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THE SCBAttTON TRIBUNE WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER !i3, 1896.
AQIce it Unsuccessful Presidential
IHB DISAPPOINTED ASPIRANTS
Bat Few liive Outward Sign of
Blasted Hopes-Most of Thrm Re
sumed Their Old Lives, and Sonic
Sought Other nud Much Smaller
From the Globe-Democrat.
The name of Bryan has been added
to the list of defeated presidential can
didates, a list which proves in a strik
ing manner how short-lived is political
repute. Many of the names thereon
have already 'faded from popular mem
ory, and those that still hold a place
In people s minds couw ue cuumuu on
tho llners of one's hand. To this
class heinous Aaron Burr, who in 1MW
was defeuted tor the presidency py a
hair's breadth. Indeed, Burr came
nearer to the presidency without reach
ing it than any other man save Til
den, but he is best remembered as the
politician who slew Hamilton, and later
plotted unsuccessluliy to create a great
empire in the Southwest, of which he
should be monarch. Thereafter he was
for several years an exile In Europe,
and during his last days practiced law
In New York, dying at such an extreme
old age that men are now living who
knew and conversed with him.
For more than a generation Burr
Was an Ishmaelite among h:s fellows,
and he carried his hatreds with him
beyond the grave. His doubtful tri
umphs with women are well known.
Among the papers which he placed at
the disposal of his literary executor,
Matthew L. Davis, were a great number
of letters, almost every one of them
from women whose standing in society
was good, and some of them members
of families of great social prominence.
Many of these women were dead. Some
of theih had left happy families A
tew were still living. Most of the let
ters, while beginning the series In
terms of endearment iind affection,
ended them with pitiful charges of be
truyal and desertion. When It became
known that Davis possessed these let
ters publishers in New York and other
cities offered him large Bums of money
for them, but he was more merciful
to Burr's victims than was Burr him
self. He returned as many of tho let
ters as possible, and the rest he burned.
Years before, Burr, on.tlie eve of his
duel with Hamilton, bad committed
these letters to his own daughter, The
odosia, bidding her. In case he fell, to
do with them what she chose. rimrlov
Weed used to say that there were ih
neendanta of Burr livlnsr in New York
city who had no idea that Burr was
their ancestor, for he hnd two daugh
ters by a woman with whom he board
ed, and for whom In his old age he
Seems to have had some pity, for he
undertook a lawsuit for her by which
Bhe secured property enough to live at
least In comfort. Burr died In ISM,
and was burled by the side, of his
father in Princeton, N. J.
George Clinton did not permit his de
feat for the presidency to end his pub
lic power In state and national pulltles,
and was governor of New York after
he had served as vice-president.
De Witt Clinton also took his defeat
by Madison with the calmness of a
rage. In after years he carried to a
successful Issue the construction of the
Erie canal and became governor, dying
suddenly, as so many men who have
been governors of New York have done.
The public career of Hufus King may
be said to hnve ended with his defeat
by Monroe In 1816, and the same was
true of William H. Crawford, who had
been a national figure for nearly a
quarter of a century, resigned his seat
in the senate soon after the election,
went back to his home In Georgia, und
In order to support himself secured an
election as judge of probate, dying in
that office a few years later.
On the other hand, the nfter career of
Henry Clay, who was also an unsuc
cessful candidate for the presidency In
1824, is still a household word. He
Served for many years In the cabinet
and senate and remained until his
death the Idol of his party. Defeated
by Jackson In 18:18, he was cheated out
of the Whig nomination In 1840. and It
was his own fault that he was not
elected when he was unanimously made
the standard bearer of his party four
years later. Clay's last appearance In
public life was In lSud, when at the age
of 74 he canceled his vow of retirement
and returned to the senate to carry
through the famous compromise meas
ure, which hu vainly hoped would set
tle the slavery question once and for
all. When his bill was under discus
sion in the Semite, although olu and fee
ble, he persisted in speaking two days
in advoency of his plan of settlement.
Crowds of people came to Washington
from a distance to hear the winsome
and fascinating orator make this last
and greatest effort of his life. When
his speech was done admirers rushed
upon him to thank him, and a multi
tude of women kissed him wjth effusive
tears. Cloy died during the following
Calhoun, who. during the debate Just
referred to, also addressed the senate
for the last time, nlthough never like
Clay a formal candidate for the presi
dency, was still for many years an
eager aspirant for the oflice, and It was
the understanding when Jackson was
elected In 18-S that he should serve one
term, and then vice-President Calhoun
should be promoted as his successor.
But William H. Crawford, who held
Calhoun chielly responsible for his de
feat In 1824, from his retirement on tho
Georgia bench, wrote a letter in which
he stuted that In Monroe's cabinet Cal
houn had proposed that General Jack
son's conduct in the Seminole war be
made the subject of Inquiry, and If tho
charges against him were found true
he should be punished with severity.
IBs letter was used so adroitly bv Van
Huron that the friendship of the presi
dent for Calhoun was changed to vin
dictive and Implacable enmity. From
that day Calhnun was doomed as the
successor of Jackson, and Van Buren
became the favorite. Suve for Craw
ford's letter, it is safe to say that Cal
houn and not Tan Buren would have
been chosen president In 1836.
DID NOT SURVIVE DEFEAT.
The brilliant lawyer and orator, Wil
liam "Wirt, who was one of Jackson's
opponents in 18n2. died within a year,
and Huth L. White and Willie V.
Mangum did not long survive their de
feat by Van Buren in 18.16. Van Btiren,
after his crushing overthrow by Har
rison In ls4ii, retired to his home on
the Hudson and devoted the ensuing
four years to active maneuvering for
the Democratic nomination in 1844.
