The Pittsburgh gazette. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1866-1877, May 02, 1868, Image 1

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VOLUME , DaXlii,
LI - •
o ltutTiflir
I[9O7EXAVES o•cz.ocK.
,The High:Court of impeachment
—Mr.!. •Ewarts r Concludes-I-NM
Stanbery Begins His Argument
Syssistsi of
Vela Resolution in the House
I Laid. the Table. - ‘ •
'Telegraph to Pittsburgh Gakette 3
• WAssalloris, May 1;1868.
Mr. EVARTS continned, his argument.
lie commenced with an npolwy-for t havjrig
so long occupied the time;: nd• attention cif
the Senate:. . Saying he would .claini their
indulgence lint a little while longer, he
_ ,,
proceeded. to consider the power of• the
. , ,
President to - fill vacancies under the acts of
. . .
1792;17115'cutd 1796. He adniitted the act of
-1863 limited the choice for appointments of
. . .
' Secretaries ad interim in certain caseate the
.......,....,.. -,- ••••• . ...... r- .• -.Kr ' ..
heitaliTiitliiittlialirrients,7but he °argued
that under'theset-of 1799, which' alloVred
him to choose from all the, „officers_ em
ployed in the Department, "_the -Wen
, dent had full warrant, 4,cir , - the sil
-1 pointment of General Thomas, Who was
I then Adjutant -General. Referring to :the
action of Mr. Lincoln, in appointing an ad
linterim successor to Mr. Blair, Postmaster
General, he said that the appointment was
imade under aftthority, only implied,pf the
acts of 1792 and 1795, which did not relate
to the Poston - ice Department at' all. He
• asked why that conductwas not'cionsidered
i an/it:Teachable offense it . He then. main
t tainenitinade no ditference, : either in-the
theorY or practice 'of the GoVernment,
' whether the temporary appointnients were
made' during a session or a recess of the
' Senate, and instanced the,four examples of
'Nelson in 1834, Scott in 1950, and Kelly and
I Holt in 1861, as ample warrant for his
assertion. • ' - ‘ - - -
Passing to the first article, he said he
should consider at the outset the nature of
the positions occupied by the members of
the Cabinet. He would not again refer to
the opinion of Mr. Boutwell, except to say
he might name three more. Senators, before
him; who wouldshare with , others what her
he had mentioned in the opprobrium upon '
such positions by the honorable Manager.
, He then , read the address to Mr. Lincoln,
I signed by thirty-eight Senators, written in
186'2, to urge - his 'retrieval of Mr. Blair, so
as to secure harmonioinraction.' Theopin
-1 ions therein expressed by fifteen of the Sen. %
aters nob' present on the subject of Cabinet
1 relations he (Mr. Evarts)- fully endorsed.'
• He further quoted frem speeches of Mr. Sher
i man and others, , in the debate on the peas;
age of the Tenure 7 of-Office bill, and in ex
-1 planation of the report of the Conimittee of
4Cenference, various expressions and argn
; meats, which,uncontiedicted Opinions and
1 explanations lie claimed Wine , accep:ed as
!%Pl t er- le f li t igi t4 eff i ' l li .b l l ll Blleted
upon y e , en e e I *mild
be nicfnsirors,to • convict the•°President. of=
Crime by liii,„ff'earrie voices' which: gave utter
ance to or were concerned in these authora-•
; tive declarations, that the bill did not reach
t or effect the relations of Mr:;-' Stanton
and .the President. He also :read from the
f report of Messrs. Schenck and Williams on
\the subject, which he claimed had liotind
Ithe House to the same - doneltision as the
Senate. The argument of, Xi:. Boutwell,
that the practice - had alWays been to send
in the'name of theapPeintee before making
the-removal, he met by the.eonsideration,
that removals are generally made, nothe! •
cause the incumbents are rinfit,:but•becanse
Ipolitical favorites are to be put in. The in
stances of removal of cabinet officers are
, only two, for, the , simple reason that a
°:•-, polite -hint is nsually sufficient to in
duce,- resignation.--He-then - referred' - to -
the instance of rho removals of various
officers during the session- of the Sen
ate, Ittlich . had '4lfeeii e put int :'lettidence;
and went on to argue tke...nepessity, for the
existence of such powerof insta•nt removal,
by some suppositions cases, where delay
would lead to disastrous consequences. Al
luding to the conmation ;in . Mr. Butler's
speech, that if the President:had properly
notified the Senate of his intention, his ac
tion wouldnot probably have been deemed
ground for impeachment, Mr. Everts said
it appeared crime was'not found in his for
titor in re, but in the absence eztauiter fn
mode. He characterized the assertion , of
Mr. Boutwell, that it made•no difference
whether:the law hroken is constitutjaruil 0x...
• not, art adesPerati3 Attentit - to 'escape' freer
the force of the, arguments of cennsel_ for'
the President,'"whicli he would not repeat:
He also quoted the; admisaion of Mr. Bout
`Well, that the President would have been
justified if herieted• with honest 'intent of
violation of law, which was ambiguous or
. equivocal,•and .claimed it was all 'they
needed; after phoivirig as they had that the
act was fairlycharacterized. b y those very
terms. Taking up,the question of tile char
acter bf the . olirettee of violating the tenure
ofeffice law, ltit'said there - waitim 'punish;
went provided in the law for 'attempts to.
. rainoveiout.forHattinupts-to appointrand-ee
the ,articles arty : i t A :i charged
" the remova l,'' theriti'..' was _-no indict..
