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VOLUME . : Lxx_.)crii.._, ._ _ . . - ' . • • . PITTSBUR,4II, FRIDAY:'' 'MAY '1 '. :60 ' '' - ' . . . . NUMBER 10:
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---,virm. but the Speaker, said the „ aril : „.. . 1 tntritir:,, _ l'he'Utilteti States Senate.
FO TIETH CONGRESS.
The High Court of : Impeach
ment—Mr, Evarts Continues,
But gtill- Does Not Conclude
- His Argument—House Proceeil:.
and the Alfa Vela Affair.
(By Telegraph _ to Pit!,sbur4 (i3iFzette
Senator SUMNER'S esolution censuring
-Mi.• Nelson Came up.
After Mr. NELSON had made some re
marksdisavowing any intentional disre
spa" ct Mi. the . Senate; "but -ridmitt . ing he re
ferred to a duel,
Senator JOHNSON moved to lay the res
elution on the table,•which was agreed to
-35 to 10.
Senator CAMERON'S order' for n night
session was considered.
- Senator SUMNER offered to amend by
making the hours from ton o'clock to six.
On motion of Senator TRUMBULL, the
, whole subject was tabled-32 to 17.
Mr. EVARTS resumed his argument.
He held that it was a grave reproach upon
the wisdom and foresight of the framers of
our GoVernment to claim that a decision in
favor, of the President would result in
monarchy. In his view the danger was to
another of the balances of the Constitution.
namely: the relations of the weight of
numbers, equality of States irrespective
of population. From the principles of the
Constitution and utterances of the foremost
distinguished statesman, it was evident
that to make the Senate executive instead
of advisory, was to rob the people's major
ity of their rightful power. In this manner
the smalland thinly populated States would
cputrol the working of the Government.
against the will of those who cast the over--
whelming majority of votes, and the Pres=
idential election would become a farce. In
support of this position he quoted from writ
ings of the elder Adams, Roger Sherman
' and others, and enforced it by considering
various emergencies which might arise un
der the Tenure-of-Office act, which makes
certain offices permanent and renders re
moval during the session of the Senate dif
ficult if not impracticable. He proceeded
to quote from debates in the Senate, when
the bill was' under consideration, the len,
gunge of Williams, Howard and others
to show its effect was to revolutionize
the practice of the government, and
~-quoted an expression to the effect that...
while the legislative construction had littie
weight; 7e!-thedecisions of constitutional:"
questions by tke supreme laws were au,'
thorities. ,Mr Evarts contended, however,
'that the decisions of the Congress . of 1789
were not only authoratiire, - because con
firmed by the Supreme Court, but carried
immense weight of themselves. He re
ferred to the debates of 1789 as exhaustive
of the subject of the power of removal, and
claimed that the point at issue, was
settled and firmly established then
by:the_ framers of our .Government
and by the practice of successive adminis
trations afterwards. He also^ referred to
Mr. 'Webster's declaration, in 1835, that the
qriestion was'settled in the endorsement of
President Jackson's removal of Duane,
by the people, the superior_ power of all.
In regard to the suggestion that the Con
gress of 1789 was influenced by the high
confidence in. President Washington, Mr.
Evarts asked if it were' not possible that
the present Congress had been influenced
in an opposition by its opinions on the
incumbent Preaident7 , He read from
various contemporaneous writers to show
the importance of that , the question was
deeply felt at the time, and that the effect
of the decision reached in 1789 was
thoroughly understood. He claimed that
the recent law had been in direct contra
vention of the doctrine and practice of the
Government for eighty years, and baying
in itself no binding effect on construing the
Constitution, doubts as to its constitution-
alit} - might naturally arise in the mind of
the President, for - which he could not right
fully be impeached.
I Referring to his argument of yes
terday respecting the right and
power of the President- to resist unconstii
ttitiontialbiars, sons to-bring them before the
Supreme Court, he, read from debates on
the fugitive slave law, in 1852, the lan
guage of Mr. Sumner, in which he quoted
and endorsed President Jackson's declara
tion, that each Department of the Govern
ment-iiiiathelightto Indict the
of Ale, acts, in junetdres not
already covered by Supreme Court de-. eisions. To dismiss and depose the Presi
dent for an attempt tp maintain the supre
macy of the, Constitution, moved him to
make him tbe victim of Congress and a
• _At this Senate took recess.
