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OUB WOMAITS PAPEB, THUBSDAT, 1IAT 14, 1C90.
TUB UTTLB NEW YEAR.
Om cold morning Donald awoke from
Ala dreams and aat up In bad and lis
tened, He thought he heard a knock
at his window but though, the morn
was shining brightly. Jack Front bad
been so busily at work that Ionald
could not sea through the thickly
painted panes. Bo he crept sleepily out
of bed, and opened the window, and
whispered: "Who is there r "I am."
replied a tinkling voice. "I am the lit
tle New Tear, hot ho! And I've prem
ised to bring a blessing to everyone
But I am such a little fellow I need
somebody to help me distribute them.
.Won't you please come out and help?"
"Ob, It's so cold!" said Donald; "I'd
rather go back to my warm bed; and
he shivered as Jack Frost, who was
passing, tickle him under the chin
With one of the frosty pan brushes.
"Never mind the cold." urged the
New Tear: "please help me."
60 Donald hurried Into his clothes
and was soon out In the yard. There
he found a rosy-cheeked boy. a little
mailer than himself, pulling a large
cart which seemed to be loaded with
good things. On one side of this cart
was painted the word "Love," and on
the other "Kindness." As soon as the
New Year saw Donald he said, "Now,
nlease take hold and help me pull;''
and down the drive they traveled until
they came to an old shanty. "Here is
where I make my flrst call," said the
New Tear. Donald looked wonderlng
lyiat him. "Why, nobody lives here
buj an old colored man who works for
us; and ho hasn't any children!" "He
needs mv helD." said the New Tear;
"for grown people like to be thought of
Just as much as children do. lou
hovel out a path to his door, while I
unload some of my blessings; "and the
little hands went busily at work, piling
up warm clothing, wood and a new
year's dinner, the New Year singing as
"Oh, I am the little New Tear; hoi ha
Here I came tiipolug It o'er tbe snow,
Shaking my belli with a merry 41n
60 open your door and let me In."
Old Joe, hearing some noise outside,
came to the door, and when he saw all
the nice gifts the tears ran down his
cheeks for gladness; and as he carried
them into the house he whispered:
"The dear Lord has been here tonight'
"Where are we going now?" asked
Donald, as they ran down the bill. "To
take some flowers to a poor sick girt,"
answered the New Tear.
Boon they came to a small house.
where the New Tear stopped. "Why
Bessie, our sewing girl lives here,
said Donald. "I didn't know she was
lck." "Bee." said the New Tear, "thle
window Is open a little; let us throw
this bunch of pinks Into the room.
They will please her when she wakes.
and will make her happy for several
Then they hurried to other places,
leaving some blessing behind them
"What a wonderful cart you have,"
said Donald; "though you have taken
so much out it never seems to get
empty." "You are right, Donald, there
is never any end to love and kindness.
As long as I And people to love and be
be kind to, my cart is full of blessings
lor them; and It will never grow empty
' until I can no longer find people to
.help. If you will go with me every day
and help me scatter my blessings, you
will see how happy you will bo all the
"A Happy New Tear!" called ome
one; and Donald found himself In bed.
and his sister standing In the doorway
miung at mm.
"Have you had a pleasant dream,
denr?" she asked.
"Why, where is the little New Tear?"
aid Donald; "ha was just hare with
"Come Into mamma's room and see
what she has brought you," answered
his sister. There In a snowy white
create no round a tiny Daby brother,
the gift of the New Tear.
How happy Donald waa then! But
ilP did nrtt fartrat tifa koam rtlji T -
and Bessie had their gifts, too, and
Donald tried so hard to be helpful that
he made all his friends glad because
the happy New Tear had
While walking through Dunmore
cemetery a child remarked before a
large monument very elaborately
carved: "That must hare been a very
THE BOY BEFORE
GOING TO SCHOOL
Read Before the Teachers' Institute, Scranton, April,
1896. (Published by request)
It would seem almost trite and com
monplace to assert that character be
gins in the cradle. In these days when
child culture Is bo much discussed, tho
Importance of early training Is empha
sised. The old adage of Pope, "just as
the twig Is bent the tree's Inclined," Is
realised to be true. And so leading
educators and prominent klndergart
ners urge the careful nurture of the
children from a very early age. It
would naturally seem that the discus
sion of the beet methods of this early
training belonged to the mothers in
stead of the teachers. The broad views
of modern education represent the good
teacher as not narrow In her outlook
or confined to her own grade, or even
her own vocation: but as a gleaner
from all fields one full of resources
'drawn from knowledge of all life and
Its varied relations. All departments
of science and knowledge so overlap
and Join that they are mutually helpful
, to each other. Especially true is this
In regard to training of children. A
t true teacher is not one who crams so
much knowledge by force Into a child's
head for so many hours each day; but
one who studies child nature and
adopts all best methods for develop
ment of the child's faculties. What the
. mother has learned by her experience
comes to ds tne possesion of the
teacher for her own adaptation. And
what has been found a help In develop
ing -the little ones Is often of equal
value In directing the older ones. For
we act on general principles and adapt
to each case.
