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THE SCRANTON TRIBUTTO- MONDAY, AUGUST 10, MOT.
lje .Scranfon Crifitme
PuMlthfi! Pally, r.tttft Sunday, by Th( Trlb.
tme-Puhlislilns; Company, t Hlly Cents Month.
LIVV S HICIIAnt), Editor.
O. K. DVMIRR, Ui lnfs ManiRtr.
New Voik Offlcei 130 Nassau t,
S. S VBIT.IiASn.
Sole Ascnt lor Foreign Advertising
F.ntttcd tt (he PostofTlee at Feranten, 1'i.i
Seioml lists Mill Mitttr.
When spaee will p.rmlt. The Tribune U , V
Slid to print short Intern from ll friend bear
ing on nirrent toplrs. hut It mli ia tint ''
mint be signed, for puMleatlon, bv the "ter
rrl name, ami the condition rreeedent , ."fi
ceptanee l that alt contribution! ihall be suDjeei
o editorial revision
TUB Ff.AT TIATR FOR T1VKttTISlNO.
Th fellowln table shows the price per inch
earn lnfitlon, iparo to he ued within one "
For ev, of Ilir!, resolutions of eondnlene
nd ilmllir contributions In the nature ot id
crllliii: The lilbune mal.es charge ol J cents
Hate fi-r Classified Advertising furnished on
prRANTOX. PA . ALT.t'ST 10. 1001.
Ctinslrlorlnt; how irrPRtilnrly the Nny
Ant? park cars run. placards on tli
rptPishurR cars tolllni; patrons how to
get to the park would he in order.
Concerning Drenches of Fnltli.
JOHN MITHIKM;, presldf-nt of
the I'nlted Mine Workers of
America, Is deservedly receiv
ing widespread praise for what
he recently wrote In the Independent
upon the sanctity of contracts: and al
though In the mine strike last year
the Markle employes at .Teddo were
counseled and Induced by Mr. Mitchell
and his tepresentatlves to break a
contract In order that the miners' bat
tle line should be continuous, the nrgu
ment being that the end justified the
questionable means, yet with this ex
ception we believe his theory and
"It goes without saying." the Inde
pendent article said, "that every strike
and every lockout nffects seriously
others than those directly engaged in
the strike or lockout. Oreat public
Interests are involved, and It Is cer
tainly a matter of no small concern
to the public that some method be
adopted through which strikes and
lockouts may be entirely avoided, or at
least reduced to the minimum. Ex
perience has demonstrated that the
most practicable plan which the In
genuity of man has been able up to
this time to devise is for employers
to recognize the union, meet Its repre
sentatives In conference, enter into
trade agreements which define In detail
the conditions of employment which
shall obtain during the life of such
agreements. The constitution and
laws of nearly every labor organiza
tion make it an offense punishable by
expulsion for any member to violate
a trade agreement, or even by subter
fuge to evade any of Its provision".
The officers of the trade organizations
of the present day recognize the great
responsibility resting upon them, and
they are few tndeed who dare, even
If thfy were so Inclined, ruthlessly to
disregard the sacred obligations of n
As a statement of what should b
this last sentence could hardly be im
proved upon. That It accurately de
scribes what is may well be doubted
In view of the exhibitions to the con
trary continually on view. The Amal
gamated association's present strike Is
conspicuously In evidence In this re
spect. The strike of the tin plate
workers was In direct defiance of n
year's contract, the Ink upon which
had hardly had time to dry. They
had no grievance over hours or rrny;
all matters nt Issue between them
selves and the American Tin Plate
company had been adjusted in confer
ence and the details of that agree
ment reduced to contract form, yet
when Shaffer said strike, they struck,
without n moment's thought concern
ing th contract, and it was the same
at Jollet. and Ray View. Th"
men had agreed to woik for
a year, and when Shaffer's strike
order camo they at first voted
to keep faith with their employers,
but emissaries of the association were
sent to talk them Into an attitude of
perfidy, and today they nro Idle.
