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THE SCKANTON TJUBTtNE-SATUllDAY, JANUARY 25, 1002.
HISTORY OF THE LOUISIANA PVRChiSE IN TEN PAPERS.--PAPER VIII,
LOUISIANA DURING WE YEARS 1801-1802,
Till: TRANSFERS ROM SPAIN TO FRANCE NAPOLEON, JEFFERSON, MADISON.
IMjACU or honor In our
story iniiHt bo found for n
hero nnil u patriot,
Andrew Jackson, who linil
inucli lo do with I ho
irrnwlli ami glory of Ten
nessee nml who won the
grandest victory over tho
veterans of Wellington, ut Now Or-ir-ans,
over gained In any part of nn
t'lent Loulsunn's wide ilomlnloii. Vale,
willow and slinking like an aspen loaf
with I lu1 Hilllii incident to a malarial
fever, Uuiiorul .Tuckson's prodigious
exertions and activity during tho
anxious weeks presedlng tho memora
lilo buttle, L'nn bo likened to nothing
but Itobert It. Livingston's sleepless
tolls and efforts to gain for his country
the Identical territory tho heroic In
vulld was then struggling with the
defensive-might of u Hector to protect.
Jackson huil been promoted from the
national house of representatives to
the United States senate, Tor his com
plete success In getting the brave
Tennessee volunteers paid for their
perilous services against tin; Indians.
In it letter from Philadelphia, written
In 17SS when about resigning his sen
ntoishlp to accept a state judgeship,
Hits Intel esllng side light is I brown
upon n "world-renowned character:
Trance has iln.illy cmivluth'd a treaty
with I ho eiupi'i'or n ud the king of Sar
oinla. and Is now turning her force to
.tartl Great llritaln. Bonaparte with
3 iOjOO foops (used to conquer) is
ordered or. the coast, i.ml called tho
.ii-iri.v of Kn'gl.uul. Do not then be sur-tir.'.--"il
if my next letter should an
Mimncf a revuhitlon in Kngluud. Should
Rm'iupuno uiult'1 a lnliding on the Kng
llsh hlinie, lyianny will bo humbled, n. .
throne cruslied and :i republic will
liiuing from the wreck and millions of
dllrespeil pi-oplo restored to the rights
J if man by the conipicrlng arm of
'Thomas Jefferson having been chosen
chief magistrate by tho house of repre
sentatives on February 17, 1S01,
through the potent influence, unselfish
ly employed, of his chief political ad
versary. General Hamilton, was sworn
into ofllce by another political oppon
ent, the great chief justice, John Mar-
I'oets have been
fond of likening
woman to a flower.
Her fairness iu
the flower fragrance.
Her very fragility
finds its type again
in the frail flower, which languishes when
neglected, and is so easily destroyed. It
.is a pretty simile and almost as perfect as
All women love flowers, and every woman
who grows them knows that their health
depends on daily care. Not alone are
. water and sunshine necessary to the health
of the plant. Their leaves and roots must
be guarded fiom the parasites which soon
destroy the flower's beauty and undermine
If a woman would care for herself as she
does for her plants she would pieserve her
beauty and retain her strength far beyond
tile period when the average woman looks
old and feels older than she looks.
THE GREAT SECRET
Of woman's preservation of her beauty
lies in the intelligent care of the womanly
health. So close is the relation between
the health of the delicate womanly organs
and the health of the whole body, that
whenever the feminine functions are de
ranged or disturbed the consequences are
felt by every nerve in the body. Severe
headache, backache, pain in the side, and
bearing-down pains are home with by so
many thousands of women that one who is
in sound health is u rare exception. Most
women would give anything to know how
to be cured. The way is very plain, l'ol
low the path made by more than a half a
million women who have been perfectly
cured of womanly ills and weakness.
'I believe I owe my life to Dr. Pierce's favor
ite Prescription aud Pleasant Pellets,' " eays
Sim. Maria G. Hayzel, writing from IlrooUlaiul.
H.C. "Six years ago, nftcr the birth of one of
my children, I was left it, n weak, run-down con
dition. My health seemed utterly gone. I suf
feretl from nervousness, female weakness and
rheumatism, and I MilTered everything one could
fculTer from these complnlnts. J.ife was a burden.
I doctored with three different physicians and
got no relief, I tried several patent medicines,
oil with the same result. I began to get worse,
and to add to the complications I suffered 'ter
ribly from constipation. I chanced to see one of
your advertisements and concluded to try the
hove remedies. I commenced lo take Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription and ' Pleasant
Pellets' and began to Improve right away, and
continued improving and gaining in strength, I
cannot express the relief, it was so great, Seven
months later my littlr daughter was born with
put much trouble, I feel that I would never
lmvebeen able to endure my confinement had
it not been for the help I received from Dr.
l'ierce'H medicine. My baby was n fine, healthy
child, and the only one I have ever been able to
fime;. ijiii- is iiuw ivu vcars om nun I nave
never had to tnke any medicine siucc. so I feci
that your medicine has made a lasting cure
with me. I owe so much in thanks. It would be
impossible for me to express by word or pen
how thankful I ant to Gal and Ur, Pierce,"
NOTHING IS SURER
Than the efTect of Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Prescription, It makes weak women strong,
sick women well. It regulates the periods,
stops disagreeable drains, heals inflamma
tion and ulceration, and cures female weak
ness, It prepares the wife for motherhood,
iKivrs her vigor mid physical strength, so
that the birth hour Is practically painless.
