The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, November 21, 1902, Image 1

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More of Rev. Dr. Roberts' Writings
Introduced by Companies' Attor
neys in Cross-Examination.
Winers' Own Witness Agrees That a Uni r 1 Rate of Wages
Is Impracticable Because of the Varying Conditions
and Fairly Outsuns the Sun in His Presenta
tion of the Strike Reign of Terror.
Few witnesses tho operators them
selves will rail can he expected to give
testimony more corroborative of their
contentions than that adduced yester
day from Itev. Peter Jtoberts, Ph.D.,
the witness before the mine strike com
mission whom the miners called to the
stand to succeed their chief witness.
President John Mitchell, of the- United
Mine "Workers.
Hov. Dr. Roberts has made a spe
cialty of sociological studies, and In the
course of the past year published a
book on "The Anthracite Mining In
dustry," and a series o strike articles
for the Outlook and Yale I review.
Three weeks ago he engaged himself to
assist President Mitchell, Henry D.
Lloyd, Dr. Walter "Weyl and the miners'
attorneys in preparing their case, and
priming himself to Ik their chief wit
ness, next to President Mitchell.
In his examination in chief, he made
an excellent witness for the cause he
espouses. On cross-examination, how
ever, he proved a convenient and effect
ive channel through which the oppo
sition could transmit to the commis
sion a vast amount of wide-ranged tes
timony, especially favorable to its
cause, by reason of it being help from
(lie enemy. Sincerely rather than sar
castically, Mr. Wolverton. counsel for
tilt Renrllhir fmrnrini- nt li .,.-,.. ,1..
V Ion of his cross-examination of Dr.
Roberts', complimented him on the ex
cellence of his articles and thanked him
for them. Not a little speculation was
rife among the onlookers as to why the
complainants had permitted him to
take the stand, when It could have been
known that the respondents would
thereby be supplied with ammunition.
Could Not Disavow Them.
Because of the recent dale of the
doctor's publications, it was not pos
sible for him to gracefully disavow the
views expressed therein or to attempt
to modify to any considerable extent
the statements of fact. Consequently
everything, pretty much, that was
paraded before him of his published
utterances had ulte the same effect as
If newly recited by himself from the
witness box.
Appended are a few brief excerpts
that will serve as sample bricks of the
doctor's indirect testimony:
From "The Anthracite Coal In
dustry:" "This (to adjust wages on a uniform
basis) can not be done In the anthra
cite coal fields." ,
"Conditions constantly change and
with the changes readjustments must
be made."
"A standard price will never be prac
ticable." "Some collieries have far more favor
able circumstances than others."
"The spirit of unionism among the
employes brings about many strange
and Inconsistent actions.. Men who in
sist upon Individual rights are the least
tolerant or these rights when governed
by the union."
"If a miner will not join the union a
driver will not give him cars."
"It Is the fashion of the day to bo
one of the union, and if you are not,
the boycott falls on you."
"The question (whether or not to In
augurate a strike) was decided by an
Italian swinging a revolver around his
head and shouting, 'Strike, strike!' "
From The Outlook, Oct, IS, MO:.':
"Tlicso (acts or violence) sometimes
tnko a form that Is brutal beyond de
scription." "Nothing In the annals of savagery
exceeds In brutality the fatal assault's
"The savage attacks were revolting
and horrible."
Could Be Multiplied.
"The Instances (of violence) above
irlven could bo multiplied indefinitely,"
"Occasionally such villainous deeds
arc done
"The attempt (to call out all tin- lire
men, pumpmen and engineers)
will stand forth as a conspicuous ex
nmple or short-sighted policy, preelpl
tated by a spirit compounded equally
of braggadocio, spite and stupidity."
From The Outlook, Nov. S, 1902;
"Not for a generation will the en
mities and hatred engendered by this
strike die away,"
"It (the strike) disturbs social peace
at lionm and sets brother against
"On th day of the funeral the under
taker could not get a man to remove
Ills (non-unionist's) remains from the
house to the funeral car,"
From the Yale Review, May, 1002:
"Interest lings In the union when no
conflict Is Impending or In progress.
Twenty per cent, of the members do
not pay dues and the other twenty per
cent, pay them In a perfunctory way,"
"No uniform rnto (of wages) can be
laid down."
"The spirit of unionism s liuonslst
mU, intolerant."
The articles In The Outlook were
signed "P. Q. It." Dr. Roberts would
not admit or deny that ho was the
author. When asked If they were not
his writings he said. "I would prefer
not to answer that question." He, how
ever, admitted Indirectly, a dozen times
at least that they were his articles.
