Newspaper Page Text
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' ' THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE- SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 190t
t'uMIMiMj Dally, nccpl Sonelayi hy Tho Tnb
Wi.Publlhlng Compiny, t HfU,CcnU i Month.
'"tivV.sSuoi'tAim, iyiiof. "
0. i, UVNBtiC, lliulncss ilitujer.
New York Ufflu. 1M NU Mjc,.tAm
Bote Apcnt (or 1 orelgn Adtertlsln?.
Lnlcrcd al the PololiV at Scmnton, Pa., as
bcioncl-C'lass Mull Matter.
.lhcn space will permit, The Tribune I olwaja
(.lad to print sliort letters Irom IU friend pear
Inj,' on current topics, but Its ruts U that IhC'O
must be signed, tor publication, by the """ "
icaJ nanvs and Hie condition precedent to ac
uplancu is that oil contributions shall be sublet
ti) editorial revision.
Till! MAT IlillJ .OR AUVEHTISING.
'ihe followliiR table shows the price per Inch
ailr Ititrrtfoii, epacc to be used within one jelr!
1.1 H tlllll OKI ItltllC"
MD IikI.cs ...
I'ur cards of thanks, resolutions .ot condolciica
and similar iniitrllnitiotH In the nature ot acl
tirtMng The 'Iribtne inakis a charge uf 6 cents
,,nc- . . j -
Ilatrs for Classified Adtcitlsing- furnished on
SCnANTOX, APIIIL so. 1001.
The contention which litis arisen over
the iilp.sllon of salaries vs. fees for the
nlllelah of I.imkfi.Viinnu county hur
hi'hIh the need of (date legislation to
lirevent such complications In the
Inline. An act piovldliiR that In eolin
lleh with lens than luO.OOO population no
nlllelal shall retain In fees more than
the amount ol' the .salaries provided for
similar .service In counties above the
ir.n.iiiio line would fulfill the equities of
1 In cicca.sinu and remove all Incentive
lor JiiBBlinpr with census returns or
mishit; lialr-splittinp; technicalities as
in when a Federal census becomes ef
fective. Concerning Boycotts. .
F"S nl! So.MK TIMK The Tribune
has been rccelvlnB at frc
(liienl intervals, with re
iiii,sts to publish, resolutions
pH.s.sed by various organizations, de-
I Ihi'Iiik boycotts upon cerlaln enter
prises with which the organizations
b.ie li.nl tlllllcullles.
While m in always Kind, ns space
penults, to print coninninicatloiis of
public mteicsl ulilch conic within the
limits of honest journalism and are
pinpnrly signed and authenticated, we
feel compelled to fjlvc notice to alt
conct'i ncd that we cannot print boy
cott notices. Tin courts, with unvary
ing uiilfoiinity, have held that boy
cotts .lie Illegal: and where proof i.-i
piesi-nt as to their ei-ei.it inn, the crea
tors an liable to prosecution, convic
tion and punishment. We lealizo that
in a majority of Instances the men
who pass tlioe lesolutlons are not
II wine that they aic doing what the
law does not sanation; but, unfortu
nately, their tinfaniili.irlty with the
law does not release this paper from
lcsponsibillty when it becomes the
M'hicle of tuitheriiiK an illegal pur
pi sc. Theic is good ground for be
lie. In: that under the libel law of
I'dinsjlvania the newspaper advertis
ing a boycott can be held to account
in action In damages, when the victim
of the boycott sees lit to seek redress
In such a manner. ,
Mm cover, the boycott, as familiarly
employe I, is almost Invariably unfair
ami mi lust, since its effect is to take
away value without due process of
law. The mere fact that an employer
of labor docs not entertain the sainc
c pinions as to the conduct of his busi-
III sk asaie entertained by the members
of a union of workingnien who. In
si'ciet session, sitting as judge, iury
and executioner, decree that he i to
be mulcted in punitive damages for
his failure to look at tacts through
tholi spectacles, does not constitute,
to the average mind, a sulllcient justi
fication for the punishment thus stibi
tinilly decided upon.
ca." lu point is that of that dls
icputablc publication, the Sciantoniuii.
No one can view it with greater loath
ing tlirui does The Tribune, Jt repre-,-ent.s
about .111 that is vicious in Jour
nalism and it Is a severe rellectlun
upon the 1 opinion sense and common
decency of this community that a pub
lication onducted as it litis been con
ducted could acquire the oppoitunltici
foi mlschlct which it has had during
the past two or three years. If ev'r
there was a stioug temptation tow-iid
the nmulfCiiMlluu of summary justice
It lias I'slstctl in ipfcreiu'o to this
.iboiiilnubl.t paper. Vet .John Mitchell,
Piesldent of tin railed .Mine Workers,
cln se the pioper method of redress
when he en tried his case against the
Scraiitoiiiiiu Into mint. Tile law Is
entitled to rciipcctllll obedi'lice, even
' when the liupiils" is slvoug to antici
pate by unlawful means Us InovltubW
, NY, commend John, Mitchell's oidei'ly
tjte.tlivd to all who, when aggrieved,
feel like taking the law" Into their own
t-' Hill about ballot reform to please
I ho foy continues; hut the party circle
to pleuso tho many Is in very little
Of Some Historic Places.
lhLIAM' IH'I'O.NT, tu
head of the gteat powder
works at Wilmington,
Pelnwaie, who Is well
.I'ili'U! ip j-iji.iuton. wliem he'lias rcla-
i;"lu.'ii, has just .become the owner o
..itiftliicllei, at the foot of tho Hluu
UlllfH' J Vlitrinia, the hmue or I 'res I -
uYut,MadbOi fio'in blitli tu death, tilt;
0 vLjirc wheie'JicAvas born, to which lie
FftViffghl his bilde, where he died, where
J5,'ls; lypialn.s and Iters lie In a simple In-
lj,iuio near the house. The widely
,-,4-itlv,u.i-i Uer. AVlUl.xm li, uurtjs, In
peaking of the sale of Muntpellor, suys
, iihtil J'ejTeiispti's lioni Montlcelfo, Is
'' the property of a lawyer In Now VoilS;
that 'the ruins of Ja,me<jwvu,,t6 first
white settlement; belonu' TQ,a',lady ,ln
Dayt'op. Ohio; and thatfho irst o'f.dn-
dowinents and legueies enjoyed by-tho
imjVejsity or that stuto iihops'thHt it'
. ' has 'been supported by nortliiru men
thu"Vi'e not cUueaitscJ there:" The
Hun tl Slillniroli
"Old Dominion" ought to make n better
showing thnn this. Happily, Mount
Veuion was scoured for the nation by
the women of the nation,
As time pusses, Lord rtoberts' luck
In getting otlt of South Africa before
his lopiiliitlon wits forfeited gains In
appreciation. Never was there a worse
grave-yard of military prestige.