'able '''or • impeaehabits,,J - 4,,otrenee ' col*
milted by the attempt to remove,
Stanton. He then maintained no Tenure
of-Office eziulil begiveii by v legislation for
any longertime 4 thauthat !or which the
officer is appointed, and applying this doc
trine to the case of Stanton; heargued
that lie was not' appointed. but held his
office by sufferance,of the President, and
therefore conldiatkliii.ens,-eass bee ;Wetted
by the casein Cjigrition. lii reference to the.
argunient,.thatif Etanton is mot. , nrotected
by the proviso, he is by the body of the
section, hesaid we Mlle , . speak of tie office
and not of the man, and if ',this office
is covered ' by ' the Beetled, -we are
libitqAo-.otbardit'Y of V "!ttliElg-tliat.ita
tenure can oe made perpetintjtf successive
Senators adhere totheitatrtellews. But if
t the law is susceptible pf-twpi,eog ki trpetionii,
hethad the Managertil f authority " fOr'elaitn..
4, :' , ing it wonid.ixt - ably:went, With& sense of
Ijustice to convict therresident.He further
argued that -there was no litteifipt to ;via'
,f_t% late th e statute or 'right of Mr. 'Stanton 'to'
hold his Office; but Merely' to = withilraw the'
tenure Whibh he held at pleasure oftbe
11 " president. --. 3 - -%'7:i' eA:it- tc• ,
41 Briefly reviewing t a e evidince, he . ri4
ruled its.inatdileiono3 r .
imr,ltestaneemin t he
testimony of ;Wilier, the solitary witness Um „
a ,diMptrAlispope*gt
..t *lirrthen-rinninded the Senators .!
..ri tlior :mu g, treat, sash article - separately,'
0 without any. reference to the character or
farce of the others"; -and always upon the
•vcl res umptpn of. entire innooe xa l t r ai S i l:ey,
.§l. , roust discard Poliji - ,0 111 2_, ~
~ np_if
A t
..14 judge of itir.." SIA 1 " 4 7 1,1 ' , .' •A 4••
di i '
,He ,
7- i7 tXruitwut,°utenstistutsottle4blgieriontices of
4 1
~ A the! ' • ' ' ; '- ta , 11 !" -. -6 , 111111121°151b8, 4 „ ..,• '113f : h18 ;
'II • ' .• c ' . 4 ' . .61=,?-,17") I ..r,,, ‘,. ..
" ' . . 1 re t C Vw /
' - a
111 • *flinehing
ring to ilikjg .,.,„1
~t Lt i' : / it 1"..d .91
. Y:l t iT t !r.7* *) ; : ;: :l
'5-14 :;;;1r,c,,, pct- ,66411..cetrff 1. - le, . • •
.114.4 en
‘:.; % %rue"- g_ • •-) • 1 . :J., •%_,r
• •I
•••••• '
loyalty in times of trialiancinnwavering de
.Votion to the Coristifution-, Nfititrehe made
the guide and study of his life, appeal
ed to the Senate in earnest terms fo grant
these eqnsiderpti. he. utmost, weight to
which 04.1 r tier ^
universal truth t• a tinrighte&A laws
always eventually : righted or set aside, by
reference to some of the consequences of
the wax and by . ; descriptions of, the, march
of the national armies, he passed to the con
sideration the :threatened dangers to.the
Constituti&F,Auld _closed eloquent Peroration, invoking that calm consideration
, and impartial justice which would be wor
thy of the succpssors of the great men who
firserlitriaTed'tlititentitorlal 1a•
The Senate took a recess.
On re-assembling Mr. STANBERY rose,
and .a 1 4 .; a low .. , introductory remarks, in
trhlcli heieferi.eala the feeble ;Arlie Cala
health, said he felt .impelied by , an. irre
. . .
sistible impulse to lift his voice in this just
cause, and proceeded with his argument.
Hesaittir. - v
Mr. Chief Justice and aiid Senators, It is the
habit of the advocate to magnify his case.
But this case best. speaks for ,itself.,. For
the first time in our political exis
t tense the three great Departments of
our Government , are brought upon
the scene together. House •of Rep
'resentatives as the accuser, the President
of the United States as the accused, the Ju
. didary Department represented by its head
in thqperpowektite:Chief .Justice, and the
Senate of the United States as 'the tribunal
,tohettn:the•Aeptiori and the defence and
to rend :.the. tine. judgment. , TheiCon
`-stitution has anticipated that so extreme a
remedy as this might be necessary, evenin
'the case of the highest officer of the Gov
eminent. It was seen thatit wail a danger,
ous power to give one Departmeuf te, be
used against another Department. Yet it
was anticipated that an emergency might
arise in which -nothing 4indi a power
could be effectual to preserve the Re
public. Happily for the eightyt
years of our political existence
which have passed no such emergency
has hitherto arisen. During that time we
have witnessed the fiercest contests of par
ty. Again 'and. 'again -the Exectitive ,and
Legislative Departments have arisen, in
open and bitter antagonism. A favorite- ,
legislative policy has more ',than once been
defeated by the obstinate and determined
resistance of the President upon some of
the gravest and most impertt . issues that
we have 'ever-had or are ever likely to have.-
The Presidentia policy and the Legisla
tive policy have stood in direct antag
onism during all the time this fearfnl_
power was in .the hands of the
Legislative Department, and more than
once a resort to it has been advised by
extreme patty men as a awe remedy for
party purposes. But happily that evil
hitherto has not come upon us. What
new and unheard of conduct' by a Presi
dent has at last made a resort to this .ex
treme remedy, unavoidable? What Presi
dential actsbave hakiefied Se flagrant that
all just rhenuf all parties tre'readyto say
the time has I corne when the mischief ,has
been .COmmitted, the evil is et work so
enormous and pressing, that in the last
year of his term of office it is not safe to
await the coming action of the people?