It is the best of tonics because ft contains
no alcohol, neither opium, cocaine, nor any
other naicotic. I'or working women in the
home, store or schoolroom it is an invalu
able medicine, It quiets the nerves, in
creases the uupetUc, and causes restfjtl
and refreshing sleep. Nmsing mothers
will hud no tome so beneficial to mother
and child us Ur. Picrcels Favorite I'rescrip
tion, WHAT SHALL I DO?
That question is often on a woman's lips,
for of her it is expected that she shallbe
ready to do something in any emergency
in, the home. When that question refers
ta health, bickucss or disease, the answer
will be round, in Dr. Pierce's Common
heuse Medical Adviser. This great work
contains icoS large pages, and Is sent free
on receipt of stamps to pay expense of
mailing oi(y, Seud i tme-ceiit stamps for
the book bound in paper or 31. stamps for
the volume in cloth binding. Address Dr.
V. V, Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
shall. Neither lu the (list Inaugural
of March 4; lit the first annual mes
sage of December 8, nor in nny pro
clamations) or special messages, of
tho year 1S01. does Mr. Jefferson al
lude to the Lottlsami business. Hut in
a soml-ofllclnl letter of July 13, to
William C. Claiborne, whom ho had
appointed governor of the Mississippi
territory, In preference to "Judge''
Andrew Jackson, who was an ap
plicant for the place, the president
says: "With respect to Spain out
dispositions are sincerely amlabje and
even affectionate, Wo consider her
possession of tho adjacent country as
most favorable to our Interests, and
should see with extreme pain any
other nation .substituted for them. In
all communications therefore with their
ofllcers, conciliation and mutual ac
comodation arc to bo mainly attend
ed to. Everything Irritating to bo
avoided, everything friendly to bo dono
for them. The most fruitful source of
misunderstanding will bo the conduct
of their aud our people at New. Orleans
Temper and Justice will be the bast
guides through those intrlcaclps.
Should France get possession of that
country. It will bo moro to be lament
ed than remedied by us, as it will fur
nish ground for profound consideration
on our par I. how best to conduct our
selves In that case. It would of course
be tho subject of rrosh communications
to you." As Spain closed against us
the navigation of the Mississippi tho
next .year, the sequel shows that the
executive was diametrically wrong in
the line of his lamentations. In nom
inating Chancellor Hobert It. Living
ston, "an able and honoruble man." to
quote the words of the president, as
minister plenipotentiary to France, Mr.
Jefferson made probably the best ap
pointment of bis entire administration.
He was except for hit? serious deafness
an ideal diplomatic agent. Washing
ton selected him far the same post in
1704, but was obliged to fall back on
James Monroe, his third choice, Mon
roe consorted with the less orlme
staincd successors of Danton, Marat,
Kobesplerre, and other "citizen assas
sins," so cordially, that he had to be
recalled for disobeying his instructions.
The references of the secretary of
state, Madison, to our relations with
Spain, England and France, were also
lit conflict with the current of actuul
subsequent events. On June lii, 1S01.
Madison writes to lluftis King, our
minister to England: "I cannot but
briefly add, however, that we have the
mortification to find that, notwith
standing all the forbearances and en
deavors of tho United States for tho
establishment of just and friendly re
lations with Great Brltian, accounts
continue to arrive from different
quarters of accumulating trespasses
on our commerce and neutral rights."
It is somewhat singular that just ten
months later, the administration was
favoring, as will appear, an offensive
martial alliance with these same
British trespassers on our commerce, in
a war of expulsion against France. On
the nth of June, Madison wrote to
Charles Plnckney, the new minister to
Spain: "The spoliations committed on
our trade, for which Spain is held re
sponsible, are known to be already of
very great amount, nn'd It Is to be ap
prehended that they may not have yet
ceased. Hitherto redress has
been sought, sometimes In tribunals of
justice, sometimes by applications to
the government, and spmethnes to both
these modes. Experience has suf
ficiently shown that neither the one
nor the other, nor both, can be relied
on for obtaining full justice for our in
jured citizens. Some other effort, there
fore, is dun to the sufferers, and, let me
add, to tho dignity of the United States
which must always feel the insults
olTeied to the rights of individual citi
zens." Hut on July 13, thirty-rout' days
later, the president forgets about what
Is due "tho sufferers" and "the dignity
of the United States" while assuring
Governor Claiborne of his "affectionate
dispositions" toward Spain. Truly a
sad case of unrequited afectiou.
During the whole year of 1S01 and
until March, IS02, the government at
Washington remained Ignorant of tho
terms of tho Treaty of San Hdefon3o
signed October 1, lfOO, by the piinco of
peace and Luclcn Bonaparte, the
younger brother of Napoleon. This
significant treaty transferred to France
all that vast' and vaguely defined ter
ritory known as Louisiana which France
nail turned over tofSpaln In 1762. Bona
parte's Initial policy and earliest am
bition was to' restore to France all her
lost former po3sessiotni. But It Is tho
privilege of great men to bo incon
sistent and ulso unsuccesful. It Is a
matter of Indisputable historic fact
that he restored nothing that remained
restored tiud never udded a foot of ter
ritory permanently to France; on tho
contrary he lost Belgium nnd the left
bunk of the Hhlne, A titled son of the
iluku of Parma, a brother of tho
queen of Charles IV of Spain must bo
provided for. To give consequence
and dignity to the brother of royally
and to honor one ot Spain's illustrious
families, u great partly developed em
pire was offered by Spain to Franca
for tho uncertain sovereignity of the
potty kingdom of Tuscany, Its price
loss art treasures and hlstotiu mem
ories probably did not weigh much 011
either side of the scale. Tho earlier
secret treaty took effect Murch 31,
1S01. Nupoleon prepared to displace
Mnrclinl Victor, with five btttallons of
infantry aud the required complement
of cavalry and urtillery. but tho dash
ing Victor anil his forces nnd three
brigadier-generals never sailed.