'On're hbling!mfiAlvtifte considered
the attitudq which, Senators took in refer
ence to this siblicti said nothing was
more abhorrent to a sense of jistice that
a man should be a judge in his case, or de
cide a question which he had already pre
. lndged; He held that if the Senate, in pass
ing thereacdutionof censureon the 21st of
February, had pronounced on the subject
of the 'eondtitntionatity of the law as a po
litical action, then they could not consider
it a judicial question. It would he
extraordinary, alined inconceivable, to
suppose that they did not so consider
it with the prospect of, having to try the
matter. If it were judicial, as a Court of
impeachment, it ctouldbe possible they did
not, relptrai it tartimestion.
reminded them that the largest votes
for..co. win Humphrey's case were on
tbli him with having pre
judged a case, and avipg allowed a jury.,
• •110WItilitknowIedged he had
formed an opinion. Again, ; they had art
intlgt. ,ll3 -0 0 4efult", Tyleutr.lollllexts of
doming ottne patrthiage eta thq Timer' of
the Executive office were the prizes oflhred
thereelhogis- 1144 N - • sir political mein
- dices, toVW , oined with other
r ,iCatised • • cast out as
' ImProtief lteir 'd Charges alleg
haYiglittioit of their owplaw.
zmairit'then'' VP a - metal lionsideration,
of the evidence introMmerlinsupport of the'
artidealif impeachment,' he characterized :
„ g u m , d tit, /although nib'
ble se i vaniage . -the, pre &hi.
leges of the examination of nesees, and
eftlidattot 64+; -nftlirin t ofthe
Q • ' 1e!k(',1 1.5 E lt on
,t R0X504 a IVO& whil:3
WOral, :ow -;',lool.efitc,;* 'th ' e mar
• witikei l • , qt•ho' wmill4t° 7 4 OM'
' 01 .• ' l thet 'not l a
of %Id* • • ^oewOhPWAlrrualterl
• 4 , •thO f'o9”.
••• • • • the .• . article
''="4 "ll e l lt It itsu‘,
4 V C°l4
acg he ni rOh other'
however, Contended that
if, oonvletion failedon the flrst,,it would be
tiseleas to look le tkieeleVeintb. , ;In the ar
ticles about the President's speeches Mr;
Everts held that there were two fafal
,objections.. First, the speeches had. refer
"encia"..ilenly__ -•., to .f derune.t CongTebi4,
and second, they were offenses only against
rhetorit•anctgoodlaste., He then adverted
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in sarcastic terms to the language and con-.
duct of the champion of propriety and de
corum in the cause, and said as lie, Mr.
Butler, had claimed the practice of this tri
buiiariiai a stattidaid; he read from
a certain debate some time ago. It appear.;
edthat Mr. Sumner had called the Piesi-
dent tho_enemy , of his countri, and in
.dtdied In farther invective which the &M
-ate almost unttnimonsldeclared wos
able and not out Of order. [Laughter,' In
Illustrittion of the - Congress - tonal standard
Of propriety and license of speech, Mr.
Everts also read the language, of Messrs.
Bingham and Butler in flu_ House when
they accused each other of various crimes
when the subject under debate was charity
to, the South. He then recited the Apostle s
description of charity. [During all this por
tion of his speech he was frequently 'inter
rupted by peals of laughter.] He also re
ferred to the expression of Mr. Boutwell;
sharscterizing the positions of Cabinet offi
cers as serf-like, and argued at some length
that the President, although deficient in
rhetoric, had said nothinz half so shocking
to taste and propriety as had been coun
tenanced in the writings and speeches of
the Managers and others in officialposition.
He then took up the Emory article, but
gave it very brief attention, saying it mer
ited cuwreefy any, and passed to the articles
charging conspiracy. He ridiculed the idea
cif there being any suggestion of conspiracy
in the recommendation of the President to
General Thomas, when g,iving him his
commission, to uphold the Constitution
and laws. ..Just as much hidden meaning
was in the words as in chops and tomato
sauce. But he claimed there was no appli
cation to this ease of the laws under
which the articles are drawn. No
proof was adduced of the employment
of force or use of threats. Lie fur•
ther combatted the _position of Mr.
Boutwell, that the common law reached the
case. In relation to the articles setting forth
the appointment of GeneraU Thomas, he
argued that ad interim appointments do not
result upon the constitutional provisions
relative: to permanent appointments, but
was - controlled by the legislative enact
meths of 1795 and . 1893. which he claimed
f ully. warranted the President's action.. Ad
vancing substantially the same arguments
on this point as those presented by Messrs.
Curtis and Groesbeck,.• he said further
that oven if the President was not acting
under the law; he committed no penal of
fense,'for they provided no penalty, and
the most that could be •said would be he
was not supported by positive law, and that
General Thomas could not hold his office.
At this p0int,,4:20, Mr. Evarts stated it
would take him about an hour to finish,
and the. court and Senate adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESRNTATIVES
.Mr., EGGLESTON introAno3cL4 2 .hill to
take possession of ihe birs at the enti-ance
of the - Mississippi River, and construct a
canal without expense to the Government.
Referred to the Committee on Commerce.
Mr. O'NEIL offered a s that the
Secretaryof the Navy be requested to fur
nish the House a list of vessels and property
captured by the Navy during the war, with
the disposition made of each capture, names
of vessels interested and cause of delay of
payment, of prize money to parties in ac
cordance with existing laws.
