Newspaper Page Text
THE SCR ANTON TRIBUNE-SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1901c
PiiMIhH Pjflv, t'.iicpt ?n.l4, l.y Tlio Trlli
un. PulillJliln? L'iiiiiiiio'. .11 Fill lnt M.int.i.
MVV & lllCIIAIIIt, IMItor.
). V. JIYMIUH, llulnp M.iiuitrT.
s. s. viii:i:i.ani).
KjIi' Efnt 1ft KoiHjni .Vhritl.lt.ct.
I.tiktcl at Hie I'mlnHic at Peranum, li . m
8rvnml t1i Mull M Ittrr.
Whrn !'' ' tt,H l"i"il'i I lie I'lU'iinf l alwiM
Bind in pi mt thoil tfttim (torn Its trlfii'li I"'."
lfi fin itinriit loplis liit ll mil" l Hut ''''
mnt do linil, fur puMkiilliiii, hy the wrllri
t(l tunici jimI tin- tiiiiilltlin pri nil nt In !'
pthiv l llul nil I'onlrllnili'iiu li.ill lw uK' t
to fitltiiri.il iotilnn.
1IIK KI.AT HATH KOH AlrtTIMMVl.
The fnllivirlin Ulile lin tin- pilrr prr Imli
Mrti liwitlfln, M''1"1 I'f "ril nllliin rih? jrji.
lliiti n( tSi.llnir nnl I'ull
I'.ippr I Hrjillna i I'mltliin
IfM limn ."00 IniliH
Kim) " ,,, ,
t Kor mi'U nf tlnnl, rrailullniK t rnmlnltlii f
ami lnll.n i "ijliilmilun- in Hi" imIiiii' nf ail
M'tll'IriK 'I lie Tiilimic nuli iIijibi- ot 1 ifiit"
rutr. Inr Cj.itinl A'hrill.lns fmnlliil on
Sf'HA.NTii.V. SKPTKJIllKIt II l!01.
Up fun ti. tl'f i i
Up flow to i inn I
i m n : Muffnln.
They lil thvlr
Patriot ami Hnrtyr.
N(l rlilPf iXiiltlM of Ulf I'llltiHl
Staifc i r loft liuiitnl u
i leaner or hotter ti'tiii'l tlimi
Mn'i'ls to th" rioillt of
William McKlnley . tin- thlnl maitr
This f nut the tint" In attempt an
estimate nv i-nlngy. The tmiKmincy of
Iiietent Kik'f inevpiit the calm that
4s f?.riitlfil In Mich .in effort. Hut
it Is tlttlnu- to ny thiit tiinli-f his ail
nilntdtiMtlnti, which lu'Riin at a tlm-'
whrn 1 pifyyliin yt iinvoroO nmlti"iisl
over the Innil, hi, country culneil the
j;iati-t prosperity It hail ever known,
n.aile s-oiiio of the llnest rontriliutlonH
to htinuin liberty am! pitikivj-s that
ever were inaik' In any Innil or In any
a;f, ami won a respect from other na
tion lii-h In the proml.-e of heneiUen:
A nirin cic.tt Hiui unml In rvory rela
tion In lllo lias pae1 ft out earth,
situl'l the profonndi t mnow of his
ciinitiynion anil mankind, ills n.iinp is
afklPd to tlu roll of initnoitals and ill?
spirit is with (eid.
May (iod stronsthen and sustain Mrs.
O.VK nv the saddest duties ever
prrfoi nn'tl liy man awaits'
Theorloio noosevelt. Hut the
Immense impoitatnp of it to
Aery Anierlean Juslitl?s here and now
o vqid cnticeinim; him to whom -It Ium
so uiie.ieetPdly anil so unweUomely
Thiotichout a eateor which Is full of
hieh achkvrnient In many fields,
Tl-eodoie Itoo-volt has passed without
a shadow ever falling across his per
gonal honor, i'nder varied clioutn
stini.e.s and e.actlnir tests, ho has
iif-ver failed to justify th contldencp
of his friends, who aie men of quality;
&nrl he has never alienated a friend.
lie Is yoilnsr and earnest and tem
pernmentiilly lilsh-kcycd. Imt h- is a
man. every inch, and In the lesponsl
"iilllty that he nuist soon assume lie win
have the loyal siippmt of evoiy Ameri
can cltl.m uoitny of the name.
