Newspaper Page Text
THE SCR ANTON TRIBUNE-TUESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1901.
(Je $cttottfott r(6une
FuMMirt I)lly, Ktcpt RuntUj. by Th; Ttlb
ihm Publishing dompany, at Fllty Ctnti a Month.
LtVV fl. ItlCIIAnn, Editor.
O. V, DVAtlP,!:, nmlncan Manager.
Kew York Offlcei 150 Niau St. . ,
B. S. VnCKIiAND,
Bale Agent for Torclgn Advcrtllng.
Lnttred at the Ponlofllce at Bcranton, Pa,, ai
Bccond Clau Malt Matter.
When apire wilt permit, Tho Tribune la always
triad to ptlnt ahort letters from Ita IMcmh t'
ing on current topic, but Ita rule li Hint thce
mtut he atRtinl, for pulillrallon, liy tho writers
real name; ami the condition precedent to ic
ceplanrc la that nil conlrlbutlons Mull bo subject
to editorial revision,
Till: KI.AT I1ATC KOIt ADVKIlTlSINa.
The following tabic almwa the price per Inch
ach Insertion, space to he used within one ycai!
Tom than fiOO Inches
limo " ...
rnoo " ,,,,
Tor canli of tlinntu, reilullona of condolence
and slmllir timlillnitlnin In tlie nntutc of ad
twitting The Tribune mikes a clurgc of 0 cent
Hales for Cla'slflcd Advertising furnished on
SCR ANTON, OfTOUKIt 1, 1001.
THE REPUBLICAN TICKET.
Snptcmc rniirl--,l.lM P. POTTKft.
'liramtr-l'IM.K t,. II.MII1IS.
.lllrlgcl. V CAIIPIiNrClt.
fonlmller-i:. A. .lOSIX
t'nit.ncr-im. .i. .i. wwt.in.c.
fcunejor-OLOIIlli: I.'. Mi:VL.sON,
l.lcilinn N'uv. ",
"vvlirn Ilic 1 If mi K i.ii v ttcnl nut nl power In
ur tsp II loll in the llrmiblltJii mity a Ics
ny of .ilinn-l iii,(W(Kiil of debt. Thl-. debt, by
vu-e .vhnlnfMi.it Ion umlrr Itiuiblh,iii rule, has
been almot rnllu-ly p.ml. We bar IntrcJ-ed
1 lie nppropi l,il loiii In Hie mininnn Mliooh iinlil
wp tund at the he.td nf tln Aiiicnun htates In
nippnit of impiil.li education, t'nler Hepublii.m
srliiiliimti.it ion Ihne h.is been p.iid cull jcrr for
cilutdtlonrfl puipnes inoro than wis .ipproprntcd
lv the Diinoiiiitii' piily in their quieter of a
trnluiv of misrule. W'c hio intreicd our up
prnpiiatlftn In chaillHble and rlrcino;,iiar.v in-tl-tutlnm
until wc i.m nuke the lrw,l that no t.1 ito
between the two nce.ms BUiports thcM! Institu
tions as well as dues oui own. Our 7,000,000 of
people jic ili'lu-lrlniw, honc-t, l.iu-almlinE and
happy. Vet. Hiirinuiidcfl as c are on eciy f-ldc
with prosperous huincvs (uuditions, with people
bappj, nnplntpil and loutnileil. and with eory
penue of hujuctt and tiade fully occupied, and
with the piiv.pi it of the (uluic iiiiglitpniug and
prowins more hopeful, the old hMniiu piuty of
ohtruitiou and liCK.ition sets up u lmtcrii.il ny
of fnlo pretense, livpnnNy mid iii-'incerily for
the pin pose nf mMpading I lip people ,ind lesuln
im lot power." I'luni (lie Hepublic.in btate
Sinco Janiiiiry 1 Tim Trllitino h.is
printed L'03,2 Inches of rearllriff mat
itr as compared with 187,403 Inches of
rending matter printed in tho Itcpub
llcun, l.M ,499 inches In the Truth and
316.199 Inches in the Times. Tho Tri
bune in this period used no plate mat
ter; the Itcpublican used L'JSO inches;
the Truth, 4G91 inches, and the Times
12.460 inches. Kxpressed in another
utiy, The Ttihune in nine months has
Klveii Its readeis 73ti more columns of
Jtadltiff matter tlian wore Riven in the
liopublican: IMS2 more columns than
in tho Truth and llfi.'S more columns
than in tho Times, Thes-e figures speak
, About the News,
If 'the Tribune was not the h.ipocritii il sheet
it i, It would Lp liouott enough to infoim its
, leaders that it was the Associated Press which
fciiI out these "three prennttiro bulletins" nn
nouniing the death of President McKinlev 1'riday
afternoon, and whiili newa caused all of the after
noon newsp.ipprs sencd liy the Associated Picss
to issue clr.H .innounclng the death of the prcsi
tli nt. 1 iinc.
TUK TRIHUNE cannot Inform
its loadern of pomethiHK
that was not true. Tho Tri
bune receives every bulletin
issued by the Associated Press. Not
one oniup on that Friday afternoon say
inp: the ptesident was dead, rtut inquir
ies by the hundreds came nskintr if the
circulated report of bis death was
true: and thanks to the accuracy of
the Associated Press reports, wo woio
enabled to contradict the false rumors.
Hundreds of our patrons can confirm
"What the Times says of the Associ
ated Press of years ago bears no re
lation to tho nresent Milnnrilrl mntimi
organization Including innrctuan ninety
per cent, of the leading newspupeis of
the North American continent. If the
Times were not tho hypocritical sheet
it Is, It would be honest enough to in
form its leaders that tho Associated
Press oho year ago reorganized, ended
nil frictions and bickerings within Us
membership, broadened and .strength
ened its lines and Is now immeasur
ably superior in scope, chaructor, em
clency and resources to any other news
collecting agency now existing or ever
Tills is pioved by Its membership,
which, as wo said belore, includes
moro than 90 per cent, of tho leading
newspapers published im tho North
American continent. Tlieio aro cheaper
concerns. That of tho Times Is cheaper.
