Pittsburgh, Pa. - , -;
WAN TED--PEOPLE TO SEE A.
CHURN, at HARR% HOTEL, that bril;
butter in 3to 5 minutes. No machinery. Costa
for a life time., -;100 , Chullia are . carried- the
pocket. Territory for taleij Call soon. BOARD
MAN A BLECKER, Agenta, U. B. ' . .
WANTEW-LAND.-'-On the line
of tbe Pennsylvaniditattroad. within el ~b f<
to es of the city, ,an ACRE OR TWO OF GROtiltu,.
suitable fora country residence. • Address, slating
location, Box D. BASET= OFPWS. .
WANTED -TO EXCHANGE` sev
• eral hundred sera good lowa land, ror ell?
property. Address Y. GLzrra eirtcr. • •
lUaO S T—N 0 T Allegheny:
City, on June 10th,
. ) 1888,_a PROMISSORY
TE, drawn in favor of J H. MEYER. at 30
days, by BUFFED!, 'REHR
_tV & CO., for Five Hun-
dred and Three Hollers .($563 Sad and Sixty-sit
Cents. Notice is hereby given that a duplicate of
the slime will be made, and' all persons are warned
against viegotiating for the same 'se payment has
been stopped... A liberal reward will be paid for the
return of the , same to JOHN IL .1111CYNU6, No. OT
Third street, Allegheny City. • .• • • •
LOST.- - on THURSDAY AFTER
NOON. 18th inst.. ongederal street,_ b etween
Unto street and South Com Otis; a LAMES' FINN
GOLD WATCH CHAIN. The finder Isla basalts,.
lay rewarded bylesving It it, it. &'
AIRASS' MN% STORK, , corner of Federal and'
Lacoek streets, Apegbeny.i' •
)E4 0 ND-P C T-800 K.-AL
:Pdcliet-itoolt, containing some money, .was
found on t3eveoth street. between Grant and smith- ,
field. The owner can have the same by 'calling at .
Tills •OFFICE. taying charges and identifying the
T 0 LET Rool4' A. large and
men's sleeping room. A Fly at No. 31 HAND
LET--1101138 .—A tWo..;story -
\Frame Dwelling of eight rooms; gas through
out the house, and large 1 t: situated in . Allegheny,:
City, near the buspension Bridge. Posseselon.can. -
-be givenimmediately. A ply to J. S. FERGUSON,
No. 87 Fifth street. • i . • •. . . ,
BRICK'HOUSE, sit aced In a desirable street
inllegheny City, togeth r with furniture. - will be
rented on moderate terma
.l Jeer Dartlenlaraaddreel
B. 8., Box B, Gazirrrx . , - .
TO - LET--STORkOIIOOIII--Nau 12 1 !
iWYLICE.STILEET. , iWiil be ready far eerily*
Iron early next, week. Lai forty-live feet in depth.
eity ' back.' 'French plate glass front; flag pare-
went, and everything elegant. and convenient... , • -
LET $OOl. - . large
pleasant second story 'Front Room, WitA•
boardlSg for rent at No. Mb SIXTH' STREET op
posite Trinity Church. Also, a limited Imbiber of
day boarders will •be ace =iodated with Pest ells
O , LET-11.01*C--ln Sewickley,.
m at: roolr, wlth garden attached,
cleently located within five inlnutes,'walg or th e ,
lotion. Enquire-of D •WHITE; •orJ. • H.•
BALD WIN,' No. 11.8 Diamond ttreet. ' • • 1
To LET —R 0 Oilll e.7 -Two - L aiTe
TR!)NT ROOMS, aticond atoi7; In a plhaeant
part of The. city, imitable for man. and. We. , Ear
quire at *IL SDUTELVISI4I3 STREET. .
r•BIBIP IT ° E."..4'.
, o five rooms, on the corner
o ocust and- ulberrY
house and premises ha. e been newly fitted 'up.