. Mr. , WASEIBURNE,a of _lllinois, asked
the gentleman to - amend his resolution so
as to ask the Secretary, why he had not
answered the resolution of Gth of January,
relative to the parches., and sale of vessels.
. Mr. O'NEIL declined to accept the amend
The resolution was agreed to.
Mr. BROOKS said he should avail him
self of the proper opportunity, as a privi
leged question, to refer to the official report
of the impeachment trial on the connection
of the Managers with the Alta Vela affair.
The SPEAKER said that the question
could not be entertained, except by unani-
mous consent. The, gentleman could give
notice he will bring the matter before the
House this afternoon on the return of the
members from the Senate.
Mr. BROOKS accordingly gave that no
, Mr. WASHBTJRNE, Illinois gave notice
he would move to consider the. Senate
ameadvaputs to the Navalappropriation bill.
Ho presumed no question could arise on
some of them, as they proposed economy,
while others would go to the Comniittee of
Conference, .. ~ , . ::, 1., ;
Mr. WASHEtURNE, Indiana, from the,
Comniittee on Militaty affairs, made, a
report on ,artificial limbs, which was re
The members then proceeded to the
Senate::' . ',‘ - E,. 1
It is understood Mr. BROOKS proposed
to submit the following . to the Home :
Whereas, It appears by the official reports
of the High Court of Impeachment, that af
ter the House of Repregentatives, on the
24th of February, voted the impeachment
'of the President of the., United :;States for
high crimes and misdemeanors, and after
the articles of impeachment Were laid before)
the Senate, March 2d, and after the sum
coons' was served Upon the President,
March 7th, some of • thellena,gers selected
by this HOUSE, to . demaffd the conviction
and ejection of the President - for these high
trimes:tind'inbaleth6tiners;'aigned a letter
laid before,the acensAoennselling or influ
encing him while thus. accused, to exert the
war pCefterkireAhligigider the act of Au
gust, 1860, Ililefigit the navy, to seize
the Guano Island Of l ,4ta Vela Mt the coast
of St. Domingo, vidued'at over a million 'of
- .dollars; sindlichereriNasunlinsetidumpon the'
part of our Managl3rs is, to say the least, ex
tisordinary and of lit character : to involve
thenko wotxoyeepvi pot E umitspicious; and
i'vhereaa, it is of high Importance that the
dignity and purity:M.4loolllW be main
tained through the Managers' ohthien from
among to especially to represent us before
.tboHigkeourtandtbete boatietunithe pres.;
ident of these hfgh crimes and misdemeau:
ors, thereforef ~, .. ~ , ‘• , • ' '
_-- , -Be if ;resolved, Thatythe' afar d' Maria=
Its be'direeted.hirltk to appear before
1 6 House andealn to the House; the
eausaor- reasons *bid( inaticed':some•of
them, pending a trial threatening thb depo
sitionVthe ,-preekienti to sign any such,
letter - thebnald libfore the President.
On the return of the members from the
,i3esitto /lreilimiogs. emaryt p Faire 10
submit hiiiiesoliition. .
i .I,:ir-e, -, ,,NY#11.1 - INIVCWAAnpA incitilred'
w priv e mme ttnir
? if: . ri! ,. , r ed -as
_ q u , eatient of
Th a i SPEAkithi . l . 4l4 ii . .Vand /that,
the Managers .kelas tai&tic 4 4 v tr9 l (4
the Home, the'Hbdife 1 r bap tO
~ , ,,.‘,Mar m al ey tilfrilellt i ar the
:J. , . l 4 , 7* . MAlPThilgiTseslUsligoktile MiTrr
adz ' °°Ko rglinetti that triOltho .01'
,tialkbtddliot prese. e..... .. I,',A ctoi
sired to know to lii •'a 'l4' eljklr - Zebu=
r tihmartliammir.v....4 .....- - 1 , rfiG
.tier Az . . :3: u• ! ~ . :11, 4 ions
',i.oornikka o siaill o . .. . T.. '•• elation
I of the resoltition.
Mr. BROOKS wished to ask a question
At the suggestion of Mr. WASBOBURNE,
-Mi. Brooks withdrew his propottition with
the understaninF that it would be offered
after the return irom the Senate to=morrow.
• Mr. WASHBURNE endeavored] to obtain
the consideratio,n of the Senate amend
ments to the Natal Appropriation bill, but
in the absence of a quorum did not press
the 'motion. ,
BRIEF NEWS ITEMS
--NVork is to commence Immediately on
the west shore of the Hudson River Rail
,Geo. W. Julian has been renominated
for Congress in the fourth district of In
diana. • . • .