Mr. Mitchell wrles that he has never
known an Instance "where the repre
sentatives of capital and labor have
failed to agree when the two sat down
together, put their feet under the
table and told one another the ahso.
lute truth." Honest conference Is un
doubtedly the best way to settle any
difference. But It Is more essential
that the leaders of labor unions should
establish a character for good faith
In the fulfilment of their engagements
thanyhnt such a character should be
established by tho men who direct
large-Industries, We say more essen
tial, not because dishonesty Is pardon
able ;,pn either side, but because a
:ontract signed by an authorized agent
3f a-iarge employing corporation rep
resents something tangible. In court,
lomethlng that If broken on the com
pany's side furnishes a basis for the
recovery of damages; while Mr. Mar
id?, Mr. Schwab and Mr. Morgan have
io redress whatever when their con
tacts with employes are broken at
'.he prompting of strike leuders They
:an only charge It up to the. score
shlrb; they reckon against thu Instl
atoI4 of such Infidelity and be there
'iy ijJttiHps unfortunately prejudiced
igainst trades unionism In all Its
Ths .Van York Sun does not lake
.nucli, -stock in the current attempt to
fsurrect Robert K. Paulson. It says:
The side door leading out of the poll
Meal mausoleum swings hard on Its
.tinges." And doubly ho since tho In
mrgenta incline to be selfish with their
Th captain of the Celtic predicts
:hat passenger travel between the
United States and Europe will soon bo
tonductd on 1000-foot ocean hotels,
I nun of ldiraon
Paper I Ikidinj
lnchc " 51 " .57S
with nceommorl.itlona for 6,000 Rucsta
nt a time. Let us also hope, at re
The "reform" campaign In Philadel
phia In making good progress In the
InBitrgcnt newspapers, but It Is still
dlllkult to get a true lino on the real
Refuting u Fallacy
AYS THK rYltston Oaste-lte: "It
Is decidedly refreshing.. In
these days when railway and
other I'orponulons ns n rule
squeeze, down the wages and privil
eges of their employes to the lowest
poslble notch, to read of such a gen
erous act ns that recently performed
by the IJenver nnd Hlo ft ramie rail
road, which distributed 1,000 shares of
stock, with n market value amounting
to $1,000,000, among old employes of the
road. Even section foremen were
among the beneficiaries. The old ofll
clal of the railroad, who retired when
the lino was sold some six months ago,
rightly concluded that the employes
had had no little hand In accumulat
ing the wealth of tho corporation, and
therefore decided that they should
have a share In the profits. Generosity
like that, If more widely adopted by
prosperous concerns, would go far to
ward harmonizing the differences be
tween capital and labor."
Is It, then, the rule that the large
employing corporations "squeeze down
the wages and privileges of their em
ployes to the lowest possible notch?"
Is not this really the exception, util
ized by demagogues to breed discon
tent and i-omi'tlmcs accepted as the
rule by others who omit to Investi
gate? There Is much In tho Indus
trial situation Just nt this time to
tempt the managers of corporations to
squeeze those of their employes who
are foolish enough to Imagine thnt the
best way to Increase their own wages
and prh lieges Is to make unprofitable
the business of their employers. Hut
most of the men In high places In our
large corporation! nre ton Intelligently
conscious of their responsibilities ns
well as too shrewd and far-sighted to
do any squeezing Just for the sake of
showing their power. tin the con
trary, the signs are many that the
best executive Intelligence of these
much-abused corporations, when un
occupied In righting self-defensive bat
tles against the would-be Napoleons of
trades unionism, is being trained to
solve how best to promote a genuine
"community of Interest" between the
employing and the working Interests.
Wc have seen how rapidly In tlu
past few years the Idea of an old age
pension system has spread among the
managers of our railroads. First
worked out by the Pennsylvania sys
tem, It Is now in force in half a dozen
of the large American railway systems
and Is practically certain to come into
geneinl vogue. The various relief
funds and Insurance schemes connect
ed with American railroading have
been voluntary concessions from the
employing Interests and have usually
come on their Initiative. Profit-sharing,
too, is becoming more general
every day. When the foolish, if not
criminal strike of the Amalgamated
association was sprung, the officials nf
the much-maligned steel trust had al
most completed framing the plans of
a project of profit sharing that would
have Included on generous terms every
one of the thousands of men In Its
employ. The strike will cost these
men millions of dollar, in loss of
wages; do gteat Injury to the com
pany, and necessarily postpone, If not
permanently pi event the establish
ment of a co-operative Investing
Merely as a sample of what may be
seen in tho papeis almost 'any day
when the strike microbe is not rob
bing the American worklngman of his
sanity or hardening the employer's
heart, we quote from a Pueblo, Col.