- There Is no higher calling than that
of a parent, no holler place In earthly
relations than that of mother. And
when we come in contact with the inner
recesses of that mother love that gives
up all In perfect surrender to the little
one that belongs to It, we have come
nearest to the heart of the Infinite
Father, and feeling his heart throbs for
the human race through this mother
love, wo Stretch out our hands to the
little ones placed under our care with
an earnest desire for something of this
same tenderness that we may .lead their
Herbert Spenoer tells us that the
greatest defect In our program of edu-
' cation Is overlooked the training of
our youth Is dreadfully defective, In
that It omits any preparation for the
proper care of children. For horse
hoeing and house-bulldlng an appren
ticeship Is required. Is the unfolding
of a human being In body and mind so
comparatively simple a process that
. any one may superintend and regulate
It with no preparation whatever? That
this Is true of too many parents Is
a lamentable fact They neglect tbe
needful cars and training of their chll-
. dren through ignorance rathor thnn
purpose, and by carelessness stunt the
development of mind or warp the con
' science and Injure the sensitive nature
past recovery. But whllo this may be
true of many, It Is fortunately true of
many more that conscientiously ana
; oarerally they are trying to mould the
It seems very stranga
To a boy like me;
Bow things get so mlxad
I'm sure I can't see.
Bow potatoes have eyes.
And a hill has a foot.
A clock has a face.
And a tooth has a root
A stove has four legs.
But It can't walk around:
And corn has long ears.
But It hears not a aoana,
A Jug has a mouth.
But waa ne'er known to aat:
A stand has four legs.
But not any feet
A bed has four legs,
A foot head, and aldei
A tree has a trunk.
The eceaa a tide.
A wagon a tongue.
And still doesn't talk!
A yard has three feet
And It never caa walk.
And a minute Is short
Or a minute is long.
While the tea-kettle slngi -
A right merry eng.
And then It seems Strang ' -
Haw people will say
To boys and to girl
Who romp and play, 1
Come, birdie, my brownie, .
My duckie, my dear, 1
Sly lambie, my robin,
ky darling, now here. "
But one thing I'll tell yooy
Be sura not forget,
I'm a boy, not a birdie,
A lamb nor a pet.
RETTA A. PHTTIT.
Typical Basin for Calling.
Seven Little Sister series Andrew
Tanglewood Tales and Wonder
Fairy Tales Anderson Grimm
Child Garden (Bound volumes)
Jingle Book Kipling
Child Stories from the Masters,
Back of the North Wind McDonald
Oreek Heroea. Klngsley
Nights with Uncle Remaa Harris
Bird's Christmas Carol Wlggln
Child's Christ Tales Hofer
Love Songs of Childhood Field
Child's Garden of Versa. Stevenson
Fables and Folk StortM Bcudder
Politics ol aScraaton CUM la 1889.
"Mary run and gat ma Cleveland's
baking powdar, Just aa quickly as you
can go." Two minutes Mary returned.
breathleaalyi "O, mamma, don't you
mean Harrison baling powder I"
The subject for the week at kinder,
garten waa "Light" It led finally to
speaking of noble people aa lights. Af
ter showing a photograph of Phillip
Brooks aa one who -waa a light to the
world, Miss Gray said : "Now; children,
tell mo soma lights you know about"
"Israelltles," quickly responded
A little boy much Interested In tho
Sabbath school about Adam and Eve,
said to his mother at the dinner tablet
"Mamma, if the apple had boon baked,
would it have hurt Adam?"
ohlld nature committed to them In tbe
best way. The children that come to
you In the sohool room have come from
both of these kinds of homea In the
same row in your room sit boys and
girls of totally different character,
largely the result of the Influences of
homes which were diametrically op
posed to each other. This environment
has left its permanent traces; already
at this early age habits have been
formed that may never be changed, or
that will uke years of patient training
What shall be the teacher's reception
of these and how shall she meet with
equal helpfulness, tho fortunate child
of a well-ordered home, and the unfor
tunate boy (perhaps equally bright, or
It may be dull and stupid from force
of circumstances) from a home of
Ignorance or vice?
