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THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE-TUESDAY, AUGUST
0e cranfon CtiBime
mbtlihd Dully Except Buni1y, by Ths Tflhuns
PublUhlng Compny,t Flfly CanU a Month.
MVY B. lttCHAltD EMttm.
O. F. UYXBKE DuatMMi MANAmn.
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SCKANTON, AUGUST 26. 1002.
Oovernor-S. W. PKNNYPACKER.
Meutennnt aovcrnor-W. M. BROWN,
Secretory of Internal Affalrs-ISAAC B.
jiirtBc-A. a. vosntma. ,trt
Commlssloneis-JOHN COURIER MOR
RIS. JOHN PKNMAN. ,
JHno InsnPctors-T.T.KWKt.YN M. EV
ANS, DAVID T. WILLIAMS.
Tlrst Dlstrlct-JOSRPIT OMVRR.
Second Distrlct-JOIIN SCHEUER, 3K
Third District EDWARD JAMES.
Fourth Dlstrlct-P. A. PIIILBIN.
Election Cay, Nov. X.
Mr. Bryan resembles the individual
who has lnctemphsychorlzcd from the
Btute of being willing to "accept a
position" to that of "seeking a job."
A Revolution Worth While.
THE LATEST advices from the
United States of Colombia
and from adjacent territory
leave little doubt that the
revolution which has been in progress
In that country with varying success
since ISO!) Is nt last becoming formid
able. This revolution has a double in
terest for Americans.
In the first place, nnd unlike many
South American uprisings, It is a genu
ine protest against flagrant misgovern
nient and Is prosecuted by men of high
character and ability. Its success would
mean a gain for civilization by insti
tuting in a country of indescribable
natural wealth nnd amongst a teach
able people modern ideas of govern
ment founded on Individual freedom
and tho natural rights of man. The
generalization is too sweeplngly made
in this country that Latin-America lias
no future. There are races on the sister
continent of our hemisphere the capac
ities of which are fully supplied by
tho mongrel dictatorships commonly
thought of when South America Is
mentioned. Those races are principally
the product of Spanish inter-marriage
with negro and Indian tribes. Vene
zuela is such an instance. Venezuela
not In a thousand years will get much
above the Castro type of administra
tion. But the bulk of the population of
Colombia is a pure descent from the
original Incas, one of the most charm
ing peoples of which there Is any rec
ord. Long years of oppression by the
Spaniard and his degenerate offspring
has not crushed out the native delicacy
and capability of these pure-blooded
Colombians, although it has to bo said
that as a rule they are lacking in the
lire and spunk that resent maltreat
ment and that battle bravely for the
right. But for this they would long
ago have thrown voff their bonds.
But apart from the broader aspects
of the Colombian revolution it has for
this country a special concern Inas
much as its leaders are for the greater
part exceedingly friendly to it and
nnxlous to cultivate closer 'commercial
and fraternal relations. Tho kind of
government at present in vogue In
Colombia, representing sixteenth cen
tury methods and ideas. Is fatal to
growth of trade and decidedly unpleas
ant to contemplate in view of our In
tentions with regard to the Isthmian
canal. The construction and proper
maintenance of that great waterway
will bo difficult chough at best with
out having continually to contend with
a lot of ignorant reactionaries tempor
arily in the enjoyment of pfllclal power.
AVhatover weight nttnehes to the as
sertions of (leneral Uribe in another
column regarding the questionable title
offered to us by the Trench Panama
canal company, the desirability of
having at the head of Colombian affairs
men who are acquainted with the
United States and friendly to its pur
poses is self-evident.
Both for general and for selfish Inter
ests we may well hope that the reports
of insurgent successes now coming In a
roundabout way from the scene of con
flict In Colombiu are accurate and that
they foretell a speedy rehabilitation of
the Liberal party In the control of the
Cape, May had a water spout the
otherday that was bigger than a dozen
sea serpents. It Is seldom that n sum
mer resort gets left during the entlro
THE centenary of the birth of
Hugh Miller was celebrated
a few days ngo lit the vlll-
ago of Cromarty, nestling
nbnvc&the picturesque waters of the
Moray-Firth, on the northeast coast of
Scotl'ud, We wonder low many globe
trottlife Americans have made a pil
grimage to the scenes of the boyhood
of the most remarkable self-taught
man qf genius which Scotland lins pro
ducedjand she has given the world n
good jitany. They must be few, for
while -literary nnd quasl-lltcrnry jour
nals are deluged by contributions from
the pseudo-worahlppers of Scott, Burns,
Cnrlyle, Barrio and those of the Kull
yard school, the name of Cromarty In
association with the llfeuortt and fame
of Hugh Miller Is not even as much as
Miller was the son of a coasting
sailor. His father la said by the biog
raphy of Ills' son to have been a sagac
ious, self-willed mariner, typical of tho
class which Is to be found along tho
senconst of North Britain today! men
who tuke life In this, world very seri
ously, una occupy nil their Intcltccttmt
spare inonients In metaphysical specu
lations on the destiny or predestination
of the traveler In the next. Miller hntl
a good nnd sagacious mother, who
recognized that her son was a lad of
promise, and tried to give hint such a
training its her limited mentis n'nd the
spnrso patronage of two uncles, onu a
saddler nnd the other ti carpenter,
would allow, for Miller's father was
drowned when the future geologist was
only live years of age.
