The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, May 24, 1902, Page 4, Image 4

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Cii'tirod nt the IVwlnfllcf nl Pcrmiton, I'.( M
rj Second Class Hall Malter.
When space will permit, The
Tribune Is nlwnys glad to print
short letters from Us friends bear
ing on current topics, ibut Its rule 1b
that these roust be signed;, for pub
Hc'ation, by the writer's real name;
and the condition precedent to ac
ceptance is that all contributions
Bhall bo subject to editorial revision.
A Tim n.AT rati, ron AmT.trnsiNa.
Tlie following tattle jhnwj the price per Inch
toXh Insertion, space lu lie metl within ono er.
llian 0
Lefsftlian CO Incliea,
Ilim of Istitlnrs on
Paper. I TlMillng.
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.2.-. .573
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' .IB .ITS
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For rnnto of hunk, resolution of rontlolene".
ml lmlljr coniritmllons In Hip nature of ml
verlliliiff Tin. Trllniiic a charge of 6 ccnH
line. .....
Bute-: of nijslflcJ Atlvcrtlarni; fiinlhnl on
V. BOnANTON. MAY 21, 1902.
iPor governor of Pennsylvania, on the
Issue of nn open field and fair play,
,; JON E, .ELXIN, of Indiana,
subject to the will of the Republican
''. The Battle of Butler Hill.
WI2, WISH to present for
tin' contemplation of fnlr
niilidcd men u Dlctuie of
an occurrence which took
place In Pittston on Wednesday niKlit.
Jn order that we may not be accused of
coloring the picture, wo hall copy It
just as It appeared In that reliable and
accurate paper, the Pittston (Sazette:
".'About 5.30 o'clock, the hillsides In
the vicinity of the Pittston washery, of
the Butler t'oal company, commenced
to present an animated appearance.
Groups of men lolled on the grass ond
smoked, and talked. It was just T o'clock
xylien the plant shut down operations
for the evening and the workmen
started for their homes. Five of them
took to the Delaware and Hudson rail
road and went to the Cork I-ane depot.
They passed through the lines of the
strike sympathizers and were not
molested. It was different with the
other five', however. Their homes were
in this city, and they took a short cut
across the field surrounding the wash
ery. When this party reached the Back
Road, every hill emptied Its crowd onto
the highway, and the five men were
quickly surrounded by a thousand men
and boys. Queries weie addressed to
the men as to whether they Intended to
keep at work or not. Receiving an an
swer In the affirmative, the crowd grew
abusive, and then stones commenced to
-"The non-union men kept steadily on
their way and piid mi attention to the
stones that came hurtling through the
ii'lr In their direction until the crowd
pressed them too closely and one or two
members of the party were struck. Then
they pulled revolvers and fired In the
air. This held the ciowd at bay for a
minute or two, but several took gp the
cry that the cartridges were only blank
and the crowd closed In once more, sev
eral of the mob producing guns them
selves. Then the battle commenced In
earnest and was fought on the run from
a, point halfway up the back slope of
Butler Hill, to a house on Butler street,
near the High school building, wheie
the five men took refuge.
l"AH through the fight the five men
were .particular to lire high and rlmply
used ' their revolvers to frighten the
fcrovvd. but It was not so on the other
sjde. -The mob was out for .vengeance,
and did not care what happened. Stones
weighing u pound or more were hurled
n-t the men and thos-e that had revolvers
sliot point blank at the little band of
workers stniKgllng to get away with
thelrllvts. Luckily the bullets found
110 human resting place, due probably
to the .fact that the aim was hurried
and taken while the mob was on the
run. The htone throwers hud better
luck, and s-everul of their missiles
struck the lleeing men.
i "A mile of territory was easily cov
ered by the fight, the men finally tuklng
refuge In a house occupied by n inan
named Miller, who, it Is claimed, works
nt the washery. The mob quickly sur
rounded the house and stones were
thrown at it until windows and doors
suffered, but the men managed to es
cape from the mob by getting out
through the back yard. Several women
iffid children, residents of Butler street,
5o were attracted to the streets by
tge unusual sceiies,c.huu jiiyrrowelc'apes
fjnu the stones tTiatv'tilfeu tfie Sir, und
JWiXliNi fHafcrinot threatened to kill
several of the men living along there
beffirtremney WPre'uVShseil-of having
jgsote. the points In this occurrence;
'fie five men who hnil.Upen luwfully nt
rk sui)ptyihS'tlHiUlv:GH-farid their
iKmllles'gave " provocalloV "to th
io wd. They were-jjolng lu a peacenhje"
ilanner toward their homes, molesting
Ibody. TUey.wera asked o.qult their
prk; to' cut off ihelr 'incomes when
ley hnd against their!
