Newspaper Page Text
t , THE SCKANTOtf IllIBUKITUWSJJAl', JNOVIilxUBEK 26, 1901.
ii t. . ..,.- - - ' '"
t 'frCl AiKf.. ?.'(!... no-llocliMO would enforce lt Wheiras il.ilttNit r.itlicrt Hut lm is elmn In hl. ctrn.il Roinmneiil ami arc .nlije-ct lo Its fln.il ietloti, hmmmmmimmmb
VLIK jBCiwIHOJI V&alDUnS lion' tin- rilnt I illHlileln ott for thy inl'Hj niiil lmt In lil ihIxsIo lllr. lhat lio loo but tl,t ilctull, nf famlii nml inlmlnlstrrlnir the f
i t-- tair- C,T,! 7 l,,o1 ftrvn" i!' ;:.-;,u;;ltr,:)c1xI!tI,',lo:; &:l,r.;a,rr,'' I l j C a.
I tins Publkhlng Company, at Fitly Ccnli Month, muilidptlt ltonultttlotlH fleet olllOPlB Who inibllf lllf-tlix f.u-l trimltw that li li .1 l.o,ll J "0J Kmll,"cl,t' II I M I W ff ,
,.,.. . .. ... .jji.-. w) eltV(, tR1(n o.)01)i j,or nl,(oll m,il Hut lh polities l.p tii ni-vcil mi otticr l.noun "o oii.lWli.il t,ir ,1 11,. ,l.,.t.,l.li4ll...i II I . I I IW I . W III I W J
I.IVV C tllCltAtlt), llilllor.
0. V, nVMIKC. llillnc.s HantKtU
, Jicw York Oflko: 150 Natoiil St. . ...
S. S. VIWIHjASD,
Bold Agent tor foreign AUvertWn.
Knitted t the l'ostoltlci' at IrMiilon, l'J. u
Sccoml CT.1M Mall Mitter.
Whin rpicc will permit, The Tribune Is aliy
slit to print short letters from 111 frltnrti heir
tntr 111 rurrcnt loptcc. bnt lis rule Utl1.1l
mint bo slneil. tor ptibllnttlon, by tlie writer J
rral nimc! anil tlie condition prei eilrr.t t no
ifptnnrc Is that all contribution shall be subject
n editorial rei-lslon,
mi: vu.w imi: rou auviiutisinci.
lli followlni: table isliiv.vs the price per Inth
"(ii inverimn, span to no men iviinin one joij
r than fiQO'fnrliFS
liKM " ...
coon " ..
I'or rsmls o( thankB, resolutions ot condolcnr
lid Mmllii- contributions In the nature; of ad
serllslns 'J'ho Tribune nukes a charge ot S cents
ItflM for Uatslficil Adi-crlLIng furnished on
Hun of Mdlnc 011
.2.1 "T .ST.".
SCI? ANTON, NOV15.M HHn L'(J, 1001.
Political BiictiacrH p.iy ICIIhu Uoot ls
to lio thu i-ninliif? hip niati In Now York
slate liollllcH. Wo hlioulil sny lit- had
As to Boycotting.
TllIC HOAllD OP TUADK spe
cial roniinlttoK'rt tcport ami
lpi'oniinoinlatloiis on the nul
ject of hoyoottlnR, unatil
iiinusly adopted, tliould mark n tarn
Itih' point la the industrial and coin
incirlnl history of tlilw rlty and valh-y.
All tl1.1L hay boon needed to throttle
this vicious importation In this terror
ised town wna the Initiative of vigorous
and icsolute lrudei'Hhlp. It looks now
si W taat leadei-shlp were forthcoming.
The way to smash boycotting to
laud its rhiff lenders in jail. It is :i
lolatlon of law and few are ciiRauod
In fomenting It who do not know that
it is. So long as il can bo practiced
with Impunity and so long as weak
kneed busiaess men cower In fear at
tin. ery mention of Its name, the club
will be upciI for all It Is worth, by men
ho otherwise would not command a
moment's set Ions attention.
Those who told thu board of trade
i.'otnmlttee that they doubted that there
wits enough civic vitality left in the
community to make a stand rtn,ilii-t
tills tvrannous recourse of mischief
makers wetc unfair to the city and
its people. The vitality is here, but
It has been latent. No one has taken
.-.tops to arouse it. The boycotters and
Maekmaileis have been allowed a clear
When our busltip.ss met: get tired
( nough of such lawles-utess to stop it
they can stop it very easily. Ho long
as they are lontent to suffer from It in
Mleneo they deserve all the surfeilng It
will leave them open. I.oent option
would remove that feeling of resent
ment, often bitter, entertained by city
populatloiui URitlnsl legislation wliteh
lliey regal d as nn tinwairnntuble Inter
feteni'c with their rights, t.oeat option
would luke the M.iloon out of polities!
