Newspaper Page Text
THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE- SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 10, 1896. 9
i : ;
WONDERS OF THE
Description of Banff Hot Springs and
Canadian National Park.
THE FINEST SCENERY IMAGINABLE
Knturttl .MarvcN Visible in nnd Near
the Cunadinn Kivol to Our Yellow
stone Reserve Sululajir Spring
Which Perform Almost Miraculous
l'ures;uiue. Fish nud Miccl
Special Correspondence of The Tribune.
llanff Hot Springs. Canadian Na
tional l'ark, Sept. i 3. The Dominion
goveinnu-nt having followed the wlsa
example 'f the I'nited Slates, has late
ly set apart for a National reservation
and pleasure ground a rectangular
tract of land containing two hundred
and sixty square miles on the lino of
the Canadian l'acllle railway, which
includes portions of the valleys of the.
How. Spiny, and Cascade rivers
Devil's Luke, nnd a dozen noble moun
tain ranges surrounding ltanff Hot
Springs. In fact, no part of the Rock
ies exhibits a greater variety of sub
lime and pleasing scenery, so supreme
ly grand and beautiful that the hands
of man can add but little to what is
found within these mountain walls.
Here are spurs, peaks, and long over
lapping ranges! Here mountains tower
above you, each one rising nlono nnd
distinct from the narrow level of the
valley. Yes. each mountain seems as
sharp, free cut, and isolated as a pyr
amid built by human bunds."
As we alight from our train at the
railway station, the view is almost
overwhelming. What do we see? To
the north is Cascade Mount, !).S7."i feet
high: to the east Is Mt. lngllsmaldle,
S..'.76 feet, and the heights of the Falr
lioline sub-range, 9,273 feet, behind
which lies Devil's Lake, nnd still
farther east is the sharp cono of Mount
1'uechee, rising !l.;"N0 feet, while north
of the truck is the wooded Squaw Mount,
beneath which are the Vermillion
Lakes and Warm Springs. I'p the
llotv Valley to the west are the snowy
peaks of the Simpson's Vans range, of
which Mt. .Massive is the chief, while
a little nearer to the right Is the north
ern end of the ISourgoan liange, !t.4S"i
feet, nnd still nearer t lie Sulphur
Mountain, 8,020 feet, along the base of
which are found these famous Hot
Springs. The Isolated bluff to the
south is Funnel .Mount, which rises
vertically above us over a mile, around
which the railway circles and over
which there me numerous carriage
drives nnd bridle paths, while just be
yond the station, Hundel Peak rises
9.X71! feet abruptly and so near at hand
as to cut off all view in that direction,
while Alt. Aylincr. covered with spruces
ami pines, reaches lo.:;r0 feet, or nearly
two miles. All these dark castle-like
summits, near at hand, are rellected In
the clenr water of the How Klver, with
the tall pines, the boat house, the
Bteam launch, and canoes In front.
Well may Dr. J. M. Iluckley say:
"Never on this continent have I seen
equalled the surroundings of ltanff,
considered as purely mountain scen
ery." Itev. Dr. 11. M. Field exclaims:
"tine must be dull and Insensible who
does not feel stirring within him some
sentiment akin to worship as he looks
up to these lofty pinnacles and towers."
In the words of Holy writ: "The
everlasting mountains! they speak of
the eternity and might of Him who
BANFF THR HEAUTIFl'L.
lianff Is called the beautiul and
grand" beautiful below, around, and
above, in mountnin, bky, lake anil
glacier beauty nnd grandeur are
found every where. Another says:
"Of all Nature's lovely spots few equal
nnd none surpass In beauty of loca
tion, grandeur of surround'lngs, nnd
mtbllmily of scenery this versatile (Jem
of the Hockies. It must be seen to be
Jlanff Is kaleidoscopic. "Its surround
ings are the mountain steeps that
change their coloring with everv glanc
ing ray of the sun. There is a new shade
of color for every moment the sunshine
reaches the angled wnlln on either
range. There is a new flower appar
ently for every dny in this valley of the
How. (Ine day scarlet blossoms bloom,
and the next day blue-hells are found
along the bases of these giant hills, nnd
on their summits from eight to eleven
thousand feet above sea level, lie per
petual snow batiks and glaciers, add
ing a novel charm to the scene." The
Color effects are such as no person can
describe, nor brush reproduce, nor cam
era do justice to.