Not until April 18, ISO-', does I'resI-
dent Jefferson wake up to tho largo
Hlgnlilcauce of the Laulmiua question.
In a letter of that date to Itobert It.
Livingston, our minister extraordinary
to France, he gives strong expression
to some cluatlo views, but elustlo lu
the wrong direction; "Tho cession of
Louisaiut aud the Floridas by Spain to
France works most sorely on tho United
States The day that, France
takes possession of New Orleans, fixes
the sentence which is to restrain her
forever within her low water murk,
It seals tho union of two nations who
In conjunction can, malntuln exclusive
possession of the ocean. From that
moment we must carry ourselves to the
British fleet nnd nation, We must turn
all our attention to a maritlmo force,
for which our resources place us on
very high grounds; und haying formed
und cemented together a power which
may render veln(aernent of her set
tlements hero Impossible to Frttnce,
make the first cannon which shall bu
fired in Europe tho signal for tearing;
up any settlement sho may have made,
and for holding tho two continents of
America In sequestration for the com
mon purposes of tho United British
and American nations."
By October 10, In a letter to Mr.
Livingston, Mr. Jefferson distinctly be
comes an ardent friend of peace with
Franco; "Wo see all the disadvan
tages consequences of taking a side.
nnd shall bo forced Into It only by a
moro disagreeable alternative; in which
event, we must countervail the dis
advantages by measures which will
give us splendor and power, but not as
much happiness us our present system.
We wish, therefore, to remulu well with
France. But we sec that no con
sequences, however ruinous to them,
can secure us with ccrtulnty against
tho extravagance of her present rulers.
I think, therefore, that while wo do
nothing which the first nation on earth
would deem crouching, wo had better
give to nil our communications with
them 11 very mild, complaisant, ami
even friendly complexion but always
By November 20, the president's mood
changes somewhat, as shown In n let
ter to Thomns Cooper: "It delights me
to find that there are persons who still
think that all is not lost in France.
That their restoration from a limited,
to an unlimited despotism ia but to
give themselves a new Impulse. But T
see not how' or when. The press, the
only tocsin of a nation, Is completely
silenced there, and all means of a
general effort taken away." This
rough drive at Napoleon Bonaparte Is
the farewell stroke of policy for the
year before the great treaty.
In January, 1S02. the alert Living
ston learns positively of the secret
treaty between France nnd Spain and
forwards a copy of the Madrid treaty
to his government. On February 20, he
writes from Paris: "On the subject of
Loulsana, I have nothing new. The
establishment Is disapproved by every
statesman here as one that will oc
casion 11 great waste of men and money
excite enmities with us, and produce
no possible advantage to the nation.
But it is a scheme to which the first
consul hi extremely atttached, and
must of course be imported. You will
find, by the enclosed note, that I have
pressed an explanation on the subject
but I have received no answer. I havo
It however, through a friend, from tho
first consul, that it Is by no means
their intention to obstruct the naviga
tion of the Mlslsslppl or violate our
treaty with Spain."
The secretary of state. In a letter to
Livingston of Mnyl, 1S02, begins to
realize tho large import of Loulsana:
"The conduct of tho French govern
ment, in paying so little attention to
its obligations under the treaty, in
neglecting its debts to our citizens, in
giving no answers to your complaints
and expostulations, which you say is the
case with those of other foreign minis
ters also, and particularly in its re
serve as to Loulsana, which tacitly
contradicts the language first held to
you by the minister of foreign rela
tions, gives tokens as little suspicious
to tho true interests of France her
self, as to the lights and just objects
of the United Stales. The ces
sion of Loulsana to France becomes
daily moro and more a, source of pain
ful apprehensions. You will
also pursue, by prudent means, the In
quiry into the extent of tho cession,
particularly whether it includes the
Floridas as well aB New Orleans, and
endeavor to ascertain the price at
which these, If included in the cession,
would be yielded to the United States."
It must be observed here that
Madison turns his mind to the compar
atively unimportant east side of tho
river, not the unbound west side. In
a. despatch of May 11, to Plnckney,
he shows clearly Jefferson's attitude;
"Should tho cession actually fall from
this, or any other causo, and Spain re
tain New Orleans and the Floridas, I
repeat to you the wish of the president,
that every effort and address be em
ployed to obtain the arrangement by
which the territory on tho east side
of the Missls3lpi, including New Or
leans, mny be ceded to tho United
States, and the Mississippi made a
common boundary, with a common use
of Its navigation for them and Spain.
