The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, February 21, 1902, Page 3, Image 3

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Graphic Description of Mr. Vnndor
bilt's Mngnlflcent Chateau A
Valueless Mountain Tract Trans
formed Into an Ideal Dwelling
Place The Palatial Mansion,
Spacious lawns, and Blooming
Gardens The Multl-Mllltonalro ns
a Farmer.
Written for The Tribune.
ANOTIII3U red-lcllcr day uf our trip
wus the drive to and nrouml the
magnificent grounds of the "Van
derbllt Chutcau," tlio climax of tho
nttrnctlous In the vicinity of Ashevllle.
Visitors hero nslc to have tho innnslon
pointed out to them, even before leav
ing the train at the .station. The young
inultl-inlllloiiiilrc Is not tit all exclusive,
o selfish with his belongings, hut per
mits visitors to drive through his
grounds and Inspect his palace under
reasonable conditions. A detailed ac
count of what we see here, the gor
giousncss of this castle and surround
ings, would tax the descriptive pow
ers of mi architect and pass too far the
llllilcs of this letter, but the Imagina
tion ot the reader may run riot and ho
w'll not be far out of the way. Let
him as a. basis, take Into consideration
the Ideal location, then the vast wealth
of tho owner and his unquestioned
teste and ability. It Is given to but
few men to have unbounded wealth
and build vast mansions on vast es
tates, like Hlltmore, although within
the lost decade more rural estates have
bene made by men of wealth than the
whole country contained before. This
idea borrowed from the Kngllsh gen
try seems destined to continue until
so-called gentlemen farmers will bo as
numerous in this country as they arc
In Great Britain. "Idle Hour," tho
country seat of W. K. Vanderbllt, on; Island, very nearly approaches
the British idea, where tho life and
surroundings of the Kngllsh nobility
are closely copied. There is a line innn
slon with parks, drives, green houses,
etc., tho forests stocked with game and
at! guarded by a gamekeeper and' us
siLtanl foresters. But more famous,
and better known, and more American
is Biltmore on tho Ashevllle plateau by
the Swannanoa river, the vast property
of George W. Vanderbllt, containing
lCO.OOli acres, comprising vast nioiin-
The happiness of home life depends
largely on the health of the wife and
mother. When her strength is unequal
to the daily cares and duties of home,
the evening hour finds her utterly worn
out, too tired to talk, too weary to read.
At first even she is glad to "have her
husband go out for the evening. She
wants rest and quiet at any price. And
so the foundation for marital misery is
often laid in ill-health.
But when the housewife is healthy
and strong she finds in her day's duties
only a sufficient outlet for her energy.
She looks forward all day to the evening
hour spent with lier husband over a
book, or passed in quiet conversation.
And every evening so spent draws the
wife nearer to the husband and knits
together the twain who are "one flesh"
in the higher unity of one mind.
Every woman should know that the
general health depends on the local
womanly health. Irregularity, weaken
ing drains, inflammation, ulceration and
female weakness are disorders which sap
the woman's strength and destroy her
happiness with her health.
In ninety-eight cases in every hundred
the use of Dr. Pierce's l'avorite Pre
scription will effect a complete cure of
womanly diseases. It is a reliable regu
lator. It dries the drains which enfeeble
women. It heals inflammation and ul
ceration and cures female weakness.
makes weak women strong and sick
ivomen well.
Sick and ailing women are invited to
consult Dr. Pierce, by letter, free. All
correspondence is held as sacredly con
fidential and womanly confidences arc
guarded by strict professional privacy.
Address Dr. R. V. Tierce, Buffalo, N, Y.
In a little over thirty years, assisted
by bis medical staff of nearly a score of
physicians, Dr. Pierce, chief consulting
physician to the Invalids' Hotel and
Surgical Institute of Buffalo, N. Y., has
treated and cured more than half a mil
lion women.
