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THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE WEDNESDAY HORNING, APRIL 15, 1896.
tclo gy mm yM
Destiny Kcvealvd by Manyulutiua of
. the Pasteboa.'tfs.
. r .
FORTUNES BOTH, GOOD AXD ILL
4a Old Grpsy's ythoi cf Learning the
Secrets of Jt, Fntnro-.My.tlo
Me"nf of the Cards
rom thfit. York Worl(L
The Mr , i
?lffls of forecasting by them have
rfljTcompiled upon the authority of a
lulZT. nllIUi vim for niHnY
'7. 1 ...1 na niu nf tkfa PTPJ t -
i. rnrrl ronlra nf the century, tor
J.L.. ,nvanlnw and that the
reader may be able to more thoroughly
rrnan the. nnh1-t. the meanings of the
various cards are Riven first. It will
always be found that llcht cards are
moat favorable. Hearts come first, not
as a matter of sentiment, but as a mat
ter of fact. Then follow In regular or-ili-r
diamonds, iilulw and spades. Very
few cards of the last-named suit, are
if gofid omen. They usually mean sor
row, disappointment and the like.
Clubs are better, but not as kixmI as
diamonds, though some card readers
Hver that the rlnb suit Is the best suit
of all. Kxiierlence has not proved this
to be so. One thing you can depend
upon nine times out of ten Is that If
you take a puck of cards and out it on
the ace of diamonds you will surely
Bet a letter, no mntter If you haven't
had one for six weeks. This Is Inter
estlns. It's nlx'.i a Rood thins to re
member. Now tor '.ho cards and their
.Ve of heai'ts-Tf attended by spades
11 (shinnies sickness; if by hearls, love;
IT by diamonds, goad fortune; If by
King of hearts A fair man of loving
disposition but ho.-Uy temper; a kuoJ
Queen of hearts A good wnmnn,
faithful und iiffectlonate and sure to
make a good wife.
Knave of hearts Your dearest friend
Ten of hearts This card slgnlllos
nany children and wealth, and In near
ly sill eases augur well.
Nine of heartsThis is ihp wish rard.
V lint ever you wish Is sure to come
Kight of hearts True friend; kind
ness and' happiness.
Seven of hearts l'nlse friend; beware
of treachery and exercise great caution
in all business transactions.
Six of hearts A generous but tricky
I t r son who will seek to entrap you.
Five of hearts A bright and happy
change; unfounded Jealousy; fond of
Four of hearts A stubborn person
not easily won.
Three of hearts Prepare to change
for the better, but be careful lest your
own imprudence cause you much sor
row. Two of hearts Expect good news In
a letter; be discreet in all that you do.
Ace of diamonds A letter and good
King of diamonds A handsome and
. -upright man; a good card.
Queen of diamonds A lovable wo-riiu-n
who is fond of good company and
who Is usually very agreeable and en
Knave of diamonds A near relative
who considers only his own Interests.
Ten of diamonds This card usually
signifies ten pieces of money. When
attended by favorable cards it means
a bright change and improved financial
Nine .of diamonds A person who is
fond of water. You are likely to short
ly go on a journey.
Kight of diamonds A second mar
1-luge late In life.
Seven of diamonds This Is In most
instances an evil card. Friends are
speaking evil of you.
Six of diamonds Loss of wife or hus
band early In life,
Five of diamonds Here's a jolly lit
tle card. It means unexpected riches,
good news and much hnpplness.
Four of diamonds Beware of your
friends; tell them no secrets.
Three of diamonds Look well to your
domestic affairs, and guard your con
duct well, lor a divorce suit Is threat
Two of diamonds An engagement
v hleh you should not keep. This np
plles both to business and love. Re
member this well.
Ace of clubs Something new and
King of clubs An affectionate man;
an unrelenting enemy. Study well the
Queen of clubs A treacherous wo
man. whose terrible temper and fierce
jealousy are sure to cause untold
trouble. If offset by hearts, the outlook
Is not so bad,
Knave of clubs A hasty friend who
Is thinking of you
Ten of clubu Unexpected riches and
marriage, lull have nothing to fear
from this card.