Hunff Is named from a Scotch town,
the birthplace of one of the eminent
Canadian, who curried through this
great national highway, which the gov
ernment, unable to complete, turned
over to a syndicate to finish. The vil
lage which is located on a bold bluff,
overlooking the junction of the How
nnd Spray rivers, two or three miles
southwest of the station, has a perma
nent population of about Con. The town
proper consists of one long street upon
either side of which the business places
ore situated. It has several stores and
shops, three hotels, poslofllce, a Metho
dist church, a good museum, and a
new pavlllion where the Kplscopnl ser
vices are regularly held. There are sev
eral boarding houses also. A good
road from the station soon brings us
to ' The Sanitarium" under the care
of Dr. Hrett. A steel bridge, 269 feet
long, crosses the How river from the
railway station to the carriage road,
extending about two miles eastward to
the magnificent Canadian Pacific Kail
CANADIAN NATIONAL PAKK
The selection of this beautiful spot
for the Canadian National Park was
determined by the presence here of the
Hot Mineral Springs formerly geysers
which J'.ow out of the side of Sulphur
mountain. Of these we will epenk later
on. This reservation differs from our
Wonderland, (Yellowstone Park) In
fclze and natural wonders. Iioth parks
are almost In the same condition as
Nature and the Savage with hia forest
fires left them. Comparatively few
persons realize the panoramic grnnd
ure of the Yellowstone canons, gey
sers, cataracts, and hot springs, for
such a combination cannot be seen in
any other equal area, if anywhere In
the world. While in the Canadian
Park there are no such geysers, no
such "grand canons," or such "grand
falls" as are found In the Yellowstone,
the wild grandeur of the mountain and
glacier scenery compel the admiration
Of every, even the reluctant, visitor, and
within less than fifty miles are glaciers
that are said to contain more hulk of
Ice than nil the glaciers of Switzerland.
This park. In extent, Is only one-fourteenth
as large as the Yellowstone,
containing 160 square miles as against
3,575 square miles for the latter. It takes
a week, at least, to do the Yellowstone
thoroughly with Its 150 miles of stage
ride, stopping at a new hotel every
night, while at the Canadian Park ex
cutslons to any and all points are within
such easy distance as to enable tour
ists to return each night and recount
their experiences In the full blaze of a
Rocky mountain fire place at the Banff
Hot Springs hotel.
The center or headquarters of this
Krand panorama ls"lian(Y Hot Springs"
and the pnlutlal hotel built by th
Canadian Pacific railway. This hotel
Is a model of luxury, right here In the
heart of the Rockies. Few placei nave
found such speedy recognition since Its
discovery as this great health resort,
with Its palatial hotel and numerous
other attractions beauty, sublimity,
healthfulness and luxury combined
and none better deserves the enconlums
of all tourists than this National Park
as the preat pleasure resort, breathing
place, and sanitarium of the Dominion.
Two miles eastward from the station
stands the "Canadian Pacific Hotel," a
stately edifice, six stories high costing
over $:i00,000 with a capacity for several
hundred guests. It is perched on a knoll
4.MX) feet above sea level and 150 feet
above the surrounding valley near a
point where theSpray river dashes furi
ously over a series of rapids into the
blue How river and commands fine
view 8 toward every point of the compass
for here ore mountains to the
right, to the left, before ond behind,
and from the revolving room on the
roof the guest can net any outlook he
desires. One says, "the Candian
Pacific Hotel contains corridors
for the invalid, turrets for the
astronomer and balconies for lov
ers." Looking in any direction from
its wide verandas one is puzzled to un
derstand how he got here and still more
puzzled as to the way out. This is ab
solute isolation from the rest of the
world: a Fpot where no sound or sign
of civilization Is found, save when we
gaze towards the hotel Itseir, for this
is, virtually, the only human habitation
iliscernnble as far as the eye can see
across these miles upon miles of ragged
mountains. Connected with the hotul
nre baths supplied from the hot springs
where one can rejuvenate himself in
the m.igic hot sulphur waters in a por
celain tub, or he may plunge Into a na
tural swimming pool of wnrm water In
open air or In a dome roofed cave.
These hot and sulphurous springs
possess wonderful curative properties,
nnd since the opening of the railway,
have attracted thousands of people
from nil over the country and the world.
The character of the water is said to be
similar to that of the Hot Springs of
Arkansas, strongly impregnated with
sulphuretted hydrogen and containing
n considerable quuntily of various
salts, sulphur, calcium, carbon, mag
nesia and soda. These springs How out
of the side of Sulphur mountain so hot
as to be nearly boiling. Unfiling In
them bus a powerful sudoritic effect
and a very remarkable spocitic action
upon the system and the waters, when
taken Internally, are very elllencious In
eliminating poisons from the blood.
Marvelous cures from rheumatism,
neuralgia, seiatlca. and similar diseases
have been effected, even cases where
persons have been bitten by rattle
snakes.when life has been despaired of,
have been completely cured, and acute
cases of sciatica have been relieved
while in the first bath. The physicians
sny: "The Invalids get well so fast,
the lame walk, the blind see, and the
doctor's fee, so wee, so wee." These
springs some day are likely to be as
famous as lladen-Haden. The temper
ature of the water ut the real source
Is 120 degrees, but nt the baths it Is 115
degrees. At the Sanitarium and the.
Canadian Pacific Railway hotel,
which get their supply by
pipes direct from the springs,
the temperature is 111) degrees: at the
liusln and nlso Cave, from !I0 to !)" de
grees. The hottest springs are up the
side of Sulphur Mountain, 5,200 feet
above sea level, reached by a charm
ing drive over a macadamized roud.
The most Importunt springs have been
Improved by the government nnd pic
turesque bathing houses have been
erected nnd placed under the care of
IN A FAMOUS CAVE.