woutil remove tho opitn Until. V for
blnektnalt; and, by abolishing the
Halites law hotels, would remove tho
Incentive to licentiousness which those
hotels futnlsh, haul, hut by no means
least, It would put th" temperance
fiuestlon formally before the people
whenever the ward voted on the local
option question that Is, eveiy three or
four yearn: thus II would compel the
saloons to defend themselves! It would
bring a certain degree of pressure lo
bear upon them to keep themselves de
fensible! and It would furnish an op
portunity and an occasion for constant
ly renewing campaigns of education
and on public education, far mote than
on any legislation, teal tcmp'rance re
form must depend,"
These are arguments not limited to
New York eltj. They apply with al
most initial force to vwry large Atncrl
etui city. Are wo on the verge of it rev
oltttlou In municipal excise legislation
Is Sunday lo be secularized V
mill that Iti polllln bo Iim 'cncit tin other l.nown
tml ttiept tn lioinlle for W'llll.itn t.nrlimr,
(t Is obviously proper Hint rhnrgeB
thus rpeellle should be Investigated In
court. 11 liorltncr Is guilty ns charged,
his place U In obscurity If not tit jail.
If Kohlsaut him printed ti 'libel he
should pay the ftno,OC0 damage;) sought
hy Lorliner. l,et the band play.
The foot ball uillsl Im now beginning
to wonder how tunny, of his members
will remain tit for service on the night
Tlie Alnn for (lalwny.
TTAHH ItlCTfltN of Colonel
According to reports of recent experi
ments, the new submarine boat Fulton
Is 11 success, the crew of the craft having-
remained under water llfteen hours
without discomfort. Those expetlment
Ing with submarine craft ate suggestive
of those who eat toadstools for mush
roomssuccess or failure depends al
together upon survival,
A Book of Local Interest.
V.ictory Inspector Campbell's ieP-1-ence
to lite escapes in his annual le
port Is a timely hint in the interest of
public safety. There is a grave ques
tion as to the safety of outside fire es
capes upon building.-, more than four
stories high. U would be belter to get
al the root of the evil and pass laws
prohibiting the election of high struc
tures that aie not llto-laoof.
The Local Option Movement.
OTITIS AN interesting contribu
tion to the literatute of the
Sunday opening controversy
-s has been made by Hlshop
Doane, of Albany, in a letter resigning
'he chairmanship of tho church Tem
perance society. In his absence this so-eit-'y
had passed resolutions strongly
'oiidemning the proposition to give
.s'ew Yorkers the right to vote upon the
uuestlou uf permitting the sale of liquor
on Sunday. I'nable to assent to this
itep liishop Doaite wrote the following
1 full, ic.illo the tu .-.i.l ilno ami the te.i.M,'-
S.llHTIfi-. (l l, holl lil(Mll1l. I luu net
widdiil rue iota mj Miciiu 1 oiim, timi .ibuitl tin
'laurr (U siiiiiR .111 inch lo Hi" Iic.iu.r wllu.,
.lUnit the ueci-lly ,.t suiiilinj; tin K.ureilius-,
I' tin- I.oul's l)i, and .ilmnt tho iii.lli.tial,tr
tie-, of Kiilii;,- ,.u,i pi iviUsir-i In the people ulin
K'll the iiH.r ilitif,noiis mid iLlcii'iluiN aiili-Ie
if tuule. Hut tliu oi,,. ittcV,Uii, whii.il lome,
M'ly Mluindy heiiin In in,., k U10 iptetlnn v Itctli
r ut rut siiikI ii- i tHit iiinie ,si nleil h- tin,
i.iicniillulidl f.ile of lhii.r u'.iint .111 iiuoiito.-i'id
1.UV. imohinir In tho tii-t pl.m. n hl,,. ,j ih
ino-l iiupiiuii!id ,!,,. if it, mUus, ,,ui1 it', u.
In the wuist wit ot buyei. .ntd Imoltlnv Inside,
puttiiis law ill liehl e. te ill nml openliiL, Ine
1-iiipl.iiiui lo ihicptiflu at.il lia.km ill. Shoulil
ie not u(, , s-uiuliiy fteer fuun deiepllon iinii
iiioio deienlly ol)Miei, at any talc, In sin.li
plitc-i 113 tho w.ijoiity of tho inhabitant! ilelio
it. if n hw tint (011I1I be enfotied .mil would hac
Itiblle yplnlun beddnd It ubfib mutlil help ne
olru il. Mire In e-jt-tem 1 . iboliiiey ptuliiliitiii
ill fjlci until -j 11 ;: uMiwI. in tlie'.ilteiuoou m
jtei 111 c.Mml, at nll,t : It Mnih tn be 1 i.n
ded not null' bv the people win, ,ue mo,t e
.1I1 m id in ilealln with Ibis ipiritlun, bit, by
iIiom' 1ln1 .ue kii'.iiIj (iiiicciiini In tie pie-nit
"ueit ut it (1) tint the uliMiliitp piolilbltion (
.mlay Mle citiuot W put into execution; (J)
b.it It lenN tu tiiiilcilianikJiivb and thu loirup
lion of tlie pollie; t) that it i-. ii.illy 11,, pio.
