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THE SCRANTON TliinUNE-FIUDAY MORNING,- JANUARY 3. 189(7.
Dally and Weekly. No Sunday Edition.
Published at Bcranlon. fa, br Tb Tribune Pub
New York Offlce: TrliHia Hulldlng, Frank a
C. P. KiNCSBURV, Pun. Ccn'i Ma.
C. H. HIPPLC. Sca'v o Thus.
LIVV S. RICHARD. Cdito.
W. W. DAVIB. tutmin Maiueta.
W. W. V0UNQ8. Adv. Maaa-a.
CITIRID AT TH1 POSTOFTIOl AT 9CRA.NT0X. FA. AS
HCOND-CLAEB KAIL IIATTBA.
'Printers' Ink." the rfcosolze1 Journal for sorer
Ilwni, ran Thk htbaxtiim TaiBitNiantlielwat
dvertliting medium In Northeastern rcoufylva
via. "fruiters' luk" know.
Ta Whki.v TaimiXK, lmufd Every Katurrtay,
Contain Twelve Iinii4laoiii Taw. witli an Abun
dance of tint. Firlluu. and Well-Edited Mltcrl
lany. For Tliiwe Who Cannot Take Tkk Daily
TkibI'NB. Iba Wwjklv Is Kccommendrd an tbe
Brat Bargain Uolug. Only ft a Year, In Advance.
TBS Taisuxa la fbr Hale Dally at the IX, U and W
btatlon at UoUukuo.
SCRANTON, JANUARY 3. 1SU0.
kKPlBl.lCAN STATE CONVENTION.
Headquarters Ropuhllrun state commit
tee, 1231 Walnut trtivet.
I'hlladnlphlu. I'a.. Dec. 12. 1895.
To the Republican Kleotors of I'ennsyl
vnnla: The Republicans of Pennsylvania hy
thulr iluly chosen representatives, will
meet In Mate, convention, Thursday, April
SI, 1MM, at 10 o'clock n. m.. in the Opera
House, city of llurrlstmrK, for the pur
pose of nominating two randldnte for
representatives ut large in confsress aii'l
thirty-two candidates for presidential ele
tors, selectlnK elKht drtegu-tes at larite to
the Republican national convention, and
transacting such other business as may be
Ily order of the state committee,
M. f. quay.
Jere B. Rex.
V. R. Andrews.
Representation In this convention will
be the iimt as in the last state conven
tion. Tf Grover Cleveland la really bent on
downing Tom Heed ho ousht to move
for a change of venue.
Let Our Poor Directors Be Elected
by the People.
The contention that the directors of
this poor district should be nominated
nnd elected by a direr t vote of the peo
ple presupposes that the people, nfter
all, are the true source of public author
ity. Any argument to the contrary wnl
have to establish that a better grade of
public service is likely to ivsult from
the present appointive system than
from an elective system; and If this be
established with reference to the rare
of the poor, why should It not likewise
obtain as to the care of criminals and
even In the matter of the Judiciary It
Belf? In other words. If it be wise to
appoint rather than elect poor directors,
why should It not be equally wise also
to appoint sheriffs and Judges .'
Theoretically It Is a phiusible argu
ment that a man tit to be president
judge of the courts ought to be better
qualified than the public at largo to
choose overseers of the poor. In some
rases this argument probably Is true In
fact as well as In theory. Hut when
Judges fall, as they sometimes do. Into
the. bnd habit of turning their appoint
ive power Into a method of discharging
personal or factional obligations, nnd
virtually peddle appointments about
with political strings tied to them, then
It becomes time to consider whether,
after all, the system of direct election
by the people were not wisest nnd best.
W reproduce In another column the
comments of the esteemed Truth upon
this subject and commend them as an
Intelligent and timely presentation of
the case. To Its able argument it may
be added that there Is reason to believe
the olllce of president judge already has
more than Its rightful share of political
appointments, and that a curtailment
of these responsibilities would leave
time for a better discharge of the regit
lur judicial function and thus work to
the public benelit.
Governor Morton would make an
amiable president. Indeed, If amiability
were the chief requisite In a president,
he would have very little difficulty In
securing the nomination.
Dr. Rothrock's Report.