WHAT HAS THE CHILD IN A GOOD
HOME LEARNED BEFORE HE
CAME TO SCHOOL?
He has learned first lesson of ut
most importance, the lesson of true
obedience, not of force but of choice.
The best motives for obedient action
having been presented to him by a wise
parent explanations having been made
ot tne relations thf-t demand respect
and give authority, the child has
learned to Immediately acquiesce and
lovingly obey his parents. He is then
prepared to obey his teacher with the
same unquestioning confidence.
He has also learned the habit of self-
control, having seen It exercised by a
firm, but loving parent. He has learned
to control his spirit In thoughtulness
and to use his will power In command
ing hla temper. In many homes, too, the
young child has learned habits of at
tention by careful instruction of
watchful parents, anxious for the best
development of their children; or he
has had the advantage of kindergar
ten, which is a great help in this direc
tion. In addition to these Intellectual
qualities developed In a child In a well
governed home, which are of such value
In preparing the way for the work of the
teacher, some have the advantages of
literary atmosphere and of elegant sur
roundings that have a refining Influ
ence on character as well as manners.
Beside, and a' ove all these, the child
of pood parentage has had a moral
training. The best education Is of heart
as well as mind, and training Is mora
than teaching. Some one has defined
training to be "accustoming the child
to do easily and willingly what Is
asked," or In other words "showing tho
child how to do right habitually from
choice." This waa no doubt the Idea of
the great philosopher, who said "Train
up a child In the way he should go and
when he Is old he will not depart front
It." The father and mother whose aim
has been to so train up their children
have seen, a loving, unselfish disposi
tion Moseom m the same soil a
strong wilt, and a frank, open-hearted
A True Incident
Two little children five years old,
Marie the gentle, Charlie the Doia;
Bwaet and bright and quaintly wise,
Angels both, la their mother's eyes.
But you. If you follow my versa, shall
That they were as aumaa as human
And had not rat learned the maturer
Of hiding the "self of the finite heart
One day they fouad la their romp and
Two little rabbits soft and gray
Soft and gray, and Just of a six a.
As Uke each other as your two eyes.
All day long the children mads love
To the dear little pets their treasure
trove; They kissed and hugged than aatil the
Brought to tho oaalea a glad rsiplta.
Too much fondling doesn't agree
With the rabbit nature, as we shall sea,
For era tho light of another day
Had chased tho shadows of night away,
One little pet had gone to the shades,
Or. let us nope, to perennial glades
Brighter and softer than any below
A heaven where good little rabbits go.
The living and dead lay slds by side.
And still alike as before one dledl
And it chanced that tho children came
singly to view
The pets they had draamed of all the
First cams Charlie, and, with sad sur-
Beheld tho dead with streaming ayes;
Howe er. consolingly, he salt.
"Poor little Marle-her rabbit's deadl"
Later came Marie, and stood aghast;
6 he kissed and caressed It but at last
Found voice to say, while her young
"I'm so sorry for Charlie his rabbit's
Oeorte Washlartoa Stories.
To a claoa of children from S to I years
old: "Who can tell mo anything about
"I know; I know," piped up a small
fellow. "Why. he's that man that
turned hard and they put a rope around
hla neck and set him up dowm on court
uess grow Into beauty. What has all this
to do with the characters ot those auio-
THE TEACHER'S WORK.
.Very much all this haa been done
for you. The chief and best part of
true education has been begun and Is
well progressed before tho child has ar
rived at school age in many Instances,
But do not assume that this absolves
you from responsibility. Fortunate,
Indeed, If your work is made thus
pleasant to take a bright and interest
ing child, well trained to habits of at
tention, used to self-government ac
customed to obedience and with a tend
ency to unselfish action. But how great
tho necessity that the teacher foster
there good qualities and recognize all
honest efforts, and so work together
with tho homo Influences working
toward making tho most and best of
Mistakes of a teacher may wound a
sensitive soul past recovery, leaving a
scar never to be effaced. Lack of con
fidence In human nature lost through
a teacher's carelessness may never be
restored. The duty of studying the
child and encouraging the good and re
pressing the evil tendencies Is para
mount In your vocation.