Hut they aro of minor importance,
though no tloubt worth whut they
Surface indications in Now York city
tie ftivoniblo to Soth Low. Hut It
must not bo forgotten that it takes
organization to win.
Protect the Trees,
ATIMEIjY public, servlco has
been performed by James P,
Dickson in notifying the
managers of telephone, tele.
praph and other eompunlea stringing
wTrejj In this neighborhood that under
$he luw of Pennsylvania they are liable
,fjJS damages cnused to trees by the
'placing of poles or tho laying of wires,
y They have no right to mutilate or in
anx way interfere with either forest or
ornamental trees, whether on private
or public property; and In a number of
ij test cases they huve been roundly
5 mulcted in damuges for neglect to tuke
v proper precautions.
We know of a number of instances In
which linemen have simply slaughtered
loadslde trees that, stood In their way,
while in a number of places within tho
city limits valuublo shade trees have
been, attacked by them and deformed or
destroyed. No doubt this has been
done without authority from tho cm
ploying corporations. But the fact that
it Is possible justifies a stringent law
making It advUable for tho telcgruph
and telephone companies to see that
their linemen nro more careful.
Tho time has boon renched In tho prog
ress of the forestry movement when
soft words alone will not BUfllce. The
education of" tho public Bhotihl continue,
but there Is needed nlso, for exemplary
purposes, some conspicuous demonstra
tions that the laws on our statute
books Aimed to prevent wnnton tim
ber waste are not In the ilend letter
Protect the trees.
Of course the president's son goes to
the public school. Where else should
an American boy go?
Colonel Holes' New Book,
TO SUl'I'l.V it ilellnlle and con
sistent plan for tho defense
of society against crime Is
tho purpose of Colonel Holes'
now book, "Tho Science of Penology."
a well printed volume nf l.Vt octavo
pages Issued ftom'tho Knickerbocker
press of CI. P. Putnam's Sons. Years
of study of methods now In vogue to
handle the criminal elements have so
thoroughly Impressed tho colonel with
their Iniulenuacy that he has under
taken to synthesize into it science the
suggestions and conclusions of thoo
who, like himself, have been led to be
lieve that society's present hap-lmznid
and largely vindictive altitude toward
tho authors of crime Is out of conson
ance with modern civilization. U is
easy to say of coin is and prisons:
"They'io till wiong" and difficult to
spy wherein they are wrong and how
they may be lighted, but. Colonel Holes
In this book engagew In constructive
ctitlclsm. AVbat ho tears out of ex
isting methods he offers to lcplacc.
The fact that 2 per cent, of tho popu
lation comptchend the disturbing
criminal class, now a constant quan
tity, whoso annual cost to the other
9S per cent. Is In the I'nltcd Slates
$(100,000,000 a year or $15 for every head
of a respectable American family, lias
led some penologists to alllrin the pro
priety of exterminating by anaesthesia
this troublesome Insignificant minoilty,
as one would pull out nnd cast away
nn aching tootli or shoot a mail dog.
Hut that being impracticable, Colonel
Holes proposes as the best practicable
method the systematic detection and
Identification of criminals; the holding 1
in confinement until pronounced cureu
or incurable of every person convicted
of a crime; tho Isolation of Incoirlg
ibles under conditions making it Im
possible for them to bring tainted chil
dren into the woild; nnd the applica
tion of scientific principles to the whole
piolilcm of getting down into the
causes of criminality and of remedying
them at their remotest sources. In a
ord, he would substitute for the pres
ent ineffective punishments a system
that would tieat the criminal as a dis
eased poison, apply to his diseased con
dition influences calculated to work a
cure, restore to usefulness those found
curable and put those beyond euro Into
a form of permanent quarantine.
Unlike some who have discussed this
subject, Colonel Boies does not pro
pose to do away with punishments.
On the contrary, ho would increase
their deterrent influence by modifying
their character. l,egal penalties me
deterrent In proportion to the popular
estimate of the dlsgtace which pertains
to them. Therefore the law must make
crime odious and despicable; It must
brand the criminal as an nnti-soelal,
depraved and dangerously diseased ele
ment in society; and society must make
every Individual shun tho disgrace of
identification with the criminal class.
But while thus sternly discouraging
crime he would also emphasize the
need of reclaiming the victims of it;
to help them overcome criminal im
pulses; to build up their losistlng forces
until the will power to do right is su
perior to tho temptation to do wiong.
And in his book in great detail ho
shows, step by step, how this leforma
tory machinery may be constructed
In later articles we shall examine
moie closely into the details of his
Of tho 2.17S vessels that entered
Shanghai in 1S97, only fifty cat rlcd the
American Hag. In the same year not
a single American steamer was seen at
Chefoo, although COi British stcamois
were reported and ISO German. Hong
Kong reported only forty-eight Ameri
can vessels, yet there were ;!S,7i:i ar
rivals of till nationalities, including
These liguics must bo
An Anarchistic Platform.
((,'oveinor Stone at I'ltMninr.)
THK DEMOCRATIC state
platform adopted at llutiis
buig August 10, which
charges that the govern
ment of Pennsylvania In all Its de
partments is honeycombed with fraud
nnd coiruptlon, is not only false; it is
amuchistlc. It touches aniuchy. What
Is anarchy? Webster dellnes it as fol
lows: "Absence of government; tho
state of society where there Is no law
or supremo power; a state of law let-s-ness;
political confusion." What Is an
Anarchist V Webster dellnes It as "an
anarch, one who advocates, anarchy
or alms at the overthrow of civil gov
ernment." What Is nn anarch'.' Web
ster adopts Milton's definition, which W
"The author of anui'chy; one who ex
cites revolts," Lord Byron defines it
"an imperial unaich doubling human
woes." So that we see that anarchy
Is that doctrine which teaches tho over
tlnow of all government. That society
shull bo governed without law or gov
ernment. That there shall be no kings,
no presidents, no rules, no laws,
What is tho best und most effective
way to convince people that this doc
trine Is light? By teaching thorn that
oillclals and administrations are cor
rupt. By teaching that officeholders
aro thieves. There is no difference be
tween the teachings of Emma flold
man and this platform, Kmma Gold
man admits that she Is an Anarchist,
and tho other fellows do not admit
it, but thoy teach the same doctiine.
