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THE SCRANTON TEIBmn-WEDNESDAY MOIINING, APBIL 15, 1895.
:e 7C1LD of wohansikd
cs of litertst to All Members of
the Cettle Sex.
HEALTH AXD HOUSEHOLD HINTS
Car fally Selected Recipes. Ssggcstlons
as ta th Car of the Uoom aad
Otter Matters Eateriag lato
Woman's Widealag Sahara.
HER TEN COMMANDMENTS:
These are the new commandment ten,
Which wives now make lor married
1-Remember that I am thy wife.
Whom thou must cherish all thy life.
t Thou halt not stay out late at night.
When lodges, friends or clubs lnvlie.
t Thou shalt not smoke indoor or out.
Or chew tobacco round about.
4 Thou shalt with praise receive my pies.
Hot pastry made by ma despise.
t My mother thou shalt strive to please.
And let her live with us in ease.
a-Remembcr 'tis thy duty clear.
To dress me well throughout the year.
T Thou shalt In manner mild and meek
Give me thy wages every week.
Thou shalt not tie a drinking man.
But live on prohibition plan.
Thou shalt not flirt, but must allow
' Thy wife such freedom anyhow.
10 Thou shalt get up when baby cries,
And try the child to tranquillae.
These my commands, from day to day
Implicitly thou shalt obey.
II II II
'A' western Journal admonishes wo
men that It Is a mistake to marry; that
married life averages twenty years;
that at the end of thnt time the wife
rinds herself a widow with $1,000 Insur
ance and "live" children! It then goes
on to advise women that by remaining
single they can accumulate in twenty
venrs 1.1.000 and "not handicapped by
five children" can face their declining
years! This moves the Philadelphia
Bulletin to observe: "There ought to
be a provision In the criminal code
against such monstrous perversion as
this! Any one discouraging marriage,
by precept or example, ought to be held
criminal by the very act or utterance,
where does this reckless troglodlte find
nrnnf thnt mnrrlaee averages but twen
ty years and that the hBUband dies
first? Where are the figures certifying
to the five children? Twenty years of
marriage, even If that were the aver
age, would criminally derelict. If there
hut five children! And If the hus
band and father died at the end of
twenty years his first born would De
of an age to step In and support the
family, or he wouldn't be the sort of
American boy known In trade! But,
as a matter of observation, mar
rlnre Increases longevity, and hus
bands who are happily married rarely
die at least until they have to and,
as a rule, they outstay the wife,
II II II .
"No man or woman of sensibility,
however, can consent .to look on mar
riage In the sordid light enunciated by
this western destructive. What wo
man, truly a woman, would set $5,000
self-earned dollars against the twenty
years' love, companionship of the hus
band of her heart? If to be a new wo
man means the sordldlzlng of what Is
sweetest In the sex, then the less we
hear and see of this monstrosity the
better. As It is 'better to have loved
and lost than never to have loved at
all,' so It Is better to have been mated.
If only for a year, with the man of one's
heart, than to live a wretched spinster
and type write a million Into an old
mold's pocket! And even If but 'five
children." as the unfeeling perverter of
women claims, are the average of twen
ty years' connubial felicity, what
money could equal them? What more
delightful, more soothing to a widowed
heart than five Images of the dear one
dead; five pledges of the future, five
bread-winners If need be! No, indeed;
if the 'new woman takes this form we
renounce her; all men born of women,
who love to live In the light of a sweet
heart's eye, a wife's eye, will condemn
and spurn the 'new woman' in this
guise. She shall be refused prollt and
place, the typewriter shall be denied
her, every calling that she r.ow udorns
will repudiate her men will shun her
and women, the women that men
adore, will have none of her! The birds
will refuse song for such a one, the
flowers withhold their color and odor,
the sun shade his lances of light, the
stars fade in her sky, youth become a
derision, earth a torment. For. after
all, no woman can be really new until
she is born again In love and conse
crated In wedlock! That Is the sort ot
new woman that revolutionizes the
woild. Where does woman shine so
adorably as among her darlings! There
she Is new Indeed the old, old story
always sweetly new the love that
makes the world young and always
II II II
An animated leap year discussion has
been in progress for some weeks among
famous women concerning the question,
Shall women propose? The Philadel
phia Bulletin strikes close to the mark
when apropos of the discussion It says:
"Logically there Is no reason why the
woman who approves the man should
not Invite him to be her companion for
, life. It Is merely tho prejudice of tra
dition that recoils at this. If love be
what the pundits, poets and phllosoph-
Ae n11n 11 a ! vi nlra e. A I ffanania
whl voice, propounds the vltahques
tlrm that settles ttm destinies! So
much for the proprieties Involved. The
cruets of the problem Is not In the
asking, but in the knowing! Now, does
a woman know her own mind firmly
enough to be sure that she Is asking
the man she la best fitted to mate with?
Judging from the poets and novelists
and some study of sociological phe
nomena. It Is to be feared that women
are not so likely to come to a wise de
cision as men! A man brings some of
the exactness he displays In business to
the resolution of his love! He knows
what he seeks In a wife! As a rule,
moat men figure to themselves their
mother In her teens and seek her sim
ilitude! This, of course, Is not that
divine passion that all the world loves
In a lover! But, on the whole, It is
the true love that makes serene fire
sides, homes of felicity. It Is very
doubtful whether women, with their
Immortal yearnings, their adoration of
' strength, of the heroic, the picturesque,
could ever fall into the habit of choos
ing the safe man the predestined fa
ther, the fireside sage, the exemplary
citizen!, The heroic fellow Is charming
la poetry, the drama, romance, but lie
Is uncomfortable at the fireside! And
this, Is as a rule, the sort of person
that captivate the young girl's fancy.