But If tho task be no easy one In ths
case of those that come from good
WHAT SHALL WH SAT IN RE
GARD TO THE OTHERS, WHO
HAVE HAD NO SUCH
Here Is one whose parents cannot
speak the English language. They can
not help in his studies or follow him
with that Interest In his work that Is
so encouraging and helpful.
Here is another whose parents do
know the Kngllsh language, or are
supposed to at least, it is not a foreign
language in which they speak no
grammar contains It. Can the four or
five hours a day of pure English coun
teract the hours and days of Imperfect
sentences. Incorrect pronunciation,
coarse and vulgar words and profane
language? There Is your problem.
Careful teaching, consistent living in
you school room will It equal lack ot
training and bad example in the home?
An immortal mind and soul hangs in
the balance. Pray that a Divine
Hand may help yours to tip the scales
the right way.
THE TEACHER'S DIFFICULTIES.
In facing these problems the teacher
meets many difficulties; and some of
them In herself, it is easy to love the
good boy who gets his lessons and
obeys his teacher. It is hard to give
special attention to the one who needs
It most. But the teacher must make
the effort to bo unprejudiced and to
think of the Intellect that may be dor
mant, of the soul that Is how blank
for her to fill, and to seek for the best
way fo bring out latent powers. With
the true teacher's tact to ignore when
possible, correct when necessary, and
help at all times the timid, shrinking
or stupid child, or the rude and per
verse boy. "Te have need of patience."
"Let patience nare her perfect work.
In the struggle between Ignorance
and light, between good and evil, going
on In mind and heart, r.ver let the
child be disheartened or lose courage.
CHILDREN ARE WHAT THEY ARE
EXPECTED TO BE.
If scolding mothers and tyrannical
fathers have made children obstinate
and sullen, and treated them as If they
always expected-them to be bad, let
not tho teacher continue this poof
A LETTER TO SANTA CLAUS.
Scran ton. Pa.. Dec 1 1AM.
Dear Santa Claua:
Tou gave mo something last Christ
mas that I asked for, so I'll write again
this year. I want a Newfoundland dog,
a hound, a foxhound, a greyhound, and
a bird dog. For books I would like
"The Arabian Nights," "Dred," "Uncle
Tom's Cabin," "The Boys of '76."
"Youtig Folks' Indian History" and
"The Hoys of '," and I would like a
bicycle. I want "The Arabian Nights"
and "Toung Folks' Indian History" the
most of the books. The flrst named
dog the most. I live In Scranton, Penn
sylvania, United States of America.
The bouse Is at the head of Linden
street, on Monroe avenue. The house
has clapboards on the lower story and
shingles on the upper. Come down the
chimney on the front corner towards
the potato field. My stocking will be
on the corner towards the place where
the tongs, shovel and poker are,
I have a slater and a brother. He is
lck today. I go to the Adame avenue
school and study reading, writing,
arithmetic history, geography and
Have you a wife? and If you have, is
she well? Tou must have a lot of toys
to make. Do your reindeers go faatT
Tou must have to have warm cloths.
Are you well? I hope you are, because
I waat my things for Christmas.
To Edwin, almost four: "George
Washington never told a 11a"
dwlnj-"Wby, couldn't ho speak T"
Xou are little builders.
Working every day,
Brick by brick, brick by brlcM
Of character you lay j
Every word you utter,
Everything you do
Renders tho foundation!
Either false or true.
Hero a brick of honor.
There a brick of truth:
.While the work's progressing
Childhood turns to youth.
As the walls are rising,
See that they are plumb.
Strongly put together,
For the time will com
When by their own merits
They must stand or fait.
For the Master-builder
Justice metes to alL
Building for the preseat '
For the future, too, 1
Characters that soma day
God Himself shall view.
treatment Rather let her encourage
and maks them feel that victory is
possible and success within their grasp,
and that their teacher haa conndenoo
With regard to the teacher It holds
good as wall as with ths mother and
SHE MUST BE HERSELF WHAT
SHE WISHES HER PUPILS
The teachable attitude, ths desire to
Improve, tho wllllugness to change,
should be her spirit; the cheerfulness,
the promptness and the unselllshness
should be her disposition. None ot us
get beyond the need of study or possi
bility ot learning. And none of us reach
perfection of character. But what the
teacher tries to be, fully master ot any
branch of study. Is all sho can success
fully communicate to others; so In the
higher education that Includes training
of mind and heart the teacher must
try to have that self-control she desires
and expects In others. "Thou that
teachest another, dost thou not teach
Were It my province to speak of the
continued relation of parent and
teacher after the boy enters school, I
should like to direct most of my talk
to the mothers and fathers and em
phasize the Importance of assisting the
teacher, by insisting on habits of punc
tuality and attention, and the need ot
encouraging tho child by showing in
terest In all his studies, helping when
deemed wise, commending the good
record, grieving over bad marks, and
trying in every way to make the teach
er a task as light as possible and the
child's work as interesting as it can be,
and so gaining most favorable results.