letter to the Fun: "For the benefit of
its V 000 employes nnd their families
nn. because It believes that the Invest
ment would bring good returns In more
efficient labor, the Colorado Fuel and
Iron company has established n socio
logical department. It will spend tens
of thousands of dollars yearly In pro
vldlng better educational facilities and
means of social diversion for tho men
employed In Its mines and mills and
for the wives and children of these
men. The proposed work of the de
paitment will be conducted along six
lines, as follows: First Establishment
of kindergartens, night schools and In
struction In domestic economy. SecondCo-operation
with and improve
ment of tho fiee public schools. Third
The establishment of regular courses
of lectin cs Fourth Tho institution of
libraries, leading rooms and art ex
hibits. Fifth Encouragement of the
founding and maintenance of clubs of
all sorts. Sixth Assistance in organ
izing entertainments nnd social gath
erings. In the matter of education It
Is the Intention of the company to give
Its employes In isolated mining camps
all the advantages so far as possible
that they would have In the larger
titles. Lecturers will be sent from
enmp to camp and use will be made of
traveling 'llbiarles and art exhibits,
Hooks nnd reproductions of works of
art will bo sold to employes nt cost
price. It Is tho company's Intention
to encourage the establishment of clulm
providing a suitable building In each
camp. It is hoped in this wny to make.
It no longer possible for tho men to
say that they are forced to spend nil
their spare tlmo In saloons because
these are the worUlngman's only clubs,
Women's dubs also will bo encour
aged and the department will lend a
hand in getting up musical entertain
ments, dances, etc." In short, as tho
president of tho company says: "Wo
believe that by making tho men's sur
roundings plcasanter and by Increasing
their opportunities for Intellectual,
moral and general social Improvement
our employes will bo better able to
co-operate with the company in tho
common mission of de eloping the
great coal and Iron resources of Colo
rado." This lino of thought Is coming more
and moro Into tho minds of tho men
who manage the big affairs of Indus
try and emmerre, and every year
marks notable progress toward tho
Improvement of the social conditions of
those who work an tool-users In tho
varied activities of American produc
tion. The talkatlvo fraternity of
notoriety Beckers who manufacture
discontent nmong the worklngmen nnd
fan It Into strikes, boycotts nnd tho
accompaniments of civil war usually
succeed for a time In their personal
ambitions, but they hinder by every
strike and retard by every demagogic
word tho development of a genuine
co-operative spirit between employers
and employed. Tho affairs of labor
are the affairs of capital nnd vice
versa. Labor cannot thrive under a
leadership which seeks first to estab
lish a breach and then to widen It.
Another attempt to scalp Secretary
of the Commonwealth Griest In Lan
caster has come to grief. The Insur
gents have evidently more persistence
The Straight Edge Experiment.
N INTERESTING experiment
In co-operative industry is
described nt length In a re
cent bulletin of the bureau
of labor. It concerns a colony planted
In tho heart ot New York city, with
headquarters nt 2t0 Sixth avenue, and
known ns the Strnlght Edge People.
For a year or more they have pub
lished a little paper called the
"Stialght Edge," the objects of which
are set forth to be: "to make sugges
tions and formulate plans for the ap
plication of the Golden Itule to busi
ness nnd social relations." The sub
scrlption price Is designed to pay the
rrvt, of the paper, Ink, postage and
thlrty-flvn cents an hour for the me
chanical nnd clerical work In connec
tion with tho paper. If tho receipts
exceed the cost of these Items, tho
FiirpltiH Is divided among the sub
set Ihers. If they fall short, the sub
scribers nre apprised of tho deficiency
an I thnee who wioh to apply the Gold
en Itule do so. "There are no paid
contributors, and there Is no space
for sale for any purpose or at any
price. Nc-hndy Is In debt for the
Straight Edge, It is easier and cheap
er to foiglve debts than to keep books."
The Industries of the colony at pres
ent ate Jni printing, sign making and
bread baking. The last named Indus
try they hope to develop Into a co
operative kltcher.1 from which to servo
wholesome food at cost to families in
the neighborhood. They have recent
ly tak' n a farm on Staten Island,
where they hope to raise much of the
produco needed for their restaurant
and kitchen In the city. They have
also a small manufacturing plant with
which they turn out certain novelties
they propose to make. Finally, they
hope to ertahllsh n school of co-operative
Industry, where they will teach
thr- art of social and industrial co
creiatinn. T'lese people profess to believe It
both possible and practicable to apply
In actual business nnd social affairs
the principles enunciated In tho Ser
mon on the Mount, nnd to do this
without running away from civiliza
tion. They call their Institution n
school ot methods designed to Instruct
people In the best wny of doing this.