If such a case has happened, all honorable
and 'lust Men Of all parties will-say anima: A
+ But if,, on the contrary 4 it should appear
that this fearful power has at last been de
graded and:perverted to the use of a party;
if it appears that at last bad advice, often
before given by the bad en of :party, has
found -acceptance, this great tribunal of
justice, now regarded with so much awe,
will speedily: come• to be 'considered as a
monstrous shame. If it should - be found
to be the willing histrament carry out
the purposes of its party, then there re
mains for it and every one of its members
who participates in the great wrong, a day
„ of awful , retribution, sure •to come, nor
long to be delayed. But . I will not antics-
pate nor speak further of the case itself un
til its trim features are fully developed.
He claimed that the alleged high crimes
and misdemeanors were all founded upon
mere forms of Executive administrations,
a violation of rules laid down bythe Leg
islative department to regulate the Execu
tive department, and proceeded to show
what was the course of action of the Execu
tive before these rules were, adopted. The
Tenure-of-Office - act also - introduced new
rules. It did not takeaway the President's
power, but fixed the mode.
Mr. Stanbery then proceeded to ana
lyze the artieles - oribripeachnient, showing
tnat foutstatutes of the United States were
alleged`to have been violated, three' of
which rirtiv,ided payilties feettie violation
and declare& suctionffe.nse a high niisd&
merino; ana high crime.' The tfirst. eight
articles fin' their Ltd state :Stanton has
not been removed; and the crimes and mis
demeaners.charged In respect to putting
Mr. Stanton out and 'General Thomas in
are things attempted and not things 11C.COM
plished. It is the attempt with unlawful
nitent , that the. President is. to be held re
sponsible. for. So it is a vital question
whether. the: penalties prescribed, by the
statutes alleged toirave been violated pur
port to punish,, not only the commission,
of the acts, but the aixortive attempt to
'commit them.
SfshbArtPr°o l .oPt.: 11 0 00 i
I fngth
to show that Stanton a ease did not
come within the purview of the tenure-of
office act, the proviso to which makes a dis
tinction never made before in giving anew
and better tenure to Cabinet officers of a
President who wore nominated by him, or
appointed by him with the concurrence of
the Senate. The theory is-that having hall;
one full opportunity of choice, he shall be
bound by it; but as to Cabinet officers se
lected by a former President, who hold
only by his acquiescence or sufferance, they
are entitled to no favor and receive none.
The construction given by the Managers
leads to this inevitable absurdity,
that the class entitled to favor are
cut off at the end of a month, while
those having a less, . moritorous title
remain Indefinitely" in. Wliat was
intended for a benefit becomes a mischief,
and the favored class are worse off than if
no favor had been shown. From those en
titled to protection it is taken away, to be
givpitto When..Px.kal
tient Johnstutwab-ghtisted`WithLeffiee he
found Stanton hold h i a ntr the office of Secre
tary of War. He,. le),011- aPP9hr k*
Mr. Lincoln during' first Urtri d watt
holding on to the second , month-=-of • Mr.
Lincoln's second terra. Under the 'old
pf 3 ititaxient 'lie ..waa , neither' appointed by.
Lincoln or Johnson . for that steend terrnt.,
and consea e nently never had any tentire og
office' un , the: Tenura.of-Officei. act for'
the current a:prehidentinv tergl. That'
act dilves Cid Arm offic er! , -; ifo, right
t° uula rmit. l - the pleasure , of. Abet
g e=e Fi n g of tla ori d er atin°lll° uteri - A il l ent
•thribu t/i L k i :
"theile.rig=to3ld." d their beralMe abate d A ,„ 4
is Quit.
*standing .::
thing.,foffi.e .- St# I W3lte anti- erg? 4
... 114 Y e AlletAivatigo,of onae
seleathill` his ‘ 44ol res.' •Aivi to the three
taiga in e hi n ern ti lli t w l berti ed 4 of t ida lli o l lm uishow il°Pl : l"" throlialio ll9"4"l 7 e siti. n ee otive ttla r i eribuxmdino i lz
ever y pritaN, giffortlA: unquiet to
t nit Stv ;q l' 4 llk 0.4 z rtrtli
t 7.. L 1,37714.-4:
1 -- ro , •f• ,, ,11 kt •tht ,
..e.titr 4 - 'l. A •
exercise his independent. right of choice-
Then, if as to them he has the right, how
can he exercise it if,' as in the • case of
Stanton, the' Cabinet 'officer holds on
after he had been requested . to re
sign? What mode AS 'left to the 'Presi
dent to avail 'himself of his independiint
right, when such an officer - refuses to re-„,,
sign? None other' than -the process of re-'
-oval, for , he ,cannot put, the. man. of ; his
choice in • until-tie has put the , otheiLinit.
So the independent right of .choice cannot,
under such conditions, be exercised at all,
without the corre ss ponding, right of retno
val; and the one necessarily implies the
other. We have seen'that the Tel
.fixed, by the proviso for t Cabinet
'officers spokes only to those members Of
Johnson's.-Cabinet • appointed by hlifiself.'
It therefore does not apply, to Mr. Stanton..
If there is riiiY otheiblause Which* applies
sto '
Stanton, , ft•enustl be, the first general:
clause, and if that does, not apply to him,.
then his - case — does not come withih'
the purview of the act at all, limb
must be ruled by pre-existing law, which.
inaltehim subjectatAll-times to,,thepleas-.
lure ef•the President •arni4o theJ•efiereiskti:if#
his independent power of removal. The
Managers Claim that thiselatise gkiies Stan
ton a new tenure: If this is so, it follows
as inevitable thlt no, succeeding President" ;
can remove him. He may defy SChnson's"
successor, as he now defies Johnson.