Southern Hen's 'Race" Talk.
TUt: AMMMCAN Academy of
Political and .Social Science
lms been holding Its fifth an
nual meeting In IMilladel
pliln. The pnpera o that city report
that Its closing session, on Saturday
afternoon last, was devoted to it dis
cussion of race problems In the South
and In the West Indies. The Ledger
calls It nn "enlightening discussion."
From one point of view It may be
called "enlightening." That Is ns to
the determination of Southern whites
to keep tho negro out of all powers of
government or exercise of the fmti
ehlfe. The "enlightenment" on th'it
subject was not an original oiitb.itst.
Tho action of Southern legislatures hits
already thrown a ray of blue lire, as
of sulphurous emanations, Into the at
mosphere of national politics, The
speakers on Saturday afternoon were
all from the Southern states. There
fore the discussion, so called, was nn
absolutely one-sided business, and the
"enlightenment" was solely another
statement of the Southern white sen
timents which have brought about tho
call upon congress to attend at Its
next assembling to bringing the repre
sentation of Southern states down to
Hilary A. Herbert, of Alabama, cx
secrctaiy of the navy, gave his opinion
that "the great mistake of tho nine
teenth century was universal suffrage
and the Fifteenth amendment." He
announced that it was a wrong to the
negro because It interfered with "his
habits of Industry acquired while a
slave"; and a wrong to the white man
because "after n few years experience
he came to the conclusion that In order
to save his civilization It was neces
sary to defiaud the negro at elec
tions." Clcorge T. Winston, president of tho
North Carolina Qpllegc of Agriculture
and 'Mechanic Arts, announced that
"reconstruction offers the saddest pic
ture In the annals of the English
speaking race." People who arc not
wholly blinded by race prejudice know
that that "saddest picture" was sup
plied by slavery in the South. He
went on to remark that "the two races
were closer together under slavery than
they have been since." In a most Im
moral and undesirable way only is that
Hue. Also it may be incidentally re
marked that, as the while slave owner
had the power of life or death over his
slave no negio being allowed to testi
fy if a slave was killed the reports did
not got into the public prints, as lynch
Ings do now.
W. E. H, Du Bois, a professor In
Atlanta university, closed the one-sided
discussion in what, from the brief: re
port of his address, appears to have
been a milder strain, insisting only
on what all true friends of tho negro
are wwi-klng for his better industrial
Booker T. Washington, the great ne
gro educator and leader, president of
Tuskegee Institute, sent by mail a pa
per to be lead on this same "race prob
lem" In the South.. The reports in
genuously state that "It will be pub
lished in the annals of the academy"
--safely out of the way of the general
reading public, smothered so far as tho
academy can do so. But Booker Wash
ington's work and words for his race
cannot be smothcied. They stand out
already in the clear light of his coun
try's and. the world's knowledge and
approbation. He is worthy to bear the
bonoied name of "The rather of His
Tlie authors of the now medical
"science" at Jermyn have displayed
good judgment In first trying it on
Hampton and Its Influence.
-m 'y O INSTITUTION of learning
jk In this country has wielded
Jl. 11 greater Influence In pro
portion to Its years than
Hampton Institute, Virginia. Founded
in lSiiS as the result of the untiring
labors of Dr. S. C. Armstrong, Its
thirty-third anniversary, just cele
brated, has found it with 2,000 grad
uates on Its list, ti.OOO students In till,
and of the entire nur ber scarcely one
to be marked ot its' honor roll of men
and women who have devoted them
selves to tho upllttlug of their race.
Although the Virginian and the fed
eral authoiltles were Interested by
Hampton's founder to tho extent of
giving tho Institute a recognized stand
ing and 11 certain amount of financial
basis, the school Is still largely de
pendent for support, and wholly for
over gi oiling facilities for extending
Its work, on the contributions of largo
hearted and public-spirited friends of
the negro and of the Indian. It Is to
be remembered that Hamilton from
the first has admitted tho members
o! both those races on equal terms,
and that never has any dllllculty oe
cui'ted between tho students.
In counting Hampton's nidlniton ot
Innuendo it is never to bo forgotten
thai Uooker T, Washington and his
wife are both graduates of Hampton,
that both there received the Impulse
to devote their lives to uplifting their
race and tho education of all their
powers which has enabled them to do
so, Tuskegee institute with all Its
"Held schools" is tho daughter of
A brilliant and distinguished party
lms been attending Hampton's thirty
third aninveisary. On Tuesday the
liith, an Infoimal preliminary confer
ence on education was held, participat
ed In by leading white educators and
clergymen from northern and a few
southern states. On Wednesday morn
ing the bourd of trustees held Its an
nual session, while the lurgo number
of vlsltois went, through tho trade
school and shops where the young men
were engaged In work.
The trades that are taught ure taught
thoroughly. Many young men learn
several, so that when they take up
their work among the Ignorant uegioes
"the Hold work," so called they can
build und teuch others to build; can
take conttnetp for the whole ot a build
ing. The newer halls, dormitories, and
other needed buildings for the trade
and rdticsitlutmt Instruction ot the
Southern negro nro now almost Invari
ably built wholly by the students.