"Now, of course, the result of wo
man's proposing would be an Imme
diate demand for the Byron Ic and pic
turesque fellows, while the really de
serving men, preordained to be perfect
husbands and fathers, would bo left
to languish in unmerited celibacy!
Then, again, aa one of our penetrating
correspondents writes, man Is of a na
ture so contradictory that what he
can get without conquest he does not
value! The profundity of this remark
to proven by 'every life history ever
written. The truth being that man Is
so Inferior by nature that when a wo
man seems to sue he makes the same
mistake a domestic makes when mas
ter or mistress' Is over-kind! . Man's
nature Is essentially servile; he can
only relish what seems to Mm won by
esoteric arts quite beyond tils own or
dering! There never was W man yet
who won a- woman's love that didn't
feel half criminal! No man ever be
lieved hlmavlf deserving of a, true wo
man, no man can, knowing what he
knows of. -himself and his nature. On
the whole, therefore, we are Inclined
to agree with the correspondents who
vote for the good old way. It ha aa-"
swered very well, whereas to put the
burden of proposal on women would
disjoint so many traditions that we
should be compelled to recast society.
Then the mother-in-law would be
placed In an awkward attitude! She
could not keep the husband iu proper
subjection by reminding him ot me
sacrifice made in yielding up the daugh
ter to a husband not her equal! un
the score of the mother-in-law alone
the wisest thing Is to let man do the
proposing, though any girl knows that
she can make any fellow do that when
ever she cares to have him!"
II II II
Sauce for Fish. An appetising sauce
to serve with our customary baked fish,
either snail or bluelish. la made In the
following way: Take the drippings from
the pan In which the fish has been baked,
stir in the yolk of one or two eggs, salt,
pepper, chopped parsley; add a squeeze
of lemon Juice, and some plain stewed
tomato, which has been previously
strained. If any of this sauce should
be left over for the next day, It Is very
satisfactory to use It in making a picked
up dish of the old fish. Bone the Hah
very thoroughly and remove the skin
and fat; pick it up Into small pieces;
stir in the -sauce, and hake it lightly in
a flat plate or In small fancy dishes.
Kileasseea. Cut a fowl and put Into
three quart of water; Beason to the fam
ily taste. When cooked remove the bones;
while the meat is out add to the water,
probably boiled down to a quart now,
tne following: Beat two tablespoonfuls
of well-browned flour Into a half-cupful
of cold water, or, better, sweet milk, If
convenient; when beaten smooth, stir
quickly Into the boiling broth and let
It cook ten minutes. If celery Is liked,
chopped celery muy be boiled with tho
fowl. Fowls are better than chicken,
and only require longer cooking. Drop
the meat back into the gravy or broth;
In five minutes serve on the hot bread.
Pour over all a moderate amount of gravy,
serving up the remainder in a gravy
boat, to be passed to those preferring un
unusual amount of It. Mutton frlcasee
needs only a cheap pleco of good mutton,
bones taken out, and prepared aa fowl.
Philadelphia Scrapple. To make Phila
delphia scrapple, stew two pounds of fresn
pork until thoroughly done. Take the
meat up and add enough water to the
liquor In the kettle to make a quart.
Remove the bones and chop the meat;
then put it back in the kettle. Season,
adding sage or summer savory, and onion,
If desired. Then sift in corn meal, boil
ing slowly, and stirring, as If for mush.
Make It thick enough to slice when cold.
Turn Into a dish, and when wanted Tor
the table slice ami fry In drippings. The
quantity may be increased, as it will keep
a long time In winter.
Here Is a recipe for breakfast biscuit:
Take one quart of sweet milk, one-half a
cupful of melted butter, a little salt,
two tablespoonfuls of baking vowder;
flour enough to make a stilt batter; do not
knoud Into dough, but drop into buttered
tins from a snoon; bake in a hot oven;
unless the oven Is hot the biscuit will
not bo light.
Vunilla Snow Eggs. Beat stiff the
whites of six eggs; have ready on the
tire a pint of milk sweetened and flavored
with vanilla; as soon as it bolls drop
the beaten egics Into it by tahleepoonfuls,
and as soon an they become set dip them
out with a tin; slico and arrange tnem ac
cording to fancy upon a broad dish; allow
the milk to cool u little and then stir In
the yolks of egKS gradually. When thick
pour around tho snow eggs and serve
Boiled Calf's Feet and Parsley Butter.
Procure two white calf's feet; bone them
as far as the llrst Joint and put them
Into warm water to souk for two hours.
Then put two slices of bacon, two ounces
of butter, two table-spoonfuls of lemon
Juice, suit and whole pepper to taste, one
onion, a bunch of savory herbs, four
cloves, one bin :le of muco. into u stew-
pan; luy in the ft-et, and pour In Just
siilllcient water to covei the whole. Stew
eentlv for about three hours: tuko out
tho feet, dlh thorn ftn.d cover with pars
ley and butter. The liquor they were
boiled in should bo strained and put by In
a cleun basin for use; it will be found very
good us an uddltlon to gravies, etc.
Easy Welsh Rarebits. Welsh rarebits
are tempting ns well as palatable pre
pared In the following manner, and It is
a form in which the dainties may- be
freely eaten without danger to digestion:
With a large old-fashioned NO. 5 biscuit
cutter cat out the center of as many thick
slices of bread as you care to have 'rare
bits. Butter each round of bread with
butter partly melted. Sprinkle on a little
suit, and spread over with a very little
made mustard. Now grate thickly over
the rounds fresh moist tdieese, which oun
be grated nicely, other authorities to the
contrary; also, the moist cheese is better,
because it melts more rapidly and com
pletely. Place your rarebits on a but
tered pan and put them into a very hot
oven Just In time to urrlve at perfection
for Immediate serving,' Serve two or
three to each person on a small hoc plate.