There is little doubt that again he
would have been the candidate of his
party In the year Just named had It
not been for the fact that Calhoun,
seejng that an opportunity hnd come
to gratify the resentment caused by
Van Buten's defeat of his own candi
dacy, entered Tyler's cabinet and han
dled the Texas question with such Bklll
that Van Buren was forced to so com
mit himself that he lost Southern sup
port, and with it the" nomination for
.the presidency. However. It was the
often-expressed opinion of William H.
Reward that Van Buren never com
mitted but one fatal error In politics,
and that was when, nursing resent
ment at his failure to secure the nom
ination In 1844, he permitted a wing
of his party to nominate him as a hope
less candidate In 1848, thereby entailing
just what was intended to be entailed,
the defeat of the Democratic candidate,
Van Buren's public career ended with
the campaign of 1848, but .he lived
for many years in honored and delight
ful retirement, dying In 1862 at the ripe
age of "it.
That line old Democrat, General
Cass, was never sreater than In the
hour of his defeat by General Taylor
in 1848. He looked upon himself mere
ly as the representative of his party,
and took his defeat with perfect com
posure and without resentment. It
was the party which was defeated, and
not Cass, the man. In his opinion, und
the simple dignity with which, after
having served for a time In the cab
inet of Buchanan, he retired from pub
lic life to his home In Michigan, was
a beautiful indication of the man's
real creatness. Nor was General Scott
a less engaging figure after his de
feat by Pierce in lxf2. His disappoint
ment was no outward sign of It. "Frank
Pierce," said ho, when he heard the
news, "was a good soldier with me In
Mexico, and he ought to nmke a good
president." And then he went quietly
about the discharge of his duties as
commander of the army, which post he
continued to hold until a short time be
fore his death in 1862.
THE FREE SOIL PATRIOT.
John P. Hale, the free soil candidate
for president In 1832. Is now almost
forsotten, but In his- time he played a
largo part In public affairs. The ven
erable Galushu A. Grow told me not
long njo that he considered Hale one
of the most brilliant and useful men
who ever served in the federal senute.
"Hala hud been four years In the sen
ate when I first took my seat In the
house." said Mr. Grow, "and there was
no one more feared by tho Southern
senators than he. A big. rotund, good
natured man. In the art of totally de
molishing the long and labored argu
ment of an opponent with a timely an
ecdote or Jest, he had few equals. A
few years before the repeal of the
Missouri compromise Senator Slldell
introduced a bill In congress appropri
ating some $20.1100,000 for the purchase
of Cuba. General Cass mude an elab
orate speech supporting the bill, on the
grounds that it was dangerous to have
a dependency of a foreign power so
near our shores as Cuba. Hale fol
lowed. 'Consistency,' said he, 'hus al
ways been a crowning jewel In the dia
dem of the senator from Michigan. He
favors the annexation of Cuba because
Its proximity Is a constant menace to
our welfare, when every night of bis
life, when he Is at home' General Cass
lived In Detroit 'from tho window of
the room In which he sleeps you can
throw a stone Into the possessions of
her Brlttanic mujesty.' Thus In two
minutes he destroyed the effect of Gen
eral Cuss's three hours' argument."
Hale knew there was no chance of
his election when he ran for president
as the candidate of the free sollers in
1S52, nnd hence cherished neither re
sentment nor disappointment nt his
defeat. He served in the sennte for
some years and then was sent as a
minister to Spain. He went Into re
tirement In Now Hampshire after his
return from Spain, and his death, when
it came1, so completely hnd he been for
gotten, was dismissed by the news
papers with n paragraph.
No defeated aspirant for the presi
dency ever had a more checkered after
enroer than th.it of John C. Fremont,
Buchanan's rival in 1856. His mlHtnry
career ended In misfortune nnd person
al chagrin, and the ill will which he
bore Lincoln led him In 1S64 to accept
a nomination for president tendered by
n so-called party which met In con
vention in Cleveland. However, Fre
mont's good sense was sulllclent to
tench him that his candidacy could
only imperil the Union cause, nnd In
September. 1S64, ho announced his
withdrawal from the field, "not to aid
in the triumph of Mr. Lincoln, but to
do my part toward defeating the elec
tion of tho Democratic candidate."
After the war Freemont plunged into
business enterprises, but he was not a
good financier, and few of the argosies
which he put afloat ever came back
to him. He died in poverty in New
York city eight years ago,
Seward's presidential ambitions van
ished when the nomination which he
coveted went to Lincoln, and Breckin
ridge and Douclas were the other
wr"cks left on the shore by the political
storm of I860. During the war, the for
mer commanded a confederate army In
the Held and served for a time in
Davis' cabinet, but his heart was never
In the secession movement, and when
It was overthrown he felt that his ca
reer was ended. He went back to Ken
tucky, expecting to take up the prac
tice of law, but did not live long after
he retired to private life. Dougluss,
when the war opened, was prompt and
outspoken in support of the Union, and
hud he lived he would probably have
been one of Lincoln's most valued ad
visers. But he had been ailing for
more than a year, and the mighty
strain of the canvass of 1SG0, coupled
with grief at the hopeless rupture of
his party, undermined his constitution.