Nine of clubs Do as your own mind
suggests. Take no advice from others,
Eight of clubs Use caution in busi
Seven of clubs Itlng at the bell,
When this card lies between court
curds beware of the opposite sex
Six of clubs Bad news. Use care in
all new business ventures.
Five of clubs An unfavorable mar
riage; guard yourself against trickery
Fotrr of clubs Tbu" cartnoF exercise
too much cure in money dealings; de
fer hnpoitunt correspondence on this
Three of clubs A pair of new shoes;
Two of clubs This little card of two
spots signifies a great deal. It means
disappointment and a lot of other ex
tremely disagreeable things.
Ace of spades Misfortune, unhappi-
King of spades A handsome, ambi
tious and unscrupulous man. who will
allow nothing to stand between him
and the accomplishment of his designs,
Queen of spades A bad-tempered
nd melancholy woinun, whom It is not
safe to trust.
Knave of spades A man who drinks
to excess and one who Is not to be
trusted; also a dark person Is thinking
Ten of spades This is an exceedingly
tinpropltlous card. It portends un
happiness, Imprisonment and grief.
Nina of spades Misfortune will be
followed by happiness and-good luck,
Eight of spades If you are cautious
In your business transactions success
wilt attend all your ventures.
'. Seven of spades Look out for this
card. It means the loss of a dear friend
Six of spades Wealth through in
Five of spades Correct your bad
, Four of spades Sickness end ells
aster. This Is never a good card, and
. Svoo to the one to whom it falls,
- Three of spades A Journey across
the water; a lucky card.
Two of spades Bo good and you will
be happy; also a removal
This concludes tho list of slgnine.
HOW TO USE THE CARDS. !'
Now take a pack of cards and shuffle
It threft times. Cut them three times.
Then face the cuts and seo what the
curds mean. Select a king or queen
according your sex and the color of
your eyes, to represent yourself. If
your eyes are light choose a light cord
If dark then take a card of the op
posite suit. Plat the card represent
ing yourself In the center of a table.
nd shuffle the remaining cards. J nen
take three cards from the remainder
of the pack and lay them to one side.
Then take the next or fourth card of
the table or near the one representing
out-self, but always at the righthand
Now take the Dark and repeat the
operation, putting the second fourth
ard at the left-hand corner 01 tne lauie
or an equal distance from your own,
just aa you did with the first fourth
ard. Follow this method until ine
four corners are covered. Always be
gin at the righthand corner, and al
ways lay down the fourth card, it
an ace or the nine of hearts turns up
at the righthand corner you are sure
to have a lucky week and lots of happi
ness. If the nine of spades makes its
appearance then beware, for you will
meet with speedly disappointment.
Now take three cards from what re
mains of the pack and put them on the
card representing yourself. In start
ing to read your fortune take these
cards off first. Do not do so, however,
until you have made a wish, and have
chosen the color you desire. Take the
ards up slowly and carefully, consult-
ng the guide all the while. If you
have chosen a light color and the cards
of that suit predomniate, you will get
your wish. If the dark curds are In ex-
ess, you will certainly be disappoint
ed. Out of the remaining cards draw
six. Wish on them. If more light
ards than dark ones prevail, you will
get your wish. You can bank on this.
In rending the cards you must, or
ourse, do no Intelligently. A little
practice will soon make you proficient.
Should a card fall at vour feet or
toward you while engaged In shuttling
hem, whatever It signifies Is applicable
to your future. This is not generally
known, and tt Is really worth while re
membering. Little things count In tho
TUB GYPSY'S SKCR.KT.
The Gypsy Queen's Secret Is a very
valuable thing for card readers to
know. It Is better than all the para
graphs and oujuhs that were ever In
vented. You have only to try It to find
this out for yourself. In this method of
Uvlnation the nee Is the ruling card.