hployersjctoi subject ', themselves and;
ase dependent unon them tn ,i,n-i.
ltlon'.?.ti!rTJyjtS noltinl.wnnt, for no
lod result to themselves or to the law-
leakers who assailed tlifem; and, act-
V'Wl? 'JWM1 1a tlfelr moral
Bhrt MitmGT.'-tve wyon the7 prompting
a duty higher than any other earthly
illgutlon, the duty enjoined In the
lrpfiffiArrihe!njj''8 said "that "he
ho doth"' not provide for hl'a own
iuschold hath denied the. faith and la.
prse inan'Ofl uiihiui, iney retusca.
run wiiui result . Jcuwuruy or lircr
reats of assassination, a mad scene of
ob SicIousnessKJtnil nasflon antUJho'
rms must stop, ri .cannot ug pain
fcd or tolerated. If the leaders of the
f i iiO--M33!s?SeSlssJi -. -1 .-
slflke movement caiin'ot suppress It, the
police power of the government must.
The right of a man lo strike Insures by
the same fundamental principle of law
the right of any oilier man to work. The
mob that undertakes by lawless force
'.to nullify Hits right must bo taught Its
,Th(i Horiiiiton Tillmiie, a hearty mm-
porter of Attorney (Itinera! Nlkln. while
declaring Us liellef Unit lie will be natul
imteil, Hives llguri's which tin not support
Its Halm. By throwing In Carbon, Cnnv
ford nut! the seven Dauphin delegates,
l.elitgh, nine Luzerne delegates and Hii.h
itueliaiina, a total of ulntyfoiir is footed
up for illkln, p nil ln must get elglily-six
more. The Tribune thinks he Iiiih a
chance to pick up nut less tlinn seventy
eight In tlie counties yet-to elect, and he
would still be eight short. These, It Is
claimed, he would get from the tinlti
structed Hit. These HgitrcH completely
give up tlie contest for Klkln, lMillnilul
plitn Press.
Since-our table wart prepared one
Dauphin delegate, by peaceful arrange
ment, lias been allotetl to Quay In de
ference to Dauphin federal officehold
ers. The other entries In the Klkln list
are anchored, as the. Press probably
knows; and more are coming every,
week. Has It occurred to the PresM
that Philadelphia, with a senatorshlp
at stake, will not' dare to solidify Its
delegation against the candidacy which
Is supported by an overwhelming ma
jority of the delegates and county or
ganizations as well as tlie Republican
voters of the Interior counties?
Our Commerce, Past and to Come.
N AX address delivered a few
evenings ago before the Manu
facturers' ulub of Philadelphia,
O. P. Austin, chief of the treas
ury department bureau of statistics,
analyzed Informlngly the causes of the
wonderful recent expansion In Ameri
can commerce and gave encouraging
predictions as to Its future.
The rapid expansion of the foreign
commerce of the United States, Mr.
Austin said. Is the natural consequence
of the rapid expansion of production
which followed the great development
in railway construction in the closing
quarter of the nineteenth century. Fol
lowing the construction of the trans
continental line which was completed
lu 1SG9, came the "extension of other
lines through the great Mississippi
valley and the South, and this resulted
In the opening of the great agricul
tural, foiest and mineral areas whose
natural supplies have made this the
greatest producing country of the
world; while the multiplication of rail
ways facilitated the assembling of
these natural products for use In man
ufuctuilng. As a result, agricultural
production has doubled, and in many
cases more than doubled, and the value
of farm products Increased from less
than two und a half billions of dollars
in 1870 to about 4 billions in 1900.
In products of manufacture the In
crease has been even more rapid. The
production of coal, a prime necessity
in manufacturing, grew from 33 million
tons in 1870 to 1)0 million tons In 1901;
pig Iron, from s than 2 million tons
to over 13 millions; and steel, from less
than 70,000 tons to over 10 million tons..
Meantime the railways had grown
from f.2,000 miles In 1S70 to practically
200,000 miles at the present time, and
rates for rail transportation have
fallen to about one-third tlie rates of
1S70. The result of all tills Is that the
United States has become the greatest
exporting nation In the .world, having
risen from fourth place in. 1870 to first
place in 1901. The value of our. exports
during time has practically quad
rupled, the figures having been. In
1870. 393 millions; in 1901,' 1,187 million
dollars. .Meantime imports have scarce
ly doubled, the Import figures being, in
1870, KG millions; in 1901, 823 millions,
the per capita of Imports having fallen'
from $11.00 to $10.fiS, while those of ex
ports increased from $9.77 to $18.81.