Kmma Goldman does not teach that
rulers should be assassinated, but that
rulers uro dishonest and corrupt. The
declarations in the plutform of the
Democratic party thut every depart
ment of our stato government is hon
eycombed with dishonesty, thut tho
powers of government tiro prostituted
to tho purposes of public thieves, are
as much anarchistic as the usual ut
terances of Ummu Goldman und th
other Anarchists, nnd It was such ut
terances as these by Kmma tloldmuti
that incited Bcrkmann to Bhoot It, O.
Krlck and Czolgosz to shoot the presi
dent of the United States.
Kmma (loldinati did not tell tlerk
iiiaitn to shoot Prick. She did not tell
Czolgosz to shoot William McKlnley,
but she told litem that they wore cor
ttipt; that they wcto dishonest; that
they were thieves nnd It some man
who believes that no government Is
better tliiin good government, who be
lieves Hint evoiy thief In office de
serves to tile should read tho platform
nf the last Democratic stale conven
tion and go to Ilatrtshurg and shoot
some one who Is at the head of a slate
department that platform should be
lis responsible morally for his death as
Kmma Goldman Is for t'zolgiKsz' crime.
Lot us call things by their right name.
I am tolling you the truth when I say
that the declarations In the so-called
platfoim nf the last Democratic stato
convention at llarrlsbttrg are anar
chistic I suppose that some yellow journal
that has not rend the story of Ananias
and Sapphlra will say that I called tho
Democrats Anarchists. I do not say
that Democrats nro Anarchists, far
from It but that this platfoim is an
archistic t do not charge Democrats
with anarchy, but I wish to show thrni
their platform lis It Is nnd make them
nslmmed nf it and disgusted with It.
No man should be elected on such a
platform as that. I would not vote
for the best man that ever lived run
ning on it platform like that, for you
cannot vote for him without endorsing
and voting for tho platform. Del the
Democrats, If there are any hero, go
homo and read that platform. Bead
It caicfully and tlion I know what you
will do. You w'ill take the tongs and
entry It out In the garden nnd bury It
deep and put chloride of llmo in, or
better, burn It as till anarchistic books
and doctrines and papers should bo
Kev. Jllnot J. Savage, pastor of the
Unitarian Church of the Messiah in
New York city, makes a fair propo
sition. If any man in his congrega
tion buys tho Now York Journal or any
other yellow paper on account of its
costing less than others and because
he cannot afford a bolter paper, "let
him come to me," says Mr. Savage,
"and I will pay tho difference and give
him a decent paper." This Is nn offer
which might be worth repeating gener
ally. In BrooklIno,MiKs.s.,,ri77:! taxable pay
taxes on a property valuation of $S3,
1S0.700, or an average of 514,400 each.
Brooklluc is tho richest community in
the country. But wo have never heurd
that it was thereby the happiest one.
Defamation in politics is futile.
Lif? of Other
Special ('oripgpoiulciiic of 'I he Tnlmne.
Iluffalo, Sept. SO.
M I'lailMT.MIhNT of cthnoloRy, Pr. A.
llciicdiit, has mcied a moat interest
'I collection from (Jiuteniala, which he
his added to the already .uied lullection
lindir hi-, chaise in tli.it ilcpulnunt of the Pan
American cpoMtlon. It lias bein the plan of
Dr. ftencdict to ihiiiiKc tho exhibits from timo
to tunc, ni .is to kio a gicaler vuiety nnd at
furd .is iniu.li cdiicitiouil benellt as possible,
through the lollcctiom ili-pl.iu'd. There aro two
i.i-o-, of these (iu.itiunl.in udiis, which remind
the i-itor nf modes nf lling unite different
friuii tho-c of model n invention, jet the article.)
di-pl.i.id show that their makers had the artUtio
in-timt quite strongly developed. Time are
Lined gouids and ealibishc, suggesting a lino
of decoration quite uncommon and novel, bows
.mil iuiow.j, ll-li nets, textile f.thiics, etc., m iko
up the ic-t (if tho collection.
Quite .1 nuvilly In the ethnology building and
one whiih is ciy popular with vMtora is the
phonoguph, neat the northeast entrance of the
building, whole one may hear at any time tho
sounds of the vatioul Indian dames. Xew lu
nula are taku, cub week and plated in t lie ic
ccivcr, and thui In-tead of goinj: to the war
dune, the d.imc.-, or at lei-t tho wciiil and
ttinnuo sounds of this fumtlon, me brought to
us. This Is a flee exhibition.
In the gallon- nf the IHIinology building is a
collcition of piituios which none hhnuld fail to
see, specially if they have any Interest in tho
subjiit of clhuologv.
- lcccut visitor to tho cpoitiou nn going 1
homo told tier filcud- tint she bid seen the
art gallery of the c.po-ition and tint It was up
stairs in u ioiiiiiI building on the C'outt of Tonn
tains. Her frinids thought she inii',t be mistaken
as to the location of the I'mi-Aiuciiiau Fine Aits
building, and they discovered that ln had 'vis
ited the lolleitluii of Indian pillules In the
IMhnnlogy building and came away thinking she
had .veil tho nrt filler, vvhkli, ol ioui.-e, N .1
vi ij- different thing and oicupies an entirn build
ing niailr lnlf a mile away, down nn the l'aik
Lake. Though smaller than the collection of
paintings made In- William A. Coffln, to rcpie
sent the ait of l'an-Amciiin, tin's cnllictlon of
Indian paintings is veiy Inteicstlng in 1U way.