The single spots are of paramount Im
portance. Always fhuiilo the cards
well. Poor shuffling Is always product
ive of unsatisfactory results. Bear
this well In mind.
In order to work out the famous
Gypsy Queen's Secret, you begin at the
left-hand corner, ami not at the right.
Alter liming carefully shuffled the
cards, run the puck out by placing a
nrd on each of four corners. Keep
this up In regular order until the Inst
ard has been laid on the table. Now
te.ke up the first little pile of cards.
Take off card after card until you
come to an ace. Then lay the cards
you have lifted "off to one side. Take
up the second or upper left-hand corner
pile and place upon the ace and other
ards you ore holding In your hand.
Do not put them underneath, but right
on top and against the ace. Now lift
off the upper cards until you come to
an ace. Lay the lifted cards to one
side, just as you did before. Sometimes
it so happens that the top card of one
of the little piles Is an ace. In that
case simply place them on top of those
you already hold in your hand and go
on to the next pile.
When you have gone through all four
piles, distribute them again, this time
Into only three little packs, and not
touching those cards you previously
laid aside. Go through the same pro
cess of card shedding, stopping only
when you have come to an ace. Hav
ing done this, you distribute them
again, this time Into two little packs.
It Is, of course, supposed that you have
made your wish before beginning. The
object of all this card piling in little
packs and card shedding is to In the
end bring all the aces of the pack to
gether. If you succeed In doing this
your wish will positively come true.
You can almost wager your life on this.
If you don't believe It Just try the ex
After having distributed the cards for
the third time,- and having gone
through the final process of card shed
ding, you will find that the cards have
resolved themselves Into one very small
heap. Now to determine whether your
wish will come true. If, as stated, only
aces remain, nothing can keep you
from getting your wish. If the wish
card (the nine of hearts) is In the pile,
you are reasonably certain of getting
that which you desire. Should two
dnrk cards be numbered among those
that remain, you will not get your wish.
tou can depend upon this. It s bound
to be so. The significance of other cards
that may remain can be determined by
referring to the guide.
An easy way to tell your fortune Is to
lay the cards In rows of seven. Then
read them from left to right. Their
position sometimes changes their rela
tive meaning. But this may all be
learned by constant practice. Another
way is to place the card representing
yourself on the table and range the
others around it In such a way as to
form a triangle. Head from your card
up, down and across. If there are
many picture curds near your own you
may accept the forecast In Its brightest
sense. Comimny. good friends and so
cial und financial Improvement are gen
erally augureu uy these cards.
whiskers i KOM tiii: si:a.
And Long drown Hair That Is .Made from
the Samo Material.
There Is a marvelous marine growth
called sertulnria which has tit appear
ance of a delicate bush, although Its
slender stalks or fibres are built up by
thousands of minute animals, some
thing as the coral polyp builds up coral.
It is found in clumps and bunches on
wreckage and stones and elsewhere.
and sometimes It is torn loonrn storms"
und driven ashore. The many thous
ands of tiny creatures which have built
it up and inhabit it die, and the dead
bush Is called u skeleton. Its fibres
shrink some now, and so they are even
liner than they were. They mny be a
foot in length; sometimes nearly two
l'eet. They are brown, some bunches
being dark and some nf a lighter shade.
As the children of the carpenter
adorn themselves with shavings from
their father's work bench, so do the
children of the fishermen with the ser
tulurlu cast up from the sea. Its libres
ure pretty nearly straight, so they can
not be made to serve us ringlets, as cur
ly shavings do, but the girls take the
longer, liner bunches which are usually
ine ngnier in snaae, ana make or them
long brown tresses. The boys make
great moustaches of the sertularla, and
flowing Dundreary whiskers and sober
beards. In wandering along the shore
one might come upon a stranded boat
hauled high above the tide and with
her side stove In, perhaps, so that she
would not lloat, but occupied by a
dreaming youth in sertularla beard and
moustaches, who Imagined her a gal
lant ship and himself her bearded torn
mande.". New York Huu.
TIIK DIVORCE ft VI I.