—Edwin Kelly, the minstrel, was yester
day acquitted at New . York of the murder
—H. N. Lloyd, map . publisher, died on
Thursday at Newirk, N. J., aged thirty=
—Dr. Lincoln Gocidale, one of the oldest
citizens of Columbus, Ohio, died on Wed
—Carr's Sash Factory, in Brooklyn, was
burnt on Wednesday night. Loss 820,000;
—The loose-work coopers of Philadelphia
formed themselves into7a protective union
—There'are thirty-nine' Baptist churches
in. Philadelphia; With a membership of
—General Schofield has appointed Allen
Menai'!els. Mayor of Lynchburg, Va., and
a list of officers for that city.
—Two hundred families Were rendered
liouseless by the burning of the town of
Jaretown, Cuba, and seven lives lost.
—General E. Whittlesey, of General
Howard's staff, addressed the negroes in
the African Church at Richmond, Va., last
—Brantield's furnhure, factory in. Cincin
nati, was entirely consumed by fire yester
day morning. Loss $15,000, and very little
—At Key West, Florida, on Wednesday,
George; Harvey, chief officer . of the Bark
Galveston, was murdered by George Car
"don, a seaman.
• —General George L. Hartsuff has been
assigned to duty in the Division of the At-.
Indic, under Gen. Hancock, - with his head.;
quaYters at Phnadelphist.
—The Republican County Convention of .
Cook county, Illinois, yesterday instructed ,
the delegates to the State Convention to
vote for John M. Palmer for Governor. ,
a Meeting was held at the Cooper In
stitute, New:York, lastnight, Mayor Heir
num presiding, to hear an address by Ste
phen, J. Meany . cin Or rights of adopted cit
—The remains of two hundred an nine
tv-eight soldiers, brought frem Portsmouth
Grove. Rhode Island, Were interred on
Wednesday at Cypress Hill Cemetery, Long
—The tug Richmond, bound trom Buffalo
to Chicago, was, destroyed by fire in Thun
der Bay,- Lake Huron, on Tuesday last.
The crew escaped. The boat was valued at
—The Ohio Senate yesterdik passed the
House bill iproviding for a metropolitan
police. in Toledo, the Commissioners to be
elected, and the Mayor to be an ex-officio
member of the Board.
the Colelhoinicide case, at Albany.
New York, yesterday, the letter from Mrs.
Cole to her husband, previous to the hotel
icide, detailng iniproper conduct with Mr.
Hiscock, was admitted as evidence.
—The bill to increase the length of the
span of the Cincinnati and Newport Bridge,
over the 01111 v -was lost in the Ohio Legis
lature yesterday; and the span is to be three
hundred feet, as in the original bill. '
—Rev. James McCash, L.L.D., Profes
sor of Mental Philosophy in Queen's Col
lege, Belfast, Ireland, formerly of the Free
Church, Scotland, has been elected Presi
dent of Princeton _College, New Jersey.
11 WInchell, t )
'..absconding broker the
Springfield (I‘l Republican. intimates is
in New York, an says he has communica
ted with parties,ln Springfield, in:a round
about way, and 'proposed to compromise.
---Advices froth Jatnalea state ,that the
revenue increased J. 111,000 within the last
quarter.. Treasurer Robinson, who had
sailed for England, is suspected of having
committed heavyfrauds on the Exchequer.
z--At an• election in Meinphis, yesterday,
to decide whethenbe city shod issue one
million iwbonds, due in twenty and thirty
'years, in order to fund the city debt, the
,majority for bonds as about six_ hundred.
—Another meeting in favor of Gen. Han
cock for President was held on Wednesday
night in New York, - There was considera
ble diseussion about Vice-President, and
among those named for the office was Gross
—.A. report is in circulation that Minister
Romero ; has sent agents to the United•
States to depreciate the bonds of the,Mex,i
can Republic and that a clique has bedn
fornuld to buy in these bonds at reduced
—The editor of the Daily Advertiser;. at
Savannah, 'Ga., has resigned his editorial
position, on the ground that the personal
animosity 'of General Meade will canoe the
suppression of the • paper unless' he with
draws. , •
—The Pennsylvania Peace Society held a
ineetiust at Yhiladeldhia, on Wednesday,
and heard an , address ,AP H. 4ovee, in
favor of the abolitien or the death penal V..
A petition was, drawn up to bepresented to
t• he Leglillaturt. ' • "
—Rey.' F. M. Whittle of . the Episcopal
Chttick,Llato of', Toonitle, was yesterday
coniOdated'AsSistant honor the Diocese
of BishOpti 'Well - , of Ohio, pee,.
of Delaware; , and , ..Tohne, ' of Arltginia t ofll
elating. A Herman wigs preacheilbrßishop
Bedell.% There maxi ilarg,el attendance or
:clergy. from. ;the .4304.0 ar.d - from other
places. • . -
IT,'p•Ot riospiiiiip si• lAidd•
CpyTeleigmktb ) the,riciourilheqszptto ,
Eirp t lAoFrOi 30 The following pro
coedit* mere . had An,. the, United States ,
Circuit:CA:bort today `
Patrick Cunningham,conspiring to do.
lrantlitte States - by unlaWhilly, ref
thoviniftliatilltid'SpirittOhnd' deglititt i f b o.