li'dlcili in tlu wucilue id tho l.oni'h l)jy, and
Ml Out Hie opcntioti c( Ilie ll.ilui- law .it
precoijl H .iiiNinip.inlnl Willi evIN nunc etiiotn
tlimhose wliUh it U intended lo tueieut, lu
ilie )Hf.enl eoii.lllloii of llilnx, in the illy of
New IVi'tk, Willi 411 ailiuluili.itloii In wIiim.. ptiu
1 ip!cj!id lifiu ripieeiiiliule we .ill Into ro.i
IldtiiiJ, I bud ni3elf tiinble lo tike the pod
tlmi whlOt tho I huri h Teiuper.ai(e toelety took
Hie other day, and il seem, only rlitlit, there
f.e, dint I fhould put into the hands ot the
ocUty my imisnitloii ai. ihalrniau, anil leave
injtilf tiec tu deal villi tliis pietlou wllbout
thu inibairatsincnt ( my otlkltl iouikiIIoii with
the tocia.v, I nidi hanlly niv tint ,),-, i,0
ivIilioQt ;lio filntrit liMPtiiutr of m. h'i'at In
teirttjiii the Hull, ui tin: t(n.rtr and tnv te.uli.
lic-i lo nippnit it In liny waj-.tlul I t.ui.
It t Hlgnillctint that so radical n tern
poranco reformer us Itev, Dr. 1. K.
Kunlt announces practically his agree-
moiiv wiin nianop uoiine, "Tins," says
IIO.M the press of the Mueiuil-
lan company, New York,
just been Issued n well
printed octavo volume of 2fi0
pages entitled "The Anlbiaolto foal In
dustry," the work of Peter llobertH, Ph.
D of Olyphant, tt studious and dili
gent Investigator, who has grouped to
gether a mass of Information, historic
and statistical, well calculated to make
his subject clear in the unfamiliar lead
er. In an Introduction to the book Pto
fessor Sumner, of Vale, says:
'tlie polity of man ufeiucnt of 1 lie atiliii.irili'
ii.du-hj bis tinned upiri .1 M'lie- ot uuM in
Uirstliur .Hid iiiipint nit ihi'.ti!;es 111 labor Mip
ply, uiuiles uf ti.'iu-piulatlou, iiKKirs.illon f ap
itil nml leui-litluti. 'Ihiiifmo we Into hue .1
1110. t In-triKlhe hi-tniy foi the tile-min and
niati ot .illjlis "I ! Inilu-try his aim hetti the
.neni ot ni.un epitinunts in l.ilmr nitfiiiii
linn, and ut mau imliMiia! wit-, ovci w.e;fi,
hoiii-i, uilo, tii"lhoil-, eti. II. In In ; into ii.
I'peialbu a i .11 iily ol iiitficsli. niliiiii?, tiativ
poit.itioti, baukinp:, .mil the i.iib-ilii-inu of ju-Irte-H
is -iili tint the induMiy, as a wlioh'. ii
a 1I1M11 ol inteie.-ts wliiih it is no ea-y lint
In to biim; into biiiUMit,. 'Ihc iniints ioiim
a loniniunilj wliiih n lo a 1 ei 1 1I11 isluif Nolind
and pteuliii. It ii not civile .iLted upnu by
(unents ot Ihoinjlit whiih aie ,lron4 ,u tie iet
ot tlie tate. and il i. at tiio mie tune. 'iie;i
to .tuil.itioii and tnteiuil t uuiuintion and lute,
it to tinipii.ny fit-, ot tiehiiiv an 1 nieidai no
tions, Hence .iil-e ntcullar and linpiutaul tu
tial tdienniuein in minium town-, white libuius
ut illltiiiut ii.itiniiililies aio .isMiiibUd. Tlie .in
lluir ot tliii booh has hid t ieptiun it oppiiluu
ltie of cvpuieneo and oliaon.iliuii whiili iidi't
his intue-t 111 tlie s-ttlijeit 111 (V mot iieeulhr
111 tunc lie ha- ImuucIiI (-ie.it v il ami Indus
tt.i io (he Mudy of it and he his ii ol a ci.v iu
lilllcint tinileistniiiliiig cl tho points nnM wntlliy
of ntli"li.iii. I li.ui obt.iineil tiom tlie br,. U a
sri.it deal ut tiuslviiulhy iiifoiiniib'ii wliiih was
in me .a pleat inipurt.ui'e and wlu .
Ill stojio the book has twelve eliitii
Ifts. with many diagrams, maps and il
lustrations. The first two r!ui ptcrs tell
how the coal deposits lie and how they
are developed; the next nine 1 elate to
problems of capitalization, transporta
tion, mine management and inspection,
employes and wages, Incidental profits
of operators (the powder question and
company stores), accidents, strikes,
unionism and reclaiming the waste. In
the last chapter the author gives his
opinion ot what ought to be done by op
er.it 01s and men to bring about 11101-0
harmonious relations and a better mu
tual pt-ospetity. TliN volume dealing
solely with the economic aspects ot the
anthracite Industry and of the life re
volving about It, .1 lompauloit book is
ptomlsed which shall study social anil
It Is not the present purpose to ex
amine Jtev. Mr. Huberts' work In any
detail. II K siillieicnt now lo bring its
general otilllne tn the attention of our
leaders, with the indorsement that it
represents painstaking effort to be ac
curate and lair and that the treatment
of main and divisional themes is In
varlnblj (.undid and conscientious.