The dtit of eveiy clllzen Is clear.
Havj tui'h, hope and couraRe,
To He Remembered.
y T Wi:U- In this hour ot Ri-eat
B siifpense and soirow to remem
her that the 1 'riled State rov
ernment k qrt-uti-i' and hioaile.'
anrt nioie cndurln:,' than any other
covornnient on earth. Men come and
men so steal men and Rood men who,
like William McKlnlej, aie the pride
of i heir countrymen and the admira
tion of the woi kl, hut the Roverntnent
moves on, superior to peril, Inutlner
ahl aKiilnM mishap.
The swift mutation at Huffalo which
has- so aluuptly .dimmer (1 nation's re-
llff and rmiRiatuiatlon Into Intense sad-
rii'ss "a-nri piiln falls upon every citizen
'lihe' a-' 'pe-Vional hlo: The re. action
-Qf-.-lt is -ryorse than the Initial shock.
, Hut- Ie u- face It like men. conscious
through faith that underneath It all
t-nme Olvln" ptirposo runs, some pood
vn wot' not of.
This is a time to show the self-poise
:f ".loyal dtliseushlp.
"What Ood Hath Wrought!"
AIIMJ.5I'; WAS a reference in
,0 the proslrlent's last speedi
JL which is recalled hy the Ill
s'" t tense "Jnterest yesterday
.tgrivhoi o tnanlfested in the hulle
tlnes from his bedslilo.
"After All," ukl he, Vhow near one
to thiv oiliers ' Is every part of the
wQt'ld'iv'Moiiorn Inventions have
brought Into com relation wkidy
ft'pijijitejl peoples and niudo them bet
!eF aci-iualliti)d. lieograpliie ami poll-
tlCAl divisions will continue to exist,
but distances imo peeu etfaced. Swift
ships iitfft fnht trains arc becnmltiB
cosniopoUtan. Th?y Jiivfe llelds
whlrh a few years Ago were Impeno
trahlo. Thft world's products ato ex
(.hn?ffJ as never before and, with In
myalls knowldRe. nd latser trade,
,1'AKSjr', .e flxoU, with, mathetnatlcul
predlon hy supply and ilemnnd. The
world'."! sellliiK prices are reRiil.itcd by
luarltet and crop report. We trnel
pi enter (ll-'titnceM tn n shoi ter space of
time and 'u till more eis than was
over dreamed of by the fnlhers. lro
lotion It no lonRer possible or desir
able. The same Important news 1
tend, thoiiRh In different liitiKiiiir!i,..
Ill-- same day In all Chilsletrlnm. The
leleKiaph keeps us udUfed of what Is
oeuirihn; eveiywhere, and 111" uo.
forenhadows, with nioie or less aeciir
r.ey, the plan and .pllfpcses of the
nations. Market prices of ptodiicts
and of senirltls are hourly known In
every eommeri lal market and the In
vestments of the people extend beyond
their own national boundaries Into the
remotest parts of the .Tirlh. Vast
transactions, ine toinliicted and Inter
national excbniiRcs are atldtd by the
tick of the cable. Kvcry event of In
tere't Is In, mediately bull -tilled.
"The quick MtherlnK and tratisiuls
loti of tii'wc, like rapid transit, are of
recent nrlRln and me only made pas
slble hy the Renins of the Inventor and
the courace of the Investor. It took
a special messenser of the Roveriunent,
with every facility at the lime for
rnpld tianslt, nineteen days to ro fimn
the city of Washington tn New Orleans
with a nirssiiK'' to Cleneral .lackson
that the war with IhiRland hnd ce.u'd
and a treaty of peace had been dRiied.