The Inducements to be held out to
Spain were intimated in your original
iimiruoiions on tins point. l am
charged by the president now to add,
that you may not only receive and
transmit a proposition ot guaranty of
her territory beyond tho Mlslsslppl, as
a condition of her ceding to the United
States tho territory, Including New
Orleans, on this side, but, In cuse it be
necessary, may make tho proposition
yourself, lu the forms required by our
This very significant despatch Is
found on page 517 of American Stato
Papers, vol. II or Foreign Relations;
ulso in tho archives of tho department
of state. It Is an ofllclal document
which the wrltors of our school his
tories apear never to havo seen, Tt
proves that Mr. Jefferson, Instead of
bringing about thu Loulsana acquisi
tion Hingle-hunded. was tho ono man
vho was ready and willing to prevent
forver this acquisition by a constitu
tional "guaranty" or prohibition! We
refer of course to tho vast territory on
tho west side of the Mississippi which
Is the only domain worthy of extended
Minister Plnckney tried In vain to
carry out these ominous instructions
but fortuutttely could not, becauco
Spain was In doubt whether she hud
any Flotidus to sell or convey. In
France, Livingston was told that the
Floridas did not belong to the lands
transferred. With fill his virtuous
patience exhauste;l Livingston wrote
home iu September: "There never was
a government In which less could be
done by negotiation than here. There
Is no people, no legislature, no counsel
lots. Ono man is everything. Uo never
asks advice, and never hears it un
asked. Ilia ministers arc moro clerks;
and his legislature and counsellors
parade ofllcers." Ou October 2S, ISO-',
Livingston writes an Important des
patch to the president, informing him
that tho Mississippi business, though
the ofllcers uru anointed, and the urmy
under, orders, has met with a check,
lie gives Interesting details of a con
versation ho had two days before with
Joseph Bonaparte, who assured htm
ha had read a long memoir on Loulsana
placed in his hands by our minister
and that his brother, tha first consul,
had dono likewise. Joseph Bonaparte
"asked niu whether we should prefer
tho Florldns to Loulsana? I told him
that there was no comparison In their
value, but that wn hnd no wish to ex
tend ottr boundary across tho Mississip
pi, or give color to tho doubts that hnd
been entertained of thu extension ot
territory." December 23, Secretary
Madison sends to Paris this last des
patch of tho year; "In tho latter end
of last month we received Informa
tion from New Orleans of the Inter
diction of the deposits for our mer
chandise, stipulated by the treaty with
Spain, without an equivalent establish
ment being assigned, Should
It not be rovoked before the time for
the descent of the boats In tho spring,
both the injury and Irritation proceed
ing from It will bo greatly increased."
The secretary concludes: "Hint, whilst
wo have no clear foundation on which
to impute this infraction, to orders
from the Spanish government, It
would be contrary to the duty, policy
and character of our own to resort for
redress In the first instance to tho use
of force." On the same date, Living
ston, stirred to a state of tension over
the pregnant events coming on and
making a hist appeal to ward oft
cnlamlty to his country, writes home:
"The armament has not yet sftilod;
Florida not ceded; moro hesitation
und doubt on the subject than I have
yetheard,. Aptivate memoir under the
consul's eye, touching a string that has
alnrmcd them. I cannot now explain.
Tho minister knows nothing ot this.
Set on foot a negotiation fixing out
bound with Brltian, but by no means
conclude until you hear from me that
all hope hero Is lost. " Do not
absolutely dlspalr, though you may
have no great reason to hope should
New Orleans be possessed by a small
It makes one's blood tingle to see
this one American patriot contending
single-handed for the right, against
Talleyrand, Marbois and the hero of
Marengo with a nation in arms be
hind him! Can It be that the learned
jurist, the trained diplomatist, the
veteran statesman, Is moro than a
match for the young and yet inexperi
enced first consul? So it would seem.
The Franklins, tho Livingstons and
the Websters, in their own Held, were
never out-generaldcd or out-fought.
James Q. Howard.
4- 4'4' ' 4.4 4. 4.. 4, 4.41
The Language of the Mails.
It lias been estimated flint t-vo-thirda of tho
letters that pasi through tho puslofdccs of the
world are wiittcn in the Kiigltsh language, There
arc about 50,000,000 vl o 'peak the leu or twelve
lending langingea of the world. Of thes? about
l'r..000.000 -peak i:ngllli, 110,000,000 speak Ttu
fsijn. 7.",000,000 German. 5.i,O(,000 French, 4,"i.
000,000 Spanish. B3,000,000 Itall-m and 12.000,000
1'oitUKiicsc. Then the other rations, of Kuiops
include tho Dutch, Hungarian, Polish, Flemish,
lloheini.ui, (iaclic Uoumanlan, Swedes, Finns,
Danes and Norwegian. But none of thwe da as
much correspondence Jr. proportion as tho F.ng-H'li-sppakiiiR
people, nor do they take and lead
60 many publications.
Using Up Timber.
The leloginph lines of the country require
nearly 000,000 new poles every year. The cost
of thesc-is moie than ?1,000,000. There are more
than (120,000,000 crci-s-ties in use by the railmads
ami !X),000,000 are icqulicd every year for renewal?.
.Much In ln ilrploreil In the raptilly IncriM"
Injr adoption of flic C0ntlnrnt.1l .u.tbballi iu
this country. iVlille the old Puritan or the;
riftlil North of Ireland obieiiuitcc nf the diy
wai undoubtedly cnttletl to an unnrcesiiiy
extreme ol Revere austerity, (lie prc.trnt
mintr ut the pendulum, comtrtlnft' tt Into :lu
accentuated irala day, is tlll wurro, and pot
tcnttoiis of rill tr come. In the smart fit
the fad of Infonml rrcrplloM has Rtown !