The causes of this wonderful develop
ment In exports, in Mr. Austin's opin
ion, are lo be found in the fact that the
("nited States is tlie world's largest
producer of the great articles required
by man for his dully life. The chief
lequliements of man are food, clothing,
heat, light, -and manufactures; and of
all these the United States Is the
world's largest producer. The .prin
cipal articles of food" are bread
stuffs and meats, and of wheat
the United States produces more
than any other country, and of corn
more than all other countries com
bined; while of meats the United States
Is also tlie world's largest producer.
For clothing the article of largest ro
quIt'eiKent Is cotton; and of "ils the
United States produces more than
three-fourths of the world's supply,
For heat, coal Is the greatest require
ment, and of this the United States is
now the world's 1 urgent producer und
our supply exceeds that of any other
country; while for light our production
of petroleum furnishes a larger quan
tity of refined Illuminating oil than that
of any other nation, lu manufactures
tlie United States Is also the world's
largest producer, the value of our man
ufactures being nearly double that of
the United Kingdom, and nearly
equal to that of France, aermany,
'ami Ituhsla combined,
This commanding position In the
world's commerce Is, In Mr. Austin's
opinion, likely to be retained by the
United States. The power of produc
tion shows no signs of abatement,
while, we jnay reasonably expect tfiat
the development of iiclence und "inven
tion and the application of American
energy will sill! further reduce the coat
of production and transportation. 'Tlils
'high standing of the United States as
an exporting nation will, Mr, Austin
said, bo welcomed by the commercial
.world rather thai antagonized', as' has
Mm Intimated .ami feared in certain
quarters. The commercial world buys
the products of our fields und factories
because It requires thfin for dally use
und because It can obtain them more
readily and cheaply front, tfie ..United
States than from any other part of the
world. .Suggestions of the 'exclusion of
American products of the Held or fac
tory seqm scarcely likely, In Mr. Aus
tin's opinion, to bo realized. The effect
of the refusal of KUrope to purchase
from'. the United States any of- the
great articles of which we furnish 'so
large a proportion of the world's sup-
piy wouiu uu to cause an udyance In
tlie price of those articles In other
lng Inlo International commerce, three
fourths of the cotton, nnrt practically
all of the corn, while our proportion lu
the meat supplies of Kttrope Is also
large. To thus eliminate our produc
tion front tlii' world's supply of these
great articles of dally requirement
would be to cause an advance In tlie
prices of the limited supplies which
cottld he obtained from other parts of
the world, llnice, In these naturnl
products, It may lie expected that the
demand wilt continue Indefinitely,
while tjie fact that the- United States
In i01 sold to lOurope alone more man
ufneturet than she had ever soltfedo
the entire world In any year prior ui
ISO.'i shows the progtess that American
manufacturers ure making In Kurop,
tlie grent manufacturing center of the
world. '
Turning to the import side, Mr. Aus
tin salt! that It must lie expected that
our Imports will continue to grow. In
the present fiscal year they will ex
ceed those of any earlier year lu our
history, nnd the reasons for continuous
growth are coincident with our growth
In manufactures. While the United
States Ir the world's greatest producer
In the. chief elements required In manu
facturing, It tloes not produce certain
articles of tropical and subtropical
growth of which the manufacturers are
requiring constantly Increasing quan
tities, such us raw silk, libers, Kgyp
tlan cotton, India rubber, and many
other articles of this character. Add
to this the tropical requirements for
food, such as coffee, cocoa, tea and
such portions of the sugar and tropical
fruits as are not produced at home,
and It is apparent that the Importa
tions must Increase, and especially
those from the tropics. The value of
tropical and subtropical products Im
ported has grown from 143 million dol
lars In 1S70 to over 400 millions In 1901,
and the share which they form In our
imports has grown from 31 per cent. In
1870 to nearly no per cent, in 1901, and
tills proportion seems likely to Increase.
This fact of our growing dependence
upon the tropics, Indicates, 1n Mr Aus
tin's opinion, not only that our Imports
must continue to grow, but that the
events of tlie past four years have been
of Incalculable advantage to us In the
fact that they have brought under the
American Hag an urea capable of pro
ducing n large share of these tropical
requirements and taking an equal
quantity of our products in exchange
tnen engaged In keeping tho mines clear
of water shall remain at work. No other
labor Is attempted, The strtko la simply
a test of endurance.
Very soon the strlko lender's porcoL'o
that the owners inn hold out moiu easily
than they, and they icsort to threats, if
their itfiiuimlH bo not compiled with tlie
will rail out tho -englnreiH ami firemen
and strip tho pumps. This means mom
than teinpntary Idleness. It means it oi
and deMtriiclhm illrilcult to repair. Tho
mine owners must prutcrl their properly
at any cost. It tho men engaged tin tho
pumps quit work, others must bo un
ployed lu their plaeei.