How different now! AVe reached (!en
eral Allies In l'orto I'.ko by cable and
he was ahl-. throutflv the military
t-'kRiapli to sloji the army on the
IPIiir line with the tuossaRO that the
I'nlted Slates and Spain had slRiied a
protocol sttspi ndliiR hostilities. Wc
knew iilnuKt InKiintly of the flr.st
shots Hied at SantkiRO and the siibse
ouent surrendef of the Spanish forces
wns known at WashliiRton within less
linn an hour of Its consummation. The
llit ship of Cervera's licet had haidly
eimiRPil from that hlstoile harbor
when the fact wns Hashed to our capi
tal, and the swift destruction that
followed was announced Immediately
thiotiRh the wonderful medium ot tele
rraphy. "So accustomed are we to safe and
easy lonnnunlcatloii with distant
points that Its temporary Interruption,
e.vn in ordinary times, lesults in loss
and Inconvenience. We shall never
foifiet the walthiR and the awful sus-p-i.se
when no Information was per
mitted to be sent from Vckln, and
th,' dlploin ,tie lf-prcsentntlve.i of the
nations in China, shut off from nil
oi niinuiiliatlon livable and outside of
the walled capital, weie surrounded by
an ntipry and mlsculded mob tint
hrealened their lives; nor the Joy thet
thillled the world when a sltiRle mes
me from the Rovernment ot the
I'nited States brought throtiRh our
nnulstir the first news of the safety
of the li;.--k-R'd i'i 10111111. At the be
RlnnltiR of the Nineteenth century
theie was not a mile ot steam railroad
on the globe. Now there are enough
o make its circuit se-di.l times. Clod
nnl man have linked the nations to
gether. No nation can longer he indif
ferent to any other. And as wo are
bioiisht nioie and more Into communi
cation with each other the lets occa
(jloti is there for misunderstandings,
and the stronger the disposition, when
we have dlffeunces, to adjust them In
the court of arbitration, which Is the
rohlcst forum for the settlement of In
No mole beautiful ending eer camr
to mortal career. It was the lifting
dlmax to a life of usefulness, purity
and true saiictlllcation.
Care of the fUldly Insane.
ONK OK THK pie.sslng needs of
the times is better provision
for the proper care of per
son.f Hufferliitf from delirium
tiemcni and of those under observa
tion regarding their mental condition
the so-called "harnilesd Insane,"
who so frequently, at least expected
moments, belle the adjectlxe. This is
the subject of an instructive paper
read recently by Dr. Henry ('. liald
win, of Jloston, before the American
Medico. Psychological society and
printed In full in the Medical Hecord.
In order to learn what custom Is fol
lowed in the care of these cases In the
cities nf the I'nlted States, letters weio
sent by Dr. iialdwin to the authorities
In twenty-eight principal cities, asking
the follow Ins questions;
What disposition is in,ic. (,f the c in'; f Hl.--liiiiun
trcniPiut .mil i.im- nf ilonloful inuii.i' ill..
p.n. Hi.it uip lironcht to jour nlliil.il imikp.'
If l dolled tn Unow wtictlior tlii-M- um- an- will
In a Krnir.il Imvpltal, In ju Iiijii,- ,nluir. In
tlm ,ilin-houv jail, or Ui it in the ivlla m tl.e
What nidlicil nttrntlnn ile Hum- t,i-r nciho
nl Insl; that Is In ( oimc tl.-n with tin- illy
piimiii. or wh.ilcM-r pUie Hut.i chh aie taken
in.' I llure (on-tai.t mofllial alicinl.ini , a.
Ihfie it in S.in riaiuimi, fni liwtahii-: or On
Ji-ii ilipi-i.il np'in polke niiKPni., or un- Ihcio
li'SUlarly npp.iinlpil nuilli il eviinlnna who are
lalicrl in to ilttciinliig Hie uunll'ien of tlio
Answers were i evolved fnon nvi-r
twenty dlle. They show that various
methods prevail in the different cities.
In New York. I'hlladolphla and I'hkago
there are wards for the fore of alco
holic patients', ami cases of doubtful
mental dlseaso in connection with city
hospitnls. In Washington, cases of
ilrunkenncs.i, if seml-cons-clous or un
consi lous, as well as eases of delirium
tremens, are snt to u hospital at once.
This method of cailng for cases of de
lltium tremens is followed In New Or
Icuiih, Kansas City. Indhinapolls, St.
rani, Cincinnati, San Kimiclseo. l.os
Aiipeles and Huffiilo, in one city the
majority of persons urrested suifeiing
from delirium tremoiM aro taken before
the probate court and lommlttod to
the State Insane hospital. Some of the
titles take caie of those cases In the
Jails; and some seem to combine all
three methods, senilln;,' porno cases to
the Insane asylim, some to the hos
pital, and some tn the Jail, Hut. as Dr.
Haldwin points out, most of the cities
have shliked the solution of the prob
lent, or rather have utterly iRiioied it.
