The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, December 16, 1902, Image 1

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The American Shipping Must Hit
Be Interfered
Washington Administration Will Cease from Passive Atti
tude in Regard to Venezuela South and Central
American Diplomatic Representatives in a State of
Anxiety Situation Regarded Serious.
Br Exclusive Wire from The Ajsocitted Presi.
Washington, Dec. 15. It is probable
now that the United States will break
Its altitude of inactivity In the event
tlmt an attempt Is made to enforce the
"peaceful blockade" upon an American
ship. When the allies were considering
the ways and means of bringing "Vene
zuela to terms and a. blockade of this
character had been decided upon the
German government informed the Unit
ed States that when the blockade was
established it would turn back all ship
pins, though no effort would be made to
seize th ships.
The United States government made
no response to this statement at the
time last year not feeling called upon to
do so before the presentation of an ac
tual case.
Secretary Hay has Informed the Ger
man government that American ships
should not be interfered with in their
trading, except the inhibition applies to
all shipping; further, the note intimates
a disapproval ofst'oppage at all. In so
doing the slate department Is following
a precedent, for during the effort of the
powers to establish a "peaceful block
ade" of Crete in 1S08, Secretary Sher
man formally lecorded a refusal to be
bound by it. It happened that no Am
erican ship had occasion to enter a
Cretan port during the brief period of
time the blockade was in force, so the
issue was not made then.
Test Case Must Follow.
In the present case, with tegular lines
of American steamships entering Vene
zuelan ports at short Intervals, a test
cae must soon follow. It Is within the
legnj right of the allies to close
port, but probably this can be accom
plished without protest on our part
only after a formal declaration of war.
The hope is growing here that such
declaration can, after all, be avoided,
owing to the energy with which Mr.
Bowen has acted. The proposal of
President Castro to the allied powers
for a peaceful settlement was suggested
by Mr. Bowery and It came to the stnte
department through his hands. It has
been forwarded to London and Berlin
through the embassies here, and as
both Great Britain and Germany have
heretofore professed a desire to settle
the Issues peacably. It Is hoped that
they will .avail of' this opportunity.
The proposal did not mention the
method of arbitration, nor the limita
tions, and the point of doubt, which
may prevent the acceptance of the
scheme, Is believed to be Castro's un
willingness to bind himself in advance
to the recognition of the principle of
liability. Ho would leave the arbitrat
ors to determine whether or not ho is
liable at all.
Minister Bowen lias confirmed the
prcsjs reports to the effect that the guns
of the allied fleet which bombarded
Puerto Cabello on Saturday wore di
rected entirely at the fortifications, and
nr. ut the town.
ft statement relieves the affair of
the first suspicion that It constituted
a violation of International law, in tho
fact that twenty-four hours' notice wns
not served of the bombardment. Tho
requirement us to notice, applies to un
fortified or fortified towns where the
fire must be directed upon the inhabit
ants, owl this was not the case at
Fuertn Cabello, While the officers here
regret that tho firing took place, they
have aj yet no cause to protest.
Benson for Delay,
It has developed that the reason for
tho delay In tho consideration of Presi
dent Castro's proposal to arbitrate the
disputes with Great Britain and Ger
many was tho absence from London of
Lord Lansdowne, tho British minister
for foreign affairs. That officer spends
Saturday and Sunday of each week at
his country place, ami docs not allow
any business to Interfere with Ins rest.
It appears that this proposition had
more than a. perfunctory Indorsement
by the United States government. Mr,
Bowen having usked permission to en
, ilcavor to settle the matter by arbitra
tion, Secretary Hay not only promptly
accorded tlio permission, but went to
the length of himself dispatching tho
proposal, which up to that point had
been rather vnguo and Informal, to the
British and German governments.
The Italian ambassador, Slgnor
Mayer Des Planches, today called at
the state department to take soundings
as to the attltuOr ' government
In tho event"'' ..allan govern
ment pressej settlement of Its
claims agalr.oc 'Venezuela, It appears
that the Italian desires are not by any
means as comprehensive or the do-
with by. a
mauds as stiff as In the case of Great
Britain or Germany, but tho details
could not b learned.