He sank rapidly, and when It was evi
dent that his day was ending he sent
for bis sister to come and nurse him
during his last hours. After his death
the manifestations of respect revealed
the mighty hold which he had upon
his party und the admiration his great
opponents had come to feel for him
because of lila sidendld stand for tho
Union. No oart of Douglass' life so
well became him as its clone
After the campaign of 1SGI General
McClellan emerged but once ftom his
self-sought retirement. In 1877 he was!
nominated for governor by the New
Jersey Democrats nnd elected. This
was the only political otllce he ever
held, and when hi term was over he
returned to his pleasant home In
Orange, where the balance of his life
was spent. Ho died some ten years
ago. Horatio Seymour survived for a
dozen years or more his crushing de
feat by Grant in ISM, but thereafter
took small, if any, part in public af
fairs. Horace Greeley died less than
a month after the election of 1ST2. H,s
death, however, was not due to disap
pointment n.t hi failure to rtuch the
presidency he bad known for weeks
that the titlr had set strongly against
him but to the exhaustion of the cam
paign, followed as it wns by the t.:;dr
nursing of his wife, who fell I'd r..id
died a few weeks before election i ay.
The strain was too great, insniviiiii
seized him with all its horrors, and it
seemed to those who knew him as if
he, realizing that he had dangerously
strained his physical and mental pow
ers, save up at once without making a
struggle for life.
Tilden In 1876 accepted the loss of the
presidency with perfect composure. If
ho hud personal disappointments or
nourished resentment no one knew it.
Within a month after the seating of
Hayes he carried through an Impor
tant business enterprise which added
millions to his already large fortune.
A little later he bought a beautiful
place on the Hudson, and, dividing his
time between that and his city home in
Graniercy iiark, spent his least years
In peace and serenity, surrounded by
books and by men of highest cultiva
tion. General Hancock wns never heard to
repine at his defeat by Garfield in 1880,
and Blaine within a week of his defeat
four years later, was haru at work on
the second volume of his "Twenty
Years of Congress," giving no token of
disappointment at the outcome of the
canvass, which had brought him with
in 1,000 votes of the presidency. Cleve
land, as soon as is first term In the
white house was ended, settled dewn to
the practice of his profession In New
York city, and, nlthough he permitted
his lnbors to be broken In upon by po
litical Inclination and the desire for a
renomlnation, probably made more
money during the ensuing four years
than at any other period of his life.
While In 1893 Harrison, follow-In Cleve
land's example, at once went back to
his law books and to his old place as
leader of the bar In Indiana.
Why let that house stand vacant
when a want ad. In The Tribune will
THE MISTAKE OF
How the War Lord of Germany Ac
IS OVERBEARING AND INTOLERANT
Gcrmnu Rulers Quietly Dcvisiug
H'cnsurcs to Curb tho Emperor's
Usurpation of Their Powers- 'I he
(German Confederation ."Wore shaky
Now Than at nny Previous Time.
From the New York Tribune.
The other day when Emperor Wil
liam had concluded the ceremony in
Germany always regarded so solemn
of administering I he so-called "Fahne
neld," or oath of allegiance to the lias,
to several thousand nrir.y recruits ut
Kiel, with one of his customary grand
iloquent speeches, in w hich he inveigh
ed as usual njrninst the foes beyond
the frontiers of the Empire, as well ns
nun Inst the enemies within Its Iwiun-
I dories, he singled out a stolld-looklng
recruit from the ranks, nnd, having
ascertained that he was the son of a
Bavarian farmer, proceeded to ques
tion him In the presence of the entire
headquarter start with regard to the
uddrtss which he had Just delivered.
"And who are tbe foreign foes, my
son?" he Inquired, with that atlocta
tlon of paternity toward his troops
which was so touching In old Emperor
William, but which la somewhat ridic
ulous in his youthful grandson.
"The Russians and the French, Your
Majesty," replied the recruit.
"And who are the enemies within the
empire?" proceeded to ask the emper
or, expecting, of course, that the man
would say that they were, the Social
ists. "The Prussians, Your Majesty," an
swered the man, without apparently
renllzlng that he had said anything
wrong or impolitic, and merely giving
a frank utterance to the sentiments
In which he, like all of his countrymen,
had been brought up.
This incident Is thoroughly charac
teristic of the present situation in Ger
many, and it may safely be asserted
that at no moment since the great war
of 1870-71 has tho cohesion between the
various states constituting the federa
tion known as the German Empire been
so Impaired or the anlmority against
Prussia so universal. This animosity
is no longer confined to the middle and
lower classes as formerly, but now
pervades the official and military cir
cles, and even the various reigning
fnmilles, to a degree that must consti
tute a source of serious alarm to those
who have the welfare of the empire at
heart. At the same time It must be
considered ns fortunate that there Is
no longer a Prince Bismarck at the
helm, since he would doubtless consid
er the present state of affairs sufficient
ly critical, from a Gorman point of
view, to warrant the declaration of an
other war such as that of 1870, de
stined ns wns the latter to cement the
bonds of union between Prussia and
her German allies.
AGAINST THE KAISER.
At the present moment there Is not
one German court of any Importance
which la not Imbued with sentiments
the reverse of friendly to Prussia. Thf
young Grand-duke of Hefsa, who until
a few months ago was content to fol
low blindly In the wake of his cousin
at Berlin, has now turned away from
him, nnd Is reported to he organizing
a cabal of the sovereigns of the non
Prussian Ftntes of the Empire, destined
to curb the authority nt present cen
tered in the hands of the emperor.