We took -these drives and visited the
Sanitarium, the pools nnd caves, with
deep interest. A brief description of
one of the latter may be of Interest to
the reader. This cave opens into a
tunnel through the buse of nil eld gey
ser cone. It consists of a glittering
chamber forty by fifty feet, and twenty
feet to the dome. The dome, or roof,
narrows down at the top to a small hole
in the ground, through which the steam
escapes. After crossing a rustic bridge,
lighted by coal oil lumps, the roaring
hot waters underneath and the heat
nnd fumes of sulphur making it an
uncanny entrance, a short lllght of
steps lends to a great pool of green
sulphur water, clear as glass and very
similar to the hot springs of Yellow
stone Park. The pool Is only fouror
five feet deep and bubbles and steams
constantly. It Is fenced around and a
rope is stretched across the pool, for
there are several places where the
water fiours from below with such
force us to carry the unassisted
bather off his feet, for drowning is
very easy In this sulphur water.
Here the bather gives himself up tn
his delight In Its velvety softness, with
slalacites and rocky shelves looming
above and about him in the weird half
light front the ceiling. Through the ex
ertions of George A. Stewart, 1). L. S.,
superintendent of the park, and to
whom we are Indebted for much val
uable data, the springs, cave and basin
have been at great expense made per
fect for the enjoyment of visitors. In
fact, all parts of the park have been
made accessible by a most perfect sys
tem of roads, walks and bridges,
planned nnd carried out by Mr. Stewart.
These roads are concrete, nbundnnce of
clay being Intermixed with the earth
and crnvel. We can but think what a
grand thorough-fare for the enthusias
tic wheelmen. These roads scale Im
possible looking mountain sides and
pierce through pine forests, where
streams have been bridged and trails
cut, until the Park is u paradise for
the pedestrian, the equestrian, the hun
ter, the fisherman, the ennoist, the bo
tanist, the geologist, the astronomer,
the invalid, the artist, and last but not
least, the kodak fiend, whose work here
Is especially enchanting to every lover
PARK WELL CARED FOR.
As a civil engineer, the works of Mr.
Stewart through the purk, which are
one of its most notable characteristics,
show that he Is entitled to a command
ing rank. Many valuable Improvements
are due to his untiring zeal. No bar
room or saloon Is permitted nor shoot
ing allowed within the park limit.
Permits for camping may be obtained
from Superintendent Stewart. Rout
ing may be Indulged In on the Row
river and on the hike 1n whose waters
are excellent fishing; also driving,
walking or mountain climbing over the
excellent roads and bridle paths. The
present reservation is to lie enlarged to
nearly three thousand square miles (If
the project of Mr. Stewart Is carried
out) for its present dimensions are far
too narrow for the object to be at
tained. A peculiarity of the Row river, which
Is a thousand miles .long from its
source among the glaciers, to Its Junc
tion with the Saskatchewan, is one
continuous rapids, with the exception
of that portion running through the
park whore there Is some eight or ten
miles of slack water, that Nature seems
to have provided especially for the en
joyment of park tourists. Steamers
navigatelt through the present domain.
For hours we enjoyed the sweet
breezes perfumed by the fir trees that
like the pine and hemlock has fra
grance and health-giving qualities
among these sublime forests and be
side the sparkling How and Spray
rivers. Here the air Is so pure and
stimulating as to make one feel like
leaping instead of walking. The scen
ery, too, Is a constant charm, where
every bodily sense and mental faculty
Is strained to the utmost. A beauteous
sight by day and a grand and sublime
sight to us by the light of the full moon
Hero Is the starting point for those
tourists In pursuit of wild game the
bear, elk. Caribou, big-horned sheep,
and mountain goat for above tlv Ho;
Springs on Sulphur mountain they are
found In great numbers. A peculiarity
of these wild sheep, or big-horned goat
Is that the females have large horns is
well as the males. The letter's horns
often weigh three hundred pounds and
they can defend themselves skillfully
from the mountain lion, by moving
their heads so rapidly as to catch their
enemy upon these awful prongs, which
are as effective as sledge hammers in
The park is guarded by a squad of
"mounted police," twenty-five in num
ber, who patrol it and for thirty miles
along the Bow Valley. This organ
ization is not only a bulwark and pro
tection to the park, but to tti3 tomivr,
the settler, and the coast railway.
They maintain a continous patrol along
the boundary from Manitoba to the
Rockies, and one cannot fail to be im
pressed with the great respect enter
tained for law and order, by both In
dians and settlers alike all through the
Dominion. Their duties and experi
ences I will make mention of later on.
Among the many noted points that
attract the tourist who rests awhile at
ltanff are the "Devil's Lake" and the
"Lakes In the Clouds." The most hur
ried traveler should stop oft he-re at
least two days, while a week or more
can be profitably and enjoyably spent
in these mountainous wilds where one
sees only pure unadulteiatcd nature.
Eight miles from Hunff, within the con
lines of the park, is a lovely lake, popu
larly known as "Devil's Loke." ThJ
superintendent of the park, in his ef
forts to remove the misnomer, has re
named It Lake Mlnnewanka for this is
no place for the dwelling of his Satanic
majesty. This sheet of water is located
nearly six thousand feet abave the sei
level in awful solitude and grandeur,
with granite mountains surrounding
it on either side, without follnge or soli,
but with summits weathered with melt
ed snow here and there, producing fine
lace effects. Here Is a steam launch,
boats and canoes and good fishing.