The cross-examiners after reading a
passage would usk him If his opinion
now was the same as expressed there
in, and almost Invariably he answered
In the affirmative, sometimes with a
reluctant "Yes."
When Mr. Wolverton had finished
reading the doctor's arraignment of the
strikers for their violence during the
strike, the witness Insisted on reading
a further paragraph from an Outlook
article In which he. says:
Would Be Absurd.
"It would be absurd to charge the
miners' organization with all these
crimes and offenses. Their leaders,
generally speaking, deprecate them, and
most of the conservative men of the
union have done all in their power to
check it."
During the afternoon the miners' side
temporarily withdrew Dr. Roberts from
the stand. Physicians wen; then called
to testify to the unhealthfuluess of
mine work and to contradict the antic
ipated claim of the companies that they
contribute largely to the support of
hospitals In the mine regions.
The disagreeable weather of the early
morning had the effect of diminishing
the slue of the crowd of spectators.
Every one who came was able to get
inside, though many had to stand up.
In the afternoon the crowd packed the
room, but the numbpr of those who
could not gain entrance was small as
compared with the days when Mr.
Mitchell was on the stand. Chairman
K. U. Thomas, of the Mile's board of
directors, was present again yesterday.
The commissioners asked numerous
questions, but no extended or especially
Important colloquies occurred. All
seem to be abundantly supplied with
patience, good nature and ability to
maintain an extremely lively Interest
In their task.
Mr. "Wolvertou resumed the cross
examination of Dr. Roberts at the
opening of the morning session on the
contents of the doctor's book, at which
he was engaged the day before, when
tin adjourning hour arrived,
From the doctor's work Mr. "Wolver
tou read that because of differences in
the different mines "It is impossible to
adjust wages on a uniform basis. This
cannot be done. It will never be prac
ticable. Large powers of discretion in
the regulation of wages must be vested
in the foiemeu."
Uniform Scale Impossible.
The. contortions, irregularities, flexures
and impurities in the veins of anthracite
make, It Impossible to adjust wane on a
uniform basis throughout the anthracite
coal flelilH. Rituininous coal miners meet
their employers every year, and a uni
form basis is laid down for vast areas
of the coal Held, and the agreement works
s-atlsfnetoilly to both employer and em
ploye. ThU cannot be done In the anthracite
coal fields, and tin difllculty lies In the
geological structiun of Ilia coal deposits,
Conditions of workings constantly change,
and with the changes, readjustment of
wages must bo made. This Ih left to the
Judgment of thnforeiuan In ehnrge.whose
duty It Is to do Justice by tho workman,
Kxperlenced men, who have pent their
lift' tlirjfl in the anthracite mines, posi
tively cmlrm that u standard price for
mining III these coal fields will never be
practicable, Jn the case of men working
by contract, nothing more than general
rules can be laid down. Knelt shaft has
Its peculiarities, and never will It bn pos
sible to operate theso mines without en
trusting largo powers of dhcrcllon, as to
tho ndjiistmout of prices, to tlui foreman
In charge,
Tho only possible sphere of action for
the union Is local. ICach shaft may hnvo
Its local assembly, which may by u com
mittee, try to securo Us members rea
sonablo remuneration. This being done,
and It Is the only extent to which the
efforts at adjusting contract prices can
Some collieries have fur morn favor
able natural conditions thun others. There
nrn collieries In the southern coal Held
which consume from eight to ten per
cent, of tho tnnnngo to generate steam,
lipcatif-u they hoist, from a depth of l.WXl
feet, two tons of rock and ten tons of
water for every ton of coal produced, In
mliiet where thorn Is nnich rock to be
blasted, If It Is hard sandstone. It will
cost the company from $li to J2.7." a yard
In allowances. In a shaft In Lackawan
na county tho employers paid u, miner
as high as $ii a yard for blasting rock,
Two dltllcultles meet us l'i the effort to
get data ns to the cost of producing a
ton off coal. Flint, tho refusal of tho
operator to give the figures: and. mt
onl, tho great variety of theso figures
providing wo rould get them. No two
collieries are alike, and ,tho same colliery
has not tho tsamo figure for two succes
sive months.
After bringing out that the allowances,
for cutting lock varies from $2 to $0
per yard, Mr. Wolvertou questioned the
witness at length on his Idea of how It
would be possible to make uniform
rates for this kind of work. The wit
ness practically admitted It was Im
possible. Are Far from. It.