The strlkct undertake to preient this
They begin with marching demonstrations
and other means of Intimidation, which
gi initially develop Into violence. The mhio
owners are compelled to meet force by
foiee, to piotcct their necessary work
men, nnd rioting ensues. Thus tho whole
face of the contest changes. Prom a law
ful and onleily discussion upon rates of
wnges It quickly degenerates Into a law
less and tllsnrdeily attack upon both pri
vate rights and public Interests. What
ever moial advantage the slithers may
huVc started with Is lost.
The weight of moral sympathy lu tho
public at large Is n determining factor in
.tlie settlement of every extensive sttlke.
The general public Is the sufferer from tho
anthracite suspension, nnd It Is disposed
to blame the coal cornoratlons for allow- I
mg mis suspctiMoii to tnlte place, rno
moment the miners become tho aggress
ors, and the mine owners are made to
appear as simply defending the source) of supply that are lu their keeping, this
sympathy Is destroyed, and tho ultlmato
failure of the strike Is Inevitable.
This Is not prophecy It Is n slmplo
statement of what bus happened again
and again In the nntluaclto region. Tho
present apparent confidence of tne opera
tors Is based on tho expectation that the
miners' organization will make Just such
mistakes as It Is now milking lu tho
threat to Hood the mines, and will thus
take upon Itself tho responsibility that
has thus far seemed to rest on them.
in Special Rewards
5cra'nton Tribune's araatest of All
Closes October 25. 1902,
The ocrantom Tribune's third great Educational Contest Is now open. There are offered as Special
Rewards, to those who secure tho largest number of points, THIRTY-THREE SCHOLARSHIPS In some
of the Leading Educational Institutions In tho Country.
Darwin G. Fenno, formerly manag
ing editor of the Philadelphia Times, is
authority for the usertlon that the
Philadelphia Record's purchaser is
Tom Wanamaker, owner of the North
American; and that Judge Gordon will
be the Record's new editor.
The recent gathering of Democratic
leaders at Philadelphia indicates that
the fact that the party in the state
needs a tonic is appreciated, but there
is lack of unanimity as to the remedy
tiiat should be applied.
Candid Comment
About the Strike
From the Philadelphia. Ledger.
reputation for sagacity and moder
ation us a t-trlko leader that is
greatly injured by the issuance of
the older to engineers, firemen and pump
men to stiilio on Juno ", unless they shall
lie given twelve hours' pay for eight hours'
work. The older was Issued at the in
stance of the executive committees of Uls-
tilcts Nos. 1, 7 and 9; but ns these com
mittees act upon tlie advice of President
Mitchell, it Is proper to treat It as his or
der. The calling out of the engineers,
tiremeu and pumpmen Is a powerful
means of coercion, for it threatens the de
struction of much valuable piopeity.
Heretofore It has been considered nece.i-i-ary
and right that property should be
kept ill condition, so that the htrlkois
could retuiTt to work nt will. But this
older, ifobeyed by the men, would elosu
the mine's against them for a long time,
and wholly destroy some of them, unless
tho operators should succeed In employ
ing non-union men to take the places of
tho strikers. Pievious experience tells us
that tho attempt to substitute non-union
for union men would lead to acts of vio
lence uud compel the galling out of tho
militia, and that would, lesult in tlio de
feat of the stiikers. Fjor In any conlllct
that may arise, no matter what Its remote
cause may lie, public sympathy will bo
with those who am trying to maintain
law and order. Tho stiiUIng miners, If
they should icsort to violence, would de
prive themselves of that must potent Mip
poit popular sympathy.
Disregarding any leellng that ono may
have for or against tho striking miners
or tho oper.itms, the Issuance of this or
der Is u mistake. It purports to bo "In
accordance with tlie well established prin
ciples of tliu I'nited Mlno Woi Iters of
America to protect and pre.sorve tho piop
ertles of the coal opei.ilors," but In this
is dihlngeiilou.s, for it provides for protect
ing the properties only upon condition
that tho operators lecogulzo tho union by
giantlug the demand of tho Hhamoklii
convention that engineers, firemen and
pumpmen shall bo required to work only
eight hours a day and receive the same
pay therefor as they now get for twelve
hours. In other words, the operators, to
save their mines from damage or destruc
tion by flooding, grant this demand
made by tho union? not by their Individ
ual employes,' which Is tho chief point of
tho mincis' strike), or elso they must teek
non-union help to take the place of those
whu abandon the engines and pumps.