Hut tlio fact remains that these pen
pie are hick people and should be prop,
ciiy tared for. They aro not Insane,
and they aro not criminals. The fact
that they are mi "undesirable lot and
that nobody wants them lias no weight
In the proper consideration of tho
quci'tlon; for It Is not wise or far
sighted for any community to Isuore
a crying need that exists.
"The time ban come," Dr. Haldwin
says, "when the question of tho proper
disposition of these cores can no longer
bo evaded, f'ases of delirium tremens
anil doubtful mental disease are Ine
sponsible to u Rieat ihgreo, mid the
law makes no piovlslon for them. A
special lot option hospital has boon nil
wanted. Such an Institution iindor
proper iiiaiiiiRoiiient and with constant
medical supervision would bo an Ideal
urraiigeineiit. Necessarily the estab
lishment of this hospital would moan
the expenditure of n large mini of
money In the Hrst Imtauto, anil a
yeaily nppropiiatlon for Its malnlen
ante afterward. I-'or these rensons the
Immediate establishment of such hos
pitals would perhaps bo lonsldorod
1'toplan In most cities.
"Hut In all titles It would bo pos
sible to have a ward or pavilion In
touiiectlon willi the illy hospital set
apait for those cases. The city hos
pitals aro Instituted by the people for
the care of the sick, whether deserving
or undeserving, nml ine supported by
tho public moneys. Cases of delirium
tremens and of doubtful nieutnl dls
easo which come to the ollk lal notice
of the dty aiithotlllps ate a limited
class, so that were this small number
added to the number of disunited cases
that always exist In any genet ul litis
nl tn I. the additional bunion' would not
bo grievous. Against the objection that
has boon urged that such casn requite
specially constructed buildings and ap
paratus, specially skilled phj'slclans
and attendants, It may be raid that
many sin b eases are now well taken
care of In general hospitals and private
houses without those so-called onsen
Hals, it tan hardly be believed that
these desiderata aie to be found In
prison cells 'or penal Institutions. At
the present time most hospitals have n
neurological staff, and It would bo an
advantag- to house olllceis, nurses,
and student. to have laiger oppor
tunities to observe nientnl sickness.
"Aside from the humane standpoint,
and on purely economic: grounds, the
establishment of separate hospitals or
of special wards ill toiinection with
general hospitals for observation cases
would, In most Instances, cost less than
tho present system. "Were such a plate
provided, many persons who are al
lowed at largo because the police know
of no place to which they can he sent
would t'uiiip under early observation,
and their condition would bo deter
mined In time to prevent crime. Ac
cording to the nttorney-Konernl, the
cost of one murder trial In Massachu
setts may reach $15,0110."
in all of which there Is food for
The nation loses William MeKinloy's
presence but not his teachings or example.
4- V-f 4 -r -f 4-M-r 4- -M- 4 4-4- 4-
WILLIAM M'KINLEY. 4
Ilnin at Xilf, Ohio, 1U. 4-
Knli-lci! an pinate, Wil. 4-
Miitcrpi! out a Inctrt major, I'M. 4-
Ailnilttnl to the har, lsfl7. 4
Klpptrrl pnwititinff attomfj-, lSiiO. 4
Married, 171. 4
llleiieil lo ronKie, 171. 4
.Mriukcr nf J an.l inrans rommltlfc, 4
( Ii.iiinnn ot ways and meant commit- 4
tn. lso. 4
MiKlnlev knit rnicle.l. 100 4-
(iriijin-iiKlfrril ont of I'nnsiP", li'M. 4
Plpttpil goirrnor o! (Ihlo, l"il, 4-
llo plotted swwrnor. ls'.'.'i. 4
IMnttPil proshlPiit, Win. 4-
Itc-cltttrtl pici-ident, t'.n 4-
4.444-444444444444 44444 4
William McKlnley, soldier, statesman
and tnvsldent, will go down In history
as an American of the highest type. In
personality and achievement his ca
reer embodies those qualltis and trl
vmph.t that constitute) the choicest
fruits of Americanism. of humble
birth nml roared among a simple folk,
he arose steadily by his own efforts
to the proudest position open to men,
and throughout his splendid progress
his maniioei leinntntd unsullied by n
Quiet, dignified and medest, true as
steel to Ills friciikt, unhesitating at the
call of dutv, ns rea ly to face hostile
t-oiitl neiit as hostile bullels, unswerv
ing hi Integrity, full of lact. In over
coming opposition, conciliatory and
yet unyielding on vital principles, with
private life as .spotless as solf-saciillo-Ing,
a disposition unspoiled bv suet ess
and an ambition that puts tlio public
weal in fore all else, a husband whoso
untiling devotion is lit subject for an
epic, and with a heart full of .sympathy
for tho tollitiR masses, William Mc
Klnley off -nit a. shining example of
American character and reveals the
noble traits that endeared lilm to what
that otho" great commoner, Lincoln,
called the plain people.
