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TIIE SCRAKTON TlilBDNE-MOXDAY ' MORNING,' MARCH' 23. 189.
Solemn Ceremonies That Marked the
Consecration of Rt. Rev. M. J.
Hoban at the Cathedral.
Sans the Pontifical Mass and Was Consecrating
Prelate Rt. Rev. Bishop Beaven and Rt. Rev.
Bishop McGovern Assistant Consecrating Bishops.
Bishop Horstmann Delivered the Powerful and
Eloquent Consecration Sermon Details of the
Elaborate Ceremonies Clergymen in Attendance.
r.T. P.HV. AMCHAKL JoH .S' lH'RAN.
Hishop of Alalis an. I Coadjutor Hishop of
Soi'iinton yesterday witnessed u cere
mony tin- like- of which Is mit given to
fin-ii in s"e more limn (ini'- In a lifetime,
tin1 cl-valnm nf a priest tn tin- dignity
nf III'- episcopate. ceremony w hli li.
Willi 1 1 inn- unusual exception. Hi
ili'i'iii'ittinii of a curdinnl. Is the most
HoU'iim mill elaborate In the ritual nf
I In' Human Catholic church, outside nf
llic Human cui-iil. Ity this --r-ii n
Uev. .Michael .1. Unban, nf Ashley. be-nun-
bishop nf Alalia mill cniuljutiu'
bishop nf the diocese of SiTillltim, with
the right nf suocesslmi In ease nf his
surviving the present venerable oocti
iii lit nf tin- see, lit. Uev. William
n' 1 1 urn.
While u consecration must neces
snrily of itself lie elaborate according
tn the prescription nf the ritual, the
grandeur ami Hiilenilllty nf yesterday's
evilit was fur beyond what Is pre
si rllieil. Three bishops are essential tn
a const-era t inn. hut yesterday there
were thirteen. including a cardinal anil
an nrehlilsh(ii. the nne Satolli, a fure
ninst member of the sacred congrega
t lull, personal representative nf tile
pope in America and a inssihle uoces
snr tn the papacy; the ntlier a loading
member nf the American liierarrhy and
nne nf the greu'est ruliuls nf nur ooiin
try. revered ly I'nllinlio mul Prntost
ii ut alike m- his lonrtilng. liberality anil
pnirlntism. Then in uililltintl tn these
pivlilte there were present all the
priests nf the illneese anil many nthers
from ilistant plaees, numbering In all
iiver nne hundred anil lll'ty. making the
whole 1 1 II n 1 1 ' nf vesteil clergymen
whn pal tii'ipateil In the ceremony ex
ceed nne liiinilreil all. I seventy.
The eiiiiKi'i'Batimi which witnessed
the event Was prnlmhly the largest ami
most representative that ever tilled the
cathedral. Kvery seat was ernwded
and every inch nf standiiiK I m was
nieupled. while outside the church
thousand thmiiKi'd the entrance tn
VhW tile prnccssluli and catch a
glimpse nf the illgnltuties. It was the
liist time that such an event tank place
in this dlnccse, ami if Klslmp llnhun.
who Is a comparatively yuung man, is
spared tn enjny the hihlicHl allut Ml"llt
nf years, it will possibly lie three de
cades liefnre such aimther event hap
pens here again.
Tills being so Hie' Interest which at
tii' lied In it was extranrdinury. The
iiivitthiii tn Cardinal Satnlil nu Satur
day evening and the parade Jointly In
honor nf the cardinal an. I the new
liishnp. in which lil.iimi men participat
ed and four limes as many more pen
pie witnessed, was the lirst and must
pronounced evidence of the intense en
tlllislnslil stirred up liv- I lie occasion.
Then the demand fur tickets nf admis
sion to the consecration service mining
from all parts nf the diocese mid the
ready acceptance nr the Invitations ex
tended tn prominent citizens not ullill
uti'd with the church hespnUe further
the fervency of the widespread Inter
est. . . . .
No FI.OItAL. DF.CORATIONS.
' The ee anl ear were appealed tn In
every step of the service. Til" altar,
nil accent of It being Passion Sunday,
was tlevoia of Moral or olher say dero
tlons. which nt all events would hardly
have liei n in keeping with the solemn
;iieeosinn. but it cnu'it not have been
more picti.r. s.jge thmi It was made hy
the purple lrupery artistically f-s-t
(Hiiietl and draped over the while mar
hle am canirlit up with heavy hlte
cords- nml tassels, the somewhat smn-
(lier effect Irtdnft dispell. m! J.y the pro
fuslnn of Iiik-ih in their rich gulden
' Within the sanctuary a limst en
tranciUK picture was presented. The
nftlcrrsi of the mass, prelates nml
priests in their rich and vail-colored
vestments rilled the space Inside the
rail, nlnii which was fringed the line
of ordinaries, each in black cassock
Olid Whitft. surplice, the whole calling
to mind a beautiful flower garden cn-
, closed by u hedge whk-ti served by its
monotonous plainness as a striking
contrast for the garden beyond. The
najestie beauty nf the cathedral In
terior Itself. it frescoes, windows and
paintings, chandeliers and sanctuary
fornlshliiKs and the sea of faces be-
'tioldeii from the front of the auditor
ium all conspired to form a sight which
thoe who w-ere fortunate enough to
behold will not soon forget.
Th iwiHlfMif the choir and orchestra
"the chanting of the litanies and
DsalniM by the irreat bodv of nrle.is
ly laM but' not least by any manner.
tnteri Fermon by the learned
ami elUiueit .nishop Horstmann. of
Olevelatyt, pll tended to make the owa
Hlotl on jf th grandest and mum
memorabUe In the church history of
Bcranton.V vhat more than any
lliim? else will serve to indelibly Im
press the event li) the minds of those
who witnessed it, is that it was mil a
mere nccuslnn nf pmnp and pugeanliy,
but mi acluiil. signillcant ceremony.
:t)XSKCRATION t.l.RI MON V.
Witntsscd hy llinidrcdn of lcrson in St.
tn the 1 Ionian Catholic church there
is no grander or iinne snleiun ceremony
Ihiill the ciuisecralinii nf a bishop, ami
the great religious interest awakened
by tlie el, .vat ion nf Ht. Itcv. .Michael
.1. Mohan tn the episcopate yesterday
made it a day nf days in the history nf
Si I il ii 1 1 in.
