The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, October 13, 1900, Page 10, Image 10

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All His Predictions of Calamity
Have Gone Wrong.
Pacts and Figures from Official Sources Show That No Faith
or Reliance Can De Placed in a Single Promise
That Bryan Makes to the People.
' Four yeais ago, when he was mak lng his canvass for tho presidency,
TVIIIInm J. Bryan, In a manner truly terrifying, pictured to his audiences
the disaster which he suld would befnll the nation If free silver was repudiat
ed" at the polls. Ills predictions were alarming and pessimistic. They stirred
rhe people deeply. Some believed they would come to pass. Hut a majority
doubted, uml the advocates of a sound monetary system wore victorious at
tlio elections.
Today Mr. Uryan la making prophecies In thp same spirit of recklessness,
and with the same dlsicgard und Indifference to Hie possibility of their ful
fillment that ho did In 1S06. He again Is endeavoring to f tighten tho country
with gloomy pictures of the future of the republic If he Is nor elected. He
tried to bamboozle tho people four years ago; he Is trying to do It now.
Tho history of the last four years shows him to have been a false pro
phet In 189(i. Hero arc collated many of the most startling predictions
which he made during the last presidential campaign. First Is his pro
phecy; then comes the showing how It has been fulfilled. All the statistics
and data used are taken from olllctal documents and reports, therefore they
arc accurate and absolutely correct.
Fiction and Fact As to Prices.
bome of the an of flnmcr I may s.iy .ill
tho great h of finance me cciUin In
their opci.itlon .iml tcs iirisl-liblo in their
force ai the Ian- cf tcrav itntiou. It jou throw
n stone into the ,ilr .ion Know It will eome
rkiun, WliiV IScdine It is ilr.ivvn tovv.inl
the center of the tattti. The law upon
which we Imm' in V.;ht is as sine as the law
of Ki.nilatiuii. It we h.ivc .1 Jtolil
anl, ricrs me rn ccitm'n tu full as the
clone which in tliiowu Into the air. Kioin
tin Address dellwuil to fanners in Newton,
la., Aug. 9, lS'Jii.
'Iowa Is one of the gi cutest corn
growing states In the Union. In 1S0S
the average price which the Iowa
farmer received for coin' on the farm
was 14 cents a bushel lu 1S97, the
first year of President McKInley's ad
ministration, the price lose to IV cents;
In 1898 It jumped to 2J cents, and In
1S99, the last year for which official
figures have beer compiled, It was 23
cents. In 18. wlirn Mr. Bryan made
his address In Newton, the average
price of corn on the farm thioughout
the United States was 21.." cents; last
year ' was 30.3, an Increase of 41 per
cent, r -
Since 1894, one of the hardest years
of the terrible panic which followed
the election of a Democratic president
and congress, to 1899, the average price
of wheat on the farm throughout, the
United States has gone up from 49.1
cents a bushel to 58.4 cents, an in
crease of nearly 20 per cent. Oats,
since 1S96, have prone up from 1S.7 cents
a bushel to 24.9 cent's, an average In
crease of 33 per cent. During the tour
years of the administration of Presi
dent Cleveland the average price of
wheat on the farm was 31.1 cents; dur
ing McKInley's tetm It has been 67.5
Wool of the x quality was sold in
New York for 17.5 cents per pound in
July. lSflC. Since that time it has in
creased steadily until in July, 1900, It
btought 36 cents a pound.
Another way of showing how prices
of farm products "have fallen under
the gold standard" is to give a simple
statement of the lullng prices of farm
staples on Juno 1, 1896, nnd Juno 1,
1?O0. Tho following table gives these
I'arm Products,
Com No. 2
Wheat No. 3
(iiadc Quoted.
. .Nc. 2 in hlnrc
.No. ,i sptinK
. Xn. 2 In stoic
.No, 2 In Moic
.Tail to trow! malting ..
Potatoes liulce Puili.tnl;
Hay No. 1 Timothy
Flawed No. I X. V
niiltcr dummy tlitts
thirtc Pull ciiMin, choice ....
lave hogs Heavy paikln?
Live rattle Ilutihci t-tc lib
Shrep Westell)..
Clover need 1'rline contiact
Cotton Mlthllinc uplands
Wool Tub wished
Ilrnnm turn Si'lfvvejiMiiK.fiiii' tu Komi
Hopi tt. Y. State ihouc ....
Millet fci'd ,,, (toman
I'ssn t'irst-t, strictly fiesli ..
NOI'i: The nbove aie Chicago market nuolull
aie New uik quotations.
Hut this is not all of tho story. Tho
aggregate value of tho corn, wheat and
oats crops In 1896 was $931,095,000; In
IBM It was $1,15,444,000, This moans
that tho growers of these cereals ob
tained $281,349,000 more for their crops
on account of the advance In prices
under the gold standard administra
tion of President McKlnley than they
got- In 1896.
Farmers also nte obtaining mora
money for tholr live-stock us these fig
ures will fihow;
Jan. 1, 1897. Jan. l.looo.