When asked If mine operators were
generally "hard-hearted, unjust men,
who ground down the poor to the last
penny." Dr. Roberts answered, "Far
from It."
Heading from Dr. Roberts' article In
the Yale Review, of May, 1002, Mr. "Wol
verton showed that at thut time the
witness had declared there were no
dissensions or discontent In the Schuyl
kill region. That the relations between
tho Reading company nnd Its employes
were "most amiable," and that the men
of the southern fields were opposed to
a strike. In this article, also, Dr. Rob
erts declared that "no uniform rate of
wages can be laid down."
From an October article of Dr. Rob
erts In the same paper the witness de
clared that the miners nnd laborers of
the northern coal field were then at
logger-heads over division of pay, and
tho tefusal of the miners to obey the
law requiring them to remain In the
chamber until the laborer Is through.
The majority of the miners are home
before 'noon, the article adds.
Further on In the article Dr. Roberts
states that Interest In the union flags
when there Is no conflict on or im
pending; that twenty per cent, of the
members were at that time refusing to
pay their dues and another twenty per
cent were paying them In a perfunctory
way. It was also declared that Ihu of
ficers of the union were very much
concerned about the dissensions and
lack of Interest In the union.
Mr. "Wolverton pointed out that at tho
close of the strike, the thousands of
mine workers from the anthracite re
gion who flocked Into the bituminous
region flocked back again with such a
rush that the railroads could scarcely
take care of them. Dr. Roberts said
they were attracted here by social and
property ties. Mr. Wolverton mention
ed that many of these were bachelors,
whose relatives were all in th old
country. "Maybe they had girls In this
region," said the witness.
Mr. Wolverton elicited from the wit
ness that there are fifteen religious hol
idays observed in the anthracite re
gion: that the mines are sometimes
shut down by breaker boys 'turning
out" to go to the circus.
Not Due to Carelessness.
The witness did not agree with the
mine Inspectors that the majority of
accidents are due to the carelessness of
the injured. He held that primarily the
1 hazardous character of tho industry Is
Judge Gray remarked, "There Is a
margin it carelessness naturally be
longing to a human being."
Mr. Wolverton said It was his ex
perience that thls-inargin was Intensi
fied in men working hi dangerous oc
cupations. They became used to dan
ger and consequently reckless of It.
Judge Gray told that while on the
tour through the mine regions h was
riding on a mine car underground, and
if it wasn't for some one behind him
pulling him back Ids forehead would
have struck against a "collar."
"But," said Mr. Wolverton, "nature
has done something for you anil me
that Is not taken Into consideration In
the construction of gangways."
That the coming of the Knlted-Mine
Workers created dissensions in the an
thracite region which never before ex
isted, the witness would not agree. It
was true, he would say, as applied to
employer and employe, but not further
than this.
As to mine Inspectors' reports, Dr.
Roberts explained that the reports of
accidents were often secured.
Here Mr. AVolvertnn read from Dr.
Roberts' book the following on the
spirit of unionism:
Spirit of "Unionism.
The spltll of unionism among the em
ployes brings about many strange and In
consistent action,-. Men who Insist upon
Individual rights and personal liberty arc
tho least tolerant of these rights when
roverned by the union. One of the alms
of the organization Is to promote peace
and order, and yet many acts are done
by Its members which disturb the peace
of. society, When a member of the Thir
teenth regiment secured work in one of
tile collieries of Lackawanna coimtv a
committee of the local union asked the
foreman to dUmlH him. I To refused to
do so and the employes went nil strike.
If a miner will not Join the union tho
driver will not give him ears. Last De
cember, a small boy, not IS years of age.
driving In oun of the collieries of the
northern field delivered a car to nn elder
ly man. old enough to bo his grandfather,
nnd told him: "Vou put your tools hi
that and get out for you won't get no
more cars." The miner appealed to tho
foreman, The latter went to the boy and
ordered him to drive cars to the cham
ber In question; he told him he would
not do it. Thn foreman told the child,
"You had letter tnko my tape and book,
for you seem to run this shaft." That
child was rn hero of the hour. l-'lve
drlver-boy, from the ago of J5 to IS
years, In another shaft, laid wage griev
ances not Involving, all told, morn than
llfly cents a day. Without a word of
warning to their parents, or a single at
tempt at adjusting their grievances by
seeing tho foreman or superintendent,
they declared a strike, Tim employes lost
by It over $3il.u0l in wages, and the boys
were inferred to In muss meeting ha
examples to their fathers In "manhood,
courage and liberty." A father and son
worked at a washery during the strike.