Soma of the Onuses Widen Account for
the Present Tendencies.
The extent to which the marriage re
latlon Is falling Into contempt with a
certain class of people In this metro
polls Is Illustrated by. the fact that In
one day recently thirty divorce cases
became before one of the city courts.
In a majority of the eaxep brought to
hciubi inaj tne wives were tne com
plainunts, and the evidence In each
went to show that the husband had
been unfaithful. But it wan also ap
parent that in a majority of instances
the meninges had been hasty and In
considerate, and without- any motive
of affection, says a writer in Leslie's
. It is Inevitable that tn such 'cases
wedlock should prove , an uncertain
venture, resulting as a i)ule, In discon
tent and misery, but this fact hardly
affords a Justification for the ostenta
tious display of the mutual unrest and
disappointment In spectacular proceed
ings for divorce. It may be unreason
able to Insist that parties who plur.ge
!nli matrimony without any proper re
gard for Its responsibilities, or any real
Appreciation of the considerations
which should alone Inspire it, shall bear
the penalties which they rashly incur;
but It is certainly consistent with jus
tice and In harmony with sound morals
that they should refrain from obtrud
ing their Infelicities, often amounting
to scandalous deformities of life upon
the public notice.
As to the best and most effective
methods of arresting the growing ten
dencies to divorce, illustrated by the
fact that while in 1S79 there was in this
country one divorce for every 3,517
marriages, the proportion ten years
later was one to 2.051, there Is a great
difference of opinion. Moral Influence
must be chiefly relied upon to check
the evil, but something could be done
In the same direction by a more vigor
ous and literal enforcement of existing
Some of our courts are not only ex
ceedingly lax in their Interpretation of
the sanctities of the marriage relation,
finding excuses for its dissolution in the
most trilling causes, but they so mini
mize the penalties of the law as to de
prive them of all their deterrent force.
Another influence which contributes to
the ease and frequency of divorces Is
the Incongruity of the laws of the var
ious states. A federal law making the
causes and penalties of divorce the same
in all our states and territories would
put an end to a large proportion of the
scandals which now find their way Into
the public prints, and help to reestab
lish In the public mind the obligatory
character of the marriage tie.-
KIDDY'S CHARMED LIFE.
A Hen's Exciting Hide on Ice Cakes in
the .Maine freshet-
From the Lewiston Daily Journal.
One of the most exciting things that
occurred recently was the going over
the falls of a hen on a cake of Ice. Prob
ably 3.000 people saw the hen in Auburn
It was in the forenoon and the Ice was
running In large cakes over the falls.
As one cake approached the dam a liv
ing object was seen moving on It. Home
one cried out that it was a buby, others
that It was a dog. When it sped, eddy
ing and turning, by Little Island, those
on the Auburn endof the Maine Central
railroad bridge thought that they dis
cerned a hen sitting on the Ice," and us
It drew nenrer It proved to be one. She
was taking It easily and seemed rather
to enjoy life. As the cake un which she
sat went over the first undulation of
the west end of the dam she cast her
weather eye up at the folks on the pier
as much as to say: "Why don't you
folks come and take a ride with me?"
"That hen Is a goner!" said one who
saw the cake of ice strike another and
go to pieces in the rips below the falls.
But Biddy culmly fluttered over onto
the bigger piece and rode on. A great
crowd came rushing down to see her
fate in the thrashing caldron of West
"Now she's as good as dead," and It
did seem to worry her. for when the
enke of lee rode up over the top ofthe
Old Gentleman of the Falls and plunged
downward into the mass of flying spray
and foam the hen gave a surprised sort
of call and spread out her short wings
and flew cackling over the dashing
waters and seething foam, out and
down Into the eddy below the falls.
where she lit on the nearest Ice cake
and sailed calmly on. Right under the
Grand Trunk bridge, says, Mr. Nelson
A. Dodge, of Whipple street, she lost
her footing on the cake she was on and
got Into the water, but she fluttered
and floundered on to another cake, and
in a minute or two disappeared below
"That hen will live." said the man
who saw it go over the falls. "If she
doesn't go near enough to the Bhore to
get off she will be picked up at sea by
some passing vessel."