Tho teports ot "Hold work" made by
John Lemon of Calhoun, Alabama,
and by Mrs. Hooker T. Washington,
following the commencement exercises
on Wednesday afternoon, held the rio
fottndest attention or all visitors. The
telcgtapliod reports say thai Mr. Lemon
has been Instrumental' In starting and
maintaining u successful land company
In tho Blnck Belt of Alabama, In 11 sec
tion where tho (people live In acttntl
slavery under the crop mortgage sys
tem, which keeps Us victims In perpet
ual debt. His numerous instances of
tho wretchedness caused 'by this sys
tem gave emphasis to the Importance
ot his subleet, "Tho Homo as the
Ccnlte of Life und Work," Although
much has been done by the Northern
school that has been established at Cal
houn, tho homes nie still far from what
they should be.
Mrs. Booker T, Washington gave an
account of the settlement work estab
lished by her on n plantation near Tus
kegee. The young woman, 11 graduate
of Tuskegee, who lias gone to live
among tho people on this plantation,
keeps her two room cabin so that It
shall be 11 model for her neighbors. She
teaches the children In her school to
sew, cook, care for the house und work
In the garden. With their help she
raised last year very fair crops of
potatoes and other vegetables, sugar
cane and cotton. It Is only by this
getting close to the people that they
can be helped to establish real homes
In which can be reared respectable citi
zens or the lepubUc.
This is the encouraging side to the
"race problem" In tho South. It comes
again with peculiar significance directly
following such talk as was made by
ox-Secretary Herbert and others tho
week before at the meetings ot what
calls itself the American Academy of
rolitleal and Social Science.
The bill prohibiting the use of boracic
acid and other Injurious compounds
in canned foods, which was passed in
tho house tho other day, Is another
step In the right direction in the in
terest of public health. While looking
after tho much-abused oleo, it is a
good plan to keep an eye upon the
chemical preparations which are far
more dangerous than tallow butter In
its worst form.
TOLD BY THE STABS.
Tally Horoscope Drawn by AJacchus,
The Tribune Astrologer.
Astiolabe Cast: 3.21 a. in., for Satuiday, Apiil
A child horn on Una day will notice that the
Biad (Ior scare has Hilisidi.il without tho death
of a i,iiii:lc canine.
If many men helieied all the papers said
about them they would oidei asbestos cofHns in
Officially spcaliins, Mr. llatton seems to have
dirtkulty In kcepiiiK his head on.
If money could he lionowed as ca&ily .is
trouble, collatciat would soon he a dins in. the
A nur. can spend money hko watei In liquid
ating his debt-.
Handsome oners often enclose .n,v dull books.
It's ao with men.
It is better In shake jour caipeU than jour
wintci flannels this wcjtlur
Oiir Export Trade
Continues to Boocr
Special Conepoiidcncc of The Tiibune
Washington, Apiil 10.
11H I'lslAL )car lf'Ot seems likely tu c-
Teecd any p'cccdin,? jear in its iccoid of
epoits from t lie 1'nitcd Slates. The steady
growth of our cspoits hum .102 million
dollars in IsTO to n5 million dollars in SsQ,
1,0.10 millions in IStii and l.:iol millions in ll0
lias been a subject of much attention and nittcli
favorable inniincnt, but II seems thai I'Ml is to
surpass Hie record of the year 190U and Miner the
e'x'port liiriirc nearly if not quite to the billion
and a halt maik. 'Ihe Match import and c.ipoit
figures, just coinpliteil by the Tiftisiiiy 1lurp.ni
of statistics, show- .1 total expoitaliou 110111 Hut
ruitt'd Mates in the nine months eliding with
M.111I1, HUH, of s,iiii,i;o,7, in- S(i,.-0,inj in
eecs.s of !.i-t ve.ir vvlikh hold Ihe highest iceniel
ill the hlstiii.v of 0111 e.vport Hade.
Another inteieslnu lai t devrloped b.v tho
M.nili figures of 0111 loieigu iiuiiuicuo is that im
poita seem likely to .bow a elciidcil ileeiea-e in
llK'l as eoiiipiird vvllh ll1!. while Hip cpoils
are .showing the liteiei-P above indicated. The
tiftiucs of the- nine months ending with M.111I1,
1'sll, show- a elriic of s.ii.-.'jij.ii.H in Ihe im-
potts, as i-ompaii'il with IIhw in the innpspnnd.
itig immlhs ot Hip picieding .veir. 'thus the p
ee.ss nf rvpoils over iiupiuls In the nine months
under discussion ic more than siDn.eiiin.noo gieiter
thin hi Ihe eoiie-tponiling meuilhs of last jiyr
and tai be.voml the lUme-s of auv pinnling .veal.
'Ihe cse-c-s of epulis iivi r iiupniis in the nine
months ending wilh Miuh, 1'nll, is mIii,is7,'M;,
.Is against MH.-s-il,!,!;!! in Hip 1 11111 spuudlng:
mouths nt 1'infl, .111 Iiuiimm' ol 12,sli,i.7 in (bo.
net i'viisi of it,uu our impuils ha Uic nino
iimiilh.s ol l'.'UI as 1 1.1 1 t with the tcities-
i,-ndiiig puiod ol 1 lu lival veai I'nni
The faiini'ls .no appju'iillv Ihe chief lii'iicft-i-iath'i
ill this IciiiilKihle liuieap in our e.