South and Central American Diplo
matic Representatives Besiege
Secretary Hay's Office.
By Eiclushe Wirt from The isodited Frtu
Washington, Dec. iG. The South and
Central American diplomatic represen
tatives here are in a state of anxiety
that finds expression in frequent calls
at the state department for information.
No less than six ministers were among
Secretary Hay's visitors today, al
though this was not diplomatic recep
tion day. Secretary Hay was in con
ference at the White House for a short
time with the president today regard
ing Venezuelan affairs. Senator Cullom
and Representative Hltt, the heads of
the two committees on foreign affairs
of congress, also the president, but It
was stated that little attention was
given to Venezuela.
Among senators and representatives
who have discussed the Venezuelan
matter with President Roosevelt, the
situation is regarded as serious, but it
Is not generally believed to be likely
that the United States will become in
volved In the controversy.
The senate committee on foreign re
lations made a declaration of the Mon
roe doctrine when the agitation over
tho Schomburg line In Venezuela was
Intense. On January '20, 1S96, the late
Senator Davis leported the declatory
resolution from the committee, Senntor
Gray, now chairman of the Anthracite
Coal Strike Arbitration, announced that
the ivport was not the unanimous ac
tion of the committee. The senate never
took any action on the report.
Senator Davis said the action of the
committee was u notice to foreign na
tions and sufficiently effective without
any vote of the senate. The reolutlon
then reported declared that the United
States of America leufllrms and con
firms the doctrine and principles pro
mulgated by President Monioe In his
message of December 2, 1823, and de
clares that It will ns-sert and maintain
that doctrine ami those principles and
will regard, any Infringement thereof,
and particularly any nttempt by any
Kuropean power to take or acquire any
new or additional territory on the Am
erican continents, or s ly Island adjac
ent thereto, or any rlfnt of sovereign
ty or dominion In tho same In any ease
or Instance as to which the United
States shall deem such attempt to be
dangerous to Its peace and safety by or
through force, purchase, cession, occu
pation, pledge, colonization, protector
ate, or by control of the easement In
any canal or any other means of tran
sit across the American Isthmus, wheth
er under unfounded pretention of right
In cases or alleged boundary disputes
or under any other unfounded preten
sions, as the manifestation of an un
friendly disposition toward the United
Slates and aw an interposition, which
It would be Impossible In any form for
the United States to regard with indif
Minister Bowen's Note Makes No
Chnngo in Qormnn Plans Con
cerning Venozuola.
By Eicliulie Wife from The Aitoclttrd rreii.
London, Dec, ID. Tho Associated
Press has reason to believe that orders
will be or havo been sent to tho British
commander In Venezuelan waters to
take no further aggressive action ut
present pending a decision on tho pro
posal for arbitration.
It was learned this .evening that the
proposals now before the British gov
ernment are the original proposals for
warded by Mlnlsternlowen, but which
now have received strong support from
the United States government.
This came In tho form of a proposal
through the United States government
to submit the claims of British and
German subjects to arbitration, which
Lord Lansdowne announced later In the
day In tho house of lords, "Is now under
consideration by the British govern
ment." Lord Lansdowne added; "We are
greatly Indebted to the good offices of
the United States minister at Caracas."
In Ambassador Choate's absence
Charge d'Affalres White Is making
every effort to arrange some pacific
method of settlement of tho dispute
between Great Brltnln and Venezuela.
Ho Is In constnnt communication with
the state department at Washington.
Nothing definite has yet been arrang
ed, but it Is understood that there Is
some hope of further hostilities being
averted. Tho negotiations nrc handi
capped by the absence from London of
Woveral of the cabinet ministers, as be
fore nn answer can bo given the cab
inet will probably have to meet. No
final decision is expected before Wed
nesday. Lord Lansdowne said he had no of
ficial Information regarding the report
ed bombardment of Puerto Cabello.