The estimate of State Forestry Com
missioner Rotlirock, that in addition to
the $1,000,000 of direct loss caused In
this state each year by forest fires, a
further loss of not less than $30,000,000
Is sustained annually in indirect ways,
Is of course merely one man's guess;
but It Is the guess of a man who has
mado this subject . life study, and who
has no selfish end to serve by misrep
resenting the facts.
Dr. Kothrock does not agree with
those who hold that this Immense de
struction' is inevitable. "While he ad
mits that no system could be devised
sufficiently thorough to secure abso
lute Immunity from fires in our wood
lands, lie nevertheless contends that
the number of such fires can 'be de
creased as certainly as we decrease the
frequency of other criminal acts, by
punishing the offenders. When started
they can, he contends, be extinguished
and their ravages reduced to a mini
mum by the same method that we guard
our towns and cities that Is, by mak
ing It the business of some officer or
officers to attend to anil direct the work.
There Is nothing specially new in Dr.
Rothrock's annual report, yet there Is
much in It that will be proper food for
thought and proper Incentive to legis
lative action so long as the present tre
mendous spoliation of our forests con
tinues. The last word on this subject
will not be said u.itll the evil In Its pre
ventive guise shall have been obviated.
Lord Dunraven is recommended In the
future to keep away from America. We
never did have much use In this vulgar
country for things with titles.
An Erroneous Prophecy.
If we may credit newspaper gossip,
there Is a growing feeling In Washington
that Lord Salisbury, after an Interval
sufficient for the cooling of present ex
citement In the premises, will endeavor
to effect a solution of the Venexuelan
difficulty by negotiating with Vene
luela for the purchase of the territory
at present in dispute. Our principal
authority for hls belier Is Walter Well
man, the well-Informed Washington
correspondent of the Chicago Times
Herald; and after reporting the preva
lence of it he adds: "If Salisbury can
get out of his predicament in this way,
no objections thereto will be urged In
We are not so sure about that. It Is
true that under its latest or Olney in
terpretation the Monroe doctrine has
been construed to have no prohibitive
force against European acquisition of
American territory by negotiation,
trade or purchase. Yet It Is equally
true that the Monroe doctrine In its
original form contained no such dis
crimination or proviso; and in our Judg
ment it will be nothing short of national
cowardice if the whole doctrine Is not
henceforth upheld in all Its original
Suppose that England already having
Canada on the north, were to take it
Into her head that It would be a good
idea to have a strip of English soil on
the southern border of the United
States; and in pursuit of that purpose
should begin to dicker with Mexico for
territorial concessions. Vnder the Ol
ney doctrine, the whole of Mexico might
be acquired by England without pro
test on our part, provided no force were
used by England; that Is, provided
Mexico made no complaint. But under
the Monroe doctrine, we should be as
quick to resent European acquisition
by trade or purchase as by force, for
the' reason that In self defence we, and
not an European monarchy, need to
wield. the liulunce of power in the Amer
Of course, it will be said that the pur
chase by England from Venezuela of
some 40,000 square miles of South Amer
ican territory would in no respect over
turn the present balance of power, and
hence would not be a proper subject
for American objection or Interference,
But If it be none of our business In the
cuse of peaceable acquisition, why
should It be any more our business in
the case of attempted acquisition by
fraud or force? And If we now keep
hands off In a small matter what right
would we ever have hereafter to inter
fere in a big one?
The gist of the matter Is that Secre
tary Olney has discarded half of the
Monroe dortiine, and that half per
haps the more important one. We sus
pect that there Is still sufficient good
stuff In the American nation, take it
as a whole, notwithstanding the Wall
street Mugwumps and the pale-livered
college piyfessors, to stand up, should
necessity arise, for the whole Monroe
doctrine, 21-carats fine.
The president has acted wisely In giv
ing the Republicans a majority of the
Venezuelan commlssison. This shows
that he can, In such a matter, rise above
An Absurd Jury Verdict.
The dissatisfaction expressed by
Judge Savidge with the verdict of the
local jury, which. In a criminal action,
held a defendant not guilty but ordered
that he pay part of the costs Is ful
ly shared by the public. Yet ver
dicts like this are of almost dally oc
currence In Pennsylvania, and form one
of the prominent reasons why among
many persons thero is a feeling of dis
trust of the regular courts, of law, such
as is hurtful to the public welfare.