But young Miller had a will of his
own and was regarded by the village
schoolmaster, u man of snutll pene
tration, as village schoolmasters some
times arc, as a dunce nnd nil incor
rigible truant. But tho fields nnd tho
woods and the seashore were the primer
from which the boy drew his Inspir
ation, and from the dead lungttnge of
Nuture, tho rocks, ho translated Im
perishable monograms. "My Schools
and Schoolmasters," "The Old Hod
Sandstone," "Tito Footsteps of tho
Creator" nnd "Tho Testimony of tho
Rocks," are a mine of Inextinguishable
delight to nil who read them.
Miller's brilliant and fruitful life be
gan when ho apprenticed himself to a
stone mason. It was a curious fact
that determined hlni to do so. Unem
ployed during' the winter frosts, the
mason, he saw, could have some
months every year ' for reading and
writing. It was, however, In the stone
quarry Into which his trada led him
that Hugh Miller came to discover nnd
speculate upon geological strata and
paleontologlcal remains In a wuy which
gives him a place In the front rank of
popular scientific expositors.
Hugh Miller was a many-sided man.
If he was not great as a poet, he had
attractive poetic gifts. He was one of
the most brilliant journalists of his
day. A polemical controversalist, if his
achievement fell miserably short of his
ability and Industry, even genius can
hardly carve an exception to an Inex
orable law. His religious disquisitions,
which his contemporaries read "with
nothing short of rapture," are not
known, much less remembered, while
his "Cruise of the Betsy," a sketch of
a yachting voyage which he took as a
relaxation to their compilation, is one
of the most charming and readable
books In the English language.
There is a strong revival of the rumor
that President Roosevelt wants Senator
Quay to manage the next national cam
paign. This Is credible. As a campaign
manager Quay has no superior, and It
is doubtful if he has an equal.
A REVIVAL of tho Dreyfus con
troversy seems threatened In
. Prance by the assertion of
General De Galllret, formerly
minister of war, that Dreyfus, in sign
ing a petition for pardon, had practic
ally admitted his original guilt. This
assertion contrasts strangely with the
former statement of General De Galll
fet that he took office In the "Waldeck
Rosseau cabinet solely because of his
belief in Dreyfus' innocence and be
cause of his desire to see justice done
nnd the Dreyfus scandal eliminated
from Prance's pathway.
It Is needless to say that Dreyfus In
dignantly denies De Galllfet's charge.
In a letter to the Journal"' des Debats
he explains at length the circumstances
under which he was induced to with
draw his appeal from tho second court
mnrtlal's verdict, under urgent solici
tation from De Gnlllfet himself, who
represented that tho best Interests of
France called for the lapsing of the
bitter discussion, and also upon tho
equally earnest representation of his
brother, who represented that Dreyfus'
one chance of ultimate vindication lay
through gaining his liberty, regaining
his wasted health and conserving his
energy for a final appeal.
"I was, indeed," the unfortunate man
writes, "utterly exhausted by five years
of atrocious physical and moral tor
tures. I wanted to live, to fulfill my
duty to the end, to pursue the revision
of my case. After a long discussion
with my brother I decided to withdraw
my appeal, I did not, therefore, nsk for
my pardon; I accepted It. Must I add
that on quilting the prison I protested
my Innocence and my inflexible resolve
to strive for the legal revision of my
The explanation advanced by Drey
fus' friends for De Galllfet's singular
change of base is that since his retire
ment from public life he has chafed in
seclusion and Is now courting a return
of popularity by an alliance with tho
anti-Jewish party. From a distance
this seems hardly lo accord with tho
ex-minister's reputation. No one here
tofore has accused him of cringing to
public prejudice or valuing lightly his
honor as a man. But from this dis
tance it is clearly impossible to make
head or tail of tho Dreyfus affair.
Taking Into account the greatest good
for the greatest number, the one suro
thing Is that n reopening of this acri
monious controversy without new and
conclusive evidence and simply with
the natural effect of rekindling smould
ering prejudices would be nn Interna
A few more "rare days" of August
will forever blast the reputation of tho
QUOTES HERBEKT SPENCER.