Continuing, the foreign secretary said
that since the parliamentary paper, giv
ing the Venezuelan correspondence had
been Issued tho government had receiv
ed from Mlnlstr Haggard a cabled sum
mary of what purports to be Venezue
la's reply to the British ultimatum.
Therein Venezuela, complains that no
reparation wns offered by Great Britain
for the landing of the marines or for
the conduct of the British authorities
of Trinidad. This dispatch closed with
saying that Venezuela represented that
as her treasury was exhausted, It was
Impossible for the government to meet
its debts for tho moment, but directly
pence was declared It would not be nec
essary to remind the Venezuelan gov
ernment of Its obligations.
Lord Lnnsdowne's statement was
drawn out by Earl Spencer, who refer
red to the manner In which tho foreign
secretory recently "criticized and made
sarcastic and jocular remarks regard
ing that small country, Venezuela." The
earl said he considered to bo most un
fortunate that the foreign secretary
should have adopted such a tone to
ward a country wlthvwhlch negotiations
were pending.
lord Crnnborne Says That No
Country Has Been More Anxious
to Maintain Monroe Doctrine.
By Emluslve Wire from The Assodlcd I'reii.
London, Dec. 15. The house of com
mons was crowded this evening when
the Venezuelan matter came up for de-,
bate. Henry AVhlte. the American
charge d'affaires, had a seat In the
diplomatic galleiy.
Mr. Schwann, after having expiessed
surprise that the government was anx
ious for another war after South Af
rica, complained of the paucity of the
Information concerning the Venezuelan
situation which has been given to par
liament. He said he hoped arbitration
would be accepted, because although
President Roosevelt is anxious to act
correctly, the situation is full of dan
ger and the president's hand might be
forced by politicians.
Lord Cranborne spoke after Mr.
Schwann. He reproached this member
with a desire to discredit the govern
ment and explained that the papers in
the Venezuelan matters were very vol
.umlnous and that those issued today
were only a summary. He said Great
Britain had to perform police duty
among the nntlons and had to prevent
A'enezuela from breaking the law of
nations. The United States took the
sensible view that Great Britain's in
sistence that Venezuela should meet
her engagements was no Infraction of
the Monroe doctrine. No country has
been more anxious than Gieat Britain,
said Lord Cranbornp. to assist the
American government In, maintaining
the doctrine.
This remark was gieeted with cheer
ing. Continuing, the foreign secretary
said the British government had dis
played great forbearance, and that it
was only knfter Venezuela had been
thrice summoned to do right that t He
government had been diiven to strong
measures to secure the safety, liberty
and property of British subjects in
Venezuela, and that in the execution
of these measures the government de
sired to pursue the same course of
Lord Cranborne said also that tho
blockade would be carried out with
every regard for the Interests of neu
Deputy Sentini of Italy's Chamber
of Deputies Says So.
Bj Exclude Wire from The Awociitcd Preit.
Rome, Dee. IS. In tho Chamber of
Deputies to-day Foreign Minister l'rin
ettl, replying to an Interpellation, miula
a statement on the subject of Italy's attl
tudo towards Vcnezuola. Ho reviewed tho
causes leading up to tho Anglo-German
action and said:
"Italy on her, side claims damages for
her citizens who sustained losses dm lug
tho Insurrection which has disturbed tho
republic since April, tho Italian minister
nt Caracas having oxluuistcd all efforts
to lnlng about n fi loudly adjustment pio
scnted a list of claims i educed to a mini
mum of ;,810,25C Bolivars."
Tho pilmo iniuibter was followed by
Deputy Sentlul, who oxpicssed confidence
In tho government's policy and urged ac
cord with Germany and Great Britain.
Tho deputy warned tho Italian govern
ment to "watch tho United Slates, whoso
Imperialism U a political and a com
mercial mennco to Kuropo, and especially
to Italy, tho weakest of tho great pow
ers," Deputy Scntlnl declared that tho ener
getic attltudo of Germany and a rent
Britain had sent tho Monroo doetilne sky
high, as tho United States understood
It was riot dealing with poor Spain.