'keep!' Adistilleitu liookty plead , not: t 5
Bailed in 52,000.% , 1ehe - same t .11Y1' or
• i , X I 94IPW -swi.Plionl 2.l3 tuotl!T i g,
und.remoAng .184 Wed in 0,9 a. .`
I!l ,, fuTo e,aFge , , Ail"
Saitt. fa,lls4l"ttill to to.,
';•!Bdurated. gib;dJdin Ol a l tit& Who
.4tholdltirttramilti , bedisuour atm*
tinesengort 11~111Fpookageik .of
=, and was eete r t n _i sentenced
teiderftt sth unuiry, was pit
doned to-day by ths or, on condition
that ho would leave thisiltate In ten days.
Trial, of Fen Lang
Corivicted and Se
y Telegraph to the Pitteb
THE TitiAt OP FENiANSCONVICTION AND
' Losmix, April 30..— , The trial of Burke
and Sinter was resumed thilt morning. At
the suggestion of Judge Brornwell the pro
ceedings against Casey , were discontinued
and the prisoner discharged. Mr. Jones,
one of the counsel for Burke, deliv
ered an argunient • for the ° defense.
He praised' the talents and - culture of
the prisoner. He urged the great disad;
vantage under whichßurke labored of hav
ing had his case peculiarly thrust into the
Clerkenwoll conspiracy trial, where, prac
tically, he had already been convicted, al
though there he had no opportunity to exam
ine the witnesses who testified against him,
or to produce witnesses in his defense. Mr.
Jones then thoroughly sifted the evidence
for the Crown and concluded with an elo'-
quent - appeal to the jury.
Mr. Pater, counsel for Shaw, followed.
Ho urged, the point that with the exception
of the informer Corydon, none of the Nvit,
flosses for the prosecution had testified
against his client.
Judge Bromwell delivered a charge to
the jury, who retired for deliberation, and
on their return' brought in a verdict of
guilty against Bnrke and Shaw.
In reply to the usual question of the
Court, Burke said he was content with the
verdict, though he was not a subject of the
Queen. The Judge then sentenced the
prisoner Burke .to fifteen years and Shaw
to seven years imprisonment.
LoNnoN, April Ml—Midnight In the
House of fiernmons to-night the debate on
the Irish Church continued. None of the
leading members took part in the discus
Mr. H. 4alpolo, member for Cambridge
University, opposed the resolutions of Mr.
Gladstone. In the course of his remarks
ho acknowledged it would be unwise at
this time to. erect an established
church in Ireland,,but . declared it
would be a far more serious thing
to destroy • such an establishment.
All the arguinents brought to bear in favor
of such action were uall "valid against,
thaeEirtenpe Of -lisle hitidOtuteh ot.
England. Wag nod the HimiSe against .
the consequences which would follow the
destruction of the Irish Church. .
FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL
LIVERPOOL, April 30:—Cotton market
closed dull and heavy with a slight decline;
middling uplands 12%; Orleans 12%; sales
8,600 bales late in the afternoon was for
considerable speculative demand; middling
uplands to arrive at 12%. Breadstuffs quiet
and steady. Provisions dull and without
change. Produce unchanged.
LONDON, April 30.—Evening .— The bul-
Ilion in the Bank of England has decreased
£lOO,OOO in one week. Consols 93%@94.
Five-Twenty bonds 70%; Erie 463;; 'lllinois
FRANKFORT, April 30. -- Five-Twenty
bonds firm at 7514.
PAnts, April 30. —The Bourse closed dull;
rentes 69f. 27c.
ANTWERP,. April 30.—Petroleum firmer
at 43 francs:
Railroad Laborers Attacked and Scalped
Stock Stolen—Treaty Concluded.
(By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.l
CHICAGO. April 30. —A. special from,
Omaha dated 30th„says : Advices from'
Plum Creek station state that about four s
o'clock yesterdiy afternoon a party of
thirty Indians attacked five railroad labor
ers and killed and scalped four. The other
escaped. Only seven of the Indians were
mounted. These rode up to the whites pro
fessing friendship. They wore treated
kindly and started off. After going -a few
paces they turned and fired. Prowling
bands have been seen in. that vicinity fre
quently of late. The military authorities
are posting troops at different stations along
Sr. Louts, April 30.—An' Omaha special
to the Democra4 says: The Indians yester
day killed font men. near Plum Creek sta
tion, and another band killed and scalped
two men near Sydney station. A letter
from Fsgt Randall says the Indians stole a
nnrnbeY - of homes from that post on the 10th
and yesterday another party ran off three ,
ponies. They said they were going to at
tack the whites.
• Adviees • from Fort Ellis say the Black
feet shot •Nethaniel Crabtreeinear Drowned
Man's Rapids, on , the 24th, and stole twen
ty-tbreo mules from Capt. Cook.