When resumption came, tho employes of
that colliery would not begin work until
the father and son were discharged. Thn
foreman had to do It. The offenders had
to appeal to the local union for member
ship as tho only condition of securing
work, They were admitted by paying an
entrance fee of $15. Tho regular fee was
Jl a member, Miners often have two or
threo laborer to work for them, but
when a miner takes a contract which
enables him to hire miners and laborers,
ho Is disqualified as a member of tho
union, although ho pays the standard
wagn In the colliery to the men ho hires.
During tho last strike some of thn miners
were sworn In as deputies by tho com
panies to guard their property. Theso
men are now members of tho union, but
they are closely watched nnd suspected
of being spies In behalf of tho opera
tors. Oft Times Ludicrous.
Instances of tho spirit of unionism of.
ten met with are more ludicrous than
serious. Four boarders left a boarding
houso ut the some time, raying, "They
weren't going to board with no scab
boarding boss." A butcher wagon in Its
rounds stopped to tell meal ut the door
of a non-union man. Home of tho union
men told tho butcher, "If you sell to him
you can't to us." A minor sat In a bar
ber's chair being lathered for a shave.
Six union men entered nnd took their
scats. They Identified tho man hi tho
chnlr ns one of tho non-union men. At
tho barber was about to apply tho razor,
ono of tho men snld, "If you shavo thnt
man you don't shnvo us." The man hnd'
to vacate tho chair unshnved, A store,
keeper Insisted nn hl.i personal liberty,
which finds so large a plnco hi thn ad
dresses of the labor lenders, and declnred
ho would not dlschnrgo nlcrks who wcro
not union men. Half u dozen men visit
ed his store, mndo their purchases, and
then asked tho clerk to show his union
card. Ho could not. Tho men left the
goods on tho counter. That Invariably
makes tho storekeeper less pronounced
In Ids personnl liberty claims. Thn spirit
of unionism Is everywhere. All classes
of labor which can be organized nro
formed into unions. It Is tho fashion of
tho day to be ono of tho union, and If
you are not, tho boycott falls on you.
Possibly the most dangerous element
of tho anthracite population dominated
by this spirit ore tho lower classes of
Slavs and the Italians. Fngllsh-spenklng
mlnn workmen have some respect for per
sonal rights, even when unionism ap
pears la Its most rampant form, but some
Slavs and Italians pass beyond all re
straint. Thn wnrklngmen In a shaft. In
Lackawanna county held a meeting to
discuss tho situation on Sept. 8, ten .days
before the strike was ordered. The
"foreigners" said "strike now"; the Kng-llsh-ppeuklng
element, which was In the
minority, argued that there was no or
der Issued, and tried to persunde them
to keep at work until the order came.
Tho question was decided by an Italian
swinging a revolver around bis head and
shouting, "Strike, strike." The shaft was
shut down a week before tho general
Purchased Firearms.
When the strike was about to be de
clared, u company of "foreigners" visit
ed a mining town to purchase firearms.
There were two hardware stores thero
which carried a stock of these goods.
They entered one place nnd bought tho
Implements and the other store lost Hint
portion of Its stock that night. A car
penter on the first day of the strike whs
engaged repairing a bouse as one of these
men enme along. They shouted, "You
strike, strike all over," and tho prudent
man packed up his tools and went home.
In a shaft In Luzerne county where this
class of labor was In the majority, the
local union was governed by them. Tho
English-speaking employes were members
of the union, but held different views
from those of the Slavs and Italians.
When tho Anglo-Saxons expressed their
opinions in a meeting of the union they
were thrown out. When notices weio
posted at the bead of the shaft, stating
that work would be resumed the follow
ing Monday, the "foreigners" were up
at dawn. Five ways led to the mines.
On each road an organized troop was
posted, and if any employe had come to
begin work that morning, there would
have been bloodshed. In another shaft,
twelve Italians, said to be members of
the Mafia, held nil the colliery In terror,
and nothing could bo done unless en
dorsed by them. Anglo-Saxons know bow
to slug a "scab," but tho "foreigners"
use the knife and revolver. In 'Shnunii
dealt, two of the buslnes men signed
the petition sent to the governor of tho
stale asking for troops to protect life
and property at the time ciC the riots.
The Slavs boycotted them in a maimer
Continued on Page '.'
The Journey Back to Wash
ington Is Without Spe
cial Incident.
Uy K('hMp Wire from TIip .Vmi.itfil I'irss.