pulls, and aic, ill the tl-1.1l v r.i 1 l!i, rliowlng
Kit, iter gains In llulr cpoil.s tli.iu aic the
ininiilicliiiiis, vvho rceonl In IWi and 1'jml
snowed .1 greater pcuentago of giinvth thill those
cnsagcel in ngriiiilltiip, 'Ihe nniljsls of the
In. lu. 111 01 st.itlths of Hip Mai 1 li cportafluns
ol dniiieslli' iiieehaudlse h.i not jut been 10111
pletcd, but lh.ll of the eight mouths ending with
IVbni.ny showed 1111 Incit'.ise of eight -eight
million iIoIIjis in the evpoitatiou nt .1g1l111llur.il
piodiuts, and hut iJ.doO.iiOl in manuf ittuics
and proeluets of Hie mini's, fuiivas and rbhciip,
'this ilievk In the emu Hi of the iiuilatioti
oi iniinif 11 tines ,s ii.oic .ippacnt tlun ie.il,
being line ill part to Hie absence of Utl.-li(.i
ot expmts In the Hawaii 111 Hinds and to tho
scpaiMtiut! 't tlit' Hade of I'urm Klin fi 1,111 tlio
tegular stateihents of foicigu luinmeiie in t lid
ic linn lu Hie Inn cm of statistics, while the
tcnipoiary reduction In the expials to ('hint,
due tu Hip dUttiihe'il conditions in that 1 win
dy , aUo accounts fur the lae;k of giovvth in tho
figures ii'latliij to tin cioitatIon of manii
"Hi" icihatioii In the Import figuics 1 hugely
due in Hie icdiiiliun in Hie piiep of nntcrlali
impoilril b.v iiiauulailiniis, .tnd ihciii elilily in
the elass, uitleles lu .1 iiiide loiiihtlini, "which
filler into the ailoi.s pi e ews o iloiointlu
Indusli.v. i, while I lie liguus of value aie
luateilally icdiierd, the iiillitltics of thess
parllculat artulei iiupoitid fur tie in luaimfai'.
tuiliig show little iciluclloii. In India tiibUr,
for instuiiei', Ihe fill in value of (ho inipuiH
diirlui,' the eight niunlhs rudiiu with l'cbiiiii),
1001, as lompaifd with Ihe saine inoutlm of Jfino
Is from Iweiit.v-oiie mil lion dollars 111 lml tu slv
iren inlllloiis in IIkHj jcl lha uimilnii lu qiuii
tity U only from (hiit.v.tliree million pound
in lmo lo thiily-lwii million po U in ni,
shovvlns that ,je eliief icduellon is u ,0 nthc!
uthcr than the ipiautlty iiupoitid. lu raw- till;
the value- uf linpuitatioiii tails il per cent.,
while Hie quantity I ills but i per eciit., amj lu
olhei lniKiilatloiu of iiunufieturcis' nutvrialj
the leduclloii 111 value is giculci than in quantity.
TALKS BY THE
When to Advertise How to
Advertise Where to Adver
Attlini'U IN nil: Adilsor ,iy: "A srcil
iiuii.v InnlltiK iiilieillwii an vjrlomly con
ililciliii iht,iii4 out of ttcttslMon ullcwtliir
on (iccminl i,t the fit tli.il when Ihc.v cotiiiuie
lintM with tlnlr iicIrIiIiihh they find Hint when
olio iiibcrtlcr piji in tenti .1 line, iiimtliir one
p.ijs 10, nml nimtlicr inn ao, und nthen -1 ccnU
per line, Huh ilctnoiulrtitltiir. tl1.1t cicn lnrRp
ncnrpiiprrn uiiofp lute Mircti nrc Mippixril to In'
stulilc in.ikc nil M1M4 11I prlcii In illtTcicnt nib
Witlwn, As I hue nflti, hrirliifoli' imlil,f It ll
11 plcnsiire to du IiimImoi mUIi 11 11rM.111.1per
11 lime r.ilci ,nn iilmiliilrly and poiltbcly alike
to nil, There U .1 .itlf.u linn iil.iut II Hut
plDiliirr mi my coihi'Iciim nml trfiHilne sleep.
Hut when an Hihcillvr knows tlnl In I111 hern
swindled ,ind !hh hern iliiiued 'li cciili 11 1 1 tic
while othen li.ne lieeti ili.uired S, 12 nml in cents
for cei Ice In Hie ime piihlii.ttloii. It Is not
lery atNf.ielory. t helleir lli.it 11 rcioliitlwi U
uiiuliil,' In the .idu'tlnlhir Held tint will upset
thliiRS ory t1111trri.1ll.v-. It Is rij likely that a
l.iit!P miinhcr of lemllntc adierlbers will drop out
nf the newspapers unless they aic nccorded hcttcc
"On tho Level."
The Tilhune Is dolnc ImmIiicss on the same 1 1.1 sin
as the .luiun.it, mentioned In the follcming story
from tho Advisor:
"'I hi re miclit not to ho Inside rates for any
one In the advertblnB hnslnetJ. All patrmn
ought to ho lieatril alike.
"It was not loinr ns;o that in ndicitiVr staled
to the Adihor that he could eel .1 late hi Ihe
Journal six cents lower than the publMied rat'.
1. ml of the piper.
"'Die Ail I-oi- nlfrml in ml up il,non In cash
In tin ctfeit th it he could not get the rate of
si 1 t-iits a line lowri than the published price
of the paper. The Advisor Indicated to the
.loiun'il the advertisement upon which the i.itp
had been ouolcd. 'Ihe paity to whom this
oiler was made, lefused to aeiepl it, and the
1ciiirn.il backed the oiler nf Sl.Oon by .isreelnir
to rai-e the amount to .3,000, or ?10,6ofl, or any
""I bat is the way for a newspipcr to do busi
ness on the level trcatinir cvciyhody alike. It
is tin kind of a policy that wins In the lonj
run, and it Is the only kind of a policy that will
When Where How.
The paragraphs above show vvhcip to adveitlse
those below show when and how to advertise:
The following item 13 from a Missouri paper:
"When we weie publishing a piper in Jit. Ver
non, III., in 172, on the second door, a store
opened in Hip loom under our olilee. 'I lip senior
propiiplor camp up stalls und eontiailed for
thice columns of spu'e for twelve months, with
locals in every issue, lie 1em.11 keel tliat it was
a snap In git into a town where other men did
mil adveitise. The llrm started out on borrowed
capital, lu tlnec jean, il hid money enough to
stall two stores, one in S(alia and one in St.
loiiis. It dissolved pirlncislup and each partner
took a field to bin a If. livron Nugent was the
pailner who made the contract, ami is now- the
senior member of I). Xugent ,t Brother, the great
M. boms house. He not only owns his own
store, building- and grounds, but Ins civitcel a
nice little cottigo homp tii.it cost him "JST.OIH).