The I'll uduug bin glur who took u
bath and shaved himself before robbing
a residence which he had entered evi
dently desired to pcifoiui a "clean
hyneli to the lionet! of com
mons for the city of tlttlway
Is a set ions nittlter for both
Kuglaud and It eland. Irishmen could
not offer a greater Insult to Kngllsh
nutlotiiil sentiment. Those who take a
calm and dlpassloitate view or the
consequences lo which the election of
Colonel Lynch wilt Inevitably lend can
not but deeply 1 egret the Incident. Col
onel Lynch, a llrltlsh citizen, took up
arms to aid enemies with whom Kng-
luiid was engaged and still Is engaged
In war. Not only this, hut he recruited
u considerable number Of soldiers lo
light on the side of the Uoors and
led them, If with no great effect on the
fortunes of the struggle, at till events
wllh nn Implacable and determined ef
fort. So far this only concerned Lynch
and those who assembled under his
banner. l!ut now a large and Impor
tant constituency takes up the cause
and the man and lavish upon htm tho
highest political gift in their keeping.
Colonel Lynch declares that he will
take his seat In parliament. Mr. Hed
mond, who Is now in this country, says
there Is no reason why he should not.
At the same time Kngllshnion arc de
termined that he shall not. ff he sets
foot on llrltlsh soil In tlie present tem
per of Kngllshnion he will be deported
to Houth Africa, tried as a rebel and
made to suffer the fate of a traitor. If
this should happen, and it lies entirely
within the hounds of probability, Ire
land would be tin own into 11 state of
convulsive agitation, without parallel
situ 0 the iclielllon of 'fS. Here would
be iin end, It must seem, to all that de
velopment in manufacture .-mil agricul
ture of tecetit years, all notion of home
rule, economic progtoss, the retention
of Jrlsh men and Irish women at home,
In it woid, the peace and prosperity of
the country. Kngland could maintain
the authority she now has only under
drastic despotic power. Kvett sympa
thetic Knglishineii like John Morley and
.Tames IJryce will be unable to lay the
feioiious indignation which Lyneh's
triumphant 1 etui 11 to it seat in the im
pel i.tl liailiainent has already moused.
Colonel Lyneh's opponent was not an
Kngli.slininn. Horace Plunket is an
Irishman who has Hit own himself heart
and soul into the industrial develop
ment of his country. His success has
boon phenomenal, Ireland has changed
her tare since he became Hlentllied
with the svleiitiilc leitalssance of prac
tically the sole general occupation of
her people agriculture.
The end of this election is not yet in
sight. It Is one of the most unfortunate
things that has ever happened to Ire
land. It also ends any chance of a re
action of Llrltlsh sympathy in behalf of
the Boers. It raises a new issue on
which Ireland is certain to lose.
Suits tor Libel.
LIHKL suit that. If pushed,
will be almost as Interesting
as the Impending suit of
Wade Finn against W. W.
has just been 1, mucin d in
Tho plaintiff is former Con
gressman William Lorliner, the lecog
nlzed "boss" of Cook county! and thu
defendant is II. II. Kohlsaat's Itecoid
Llcrald, which, hi tin editorial recently
said of Lorliner;
The rc-pect ible (llizeiiof I lihano du not 111U
luiit and rejeit l.orlinei Iki,hm of his pullih'al
inpil allum but bec-nise he ! .1 boodlir. This
fact was comlmiiujly established In the winter
of lS'Js. win 11 his po.s,es,loti of suddenly ae.
iiilrtd wealth led lo the (luptliy: WbiiKilid In
set Itjf llifote I tic sesdon ol tho lculslaliiru of
Allen bill and sa coiiolldition infamy --Iti 1 1
Lotluier" was a poot man, dependent 011 his ki.
.try, Alter it .iiljuiuiiinent bo blossomed uut .is
4 i-apltdlbt, ptld outliwvil notes, iuu'sleil in
teal estate and .uknowledneil that lm w.t wotlli
.KKMKK. To the queiy "Where Did lie (let Itr"
lio maintained a iltswict slleuie, but cmi.UioiI
I new nline Loiimei Kol it. It u.i, Ilie p.Un : Ins
111 II ne nee 111 mampuiaiiiu: inn li'u'llJluie of ItO?
Humors from Holland indicate that
the prince w ho is enjoying a good in
come and i oiufortiible home as the
husband of Queen Wilhelmlna has
proved to be a worthless ingr.xte, and
does not have even the decency of the
average count who marries nn Ameri
can heiress. The Hague peace con
gtess or the Holland white caps should
take the matter in hand.
flow Others Rale
he, 'Jls democracy tho majority should ' ln "lu l'di'iet of thu bcnctli-l.iiiiri 01 the Hum
rule. , Let us nettle tho liquor question
III Siw York city by a ward local op
ton,' Ami the Outlook says; "All ur
KUimsntH tuo In favor of this policy;
wo ran conceive no serluus arguments
tignlijst It, It would not Increase Sun
day selllner; for now hotels can sell on
Solidity, and it saloon which desires
that pitvllego has only to take out n
hotel license, It would piobubly do
rrenso tfunduy selling; for almost cer
tainly some wards in tho city would
vote against miclt sates, 'it might de
cietiKe week-duy selling, fop not Im
probably some residential wards would
vote for no-license. Wherever no-II-(Uise
was voted It mold bo enforced:
for the nubile beuthnent which voted
phrey and Allen bills and the ims loiisolldatloii
.ut, Not until .bine l.s'a'l, huv.cwr, did the pub
lic know eii.ully how he (.ot a Unto part of it.