Admission to the cathedral being hy
ticket ami therefore limited to a cer
tain number, there was silll a multi
tude who gathered outside the chilli 11
nri Wyoming avenue, and stood wall
ing for the processional of the hierarchy
and clergy from the episcopal residence
and college chapel to the church. The
avenue was one dense mass of hu
manity from Mulberry street nearly In
beyond Linden street. A cordon nf po
lice was Imposed with' a sutllclent tusk
to keep tile sidewalk open.
The iIinii-s of .the cathedra! were
opened .soon alter ! o'clock and ut M
o'clock all the avullable space was oc
cupied except rthe seats in front re
served for the priests who could not
tlnd mom within the sanctuary. The
following acted as uslfers: Center aisle.
.1. .1. o'lloyle, T. 1 Leonard. K. .1. Ale.
Andrews: north side aisle. Thomas
Walsh, John Collins, I. .1. .McCaffrey;
smith Hide aisle. K. I. Mitchell. Kilwai'd
o'lSrlen and John It. .Malum: north gal
lery. John Xealon. A. J. Iniffy ami Wil
liam lioldcn: south gallery. John Xal
lin. Frank Cauavuu and John Klrby.
The priests Vested In College hall.
They were cassocks and surplices ami
at 10 o'clock formed In twos ami
marched out of tire hall, down the
sidewalk ami into the church through
the front doors. When the last or the
priests reached the gate of the episco
pal residence they waited for the car
dlnal. archbishop, bishops, assistant
priests and chaplains to come. The
cmss-bearer. -ttev. Thnmas Ilea, of
Sugar Notch, was lirst : after him came
the deacons. suh-ioacons and chap
lalns, then the bishops. Ills eminence,
the cardinal, was last and was Imine.
dlately preceded by liishnp-elect Un
ban, between the assistant consecrat
ing prelates. Ut. Uev. Itlshop AlcOnv
eni and Itt. Uev. Hishop Heaven.
l'UIKSTS OI'KNKI) RANKS.
The processional passed up the con-lei-
aisle of the church. The priests
opened ranks and let the cardinal, bishop-elect,
bishops anil officers of the
mass through. Archbishop Uyan sat
on a throne facing the cardinal's chnpcl,
ami the visiting his'lmps sat along the
sanctuary rail. The priests then took
seats, some within Hie sanctuary, snine
in the space between the pews mid
sanctuary rail, and the remainder In
the front 'pews and on chairs In the
aisles. Those. of the laity having tickets
and not already admitted w-ere taken In
charge by the ushers and given seats
on chairs In the aisles. Tt was impos
sible to accommodate another person
when the hist ticket was taken In.
Yesterday was Passion Sunday, n
feast which typifies the sufferings of
the Savior, and cnitscnuently the cut he
dral whs hare nf decorations. The
maJn nltar and side altars were draped
in purple as a reminder nf the Way of
the Cross. . The vestments of the con
secrating prelate and his assistants
were of the same shade; those of the
blshnp-elect alone Were white.
Cardinal Satolli otllclated at the inn III
altar mid his Dimm- was on the bis
hop's vedallmn. lie was iil.eiel.-d by
Ut. UcC. liishops AlcCtnvern and lieuv
en. assistant ciinsecratnrs; Very Uev.
Jnhll h'luncn. of I'iltstnn. assistant olll
cer nf Hie mass: Very Uev. Kugene A.
Harvey, nf Williamspiirt. and Uev.
Charles V. Kelley. ). i. of Tiiwamla.
deacon of honor: Uev. I. V. Hioderlck.
of Susiiichanua. di'inon of the mass;
Uev. Peter Christ of St. Alary's tier
man church. suh-dcacoTi nf the mass.
Uev. John LoughiHti. of AllniNika. and
Uev. 1 1. .1. Alaclioldrick. S. .1.. president
of St. Thomas college, were chaplains
to Ut. Uev. liishnp Mclinvern: Uev.
Jnhii P. rt'Alalley. of K Illusion, and
Uev. U. Nngle. nf Hostoli. were chap
lains to Ut. Uev. liishnp licaven.
lilSHOP III IRAN'S CHAPLAINS
Uev. John J. Itudjly. of Kile, and Uev.
H. A. AlcAndrew. of Wilkes-1 la ire.
were chaplains to Ut. Uev. liislmp Ho
ban. whose chapel was on the epistle
side of the altar at St. Joseph's altar.
Uev. Thomas F. Coffey, of Catbnnd.il".
was master of ceremonies; Uev. J. J.
It. Keeley, of the cathedral. Uev. P. C.
Winters, nf Plyimiuth. were assistant
masters of ceremonies. Uev. P. J. Hid
den, of Wllllamsport. was censer. Rev.
J. J. SmouPer. of ulyphant. and Rev.
Iianlel A. Iiunne. of the West Side, were
acolytes. Waller (lorman was missal
bearer; Rev. J. 'J. AlcCabe. of Avoca.
was caudle bearer. Charles -fl'Alalley
was miter bearer and .Martin O'Alalley
was cross bearer. The altar boys were
Patrick Hlewltt. Arthur Hlewllt. Jnhn
Cnlllgan. Jnhii Lynntt. Patrick AlcHalc,
Francis lioyle and Alovsius Colligan.
The beai-ers nf the eilscopal Insignia
were Very Uev. P. C. Nagle, of Wllkes
liarre: Very Rev. J. J. Cuinmlskev. of
llazletoii. and Rev. Ilenevenilto tiram
levlcx. Uev. K. S. Plillliis. of Plains,
was lector of I In- papal brief containing
the appointment of lit. Rev. liishnp
II Oban. The vestments which the
blshnp-elect wore were the ones In
which Rt. Rev. Hishop O'llara was con
secrated on July 2. I Mis. Immediately
liefore the consecration of the pontif
ical mass, which ' was celebrated by
the cardinal, the assembled priests In
one grand cborua chanted the antlphon
of praise. This wad one of the nioat In
spiring parts of the ceremony.