In a. criminal action before a higher
court the verdict of acquittal ought to
constitute a complete exoneration,
otherwise we should have the anoma
lous spectaclo of a prisoner forced to
pay for being found not guilty. The
community, when by its grand Jury It
sanctions a prosecution, should be will
ing to bear the expense of the trial, re
gardless of the outcome. If the pris
oner Is found guilty, the cost of reach
ing such a verdict is rightly supposed
to be made up to the community In
tho buttered condition of its moral tone
and of Its safety caused by the due con
viction of a violator of Its lights. If
found Innocent, the assumption by the
public of all costs in the premises Is a
little enough reparation for the Injustice
of the arrest and the public arraign
ment. To be sure, q, line of reasoning similar
to the above Is rarely characteristic of
tho average Jury, which under the law
Is chosen rather for Its unfitness than
for Its tltness as a supreme authority In
the Interpretation of evidence; But un
til absurd verdicts like that just noted
erase to be frequent, our common courts
of law will have to endure rather more
of popular odium and contempt than
is best either for the courts or for the
public. If there is any relief for this
condition of affairs short of the enact
ment of new statutes it should be put
In operation without waiting for leg
The story goes that C. L. Magee
threatens to arrest the Andrews Lexow
committee If it goes to Pittsburg, but
we don't believe It. Mr. Magee would
hardly take the committee's visit as
Cuba as a Belligerent.
According to the doctrine advanced
by President Monroe, (apart from the
deliverance popularly known as the
"Monroe Doctrine") when a people in
revolt against their government have
sufficiently maintained their cause to
give a reasonable prospect of success,
they are entitled to recognition as bel
ligerents. At the time President Mon
roe advanced this doctrine some of the
South American states were endeavor
ing to throw olT the foreign yoke that
oppressed them In short, they were
struggling for civil and political liberty,
very much the same as the Cubans are
now striving to free themselves from
the tyranny and oppression imposed
upon them by the government at Mad
rid. The Cubans have maintained their
cause with wonderful tenacity and with
a bravery that commands the admira
tion and respect of the people of the
United States. If James Monroe were
president of this republic at the pres
ent time there can be no doubt that he
would apply to the Cubans the same
principle which he held with reference
to the South American states, and hold
that they are entitled to all the rights
of belligerents. They have more than
held their own; on the contrary, they
are nearer to success now than they
have been at any time since they en
tered upon the present revolution.
Surely the government of the United
States should ex lend to these struggling
patriots something more substantial
than mere sympathy.
Why should not these people
have the same privileges that
the Spanish government has? If
they arc desirous of purchasing arms
and munitions of war, or war-ships, in
the United States why should they not
be permitted to do so? Spain has that
right, and whatever position may be
taken by European governments, thero
is no good reason why the Cuban patri
ots should not have a similar privilege
at least ill this republic. If belllger
erit rights were conceded by our gov
ernment to tho Cubans there Is evtiy-
reason for believing that the war would
the more speedily terminate and that
the liberation of Cuba would be tne re
sult. Is not this a consummation do
voutly to be desired by all patriotic and
liberty-loving Americans? Suppose
there are a few thousands of men In tne
United States who would be willing to
espouse the cause of the struggling Cu
bans to the extent of fighting for It. why
should our government interfere to pre
vent them from making the attempt to
roach thut island? When the American
colonies were waging a bloody war for
freedom, France came to their assist
ance with men and means. It Is urged
that tills country Is at peace with
Spain; that we have no quarrel with
that country, and therefore no Incentive
to aid the Cubans. That may be true,
but it is also true that we ought to be
the firm friend, if not the natural ally
of any people In this hemisphere who
are endeavoring to free themselves from
foreign oppression. A people who
fought for and achieved their own lib
erty cannot be expected to stand by In
different when a neighboring people are
engaged ill a similar struggle.
We believe that the Cubans have, by
thrlr perseverance and courage, entitled
themselves to be recognized as belllger'
entq on the basis advanced by President
Monroe. It Is something of a surprise
to many Americans that congress has
not before this time taken up the sub
Ject In some form with a view, at least,
of placing itself In line with popular
sentiment among the American people.