There is no similar offer of free con
sultation by letter which has behind it
a physician of Dr. Pierce's eminence and
success, or an institution of world-wide
fame such as the Invalids' Hotel and
Surgical Institute of Buffalo, N. Y.
Write to Dr. Pierce and obtain a
specialist's opinion absolutely without
charge or fee,
M was pleased tlmt Or. Tierce answered niv
letter," writes Mrs. C. W. Young, of Hotitlt
Regent Street (I,ee I'ark), Wllkcxburre, retina,
"lam perfectly willing for yoit to use iny name
and address, as I think it my duty to let the
people know what a wonderful medicine you
have. When I had those mishaps I began to
tbink I would never have children, nnil niy
husband always said that if I would take your
medicine I woulfl soon be all right, Sly back
used to almost break and I would get sick at
'my stomach and have such headaches I did not
know what to do; they used to set me nearly
crary, auil I used to drend to get up, I felt su
bad J then I began taking your inediclue.
When baby wa1 expected I took it all the time
1 was that way, 1 felt fine all the time and I
never get those dltzy spells now, I hardly ever
have a nervous headache any more, J have a
perfect romp of a boy; he is the light of our
home. I am now twenty years old and mv
baby Is almost eight months old. I now feel
well, and weigh 180 pouuds, aud the baby 53 !
pounds. We feel very grateful for the good
Sour medicine did for us. We arc bolli healthy,
thanks to Dr. Tierce's medicine."
Your 'Favorite Prescription1 has doue so
much for rue," says Mrs. Susan W'eust. of I.awn
dale, Cleveland Co., N. C "that I feel it my
duty to write to you and tell you I think ft
saved my life, I had been under the treatment
of two doctors had two mishaps. 1 was almost
a skeleton, weighed ouly seventy pouuds. A
friend of mine recommended Doctor Tierce's
Favorite Trcscriptlou. aud when I commenced
to take it my health began to improve greatly.
Ill ten months I was a happy mother. I bad
only taken six bottles and have never taken auy
medicine since, of any kind, and now weigh tjo
pounds. I am now awaiting the coiuiug of
another child In the best of health. I cannot
say too much in praise of your 'Favorite Pre
scription.'" T)r. Fierce's pleasant Pellets are at
once the most agreeable aud most effec
tive laxative for women's use.
tain ranges, picturesque valleys, water
falls, forests and meadows and the
most remarkable and costly country
home in the United States. Originally
a tract of almost valueless mountain
land, It has been by the touch of gold,
transformed Into all Ideal spot.
Those who have stood Bpellbound
upon the esplanade of this magnificent
chateau, and looked noon the wild
tumult ot mountains, which stretch
nwny In every direction until lost be
hind the curtain ot the horizon, enn
well understand why Mr, Vanderbllt
selected this particular spot ot all
others In America for the erection of a
home, -which Is us supreme among tho
houses of men as this snot Is among
tho creations of Nature, and thnt tlto
Inspiration should come to htm to say.
"Here will t erect it mansion, which
shall emphasize the work ot man us
this spot litis the work of Cod,"
The chateau Is situated on u utiiteuti
2,000 feet above sea level, upon nn es
planade 700 by 300 feet, artificially
made by cutting down the summit ot
the hill upon which the castle rests
and filling surrounding depressions to
a perfect level. Huge walls of solid
masonry, sixteen feet in thickness at
tlu base and at some points forty feet
high, crowned with ti coping of finely
dressed stone, surround the esplanade.