Trout of enormous size are caught
here. A description of the "Lakes of
the Clouds" must be omitted, owing1 to
the extreme length of this letttr.
J. K. Richmond.
Queenle Vassar Is 111.
I';u iiif iii-lta Is 111 Paris.
Zulu is to write a libretto.
Kcrnhai-iit Is 53 years old.
Marie Vauoni is in London.
Lon Ion theaters seat 2iu.N.
Sydney has a. $10o,ikk organ.
Lillian Russell's father Is ill
Dnse will shortly uer In Komt,
Anna Held Is a Polish Jewev.
Modjeska hiis tilM hives of bee.
Hornhardt is an expert sculptress.
Julie Mui-ki-y s singing In London.
.l nine Kills Is singing in London.
S:mIIh H.'isson will star next tie a son.
Meriiiiiim will open a school of magic.
Krohmiin will revive "The Long Strike."
Stage Manager .Max Freeman 'was born
"The Wizard of the Nile" is being- sung
in Vli una.
Irving will act Napoleon In "Madame
W. T. Ciiiieton Is singing In the vaude
"A Parlor Match" was originally a one
Lillian Kennedy will star In the "Dea
con's I laughter."
K. .1. Henh y has been engaged for the
revival of "Deacon Rrodie."
Richard Henry Savage's "Her Foreign
Conquest" will be dramatized.
Aila Uehon, who has spent the summer
In In hind. Is on her way home.
Wilson Harrett Is writing a novel based
on "The Sign of the Cross."
Theodore Hamilton will play Frank
Mayo's role In "1'itdd'nhcad Wilson."
The larger theatres in Uarmany main
tain training schools for actresses.
A lelinu Pnttl has received a royal com
nutnd lo visit Hatmoral, Oct. 10.
The big Louden inuric halls have two
balconies, a gallery and an orchestra of
Nat flood win in Australia produced "In
Mizznura," the "Gilded Fool" and "The
William Ten-is, formerly of Irvlng's
company, will make un American tour
The king of Wurtemburg has sent to
Mine. Cosima Wuii.ner the medal for "Arts
In London there Is a noticeable dearth of
young actresses capable of playing seri
.Marie Jansen is to enact the girl who
turns Into u boy In (.Winter's "A Florida
A society has been formed at Rotterdam
to build 11 theater which is to be devot
ed exclusively to Herman opera.
It has been discovered that the flute is
the most dangerous instrument that is
played on dan leious to the player.
Mrs. Potter and Kyrle Ilellew made a
hit In Australia with "Joseph of Canaan,"
n play by a I'liitarlan minister.
There is a niece of Rear Admiral Wor
deii going on the operatic hoar. In. She is
Miss Orlska Wonlen, of Michigan!
Henry K. Dlxey Is the Lone Fisherman
In Rice's "Evangeline. " Nearly elorhteen
years ago Dixey did the front legs of the
Charles H. llnyt's next fame will Illus
trate the misadventures of a non-resident
debtor under Massachusetts law, and
Hairy Conor Is to have the principal role.
Oscar Hummcrstc In's ballet, "Marguer
ite," will bo sent on the road as the princi
pal feature of a vaudeville company, which
will Include the Hniilons and other fam
It Is said that Marie Van Zanrtt will
shortly sing in Paris for the first time In
twelve years. The night she made her de.
but a dozen years ago she did not make
a hit. They say she was tipsy.
At the eml of next year ..111 de Reszke
says he will forever sever his connection
with the theater, as he wishes to retire
to his estate in Poland anil live the life of
a wenlihy country gentleman.
New York's Chinese theater employs
thirty-two Chinese nclors, six Chinese
musicians from China, four Chinese stage
hands, two Chinese barbers, two Chinese
cooks and three American helpers. ,
Negotiations nre now in progress having
for their ohieet the arranging of a regu
lar "South Sea circuit." which shall in
clude the Honolulu theater nnd others In
New Zealand and the Australian prov
inces. Leander Richardson's Dramatic News
has suspended publication. Mr. Richard
son, than whom there is no more trenchant
theatrical writer, Is now the dratntlne edi
tor of the picturesque "New York Stand
ard," nnd Fred. McCoy will manage Wil
ton Laekaye's tour.
There Is veiy II 1 1 to hone of young Sal
vlnl's return to the stage for some time.
He Is most dangerously 111 with nn Intes
tinnl tuberculosis. His father attends to
him with most loving care. They are at
Nagloll, near Siennn.
Seven of New York's chief theaters are
now occupied with comic opera or musical
comedy, nnd presently another work of
this kind will fill the Garden with melody.
In addition to these light scores, New
Yorkers are promised three grand opera
companies this winter.
