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SCRANTON, PA., WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 2G, 1900.
TWO CENTS. JF
The Caucus Is Pronounced an Indis
pensable fldhmct to Partu
AID TO MAJORITY RULE
What the Custom Has Been in the
Past in Determining Unity of
Party Choice for Elective Offices.
Difference Between a Caucus and
a Conference Eule of the Majority
the Corner Stone of Our Form of
Spu Inl to Tin- Tilbiuii'.
Murrisburg, Doc. 23. The following
statement has been ls.-iucd by the reg
ulars or organization KepublleatiS'
concerning the merits ot the party
(Vrttiin Insurgents ami newspapeis In l'eiimjl
i.mla jie busily engaged In :in droit to induce
the ltcpubllciiu p.irt.v to uhiudon th" caucus
method of fcelectiiij? candidates (or ofllce, anil
i specially candidates for tliu United Stales sen
.ilc. They argue with much lie.it anil Utile
icmsoii of knowlcelirc. One of thene disputants for
ilisorKanballon, E. I. Acheron, goes so t.ir n
his mi'-Kiililril 7cal as lo dctlire tlul .1 r.ituus
of the Ilepublli.iii- in Hie Icirlslaturo would be
"for Ihe sole purpose of cn.ihllnt: the minority
of the lciiUlattuc In illctate to the liujoilty
In Hie ihoiic of ;t United Males senator."
Is it possible to Imagine nnM hint; further
fnun the sober fict than tli.it nlisuid statenient.'
Who composes the "mlnoiitj" refened to by
the insurgent author of tli.it statement ? The
majority of the Hepiiblicatis In the Ictrislatme
Who compose the "majority" to which the
"minority" is supposed to lie pining to "die
late iu Hie choice of a United States senator!"
'Ihe )cmocial.s in the lcgisl.ituie and a small
fictions nilnoiity of the ltepuhlieati", and in
this case an actual minoiity of the whole body
A Government of Majorities.
' nn-ider ccitain controlling pu'niary princi
ples or polities whiih most of us learned at
the kiudeig.ilten age, but which our opponents
either failed ti lcain or now comcnicnlly
ilmuse lo foijcel. Ouii is a tioiorumcut of ma
luiiliex. 'Hie iiilc of the majoiity is the fun
damental piimiple of our go eminent, the cor
nel si one nf th fabric of our institutions. Our
pt(idciits aic (hosin by a inajorily in the clcc
tiiial (ollcuei; our gouinnis and congressmen
by majorities over tlieit priin.ip.il tiimpetltois;
our United slates sin. iters by a majority of the
legislature:,, and our laws, nationil, state and
municipil. ale enacted by niajnillies. Knjiying
flic institutions, cur guwmmenl is curled or,
hi politiial pailies into whieli Ihe people fiecly
dhide, and .soiuetiiurs one and sometimes an
other of these political parties is in powci. A
puliticil pirty is a collection of iiidiiiduals
holding the same Rencr.il .iew.s upon public:
ntr.ihs and acting together for Ihe putpose of
impicssing those Mown upon the polity and
coiidiii I of the government. This can only be
done by rlitllng congresses and legislatures and
o.ouitic and judicial officers in aicord with
those liews, and these arc all elected by 1111
joiities. I'.crjwhcie in this country we find
majoiity iiilc, and Kicdcrick V. Whitridge, in
bis article 011 the "Caucus System in Lalor's
I'olltiral t'.M lopeilia," and from which the in
furgent writer uferied to, gingerly quotes in
the aln hope of bolstering bid argument, fauns
up the whole matter in a single sentense: "The
caucus is a necessary consequence of majority
Klsewhcre in the same aiticle be sajs: "Willi
the dnelopnicnt of parlies and the rule of
majorities the caucus, or some cquiialcnt, has
become an indispensable adjunct of parti gov
ernment." An Indisputable Proposition.
Whitridge ai lived at these conclusions, not
because ho (sought them, for ho ttioic against
them, but because as an honest and intelligent
student of political history be could not arriic
at any other conclusions. Government by party
means government by majority rule. That is an
indisputalilc proposition. Equally indisputable
is it that the principle of majority rule must
be extended to the party itself. That is an
inevitable corollary of government by majority
Kiist, the majority rules in the gen eminent,
and, hccondly, the majority controls in the pirty.
To dispute these conclusions is in cllect to
assert, tlrst, that the minority rules, or ought
to rule, in the government, and, secondly, that
tlio minority controls, or ought to control, In
the parly. This is the leduction and absuidmn
to which the arguments of the opponents of the
caucus logically reduce iheinsehcs.