President Cleveland, In his message to
congress with reference to the Venezue
lan question, heartily endorsed one
phase of the Monroe doctrine. Great
Britain demands a strip of territory
heretofore recognized as belonging to
Venezuelu. The president In his mes
sage warns England that before she can
be permitted to take the territory
claimed she must establish a clear title
to It before an impartial tribunal. Tho
American people sustain the president
In taking this position.
In Cuba, the Spanish government is
fighting to subjugate the people and
compel them to remain in a condition of
vassalage to Spanish tyranny. The
president has not one word to say In be
half of a people who are fighting for
political and civil liberty, but Is ready
to go to war with England in defense of
a people who are resisting the loss of a
strip of their national domain. The
Monroe doctrine, which resists the ex
tension of foreign power on this conti
nent, is all right, but no less tight Is
that other phase of the Monroe doc
trine which would extend recognition
and belligerent rights to people strug
gling to throw off foreign power. Cuba
hus earned such recognition, and the
United States should grant it quickly,
unreservedly and gladly.
Among the annuals Issued by news
papers In this portion of the state,
none is better prized by Its recipients
than that of the Wllkes-Barre Record.
It is a concise yet tomprehenslve col
lection of such data as are Indispen
sable to wide-awake readers. The Tri
bune acknowledges with thanks a copy
of the excellent issue of 1S9G.
The Carbondale Leader, long one of
the best inland newspapers in the state,
has just taken another forward stride.
It has Installed a new press and en
larged to eight neat pages, made hand
some by new headings and body type,
The Leader Is living up to Its name.
The Scranton Republican almanac
for 1806 Is the nineteenth of its kind,
and like Its predecessors is a careful
and accurate compendium of useful
statistical Information, We acknowl
edge Us receipt and offer to Its pub
lishers the compliments of the season.
THE TRIBUNE ANNUAL.
A .Masterpiece of Its Kind.
Olyphant Record: The Tribune almanac
for 1S9G has come to hand. It is a mas
terpiece of its kind. The cuts that adorn
It are tasty and well executed, while the
make-up of the whole Is the best pos
sible recommendation 'to The Tribune
print. The "Annual" is replete with use
ful information relative to the cltv of
Hcianloii. the counties of Lackawanna and
Wyoming, und also contains manv Inter
esting facts concerning the Federal gov
ernment. Practical information Is also
dispensed throughout this manual of 110
pages which will well repay careful peru
sal. It Is a work that should be In every
office, store and home, and those conver
sant with Its contents will find it a store
house of facts most prolitable during tho
No One Should Bo Without It.
Carbondale Leader: The Scranton Trib
une's annual, which came to hand this
morning. Is a tine compilation of fai ls
anil statistics that is worth far more
than the quarter charged for Iho book.
Among these are the locul events of ins.",,
complete and detailed election returns,
tax, coal and other statistics of local In
terest, population of every city, town and
hamlet in the vicinity, city and borough
governments and much other matter be
sides much general miscellany and many
Illustrations. No man wno pretends or de
sires to be posted should be without this
One of the llcst Yet Seen.
Wllkes-Barre News-Dealer: The Scran
ton Tribune almanac to hand Is typogra
phically and, In point of merit, one of
the best that has come to our notice.
While It has been- compiled with refer
ence to Luekowuiina county, and In this
It Is very full and accurate, the general
character of the contents makes It of
much value and Interest to every one.
ELECT THE POOR DIRECTORS.
From the 8eranton Truth.
While the appointment of Alderman
Fuller, as a member of the Scranton
poor board, to till the vacancy caused by
the death of Mr. Charles Tropp. is one
that meets the cordial anuroval of ihn
Truth, we cannot help thinking that it
is high time the taxpayers of the dis
trict took the necessary steps to have
directors of the poor elected by popular
The original charter under which the
poor distrct was organized gave the vot
ers the privilege of electing directors, but
this right was swept away by an ingeni
ous supplement which vested the power of
appointment in the president Judge of Lu
zerne county whenever a vacancy occurred
either oy ueatn, resignation or otherwise.