Ric.1t pioportlons, and many iahlonoblc wo
men make a point of Rlvlnjt elaborate din
ners Sunday night, There I lo an increns
In; fancy for dining at our ot the largo itr,
taurants on frnnday, with a gathering ol ro-r-lely
In the evening at the dinners dc lue.
Numerous hmclteonj and Mlnneis arc Riven
at the best known catcrere, and home parllei
galore, with avrangeinenls for a day's sport
nf slutting, riding, golfing, (tie. nhvajj 011
the tapis. When the Lord's Day is thus
sccularlretl by those who have all the oilier
days to be used for recreation at their ;lll,
It is scarce to be wondered at that the tollers
who labor As days lu the week should feel
Ihcimclves justified In making n holiday of
flic xctpiitli. They cannot afford flip npeu,
flip so-called "sacred" concerts, the fashion
able restaurants, and they drinand the open
Ing ot Hie euloons.i
The letting down tho Inrs nf custom in
this repect has come largely fiom thp fop,
and icfeini hhouhl blait thcic also, ta't the
Sabbath he a delight to the Inmates of the
home, l.'ncouiiigc tool.il rum Irjle 3 of X Unlit
tlan character Open the tloor to the young
men and women v.ho from force of clrcuiip
stances, arc kept from their own homes and
exposed lo the dangets ot cliy life. Simplify '
(he meals, if necessary, that the servant may
not be deprived of a share in tho clay of lest.
(Ibe the children 111010 of yourself, hut let
the Mate dinner, Ilio carnival of spoils, the
ton ml of social -call', the stress aud nfraln f
ailificlal gayety he left for the six data aud
not tho seventh.
eiderdown is one of the best tcsjlles for
children's garments in the winter. A good
quality will not fade, aud will sin ml hard
and frequent washings if done in the proper
way. Hoap should never be rubbed diicc'. ly
on it, as that ou.-cs it to shrink In spots.
Make a suds of lukewarm water and the best
while laundry soap. Put In tho garment and
wah thoroughly, then rinse in water of the
came temperature. . Dry where it will not
freeze, lleing made of animal fibre, it will
not blaze when held to the fire, like canton
flannel or flannelette, a very desirable point
in its favor when one remembers how prone
little children arc to set themselves on Arc.
Apples are so unprecedentedly scarce aud
high this year that many of the bakers arc
eliminating "apple pie" from their daily
stock of pastry. Fortunately, the citrus: fruits
arc plentiful, and cranberries were never bet
ter nor more abundant.
The acid of the latter Is deemed by many
a sure picventive of grip. At all events, they
are excellent for all bilious conditions. As
with apples, much of the medicinal proper
ties of the cranberry lies in the skin, is a
health food, cianbcrries .should not he
strained and make into a jelly after cooking,
as too much of tholr vnluo is thus lost. f
cot red closely while cooking, shaking often
to prevent sticking, the skin will be soft and
Cranbeiry jelly or sauce goes excellently
well with plain boiled rico for luncheon or
the children's dessert.
Never cook cianbeiries in tin or iron, as
the add of the berry, like the tomato, will
be affected. Always use agate or granite
A good khoit cake for winter may lie made
ot cranberries. Jtake a Rood baking powder
crust, and bake in two pie tins. When dono
4-M-4- -H-M-f- -M-M-r- f 44 f
t Menu for Sundau, Jan. 19
Warm baked Apples with Cream, I
Oil .Flakes, 4.
-f ltainbuigcr Slcal:, Creamed Potatoes, i
4- Johnny Cake. A
4- Coffee. 4"
X IHSNIiR. 1
T Vegetable Soup. T
t"" Pickled Pears. Salted Almonds. T
Itoast Chicken, Olblct tlravy, J
4. Currant .telly. T
T Sweet Potatoes. Illcc Croquettes. T
T Turnips; Cold Slaw. T
T iltoquefnit Cheese. Wafers. T
T Mince Pie. T
T Black Coffee.
f Welsh Haicbit In CbaBnc DIHi. -f-
Colerv. Olives. -f-
T "ut CJke. Union Jelly. -4-
-H-4-f4-f4-4-H''f'H- 4-4-f 4t
prcad with butter and fltl with a rich, t:n
tier cranberry saute made the day before, and
stvc ot once.
Caterers are extending their Holds of Op
eration, nnd now- in most of Hie 111 go .cities
are prepared to furnish cntlic couisp dinners
with all the necessaiy silver, china, glass and
linen to accompany them. Nor are the prlecj
so extremely high when ono considers that
the hostess Is absolved from all responsibility
of prcpaiattou or jcivlcc.
The clrculats of one of theec caterers gives
the choice ot twenty-eight different soups,
liventy.flvc hors d'oeuvres, and a correspond
ing number ot roasts, entrees, salads, vege
The list of deserls covers five pages, and
includes pies, puddings, ices, cieams, sorbets,
frozen glasses and cups of punch, jellies,
meringues, c-VIatrs, tatts and takes. Salad
is sold by the quart, fried ojtor.s and cas.e-.
oles of teiraplu by the dozen, and roasts and
take by the pound.