The idea is to exhibit in tlds way the vaiioin
ethnologic tvpen and it ia a very picturesque as
well as beautiful lollictlou,
the ino-t inttresting of the pilntliiKS
ami di.-mln.-s uio ihe nrigiuaU) of the illustratloni
made by Ihie I'.ipe for t,ovv Wallace' fascinat
ing sloiy dcillug witli tho picas und the scenm
of tho-o stranga time.-, when .i i.ioc of men .vho
hit developed a dcgieo of civilisation like that
of the old world at the diwii of hh-tory, peopled
tho conli.il portion of the Amciium continent,
Thee di.ivvlngs and printings p- tmc the am lent
iuhibltants of Central Amerl .i In tin wool ip
of their change gods and the performance of
their wend ccicnionles. Ol course, they aie
lirgcly iniiglnatlve, but based on the facta which
have mine down In us In the remain. nt this,
people whose works laigely ante-date the lih
The collettinii Includes a lirgf number cf
painting-, by Ileibcrt Vos, Illustrating the clhnlo
tjpes of the (dd and mvv world, the stihjcits
shown being (hiefly North American Indiana and
Ihvvalians. There nro several palntlnes of In
dia i scenes by llcorgo Deforest 11ru-.li, and
among tho most striking in sentiment and evoca
tion is tho well known painting nf 'lllavvatlu'a
Vl-ion," by J, W, U Porotei, of Toronto,
T'br- Pan-American xlsltor xvho goes Intelligent,
ly through tho collections of the Ktbnology
building, studying the rolls -i chown ol the ociu
pilion of tho Western continent by and dumu
thi pie-hlstorio period, and then limiting ilia
colic(l,ni, of rlhiiologlu paintings, should to inn
plcto his lourso of education on IhU subjeit, so
far as it can bo completed at the l'an-Americaji,
titlt the Indian emigres on the Midway and
the Sit Nations' exhibit, south of the government
building. The Indian congress gives a gllmpao
of the actual lifo on tho plains of the West todiy
of the American Indian In his wild stile, an J
tho Mx Nations, or Iroquois tilljge, with its
stockade and cabins, shows how the famous ho
quols lived In diva long past and how they are
living today in their civilized state on the rccr
vitloiu nt New York and Canada,
THE PHILOSOPHY OF REFORM.
The prime thing that every man who takes an
Interest in politics should lemcnibtr is that ho
must ait, and not uu-icly rilticlso the actions
vf others. It is not the man who slU by bis
llrcslda leading tho evening papir nnd saying
hour bad pur politics and politician are who will
ever do an.v tiling to save us. It la tho mail who
goes out into the rough, hurly-burly ol the cau
cus, the primary and the political inciting, and
there (aces his (dlous on equal teiins.
ON SCHLEY CASE
IConiludecl fiom Page 1,
ment by Captain Unity that Hear Admiral linns
would ho the first witness of the afternoon sltllng.
Admiral Evans Testifies.
HIipii the court cum i ned for the aftitnoon ca
Mon Hear Admiral Itobley I). Kvan, who, as cap
tain, comminded tho lutttlishlp Iowa (luring Ihe
battle off Santiago, wis railed to the wltn-ss
stand. He said tint he Joined the l-'ljlng fcqlid
run. olf CTenfuegos on May :!J at I p. in., when
he took itlsp itches from Sampson, to Schley, Those
dispatches he hid sent by his executive officer,
Commander lingers, lo Commodore Schley. He
did not wen the commodore, himself. As the ills
pililus were scaled, he did not know their con
tent. Judge Advoratc "l'lcae f ly what, If rnylhlng,
was doiio while tho squadron wa off (Jlcnfucgna
(ovvniil developing tho fait ns tn whether the
SpinMi squadron under Adinlial Cervcra was or
was not in the harbor of Clcnfurgus?"
There was nothing done so far ai I know,"
"What, If ativlhlug. within vour knowledge vrai
done toward ilcstro.vlng or preventing the further
(omplellon of the enemy's batteries In the vlcln.
liy of (.Tenfucgpfl?" I
"On Sunday afternoon, I am quite sure It was,
Oonnnodore Schley formed his squadron In column
ami stood in to a range of about n mile and
lnlf from the shore, made a turn nnd stood out
again. Tint Is the only thing I know."
"Wan an attack made on the enemy or by the
enemy at that timer"
"No; they all got up and stood on the brent
woilcs and looked at us. We steamed out again.
There was no tiring nn cither side."
"Were ou then within range of tho batteries
in tho viclnitv of Cicnfucgos with the heivlcr
guns of jour ship?"
"I did not see any batteries. There was a work
they vvoic coinphtlng there."
"Were jou within range of thltr"
"(Julie easy range, jo."
'"I lie battery of the Iowa consMed of what?"
"Pour twelve-Inch, eight eight-inch and twelve
"Were there cinbi.cn batteries within range of
jour eight-Inch guns when jou steamed In?"
"They were within d'y range."
"Wire they within range of (he four-Inch
"I should think soj jos."
"Did the Iowa coal ship while in Clcnfu"gos,
nnd. if so, how much did she take?"
"Wo took about 2M tons of coal on the 2,ld.
We began at 7 In the morning and stopped at fl
in the afternoon. We took coal from a collier
alongiide, the Mcirimap, t think."
Admiral Kvans said that ho had coaled thi
Iowa from the Merrlmac on May 2.1, while off
Cicnfuegos, and that he had no difficulty in doing
Speaking of the condition ol the weather on
May 21 nnd 2.1. the witness said that on the even
ing of the 21th it was squally: that on the morn
ing of the 23th the sky was overcast and that the
weather was again squally; in the afternoon it
was worse, there being a good deal of rain with
a long sea.