But abler ones who follow will speak
Of the boy after he gets Into the school,
and will, no doubt, give plenty of in
struction to us mothers as well as to
you teachers. My allotted task wns to
talk of the little one In kilts and knoc
pants at home; of his mother and her
work In preparing him for school; of
his first teachers and how they should
receive him, as he enters the sacred
precincts of the publlo school, where
so many days of the beat years of his
life are to be spent.
Rhnll I briefly state In closing the
chief thoughts in mind In the prepara
tion of this paper on this Important
1. The Importance of early training
and home influence.
2. The need that the tettcher recog
nize this, not Ignoring It and Imnglntng
hers to be the Anty hand guiding the
child Up the steps of progress In educa
8. The necessity of emphasizing her
own responsibility and striving not to
undo any good home training, and, on
the other hand, making earnest, tact
ful efforts to untln evil-Influences.
4. The self training required for this
work, glvlnir you the power to win the
child's confidence and respect, rhowlm;
him yon can be and are what you wish
him to be,
0. Now. lastly. I Impress upon you
the value and necessity of love for your
profession, and rnthtislnsm in the
prosecution of your vorntlon, becnuse
of tho vast result that hang upon your
work, supplementing its It does that of
the most sacred nf all, that of mother,
sslrfttng as It does, or should, the work
of the church, and being the great
foundation nf the future welfare and
security of the country.
Dr. J. R. Miller tells a story of ths
great mlssJonery, Francis Xavler, how
at one time ho was exhausted With
A LOAF OP BREAD.
Out of tho window came
a loaf at
And hit a boy on the top of bis head:
It scared a horse that was hitched to a
And tho man ran over tho pig.
Ths boy took tho broad aad homo ha
And told his mother he wanted It
Tho boy ho ate, and he ate and ho at
Until he got up with a stomach aeho.
(A promising boy post of yeara)
How Many Caa Answer These. Questions
1. 1 what state and couaty do you
I. Why were they so named!
t. Name the other counties.
4. Bound your own county.
6. Name Its mountains, vaUrys,
rivers and lakes.
. What are Us native birds,
plants, fruits and flowers?
7. What are its mineral?
8. What are tho divisions
county called? Name them.
8. What Is a borough? Naaaa
10. In what city do you lira?
11. Why waa It so named?
12. How long has It been a Sityf
13. How Is It governed?
14. Who are its chief offloara?
15. What la the length of thohr terms
16. Do you live In a county town?
17. How many Una of
held In It? .
IS. What la Its
19. Name Its Industries.
20. Name Its public- buildings,
churches and charitable Institution
21. How many railroads para
22. How would you roach it from
London? From laa Francisco?
With love. A. WVJt
Mamma "O. Janet God never Jrtakee
to Heaven little girls Who tell OtfngM
that are untrue."
Janet "Well, you said) you told' a lie
when you were a little girl and grand
ma said she did, and I guess overylbody
tells lies, and I don't want to go to
Heaven If only God and George Wash
ington are going to ba there.
"Keep watch of your wards, ray. darl
ings. r ur woras are wunacnui uungs;.
They are sweat like beea fresh hefagy-'
Like bees, they have torribl sun go.'
days and nights of labor, when throngs
of people had crowded around him, and
he said to his attendant, "I must sseep.
If I do not, I shall die. Whoever comes,
do not waken me." He then retired to
his tent and the servant began his
watch. It was not long, however, be
fore a pale face appeared at tho tont
door and Xavler beckoned to his ser
vant and said, "I made a mtstak. I
made a great mistake. It a little child
comes, waken me."
Was not this tho great Masters
spirit, who, when weary and pressed
with other demands, said "Suffer the
little children to como to me. Forbid
Do you realize what It mean for these
little ones to come to you with their
questions for answer, their plea for di
rection? Let every power of your be
ing be awake and fully aroused to re
ceive It when tho little child comes.