Pickled oytttcis, those Uwdous morsels that
uvd to be accorded the place of honor at
high teas and suppeis of "the florlt Gothic
slyle" a quarter of a century ago, arc again
in favor. II Is but little trouble to make
them at home, and tho housekeeper may be
assured that the results will be quite as
good, infinitely less expensive, and presum
ably more wholesome, than those she would
buy ready pickled. For a hundred large oyc
teis, preferably Saddle Rock, have ready a
pint of white wine vinegar, a large led pep
per, two dozen whole black peppers, two
tlozen whole cloves, one dozen blades of mate
and a tiny piece of bay leaf. Put oysters and
their liquor in a granite kettle with about a
' teaspoonful ot salt. Heat slowly until the
oystera swell and then "cockle," but do not
allow them to boil, which shrinks and tough
ens them. Itemove with a skimmer antl set
one side to cool. Add the vinegar and spices
to the liquor remaining in tho kettle, boll
up, und when the oysters am almost cool, pour
them. Set nwuy in a cool place over night,
Tlie next morning put the oysters antl liquor
in glass cans, seal tightly and set away in a
daikl cool spot, or in the cellar.
After a can is opened the contents must be
used at once, as tho air turns the oysters
The Flench woven tapestries called Gobelin,
by courtesy, are very popular for giving a bit
of soft coloring to a dark wall space in a
100m. The small ones arc not at all expen
sive, and a Flemish scene, with jolly burgo
masters and buxom maids grouped about Hie
urns of wine makes a pretty corner in a din
ing room, lllcli and Due Turkish or Nvio
nigs are aUt) largely tiaetl for wall hangings,
while quite recently a" large panel ot the ra
live Hawaiian homespun In dark colom w
utilized most effectively s a background for
An excellent and simple remedy for sprain
is the well-beaten whites of six eggs mixed
wltli a halt cupful of fine table salt. Spread
between thin muslin cloths and bind over the
Two tibletpoonfuls of washing soda dissolved
in a gallon of boiling water inikra ill excell
ent disinfectant for the kitchen sink.
Pour in while hot.
At a recent meeting held in the interests
of wotk among tho tenement! some new ideas
were advanced. Heretofore It ha been
deemed expedient to show the women how to
cook with makeshifts for utensils! tomato
cans in placo of paila or basins, strainers
made from old tin dishes, with nail holes
put through the bottom; bottles for rolling
phu, and the like. "While it 1) well to
know how to atlapt yourself to circumstances
If necessary!" saltl one speaker who had had
much practical experience, "it seems to mo
much wiser, now that all sorls of cooking
utensils may bo had so cheaply, to encourjgo
the Idea ol good tools lo work with. The
name woman that fusses away with her tin
tans is quite apt to go out and buy perfectly
needless frlppetlcs, where her money is prac
tically thiown away. I emphatically advocate
the idea that these women bo taught to buy
what utensils are needful, and then shown
how to care for them and keep them in
Tills same. Idea may well tie passed along
to many beside dwellers in tenements. It is
a waste ot time und strength to go on year
in and year out wtli leaky pans, broken
strainers, dull knives antl dippers when a
dollar, more or less, would make the work as
Ids best with broken, inadequate tools; yet
easy again. No farmer feels that he can go
ou fiom season to season with broken, anti
quated, womout implements. No mechatilc
worthy the name would feel that he could 4a
Ills best with broken, inadequate tools; yet
the woman whoso work is oft times quoted as
"never done" is too oiten expected to use the
same hcay iron pots and "iplders" that her
grandmother before her used boilers that
have to be plugged with matches or rags
every week to keep from leaking; chopping
bowl with a section gouged out; a bread
knife that won't cut, or an oven that Is
broken. The good workwoman needs good
tools. Get along without (lie new portieres
in the parlor if need be, the silk petticoat,
and the satin and velvet sofa pillows, but
have a double boiler, light frying pans, a
good broiler, and fuch other kitchen utensils
as shall make tho "dally round" a pleasure,
not a tank.
A very handy thing to have about the
liou.-e. is a (.trip of the rubber tissue such as
Is used in hospitals. Not only is this an ex
cellent cure for scald or burn, a rheumatic
muscle, a sore chest or tiled or aching joints
and feet, but it is a valuable adjunct to tho
mending basket. If there is a three-cornered
tear in Bobby's jacket or Belinda' akirt,
draw the edges together, lay on a little
square of the tissue, cover this with a. patch
and press witli a moderately hot iron until
the tissue which is of pure gum is dis
solved. If carp is taken of this tissue it will
last indefinitely. It must not be kept in a
hot room or shut up away from the air in
a tight box or drawer. Put it between two
khcets of paper and lay where the air can
circulate around it. It Is not expensive.
Fifty cents will buy a strip over a yard long
and a quarter wide an outlay that will pay
for itself many times over. It can be bought
at almost any druggists.
KMMA PADDOCK TRLFOIID.
4i 4 - 4 - s . . . 4. . . . 4. . . 4. 4. . 4.2 4. . sj. 4. 4, . 4. 4. 4. 4, 4. 4, 4. ! , ,!
The Younger Miss Daubeny.
HAT bruto Oscar Tom
kins has accepted!"
said Mrs. Daubeny. In
a tragic tone, as she
threw a note across
the table to her hus
band. 'I knew ho
"It Is always a satisfaction to poor
human nature to be correct In its sur
mise," ho answered, in what his wife
thought an aggravatingly judicial
manner, "but In this Instance I am
afraid you are not pleased, my dear."