Then it was dmlused bow John W, (iate", beln
lutciosicil In "mule bllU l) and los," whlili
piQlidid tint ouu loipoiatlon luiild own Mini:
ii another roipuiailuii, aibaucltm: nuifiii.s ot 2,
KID chiles of Coiuullilated (l.i.s Block, for I.uii
uier lot- liLs ten lees In w.itililiu' ho twin lilll,
throucli the leKislalure. The klock went fiom
J to ItVl a, .1 luppj tilbutc tn l.oriuier'o rapa.
ity .w u walihet' and tuanliitilatni-, 'thu, w.i It
uiwii whur a pan of leilinct'.s boodlo caiiic
from. How inuili he t;ot tor niaulnulatiiiB the
K-11jIuio In behalf ot tho lluniphiey and .Mien
bills lias never been us pice-lady known. Hut
diuiiiH- that fclnitli! hessloii of the Illinois fenital
iifoimbly he Usui lil.s ysiuu Uii Iteatl of the Cook
County Itepiiblii-ait maihlni; to otruitly and if.
fcUIudy that In 0110 bound he became (onipjra
tbely wealth. It may alt be true that William
l.oriincr h a t,ood oitjanijer, i true to Ids friend.',
Ultliful to Ids family, a kind hinbind and tn !-
?nclil ( one-p.iinhtice of The Tribune
W.isliinntcti, No, '.',
OI.OMAI, APMINIsribVllON" is the title
of .1 publiiallon whiili will be issued
by tlie tte.isuiy bii'oau of slallstics 11s a
put ol tlie OMulicr mituhir of tlie
Muutlily Muiun.n.i uf foirniiric and raiitue.
It is iindeiliiiii to be dm pcuonal wotk of tlie
ildef ot Ihe biui.iu, Mr. Austin, who tiMtnly
il-iled tlie i.ipil.ils ot loloulal tlep irunenis lit
the l.'iuiipt.iu i;ii,inineiits with tlie ptupie ..f
ubt.iinimr iiitniiiiatlmi teuaidins the tuetli'uls
applinl in Ilie (,'oieii.inenf of colonic-. The
woik Is ilttiiiliil cspn ,iy in ti,,. gateiniiKiit and
ih'telopiuint of colonies in tropli ,1 and tub
tnipii il liulioi,,, and Ihu method 1 wliiilt Ibis
iilatluii.ship bitwein tempeiulo one uilloiis mid
troii.il aieas bei oines mutually benillelal tu the
piiiple of Mb loiiitutinities-. 'Ihe bIiuIj, whhli
oiiuplis mil- ion 1 lu-ely piloted pises, is i-uui-mailid
ill .1 flnslc pjiri. ,n follow,:
"It. inaj not bo luipiup.r, In 1 losing-this tudy
of Ilie hi pieat ipi"siiutis biln ui( h (In. mbjei't
at the beciiiului,' diviilid it.-elf, to biiilly sum.
ni.ai?o tho facts devi billed br the inveti"a.
Hon, Hi fine htalliiir tlieM- ceticlitsloiis it Is pro
per to .iiralu '-ill attention to the fail that this
.study and the 1 0111 bislon, ih.nvn tbneliom tclito
ipi,lall,v In loiiihiiiins lit Itiipical and fiib
lii.pli.il loluules. It is In colonies of tills clas-i
that the people uf the I'nlUil sttleb arc e,pe
1 1 illy liiteieiteil .it the piesint tinio from the
ptutlial ttatidpoiiiti the tone lu, lout du not to
late, Iheiefi.ie, a a Riuei.d titlo lo rottdllloi.3
lu the Kictt fcolf-Koumlu,; cpluiile, Inliabiled
ctiiitiy iy people ol tlie mother lountry, tuih,
Pif example, aa (atiaila, Atistialli and (.until
"It ha luiii assumed In ti, nijj. t li.i t the
ihlef puipose In the m iiugriiirnt of ttoplcal and
Mtb-liuplod ciilonu.s is (lie deMlopnieiit and ad
laticeiuitii of the people ot Hie mlony and tie
(eriiloty vhicli tlu.v cuiupy, find that vvliin lid,
is uiioinplblnil (he icaiilt will bu lientflclal to
tho (Oiiinieice of tho tniilhtr (otuiliv mid tho
wuiJd tl. touch both the inticascd piudiiilion and
lOliMiniptloii whiih will tollovv slkli ilevelopinetit
ot tho tetrilotles In itiv'tloii. U , aoiu n,0
lines above Indiialed tint this Mudr has Livtt
mule and the conclusions whiili follow icacrcd.