The writer quoted fiom in Hie beginning nf
this article is so befogged as to the nature of
the real question as to argue tliat because a
majority of the majoiity paity would control in
caucus, fhcrefore "the nilnoiity" of the
legislature "would dictate tu the majority In
the choko of a United Stales senator," That
is exactly contrary to the tuitli, because for the
minority faction of 'a party to lefuso to go into
caucus would be equliulcnt to u demand by the
minority that the majority submit to its dil
ution, thus setting up minority rule In the
pl.no of majority rule. The only way in which
the minority faction of the llepublkan paity In
the Icgishturo can bicome a pail of the mi
jority of the leglslatuio Is by Joining hands
witli the majority of their own party, or, If
there be enough of thtjiii, by going oier lu
the Democrats in n fusion tiinicnicnt, after the
maimer of the Silver Hcpublicaus at SI. Louis.
Is that what they arc aiming at?
The Caucus in Congress.
It is loudly claimed by Iho antl-cauius udio
cjtes in their desperate t (Torts to sustain an
untenable position that the Jlepubllcim paity
in congress lias abandoned the caucus. Xotlilng
could bo further from the truth, They are sim
ply confusing two icry different soils of party
meetings, in order to throw dust in uhe eyes of
the people, Two kinds of party meeting ate
ricognteed by the members nf both political
parlies in both brandies of congress. One Is a
caucus, (lie oilier a confeicuce. They arc held
for dllftmit purposes and tn consider dllfeient
liuitttl.-, v;nd the differences between them is
as clear and plain as sunlight to all sate those
who baling eyes sen not. A caucus is oliiajs
held to nominate .1 candidate or landldatei
for otlice ami is binding upon every member of
iho pirty. The lest of pally fealty iu congress,
In both hoiues and with both parlies, consists
jn attending the parly caucus and abiding bv
the result. This is a plain, simple, unadorned
statement of, fact nothing more, nothing less.
A ccnfcienee Is held to consider matins of
proposed legislation and for that purpose only,
and it is ulwajs stated iu advance that its ac
tion will nut be binding, and thciefnrc 110 test
of party fealty is invohed by .1 loufereme. The
speaker of the house, the president pro lempoie
of the senate, and the elect he otiiccii of the
two houses arc Invariably selected by a caucus
of the party liming a majority held In adtanic
of the election. The selections thus made become
the candidates of the party, and eirry member
of the party I icqulrcd to ote for the candi
dates tu named under penalty of loss of party
l'or mote thin forty jcitis the Hcpublleans
when in a majority of the national house of rep
roscntatlici liaie selected tlio speaker by 1
caucus, which was held li hind anil did bind
every Republican member nf the house lo vote
for the candidate named by the caucus. tt
ill call the loll: Crow, Colfax, Ill.ilne, Heed,
and Henderson, all chosen by caucus, that ter
rible "fetich," lo quote the exaggerated phiuse
of 11 ncwspipcr, .Republican when party policy
accords with its Interests, which "binds the
eonsclcmc of the representatlie," nnd enable
n "mlnnilty to dlctnle to the majority." The
irturgciit argument is tli.it nominations in
caucus me made by the minority, but th"j' arc
not. If they were, the disorganizing disputants
would le found prostrate before the "fetich."
Nominations are made Iu uncus by a majority
of the caucus, that Is, by a majority of the
.iity that hit contiol of the leglsl.Hiie body,
and this Is goiernmtnt by majority rule.
C'onleiences, as already stated, are held by
both political pirlles in bolli blanches of con
gress to consider matins of legislation. These
meetings 111 c not callid caum-es, because they
me not binding upon the Indh ldual members
of the paity holding them. Tlio meetings of
the Republican members of the house last spring
nier the l'oilo llican bill were conferences, not
c-niitUM.. This wa.s in aeiordanee with the
party pulley of both polllleal organizations in
congress. Hut hid the matter under eonslileia
tlon been the selection of a candidate for office,
speaker, clerk, sereant-at-aims, doorkeeper or
postmaster, those being the electlic olllcers of
the house, the meetings would luiu been cau
cuses nud their action would bale been bind
ing upon cieiy number of the paity. The dlf
fount es between these two forms of meetings
held for the eonsldtiatlou of different classes
of subjects grows out of the necessities of
politics. When it Is 11 question of the election
of officers the problem presented is u clear cut
party matter In the decision of which theie Is
no 1I1 nice of ciaslon nor opportunity for com
promise. II Is a straight-out contest, a duel
between two antagonistic political foices or
pirties, and Iho practical political question, the
real and only question Is how best and most
surely can the strength of the party be con
centialed to gain the lietory.
The eperlence of a hundred years teaches that
this can be done only by means of the caucus,
width Wliitridge tells us, after a calm and dis
passionate suney of the whole field of politics,
is not only "an indispensable adjunct of party
government," but "a necessary consequence of
majoiily rule." To brtak down the caucus
would be to destroy p.ntv organization and a
parly without organization would be as help
less as a ship without a ruddei. To cast aside
tlio caucus is to 1 educe a contest for office to a
scramble between indiiiduals instead of a stiug
gle between partic. After a century of polit
ical existence? the caucus is the best, iu tact
the only feasible, fair and practicable method
of deciding hetween the riial candidate; of the
same party for the same office.