Vp must siy tluit some ol the old mossbacks who
were in business in Jit. Vcinon before Pyion
iigent ever sivv that place, and who never ad
vcrtlsid, aie still in business nnd grumbling
about dull Made and Inrd times,"
The motto of Hip Siiiamento Hep is that:
"Newspaper adveitising piid jeslerilay, it pays
today, il will paj tomoiiow. It's the best plan
to adveitise eveiy d.i.v."
To iiiheitisp. just .1 little (00 little is like at
tcniptimr to draw watir fioin a well when the
rope useil is not quite long enough to rcaih the
Mure fail Hies ipsiiH from advertising a little
loo litth-than hum advciti-ing a little too much.
Pi Intel s' Ink.
When a Censiis
Go?s Info Eff?c
Kdilor of 'Hie Tiibune.
Sir In the ItcDiiblic.i'i of the lili instant
is found what is aid 'to bo an "anablical re.
view" of Hip opinion ot Judge Hi-aver, in tlu
Lewis e.u-e, be "one of Hie best known attui
I'oja ill Nianinn" Il is the opinion lint is
atl.ukiil, alHicugh Ihe deeisinn is tin unanimous
de, Ision of the se von judges, of Ike Superior eoiirt.
.'II ot whom hive beiu betraved Into conclusions
adverse to those of the best known altornc;.
.Iiielgp Henri's opinion is 0110 of uuiommnn
I'leainc". Ih deduces coucct Icsulls, and en-foiei-s
the collect .ipplication of the law. The
question is a simple one, anil only appears com
plicatid when it encounters the .-ophistical touch
of a lawyer.
In inirMi.iiiip nf the provision ol tho l'ederal
constitution w huh inpitrcs the laking of a de
cennial eeiisii-, emigres p.wsed an ait, appinvcd
Man ti .':, lS'i'i, diiceting the Inking of the twelfth
census, establishing a census oDie e in Ihe do
partmenl of the interior, witli a lite f ollleir,
lo lie known as Ihe diiceloi' of Hip iriisiis, ami
suppl.vlng him w-lili the neec.s-ary .i-oisiimce.
in the way rf ,111 .iilant diiceloi-, slatislu i en,
eleiks, etc,, and aiithoii7iug him to appoint sit.
pcivisors, rmimei.iloi.s ami special agents; the
boundaries if supervisor' ehslriils lo 1 nnform
In Ihe hoiindaiios ol eoigicsion,il ehslriils. The
pie.sielent is rpqiiiied In appoint Hie iliicNtiir Hid
nsitanl director as sunn as practical alter lh
p.,Nsage of the ail. 'Ihe supeivisni,.s ire lo ho
appoiuled al If s-t iK months licfnir the lust
da.v nf .tune, IfiiM. Ihe cnunieiator Is 11 quired
to complete his rnmiii-Mtlnu of the tcrtitoiy as.
signed to him and lo mako letiirns to Hi" super
visor 011 or brfoic Hie Hist elay of .lul.v ; and
vllhiu two vvc-dvs, .is ir.speits lilies having eight
tliou-iiiil ei inriie' Inhabitant; und the hiipcivluiM
aie tci'idiiil In upon to Hip dne'ctor acioidlng
t" his liisti'illniu; and the only volnui's tint
Hip iliiectoi- is leqiiiud lo piepaie ainl publish
hip the census icpiuts, whiili aie to be piihllbi'd
not liter linn the Hist dav of .lul.v, P'O! 'Hip
line un , however, is ,iuihot!rd lo piiut, puli.
Iih and ihtiibiite, I111111 lime to linn, t ml let ins
ot tho pieliiuinaiv and other risulls of vjnoiij
inlniiiiitiou icqiilteil b.v Hie 61 1. 'Hie ciiiiiini.i
lion ot the population is to ci.iuininfo on iho
lust eli.v uf .liiiic, l'ln, and slnll be taken a of
thai elite. All ailuil counts ale Hiricfoie made
tiud iitiiriied to ihe siipriviinr 011 01 lirfoio
.lllly lllstl illlll W'lhlll two Wicks ,ls H'tlli's to
lilies ni 1 'gld thousand 01 uiuic luhibliai,l.i,
l.vci.v inlelligint pi'i-nii, nun oi- vvuuiiii, who
reads Hie newspipeis knew when Hie iliiectnr and
assistant ellrri tot wne iippnluud li.v the pn-al-dent,
whin the supi'ivUm- loi their own inn.
incssidinl di.llict w.i, named, mid lu uirue ic,
stilete'd loe.iliins it was known who 'he lira,
meiatnis weie, ,uul Hut tlii'rp cnunii'ialnis were
linking Jouiue.v.s in (he iwlghboiliooil, and 1 all In'-,'
at homes for Infinni ilion, whiili could pot bo
tefiispil vvlthdit a viol ition of Hip law. Cveiy
one knew Ihe tliilig.s,cseiit, possibly eamlidales
fur olilee, who shut their ije, and even eluseel
lliclr cars lo tin shunts ot Ihe Imjs on Ihe
lutinlry olnets: ';cip comes the (euin nnn."