When the hour arrived for the conse
cration ceremony to begin. Cardinal Sa
tolli went to his chapel at the bishop's
sedalium and was vested in the nonti
ficial rolieg of a ennsecrator. lilshop
elect Hoban and Rt. Rev. Hishop Ale
Govern and Rt. Rev. Hishop Heaven,
assistant consecrating prelate, were
vested In the chapel arranged in the
right corner of the sanctuary.
After each was clad in his appointed
vestment, the cardinal, having offered
prayer, annroached the main altar, as
cended the steps and seated himself
on the faldstool with his buck to the
altar. Rlshop-elect Hoban was then
led between the assistant consecrators.
before the cardinul. Rt. Rev. Hishop
AlcC.overn was on the right and Ht.
Rev. Hishop Heaven on the left. After
a short pause they urnse with heads un
covered and the senior assistant, who
was Ut. Uev. Hishop Alcilovern. turn
ing toward the coiisecrutur, said: "Moat
reverend father our holy mother, the
church, usks that you promote this
priest here present to the burden of the
APOSTOLIC AIANUATK HEAD.
Tlie cardinul asked If the apostolic
mandate wus tn their possession, mid
receiving an liltirmatlve reply, he or
dered It to be read. Then Uev, 10. S.
Phillips, of Plains, lector of the papal
brief, rend the mandates of the holy
see conferring upon Hishop-elect Ho
ban the dignity of bishop of Alulls, a
sutl'rugan see of Home, situated in Ven
ice, and coadjutor bishop of Scranton.
The credentials consist ot two lengthy
documents in Latin. The substance of
one Is a deed of privilege, diploma or
certillcale. and the second addresses
him us follows:
i Rime, Italy, Feb. .'. ISM.
.My Reloved Hrmlier: On mvoiuit of the
advanceu He and III health of ltev. Will
iu in o'IIhih. hislinp of the diocese of
Sci-.ititiiti, the Holy See was requested lo
uponiiit a (.-uHdJiitor lo Hie said liishnp,
ami whereas Hie request has been decided
udvlsuii.e, ltev. Michael J. Ibiliau is here,
hy appalnivd bishop of Alalis, with :he
rt))it to .saccessnrslilp at' Hie bishop of
S. lain. .li
Here came the iiinut solemn part of
the ceremony. The bishop-elect, coin
ing from his seat, knelt before the con
secrator mid look the oath of obedience
tn the church, which was its follow:
I. Michael .1 iloban. elected lo the
church of Alalis from lids hour hence
lol WHI'l Will lie nil... Hen i lllrssed Peter
i he Apostle, and lo the Holy Ionian
Church, un.l lo uur Holy Father, Pope Leo
XIII, and to his successor cunonically
elect. I. I will assist 1 Item to retain and
lo defend the lioiiiuu I'upai-.v without
detriment to my order. I shall take cure
to preserve, to defend. Increase and pro
mote the linlit. honors, privileges Hill
Hiithorliy nf the Holy Roman Church, of
our Lord, the Pope, and ot his ufoi-esai l
successors, I shall observe with all my
strength, and shall cause lo be observed
b, others, i he rules of ihe Holy l-'ailiei-s,
Ihe Apnslolie decrees, ordinances or ills,
positions, reservations, provisions an J
mandates. I shall come when called lo a
Synod, unless prevented by a canonical
Impediment. I shall make personally Do
vish a. I lliiilini uposloloruin every ten years,
and I shall render to our Holy I'alher,
Pope Leo XIII, and to his aforesaid suc
cessor all ill-count of my whole pastoral
olllce, and of all things pe:'tultiitij in any
" -( ,
RT. RKV. WILLIAM o'llAP.A.
liishnp of Scifininii for over a yuuit. f of
manner whatsoever to the si:ile of mv
; church, to the discipline of the clergy
i and tlie people, mid tiiuilly to the sulva
' tion of tlie souls which are eninisled to
i me- and In turn I shall reaelve htinitily
I Ihe apostolic mandates and execute Ihein
I h diligently as possible. Hut If 1 sh'ill
: be detained by legitimate impediment. I
shall fnllil all the aforesaid things through
a desigtinled delegate having a special
mainline lor this purpose, a mi lest of my
diocese, or tliroogh some oilier secular or
regular priest of known probity and relig
ion, fully Informed concerning the uboc
nnnied thing. I shall not sell, nor give,
nor mortgage the possessions helongliig to
my n:i ii.-H. nor shall I enfeoff them anew
or aheiiate ihem in any manner, evm
with tlie consent cf the ehapler nf my
church, without eonsiiltlnt the linman
Pontiff, And t Jiroogh me uny su.-li
ilienaiion shall occur. I wish, by the very
fuel, tn incur Ihe punishments contained
in the constitution published i nn. erning
this mutter. So lido me Hwil and these
I iospels Of fiOlt.
KXAMIXATIOX BV CARDINAL.
The oath was received by the conse
'rator. holding in his lap with both
hands the lionk of the gospels, opened
toward the hishnu-eleot. Alter the
oath the hifdinp-clecl nml the assist
ants became seated again ami then thr
examination was made by the cardinul
of the bishop-elect concerning hl:i faith
in the holy trinity and other articles of
The ipiestiiins were put by the conse
cratnr and the responses were made by
the bisluii-clect; lie arnse slightly
with uncovered head. He was asked if
his desire Is to make hi conduct bar
nionlze as far as nature Allow with
the meaning of divine scriotures; If
he will teach the ienpl the tradition
of the orthodox fathers: If he will ex
hibit In all things fidelity, submission
and obedience according to canonical
authority to Itless- d Peter, to his vicar
now In the see of Rome und to hi
successors. At the end of Ihe examin
ation the ennsecrator invoked the div
ine blessing on the bishop-elect.
. The examination having been fin
ished, the assistant hlshon led the
bishop-elect to the ennsecrator. whose
hand wan reverently kissed. Then the
conseerntor laid aside hi mitre, turned
toward the altar and recited the Con
lit eor. The bishop-elect, assistant
bishop, and chaplain recited it after
the ennsecrator. This being over the
attar w a incensed and the 'cardinal
left the altar for hi throne.
The blshop-eleet'wa led to hi chapel
and at this time a most Interesting
part of the ceremony took place. Ho
was robed for consecration, and his
feet were encased In white sanduls. He
received the pectoral cross, and the
stole was adjusted so. that It would
hang from hi shoulders. After that
he wa vested with the tunic, dalmat
ic, chasuble and maniple..