Jluch vocal and manual labor and newspaper
space has been wasted on a paiticular ruling and
a particular action in Republican 111tin11.1l eon-
lentions. Neither his the slightest bearing upon
the question of a caucus, but it is just as well
to explain wlnt they were. The iiilng was that
of Ihe late Hon. Ktlwaul Mcl'heison as picsident
of the Cineinuali romention In 1STB. It aiosn
oer Ihe demand of two delegates from the Ches
ter district of Pen11s.vl1.1nia that Ibeir lolcs be
counted as lliey wanted (hem instead of as thj
majority of the sl.ito delegation wanted thim
east, 'these two delegates had been chosen by
a district eomenlion and not by the stale con
tention, so that the instructions of the stale con
lenton were in no sense binding upon them.
Under Mr. JltThei son's ruling tliej were allowed
to into as they chose. On the lust Iwo ballots,
the question arising nud the iiiling being made
cm the first ballot, they otcd with the iet of
tlio state delegation for C'neemor llaitranft, and
on the othcis for 111 line. The other incident was
the action of the Chicago convention of 1S60 in
net expelling Mr. Campbell nnd two other dele
gates from West Vligina for lefusiug to agiee lo
scppoit the nominee of the contention after the
onvcntion.by a oto unanimous except for them,
had ncrccd to support the nominee, whomsoeter
he might be. The contention good natuieclly let
them lemain. They were but three out of nearly
one thousand delegates and besides were fiom
a state rtgaidcd ha j-ear as surely Democraic.
These three men were for Blaine and bitterly op
posed Genual Grant. Four years later niaine was
nominated and a contingent of delegates headed
by the late George William Curtis, of New York,
and influential by reason of their ability and
preiious higlV paity standing refused to abide
by the action of the comention and led in the
bolt against niaine which gave to tlio country
its flist Democratic president since Buchanan
twenty-four jcars befoie. It is a similar result
at which our anti-caucus minority is aiming?
After discussing the caucus In congress, Wliit
ridge, to the particular confusion of disorgan
iers, says: "In Ihe state legislatures the caucus
Ostein also prevails, but iu a less degree than
in congress. The- authority of the caucus is there
mainly invoked iu the selection of candidates for
the positions filled by the legislatme itself, It is
especially used in selecting the candiditcs for
the spcakciship and the United Slates senate."
nut, sats the no-caucus writer heretofoie al
luded lo, Veimont elects a senator without the
Inteiientlon of a caucus. That is the exception
that protcs Hie rule, that is all. Vermont, a
state in which Hie Republican paily has prac
tically no opposition, a stale in which the
Deinneialic pirty meets in mass contention In
Iliadley Smallet's lncltyatd there's no sating
prrcedenl there for insurgents. An instance ino.-
in point may no cited fiom North Dakota, A
little mote than six liars a?o the Republicans
had a small majority iu the North Dakota legU
lalure, Theie was a factious minoiity that io
dised lo enter the Republican caucus for the
nomination of a United Stales sen'itor. After
mimemus fruitless ballots enough of the mlnoi
lly factlonlsts joined with the Dcmociats to elect
Wllll.nn Roach, a Demoirat, and for six jcars ho
oeiupied a seal In the United States senate tint
by political light belonged lo ihe Republican
iily, Is that the suit of thin,' tint l'llnn, Mar
tin and their satiaps 111c aiming at?
The Majority's Eights.
The majority paity In a leaislntltp or pollllcil
body is tlio body for all practical purposes. Upon
It tests the responsibility of what It has done and
what Is not, dom If theie aic rcitatds (o enjoy,
Hie mijorlty enjoy them. If theie Is ceiisiue to
bj borne the majoiily boars It, The minority
party In such a body can only stand by anil
criticise, If there are officers to elect the mln
oi lly does not expet to elect them, and never
does so saie In laie instances tiuough tlio folly
or paity treachery of some members nominally
of the majoiily who refuse to abide by tlio de
cision of their own paity ns aseutalned In can
ens. The majorty pirty, being responsible for
the nets of omission or commission of the body
of which It Is In nominal control, it Is neees
siry Iu order to accomplish (he object for
which It was elected to llnd and utilize some
method of concentrating its stnngth upon n tan.
illdate or a lino policy or a leglslathe meusure,
A hundred years of political experience has de
xeloped that where candidates for any office be.
fore a leglslathe body aie concerned, the cau
cus is (lie only method by which a political
party ran concentrate and command its strength.
The conference will answer In matters of policy
or legislation, but for the selection of a paity
candidate for an elective office before such a
body, 'the caucus is the only effcctlto method the
wit of man has jet dUotered. The caucus is
the invention of necessity the product of polit
ical common sense the instrument of the major
ity lie cert ant of the people-xobnoxlous only to
factlonlsts, disorgauUem and boodlers.