BICYCLE NEWS AND GOSSIP.
Harold Bunting Is riding a new "Win-
Louis Bunnell has purchased a new
Major Everett Warren Is enjoying the
sport on a " '9ti" Columbia.
Blttenbender & Co. have Just received a
large shipment cf "Yellow Fellows."
The "contrast ' tamlem team. Qarney
and Hitchcock, will go into training soon.
v atcn em.
Attend the "cinder path mcetimr at
Carbondale on Friday evening. All wheel
Frank Beavers, the popular drug clerk
at Phelps' drug store, hus purchased a
28-Inch frame Spalding. The frame is
enameled In maroon and Is a beauty.
The carbondale wheelmen received a
$200 subscription yesterday as a starter
for the "cinder path." If everybody Inter
ested does a little the path will be a "sure
About twent-flve members of the Scran
ton Bicycle club followed Captain Lucas
on a club run to Olyphant on Sunday af
ternoon last, two or tne ooys became
tangled In "ruts" along the boulevard
and were compelled to walk In from Dick
son. Some of the West Side Wheelmen are
considering the advisubility of organiz
ing a bicycle elub in that section of the
city. We see no reason why a club would
not be a success in that locality. There
are plenty of wheelmen there, most of
whom nro enterprising young men who
generall push with vigor anything they
The good condition of the roads lust
Sunday brought out hundreds of riders.
The favorite route, as usual, whs up the
vnlley to Carbondale. One continuous
stream of humanity on wheels passed
buck and forth along the main road all
afternoon. Many Hcrunton wheelmen
rode to Carbondale, Olyphant or Peck
ville and many wheelmen from those
places could be seen on our main .thor
oughfares. The Spalding-Bldwell bicycle carriage Is
a very unique affair. C. M. Florey, the bi
cycle dealer, la the local agent. The ma
chine attracts much attentloji-On.-lhe
street." "It Is a three wheel affair with an
ordinary bicycle saddle midway between
the rear axle and the front wheel for the
operator. A carriage seat Is built direct
ly over the rear axle, between the rear
wheels capable of carrying two people. It
Is a ease where a "back seat" is prefer
able. The Carbondale wheel.nen are pushing
the "cinder path" for ail they are worth.
A meeting to which all wheelmen are cor
d'nlly Invited, will be held In the club
house of the Carbondale Cycle club, Car
bondale, on Friday evening. A delega
tion from the Ureen Kldge wheelmen will
go from this city. Delegations from Oly
phant, Peckvillu and ull the towns along
tho .proposed route will attend. A full at
tendance is desired us complete figures,
plans, etc., will be ready.
C. LI FLOREY
PREPARING RUBBER TIRES
Description of an Interesting Depart
ment of Bicycle-Making.
MASSIVE MACHINERY REQUIRED
To Establish a Plant Capable of Produc
ing 400 Tires a Day Necessitates aa
Investment of More Than
Thirty Thousand Dollars.
From the Peoria Journal.
The rubber tires on a bicycle are
probably the most Important part of the
silent, steel steed. There Is no part
of a bicycle, unless It be the bearings,
on which such care is expended or
which It Is more Important should be as
perfect as mechanical skill can make
them. Only a wheelman who has had a
tire collapse with him on a hot day Ave
miles beyond the end of the street car
line, can denounce In fitting and appro
priate words the spurious goods of the
manufacturer of inferior rubber tires.
There have been bicycle factories in
Teorla for years, but until within the
past few weeks rubber tires were not
made In this city. Now. the new bi
cycle factory in Itlchwoods township
has Installed a big rubber plant and AW
tires a day will be turned out by the
workmen in charge.