Yvette Guillici t has a repertoire of forty
new songs. On Dee. 14 she appears at
Koster Ulnl's, reriiaining a. month. On
Jan. 14 she begins her second American
tour under Ted Marks' direction; appear
ing In thirty cities, going as far wen as
Kansas City, and south as fur as New
Orleans. They will be nearly all one-night
The Dramatic Mirror publishes its sec
ond instalment of the theatrical roster for
the season of 1S!-!I7. With the Hist in
stallment, printed about a month auo. this
will practically include all the regular or
ganization in the Held. As It stands, the
roster for lS!i-!7 Is thus compared with the
roster for the throe preceding years:
Classification. 1893-91. IMU-fri. lS!)r,-!MS lSflfl-07.
Dramatic WO Hit . 170
Comedy 41 51 4S tii)
Farce-comedy .... 35 55 3!) 31
& Extravaganza IS 20 HI 57
Minstrels li 12 4 12
Stock Companies .4 x 4 1o
Comic Opera ..... 11 14 IS If
Grand Opera 3 2 2 1!
Miscellaneous .... 7 10 11 8
It will be seen that the number of com
panies sent out this season is the largest
la four years.
Shade of Judge Quick, of Chicago
"Cheer up. your majesty. You should not
bo despondent. Think of the reputation
you have as the wisest man In all his
tory." Shade of fioloman "That's just It."
Shade of Judge Quick "What is It?"
Shade of Solomon "I'm sailing under
false colors. I don't deserve such a repu
tation. You know I suffered a thousand
wives, nr.i yet it never occured to me to
invent a code of divorce laws!'1 Truth.
To n Firkin Miss.
Not worth your while
That false, sweet smile
Which o'er your features plays;
Thy heart of steel 1
I can reveal
Ry my Cathodlc rays. Life.
They All Do It.
Rlngo (anxiously) "You haven't got an
opening In your business for my ' boy,
Klngley "Why, I thought lie was In
Hlngo "He was, but I had to dlscharjre
HOW FREE COINAGE
WORKED LONG AGO
A Chapter of Instructive History Pre
seated for Review.
A LESSON FOR RHE DISCONTENTED
How the Attempt to Make Value by
(cvcruuicQt Fiat Worked ia the
Hay of James II. of Englund.
What Mncauluy Says About It.
Letter In the Sun.
There Is an old saw to the effect
that experience Is to some as the stern
lights of a ship, serving only to illu
minate the tracks of the past. The
Populists and free sllverlles In this
country have no experience, but their
prototypes In former days left a luriil
track in the path of the world's history.
The wild dreams of prosperity In
dulged in by the slxteen-to-one party
have been dreamed before, and the
awakening has not been pleasant. Ex
actly the same financial troubles that
nlllk-t us toduy worried the good people
In the days of James II. of England,
and he hit upon exactly the same rem
edy, the free coinage idea.
The only difference was that he did
not restrict himself to sliver, but coined
anything he could melt up and cast.
In Macauley's History of England, vol.
III., p. 16!), we find the following de
scription of the "bad times" of those
days: "Trade was at an end. Float
ing capital hud been withdrawn In
great masses. On the fixed capital much
had been destroyed, and the rest was
lying idle. Poverty of the treasury was
the necessary effect of the poverty of
the country; public prosperity could
be restored only by the restoration of
private prosperity; and private pros
perity could be restored only by years
of peace and security. James was ab
surd enough to imagine that there was
a more speedy and efficacious remedy.
Nature is a hard and unforgiving
mistress, and her control over socIf.1
affairs Is no leas potent than over the
animal kingdom. For this gro.s viola
tion of the true principles of good gov
ernment and round finance she must
have her penalty, and In 1C96, exactly
two hundred years ago, the cance?
came to a head, ind It was found nec
essary to apply the knife. The suffer
ing that followed need not be described
but the process of restoring the coin
age to Its gold basis, and the people
to their senses, should b a warning
of the possibilities ahead of our pres
ent free-silver cranks.
He could, he conceived, at once ex
tricate himself from his financial dif
ficulties by the simple process of call
ing a farthing a shilling. The right of
coining was the flower of the preroga
tive, und In his view the right of coin
ing Included the right of debasing the
coin." That is to sny, he did not re
strict himself to a ratio of sixteen to
oue, but carried the theory to Its logic
al conclusion, nnd thought that If a
coin were to be below par at all, It mat
tered little how far below it went.
"Pots, pans, knockers of doors, pieces
of ordnance which had long been past
u,se, were carried to the mint nnd coin
ed. In a short time lumps of base
metal, nominally worth near a million
sterling, hut Intrinsically worth about a
Hjxteenth part of that sum, were In cir
culation. The royal edict declared these
pieces to be legal tender In all cases
whatever. A mortgage for a thousand
pounds could be declared off by n bag
of counters made out of old kettles.