At this point Mr. • Stanbery rested until
I to-morrow and thaCeurt adjourned.
Following is a synopsis of the remainder
of Mr. Stanbery!s speech, which he will de
liver to-daY:' • •• • • . • - -
Mr. Stanbery argues that if it be held
' , that Stanton does come within purview ,of
Cie tennielf-officenct, no removal is charg
ed in the articles or made out in the proof.
The issuance of an order for removal is the
gravamen of the charge. The tenor oz eve-
Try article is that Stanton never has , been re-
Imoved. in law or fact, and that there has
been at no time a vacancy. The proof shows
that Stanton remains in possession, and that
his official acts continue to be recognized.
The act contains no provision forbidding an
attempt to cause a removal or making it
penal to issue an order for that -purjose.
But if the Senators should be of the opinion
that the tenure-of-office act protected Mr.
Stanton, and that the attempt to remove
him was equivalent to a removal, he ar
gued, Ist, that the President had the right
to construe the law for himself, and if in
the exercise of that• right lie committed an
error of construction and acted under that
error, he - is not to be held responsible; 2d.
that if he had so construed the law as to be
of opinion that Stanton was intended to be
protected by it against his rower of remov
al, for, an - error of opinion that the
law that - respect was contrary
to the Constitution he is not to be held re
sponsible, if hethereincomMitted an error. -
Mr. Stanbery argues these pointaat length,
, quoting from Jefferson, Jackson and Van
' Buren to sustain his views. ,
He next argues that the Tenure-of-Office
act has never been held by the Supreme
Court to be constitutional. But even if it
had been, what ground would there
be for holding• the President guilty Of high
misdemeanor in forming an opinion sane-'?
tioned by three of his predecessors? He
cites from the - Federalise that no legislative
act, contrary to the Constitution, can .be
valid, and :from Chancellor Kent,' Chief
Justice Marshall and others in support of
his position that the President is vested
with thmrel4Oll '
Mr StiinWihemproceeded teConsider
thee - consplia - cy art iclErg, arguing not it
word of proof had been adduced in their
support. The Emory article has no sob- ,
stance or foundation. The tenth article is,
lie' says, in -violation. of ,the right of free
speech, valued by our people as a jewel be. , -
yond price, and expres.sly protected by the '
first • article of the constitution. ;The
eleventh article was a mere indifluite al
! legation, unsustained by proof, and was
I already sufficiently answered.
Mr. Stanbery then denied that any
1 injury had been caused to any individual
or officer of' the Governinent, and that. tie
public interest had suffered •by the' actiofi
of the President. He continued, main-'t
taming that the order for, the removal of
Stanton was issued by the President in the
exercise of an undoubted power, sane
tioned by the Constitution and endorsed by
every incumbent of the Presidentialffi
Then, he says, how can you punis h . him for
following in good faith, that oath lie has
been compelled to take to preserye, o
tect and defend the Constitution of
the United States ? Nothing is
Iplainer than the duty of the Executive
to resist the encroachment of the Legisla
tive department, Whenever a - President
is deliberately of the opinion that an meet
Congress calls upon -him to - exercise a
power not given to him by. the. Constit
ution, he violates that Constitution if he fol
lows it. Again, whenever he is called upon
to execute a law which deprived him of a
constitutional power, he violates the Con
stitution as well by executing it: A great
trust is committed to his hands,ianctiened
,by a solemn oath, and he cannot surrender
the one or 'ihalate the other.
Mr. Stanbery nextadverted 1,0 the
fact that; for the first time intim history of
this country, laws were passed on the 2d
of March 1867; liutPetting changoithe
order of Executive action. Observe, how
ever, he says, that neithef inthe primitive
clauses of the second section_ of -,that
tary appropriation Act, nor in the sixth
section of that Tenure-of-offic:e act, 'is the
President ' of the United
so , Xueatiot4ed,..beev ,
er drew, these_ • aota l r ,V . shrunk .from
referringto the °tilde by ifnme It is-ander
the general deacription of d'pereo#_,OT givik
that he is' made , 'liable to hie ad,
imprisonment for falling to carry out the
new provision of the law. But there is no
question that it is ,the. President, and the
1 resident alone, that 'is meant: The law
was made for h im; the punishment was for
him. He is left no choice, no chance of ar.•
peal to the Courts. The language in effect •
s "this or the penitentiary; do our bidding,
or take the consequences of, impeach
!ment." In the history of legislation noth,
log like this is anywhere to be found.
The language of the Constitution, says Mr.
Stanheri is too plain to be misunder
stood.. , he Piesident is to Am
be peached
only . cOnvietion of tredson,hribery or
other high crimes or misdemeanors. Be
sides theAvick enumerated. crimes, treason
and bribeitz-theliefolinwstitattther phrase
“other,erimea. and .misderneanors,"
find *lief sort ol crimes and misdemeanors?
IWhy, such as are assimilated to'those enu
merated. ..hook., gthrougtt gto ,43Qrzelf
ative TMOViiiOns of the Constitution on
the subject, and exam" e the Rroceedings
of the ConventlQV tuchously
they rejected all impeachment for miedo
-77106.14T4T1.U991,1Adti1Aw atediAr hi ttrY
hared t e req u i x t g on that no rut but
high cpiisuesA emeanor shofddealce.