The process of preparing rubber tires
Is an Interesting one and i-ontalns many
surprises for the uninitiated. It is a
rather startling statement yet none the
less true that the Peoria factory was
obliged to place machinery in their rub
ber department as big and massive, re
quiring as much power and resembling
In many ways the massive machinery
of a steel rail mill. The machinery is
attached directly to the main power
shaft of the manufactory and the big
gest machine a calendar cost some
thing like $7,500 while the smallest was
purchased for J.W0. The rubber from
the time It enters the factory until It
assumes the shape of a completed rub
ber bicycle tire passes through no less
than ten different pairs of hands. A
rubber plant with a capacity equal to
the Peoria plnnt cannot be constructed
fur less than $30,000.
' RUBBER HAMS.
Possibly a description of the process
from til's t to lust would not be without
Interest. As Is well known the crude
material is secured from the rubber
tree or rubber plant native in tropical
countries, large quantities being ob
tained in South America. The gum or
sap is taken from the trees by natives
at the auspicious season. When the
gum starts to run' it looks not unlike
milk and the natives catch it on a stlcK.
A slow fire Is bunded, the seed or a
tropical plant being used for fuel. The
fire thickens the gum as It is turned
and twisted on the stick and makes It
of a consistency easy to handle. The
crude gum is In chunks now and Is
taken to the seaboard for shipment to
It may be said right here that the ex
act output is known every year and Is
bought un by a single country, the
others being obliged to pay the price
demanded. Millions of dollars have
been made handling rubber and there
Is still millions In it. The natives are
eareless in obtaining the gum and kill
many of the trees and as a consequence
the supply grows more limited each
The Peoria factory gets its supply
of raw material through the Boston
and New York brokers. The stuff Is now
selling for 84 cents per pound. As it
arrives In the factory It Is In the shape
of what is called "rubber nams
and they look not unlike a ham cut tn
two. The crude rubber smells not un
like old and decaying smoked meat. As
soon as the rubber is received It is put
Into cleansing vat. Here It Is thorough
ly soaked and steamed to remove lm
THE CRUSHING MILL.
It Is next taken to a crushing mill.
This mill can be beBt described by com
paring it to a clothes wringer, except
that the rollers are about ten Inches in
diameter of steel and Instead of being
pronelled by the brawny arm of a
washerwoman are driven with llleslstl
ble force bv steam power. The rollers
are not one above the other, but side
to side and one is smooth, while the
surface of the other Is corrugated like
the surface of a washboard. The com
parison to washing utensils of this ma
chine is not at all Inapt as the process
is one of ' washing and cleaning, a
stream of water flowing down Into the
rolls during the process.
When the rubber comes from this
mill It is ns dry as cork and looks not
at all unlike great sheets of dark brown
bark, although not possessing brittle
qualities. It goes upstairs now and is
kept in a store room of regular temper
ature. For three or lour weens it re
mains in this ropm drying out and cur
ing. It next comes back to another big
mill. This mill Is similar In appear
ance to the one described, except that
both rollers are of polished steel and as
smooth ns tempered steel can be made.
These rollers are hollow and are so ar
ranged that either hot or cold water
may he Introduced Into them to keep
tht Ir temperature normal. It Is during
the process of crushing in this mill that
sulphur and other elements are ground
Into the stock to cure it. This is gen
erally what Is called compounding the
rubber, but the bicycle tire made In
Peoria Is not a compounded one, so
that this part of the process and Intro
tluctton of sulphur and other elements
FOR A NEW BICYCLE or the repair of a
E. R. PARKER,
Who hi the lonceit experience In this line ol
any men In the city. Vuu will save mnitcv by
following this advice. 321 ti'ktCh tr.
9. SCRflNTON, PENNfl.
is carried only to the extent of curlna
the trude stock.
I Would be difficult In.Wrl tn Imir.
Ine the resistance offered bv this crude
rubber stock that eoea Into thn mill
ithout seeing it- a i,Lmu -..
square In being crushed will check the
rvvuiuiions oi a iw-norse-power en
cine. Whptt n mill la K-( .irf.l ua
rollers have hot water forced Into them
vi neat mem. out in a short time the
friction of the rubber is so great that
ine not water is substituted by cold.