CHANTKD THE LITANY.
' The bishop-elect was then led before
the ennsecrator and prosl rated himself
on a rug at the foot of the altar. The
ennsecrator. assistant bishops and at
tending priests knelt and the Litany
of the Saints was chanted by ,four
priests. Uev. J. V. Aloyhin. of llazle
toii: Uev. Thomas Hundley, of Over-
Coimerriitor of Rt. Jtec,
ton: Rev. James Alartiii. of Farvlew:
Rev. T. F. K email, of Parsons. The
lest of the clerg-y gave the responses.
The blslinp-elert was next Invested
with the ring, the gloves, ami the
crosier. Xfter tills the ceremony of the
imposition of hands was curried out.
This Is the most solemn part of the
consecration. Tlie ennsecrator with the
aid of the assistant bishops took the
open book of the gospels and laid it
upon the neck mid shoulders of the
blshnp-elect. so that the printed page
touched his neck. Then the ennsecrat
or and assistant bishops touched both
hands und the head of Ihe bishop-elect,
saying "Receive the Holy llhost.'
The head of the bishop-elect was then
bound around the foreheud with a linen
band, and another band was bound
around his neck. The "Venl Creator
Splrltus" was sung by the assemblage
of priests. At the conclusion of the
Hint verse the ennsecrator seuted him
self on the faldstool ami prepared to
anoint the head of the bishop-elect
with holy chrism.
The head of the bishop-elect was
shaved bare on the crown, a space that
covered a small circle about as largo
a the dial of a watch. The ennsecrator
dipped his finger In tile holy oil and
.anointed this snot, then anointed the
rest of the crown, saying In the mean
while, ".May thy head be anointed anil
consecrated by heavenly benediction
In the puntltical order." ami making
with his right hand the sign of the
cross three limes over the bishop
elect's head, he said, "in tlie name nf
the Father, and of the Son, and of tlie
Holy tlhost, amen."
HK UF.CAAIE A HISHOP.
The bishop-elect then ceased to be
such, and became Rt. Rev. Hishop of
Alalis and coadjutor bishop of Scran
tun. The consecratur dried his hands
with bread crumbs and the newly con
secrated bishop was led to his chapel,
where his head was dried with bread
crumbs and his hair combed. From
Ihe beginning of the ceremony until
this nart of the muss was reached
Cardinal Satolli and Rt. Lev. Hishop
Indian were each saying a separate
mass at different altars. From then on
they celebrated their musses ut the
main altar together.
The priests here chanted In unison
the "Te Ileum Luudumtis." From here
on the ceremony consisted of the cele
bration of Ihe pontifical mass. The
gloves, ting, cross, mitre and staff were
blessed. At the offertory Ht. Uev.
Hishop Hoban. coming between the as
sistant bishops, knelt before the conse
crator und presented two lighted
candles, two loaves of breud mul two
small barrels of wine. The ennsecrator
received the gifts, washed his hands
and went to the epistle side of the al
tar. The consecrated bishop joined
Ii 1 in there and both thereafter celebrat
ed the mass together.
At the "He missa est" Rt. Rev. Ulshnp
llnhuii left the sanctuary and proceed
ed to the front of the center aisle ami
gave his blessing to the congregation.
At the end of the mass, when the cardi
nal und the assistant priests became
seuted on the sedalium. und opposite
him weic Ht. ltev. Hishop Hoban and
the assistant consecrators. Ut. ev.
Hlshnps .Mclinvern and Heaven. Very
Uev. Kllgene A. Harvey approached the
new hlshon and presented nun with a
cheek of $::.700 from the priests of the
diocese, with a brief address us follows:
FATHKH flARVKV'S RI-i.MAUKS.
Right Reverend and Deur Hishop:!
have been requested by my fellow-priests
tn tender to you their sincere congiatula
llons on this joyful uccusion und to ex
press to you the sallsfa. tlnu they feel at
swing one of Ihelr number exulted to the
dignity of coadjutor bishop of this dio
cese. We realize that Ihe selection is u
worthy one: and we have good reuson lo
hope Ihat the virtue and attainment
which singled you out for promotion will.
In the coining years, be effective nut onlv
in preserving and strengthening ill..
gret work, accomplished by Hie venera
ble prelate, to whom you have Is-en given
as a helper, hut will still furl her extend
the Interests of our holy religion, to the
glory of Cod and Ihe honor of lids diocese.
We present to you, Itt. ltev. Hishop. this
free-will offering as a murk of our esteem,
and pray that you may live many years
lo govern and direct the numerous lo.-c
which will Is- Intrusted In your care.
Rf. Rev. liishnp Hoban received the
testimonial with the most sincere
thank, und after bestowing his 'cordial
good wishe on the cardinal, archbish
op, bishops, piP-sts. and laity for the
honor paid to him he concluded. The
ceremony began at 10.1(1 a. in. and was
not over until 1. :;.".
I Delivered hf Ht. Mev. I. f. Ilorstinnnn,
Hishop of the tiereland liloeese.
i The consecration sermon was deliv
ered hy Rt. Rev. 1 : F. llortsmnnn.'
bishop of Cleveland, who wa one of
Hishop Hoban instructors when the
latter wa a atudent at Overbrook
seminary. The -speaker1 tyle of de
livery I simple, plain and effective. He
used fewureture and made no attempt
t dramatic effect. He took for kla
text the words found In 'Matthew,
xxvlll. IK, 1. ill: "All power Is given
to me in heaven and on earth. l5o ye,
therefore, and teach all nations, bap
tizing them In the name of the Father
and of the Son and of the Holy (".host;
teaching them to observe all things
whatsoever I have commanded you.
and behold. I am with you all days,
even to the consummation of the
world." In hi discourse he said:
Your Kminence. Very Right Reverend
and Right Reverend Bishops. Very Rev
. erend and Reverend Father and Re
loved Brethren of the laity:
Of all the impressive ceremonies In the
liturgy of the church there is none so
solemn, so Inspiring as that of the con
secration of a bishop. Chosen after years
rpent In the huly priesthood, by the voice
of his brother priests; thut choice, con
tinued by the Judgment of the bishops of
his province. Is submitted to the ceiiier
of ull divine authority here on eurth. in
the ieur of Jesus Christ. Ihe successor
of St. Peter, to whom hus been cturiisied
by Christ Himself the cure of his thick
sheep and lamhs. pastors und people. Ful
ly informed a to ull Ihe iiiullUiaiiions of
Ii Oil who hus been considered worthy of
lite sulillme dignity of Hie episcopate, his
lcurnlii, his virtue, his piety, his steal lor
soul, the works of his ministry, the Vicar
of Jesus Christ sends forth his commis
sion, authorizing his consecration, and de
termining whul portion of the faithf il
Ehall he entrusted to his cure.