John II. Scott.
Uy Excluslte Wire from The Associated Press.
New Voik, Dec. 23. Aiiived: Amsterdam, Rot
tcidam and Iloulvgue.
Prince China's Comment In Recelv-
Ino Prellmlnaru Joint Note
of the Powers.
LI HUNG CHANG ABSENT
His Credentials and an E.xcuso Pre
sented by His Colleague Contents
of the Note to Be Immediately
Communicated to the Emperor and
a Speedy Reply Promised French
Punitivo Expedition Has a Brush
with a Party of Boxers.
By Kxcluslic Wire from The Associated Press.
Pokln, Dec. 25. The preliminary joint
note was delivered today to the Chi
nese. Li Hung; Chung found thul he
was unable to attend the meeting of
the ministers and his credentials and
those of Prince Chlttcr were presented
by the latter to the foreign envoys.
Prince Ching replying to the Spanish
minister, Senor 13. J. DeCoIogan, xvho
presented the note, .said he would im
mediately communicate Us contents to
the emperor and assured the ministers
that a speedy reply xvas the desire of
the court.as It felt that all China wants
peace and prosperity.
Tien Tsln, Doe. 23. A French de
tachment of one hundred men left
here Dec. 20 for Hung Tsu, twenty
miles westward, to search for arms.
Approaching a village across a frozen
creak, a force of Boxers opened fin-,
killing Lieutenant Cental and wound
ing another ollicer. The French
burned the village.
MILLIONS TO BE IN
Experiments Show That It Can Be
Grown in Connecticut at a. Net
Profit of $900 nn Acre.
lly i:e-lu'iie Wiu fmni 'Ihe A.-oihted IVss.
Washington, Dec. 25. Milton Whit
ney, chief of division of .soils of tins
agricultural department, reports :i suc
cessful termination of xppriments
oondue-tod in co-operaf'ion witli The
Connecticut experiment station in the
production of Sumatra tobacco near
Hartford. One-third of an acre was
planted tinder a cheese-cloth shade
nine feet high, and cultivated and fer
mented under the direction of AI. L.
Floyd, tobacco expert of the depart
ment. The yield of cured tobacco was
seven hundred pounds, making an es
timated yield for one acre of 2,100
pounds. The crop has just bpcn sold
by L. B, Haas & Co., of Hartford, to
Jlltchelson & Hlbbard, of Kansas City,
for $473.07, making ait estimated value
for one acre of $1,421. The cost of pro
duction, including the whole cost of
the shade the frame for which will
last live years will not excised ?500 per
acre, leaving a net profit of over $000
per acre. This was an average price
of 71 cents per pound. The crop grown
In the same Held without shade, and
fermented In the same way, Yielded
about the same quantity and brought
27 cents per pound, or at the rate of
$507.87 per acre. Deducting the cost of
cultivation, fertilization and treating,
this would leavsj a profit of about $300
The ordinary crop of the Connecti
cut valley brings the farmer about 20
cents per pound, or $:'.G0 per acre and,
deducting the cost of expenses, leuv
a profit of about $2G0 per acre. The
Sumatia tobacco, grown under shade,
has been submitted to New York and
Philadelphia business men, and has
been pronounced entirely satisfactory
and fully equul to imported Sumatra
These facts taken In connection with
the award nt the Parib exposition of
two points for the Florida grown Su
matia over that given for the Import
ed Sumatra show that we can grow
Sumatra tobacco of thu highest qual
ity In this country and save our far
mers between $6,000,000 and $7,000,000,
which Is now sent abinad annually
for the foreign-grown leaf. This work
Is the result' of the soil survey mad3
in the Connecticut valley two year
ago and similar results can bo expect
ed only from very similar" areas where
the soils and cllmatlo conditions arts
pluillur to those in the Connecticut
valley and Florida.
THE LOBBY STORY
No Unfair Efforts Ave Being Taken,
He Says, to Secure Adoption of
the Ship Subsidy Bill.
lly Vxduthf Wiio from The Associated I'rcw.
Cleveland, Dec. 25. Senator Hunna
was informed today of a statement,
which Is In circulation to the effect that
there was a powerful lobby In favor ot
the subsidizing of American shipping
at the Philadelphia convention and
"The only lobby of that hind I know
anything about," was the senator's re
ply, "wbh 11 lobby of steumshlp com
panies, which is trying to defeat the
bill. There was no lobby at Philadel
phia at alt, The subsidy bill is a busi
ness measure und there is no desire to
force it through congress. We want it
to go through on its merits. It has
been three years In preparation and
has been amended twenty times. The
president In all his messages has urged
the necessity of sonio such measure
and It was made a plank in the St.
Louis platform and the Philadelphia
plutform. The detulls are left to con
gress to work out."
IS THIS A FIX-UP P
Alleged Discovery in Kentucky
Btato House Which Looks Queer.