Total. Total,
, $152,8 I,SIW .t;ikJ,lHS0,0l2
, H2,:i0J,OrK) 111,717,002
, S0a,23fl,001 514.S12.10a
, o07,W),121 t;MMN),200
117,020,012 122,603,01.1
, 100,272,770 , 215,723,000
91,033,111,013 $2,283,375,113
Millrj 1
Cows ,
HogSi ,
To appreciato what this meaiiB to
every Individual stock owner, note tho
change In the average price per head
of each class of animals;
Jan. 1, 1R97.
Doric $31,31
Utiles ,.,,. 41.00
Cows ,,...,,.,.. 2.1.18
Cattlo ,,,,,.,,,,. 10,63
Khwp ,,,, ,, l.M
liogl 4.10
Jan. 1, 1000. lnc.l',0.
$11,01 4.1
fU.50 2'J
31.00 30
21.07 50
2.W lit
1.00 22
j And what has silver been doing all
'this tlme7 Hb average price per ounce
during tho first three years of Cleve
land's administration was 68.9 cents.
The average price per ounce during the
first three years of McKInley's admin
istration was only 59,6 cents. And
thus, contrary to Mr. Bryan's economic
reasoning, silver has gona done while
wheat and corn hayo advanced In
Btyan's "Hard Times" Story.
If wt re defeated lo this ctmpalgn, there il
, 'nothing before tho people but four year mora
t lurder (lia'ca suet greater agitation. from
a pceeh made in Baltimore, Mil., by Mr.
Uijiin, Sept. It), lSOO."
Wane earners know tint while a Rohl stand
ard iales the pinrhnsln power of tho dollar,
It alv, 111, it more tlifllcult to obtain pes-wsj-lon
ot the dollar; they know that em
ployment is le.s permanent, lo of work
note prob.ible, 11 ml reemployment less cer
tain. Kiotn .1 speech made In Madison Square
ti.irelcn, ,Vew York, by Mr. Diyan, Aug. 12,
'Ihe Rohl standard means clearer money;
dealer money means cheaper property;
cheap r property meant) harder times:
harder times means more people out of work;
mole people out of work means more people
destitute Ki 0111 an adthess to the women of
Minneapolis by Mr. Iiryan, Oct. 12, ls!Hl.
The following is an excerpt from a
signed article published In New York
January 1, 189S, by Samuel Gompers,
president of the Ameilcan Federation
of Labor, and a Democrat:
"That terrible period for the wage
earners of this country which began In
1S93 and which has left behind it such
a record of horror, hunger, and misery,
practlcallv ended with tho dawn of the
year 1897. AVages had been stendlly
forced down from 1893 till toward the
end of 1S95, and It was variously esti
mated that between two million nnd
two and a half million wage earners
were unemployed."
The following is a quotation from the
leport of President Gompers at the
convention of the American Federation
of Labor held In Detroit on December
11, 1899:
"The lovlval of Industry which we
have witnessed within the past year is
one for general congratulation, and it
should be our purpose to endeavor to
prolong this era of more genera! em
ployment and Industrial activity. In
this effort no power is so potent as or
ganized labor, If we but follow a right
and practical course.
"It is beyond question that tho wages
of the organized workers have been
Inci cased, and in many instances the
houis of labor either have been re
duced or at least maintained.
"Tho report which your officers are
enabled to submit to this convention,
so far as the growth and progress of
our movement during the past year are
concerned, Is of a most gratifying
June 1, lS'Jii.
:i 2.'t
June J, 1000.
7. no
ISO 00
Itii-h. I
100 pounds
UK) pounds
KN pounds
UK) pounds
ILHI pounds
oils except in case of cotton and hops
Mr. Oomper's statements comprise
tho most positive contradiction of Mr.
Bryan's prophecies regarding the mis
ery and destitution which labor would
Hiilfer In the event of tho election of
McKlnley In 1S96, but n few figures will
omphaslzo still more how fulso a pro
phot tho Democratic nominee for pres
ident Is.
Since Mr. McKlnley beenmo presi
dent artisans and journeymen every
where have received Increases In wages
from 5 to 40 per cent. Reports made
by national und International unions In
April, 1900, show, among others, these
specific; udvances In wtiges In 1899;
Bricklayers, stonemasons, bollor
inukors, Iron shipbuilders, bookbinders,
coro makers, electrical workers, meat
cutters, 25 per cent; bicycle workers
nnd upholsterers, 20 per cent; locomo
tive engineers, pattern makers nnd
printers, 30 per cent; mine workers and
muchlnlsts, 40 per cent; coll hoisting
engineers, 50 per cent; seamen, 33 per
cent; brewery workmen, bakers,, boot
and shoo workers, lace curtain opera
tives, carpenters, stationary flremen,
'longshoremen, leather workers, tin
plate workers, trunk makers and wood
workers, ID per cent; cotton spinners,
22 per cent; broom makers, brlckmuk
ers, blacksmiths, coopers, clgarmakers,
locomotive flremen, horseshoers, iron
mojdera metalworkers, papermakers,
tailors, tllo layers, railroad laborers,
waiters and cooks, 10' per cent; glasB
bottle blowers, 8 per cent; Iron, steel
and tin workers, 17 per cent; street
railway employes, 12 per cent; textile
workers, 12 per cent; stage employes,
300 per cent.