Tho spenker recommended that further
reinforcements be sent to Venezuelan
lly Kxclutlte Wire liomTho Associated Press,
auayaqull, Kquador, Dec. U. A patl lot
to demonstration took place hero last
Might. A largo number ot pcoirio who had
attended a meeting went to tho Venezue
lan and to all tho other South American
consulates, shouting "Long l.lvo Castio,"
"Long Llvo Venezuela," and "Long Llvo
tho South American countries."
Tho rurtlcliuint.s in the demonstration
be f oio dispersing adopted a resolution
usklng President riaza to protest of.
flelally against tho action of tho allied
Closed for Xack of Coal.
By Excluaitt Wire from The Aitociited PrMi.
Wilmington. Del., Dec. 13. Tho works
of tho Dlumond Stnte Steel company, in
this city, had to bo closed down to-day,
ou account of Inability to obtuln a supply
of coal, tciporailly throwirf about 3,
000 men and boy out of employment.
Tries His Hand at ButtonholinQ
Gonoresstnen In Interest of His
Side ol the Contest.
From the Tenor of His Talk It Is
Inferred That He Expects to Be
Unseated but Fancies He Will Sit
Out the Greater Bart of the Session.
An Expectation That in AH Prob
ability Will Be Disappointed.
Special to tho Scranton Tribune.
Washington, D. C., Dec. 15. Members
of congress who were present at the
session today were vastly amused In a
quiet way at the appearance of aeorge
Howell, of Scranton, who claims to be
tho member-elect from the Eleventh
Congressional district. AVhllc the mem
bers were busily engaged m listening
to the discussion on the District of
Columbia bill, which involved the ex
penditure of millions of money, Mr.
Howell appeared on tho 'floor of the
house and proceeded to buttonhole
Democratic members regarding the
coming contest which has-been Insti
tuted by Congressman William Connell.
The annoyed members listened with
apparent courtesy to the pleadings ot
Mr. Howell, but It was noticed that
many quiet smiles passed between them
when the eager claimant had taken his
departure. There was much amuse
ment over this attempt of Mr. Howell
to uige his own ridiculous claims fully
a year before the contest will take
place. It is quite probable that some
well-disposed Democrat pointed out to
MY. Howell the absurdity of his prema
ture efforts, for he suddenly disap
peared and it is not thought likely that
he will again put In an appearance at
this session, at least the annoyed mem
bers hope not.
From the talk Indulged In today by
Mr. Howell It was gathered that he
fully expected to be unseated, but he
thought that It would not be until very
late In the Fifty-eighth congress. How
ever, taking Into consideration recent
de.velopnients connected with the, leccnt
election In the Eleventh district, Mr.
Howell will be very much surprised at
the early date of his exit from the
house of reuresentatlves.
Famine Is Already Affecting Gov
ernment Buildings and Supply
Is Nearly Exhausted.
By Ksclu.he Wire fiom 'fUc Associated Press.
Washington, Dec. 13. Tho coal fam
ine already Is affecting the government
buildings and the supply in most cases
is nearly exhausted. Some of them
would have to be closed In event of
anything like blizzard weather, and
ligid economy lias been ordered. The
coal supply at the postofflce depart
ment was exhausted eaiiv this morn
ing. The electric lights above the tlrst
floor, and the private elevator of the
postmaster general, were shut off. The
steam plant at the Interior department
was also shut down over an hour, but
a limited supply finally was secured
from local dealers.