FORT Lanais's, :April 80.—The Indian
Peace Commission has concluded a treaty
with Brute • Sioux Indi a ns, which was
signed yesterday. •The ()lianas are assem
bling for'thelsame_purpose. By theerms
of the treaty the Powder liver. obu ntry Is
reserved to the Indians; whO Mad them
selves to put a stop to all depredations and
preserve the peace: 'The Oottunlasioners
.plairdy told the: Chiefs that if .this efrort
Med; a war of exterpilnationwOuld ensue.
!Other tribes are to meet the Commissioners
, at 'designated places to sign the treaty.
`City Tategraptt to the Plttabazgh Gazette.]
• ( WAt3HINGTON, Apill 30, 1868
Stanbe,ry's health: continues to im
prove.; „He expects to deliver hie argument
tomorrow. t ; . ' -• 1,
Railroad tickets for '
the delegates' to the
Chicago• 4: can :be% obtained,
„through ' theeledntuut otrState , . Comm*,
tookof Charles Nr. Ryan of Chicago, Chair-:
.10# 1 of COMMlttekorAirauprnents.
0 114 411111$ _
it S ia nitriittlinc ‘ conTfultian•
1 • ' oeleitieo
/By TelecrilVi mmit othi!krirsh
, rho coomm,
% 444141°N eacWas P ii acticlosig tikk 3 ialvi;
gi n Irailonimo:...-rriLre F roc k , il f lo b i . o u c t ip o bl s lll4 .
04144eari r 77 -4=4-..4..
4 tili t Aitgiii,ll64o4 9 Pl- . f:.
' ' 'Clili'il*Ii° 1 1 11.1110:-:-.0ini'butidred and
keenurs,. P 8
also claim die
bate in Par-
.... ewe"~l'_"u`r....'.~rM,~nA:~:Y~2F.~~;MlSlhF'L;<.T:; .:. -_ -
The terms of the,following named Sena
tors,i expire n 1869: ' Messrs. Dixon, of
Connecticut; Hendricks, of Indiana; Mor
rill, of Maine; Sumner, of Massachusetts;
Johnson of Maryland; Conness, of Califor
iiia;.• Chandler, of Michigan; Ramsey, .of
Minnesota; Henderson, of. ssouri; Stew
art; of Nevada; Frelinghuysen of New. Jer
sey; Morgan, of New :York; Wade, of Ohio;
Buckalew, of Pennsylvania; Sprague, of-
RhOde Island; Patterson, of, ennessee; Ed-
Inunds, of Vermont; Van Winkle, of West
Virginia; Doolittle t ....of Wisconsin. Six of
the above are Democrats and thirteen Re
publieans. • A DemoCratin successor to Mr.
Johnson, of Maryland, has already been
elected; while Messrs. Confiess, of California,
and Wade; of Ohio, both Republicans, will
have to give way for Democrats, whose
election occurred., some Wee:ks since.. One
of the Democratic Senators in the foregoing
list, Mr. Patterson, of Tennessee, will have
to vacate his seat, as Governor ,Brownlow
has been chosen in his place. So far as
elections have been actually Made, the Dem
ocrats have gained one United States Sena
.tor. But the Republicans have secured the
Legislature of Connecticut, which will give
them the Senator from that State, and makes
the loss and gain exactly • equal up to the
present time. In the States yet to choose
Senators, the Republicans will unquestion
ably gain one member in Wisconsin, giving
Doolittle a chance to nurse his Johnism
at home. • Hendricks, of Indiana, and Buck
alew, of Pennsylvania, two Democratic
members of the preent Senate, will do well
to retain their seats after '1869. The Re
publicans will elect one if not both of the
successors to these gentlemen.
Republican 'Senators are certain to be
chosen from Maine,. Massachusetts, Michi-.
gan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, Rhode
Island and. Vermont. There, is a chance
for the Democrats to gain one Senator in
New York and another in New Jersey, and
perhaps a bare possibility they will succeed
in West Virginia. It is \ hardly within the
range of probability that the Republicans
should lose more than three in the States hay-,
ing to fill vacancies in 1869, and there is full'
as great a likelihood of their gaining as los
-Ing three Senators. As other States are ad
mitted to Congress from the South, their
members will increase the Republican ma
jority in the Senate, which promises to be
as large from the loyal States during 1869
as it has been for the past two years, even
if Southern Union Senators are left Out of
the count. From these facts it will be
seen how. .unreasonable it is to expect any
change in the policy • of reconstruction, as
the Republicans cannot for many years, by.
any possible succession of adverse circum
stances, be dislodged from the control of
`he,highest branch of Congress.
A New IMieaw
fEntis Correspoildene of the :ht. Y. Tlmea.]
'Diectiei (deirolirjfe) H ls'dlatocered
and just described, for the first time, a new
disease, and as there is no method of con
veying it so rapidly to scientific men as
through the'columns of a widely circulated
daily paper, I consign its description here.