Knoxvllle, Tonn., Nov. 20. President
Roosevelt's special train readied here
at 1 o'clock this afternoon, and the
president and his party were welcomed
at the station by several hundred peo
ple. One of the first persons to greet
President Roosevelt was Mrs. Elizabeth
Anderson, of this city, sister of Gover
nor Broady, of Arizona Territory. Gov
ernor Uroady was lieutenant colonel of
the Rough Riders when the president
was colonel. He was much gratified at
meeting her and spoke feelingly of his
comrades. The train stopped only long
enough to change engines,
Ashevllle, N. C Nov. 20. President
Roosevelt's train arrived here ut 6.10
tonight and left fifteen minutes later.
Tlie president made no formal speech,
hut shook hands with a number of citi
zens. The train will reach Washing
ton nt S o'clock tomorrow morning,
The president's homeward journey to
day was without special Incident. Tliu
ride across the mountains over tho
Southern railroad was made In fust
time. The train stopped only to change
crows and engines, its coming was gen
erally unheralded, hut there was a
small crowd at almost every station.
Several times the train was cheered as
It swept by. At Chattanooga, tho presi
dent received a telegram from New
port, Tenu., saying that thn school chil
dren would turn out to see him, Hy
his direction tho train was slowed down
when that place was reached. About
two hundred little ones, with flags In
their hands, were lined up nlong the
track. The president stood on the rem
platform and waved his hand and iiat
to them,
Jury Decides That He Wns Not
Guilty of Murder in Killing "Bos
ton Fatty."
Uy exclusive Wire from The Ajclaleil l'ros.
Lancaster, Pa., Nos-. 0,-.t 9.M o'clock
tonight thn Jury In tho case of James
Gram hit Shepherd on thn head with a.
with the murder of John Shepherd, alias
"Ilostou Fatty," at Columbia, on Sep.
tPinbcr 1C, rendered a verdict of not
During a quarrel over some, money,
ahum hit Shepherd on tho bend with a
stouo mulcting a fatal wound. Iln plead,
ed self defence, claiming that Shepherd
first attacked him with a knife.
Steamslilp Arrivals.
Hy KcliMlre Wire from Tlie AmqvIjIuI I'rui.
Now York, Nov. 20. Arrived: Graf
Wuldorf, Hamburg, Boulogne and Ply
mouth. Sallrd; La Touralue, Havre.
Antwerp Arrived: La Lorraine, New
York. Southampton Arrived: St. Louis,
New York. Liverpool Arrived; Teu
tonic, New York. Moville Arrived:
Uthlopln, New York. Qucenstown Sailed:
Celtic, New York, Cherbourg Arrived:
Patricia, via Plymouth for lluiubur.
Theij Gams Within 400 Votes of
Rullna the niwtaan Fed
eration ot Labor.
Jinny Able Speeches Are Made on
Both Sides The Debate Kept Up
Until 6 O'clock in the Evening No
Business Transacted During' the
Day, Save in the Report of the
Committee of Investigation of
Gompers-Shaffer Trouble, Which
Vindicates Mr. Gompers The Min
ers at the Convention Vote for
By Kxclusivc Wire from The Aoclatril I'ip.
New Orleans, La Nov. 20. The So
cialists came within 400 votes of secur
ing the control of the convention of
the American Federation of Labor to
day. The struggle lasted almost the
entire day and many able speeches
were made on both sides, notably
those of D. A. Hayes, James Duncan
nnd President Gompers, against the
Socialists and Victor Berger, Mux
Hayes and W. H. Wilson, ot the United
Mine Workers, In behalf of the resolu
tion introduced by Delegate Rergcr and
amended by Delegate Wilson, in a
mumier acceptable to Berger. The
debate lasted until 6 o'clock in the
evening, when a roll call showed 4,744
votes against the amendment of Mr.
Wilson, nnd 4,344 In favor of It. The
miners voted solidly In favor of the
amendment. No business was trans
acted in the convention during the day,
other than the report of the commit
tee which Investigated the Gompers
Shaffer trouble, and which report com
pletely exonerated President Gompers.
Berger's Amendment.
The resolution introduced by Victor
L. Berger, of Milwaukee, committed
the convention to the doctrines of So
cialism. Tho committee on resolutions
reported, as a" similar committee had
reported at the Scranton convention of
last year that the principles of trades
union movement contain all that is
necessary at the present time for the
advancement of the worklngnien of the
country. Delegate Max Hayes offered
a substitute for tho report of the con
vention to the effect that the federa
tion advise the working people to or
ganize their economic nnd political
power to secure for labor the full equiv
alent of Its toll and the overthrow of
the wage system and establishing an
industrial, co-operative democracy.