The palace ror it is that, and nothing
else Is Intended to be u monument to
last for ages, a silent, but significant,
tribute to the perseverance and ability
for accumulating wealth, with which
this remarkable family Is endowed. The
building Is 8T1" feet long and 192 feet
wide. It Is built of Indiana limestone,
und In Its construction 0,000 barrels ot
cement and 11,000,000 bricks were used,
In addition to the stone. Everything
about it is stone, brick, iron und steel!
not a piece of wood is used except in
scaffolding and falsework. I heard an
eminent architect say that it would bo
ns solid live centuries hence as it Is to
day. The grand entrance opens upon a
winter garden, octagon In shape and
sixty feet in diameter. From this gar
den, or court, radiate the principal
apartments. Let the reader imagine a
banquet hall seventy-two feet wide and
seventy feet high, with one span and a.
domed ceiling; a magnificent library
-10x00 feet, as largo as an ordinary
church: a music room und tapestry gal
lery, the latter 7." feet long and con
taining numerous specimens of histori
cal and valuable tapestry; a reception
hall, Into which a. city house could
easily be put; stone stairways, so broad
and massive that a leglment could
inarch down them, and loggias, with
their score of richly carved pillars and
graceful arches, while on the miner
lloor there are 11 hundred rooms. The
family and guest chambers number
twenty, and each possesses a bath.
Tin; house grounds comprise ii.OOO
acres of lawn, rurni and forest, thirty
nibs, of magnificent roadways, rustic
bridges, urtllkinl lakes, anil thousands
of trees, shiubs and plants brought
from ivery quarter of the globe, while
more than one million have been trnns
plaulei) in the vast park of 100,000
acres. His private nurseries are the
largest in the world. The "hunting
preserve," which comprises 87,000 acres,
is on one side of ilt. Fisgah, 11 portion
of which Mr. Vanderbllt owns, which Is
slocked with bear and deer and is
truly ti sportsman's paradise. The
"hunting lodge" is some thirty miles
liom his mansion, is built ot rough
oak logs and cost upwards of $30,000,
and hero .Mr. Vanderbllt entertains his
guests in refinl style. All the year
liiuud this place is kept In order, ready
for a chance cull from Its owner. The
great hall Is a huge square room, with
an mormons fireplace at one end, be
side it is kept a heap ot logs ten to
twelve feet in length, the fireplace be
ing so large size as to accommodate
tuil o' this mammoth size. Hanging
to the chimney piece are rows of Iron
spirt', designed to hold the carcass of a
tie -r ot bear or such other animal as
may be cooked over the mighty lire.
He-v on New Year's Day Mr. Vander
bllt gave a truly regal feast. Among
his guests being Joseph Choate, ani
bcpsr.dnr to England, and Prince Del-graeio-Tnlleyrand
Perigord. In this
mighty hall decorated with hundreds
of skins of wild cats, deer, bears and
smaller game, the distinguished guests
were regaled on the products of the, conked aud served by tho corps
of keepers.
It is said "our modern millionaires
carPy outstrip the old English lords
it'td barons in the magnificence and
extern of their country seats aud in
thf rich lavish of entertainment." A
visitor to Ashevllle says: When Mr.
Vanderbllt and his hunting guests start
on the thirty mile drive that inter
venes between Ills Biltmore estate and
th hunting lodge, one might easily
imagine that tho traveller was sonijj
Europenn potentate and his attendants
swoin vassals, so Imposing Is the turn
oiu and so deferential the servants.
Thus, like barons of old, are the new
lords of wealth. Visitors come all the
wov from Europe to Inspect the great
American dukedom and tho castle
with h has no equal on the Rhine.
This mansion is a French renaissance
chaliutt, highly elaborated and exceed
limly rich lu every detail. It has cost
over $0,000,001). The architect was
Fred, of New York,
Hunit"1 000 men for tho hist decade have
Iwhu employed at the palace or on the
grounds, making u pay roll of over
$000,000 yearly. ?12,000 was distributed
by blir. In tho way of salaries and other
expenses, which found its way among
thu citizens of Ashovlllo every week.
Through the courtesy of Baron d'
Alings, Mr. Vundorbllt's farm super
intendent, we secured memoranda ot
iuitiest to us, which we give In part
to our readers.