He said that after leaving Cienfuegos the ewel
had steamed to a point about thirty miles south
of Santiago, arriving there on the evening of
the "(Jlh, and that at that time the squadron
was heading to the cast. The weather at that
time, he said, wj.i not such ns tn prevent the
coaling of ships at that date. The Iowa at
that time had about S23 tons of coal aboard, or
sufficient for steaming .1,000 miles.
On blockade the ship used about SO or 40
tons of coal a day.
The Retrograde Movement.
"Why was the retrograde movement made?"
aked Judge Advocate Lemly.
"I do not know," was the reply.
The wiln o.-.s said he could have coaled at sea
on tho 2rth, as the sea was smooth.
"Was any efforts made by the- flying squidron
on May 28, 21) or SO to coinnmnicite with the
insurgents on shore near Santiago?"
"None to my knowledge."
Testifying that he had first seen the Colon on
May 2"), Admiral llvans scald tint vessel was
not nuide the harbor at all, but was about
1,300 jards inside the Morro.
He then detailed the particulars of the bom
baidinontoftho Colon on Jlay 31,aying that on the
fmenoon of that day C'omniodoie Schicy had sig
nalled to traasfcr tho flaa; to the Massachusetts;
Hi it ho was going in to engage tho Colon. Do
sinbing the engagement, the witness said:
"About five minutes to one I saw tho Drst shot
from the Xfashachuetls fall short a long distance,
and, supposing she was firing nt 7,000 jards, I
gave tho range to my guns 8,000 yards. I raw
tho-e shots fall short and increased tho rango to
tl.000 jards. After the Massachuctts had passed
the entrance to the harbor she turned with port
helm and steamed back, the New Orleans nnd tha
Iowa following. On the run back neross the har
bor I tired again at 10,000 yawls. The shots still
fell short and, an the Massaihuctts and New Or
leans slowed down and stopued after they got
across, I slowed my engines, then increased tho
range to 11,000 jauls and fired two shots from
tho forward twelve-inch turret, The Hr-.t one was
fireil by Lieutenant Vandeuscr at 11,000 arils.
"J e.iw (hit it fell shoit. Lieutenant Hill hid
the other gun in that turrrt. I gave him tha
rango at 11,500 arils and he fired, and that shot
struck veiy near the stern of the Colon, lloth
ivvelvc-ineli guns were disabled at the Are fiom
tint extreme elevation. After that we stood a
mile and a half, poosibly two miles, to our block
ading station again. That was all I saw done to
injuie tho Colon."
The Blockade at Santiago.
The witness was then asked about the blocknde
oft Santiago under Comniodoic Schley. He said
the squadron stood seven eo eight miles out dur
ing the day time and a little farther out at night
with the Vixen nnd Marblchcad on the inside.
Tho judge advocate asked the witness concerning
a statement by a lieutenant of the Spanisli navy,
printed by the navy department, to the effect
that at daik the American shins withdrew to the
southward, disappearing. The Introduction of this
book was objected to and Admiral Dewey said:
"Tho witness has already told whit distance was
maintained by the fleet. We don't care for that
kind nf information. Admiral Uvun.s was there
and can answer for himself. Wo want facts, not
Describing the battle olf Santiago, Admiral
lA.ins said: "When Ccrvcia's fleet came out of
Santiago haibor tho Iowa was at the renter, with
the Ilrooklvn to the left and the Texas between."
"Did jou have an opportunity of observing tho
movements of the lliooklvn on this occasion?"
"Von mean during the battle?"
"I mean the beginning of the battle."
"I 6avv tho Ilrnokl.vn when the fight began.
When I tcached the bridge of the Iowa the nrook
lvn was still off the westward, headed, I should
say, northwest. 'Hut was Just as the fight be
gun. I ra her again, po-lhly five minutes after
ward, when she was steaming westward very fast,
firing her port battery, headed northwest toward
tho head of tho Sp uii-.li column, I did not sea
mo itmohtvn again until my aurutmn was direct
ed to her by the navigator calling to me: 'Look
out. captain for the Texas. I wont on the port
bridge, where the nivigator was standing, and I
Slid: 'Where the devil is the Texas?1 The navl
gator said: 'Here sho is, sir, in the smoke' I
said to nijoclf: 'Captain Philip will look after
tho Texas,' und went below. In a few minutes
the navigator called out again: 'Look out, cap
tain, jou will run into the Texas.' I walked over
in I lie port side o I lie tirictgc mm saw me ineok
Ijn's smoke stick and military mists. She was
Iving cllioctly across the bows of the Texas. The
Texas was appaientlv backing and (laugernit-ly
close to tho Iowa, The Pronklvn seemed to be
nno hundred jards direitly In front of the Trxas,
I eased the helm of tho Iowa a little, ported her
helm a little, mid Just at that moment the Ore
gon came thiniigh in lee and passed between inn
ami the Texas ami the three boat were bunched
together. At that timo the Drookljn was flint
nut In tho smoke and I saw no more of her until
the Colon had passed well to tho westward of
me, when some one on the bridge said: 'Tho
Prookl.vn Is knocked out.' I went on the biicigo
tn see what had happened and she was then about
a mile and a half forward of the port beam of
tho Iowa, with the Colon seven or fight miles
ahead nnd on her starlmard bow. Prom that time
on the filing was light and I could see the II rook
lju ocoassloiially. The Colon was on her star.
boaid bow. On the port quarter of the Colon,
well astern of her was the Oregon and astern of
her and well off tn the southw-aid was tho nrook.
lvn, with ihe Vixen off shore of tho Drookljn.
The Iowa at thn time was directly In the wake ol
the Colon, with tho Vixen a little on her star
"How was the Iowa headed by tho compass?"