"I'ltst What lnie of tliu soicinuii'iit of Iho
6iniC,liilly inaiiajted colony oiislmtes at Hit
beat ut the homo tot eminent mid wlnt Ol,;uo in
the colon); am) by vdioiu and in what maimer
am tho bind and retaliation.) ilea ted?
'I lie (initial ..stent of gournment adopted fir
the iidony L iletciinliied by action of the IcuU
lalive body of ihu homo Knieiiiment and when
this is done the conduct of Iho det.ilL I, placed
In the lunda uf .1 iliparlniiiit of the ijoieimi.ciit.
All iiallous now- Htlimpthie; (lie ttovcimnint if
communities tlUkilnc in i.ae, ciistouti ami (Ii
initio cuudlilons fium llioso of tint home trov
iiiimcnt, appoint fiom tliclr own peonlu a tjvv.
crtiui- uud other cu'iulhc cltjccid, and there of
flciilj, with utlioisj tianiid by iho homo Buurie
incut, ti.ttii the law-Hi iklns body In the lolotiy,
thoivli in tlie nunc ailvaiKnl colonies .1 popular
bi-.aicb of tho law-iual.ln,' body Ii also elictcil
by the people 01 the colony. The moio luipot
tint of the aw and leiilations formed by flu.
Uw-inaklm," bodfv aie subiultteil to the home
'"eiOlillWTl.tl ulur i,l Ibn ailfillnUliallo.l
wllhlu Iho loluny I, cotiitticlcil be rcprefciiLc
llici nf the home Bovetnmctit, nml what li.iro
Ii Intruded In the nntltc In conjunction Willi
Ihe lepresetitilhm In nK. colony of the liotue
"The gcnci.it adtnltiMialloti nf ujov eminent In
Ihe colony Is pcrfotined by tho ROiernor and
other csrctithis ,,Hrei, nml tint laiv-nijklntv
N by the leuhlallve bodies uboic ile.cilbed! but
the detail, of jilmlnMiallon arc lamely ear
th d otil by the ualltes, In coiijtiinllou with,
nml under the supervlilon of, the direct repte
vid.illvet of llio homo KOicrnnietil. Local ami
1nunlclp.1l leuWatlon mid administration Is loft
to the natives wheteicr practicable, and thry
nte cnenuiaiteil Id outline the ilutlej of mliiiliili
lerliur law nml order and Improving; and deiclop.
Ini? Ihe tonunimlt).
"nihil Mini steps nte lakcn ntul nitthoili ap
plied In Impinve Ihe tnitrtlil, menial and tnoial
condition of the people nf the colony?
"The (lift and most Inipotlanl ite:u nfler Ihe
develnpiiicnl of oulei aie the (.trillion of iii.ld",
r.illua.K, leleRtaphs, steamship lines, and othei
liiethods of (onniumliiilloii mid It.in'portatlon by
which the inliird prtnlucts of Ihe colony un
be font to the tniikels of Ihe woild, wluro they
will llnd ready sale. Willi this the natlio Puds
his earnlna; power Inneascd, nml with this lie
cleafe of oiniltiics tomes hieiea'iil dilie for tht
(omfiiits and tonveiilence.s of civilisation, which
In I lit ti ate followed by belief homes, cduealloti,
newspapers, schools, chut elicit and hid rased povv
ei of etf-Rtncrnntent. Ihe public works for tie
duclopment and linpimcment of the colony aio
usually created with funds raided by local taxa
tion or loins baed upon futitie revenues and
not with funds Mipplled by the homo government,
nor does the home trovermnpnt usuallr make It
self responsible for the 'loans ral--ed by the
"Fourth How- arc the habits of Inilu-try and
tlitlfl Inculcated anions; the tiithex and tho
necessary labor supply obtained for tho develop
inrnt of ludttslrles which shall render Ihe colony
elfsupporlliig and its people piospcrous?
"The inethods above defcribed, liy which the
riming power of Ihe native is tm.itly enhanced
and his desire for the cumfoits of cb Illat Ion cot
irspotiillnirly Increased, htitnubite industry and
tlulft. TI10 illversillealion of liulustrles and the
inilliidtnl owneihlp of land by the natives also
develop habits of indiislty and incieae their
eaiulus powei. In those indiudiics which te
iitlie I.n ire establlshinnibi and 11 steady labor sup
ply, such as sutrar, tobacco and cotfee, 01 in the
cniistt notion of Kie.it ptibllt: woik". 11 part of the
labor supply bis been in tome colonies obtained
It mil other courccs; but as a rule natbe labor,
when properly stituulitid by the methods above
lefened to, ptove sulllcicnt for the r-rpilrcments
of Ihe colony.