"Pleased!1 repeated "my dear," with
an Indescribable infliction. "How you
"If It Is desirable that Tompkins
should not bo present tonight," Mr.
Daubeny remarked, In an absent-minded
way, "wns it not a little short
sighted -on your part to give him an
His wlfo looked at him scornfully.
"Really, Geoffrey, your memory gets
worse and worse! Oscar Tompkins
was asked because without him we
were thirteen. And now your cousin
Adelaide" throwing the onus of re
lationship on him with pitiless em
phasis "can't or won't come, nnd
wo nro still thirteen!"
"Wire to the bureau and let them
send a gentlemanly fellow!" Mr, Dau
"But I don't want a gentlemanly
fellow!" said his (spouse angrily, "I
can't send two men Intogether! I want
another girl from somewhere!"
"I suppose It would not do to have
Hetty down for once?"
"Betty la not out yet," returned his
wife severely: "Besides, she bus noth
ing to wear'."
"Pooh! A- young girl like Betty can
wear anything at her own parents'
table!" Ho crossed to the door, "Let
her come down In hev gymnasium
dress!" Ho offered the Insult as a
parting suggestion, nnd, foreseeing a
storm, ho fled.
"Isn't It a spreo?" said Miss Betty
Daubeny to her sister GrlKelda, an hour
later. "I am to come out at the din
ner party this evening, for one night
only, and I am to wear one of your
"You are to wear a soft muslin with
frills on the skirt, It will bo absurd,
ly long for you!"
"I am to go in with Oscar Tomp.
kins," observed Betty, "Is that tho
poet you said you liked?"
Qrlseldn, who was always rather
statuesque, made u curt nssent,
"Who tnkes you In?" Betty asked
"Dr. Cochrane," sad her sister
wearily, "so that I run olt next to Mr,
Lordlier, who must take mother down,"
"You go down with Dr. Cochrane
und sit next to the swell," she repeat
ed. "I go in with the poet, I am not
gone on poetry myself, I alwnyn think
a man who writes poetry must be
wanting In humor, isn't It a pity wo
"Swop?" echoed Orlselda, with an
alarmed look and becoming Hush.
"8-W-.0-P," spelt Betty mischievous
ly. "Ordinary slang term, in common
This rdgnaturo U oa every box of tlfo (oaama
Laxative Iiromnniiin!ne Tablet '
s7Trtfta&,l,bi KmeajritaJ sun a cam lu vu tfty.
every day use, meaning to exchange
by agreement. But seriously, Grizel,
if wo did swop at the last minute
wouldn't it be1 fun?"
Dr. Cochrane was the last guest to
arrive, and was greeted In the hall by
a charming apparition.
"Let me make my appearance under
young wing, doctor," said a soft voice,
with a coaxing accent. "I'm late and
you are late. If I go in alone mother
will glare at me."
"Mother!" repeated Dr. Cochrane,
with a gasp of bewilderment. "Is it
possible? Can It be Betty?"
"I knew you would not recognize
mo!" said the girl triumphantly.
The pair entered, Mrs. Daubeny
smiled at the doctor and frowned at
her offspring almost simultaneously,
which gave her an odd appearance,
"Who'ls that pretty girl?" asked Jack
Lorlmer, who was a young man of
Mr. Daubeny hastened to explain that
this was his youngest daughter, and,
crossing the room with Lorlmer. "Let
me present you to Mr. Lorlmer, my
dear," he said In a pompous way, "my
youngest duughter, Miss Betty Daub
eny," "You should say the younger' of
two," said Betty pertly, correcting her
Then she looked up with her blue
eyes dancing with fun thero was al
ways u hid den joke behind Betty's eyes
and met Jack Lorlmer's gaze. She
looked away with a sense of embarrass
ment. "Come along. Betty!" said Dr. Coch
rane, presenting his arm in good faith
iimi no was oueying nts Hostess' in
structions. They passed out quite un-
noticed by Mrs. Daubeny,
"Sho has aetuully done It!" thought
Grlselda, with a thrill of admiration.
And Oscar Tomkins gave his arm to
his divinity, thankful that "some one
Betty dropped Into tho chair that she
knew had been meant for Grlselda with
an excited feeling that the rublcon wiib
passed. Sho turned her shoulder to
Lorlmer, for, as she herself would have
said, "Sho was not BUfllciently com
posed to tackle the 'swell,' " and paid
most nattering attention to Dr. Coch
rane, "fillzabeth" how sho hated her own
mtmo In those rasping tones! "how did
you get here?"
Then the younger Miss Daubeny
turned at bay, and Lorlmer had a mo
mentary view of u charming, flushed
face with a mutinous expression,
"I walked downstairs!" said the cul.
prlt, with u wondering accent that sug
geated nil sorts of emeries as to her
mother's mode of progression,
That lady dropped tho subject, while
Lorlmer, remembering his hostebs'
ample bulk, gave a quiet grn und be
gun to think he might enjoy this dinner
Ho mentioned this conviction to Betty
at the earliest opportunity, and did Jt
in ids best manner.
"Did you not enjoy your, last dinner
party?" asked that young ludy, Ignor
ing the compliment. "What was wrong?