At present the Straight Edge People,
for economic reasons, nre living in a
communal home; but their plan con
templites complete economic Inde
pendence of the workers. Each work
er, young or old, regardless of occu
pation or .skill, receives thirty-five
cents an hour, which each worker is
free to use In establishing n home out
side. They believe in large Irdlvldual
fiei-lnm and encourage individual In
Itlatho in all matters. Any surplus
of earnings over and above thirty-
live cents nn hour for each worker
emplnjed, goes to provide like Indus
trial opportunities for other workers.
These people have an odd way of
distributing their work nnd their re
sponsibilities. They have a suggestion
box Into which nny member may put
anonymous written suggestions re
garding the distribution and execution
of the work to be done. These sugges
tions are taken up anil dlscusse.d at
the weekly business meetings. Each
worker voluntnrlly assumes' the re
sponsibility for such work as he feels
himself best fitted to do. and nil ar
rnngiments are subject to criticism
by nny of the members. The more
disagreeable work Is shifted as often
as practicable In order to equnllzq
the burden. When one has chosen his
work ho Is trusted to do it without
supervision, but encouraged to consult
his fellow workeiti, in case of doubt
as to the best methods.
This plan of dispensing with a boss
Is said to work well nnd to havo a
wholesome and stimulating effect upon
the workers. A system of time cards
enables each' worker to keep his own
record, which Is criticized, amended
and indorsed at the weekly meetings,
nnd all payments nre hased on the
number of hours so returned. The or
ganization started two years ngo with
only $.10 borrowed capital and four
members. Being located in New York
city the rent problem hns always been
a serious one and the growth neces
sarily slow. There are now twelve
adult workers in New York city and
several nddltlonal will be employed
on the farm.
The resemblance between this ex
periment and that worked out by tho
Oneldn community, a sketch of which
was icrently given on this page, Is
very marked. Hut If tho Straight
Edgers. hold together long enough they
will ncqulre a boss. No scheme of life
succeeds without one.
J.utp steel strike developments con-
linn that It Is easier to get men to
quit work than to get Jobs for them
Admiral Evans Is now sure that ex
Secretary Chandler Is an Insect, for
he has Jubt felt his second stlng.
AGREES WITH MR. PATRICK.
F.dltur of The Tribune
bin In publishing Horatio X Patrick's letter
to the Scranton Itoircl cf (Vntrol together with
your editorial hearing nn tlu mbject of tho de
cision of the board which calls for a commence
mint of tho school year on Sept. 3, you. In my
humblu opinion, laving tern doing philanthropic!
work, an I, at an oU-time teacher and medictl
practitioner who, by tho way, has not forgotten
that he wj a boy at school ever 10 long igo,
I aik .vnur permission to moat heartily endorse
every sentiment expreiscd in Mr. Patrick's com.
munication Carl Seller, M, D,
Suanton, Aug. 17.
Happy Days Glide
by at Chalifaliqtia
Special Correspondence of The Tribune.
Chautauqua, X. V., Auo;, 17.
THIS HAS nKKX (tali week it Chautiurpia,
a week of pecll di)t ind celebrations
ro numtrou, that It li net to lmpoibl
for the uninitiated to follow them ill. It
hai been week peculiar to the (natltutlon ind
a time when ill lojal rhiuttuiuani dealre mot
to be here. From now until KeiOgnlllon riiy
Chautauqiu will h the mecti of lhouandi of
plljrrlnw who know no other Alma Mater than
thete clale grovea. To the itudtnt of the
reading coune, the piwlnic under the archei
lid through the Oolden Oate l more than mre
ceremonv. To th"m It imana four jean of
study thnt could be attained In no other iy
and four yiar, of intellectual improvement.
The fcatlxitie began with Old Firat Xight.
and the twentalxth annUeraarv of the firt
meeting of the iMembly una ebierved with un
UMial cnthmUi'm The old eom were aunp, and
the men who hue ben here jear after year
told tho cintomary number cf etorlea and nold
the urouth and proureM of Chautauqua. flUrtop
Vincent, the founder of the inatltutlon, wa,
aidly mined, ar.d amid alienee and deep feelliur
Mi cablegram from hftllerland aa read. The
bl.hop'i iiie(ff wn. 'Ileuiember the noble
liltory of Chautaqui. Turn remembrance Into
renlc, .ind make tho luturc greater and nobler
than the ratt."