By Exclusive Wire from The Associated Press.
Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 2fi. Ono of the
clerks in the state auditors ofllce,
In searching the vault for old rccordti
today, found a cartridge box contain
ing eight motnl patched smokeless
powder cartridges, thlrty-clght 'fifty
five calibre, corresponding exnetly to
the bullet found In the tree and which
was believed to have passed through
Senator fioebel's body.
Th(lgnlflcance of the discovery Ibis
In the fact that Henry Youtsey, con
victed of participation in the Goebal
assnsslnatlon In October, was a clerk
In the auditor's ofllce at the time of
the nssaslnatlon, nnd had access to
the vault whore the cartridges wore
found, and that Oeorge Barnot, un
other clerk In the oilfce, testified he
raw Yotit.sey with a bos oC cartridges.
POX HUNTER THROWN
AND NECK IS BROKEN
Tragic Ending of a Cross Country
Bide to Join the Celebrated
Chester Valley Hunt.
By Inclusive Wire from The Assoel.ited 1'res.s.
Philadelphia, Dec. 15. While riding
cross country to join the Chester Val
ley hunt today, Henry L. Wilbur, aged
forty-two years, son of H. O. Wilbur,
the well-known cocoa and chocolate
manufacturer of this city, was thrown
from his horse and killed on the farm
of A. J. Cassatt, president of the
Pennsylvania railroad, near Valley
Air. Wilbur, who lived at Bryn Mawr,
started out on a magnificent horse, ac
companied by T. N. McCartney, an
other huntsman. They were too late
for the start at Stafford, a suburb or
this city, wlieio the thirty-four hounds
were .released. The two men caught
sight of the forward fox hunters on
the Cassatt farm and galloped at great
speed to catch up with them. On the
farther side of the property there Is a
three-foot rail fence and beyond this a
ditch. Mr. Wilbur's horse took the ob
struction easily, but in landing beyond
the ditch one of the horse's ,'orwurcl
feet sank into a small hole.
Mr. Wilbur was pitched forward and
thrown headlong to the ground, where
he lay uncins-clous. He was hurried
toward Devon, but Ills c mdition grew
worse and he tiled in a farm house.
The exact cause of death Is not known,
but it is believed to have occurred
from a broken neck. He leaves a
IS MAKING MONEY
Fees Nearly Twice Its
Views Upon Ballot
fly i:elusie Wiie ficiu 'Ihe Associated 1'rpf.s.
Harrlshuig, Dec. 25. A summary of
the business tiansaeted by the state
department during the past two years
is lurnlshed by Secretary Orient in
his biennial report to Governor Stone.
During this period 1,439 charters
wore granted under the corporation '
net of 1.X71, and charters were gtante.J
to SV locomotive railroads and to 12S
street railroads. There were S.171
commissions issued from Dec. 1, 189(1,
until Dec. 1, 1900. Secretary Grlest
says there has been a growth during
the past two years In the number ot
papers filed which nearly doubled tho
work of the ofllce, all of which was
accomplished without an increase In
the number of employes. The depart
ment Is now not only on a secure self
sustaining basis, but is a source of
1 revenue to the state, the collection of
fees alone being $7l',O0O In excess of the
ordinary expenses of the office during
the period covered by the report.
The secretary rays that corporat3
actions now pending Indicate thatdur
ing the Incoming year the bonus col
lections through the provisions of the
act of Mny :i, 1899, will be double the
collections of the year just clooi,
thoteby making those collections near
ly If not quite four hundred per cent,
greater than they were at the time of
Governor Stone's Induction Into of
llce. The number of commissions issued
during the tlrst two years of the pres
ent administration exceeds by 1,971 the
number Issued during the correspond
ing putiod of the ptevlous administra
tion. 1 Mr. Grlest says the cost of advertis
ing the proposed constitutional amend
ments will not exceed $30,000, which is
$20,(0 less than tho original estimate.
He says an adequate remedy should
be devised and applied to prevent er
rors In transciiblne bills and that the
rooms occupied by tho department, al
though completed for occupancy but
seven years ago, are Inadequate,
He says also that tho present ballot
system has been almost wholly unsat
isfactory to tho steto department by
reason of the complexity nnd ambigu
ity of those provisions which devolve
duties on that ofllce and tho contrari
ety of judicial Interpretations placed
upon them. "Inasmuch, however," he
adds, "as legislative consideration will
bo given this subject during the ap
proaching session, I refrain from com
ment or recommendation other than to
say that u ballot enactment which will
combine the simplicity of the old sys
tem with sufllclent safeguards for an
honest result will, In my Judgment,
subserve the best interests of the peo
ple of this commonwealth."
DEATHS OF A DAY,
By Exclusive Wire from The Associated Trees.