Prompted, It Is believed, by his sister,
tV czarlne, and her husband, the czar,
with whom he Is on terms of the great
est Intimacy, he argues, not without
reason, that Inasmuch as the federal
suite are not vns3nls, but allies, of
Prussia theyshouldenjoyasmuch voice
as the latter In such Important matte's
as the selection of an imperial chancel
lor or the conclusion of treaties and
alliances In the name of the German
empire. It may safely be averred thnt
there Is not a single non-Pruslan statj
of the federation whicti does not feel
mortified and disgusted at the manner
in which its prestige and fair name
hnve been besmirched In connection
with the recent disclosures of Prince
The governments of Bavaria. Wurt
eml erg. Baden, Saxony, Hesse, Meck
lenburg, Oldenburg, etc., now learn for
the first time through these astound
ing revela'tlons that during the flist ten
years of the Triple Allinnce, which
bound the German empire by the most
solemn nnd sacred of ties to an offen
sive and defensive alliance with Aus
tria and Italy, and which wns avowedly
elmed gainst Russia ard France, the
Berlin Foreign office had, unknown to
any of them, been guilty of concluding
in the name of the German Em. Ire a
secret treaty of alliance with liussia,
which was to n'l Intents and purposes
directed against Austria, nnd in Hag
rant contradiction then fore to tlio
terms of the tripartite agreement.
Bound us a:-e the reigning families of
Ba.voTla, Wurtemberg and Saxony by
terms of tho closest blon.l relationship
to the Imperial house of Hapsburg. it
may safely be taken for granted thnt
none of them for a moment would have
glvjn their consent to the Husso-ller-man
trentv. so treacherously conclud
ed In their name, but without their
knowledge, against Austria.
As matters stand now, tho chancel
lor of tho German empire, who speaks
nnd acts r.ot alone in the name of
Prussia, but in that cf every one of the
federal states of the empire. Is select
ed and appointed by the German em
peror without any reference whatever
to'hls brother sovereigns, and takes his
orders from lilrn alone, uncontrolled, at
any rate us feir as foreign relations
are 'concerned, even by the Imperial
legislature or by the federal council.
Ami to v hat extent the federal states
have confided in the past the conduct
cf their foreign affairs to the Imperial
chancellor may be gathered from the j
fact that Prince Bismarck had induced j
nearly every one of them to withdraw I
their les-atliois and missions from I
abroad, und to I nt r ust the representa
tion of their dipln::;-tic Interests to the
German ambassadors, who received
their appointments from the emperor
and their Instructions exclusively, from
the imperial chancellor. Prince Bis
marck had even succeeded In Inducing
most of the foreign governments to
withdraw their legations from the
courts of southern Germany nnd to con
centrate the representation of their
diplomatic Interests In Germany In the
hands of their envoys at Berlin. Both
Russia and France are now taking
steps to repair this error, and for the
first time in many yenrs French and
Russian envoys are being once more ac
credited to the minor German courts,
and those' legations reestablished which
were maintained with such care by
Napoleon III, so that henceforth the
governments of Hesse, of Wurtemberg
of Bavaria, etc., will deal directly with
those of France and Russia, and carry
on their diplomatic relations with the
lntter without any reference to, or con
currence of, the imperial foreign office
It will readily be seen how powerful
a blow this constitutes against the uni
ty of the German empire, and It may
safely be taken for granted that the
non-Prussian monarchs of the confed
eration, whose patriotism as Germans
is ahove suspicion or reproach, would
never have resorted to a measure so
extreme had they not felt that the In
dependence of their own states, the best
interests of the latter, political as well
as economic, and above all their fair
nnme, were endangered by leaving any
longer In the Impulsive .'nd erratic
young kaiser in unrestricted control of
the destinies of the empire as a whole.
This restoration of Independent dip
lomatic relations between non-Prussian
states of Germany and the various
foreign powers, notably - France and
Russia, may be regarded ns the Intest
of what may be described as "Par
ticularism" on the part of the Southern
Germans. Every om t the readers
of The Tribune will recall the sensa
tlonul episode at Moscow lust spring
when, at a banquet given by the Ger
man colony to the German royalties
present ut the coronation festivities,
the chairman having proposed the
health of Prince Henry of Prussia and
of "the princes In his train," Prince
Louis, heir-presumptive to the throne
of Bavaria, arose from his seat in vio
lent anger, exclaiming that neither he
nor any one of the German princes
present formed part of "Prince Hen
ry's train," that they were "not vas
sals of the German emperor, but allies
of the King of Prussia" on "an equal
footing," and "every bit as independ
ent in their sovereign prerogatives and
rights ns the emperor."
These utterances, which were receiv
ed with manifestations of enthusiastic
approval throughout all non-Prussian
Germany, and which have never yet
been officially recalled or disapproved,
were preced.-d by the refusal of the old
Prince Regent of Bavaria, two years
! previously, to respond to the Invitation
to meet the emperor at Met, on the
I ground that he had no Intention what
I soever "of parading on the esplanade"
of that great fortress ns if he wen; ' a
mere orderly officer of the King of
i Prussia." On another occasion when
the emperor passed through Munich a
rienf ear was turned to his intimation
that he would like to review the Ba
varian troops. Nor can the Prince Re
gent be blamed In tho matter. For a
lew months ago. when the emperor, on
Invitation of the King of Saxony that
tine old veteran of the Franco-German
war, and one of Its most successful
generals reviewed the Saxon army
near Leipzig, he so far forgot what wns
due to his venerable ally and hospit
able hurt ns to publish In the "Imperial
Gazette" at Bcilln a ge.iernl order ad
dressed to the king's brother, Frinoa
George, who, as Held marshal, com
manded the parade, expressing his
gratification nt the manner In which
tho prince hud trained and led "my"
troops. Strong remonstrances were nt
once addressed bv the court of Dres
den to the emperor concerning this un
warranted piece- of presumption and
discourtesy, and a tcvt days later Wil
liam wns compelled to publish another
communication in tho "Imperial Ga
zette" In the form of a letter address
ed to King (leorare himself, In which
he warmly congratulated the king on
the magnificence of his that is, the
DISCOURTESY AT CANAL OPEN
ING. At tho time of the grand opening of
the Baltic canal. Emperor William in
sisted on heading the procession of
ships through the new waterway alone
on his yacht, leaving tho kings of Sax
ony and Wurtumberg. nnd the other
German sovereigns Invited to the cele
bration, to follow in another yacht In
his wake. Severul of them, his majes
ty of Wurtumberg among the number,
were so much unnoyed by this piece of
discourtesy that they departed without
wnltlng for the termination of th' fes
tivities, or without taking leave of tho
emperor. The relations between Stutt
gart and Berlin have since been of the
most freezlngly cold description, while
the state of the Intercourse between
William and his uncle, the grand duke
of Baden, Is best shown by the fact
thnt the emperor alone among nil his
family was not Invited to take Bny
part In the recent celebrations at Carls
ruhe In honor of the silver wedding of
the grand duke and grund duchess, al
though he was In the neighborhood of
the capital of Baden nt the time. The
grand duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerli.