As a child lie felt theyilntii of pov
erty, and leained the uSJful lesson of
frugality. As 'a boy he marched to the
war ns a private and came back with
a major's shoulder straps. As a strug
gling country lawyer he championed
the cause of the working masses. The
duties of prosecuting attorney of un
Important Ohio county gaVe him nn in
sight Into the woes and sufferings of
humanity. In the halls of legislation
and in the exo( ntlve chairs of state and
nation ho seroo his fellow citizens
with patriotic singleness of purpose
and rose steadily to the crowning hon
ors of tlio world.
William Mclvlnley was born at Nlles,
O., Jan. it), ism. iiks ancestry Is gen
erally classed as Scotch-Irish, but there
wore In It strains of rierman and Kug
llsh blool. The great-great-grandfather,
.lames McKlnley. came to
Amorl-M as a hoy of 1J and settled in
IVniisyhanla, Ills son David served
In the leuiiutlonary war, anil In 1SH
moved to Ohio, Kroni hint was de
scended .lames McKlnley. whoso win
William became the father of tho
president. William McKlnley, sr at
the age of a, married Nancy Allison-,
who lived to see her distinguished son
occupying the white house,
Nlles in 1S4.1 was one of the .smallest
towns in Ohio, little nmie than a trad
ing place for neighboring farmers.
Wishing to give their large family of
ihlldren better educational facilities,
the father and mother deckled to move
to Poland, which boasted an academy.
The father was the munnRer nf an Iron
lurnnre at Nlles and continued his
work there, roturn'jig home every Sat
urday to visit wife and chlldten ovrr
Sunday. It was this association with
the iron business In Its pioneer days
that shaped the futur? fitntesnjan's
thoughts and miMo him the aposilo of
protection for Infant Industries,
During this period at Poland young
McKlnley studied ut the academy, led
4-f - -H--4-
O CAPTAIN !
(This poem Is nlmoat the solitary Instance nf rhyme among the
work3 of "The Good Gray Poet." It wns written at the time of
Lincoln's assassination nntl hns probably started tears to more
eyes than any stanzas ever composed.
O Captain! My Captain! our fearful trip Is done,
The ship has weathered overy tack, the prl20 wc sought Is won;
Tho port lo near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,
While follow eyes the steady keel, tho vessel grim and daring.
But 0 heart! heart! heart!
0 the bleeding drops of red,
Where on the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead.
O Captain! My Captain! rise up and hear the bells,
Hlse up for you the flag Is flung for you tho bugle trills,
For you bouquets and ribboned wreaths for you the shores
For you they call, tho swaying mass, their eager faces turning;
Here Captain! Dear father!
This arm beneath your head!
It Is somo dream that on the deck
You've fallen cold and dead.
My Captain docs not answer, his lips aro pale and still,
My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will,
Tho ship Is anchored safe and sound, tho voyage closed and done,
From fearful trip the victor ship comes In with object won;
Exult 0 snores, and ring 0 bolls!
But I, with mournful tread,
Walk the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead. Walt Whitman.
the village debating society, often re
lieved the postmaster, tried his ability
as a teacher, and was marked ns tho
most promising boy of the community.
11 was thre m 1S5S that he became a
member of the Methodist church, ft
connection which ho has maintained
throughout life. When 17 years old he
left Poland to pursue a course of study
nt Allegheny college, but a sudden ill
v.cfn compelled hltn to teturn home,
ami soon afterward, like many young"
Americans before and since, ho began
his active rnreer In life he tench nc
school, Ho was thus employed through
ine winter or isbo-bi.
Service ns Soldier.