The capltol building has exactly two
days' supply now, but no fears are felt
there, as the contract with the Read
ing railroad requires that company to
furnish sufficient fuel to keep the build
ing heated. The agricultural, census
and other buildings, likewise, have a
very limited supply.,
Considerable relief from the coal fam
ine Is expected to result from orders
Issued today by tho board of commis
sioners of tho District of Columbia au
thorizing the laying of temporary ad
ditional steam railroad tracks expressly
for coal delivery. The action was based
on representations that ono railroad
company had 100 cars loaded with an
thracite and bituminous coal in Its
yards here, but could not discharge
them for want ot trackage, and that
with more tracks' that company would
bo able to deliver to Washington deal
ers thirty or forty carloads a day until
tho situation is materially Improved. It
Is claimed that tho coal from this
sourco nnd from the other railroads
will permit a fairly satisfactory supply
to the. city.
Ball Schedules Will be Arranged to
Avoid Conflicting Dates. "
By Excluthe Wire from The Assoclitfrt Vmt.
Cleveland, Dee. 1?. Messrs, Soniers and
Kllfoyle, tho Cleveland baseball mag
nates, leturued to-day from New York,
wIipiv negotiations for peace between tho
two leagues woro commenced last week,
"Tho prospects of reaching an amlcalilo
working basis between tho two leagues
at tho coming conference," said Mr. Kit
loyle, "are very bright, Tho playing
M'hcduln of the National League will al
most certainly bo icvlsed, In order to
avoid conflicting dates. All litigation and
controversy over players will bo dropped.
Tho AmcrjcUn League has never signed
a player who had n bona lido contiact
with tho National League, As a result,
wo will not bo requited to icleuso a
single player.
"On tho other hand, every contract with
our players will bo carried out, regard
less of tho salary Involved."
' Mitchell Welcomed Home.
tl.v Kxduihc Wlic'trom The' Associated Prcs.
Spring Valley, III.. Dee.- 15.-.Iolm Mitch
ell was given a warm welcome upon Ills
return to'lils old homo to'day. Spring
Valley observed tho day as a general'
holiday and business was suspended In
his honor.
Charge d'Affaires White Making
Effort to Arrange Settlement.
By Erclmhc Wire from The Amoclafed I'rr-M.
London, Dec. 13. In Ambassador
Choate's absence Cliatgo d'Affalres Wlilto
Is making every effort to arrange some
pacific method ot tho dispute between
Great Britain and Venezuela. Ho Is In
constant communication with tho state
department nt Washington. Nothing dull
nllc has been yet nrrunged, but tho As
sociated Press understands that there Is
some hope of further hostilities being
The negotiations aro handicapped by
tho absenco from London ot several of
the cabinet members, as bejorian ans
wer enn be given tho cabinet will havo
to meet. No final decision Is expected
before Wednesday.
Foreign Office to Claim "Favored
Nation" Rights.
lly Kxclushe Wire from The Associated PrM.
Lo.ulon, Dec. 13. The under-foreign
secretary was questioned In the House ot
Commons to-day regarding the negotia
tions for a reciprocity treaty between the
1'nlted States and Cuba, and the steps
proposed to protect Drltlsh right under
tho most favored nation treatment. Lord
Cranborne said that representations had
been made to Washington on tho sub
ject, but that no reply had yet been re
ceived. DOINGSOT
Measure for Union Station In
Washington Other Mat
ters Considered.
Hy Kseluslic Wire from The Associated I'rcs.
AVashlngton, Dec. 15. vTlie house to
day passed the senate bill for a Union
railway station In this city, to cost $1,
000.000. Tho station is to be situated
north of the present site of the Balti
more and Ohio depot, at Delaware and
Massachusetts avenues, nnd on the
front of it is to be a large plaza park.
The Pennsylvania railway, by the
terms of the bill, Is to remove Its tracks
from the mall and reach the site of the
proposed station through a tunnel to
run between the capltol and Library
The government is to pay the Penn
sylvania railway Jl, 500,000 and the Bal
timore and Ohio J300.000, In addition to
providing for the plaza park. The house
also passed an urgent deficiency bill,
which carried, among other items, an
appropriation of $300,000 for eradicating
the foot and mouth disease in New
England. A bill wns passed to provldo
for the allotment In severalty of tho
lnnds of the New York Indians. The
bill provides that prior to the allotment
the claim of the Ogden Land company
should be decided In the courts and
found that it could be purchased for
the benefit of the Indians for a sum not
exceeding $200,000.