Rarebits are much more tender mad,.1
this way than when the bread crust is left
Orange Jelly. Orange Jelly Is apt tc be
an Insipid dish If it is served alone as a
dessert or If It Is made of a inlxtur? of
orange Juice and water, as It so often
Is. It, on the contrary, It is made with
sweet-rinded Mediterranean oranges of
pure orange juice. It Is as delicious us it
is brilliant In appearance, and needs no
vulgur addition of cochineal to glvs it
color. It forms an nt tractive garnish to
Bavarian creams and other "id (les
sens, or a mould of the Jelly (Hied with
bits of oraiiife pulp, preserved und flavored
with sherry,-makes a simple, excellent
dessert In Itself. The best rule for tho
jelly Includes two cups, of orange Ju'.ce,
the grated rind of three oraugea (using
only the yellow part), a cup of sugar and
a third of a box. of gelatine soaked In half
a cup of the orange Juice and melted with
half a cup of boiling water. Mix all these
Ingredients. Add, if you wish, a teaspoon
ful of curaeoa, though most persons pre
for the pure, orange .flavor. Strain the
jelly through a' flannel bag two or three
times to make It bright and shining. Ex
pert cooks sometimes mix a little blotting
paper, made Into a pulp with water, In
to clarify it, but with the excellent gela
tine now In use this la not often nec
essary. Dandelion Wine. Four quarts of the
yellow flowers; four quarts of water; the
grated rind of two oranges; the grated
rinu or one lemon, on an together twen-
then strain and add -row
sugar. When lukewarm add
and thoroughly stir through three-ouar-
ters of a teacup of yeast; add pulp of
the oranges from which the seeds have
been removed; let it stand In an open
vessel three or four days, then strain, bot
tle and cork tightly. This is the Blue Belt
recipe. I'luladeipnia Record.
.. , . -.11 II II r
HOUSEHOLD HELPS: ,
The "Instantaneous" chooolates and CO'
coas are greatly improved by being
brought to the boiling point.
To remove a grease spot from wall
paper, hold a piece of blotting paper over
tne spot wun a not uai-iron tor a lew mo
ments. Woodwork and floors are now stained
with a color called forest green. It har
monises with draperies and coverings of
almost any coior.
After the juice has been squeezed from
lemons the peel may be utilized for clean
ing brass, jjip it in common salt and
scour with powdered brick dust.
Old potatoes are greatly improved by
being soaked In cold water over night, or
at least several hours after peeling. The
water should be changed once or twice.
According to a wholesale furniture deal
er, the best furniture polish is made of
one-tmra aiconoi anil two-tnirus sweet on.
Apply It with a soft cloth and rub with
Coarse brooms will cut a carpet, and al
though. Imperceptible at first, their rav
ages will at length show themselves In
the Increased, number of shreds, especial
ly if tne carpet tie a velvet pile.
Clinkers may be removed from grates
and ranges by throwing half a dozen oys
ter shells Into the Are when the coal Is
aglow and covering them with fresh coal.
The clinkers are made spft by this means
ami are easily disposed oi.
When ordering meats remember that
beef, when boiled, loses one pound of
weltrht in every four, and when roasted
Eighteen ounces. Mutton loses even more
than beef. This should be thought of
where much meat is used,
If small branches of lilacs, apple or
cherry, trees are now. brought Into- the
house and put In a sunny window In a
nitcher of water tho buds will soon. a well
and blossom. The pitcher should be kept;
filled, as tne water evaporates rapid m,.,
Jewelry carl be beautifully cleaned by
washing it in hot soap suds to which a fow
drops of ammonia have been added, and
then shaking oft the water and -laying
the jewelry In a box of Jewelers' saw
dust. This .method leaves.no marks or
scratches, . -,v
A oolorlnrfor white flannel or other
vaoas to used- for rugs or hanglhti
' ')- - '
may be easily obtained by gathering from
ton walls or rock work the tola moss
that grows there and boiling It with the
goods in an Iron kettle. It will make them
a tan color.
To stone raisins, poor boiling water ever
them and let them stand in It five or tea
minutes. Drain, and rah each raisin be
tween the thumb and Soger till the seeds
come out clean, then cut or tear apart
or chop. If wanted very one. Scald only
a few at a time.
A favorite pick-me-up, or quick lunch
with the hurried society women ot the
present day la the yolk of two eggs or one
whole egg with a teaspoonful of vinegar,
a pinch ot salt and half a teaspooaful of
Worcestershire sauce poured over them.
The yolks are swallowed whole.
If the bottom crust of fruit pies Is
glased with the white of egg, it will not
be soft and soggy. The top of meat and
all kinds of raised plee should be glased.
Heat the yolk of an egg for a short time,
add one spoonful of milk. When tbe pie
l two-thirds done remove from th oven,
brush over with the glaze, return to the
oven and flnsh baking.
To make use of sweet. Insipid and taste
less apples stew -them and mix them with
stewed cranberries in tho proportion of
one part of cranberries to two parts of
apples.- Not quito as much sugar will bo
required as for the cranberries alone.
Strain them through a colander, and
serve cold with meats or fowl.
Empty pickle Jars can be refilled with
pickled eggs. Boll one dozen eggs fifteen
minutes, then throw into cold water and
shell them. Boll several red beets, slice
them, and put them In the Jar with the
eggs. Heat enough vinegar to cover the
eggs, add salt, pepper, and all kinds of
spices, and pour over tbe eggs. Keep
tnem tightly covered.
Small cakes are no longer In demand
at evening parties. Dainty fruit sand
wiches have taken their place. Bread Is
cut very thin and lightly buttered and
then spread with raisins, dates, or candled
cherries that have been chopped fine and
moistened with orange juice, sherry, or
Madeira. Roll and tie with baby ribbons.