And woo to him who neglects or turns
It away, or leads It astray.
"When the little child comes, waken
me," and may the Great Teacher Him
self help us to so answer their ques
tions, as their honest Innocent' eyes
look Into ours, that we may dare look
Into His face on that great examina
tion day that Is coming to us all, and
may hear Him say, "To did It unto one
of the least of these, my llttlo children.
To did It unto Me."
HELEN DUNN GATES,
A oertaln teacher of this city, who had
been greatly Impressed by an article
In an educational journal on ths sub
ject of "Thought Getting" and the cul
tivation of original expression on tho
part of the pupil, appeared before her
history class fully determined that
there, at least, she would insist upon
the pupils understanding clearly what
they were learning, and telling It in
their own language.
Having, as she supposed, made her
view upon the subject perfectly Clear,
and having duly Impressed them with
the Importance of it, sho called upon
one of the boys to give sn account ot
the battle of Marathon. He arose and
told the story with Just enough varia
tion from the lnnguago of the author,
to satisfy her that he understood the
matter, and she was about to congratu-.
late herself upon her success, when
his memory failed him, and he was un
able to proceed.
In order to encourage him, she said,
"Tou have done very well so far, Rich
ard, now go on and toll the result.
Never mind the words of the book, tell
It Just an you would, It you had read It
In the newspaper this morning, and
were telling it to me. Tou know what
happened, do you not?"
To which he replied, "Tes, ma'am,
tho Persians went agen 'em, and got
That teacher Is still undecided, In her
own mind, whether It Is better to be
lucid or to be original.
Toung Teacher (who had, the day he-
fore, talked to tho children a long time,
nbout ovstcrs and other sholl-lsh)
"Now, who can tell me an animal that
has its bones on the outside?"
Small Girl (In a very shrill voice)
WASH DRESS GOODS.
If you want to see a beautiful lot of
Organdies, Dimities, Linen Batiste,
to., call tierore this special lot Is gone.
Valley House Shoe
Lackawanna and Frai
IL' J M 1 :
Now, If you
Where there Isn't a sofa or chair.
And your hostess should say, "Take a
seat, sir, i pray,"
Mow where would you ait? tall mo,
And should they persuade you to star
mere ana ame.
Where knives, forks, and apoons are
Do you think that you could aat With
cnopsticKs ot wood?
And how might you pick a- boaat
And then, should they take you at Jajs-
anese a rive,
In a neat little "rickshaw" af Uua
And you found. In Japan, that pour
horse was a man.
Mow what do you think you. would ao?
He Loved a Smile.
A lady bought a paper of ai ragged
newa boy and dropped a fow extra
pennies into hla sooty hand, savins
"Buy you a pair ot mitten; aren't you
com 7" om ram uaai "Mot
She was a dainty miss of four and he
was a laa 01 nve ana they had lust
been waltxlng together. At her request
no lea her to a seat in front of one of
tho ladies on the low bench that encir
cled the room. Then he crossed to tho
other side and as ho turned to look at
her, he discovered that she had changed
ber seat. Wringing his hands, be ex
claimed! "They've placed my little
apartment by tho wrong mocherl
A naughty little girl who- lapped,
pinched and kicked her mamma was
verely reproved by her father. "Sura-
Iv." he said. "That waa not fray
little airl: it waa some evil sUriC
"Tea, papa. It waa an evil spirit
which made me slap and pinch rouams
but It was my own idea klckinlsar
A llttto girt fell Into a welL the
caught on a ledge and by hotdlmr 00
and screaming lustily, waa rescued,
That nia4it she thanked God very own
ly for saving her life aad ended by soar-'
lng: -But 1 tnimc 1 aoowoo a gsnmoaa
of sons myself."
Margaret had been naughty all day;
but waa very penitent a bed tlmoviaad
at tho close of her evening prayer, swld;
"Dear Heavenly Father, pleaoo take
hold of my hand and don't let mo go
1 If-sagging around a&x mora tiht 'War
I have today."
Rolen fell and hurt her kneo badln
When sho wsnt to bed hor root her-ban- hm..t , the purest things wo see?
flawed It. rttv uan tha little mOvJ- n?f' -SCZw.. i. - m
calied out: "Mamma, my bandage l.n'tT'""""" " "
in tho right place. I tell sows aignor :
A wall Instructed Sunday school boy
when asked by his sick undo to throw
away tor him an apple core said: "O,
no! O, net O, no! you must cat tho
Beed. Tho seed la tho word of God. and
tho mora you get In you tho batter.'