The creditors who complained to the
courts were told to take their money
und begone. Of all classes the trades
men were the greatest losers. At first
of course, they raised their demands,
but the magistrates of the city met this
by putting forth a turiff regulating
prices. Any man who belonged to the
party now dominant might walk into a
shop, lay on the counter a bit of brass
worth three-pence, and enrry olT goods
worth a guinea. The sufferers thought
themselves happy if by the sacrifice of
their goods they could save their limbs
and lives. There was not a baker's
shop in the city round which twenty
or Ihlrly soldiers were not constantly
"The material wealth of England had
not been seriously affected; but she
was suffering severely from the defec
tive state of the currency." In addi
tion to the flat money of James, the
country was Hooded with clipped nnd
mutilated coins. In spile nf the most
severe punishments, even that of death,
we find that there were thousands of
persons who made a business of clip
ping coin. "If the stamp of the gov
ernment will make a farthing's worth
of brass worth a shilling's worth of
silver," they said, "why Is the stamp
not still good to make the (-hilling go
if It contains only tenpence worth of
the metal?" In other words, who is go
lnif to stop and question exactly how
much below par a coin Is, when every
'tine knows It Is only fiat money In any
case? There was only one .vmedy for
this evil; only one way to get back to a
solid basis and restore eonlPljnce; "the
only way tn resume was to resume."
Parliament fixed Saturday, May 2, RISC,
as the last day on which the govern
ment would receive clipped silver for
taxes. It could not prevent the de
based coin being used in trade, for there
was little or nothing to tnke its place.
This brought to the tax office, eoger to
settle In had money while yet there
was time, a mob that ran only be dup
licated now at the llrooklyn end of the
bridge -when the cable is out of order.
"They besieged the exchequer from
dawn until midnight, so that It became
necessary to call out the soldiery to
"On the Monday following the final
tiny of grace began the cruel agony of a
few months which wus destined to be
succeeded by matiy years of prosper
ity." The flat money nnd slxteen-to-one
coins of those days were finally shut
down upon and repudiated by the gov
ernment, and time was left to heal the
ravages the false financial system had
wrought. The alarmists of those days,
the Altgelds, Tillmans, and Debses,
whom we have always with us, pre
dicted the most terrible things. One of
the "boy orators" of the time we find
saying: "The wealthiest and most In
telligent kingdom of Europe will be re
duced to the state of those barbarian
communities in America, in which a
mat is bought with a hatchet nnd a pair
of mocassins with a piece of venison,"
TEACHING OF THE PAST.
For a time the greatest Inconveni
ence prevailed. It was impossible to
obtain genuine money. All the old
coinage vanished, and the new was
very slow In taking Its place. The
upper classes lived chiefly on credit;
even the richest could hardly pay their
weekly bills. Manufacturers had great
difficulty In getting coin to nay their
workmen, and promissory notes with
good signatures became the common
means of payment. The finnclal condi
tions were almost identical with those
of 1893. The paper money continued to
circulate, but its value lluctuated vio
lently from day to day. "A ten-pound
note which had been taken In the
morning ns worth more than nine was
often worth less than eight before
night." In this dilemma Charles Mon
tague suggested the Issuance of ex
chequer bills as a substitute for coin.
"Hut for this the government could
not have been carried on during the
year, as every source of revenue had
been affected by the state of the cur
rency." The money kings of those
days saw their opportunity and took
their full revenge. Those ruled the
roost who had gold, or silver of full
value. Of courBe the warden of the
mint had his flmrer In the nie. and did
not allow the new money to get out I
too fast. It seemed Impossible to get 1
an honest warden until Sir Isaac New
ton' was appointetd to the office. He
dropped everything to make .the sup
ply equal the demand, and so to stop
the money famine, and the consequent
sufferings of the working classes. He
ran up the output of the mint until it
reached a hundred thousand dollars a
day, which was the amount Issued on
July 4. 1696.
While It was possible to buy any
thing for the old debased and clipped
money, no person would willingly pay
out the full-value coin, and almost the
entire Issue was hoarded up. It thus
became .evident that' until so much good
money hud been issued that the capi
talists could no longer afford to carry
it all, there could be no real return to
sound money. Maeaulay Informs us
that it was not until August, 1696 ex
actly 200 years ngo this month, "that
the keenest observer could detect the
slightest sign of returning prosperity."
Is this picture the stern light of a
ship that has passed? Are we about to
steer the same course of financial folly?
And, if so, shall we have another such
scene as one described In those days by
Maeaulay? A howling mob of the
populist persuasion of those days, led
by some orator of the llryan type, de
manded from the government that It
would take their debased money, which
It hnd issued in days gone by, nnd
r've them new coin for It. An astute
member of Parliament Immediately
consented, nnd asked them how much
they hnd. The entire mob of deluded
free silverltes was unable to produce
more than 5 worth of clipped half
KAULF.S FOIl THE TIMES.
The Discontented Woman.
A woman who was dissatisfied with her
husband loudly petitioned Jove to semi her
another. The cod listened favorably to
her petition and font her a deml-god.
In less than a week the woman was be
wailing her lot again, saying she never
cured for mixed ameli anyhow, and that
while the vod-half of her present hus
band mluht he all rljhl, the man-half
snored and chewed tobacco. Jove, wea
ried by her ill-humored persistency, took
back the deml-god and sent her a man out
of the Yellow Hook for husband, instead.
I'p to the present writing the lady In
question hasn't discovered where she Is
Hysterics nnd art are only relations by
llusincss Is liiisiuc.
Helen "Have you made a leap-year pro
posal to Jack yet?"
Bthel "Yes, indeed "
Helen "What did bo say?"