"I'lfth How are Ihe necessity funds for tin-
conduct of the colonial (.ovcrniui nt labed, and
is any pari of such lunds .supplied by the home
"Ihe funds foe the conduct of Ihe loIoiij- aro
i.ii-ed by methods Mnillai- lo those ittili.eil in the
mure advanced communities of the world. In
1U0.-.1 la-ei, customs duties fuppty a laigcr t-luno
of the iivcuues than any olhei- .single item. In
a few instances, noljbly liulii and .Ina, the
owneiship of land is letaiucd by tlie gover.i
incut. th land licituf leased to the uatiie at a
low icntal under leasej 11-ually tciicw.ible per
pclually. and .1 lupe shite of the revenue is
obtained fiom thee sources, 'the colonies are re
ipiinil to ral.se fullieicnt icicnuc to meet nil
tho!: cwpoascs, both of euirent adininit-tiatloii
and peimanenl inipiaiiiutnt, and in many cases
tho tallioids, tclcgi ipli lines, etc., aie al-o
(oust 1 111 led from public funds aie owned by the
'sixth The commercial relation between the
colony and th" mother countiy; its ability to
supply the ai ticks requiicd ill the home coun
tiy and to tibsotb U10.-0 produced for epott by
the mother lounliy, and the extent to which the
fat in and other lrgulatioii between the colony
and the mother countiy aie adjusted to encour
ape this mutual iiitculiauee.
''Ihe principil pioductions of the colony aie
itually taw niatoiiils and ltituiiil food products,
and tiic-u .110 11-ually the piinclpil Importations
of the mother country. 'Ihe piiniipal pio.lut
lions of tho mother countiy me minufactures
and jirepared food ptoducts, and these aie alao
the piiniipal importations of the loluny. This
is especially Ihe case if the colony I locatul in
the liopics and Hie mother countiy In the Km
peialc 7one. A fiee inleichiiiKe of products be
Iweni the two communities thus mutually de
pendent upon each oilier for neeessiry supplies
and 11 nece.-aiy niaikel for the Kiuplus of each
Is tlieteforc essinti.il. Tills condition, coupled
with tho stowHi of facilities for cheap and
ranid ti.instioit.ilion and intei-eonununleatlon,
has led in nmiy eases to the lemoval of le
.sitictive taiiffs between the niother country and
the colony for the eneomaceiiienl of the same
fiee inteiclunao between (lie colour and tho
mother ceuntiv as thai which fsUU between
the stales or ptovinces of the mother country
itself. Speeillc nittclcs. however, such .is Micpr,
for example, which the mother country pio
duces or nny pioduce, aie excepted from this
Kim-1.1l .s.stim. 'lids is c-peeially true in coun
tries bav'iiiK .1 liluli taiiiT. In low tarlil coun
tries, which .iliculv admit mot of the products
of all counliies ilee ol duty, the tnllT tesula
tions ntluially mike no clisetiminatlons relative
to the piodiic'ts of the colony, nml lluwe of the
n.lony mike no discrimination relative to ihe
mother countiy, except in the cue of Canada,
whiih giants to the pioducts o( the United Kins
dom and eeilain of Ihe mlllsh colonies a redue
Hon of one-lhini in tariff rate.s."
Christmas Gifts forthe Children
JUNIOR EDUCATIONAL CONTEST
Example Not Well Chosen.
King Mcloe Ihiim.inuel, in cplte of his cour
teous inantuis, is Killid with a quick wit and .1
s.iuastii tiuitfitc at times. Ho was recently re
moltli.K tint, it was almost Impossible for lum
to l.tnw truly what opinion bis piop'e Iiad ot
him. due of tlie couttleiB siniouiidiiiK him Mid It.
would be e.i.-y etieiugli if the king would ill.
cube him-elt as .1 student and xi-it the cafes mil
drinking simps of Iho populiee, and added: "lint
is how IV I it- Ihe tin.il ai.led." "fh.it is true,"
teloitid tlie kins, "but .win seem to torirct that
IMei the fltc.it iifrd to lnn' lho-e whom i.o
tints oM'tlieaid speakliitc ill uf him. 1 think .vou
bad belter 1 boose anothei- example.
At the town of Alt cranes, f iitirr.il Wood spent
koiiio time (Isitluij the cireel. lie lud all liie
pi.roneis lined out lufure liiin, and he asked one
tifiir auothet Inrultat ieaou he was theie, Point,
bit; to one tellow ho a-ked:
"What are .mhi here foi"
'the man liiokcd up leailcssly and said: "I.e.
cause a cow was ,ecu walking behind inc."
'Jlie fellow made the statement In null an tie
juml inantier lint eveiy one lu the parly hid to
liuiih, incliiiliiiir the jjller, who liuteucd lo ex
plain lo '! (jinetal lint the u-asoii tho cow w.is
w.ill.luif b.innd film was that lie had .1 rope at
lathed to her,
Two Stories About Geoigo Ade.
IJcoiKO Ade, who-e "l'able in Main," have
btoittiht him into proniliicnio ai a humorist, ia
trout IndluiH, lu talkltiK with a lady recently,
she ntknl I1I111 if he had ever noticed lion many
biltsht people iMine frcm that state,
"Indeed I have, madam," he tald, "etui I lave
liotlieil, too, that Hie briifhUr lliey arc the sooner
On atiothe- on.islpu Ade was l..luiln,' to a
rcstauiant orchctri with tunic fiirnib, when the
bind bia.ui to play hn Inlriiueo I10111 "lliis
tlclana." As tho flirt few bars wins played, one
of the listeners asked:
"Didn't Pe hmi'ii wilte that ."