The next eienlne came the initiation of the
clan., of 1001. The performance i ataM a bur-
leque, ami thl, er It aa more unique and
freakish than eer The whole alTilr wa, , splendid
burl'eque on "The fhiiitaunuan" and the sub
ject, of the C. I,. S C reidim courje for the
comlna; jear. The obtrct of the evening' fun
was to shew that Chautauquana can appreciate
a Joke a, well a, fine lerture,. lery one
entered into the rpirlt of the occasion and it
wi, a time nf great hilarity. In the atreet
parade the. book, to b' tead In the courre thla
year were reprcented bv four float hilod with
dlirnliiries dlmil"d as Vero. Hmte. Vlroll,
Charon, Cerberus the cmrerer of Rerminy, the
bnrelel and other charictera found In the Italian
Cerman coure. Had thiee perona of ancient
times appeared on the cene, they would hardly
lmo tdt flittered by the modern conception and
repreentatlon of them.
The mot beautiful of all these apeolil coca
tlona ia tho Illuminated Fleet. Thla i a ilsht
worth traellnn lar to ee. On that eenlnc all
the larjer eteamers, the ennller onee, private
jielits, aill boils and even row boa W, lulshly
decorated with colored lantern of all slin nnd
shapes, are rolb-itiil In front of the Aemblj
Town, and for an hour or more manoeuvre bark
and forth, miking the lake a ma of brilliant
colors. Croat l-onfirea are built alone; the ihore,
and the a-archlluhts bring Into relief objccti all
our the uroundi.
No one wo-e a more eonaequential air thla
week than tho children of Chautauqua. The
programme called for a "Children's I'av," and
the little folks were on hand to do their ran.
Karly In the evening there wa a parade of the
different clubs thmuch ill the prim ipal street",
followed bv an entertainment in the Amphi
theater. The children had ben well trained.
Thev aane their fone, Hepped a minuet, and
went throueii their drills without a hitch, and
then invited all o a reception in the Hall of
rhllowphj, where thev proied themsehej the
mo.t hospitable hota and hostews ard dis
pensed lemonide to their a:uet and themsehci
to the Mtisfattlon of everv one present
C.ransfe Diy brouoht the lirpct crowd of the
season, and the rain alone prevented It from
beinc the ereitest div of niiny seasons The
tremor of Se-v York state, lion H It Odell,
was the orator of the day, and was greeted with
the Chautauqua salute.
The musical event of this jear the ren
dering ot the oratorio "Messiah" by the choir
of (Ho hundred voices to an audience of thous
ands. The solo parts were i.m bv the mem
bers of th quartette, and the audience was un
uiiallv enthusiastic over the baao, Dr. Carl
Diiftt, of New York.
Pr. nueklev, editor of the Advocate, who his
been comlnir here so many years that Chautauqua
would hirdlv seem natural without him, is with
in acaln. When Pr. Vincent tntrortueel Pr.
Buckler the other dj- as the lecturer of the
afternoon, he sild: "Dr. llucklev is now here
for the twinty-slvth season an I this lecture will
make the seventy-first he has Riven at Chau
taqui." The doctor is jmt as quick and merci
less in his wit as when he first appeared ber..
and his Question Ho always attracts a large
A reader who is a ere it fivorite here l.s Mr.
I.rlind Powers, of Itoston. Mr. Pove is al
morrow ithout an eoual as an Impersonator and
rfider lie cave during his stay here this time
"f.ord Chumlev," "The 'lamlnc of the Shrew"
and "David fiarrick."
The Chautauqua Press club, made up of the
newspaper correspondents here, and all others
encau-eil In literary work, entertained their
friends Saturday evenlna; with a very unique
reception, "liKh took the form of an Author'
Fvcnlnir F.verv one who took part read, recked
or plaved something from liia own works.
Among these on the nroarimme were Mr. Scett
Ilrovvn, Pr Lincoln Hulley, Mr. Leland Powers
and Dr. Carl Duflt
WHEN LABOR IS BADLY LED.
From the St. I.ouls Mirror.