But substantial Increases In wages
wero,obtalned also In tho yeurs 1897
and 1893 by many of the classes of
labor mentioned In the foregoing. In
1S97 bricklayers and stonemasons,
horseshoers, 'longshoremen and ma
chinists received advances of 10 per
cent; leather workers, J5 per cent; mlno
workers and potters, 12 per cent: and
many others from 3 to 8 per cent. In
1898 some of tho increases were ns fol
lows! Bicycle workers, bollerrrmkers,
Iron shipbuilders, brewery workmen,
bookbinders, conl hoisting engineers,
horseshoors, printers, street railway
employes, trunk makers and upholster
cis, 10 per cent.: bricklayers, stone
masons, locomotive engineers and
coremnkers, 12 per cent; electrical
workers and mine workers, 25 per cent;
stationary engineers, 20 per cent;
leather workers, mnchhitBts and pat
tern makers, 15 per cent; tobacco work
ers, wood workers and carpenters, 8
per cent.
Bryan's Tight Money Scare.
A ffold slnnil.ird eneoiirajfes the lionrHlnn ol
money because money It rllng. From Mr,
llrjnn's Madison Square Garden speech, Mg,
12, 11(90.
This Is how money has been ''hoard
ed under the gold standard." On Aug
ust 1, 1890, tho totnl money In circula
tion In tho United States was $1,514,
903,142, or $21,18 for every person In
the country.
On July 1, 1900, tho money In circula
tion In the United States reached the
enormous aggregate of $2,002,425,9 IG,
nnd this remarkable Increase came
about without tho "free und unlimited
coinage of sliver." This Is nn Increase
In tho total circulation, since Mr.
Hrynn made his prophecy In Madison
Square Garden, of $347,500,000, or more
than 33 per cent; and nn Increase from
$21.18 per capita to $20.78 per capita.
That Is to say, for every man, wo
man and child in tho whole country,
there was on July 1, 1900, $5.00 more In
circulation than there was when Mr.
Hrynn predicted thnt there would be a
contraction of tho circulation.
How Industry was Paralized.
A roM stindaril c1leourn;;e.s enterprise and
p.tralj7cts Industry. Prom Mr.'3 Madi
son Squire Harden speech, Aug. 12, lSOO.
Tho most accurate barometer of bus
iness conditions which is accessible in
other than census years Is tho clearing
house returns. These indicate as cor
rectly as Is possible tho volume of bus
iness done In any particular section of
the country nnd In tho whole country.
Mr. Bryan said that the "gold standaid
discourages enterprise and paralyzes
business." But does it? Just look at
these figures:
In 1896, the year of tho Bryan-Mc-Klnloy
presidential contest, the clear
ances In all the clearing houses In the
United States aggregated $51,935,651,733.
The flrst year of McKInley's adminis
tration 1897 they were $34,179,545,0:!0;
tin' next year they jumped to $63,921,
820,769, and last year they reached the
prodigious total of $S8,909,601,776, an in
crease In three years, of 37 billion dol
lars. To put it another way, 75 per
cent more business was transacted in
1S99 than In 1S9B, or In 1895, and double
the volume done in 1894.
Another index of how "business was
paialyzed" Is found in the traffic of
railroads. In 1S96 these transportation
companies carried 773,868,716 tons of
freight. In 1898 they carried 912,973,S5S
tons. (These figures are the latest ob
tainable). Not only did the' traffic in
crease tremendously, but the nverago
rate for transportation dropped from
82 cents per hundred tons per mile to
76 cents, within the two yeais men
tioned. How Bryan "Beggared Millions."
Pavings bank depositois know that under
a itolcl btandurd theic is increasing clanger
that they will Icvsu their deposits because of
the inability of banks to c.ol!eet their ussels,
anil they still further know that if tho cold
M. iiul. ml is to continue Indefinitely they
may be compelled to withdraw their deposits
in older to pay living expenses. 1'ioin Mr.
llryan's Madi-on Squaio Garden speech Aug.
12, lS'lG.
We have arrn.ved against us those who de
siio to lessen the olumc of money .so that
they cm coiner it more easily. Piom a
6peech delivered in Youngttonn, O., by .Mr.
liijan, Oct. 10, ISM.
If we adhere to a gold standard we will
brcrprar millions more and double the burden.,
of every burden-bearer in the I'nlted Mates.
Fioni n speech delivered in Anderson, Ind.,
by Mr. Uryan, Oct. 21, 1800.
Not only have depositors in savings
banks not lost their deposits, as Mr.
Bryan predicted they would, but they
have Increased them to a truly mar
velous extent. In 1896, 98S savings
bunks bad on their books the names of
5,065,194 Individual depositors whose
aggregate deposits were $1,907,156,277,
or an average of $376.50 for each de
positor. In 1899, 9S7 bunks reported 5,687,818
depositors with $2,230,360,954 on deposit.
That means an increase In tho number
of depositors of more than 600,000, and
an increase In deposits of $323,210,677.
Furthermore, while tho depositors
have grown In number the average de
posit bus Increased from $376.50, In 1896,
to $392.13, In 1899.