Editor of Tho Tilbuno-
Slr; Dare you pilnt thu words of llor
betr Spencer In ills last work entitled,
"Kucts nnd Comments?" "Tito men who,
pursuing what they think their trade In
terest, traniplo on other men's freedom,
surrender their own freedom while doing
It. Tho members of u trades-union who
absault non-unionists for offering to work
on lower terms than themselves, thus
denying their liberty of contract, have
themselves yielded up their liberty of
contruct to tho majority of (heir fellows,"
Ho also says that "Those who, Joining
a trado union, hiirrender their freedom to
mnko engagements on their own terms,
and allow themselves to be told by their
leaders when to work und when not to
work, have no adequate sense of that
fundamental right which every man pos
sesses to make the best of himself, and to
dispose of his abilities In any way ho
pleases." (P. 1U). Itespectfully,
u. 1. Bunnell.
Carboiulule, Aug. 3.
Pair Play for
West Bangor, Me,, Aug. 10. -On Satur
day, August 10, tho Bangor liar celt"
btatcd tho ninetieth liltlhilny ot ono of
Its members. Albert l'nlno, who has
been In constant practice heie slnco May,
18S:, Your leaders will not feel tho satin)
Interest In tliu man that tho people ot
Maine do, hut they will bo Interested to
learn that ho whs the father ot tho Just
and merciful law Hint allows accused
criminals to testify In their own behalf.
This law originated In .Maine, nnd in Ban
gor. It wns also In Bangor thnt tho tlrst
drainattu application was made, and it
saved an Innocent man's life. In tho fif
ties a man accused of crime In Maine or
anywhere, for thnt matter, was tried
without a chance to toll his story. That
kind ot procedure would now be con
sidered utterly Illegal If not barbaric.
Mr. Paine saw a man hung for murder In
tho early llftles ot whose guilt ho had
strong doubts. Tho man wns not nllowed
tu testify nnd ho went to his doom with
his lips silenced by law. Soon another
case camo up which settled In Mr.
Pnlnc's mind the ultor Injustice of de
priving tho nccused ot the opportunity to
Ills side of the story at the trial. A young
man whom Mr. Palno knew when they
wero boys, was accused ot stealing a
pockcthook containing a Inrge amount of
money. Besides a mnn nnd his wlfo ho
was the only ono In tho house tho night
tho pockcthook was missed. lie was
brought to trial. Clrcumstnntlnl evldenco
was so strong ngnlnst him thnt hu was
sentenced to stato prison for threo yenrs.
Ho served Ills sentence and returned
homo but was never the same man after
that. IJo avoided his former friends nnd
soon died of a broken heart. It was only
a few weeks offer tho grave hnd closed
over him that carpenters working about
his father's house found tho mlsslnc
pockcthook where it had fallen from the
owner's pocket. Of courso It was then
too Inte to remedy mottors. An inno
cent boy had been branded ns a criminal
and bud died without having a chance to
legally testify as to his Innocence.
This last oiitrngo on justice quite de
cided Mr. Palno to begin the agitation.
In isr-s it came before the Maine legisla
ture, but did not becomo a law until IS6I.
Right In tho midst ot the war tho light
broke through tho clouds and the merci
ful law that now allows an nccused crim
inal to testify In his own behalf In nearly
every civilized country on tho globe, wns
first placed on tho statute book of the
Btnto of Maine. It was opposed by a
great many good people as being danger
ously lenient and of doubtful validity.
Not long after tho passage of the law a
white man by the name ot Jim McGovern
was found dying from a knlfo slab near
tho heart, In front of Norumbega Hull.
Ho died In halt an hour, having uttered
not a word. It was known that Mc
Gowan was nn enemy of a colored bar
ber whoso shop was near tho scene of
the crime. Tho police entered the shop
nnd found the barber with u bloody Jack
knife In his hand. They accused him of
the murder whereupon the barber replied:
"Is McGowan dead?" Ho wns told that
MeQownn was dead. The barber replied:
"Well, if he' is dead I kulled him. I sup
pose." This confession left no doubt ns
to who committed tho murder, and the
trial created the greatest excitement.
But the motive for tho killing of Mc
Gowan was still a mystery. In fact, there
appeared to be no motive. This was n
puzzler. Chief Justice Peters was the
attorney general. Tho evidence pro
duced consisted mostly ot rumors of bad
bl9od between McGowan and the prisoner
and tho lecltal of the damaging confes
sion by the accused barber to the police
immediately after the finding of the In
jured mnn. Mr. Paine states: "No one
in the court room, I among them, be
lieved, when tho stato rested its case,
but that the barber would bo found
guilty; still I had abiding faith in the op
portunity given nn accused criminal ot
testifying In his own defense for the first
time slnco trials were held. I will never
forgot the oceno when he took the stand
and told his story. He had been walking
on Central Hired the night of July 3 nnd
wns whittling a stick when he met Mc
Gowan. McGowan Jostled the barber nnd
persisted in annoying htm nnd In order to
push him awny the barber used his right
arm In a swinging backward manner.