They will, of 'course, endeavor to save
their property, nnd equally, of course,
they will claim tho light to havo it in
their own way, with any help they ran
procuie. Intnrferenco with non-union
men by tho stiikers or their sympathizes
will lead to riots, the sheriff will be called
upon to pieservn the peace and, if ho
should be nimble to do so, the military will
have to bn called out. That its tho In
evitable history or all such stiikes, and
the action of Mr. Mitchell and the uxpcii-
tlve committees consulting with him
promises to bring about the cllmnx within
ten days, Tlie committees of the stiikers
piesumably acted on the assumption tli.U
the opeiatois would yield at once to their
demuntlB, but It they should not yield,
then tlie mincis would suffer as mileri as
tho opeiatois by any nominal success
they might guln. If they should succeed
In closing down tho pumps, they would
depilvo themselves of wink for months
to como, T)ioy could not resuma worn at
will, but would havo to nwalt tho slow
piocess of pumping out tho mines and
prepailng them for mining operations,
Nothing could be moio fatuous than this
older, and it ! wholly unllhe. tho general
ly sagacious and conservative policy tilth
eito pursued by Mr. Mitchell.
History Repeating Itself,
From tho Philadelphia Times.
Fiom lepcated oxpeilonce It Is not hard
to foresee tho piob.iblo cour&o of a strike
In the coal luglous. Thu miner.) multo de
mands for Ineieiiseil compensation which
tho operators r'oi'uie. and tho men leave
their employment. Tho mlnu owuors mo
Will They Repel Sympathy.
From the Rochester Democrat and Chron
icle. It was noted In these columns yesterday
that tho coul strike was singularly free
from excitement, disorder and violence,
and that the great public was in an atti
tude of 'Indecision as lo tho merits of tho
struggle. A few hours later came reports
of attempts to inaugurate mob rule. Men
at work were assaulted by stiikers with
sticks and stones, for no other offense
than that of exercising their undoubted
light to accept employment mid earn
money for the support of their families.
If the stiikers dispute that right If,
having decided to quit their jobs of min
ing coal, they Inaugurate a policy of
forcibly preventing others from mining It
they will Injure! their standing with tho
nubile. Kverv rilrht-mlnded citizen is a
prlend of labor and wants labor to receive
its just and adequate toward; but tho
general public Is not disposed to look with
favor upon any movement to destroy tho
liberty of a man to work nnd earn a liv
ing. It Is to ho hoped that the rioting at
Pittston was an exceptional outbreak, and
not u sample of the course which tho
miners are to tnko as it body. Even If
their demands are right, their cause must
fail if public sympathy Is alienated, and
there can bo no surer way of bringing
about such alienation than that of which
a regrettable symptom has already ap
peared. The stiikers will do well to nip that
sort of business in the hud. They cannot
afford to antagonize and defy tho great,
overwhelming, law-abiding sentiment of
the country.
Thinks the Strike Unwarranted.
From Chnmbcrsburg Public Opinion.
The woist enemy of an Individual or
class is the person who encourages that
individual or class in a wrong. Sucn u
foo is nil the mote dangerous because
ho hides his enmity under, the guise of
friendship, and makes bis. victim bellovo
that he Is animated solely by a desire for
his good. Such foes are the agitators and
papers that make a practice of stirring
ill) class hatred by painting the troubles
which beset the lot of the poor and In tho
worst possible colors or by making toll
ers believe that the evils that confront
them are the result of their oppression by
their employeis and encouraging them to
acts of violence.
There Is a right and a wrong side to
every question, and some people uro too
prone to seo only the one side. Jn all the
labor questions there uro some who only
nee uie mho 01 cue employers, unti outers
who glvo to the cause of the ldboier their
blind adherence. Theie Is nothing moi'4
dangerous to society than this tendency,
whether applied on the side of the em
ployer or the employe.
The sttlko now in progress In tho an
thracite region is u menace to tho tn
diistiial piospeiity of the state, anil its
etfeets will soon bo jolt in tho homes of
dwellers in remoto corners. If this stiiko
Is not justified nnyono who encourages It
is an enemy of society at large but more
puitieulaiiy Is ho an enemy of tho miners
themselves who are engaged In It. Jinny
stiikes have had Justice on their side,
but this will not bear the light of un
prejudiced reason.
Against Public Sympathy.
From tho Tunkhannock Xow Age.
Tho coal stiiko was inaugurated, not
against galling oppression, not because of
unbearable gilevance, but mainly to show
the power of the miners' union and com
pel lecognltlon in action. If not in words.