These figures mean that for every
man, woman and child in the United
States there was on deposit in tho sav
ings banks this does not Include na
tional banks nnd trust companies $29.
21 last year, iib against $26.68 In 1896.
Moreover, the savings deposits of tho
wage earners of this country are more
than double those of any other people
on earth.
'How Business Men Were Ruined.
H Is only nccrksary tn note the imrraalni;
number of falUitctt In older to know that a
cold f-tumlai J Is ruinous to meieliants and
manufacluiers. 1'rom Mr, llryan's Madison
Square tpcecli Aug. 12, ISM,
Never In the history of tho United
States, except In tho years 1880 and
1SS1, wns thcro such a small number or
percentage of business failures as there
wits In 1899. In that your tho number
of failures was 9,337, tho lowest since
1883, when It was 9,184. The total
amount of liabilities last year was $90,
879.8S9, which was tho lowest In any
year except tho two years designated.
Compare with this magnificent record
tho record of 1890, or 1895, or 1893.
In 1896 there wore 15,088 failures, with
$226,096,834 liabilities; In 1895 the num
ber was 13,197, with liabilities amount
ing to $173,196,060, and in 1893 there
were 15,242 failures with $346,779,889 lia
bilities. "Ruinous to merchants nnd manu
facturers," said 'Mr, Bryan, Let us
see, In the first place, ono of tho best
Indications of tho conditions of this
class of business men lu the size of
their bank accounts. For business de
posits tho national banks arc used al
most exclusively by merchants and
manufacturers. In 1896 the deposits In
all the national banks of tho United
States were $1,6S6,000,000 The year
following McKInley's election they In
creased to $1,768,000,000; In 1898 they
amounted to $2,078,000,000, and In 1899
they Jumped to $2,605,000,000, un In
crease of nearly one billion dollars In
three years, which means that the
business men wero that much better
off last year than they wero In 1896.
Another demonstration of the falla
cy of Mr. Bryan's prediction Is found
In tho figures showing the exports of
manufactured products during the
jubi livu ycuis. Ill 10UO, IIIU VUIUC o I
the manufactures sent abroad was
1228,571,178, nnd this amount has been
nearly doubled since. In 1899 there
wag $338,675,558 worth of this class of
exportatlons, and for tho fiscal yenr of
1900 tho grand aggregate was $432,284,
3C0. Tho total exports of all kinds of
domestic merchandise In 1900 were
valued at $1,370,476,158, ns against $863,
200,487 In 1890, and $79.1,392,599 In 1S95.
Thus ngnln Is Mr. llrynn proved to bo
a false prophet.
How Gold Went Abroad.
Our opponents cannot Irjnore the fact that
irolil Is now going abroad In spite of all leu
Islatlon Intended to prevent II, nnd no silver
Is being coined to take Itn pl.ue. Not only
l gold going abroad now, but It must con
tinue to bo abroad as lon rw the present
financial policy Is adhered to, unlc-ci we con
tinue to borrow from across the ocean, and
even then we simply postpone the evil, be
cause the amount borrowed, together with
the Interest upon It, must bo paid In appre
ciated dollars. There Is only ono way to
stop the Increasing flow of gold from our
shores, and that Is by the restoration ot bi
metallism. 1'rom Mr. llryan's Madison Square
Garden speech, All?. 12, 1S90.
When Mr. Bryan made this prophecy
gold was leaving tho United Strftes at
tho rato of six and one-half million
dollars a month. During 1896, the to
tal exports of this precious metal
amounted to $78,904,612; the preceding
year they wero $30,117,376, nnd In 1893,
tho first year of President Cleveland's
administration, they reached $86,897,
275. But tho tide turned as soon as a Re
publican administration returned to
power. Instead of exporting gold, we
began to Import It, Under the chnnged
business conditions, the restoration of
confidence and of Industrial prosperity
following McKInley's election, Kurope
began to send Its gold to the United
States. In 1897, $44,609,841 In gold came
to this country from abroad, which
meant a net balance over the preced
ing year of about $123,000,000 In our
Tho following year 1S9S $104,S6S,476
In gold was sent to tho United States
from foreign countries, and last year
the amount was $51.42S.099. Thus In
tho first three years of McKInley's ad
ministration gold to the amount of,
$200,906,418 was Imported to the United"
States, while during Cleveland's ad
ministration $200,091,92S was sent
abroad from this country.
Furthermore, instead of this country
borrowing In order to keep gold here,
American financial institutions have
loaned nearly one hundred millions of
gold to Germany, Sweden, Great Brit
ain and other European nations within
six months. Now York has become
the financial center of the world, and
several foreign governments are pre
paring to float heavy loans here.
In Spite of Bryan's Prophecy.
I acrt the risht of the people of this
country to have their own financial .sjstcm
and to legulale (licit- own affaire, and if
foiclgu people do not want to loan money
to uri under those conditions wc will Inve
the consolation of knowing that the condi
tions will be so favorable that we soon will
have money to loan them. I'loni a -pecdi
delivered in Lincoln, Neb., by Mr. Btyan,
Sept. 8, 1800.