who Is married to u Russian grand
duchess, has never made any attempt
to conceal his pronounced aversion for
Emperor William, and has Invariably
refused to take part in any of the grand
functions at the court of Berlin, al
though the emperor, with that lack of
discretion nnd tact which H one of his
main characteristics, has on several oc
casions invited himself to Ludwlgslust.
In conclusion It may be mertloned
thnt the emperor Is in conlllct with his
allies on many questions of dnr.-estic
policy, economic ns well ns admlnls
tratlvc one of the most ncute points of
Issue being his nttempt to Introduce
the obnoxious Prussian methods of
military Judicature in southern Ger
many, and to render all military trib
unals throughout the empire subject
to himself as a generalissimo of the
Imperial army. As every man In Ger
many between the ages of 20 nnd (iO be
longs to either one branch or another
of the army, and ns such Is amenable
even for offenses committed ns a
civilian to military tribunals. It will
readily be seen that this pretension on
the part of William constitutes a grave
Infringement of the sovereign rights
of the non-Prussian statfs.
Tho result of all this has been tho
transfer of the center of tho gravity of
the Old World from Berlin to St. Peters
burg. Strong neither at home nor
abroad, Germany Is now compel! 'd to
take a second scat In what Is known as
the concert of Europe. Bereft of Its
foreign alliances, which will scarcely
survive tho recent Bismarck revela
tions of the trickery of the Berlin for
tign office, with opiji disunion nnd
enmity between the states of th con
federation, and with the Socialists rap
idly n (lull ing nn alarming preponder
ance In the Impei ial parliament, tho
condition of Germany Is such ns to give
ground for serious reflection to that j
most restless of all monarchs. Emperor i
William, who. on asking hid pallor bro
ther. Prince Henry, the other day. what
he could do "to astonish the world," re
ceived the following reply: "Remain
nub t Just for one week, and every one
will be dumfounded."
HOW THEY V.Mti: CIIOSEX.
Bcvicw of a Century's Presidential
l-:ieclion--IIou the l.lcctoiul Col
leges ; nvc Uccordcd Tlicir Voles.
March 4, 1S97. the day on which Will
l!nm McKlnl.-y will asumo the duties
of the presidency, will bo the 100th an
niversary of tho day on which John
Adams, second president of the United
States, succeeded to tho hirh position
filled theretofore by General George
Washington. Adams had served dur
ing the previous clsht years as vice
president, but while General Washing
ton had at both elections received the
unanimous vote of the electoral colbge
for president, Adams had opposition
for second 'dace.
Previous to the election of 1301 each
elector voted for two candidates for
the presidency, the one receiving the
highest number of votes. If n majority,
was declared elected president, and th
next highest vice president. At tho
first election Adams received !i of the
60 electoral votes, tho rest being distri
buted among 10 other candidates, of
whom John Jay was the next highest,
receiving 9 votes. In 17;2 Adams hail
77 of the l'"2 electoral votes, while
George Clinton had Go, Thomas Jeffer
son 4 and Aaron Burr one.
In I'M, when Adams was a candi
date for president. Thomus Jefferson
was hlB opponent, nnd so close was tho
contest that Adams was only success
ful by a vote of 71 to 6S. Two "stray
votes, one from Virginia and one from
Kvrth Carolina, won him the presl
uzhcy. Jefferson succeeding to the vice
presidency. Four years later he was
again the Federalist candidate, but
factional divisions in his party, togeth
er with popular dissatisfaction over the
alien nnd sedition laws and the in
creased taxation caused by prepara
tions for a probable war with France,
led to his defeat. He received 65 elec
toral votes, while Jefferson and Aaron
Burr were tied with 73 votes each. The
election was thrown into the house of
representatives, and after a Ions; and
bitter struggle1. Jefferson wns chosen
president and Burr vice president.
In 1804 Thomas Jefferson and George
Clinton were elected president and vice
president "ver Charles C. Plnckney
and Rufus Kins by tho overwhelrr.lnrr
electoral vote of It:? to 14. Four years
Utter James Mudi-sun und Geer,;e Clin
ton defeated tbe same two Federalist
candidates by 122 to 47. In IS 12 James
Madison bad Elbridge Gerry for his
running mute, and they won over De
Witt Clinton and Jared Ingersoll. but
Madison had 3 votes less than Gerry
und Clinton as many more than Inger
soll. Rufus Kim was James Monroe's
opponent In 116, and D. I). Tompkins
was Monroe's colleague on the ticket.
They won by a vote of 1,3 to 34.