You have heard the apostolic letter rtad.
Tile priest was presented to the coimecr.i-
Michael John Hoban.
tor by two bishops who acted ns sponsor
for his tidclliy. He has professed pub
licly the l.l I III he must ever defend and
promulgate; his obedience to Ihe supreme
pontiff und to the canons of the ehllt'. n;
his obligation to practice ull the Christian
virtues and to fnllil all the duties of his
exulted olhVe. He realizes Hint he must
be pel feel. A bishop's life Is that of the
state of perfection. The holy saciitlce
I hi n began, celebrated by Ihe consecralor
and the priest lo be consecrated. The
nias I interrupted at the end of Hie epis
tle for Die solemn consecration.
The consecratur Inform Ihe newly
elected prelate what his duty will lie: "It
behooves a bishop lo Judge, to interpret,
to colisecrute. to ordain, to baptize t ml
to counrin." Almighty Clod Is Invoked to
shower down Ills grace upon Ihe ehos-n
one. ami In the litany of the saints, whilst
he lies prosl rate, 'he whole heavenly court
is asked to pi ay for him. The three bish
ops then place their hands on his head,
saving: "Receive the Holy lihosl." The
book of the Holy llospels I pluceil on Ills
neck und shoulders and kept there dur
ing the whole cunsecrulion, to remind hbn
Ihat his greatest work as bishop is tn go
and prea fi to hi (lock tlie Word of Hod
anil DiutWho Almighty will give him spe
cial grace for Ihe fulfilment of that duly.
Ills head Is anointed with llu- holy
chrism and consecrated with heavenly
benediction: and his hands are anoli.le.l
with the same chrism thut. like David,
king and prophet, he may be consecriii'-d
and holy. He receives the pastoral staff,
the sign of his spiritual authority over his
people, which he Is to exercise for their
sanctillcution. with meekness, hut with
llrmn?s, with Justice but also with mer
cy. The ring is placed on Ills finger, s
poiislng him lo Die church of lod. The
mitre will be placed on his head, as Die
helmet of strength and salvation; tin;
gloves on his hands to remind him that
as Jesus Christ died for the sins of Ihe
worl.1, so most he offer up that self same
sucrillce for the living und the dead.
Jesus Christ will always be before his
eyes, for he will ever wear on his breast
hi holy cross Idled with the sacred relics
of His saints. A priest he came inlo
this sanctuary: he Is now by the grace
of the Holy tihost a bishop of the church.
Through the favor of the apostolic sec. to
which uliilie belongs all spiritual Jurisdic
tion over souls here on earth, he is made
co-adjtiior bishop of the Important diuceso
of S. '11110011.
AI'OSTLKS COX8KCRATKD ISISHOPri.
As Matthias was taken to till the place
of Judas In the upostdllc college and witk
the eleven received the Holy (ihost on
the day of Pentecost: as Saul and Kurnu
bus were chosen, and through Ihe Impo
sition of the apostle' hands were conse
crated for their work in the upnstolati-; o
dlil Ihe apostles consecrate bishops for
special churches and provinces fiillillin
the command of their Divine Master.'
Saint Paul consecrates Timothy for F.phc
su. and Tilus for Crete. We behold, :n
the days of St. John tlie seven bishop cf
the churches of Asia Minor.' Kvery whore
from the day of Pentecost down to our
own time, the chain of apostolic succes
sion has remained unbroken. It Is one of
the marks of the true church. I'nlty.
Catholicity. Sauelty. Apuslolicily. Tic
church must be apostolic. She must show
her descent In the line of her bishops from
Hreihren. what you have witnessed Is no
empty ceremony. It Is a greut sucrameni,
u sublime, nay, a Divine fuct. In spirit
we are carried buck to Jerusalem, when
Puul knell before St. Peter and received
the Imposition of Ills bunds for his great
mission the conversion of the Oeiililes.
Another Paul hu knelt before a succes
sor of the apostles, ami through the Impo
sition of hi hands has received his episco
pal mission. Ami what is thut? St. Puul
gives the answer: "Take heed lo your
self and to ull the flock over which the
Holy Hhost hath placed you bishop: to
rule the church of Hod. which He hath
puri-tiastd with III own blood." Thi
bishop personllle Ihe Hiviiie authority of
Ihe church of Ihe living Hud. He is its
center in the diocese committed lo his
care by the Vicar of Jesus Christ.
It belongs to Ii I lit lo feed, to rule and
govern Ihe flock entrusted to hllll. The
faithful, subject to the priest; pries,
subject to their bishop; bishops, suhje.-t
to the center of unity, the Human pniiMIT
inch, is the church of Uod on earth. The
word of my text are the churtcr glv.-n
by our Divine Lord to ills church, just
before His ascension to Hie right hand
of Ills eternal Father: "All power Is given
to me in heaven and on earth. t!o yc
then fore and leach all nation", baptizing
them In the name of the father and i.f
Ihe Son und or Die Holy I ihost; teaching
Ho-m lo observe ull things whatsoever I
have comma mini you: and behold I am
Willi you all duys, even lo the consilium. i
tion i.f the world." "He thut bebeveth
ami is baptized shall be saved, but he lcit
hi lieveth not shall be condemned." Tl-n
He opened their understanding, ihat 'lev
might understand the Scriptures und lie
said to them: "Thus It Is written and
thus it behooved Christ to suffer and
to rise again from Ihe dead on the third
day, and that penance and the remission
of sins should he preached in Ills imni'i
among all nations, beginning al Jerusa
lem. And you are witnesses of these
All power is mine because I am Hod;
all power is also mine because I am fio.l
mun; all power I mine because us I to
ilet luer I have cnnipiered the world; I am
the second Adam, the I .or. I and King cf
the human race. Hrrausc I have all pow
er, therefore, as Hie Father hath sent .Mo
I now send you. (io and make disclpen
cf all mankind and baptize ull who will
believe In Ale, teaching Ihem. etc. Here
you have the ruin of faith. Jesus Christ,
who is Hod. the way. the truth mul the
life Instituted a living teaching bmlv i.f
men to guard, explain nml transmit' Ilisi'
revealed doctrine. This Imdy of teachers
must lie Cuthnlle by right and In fact;
"Ho ye Into the whole world and teach
all nations." Catholic, that Is, universal
In time, existing In all ages; unlveriai In
place, extendi!! over all the earth, anj
universal In teaching because teaching
all the truths which Hod bus revealed:
and all m?n must believe this church of
THUV Alt 'ST HKIIOLY.