Lemonade or punch Is served with these.
Fuller's earth is one of those things
which no family should be without.
When grease has been spilled upon the
carpet a paste of magnesia and fuller's
earth In equal parts, mixed with boil
ing water, should be applied and let dry.
When It Is hard brush the powder away,
and the grease spot will have disappeared.
Fuller's earth and benzine will remove
stains from marble.
To make ordinary cloth waterproof, put
half a pound of sugar of lead In a .pall
of rain water with half a pound of alum;
stir at Intervals until the water becomes
clear, and then four it off Into another
pull. Put the cloth or garments Into It
nnd let them stand twenty-four hours.
Then hang the cloth up to dry without
wringing. Garments trented thus can be
worn In the wildest storm of wind and
rain without tbe wearer getting even
damp. The rain will hang in globules
upon the cloth, and cloth that is water
proof Is better and more healthful than
Dressing and recurling ostrich tips may
be done at home with a little practice.
Hold the. feathers over a kettle containing
boiling water, and shake them energetical
ly through the steam, not allowing them
to become too damp. This freshens the
tips, absorbes the dust and restores the
lustre. Take a few of the flues between
the thumb and the blade of a dull silver
knife, draw them easily over the edge, and
repeat this until they are curled as close
ly as desired. Do this down each side ot
the feather. Then take a very coarse comb
and carefully comb out each one, and the
plume will looke like new.
II II II
To remove the Are and relieve the pain
of a burn soak at once In cold water In
which plenty of soda has been dissolved.
A few drops of tincture of benzoin In
a bowl of water Is an admirable tonic
for the face. The benzoin whitens the
skin and prevents It from wrinkling.
Ten or fifteen drops of creolln to a glass
of water mskes an efficient disinfectant
to use as a gargle to prevent as well ns
cure sore throat it may be used three or
four times dully if one be exposed to In
Soap used on the hair Is apt to make it
brittle. If any Is to be used tar soap Is
the best, and after using rinse the hair
in several waters In which a little pow
dered borax hus been dissolved.
It Is a sunltary recommendation thnt
In all basins and tubs, especially those
connecting with or near the sleeping
apartments, the opening Into the waste
pipe at night should be stopped, and fresh
water lett standing in tne oasin.
If mothers will remember that until
the first teeth are cut there are no secre
tions in the mouth to act upon and begin
the diirestion of such starchy foods as
bread foods, and bruels, they would often
save the stomuchs or very young children
a great deal or. trouble. -
Fruit Is not a complete dietary In Itself,
but It Is excellent to accompany a meat
diet. The acid contained In the fruits
assists digestion, and It Is for this reason
that apple sauce should be served with
roast pork or goose, the fat of which Is
rendered more assimilable by It.
A scientific Investigation was recently
undertaken by tho Imperial German
Health Bureau o Inquiro Into the suita
bility of the use of aluminium for cooking-utensils.
It was proved that this
metal Is entirely free from comniunlcut
Ing to food any poisonous salt, such as is
given off by copper, tin or lead.
To "cure" "cracked hands" wipe them
dry after washing them.' Dry hands will
not chop. To heal tne sore hands rub
the following on after washing the hands
(while they are wet) then rub It into the
hands, after which, rub dry:
B Tlno. benzoin oz. 1
Glycerine . oz, 3
Rose water oz. 2
The most stubborn cases of neuralgia
are apt to yield to a hot-water treatment.
Wherever tne pain is located, there a not
water bag should be upplled. The suf
fering part should be wrapped In a blan
ket, und the unfortunate patient should be
put to bed and covered with more blan
kets und induced to drink at least three
cups of water as hot as the palate can
stand. This treatment may seem severe,
but ft Is Bure to bring relief.
For that "run-down feeling take ten
drops of "dilute nltro-murlatlc- acid" in
half a glasB of water (take through a
glass tube and afterward rinse the mouth
and teeth with a solution of soda water).
bicarbonate of sodium, a teaspoonful to
one-half pint of water. Take this medi
cine from half an hour to fifteen min
utes before meals every day for four
weeks. Take a teaspoonful In milk three
times dally, after meals, for eight weeks.
The simplest cure for a corn Is to Iooba
ly bind a soft strip of muslin around the
toe behind the corn until there Is an ele
THE eVlfttAHrKHAllFA: ABPULtAH, AGAINST WHOM ENGLAND
W.l-.&ir-m DECLARED WAR..-'
'Atroili the Chioago Tunc HVald. By th Cenrtesy ot B. H. ftohlmaf
ration of muslin sufficient to receive th
pressure of the shoe. After several days,
tbe core (having been relieved et friction
and pressure) will cease to b painful and
may be readily picked up or drawn aa
one would remove a tack from carpet.
Fill the little hole which remains with
sweet oil. this often prevents tbe growth
of another corn.
At a recent meeting ef the Soclete de
Biologie, Du Casal and Catolne (Munchen
r medlcin. Wochenschrlft, UN, No. 1.
p. ') detailed the results of an Investiga
tion to determine whether books were
cspable of transmitting contagious die
eases. The streptococcus, the pneumoco
cui, the diphtheria-bacilli, the tubercle
bacillus, and the typhoid-bacillus were
thus studied. Animals inocu.ited with
cultures prepared from books contami
nated with the products of the various
conditions In which the organisms named
were found developed the given affection.
It is thus necessary to practice disinfec
tion of books that have been used or In
any way contaminated by persona suf
fering with Infectious diseases.
WOMEN'S DRESS IX ICELAND.
The Kiss Is the Universal Fores Saints-
tlon In That Country.
From the New York Times.