It is a disease he has, only seen in children
and very strong persons, and is certainly fa
tal when left alone. It consists in an en
largement of the muscles, accompanied with
a general paralysis; two conditions quite
contrary-to each other, and heretofore re
garded as impossible. He calls the disease
pseudo-hypertrophic paralysis, or myseleros
lc paralysis. The disease commences with
a feebleness 'and an unsteadiness in the
movements, and is therefore a paralysis from
the start. The muscles then begin to de
velop out of all proportion, and with this
abnormal development the paralysis in
creases till death ensues. The enlargement
generally commences in the muscles which
form the calf of the leg, and about a year
after the commencement of the paralysis.
To detect the histological character of the
disease, Dr. Duchenne has-invented a hor
rid little instrument, which- lie calls with
justice an emporte•piece, and by means of
which he obtains specimens of the muscles
for inspection under the microscope. < It is
a small trocar, with a guillotine in it; which
he opens and shuts after plunging it into the
centre of a muscle. He finds that in the
first stages of the disease the thickening is
caused by a deposition of fibroid matter,
which, curious to relate, is not found alone
in the enlarged muscles, but in all the mus
cles of the body; and that in the latter stages
of the disease there is a fatty degeneration.
The disease can only be cured in the stage
which precedes the enlargement of the mus
cles, and the remedies are famdization, hy
dropathy and massage.
A Curious and Valuable Invention.
- - , •
A now and singular method of utilizing
the forces of air and water has just been
patented in Illinois, and applied to the pro
pulsion of vessels in Michigan. The inven
tion is founded on the well-known laws of
atmospheric pressure, by wnich a column
of water can be sustained at a height of
The inventor employs steam instead • of
air, thus gaining ..a great increase in the
force of pressure, and his idea was origi
nally to furnish an endless water power in
places where only a limited amount of wa
ter can be obtained—that is, by using the
same water over and over—the cost of the
steam used in condensation being only one
third the cost of attaining equal power by
the use of the ordinary steam engine.
There is one of these machines in operation
at Batavia, Illinois, which makes twenty
strokes per minute, raising two :barrels of
.water into the reservoir at each stroke.
From the reservoir it falls unon an over-
shot wheel, or may be made CO pass into a
turbine wheel, and thence into, a cistern
below, from which it is again raised by-the
same agency. The, experiments with this
curious apparatus show a saving of two
thirds of the fuel used in the ordinary ap
plication of steam, besides doing away en
tirely with the danger of explosions.
The invention as, improved by a Michi
gan man consists in the application of the
process to . the propulsion of steamers and
prepollers-4he over-shot wheel, with
'steamboat paddles of the usual sort being
attachtlld in the fonder Class of vessels and
:the :turbine wheel, connected with pro
peller blades, in thelatter. It is claimed
the inventor that he will need to carry
in his elevattid reservoir no mare than is
useallk , carried: in, steamboat boilers on
the ol pArt, while he diatomic* with the
Cumbrous and, complicated engines en*
"be 'can attain any „required
polvetc4hat he can 'greatly diminish the
risks of fire as wellasexplosiOns,•faxinuc
as the water carried in the reservoir can be
by mints of , hose pipes.
e°ll2rd' that he
to anyitart t he meet; and alo' sinitin
'esztgreetly,dlPiibialkthe , esta_4 l , „ t it
because the PumPtlWk l i ch ' i 7kia the hold
__Onri ac4. lo om . 41
t Cl ic.t h E/ I • l s 4 Ta'aw'appitlroV L
: 6 there j e no :sitatec "li te l " cuawate
Initiating a - Candidate Into the Gel
The method of initiating a candida into
the Good Templars is but a slight improve
ment upon the slime programme so lig in
vogue by the ancient and honorable !frater
nity of the "Sons of Malta." A chat who
was taken from a-lager beer saloon; : - here
he got light - without knowing that " lager
would intoxicate, was put through al ourse
of cold water treatment by the Good
piers a few evenings sin. He neac es on
the Temphirs and gives the following expose
of theirmitiation ceremony, for whip, no
doubt, he . will be put through another purse
of cold . water "sprouts" at the next! meet
ing- of the lodge. In the first place the vic
tim for initiation is blindfolded,lbount.hand
`and foot, and thrown into a cider pre4s and
pressed for five or ten minutes. This is
done for the purpose of clearing his system
of "olddrinks." He is then taken; tit of
the cider press and by means of. -force
-pump gorged with cistern water, afteovhich
a sealing plaster is put over his month and
he is rolled in a barrel four or fivii times
across the room, the choir at the siren time
singing the cold water song. ! i
. He is now taken out of the barrel and
hung up by the heels till the water rims out
through his ears. He is than cut di and
a* beautiful young lady hands him a' lass of
cistern water. A cold woter,bathls then
furnished him, after which he is showered
with cistern water. He is then made to
read the water works acts ten times,'drink
ing a glass of cistern water between each
reading, after which the old
bung around his neck, and fifteen sisters oaken'ucket
with squirt - guns deluge him witlOcistern
'water. - He is then forced to eat ; a iteck of
snow, while the brothers stick his - efirs full
of icicles. He is then run through a lothes •
wringer, after which he is handed a lass of
water bY a young lady. lie is the again
gorged with cistern water, and his boots
filled with the same, and he is laid olway in
a refrigerator. The initiation is . ow al
most concluded, After remaining! in
rekigemtor for the space of half a hour,
he is taken out and given a glass ofAistern
water, run through, a , crothes-wrin r; and
becomes a Good Templar. .