This body of teachers und their followers-must
lie huly hy right ami tli fact;
(earning tnem to observe all things
whatsoever I have commanded you." 11
must be apostolic, bv legitimate succes
sion, going buck to the apostles them
selves. To them alone did Jesus gtve the
charge of teaching: to them alone did Ho
promise His assistance. This bodv of
teacher will be clearly known by their
unity of doctrine: "teaching them all
thing whatsoever I have commanded
you." It will be Infallible In Its teach
ings; for. '-Behold. I am with vou" teach,
lug. Its Infallible ministry will be ier
pitual. "even to the consummation of the
world:" not only perpetual, but also In
defectible: "1 am with you ull days."
This teaching body instituted by Jesu.4
Christ will ever enjoy the special Divine
approbation, proven by miracles: "these
signs shall follow them thut Is-llev-e."
This body of teacher. Catlullc. holy in
Itself und sanctifying Its disomies, apos
tolic in It succession, one in Its faith
and communion, Infallible in Its leaching,
perpetual In its durution, indefectible In
lis ministry, and constantly rulttlcd by the
Divine testimony of miracles, in list be the
rule of fallh.
This rule of fulth was not merely for
the duys of the alios lies. The guidanee,
a the teaching, was to conllnue "even io
the end of Ihe world." The apostles were
men: they would die. tbdi others were to
succeed them, our Lord Instructed them
how their successors were to be chosen
und how Hi teaching was to tie contin
ued. The commission given lo them ai
to be handed .low n to other even till the
eiil of lime. They were sent lo teueli and
rule In His name and with His authority:
"He thut Ilea ret h you heurcth Me, and lie
f thut desplseth you ilesplseth Ale, unit he
that ilespisletn .Me desplseth Hllll that
sent .vie. All men muat listen to tnem
u if they were listening7 to Him. and ull
niut receive and belleVe their teaching
as they would receive and believe Him.
Acting on this commission we behold the
apostles in their first council in Jerusuli-m,
speaking with Hlvlne authority. "It hntli
seemed good to the Holy (ihost und lo
us;" thut I. II hath seemed good lo the
Holy (ihost, speuking through us or to ns
speaking in the name nf the Holy Oliost.
Hod becume niun to redeem and save us.
He established Ills church to continue
Die work of Ills incarnation. He is the
head of all Die children of Hod. He l-.;.e
Supreme l,egislalur.if Hie church w hl.-li
I le purchased with His precious blood. It
linn foundutlon is Ills liivine authority,
lie is lis corner slone, that "stone which
Die builders rejected, the sumo Is become
the head of the corner." No one can lay
another foundation but that which Is laid,
which Is Christ Jesus. He Himself pro.
ldcl for the continuance of His Hlvlne.
authority until the end of the world, lie
makes Peter the visible rock of Hi
church. Having received from 1 1 1 in ill
profession of fallh In His Divinity, and
therefore In Ills supreme authority. Ho
gives lo him the promise of the plenitu lo
of iower and authority in the church Ho
was instituting: "I suy to thee, that thou
art I'eter und upon this ruck I will build
my church and the gales of hell shall
not prevail against It; und 1 will give to
thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven,
and whatsoever thpn shall bind upon
ear III it shall be bound ulso In heaven,
uud whatsoever thou shult loose upon
euiih it shall be loosed ulso III heaven."
FI LFILLKD HIS PRO.MISKS.
What He promised He fiillllled during
the forty days of His risen life, which II
devoted to the formullon and Hie gov
eminent of His church. Three times Jlo
deb-gated to Peter the sovereign niiilior
ily, intrusting to him the cure of His
whole sheepfold: "Feed mv lambs;" "He
shepherd of my sheep;" "Keed my sheep."
Peter Is made the shepherd of the whole
flock of Jesus, of both !: nibs and sheen,
of pustors und people. His rights and
duties are those of tlie shepherd to his
Hock. To Peter Is commit led the ordi
nary, immediate, universal ami supremo
power of teaching, ruling ami saiiciifyi.ig
Die whole Hock of Jesus Chvlsl. Infallible
he must be In mat let's of falili and murals;
the supreme legislator in the church, with
power to enforce his laws; Ihe supreme
guardian of the sacraments and theineuim
of sanctltlcallon. It will be his duty to
ooiillrm the lalth of all his brethren:
"Simon, Simon,' behold. satiin lial'l
sought you lalll, thai he inlglil sil t you lis
wheat, l)U I I hath prayed fur thee that
Ihy faith fall nol; and thou being on.-e
converted coullim Ihy brethren." That
1 1 ray el- of Jesus was etll.-aelous. Although
Peter fell through weakness and human
respect, he never lost his faith, uud once
he was changed by Dint look of Jesus, he
In his turn henceforth eonllrnit.1 his
The plenitude of authority thus given to
Peter and his successors in Ihe primacy,
for the sake of unity, was afterward com
municated to the apostles and their sue.
cessurs, the bishops of Die church:
"Whatsoever you shull bind on earth
shall be bound also in heaven, mid what
soever you shall loose on eurih shall
be loosed ill heaven." "(io preach the (los-
pel lo every creature. Such was Ihe
design of Jesus Christ, ami He Is Hod.
Ills eternal wisdom framed the church.