"I was not referrlns to the cook
ery!" said Lorlmer, looking unutterable
'Perhaps," said Betty ulrlly, "you go
in for poetry, like the fellow who is
talking to Grizel, and have a soul above
"By the way, who is the fellow who
Is talking to your sister?" asked Lorl
mer. "Oscar Tompkins," said Betty laconi
cally. "She Is a little more animated than
usual," suggested Lorlmer.
"Perhaps, like you, Grizel thinks she
also may enjoy this dinner party."
It was innocently said, but Lorlmer,
who, when awake, was fairly sharp, re
"I sincerely hope she may!"
"It was mean to give Grizel away like
that!" thought Betty regretfully. "But
he was so jolly sure thnt I changed
over on purpose to enjoy his society."
Lorlmer turned his attention to his
hostess, and when Betty next had a
chance of listening ho wns deep in an
account of a wonderful blue vase that
he had tried to mirchase.
"You know those rare old blue vases,"
he explained regretfully. "The fellow
asked a most exorbitant price for It, I
waited till the next day, thinking ho
would come down, and in the mean
time it was snapped up by some one
else. Do you like pottery, Miss Daub
eny?" "I don't know much about It," con
fessed Betty humbly.
"I um sure you would havo liked my
vase," said Lorlmer sentimentally.
But Hetty declined to bo sentimental.
"It seems so funny of you to call it
your vase just beeuute you admired It,"
she said bluntly. "Your wanting to buy
it does not muKo it yours,"
"As I did not succeed In buylnsr the
vase, I say now that no doubt it would
have been too deep a blue for tho room
I meant to place it in."
Betty looked Innocently contempla
tive. "I see," she murmured reflectively.
"You buy a thing If you cun get It at
your own price, and if some one else
steps in and outbids you, you say that
the article was not worth much, after
all," Sho turned on Lorlmor. "When
I used to translate Aesop's Fables Into
French," she said severely, "I always
thought the fox who said the grapes
were sour was beastly mean!"
"Well, really, Miss Daubeny," sail
tho young man, "what would you have
"O, I should have bought the vase,"
Bald Betty quickly, "If I were rich like
you!" And she tossed her little head,
"I should like to tsco the mun that
would take tinythlur I wanted.'"
"And if, when yon had bought It, you
found it too blue fortho rest uf tho
"I should have refurnished the whole
room!" unsweied Betty loftily, ns she
swept past him.
The next day there was a battle royal
between Mrs. Daubeny und her refrue
tory daughter, and the elderly lady
came off victorious,
"You will so down to c'ucklluld to
day" this was tho ultimatum "und
stop with your Aunt Prlecllla until your
Blister Is married!"
"To Mr. Lorlmer?" queried Betty
ungrlly. "First cutclx, your hare!"
"What did you siiy?" stormed her
"I was quoting from a cookery book,"
The result of this audacious behavior
was that Mr. Daubony's sister Priscilla.
received a telegram heralding Betty's
"I am always delighted to see you, qs
you- know, my dear child," said Miss
Priscilla, "but surely this visit must
have been decided on rather suddenly?"
"It was a happy thought of mother's,"
was tho airy reply. "Of course, you
know, aunt, I am always glad to come
"I liked him," she thought miserably,
"and he will never marry Grizel, what
ever mother may say,"
A few days after the dinner party
Lorlmer called on Mrs. Daubeny. Qris-
eldtt appeared in company with her
mother, and was more talkative than
"And your other daughter," he sug
gested sortly, after watching the door
vainly, "she Is well?"
"Yes, thank you," Mrs. Daubeny an
swered rather tartly. "Betty never alls
"People are always well in Cuckileld,"
said Grlselda, with much enthusiasm
nnd great distinction of utterance. "Tho
placo Is proverbially healthy. That re
minds me. My slater has seen a won
derful blue vase in a Bhop In the vil
lage, exactly like the one you wanted
to buy in Venice."
"Ah, our dear Venice our flrat love!"
Lorlmer said sentimentally, turning to
his hostess. "Is there nny place on
earth to equal that City of the Sea?"
As he wulked homo ho assured him
self that a change of air would be bene
ficial to his constitution, and as "peo
ple are always well at Cuckfleld," and
"the placo is proverbially healthy," thut
decided the matter.
"I had no Idea that statuesque girl
had it In her," ho said, ns he was
whirling down to Cuckfleld by express.
It was the first gleam of admlrutlon ho
had ever felt for his future sister-in-law.
A few days later Betty wrote to her
"Jack Lorlmer has followed me down
here, and Is anxious to marry ine. As
I seem to bo Btich a trouble to you, per
haps It would be well to let him have
his own way. I am sorry to Interfere
with any plans you may have formed,
but of course when I am married It
will bo my duty, ns well as my pleas
ure, to look after Grlselda,"
"I like your epistolury style," said her
lover, who was looking on. "You put
tilings in" such a terse and vigorous
Betty vouchsafed 110 reply, but she
made a face at him, like the chill sho
"Of course, Grlselda cannot be al
lowed to marry that poet fellow," Lorl
mer continued. "Wo must do better for
her than that."
"Grlselda shall huvo a real good time
awuy from mother and fhull choose for
herfelf as I have done," said Betty wjth
decision, "and If Bhe develops the fam
ily obstlnucy and still prefers Oscar
Here she paused mischievously.
"Well?" suld her lover with uplifted
"Then I am ufrald that you will have
to accept, that 'poet fellow' as your
brother-in-law!" Chicago Tribune.