Mae theiel6Veen Ore - abortiVir tittanipt to
make a case,of Miiper chinent; of the Weld
'dent under the Constitution? There never
-was any tsitmerlts , show
of vitality vanished, and now it lies bereft
lot Wive shapeletia mass, that gives no sign'
Mr. Stanbery contends there was no vi
.o.llltbMfornatti •
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at.e fqiN t iAAtigot; 0ER',5511.,4014`P,M, „ W O, rer e .: : . . salt
a:m Jairpennnepbe
lat. (l .*Wg•rit. , ,lt l llr , •• • •MiNIKI. ,
„liankl imp T '
^ 4i Nt
i) :II A ,41
~1, ••• „!, .$ IF , !".,iFe
oc i
sanetiMa, yob - votes ,hale;. been
and the d ' of the ~ P reaident:
then let that udgment not be
,_,P - ----7-.
in tlifs - SefiLtire the, niblii•;. - Ili:CIL re,iVhiiie
our Camillus,in-the-bealarat great per
il, single-hawed met .404 haft; d the ene
mies of theltepttbl.l6.s. Nieheze, *hex° he
stood faithful among the faithless. Not
here, where he fought ' the good fight
for th 0,...,„, ork. pisi Constitutinn. Niz4.
in he, r ~. .whbie .r. - ii lit- .risTieh
with that clarion voice that in he days of
our greatest danget thirtied'hb - and com
fort to many a, desponding hear , strong as
an army with banners. r No not ere. Seek
out, rather, the darkest and glop eist eliam
ber in file suttevetteau eh am rs, of this
"capital, witliof..the . cheerftU .:ai ht. or , day
•neyer enters. eThere erect th altar and
imiuolat ethevlctim.. l - • • - .
• The SPEAI3,B said Mr. Brooks had
,giveirnotice. • , trourd to-day renew his
resolition relative to the Alta Vela affair.
Therefore business ribiil7 - be transacted
ion the retiof the members froth the
Senate tliher. hobn. -
The meintsar. then proceeded to the Sea
On - ietiiriviliii from the 'Senate the TE,Ortii
``took pp the!?. reaolutionl offered •hY Xrri
-Brooks, relative to the signing of the Alta
Vela letter by the Managers of the Im
peachment case. The debate thereon was
lengthv and very personal.
Finally the . House tabled Mr., Brooks,
resolution, by yeas 09,triaYs '26. •
Adjourned. ,
General Copference of the. Methodist Epis
• copal uharch at Chicago.
CBI Telegraph to the Pittsburgh tiarettej-
CHICAGO, May 1. 7 .-Theififieenth quarterly
annual session of the General Conference
of the Methodist Episcopal Church opened
at nine o'clock this morning, in the First
Methodist Episcopal. Church, Bishop Mor
ris presiding, assisted oy his colleagues,
Scott, Ames, Jtdaes, Clark, Thomosen and
Kingsly. A half hour was spent in devo
tional exercise:3'l.)y the older members of
the body, the venerable Peter Cartwright,
of Illinois, offering the first prayer. The
roll was called by the Rev Dr. Harris, the
secretary of the last. General Conference..
Dr. Harris was.then elected secretary. The
rules of order Of the last General Confer
ence were adopted for the govermnenCof
the present session. It was agreed to hold
the -session daily from nine o'clock'. to
twelve A. 31. The question of the admis-.
sion of the representatives of the Mission
Conference in the Southern States, twerof
wheat are colored, was then taken up and
diseussed during the balance of the morn
ing liOur.. Dr. Foster,-Of New York, pro
posed to refer the question to a committee,
while Dr. Reid, of Cincinnati,- urged the
immediate admission of the representa
tives from the South. The motion to refer
the matter to a committee finally prevailed
by a largo majority:
'lathe Chicago General Conference - of 'the
M. 'E.- Church, after the opening exercises
this - Morning, and before the perinanent
orgitialzation, Rev. R. S. Foster, D. 'D.,
moved that the credentials of the represen
tative,s of Southern Mission Conferencewbe
referred to a committee, Who._ilhonld .dicni
siderand report' on their eligibility to seats
in the body.
Rev. Dr. Reid, of Cincinnati,
- offered a'S'' 'a
substitute, a preamble and resolution set
ting forth the importance of the Southern
work, eulogizing those actively” engaged in
it, and recommending the immediate ad
mission of the representatives from the
South. ,
-An interesting and animated debate fol
loici94mhich ;was .participated in. :by DrS.
Reid, Foster, Lanahan Young and,
others, at the close of which the motion of
Dr. Foster prevailed.- -Tilers seems to be.
no doubt wuatever that this Committee,
which ~ c onsists of Doctors Foster, Reid,
E. O. Haven, Curry, Lainthan, , Bruce
and Hitchcock, will' speedily, report' iri fa
vor.of the admission of the Smithern rep
resentatives, among whom are two colored
,ministers, the only hesitation being that
the --. law of the church makes no
specific provision for> delegates from Mis
sion Conferences. - "- - '-
Rev. G. W. Woodruff, Rev. R. Patterson
and Rev. E. H. Waring, were elected As
sistant Secretaries.' .--
The Conference, by vote, ordered the ap
pointment of standing committees, to con
sist - of one from each delegation, on the
following subjects: Episcopacy, Itineran-
Cy, State of the Church, Book Concern,
Lay Delegation, Church _Extension, Re
vivals, Missions,Education, German Work,
State of the Country, Sunday :Schools and
Special committees were ordered on the
following subjects: 'American Bible Society, •
Pastoral Address, and Expenses of Dele
gates. , . • .
• The afternoon session which was called
for the purpose_ of completing the,
orgardizatiOn,i ••• for • order,
by Bishop 'Scott. ReV. Dr. J. T. Peck
• conducted the opening religious exercises.