He was ever to remain Its Invisible head.
Ills Holy Spirit wus to abide with It for
ever and touch it all things whatsoever
Jesus hud revealed. Peter und bis sue.
cessors were lo be Its visible head, the
chief pastor, the rock of strength, its unfailing-faith.
The apostles uud their sue.
cessors ill tile episcopute w'ere to be its
foundation. That glorious hierarchy rf
pope, liishops und priests, who constitute
the teaching body of the chinch, (ill par
take of tile Divine commission to carry
on Ihe work of Ihe Redeemer, for Ihe
sa nut illcnlion and salvation of souls, un
til the end of time.
The history of the church begin with
these words: "Hut they going for: It
preached everywhere, the Lonl-eo-oper.il-Ing
with them Iind continuing the woi-1
with signs that followed." of ull the
facts of history, tlie one most striking !s
the existence of this Cuthnlle church, con
stantly und from Ihe beginning governed
bv uii authority of Divine Institution.
That principle of authority, as we behold
it today, ha ever been the same In the
apostolic age, in the persecutions of Ihe
first three cent uric. In the conflicts with
oriental heresies, ill the struggle with
the arbitrary power of king, und now
in It war with infidelity and socialistic
rationalism. Submission to Its Divine
authority. This Is the touchstone of
Cilholieity. "Without Ull submission."
sav St. Cyprian, bishop and martyr of
RT. RKV. I. F. liOltS'l '..i.A.VX.
Hishop of the Cleveland. .. I lio. rse.
the fourth century, "il Is all over witn
l the Divine power which governs Die
' church: It Is all over with I 'hrisl ianlty."
"One Lord, one faith, one baptism, lies
must be Die motto or all Christians: "Ti
maintain the unity of spirit III the bond
of peace." How? Only through ull un-
lilesDoued. sovereign and Infallible uti-
thorilv. This ulu an satisfy both
learned mid ignorant. . "In uuthorily
ali.nc," says St. Augustine, "ull poas-ss
an eusy und simple way."
Cijl'ltcil CIIOSKX It V HOD.
"Oh. Holv Roman church, mother of
chiiivhes. and mother of all the faithful,
the church chosen by Hod lo unite ull Hi
children in the sume fallh ind in the
san huritv. we shall ever wlle-re lo Ihy
nnitv. with ull the yearnings of our heart.
If I forget thee, Roman church, may I
forget mvself; may my tongue Is- with
ered and cleave lo my mouth. If thou n:t
not alwavs the lirst In my remembrance
If 1 do not make thee the beginning or all
mv canticle of Joy." illossuetl.
In vour hands. Right Reverend lirother,
bus the HI vine authority of this glorious
church been entrusted. You have been
made by the Holy tihost Ihe successor if
the apostles. And now, whul shull I suy
to you on this most solemn occasion'.'
Over twenty-years ago I. was usked by
your" venerable bishop to preach here m
'this sanctuary, ut the-flrst ordination held
within Its walks.. I then spoke of the
sublime dignity of the priesthood: that
the priests of Ood are the light of the
world. Ihe sail of the earth. 1 wa speak
ing then to those who hud been mv own
pupils, I spoke a a priest to brother
orients. Today I sMak as a bishop o a,
brother bishop. Yon can say in truth,
that you have lieen vailed by the Holy
tihost. Our Ixird a- to you: "Yuu huv'o
nol chosen .Vie, but I have chosen vou.
that you should go mid bring forth f i nil,
nml that your fruit should remain."
Jesus Christ has chosen you and elevat -d
you to the highest Dignity possible hive
on earth: "He hath placed you wttn
princes, with Ihe princes of His people.'
Vou are the choice of your brother
priests; you are the choice of your brother
bishops of the province; you are the
choice of the Vicar of Jesus Christ.. You
also were one of my pupil. 1 have eve
watched your progrvxit with the greatest
intereat, rejoicing in your micces In your
studies. In your reu.1 and earnestness in
the works of your ministry. Today tho
cull has come to you from your Divine
Alaster: "Friend come up higher." Hut
with your exaltation come ulso lucreused
rcsponsihiliii,.. I to ever a loving fellow -workman
Willi your venerable bishop.
For nratiy forty years I have known
him; for over thirty year he ha Is-en
one of my deaivi friends. Iiiirlug' Die
years of my priesibiHxl he wa us a fuihur
to me. During your pries! hood lie b:i.
been a (at her in you. And although now
.vim have become bis ynungcsl brother, let
the love and reverence of a sou be ever
Joined ill his regard with the anxious
soil. llu. le ami mulling devotion and la
bor of u true brolher. Reim-mber Die sol
emn promises you buve made lo guard be
fore your conse. i at ion. They demand of
you perfection iu your daily life. You are
young. Inn SI. I'anl lells ynii: "Let no
man despise thy youili; but be thou an ex
ample to the laithl ol in word, in conversa
tion, in charity, in lalih, in chastity." ,
"He blameless." 'l,a.bor u a good sol
dier of Jesus Christ." You will have your
crosses nml trials. All must have them.
As bishop yours will be greater. Tho
shrubs uud saplings of Die forest are
sheltered from Die licrceness of Dii torm.
but the lofty oaks must endure it fury.
Like the cedar on l.llianus, you must liv
more or less alone, und like It ulso you
must sliuid ever linn uud unshaken, ever
exposed lo the rage ul Die elemenls and
the lightning flash. Fear not; Jesus is
with you. -i,
YOC WILL HA VR TRIALS AND JOYS.
If you will have your trials, you will
also have your Joyai und consolation.
Willi u loyal nml faithful clergy to sup
port you: with an tti.rucsl. loving and
self-sacrltlciug luily to eiuoiiruKe oii.
why should you fcur? Yiuir glorious pat
ron. Si. .Michael, the leader or Ihe heaven
ly hosis: the piiiico nf Die upostles, St.
Peter, Die palrous uf till cuthedrul: SI.
Joseph, Hie protector of Die universal
church; Mury, ever Messed mother of Hod
uml mother of Ills church; Hie Sacred
Ileal I of Jesus; Ihe ungels uml saints ull
encourage you anil l.bl you go forth now
lo your work ami lulmr, even till even
ing, "lie thou vlgtlunt; labor In all
thing; do the work nf an evangelist; fnl
lil thy ilulstry," so t tin t when Die end
shall conic and you will rest from your
labors, you may be Wde tn suy witii St.