And this against the advice of tho union's
most lesponsiblo leaden hip, against tho
better judgment of a largo percentage of
Its membership, and against public sym
pathy, A credlblo authority states that
thu loss to miners In wages for tho lirst
six days' idleness was 31,130.5 Tills sum
will soon havo to bo multiplied t,evernl
times weekly oil nccount of tho loss to
other imlustil-'s if the coal supply Is shut
off so they cannot continue work. Tho al
leged gilevanccs of tho miners Is a trif
ling matter In compailsou to even their
own losses.
List of Scholarships.
2 Scholarship In Ryracino University, nt $1.12
rich , ,.,,i , sol
1 Srlintarelilp In ItucLncll t'nbcr.ltv 620
Scholarship In Tlio University of 'itocliMlcr.. .121
I rVliolnHilp In W.nhlnRton School for finis.. 1700
1 Sciiol.nshlp In WlllUiiwport Dlcldmon Semi-
miry 750
1 Scholarship In Dicklnwn ColkulJto Prepara
tory School , 7,7)
1 Scholnrhlp In Newton CnllOKlate Institute '20
1 Scholarship In Ki-)lono Academy .,,..,. uoo
Jl Scholarship in Drown College Preparatory
School ono
1 Scholnrslilii in the School of the I.iHi.iunnn;, Jim
j rinoiariup in wiiKes-iiarre institute.
In (,'otiiit Cottago (Summer
Scholarship In Scranlon Conservatory of
Single, ut M'-'.l earl
Scholarships In HardenucrRlt bchool of Music
nnil Alt
Scholarship in Scranlon UuslncM College, at
SflOt) cull
Schol.irahlns In Intori-atlonil Correspondence
pciiooi. nvrrnffp value ifof eacn -Sj
2 Scholarships In I.ack.ivnnna llusincss College,
at $" each 170
2 Scholarships in Alfred Mooter's Vocal Studio 123
Rules of the Contest.
The special revvmls will he given lo tho person teeur
lng the lorgeU number of points.
Points will ho cirilllcil In contestant securing new tub
Ecrlbfcrs to Tlio Scranlon Trlliunc 111 follows:
One month's stihifrlptlon 3 .W) 1
I'lnrc months' siilxcrliillon , 1.2.1 3
Me months.' snlncrlitlon 2.10 B
One jear'. rtih'crlptlon 6.0D 12
The cmitnit.uit with the highest number of points will
le given n choice from the list of special rrvvjrclii the con
ti'lcinl wr'th tlie nn ond highest number of points; will bo
given .1 choice of tho remaining rewards, nnd so on through
ths list.
The contestant who secure. the highest number of points
during any calendar month of the contest will receive a
special honor revverd, thl reward being entirely Independ
ent of the ultimate disposition of the scholarships.
Ilach contestant falling to secure ft rpeciol reward will
be given in per rent, of nil money he or she turns In.
All siitKcriptlon must he paid in advance.
Only new mlmrlljors will be counted.
Itenevval by peron whoe name me already on our sub
sertptlnn list will not be credited. The Tribune will investl
g.ito each MUVcrlptlon and it found Iricgular in any way
reserve thp right to reject It.
No tiaiisfpr em be made otter credit ha once been given.
All subscription nnd tlie cash tn pay for them must h
banded in at Tho Tribune office within the week In which
thry are rcctiirit. so that papers can bo sent to tho sub
ecrlber nt once.
Sub-terlptloii nui't be written on blank, which can bs
sceuicd nt The Tribune olllce, or will be sent by mall.
EVERY CONTESTANT TO BE PAID Each contestant falling to secure one of the scholarships
will receive ten per cent, of all the money he or she secures for The Tribune during the contest.
A new feature Is added this year. Special Honor Prizes will be given to those securing the largestnum
ber of points each months
The Contestant scoring the largest number of points before 5 p. m. Saturday, May 31, wiu.
receive A HANDSOnE GOLD WATCH, warranted for 20 years.
Special Honor Prizes for June, July, August, September and October will be announced later.
Those wishing to enter the Contest should send In their names at once. All questions concerning tho
plan will be cheerfully answered. Address all communications to
CONTEST EDITOR, Scranton Tribune, Scranton, Pa.
1 " I
Spring and Summer Oxfords and Roots that con
tent the mind nnd comfort the feet.
Men's "Always" Busy Oxfords, $3.00
ladies' "Melba" Oxfords, $2.50.
L-eAis & Reilly,
114-116 Wyoming Avenue.
parts of the world Tho United smtos content to suspend operations, but they
1 " ,,l l" :,"u' no. Unltea otules lm,Bt pU.SOr-ye their property In tlio mean
supplies one-Jlfth of the' wheat enter- time. It la ugrecd, at tho first, that tho
Canvassing tho Prospect.
From tho Olyphnnt llocord.