It was the "or Otherwise" that did the
bualnrss and lraii!rreri the uower of be-
lrcilon from the otem of the district to
the presMent Juilg of Luzerne upon the
snucuw iitiniallty or a petition.
rur yearn the affairs of the Scranton
poor district have been directed by men
ui poiuteii by a W ilkes-llurre Indue, und
the ridiculous sltuuiiun was Hciitlesced in
Hunt along until Judge Hice, realizing the
cbsurdlly of the thing, dually refused lo
have anything further to do with the mak
ing of such uppolntments, since he con
sidered it beyond the sphere of his official
duties, and transferred the obligation to
the conns of Lackawanna.
We believe the taxpayers of this district
should seek restoration of their rights, as
conierreii ty the original charter, Which
provided for the election of poor directors,
und that they should take early action
with this end In view so that tho siibjn.-t
might receive proper attention ut the next
session or the Pennsylvania legislature.
There Is no valid reason why the people
should not elect their poor directors us
they do their Judges and other officials
who are charged with great responsibil
ity, und the question is one that ought lo
receive the attention of the taxpayers of
the Scrunton poor district without delay
TOLD BY THE STARS.
Daily Horoscope Druwn by Ajucelius, Tho
Astrolabe cast: 3.112 a. m for Friday, Jan.
It will be apparent to a child born on
this day that it is useless lo lecture Juries
for disregard of evidence with the exiin
pies of the Pennsylvania pardon board be.
At u mutter of course the mall who Is
least eapuble of lining his station in lite
generally makes the must noise about It.
AJacchus has undertaken the task of
giving advice to a few readers who have
enclosed samples of hull- and date ut
Clzzerlxo. of Mooslc In vnnr horoscope
the signs of zodiac wlilnz around like a
buzz saw. There Is a Vein of humor In
your make-up that is exceedingly cutting.
You are u man of few words and use
pointed arguments. It will be dangerous
for you to reside outside uf Lackawanna
county. In almost any other locality there
is a disposition on part of the exponents
of law and Justice to dangle citizens of
your inclinations at the end or u rope.
May, of Scranton. Consultation with the
slurs was not necessary to demonstrate
that you are n brluht KiSB The fact that
you do not spell our name ".Mae" is ulso
in your ravor. Do not be downcast be
cause you are not rich. Remember thut
balloon sleeves are usually hollow. If you
improve your talents you may yet be abi
to muke the eyes of your dearest girl
rrleinl t urn green With envy, i neer up,
May; there's lots of fun In store for you,
HILL & GONNELL,
131 AND 133 N. WASHINGTON AVE.
131 AND 133 N. WASHINGTON AVE.
We are now taking account of
stock. It will take tbe whole
month of January to fio through
our live doors and weed out the
' odds and ends that are left after
a year's business.
We intend to close them out
quick as possible to make room
for new spring stock.
There will be some real bar
gains. If you are in need of
anything in our line it will pay
you to visit our store.
Fine China, Crockery,
Cut Glass, Lamps and
House Furnishing Goods.
m LACKAWANNA AVENUE.
MEN'S AND BOYS' SUITS
Greatly Reduced Prices.
Ill LACKAWANNA AVENUE
Corner Franklin Avenue.
Diaries for 1896.
LARGE AND COMPLETE STOCK
Spot Cash. Rock-Bottom Prices.
FINE COMMERCIAL, SCHOOL AND SOCIETY
437 Bpruct St Opp. Tht CominonwMth.
The Ctt of the Weather
Tells us that we will have extreme cold weather very soon. So
lots of heavy garments will be needed. We will makfjjrvery
interesting to all shrewd buyers now in our Cloak and Fur
Departments. The se!ectiou is nearly as good now as iu the
beginning of the season, especially in fine fashionable garments.
$ b.oo Ladies and Misses' Reefer Jackets
10.00 Ladies Reefer Jackets reduced to
17.00 Ladies Silk Lined jackets reduced to
T2.00 Ladies' Fur Capes, Full sweep, reduced to
16.00 Ladies Canada Seal Capes reduced to
20.00 Ladies' Electric Seal Capes reduced to
30.00 Ladies' Astrakhan Capes reduced to
50.00 Ladies' Wool Seal Capes reduced to
Gold Pens and Pencils,
Family and Teachers' Bibles,
Episcopal Hymnals and
Episcopal Hymnals with
Catholic Prayer Books,
Fine Presentation Books.
DIARIES. DIARIES. DIARIES.
Stationers and Engravers,
3I7 LACKAWANNA AVE.