The senate amendments to the strike
commission bill were disagreed to, and
the bill sent to conference.
The speaker appointed Messrs. Can
non, Barney and Livingston conferees
on the part of the house.
The senate today discussed the bill to
promote the efllciency of the militia,
and also the omnibus statehood bill.
After agreeing to the concurrent reso
lution of the house for an adjournment
from December -0 to January 3, Mr.
Proctor called ud the nillltla bill. An
amendment by Mr. Pettus striking
from the bill Section 21, having par
ticular reference to the reserve force
of trained men, provoked some discus
sion, Mr. Pettus raising the point that
the section would be an Infraction of
the civil authority ot the United States.
The bill was laid aside for the omni
bus statehood bill. Senator Dillingham,
of Vermont, spoke In opposition to the
bill, occupying the time of the senate
until adjournment. After a brief ex
ecutive session, the senate adjourned.
Half Dozen Young Men Will Eat
Preserved Stuff.
By Kxilgshe Wire from The Associated Tress.
Washington. Dec. 13. About a dozen
young men to-day began boaidlug nn a
diet furnished by the ngiicultiiral de
partment and designed to test Iho offect
of food iidulteiaiits. It was tho Hrst day
of tho nctual inclusion uf borax and other
preservatives In the meals which aro to
bo furnished the young men for a long
period under tho dlicctlou of Chemist
Wiley, of tho department, llo believes
that tho results will show the harmless
Hess of pieservatlves of such food pro
ducts In a number of Instirticcs.
Tho young men havo been taking their
meals for two weeks under Dr. Wiley's
direction but until to-day no adulterants
were used In tho fond. Tho object was tu
put them In Hie best possible physical
condition lirforo beginning tho actual
feeding of the preservatives.
Steamship Arrivals.
Dy i:clushe Wire hom'lliv Associated Press.
New York, Dee. 13. Sailed; Steamer
DcutM'hland, Hamburg.
A n twerp-Aril veil: Steamer Kceltiud,
Now York.
Gibraltar Ai lived: Steamer Lahu. New
York for Naples and Genoa. Sailed:
Steamer Trave, New Voik via Naples and
Cherbourg-Sailed: Steamer Kaiser Wll
helm der Grosso (from ilremen and
Southampton), New York,
Plymouth Aril ved Steamer Peunsyl
vnnla, New York for Hamburg, via Cher
bourg. Fined for Extortion.
By Exclusive Wire from The Associated Press.
Rending, Pa.. Dec. 15 AVIIIIum H. Ly
on, aged "3. for fifty years copstable,
police ofllcer, special detective, c'tc, and
a leading Republican politician or this
city was to-day sentenced to six mouths
Impilsonmont and a lino of )100, he hav
ing been convicted uf extortion In ac
cepting $00 In settlement of two gambling
easa in which ho was thu prosecutor.
Pickets are Discharged.
Dy Exclusive Wire from The Associated l'iei.
Omaha, Neb., 'Dec. 13. Judge Mulgor, In
tho Federal Comt to-day discharged tho
twenty-seven ' Union PaclHe. strikers
charged with contempt hi maintaining a
"picket line." and' liilniU!utliig'vnikiiien.
Tho '.com t ruled the cvldeuco wus
He Proves the Star for the Defense
in the Celebrated Irvine Case
at Huntingdon.
By Kxclushe Wire from The Asoclatcd Press.
Huntingdon, Pn Dec. 15. The trlnl
of the conspiracy charge brought by
Dr. I. N. W. Irvine, the deposed rector
of St. John's church, of this place,
against Dr. nnd Mrs. Alexander El
liott was resumed this afternoon with
Bishop Talbot on the stand. The bish
op acknowledged that he had written
the letter to Mrs. Elliott In which he
characterized Dr. Irvine as being a
"slimy fellow," and advising Mrs. El
liott to have him convicted in a court
of record so that he (the bishop) could
unfrock him. The presentment to the
court covering the evidence nt the ec
clesiastical court of inquiry, was vir
tually as follows:
"The language which he was shown
to have used to women wns much of
It unfit to be printed In a reputable
paper," and that notwithstanding he
was a married man he freely used lan
guage and gestures inviting improper
relations, and that he scandalized re
ligion and was convicted of holding
moneys due the church."