The substitution was ruled out of or
der by the chair as being a substitute.
Delegate Hayes then offered It us an
amendment,. and It was so admitted by
the chair. Delegate Wilson proposed to
amend the amendment by striking out
the words, "and the overthrowal of tho
wage system and establishing an in
dustrial co-operative democracy."
Delegate Hayes declares this accept
able to him, bui no action was taken
ami the debate proceeded.
From .' o'clock In the afternoon until
.".40 o'clock, the debate went on. Presi
dent Gompers being the last speaker.
He urged the union men to nilhcro
closely to union principles, declaring
that their successes would be greater
thun It would be If they followed any
other decision than that under which
they were organized.
A motion made by Delegate ('. II.
Barter to lay the matter on thn table
was lost. A roll call was demanded,
the vote being on t lie adoption of tho
Wilson amendment to the Merger reso
lution. It was lost, 1,711 to 4,::t4.
James Moore Is Taken from the Sher
iff at Sullivan, Intl., and Hanged
to a Telegraph Pole.
Hy i:ilulP Win- (loin Tlie At-oi-ijtrcl 'n',
Sullivan, 1 lid., Nov, 'JO. .fames Ulllurd,
thu negro wso assaulted Mrs, Mary Da
vis, of Sullvaii county, and Mrs. John
Lemon, of Knox cranny, was taken from
tho sheriff by u mob at ," o'clock this af
ternoon, U wan captured at Itoblnson,
111., yesterday and was grought hern lutu
this afternoon by Sheriff Dudley and sev
eral deputies. A mob of forty men armed
with revolvers and shotguns met thu
sheriff and his posse. Thn deputies of
fered resistance but were compelled to
release thn negro, The negro begged
piteous)' for mrcy, Thn mnb beat him
over tlm head with revolver.
Ho was dragged into tliu main street of
thn town and thrown Into a wagon. Tho
mob then followed tho wiigdu and ho
was taken to tlm homes of his victims' In
tho country. He was identified by his vic
tims and was hanged to a telegraph pole
pear Lemon's farm at OaUtown.
Striking for a Babbit Hunter,
Uy i:.sclulvo W'lic from Tliu Associatiil Pien.
Athens, O,, Nov. 20. Two hundred min
ers urn on a strike hero as tho result
of tho discharge of Mlno Motorman Plur
enco Russell, who, Instead of reporting
for work, went rubblt hunting, it is said
that the other local committees In tho
Hocking and Sunday Creek vulleys may
take up thu cute.
Danish Steamer Foundered.
Hy I.'ncludic Wire from The Assooljlul Vxtit.
London, Nov, U Tho Danish steamer
Kuud II, C'aptulu Hum-rcii, from Copen
hagen, nnd the' llilllsh steamer Swale
dale, from' Hamburg, collided tonight at
tho nioUth of tlui Tync. The Knud II
fouudctcd Immediately nnd the uiutcr
und ssven of her crew wcro drowned.
Release of John D. Jones Recom
mendedApplication of Joseph
Keller Refused.
By Ilxclinlve Wire Irom Tlie Aocl,itcJ 1'mm.
Ilnrrlsburg, Nov. "0. Tlie board of par
dons recommended for pardons today John
D. Jones, Lackawanna, ciiiliczzleiiient;
L. C. Ballon, Allegheny, embezzlemen;
Albert L, llolllnshead, Philadelphia, mak
ing false addition in book accounts;
Charles M. Leidy, ilitrrlshnrg, Involuntary
manslaughter, and Nicholas Martin, Al
legheny, selling liquor without license.
Pardons were refused Kelt Hester, Hut
ler.assault with Intent to rob; I). A. Gllck,
Allegheny, larceny and receiving stolen
good; William Fox. Fayettte. arson;
Thomas Llndsey, Bucks, larceny; Ri
mer Ague, M eicer, assault nnd battery;
Alexander Klllen. Allegheny, serving a
life sentence for llrst degree murder; Os
car Dunlap and D. Knight Finely, of
Philadelphia, thn abductors of Mabel
Goodrich; Stanislaus Hkrozkl, Armstrong,
aggravated assiftilt and battery; John
Penilergast. Philadelphia, larceny; Joseph
Wilde. Philadelphia, assault anil battery;
Charles White, Dauphin, .second degree
murder; William Stevenson. Philadelphia,
second degree murder; Charles Owens,
Allegheny, attempted burglary; ox-Uepto-setitatlve
James ft. Gilner, Luzerne,
manslaughter; Stacktou S. Shivers, Phil
adelphia, fraudulently taking co-partnership,
property, and Joseph Keller, Lack
awanna, manslaughter.