The common working dress of the
Icelandic women, without distinction.
as to social equality or wealth, consists
of an undergarment of wadmel, in one
piece, extending from the shoulders to
the heels, fastened at the neck with a
button or clasp, with petticoats of white
or blue wadmel, and a blue cap, the top I
or which hangs down on one side and
terminates In a tassel. On Sundays and
festival ocaslons their dress Is singu
lar. Then they wear. In addition, a
bodice and two or three blue petticoats
called "fat." and in front an apron,
bordered with a material resembling
black velvet, which Is a domestic man
ufacture. The petticoats are fastened
Immediately beneath the bodice by a
girdle of this black velvet, embroidered
and studded with such silver or gilt or
naments as they may possess.
The bodice is also ornamented and
fastened In front with large clasps, gen
erally gilt, and rendered more conspicu
ous by being fixed upon a broad border
of black velvet, bound with red. Over
the bodlco Is a Jacket, called "treja,"
fitting close to the shape, and made ot
black wadmel or velvet. The stockings
are of dark blue or red worsted, and the
shoes which are of seal, shark or sheep
skin, are made tight to the foot, and
fastened about the ankles and Insteps
with leather laces. On their fingers the
women generally have many rings ot
gold, silver or brass, according to their
means, and, be It known, no present
Is so acceptable to an Icelandic girl as a
ring. The most singular, and at the
same time the most beautiful, part ot
the female costume la the headdress
called "faldur," which Is made of white
linen, stiffly starched, kept In shape
with an Immense number of pins, and
from fifteen to twenty inches In height.
This Is the holiday and Sunday head
When you visit a family In Iceland
you must kiss each member, according
to their age and rank, beginning with
the highest and descending to the lowest
not even excepting the servants; on
taking leave to the order is reversed;
you first kiss the servants, then the
children, and lastly the master and
mistress. Both at meeting and rorting
an affectionate kiss on the mouth, with
out distinction of rank, age or sex. Is
the only mode of salutation In Iceland.
Heresy In Chicago.
Th Studious Son "Daddy, did you
know the sun rises about an hour earlier
In Philadelphia than It does here?
The Chicago Father "How did you git
that fool notion?"
"Learnt It at school."
"If they are teaching at school that
Philadelphia is an hour ahead of Chi
cago, I guess it is time you wore took out
of there and put In the store." Indian
apolis Journal. - ,
"Why did Ethel nnd George elopo?"
"Tho old man figured out that they
could begin housekeeping on wha: the
wedding would cost." Life.
They say her smile was sweetest when she
In that enthralling power whose guise
And I remember now It was her way
To smile In slumber deep!
Tet when I pressed the hand that lay so
And called her name and smoothed her
She answered not, nor soothed with hor
My fond heart's crushing care.
How softly lay the laces on her breast
Methought she was so lovely In repose
That surely paradise was still more
In claiming my sweet rose.
A rose that thrived In sunshln or In shade
Until at length death, touched the ten
And withered It just when It would have
To brighten In the gloom.
And then at this my heart fell, crushed
I was but conscious of that vague un
rest And ceaseless yearning .that doth fill the
When brooding death Is guest.
Dear patient girl who was so loath to
A single word against my ' ruthless
And who will guide me now with gentle
And who will speak my praise?
still she sleep.
blooms as then.
And nature bears Its warm life from
And summer birds sing lightly once again,
But still, alas; she sleeps!
EISTC3Y OF THE PIANO
Its Ancestor, a Rude Bone U'klstle,
Made by a Savigc
SLOW STAGES TO I'EKTECTIOX
Moaoebord of the Middle Ages Followed
by Select. Vlrgiaal aad Harpsichord.
I'atU Fiaally the Perfection of
lastrasacBts Is Achieved.
From the Philadelphia Time.
In the stone age. Its very name
suggesting aught but thoughts of
musical harmony, there was a desire
for some expression not perhaps melo
dious, but something beside the every
day Inflections of the voice, and bone
whistles made from the digital phalanx
of a ruminant animal were the first
steps on the ladder that has reached
its apex In the piano. No older or sim
pler Instrument Is known than this of
prehistoric man. Later in the stone
age was Invented a pipe made of a
stag's horn, with three equi-dlstant
finger holes. Still progressing, we see
the savage sitting at the door of his
tent, suddenly aroused by the fact that
his bowstring sounded louder when at
tached to a b'.nrk ot wood that when
simply stretched by his bow. Instantly
his senses are alert. The Innate love of
discovery, the musical longing In every
soul, carried him in that Instant from
the environment of nature Into the
world of art. The culture of each peo
ple has grappled with the problems pre
sented by the three factors string, re
sonator, and exciting means, and illus
trated them In a hundred different com
binations. The historian ot the piano
ran trace Its forerunners In harp, viol
and lyre, before the altar ot every great
religion that the world has known.
Persistent, like the boat-harp of Bur
ma!), In by-placcs of the world, still
linger specimens of every stage of Its
development. The violin, harp and
guitar are the perfected productions of
individual countries, the piano the pro
duct and expression of the instinct ot
Christendom. No race can claim Its
primary thought, no one country has
given birth to its artists, while the
whole world has contributed to Its ma
terials, and nobles, artisans, poets,
musicians, literati have worked to
gether to bring it to Its present perfec
tion. Crlstoforl In Italy, Marlns In France,
8chrooter In Germany, conceived the
thought of It at the same time. Erard,
a German; Backers, a Dutchman;
Broadwood, a Scot; Southwell, an Irish
man, were among Its earliest Inventors.
Pape, In France; Babcock, Chlckerlng
and Steinway In America, are names
that must come up as one considers Its
history. England through Gray, Italy
through Cavallo, Germnny through
Ilelmholtz, have lent their science,
while its patrons count from the castle
of the monarch to the owner of a nine
teenth century apartment. Into which
this monarch of Instruments muBt be
Introduced through the window.