London, Dec. 25. The Dowager Lady Churchill,
senior lady of tliu bed chamber and uu intimate
friend of the uiui, was found dead 'in her bed.
room at Osborne this mornliv
. Jlllwaulee, Dec, 21. Colonel Hinry I). Har
'ihaw, fonncr state treasurer of Wisconsin, diet! in
Miluuukeo today at the residence of his daughter,
i'eilunel lIjrBluu's home was In Oshkosh. Ho
beiud in the ron brigade during the civil uor.
Interesting Features o? Its Celebra
tion as Gleaned In Va
JOLLITY WORLD WIDE
Wife of the President of France
Gave 7,000 Francs to Needy
Widows In Russia Prince and
Peasant Dined Alongside in Newly
Opened People's Palace Presidont
McKinley Passod the Day Quietly
in His Family Circle-Other Ways
By Inclusive Wire fiom The Assoel.ited Press.
Paris, Dec, 25. Chiistmus-tlde was
favored In France with bright, cheer
ful weather end Parisians celebrated
It In characteristic fashion. All the
restaurants and cafes were crammed
Christmas eve with festive supper par
ties, which did not 'l-'sperse until early
this morning. At midnight masses
with special musical attractions filled
the leading churches to overflowing.
The charitable side of the festival was
represented by numbers of free meals
nnd seasonable gifts to poor families
and outcasts. Madame Loubet gave
7,000 francs to be used for the relief of
widows in necessitous circumstances.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 23. The Prince
of Oldenbourg, president of the gov
ernment temperance committee, at
noon today declared the People's pal
aen open to the public. After the In
augural ceremonies, the prince and
twenty of the higher army officers, in
cluding the commanding generals along
with high officials, noblemen and
ladles, dined side by side with upas
ants and the families of worklngmcn.
President McKinley'c Christmas.
Washington, Dec. 25. Christmas day
was geneially observed here, all of the
churches holding special services. At.
the white house the president and Airs.
McKinley had with them as guests at
dinner this evening Surgeon lionet nl
and Mrs. Sternberg, Or. and Mrs.
Itixey, Mrs. O. S. Hirstan, General
Corbln and Secretary and Mrs. Cor
telyou. The president did not go to
church, but ie and" Mrs. McKinley took
two drives out into the country during
the day. Secretary nnd Mrs. Hay,
Postmaster General and Airs. Smith
and Representative Payne, of New
York, called on them.
The government departments were
closed and until late in the day the
streets ptesented an almo.-it deserted
Salvation Army Dinner.
New York, Dec. 25. One of the chief
features of Christmas clay in New
Yoik city an-i its vicinity was the flno
weather. Of all the set Christmas
feasts that of the Sulvation Army at
Madison Square garden this even'n?
was the largest. A bountiful Christ-
n,us dinner was served to about 4,000
persons, men, women and children.
The cost was defrayed from a fund
of about $r,000, collected by the army
chlelly tiuough the kettles, which for
several weeks 'have hung from tripods
In various parts of tho city, to receive
contributions "to keep the Christmas
GAPE COLONY IS
IN THE BALANCE
Energetic Steps Have Been Taken
to Stem the Invasion Danger
That the Boors Will Get
By Kxclusho Wiie from The Associated Ires3.
London, Dec. 23. The position of
Capo Colony Is hanging In the balance.
According to the Morning Post's Capo
Town correspondent, everything de
pends upon tho quantity of ammuni
tion In possession of tho disloyal
Dutch residents, 1,."00 of whom havu
joined tho Doors in tho Phlllpstown
district alone. Knergctlo measured
have been taken to stem tho invasion,
but there Is unquestionably danger
that parties of Roers will get through
Into parts of the colony nnd gradual
ly raise the whole Cape Into rebellion.
Reinforcements can urrlvo none too
Most of tho dispatches from Cape
Town, however, descilbo the raiders as
doing little harm' and as being rapidly
iinoiu3ii't by Lord Kitchener's combina
tion. Lord Kitchener Is In tho heart
of tho disaffected districts. He has the
advantage of being personally ac
quainted with local conditions. Last
March he supervised tho suppression
of the rising which occurred then. Ho
Is bringing down thousands of troops
from tho north.
Tho Standard's Cape Town corre
spondent says the local loyalists de
mand that martial law shall be De
claimed throughout Cape Colony, but
adds: "Such a stop Is now tmposs,ble,
owlntr to the lack of sufficient troops
to enforce It,"
Cape Town, Dec, 25. Fighting Is
going on near Do Aar. Particulars are
unobtainable. Two hundred Roers have
left Brltstown, after commandeering
all supplies available.
Promotion for D. H. Bacon.
By KxclufcUe Wire from The Associated I'.rtss.
Puluth, Minn., Dec. 23. I). II, llaeon, of
Dulutli, who has been president of the Minnesota
lion company for tho past ten jeais, will on
Feb. 1 resign his present position to become
chairman of the board of directors of tho Ten
nessee Coal, Iron and itailroad company, Mr.