Ethel "He sent me a beautiful printed
circular saying that he reserved the
right to reject any and all 'bids." Judge.
Directory of Wholesale and Retail
CITY AND SUBURBAN
P. Srfrrree 538 Spruce.
ATHI.KTIC AMI DAILY PAPI-HS.
Ilcisman & Solomon, 103 Wyoming ave.
ATlH.DiiO HOODS AMI II1CYCLF.S.
C. t. Ploi-ey. 222 Wyoming: ave.
AWNIXis AMI Ul Ulll lt tiOODS.
J. J. Crosby, 13 Lackawanna ave.
I.nckawiinnn Trust and Safe Peposlt Co,
Merchants' an 1 Mechanics', Lacka.
Traders' National, cor. Wyoming und
West Side Hank, 109 N. Main.
Sera 11 Um Savings, 122 Wyoming".
111 mmMj, :AHii:r cleaning, ktc.
The Surunton Bedding Co., Lackawanna,
Robinson, K. Sons, 4SI X. Seventh,
llobinson, Allnu, Cedar, cor. Alder.
HICYCI I S. Gl NS. LTt:.
l'arker, E. It., 321 Spruce.
City Illcyclo Livery, 120 Franklin.
IIICYCI.G KKI'AIHS. ETC.
Hittcnbender & Co., 313'i Spruce Btreet.
HOOTS AND snoi:s.
Goldsmith Ilros. 301 Lackawanna.
Cloudmun's Shoe Store, W Lackawanna.
1IKOKI K AND JhWLT.LK,
Radln Dros., 123 Venn.
CANDY MANI FACTLRLR.
Scranton Candy Co., 22 Lackawanna.
CAKPE1S AND WALL I'AI'LH.
Ingalls, J. Scott, 419 Lackawanna.
CAHKIA(il-:s AND II AUNI SS.
Simwell, V. A.. 515 Linden.
Illume, Wm. & Son, 522 Spruce.
Huntington, J. C, SOS N. Washington.
CHINA AND GLASSWARE.
Uupprecht, Louis, 221 1'enn ave.
CIGAR .V.ANt FACTLRLR.
J. P. Flore, 223 Spruce street.
CONI-LCTIONLRY AND TOYS.
Williams, J. D. & Bros., 314 Lacka.
CONTRACTOR AND IIITLDL'R.
Snook, S. M., Olyphant.
CROCKERY AND GLASSWARE.
Harding, J. L 215 Lackawanna.
Caryl's Iiinlns Room, 605 Linden.
The Fashion, SOS Lackawanna avenue.
Kelly & llealey, 20 Lackawanna.
Finb y, 1". 1J 510 Lackuwunnu.
DRY GOODS, SHOES, HARDWARE, ETC.
Mulley, Ambrose, triple stores, Provi
DRY GOODS, FANCY GOODS.
Kresky, E. H. & Co.. 114 S. Main.
McGnrrah & Thomas, 209 Lackawanna.
Lorentz. C, 418 l.ai'ka.; Linden & Wash.
1'avls. (5. W., Mnln and Market,
liloes, W. S., Peekv-ille.
Davies. John J., 1 S. Main.
ENGINES AND POILEKS.
Dickson Manufacturing Co.
FINE .MERCHANT TAILORING. ,
J W. Roberts. 12U N Main avei
W. J. Davis, 215 Lackawanna.
Krlc Audren, 119 S. Main ave.
Clark, G. R. & Co., 201 Washington.
"LOI R, HI TTER, EGG S, ETC.
The T. H. Watts Co., Ltd.. 723 W. Lacka.
Uuhcork . J. & Co., 11 Franklin.
FLOI R, FLED AND CIMIV
Matthews C. P. Sons & Co., 34 Lacka.
The Weston Mill Co., 47-49 Lackawanna.
FRITTS AND l'liOIH CF..
Dale & Stevens, 27 Laekawanna.
Cleveland, A. S., 17 Laekawunna.
IT RNTSIIED ROOMS.
ITnion House, 215 Lackawanna.
IT RNTTI RE.
Hill & Connell. 132 Washington.
Harbour's Hume Credit House, 423 Lack.
Kelly. T. J. & Co.. 14 Lncknwanna.
Jlepjrgcl & Connell, Franklin avenue.
Porter, John T., 28 and 28 Lackawanna.
Rice, Levy & Co., 80 Lackawanna,
Plrte, J. J 427 Lackawanna.
similating theTood andRcSula
tinij the s tomachs and Dowels of
ncss and Rtst.Contalns neither
Opium.Morphirie nor Mineral.
A perfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stoniach.Diarrhoca,
ncss and Loss of Sleep.
Tac Simile' Signature of ,
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
Osterhout. N. P., 110 W. Market,
Jordan, James, Olyphant.
Uechtold, K. J., Olyphant.
Connell, W, P. & Sons, 118 Penn.
Foote & Shear Co., 119 N. Washington.
Hunt Connell Co., 434 Lackawanna.
HARDWARE AND PLI'MIIINU.
aunHter Forsyth, 327 Penn.
Cowles, W. C 1907 N. Main ave.