It seems probable that the Immediate
ancestor of the piano and violin is the
monochord, used in the middle ages to
train the voice In convents. It was
tuned with bridges pushed back and
forth under the strings with the flngprs.
Originally the strings were stretched
with weights hung at one end. Later
tuning pins were Invented, and finally,
In the eleventh century, Europe came
Into possession of keys. Many quaint
pictures show us our sweet-faced great-great-grandmothers
playing at Vir
ginal or spinet, the tiny square or five
cornered pianos of the early eighteenth
century. There is an old bon mot of
Lord Oxford made while watching
Queen Elizabeth play on the Virginal
and alluding to Raleigh's favor and Es
sex's execution? "When Jacks start up,
heads go down."
Probably the difficulty that the play
er had In getting any sound at all out
of these rude apologies for the modern
piano, and the lack of harmony In the
sound after It was produced, led to the
Invention of the more finished Instru
ment. The description of the tone of
spinet, .'virginal and harpsichord, "a
scratch with a sound at the end of It,"
does not give the later-day musician a
very high opinion of the possibilities of
the trio which were all that our ac
complished ancestors had by which to
express their souls In glib harmonies.
The harpsichord, In the hands of Tschu
dl, of London, however, made great
strides, and was Improved to such an
extent that It long contested the field
with the piano; but virginal, Bplnet, and
even Improved harpsichord are now
only of antiquarian Interest before the
marvelous richness of the piano.
THE FIRST PIANO.
It was a harpsichord maker, Bartolo
meo Crlstoforl, In the employment of
the Duke of Tuscany, who In 1711 made
the first successful piano, Marlns, of
Paris, and Schroeter, of Germany,
neither knowing of the other, producing
less happy models soon after. The first
piano known to have been built In
America was made In 177,r in Philadel
phia by John Bchrent. From this on
labor, thought, love, have combined to
bring the piano to where it stands to
day. The unfolding of each petal of
the tiny bud of promise, discerned by
the savage, means so much to the piano
lover. Self-denying, patient Investiga
tion, toll, heart sorrow, and oft times
tragls disappointment. Columbus strug
gling against the jeers and jibes of a
populace who thought him crazy had
no more to contend with than the in
ventor, who knowing the possibilities
of the Instrument he wished to create,
was hampered by the obstinate mech
anism that turns his feverish enthusi
asm to despair, when at the very mo
ment of triumph, as he thinks, some
difficulty insurmountable because of
lack of funds crushes his castle to
earth, his ambition to atoms.
There Is a true story of a piano maker
who loved his art for art's ake. Hn
could take the tree out of the wood and
make every part of the Instrument with
his own hands. But when.it was done
he was too sensitive to sell It. When
people came to buy, If they seemed a
little cold to its merits, he would say,
"Oo away, you do not understand my
piano," and bo he wrestled with de
signs, no wire ever suited his ear, he
made his own strings, nnd labored lov
ingly on every other part of his Instru
ment, that, was to him as his own soul.
With his God-given power to create,
he was forced to leave the little Ger
man town In which he lived, no one
there being able to buy the costly In
struments, and despite his genius, his
noble strivings, he was never able to
collect sufficient capital to begin a suc
cessful business, and so In winter storm
and summer heat he was forced to eke
out a scanty living by tuning those ob
ject! that his brain and fingers were
able to produce. Isn't there a world of
pathos in this simple story? Regard
the piano today, its Infinite mechanism,
its exquisite responsive power. Its awe
inspiring quality to the average be
holder, and then think of a man who
could not only control this power but
create it, being unable to revel In his
mastery for lack of money recognition.
PIANOS THAT COST.
Having achieved the majesty and
dignity of the Instrument, It naturally
follows, the art lover and music lover
being virtually one, thnt tbe next step
should be towards beautifying the case
of the soul ,of. harmony, just as the
wealthy strive to deck out their bodies
in fine raiment, though In nature it does
not, always follow, s in the triumph
ot mechanism; that the beauty of tho
soul Is to be found In the body wearing
the most gorgeous attire.
With the piano, however, one never
finds tho combination of thin tone,
twangy wires or rasping vibratory ac
tion in a case of finest wood, enhanced
by the magic touch of artists who por
ay upon Its surface rprnntTnn
and types In touch with the power over
man's emotions that the mass of mech-
anlsm within possesses.
Many famous productions "of this
make, costing thousands of dollars,
have been sold to prominent people, all
over the I'nited States and Europe. In
New York George' W. MarquanA owns
one that cost (40.000, Cornelius Vender,
bllt possesses a gem at 130.000, and
George Gould paid a similar sum for
the piano that Is the chief ornament of
his lavishly-equipped music room. The
outlay ot such sums is not at all un
usual, there having been In this city
pianos made to order that cost respec
tively $20,000. $8,000 and tS.OOO.
A man does not have to be a million
aire, however, to buy an Instrument
that In Its sentient qualities meets all
tbe needs of the muslc-lovtng mind.
It is the decoration that adds the ciph
ers to the cost, a feature that, however,
docs not add to Its tone.
Facts Touching the
Food We Eat.
Dean Hole. In his latest book. "A
Little Tour In America," praises th
excellence and variety of our food. He
focuses his criticism on the dullness of
our table knives. It is rare for an
Englishman to acknowledge the super
iority of our aliments over those of his
own country. That ours are more num
erous, and in many respects of bet
ter flavor. It Is only necessary, says the
Sun, to compare the retail market lists
of New York and London. Dean Hole
says that our fish are not the equal of
those on "the other side." This is
easily disproved. In the matter of
oysters, what In England are called
"best natives" are small, and cost "5
cents per dosen, whereas here the larg
est and finer flavored sell for 11.50 for
fifty or a hundred. Blue Point Amer
ican oysters cost twenty-five cents a
dosen in London; here the same quan
tity may be had for five cents or less.