A committee of seven was ordered on the
.American and Foreign Christian Union.
The Conference then proceeded to fill the
standing : committees, and these immedi
ately organized by the 'appointment of
chairmen and secretaries.
€'; 'i:', ' i 5 . ... , , , , ..—,----,..--. — e.--- - ---- '>
Iliaiini Disaster=Eipleihni of the Propel=
, ler Gov. Cushman.
M .
3r 'reteetiaph to the rlitsburgh aszetto. . ,
BUFFALO, May I.—The 'Propeller Gov.
(.3shrnan, owned by Dwight Scott,pf Cleve
land, while moving out of the creek to-diti ,
for Port Colburth exploded her hcllpr. kill
ing eleven persbies . and' injuti ' three.
The vessel is a complete- wreck. She ;wail
valuedAt 5/17,500.Lpartly insured, and con
tained 20,000 bushels of wheat. Captain
Thompson was slightlj hiht, but his wife
escaped. ga rter Mon./Mott and :Barney
Lester, fitemiin," Prank Sniith, L. Ander
sen , and Heyman -FrOWIPg, deck hands„.
were ;killed. and sbodies. found. .I..Durook,
W. Abbott, II fq. Stewart v Geo. Lewis,,Ter.'
emiah Morrow and — EL S. Gilbert, first
eneineer, are among, ttlitzmissing.,, :One of
the deck hands was hrodvn entirely over
St Ug C a Elevator, at a height of one hun
tirand fifty. feet % • .
.. . ,
•-' 9 '
Judge —lack to:ttiePreshleu t.
Enereiettrupfi *the Pltteburgh 4 Gegette.j"
NEw yolut r lita,y 1,;-.1e—Heratii
the letter from Judge w e 'resi
dent, nrithdrauling arrthe. latter's °manned,
owing to the President's deterirdnation to
do notilting - faiihe fellerof the owners of
Alta., Vela. He ,BaYs never asked
the president to decide on the matter until
ho had expressed the'opfnikat,thatkdlifig
waslegal andiust• 3 1 1 %. 'Neck sa.ys:
s aw ad , s iingetleappears; - iii thicker
than-the loinsof t una l aw., He and the
thieves vritiule amerierim) lan guarded so
f a ithfully Areowelooma to the Ishort-lived
ivhstunr toeXL/uPfelIPX 6 ":, l 4r retirement'
ffromreKas 4lo -1 4 444t.briSbably.diMinish .
'the'e&beee of its
xlj.l Tzgri
lefi.l..i. pl teullltk - llar;4 ipkh eOCW 9' eite
tenee n APtWlN* ulzi l ottr.a3fl".,
t t t•lYl'
r - E 4 otrit tverA2 Or. A. M.
Debate on the Irish Church Es
tablishment in the, 'British
House Conimons—Mr. Glad
"stone's Resoliitions Prevail by
UMajoriti of Siaity-five.
[By Tekgraph tf) the Piitshrtrgh ditzette.
TelOgiaph to the'PitteliOrgi ' Gaieiti.j'' • -
Lomporr, May I.—The debate in the Com
mons last • night on> Gladatones•resoltrtlori4
oa the Irish Church: continued. lips to a
late hour. Some prominent members
spoke. „, • •
,` Lord Elcho opposed the, resolution,
and Mr.A Gladstone ' closed the debate
on -the 'Liberal side with' a powerful
speech against the continuance of the Irish
Church. also defended himself from
personal'attacks• made upon him for his
course, denying he had any part or lot in
the projects of either the RitualiSts or Ro
man Caholics.
In the late debate on the Irish Church in
the Commons last night,Ar. Walpole, in
the course of his remarks in opposition to.
Mr. Gladstone's resolves, said these attacks
on a clergy such as that of the Irish Church,
who are noted for the purity of their doc
trine, and for their elevated learning
and christian zeal, was sure to
lead to the most, disastrous results.
Lord Eleho said the introduction of the
resolves at the present time was unneces
sary and unfortunate. The Roman Catho
lics of Ireland would never be *satisfied
with anything short of supremacy in eccle
siastical •matters. He regards the issue
presented to the House as an imperative
one, for the Church establishment of Eng
land and of Scotland were menaced, as that
of Ireland. These blows were struck at the
whole system of the union of Church and
State in the 'United Kingdom.
At rather a late hour, in the presence of
a full house, Mr. Gladstone rose and was
loudly cheered. Ile commenced by saying
he could not complain' of this result of the
long debate. These eleven - nights of dis
cussion had fully demonstrated that the
Irish church establishment never did and
never could fulfil the end of its creation.
It was not the church of the nation. It
was not the church of the poor, nor was it
a missionary church. It existed only for
the purpose of sustaining political suprem
acy in a form most hateful to the people
upon which it was imposed. This was
unendurable. No minister 'dared say
it should continue to exist. ' Now was' the
time to apply the remedy. The ministry
had raised the question and broached a
policy in regard to it upon which they
subsequently failed to agree. Ile would
say nothing concerning the disposal of the
Church property in Ireland, for morn and
better information was needed on a ques
tion involvihg interest so expensive. Our
duty now was to accord justioe to Ireland.