'I Ids eciisiH, lliiii taken, binds Hip federal
coiiils and all ricpiit ncnts ei the federal gu
ciiiiui'iit, b.v Its niniiiii.iHoii as of the lli.-l day
of Jinn. The Siipiriiii eoiirt rf I'cnm.v llama,
in its jii'lici.il vvinl'iiii, las dcilaiiil that it "is
In In' li'siilnl to as ihe besl e'vidcnep of (he
popiilaiinii of 11 iiiunlj in e.w of ilassillciiinn
of lountlcs l,v piiiul iunn;"'.iud that "Hie 1'nlt
I'd Mlt.'s' ili'icnnial eii.siis Is Hip only n'lh lal
deti'imliiation that vvp now have." This nukes
Hie ci'iisiis as binding 1,11 the state courts as 011
the fideial (nulls, and iiecessaril.v eaities vvitb
11 Hit' uniform luii-liin Hull given it b.v the dif
f.iilil bi.ll'i lies of Ihe fedeial giivi'iiimiiit. 'Ihe
hiiiden of Hut "all il) thai iiitleUm," which Is
said to be "fuiiihlc und ehaii.sive," seems lu
be lint .lud,'p lli'.nei used Ihe vvonl "aimouuec
nieiil" instead of ".isce'itJliinient ' i eiaiiil.
niti'in of the lupi't' books will show that the
(indention of the pliiutilt was that the an
iiouiie clue nl of Nov. '.'. paul, w.n eonliulllug,
and all Judge lli.ivir sivs upnu Hut siibjeel is
in defcieiiei- to that eonli'iitiuii and lu absolute
riiudialioii ot it. T,e eoulintion of Ihe de
fcitdaiil was and Is irjili'-all. tlit the a.-i-'i
tatiimcul of lliu puiulation. ai.d II" t Its Jil
linuiii(iii"iil, govcins. Tho vvuid "a-n il.liii'
iik ill" Is aiiihiguoeii, and It is imt penciled Just
in what tswiH il is und in the article. The
nstcrtatmnfiit of the population Is of the first
liy of Jmiei Ihe fiet Is not nsierlalned ns lo
any other ditp. Ihe , initial loiint was tnadi
between the llrst day of June nnd (he hrst
diy nf July nml was Iheii, nl least, In the uu.
I"dy of Hit supenlsor, and uiiild liave hern
(iislh, .tsi ei tallied by any 1UU11 lnliretid, rs.
pdlally If Ids Inelhntlon In rim foi a louiilv
othen was dependent, upon the population ol the
fouiiiy. If, ns sal.) lu Hip article, Inik.ivviiiini
ce nitty lms had .1 population i,r over l."iO,otr) for
sevin or rlRht jenis, then Hip only uhmmi It bus
Hot nlTeeteil the (onipeimitlon of county nHerr
Is that the Siipieine court ileilelrd llial popiilalloii
Is toiieliislvely lived by the ih'ieniilal leinui,
and II hi happens Hut ,c population teat tied
the tleclslic mark shuilly after the icilsus nf IS' HI
lids Is the good luck of county oHIctis, but II In
a gloss Injustice to the peeiplc ef the goinil),
and practically an lubltiiat vlohtlon of the con
flltuHoiial piovltlon und of the act of tS7rt,
and ought lomr. a(re to have been remedied by
Hip legislature. It Is misfrcted that "the torn,
pieleel ilseertalnnienl and puhllcotlon, so that It
liei nines public pioperl)" ought lo govern the
change In classification. ona only units to be
Itiformcil tint a public t, wllli'iill opernlloiis
miller It, Is public property Imnii'dhitrlv upon
Its ttikliiff effciti that the completed ascertain,
itient miller the ait iin-mrcd, hi view ol the law,
on June 1, IIW, of which the court was bound
to lake Judhlal notice; ami that the actual
rompleleil ascertainment In fact was not later
Hun July first.
It Is obvious, thciefoii, that the emoluments,
nl 11 r miiity officer elected In November, II KM, Is
not diminished by the a-1 of eongiess; ami that
Article 3, See Hon 11, of the Pennsylvania mnsM.
tution has 110 njipllcatlon. It Is equilly obvious
Ihlt Ihe act nf entities, by virtue of the del lsin
of Hip PeniHvlvaida fMipicmc until, lp-o faclo,
changed the il.nsllicitlon of lu kavv.nin.i mini
ty, and 1,11 the Ih-t d ly of June, I'lim, tr ni-f n til
Il from a nullity of lcs than IX001) lo a counly
Ilveic is no retioaetlvo effett. The aseerlain
meiit Is lu law of the lust day ol June,' and II
Ic only Hit law lliu need eoiiiern ik
lint t ii'ii.aiknbh fialuip 'of thp Intrtview is
the nllu-lon lo the Iowa e.np of Male vs. Iti.is
kamp (,7 Iowa, ,sM 'I hit ,asp , c..ntly in
point foi the defriiilint, und we Und II cited In
defendant's piper hook.
It was L'Otitcniled Ineie as heie lint Hip censii's
fof ISimi had not been nfllililly announced. 'Ihe
mint held tliat II would take Judicial notice
of Hip tcsiilt of a national census, citing autlioi.
lly in its suppoit. Hie u'siilt of a nation il
census is (lie lesult on the t;rt dav of June,
and theic 1,111 he no oilier result under Hip ecu.
mis nf li-po. or 1000. as both acts arc .similar in
this respect. L. T. Griffin.
!cianton, Apiil 10.
NUBS OF KNOWLEDGE.
The Manchester (I'nglund) Unity of Odd Pel
lows is ripldly approaching a membership of a
million the latest return show 032,530 mem
bers. 'Ihe purchase of niae ninety is a flrst-rate indi
cation of the growth and cxpinsion of business.
All factories miking maehineiy ate now crowded
About foity-cight miles horn Peadwood, S. D.t
is a mountain of good si.e which prospectors say
is almost solid coppci. A compiny capitalized
for t5.iKiO,oflO hat secured control of tho moun
tain. The men interested say it will be the lich
est copper mine in i.ie world.
Attempt is being made to free the sticams of
Louisiana and IToilda fioni the water hyacinth
llundieds of shifts and small vessels have been
caught by Ihe w-alci hyacinth, and aic unable
to get out of the steams in which they were
used. The drainage canals in New Orleans aie
in peril, and the logging induv.iy of Southern
bouisiaii 1 in dan jer of destruction.
Half a dozen leading ai lists in Xevv York have
planned a l'J-stoiy studio building, which is in
tended to be the center of hohemian ait 1 iu If-.