Wlier. Mr, Vanderbllt began pros
pecting around Ashevllle less than a
dozen years ago, farming was the
thing he least thought of. His ambi
tion was to build a palace anil homo
commensurate with Ills wealth to stand
fir." centuries as a family memorial.
But as time went on and his mansion
progressed, he added more anil more
to his vast -possessions, and It became
evident that nature had strong attrac
tions for him, and the cultivation of
thu soil )uis as much fucinatlon as the
buying and selling of stock und bonds
or the planning of railway combina
Mr. Yanderbllt has many pleasing
characteristics, that make him very
popular with the people here, especial
ly his workmen. During the building
of his mansion he would come alone
with Ids English valet from New York,
lu his favorite Wagner palace car, hu
named "Swannanoa," to personally
es-nmlne the work In progress and for
a time having it sldo-trucked near his
estate, lived alone in it with no uther
attendant than his vulet. As his farm,
hit Interests grew, and In order to he
on the spot, he secured u suito of
rooim. lu an ordinary looking farm
house, three miles from his chateau,
where from the windows of his bed
room he could sec the fields of grain
and the ploughed hillsides, ready to
be seeded, Every morning Ills secre
tary and his superintendent of agri
culture, Karon d'Alllngs, would Visit
him and nil hour wns spent In listening
to the reports of this or that yield of
corn, grain, etc., and many tons of tiny
secured and comparative yield ot the
gardens, the milk of tho Jersey niul
Holsteln cows, In all their detail and
then Jump into a light two-Wheeled
curt and drive over to this or that
farm with the baron, and examine
some new fodder plant, or now insect
which may be damaging the grain.
Often he would walk Into the fields and
talk with the hands at work cm some
detail of planting or reaping. It Is
said thnt nnyone going toward the
mansion at Hlltinoro, nt early morn
ing or during the cool of evening, may
chance to meet two men In n road-curl
or a buggy. One Is evidently nn Eng
lish groom. The other Is a small man
of light complexion with side whis
kers, whoso fnce looks as if he suffered
from dyspepsia, He Is attired In a
gray sack suit and u dark brown der
by. Thnf Is Mr. Vanderbllt. looking
over bis roads, .Sometimes he Is ac
companied by his farm superintend
ent, an interesting and courteous char
acter, who Is willing to Impart Infor
mation. The baron is n finely built
man of fifty years, with iron gray mus
tache and military carriage. He
speaks broken English and reminds
one ot a Frenchman, rather than n
German. He rides a fine blooded horse
and Is it member of the Ashevllle
"Swell" club, and n visitor there uboilt
noon every day, smoking cigarettes, or
enjoying a game of cards. Ho draws,
it Is said, the modest sum of $7,r,00 per
year. Ho Is well rend und well bred
and n great student of agriculture,
Mr. Vanderbllt is a firm believer In
good roads and has a good laboratory
on the estate, where an expert is em
ployed In finding the best soli, ns well
as the best rock on tho place for road
formation. The result of these experi
ments, ns well as those of agriculture,
are freely furnished to all Inquirers,
and put to practical use at Hlltmore.
The result is, that around tho mansion
and Biltmore forest, are some fifty or
more miles of as fine driveways as
can be found in the country.
Tho Biltmore farming district, cover
ing several thousand acres under culti
vation, Is divided Into six farms, each
In charge of a foreman, or farm boss,
with several negro hands. The land Is
selected from fertile parts of the es
tate and is in different sections, that
nearest the chateau being the best and
largest, tho farthest being eight miles
distant. It Is the intention to increase
the acreage until it will comprise 20,000
acres, making it the largest agricul
tural property in America, to feed the
largest number of cattle, horses, etc.
Superintendent Alllngs says special
attention Is being given to the growing
of fodder on 1.B0O acres, where ensilage
plants are being successfully used to
lake the place of timothy and other
kinds ot hay, which are often a failure
in this, as well as many other parts of
the South. The alfalfa and teasintli
and certain European productions have
been raised successfully and used In
ensilage, or which some thousands of
tons are annually made on the farm.