The bishop was Hip star witness this
afternoon for the defense. His counsel
was willing to have him cross-examined
ad libitum. The alleged, forged let
ter written in Mrs. Elliott's name to
the bishop was admitted as evidence.
This letter purported to be a retraction
of Mis. Elliott's desire to have Dr. Ir
vine ousted from the parish. After
strenuous skirmishing, the defense rest
ed Its case.
Ilebuttal for the plaintiff was imme
diately taken up but nothing of partic
ular Importance, was elicited. A mo
tion by the defense will be made to
morrow to have the court Instruct the
Jury to bring in a peremptory verdict
for the defendants.
A $50,000,000 Fund Raised to Be
Available in Case of. Actual
By Esclushc Wire from The Associated Presi.
New York, Dec. 33. A number of
banks of this city and J. P. Morgan &
Co., have formed a pool 'Of $30,000,000
to lend in the money market in the
event of nctual emergency.
The pool was organized by George F.
Baker, president of the First National
Bank. That bank, J. P. Morgan & Co.,
the National City Hank, the Case Na
tional Bank, the National Bank of
Commerce, the Hanover National
Hank, the Fourth National Bank and
the Western National Bank have
pledged thnieselves for $3,000,000 each.
The Corn Exchange Bank agrees to
subscribe $2,300,000 and the Chemical
National and the Bank ot New York,
$1,000,000 each. This measure Is really
a protective ono and It is not appre
hended that any ot the money will
actually be needed. It will be put out,
however, should the occasion arise.
A Scoro of Workmen and Seventeen
Locomotives Are Buried in the
Ruins Nono Killed.
By i:clushe Who from The Associated Press.
Philadelphia, Dec. 13. Tho root and
supports of the round houso In the
Pennsylvania Railroad company's West
Philadelphia yards collapsed today,
burying more than n score ot workmen
and thlrty-ono locomotives. A fire
broke out in the ruins but the flumes
were quickly extinguished. Several of
the Injured sustained broken limbs, but
none was s-eriously hurt.
The roof of the structure, which was
erected many yenrs ago, was of wood
covered with slate, supported by Iron
uprights. It Is believed the weight of
snow nnd Ice which had lain on the
roof since Saturday weakened the build
ing, Seventeen locomotives were badly
damaged, '
Abandoned Plant of Clark Coal Com
pany Destroyed,
The old abandoned boiler hmibe at
tho Clark Tunnel Coal company's mines
In North Scranton was destroyed by
llro at midnight,
An alarm was sent In from Box S3,
at West Market and AVInoua streets,
but when tho Ilremen reached the scene
tho structure was beyond saving.
Ono old boiler, out of service, was in
tho building. The oilgln'of the file Is
unknown. Tho damage Is of little con
Have Accepted Invitation to Be
Quests at New England Dinner.
Tho members of the Anthracite Strike
Commission have accepted an invita
tion to attend the dinner of tho New
England society on Friday night and
all of them will be present. '
- It Is .probablo that one of the toasts
will, bo responded to by Judge Gray,
the chairman of the commission, Thu
dinner promises to be tho most largely
attended and enjoyable evor conducted
by the society.
Gommiftslon Will fldiourn Saturday
to Meet noaln In Philadelphia
After the Holldaus,
One of Them Told That She Work
Twelve Hours a Night Six Nightd
a Week for Three Cents an Hour
Investigation Proves That Theitf
Fathers -Earn Big Money and That!
Two of Them Own Property Judga
Gray Expresses Indignation and)
Declares It Is an Outrage -Factory;
Inspector Summoned Mass ofl
Data from Mr. Lloyd.