Also, a large and ere ent garden. 'Possession
given at any time. ln alts of W. M. LAIRD,
Broad street. Scwickleyl f ,-, : - - .
t.llO LET:--BOUSe .—A new house,
Street, Allegheny. - iron front, situated:at No.lslßeaier
Street, Allegheny. - Thediouse is - a good dwelling of
grooms, and haa a splendid Ntore Room 85 feet
deep. Ix well situated for any kind of business.
Inquire of ; NEAHOUSE & - HESPENHELD, next
door above, or at No. Iwo OHIO STREET.
TO LET--TR : STORE BOOM
No. 160 Ohio are ne, with dwelling above oz.
rooms, with water. g , and bath. More room iii.!
ted up in 'h e bust man et with plated glade Show
windows a d I
iron front,l , ngoire at office of FBA.'
DIEU ORO ~ Ohio simple and iledgwiek street, Al
r 7 ro LET---110 SE-That desfra+
A... hie: Dwelling Donde. , .N0..71 Libertr street,
containig ten zooms,. kitc hen and *,,,r,„ 410a5e.
Enquire Of JAI". J. ONA47. No. 715 /Rath dtrect. •
furutshedrooma, with board or without ellzi
b y situated on Penn dirt. Address H. V. Oa-
FORT.-The half p pm whole of a lot, 00 feet
front by 140 feet dee 4 Mutate on Market, near
Second street. For .paittentara enqulse of W.
HULL, Hull's Store, fifth. near the depot, Mc-
Keesport; or se.drees.AOSlSfli •FORSYTKR,,.• 116 !'t
12 will bay *good F LAME HORSE, of roomS
and dry cellar. and bot 30 by 95 feet, Mutated la a
Pleasant part at Alleshoey; three door from street
cars. , Addrest HOUSE./ lorassETTr. °Palos. ..
rllpit. SALE—HOUSE 411 AD ZOT4- .
' -- One Monte and lo of two acres of groultd In
llniburg. Beaver c o unty, Pa. The house is a
two-story. frame. with_ seven rooms. The lot has a,,.
number of fruit trees, and all In ;good order, There ,
is &cistern on the nrenpses, and stable and other
outbundb. •VVIII be .Itold at It barstain by Rl3l
- & H AIL, Reapfttate, Agents, No. 91 poorer
'street, A e: heny. .. 11 ,
OR. SAL LE-4i °WM.—A • NICE
- .BRICE HOUSZ. 43f eight, rooms, on Mont
gomery avenue, near eaeral street. 'Enquire ol'
Mr. DRIJITT corner Montgomery avenue ' and Fell
a street. Ailegtieny.l . ,
01% SALE 7 7IIIULES.=-4. pair_ of
line. beavyDß4llol - IT MULES. ' p air
at the Livery Stable of MORELAND &MITCHELL.
Liberty street, on and. Atter ,- Juile 11th. - Also, a.',
two-borne WAGOIs , aila met double HAHRE§S,in ,
'OR SA AFE.--A LARGE
a: (N 0.13) il' E l l AfJr.: of Burke A..Barnea' maim
facture. In good con Rion. Enquire at No. ,ss
DIAMOND STREW;'lttaburg . Pa - •
FORS SALE . ;
, AIM% LlYtrittil),BALE titBLE.; ohe Sri,
KILT HOm= Him three PLE
ROBSW: OIIII 2 LAW4I3 , .DRAUGEIT ,ifolhazt th re e__
o , Affli K HARES:. two GRIT 3142stt.
_ear litorkontiehetallouse_ _ - - •
Hones ought Aram:olden eomteasason.
BALE4rAisTi,:=LoitraT - u-•
orbbY 51 4evegiltred, by JOAN DYE
r., corset or 111<liet qreet /Ltd AlteigbAny arenas,
r ill 111 A
41 LE•aliievounds ia old
TYPE. 4 1 1 4 1 *1 the GAZZTTS CQVNTIfte.