The great steel -.trike, as It spreads, sems to
be hurting the working classes rather than the
capitalist. The worker appear to be striking
their fellows hirder than they are hitting their
"oppressors." F.ach recurring big strike only
ihowa that trades unionism is operating to the
disadvantage of the laborer in every line. The
demands of extremes trades unionism are becom
ing so ruthless that the unionist are losing
svmpa'hv. They denv the right of other men to
earn a living. They dispute the authority of
men over their own properties. They foree tho
mijoritv of their own members to 6tnke when
that majority wants to work. Thev clamor, in
effcu, for slaver, since they as,; thit em
ployers deal not with employes as Individuals,
but with organizations thit cannot be bound by
contract, or held to accountability.
A ttrlke simply for recognition of a union is
pure folly, t'nienlim is not a guarantee of a
workman's ability. man's unionism I not
necessarily one of the qualification for good
service, and it verv often is, in the case of the
worse sort ol workmen, a guarantee only ot
trouble of various sorts. Worklngmen have an
undoubted right to organise, but the emplojer
horn not hire an organizillon. He hires a man.
Let unionism go to its logical limit, and where
will the workingman find himself? He wii! find
himself hired out as one of a bunch, the deal
being made between the tmplojcr ard some
union olnYrr. He will be the creature ot a sort
of walking delegate padrone, who will get from
the emplover for each man he furnishes more
than he will give to the men furnished. -Let
employers deal with unions, rather than with
men, and wc (hall nnd, as ha been found occa
sionally, that tho union offl.er asked to supply
men to an emplover will give the places to the
men who can put up for the privilege.
Strikes do not raleo wigej The time lost on
strike is never made up, ind the winning strikers
nrely last long in the employ of those over
whom they have triumphed, Nevertheless, a
strike for wagu may be, and often Is, defensible,
while a strike for recognition of unionism la a
strike for a recognition of something other than
the individuality of the striken. Unionism li
being carried too far, when it propose! that
emplojers shall b dictated to as to the man
agement of their own a ft airs by men who do not
work for them, by an organization, which, if
iecognized" today, is not In any way to be
kept to good faith tomorrow
MEANING OF CERTAIN NAMES
llusala constituted tho country of the Riisj,
a tribe who overran it at a vcjy early period.
Finland Is piopcrly I'enland, "the land of
Sweden i a modern teiin made up of the
Latin Suedia, tignifvlng the land of the tucvl,
a wailike tribe of the Ruths, and the Anglo
Saxon den, testifying to iu occupation by the
Kugland wa originally Engaland, the land
of tho Kngles, or Angles, who came over from
Slesvvick, a province ot Jutland.
Ilrltaln was known to tho Phoenicians as
Ilarat-Auac, or "the land of tin." as fir back
as the vear 10.17 11. C. Some SOI jean after
ward tho Island was alluded to by the Romans
under tho name of Ilrltannla, which subsequent,
ly became shortened to nrltiln.
Scotland bote th naino of Caledonia, literally
the hilly country of tlu Caeli, or Gaels The
word Cacl, or Gael, is a corruption of Ciadhel,
signifying in the native tongue "a hidden
rover," while Scot, derived from Sculte, means
Wale was originally Cimbrla, to-cilled on
account of Comrl, or Kimn, who peopled tt.
Tho Raellc designation of what U now Ire-
wu lerne, Indicative of the "treitern
The Saxons, whose original tettlement la de
termined by the little kingdom ol Kaxeny, de
rived their name from the icax, or ihort crooked
knife with which they armed thenuetvei.
Franco was known to the fireeka as flalatla,
and to tho ttomins as Oallli, afterward modi,
fled Into Oaul, because It wis the territory
of the Celllie, or Celts. The modern eettWi
of the country were the Franks, so callrsl from
the franci, a kind of Javelin which they carried,
who in the fifth century Inhabited the fiermin
province of Franeonla, and, traveling westward,
gradually accomplished the conquest of Gaul
Frame, therefore, elgnlflea the country ot the
Franks, or, as the, Hermans call it, Frinkrcich,
that la. the kingdom of the Franks.
The llomana gave Oermiony the name of Cer
minus, a Latlnlied Ccltlo ttwi meaning "neigh
bors." Prussia Is corruption of llortiajli, the roun
try of Itorussl.
Hungary was orglnally inhabited by the Huns,
a watlike Asiatic family, who expelled the
fioths from this tertltory In the year 37(1. These
Huns were firat heard of In China, In the third
century before Christ, under the name of lliong
nu, meaning "glints."