The cases of John Szovak, Allegheny,
second degree murder; Nick Morowltz,
Allegheny, manslaughter: Joseph S. Gu
llck, Northumberland, first degree mur
der; Kate Kdwards. Berks, first degree
murder; John Roemele, Philadelphia, sec
ond degree murder, and Max Koehlcr,
Lackawanna, second degree murder, were
held under advisement.
Mrs. Nation Reproves the
Vanderbllts and Tries to
Break a Bottle.
By Kxclmhc Who fiom The Asi-nc.ijti.d press.
New York. Nov. 20. Mrs. Carrie
Nation created a sensation at the horse
show today. She harangued the great
gathering on the evils of over dress,
attempted to break a bottle of cham
pagne and finally was ejected from the
building by the police.
Mrs. Nation entered the garden quiet
ly and took a seat in the tier. She had
been there only a few minutes when
her gaze rested on tlie box where some
members of the Vanderbilt family were
sitting. She studied her programme
and then descended to the promenade.
Stationing herself In front of the Van
derbilt box, she delivered a tirade on
overdress. In the box were seated Mrs.
Alfred G. Vanderbilt, Heglnald Vander
bilt and -Miss Nlelson. Alfred G. Van
derbilt was leaning against the rail of
the promenade and did not see Mrs.
Nation approach.
"You ought to be ashamed of your
selves," the woman screamed at them.
"You ought to be ashamed to wear
such disgraceful clothes. Take them
off, take them off at once and attire
yourselves more modestly,"
Alfred G. Vanderbilt hastily left his
position at tlu rail and caipe over to
where Mrs. Nation was standing and
wiping her forehead with a handker
chief, he whispered something in her
ear and flushed her away.
The outburst of the woman attracted
a great crowd of people und the occu
pants of the Vanderbilt box were evi
dently very much embarrassed. Mrs.
Nation then turned her attention to
other boxes. Finally she started for
the cafe, where shn burn down on a
party of men who were drinking wine,
Mrs. Nntlon seized the bottle and glar
ing at the men shouted;
"Young men. don't drink such filthy
stuff. You are going straight to hell.
Where Is the man who sells this stuff'.'
Show him to me and I will tell him
what I think of him."
Mrs. Nation's request was speedily
granted by the sudden appearance of
M. Vllleplgue, the caterer at the garden,
"Get out of this horrible business,"
she shouted ut him, "you are also going
to hell ami ruining the bodies and souls
of men, You are dragging them down
with you. Shame on you. Shame on
The Frenchman, however, rati to Mrs,
Nation and rescued the bottle which
slm had repeatedly branlshed In tho air
to einpluislzn her remarks. Then he
pushed her out of tho door. Here thn
pollen took hold of the Kansas reformer
and led her away ftom thn building.
Thoinns Will Direct Lehigh Valley.
Hy l',eliiiltP Wire hem Tlie Assoc iJtnl l'res.
Philadelphia. No. M.-At the offices of
tho Lehigh Valley Kill I road company, In
this cty, it was stnted today that a suc
cessor to President Walter would not bu
elected until tho iiniuiul mertliur of tho
company on January W. President Thorn
oh, of tho Kilo company, who Is cliulrmun
of thn executivo committee of thn Lehigh
Valley company, will act in tho capacity
of president until tho new head of tho
Lehigh Valley Is chosen.
Shamokln Feels Freight Congestion.
Hy I'xtliiilre Wire fiom The AwielKril Pre.
Shumolilu, Pa.. No", IU The effect of
tho freight congestion which tho Penn
sylvania railroad Is experiencing on ac
count of locomotives nnd cars was first
felt here today when a number of collier
ies wcro shut down because ot a lack of
cars. Several train crews worn suspended
and some loeomot'lves shipped to thu west.
Pensions Granted.
By i:xclusle Wire (rem The Ajtochted l'ren.
Washington, Nov. 0. John Frederick
(dead), of Scranton, Jjl2; Anna 15. Fred
crick, widow of Scranton, JS; John G.
iiraudow, CarbonUalc, ?S.
Mr. Roosevelt Will Soon Confer on
the Siiblect vvitli the Senate
and House Leaders.