"To the westward, heading the enemv'a ships
I do not know whether we were headed west by
south or west by north,"
Regarding the Code,
On bU crosi-cxamliiatlon by Mr. Rajnor, Ad
miral l!tans was questioned ut some length re
garding the secret code arranged by Captain Mo
Culla for communicating with the Insurgents on
shoro at Cienfuegos. Admiral Kvans said that
before leaving Key West on May 21 to join the
Flying Squadron ut Cienfuegos Captain Chadwlck
bad communicated to him tho secret code ar
ranged by Captain McCalla. He bad not, how
ever, reported this code to Admiral Schley upon
Ida arrival, supposing that the admiral knew
about Ihe code,
"Captain Chadwlck camo on board the Iowa,"
continued the witness, "to deliver dispatches to
me before vc got under way. To my best knowl
edge and belief be gate me a written memoran
dum containing the secret code, hut, notwith
standing I bate madex diligent search among uu
paper for this document, I have failed lo find It.
I srilched within the last month for It, ever
since the question has been raised In Hie news
paper about tils tint having given Commodore
Schley this Information."
Ho did not give Hie Information lo Adinlial
Schley, as ho supposed he had It, as he was Ihe
commanding officer of the squadron,
Mr. Itajnor questioned Admiral Kvans at some
length concerning the signals as displaced on the
to.ul near Clcnfucgus, which the admiral said
the ofriirr nf the deik bait told him had been
seen on May 2i and ill, but Ihe witness said that
he had no conversation Willi Adnilr.ll Schley about
these light, nnd had made, no report In lilm of
their appearance or slgnlllcaucc,
Mr, Ilavnnr then i hanged the bnc of his ex
amination from Clenfurgiw to Santiago und begin
bv asking Admiral Cvans If he had seen the offi
cial chart showing Ihe positions of the flrnnklvn
nnd other battleships nn the day of the battle off
Santiago, July .1, lP'W.
The admiral replied that he had seen the clnrt,
but that It wax wrong,
Mr. Ilaj-nor "When did you first know about
tho turn of Ilionklyn, as jou saj-, a short distance
from the Texas?"
"When 1 M her crnns the bow of Ihe Texas."
"l)o jou recollect the conversation jnu hid
with Commodore Schley Ihe fifth of July, the
seiond day after the battle, regarding tho loop of
"No, sir, I da not, t do not lemember men
tioning the subject at all,"
"Do jou recollect tint Commodore Sibley first
tnld sou on July 5 that It wis the Urnoklyn and
not the Texas tint made too turn?"
"I never Imagined anjlhlng of the sort."
Conversation with Schley.
"Olvc briefly the purport ol jour conversation
on that date with Commodore Schlej"."
"Briefly, n.s I recollect the conversation, he
was talking to a person named (Iraham. He was
sitting at his desk writing. I walked into his
cabin to make a report, lie put his hand oil my
shoulder ami said: Tlobhj, I am lust writing my
report nf the battle of the thiici of July.' He
Mid: 'I have said of jnu that jou hindlcd jour
ship tvllli lonnnniinate skill.' Then he Introduced
mo tn Mr. (iraham. Then Captain Cook came
In nnd asked me If I would tell him whether the
position of leitaln Spanish ships- was cnireit,
which came nut llr-t, etc.: that he had been a
little confuted In his mind. We talked a few
minutes and I then went Into Captain Cook's
"You don't recollect Ihe conversation going
over the particulars of the tin n that the Hmnklin
made, nnd the remaik that t'ninmndnro Schley
made at that time about Captain Philip, of the
Texas, when jou said jou thought It was Captain
l'lilllp who mule the turn?"
"I never said that. Absolutely, t never said
siiili a thing, because the Texas was right under
my eje all the time. She never turned at all."
Concerning the position of the Brooklyn and
I lie Texas on the day of the battle, the witness
"The Brookl.vn was dangerously near the Texas.
I should saj- within one hunched janls of hir."
"What was jour poaitlon just at that time
when she crossed the course of the Texas, relative
to the Brookl.vn and the Texas?"
"The Iowa was heading straight In for the
Spanisli fleet lo intercept the Vlseaja at the time.
She was heading more to (lie northward than
the Texas. The Texas w.i3 headed off more to
the west. When t saw tho Brooklyn the third
time she was across tho bow of the Texas, heading
"When did jou see her next, if at all?"
Brooklyn Hotly Engaged.
"Alter the Oquendo went ashore my attention
was called to the Brooklvn by some one on the
bridge, who remarked: 'The Brookljn is knocked
out.' She was then hotly engaged with her star
board battoiy. She was headed parallel with the
course of the Colon. I should sav."
Mr. Itajnor questioned the-witness- again with
reference to statements made in his (Admiral
Kvans) book, asking him whether he had ever
said he felt reasonably sure that the Spanish
fleet was in the harbor of Santiago. The witness
said that he had made that statement, hut that
it was a conclusion engaged on the fact that the
Spaniards were not in Cienfuegos: that they had
not gone westward, and from that military point
of view Santiago was the place where they were
most apt to be.
"That was simply jour opinion then, and not a
matter of information?" suggested Mi. Haynor,
io which the witness replied in the affirmative.
The court adjourned until lomonow, when Ad
miral T.vans' examination will he continued.
Special Correspondence of The Tribune.
Washington, Sept. 20.
THK PRACTICAL experiences of the United
States witli reciprocity are told by some
figures and stafcincnts just compiled by
tlo treasury bureau of statistics.
There have been three distinct tests of reci
procity in the trade relations of the United
l'irst The reciprocity treaty with Canada, ex
isting from 1S31 to 1SG0.
Second The reciprocity freafy with the Ha
waiian government, existing from lSTti to the
date of annexation. 1S0S.
Third The series of treaties framed under the
McKinlry tariff act of 1600, beginning with the
treaty with Drazil, April 1, 1S91; Dominican lie
public, Aug. 1, 1S11; Spain, for Cuba and Porto
Rico, Sept, 1, 1891; German-, Teb. 1, lSOi;
United Kingdom, for the British West Indies and
British Guiana, Feb. J, 1892; Nicaragua, April
13, 1602; Austria-Hungary, May 25, 1892; Hon
duras, May 23, 1592, and Guatemala, Miy SO, la9.