A bright small boy, walking for the
fltwt time in tho heavily carpeted cor
ridors of tho new Hotel Jermyn ex
pressed hla sensations very tersely.
"My, It feels as If you wore walking'
on paaumatlo Urea"
Emily "O, dear! I'm aa hot as fire!
Stanley "Nov you ain't, cause if you
waa you'd turn to water. Don't yer
know cauao When yer only a Uttte
tho water Begins to come.
WORK FOR WOMEN THB CASHIER.
Tho work of a cashier Is not only In
teresting, but it schools one la many
of tho fundamental principles of busi
ness which are always helpful, no mat
ter In what capacity one may- become
engaged, whether as school teacher,
bookkeeper or housekeeper. As an In
stance, every women ought to know how
to draw and endorse checks, and hew to
properly make out a deposit slip and ao
forth. As cashier, one soon becomea fa
miliar with these details, aa well aa
many other that are equally helpful.
Many people think a cashier baa more
temptations placed In her path than or
dinary mortala They earn to havo aa
Idea that the majority of us are covet
ous and are alwaya Imagining what we
would do if all ths money we handle
were ours, while in reality the cashier
seldom thinks of tho real value 01
money apart from the use to which It Is
destined. Of course, there are excep
tions to this rule. Wo read of the ab
sconding cashiers, of whom many began
by borrowing, as they call it.small sums,
and I dare say nine-tenths of these,
when they begin the petty thefts, regard
them as loan and honestly intend to
repay all they take la this way, until
they go a little too far.
There are a great many cash systems
In use, most of which are Intended to
save time for the clerks, rather than to
facilitate the work of tho cashier, which
remains about the same.no matter what
the manner of transfer.
The principle requisites of a success
ful cashier are accuracy and quiokness.
Both are developed by practloe. A girl
without natural ability soon acquires
the power of making change rapidly
and accurately, while the chanoea of a
counterfeit passing unobserved by her
sensitive touch are rare.
M. BLANCHE POTTBJt
Tho early Greeks usually went bare
foot or confined themselves to simple
sandals which In time came to bo high
ly ornamented. The early shoes of ths
Romans were buskins, not very dis
similar to the moccasins of the Ameri
can Indians; thick soles, sometime of
metal, were a later Invention.
In some parts of Europe wooden
shoes are very common among ths
In Japan the sandals worn by the
common people are made of straw; in
South America they are made ot plait
ed thongs ot hemp.
A boot or shoe consists essentially ot
two parts, the sole, almost universally
of thick leather, and the upper, usually
of a soft leather, but not unfrequently
of cloth, and for women often of silk or
satin. These parts are attached to
each other In various ways .usually by
tewing. A few years ago a boot or
shoe was made throughout by a single
There Is no department In which
Europe stands in more need of Ameri
can taste than In boots and shoes. It
Is painful to see the foot gear In which
the Inhabitants of those unhappy lands
are doomed to walk through life. Man's
foot, and still mors woman's, was de
signed by Providence for beauty as
well as use; and the boot which looks
best is uaufjiy the. most comtortabla to
Among all Scran tsn'a young oltlsone.
are there any who hav aa lltUo to
maka life a Joy and yet4ook at things '
In the same cheery way that our crack
er boyt do?
At almost any time you chance to vis
it tho breaker you-will' rows ec .
small urchins separating tho slate front ;
the ooal; bright Utile fellows aad thor
ough young American
By tho law ot this state they are pro
hibited from world u( until the four
teenth year, but it is net at all difficult
from a young cracker' s land point, to
be fourteen at any time.
Perhaps one reaches the breaker lust ,
at noon, when work Is suspended, and
walks along the platform behind the
boys. The foreman says patting one
on his back, here's a particularly mis
chievous youngster and as he turns
around, with a broad smile his white
teeth and dirty face make an attractive
picture. Jfou wonder until you see 111s
neighbor 11 any otner uoy couiu do bo
If It were not for his good nature life
would seem very dull to the averuiro
cracker boy. All day long he work In
the blinding coal dust near the top ot
the breaker and receives for ten hours
work sixty cents.
Let us look Into a home of one or tne
poorer ones. It Is not a cheerful place.