Bacon will reside In New York city and will
have the direction and management of all the
departments of tlio companj's busline
THE NEWS THIS MORNING.
Weather InJIcitlons Toiay,
FAIR J WE3TeRLY WINDS.
1 General Party Caucus an Indispensable Ad
junct to Party Government.
I'rlnco Chlus Says Chlnt Wants Peace.
The Newspapers of the Future.
Christmas Ohservnnce in Many Lands.
2 General Carbondalc Department.
3 Local Christmas Kterclsra In Cliuich and
Mention of Some Men of tlio Hour.
Note and Comment.
5 Local Imported Trolley Men Come and Go,
N'o Score in the Foot Ball Game.
0 Local Weat Scranton and Suburban.
7 General Northeastern Pennsylvania.
8 Local Live Newi of the Labor World.
INDIANA'S TURN TO
HAVE A RACE WAR
Owing to Clash Originating in
Drunken Spree Village of Comont-
ville Is in a Stato of Terror.
By Exclusive Wire from Tlio Associated Press.
Jeffersonville, Intl., Dec. 23. A race
war Is In progress at Cemontville, a
small station on the Pan Handle road,
five miles north of this city, and seri
ous trouble is expected, The negroes
are armed and the whites are keeping
within doors to avoid them. The out
break began yesterday afternoon, when
I-ee Hanger and John Redmond, ne
gross, became Intoxicated and started
In to Intimidate whites. When their
insults were resented other negroes
joined Ranger and Redmond and cap
tured Samuel Kendall's saloon. Near
ly twenty shots were fired, but no one'
An appeal by telephone was made
to Sheriff 'Rave for help and he drove
to Cementvllle and to some extent
quieted the negroes while he was pres
ent. After his departute another out
break took place and message after
message came to the local police to
send men to the town. Ranger was
shot by Kendall, but how badly is not
known, us lie was carried away and
secreted by his companions. Kendall's
life .was threatened and about mid
night he managed to escape from his
store and came direct to this city,
awakening Prosecutor Montgomery,
and begging him to issue warrants
and have deputy sheriffs sworn in to
It wan almost daylight when the
community became quiet, the negroes
having everything their own way. So
far today no outlncak has taken place.
The whites are Intimidated 10 such an
extent that Uiey are using every pos
sible precaution to prevent a collision.
STRIKE BUT LOSE
Overworked Registry Clerks in Chi
cago Take This Method of Calling
Attention to Grievances.
fly Ilxcliusiic Wire from The As.iociatrd Picss.
Chicago, Dei-. i'S. A strike among
the clerks of the registry department
of the postotllce department yesterday
menaced for a time the prompt deliv
ery of thousands of Christmas gifts.
Kxtra hours of work was the griev
ance of a score of operatives, who dur
ing the holidays have been compelled
to labor fourteen hours a day. The
trouble was quickly adjusted by the
postotllce authorities, who suspended
the leader of the strikers. The rank
and file of the protesting clerks then
returned to their labors. Superintend
ent Mnrr, of the registry department,
The malts were Hooded tills .icar and there Is
no other way than to make the clerks wok.
We aie li.iiiilltntr W per cent, moic woil; this jcar
than in ib.M. I liavo tliirty-idx men asktiiiR llic
Hltular force, nnd I would add more but for the
fact that theie ure no experienced hands .unli
able and I cannot break in ureen ones, Some of
the employes complained but later returned to
work and I anticipate no further trouble. The
leader of tho btill.erd refused to work any longer
and of cour.se lie had to be suspended,
BOUTELLE TO RESIGN.
Document Will Be Tendered Before
By Exclusive Wire from Tlio Associated Press.
Washington, Dec. 23. The resigna
tion of Captain Charles A. Boutelle, of
Bangor, Maine, as a member of tho
house for the Fifth-seventh congress,
will be tendered ubout March 4, ac
cording to an understanding with
Thu resolution passed by congress n
few days ago through tho efforts of
Senator Halu and others of the Maine
delegation authorizing tho appoint
ment of Captain Boutelle to the re
tired list of the navy with tho rank
of captain, will ho clfectlvo before that
The president, however, will not
make tho appointment till the resig
nation from the house occurs.
BRYAN'S CHRISTMAS CHEER,
Tells His Followers That Victory Is
Only a Matter of Time.
By Exeluslic Wire from Tho Associated Press.
Leavenworth, Kan., Dec. 23, AVll
lllam J, Bryan today, wiring from
Lincoln, Neb., to the Evening Stand
ard, states the following:
I'lrass present Krcctinirs to my poltlcal friends
ot I.eaienworth und of Kansa. Tho principles of
Dinuitrae bllll lhc and the pollcleit for which
the fusion forces fumjlit wl Jet be Indicated.
Wc ran inter tho tiuntl th lenlury wlih the cn.
fldciit bi'llil that the pcoplo will toon return
to the tcaclilnus uf the lathci'd and to the tri
dllons ot the republic,"
Funeral of Murdered Auditor.