Tho I'nited Jllno AVoikers Is today the
most powerful labor organization In this
country. It controls tho destiny of about
half u million tolleis and by Its strong
liillueiico with other otgnnlzatlons, has
tho sympathy of many tlrnys that num
ber. Such a numerical strength Is not to
bo lightly estecinetl by uny combination
of capitalists. Yet tho coal compunles
havo seen tit to practically chullengo a
combat. That these corporations aio ful
ly avvaro of tho gravity of tho struggle
before them is not to bo doubted for a
moment. Tho many conferences held by
the heads of tho companies dining thu
puht few weeks fully attest that thoy
have ninilo preparation. for the Kiniuc'io.
lu many lespects tho companies enter
upon (be stiiiiiglu butter prepared thun
ever before to Unlit for a long tlmo, The
season Is fully us favorable to them as
to tho nilneis. 'VA'hllfl tlio latter ran h y
cheaper now than nt any other tlmo tt
companies have less demand for coal. On
tho other hand they havo largo supplies
on nunu. wover has thero lieni such an
output of coal In April as tlio tonnngo of
tills year (.bows, More than l,::uo,ll tons
In excess of Apt II, 1901, was put out last
month. This ceitalnly would not havo
been tho cofo If thu companies were simp
ly meeting tho noimiil demands of tho
trade. The only conclusion Is that they
were putting in stock against a tlo up.
Their imwillngne.s.s to listen to nny propo.
t-ltlnns fiom Senator llunua's coinmtttea
showed u deteimliiutlon to make a stand
against tho workois. Tlio union has a
treasury to draw upon, und each local
has its own funds also to fall back upon
when thu tlmo of need comes. But with
the vast army of unemployed thoho
rourcea of bupply would toon run out. aid will probably bo forthcom
ing also, fiom kindred organizations, nnd
from other sources. Tlio lenders all un
derstand thes-o conditions, and havo sur
veyed tho Held of battlo, accordingly,
It Is claimed that an effort will be mado
to call out the soft coal mlneis if It is
found necessary in order to win the tight.
Such a course is admitted on nil sides to
be of doubtful expediency. It would pro
duce a condition which has never been
known In tlio history of tlie world and
thu icsult is doubtful. All kinds of indus
try would suffer ut once, and many think
that such a courso would produce tho
worst financial panic, ever known In this
country. If tlio union has power to fol
low such a courso It would seem enough
to secuio contributions from tho trades
that would bo affected by such a general
tie-up to support thu anthracite men In
their stiugglo and allow tlio bnttlo lo bo
fought out hero Instead of extending tho
struggle to tho whole country, Such
n course would mnko tho suffering much
less, nnd that Is something that ought to
havo weight.
Uesldes lliero Is a possibility of tho
poft coal miners not lespondlng to uu
order for a sympathetic stillce, and such
a refusal, would woik decided disadvan
tages to tlio men already out. and might
dlslntcgiato tlio union. Tho great ma
jority of tho soft coul nilnois nie work
ing under contiacts with their employers
which are to run until April 1, lflu.1. The
breaking of such contracts In order to
go on n sympathetic stiiko would estab
lish a dangerous precedent that would
certainly bo used by omployers ns a rea
son for refusing to enter Into 'them in
tho future. If tho soft coal men, and
other labor organizations will aid tho au
tliraclto strikers financially It would bo
fur better to have thorn do so than to
havo them violate their agreements. Tho
honor of tho United Mlno Workers is
pledged to thoso agreements, and that
honor should bo. held sacred. AVhllo call
ing tho soft coal men out might (it Is only
a possibility at most), win tho present
stiiko it would ultimately bo a serious
mistake. No contracts could bo mado in
tho futuro.
A Series ol delightful Sketches Just Is
sued by tho Lackawanna Railroad. These
sketches are contained in a handsomely
Illustrated book called " Mountain and
Lake Resorts," which describes some ol
the most tttractlve summer places In the
ESS!. mm. ''ar I
Send 6 Cents In postage stamps to T. W.
LEE, Genoral Passenger Agent, New York
City, and a copy will bo mailed jou.
Matchless Splendors
or the
Canadian Rockies
CIER a region described by Wiiytn
por, tho couquerer of tlie llatterhorn.
as fifty or sixty Sivltzeiiands rolled
Into one reached only by the
Canadian Pacific Railway
Dally transcontinental train service
throughout tho year from Tot onto
crossing the continent In U7 hours,'
leaves Toronto nnd Montreal (com
mencing June 15th next, every Pundny,
Wednesday and Friday. Sleeping and
dining cars attached to all tluougli
First-class hotels in the mountains,
Swiss guides at the principal points.
For rates, etc., apply to nearest agent
of the C. I'. It., or to E. V. Skinner, DM
Broadway, Now York.