Paul: "I have fought Die. good light: I
have llnlshed my course: I have kept Ihe
faith. For Ihe rest t here is laid up for mo
a crown of Justice which the Lord, tho
Just Judge, will render to ine ut thut day.
May the bishop r all bishop. Jesu
Christ, nur Lord uml Huvlur, grunt you all
the light and grace and wisdom, with
health and strength to work fur Inanv.
many years for the -love and glory of
Hod and the s.iiicHllcutloit und salvation
of souls. Amen.
THE Ml'SIC or THE MASS.
CIuskIc Selections Were Splendidly
NendcreJ by tlie Cathedral thoii.
Such music us that of yesterday waa
never liefnre attempted by a .irruiitmi
cliolr. The must eiildlme uml dllllcult
uf the old muster' compositions were
essuyed uml It Is not slating loo much
tn say that the classic music of the
church has seldom tieun inure accept
' The chnlr nil inhered thlrty-live
vniccs; the nrcliestra eighteen piece,
twelve nf Huucr's men and six uf Anton
Scldl's famous New York Sytnplmiiy
orchestra. These latter Instrumental
ist were two obnl layers, Jnseph Fi
ler und Julius. Neumann; two French
horn players. II. I iiilschke and W.
Kinder; Fritz Hiiiikkhnrdt, 'cellolst.
ami S. HeriiHteln, timpani pluyer. all of
whiitn are soloists wcll-kiuiwn to tho
musical public, particularly Filer, wim
is the acknowledged master of his in
strument, and Hernstelu, whose name
ami Instriiiiient are Inseparable III tin
minds of musicians.
"These Instruments could not be se
cured In this city, utul as they are abso
lutely demanded hy the music. II was
necessary to send for them lo New
York. The vocal soloists were Airs.
Schilling, siiiirami: Miss Lizzie Snow,
contralto; .Imiiics I'olan. tenor: William
Hradbury. Peter V. 1 low-ley and Alal
Ihew Snow, bassos. Professor W. P.
Schilling, the eat h-ilral clmrlsler. di
rected the music. 't was he ulso who
arranged the programme and drilled
the musicians ami the blent bulk of tint
credit for the clinic's most excellent
showing Is due In him.
I lUK T HI S I II IP HI IRAN.
Two overtures v're rendered while
the congregation was assembling and
as the procession moved down the aisle
a solemn inureh nas idayed, which was
con tinned until nil had been seuted In
the sanctuary. Then the ode tn liishnp
llubaii, written hy the sisters nf SI.
Cecilia's academy, uml set tn music by
Professor Schilling:, was sung with full
choir and orchestra. It was u delight
ful surprise, and nothing but the must
Haltering encomiums for the composers
were heu'd ut tin i on. lusi.ui ut tha
The winds are exceptionally appro
priate 'for a musical setting uud th
setting which PrulVssnr Schilling' has
given them w ill iiiulnubtedly make the
composition a lasting- one Hint will be
In demand at future oi-cusioiis of a simi
lar character. The hums is especially
striking uud nriglnal. Tlie unison pas
sages me heavy ami the refrain Is
H n ii I in-. Die bassos and horns taking
up Hie ' Hail! ILiilT" with the fullest
force and being answered by the tenors
and female voices. a--iuupmiicd by the
Mutes. The tune diminishes gradually
tn the liiialc. when it dies away in the
suit, dulcet Holes of the oboi. clarionets)
and llub-s. The huh- Is very b. e
KYRIF. FROM AIOXAHT'S MASS.
The kyrie was frnm .Mozart's Twelfth
muss, which is one of Die heaviest nf
classical coinposil Ions. The main part
nf the solo work was hy Die b.-issos. and
was ncceidubly ilum-. Peter F. Ilnwiey
sustaining the Inml.-ii nf this work In
the Credo, friun the ki-uiuI Italian mass.
His. Schilling, llic solo-soprano, was
hoard to the best inlvautage. The "Ft
llniiiii fuctus est." rendetcil by Airs.
Schilling ami the solo iiuniette was the
most In niitifiil ami thrilling passage In
the mass. At the ol'l'i-iloiy Air. Schil
ling and the choir -ann "Laudaiiuts
Te," from Rossini, which has been new
ly arranged by lillsiiui mid d.-dli uted to
An lililsiiop Ryan.
The "Sunclus" and "Heiieillotus"
were from the grand Italian mass, und
Ihe "Agnus Dei" was from Alnzart's
Twelfth mass. Fur a lecessinnul the
"Te I'oiim" was sunn with full urclies
CI.EIU VM I : R I.SEN 1 .
Cardinul. Archbishop, liishops and
Large Number if Priests.
Following are filenames oftln- clergy
men present nt the consecration:
Ills Kniineiice, Cur. I ilia I Francis Satolli,
of Washington. I. .. iro-diiegate-apoj-lolic
for Die l ulled Sillies.
Archbishop Patrick John liyun. of Phil
adelphia. ISt. ltev. I. F. I Lu st imnili. bishop of
HI. Rev. William l ll.ua. bishop of
Hi. ltev. .Michael J. Mohan, bishop of
Alulis. Venice. Huly. and coadjutor bls.i
op of Si-ranlon.
Ht. Rev. Thomas Alcilovern. bishop uf
Ul. Rev. ThotiuiM I. licaven. bishop of
Spring lield. Ma W.
Ul. ltev. Patrick 'A. l.ud.leii. bishop of
Rt. Rev. James A. AlcKaul. bishop of
Trenton. X. .1.
Ul. ltev. I'lall.i Silas I'halurd. bislup
of Viiioeiine. hid.
Rt. Rev. Richard Chelan, bishop of
. Rt. Rev. Toblu .Mullen, bishop of Krie.
Rt. Rev. Heinar.l J. Ah-ouaid, bishop
of Rochester. X. X.
HI. Rev. John Stephen .Allchaud, hlslup
Of Alodrx, Asia Minor, und co-ujjutor
bishop of HurPngton, Vt.
Rev. F. ii. Hooker, U. D.. ot Washing