When Monroe rnn the second tl:ne. In
lSiD, he had practically no opposition,
receiving 231 electoral votes to 1 for
Ji'hn tjuincy Adams. Vice President
Tompkins was ic-elocted i.H'est as un
animously. In 1S21 John C. Calhoun
was elected vice president, but th.'re
was no choice fir president. Andrew
Jackson had W votes. John Oulncy
Adams M. William H. Cm w ford 41. and
Henry Clay ."17. The election went, for
the second time, to the bouse of repre
sentatives, and Adams won. receiving
the votes of IS states, while Jackson
had seven and Crawford four. Four
years after Jackson ami Calhoun de
feated Adams and Richard Rush. For
president the vote stood: Jackson. 17X;
Adams. .S3. For vice nresldent. Cal
houn. 171; Rush, S3; William Smith. 7.
Jackson got square with Clay, too,
four years later, for the deal which
elected Adams in 1S2I. lie hail 219
electoral votes to 111 for the Kentucklan.
while the anti-Masonic vote was 11 for
John Floyd and 7 for William Wirt. In
IKK Martin Van Buren received 170
electoral votes. The Whigs divided
their strength, William Henry Harri
son having 73 votes; Hugh L. White,
26; Daniel Webster, 14, and W. P. Man
gun, 11. For vice president. Richard
M. Joli!if n bad M7 votes. Francis
Granger. 77; John Tyler. 47 and William
Smith, 23. No candidate Ind n ma
jority, nnd the senate elected Johnson.
He received 33 votes to 10 for Granger.
In 1S40 "Old Tippecanoe, nnd Tyler,
too," bent Van Buren nnd Johnson by
3"4 to 60 for Van Buren and 4S fbr
Johnson, L. W. Tazewell receiving 11
votes and Janu s K. Polk one vote for
V Ice president. But in 1S44 the Demo
crats elected Polk and Dallas over Clay
and Frelinghuysen, by 170 to PC There
wns another swine; of the nendlum In
ISiS, and Zachary Taylor and Millard
Filmore, Whigs, bent Lewis Case and
W. O. Butler. Democrats, by 1fi3 to 127.
Martin Vnn Buren nnd Charles Francis
Adams. Free Sollers. like James G.
Birney, the Liberty candidate in 1S40
and 1S44, did not break Into the elec
Franklin Pierce nnd William R.
King. Democrats, defeated General
Wlnlleld Scott and William A. Graham,
Whigs, lu 1S:.2. by 2.VI to 42 a regular
landslide. John P. Hale and George
W. Julian, Fre-o Democrats, carried no
states. Millard Fillmore and A. J. Don
elson. Americtrs. were more fortun
ate ns third pnrty candidates In IK.'iS,
receiving eight doctoral votes. But
James Buchanan and John C. Breckin
ridge defeated John C. Fremont, "the
Pathfinder," And William L. Dayton,
by 174 to 114.
IN LINCOLN'S TIME.
In lSfiO came the memorable contest
between Lincoln and Hamlin, Douglas
and Johnson. Breckinridge and Lane,
and Bell and Everett. Lincoln received
ISO votes; Breckinridge 72; Hell. 39, nnd
the "Little Giant" only 12. Abraham
Lincoln and AndrewLlncoln and An
drew Johnson, in ISM. hnd 212. votes to
21 for George B. McClellan and George
If. Pendleton, but states entitled to til
electoral votes were In rebellion and
were not represented in the result. In
l 6S Genernl Ulysses S. Grant nnd
Schuyler Colfax were elected over Ho
ratio Seymour and Francis P. Blnlr,
Jr., by a vote of 214 to 20. States en
titled to 23 votes did not participate
In the election.
The elections of 1S72 and 1876 were
both memorable, tho first by Its great
electoral majority for Grant and the
latter by the cluseness of the vote be
tween Rutherford B. Hayes and Sam
uel J. Tilden. In 1S72 Grant and Wil
son hnd 2S6 electoral votes. Tho states
carried by Horace Greeley and B.
Grata Brown. IS; Charles J. Jenkins, 2,
nnd David Davis. 1. Seventeen votes
were enst blank. For vice president B.
Gratz Brown received 47 votes, George
AS'. Julian and A. H. Colquitt, S each;
John M. Palmer, sound money Demo
cratic candidate for president this year,
and Thomas K. Bramlette, 3 each, and
W. S. GroeHbeolc, Willis B. Machen and
Nathaniel P. Banks, 1 each. This year
marked the first appearance of the Pro
hibition party In National politics. It
was named Temperance, and James
Black was Its candidate.
The great troubles consequent upon
the election In 1N78 need no ro"ltal
They were ended by the decision of the
electoral commission, which gave
Rutherford H. Hayes nnd William A.
Wheeler IS.", electoral votes to 1S4 fur
Snmuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hen
dricks. Peter Cooper nnd Samuel F
Cory were the Greenback candidates!
nnd Green Clny Smith and G. T Stew
art bore the Prohibition banner.'
In IS.10 James A. Garfield and Chostr
A. Arthur had 2!4 and Gn. Wlnfleld S
Hancock and W. II. English 1'.".. There
Were three ntlu.r tl.ti-,.,.. I v... n..n
r ..... 1111 "em
James B. Weaver and H. .1. Chambers,
wrceiieucic;.cni i;ow ami 11. A. Thomp
son, Prohibition, and John V,'. Phelps
and S. P. Pnmphiv a , ...i.n .. ir.
years later GroverCli Vfla-id und Tanni
ns A. Hendricks had 219 votes ond
.Tames G. Blaine and .b,!,n A. Logan W
John 1. St. John nnd William Daniel.