Propagation of Minks. 1
We are prepared to believe that there is
scarcely anything but what can larl turned
to account, since we have ascertained- that
there is a minkery in full blast in Chautau
gua county, N. Y., of sufficient ii4e to ac
commodate one hundred of these ithimals.
The arrangements are very simple. The
nest of the female is peculiarly constructed
of grass, leaves or straw, with a lining of
her own fur so firmly compacted together
as to be only with'difficalty torn pieces: \
About the middle of March the.females are
separated from the males until the young
are reared. The necessity for flits .arises
from the fact that the males seems ; inclined
to brood the young almost as much as the
dam, when both are - permitted to rdmain to
The expense of feeding the aninlals is al
most nominal, being supplied pretty much
entirely from the usual offal of the farm .
yard, with occasional woodchucks kid game
in general. They eat this food with equal
avidity. after decomposition has tak'n place,
devouring every particle of flesh, !'cartilage
and the softer bones. While thdl expense
of keeping is thus trivial, the profitible yield
of the animal is comparatively imihense, it
being considered a moderate estimate to
claim that one mink with her incrbase will
equal the avails of a cow. Should! this cal
calation hold good when, the propagation of
the mink is carried to a large scaleilthe busi
ness becomes one -of the most profitable in
the world. So far,
experience with the un
ddmesticated mink has not been satisfactory,
as their shyness cannot be overcame, and
they have never obtainrd any inctase from
the animals'in their wild state. hey have
to be taken when young and donlestleated.
It is unnecessary to state that the aroval
liable only - for their fur.
Thaddeus Stevens. !i
When it is remembered- that - haddeus
Stevens is one of the members of Congress
singled nut by the President as a ' 9 rget for
his especial abuse before 'the, people, the
calm dignity of .his , argument before the,
Court of Impeachment, is inde!ed to be
wondered at. And when to theract of his
bitter provocations are added tha power of
fierce invective which is so terriblft to his ad
versaries, and that intense earnestness
which characterizes the mand it 'seems
strange that Mr. Stevens was able to refrain
from pouring out berore the Siinate those
passionate utterances which would have
been the natural expression of the indig,na
tion and scorn with which he 'hornet but
regard the "distinguished respon4ent," now
arraigned at the bar of the Senalk.
• But Thaddeus Stevens is an-did man, an
accomplished lawyer, a true phiriot and a
sound statesman. He has brouglit all of his
extraordinary vitality into this splendid ar
gument, and while here and there his
trenchant n4tive humor and withering sar
casm flash out with all their 4, onted bril
liance, the speech itself is a calffi thought
ful, very earnest and very able flicuision of
the'great question involved la !the trial of
the President. It will be read till oSer the
land, and clearly ritiderstcol iby all who
' read. It will carry an irresistible convic
tion with it to all horiest'rolndi., and leaves
the Senate without a choice inthe execution
of its high aid resprinsible dutY.% , :-Phil. Ere.
IMPROVEMENT ER MVOICO ElLAss.—The
changes, of various kinds, which glass un
dergoes have recently been subjeOtsbf con
siderable discussion. Some •liitieties of
glass cannot be perfectly cleaned, owing to
its hydroscopic nature and th e' _,tendency of
this Isilicious compound to demposition:
Thep ure white unalterable Bcdtethhin g l ass
is a silicate oflime and potash, but it'is very
infusible and diflic4t to work. Taking ad
vantage of the well: known fa ci that a mix
ture of the carbonates of , Ipatash and
soda Rises at a lower temperature than
either salt alone, Prof. Stab tinhititates such
a mixture for the potash; aridl thereby ob
tains a glass as unalterable as the Bohemian
variety, but much more Ittsible.:
T late discov
_HE ery of a care for whoop-
Ing-cough, - bYinhafng the odors of a gas
ht:lnSet to be of real !ROM. It
been 'tried:by BelnellertfOrd (Ct.) plty
ii,d with Mins; and it is sald*etes& The
chliqms are taken to the 'utuAreorksi where
:they'breathelbeigot Yel;g m ealioetuir there
Praduead,;. and`` 'e in the
chemical com tanagon,thet enk*whooplng
colou, Th e rtst the v ererhs. state
e tti b r int wed *iittas three
hundred awes of whooping-9mA have
been thus experimented twos.