There Is a prophecy which has been
fulfilled, though not In a manner that
is pleasing to Mr. Bryan. Tho Repub
lican party has enacted new financial
legislation, and to use Mr. Bryan's own
words, "Wo have the consolation of
knowing that wo have money to lonn."
We are loaning money to foreign
countries, nnd Russia has been think
ing of borrowing something like $150,
000,000 from us. But free silver did not
bring about this wonderful and grati
fying change. It was the gold stand
ard. How He Made Farmers Suffer.
Under a rjold standaid fanners cannot pay
their moi Images, and simply have to lose
what they have Inu'stcd. From a. speech
delivered In llenton llaibor, Mich., by Sir.
Uryan, OU. 10, 1SU0.
In Jlr. Bryan's own state, Nebraska,
the value of mortgages which wero re
leased or canceled in 1S98, the second
year of McKInley's administration, was
$27,488,070, which is $9,300,000 greater
than the value of mortgages paid off
In 1896.
Instead of farm lands depreciating In
value, they have appreciated tremend
ously. On this subject tho American
Agriculturist recently said:
"Agricultural real estate Is now
worth $1,220,000,000 more than It was a
single year ago; tho percentage of
farms occupied by owners Is now
larger than ever before, while tho
number of farms under mortgage has
materially decreased.
"The amount of mortgages on farms
occupied by their owners Is estimated
at about $300,000,000 less than at tho
beginning of the decade. Mortgages
now average only about 27 per cent of
tho value of the farms they are on,
the rate of Interest has declined, and
the great bulk of mortgages now in
force were incurred to buy the farm or
to improve It."
The Debtor Became Creditor.
Wo arc the greatest debtor nation on caith.
Kioin a speech delivered in Anderson, bid.,
by Mr. Do an, Oct. 21, IStKl.
Open our mints, ftivo as the double stand
aid, und then we will st.un! as the mistress
of tho world's commerce. Hiom n speech de-
nvereu in .Minneapolis uy ,nr. uryan, uce. n,
The United States Is now the great
est creditor nation on earth, and has
becomo so since President McKlnley
was Inaugurated. From March 1, 1897,
to March 4, 1900 that Is, In three years,
tho excess of American exports over
Imports represented a value of $1,153,
537,049. In other words, that wns tho
balance on tho credit sldo of Uncle
Sam's ledger during tho flrst three
years of tho present administration.
From 1790 to March 1, 1897107 years
tho excess of exports over imports was
only $383,028,497.
Thus In three years tho United
States, under the administration of
President McKlnley, exported four
times ns much as during tho entire
period preceding It from the founda
tion of the republic.
The United States Is capturing tho
markets of tho world. Kurope, Asia
and Africa are buying American man
ufactures nnd farm products In con
stantly Increasing quantities. They
are sending over their gold In tho set
tlement of trado balances,, and then
borrowing It. During the fiscal year
of 1900 alone tho excess of American
merchandise sold abroad over tho
amount purchased there reptesented a
value ot $545,000,000.
Tho Philadelphia Times, a Demo
cratic newspaper, recently printed tho
following under tho caption, "Ours Is
Now the Best Credit In the World":
"Tho credit of the United States Is
higher today In all the markets of tho
world than that of any other nation.
Wo have ceased to be a debtor nation
and havo becomo largely a creditor.
Today our national bonds command
higher prices than tho securities of any
other country. We have had a very
pointed nnd positive Illustration of tho
character of our national credit In tho
recent award of nn Kngllsh lonn of
10,000,000 pounds sterling. More than
half of those securities wero awarded
to American subscribers.
"This Is it revolutionary departure) In
tho flnnnclal attitude of tho United
States, nnd places ua In tho forefront
of tho credit nations of tho world. Tho
bonds of tho United States yield only
from two nnd one-half per cent down
to its low ns ono and one-half per cent
to the holders, while the English bonds
so largely taken by United States bid
ders, yield over three and one-half per
"Without "opening our mints to tho
free colnngo of silver," wo not only
lmvo become tho mistress of tho
world's commerce, but wo have ceased
to bo a debtor nation, nnd have be
come tho greatest creditor nation In tho
An Object Lesson in Japan.
When they toll you that the mo of silver
degrades n nation, you point to Japan. Japan
has a silver standard, Japan uses silver and
has made wonderful strides in the last
twenty years. 1'rom a speech delivered In
Stanislaus hall, Chicago, by Mr. Uryan,
Oct. 20, 1S00.
Japati is now operating under a gold
stundard law, and tho benefits result
ing from tho change from a silver
basis havo been most marked, Scarce
ly had the echoes of tho discussion of
1896 died away before Japan decided' to
adopt tho gold standard, and the new
law went into effect October 1, 1897.
Tho beneficent results following this
change In that nation's monetary sys
tem are told In a recent official state
ment made by Count Matsukata Masa
yoshl, tho Japanese minister of Btate
for finance. That official said:
"Since the adoption of the gold
standard, our currency has been freed
from constant fluctuation In Us ex
change rate, to which It was subject
before. Business transactions were
made safe; nnd Improvement in credit
took place In the community at largo;
prices became more constant; In a
word, tho way was opened for the
steady and orderly growth of our com
merce and Industry.
"The beneficial results of the coinage
leform Is seen In another direction.