Passenger Traffic Manager, Montreal.
Do You Want
a Good Education ?
Not a thort course, nor an easy 'course,
nor a cheap course, but the best education
to be had. No other education Is worth
spending time and money on. II you do,
write for a catalogue; of
Easton, Pa.
which olTera thorough prepiration in ths
Knglnccrlng; and Chemical Professions as well
as the regular College courses.
From tho Towanda Ileporter-Journnl.
At present tho tldo Is running strongly
toward Mr, Klkln and If tho expectatloa
of his friends wio have canvassed tho
state carefully Is roallzed, ho will bo
nominated. If nominated, ho will sweep
tho Htnto with an overwhelming niujuiity.
As Viewed at Harvisburg,
From tho Hnrrlsburg Cot res,pondencu of
tho Philadulphlu Ledger.
Whatever may bo said to tho contrary,
John P. Klkln behoves ho has inoro than
even chanco to bo nominated for governor
or Pennsylvania, and thero uro those lu
tho Quuy camp who aro beginning to
tliliiK tlio samo way, It Is felt lieui that
thero must bo somo ginger Injected into
tlio nnti-Klkiu campaign very soon, and
many think that Insurance Commissioner
Dm hum is beginning to weaken lu his op
position to tlio attorney general. While
a few profess to bellovo that Judge Pen.
nypaeaer is tiueiy to bo blilclracKeti,
tlioso who aio In tlio confidence of Sena
tor Quay say that, while ho may havo
been mentioned oilglually meicly lo lest
publlo sentiment, ho In now the real choice
of Quay. If (bis bo true, tho demoasti.l
Hon against Senator Penroj.o will be moro
pronounced as tho tlmo diaws near.
With Quay nutl Elkin both on tho floor
of tho convention, it will bo a gathcilng
worthattending. Ijlkiu has been tho ill
lector general of tho Quay campaigns tor
sovcial years, and is resourceful at all
times. lo has' demonstrated sui'prUliig
finalities ns n fighter, and oven Quay hua
been HurpHscd.
fcrjl' cMILLIMGCo.' WJjfl
Hv. y npciESTEn.NV. ' 'i'CJ
During the summer of 1902, in
struction in all the subjects required
for admission to the best colleges
and scientific schools will be given
at Cotuit Cottages, a Summer
School of Secondary Instruction,
Cotuit, Massachusetts, under the
direction of Principal Charles E.
rish. 1 he courses of instruction
are lor the benefit of five classes of
1. Candidates who have received,
conditions at the entrance examina
tions. 2. Candidates who have postponed
examinations until September. -
S. Students in Secondary Schools,
who, by reason of illness or other
causes, have deficiencies to make up.
4. Students in Secondary Schools
who wish to anticipate studies and
save time in the preparation for
college .
5. Students in college who have
ndmission conditions which must be
removed before the beginning of tha
next Scholastic Year.
For particulars address,
CHARLES E. FISH, Principal
School of tho Lackawanna.
Scranton, Pa.'
Dr. & Mrs. John MacDuffle's
SStli jear. i'vvciity.flui jeara'tiiiJer tho manage.
incut of Jllsa HOWAItl). C'ollese prepjut y
and academic courses, ltesldent pupils limited Ir,
20. to glrN nun-resident, lleautllul uround..
Tennli court. Instruction in accordance with
lilghret iniulrcnients of let college. Tor par.
tlculara nnd'c.italnKtie aildreirf
Jsm jiJcDufltc, lii. .. Springfield, Man.
S, J. Fniirman '& Bro
Fjfll cKiiiwr s
Manufactmcrs of
Our celebrated
Strap Roller for
Awnings a Specialty
Kajt Stroudsburg, l'j.
The examinations tor adiuWon to tho Middle
Year nml Siiilor Year classes will bo held June Hi.
High kchoot siadujti'i will ho pcimitted to taka
both examination and enter the eenlor 'U
vUicio their vvoik h.u lovtrnl the junior und mid
dle jean couino of the normal. TI1U1 year will
ho tho la-t uppoitunitv given to clu. u, us tlw
tlmo ,oju' lotutu It til lull forco'and all will
como under the tatc leiulatloru ol evainlnatloiu.
l'or full paiticulir address at once,
lor iuii v (, v )()Ir A M- ft,nclp;lIi
T. J. Totter, Fd'ildeot. Winer II. Lttrtlt, Trcu,
B. J, Foster, Stanlejr P. Allen,
Vice Prciident. 8ccrttr,
Pinna nulcklv nnd reainnahlv
328 Lackawanna AYQ., Scranton, Pa. at The Tribune office.
i 1
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