Poverty is depleted on all sides. This
boy is perhaps the only support ot tno
household. There may be a widowed
mother and smaller brothers and slaters
depending on him. In one home of this
valley, not many monins ago, mere
had been nothing but a few potatoes
and a little bread for weeks, while suf
ficient clothing was a luxury not
One day In the year these crooner
boys ere masters of the situation.
When the circus bins are poaieu m
eoal companies prepare for a holiday.
Then the cracker boys and the mule
driver, usually at sword's points, bury
the hatchet and. take a day off.
Wo would say to our irienas a inous
and miles away that tho quality ot
coal sent to market depf nds very much
upon how faithfully the cotil has been
separated from the elate by the cracker
: GRACE BIRDSALU
A physician is a man who cures peo
ple of diseases. Most physicians live
In large houses or boarding housea
They get a great deal of money. They
have horses and carriages to go around .
to the different lous. Physicians
have good positions. There are two
kinds of doctors. One cures people ot
diseases, and the other cuts up people.
But tho doctor that cures people cuts
up people for practice. Generally they
cut dead robbers or murderers, because
people wouldn't like to have their rela
tions or friends cut up.
a RutiAilv school claeo of little girts
wero writing parallel passage of Scrip
ture. Ethel waa immenuoiy iiwhmiui
In finding them, ana as a orowir
point to her selections, sho triumphant
lv waat down after the verse: "Thi
that seoka roe early shall find mm" TW
early: bird eaituaoa tho wet,"
Dorothy Jtad just undressed hor doll,
'fjae. mlnjna. sho U barefootot al
ths awaatost things that
violets, ol osurta, yra
What are mora precious than tublaa
and pearl 7
Laughing k lasts from red-Uppsd girls.
What are ths dearest of earthlr but
Big boar-hugs from dimpled boys.
How does every boy grow that Is born?
Just like a rose with a great big thorn.
What Is each girl like that grows?
A little 'sharp thorn, aad a very swast
Bo you know ths sight atwhleh angel
little earth ahlldren, dreaming, asleep.
wear. The aesthetic eye Is pained as Its
glance falls upon the feot ot foreigners.
Parisian women. Indeed, are sometimes
well shod, but the men, never; while
the deformity of the English Soot Is
familiar to all Americans.
We are open to the accusation of
wearing too thin soles, but eenslble
walking shoes usually have thlok solea
Our grandmothers would havo said
that the best looking foot was the one
made to look as small aa possible, but
the day for that la past.
Ordinarily, a shoe Is about as prosato
a piece of merchandise as a ooofc stove
or a horse-brush, and when produced
by Ineompetont bands It Is usually even
more so. To the uninitiated, a shoo ap
pears but as few pieces of leather fas
tened together with thread and nails,
and designed to be tho ultimate butt of
wind, weather and mud. Strictly
speaking the "uninitiated" may bo
right but the average shoe merohant of
today hold a tar different view of tho
matter. He wants the leather and the
thread and the nails sure enough, but
he Insists that they be oombtned by
killed hands and In a manner whloh
to hla critical eye, produces a pleasing,
graceful effect In a word, he wants
"art" MARGARET MUItFHT.
OLD FASHION'S C0A10 AQAIN.
Fashion's caprice from an old letter
written ' In New Haven, Conn., May,
1835, now In possession of the third gn- '
ration, furnished by Mrs. Harriet R.
"They maks skirts to dresses very
full and pretty large sleeves. They
wear on ths neck double and twisted
silk handkerchiefs and a ruft of narrow
footing pleated fine pleats through ths
middle, or one of plain muslin, double
or single, gathered Into a band and
crimped, or plain lace collar straight
across the back end come to a point on
the shoulders, with plain narrow foot
ing pleated, say clear around It They
make cotton cares small and ruffle
them, and silk dresses they have a cel
lar of the same, the same shape tho
lace ones and a ruffle of th lams plaaU
"They wear all kinds of trimmings
on bonnets, but mostly two yards and
half ot ribbon, salmon colors tho meat
fashionable and green next. In New
Tork white la most fashionable, but not
much worn here."
Ho I'm going to apply my talawts,
but can't make up my mind whethor f
shall go In for art or poetry.
Bho Oh, poetry I
He (delighted) Havo you oTor heart
any of my verses?
She No; but rvo acxa iota at
art Et Paul's.
Plhktng, Stamping and Embroider
ing to order. Miss Nora Clevalaaa, Me
Do you eat? Tou can f t a good raal
for tee. at Mitchell', til Wash, ava
For best deeigns and lowest priaM f
oomttary. work, eaU at TN Wash.