Now that the capitalists of the gold
standard countries have become as
sured that they will no longer be In
constant danger of suffering unexpect
ed losses from Investments made In
this country on account of fluctuations
In the price of silver, they seem to
show a growing tendency to make
such Investments at low rates of In
terest. "So far as our trade with gold stand
ard countries is concerned, our adop
tion of the gold standard has proved
to bo a source Of great benefit. Again,
concerning our commerce with sliver
standard countries, contrary to the
gloomy prospects indulged in by some
critics, our trade with those countries
has not ceased to make a steady
"Since our adoption of the gold
standard, our government bonds have
been sold in no small amounts in the
European markets, so that their names
appear regularly in the price list of
the London Stock Exchange.
"We believe that the beneficial ef
fect of our coinage reform on our for
eign trade has already been great, and
wo do not notice any material evil in
connection with it. Besides, our adop
tion of tho gold stundard has made it
easier for our country to enter into tho
economic community of the world at
largo so that henceforth it will become
practicable for us to invite capital
from other countries to be Invested in
our country. We conclude, thefore,
that the effect of the coinage reform
upon our foreign trado has been bene
ficial without a trace of evil."
Since 1896, Russia also has adopted
tho gold standard, and the results
there have been of the same beneficial
character as in Japan. Peru followed
with the example of Russia and Japan
and so did Costa Rica and Equador.
Now nearly all the South American re
publics are operating under a gold
standard law.
How Gold Deserted Us.
fiold fs airogant and tyrannical in time of
peace, nnd it deserts any nation in time of
war. 1'iom a speech delivered in Indianapo
lis, Ind., by Mr. Uryan, Oct. 6, Jb96.
Tho stock of gold in the United
States has Increased enormously since
Mr. Bryan's nomination In 1896. On
July 1 of that year, the gold in this
country, including tho coin and bullion
In the Treasury department, was $399,
597.961. By March 1, 1900, tho end ot tho third
year of President McKInley's adminis
tration, It had nearly doubled, the
amount being $1,025,825,162.
Since Mr. Bryan made this statement
tho United States has been engaged In
u foreign war, and did gold desert us
then? No! It came pouring In from
all the world.
In 1898, tho year ot the war with
Spain, tho gold that was sent to this
country from abroad amounted to $120,
402,195, while only $15,533,719 was ex
ported, leaving a balance In our favor
of $104,868,476.
On July 1, of that year, tho stock of
gold In tho United States amounted to
almost $900,000,000, nn increase since
Mr. Bryan's nomination of $300,000,000,
nnd since July 1, 1897, an increase of
$200,000,000. That Is how tho precious
metal deserted tho American people In
tlmo ot war.
Does not all this 'show that Mr.
Bryan Is a false prophet?
No One Visits In That Country Until
Sent For.
From tho Interior,
Ono never becomes so well acquaint
ed with tho Chinese that ceremony may
bo dispensed with. It Is possible that
there may bo Informal visiting among
vor.v old friends nnd neighbors, but it
Is hardly concelvnble. Willi mere ac
quaintances tho visit cannot bo paid
until one is sent for; then a cart ar
rives more or less splendid, according
to tho position of the hostess. If sho
happens to bo poor the vehlclo will bo
shabby In tho extreme tho mule by
which such a cart Is drawn, gaunt nnd
aged, tho driver fllthy and In rugs.
If Its owner Is a woman of wealth,
the vehlclo will bo curtained nnd
cushioned with fine blue or purple
cloth, nnd there will bo In attendance
not only tho woman servant, but two
haughty outriders mounted on Chinese
ponies. Tho woman servant is sent In
variably to accompany the guest, since
no well-bred woman In China ventures
Into the streets alone. Ono of the stig
mas attached to tho reputation of the
present dowager empress Is a tradition
that, when a girl, she once went out
upon tho streets alone and bought a
certain ktnd of cake of which sho was
very fond.
It Is something of nn art for a for
eigner to take, her seat gracefully and
comfortably iti a Fekln cart, and there
nro those who do not think that It can
be done at all. A succinct rule has
been given by ono who should be nn
authority: "Tumble In nnd fold up."
All Chinese houses are concealed
from the street by hlfrh, blank walls.
On either sldo of, tho entrance am tho
stables and tho apartments of the gate
keeper nnd the other servants. Near
tho door of tho court a Btout, well-'
groomed mule Is frequently hitched to
nn Iron ring In tho wall the animal
which the master of the house rlden,
or hitches to his cart, nnd which,
throughout China everywhere, takes
precedence of tho horse.
If the hostess and her dnughtor-ln-law
are not waiting to receive the
guest, there Is certain to bo a hnlt
dozen women servants, and tho family
will bo waiting In the court bevond.
They are arrayed In tholr best npparel,
gorogous silks beautifully embroidered,
the hair elaborately dressed unci
adorned with flowers and gilt and sli
ver pins glittering .with Jewels.