I'nrn, rye, wheat and oats are the prin
cipal cereal crops, with yields of llfty
llve bushels or corn, twenty-tlve bush
els of rye, wheat thirty-five bushels
and oats forty bushels to the acre. The
most modern methods of agriculture
are employed and the best utensils also
used. On a twenty-acre garden patch
are grown asparagus, peas, beets, let
tuce, onions, berries, and every other
variety ot fresh vegetables, which find
a ready sale in the Ashevllle market,
when 110L consumed at home so I
might numerate.
Stock-raising is a a rent feature tit
Rlltmore. In the stock yard here are
found several hundred horses, princi
pally draft animals, twenty grades of
Jersey cows, 200 southdown sheep anil
200 of Berkshire pigs, etc.; also large
stocks of Toulouse geese, Peklu dinks,
bronze turkeys, ana Brahma chickens.'
A hen house, costing several thousand
dollars, with artificial hatchery, nests
and other special features. Raising
road niul trotting horses are fast be
coming popular here.
The "dairy farm" Is one of the most
Important sources of revenue from the
estate. The milk supply for all tbe
principal hotels, boarding houses, and
many private families comes from the
estate, amounting to $000 and upwards
per week. It is carried into town In
canvas-covered wagons, with the sign
"Biltmore Dairy" in large black letters
on the sides, and the landlord or land
lady is not slow in informing the vis
itor Hint "wo get our milk from Mr.
Vanderbllt's farm." The ruling price
paid Is ten cents a quart, and cream
accordingly. Imagine having a Van
derbllt your milkman, and flavoring
your coffee with cream from the dairy
or a millionaire.
John E, Richmond.
Sicill to Ilit Seranton Tiilmne.
Harford, February 10. Miss Ger
trude Stearns Is assisting .Mrs, p. p.
Tlngloy with her housework,
The C. E. society conducted tho ser
vice in the Congregational church Sun
day. U. E. Jones has returned from
Charleston, S. C.
Mrs. Payne has rented her hotel to
John Low Is,
Mr. nnd Mrs. Knlllln and Mrs. Paul
Sherwood havo returned to their homo
in Wilkes- Bnrre.
Two slelghloads of Klngsley people
attended the aid at Rev. G. D. Fisher's
on Wednesday.
There will be no preaching service In
the Congregational church next Sun
day. Sunday school at the usual hour.
Several ot our young people enjoyed
a slelghrlilo to South Gibson last
Thursday evening", where they attend
ed n party at Homer Ressegule's In
honor of Prof, MeNnmara,
SpccUl to (lie Seranton Tribune,
Susquehanna, Feb, 19, Owing to a
combination of circumstances, Includ
ing execrable weather and spring-tlmo
apathy, there was a light vote through
out Susquehanna county on Tuesday.
Being unable to secure a newspaper
lu Susquehanna county to publish their
libellous matter against Colonel Charles
C. Pratt, the little gang of political
tricksters, now having headquarters at
Hullstend, havo secured u Seranton
newspaper, to disseminate their sew
erage. At the coming conventions and
at the polls, tho Republican nt Sus
quehanna county will pass their opin
ion upon the guerillas in u manner that
no man, no matter how dense, can mls
understund. They believe in fair play
and decency, even in polities.
Township supervisors nro busily en
gaged In opening crossroads to navi
gation. Thu funeral of Winifred, the Infant
sou of Mr. and Sirs. Robert J. Mc-
as CMMt4
ft fe
es es ns
Yuvm '
ik& is gbbpBbbbs w&mec
ji t
fc. WatisoM i&Ms
&i &iBffBimitg w-
mia fa&w she ws
GMPGii ami advises
them fa foiiow her
Here is her first letter
"March 15, 1899.