A most exciting career has been that ol Kir
Rudolf Rlatln, better known as Slatln Pasha,
Ho left Vienna, his birthplace, when a lad of
17, to become a clerk In a commercial home
at Cairo, and sir yean later came under the
notice of Cordon, who appointed him governor
of Parfur. In this position he became known
as "The Hammer of the Arahe," owing to his
nnny victories over the turbulent tribes, hut in
I'M he had to surrender to the Mahdl Then
began an Imprisonment that lasted until 110!,
when, by secret aid from tint authorities, at
Cairo, Slatln managed to evapc.
The house In which Joseph Chamberlain was
born 65 .vears ago still stands, and -lot far
from it, in a quiet grove In Camherwell, is
the house In which he learned to spell and
write his name. Close to them both lives the
old lad) who has Kill a vivid memoiy of
th M'nday morning when Joseph ( hiir.be'lam
fir" went to school For a year the nioldl.ig
of Mr Chamberlain's mind was in the i.ire
of thla lady, on whom Mr. Chamberlain more
thin once catled since he became a famous
At Douglas, Cia , Teter Vlekers his recently
subscribed ll.cen to help persuade a railrtad
company to build up to the town. Thla Isn't
remarkable The notable fat Is that Vl'kers
was born a slave and that now he owns 0,$00
icrefl of film land, besides other real estate In
three fieorgla towns. His bank account and the
esteem in which his fellow-citizen hold him arc
Rome has the distinction ol posseting the
flt vonMU lawjer of ltalv In the persju of
SigiHUiiii Te-esa babrioli. She has passed her
evaminiton with honors and l now ,i full
fledged law.ver, but has not Inscribed herself
among the advocates, as she does not desire to
chimplon the "new- woman," but to cetote
herself to the philosophy of law.
Through the door of Journalism Marion Craw
ford has attained the fine position he holds as
a novelist. His first-no. el, "Mr. Isaacs," -is
published about CO yeirs ago. He now lives
a gre.l' deal of his time in the I'nlted y'ates.
He wu 47 years eld on August i.
"General De Wet," says an American acquaint
ance of the Doer soldier, "is the finest horse
man in South Africa. He fits on his horse as
gracefully as a prince, and Micks on like a
F.mperor William knows personally the 34
sculptors In Merlin. He visits their studios and
does not ohlect at all to being photogtaphed
among the clay models.
2 Always Busy Events
First Our Fall styles
of Celebrated Korrect
Shoes at $4.00. They are
displayed in our men's
window. They are for
the smart dresser who
wants to be just a little
ahead of the other fellow.
Second The placing on
sale of every man's Rus
set Shoe in our store, low
and high cut, $3 and $4
grades. They are dis
played In our men's win
dow. You can get a pair
of them; perhaps the best
shoe you ever wore, for $2.
Lewis & Reilly,
Wholesale and Retail.
114.-116 Wyoming Avo
Capital $200,000. Surplus $525,000
United States Depositary.
Special attention given to
BUSINESS, PERSONAL and SAV
INGS ACCOUNTS, whether large
Open Saturday evenings
from 8 to 9 o'clock.
Wm Connell, President
Henry Belin, Jr., Vice Pres.
Wm. H. Pfxk, Cashier.
325-327 Penn Avenue.
hi l toil,
SCRANTON'S BUSINESS HOUSES
THESE ENTERPRISING) DEALERS CAN SUPPLY YOUR NEED
OF EVERY CHARACTER PROMPTLY AND SATISFACTORILY.
L. SOMMAR. building Contractor.
Employs union men. F.atlmates cheerfully
given. Remodeling and repairing a specialty.
320 WASHINGTON AVt!.
WATCH FIXED RIGHT
WE ARE SATISPICD WITH A SMALL
21S LACKAWANNA AVF.NHK,
EDWIN S. WILLIAMS.
I CONTRACTOR. BUILDER
ROOM SB COAL EXCHANOE,
IHTfir.IKS md WAO
OS'S of all kinds s
also llousea and
tlulldlns; Lots at
Moves freight. Furni
ture and Baesaiio,
Safes. Pianos and Ma
chinery. 217 Lackawanna Avo
M. T. Keller's
J. B. Woolsey & Co
Plate Glass and Lumber
Or ALL KINDS.
Will sell all their samples of fine Imported
Madras Shirts for men at (We. : worth $1 to $2 j)
WALTER E. DAVIS.
214, Sie. SIB PAULI BLDQ,
Attorney-nt-Law, Scranton, Pa.