If they aro Manchus their feet will
bo unbound, tho hair arranged upon n
board about fourteen Inches In length
and four In width, attached to tho back
of head; and the long, loose 'outer gar
ment, renchlng to tho knees, will bo
black, with bands about the throat and
sleeves of dark or light blue. Chlneso
ladles wear a much shorter outer gar
ment, gayer In color, with wide draw
ers of blue or bright green The hair
Is dressed In n queer little (curved loop,
which Is thought to accord with their
dwarfed feet.
The guest the mother-in-
law flrst, then the other ladles, and she
Is welcomed with the Chinese mode of
handshaking placing one closed hand
upon the other and moving It up and
down. If the children have been
brought out for Inspection as usually
happens they aro drawn up In line
and greet the visitor with a pretty,
graceful courtesy. As a rule, Chinese
children nro extremely attractive
they aro so quaintly dressed, In such
fascinating little gowns, jackets and
trousers, that suit their dark skins and
bright eyes admirably.
A Chinese household Is a community
of which tho parents are the head,
over which tho mother rules with an
iron rod. Each son must brine his
wife to his mother's house upon his
marriage, and he must remain there
with his growing family. Until she Is
fortunate enough to give birth to a son
the position of the daughter-in-law is
that of an upper servant, and fre
quently It Is one of the utmost misery.
When guests are received she must re
main quite In the background; she can
not speak unless she is addressed, and
cannot sit in the presence of her
mother-in-law until she Is told to do
The best of the houses front the
south, and these, of course, are occu
pied by flie mother-in-law. She lias
usua ly a suite of several a partments,
a reception, dining and bed room.
These are separated by handsomely
carved screens, but tho door Is simply
paved with brick or stone, and it Is
not oven covered with matting. This
is trife of the emperor's palaces as
well as of the houses of the common
people. The floor is seldom clean and
is made the repository of all manner
of rubbish. When a visitor Is expect
ed, however, there Is a good "ridding
up," and both the floors and the court
yard are carefully swept.
In the reception room a handsome
table is placed against the wall oppo
site the door, with a stiff-backed chair
on either side, and there are cabinets
filled with costly bronze and porcelain.
In the bed room a k'any or oven bed
takes up fully half the space, and up
on this, when not receiving, the host
ess spends much more than half her
time. She sits on It to sew, to eat and
to gossip and at each end of the k'any
are carved wardrobes containing her
Tho dining room is shut off from the
reception room by a solid wall, al
though under tho same roof, and It
must be reached by going out of doors,
along the flagging protected by the deep
overhanging eaves. Its furnishings are
a high, square table, with two or more
stiff, polished, straight-backed chairs,
side tables for the serving of the many
dishes which constitute a feast, and
upon the wall Inscriptions In Chinese
characters, with other decorations.
At the door the hostess steps aside
and entreats her guest to enter; to be
polite she must flrmly refuse, entreat
ing her guest to precede her. This
controversy must be prolonged for
some time, when, of course, the guest
enters flrst, as was intended. She is
then conducted ( to the "honorable
place," the chair at the right of the
table, which she must refuse, urging
the hostess to occup it; another lengthy
controversy must follow, ending by tho
guest seating herself In tho "honorable
Pipes aro then brought In, and If,
being a foreigner, the guest declines
to smoke, the hostess also foregoes
tho pleasure of her accustomed Indul
gence. Presently tea Is brought tho
most exquisite, ethereal beverage that
could be imagined served without '
sugar or cream, clear as amber, fla
vored with (lowers; it is like sipping
tho breath of June. With the tea
aro served delicate little cakes, orna
mented with vermlllion spots, not un
llko little round sponge cakes, und
delicious sweetmeats, candied fruits,
red fruit marmulado pressed Into hot
sirup, .If tho guest wishes to bo very
pollto sho must make a good deal of
nolsa with her lips oh sho sips her tea
and cats her sweotmiats, for this
shows that tho refreshment Is ap
preciated. Very few Chinese women, even those
of high rank, are educated. ' The great
majority can neither read nor write.
Hemmed in by tho walls of tho'cottrts
which they seldom leave, tholr range
of ideas Is naturally very limited, It
Is difficult, therefore, for oven foreign
ers who understand tho language to
converse with them, thny havo so few
topics lu common.
The guest will bo asked her ago flrst
of all: for with tho Chinese It Is not
considered rudo to ask the most point
ed, personal questions. The older she
Is tho more admirable will she seem In
tho eyes of her entortnlners, for youth
In China Is not entitled to much re
spent. Tho hostess will thdn want to
know If her parents are living, how
many brothers she has nnd how many
sisters, and from this the transition
to tho question of dress is easy nud
natural. Any peculiarities In tho vis
itor's toilet will be noted; her jewels,
rings nnd brooch will bo closely ex
amined, her lace and ribbons admired,
and .sho will be asked If her gown was
made by a foreign tailor.