"To MRS. PINKHAM, Lynn, Mass.:
"Deak Madam: I am suffering from inflammation
of the ovaries and womb, and have been for eighteen
months. I have a continual pain and soreness in ray
back and side. I am only free from pain when lying
down or sitting in an easy chair. When I stand I suffer
with severe pain in my side and back. I believe my
troubles were caused by over-work and lifting some
years ago.
"Life is a drag to me, and I sometimes feel like
giving up ever being a well woman ; have become careless
and unconcerned about everything. I am in bed now. I
have had several doctors, but they did me but little good.
"Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has been
recommended to me by a friend-, and I have made up my mind
to give it fair trial.
" I write this letter with the hope of hearing from you in
regard to my case "Mrs. S. J. Watson, Hampton, Va.
Watson agM a fewmeistifa later
&m writes as mfiiow&z
"November 27, 1899.
"Dear Mrs. Pinkiiam: I feel it my duty to acknowledge
to you the benefit that Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com-.
pound has done for me.
"I had been suffering with female troubles for some
time, could walk but a short distance, had terrible bearing
down pains in lower part of my bowels, backache, and pain
in ovary. I used your medicine for four months and was so
much better that I could walk three times the distance that
I could before.
"I am to-day in better health than I have been for more
than two years, and I know it is all due to Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound.
"I recommend your advice and medicine to all women
who suffer." Mrs. S. J. Watson, Hampton, Va.
Mrs- Wsstson's loiters prove that Mrs. Pink"
foam's ffrsa atiJveca Us always forweomstsg on
s$$uest and! that Et es a sure guide to health-
These letters are out a droits Sn the ocean of
evidence proving that lydia E. Pinkham's Vego
taisle Compound GURES the ills of women-
No other medicine in the world has received such
widespread and unqualified endorsement.
No other medicine has such a record of cures of
female troubles or such hosts of grateful friends.
Bo not bo persuaded that any other
mediolno Is Just as good- Any dealer who
suggests something else has no interest in
your case- Ho is seeking a larger profit.
Follow the record of this medicine and remember
that these thousands of cures of women whoso lotters
are constantly printed in this paper were not brought
about by "something olsev" but by
Vegetable &m$B$8Bsl
. . .. r .... , .! . ,-. r Mll--lnll.i(i.n.cftntlMt
owiugraiue lacunar BoniesKcpiicaircoviciiiTci""""""'" nfTi
tae liiuuluciiess ol me testimonial icucrs we ure Loimumij e -:,, iVf
. ' have deposited with the Nntloiml City flank, J.ynn, Mass., 5.. ' "
UUWllllUlf HIV WHCi 9 9l'(i14t I'VltUtiwMi ... t-- "--- . -
earthy, of Washington street, took
place this afternoon, with Interment In
Laurel Hill cemetery.
At tho election on Tuesday, Susque
hanna went three-fourths Democratic.
It might have been a little worse.
William Hryunt lias purchasetl the
flucU (import y, on JucUunu street..
Quite u number oSiiguehunuu rela
tives were at Great ltond today, at
tundlng the funeral of the hue Mrs.
Joliunuu Kutut.
U. It. W. .Seurle, esq., of Seranton,
cume to Hiuqueliuunu to vote on Tuas
day, Defeated candidates are now explain
ing huw It happened.
Slxty-livo lUM'ttaim havo thus fur proT
fesM'd conversion In tho revival meet
ings In ihu Oakland I'onrcgutionul
Pay your election bets and acknowl
edge that you know more than you
Mrs, Marie U. Mumford, of Muuch
Chunk, department iruldent, and Mrs.
Abble Lynch, of Allegheny City, de
partment secretary. Women's Itelief,
corps of Pennsylvania, Just cvenljig
paid Moody corps, No. Yi,' an p.lllehli
vlsfintlon. ,,,,
lie v. Dr. Henry I.. Junes, of Wilkes-.
Ilarre, and ltwv. Charles S", Hoot, of,
Christ Kplseopal church In Susque
huuuu, will exchange pulpits on Sun
day nest.