He went from his schoolmaster's
desk Into the army. He was but a boy
of IS, but ho had learned abolitionism
at the hearthstone. When Lincoln
called for volunteers young1 McKlnley
was one of the tlrst tn enlist. He en
tered Company K of the Twenty-third
Ohio infantry as a private, and he
soon sew active service. For f out teen
ni.nths l.e trudged In tho "mikr and
he was singled out for commissary ser
geant. He displayed such conspicuous
gnllaivtry nt Antletnm ns lo attract the
notice of his superiors and win a com
mission as second lieutenant. In later
M.us, when he had risen to be gover
nor of the great statfl of Ohio, the
simple gem neness of his nature was
proved by this comment on that period
In his career;
"I always look back with pleasure
upon those fourteen months which I
served In tho ranks. They taught mo
a great deal. I was but a schoolboy
when I went Into the army, and that
first year was a formative period in
my life, during which I learned much
of men and life. I have always been
glad that I entered the service as a
private ant served those months In
McKinley's regiment saw much light
ing In the eastern campaigns. He was
promoted to first lieutenant and cap
tiin, and In 1S64 was brevetted major
i-y President Lincoln "for gallant and
meritorious services at the battles of
Opoquan, Cedar Creek and Fisher's
Mill." During- a part of the time he
served on the staff of Generals It. B.
Hayes, Crook, Sheridan and Hancock,
Me was tempted to remain in tho
nrmy, but at the request of his father
ho decided to return to civil life nntl
was mustered out In September, 1863.
He wns then In his twenty-third year,
lteturnlng to Poland, lie took up the
study of law and soon afterwards
went to a law college at Albany, N. Y.,
for a two-year course. Mo was ad
mitted to tho bar in 1SU7.
He was then a poor young man of
"4, with no resources but his native
pluck and ability. Seeking a larger
field of action than Poland offered, he
settled In Canton, Stark county, Ohio.
First Case at Law.
His first case wan a suit for replevin,
which he tried for Judge Relden. The
young lawyer scored a victory and
earned a fee of y.', l.'o proved to he
a man of so much force that he soon
Impiessed himself on the community,
nntl after ills arrival at Canton he
became the Republican candidate for
prosecuting nttnrney. The county
had always been so hopelessly Demo
cratic that Hepubllcan nominations
wore empty honors, but he made a vig
orous canvass and surprised old poli
ticians by winning. He iviim a candi
date for re-election, and was defeated
by only forty-live voles.
Returning: to legal practice, Major
McKlnley continued In privute life un
til 187C, when lie became a candidate
for the Republican nomination for con
gress. He surprised old stagers by
carrying every township hut one lit
his county against strong opposition.
The delegates were elected by popu
lar vote, which made the cuiic'ldate's
success a striking evidence of the es
teem of the masses. He was almost
as popular In the other counties of
the district and got his nomination on
the first ballot.
Congressman McKlnley held his
place In the national IcRlslatuic for
fourteen j'oats In spite of tlio machina
tions of ills political enemies to com
pass his defeat. Three times the Dem
ocrats gerrymandered his district lie
fore they aiconiplislic-d their purpose,
and then tlio master of polltler turned
defeat Into victory by winning the
governorship from his foes. In 1S7S ho
was put Into a tllstiici with nn ap
parent Democratic majority of 1,800,
but he can led it by 1,300, Six years
later his opponents tried another go'
rymnnder, but ho turned a Democratic
majority of l.r.no into n Republican
victory with 1,500 votes to rpare.
In 1SU0 a third gerrymander put him
Into a district that had Riven tho
Democrats n majority of 2,900 the year
before. Major McKlnley entered tho
light undaunted, and the contest was
one that attracted the attention of the
whole nation and even of Kuiope, for
the adoption of tho McKlnley tariff a
short time before had made the great
champion of protection mi object of
International Interest and importance.
Prestige from Defeat.
It was a political combat which has
been compared to that fought out be
tween Lincoln and Douglas In Illinois,
and though McKlnley lost by h beggar
ly margin of S0;i votes, he came forth
from tho fray resplendent in new glory
and greater prcstlg'.
Congressman McKinley's first not
able speech nt Woshlngton was mHde
In 187S In opposition to a tariff meas
ure proposed hy Fernando Wood. On
the elevation of Garfield to the senate
and then to the White Mouse two
years later, McKlnley was given a
- 'M ' I
MY CAPrAIN !
4444444444444444444 444 444
place on the ways and means commit
tee, which opened the portals to his
new career as the expounder of tho
tariff and the protector of American
One of the first oppoiiuiiltlej to dis
tinguish himself In this hue came In
1RM in tho discussion of the Mills tariff
hill, and the Ohio congressman leaped
Into national fame on that Incident,
Samuel Randall of Pennsylvania,
though a Democrat, had been granted
nn hour to speak ngainst tho bill and
was to be followed by McKlnley.