Of fish the only sorts procurable In
England and not here are turbots and
soles. As an offset to these, we have
at this season Spanish maokerel, shad.
smelt, terrapin, green turtle, sheens-
head, pompano, blueflshv striped bass,
whlteflsh, and oyster crabs. There is
nothing In the way of fruit, with the
exception of hot house pineapples, at
the command ot the English that we
do not possess. In addition we have
many sorts of apples of which they
know nothing, and numerous varieties
of California fruit that are not ex
ported. Their winter graDos are all of
the hot house kind and very costly,
whereas wo have them from California
In great perfection and profusion. Of
vegetables, celery, now abundant with
ur. Is not at this season in the London
market. Cclerlac Is advertised, but
that Is used only In cookery. In addi
tion wo have green peas, fresh aspar
agus, new turnips, egg plant, and many
other sorts, now out of market in Eng
land. Of very early potntoes neither
country has very much to boast, for it
Is stated both here and abroad, with
considerable posltlveness, that many of
thoso that are sold as early and new
are stunted specimens of the old crop,
which are put In water and trod by men
In their bare feet, In order to remove
the outer skin of tho tubers.
II II II
A writer In the Speaker of London
calls attention to the value of conver
sation at. meals ns an aid to digestion.
He says with truth that the frugal re
past eaten In silence Is more harmful
than a copious one enjoyed in the soci
ety of gay and vivacious companions.
Ho asserts that an English dinner Is,
as a rule, a funeral rite of taciturnity,
and that his countrymen reserve all of
this talk for the political platform and
sessions of parliament. The writer in
the Speaker contrasts this hahlt of the
English with that of Americans and
Frenchmen, who, he maintains, are lo
quacious at meals. So far as the latter
ore concerned he Is correct, but his as
sertion In regard to the former Is only
partly true. To those who have given
attention to this subject the habit of
our people who take their meals at ho
tels or more notable restaurants Is,
during their repasts, one of timid hes
itation In indulging In conversation.
Men and women seated at the same
table are more than sparing of words.
Each separate group appears to be op
pressed with fear of the others. Oblique
looks and an occasional sentence ut
tered In low tones take the place of ani
mated talk. Those who are eatlngj
nun nu air oi lunive apprenenslve
ness. The writer In the Speaker has
probably drawn his conclusions In re
gard to the vivacity of Americans at
meals from experience nt minor French
and other foreign restaurants In this
country. In those, the funereal tac
iturnity that oppresses our men and
women who take their meals at pre
tentious establishments collapses under
the Inspiration of example and uncon
ventional environment, and with al
most boisterous gayety they give free
impulse to a natural love of conversa
tion. Dr. Johnson never tired of ridiculing
the gastronomic methods. If that term
can be applied to them, of the Scotch.
One hundred and thirty years have ef
fected a great change in the alimentary
processes of that race. A writer in an
article In the New Review calls atten
tion to the rapid If not total disappear
ance of most of tho national dishes of
Scotland. Tartan, pansowdle, scad
lips, broctian, and dram mock are gone.
Even haggis, an awful concoction, con
sisting ot a minced leg of mutton, suet.
bread crumbs, spices, mushrooms, and
red wine, enclosed In a caul and baked
In a quick oven. Is becoming a thing of
the past. Moreover it Is a dangerous
dish, for If the caul be not well pricked
before being put to cook, to admit of
the escape of team engendered In bak
ing, whea-punctured-at -the-tabler4t -ia
apt to explode and throw Its contents
over the diners, a matter of small In
convenience to some Scotchmen, but
somewhat disheartening to visitors
from over the border. Carlyle, a
Scotchman of the old school, even af
ter a long residence In London, always
clung to the culinary processes of Scot
land. The meals served at his house In
Chcyne row are described as awful ex
amples of old Scotch gastronomic
methods. No cook would remain with
him for any length of time, and the
revelations of these functionaries
when they left his employ appalled
even natives of his own land. Carlyle
thought he knew something of cookery.
A rice pudding, however, that he fre
quently concocted was the cause of
many estrangements between his
friends and himself.
BKICr. ASP. FOSTER.
Their Conditions Changed Slnoa Poster
Was Co venter of Ohio.
From the New York Trltnjne.
When Charles Foster was governor of
Ohio Urlce owed him J2.000. Brlce went
to the povernor and asked him for a
place. Foster said he could not ap
point him because he was a Democrat.
Brlce resrwnded dryly that unless he
got a place he could never poy that
$2,000. Foster said that he would rath
er lose the money than appoint him.
The result of the conference, however,
wns that Foster gave Brlce $500 and
told him to rro Into Wall street, and
gave him advice where to place the
money. Brlce took tho money, disre
garded all advice, and rounded up $40,
000 In the street. Foster was bo pleased
he crave Brlce halt the money. The
latter returned to the street, and by
-fchrewd speculation built up an Im
mense fortune. He has Blnce that time
turned the market upside down sever
al times. Today Charles Foster is prac
tically a poor man. He met Brlce In
tho lobby of the Fifth Avenue hotel
within the last few days, and Brlce Bald
to him: "See here, you gave me a start:
let me help you now." Mr. Foster felt
touched by the offer to repay,-but he
declined. Mr. Foster sold: "Nobody
knows what Brlco Is doing. He may
be bankrupt today, but he will be a rich
man again tomorrow. He leads an odd
WOMAN TO WOMAN.
Women are being Unghlf Wif
experience that snaav phy sieisito oy
notMcfnuy handle their' pH
Uar ailsaeaU known as female dlssssss
. Doctors are wUllauf and aaxlooa t
help thesa, but they are the wronf sm
to work underaUnd iafly. ' v.