HARNESS AND SADDLERY HARDWARE.
Fritz, ft. W., 410 Lackawanna,
Keller & Harris, 117 Penn.
HARNESS THINKS, BI GGIES.
R H. Houser, 133 N. Main avenue.
Arlington, Grimes & Flannery, Spruce
Scranton House, near depot.
HOUSE, SIGN AND FRESCO I'AlNTER.
W"m. Hay, 112 Linden.
HIMAN HAIR AND HAIR DRESSING.
N. T. Llsk, 223 Lackawanna,
LEATHER AND FINDINGS.
Williams, Samuel, 221 Spruce.
LIME, CEMFNT SEWER PIPE.
Keller, Luther, 813 Lackawanna.
MILK, CREAM. HITTER, ETC.
Scranton Dairy Co., Penn and Linden.
Stone Bros., 308 Spruce.
Mrs. M. Saxe, 14G N. Main avenue.
MILLINERY AND DRESSMAKING.
Mrs. Bradley, 20S Adams, opp. Court
MILLINERY AND IT RNTSHINU GOODS.
Brown's Kee Hive, 224 Lackawanna.
MINE AND MILL SI I'I'I IKS.
Scranton Supply and Mach. Co., 131 Wyo.
MODISTE AND DRESSMAKER.
Mrs. K. Walsh, 311 Spruce street.
Owens Bros., 218 Adam ave.
Great Atlantic (3 Pants Co., 319 Lacka
PAINTS AND SUPPLIES.
Jiencke & McKee, 300 Spruce street.
PAINTS AND WALL PAPER.
Winke, J. C, 315 Penn.
Green, Joseph, 107 Lackawanna.
PIANOS AND ORGANS,
Stello, J. Lawrence, 308 Spruce,
H. 9. Cramer, 311 Lackawanna ave.
P 1 1 M DING AN D II EATING.
Howley. P. F. & M. F.. 231 Wyoming ave.
Horatio N. Patrick, 3245 Washington.
Kl Hill R STAMPS, S1ENCI1.S ETC.
Scranton Rubber Stamp Co., 538 Spruce
National Roofing Co., 331 Washington.
W. A. Wiedebuseh, 234 Washington ave.
J. A. Bnrron, 215 Lackawanna and
STEREO-RELIEF DECORATIONS AND
S. II. Morris, 247 Wyoming ave.
TEA. COFFEE AND SPICE.
Grand t'nion Tea Co., 103 S. Main.
TRUSS I S, IIATT FRIES. R I BP) EH GOODS
Benjamin & Benjamin, Franklin and
UNDERTAKFR AND I.IYERY.
Raub, A. R., 425 Spruce.
UPHOLSTERER AND CARPET LAYER.
C. H. Hazlett, 220 Spruce street.
WALL PAPER, ETC.
Ford, W. M.. 120 Penn.
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER.
Rogers, A. E., 215 Lackawanna.
MINES AND IIUUURM.
Walsh, Edward J., 32 Lackawanna.
WIRE AND WIRE ROPE.
Washburn st Moen Mfg Co., 119 Franklin
(IS OK THE
OF EVEET v
Outorla Is pit tip la one-sbe tottloi only. It
li not Mid in bilk. Don't allow anyont) to tell
you inrutiur elie on the t1o or iromise that It
1 "jut u good" and "will aniwer OToiy pur-
pow." WBeotlut jougrt M-8.T-0-B-I-A.
Mil & Warrsa,
And Lower Grades a)
Very Low Prices.
J. LAWRENCE STELLE.
303 SPRUCE STREET.
Manufacturers of th Celebrated
Isi jp tei
foo.ooo Barrels per Annum
. . ... . . , JB3
What Sarah Rembn'd .v
1st Day. yj'f
Tr.E GPtAT 30th Day.
proilnces the above reriulU In 30 ilayn. It arts
powrrf nlljr ind quickly. Ciin-B w In-n all othern (oil
VouiiKni-'UwilIr.-sain their lwt manhood, and nM
mpu will recover tlirir youthful voter by uBiiif
RKVIVO. It nulcklyandtturt-lyrfHtori-BN'ervoiift
ni-8. Lot Vitality, lmpou-iicy. Jiiiihtly Emiiwioiiit
LostPoner.Failln! Mimory, Vatln Diw aww. ami
all elTn-tM ot -lf-abiise orexnsaml iinliacmtion,
r.hirh uufttH one for i uily. biiKincHH or marriam.-. It
not ouly rim's by n"jirtln at tho wat ol d.jraMe, but
laagn.at nerve tonic and hloixl builder, brine
li.I back the pink glow to pale checks ami ro
utorlnij the fire ot youth. It wards oft" Jnnanltr
ind ConaumiHlim. Insist ou having Rt.VlVO.no
tlier. It can be carried In vest jwkut. JJy mtil,
'l,00 per package, or six for 83.00, with a poal
written guarantee to rnre or rotund
.money. Clrrularfreo. Addreas
"! r.?r;MfltMi- - . rHIfltpn f
For Sale by MATTHEWS DROS., Drug
gist Ssraaion, Pa.
jfflVK Ml 71"