Courtesy to Randall.
When the hour was up Randal! ask
ed for an extension of time, but Mills
refused to give it. Suddenly, amid the
din and uproar, n dear, musical, vi
brant voice rang out. "Mr. Chairman,"
and Major McKlnley, with beaming
face, was seen making his way to the
"Mr. Chairman," he said, "I believe
I am to be recognized next after the
gentleman from Pennsylvania. I yield
hhn fifteen minutes of my time."
This chlvnlric action was greeted
with a thunder of applause, -iod the
Ohlosii had captured the house and
galleries. When he arose to speak
sympathy was strongly with him, and
he gave the assemblage a tine sample
of those qualities that have since dis
tinguished him as one of the best or
ntorfc tho I'nlted Stntes has produced.
His speech was characterized by un
limited and spontaneous good nature,
a keen wit, a wealth of apothegm, an
absolute grasp of the general subject
and a perfect mastery of all details.
McKinley's bearing and delivery were
Inimitable dignified but easy, familiar
but elevated, thoroughly earnest and
carrying proof of personal conviction,
and withal so amiable a manner as to
win unprejudiced listeners.
Style Marks Master.
His style was clearness and straight
forwardness exemplified, and so direct
and simple that no effort was required
to follow hhn through an ordinarily
dry discourse. Mo displayed to perfec
tion that happy faculty for which he
has since become famous of clothing
with the magnetic charm nt life the
cold, practical facts of economic phil
osophy and experience. Mis voice,
high but resonant, clear and musical
ns a bell, pierced to every corner of
the house, and it was evident to ills
hearers that a new leader had sprung
into the front ranks of the great He
Congressman McKlnley wus o candi
date against Thomas H. Reed in 1SS0
for tho speakership of .li- House, but
fate, wiser than he, reserved hltn for
the chairmanship of the ways and
means coinimtteo, the second highest
place, and sometimes tlio first, in the
house. It was thus that the way was
paved for the McKlnley tnriff bill of
1S90, which has had sucli an incalcul
able Influence on the affairs of the
United States. That measure was the
expression of tho Ohio statesman's
protection dogma, and in it, too, blaz
ed the reciprocity policy which tho
great leader reiterated only a few
hours before he was struck down by
tlio nssassln's shot.
Stems a Stampede.
So deep an impress had lie made
on the attention ot the country by his
fight agulnst tlio Mills bill that he be
came an important factor in tho na
tional convention of IS84. Mc was an
ardent follower of Hlaiue, though John
Sherman of Ohio wns a candidate for
the Republican nomination. When nn
effort was made to divert h stampede
from Bluine by nn adjournment it was
McKlnley who jumped into the breach
and by a few words in that clear-cut,
high-pitched voice of his foiled the
scheme of tho political plotters.
Me was afterward tho central figure
in two of tlio most dramatic scenes of
national conventions, In which he ex
hibited the keen sense of personal
honor which has been so marked a
characteristic. In 1R8R he was a dele
gate pledged to support Sherman. He
was then so popular that an effort was
made to carry the convention for him,
an effort that might have ucceeded
If he had not stopped it. At the proper
moment he made nn Impassioned
speech against tho plan, concluding
with these words, which left no doubt
of Ids sincerity:
"I do request, I do demand, that no
delegate who would not cast rellectlon
upon m shall cast a ballot for me."
Four years later at Minneapolis he
was a Harrison delegate. Ohio tried to
start a McKlnley stampede by casting
Its vote for him, but lie arose from
tho chair, for he was presiding, and
challenged the vote, leaving no doubt
ot his loyalty to his pledge. These
evidences of popularity pointed to Mc
Klnley as tho foreordained nominee of
the Republican party for president.
After his defeat for congress In 1S90
ho was nominated for governor nf
Ohio the following year, redeemed tho
stute from tho Democracy, and was re
elected in 1MI3, The picsldentlal nom
ination came to hhn In 1SS6.
The campaign of that year was one
of the most hotly contested in the
political history of tho nutlon. The
freo and unlimited coinage of silver
was the issuo forced by the Demo
cratic party, but tho Oliloan took his
stand on a platform declaring for an
honest currency, for an honorable ful
Ailment of the pledges of the nation
and for such sound measures as should
save the country from financial trial,
anarchy and industrial distress.