Theic are to be a dozen studios with living apau
ments anel two elorcn with bachelor quaiteis at.
tu bed. Tlie piojcct grows out of Ihe elirli
cully in seeming kitchen accommodations in
connection with studios.
Miaw is put to stiange u:-s in Japan. Most
uf Hie horses aie shod with it. Kven the eluinsi
csl of cart hoisc. wear stiavv shoes. In their
case Hip shoes aro tied around the ankles wilh
stiaw lope, and arc mad of the oidinaiy lice
straw, brtiidcd so tliat they form a sole tor the
toot about half an ineli thick. These soles cost
about a half-penny per pair, and when they arc
worn out they are tluown away. v
The only club of Indian women united with
flic general fcdeiatiou is one on .1 littln islmd
in Maine, whoso membership is onthely made
up of squivvs, the asaoe'iatiou having been
formed for tlie purpose of pieseiving Indian tra
ditions and folkloic. This club became a member
of the Maine Stale federation soon alter Its foi
mation, and last year paid its dues in Indian
biskets the work ot its members. These were
sold for a sum consideiably In excess of tho
amount of the dues and the surplus was duly to
tm lied to the club.
Scranton's Business Houses
....... I THESE ENTERPRISING DEALERS CAN SUPPLY YOUR NEEDS I . .
I OF EVERY CHARACTER PROMPTLY AND SATISFACTORILY.
A LWA YSLEA DERS
REMEMBER THE NAME AND STREET,
313 TO 325 N. SEVENTH ST,
WITH BATH ATTACHED, SBC,
liny il of Itl'DIMi'inN' lie will trust ynu.
l'lir.ipr,st nl them nil, (or cash; easiest of tlicin
nil, tor time. ".'it I'cnn acnuc.
'IlieOlel llcll.ilile Pawn Ilioker, 107 l.ick.inanni
.ncniic Mone-y Inanoil on ili.uiiomN, watiliis,
JoHoliy, iiiiisic-.il inslniiiiiiit.s, iiornaiul piopcii
I'lh.llc run. inn .lli'l I ii.iiic-.fl umllili'iitiil.
Aluultilrly Lotus Ihuii.e liller 1'iz.iif, 1
cents- r.iclii s.l.ul icr liuiulii'il
Cnuirt Sirme ttiwt anil M.islilnslon ainiiie
THE LINDEN OUICK LUNCH.
OP. WINDSOR HOTEL,
ShIIh the lust S leaks, t hon anil I. in, i ho- In
the lit), Tiy n .mil Im loiuliiceil
M F, WYMC3S,
llli .IjiIsoii Miert, '.'.'j W)oiiiiiik e.
lilli hy Ttlfiilione Hee-elie 1'ioinpt Atte-nlloii
1,'eneul t'ontiaclor, llulliler unel fle.ilu In
lliiililin? l-toiie-. t'eiiienliii? et ccll.iu u .-ic
clall), Ttlcplioiio '.'JW
Olilee, ;,.'7 Wjsliiiiutnii aieuiie
ASK YOUR GROCER
FOR KIRKPATRICK'S PURE
SPICES AND FRESH
E, JOSEPH KUt-TTEL.
le-ar Oil I.acK.nv anna avenue, liilllilf.U'tilici nl'
Wile Sued" i'l all Minis; lull) piepueit tm
llic spline; ti'json. !c nuli all kinds nf puich
OLIl UUOUi Hlfsll DMLV,
GOLDEN GTE CASH STORE,
.1, I'. Ilojcr, Piupiietoi, ile-Jlir in hue liioeei
ics and I'lolidollj. I'llio i'liram told li) Ihe lioi
aii IViishlngtoii un'iiiic,
WALL PAPER CO.
Has no old aoodj to oil, otf. K'.iy
t) Ic U new and u;i-oilj(c. Our piun
II luucr linn any ol licit,
aoa spruce street.
NEAR PENN AVE,
There are Uvo kinds of expen
First The kind that is pur
chased at a higher price than it
Is really worth.
Second The kind that's made
out of costly and r.ire woods,
beautifully carved, and 'upon
which no expense is spared in
Its construction and finish.
The latter is classed as "ex
pensive" because it costs more
than the ordinary, and there is
an impression that such furni
ture cannot be bought anywhere
short of New York.'
We have f3edroom Suits. Side
boards, DiniiiK Room Tables,
PriVIor Suits, Library Tables and
all the smaller articles that go
with them, of the very highest
rade, elaborately carved and
Look them over before your
next trip to the city.
121 N. Washington Avenue.
Receive protection, insur
ance and actual benefit from
the process employed. Re
pairs skillfully, esonomicallv
made. Furs called for and
delivered free. Free storage
when repairing is done.
Attend Our Special
Sale of Ladies' Tailor-
From 25 to 33 per cent, off
Reliable and Up-to-Date
Furrier. 124 Wyoming Ave.
"Lender's" Old Stand.
H. K. ZERBE,
507 rre-.srnlt jii-iiuc. Ilfst local irfncnrr-,
SECURITY OULDWQ S SAVINGS UNION,
Home otflie. eoS20'l Me-irs llullilinx. ti.ui-.iit-! a
Rcnct-.il liiiilelinj uml loan business thioiighoul
the- ft.iti uf I'cniilidiil.i,
Mme-s 1'icislit, ruriiiliiie aur tl.iggage. hafM,
Pianos nml .Machinery.
S2B LACKAWANNA AVE.
M. A. FRIEDLANDER S CO.
Iue moled ilirli- Milliner) Ki-tahliMinicnt to
Mti Aclami Aie.. opposite com t Ivnise.
JAMES I. QUICK.
Plumblnj. Tinnipc, Hm rutins, tliulrn 'I'ooln,
La,wu tsccil. Plows, 'Phone, old osS.', new Ji'Vi
."')' I L.ieK.iuaiiii.i aieuiie.
K ', g DEPOT.