All that she possesses will bo ex
travagantly praised, while the poor be
longings of tho entertainer will ba
correspondingly dUpnrnged. When tho
visit draws to a 9I039 tho hostess will
insist upon accompanying the visitor
to te outer court; this sho must bo
implored not to do, the guest Anally
submitting and shaklngliands Chlneso
fashion, by way of returning the civ
ility of thoso who thus dismiss her,
after which she clambers Into her cart
und flrlves away,
I lmlLi
New Discovery By
Tho Misses Bell
A Trial Treatment FREE To An
One Afflicted With Hair on Face,
Neck or Arms
Wrt hfirn At lftt mitrln ftin Aimrnvmrm 1
which has baflled chomlit nnd nil other
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lug mi perilous Imlr, root nnd brsnon,
entirely uml permanently, nnd tbut toe
without ImpnirliiK In any way tbo flnut
or most Bonaltlvo ikln. It la scarcely
pimlhlo to overstate tho importance of
thU discovery, or tho great good and tatli
f not Ion it will bo to those ufiUctod with
ono of tho most clIafltTUring nnd Bffgrnrnt-
nut nionnnncH timior mpeniiiovis natron
tho fnco ot women, whether It bo amua-
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Tho Mlfwa Dell hve thoroughly tested
Its oflleuey und aro detlrou that the full
morltsor their ticntmont to which they
hnvo irlvon tho tlosorlptlvonamo of "KILL-Af.t.-liAIH"
slmll ha known to nil nflllcted.
To this ond 11 trlnl will bo sent free of
churKOg, to any Imly who will write for It.
Without n cent of cost you can see for
yourselves whnt tho discovery ii; the
ovlilenco of your own eoiiecs will then
cnnvlnco you that tho treatment "KILL-Ar,f,-IIAIl(,"
will rid you of one of th
Krcnti'St ilrnwhuck to porfect lovcllnee,
tlio itrnwth of superfluous hair on the face
or neck of womon.
l'lento untlorstnud that n personal demon
stration of our treatment cost you
lintlilug. A trial will bo sent you free,
which you can ueo yourself nnd prove our
claims by sondlng two Btnmpe for innlllag.
78 & 80 Fifth Avenue, New York
The niise Dell's Complexion Tonic la
harmless liquid forcitoninl application to
tlio skin. It removes entirely nllfrccklcn,
moth, blnckhenili, pimples, nnd tan, and
cures entirely actio nnd eczemn. and
licniitillua tho complexion. Price 8100 per
bottle, thrco hottlcs (usually required to
clenr thecompliixion) S2.7A.
The nissec Bell's Capllln Renava is a
jiroparatlon for niituiiilly restoring gray
locks to their orlpflnnl color. CapiUa
Ifciiovn Is really a HalrFood, and strength
ens und invigorates tbo hair in n nnturel
wny, nnd thus restores Its original color.
The Mioses Bell's Skin Food is a toft,
creamy, oxiiuisitoly scented ointment, for
mild cusos of roughness, redness, pimples,
etc.; Is a cure In Itself. Is nn excellent
retlrlnir cremn Price 75 centa per Jnr.
The Misses Bell's Lambs' Wool Soap Is
runic from purnoll of Lumbs' Wool. Price
X" contf per cake.
A comploto line of above exquisite
preparations aro always kept in stock, and
ran ho bid from oi'r local niteut.
Fast Time to
CIAL" leaves Chicago 6.30 p. m.
daily, via Chicago-Union Pacific and North
Western Line, arrives Portland, Oregon,
afternoon of third day. No change of
cars; meals in Dininjj Cars, Buffet
Library Cars with barber. Tourist
Sleepers daily. Personally conducted
excursions every week. The best of
everything. The Pacific Express leaves
10.30 p. ra. daily. Call on any agent
for tickets or address
401 Broadway, - Ntta Yorkl
1SS Vint St., Cincinnati
S07SmlthfldSt Pllttbura
!3 Sjptrlor St., Clmtland
nCampus-Nartlua, Dttrolt
601 Cla'l St.,Philadllphla
888 Waihlngton St., Boston
301 Main St., - Buffalo
112 Clark St., Chicago
111 t
Manufacturers or
436 to 455
N. Ninth Street,
Telephone Cull, 2333.
Restore Vitality, Lost Vigor and Miabood
Cure Impotoncy. Nlelit Kmlsslons, Loss of Mom.
ory, 1111 wnsunc diseases,
all effects of rolf.abtiso or
oicois und indiscretion.
A nervo tonlo and
blood builder, Brings
tho nlnk alow to nnlA
cbttoks and rcstoics the
tiro ur youth, uy mall
.fiOa nop liriT. (1 Immn for
83.50, with our bankable naurantea to our
or refund the money paid. Send for clrculaf
mm copy 01 our oanicaujo euurauteo bono.
Nervita Tablets
Immediate RtiulU
Positively Riiarantoed care for Loss of Power,
Varicocele, Undeveloped or Bhtuukoa Organs,
i'aresls, Locomotor Atuiln, Nerrous Frostre,'
tlon, Hysteria, Fits, Insanity. Paralysis ana to
liesults of Kicosiive Use of Tobacco, Opium or
Liquor, By mall in ulaln packago. 81.00
box, 6 for So.00 with our bankable guar
antee bond to cure in 30 days or refund
money paid. Address
Clinton A Jackson Sts., CHICAGO. ILL.
Bold by McOarraU & Thomas, Drug.
Blot,, 209 Lackawar-ra ave., Bcranton, Ft,'
These tlipy (Jul
noout eulence, uHcetlaa
. wUcb .0
-," vr
'-, ..