President McKinley's career since
taking possession of the executive
mansion In Washington Is so recent
that Its incidents are ftesh In the
tucmoiy. Ke had to face great
problems and grave emergencies, but
ho met hU responsibilities with dignity
and ability. Me discharged his duties
with shining credit to himself, and
under his wise guidance the nation
lias won now glories in pence find
With the confidence which his mas
terfulness lias Inspired, the wasted In
dustries of the country took on new
life, nnd with hi" entrance into the
White Mouse the Hulted States enter
ed upon such nn era of Industrial
growth and universal prosperity as Is
without counterpart In tho world's Ids
tory. From Hie keenest depression the
country has risen to its highest pin
nacle of prosperity.
The nation's chief was wise enough
to ee the hcnellt to the masses from
commercial expansion, and bin efforts
have been put forth in that direction.
Many of the events of the last four
years have been turned to contribute
to that end, nnd even In his latest
speech that wus one of his chief
Splendid War Itccord.
The president's conduct of the war
with Spain was a splendid achieve
ment. It shed now lustre on our arms
and our diplomacy. It carried the
country to a glorious victory unmarred
by a defeat, and unsullied by nn un
worthy act. It raised the United
States In the estimation of tho world,
removed the last barrier between
North and South and opened the way
to new triumphs in tho walks of
Followingthenrmod ntruggl" In Cuba
nnd on IHrIi seas and west enmo tho
embarrassing problems arising from
the Boxer doubles in China. Mere
again President McKlnley took a
stand on high ground and gave tho
world a tine example of American
sincerity nnd falrnet-s. Me insisted
that China should not be torn to
pieces by the contending allies, and
that her markets should remain open
to all the world on equal tenns.
Urges Mercy to China.
Me ut god a policy of mercy when
other nations demanded blood for re
vengeand impossible millions of money
for reimbursement 'die American
policy had an Important influence In
modifying the treatment of the ancient
middle kingdom, nnd Americans can
read the record with pride unmlx-vl
In his address at Buffalo the day
before he was shot this great, this
typical American gave another :i lik
ing evidence of his unceasing thought
and effort for the welfare of h!s people.
In that speech he pointed th" way to
new triumphs in the arts of peace by
the construction of th" isthmian canal
and tho adoption of redriovlty trea
ties. In a speech breathing Rood will
to all men. and bristling with the
epigrammatic phrases lor which be is
noted, ho voiced n national policy
which will have little opposition. MIo
has been a noble carce-, full of mighty
achievements and unmarred by a
THIRD NATIONAL BUNK
Capital $200,000. Surplus .$525,000
United States Depositary.
Special attention given to
BUSINESS, PERSONAL arid SAV
INGS ACCOUNTS, whether large
Open Saturday evenings
from 8 to 9 o'clock.
Wm. Conneix. President
Henry Belin, Jr., Vice pres.
Wm. H. Peck, Cashier
325-327 Penn Ayenae,
THE FEET IN TOWN
From Shoe Strings to Boots
No Order Too Small, No Order Too Large,
Not Profit but Business Increase,
Lower the Price, Larger the Trade,
See the Point Always Busy
Le-wis & IReilly,
SEE OUR SCHOOL. SHOE WINDOW,
There Is that something Indeserlb
fible about our line of Uidles' Muslin
Underwear that distinguishes it from
Tho Fit and Finish Perfect,
Our styles Are Different.
Tile Embroideries Ate Finer,
The Laces Are Prettier.
Our Fall Kxhlhlt of Fine Lingerie U
unusually attractive, showing many
new and novel designs, beautifully
trimmed In neat and ptetty patterns
Point de Parrle Laces,
Point de Gene Laces,
Real Torchon Lace.
At 10c to $2.65.
At 25c to $2.50.
At 75c to $2.05.
At 85c to $6.50.
At S1.00 tn SI 1.50.
At '15c to $2.75.
At 10c to 85c.
At 60c to $1.50,
Shirts, Underwear and Hosiery.
412 Spruce Street.
Try our 10c. Linen Collars.
City with a
First-Class Stock of
Mercereati & Connell,
132 Wyoming Avenue.
-Jff -i D"- V
I ! I .l.VH 1 '111 (
Yi 'J M M IBM BS
fr 1 1 1 H
I I is 1 Hi JU?