This watching of the temperature of
the rollers Is neoeaniirv na tn aiinw tKa
rubber to go Into the mills without any
care or supervision would cause the
rollers to burst and the mill to be
LIKE A BIG SAUSAGE,
When this crushing process in fin
ished all the fibre in the rubber hna
disappeared and It is of a dark brown.
shiny appearance. Its consistency is
about that of a piece cf chewing gum
which a high school girl rftis thorough
masticated, although hardly as soft as
tnat tne gum. not the girL It Is In
the shape of a roll and looks not unlike
a great big bologna sausage, although
of a much darker brown. Its elasticity
now becomes apparent, and If you pull
a little piece away from the roll It will
snap back when released from the fin
gers. Another peculiarity of the rub
ber at this stage Is that It will heal
Itself if a cut or wound 13 made In it.
the knife hardly being withdrawn be
fore the cut has disappeared.
the rubber is a lowed to stand strain
for some hours to become more thor
oughly dried. Next It Is taken out and
run through a mill the rollers of which
are hot. though not hot enough to burn
the stock. The rubber is now warmed
up and easily worked.
Now It goes to the calendar. This la
the biggest and most expensive ma
chine in the rubber plant. The crude
stock Is crushed by Immense nressure
Into a great thin sheet which goes over
the bis rollers of the culendar time und
again. The calendar, like the other
nuns, can be described by its compari
son with the clothcswringer, only that
its rollers are nearly two feet in diam
eter, and so arranged that either hot or
cold water can be forced Into them to
change the temperature.
v hen the rubber conies from the cal
ender it Is cut In strips about two and
one-half inches wide by knives on the
sides of the rollers of the calendar. It
Is still In a crude state and if the thin
sheets were allowed to come In contact
one with another they would stick to
gether. To obviate this trouble the
thin rubber is wound In a roll with can
vas b-'tween each two strips.
bo tar the process has been solely
one of preparing the crude rubber, but
now the muteriul begins to assume the
shape of a tire. A steel bar equal In
diameter to that of a bicycle tire is used
and the rubber strip shaped about It
and cemented on with rubber cement.
It next goes to the machine which
covers the rubber Inside tube. This
machine Is the most Interesting to
watch and at the same time the most
difficult to describe. The rubber tire it
must be remembered is stretched over
a steel pole and covered with cement.
The machine to which It goes Is for the
purpose of wearing a linen coat over
the rubber. The steel pole Is set on a
hanger in the middle of the machine
The machine has a circular rim like
carriage about eight feet In dlametr
of steel and about four Inches aoro.
On this rim are mounted something
n Ke ninety-six Dig spools in pairs
Wound on these spools are strands of
the strongest kind of linen cord, each
strand containing nine distinct pieces
of the cord. The ends are taken from
LARGEST DEALERS OF
Not one High Grade called the "Best on Earth," but eight
Leading, Well-Known and Popular Machines. Every one guar,
anteed against breakage by accident or otherwise.
ST E A R N S Tha Yellow Fellow.
BARN ESHAfliite Flyer.
PEERLESS Blue Bird.
Also a large complete line of Medium
department, under the management of
command your attention.
W. EI. BITTEN BEN DER.
WILLIS A. KEMMERER.
BITTEN BENDER & GO
the spools to the renter of the rim
where the tire has been placed, then
the machine started. The lroa rim re
volves round and round the pairs of
spools, each in an opposite direction
The result is to weave on the crude
rubber tire a hard, firm coat, yet one
tnat is not so rigid as to ehect Its
The tire now has another coat of rub
ber placed over the woven linen coat
and the nipple for Inflating it Is now
placed In position. The joint maklna
what has been a straight hollow tube a
circular tire Is carefully made and the
whole goes down stairs again.
Here the tire is Inflated and put Into
an Iron mold made for the purpose.
The iron mold is placed in big hydraulio
presses. The tire Is here subjected to
both Immense pressure and heat. This
is the process of vulcanising. All along
the rubber has been of a dark brown or
chocolate color, but when It comes from
the vulcanlier It Is black and like It Is
seen on the completed bicycle. All that
remains to be done Is to mount the
tire on the wheel and test It.