Effort Will Be Made to Get BotK
Houses to Agreo on Amendments
ns Suggested by Mr. Knox In!
Any Scrnmble to Claim the Tltla
of a. New Bill Mr. Roosevelt Fear
the Present Law Might be Weak
By Kichhtie Wlie from 'flic As-xi.itcd 1'rMf.
"Washington, Nov. '20. PresldenS
Itoosevelt, on his return to Washington,
will tnlk over with leading senators and
representatives the prospects of leglslii-.
tlon to amend the anti-trust law. Th
president Is not seeking udvice as to
what recommendations, he shall maka
In his message. He has already formu
lated them. What he wants now la to
have the leading lawyers of congress
ready, If possible, to carry his recom
mendations into effect at the short ses
sion. The president has a plan which
embodies his own ideas, and Is also thp
result of careful study by Attorney
General Knox.
The president would like to see tha
attorney general's proposition consid
ered seriously by congress. But con
gress Is Jealous of Its prerogatives and
statesmen are always eager to have
their names identified with populai
measures. Many anti-trust bills will be
Introduced, presenting all sorts ot sug
gestions, and that is Just where the
trouble lies. An experience of this sort
was had lust winter with proposed leg
islation for the protection of the pres
ident and the punishment of anarchism.
Attorney-General Knox and his assist
ants In the department of Justice gave
weeks of study to the criminal laws
and prepared a bill which In their Judg
ment would meet with the conditions.
It was laid before congress. The Ju
diciary committee of the house hardly
noticed it, but spent weeks in consider
ing all sorts of queer bills Introduced by
members of the committee. The whole
session was wasted. Tws Ineffective
bills are now In conference between the
house and senate.'
The Sherman law.
The president and Attorney-General
Knox are anxious to see the Sherman
law amended without spoiling Its pres
ent good features. The attorney gen
eral thinks that the Sherman law is one
of the most carefully drawn acts that
has evpr been placed on the statute
book. It Is the work of men like Sher
man, F.dmunds and Hoar, and when it
was enacted it fully met the situation
It was so effective that it compelled
the trusts to change the form of or
ganization. It Is still effective as far
as it goes, and one of the great dan
gers in new legislation Is that the pres
ent law may be weakened rather than
The president hopes to secure Im
mediate legislation which will not em
barrass in the least the work which the
department of justice Is now doing In
prosecuting the trusts or interfere with
the validity of the present law, which
has already been declared constitu
tional by the Supreme court. He hopes
that, congress will not attempt too
inueii. but will agree upon some im
portant amendment to the Sherman act
that will prevent over-capitalization
and Insure publicity. Other amend
ments can be added as the committees
may reach an agreement.
In the opinion of the department of
justice it will require several years tn
perfect a law to dal with the whole
subject of the truMs and meet nil the
evils Unit may arise without Interfer
ing with tho natural and necessary evo
lution of business methods in this coun
try, The president realizes that whole
salt trust legislation cannot be under
taken ut tho short session of congress.
Hi believes, however, that an amend
ment to the Sherman act can be passed
without elaborate debate, If the law
yers on the judiciary committee will
get together and formulate It unsel
fishly. Senator Hoar Is chairman of the sen
nto committee cm judiciary, and Sen
ators Piatt, of Connecticut: Clark, of
Wyoming; Fairbanks, Simon, Nelson,
McGoinns and Depew are the Jlepubll
can members. Kepresentatlvo Jenkins,
of Wisconsin, will succeed to the chair
manship of the Judiciary committee of
tin house. Other Republican members
of that committee are Parker, of New
Jersey; Overstreet, of Indiana; Alex
ander, of New York: Warner, of Illi
nois; Idttlefleld, of Maine; Knhn, of
California; Thomas, of Iowa: Powers,
of Massachusetts, and Novln, of Ohio,
The president has discussed this sub
ject with Senator Piatt, of Connecti
cut; Fairbanks and Overstreet, of In
diana, nnd he will before congress
meets have conferences with other
members of these two committees.
Local data, for Nov. 20, 190'J;
Highest temperaturo 5i deercea
Lowest temperaturo ........,.. 31 degree
Helutlvo humidity;
8 a, m. .,,.,,,,.,,.,. PJ per crijt,
S p. m, ...,, ,,....,... M per cent,
4- -f
-f Washington, Nov. JO. Forecast
4- for Friday nnd Saturday: Bat
f ern Pennsylvania Fair Friday and
Saturday, slowly rising Umpera.-4-
turo; light to fresh eoutheaat
4- winds.
' K