By Cxcushe Wire fiom The Associated Press.
Clei eland, Dec. 25. Ihe body of Frank II.
Jlonls, tho murdered auditor of thu wat dc
partmtnl, was brought here today from Wiwliltu;
ton, be-liif accompanied by the widow and on of
the deceased. Ilrief (mural services were held
lu the chapel at Lukeiiew cemetery.
Will Be Printed in Compact and
Handu Pamphlet Form with
That Is to Say, One Immense Pub
lishing' Concern, Owning Its Own
Paper Mills, Ink Foundries, Ma
chine Shops, News Service and
Plenty of Labor-Saving Machin
ery, Will Have Duplicate Plants
in Many Cities and Control the
Newspaper Field So Bays tho
Publisher of the London Daily
By Exclusive Wire from The Associated Press.
New York, Dec. 25. Alfred Harms
worth, editor and proprietor of tha
London Dally Mall, who Is a passenger
on the Teutonic, due In Now York to
morrow, has contributed to the Janu
ary number of the North American Re
view an article on what ho calls ths
"Simultaneous 'Newspapers of the
Twentieth Century." Mr. Harmsworth
expresses the opinion that in spite of
all the progress that has been made
In the development of newspapers
hitherto, we are still merely at the
fringe of journalistic development.
Mr. Harmsworth takes exception to
the hopelessly clumsy shape of tho
ordinary newspaper. "With the news
paper of the whole civilized world be
fore me," ho stiys, "each week I look
In vain for any great and Impressive
stroke of originality or daring. We
still cling to the clumsy and awkward
shape In which our newspapers are
issued, and the man who has attempt
ed to manipulate one of them on a.
windy day will best, appreciate the
force of my remarks. By the use o
Improved machinery It would be possi
ble to issue the newspaper of the fu
ture in what Is obviously its proper
form a small, portable and neatly in
Power of tho Press.
Tito power of tlio press is not what
It used lo be, is Mr. Harmworth's
opinion. This, ho says, Is especially
tine of Kngland, where the editorial
or leader, which was formerly read
and quoted by nil men of intelligence,
is now scaicely glanced at. Tho great
cry Is for news.
Mr. Harmsworth pays a high trib
ute to the prcs-s of the United States,
as being, in one respect, far in ad
vance of Ihe press of his country.
"The question," he says, "what to
put befoie the qublic and In what
manner to place It before them Is one
that calls for tho keenest acumen and
best Judgment on the part of the news
paper director. Heie. undoubtedly,
tho press of the United States Is in
advance of that of Great Britain.
The Instinct that tells what is news,
and how the public will best take it,
is not given to every writer. There
Is a great art in feeling the pulse of
Journals of tho Future.
Predicting what the journals of tho
twentieth century will be, he rays: "t
feel certain that the nuwspaper oC
tho twentieth century will bo drawn
into the vortex of combination and
centralization. In fact, given the
man, the capital, the organization
and tho occasion, there seems to be
no reason why one or two newspapers
may not presently dominate great sec
tions of the United States, or almost
the whole of Great Britain. In other
words, wheio there are now a multi
tude of papers, good, bad and indif
ferent, there will then bo ono or two
great journals. The method by which
such journals would be established
would be precisely those employed in
the formation of the ordinary trust.
Possessing Its own cables, wires, dis
patch boots and special trains, tho
simultaneous newspaper concern,
would soon have its own paper mlll.i,
printing ink factories, machinery
shops and the like.
"Tho simultaneous newspaper would
represent a standard of excellence
which has never beforo been attained:
and with Its vast resources It would
be ablo to carry out on an unprece
dented scale enterprises outside of tho
strict newspaper Held,
Influencing Public Opinion.
"Mr. Pulitzer's wonderful stroke of
journalistic genius In connection with
tho bond Issue. Mr. Hearst's successful
nppeal to the people on tho war issue
between tho United States and Snaln
and tho work of British newspapers
In connection with tho South African
campaign go to show what can bu done
In tho direction of Influencing publlo
opinion even under existing circum
stances. Imagine, then, the Influence
which would be exerted If an over
whelming majority of the newspapers
In the United States spoko with the
samo voice, supported the samo prin
ciples and enunciated the samo policy,
Such a state of things would bo a ter
ror to evildoers nnd to tho supporters
of anything Inimical to the common
wealth." Mr. Harmaworth Is strongly of tho
opinion that tho newspaper fehould not
be partisan ,ln u political sense, but
should endeavor to represent tho will
of the people,
m 1 - -
Washington, Dec. 23. r'orecait for
eastern I'rniuyhanla: Fair Wednesday
and Thursday; probably preceded by wiow
Wednesday moinius In uoitheru poitlon;
colder in northern portion; fieili west
tt -f-r-f -r t ttii
, -iiMjiit ,'