With one more, witness, National
President Samuel Gompers, of the
American .Federation of Labor, who is.
to take tho stand today, to testify ta
wage earnings in general, the miners
will complete their case In chief before
the mine strike commission. The dis
trict presidents will not be put on thai
The operators will open their case)
today with a general statement for all
the respondents, to be road by Hon.
Simon P. Wolverton, counsel for the
Philadelphia and Reading Coal and
Iron company. The remainder of tho
week will be taken up with the presen
tation of testimony from the operators'
side, the Delaware and Hudson com
pany taking tho lead. On Saturday
the commission will adjourn over the
holidays, to meet again Monday, Jan.
3,190,'!, in Philadelphia, the operators
preferring to the commission sit in
that city while hearing their side of
the case, and a new meeting place be
ing made necessary by the fact that
the superior court meets here In Janu
ary, in the room la which the commis
sion is sitting.
The miners wtll asTTthe commission
to come Scranton tohear their
rebuttal testimony. This will likely bo
The closing testimony of the miners
consisted of complaints from more
Philadelphia and Reading and Erie
company employes, on comparatively
trivial matters. Attorney John J. Mur
phy. Congressman Charles Brumm,
Clarence S. Darrow and James Shea
conducted the examinations for the
miners. Attorney S. I'. Wolverton, ot
the Heading, and Major Everett War
ren, of the Erie, did the bulk of the
Silk Mill Girls.
Four small girls from Dunmore, who
work in the silk mills. Borne of them
on tho night shift, and all of them In
defiance of the law against child labor,
proved somewhat of a disappointment
as witnesses. It was Intended to show
to the commission that children like
these are taken away from home in
fluence and made to do very arduous
work by reason of their fathers not be
ing able to earn enough In the mines
to support their families. The com
mission, however, did not see it that
way, and Judge Gray scathingly re
buked the fathers who "coined thd
flesh and blood of Itttlo children Into
money when ther was no necessity
for it." He declared it to be an out
rage. The names of the little girls',
fathers were taken and investigations,
during the noon recess, disclosed the
fact that they are nil working steadily
and making on an average of aboul
$100 a month, ench.
As the day was drawing to a close,
Henry D. Lloyd, the sociologist, Who In
one of tho miners' representatives be
fore the commission, sought to Intro
duce a great mass of data on the econ
omics of tho coal business by readlnpj
reports of the findings of various com
missions since 1871, and articles from
different publications tending to show
the existence ot a coal trust which
stllles competition, keeps up prices ot
coal and makes mlno cnrnlngs nppear
small by 'transferring them, through
tho medium of oxhorbltant Trelght
rates to tho earnings ot its railroad
The commission, hesitatingly heard
him for nn hour and a half, against
repeated protests of the operators' at
torneys that tho matter was wholly
Irrelevant. Finally, the commission
concluded the testimony was hardly
relovant unless tho companies made
clnlm that they could not afford to pay
what tho miners are asking. At Jud"g,n
Oray'a suggestion, tho remainder of
Mr. Lloyd's testimony wns deferred
until after the operators' side has been
Matter of Profit and Loss.
The operators' side nvorred repeat
edly that the question of profit and
Continued ou Pago 3.)
Local data for "Dec. 15, 100J;
Highest temperature, ,,,,,,,.,,.32 degrees
Lowest temperature, ,.., ,.,,, 5 degrees
Relative humidity :
S a. m ,.,,. .,,,. ..Siporcenlj
s p. ni... ,,,.,. ., .,,.,,. .si percenti
Precipitation, 21 hours ended 8 p. m.4
'.. ..
f -f -T -W
Washington. Dec. 13. Forecast -
for Tuesday anil Wednesdays 41
IJastern IVnsylvanla: Italn In 4
south, rain or snow In north por- M
tlon Tuesday, warmer, brisk to 4-
high east to south winds; Wednes- 4-
day fair, colder, -fi
.4 t ..t.::r-Tt.T:r::t;ti
fcjr -