Gltidstorie then, alluding to the per
sonal attordts which had been made upon
him, denied in the Most explicit manner
that he had any connection with or interest
in the policy or plans of either the Ritual
ists or , Roman Catholics. Discussing the
arguments made against his propositions,
he said two leading objections had been
made to his plan for the disestablishment
of the Irish Church. One was, it imper
illed the existence of the Established
Church of England. The' other, that the
time- ,was inopportune. Fifteen years,
ho said, the people of Great Britain
were indifferent,., and then the intro
duction of a great reform would
have been untimely. Now the people were
aroused, and the opportunity . presented it
self for an early and sound settlement of
the question. The strength of the Church
of England lay hasher own merits and in
the voluntary zeal pf her votaries far more
than in her connection with the State. He
expresied the--belief that - the Church - of
England would lose none of her strength,
even if parted from time State. She had
more to fear from her partisans than from
her foes, and the reform of the Irish Estab
lished Church would strengthen the Church
of England.
Mr. D'lsraeli arose amid the excited
cheers of the •House to reply and close the
debate. He deplored the act of injustice
contemplated by these resolves. It was an
act which involved wide confiscation of
property and menaced the rights of every
corporation and of every person in the
United Kingdom. It inevitably must pre
dispose the public mind for a similar at
tack upon , the Church of England,
and it undoubtedly was intended to
have influence. But in spite of the
virulence of fAhe press and the presaure
brought to bear by the advocates of the
change, he firmly 'believed - the Engllsh
people would never sanction the sacrifice
of sacred things to, party necessities, lead
ing, as it was sure to lead, to results only to
be described as revolutionary.
At half past two o'clock this morningthe
House divided on the first of Mr. Glad
stone's resolves. The count stood, as fol
lows: For the resolve 330. against 265—ma
jority 65. The announcement of the result
was received with loud and prolonged
cheering from the Liberal benches.
Mr. D'lsraeli theta' rose and amid the
most profound silence said -this Niecision so
eiterad the relations of the Ministry, and
Hoes() of Commons that the oOvernment
needed time to consider what action it
would take. He , accordingly moved, that
the House adjourn until Monday. The,
metion was . arried, and at 3 A. the
House adjourned.-' • • r. •
LoNrkort, May 1.-- I The •Time* says no one:
can deny the immense significance of the
event. Since the motion 'to go into Com
mittee, the tories have *gained• threb seatit'
in the Commons, yet the sixty majority. hes
grown to be siLtV-SiX. Dissolution's talk-,,
ed of merely to frighten 'members. "
The Herald says the Haase of Commons'
`by a vote, the importance of which cannot
be denied, affirms that the Irish • Church
should be disestablithed; but , the House
does not speak the voice of the eountey,• as
the late elections show.
The Daffy Neum bays it is satisfactory to
find the Premier disclaims the design of
Lavigne:Queen to act against the vote
of the ouse of Commons.. Ms duty is
not to IVio Parliament, or resign, but
to aid the proaTm' of theresolies.
, The Btandarddeprecatio thei?ote of want -
of confidence es compelling dissolution, but ,
fears the Meters `lntend to pnrsue.that
course. . • r 7 • ,•
lA:worry Mav
has beeoniegeneral that after ' the Weer
of the refftrnibills lbs Irefand and Seedling;
the D'lsraeli mtni.*.yy, Wiltdissolve -331
=cut, end u4ipe4 to the people 0n . .40 4• W
Church.queitlon. .Thtl Ggobq t ab,'
2 1 00 „,,ie in L tuis
• •
! , i 4-4490 . •
'nom .
Ipterl iajarr A , 4
if. :La
t n +virer
In the absence orthe platntilf, McHenry
the case was postponed. Traini .continu
to denounce the proceediriga as a political
persecution, prompted by the British'
ConK, May L-:-By, order/ of the Lore
Lieutenant 4. 'Mahoney, Fenian heac
centre; and hevered other Ferilans.. hay)
been' released from custody.
lasadx, May.l.—Farragnt's sqaadron I
arrived here and was warmly welcomed
LONDON ' May 1 .—Evening.—Consol
93;(,@94. Bonds, 70h:. Illinois, 94 1 4; Friel,
. •
PRANK ,117, May-, - I.—zircon in!,...—Don •
strong, at 73.;1,75%.
ANTWERP, May I.—EVC7ting.—PetTate
closed firmer for standard white. I
I.—Evening.pecie in .t
Bank of France has increased 3,400,111
francs in the past week. .1
fityrp.roor., May I.—Eveni247.—Cotto ,
eltised quiet; sales of 10,000 bales Uphill.
at 12 @l`2%s.; Orleans. 12Xs. Manche:
advices are unfavorable for crops. Cor
'37s. Id.. California wheat. 16s. ld. Oa z
ld.' Peas advanced to •505.. Provisio
unchanged. Pork dull at 84s. 6d. P
duce, generally unchanged. Refined lict ,
troleum active at Is. 4d. per gallon, Sug
firm at 275.
The Rebellion - of General INegrete—Rß'-.
mored Resignation 'Of Renor Rome .
The Foreign Debtlndians Butelfer - . L.
The Americanonsul Attareked by 13' ;-
ditti. ' ' ' ,I
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.
-- -- It I.—Advices from 'e ,l
- )i .
NEW YORK, May 1.--,
City of 4 Mexico are to the 20th of Apt.
Congress had finally passed a condemil
tion on the concession to the English col . -
pony for the bnilding of thd Vera Cruz tind . •
Mexico City Railway.
. , ,
The rebellion of General Negrete was r t_ll ' •
unsuppressed. It was reported that he
raising troops in the North. Canales
reported as about to make common ca l lite
with Negrete. The settlement of the trol l bles in Smola, by the national authorit_s,
is not expected to be permanent. Sevffi e al
t mocers have been arrested, among wh , T
was Colonel Meyers, late of the Itrilt cl .
States army.