Prohibition, nnd Gen. 15. F. Butler nrd
. m. v, est, i.recnuocK, carried no
.States. Benjamin Harrison and Levi
P. Morton, in Issjt, had 2.33 eVctoral
vot-.s to K.S for (irover Cleveland nnd
Allan G. 'i'hurnian. Then, were no 1, -ss
then six other tickets, but only Clinton
B. Flsk nnd John A. Brnol. Prjiiibi
tion, and A. J. Street, r and E. E. Cun
ningham, I nlon-Lnbor. received any
popular vote worth mentioning, of
course, nie had electoral voti s.
In 1?:'2. for th- firs-t time jinco "S,n.
mor" Man two paities were represented
in the electoral college. G rover Cleve
land and Aillal K. Stevens n had 277
votes: lienjaniin Harrison and White
law Rcid. and James li. Weaver
and James 5. Field, Populist. 22. these
last being tho result of Democratic and
Populist fusli ns. John Bid will hikI
James P.. Cranfill were tin- Prohibition
candidate:?, and Simon Wing and C. II.
Mntchett. fr'otlal Labor. The vote f . r
the latter was only 21.191.
MaJ r McKlnley wili be the twenty
fourth President of tho United Statis.
lie U the nineteenth elected directly to
that ol.'ic?. John (jylncy Adams was
chosen by the House of Representa
tives, and John Tyler. Millard Fillmore.
Andrew Johnson and Chester A. Arthur
went from the Vice-Presidency to
the Presidency. Washington, Jefferson,
Madison. Monroe, Jackson, Lincoln.
flrnnt nnd flev.ln ,i.l v..i.r. .
but Cleveland Is the only man who has
served tivo terms that were not con
secutive. SMALLEST IX THE WOULD.
The Finest Ilicyvlfs Arc Owned in
Thp Fmnllort known Idoydo In tho
world or rather tho pinallest pair of
Meyclcs. are , owned by the famous
Count Mapri,' of R mo, who Rained
fame and incidentally a fortune by
marrying the widow of Tom Thumb.
Th count Is exactly thirty Inches In
heipht and Ills spouse is two Inches
shorter, tor some time have been fa
miliar to Human citizens, riding: in tiny
carriage drawn, by two diminutive
Shetland ponies. The turnot wns a gift
from Queen Victoria.
The count and his wife Rot the bicycle
craze and gave nn order for twj nia
chines to a Boston firm of manufactur
ers. The weight of the wheels is ten
pounds each, and the diameter of the
front and rear wli?els Is ten Inches.
The machines cost $250 apiece, and are
built for rough work. It is no unusual
thing for the count to wheel fifteen and
twenty miles, which is equal to fifty
miles by a man of ordinary stature.
r i: cioou or inuscie
A 5S l t,ii;e.--iivc organs win euaDie you 10 assimi
C C ' Vs, lllte Jour O0t'' tllus naturally producing ,
h nature's rich, red blood. Excise will
f -i appetite,
healthy cstion of the liver and
mere you arc na yuurcrcuriULCUUCU yjr.X smmu De. WUX-l'llusruo
soli! everywhere. If your druReist in behind the age and telU you he
irtp, , t Iron it milnnn iiuiulaiH n w : tn .... n.l
i wiu u. 11 you waerc iog u. 1 ne
For St-lc hv Matthcvs llros.
& hocmpcl, C. Lorcatz. Also Q.
Physicians and Surgeons.
JIARY A. SHEPHERD, M. D NO. 232
DR. A. THAPOLD, BPECIALI3T JN
Diseases of Women, corner Wyoming
avenue and Spruce street, Scranton. Of.
Ilco hours, Thuraduy and Saturdays, 9
. ni. 10 0 p. in.
DR. COMEGY8-OFFICE NO. 337 N.
Washington avc. Hours, 12 m. to 3 p. m,
Diseases of women a specialty. Tele.
lliono No. 32M.
DR. W. E. ALLEN, 512 NORTHVVA3H
DR. ANNA LAW, SOS
Office hours, tt-11 a. in.
1-3 p. in., 7-8 p. ni.
DR. L. M. GATES, 12! WASHINGTON
avenue. Oflice hours, I to 9 a. m.. 1 30
to t and 7 to 8 p. m. Residence 309 Madi
DR. S. W. LAMEftEAU,X, A SPECIAL
1st on chronic diseuxes of the heart,
limps, liver, kidney and genUo urinary
organa, will occupy the otllce of Dr.
Roos. 222 Adams uovnue. OIllco hours,
1 to 5 p. m.
DR. C. L. FREA3, SPECIALIST IN
Rupture, Truss Fitting and Fat Reduc
tion. Rooms 206 and 207 Hears Building.
Otllce telephone 1303. Hours: 10 to 12, i
to 4. 7 to 8.
W. Q. ROOK, VETERINARY 9UR
geon. Horses, Cattle nnd Doga treated.
Hospital, 124 Linden street, Scranton,
FRANK E. BOYLE. ATTORNEY AND
rounscllor-at-law. Rurr building, rooms
13 and 14, Washington avenue.
EDWARD W. THAYER. ATTY AT LA W,
211 Wyoming nvenue.
JEFFREY'S & RUDDY. ATTORNEYS-at-law,
WARREN KNAPP. ATTORNEYS
and Counsellors at Law, Republican
building, Washington avenue, Scrauton,
JfCSSUP & JESSCP, ATTORNEYS AND
Counsellors at Law, Commonwealth
building, Wnshinston avenue.
W. H. JESSITP,
W. H. JESSUP. JR.
PATTERSON & WILCOX, ATTO li
ne) and Counsellors nt Law; ofllces 8
and f Library building, Scranton, Pa.
ROSEWKLL II. PATTERSON.
WILLIAM A. WILCOX.