".Not ct," t-aid Ade.
Qood Beason for His Actions.
A Rood Kuiy I, bcln,- lold of Lord thatlrj
DeiCslotd, the set olid In command uf lilicl.llid'J
Miillteiianeau fleet, sau J London louespondint,
Vlic Adtniial I'lsher, Ilie commandei' o the llect,
n nfti'icil n plle, known in the "Jljlt.'t Cup,"
wliiih is lowed tor annually by boat Ui'u.s mm
Ihe x.itious tiilpi of the licet. U Ina iui'iud
tli.,t tho 1 iiv of bis iholilp lu-s won the (tin
ivro .'"' until th,', wIkii u ciew fioiu the
liiiullllis, line, lord's ship, wa the Mctoi. A
diy 01 twoiitcr tho Ihct was iiractleini; luaiuit-,
vet's, and ri,lur was much dilsatlsncd with thu
wa. the llatiilllie) v.a handled, lie .ucuulitifejly
"I.'xplaln join- leasott fur bclns Jatc 111 exciut,
Inir this maneuver,"
Immediately came the reif.i :
"We aio iowlnrf Hie 'Malta flip.' "
'lli.it was aim. -i worthv of Dob bin in.
Gold and Silver Watches,
Games, Toys, Etc.
(A detailed list will be announced later.)
To be given to the Boys and Girls ot Northeastern Pennsylva
nia who succeed in making the largest number of words out of
the letters in
Four Weeks of Amusement for Winter Evenings.
RULES OF WE CONTEST.
Prizes will be given to the boy or girl, under 16 years of
age, building the largest number of words out of the letters
contained in "Scranton Tribune."
No letters must be used any more times than they appear
in these two words. As an instance, a word with more than
one "B" would not be admitted, but a word might contain two
"R's" or three "N's."
Plurals formed by adding "s" or "es'' not allowed.
Only words found in the main portion of- "Webster's In
ternational Dictionary'' (edition of 1898) will be allowed.
Proper names.or any other names appearing in the "Appendix"'
will not be allowed. Under this lule the words "Scranton"
and "Tribune" are debarred.
Write on one side of the paper only.
Write very plainly; if possible, use a typewriter.
Place the words in alphabetical order, numbered in rota
tion. Write your name and address, age and total number ol
words at the top of your list
Contest closes Saturday. December 21, at 6 p. m.
Number of Words
All letters of inquiry for additional information will be
promptly answered. Address your list of words, or any ques
tion you wish answered, to
How many words do you think
there are in. the letters in ''Scranton
To put it another way, How many
words do you estimate the winner of
The Tribune's "Junior Educational
Contest" will haveP
This is just a little "Estimating
Contest" in connection with The Tri
bune's ''Junior Educational Contest,"
in which every reader of The Tri
bune is invited to participate.
For the Best Estimates.
$5.00 will be given for the first cor
rect, or nearest correct, esti
mate. 2.00 for the next nearest.
1.00 for the next neai-est.
50 cents each for the next two
25 cents each for the next four
Record your estimate on the blank
below and mail it to "Contest Editor,
Scranton Tribune, Scranton, Pa.," or
the envelope may be handed in at
Tho Tribune office. You may send
in as many estimates as you have
CUT THIS OLT.l
I estimate that the winner of the
first prize in The Tribune's "Junior
Educational Contest" will have
Name . ,
Employes of The Tribune Are Debarred from Entering These Contests.
THIRD NATIONAL BANK I
OR SCRANTON. $
Organised 18 7" St.
Depositary of the United States.
Capital, $200,000 Surplus, . $550,000
Tlie discount uitc to depositors u 5 per cent, per tmiiuin.
Special attention Klvon to nil itreotiiits whether Imgcoi'Miiutl.
open frnltiitliiyex'etilnss rilo tio'eloet.
Three per cent, Interest paid on fuvIubs deposits.
A Intetcit eonipoimtleil .limitary Jst nml .Inly 1st.
5 WILLIAM CONNELL, President.
0 HENRY BELIN, JR., Vice President.
$ WILLIAM H. PECK, Cashier.
. William Connell, James Archbald,
y Henry Belin, Jr., Luther Keller,
0 Gao. H. Catlin, J. Bouj. Dimraiok,
6 Thomas H, WatUins, Jamee L Connell.
ti Should Be Thankful.
IUl).v cjti liaie choc. , . . , 23o up
Mjiiu can luo slioc-9, .....,,., 60c-l.p
l'.ip.i cjii liavs shoes.,,,.,,., ,, We up
Ml jiuI Mr. Ilopcliill can luvo tliuci .'p.'.W up
LEWIS & REILLY
1 14-116 Wyoraiug Avfe,
UTi l'cuii Aveuuc.
This is rhat we are domg
Suits and Skirts.
If you want quality, style and
low price, trade with
124 Wyoming Avenue.
Furs repaired and remodel
ed uow at reduced cost.
City with a
First-CI ass Stock of
Mercereab & Connell,
132 Wyoming Avenue,