These continued in existence until the passage
of the Wilson tariff act, Aug. 27, lbOi.
The detailed provisions of these various reel-piocitj-
treaties may be briefly described in gen
eral terms as follows:
l'irst The Canadian reciprocity treaty pre
sided for the free admission into the United
States from Canada, nnd the free admission into
Can ida from the United States, of breadstuffs,
provision;, live animals, fruits, fish, poultry,
hides nnd skins, furs, stone, ores and mitals,
timber nnd lumber, unmanufactured cotton, flax
and hemp, unmanufactured tobacco tho list of
articles being identical for each country.
Second The Hawaiian reciprocity treatj' pro
vided for the free admission into the United
States of sugar, molasses and oilier' of tho prin
cipal tropical productions of the island, and for
the free admission into the islands of breadstuffs,
provisions, manufactu, s and general merchandise
limit the United States
Thiid In the gioup nf treaties nnde in the
years 1691 and 1892, under tho Act of 1S90, the
provisions were briefly as follows:
Biazil, the fiee admission into the United
States from Brazil of sugar, molasses, coffco and
hides, and the free admission into Braril from
the United States of breadstuffs, pork, fish, rot
ton seed oil, coal, agricultural implements, nu
chinery for mining and manufacturing, mechanic
nl tools, material for railway (.(instruction and
numerous other m tides, the product ot the
United States; also for a 23 per cent, reduction
in the ratcn of duty on certain other articles, in
cluding provisions, manufactures of iron nnd
steel, leather, lumber, furnitiue, wagons and
carriages and manufactures of lubber.
Cuba nnd Porta Itico, the freo admission into
tho United Slates from Cuba and Porto ltlcn
ot sugar, mola.'.srs, enfleo and hides and tha ?d
mission to the islands fiom tin- United States, fiee
of duty, of salted meats, llsh, lard, woods for
cooperage and manufactured into doors, frames,
etc, wagons aril carts, cars for rail nays, sewing
machines, manufactures of Iron ami steel, oats
and forage and numerous other aiticles, the pio.
duct of the United States; also corn and meal
at 23 cents per bundled kilograms, wheat at SO
cents per hundred kilograms, flour at SI per
hundred kilograms; also it reduction cf 30 per
cent, of tho duty on numerous oilier articles, es
pecially inanufai lures,
With HrltMi West Indies the treaty provided
for tho free admission into Ihe United States nf
sugar, molasses, inffcc and hides from the islands,
ami the free admission into the islands from the
United Slates of lite animals, canned or dried
beef, fish, eggs, machinery for agriculture, irri
gation and mining, carts and wagons, wire, rail
way material and locomotives, fertilizers, fruits,
sewing machines and u large number of manu
factures, also a reduction ol 2i per cent, in the
rates ol duly on bcel and pork salted and proti
sions, and ol 50 per cent, on bacon and hams,
lard, brrad and biscuits, boots and shoes, shooks
and staves and other article.'.
With lb.3 Dominican Republic and Brillih Gui
ana, Nicaragua, Honduras ami (,'inteiii.ila, the
provisions were similar to those with tho Wrt
Willi Germany the treaty pinvided for the
frco admission into the United States of sugar,
molussis, colfeo and hides from Germany nud the
fieo admission into Germany fiom the Unite I
States of bran, flax, feathers, hides and skins,
tan bark, also a large list ol articles at a fixed
rate of duty, but In all cases below- the regular
tariff rales tho list including breadstuffs, lum
ber, provisions, lite animals, fruits and certain
The treaty with Austrla-Hungaiy was similar
in general chaiactcristics with that of Germany,
Tho tables which follow show tho commeicc
between the United States and the countries in
question during the cxlsteuco of the reciprocity
treaties and the two years prior and subsequent
to the existence, of those treaties:
(Treaty existed from Sept. 11, 1S3I, lo Much
17, lP(Vt, vvllli (onimene nf two eats prercdlnn
and following that period.)
Imports Into Kspnrls from
I'lscal United States United stales
Veils. from Cainda, In Cainda.
8V! $ol()1,m tIO,2),i,H
IfcW ,....,. (1,",27,.VV) IJ.IIi.Ju;
1MI .....,..,....,, S.TSUI.! 21,07.1,40
Ml ,,., n,ll!i,5y 27,7110.1
lM .....i. 2l,2M,(lll 20,1121,311
t&'7 2.',l0S,nlit 2l,t.ss2
183S ,,,,,,,. 1.1,781,811) S.I,nOI,SM
119 1n,2s7MV 2!,l09,ll)l
IN) 2-l,17.',7nit 22,(191,921
IMl 22,72 l,.1vi 2J,HM,.1I1
lk! HM 1,02.1 20,37.1,070
IHU )7,M,?viJ 27,nm.8H
1S)1 20.M)S,7.Jl 2il,37l,ll.'
1W1.1 ,,. il.1,2111,101 28,821,402
lv) l",52-',ii2S 2l,82I,8Hl
117 21,011,003 2t,O20,.1O2
if" ai.iiii,:t7t) 2i.nso.777
ISIO Xlnc months nf jear under reciprocity.
(Tiealy existed from 187il tn W, with mm-
meree nf two years preceding and following that
Impotla into llxporta from
fiscal United Stales from United Stales tn
Veaty. Hawaii in Mauds. Hawaiian hi mils.