When the woman ot to-day ex
perience sack symp
toms aa Packache,
sensation, palpitation, "all
rone" feeling; and bines, ah at otto
takes Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable)
Compound, feeling but) of obtaining
Should her symptoms be new to her,
she writes to a woman, Mrs. Pinkham,
Lynn, Mass., who promptly explains
her case, and tell bar free how to get
Indeed, to many women are noi
appealing to Mrs. Pinkham for advice,
that a score of lady secretaries are kept
constantly at work answering- the great
volume oi correspondence which oome
in every day. Each letter is answered
carefully and accurately, as Mrs, Praia
ham fully realizes that a life may de
pend upon her reply, and into many
and many a home has aha shed the)
ays of happiness.
1119 WISUES NOT CONSIDERED,
But th Rnlos of the Store Were CIBrf
From the Chicago Dally Tribune.
A man with a bundle under his arm)
made his way to the gas and oil stove
counterln one of the hla- denartment.
stores the other day and addressed th
young woman In charge; . . .
"Here Is a ten-foot piece of flexible -gas
pipe I got from you last Thursday,"
he said. "I would like to exchange It
for a longer one and pay the difference."
"There's only one longer slse In
stock," she replied, "and It's only two
feet longer. What did you have to pay
"Seven cents a foot."
"Well, It's two cents cheaper now.
We reduced the price this morning."
"Then a twelve-foot piece would bs)
only sixty cents?" t
"Well, I ought to pay the ten cents
difference just the same. All I want
-mars an right. Just take it to tne
exchange department, on the next floor,
and they'll give you an exchange
The cUBtomer followed directions.- - -
"I want to exchange this piece of flex
ible gas pipe for a longer one," he said
to the young woman behind the coun
ter, "and I have been sent to you."-
"What did you pay for it?" she asked.
"Seventy cents; but I bought It last
Thursday, and the price has been re .
duced since then. I only want" . .
"That's all right. Name, please?" . .
He gave his name. . . ' .i
"AriHrpM nlnaflft?" i - ,
And he gave his address. - .
"Here Is your exchange cheek."
"But this calls for seventy cents, and .
I'm only really entitled to"
"Take It back to the department
Where you got It and the young lady,
will make the exchange for you."
He took it back.
' L up, 11 1 u . .lit. ,U VVU11, .
wrapped up the twelve-foot piece, made)
out a regular sale check for sixty cents,
and sent the two slips of paper to tho
Ten cents came back,
- "Here is your gas pipe," she said,
"and here Is the change."
"But I don't"
"Are you waited on, lady?"
He took the ten rents and made hla
devious way out of the building, more)
deeply Impressed with the inexplicable
mysteries of the department store ex
change system than he had ever beta
JIM WAS UNGRATEFUL,
And th Sheriff had Orowa Tired Of Qi
lng Him Too Muoh FrccBorn.
From the Detroit Free Press.
I was sitting with the Sheriff in front
of the town court house when he sud
denly stood up, shaded his eye's with)
his hand and looked across the street,
and then called out;.
"Heah, you'! Is that you', Jim?" '
A colored man, about fifty years oldY
who was slouching along the other side,
came across the street and replied!
"Yes, Mars Ken Tog, dls am me."
"And what or' yo' doing heah?"
"Ize Jlst welkin'' out, sah. I dun
thought I'd drap down and See mj;
"How did you get out?" '
"Jlst made a hole threw de back wall
Ban." -: r
. "Looh-a-heah, Jim," said the Sheriff
as he sat down and picked up a stick to
whittle on, "I ain't gwlne to stand this
fussin' no mo'. This is nigh about
seven times you's broke out o' Jail."
"Yes, sah; nigh 'bout seben times,
sah, but don't be hard on me."
"You's got out by the doah, the win
dows, the floor, the celling and th
walls, and you's put me to trouble and
the county to expense. Now yo' can't
go back thar no mb'l"
. "Please, sah!"
"No, sah, yo can't do It I've given
yo' a fair show and yo' can't expect no
mo'. Yo' can Jest take yourself off."
"But, Marr Renfog, I'ze dun bin put
In jail on a hog case, an' I'ze got to stay
dar till di cotehouse meets!" protested
"I know you were arrested and ex
amtned and bound over, and all that,
but I'm tired of the fussing, I ain't go
ing to stand by and let nobody damage
the jail. You's got out and come back,
and now I won't abide it no mo't Jlst
take yo'self oft and don't come back to
my jail again unless you want to be
hard used. If I find yo' breakln' in I'll
shoot yo' shores yo'r bo'n!" -
"Won't yo' try me Jlst once moT
pleaded the prisoner.
"No, sah! I've drawed the line and
now you's has got to go and take keer
of yo'self. I'm tellln' yo' to scatter
befo' I make yo' turn In and stop up
that last hole In the wall!"
The man "scattered" in a discour
aged, dejected way, and as he was lost
to sight down the street the Sheriff
"Durn a feller Who don't know when
he's being used like a bo'n gentleman,''
Chronlo Rbsamstlim Cnrad.
says: "for several montns after sprain
ing my ankle I was severely afflicted
witn ttfieumattBtn. I ttnatiy tried Del
etion's 'Mystic Cure' for Rheumatism,
and In 4 days could walk without my
cane; two bottles qured me sound and
well. I take great pleasure In recom
mending the 'Mystic Cure' to all who
are afflicted with Rheumatism." . Sold
by Carl Lorens, Druggist, 418 Lacka
wanna avenue,- Scran ton. ,. j
There Is an unsurpassed Dining Cat
service on the Nickel Plate Road.
- - - "A. WVLI I -.