The fatal blow was accidentally given
nnd there wns no one in the court room
but who believed the prisoner Innocent
when ho finished his story. The Jury
was out about one minute, or just long
enough, ns was afterwards reported, for
tho foreman on the jury's retirement to
exclaim, "Now. men, all who believe this
man innocent hold up your hand!" and
every ono of tho twelve raised his hand
Instantly. The sceno on their return wns
so dramatic nnd tho wonderful result of
6 first application of this criminal stnN
uto In this or any other country so start
ling that It created great interest
throughout New England.
Massachusetts was not long In follow
ing Into line. Tho doctrine spread with
wonderful rapidity nnd It soon revolu
tionized tho criminal law of tho United
States. It Is on tho criminal statutes ot
Canada nnd lino now becomo a imrt of
the criminal law of England nnd Franco.
It is not often that it falls to tho for
tune of a man to llvo to see tho effects of
his good works go forth from his hand
and brain to bless tho civilized world,
But hero In Bangor wo have such a man
and his character Is In perfect keeping
with ids noble work, Ho Is honored nnd
loved throughout New England, nnd as
long ns justice Is nn nttenipt on tho part
of man to give each man his right, tho
rinmo of Albert W. Palno will shlno
bright nmong those of tho wlso nnd good,
George S. Kimball.
A Natural Inquiry.
"See that man with tho hard faeo?
He's klleld his man."
"Indeed! chauffeur or motorman?"
4 iiiiiiiiiiiiEiiiSiiKiMiliESEzSH 4"
CLASSICAL,, three years. ACADEMIC, three years.
MUSIC, one to tour years. COMMERCIAL,, one year.
IIUSINESS AIND SCIENTIFIC, three years.
Instruction by College Trained Specialists,
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BEAUTIFUL LAKE WESAUKINO
On a ipur of the Alleghany Mountain. Lehigh
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LAKE WESAUKINO HOTEL
P, 0., Apex, Pa. Send for booklet
C. K. IIARUtS.
LAKE WINOLK, PA.
Special rates nt Hotel Clifton. Lnke AVI
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HIGHLAND DELL HOUSE
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For 1902 giving full in
formation as to free tui
tion, expenses, courses of
study and other facts of
interest will be mailed
without .charge to those
desiring it. Fall Term
opens Septembers, 1902.
E. L. KEMP. A. H.,
Do You Want
a Good Education?
Not a thort course, nor an easy course,
nor a cheap course, but tho b'est education
to be had. No other education ii worth
spending tlmo and money on. II you do, I
write lor catalogue ol
nhteh offers thorough preparation In the
Engineering and Chemical Professions as well
as tho regular College courses.
An Unparalleled Opportunity to Secure
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Read the Conditions of The Tribune's Great Educational Contest
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University of Ro- H
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1 n s o n Collegiate
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ton Collegiate In
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School of the Lack
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MUSIC, BUSINESS AND ART.
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$125 each 000
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CONTEST EDITOR, Scranton
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FIRST PRIZE--Foldlnr Pocket Kodak, No.
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Chestnut Hill Academy
Chestnut tllll, Pa.
A boarding school fur boys
lu tho elovutcd and bountiful
open country north of Phil
adelphia. SU minutes from
Broad St. station. Cata
losues on application.
FIVE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY
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of the Lackawanna
Jefferson Ave., Scranton,
(Founded 18 7 2.)
THE THIRTIETH YEAR OP THE SCHOOL BEGINS SEPT. I7.
The Preparatory Department receives young children
and fits them for the Upper School. The course in the Up
per School prepares students for Harvard, Yale, Princeton and
other leading colleges. Special courses may be arranged as
far as practical. The school has a large body of Alumni,
many of them graduates of college. This year experimental
Physics, as required for Harvard, will be in the regular
course.. The certificate of the school admits to many im
portant colleges. Examinations for Yale, Princeton and
Pennsylvania are held in the school building. During the
year 190.2-3 all teachers in the school will be of long and
tried experience. A few pupils are admitted to the family of
the principal and receive his personal care and training.
For information and catalogue address
ALFRED C. ARNOLD, Principal.
ECItANTON C0ERE3PONDEN0E S0HO3M
1 J, Foster, fiuliicnt. Ulmcr 11. Lawill, liem
U, ). I'oiter, Etinlcjr V, Allen,
Vlca Preildmt ffccrttiry.
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