MRS. SARA ALLYN,
fAl-SOl Mears Itulldlng. Tarlors open Monday,
Thursday and Saturday evenings.
E. JOSEPH KUETTEL.
rear 11 Lackawanna avenue, manufactuier of
Wire Screens of all kinds; fully prepared for
the spring season. We make all klnd3 of porch
General Contractor, Builder and Dealer In
Building Stone. Cementing of cellars a spe
cialty. Telephone -552,
Office. S27 Washlncton avenue.
-. - ,-. -
We call special attention to our new line of pri
vate patterns made to our special order com
prising all the season's novelties in design and
RUGS FOREIGN AND
In our Upholstery Department our selection of t
Foreign and Domestic fabrics embraces a com-
plete line of
Furniture Coverings Sash Materials 1
We offer special values in f
and display the largest and best selected stock in N. E. j
WILLIAMS & M' ANULTY
t Temporary Store 126 Washington Ave.
City vith a
First-Class Stock of
MercereaU & Connell,
132 Wyoming Avenue.
Parlor Hotel. Accommodations unsurpassed
Speclsl SUMMF.n ItATF.S to permanent gursts.
Oel them. Tible Hoard. V. II. VHYTF
420 SPRUCE ST,
We mike a specialty of Ana bread ituffs.
Orderi for Salads, Oyiters, Croquettes, to.,
A full line ot Lee Crcim and Ice.
W. A. HARVEY.
Electric Wiring and Fixtures.
r.leetrle Del! ind Telephone Work.
oOSCOMMO WCA THBUILDINO
CIIHOMO lilSKASLS A SPECIALTY.
DR. S, GERTRUDE EVAANS
12S and 1M Washington avenue, Serinton Pa
Olheo hours R.S0 to 12 m , 1,30 to 6 30 p. m
Only praetlcln; lady osteopath in Northeast
FRED H. WINTER.
824 CAPOUSE AVENUE.
Staple Groceries ind Provisions. A full lino
of Vegetables, etc., received dally.
The scranton Vitripieo Brick
nd tile Manufacturing Company,
Makers of Paving Brick, etc. M. H. Dale,
Oei-eral Sales Agent. Olflce 323 Washington ave.
Works it Xiy Aug, Ta., K. & W. V R. 11.
Kingsbury & Scranton.
MINE AND MILL SUPPLIES.
District Agents for
John A. Itochllng'i Sons Co.'i Wire Hope ind
Klectrlral Wire. Gutta I'ercha and Rubber Mfg.
Co.'s Retting, Packing, Hose and Mechanical
Rubber Gooda. Knovvlton Packing. Carter'!
Oil Clothing. Room 310 Paul! Bldg.
SEOURITY WILDING A SAVINGS UNION,
Home office, 03-200 Mears Building, transact!
general building and loan buslneu throughout
the statp of Pennsylvania.
JAMES J. MURRAY,
Successor to the Hunt k Cornell Co , In tin
ind sheet metal work and ventilation. Carton
lurnaces, irpalrs and general tin work a
specialty. No 412 Lirkawanna avenu
WILSON t COMPANY.
Fashionable Tailors (Hotel Jermvn Building)
322 Spruce street, Scranton, Pa Suits pressed,
M cents; pants pressed, 10 cents. Clothing re-pilj-erl.
called for and delivered N'ew Phone. 2002
ASK YOUR GROCER
FOR KIRKPATRICK'S PURE
SPICES AND FRESH
DOMESTIC RU GS
SPECIAL THROUGH CARS
TO THE SEASHORE
Dally (tscept tundaj) Vu
CENTRAL RAILROAD OF HEW JERSB1
Leave Scranton at 8:55 a. m. foi
Long Branch, Ocean Grove, As-
bury Park, Belmar, Spring
Lake, Sea 0rt, &c.
neturnlnc, leave Point Pleasant at 11 15 a m ;
S-pnns Like, 11 V in . nelinar, H 32 a m
Ast.ury Park and Ocean drove. 12.":. noon, irj
Ilraneh IS H l m Arrived a' 1-cranton at 7 M
n m This will t Upi up for the entire sea."!,,
etneelally (or the airommonatien of families, as
it villi enaliie pasfincers to se.iire and retain
lomfortitile seats ilurms the entue Journey.
Successors to Machine HuMness ot
Dickson Manufacturing Co,, ScraTUon
and Wilkes-Barre. Pa.
Stationary Knclnes, Bollera, Mining