174 $ I.0KUIY! $ (114,021
17.1 1,:i7J,iiM OiL'.lill
""') 1,227,191 770.237
18(7 2,230,n.T, 1,272,'JIO
1878 2,(178,8.10 1,730,099
1870 .1,237,0.11 2,374,018
18M 4,M),tl4 2,0l,t70
1863 8,8.17,19? 2,787,922
1890 12,.1I!,!1 4,711,417
189.1 7,8S1,90l 3,72.1,037
ISOtl 11,737,701 ,1,0s.1,707
1897 1.t,l,S7,7"i) 4,(WO,0;,1
1801 17.1S7.3W) 3,007,133
1890 17,8.11,10.1 0,305,170
1000 20,707,91.1 1J,W,148
CUBV AND POIITO T11(.0.
(Treaty existed from Sept. 1, 1891, lo Aug. 27,
1S0I, with commerce of two jears preceding and
following that period.)
Imports Into I'.xportn from
United Slates from United Slates to
Fiscal Cuba and Cuba and
Veirs. Pnrto Illco. Portn Wen.
188') .n,SI7,0'l $11,010,211
1890 57,811,21" 11,381,01!
1891 (!l,S7S,-,m 11,380,122
1892 81,17P,ti7S 20,8(19,37.1
189! 82,711,129 2S,103,211
1811 7,811,9: 22,813,819
1893 31,377,871 1l,f,lt,20i
1690 12.311,88.; 0,0.12,071
niiiTiMi vvuvr ixmi:.
(Treaty existed from l'eb. 1, T02, lo Aug. 27.
1891, witli commerce nf two jears pieicding and
following that period )
Imports into Kxporls from
United Stales United Stalc3
fiscal from Dritlsh to nrltish
Years. West Indies. et Indies.
1890 $14,803,011 H288,68i1
1891 .Jfl,20.!,18l 9,779,1 li
1892 12,')'lJ,7 9,0.18,370
IS'KI 16,758, t,1S 0,000,062
ISO! 13,401.77.1 9,140,892
1691 10,241,1 11 8,383,712
1890 11,121,292 0,0)9,200
(Tiealy existed from rehnnry, 1s02, tn Aug.
27, 189, with commerce for two jears prcieding
and following that period.)
Imports into i'xports from
Fiscal United States United States
Yeais. frnm (Jerininj-. tn Germany.
1890 $98,817,08.1 S3,.-0!,112
1891 97,110,38.1 02,70.1,130
1892 82,907,511 1 01, 52 1,1 51S
189,1 90,210,20.! M,57S,9sS
1894 09,3S7,9OT 92,317,10.1
1891 81,014,001 02,0.1.1,1.1.1
1891) 94,2IO,8.i.S 97,697,107
The reciprocity agreements now in existence,
framed under the Dingley tnrlff, xvere made on
the following dates respectively: Prance, Miy
.10, 1S9S; Portugal. Juno 12, 1900; Gcrminj-, July
10, 1900; Italy, July 18, 1000.
From Shoe Strings to
NO ORDER TOO SMALL,
NO ORDER TOO LARGE.
NOT PROFIT BUT BUSINESS
LOWER THE PRICE,
LARGER THE TRADE.
SEE THE POINT. ALWAYS BUSY.
Lewis & Reilly
114 116 Wyoming Avenue.
See our School Shoe Window.
City with a
First-Class Stock of
Mercereali & Connell,
132 Wyoming Avenue.
325-327 Penn Avenue.
m i w
Pall Exhibit of
Our enllrp IIiiph of Forolsn and Do
mestic Silks ntul Dress Goods are
now on display. Tltey nro the new
est and best creations from tho fashion
lr.iirltctt?, homo anil abroad shown In
rich urray for your Inspection,
BLACK AND COLORED TAFFETA
SILKS, at 43o and up.
BLACK AND COLORED PEAU DE
SOI 13, at $1.00 and up.
BLACK AND COLORED LOUIS
INKS, J1.00 and up.
BLACK AND COLORED SATINS
BOc. and up.
FANCV TAFFETA WAIST SILKS,
75o and up,
FANCY LOU1SINES WAIST SILK,
$1.00 and up.
Corduroys at 50c to $1.25
Ate In very Kredt demand this fall
for Jackets and Separate Skirts.
ri.tin, smooth fabrics prcdomtnw
PRIESTLEY'S BLACK DRESS
GOODS arc hero in abundance
in great range of nexv weaves.
PIUESTLEY'S CRAVE NET TE
MELTONS, for Storm Coats aricl
Suits; 54 inches wide, at $1.65 and
WOOL RiAniTZ CORD, In biack
and t'olors, at $1.00.
PRUNELLE CLOTH, In black and
colors, at $I.'.'3.
PEQtJIN SERGES, black and colors,
75c and $1.00.
ALL WOOL SERGES, black and col-
ors, at 50c.
HOMESPUN SUITINGS, 54 inchca
xvlde, BOc. and 7.1c.
EXTRA HEAVY MELTONS, 54 In
ches wide, at $1.00.
SILK AND WOOL SUBLIME and
LANSDOWNE, at $1.00 and $1.23,
ALL WOOL CHEVIOTS, at 45c anf
We are now showing the
largest assortment of Furn
iture ever presented to the
people of Scranton.
Our stock is bigger, our
salesrooms large and better
arranged than ever before.
You will have no trouble
in findnig just what you
Our prices are right. We
buy our goods in large
quantities and our prices are
correspondingly low to you.
Our manner of doing
business, our custom of fair
treatment, has won us
thousands of friends,
If you have not yet dealt
with us, don't fail to give
us a call at the first oppor
tunity. , We can save you money,
Hill & Connell
I2i N. Washington Ave.
THIRD NATIONAL BAI
Capital 5200,000. Surplus $525,000
United States Depositary.
Special attention given to
BUSINK9S, TKRSONAL and SAV'
ings accounts, whether largo
Open Saturday evening
from 8 to 9 o'clock.
Wm. Conneix, President f
Henry Bulin, Jr., Vice pres.
Wm.H, Peck, Cashier,
Successors to Machine Business of
Dickson Manufacturing Co., Scranton
and WllkcH-Barre, Fa.
Stationary Engines, Boilers, Minim
-t y -i-i!