ON THE LINE OF THE
CANADIAN PACIFIC R'Y
are located ths finest fishing and hunting
grounds in tbe world. Descriptive books on
application. Tickets to all points in Maine,
Cauads and Maritime Provinces, Minneapolis,
Ut. raul. Canadian and United States Nortn
wests, Vancouver, Seattle, Taeoma. Portland.
Ore., Han Francisoo.
First-Class Sleeping and Dining Cars
attached to all through trains. Tourist cars
fully fitted with bedding, curtains and sp e
tally adapted to wants of families may be bad
with second-class tickets. Kates always less
than via other lines, For full information,
time tablos, etc., on application to
EC. V. SKIAIIMECR, Q. EC. A.
363 BROADWAY. NEW YORK.
A Few Left
But we will sell that few at
cost. They arc . , . .
and we want to close them out
If you need a Heater
don't miss this chance.
FOOTE & SHEAR CO.
II9 WASHINGTON AVENUE.
Tot Is fouaa nlf to ttw WEBER
Call and ere these Plane and soaM Basse
ond-hand Pianos we hare takam la axehamff
ttucnridci Dnuinr.no, wyov a
We are now
PREPARED FOR THE RUSH
We are iintlslled that our efforts this
season will iileaM liottor than uver.
, Nearly evry article It worthy of
mention. Wc load in all Hues.
WATCHES, CLOCKS DIAMONDS
AND FINE JEWELRY,
STERLING SILVER WARES AND
NOVELTIES, CUT GLASS,
BANQUET LAMPS, ETC.
Hold Still !
And get your picture took
with one of them er pocket
They will take the picture
of a candidate for a city office,
ears and all. So 3'our ears
will get iu all right, too.
STILL HAVE A LIVELY TIME
SELLING FROM THE MOST
COMPLETE STOCK OF
IN THE CITY.
Some Choice Colors In
We are Headquarters for Oysters and
are handling the
Celebrated Duck Rivers.
Lynn Havens. Hcynortd.
Mill Ponds; nlso Shrews
bury, Kockawuys, Maurice
Ktver Coves, western
Shores and Blue Points.
t1"W'e make a Specialty of dellrering
Blue Points on bait nhell In carriers.
PIERCE S MARKET. PEHN AVE
reduced to $ 4,98
Specially Adapted lor Reading tod Stwln
Cocmimpi three (8) feet of gas per
hour iuxI trives an tflleiency uf sixty
Having at least 33 per coat, over tb
ordinary Tip Humor.
Call und See It.
t s mm co.,
434 LACKAWANNA AVEIIUL
DON'T WAILIOO LONG.
PreyloUH to onr Jnvontorv wo have decMcd
to t'linn out what wo lutvti on himrl of
EDWIN C. BURT & CO.'S
LADIES' FINE SHOES,
Conistlt(j"f n wol! assorted lino of hnn1 welt
and turn In Kmurli und Amnrirjn kid tliak
wuntwiM nt?.ili. 5-i.iJ anU U.UO, C -n
Now reduce I to PJ.;Ve
Tlicjo Miens nro ull in n'rf(u:t condition.
Call early if y.lu wUli U talis advaututfo of
this spscial Hale,
The Lackawanna Store Association
CORNER LACKS. AND JEFFERSON AVES.
326 Washington Ava.,
Fine Trunks, Hags and Dress Suit Cases
WINSI.OW ICE SKATES
Pucket Kiwk.i, Curd Cu.tes
Bill and Leather bouks
Purse.t, Bill Rolls, etc.
h'lnest line in the city of
KNIVES. SCISSORS, RAZORS
AND RAZOR STROPS
TOILET BOXES. DRESSING. CASES
Cullur and Cuff Knxes
(Hove and Handkerchief Boxes
ClUAR BOXES AM) SMOKING SETS
Manicure and Blacking Sets
Hair, Tooth and Nail Brushes
A fine line
Sterling Silver Mounted
Leather flood i at Bottom Price
LMIIREI.LAS AM) fil.OVI S
IMPORTED BRONZES AND NOVELTIES
In Endless Variety
HARNESS AND HORSE CLOTHINO
G. W. FRIT
410 Lackawanna Ave.
Jp - 1 PUIS
SUU ill UU.,