A square yard of the rubber that is
put into bicycle tires Is worth about a
dollar, and the ugly, fcul-smelling stuff
that arrives at the factory from tropi
cal lands Is also expensive, a handful
of the crude stuff, or a pound and a
quarter, being worth a dollar.
WHAT nittOMKSOF OLD WUEELS.
Once True and Stanch friends Now Gone
Have yon ever wondered what has
become of the thousands of old solid
tire wheels that were in such universal
use before pneumatics revolutionised
things? A Star reporter put the ques
tion to a dealer the other day. "A few
were converted Into pneumatics and
cushions and are still on the streets."
he said, "and some were taken by the
dealers as part payment on new ma
chines, and are still stowed away In
their shops, there being no sale for
solid tires. The second-hand dealers
and repairers bought a great many of
them un, dissected them, so to speak,
and are now utilising the parts in re
pair work. The balls, hubs, spokes,
cones, axles, bolts and nuts are all
useful, and at the last the old frames
and rims can be broken up and sold aa
scrap iron. Some have gone to the
country, and Josh Hayseed may be seen
complacently pedaling down to the mill
for a bag of corn. Machinists use them
for making models, occasionally a
TlllkVl-Cnrf U'lll ho BOan mmmtA.l sin
. - ..... - -- ...wu.... vi, n y
rusty old wheels, and even the boys
on me runi lane me small wneels ror
the making or express wagons. And
the balnnce. t ttitmnao vnt.'ii m
stowed away In the cellars and wood-
sneas or tneir possessors, once true
and stanch friends, they are now of no
use in the world. Abandoned to cobwebs
and ashes, with no company but rats
and mice, they dream away their few
remaining days. Once again they
stand in full suit of glittering nickel,
admired, caressed and praised by. all
beholders; again they are on the road,
bearing their masters In safety down
long rough hills and through sand and
mud. Once again they see the smooth,
hard track, respond to the efforts of
the riders as they throw every ounce of
effort Into the last sprint, and hear the
shouts of the excited-crowds as they
whis across the tane. Abadoned and
aolne, eating out their hearts with rust,
thev eraduallv dmn tn nlaMi tnn n..i
- - - -.J ,wv VUU
of their vanished prestige to give one
luuuKiii. 01 envy 10 me modern pneu
matic." Toeing the Mark.
Yabsley-"Well, did you make Bmlthers
tna tVia niimlr na t 1 .....
w um mam, yuu fm yuil WUUIU f
Mudffe "Er-yes. I wai the mark.'
FALCON -Gold Crank.
AM E R I C A Truss Frami
PHCENIX-lt Stands tho Racket.
Display Parlors, 3 1
UlAlrtiY AreiHartiv ...
can be made for private instructions at our
HUMBER & CO.,
The Larrat and Wealthlat OeaearaW
w Etna In Mw - orld. naattar v
Three In England,
une in kushu.
One in France.
One in Portugal
One in Mas.
WE SELL THEM.
JfjWjtcti TaU Space ler List at Hiua-
Uadca Street. Op. Ceart Hmm.
WB ALSO HAVE
LU-MI-NUMS AND UNIONS.
ITS A fLVH
ana tht velocity of wind, ateaai aat
wings are suggested ay his progress.
vatlon In means of travel since the Intro
4T 1 m wmnwuTi, ana we are lit
.,w in 7 W ilh uh ceoeimcuoa ana
Biesna of propulsion.
Healthy-minded people are thoaa waa
commend and practice Its use.
To such we need hardly say. Tour Mey
tie should be the latest and test
Call and examine ours before buying. .
3IUND 314 UCUWMM IVE.
Wlnton Bicydet an guar
"The Wlnton It a Winner."
The tisat CoaaaeU Co
Grades. Our repair
D. J. Slowe, should
31 Spruce St.
Avenue, Top Floor.