Minister Romero was about to publiii a
pilfered letter of Gen. Banks," as also tie
private official documents connected. di::
the State Department. ,It is rumored 6-
i it ...
mero's resignation was. renewed. : : -
A communication from Gen. J. G. 0
ga, dated in prisOn at Monterey,. - and kii--
ed as President ad interi m ; m, has been Piab
lished. He urges hisl . claim to the• 1 t
ter, and complains of his treatment. i he
communication was at first discussed in, e
cret, and afterwards in open session oftion-; .
gress, after which it was referred to a it
cial committee, who at once shelved , e ,
document. : I I
Congress has passed an appropriatio - of
thirty thousand dollars for the payment of
the foreign debt, in the shape of Eneish
Convention bonds, and thirty thousantildol: -
Mrs for Spanish - bonds. 'The export' fluty,_i
on sliver is hereafter to be paid at the Dprts
of shipment - Four conductas of specs an r
nually to Tanipico have been authotiz , V,, , . -- :;.
Four hundred of the Yaqui Indians re.-
surprised at night by the ;State troo of
Senora; and all butchered.'
Senor Kalixto was kidnapped and field
to ransom in the sum of slq,ooo. : , , ;
Mr. Sanluier, American Consul at era
Cruz; when on a mission to the 'uteri re
cently, was attacked by banditti. He ew -,
a revolver and asserted heNyas an Aineri
can Consul; whereupon thd' highwaymen '
desisted and saw the Consul safe Oil his
way. , . L - c
MT Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.. }.
The receipts of customs from April
to 25th, inclusive, were $3,4845/1,
At the Cabinet meeting to-day there
present the Secretary of State, SecretS
the Interior, Postmaster. General ant
patent GenerilThomas. 'Nothing bE
ordinary department matters *were ci
ered. . • -
BRIEF NEWS itErasj •
—E. L. Davenp 4 ort, the tragedian, ailed
yesterday for California. 11
f-nely "it Balt=Ote
are freely given at
bets that the President will be conic d.
• —John ;Brooks, a well-known bird and
snake fancier; in Baltimore, died on Thurs.
day'frout the,bite of a rattlesnake. ,•:It
—o:fiebert Notrnan convicted at Mciiitreal,
Canada, of procuring abortion, wa4 sen
teneed to ten years in the Penitentlaiy.
—Maj..Reynolds 11 S. A., was It:ferried
on Thursday to Miss EUa de Sa`otry; l 4. belle -
of. Baltimore, and went South on a ;bridal
rj ..
—ln a ptize tight at Bangem Masa., yes .)
terday, between Clebrge Cheer and Mke
O'Brien, the latter was awarded the victory '.•.'
inconsequence of a foul blow. . . . It , i },,t ~
-- 1 -Three members have been e i ipelled,
tram the First 'Branch of the City Co uncils
of Baltimore for the use of undue liitinenetp.:
ingomeeetion with the issue of Western
Mitiyland Railroad bonds. • .„ , .
=`,A: fire at East Buriiihire; New"' )lan2p
ailtdon the night' of the 29th' destrdyed
Sherwood's Hotel, the Episco pal Church, --
several stores and dwellings, including ali ,
the business portion of the village, 1;1,
'-:-.Tobrilr. Kendall, Senteneed in *o,. ber
last, et Baltimore, to pay .a fine 0f„14,,f1 3 !) '
and .to an imprisonmeo pf one Yer, f o r,.
carr y ing o n a distillery without a 'Permai
has beeirpardoned'by the Presiden x ti t
—During an altercation at 1/.,:tcriz bi
Maine, between David Monk
,1 a 14 ,r
Kinney,. the, latter wa g, shot , ei l tl .tr,i , .. 8 .2 14 ?.n
of the former. ' There Was a a.1, 4 g . Traawng
feud between the families., - .1. - o7 1: was .
arrested. „ . 7. t
in Keity, 'the minstrel, j _ ~ so .
quitted of the n i s ,u urd so er_ n o g fsharVeY , a brother
i to aria te lave ,
L o prl . ... m reeldr al imm ' ' his head a„ btuletklodged
ex " . ''''"" '— the fracas in ehrharpo
there duriPl l th. . .. wh i z , . 1
ley met hie ea .
, I.
~..G enera Meade has declined t.. 0 ettai_the,
trial by Military Commission of BannW_Phk
editor of:tPe .ThscaloPea , Vsbil*Mili i44lks
.„wer, fbr an Aral , - with ,a Ilmroimiptgh
jiifitsVfeateed, of thefUnitedtitataiVnuni s,
brofiniendSt. Writ of habeas ,awlrlioll thea
cr . , The, Uh 4. cenglieliOett 14- ge,i tt,„,
--ifrowiii4tioiiniwifihe M¢ - vs'-
Uniont , E4tapi CompailYiliat'3 4) Ved - bY
" 3 4 11 10,4b1 3 Mitiell.olk: - AttikPlitibiatiTiiCx
pawed' lava' 04 11 1 1 . 44rsa7rltiOt10,,11
gtilkliiii, , . . .tiwissUrssikat. It* - fideviartra.. 4
I 'PMFnedidineht tics Ott - *due
wat 4r
L . xporsooktili" _ WWI
1 11b14 ,01 If" niki rn% id5a....... ' -
; -ILI. ,titk.N . l4: ,14:Erd '4 . ..,!. :34 22 5 -i- - ... or
1 Aro' ; lit ?;11 ::<,-:',- : .i.' .1 , :11 i) • ..;!.E.`O3V- VIZI
I t .
, ,
-' fir ` .-a s ~~}+~a`*.~ ' ~sy,~h - ~s~
~}. ~ .
11 201 h.
3 were
itty of