ALFRED HAND, WILLIAM J. HAND,
Attorneys ond. Counsellors, Common
wealth building. Rooms 19, 20 nnd 21.
FRANK T. OKELL. ATTORN EY-AT-Law,
Room G, Coal Exchange, S.ranton,
JAMES W. OAKFORD. ATTORNEY-
nt-T.ew, rooms 63, 01 and C", Common
SAMUEL W. EDf3AR, ATTORNEY-AT-Law.
Office, 317 Spruce St., Si-ranton, Pa,
L. . WATRF.8. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW,
42J Lackawanna nve., Scranton, Pa.
TRIE TOWNSEXD. ATTORXEY-AT-Liw.
Dime Bai:k Binding. Scranton.
Money to loan in lareo sums at 5 per
ccr.i. , ,
C. R. TITCHER. ATTORNEY-AT.
h, Commonwealth building, Scranton,
C. COMEGYS, 321 SPRUCE STREET.
D. B. TtEPI.OGLE, ATTORNEY-LOANS
n20!'.:itcd on real estate security.
Mtars bulldhif.-, corner Washington ave
nue and RiTUt'0 street.
B-4- F. KIT.!. AM. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.
120 Wyoming avc, Scranton, Pn.
JA3. J. IT. HAMILTON. ATTORNEY-AT
law, 45 Commonwealth bM'g. Scranton.
WATSON. DIEHL & HALL Attorney
and Counsellors-nt-Law: Traders' Ma.
tinna' r.ink Rnililini;; rooms 6, 7, 8, 9
nr.il 10; third floor.
EDWARD II. DAVIS, ARCHITECT.
I'.nnms 21. 25 and 2il, Commonwealth
E. L. WALTER. ARCHITECT. OFFICE
roar of GOG Washington avenue.
LEWIS HANCOCK. Jit., ARCHITICCtT
433 Spruce St., cor. Wash, ave., Scranton.
BROWN MORRIS. ARCHITECTS.
Price building, 120 Washington avenue,
O. F. KELLOW. I'JtM W. LACKA. AVE.
L. M'GltAW, 303 SPRUOQ
Dlt. H. F. REYNOLDS, OPP. P. O.
DR. E. Y. HARP.IOON, 113 S. MAtN AVE.
tR- C. C. LAUBACII. 115 Wyoming avc.
R. M. STHATTON. OFFICE COAL EX.
VELCOME C. 9NOVF.lt, 421 LACKA.
ave. Hours, 9 to 1 and 3 to 5.
BARRING & M'SWEEJTEY, COMMON,
wealth building. Interstate Secret Ser
SCHOOL OF THE LACKAWANNA,
Scranton, Pa,, prepares boys and girls
for college or busluess; thoroughly
trains young children. Catalogue at re
quest. REV. THOMAS M. CANN,
WALTER H. BUELL.
MISS WORCESTER'8 KINDERGARTEN
and School, 412 Adams avenue. Spring
term April 13. Kindergarten 10 per term.
no help wanted.
or nnytliitif; else for making
: A ncaltny couditloa 01 ue
Nus-Pkospho will creste a natural
hence a normal craving for
rux - PHospiii will tore your
yvA aervas, producing a healthy condition
Vrf between mind ami mutter. A healthy
syutcm. the telegraph wires .
brain. N'nit.Pimspiio creates I
kidney .-rail nx-dntcs the bowels, and
Nu - pn aspno Co., FUUMira. n.
.Te.hn II. Phelps, N. M. Eickc, Loreni
V. Davis, C. Ilcnwood k Co.. Provl.
THE TRIBUNE is now prepared to fill o
ders for composition on newspapers, books,
pamphlets, or other publications at moder
AddreS, BUSINESS MANAGER.
MRS. SI. E. DAVIS. 430 Adomi vanu
Q. R. CLARK & CO., SEEDMEN AND
Nurserymen: store 148 Washing-ton ve
nue; green house, 1360 North Main ave
tiue; store telephone, 782.
JOS. KUETTEL, REAR BU LACKA
wanna avenue, Scranton, Pa,, manufac
turer of Wire Screens.
Hotels and Restaurants.
TUB ELK CAFE. 125 and 127 FRANK
lln avenue. Rates reasonable.
P. ZEIOLER, Proprietor.
SCRANTON HOUSE, NEAR D., L. ft W.
passenger depot. Conducted on the
Europenn plan. VICTOR KOCH. Prop.
Cor. Sixteenth St. and Irving Place.
Rates, $3.50 per day and upwards. (Ameri
can plan.) GEO. MURRAY.
BAUER'S ORCHESTRA MUSIC FOR
halls, picnics, parties, receptions, wed
dings and concert work furnished. For
terms address R. J, Bauer, conductor,
117 Wyoming avenue, over Hulbcrt's)
MEtJARGEE BROTHERS, PRINTERS
supplies, envelopes, paper bags, twine.
Warehouse, 130 Washington ave Scran,
FRANK P. BROWN A CO.. WHOLE
sale dealers in Woodwnre. Cordage ami
Oil Cloth,720 West Lackawanna qve.
THOMAS AUBREY. EXPERT Ac
countant and auditor. Rooms 19 ami n,
Williams Building, opposite postoftlce.
Agent for the Rex Fire Extinguisher.
Manufacturers of th Celebrate
Pilsv lf M
soo.ooo Barrels per Annum
v 'YTsti-ttsr watt rr v
What Sarah Bernhard say.
Is so variable
that one never
it will rain,
phlne or snow
the next min
ute. A reliable
almost a neces
sity. We have
from S1.75 to tit
in price. The
styles are va
rlod. Other ralnr
nalia you will
flnfl here at rea