KepaiilnK .m'l piesa
ins ilone .it hort
AJ I O OPEN
A N M
H. L. GLEASON,
LADIES' TAILOR, RECENTLY WITH
GILBERTS, HAS OPENED AT
510 SPRUCE ST.
Ladies, you can Pt a pet-feet fit
heio without elBiit or ten fittliiirs,
and tho wiiikiiinnislili) Is the best to
lio hud, nlso the pi lues ate niodeiuto.
LOUIS H. ISAACS, 4IS SPRUCE ST,
'FRED H. WINTER.
824 CAROUSE AVENUE,
Maple I, Untiles and PiuwsIuih A hid lino
of reliable, eti , ineluil elaili
Kellar c Harris.
ManufailiiifiJ cl II iiiim, and dealeri in llono
KiiiliUhlUK (,'oi'd.. lunik- an 1 'li urlln;; II Us
Lcpalilng pioiuptly atieieled tu, 'Iclepliono l-i
117 l'i mi Jii'inn, Siianli'ii. Pa.
I find 'IViiants for I Imply lions"!', Lmpty lloim-a
lor Tenants, lolleet liuils. Look ttcr and
Iiuinc Piiipeil)' and Huddim-'
WILLIAM G, LOOMIS,
IIhuiiis I and ." lliu liuildiii;
COMMERCIAL QUICK LUNCH PARLORS.
Ucanllne. Pun loud. Polite Mieulloii lt-a
tollable l'l Ices. Open da and nlht.
iJJ I and vOJ tspiucu rtivct, .iautoii. Pa
Annual Sale of
New Spring Hosiery
It Is cusloiiiiiry wi.n us at this sea
fson to rIvc our ti-udo a
Special Hosier; Offering
ut tmiiHiiiil viiltic. We have spent 4
vupt imimiiit of time a ml much cam
In milking our Heleelltms for tlila event,
nml Imve scuiiicil 11 line of lioulery mir
liitHaliifr till inen'ImiH efforts of unnre.
ccileutpfl excellence, unequalled In)
.seiii'liiK (iiullt.v, t'P-TO-DATH IN
Our muck Hose are nil of the cole'
bra ted "llermsdurf" fust black dvs.
Ladies' Black Hose al 25c
Thin lino of Hn.o Is iiHiteliicss, afl
thin pi-li-e. Wo rIvo you the greatest
Ladies' Black Hose at 35c
or I! piiliB for $1,00. I .Isle thread, drop
Htllfh, mnelty Htrlpos In various
Widths ,-inel MlykM, umiup-slloiiably tho
he'st Viileu in tho miiiket, und aic well
Ladies' Black Hose at 50c
At this prlep wp outclass them all,
UiiMirpaisbPil In eitiallty and stylp, com
prlhcs nil the diffeicnt weights of Lisle '
nnd Colon Uosc, Ip pTttln, fancy and
Fancy and Lace Hosiery
All the latest novel effects In Sllki
Lisle and Fine Cotton.
Children's Lisle Hose at 25c
An unusual opportunity to secure
excellent value for your money. A
KPliulne IlriniMlorf dye, hlffh spliced
heel, double foIp nnd double knee;
sizes ." to S'j. Actual value, 45c.
Wo have a splendid but gain for you
in regular ""' number, now 25c. Kino
assortment of the latest things In fan
cy litilf-ho.se, in all the new colorings
and various qualities.
P. J. HONAN,
319 Lackawanna Avenue.
The Dickson Mauiifacturin? Co.
tcrauton and Wlllcei.IIarra, '
LOCOMOTIVES, STATIONARY ENGINES
Boilers, Moisting and Pumplnx Machinery.
General Office. 8cranon. Pa.
I PRANK M MnVCB
I f rsnir ivi . mWJTGrr,
ICONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
aao PENN AVENUE.
.Tobblnt? of all ltlndu promptly
i:stimaii:s rjIKIIRFUM.V SHRMITTEP.
THE HOME SUPPLY CO.
Itrlalls fiirnitur', livMini;'.ind floor eoverinja
for cash at uholmlr prle-es at
724 W, LACKAWANNA AVE,, SCRANTON.
WATCHES. CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
REPAim.NCi A SrLTIALTV.
P . GROSS, 4S2 SPRUCE.
JAMES J. MURRAY,
Sueeesoi tt. the Hunt ,. Cornell Co., in tin
r.nd sheet niol.ll nml nml icnlil.itlnn. Carton
fiiiii.irc.i, irpafM and cenei.il III. work a
(.peeialt), Nn, 1IJ a kawamia aienue,
PALI, MK.Mll'. :,27 AlNmo AVK.NUE.
STEAM DYE WORKS.
ami I mull llrj I leaning ami Itrlinithtng
(louils called (or and eielltcrccl.
I S3 PENN AVE.
321 MULBERRY ST.
Tinner, and (ttH
le-M. 1 uinaeea a Ispe
e I d 1 1) llci'aiuiiir
prompt!) il.uic, 240
Ad ini 4it, be un
WILSON A COMPANY,
l'aslil"iiildi Tailors I Hotel ,lerni)n flullding),
!-. pniic xlioit, miiiiioii, 'j. Milts prcsdeil,
." i cut.,: piuis i..s.-i'd. Id iinlx. I lotlimj; re
. Palied, icllid tm and delhcieel New Phone, !,
JIM I I ..WW, 111.11 .1,1, WH.I.I.M w
H. A, RIEFENBERQ,
Pliunliiiiff, riuninw and lliatniR, i-ole agent
for llouaul 1'uin.h.c
Teleplionn .(1. .117 Ltujen tret
Ilea and rpiieUst ptaeo in the eil) to lni
).nir .-ii'iin II,.-1 u- usL. nijiiiing hut Oak
'ian I.iathor md ttisi ilas wnikniaiiship.
127 Linden etreel, opposite postotliic,
DR. E, V. BEARDSLEY,
Formerly with Dr. Hill, 321 SPRUCE ST,
MRS, SARA ALLYN,
,VT. .Mil ,, lliilhliii: Parlon opm Mondaj,
'Ihuitala) and hatnulay crnin;.